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Killexams : Financial Accredited VCE exam - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/AVA Search results Killexams : Financial Accredited VCE exam - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/AVA https://killexams.com/exam_list/Financial Killexams : How pre-construction homebuyers can navigate higher mortgage rates on closing

To pass the stress test, homebuyers may now qualify at the higher of either the benchmark rate of 5.5 per cent or the rate offered by their lender plus 2 per cent.ANDREW KELLY/Reuters

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A series of aggressive interest rate hikes from the Bank of Canada (BoC) in the past year aimed at taming inflation have put pre-construction homebuyers on the back foot.

Financial advisors say they still have some options to manage higher expected monthly mortgage payments but can be limited if they’re struggling to qualify for the stress test.

When homebuyers purchase a pre-construction property, they’re “essentially buying a promise,” according to a RE/MAX Canada blog post. Rather than putting down a whole down payment at one time, buyers put down a smaller amount upfront and then make scheduled deposits until they close on the property. While homebuyers can continue saving ahead of their closing date, it also means an ultimately larger down payment than buying on the resale market. RE/MAX estimates pre-construction buyers end up paying up to 20 per cent upfront, as opposed to the minimum 5 per cent down payment resale buyers can make.

Buying well ahead of the home’s completion date also makes buyers vulnerable to rising interest rates, as their closing date will likely occur months or years after their locked-in rate expires. Realtors are reported to be hearing from more pre-construction condo buyers worried they may no longer be able to close the deal.

The BoC’s policy interest rate is currently sitting at 4.5 per cent, following an additional 25 basis point hike on Jan. 25. To pass the stress test, homebuyers may now qualify at 5.25 per cent or the mortgage contract rate plus two percentage points, whichever is higher.

Jason Heath, a fee-only certified financial planner and managing director at Objective Financial Partners Inc. in Markham, Ont., says interest rate hikes have changed some young clients’ budgets for buying a new home, while some clients who were purchasing pre-construction investment properties are now reconsidering the math of the rental income they can get relative to the mortgage they would pay.

Maili Wong, senior wealth advisor and senior portfolio manager with The Wong Group at Wellington-Altus Private Wealth Inc. in Vancouver, also says pre-construction buyer jitters are showing up in her practice, mostly in the form of clients concerned for their adult children.

“We’re seeing some stress with first-time homebuyers in their 20s and 30s who want to get into the housing market and are now worried about closing on their homes,” she says.

Ms. Wong generally does an “informal stress test” for clients preparing to buy a house or pre-construction property by giving them projections of how buying at different interest rate levels would affect their overall financial plan and ability to sustain their lifestyle and other savings priorities. That can supply clients a reality check on what they can afford, or act as reassurance when rates have risen.

Mr. Heath acknowledges there will be some pre-construction buyers who are no longer in the position of being able to meet the stress test.

“The magnitude of the increase in interest rates combined with the magnitude of the drop in real estate and stock prices, among other things, has probably put a lot of people in positions in which a little tweak here and there might not solve the problem,” he says.

Selling before closing

For those buyers, he advises an assignment sale on the contract ahead of closing, but this option comes with tax implications. If the buyer is able to sell for a profit, it will likely be considered business income as they never occupied the home rather than as a capital gain – meaning the transaction is fully taxable.

“There are also people, no doubt, who would be selling at a loss, but I think that for anybody who is nervous about closing on a new property, they should at least be considering the potential of selling before it before they close,” he says.

Mr. Heath says someone purchasing a pre-construction property to use as a rental and selling at a loss might be able to make the case from a tax perspective that they were buying the property as a speculative investment and could possibly claim the hit as a business loss.

“But if they were buying it [with the] intention to move in on their own … they’re less likely to be able to do that,” he says.

Considering tapping into RRSPs and TFSAs

Depending on how soon they’ll be closing after their purchase, Aravind Sithamparapillai, associate at Ironwood Wealth Management Group in Fonthill, Ont., says these buyers may be able to use their registered retirement savings plan (RRSP) for the Home Buyers’ Plan (HBP). The plan requires applicants to move in no later than one year after buying or building the home.

In very specific cases, he says, pre-construction buyers who both qualify to use the HBP and are parents could focus on contributing to their RRSPs ahead of closing on their home. Doing so would lower their overall taxable income and thereby increase their Canada child benefit payment – which they could put toward their deposits or higher mortgage payments – and supply them more money to pull out of their RRSP through the HBP.

But Mr. Sithamparapillai acknowledged that this approach “will only be useful in a small set of circumstances and also, given the magnitude of the issue for many people, may not have large enough of an impact.”

Buyers can also look to any other sources of money they didn’t initially plan to tap such as their tax-free savings account (TFSA), Mr. Heath says.

Ms. Wong says she advises making tradeoffs such as cutting back more on discretionary parts of their budget like travel savings or new-home furnishings. She also notes clients may want to consider looking for a higher-paid job or taking on a side gig, asking parents for financial help and reviewing their investments to see where they might be able to earn higher rates of return.

“If they have an RRSP or TFSA, or cash in a savings account, they can get a higher rate of return than last year because interest rates are higher and equity valuations have come down, so prices on high-quality bond and stock investments are very attractive,” she adds.

