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CABA CABA Certified Associate Business Analyst (CABA)

Exam ID : CABA

Exam Title : Certified Associate Business Analyst

Questions : 100

Pass Marks : 70%

Duration : 75 minute

Exam Type : Multiple choice

Test Center : Pearson VUE Testing Centers

The need for improved and more reliable information transfer calls for Software Business Analyst professionals who can effectively bridge the knowledge and language gap between the business and IT communities. Certification is recommended as a means to define the Common Body of Knowledge for the practice of business analyzation, and evaluate an individuals ability to apply that knowledge to practice. Acquiring the designation of Certified Associate Business Analyst (CABA) indicates a professional level of competence in the principles and practices associated with the business analyst profession.

Candidates who rely only on limited experience / education do not successfully obtain this certification. Do not apply unless you feel confident that you have a good understanding of the CABA Common Body of Knowledge (CBOK) and your work / education activities and past experience will help in preparing you for the CABA certification program.

Business Analyst Principles and Concepts

Management and Communication Skills

Define, Build, Implement and Excellerate Work Processes

Business Fundamentals


Software Development Processes, Project and Risk Management

Acceptance Testing

Commercial Off-the-Shelf Software and Performance Based Contracting

Knowledge Category 1 ~ Business Analyst Principles and Concepts

In this Skill Category we examine the evolution of quality concepts and practices around the world. It also provides an introduction to the basic tools of implementing quality processes and procedures.

Knowledge Category 2 ~ Management and Communication Skills

This Skill Category reviews how Theories of Management evolved and the role the attitude of management plays in the successful implementation of improvement initiatives. We have also look at the management and communication skills needed for the Business Analyst to be able to successfully perform their job.

Knowledge Category 3 ~ Define, Build, Implement and Excellerate Work Processes

This Skill Category is focused on understanding processes as they relate to the role of the Business Analyst. It looks at how various national and international models and awards provide support for process-oriented thinking

Knowledge Category 4 ~ Business Fundamentals

This section discusses a view of the business part of the organization which is often undiscovered by much of the Information Technology staff. The section lays a firm foundation for learning about the specific instantiations of the business practices within the organization.

Knowledge Category 5 ~ Requirements

This Skill Category addresses the single most important part of the development process, Requirements. The steps taken to move a vaguely understood, poorly articulated want or need to a clearly actionable statement are detailed. Methods for gathering the information, refining it and prioritizing it are presented.

Knowledge Category 6 ~ Software Development Processes, Project and Risk Management

Planning for and executing successful Information Technology projects requires a sound understanding of the various development approaches, their strengths and weaknesses. This Skill category discusses the role of the Business Analyst in identifying business related risks and helping to assess various strategies for effectively managing them.

Knowledge Category 7 ~ Acceptance Testing

Skill Category 7 examines one of the key roles of the Business Analyst in the development of a software product, the successful execution of the acceptance testing needed to verify that the product is ready for production. It examines how creating an effective acceptance test plan that begins in Requirements, and allocates resources to these early life cycle activities, allows the Business Analyst to leverage the total resource contribution and minimize the amount of genuine testing time required.

Knowledge Category 8 ~ Commercial Off-the-Shelf Software and Performance Based Contracting

