The modularization of business functions for greater flexibility and reusability. Instead of building monolithic applications for each department, a service-oriented architecture (SOA) organizes business software in a granular fashion so that common functions can be used interchangeably by different departments internally and by external business partners as well. The more granular the components (the more pieces), the more they can be reused.
A service-oriented architecture (SOA) is a way of thinking about IT assets as service components. When functions in a large application are made into stand-alone services that can be accessed separately, they are beneficial to several parties.
An SOA is implemented via a programming interface (API) that allows components to communicate with each other. The most popular interface is the use of XML over HTTP, known as "Web services." However, SOAs are also implemented via the .NET Framework and Java EE/RMI, as well as CORBA and DCOM, the latter two being the earliest SOA interfaces, then known as "distributed object systems." CICS, IBM's MQ series and other message passing protocols could also be considered SOA interfaces. See Web services.
The Global Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) Market 2022-2030, recently published by Market Research Inc., provides a complete assessment of the market landscape, including both the current and future situation of the market. The research gives information on increasing trends and market dynamics in terms of drivers, opportunities and limitations. The study sheds statistics on the analysis of previous growth trends. It covers, among other things, a market overview, key player profiling and key growths. The report also includes market size, sales, forecasts, share, industry demand, growth rate and revenue.
Service-oriented architecture (SOA) is collection of services that communicate with each other. The communication comprises of data transfer involving two or more services facilitating specific functionality. SOA consist of modules that are built as software components called services. The components are discrete pieces of data structures that can be reused for diverse purposes, thereby providing flexibility into the software systems
Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) Market report provides a detailed assessment of the market by highlighting information on different aspects which include drivers, restraints, opportunities, threats and global markets including progress trends, competitive landscape analysis and key regions expansion status. This report is comprehensive statistical analysis of the Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) industry and provides data for making strategies to increase the market growth and success.
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The report also includes a detailed study of key companies to provide insights into business strategies, company summary, revenue, Margin, value, volume, business strategy and planning. In addition, SWOT analysis and Porter’s five analysis presented in the report better understand of the exiting of the company. Current growths adopted by various players in order to sustain competition in this highly competitive environment.
Key Market Players:
CA Technologies, Crosscheck Networks, 360logicaSoftware, Fujitsu Ltd., IBM Corporation, Microsoft Corporation, Oracle Corporation, Software AG, SAP SE, and Tibco Software Inc.
Industry, By Type
Industry, By Application
Years Considered for the Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) Market Size:
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Opinion editor's note: Editorials represent the opinions of the Star Tribune Editorial Board, which operates independently from the newsroom.
Increasingly, Minnesota voters are encountering ballots with too-few options. They're used to seeing only one candidate in judicial races. Still, there's a bigger problem with a lack of quality competition — or no competition at all — in a growing number of local contests.
The number of uncontested races has gone up, meaning that the electorate has less say in representation. In many cases, the decisions made by political parties and insiders lead to fewer choices. And some would-be candidates have been scared away by divisiveness and what they see as thankless work.
That's not good for voters, for candidates, or for governing bodies such as school and county boards, city councils and the Legislature. Elected bodies need members who are more representative of the variety of people that they serve. And they need members with a range of skills, professional backgrounds and abilities to oversee taxpayer dollars and public policy.
Five of nine seats were open in this year's Minneapolis school board elections, and all went to newcomers with little experience. Of the five, two ran unopposed.
In Ramsey County, both the sheriff and county attorney ran without opposition. And in rural and metro areas, voters in 24 races had just one candidate for a state House or Senate seat. So of the 201 seats in the Legislature, candidates in just under one in eight races were unopposed.
That's the highest number of uncontested races since 2008 — the last year there were no unopposed legislative candidates. It's been more typical in the previous two decades to have about five to seven races with only one candidate.
So why is this happening, and can anything be done about it? According to some party leaders and analysts, the nasty, contentious political environment and late legislative redistricting hindered candidate recruitment in House and Senate races. And the window for campaigning was shorter than usual.
Political expert Larry Jacobs from the University of Minnesota's Humphrey School told a Star Tribune reporter that politics has become an often "horrible process: horrible for the candidates, horrible for their families. It's gotten more and more brutal."
Earlier this month, in an interview with an editorial writer, Jacobs said some of that can be changed by the voting public. "Voters need to demand vastly more coverage of public policy issues. We need to place more value on that," as well as more face-to-face debates and other forums with candidates.
Before the Nov. 8 election, the Star Tribune Editorial Board made a similar case in arguing for higher-quality campaigns. Having more quality candidates willing to run for public office is also critical.