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Tue, 07 Feb 2023 19:46:00 -0600 en-CA text/html https://www.theglobeandmail.com/investing/globe-advisor/advisor-news/article-how-pre-construction-homebuyers-can-navigate-higher-mortgage-rates-on/
Killexams : Pico Launches High-Performance Financial Services Test Lab
(MENAFN- GlobeNewsWire - Nasdaq)

NEW YORK, Feb. 07, 2023 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- pico , a leading global provider of mission-critical technology services, software, data and analytics for the financial markets community, has launched the Pico Performance Lab, a state-of-the-art, high-performance financial services test lab. Pico's full-stack trading technology solution of infrastructure, connectivity, market data, trading software, critical timing services and corvil analytics can be implemented, simulated and tested in the Pico Performance Lab. In addition, the Lab will also allow for client application and third-party product testing.

“Pico's testing capabilities are extremely diverse, and clients have often requested our help to test market data products, trading technology, high-performance software, hardware, advanced chipsets, as well as new switching gear,” said Pico's Chief Information Officer, Seetharam Gorre.“The launch of the Pico Performance Lab will allow replication of real-world trading environments to include infrastructure, data, replay mechanisms, traffic generators and exchange simulators. We can simulate patterns and, by implementing Corvil Analytics, monitor how those solutions and products perform in real-time. We can also stress test environments, new technologies and products as well as upgrades to operating systems and software prior to rollout. The use cases of the Pico Performance Lab are endless, and we are excited about the possibilities the Lab provides Pico and our clients.”

Pico can simulate real-time events based on market data as it existed on a particular day, reproducing those exact conditions for testing. With the launch of the cutting-edge Lab, Pico can demonstrate the forensic data necessary to analyze the root cause of performance problems and what reports are available to clients through Corvil. The unique capabilities of Corvil Analytics allow it to manage network microburst capacity and ensure market-data quality. Corvil Analytics has a 20-plus year legacy across financial services in extracting and correlating technology and transaction performance intelligence from global dynamic network environments. Corvil's high throughput, lossless, granularly time-stamped data capture provides an incredibly rich data source that can be used for broader analytics and use cases, including trade analytics.

“Our clients are sophisticated electronic market makers, quantitative hedge funds, global banks and exchanges. They now have the ability to replicate real-world trading environments and accelerate loads to multiples of real-time speeds to test market data and trading products in high-volume scenarios in the Pico Performance Lab,” said Pico's Chief Product Officer, Stacie Swanstrom.“Our clients are institutions who also have clients and they want visibility into our environment. They want to see what our operations teams are seeing, and the launch of this Lab will allow them the unique opportunity to experience how our operational excellence excels through real-world examples.”

Not only will the Lab allow clients to experience firsthand how Corvil Analytics is an invaluable tool for network monitoring, they will also have the opportunity to see how Corvil analyzes Pico's redline suite of high-performance trading and market data products. Pico's RedlineFeed delivers normalized low-latency, multi-asset class market data, complimented by Redline trading gateways and hosted inside Pico's global infrastructure environment. Pico's best-in-class, full stack trading technology solution offers a single-source provider for low-latency, comprehensive global market access.

Pico will unveil the Lab during an exclusive, in-person client tour and demonstration on Feb. 15 where attendees will get a firsthand look at the cutting-edge Lab in action. For more information about Pico's broad suite of products and solutions, visit .

About Pico
Pico is a leading global provider of technology services for the financial markets community. Pico's technology and services power mission-critical systems for global banks, exchanges, electronic trading firms, quantitative hedge funds and financial technology service providers. Pico provides a best-in-class portfolio of innovative, transparent, low-latency markets solutions coupled with an agile and expert service delivery model. Instant access to financial markets is provided via PicoNetTM, a globally comprehensive network platform instrumented natively with Corvil to generate analytics and telemetry. Clients choose Pico when they want the freedom to move fast and create an operational edge in the fast-paced world of financial markets.

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Killexams : Certified Financial Planner professionals around the world exceeds 213,000
The number of Certified Financial Planners is rising worldwide

With a gain of 9,690, the Financial Planning Standards Board Ltd (FPSB) announced that the number of Certified Financial Professionals in the world has surpassed 213,000.

The data reported by the FPSB indicates a gain of 9,590 worldwide, contrasting the professional CFP last year. FPSB CEO Dante de Gori CFP expressed his satisfaction, "We are pleased to report the number of Certified Financial Planner professionals worldwide continues to grow".

The data obtained from CFP Board show that the United States was the country with the highest increase in CFP, with an increase of 3,082 CFP professionals per year and giving a closing of 95,137. These figures means that the United States remains one of the most extended communities of professionals worldwide, followed by China, which, according to the FPSB China, had an increase of 3,382 CFP professionals and closed the year with a total of 30,182.

Dante de Gori declares that, with the increase in the cost of living that has impacted the global economy, financial conditions have become more restrictive because interest rates continue to rise. Due to this great global uncertainty, the risks to financial stability have increased considerably.

At the same time, he affirms that in order to avoid greater access to financial advice, it is of the utmost importance "to help individuals and families stay on track to reach their goals and achieve financial well-being".

Brazil is one of the next countries to demonstrate an increase of CFP professionals, with a total of 8,630, an increase of 16.9%, Japan came after, reaching a peak of 1,034 CFP, ending with a total of 25,098, as reported by the Japan Association for Financial Planners.

FPSB CEO reassures that "Increasing the number of CFP professionals nearly two and a half times globally since FPSB's creation in 2004 reinforces the value CFP certification holds in the global financial planning profession."