This Skill Category discusses the special issues and approaches needed to work with vendors for the development and acquisition of software products. This may range from completely custom, developed from the customers requirements, to completely off-the-shelf.
CABA Certified Associate Business Analyst (CABA)
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CABA Certified Associate Business Analyst (CABA)
Answer: C
Question: 336
-- Exhibit -­
-- Exhibit -­
In the table, the column labeled "Number of Requirements Inspected" records a:
A. Metric
B. Correlation Coefficient
C. Measure
D. Variability Factor
Answer: C
Question: 337
-- Exhibit -­
-- Exhibit -­
In the table, the number 20.2, which represents the inspection rate, is a:
A. Metric
B. Correlation Coefficient
C. Measure
D. Variability Factor
Answer: A
Question: 338
-- Exhibit -­
-- Exhibit -­
The diagram is a:
A. Configuration Management Artifacts Map
B. Screen Play Script Mapping Diagram
C. Use Case Boundary Diagram
D. Unit Testing Flow Diagram
E. Unit Level Process Map
Answer: E
Question: 339
-- Exhibit -­
-- Exhibit -­
The diagram is a:
A. Data Flow Diagram
B. Entity Relationship Diagrams
C. State Transition Diagram
D. USE CASE Diagram
Answer: B
Question: 340
-- Exhibit -­
-- Exhibit -­
With regards to Entity Relationship Diagrams, the diagram is a:
A. One to one
B. One to zero or one
C. One to many
D. One to zero or many
Answer: C
Question: 341
-- Exhibit -­
-- Exhibit -­
The diagram is of the Development Model.
A. Waterfall
B. Iterative
C. Exploratory
D. Spiral
E. None of the above
Answer: D
Question: 342
-- Exhibit -­
-- Exhibit -­
Using the "V" Model diagram, what testing phase is represented by the letter C?
A. Integration
B. Requirements Walkthrough
C. User Acceptance Testing
D. Unit Testing
Answer: D
Question: 343
-- Exhibit -­
-- Exhibit -­
Using the "V" Model diagram, what type of testing activity is represented by the letter A?
A. Verification or Static
B. Validation or Dynamic
C. White Box
D. Boundary Analysis
E. User Acceptance Testing
Answer: A
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  • The correct answer is D, A/D converter. A digital controller requires a digital signal as its input. A 4-20 mA transmitter outputs an analog signal. Therefore, a device to convert an analog (A) signal to a digital (D) is required. This class of device is referred to as an A/D converter.

    An I/P transducer is used to convert an analog current (I) signal to a pneumatic (P) signal, as for actuation of final control elements. A P/I transducer is used to convert a pneumatic signal (P) to an analog current (I) signal, as for a pneumatic transmitter in a programmable logic controller loop. A DP transmitter is a differential pressure transmitter, which can output a pneumatic, an analog, or a digital signal, depending on the model of transmitter used.

    Reference: Goettsche, L.D. (Editor), Maintenance of Instruments and Systems, Second Edition, ISA, 2005.

  • The correct answer is C, "sample conditioning system." Answers A and C are items not generally associated with extractive field analyzers. Capillary tubes are used for collecting small samples (water, for instance) from a larger container. There are special capillary tubes that can be used in the analyzer chamber of a gas chromatograph, but they are not constructed from glass. Smooth-walled pipe is important for reducing friction losses in piping systems.

    A sample probe calibration system is important to the overall function and maintenance of an extractive field analyzer. However, these systems are not used to prepare the sample for analysis, but rather to provide a mechanism to verify and maintain analyzer performance.

    A sample conditioning system can contain devices, such as filters, demisters, flow regulators, and heaters. sample conditioning systems are used to bring the sample to the ideal process conditions for accurate measurement in the analyzer itself. The sample conditioning system can be a key maintenance item in an analyzer system, since each device needs to be calibrated, cleaned, etc.

    Reference: Goettsche, L.D. (Editor), Maintenance of Instruments and Systems, Second Edition, ISA, 2005.

  • The correct answer is B, "equal to." In order for air to be discharged from the end of a bubbler purge tube, the air pressure in the tube must be equal to (or higher than) the pressure exerted by the liquid head in the tank.

    As the tank level is decreased, the liquid head pressure at the tip of the purge tube decreases, and more bubbles per unit of time can escape. The corresponding reduction in pressure in the purge tube is proportional to the level in the tank. Therefore, the point at which the liquid head pressure and the purge tube pressure are equal is the highest level (URV = 100%) that the device will measure.

    Reference: Goettsche, L.D. (Editor), Maintenance of Instruments and Systems, Second Edition, ISA, 2005.