"The polarization in politics generally has made it harder to get people who aren't [already] involved in politics interested in running," Ken Martin, chair of the Minnesota DFL, told the Star Tribune. "Given how toxic the environment has become, it's very difficult to convince people to deliver up a job that pays them more to become a member of the Legislature."
Constituents can help by toning down their criticism of elected officials, or at least approaching disagreements without anger and abuse. They should encourage and support more well-qualified candidates to step up for public service. And political parties should work harder to field candidates even in districts they believe the other side will win.
The news media also has a role to play by focusing on issues-based political coverage and giving candidates a forum for constructive disagreement. We all can do better — especially given Minnesota's rich history of civic engagement and good government.
The School of Architecture Lecture Series includes designers, thinkers, architects, and interdisciplinary thought leaders from around the world each semester. All lectures are open to the GAUD students and are pertinent to their studies while at Pratt. The Pratt Sessions Lectures, which make up a percentage of the SoA Lecture Series each semester, are specifically curated by the GAUD Chair and oriented around the subjects of the Directed Research Initiative.
DUBLIN--(BUSINESS WIRE)--The "Service Oriented Architecture: Global Strategic Business Report" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering.
Global Service Oriented Architecture Market to Reach $60.7 Billion by 2027
In the changed post COVID-19 business landscape, the global market for Service Oriented Architecture estimated at US$21.4 Billion in the year 2020, is projected to reach a revised size of US$60.7 Billion by 2027, growing at a CAGR of 16.1% over the analysis period 2020-2027.
The U.S. Market is Estimated at $6.3 Billion, While China is Forecast to Grow at 15.4% CAGR
The Service Oriented Architecture market in the U.S. is estimated at US$6.3 Billion in the year 2020. China, the world's second largest economy, is forecast to reach a projected market size of US$10.5 Billion by the year 2027 trailing a CAGR of 15.4% over the analysis period 2020 to 2027.
Among the other noteworthy geographic markets are Japan and Canada, each forecast to grow at 14.1% and 13.6% respectively over the 2020-2027 period. Within Europe, Germany is forecast to grow at approximately 11.3% CAGR.
What`s New for 2022?
Key Topics Covered:
II. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1. MARKET OVERVIEW
2. FOCUS ON SELECT PLAYERS (Total 12 Featured)
3. MARKET TRENDS & DRIVERS
4. GLOBAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE
III. REGIONAL MARKET ANALYSIS
For more information about this report visit https://www.researchandmarkets.com/r/j0k8xw
With the Republican Party poised to barely win the House, we will now witness some of the greatest political theater in the past half-century.
The Democratic and Republican parties have the same problem and are on track to solve each other’s problems during the next eighteen months. Both parties have a nominal leader who is not loved by a large portion of his party. In the case of the Democrats, a large majority have signaled that they do not want Joe Biden running again for president. And while Donald Trump still wins most internal polls for who should be the 2024 Republican candidate, the spectacular failure of many of the candidates that he supported and promoted leaves many in the party looking to Florida for new leadership the party.
So you have the case of two parties with leaders who are not liked by large portions of their fellow party members. So what can you do to make them go away? Well, it turns out that each party will help the other get rid of its problem. With the Republicans taking the House and thus establishing control over all committees, we certainly can expect a great deal of scrutiny of the Biden family and their various dealings with foreign entities in an apparent pay-to-play arrangement that has gone on for years if not decades. And the Republicans will no doubt get a lot of help from of all places the media. When the Washington Post and NY Times belatedly admitted that Hunter Biden’s laptop was real—after Pop Biden was in the White House—it was clear that the media might play a role in getting the Bidens out of the way of a potentially more appealing candidate. Kamala Harris, Hillary Clinton, and several sitting governors have made noises about 2024, and the papers of record might just use their position to promote stories that are politically expedient to help the Republicans in their efforts to get to the bottom of Biden, Inc. and possibly even an impeachment. So for the next year and beyond, we will see Republicans using their new committee power to look at Hunter’s dealings and his father’s role in getting rich. And the Democrats, many of them at least, will be thrilled with any path that will help take out the Bidens, President, and Dr., and open the door to a younger and potentially more appealing candidate. Expect many Democratic-sourced anonymous quotes about Biden's malfeasance and don’t be surprised to see some honest reporting by major newspapers as they try to get the Bidens to go away and not entertain a second run for the presidency.