The figure of the financial planner is very important in the world of investment management, which is why the Financial Planning Standards Board, created in 2004, develops and operates certification worldwide in countries such as Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chinese, Colombia, France, Germany, Ireland, Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand, among others. To benefit the global community by establishing, maintaining and promoting professional standards around the world.

Wed, 08 Feb 2023 05:14:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.ibtimes.co.uk/certified-financial-planner-professionals-around-world-exceeds-213000-1712481
Killexams : 10 Best Online Pokies: Rated for RTP, Bonus Features, and Where to Play

Disclaimer: The casinos listed in this article may not be available in your region. To assess whether online gambling is legal in your region, go through your local gambling laws. The legal gambling age is 18 years or older. Juvenile gambling is illegal. There is a possibility that you could become addicted to gambling so gamble responsibly and within your means.

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With so many alternatives available, our team of gambling specialists has developed an in-depth assessment method to pinpoint the top online pokies and make it easy for players to locate them. Our reviews of these casinos mostly concentrate on the top online pokies, but a credible casino needs to have more to offer in order for players to consistently feel safe, at ease, and entertained. We delve deep to uncover the solutions you require to quickly locate the top casinos and pokies.

Some online pokies offer for its players are better than others, and here is a glance at the best online pokies and where you can find them.

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Fire Vegas Casino - Playing online pokies at a hot site!

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Thu, 09 Feb 2023 10:46:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.timesunion.com/marketplace/article/online-pokies-17565256.php
Killexams : Steering clients away from disastrous impulse buys

As part of their commitment to ensure clients’ financial well-being, financial advisors also have to act as behavioural coaches that promote better decisions about money. Sometimes, that means giving clients a harsh dose of reality and perspective.

While it can be hard to make clients understand and walk away from their strong short-term impulses, there are ways to gently but firmly help them understand the potential long-term impact, according to one Calgary-based certified financial planner.

“I met with a young couple in my office just before Christmas. The young man, who’s in his mid-30s, makes a good income,” says Johanne Plamondon of Raymond James. “He said to me, ‘I really want to talk to you about buying a brand-new pickup truck and a camper.’”

The couple, she says, were very passionate travellers who enjoyed the great outdoors. With a pickup truck and camper, the husband explained, they would have a means to go surfing in the wintertime and embark on other explorations, and be able to enjoy a leisurely cup of coffee after a long day of adventure.

After hearing out her clearly excited client, Plamondon started asking careful and deliberate questions. How much did he imagine a brand-new vehicle and camper would cost? Do they have the cash on hand to buy it, or would they rely on financing? Where would they park it? What about insurance?

“This young gentleman had previously leased another vehicle, which he had to pay $700 a month for. I reminded him how much stress that brought him at the time,” Plamondon says. “We also determined that they wouldn’t be driving the pickup truck every day, but only for recreational purposes.”

By the end of the 30-minute discussion, it was clear that the client was looking at a potential additional monthly expense of $2,000, when a $700 monthly commitment was already giving him a huge amount of anxiety.

With the challenging economic climate, Plamondon suggested that her client might be able to buy a used vehicle and camper, but he was firm that he wanted to buy them brand new. Rather than an outright “no,” Plamondon responded with a proposal that he test-drive his financial commitment.

“I suggested to him, ‘Starting now, try saving $2,000 a month, and do that for the next 12 months,’” she recounts. “We agreed that if he could do that without stress or concern, he might be able to handle that commitment for the longer term. If not, then at least he’ll potentially have $24,000 saved up to put towards something else.”

According to Plamondon, people will naturally tend to dig in their heels when told what to do, and resist suggestions that they need to change. At her practice, she prefers to use back-and-forth conversations and negotiations with clients, because they should ultimately decide what’s in their best interest.

“We can help people make some changes for the short term, but it's the long term that makes a difference,” she says. “One thing I’ve found is that people who do work with an advisor are more likely to stick to a financial plan.”

Wed, 15 Feb 2023 02:05:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.wealthprofessional.ca/news/industry-news/steering-clients-away-from-disastrous-impulse-buys/373728
Killexams : What Ontario’s self-certified investor pilot program means for advisors and investors

An expert warns advisors to be careful about what their clients invest in under this exemption, particularly as many companies seek to raise money through the exemption order before the pilot is set to expire in April next year.wutwhanfoto/iStockPhoto / Getty Images

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A pilot underway in Ontario to broaden the criteria of who qualifies as an accredited investor is being welcomed by advisors as the next step in the “modernization” of the private investment space – and an opportunity to broaden their client base.

Still, some industry experts caution advisors to tread carefully with the interim investment rules and ensure clients aren’t risking too much of their capital.

Last fall, the Ontario Securities Commission (OSC) unveiled an 18-month pilot, ending April 25, 2024, that expands the accredited investor exemption to include “self-certified” investors with certain types of education or professional experience.

Previously, there were only income and financial asset requirements to be considered an accredited investor, a financial status that provides access to investments not available to the public market such are venture capital, private real estate, or private equity.

The OSC’s updated exemption says investors with relevant professional or educational experience – such as a chartered professional accountant, someone with an MBA or who has passed the Canadian Securities Course – can access certain private investments, up to an annual maximum of $30,000 even if they don’t meet the financial threshold.

Self-certified investors need to prove to issuers that they meet the qualifying criteria, including acknowledging the risks of the investment.

“It’s the modernization of the accredited markets,” says Robert Janson, co-chief executive officer and chief investment officer at Westcourt Capital Corp. in Toronto. “It augments that market [by allowing] further participants – both issuers and investors – who are looking for different exposures.”