  • The correct answer is A, "51 K ohms ± 5%."

    The four-color band coding is:
    Color    Value    Multiplier
    Black    0    1
    Brown    1    10
    Red    2    100
    Orange    3    1000
    Yellow    4    10 K
    Green    5    100K
    Blue    6    1 M
    Violet    7    10 M
    Gray    8     
    White    9     
    Gold    ± 5%    0.1
    Silver    ± 10%    0.01

    So a resistor with four bands, green-brown-orange-gold, has a value of: 5 1 x 1000 ± 5% or 51 KΩ.

    Reference: Goettsche, L.D. (Editor), Maintenance of Instruments and Systems, Second Edition, ISA, 2005.

  • The correct answer is D, series and energized. To measure current, you must connect the two leads of the ammeter in the circuit so that the current flows through the ammeter. In other words, the ammeter must become a part of the circuit itself. The only way to measure the current flowing through a simple circuit is to insert your ammeter into the circuit (in series) with the circuit energized.

    Reference: Goettsche, L.D. (Editor), Maintenance of Instruments and Systems, Second Edition, ISA, 2005.

  • The correct answer is A; it prevents the formation of a second temperature measurement junction.

    A thermocouple measurement junction is formed wherever two dissimilar metals are joined. KX-type thermocouple extension wire is made of the same metals as the K-type thermocouple (chromel and alumel). When extending the thermocouple leads with an extension wire back to the control system input card, KX thermocouple extension wire must be used, and the chromel wire and the alumel wire must be joined to the wire of the same metal in the extension cable. If JX or another type of extension wire is used, another measurement junction is formed. For instance, if JX extension cable is used in the example in this problem, the point where the iron and chromel wires are joined would form another thermocouple. This will negatively affect the intended measurement signal. Proper installation of thermocouple extension wires also requires special terminal blocks to prevent additional junctions from being formed.

    Reference: Goettsche, L.D. (Editor), Maintenance of Instruments and Systems, Second Edition, ISA, 2005.

  • The correct answer is B, "hydraulic actuation." Although many pneumatic actuators can provide a large force, they require either a large diaphragm area (in the case of a diaphragm actuator) or a large cylinder (in the case of a rack and pinion actuator).

    Hydraulic actuators are driven by a high-pressure fluid (up to 4,000 psig) that can be delivered to the actuator by a pump that is remote from the actuator itself. Hydraulic cylinders can deliver up to 25 times more force than a pneumatic cylinder of the same size.

    Manual actuation is accomplished by turning a valve handle, and is limited to the amount of force that an operator can exert on the lever or hand wheel.

    Electric actuation delivers high torques for rotary-style valves, but electric actuators tend to be large and heavy compared to hydraulic actuators.

    Reference: Goettsche, L.D. (Editor), Maintenance of Instruments and Systems, Second Edition, ISA, 2005.

  • The correct answer is D; they measure pressure by sensing the deflection of the diaphragm. For most pressure applications, changes in pressure are detected by the change in deflection of a measuring diaphragm.

    The deflection is converted into an electrical signal (voltage) by a piezoelectric or capacitance device. The small electrical current is converted to a standard signal (e.g., 4-20 mA or a digital signal) by a transmitter. Therefore, answer B is not correct.

    Answer A is not correct, because pressure sensors can measure very small pressure changes (inches of water) and in some cases, millimeters of water.

    Pressure measurement devices are not affected by volume, since they are measuring force over an area only. Many pressure sensors are sensitive to temperature (capillary tubes are filled with fluids that can expand with temperature). Therefore, answer C is not correct.

    Reference: Goettsche, L.D. (Editor), Maintenance of Instruments and Systems, Second Edition, ISA, 2005.

  • The correct answer is C, "Gather information about the problem." Once a problem is identified, data must be gathered and analyzed to determine a viable set of potential actions and solutions.