And the Democrats will return the favor by indicting former president Trump. Attorney General Merrick Garland has been under enormous pressure to indict Trump and hurt him politically. The fact that Trump has done the latter by promoting several clunkers in the midterms and making unwise attacks against Governor DeSantis has made him less of a force in the Republican party, though he remains popular. Many Republicans will be glad to see Trump indicted and don’t be surprised if some step up to help the Democrats and their pet DoJ fight, Trump, to make room for DeSantis or another candidate whose name does not rhyme with “slump”.
So we will have the unusual theater of watching Republicans on the hill investigating Biden and Democrats and their friends in the media quietly cheering them on with the hope that Joe Biden will not run again. And over at the RFK building, the DoJ will be planning its various prosecutions of Trump and possibly his associates, and many Republicans who either do not like Trump or believe after the midterms that Trump’s time at the head of the party is over will quietly support anything that weakens the former president and keeps him occupied with something other than politics. Many will see a witch hunt, but many others will see a great reason not to nominate the former president for another go-around in 2024.
The Republicans could ostensibly hold off investigating Biden with the hope that he will run and thus cause a serious primary between him and Kamala Harris and/or other potential candidates who see an opportunity to switch out an unpopular president. I doubt that the Republicans will be able to resist the pressure and opportunity to investigate the Bidens after so many media and social media sources made the subject of Hunter’s laptop off-limits or tried to pass it off as “Russian disinformation”. The Republicans will investigate, call witnesses, and breathlessly report discoveries of the Bidens enriching themselves, and all the while, many Democrats will quietly be cheering them on in the hope that Joe Biden will have his jersey retired while he is still wearing it. And the DoJ will not be able to not indict Trump, especially after all of the January 6th histrionics, and so the DoJ will be doing the work of many Republicans who would like to see Donald Trump not run again in 2024.
So remember, if the 2024 match-up turns out to be DeSantis versus Kamala, you can thank the other political party for helping get rid of the one person standing in the way of these candidates.
On Monday, I wrote about my three key questions heading into Election Day. I’ll address the first two — about polling error and turnout — at length once results are a bit more final. But the third question, about whether candidate quality would matter, is the easiest to answer: It’s a resounding yes.
For one thing, just look at the large difference between Senate and gubernatorial results in states with both types of races on the ballot. In the nine states with battleground1 Senate races in states that also had a gubernatorial race on the ballot, there were significant discrepancies between the performance of the candidates:
We could wind up with as many as five of the nine states where one party wins the governorship and the other wins the Senate race. It’s already happened in New Hampshire and Wisconsin. It could happen in Nevada and Arizona, depending how the remaining vote comes in. And it will also happen in Georgia if Democrat Raphael Warnock wins the Dec. 6 runoff since Republican Brian Kemp comfortably won the gubernatorial race.
And even in states where there weren’t split-ticket winners, there were still big gaps in candidate performance. Ohio Gov. Mike DeWine, a Republican, won reelection by nearly 26 percentage points at the same time the GOP Senate candidate, J.D. Vance, won by just 6 points.2 In Pennsylvania, Democrat John Fetterman did well enough in the U.S. Senate race against Republican Mehmet Oz, but Democrat Josh Shapiro nonetheless won by a much larger margin against Republican Doug Mastriano in the gubernatorial contest.
Alternatively, we can benchmark candidates against the partisan lean index in each state, which measures a state’s partisan baseline and is mostly based on exact performance in presidential races. For this comparison, we’ll use the projected final Senate results as estimated by The New York Times/Upshot’s “Needle”:3
|State||Democratic candidate||Republican candidate||538 PLI||NYT Needle Proj.||Diff.|
|AZ||Mark Kelly*||Blake Masters||R+7.1||D+2.8||+9.9|
|NH||Maggie Hassan*||Donald C. Bolduc||D+0.6||D+9.0||+8.4|
|GA||Raphael Warnock*||Herschel Junior Walker||R+7.4||D+0.5||+7.9|
|CO||Michael Bennet*||Joe O’Dea||D+6.7||D+14.0||+7.3|
|PA||John Fetterman||Mehmet Oz||R+3.0||D+4.0||+7.0|
|OH||Tim Ryan||J.D. Vance||R+12.1||R+6.6||+5.5|
|NV||Catherine Cortez Masto*||Adam Paul Laxalt||R+2.5||D+0.4||+2.9|
|WI||Mandela Barnes||Ron Johnson*||R+3.8||R+1.3||+2.5|
|NC||Cheri Beasley||Ted Budd||R+4.8||R+3.7||+1.1|
|WA||Patty Murray*||Tiffany Smiley||D+14.2||D+11.0||-3.2|
|FL||Val Demings||Marco Rubio*||R+7.4||R+16.0||-8.6|
If The Upshot’s estimates are right, then Democrats will have outperformed the partisan lean of the state in all but two battleground Senate races: Washington, where Republican Tiffany Smiley seems to have held her own against incumbent Democrat Patty Murray, and Florida, where Marco Rubio appears to have cruised to reelection by double digits.