Mr. Janson, who has a handful of clients who could fall under the new self-certified investor category, says it’s a “more robust way to ensure that market participants are protected, and yet are potentially encouraged to invest in this space.

“That’s in the vein of the spirit of capital formation in the country,” he adds.

Exemptions in other provinces

The OSC pilot follows similar exemptions adopted recently in Alberta and Saskatchewan. It stems from the final report of the Capital Markets Modernization Taskforce, released in January 2021, which suggested expanding the accredited investor definition to those with a “high degree of understanding of investments and markets.”

The report noted similar changes made by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission in 2020, which updated the definition of accredited investors to include professional knowledge, experience or certifications.

The change means advisors “may consider a wider range of exempt-market products for their clients,” who meet the requirements to be a self-certified investor, the OSC said in an e-mail statement to the Globe.

“This is particularly relevant to clients who are not accredited investors or who do not meet the criteria for other prospectus exemptions, such as the employee prospectus exemption,” the statement said, adding that the order doesn’t provide a registration exemption.

“Registrants remain subject to their normal [know your product], [know your client], and suitability obligations under securities laws when considering trades under this prospectus exemption,” the OSC stated.

‘Advisors exercise some caution’

David Bardsley, partner and head of KPMG in Canada’s wealth and asset management advisory division, says advisors with clients who qualify under the interim exemption will need to ensure the investments make sense as part of their broader wealth management plans.

For instance, he says advisors will need to consider where the investment dollars will come from and the client’s investment time horizon.

“Is the money potentially going to be tied up in an investment for a number of years – and what impact does that have on the individual if their circumstances change?” Mr. Bardsley says.

He also advises diversifying any investments without spreading the capital too thin.

“Maybe there are two, potentially three opportunities that might warrant consideration for an investor who qualifies for this threshold,” he says.

Mr. Bardsley also warns advisors to be careful about what their clients invest in under this exemption, particularly as many companies seek to raise money through the exemption order before the pilot is set to expire in April next year.

“Most advisors will act in the best interests of their clients and their investment strategies,” he says. “But I would suggest that advisors exercise some caution.”

How Ontario’s order is different

It’s not yet clear if the OSC program will be extended, or amended, as it was in Alberta and Saskatchewan.

Alberta and Saskatchewan first announced their accredited investor changes on March 31, 2021 and amended them on July 28, 2022, according to the Canadian Securities Administrators.

Ontario’s order is slightly different than the two western provinces, according to a accurate note from lawyers Shawn Blundell and Stuart Ruffolo at Stikeman Elliott LLP in Toronto.

In Alberta and Saskatchewan, the exemption applies to both distributions by an issuer and by an existing security holder, whereas the OSC order applies only to the distribution by an issuer of its own securities.

Also, the exemption in Alberta and Saskatchewan provides that qualifying special purpose vehicles (SPVs) are not subject to certain investment limits, while the OSC’s order “doesn’t have a similar carve-out for SPVs,” the lawyers noted.

In Alberta and Saskatchewan, the exemption also requires a concurrent distribution to accredited investors. The lawyers state that the OSC’s rules don’t have that requirement.

“Ultimately, any amendments or additions to further align the OSC order with the exemption in Alberta and Saskatchewan would bolster the likelihood of a unified approach among these (and potentially other) provinces through the adoption of a multi-lateral instrument or amendment to the national instrument,” they wrote.

For more from Globe Advisor, visit our homepage.

Tue, 14 Feb 2023 20:06:00 -0600 en-CA text/html https://www.theglobeandmail.com/investing/globe-advisor/advisor-practice/article-what-ontarios-self-certified-investor-pilot-program-means-for-advisors/
Killexams : Over The Counter and OTC Test Market Share, Size, Financial Summaries Analysis from 2023 to 2028

The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content.

Feb 15, 2023 (The Expresswire) -- "Over The Counter and OTC Test Market" Report covers specified competitive outlook consisting of the market proportion and company profiles of the Important thing individuals working within the international market. Key players Profiled in the Report are [Roche, Abbott, Siemens Healthcare, Danaher, Johnson and Johnson, Ascensia, Bio-Rad Laboratories, BioMerieux, ARKRAY, Nova Biomedical, Trividia Health, Trinity Biotech, OraSure Technologies, i-Health Lab, Accubiotech, LIA Diagnostics, DarioHealth, Biolytical Laboratories] and others. Company profile consists of assign including Organization summary, Financial Summary, Business Strategy and Planning, SWOT analysis and current developments.

What is the projected market size and growth rate of the Over The Counter and OTC Test Market?

Over The Counter and OTC Test Market Size is projected to Reach Multimillion USD by 2028, In comparison to 2023, at unexpected CAGR during the forecast Period 2023-2028.

Browse Detailed TOC, Tables and Figures with Charts which is spread across Many Pages that provides exclusive data, information, vital statistics, trends, and competitive landscape details in this niche sector.

Client Focus

1. Does this report consider the impact of COVID-19 and the Russia-Ukraine war on the Over The Counter and OTC Test market?

Yes. As the COVID-19 and the Russia-Ukraine war are profoundly affecting the global supply chain relationship and raw material price system, we have definitely taken them into consideration throughout the research, and in Chapters, we elaborate at full length on the impact of the pandemic and the war on the Over The Counter and OTC Test Industry

Final Report will add the analysis of the impact of Russia-Ukraine War and COVID-19 on this Over The Counter and OTC Test Industry.