    The logical analysis troubleshooting method consists of (in order):
    1. Identify and define the problem.
    2. Gather information about the problem.
    3. Evaluate the information/data.
    4. Propose a solution or develop a test.
    5. Implement the solution or conduct the test.
    6. Evaluate the results of the solution or test.
    7. If the problem is not resolved, reiterate until the problem is found and resolved.
    8. If the problem is resolved: document, store/file, and send to the appropriate department for follow up if required.

    Reference: Goettsche, L.D. (Editor), Maintenance of Instruments and Systems, Second Edition, ISA, 2005.

  • The correct answer is B, “location, elevation, and tag number.” Instrument location plans are most often used to support new plant installations and give the installer information about the genuine physical location of the installation of an instrument, the elevation of installation (at grade, on a platform, at what height on a process line, etc.), and the tag number of the instrument to be installed.

    Specification numbers (part of answers C and D) are usually indicated on instrument lists and instrument installation details. Wiring plans (part of answer A) are typically shown on conduit and wiring schedules or cabling diagrams. Although these details are useful in the installation of a plant, they are not part of the instrument installation plans.

    Reference: Goettsche, L.D. (Editor), Maintenance of Instruments and Systems, Second Edition, ISA, 2005.

  • Thu, 02 Dec 2021 09:44:00 -0600 en text/html
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    Fri, 14 Aug 2020 00:04:00 -0500 en text/html
    Study: Hot yoga could help fight seasonal depression

    A yoga studio in Slingerlands may be able to help Capital Region people who may deal with depression.

    A Slingerlands yoga studio may be able to help Capital Region people who may deal with depression. That’s because new research has found hot yoga can actually be really good for your mental well-being.

    Hot yoga can help treat symptoms of depression, according to researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital.

    In the study, adults with moderate to severe depression performed 90 minutes of yoga in a 105-degree room at least twice a week for eight weeks. The study found nearly 60% of participants had a 50% or greater reduction in symptoms.

    Jai Yoga School in Slingerlands offers different types of classes, which include warm and hot yoga. Jai is the only studio in the Capital Region with infrared heat.

    Owner Meg Horan has been practicing yoga for about 20 years. She said the new study doesn’t surprise her.

    “There’s a lot of magic to it beyond just doing the physical poses,” Horan said. “Any type of endorphin releasing, physical practice, working out in any way, they focus on the breath, and reassociating with your body, rather than just going through the motions, disassociating with your body, so becoming more mindful and becoming more present and taking the experience as it is, I think it gives people the opportunity to create space and clarity in their life, which helps navigate this crazy world we live in.” 

    Click here to learn more about Jai Yoga School, or call 518-496-8382.

    Fri, 10 Nov 2023 05:12:00 -0600 en-US text/html Certain Types of Music Can Help People Feel Less Pain, New Study Claims

    Certain types of music can help people feel less pain, according to a new study.

    Earlier this week, the study, which was published in the journal Frontiers in Pain Research, highlighted that listening to favorite songs can reduce an individual's perception of pain.

    The study gathered 63 healthy young adult participants at the Roy pain laboratory at McGill University in Canada, where researchers used a device to heat an area on their left arm that created a sensation that researchers described as being similar to a hot cup of coffee being held against their skin.

    As the device heated their skin, the participants listened to either two of their favorite songs, relaxing music selected for them, scrambled music or silence. As the selected track played, the study participants were then asked to rate the "intensity and unpleasantness" of the pain.

    Never miss a story — sign up for PEOPLE's free daily newsletter to stay up-to-date on the best of what PEOPLE has to offer, from celebrity news to compelling human interest stories.

    Man listening to music.


    In their findings, researchers discovered that participants rated the pain as less intense when listening to their favorite tracks, as compared to when they listened to silence or scrambled sounds.

    Relaxing music selected for them, meanwhile, did not produce a similar less intense effect, according to the study.