This measure isn’t perfect. States like Colorado and Florida may be trending in different directions relative to their historic norms, so results like these may say as much about the electorate as the candidates. We also don’t know what the overall national environment was on Tuesday. Maybe Democrats beat their partisan lean everywhere on Tuesday and not just in these battleground Senate races, although an early estimate from Patrick Ruffini of Echelon Insights suggests that Republicans will win the popular vote for the U.S. House, which would make Democrats’ strong performances in Senate battlegrounds even more impressive by comparison.
None of this is surprising — in fact, it’s common: In the 2018 midterms, the results in a number of major Senate races also significantly diverged from the partisan lean of the state. This year, Republicans nominated a series of inexperienced Senate candidates, and such candidates tend to underperform statewide benchmarks. And although the incumbency advantage is smaller than it once was, some of the strongest-performing candidates, such as Rubio and New Hampshire Democrat Maggie Hassan, were incumbents. And candidate quality almost certainly matters less than it once did, given the high partisanship of the modern political era. We’ve even made some changes to our forecast model to reflect this.
Still, another feature of modern American politics is exceptionally close races. So a candidate who underperforms by even 2 or 3 percentage points — let alone 5, 10 or more points — will often cost their party the election. Sometimes, quality has a big effect on quantity.
CORRECTION (Nov. 10, 2022, 10:50 a.m.): A previous version of this article misspelled the first name of Patrick Ruffini from Echelon Insights.
With contentious races across the country, the Hollywood community is speaking out not only to endorse specific candidates, but also to encourage people to act on their civic duty and vote.
Whether their political affiliations are apparent, many celebrities are taking to social media to reinforce the midterm elections are an excellent opportunity for people to make their voice heard.
Some stars have gone as far as to support a specific candidate or party.
KID ROCK BLASTS OPRAH AS A 'FRAUD' AFTER SHE ENDORSES FETTERMAN OVER OZ IN PENNSYLVANIA SENATE RACE
Reese Witherspoon used her platform on Instagram to share a post from her production company, Hello Sunshine, which reinforced the notion that "women's rights are human rights." The statement reads, "We're not looking to go backwards. In order to move forwards toward a bright future, we must all agree that women's rights are human rights."
She added a "Your Vote Matters" sticker to her Instagram story.
"The Hulk" actor Mark Ruffalo has shared an abundance of information on his social media. In one post, the actor writes in part, "Don't buy into the Republican hype that they have this in the bag. Don't let off on the gas. Get your folks, friends, & fam to the polls."
The 54-year-old actor has publicly endorsed multiple Democratic candidates, including New York Gov. Kathy Hochul, as she seeks re-election.
Caitlyn Jenner and her daughter Kendall both addressed the upcoming elections.
The outspoken activist in Caitlyn has made her allegiance to the Republican Party known, tweeting out, "SAVE AMERICA AND VOTE #MAGA," in reference to candidates that embody the "Make America Great Again" slogan which was originally created by former President Trump.
The supermodel had an alternate agenda, sharing to her Instagram story an infographic from the VoteSaveAmerica account. The illustration shows "ballot measures you should know about" as a potential voter. Some listed Topics include access to abortion and firearms as well as the criminal justice system.
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Capitalizing on the purchase of Twitter by Elon Musk, Valerie Bertinelli changed her display name on Twitter to read Elon Musk, although her username is still @wolfiesmom. The actress has shared several posts related to Democratic candidates, one in which she tweeted, "#VoteBluein2022."
Scott Baio's Twitter account is full of replies to political oriented tweets. In one retweet from fellow actor Rob Reiner, Baio criticizes him for "telling people ‘how to vote or who to vote for’" instead of just allowing people to vote for whichever candidate they deem fit.
Ariana Grande shared a slew of resources predominately for Floridians, where the singer hails from, on her Instagram story. Underneath a post from PeoplePowerFla that discusses a policy on gender-affirming care for trans youth, the Grammy Award-winner linked a website for voters to register to vote.
In an "Ask Me Anything" conversation on Instagram, actress and entrepreneur Sara Foster shared her continued support for Rick Caruso for the mayor of Los Angeles. When asked if she would leave LA if Caruso's opponent Karen Bass, a current United States representative won the race, she said, "I am born and raised here and I'm 100% certain that Karen Bass is completely unequipped to handle what is happening in this city…I know she is a nice person, but she is not up for it."