This research report is the result of an extensive primary and secondary research effort into the Over The Counter and OTC Test market. It provides a thorough overview of the market's current and future objectives, along with a competitive analysis of the industry, broken down by application, type and regional trends. It also provides a dashboard overview of the past and present performance of leading companies. A variety of methodologies and analyses are used in the research to ensure accurate and comprehensive information about the Over The Counter and OTC Test Market.

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Over The Counter and OTC Test Market - Competitive and Segmentation Analysis:

2. How do you determine the list of the key players included in the report?

With the aim of clearly revealing the competitive situation of the industry, we concretely analyze not only the leading enterprises that have a voice on a global scale, but also the regional small and medium-sized companies that play key roles and have plenty of potential growth.

Which are the driving factors of the Over The Counter and OTC Test market?

Rising Adoption of [Workplace Testing, Criminal Justice Testing, Disease Testing, Others] among Businesses Drives Over The Counter and OTC Test Market Growth

Based onProduct Types the Market is categorized into [Glucose Monitoring Test, Cholesterol Monitoring Test, Infectious Disease Testing, Fecal Occult Test, Urine Analysis Test, Drug Abuse Test, Others]that held the largest Over The Counter and OTC Test market share In 2022.

Short Description About Over The Counter and OTC Test Market:

The Global Over The Counter and OTC Test market is anticipated to rise at a considerable rate during the forecast period, between 2023 and 2028. In 2021, the market is growing at a steady rate and with the rising adoption of strategies by key players, the market is expected to rise over the projected horizon.

North America, especially The United States, will still play an important role which cannot be ignored. Any changes from United States might affect the development trend of Over The Counter and OTC Test. The market in North America is expected to grow considerably during the forecast period. The high adoption of advanced technology and the presence of large players in this region are likely to create ample growth opportunities for the market.

Europe also play important roles in global market, with a magnificent growth in CAGR During the Forecast period 2022-2029.

Over The Counter and OTC Test Market size is projected to reach Multimillion USD by 2029, In comparison to 2022, at unexpected CAGR during 2022-2029.

Despite the presence of intense competition, due to the global recovery trend is clear, investors are still optimistic about this area, and it will still be more new investments entering the field in the future.

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3. What are your main data sources?

Both Primary and Secondary data sources are being used while compiling the report.

Primary sources include extensive interviews of key opinion leaders and industry experts (such as experienced front-line staff, directors, CEOs, and marketing executives), downstream distributors, as well as end-users.Secondary sources include the research of the annual and financial reports of the top companies, public files, new journals, etc. We also cooperate with some third-party databases.

Geographically, the detailed analysis of consumption, revenue, market share and growth rate, historical data and forecast (2017-2028) of the following regions are covered in Chapters

What are the key regions in the global Over The Counter and OTC Test market?

● North America (United States, Canada and Mexico) ● Europe (Germany, UK, France, Italy, Russia and Turkey etc.) ● Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, Australia, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia and Vietnam) ● South America (Brazil, Argentina, Columbia etc.) ● Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Nigeria and South Africa)

This Over The Counter and OTC Test Market Research/Analysis Report Contains Answers to your following Questions

● What are the global trends in the Over The Counter and OTC Test market? Would the market witness an increase or decline in the demand in the coming years? ● What is the estimated demand for different types of products in Over The Counter and OTC Test? What are the upcoming industry applications and trends for Over The Counter and OTC Test market? ● What Are Projections of Global Over The Counter and OTC Test Industry Considering Capacity, Production and Production Value? What Will Be the Estimation of Cost and Profit? What Will Be Market Share, Supply and Consumption? What about Import and Export? ● Where will the strategic developments take the industry in the mid to long-term? ● What are the factors contributing to the final price of Over The Counter and OTC Test? What are the raw materials used for Over The Counter and OTC Test manufacturing? ● How big is the opportunity for the Over The Counter and OTC Test market? How will the increasing adoption of Over The Counter and OTC Test for mining impact the growth rate of the overall market? ● How much is the global Over The Counter and OTC Test market worth? What was the value of the market In 2020? ● Who are the major players operating in the Over The Counter and OTC Test market? Which companies are the front runners? ● Which are the accurate industry trends that can be implemented to generate additional revenue streams? ● What Should Be Entry Strategies, Countermeasures to Economic Impact, and Marketing Channels for Over The Counter and OTC Test Industry?

Customization of the Report

4. Can I modify the scope of the report and customize it to suit my requirements?

Yes. Customized requirements of multi-dimensional, deep-level and high-quality can help our customers precisely grasp market opportunities, effortlessly confront market challenges, properly formulate market strategies and act promptly, thus to win them sufficient time and space for market competition.