    “We can approximate that favorite music reduced pain by about one point on a 10-point scale, which is at least as strong as an over-the-counter painkiller like Advil under the same conditions," Darius Valevicius, one of the study's authors said, per The Guardian.

    Valevicius added that emotional or "moving" music may have potentially had "an even stronger effect" on those who participated in the study.

    Sun, 29 Oct 2023 10:39:00 -0500 en text/html
    Hot Yoga Could Help Treat Depression, New Study Finds

    New research from Harvard Medical School's Massachusetts General Hospital published in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry has found that hot yoga can reduce symptoms of depression by 50 percent or more.

    Weekly hot yoga over eight weeks helped people reduce their depressive symptoms, allowing 44 percent of people in the study to be considered in remission from their depression.

    The randomized clinical trial included 80 participants with moderate to severe depression. Researchers divided the participants into two groups. One group was prescribed at least two 90-minute hot yoga sessions weekly. The other group was put on a waiting list. On average, the yoga participants attended ten yoga classes over the eight weeks.

    About two-thirds of the yoga group reported a significant decrease in their depression, compared to 6.3 percent in the waitlist group.

    What could cause hot yoga to have such a powerful antidepressant?

    Hot yoga combines three potentially therapeutic components: 1) mind-body connection, 2) physical exercise and movement, and 3) heat.

    1. Enhancing a mind-body connection through a regular mind-body practice can Excellerate mood. Many styles of yoga, including gentle, non-heated Hatha yoga, have evidence supporting an antidepressant effect. Yoga, a form of moving meditation, is one of many types of mind-body practices that allows people to become more aware and live in their body, enhancing a sense of embodiment. Other mind-body practices include breathwork, tai chi, meditation, and daily mindfulness. The mind-body connection is like a muscle—the more regularly you practice, the stronger it gets.

    2. Physical exercise and movement have a powerful antidepressant effect. Physical exercise has been shown to be a powerful treatment for depression in several randomized clinical trials. Exercise can reduce the core symptoms of depression, including depressed mood and inability to enjoy things. Exercise also promotes better sleep and appetite.

    3. Heat therapies have promising healing power for mental health. Hot yoga refers to yoga styles typically practiced in a heated studio space with temperatures ranging from 95 to 105 degrees Fahrenheit. A 2015 study from the American Council of Exercise found that Bikram yoga can raise core temperatures to 103 degrees.

    The potential healing power of heat therapies for mental health is a concept that warrants ongoing research. Heat therapies have growing data to suggest they should be considered as part of a complementary approach to depression treatment. Frequent hot sauna bathing has been associated with a reduced risk for depression and, interestingly, a reduced risk of dementia and Alzheimer's disease. Passive heat therapies, like Waon therapy, infrared saunas, and whole-body hyperthermia, have been shown to reduce stress and Excellerate symptoms of depression and anxiety.

    For beginners, safety considerations should be examined before starting hot yoga. Hydration is important, and also knowing that you can lie down, take a resting shape like child's pose, or leave the room if you are feeling nauseous, lightheaded, or confused in class. Hot yoga and passive heat therapies may be contraindicated with certain medical issues, such as conditions that restrict sweating, hyperextension or hypermobility issues, and pregnancy.

    If hot yoga feels like it would be too strenuous to try, there are many other types of gentler, unheated yoga, such as chair yoga, Hatha yoga, restorative yoga, and yin yoga. Other accessible options include mind-body practices that can be done at home, such as meditation, tai chi, yoga breathwork, and mindful walking.

    Depression Essential Reads

    For more research on the mental health benefits of yoga, read The Harvard Medical School Guide to Yoga.

    Marlynn Wei, MD, PLLC © Copyright 2023

    Thu, 02 Nov 2023 10:15:00 -0500 en text/html
    New study finds intermittent fasting could help weight loss, hypertension and mood New study finds intermittent fasting could help weight loss, hypertension and mood - CBS News

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    A new study published in the JAMA Internal Medicine found eating only between the hours of 7 a.m. and 3 p.m. could help people lose weight and treat hypertension. Good Housekeeping's deputy nutrition director and registered dietician Stefani Sassos joins "CBS Mornings" to discuss the study's findings and limitations.