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The midterm elections are on Nov. 8.
Have you ever wondered why you feel cozy in some places while you feel stunned in others? Think about the last international airport you landed in, or a local coffee shop in your neighbourhood.
How we perceive these places is multifaceted. We often hear that we perceive our environments through five senses: sight, smell, touch, sound and taste. But what if there are more senses involved in our perception?
Architects concerned with “the ways we experience things, thus the meanings things have in our experience,” as articulated in the branch of philosophy known as phenomenology are concerned with a fuller picture of how we perceive our environments.
Beyond the traditional five senses, neuroscientific research also examines proprioception (sensing your muscles, their location, and their movements) and the vestibular system, which regulates the sense of orientation and balance in space.
Scientists are also examining a sense called “interoception” which refers to the perception of sensation from inside your body. The most commonly experienced one is having butterflies.
While architects across cultures and time have long considered the senses and design, the concerns of phenomenology as articulated by philosopher Martin Heidegger were introduced into architecture through architect Christian Norberg-Schulz beginning in the early ‘70s.
Architects concerned with phenomenology are interested in how to integrate a renewed fundamental understanding of perception to design better buildings.
Phenomenology in architecture refers to a shifting focus on giving users an experience. Beyond Norberg-Schulz, architects Juhani Pallasmaa and Alberto Pérez-Gómez have developed this approach, and architects Steven Holl and Peter Zumthor design based on the theories.
Our perception of approaching a building, a city or an object within an environment depends on many factors.
Approaching a city in the middle of the desert is entirely different than approaching a town in a forest.
You can perceive and see a city in a desert in plain sight, and you might perceive the duration it takes to get there longer than it is in reality. When approaching a town in a forest, you will be busy looking around the forest, looking at animals or trees, and experiencing a shorter time than what it took you to get there.
When it comes to buildings, you will first approach them, enter them, and finally start exploring them. From the moment you are on the path of approaching, you start perceiving with all your different senses.
Here are some tangible examples:
Touch: Imagine the moment you are going to touch a front door knob. A wooden door knob will feel different than a steel one.
Smell: Sometimes, a specific smell can remind you of beautiful memories. It’s the same when it comes to buildings. Everyone can differentiate between the scent of a clean vacant space and a cottage in the woods.
Sound: You can get different feelings of space by just perceiving it with your ears. Compare a room with ceramic tiles where you hear shoes clacking along the floor and walking on a wooden floor where you hear the wooden floors.
Sight: All of us have seen pictures showing a small house in the distance where a small light is on on a snowy day. That tiny light on a snowy day can be a fireplace we can feel just by seeing it in the distance.
Taste: It might be hard to link taste to architecture, but architecture can be a stimulus for taste. Specific colours and details can stimulate taste. For instance, marble might deliver you a particular sensation of taste.
Vestibular (movement) and proprioception (body position): These two senses are the foundation for orienting yourself in a space and being self-conscious within an environment.
It’s important to also consider what Steven Holl, a New York-based architect, believes are the 11 stimuli in our environments that affect our perception.
1) An object is perceived within its surrounding. If you have a flower in front of your windows, the background will also play an important role in perceiving it and your impression of the flower.
2) Our perception is a series of frames from our environment that changes with our every single move.
3) Colours have an important role in our perception.
4) Light and shadows can deliver us different feelings.
5) Night and day can yield completely different experiences.
6) Perception of time is not linear and depends on many different factors.
7) Water is a reflection of its surrounding environment.
8) Sound helps to perceive our environment. Imagine measuring the depth of a room by echoing.
9) Details in design are an essential factor that can have different impacts. A person can easily differentiate the feeling and taste of natural wood from an artificial one.
10) Proportions and scales are other critical factors in perceiving our environment. If a building is too big in scale, it can deliver you a feeling of being stunned, while a lower ceiling height can make you feel cozy.
11) Ideas are vital in designing buildings as they can deliver people different experiences.
Accordingly, if you want to create a cozy coffee shop, you design it with low lights, warm colors, a nice ambient sound. An idea at the centre influences details with furniture and interiors, ceiling height and everything else.
Phenomenology in architecture helps create better environments based on how humans perceive their surroundings. Whether you are planning to go to a local restaurant or an exhibition, you can now think about how your experiences in a space are related to your sense perception.
This article is republished from The Conversation, a nonprofit news site dedicated to sharing ideas from academic experts.
Farzam Sepanta does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.
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