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Major Points from Table of Contents

Global Over The Counter and OTC Test Market Research Report 2023-2028, by Manufacturers, Regions, Types and Applications

1 Introduction
1.1 Objective of the Study
1.2 Definition of the Market
1.3 Market Scope
1.3.1 Market Segment by Type, Application and Marketing Channel
1.3.2 Major Regions Covered (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Mid East and Africa)
1.4 Years Considered for the Study (2015-2028)
1.5 Currency Considered (U.S. Dollar)
1.6 Stakeholders

2 Key Findings of the Study

3 Market Dynamics
3.1 Driving Factors for this Market
3.2 Factors Challenging the Market
3.3 Opportunities of the Global Over The Counter and OTC Test Market (Regions, Growing/Emerging Downstream Market Analysis)
3.4 Technological and Market Developments in the Over The Counter and OTC Test Market
3.5 Industry News by Region
3.6 Regulatory Scenario by Region/Country
3.7 Market Investment Scenario Strategic Recommendations Analysis

4 Value Chain of the Over The Counter and OTC Test Market

4.1 Value Chain Status
4.2 Upstream Raw Material Analysis
4.3 Midstream Major Company Analysis (by Manufacturing Base, by Product Type)
4.4 Distributors/Traders
4.5 Downstream Major Customer Analysis (by Region)

5 Global Over The Counter and OTC Test Market-Segmentation by Type
6 Global Over The Counter and OTC Test Market-Segmentation by Application

7 Global Over The Counter and OTC Test Market-Segmentation by Marketing Channel
7.1 Traditional Marketing Channel (Offline)
7.2 Online Channel

8 Competitive Intelligence Company Profiles

9 Global Over The Counter and OTC Test Market-Segmentation by Geography

9.1 North America
9.2 Europe
9.3 Asia-Pacific
9.4 Latin America

9.5 Middle East and Africa

10 Future Forecast of the Global Over The Counter and OTC Test Market from 2023-2028

10.1 Future Forecast of the Global Over The Counter and OTC Test Market from 2023-2028 Segment by Region
10.2 Global Over The Counter and OTC Test Production and Growth Rate Forecast by Type (2023-2028)
10.3 Global Over The Counter and OTC Test Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast by Application (2023-2028)

11 Appendix
11.1 Methodology
12.2 Research Data Source


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Wed, 15 Feb 2023 11:21:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.marketwatch.com/press-release/over-the-counter-and-otc-test-market-share-size-financial-summaries-analysis-from-2023-to-2028-2023-02-15
Killexams : Tornator Reached A New Level In 2022 Turnover Up By 28 Per Cent, Balance Sheet Exceeds EUR 3 Billion (MENAFN- GlobeNewsWire - Nasdaq) Finnish English

Tornator Oyj

Financial statement release 9 February 2023 at 8 am

Tornator reached a new level in 2022 – turnover up by 28 per cent, balance sheet exceeds EUR 3 billion


    Turnover increased to €164.6 million (+28.1%). High demand increased the average price and delivered quantities of timber. Due to a change in the valuation method, the value of group-owned forests increased to €3.1 billion (2.3). Operating profit at fair value amounted to a record €572.0 million (+439,2 %), as did the net profit, at €541.9 (377.5). Equity rose to €2.0 billion, and return on equity at fair value was 33.8%. Adjusted operating profit amounted to €130.2 million (90.0), and the adjusted net profit stood at €94.8 million (61.1). The company acquired over 16,000 hectares of new forest property in Finland Total responsibility was rewarded with the first prize in a sustainability reporting competition. In addition, climate and biodiversity programmes moved forward with multiple projects underway. Russia's invasion of Ukraine, inflation, or the increased interest rates did not have any significant negative impact on the company's business. In 2022, Tornator turned 20. The annual return to the company's owners (calculated since the start of operations) was 23.1%. The figure includes both value change in equity measured at fair value, and paid dividends.

CEO Henrik Nieminen:

Tornator celebrated its 20th anniversary with record-breaking financial figures. Group turnover increased to over 160 million euros, and the balance sheet value stood at over 3 billion euros. The company's comprehensive approach to responsibility was reflected well in the record amount of corporate taxes it paid in Finland, as well as the numerous initiatives for biodiversity it took part in. We reached a local collective agreement that applies to all Tornator employees and is valid until further notice. We were also able to support Ukrainians suffering from Russia's war of aggression with concrete emergency resources provided through our Romanian unit.

New strategy stood the test of a turbulent operating environment

The first year of Tornator's current strategy period (2022–2024) was marked by increasing uncertainties in the company's operating environment. The coronavirus pandemic was barely over when news broke of Russia's invasion in Ukraine. Rapidly rising market interest rates and inflation fuelled by the ongoing energy crisis created shockwaves that shook the very foundations of economy. The proposed forestry-related policies of the European Union caused confusion among both industry operators and ordinary citizens. In Finland, it was discovered that forest growth had decelerated, making it more difficult for the country to reach its carbon neutrality objectives. And so on.

Despite this tumultuous economic landscape, Tornator was able to implement its strategy with determination and good results. Our growth strategy, developed in collaboration with our entire staff and built on sustainability and collaboration, was put to the test once Russian timber imports stopped altogether, causing a steep increase in the demand for domestic timber. The delivered volumes and average prices of timber increased significantly in comparison to the previous year. Our subsidiaries saw similar developments in Estonia and Romania. Tornator's strategic partnership with Stora Enso produced the desired results: we were able to provide Stora Enso with the double-certified wood raw material the company required, and Tornator achieved a record-breaking turnover and a strong cash flow. We continued to implement our partnership strategy and biodiversity protection objectives by entering a multi-year tripartite collaboration with WWF and Stora Enso to restore running waters. We also participated in numerous other initiatives and projects to promote biodiversity, such as contributing to the expansion of Tiilikkajärvi National Park. We also received external recognition for our sustainability reporting, winning first prize in the biodiversity series of a sustainability reporting competition.