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    Wed, 06 Jul 2022 09:10:00 -0500 en-US text/html
    Anger might help you achieve challenging goals, a new study says. But could your health pay the price?

    Have a challenging goal ahead? Some anger could help you achieve it, according to new research.

    For the study, published recently in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, researchers analyzed the role of anger in different scenarios, including a variety of challenges and a survey. One experiment, for example, focused on participants' completion of word puzzles after being shown images designed to elicit specific emotional responses.  

    Across all the experiments, researchers found anger improved the participants' ability to reach challenging goals compared to a neutral emotional condition. In some cases, anger was associated with higher scores or faster response times — while in one experiment, they found, it increased the rate of cheating to win prizes.

    Anger did not, however, seem to Excellerate outcomes when the goals were easier instead of challenging. In certain experiments, amusement or desire were also associated with increased goal attainment, but anger was associated with increased success across the board.

    "People often believe that a state of happiness is ideal, and the majority of people consider the pursuit of happiness a major life goal," lead author Heather Lench, a professor at Texas A&M University, said in a news release. "The view that positive emotion is ideal for mental health and well-being has been prominent in lay and psychological accounts of emotion, but previous research suggests that a mix of emotions, including negative emotions like anger, result in the best outcomes."

    Researchers also analyzed survey data collected from the 2016 and 2020 U.S. presidential elections, where people were asked how angry they'd be if their candidate didn't win. Though it had no effect on who they voted for, those who said they would be angry were more likely to vote in the election. 

    "These findings demonstrate that anger increases effort toward attaining a desired goal, frequently resulting in greater success," Lench said.

    Nicholette Leanza, a licensed professional clinical counselor with mental health care company LifeStance Health, who was not involved in the study, told CBS News that the findings didn't surprise her. 

    "Often with my own clients, I've noticed when they move from being sad about something that didn't happen for them to feeling angry about it, they're more likely to take action to make things better for themselves," she said. "Their anger about the situation is the motivator behind moving them forward."

    Alyssa Mairanz, owner and executive director of Empower Your Mind Therapy, who was also not involved in the study, explained how emotions can be strong motivators.

    "In Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) we like to look at emotions as neither good nor bad; they are the reality," she says. "In DBT we also talk about emotions having three main functions: Emotions can communicate to and influence others; they can organize and motivate for action, which is what the study showed; and they can be self-validating and indicators of our needs."

    While any emotion, including anger, is valid, Mairanz says, they should be used as guidance on how to proceed — but this can be done effectively or ineffectively.

    "Impulsively acting on an emotion can lead to negative consequences if we don't act in our best interests," she says. "Anger is an especially risky emotion because it tends to be the one where people act most impulsively. Acting on anger without thought can cause someone to lash out verbally or even physically. Generally, that is not the most effective action in the situation."

    Even if anger can help with certain goals, prolonged states or intense bouts of it can be unhealthy for your mind and body. It has also been linked to mental health challenges including depression.

    "As we can see from the study, anger can be a motivator. But if a person stays angry for extended periods of time, that is not helpful or healthy at all," Leanza says. "We often say anger turned inward is depression, and we definitely see this when people struggle to manage their anger over long periods of time. So, anger can be positive for short blasts of motivation, but long periods of it can really turn a person toxic."

    And because of the connection between brain and body, anger can also impact our physical health.

    "Like other emotions, (anger) is accompanied by physiological and biological changes; when you get angry, your heart rate and blood pressure go up, as do the levels of your energy hormones, adrenaline, and noradrenaline," according to the American Psychological Association.

    Mon, 06 Nov 2023 01:51:00 -0600 en-US text/html
    Drinking an extra cup of coffee per day could help with weight management, study finds

    Adding an extra cup of unsweetened coffee each day was associated with a reduced risk of gaining weight over a four-year period, according to a study published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition on Oct. 1.