In Finland, the company implemented a forest valuation method based on market transactions. Market transaction data from the forestland market is reliable and provides a better and more transparent view of the fair value of forests than the previously used method which was based on the present value of estimated cash flows over the next 70 years. The rise in the fair market value of Finnish forests significantly improved our result for 2022 measured at fair value, and the company's balance sheet exceeded 3 billion euros.

Demand and prices for Finnish forestland remained high, but thanks to our efficient, customer-friendly purchasing process, we were able to acquire over 16,000 hectares of new forestland. We also contributed to promoting sustainable growth by participating in the development of wind power projects. The Niinimäki wind farm reached its investment phase, supporting both our financial targets and climate programme objectives. In addition to this, we launched negotiations of several new potential wind power projects on Tornator-owned lands.

We also continued to invest in increasingly digitalised forestry. Advances in remote sensing will help Tornator to identify sites with natural value more efficiently in the future. Automation will also provide us with more certain and consistent information regarding biodiversity hotspots, for example. Built with state-of-the-art technology, Tornator's road network application is the latest example of the company's digital development. The application significantly improves planning quality and delivers clear cost savings.

Tornator was among the first to offer a helping hand to Ukrainians suffering under the Russian invasion. In addition to a donation to the Red Cross, we have continued to provide Ukrainians with concrete support through our Romanian unit by contributing to material deliveries organised through the charity organisation Kolping Center. In 2022, Tornator's support enabled over 70 vanloads of supplies to be shipped directly from Romania to Ukrainians affected by the war. We will continue to provide this support for as long as it is needed.

Forests expected to provide solutions to various challenges

There was even greater discord in public debate about the use of forests than before. Strong opinions were voiced on the role of forests, some highlighting them as a source of economic and social security, while others called attention to their carbon sequestration capacities, biodiversity, and recreational uses. New forest-related regulations and legislative initiatives were announced at both EU and Finnish level. The most difficult thing for the different sides in the current debate seems to be to understand and acknowledge that there are more than just one type of forests, and that these forests may be very different from one another.

History has shown that sustainable forest management has a significant positive impact on forest and carbon sequestration capacity. In Tornator's forests, properly timed and scaled felling, effective regeneration, use of processed seedlings and fertilisation will ensure the continued health and growth of forests.

Substantial reduction in carbon dioxide emissions is the only realistic way to stop climate change. Wood is a renewable raw material that is an excellent, sustainable replacement for fossil-based fuels and materials, which result in greenhouse gas emission. The forest sector is the only carbon-negative industry in the world, so anyone working in sustainable forestry can be very proud of their work.

Even international investors no longer see the role of forests as a single, clear-cut concept, but rather a multifaceted issue. Internationally, we have already seen multi-billion dollar investments in forest property, and the new ways of using this property integrate revenue streams from both traditional forest industry and carbon compensation. As a significant forest owner, it is interesting to see what the future holds for the valuation and use of forests.

As a responsible actor, Tornator welcomes the discussion on the importance of natural capital in assessing the sustainability of companies and the quality of reporting. Halting deforestation is an important global goal, and sustainable forestry offers the right means to achieve this objective as well. Tornator plans the silviculture work concerning its double-certified (FSC, PEFC) forests on the terms of tree health and growth, across generations. In our operations, we apply our decades of experience in forestry but also actively continue research and seek to develop something new. Tornator practices responsible, sustainable forestry. This means that we embrace both the economic and socially responsible perspectives of modern business, participating in projects such as mire restoration and enabling the recreational use of forests.

Even on a national level, things are not as bad as you might think judging by the latest headlines of Finnish newspapers. Where else in the world can you find a country with a population of merely six million that has 41 national parks for everyone's enjoyment? It is crucial for both the future of our climate and a general well-being that we are able to move on from the current climate of confrontation towards a more constructive debate based on an understanding on the multiple uses of forests. Finland's new National Forest Strategy 2035 – Growing Wellbeing from Forests and for Forests (NFS2035) provides a good starting point for developing the forest sector in a way that allows everyone in Finland to continue enjoying our forests in all their diversity and ensures that we can pass them on to future generations in an even better condition for growth than they are at present.

Tornator staff achieves success on a broad front

A wise person once said:“Strategy does not do anything. It is the staff that makes things happen.” Tornator currently has 200 employees in three countries. In 2022, our employees achieved their objectives and did excellent work. Our collaboration with long-term contractor flourished, resulting in high-quality forest management and achievement of certification objectives. In addition to other objectives and goals, Tornator's growth strategy focuses on increasing the skills, capabilities and wellbeing of its employees. Lean-method training, scenario workshops, operating practice development project, along with other initiatives and training events that offered the staff an opportunity to Boost their skills and wellbeing, formed an important part of the company strategy. The highlights of the year included the company's 20th anniversary party, as well as its first local collective agreement, which covers all Tornator staff and is valid until further notice.

Finally, I would like to take this opportunity to express my special thanks to the owners of Tornator, who have continued to believe in the company and its staff since the beginning. We will continue to implement our 100-year business plan with pride and motivation for as long as our mandate lasts. I would also like to thank all Tornator staff, contractors, customers and other stakeholders for all they have done and continue to do for the company. I am confident we will experience many great things together as we continue to work together to fulfil Tornator's mission: Forests are our passion – We grow sustainable solutions over generations

Henrik Nieminen, CEO

Turnover and results

The group's turnover was €164.6 million (€128.6 million), a change of +28.1%. Timber deliveries increased, and the prices were good. Russia's invasion of Ukraine did not have any major negative impact on Tornator's business. A total of 89.8% of turnover, worth €147.8 million, consisted of timber sales income (€110.9 million, or 86.2%). The turnover for forestry services was €11.6 million (€11.0 million), close to the previous year. In addition, the proceeds from land and plot sales amounted to €5.2 million (€6.7 million). Other operating income, €11.7 million (€26.8 million), includes income from actual and estimated future earn-outs related to sold wind power projects as well as income from land access and lease revenues, compensation for conservation areas and sales of soil-resources.