    The benefit, however, was canceled if a person added a teaspoon of sugar to the hot beverage.

    Adding "cream or non-dairy coffee whitener" did not have an effect on weight, the published report said.


    Researchers from the Department of Nutrition at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health in Boston, Massachusetts, collected data from three prospective cohort studies: the Nurses’ Health Study (1986-2010), the Nurses’ Health Study II (1991-2015) and the Health Professional Follow-up Study (1991-2014).

    The research zeroed in on the relationship between coffee consumption habits and body weight changes during four-year increments.

    Adding an extra cup of unsweetened coffee each day was associated with a reduced risk of gaining weight over a four-year period, according to a new study. Adding sugar to the beverage, however, canceled out the benefit. (iStock)

    Participants completed questionnaires about the foods and beverages they consumed. 

    The researchers looked at both caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee consumption and considered whether the drinks were prepared with sugar, non-sweeteners or cream, the study said.


    The findings revealed that one additional cup of unsweetened coffee per day was associated with a decrease of .12 kilograms or .26 pounds over a four-year period. 

    Participants who increased their daily intake by one teaspoon of sugar, however, gained .09 kilograms or .20 pounds over that same period.

    These associations between coffee and sugar consumption with changes in body weight were more significant among younger participants and those who were considered overweight or obese.

    The research zeroed in on the relationship between coffee consumption habits and body weight changes during four-year increments. (iStock)

    Nutrition experts who were not involved with the study shared their thoughts with Fox News Digital on the findings.

    "Increasing intake of a warm, low- to no-calorie beverage may Excellerate body weight, as increasing fluids, especially warm fluids, can Excellerate the feeling of satiety, which may lead to fewer overall calories consumed throughout the day," Erin Palinski-Wade, a New Jersey-based registered dietitian, told Fox News Digital.


    Adding sugar could negate the benefit of weight loss associated with coffee, as sugar can be a source of extra calories without providing a feeling of satiety, Palinski-Wade said.

    However, adding certain creamers/whiteners may have benefits, she indicated.  

    "Milk and creamer additions can add protein/fat, which may help with satiety," she said. 

    "In addition, few individuals use excessive quantities of milk or creamer as they do with added sugar, due to a preference for sweets."

    "Individuals who add sugar to [their] coffee may be more likely to eat added sugar in other ways throughout the day, which can impact body weight and health." (iStock)

    The study did have some potential limitations, Palinski-Wade noted.

    "It is important to remember that these findings show an association and not a causation," she said. 

    "Individuals who add sugar to coffee may also be more likely to eat added sugar in other ways throughout the day, which can impact body weight and health."


    On the other hand, those who consume unsweetened coffee may be more likely to focus on reducing added sugar in their overall diet, she added.

    Kim Kulp, a registered dietitian-nutrition and owner of the Gut Health Connection in San Francisco, told Fox News Digital that the study shows an association between sweetened coffee and long-term weight gain — but that’s very different from showing that a small amount of sugar added to coffee actually causes weight gain. 

    Adding "cream or non-dairy coffee whitener" did not have an effect on weight, the published report said. (iStock)

    "A teaspoon of sugar contains 16 calories and only 4 grams of carbohydrates," she said. 

    "This tiny increase in calories by itself isn’t likely to cause weight gain, but it may tell us something about those who prefer to start their day with a little sweetness."


    There are other associations to explore aside from adding sugar to coffee, the expert noted, such as whether they eat more sugar each day than those who don’t, as well as any other diet and lifestyle factors.


    "Most of the time, weight gain is about so much more than just one food," Kulp said.

    Experts emphasized the importance of discussing any dietary concerns or weight loss efforts with a health care professional.

     For more Health articles, visit

    Wed, 11 Oct 2023 20:32:00 -0500 Fox News en text/html

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