Operating profit at fair value amounted to €572.0 million (€439.2 million), and profit for the period was €541.9 million (€377.5 million). The fair value of biological assets increased significantly in Finland, which explains the major increase in operating profit. The change in the fair value of biological assets increased operating profit by €462.2 million (+€329.1 million), and a positive change in the fair value of financial instruments increased profit by €110.9 million (+€41.9 million) before taxes. Adjusted operating profit in Estonia and Romania increased.

In addition to biological assets, the change of the forest asset valuation method had a positive impact on the value of land, and the positive changes in the fair value of land (€211 million after deduction of deferred taxes) were recognised in the revaluation reserve in equity through other comprehensive income.

The Tornator Timberland Group includes, besides the parent company Tornator Oyj in Finland, Tornator Eesti OÜ (100.0%) in Estonia, and SC Tornator SRL (100.0%) and Oituz Private Forest District SRL (100.0%) in Romania. In addition, the Group includes (100.0%) the following wind power development companies in Finland: Lavakorven Tuulipuisto Oy, Maaselän Tuulipuisto Oy, Martimon Tuulipuisto Oy, Niinimäen Tuulipuisto Oy and Pahkavaaran Tuulipuisto Oy.

Key figures

The official key figures for the Group and the parent company were calculated according to the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS).

2022 2021 2020
Turnover, € million The Group 164.6 128.6 118.1
Parent 147.9 116.6 108.0
Operating profit (IFRS), € million The Group 572.0 439.2 212.4
Parent 523.5 412.1 224.9
Operating profit, % of net sales The Group 347.4 341.6 179.8
Parent 354.1 353.5 208.3
Profit for the period (IFRS), € million The Group 541.9 377.5 121.1
Parent 498.0 358.6 144.7
Return on equity, % The Group 33.8 34.6 13.8
Parent 32.9 34.8 17.8
Return on capital employed, % The Group 24.0 24.3 13.8
Equity ratio, % The Group 60.4 52.6 45.3
Average personnel The Group 188 189 186

Comparable key figures

In addition to the official key figures presented above, the Tornator Group uses alternative performance measures that are comparable between years, thus better describing the success of operations. The comparable key figures have been calculated without fair value changes and apply to the whole Group.

2022 2021 2020
Turnover, € million 164.6 128.6 118.1
Adjusted operating profit, € million 130.2 90.0 91.9
Adjusted operating profit, % 79.1 70.0 77.8
Profit for the period, comparable, € million 94.8 61.1 56.8
Return on equity (comparable), % 5.9 5.6 6.5
Return on capital employed (comparable), % 5.5 5.0 6.0

The key figures are calculated as follows:

Operating profit, official 572.0
- Change in fair value of biological assets -462.2
- Impairment of lland area +11.7
- Change in the fair value of provisions and receivables from additional wind power sales prices +8.6
= Adjusted operating profit, comparable 130.2
Profit for the period, official 541.9
- Change in fair value of biological assets -462.2
- Impairment of land area +11.7
- Change in the fair value of provisions and receivables from additional wind power sales prices +8.6
- Change in fair value of financial instruments -110.9
- Share of deferred taxes in above items +105.6
= Profit for the period, comparable 94.8
Return on equity, % = Profit for the period x 100
Equity on average
Return on capital employed, % = Operating profit + interest income x 100
Balance sheet total – Interest-free liabilities on average
Equity ratio, % = Equity x 100
Balance sheet total – Advances received

Distribution of revenues and non-current assets by country

1 Jan - 31 Dec 2022 1 Jan - 31 Dec 2021
Revenues: EUR thousand % EUR thousand %
Finland 147,861.4 89.8 116,554.4 90.7
Romania and Estonia 16,779.7 10.2 12,020.5 9.3
Total 164,641.1 100.0 128,574.9 100.0
31 Dec 2022 31 Dec 2021
Forest assets: EUR thousand % EUR thousand %
Finland 2,867,953.1 92.5 2,107,752.6 91.1
Romania and Estonia 233,095.8 7.5 205,732.4 8.9
Total 3,101,048.9 100.0 2,313,485.1 100.0
Non-current Assets: EUR thousand % EUR thousand %
Finland 2,891,211.9 92.4 2,142,859.4 91.1
Romania and Estonia 237,362.8 7.6 209,263.5 8.9
Total 3,128,574.7 100.0 2,352,122.9 100.0

Non-current assets presented above include all non-current assets except for financial instruments, deferred tax assets and post-employment benefits

Effects of the war in Ukraine

Russia's invasion of Ukraine and the consequent general economic instability did not have any major negative impact on Tornator's performance, balance sheet or cash flows. Tornator's turnover and operating profit were historically high during the reporting period. The cash flow from operating activities was also strong. The company's credit losses have not increased, and the company does not envisage higher financial risks or a fall in asset value. Tornator's contractors found replacements to Ukrainian seasonal workers, so forest management measures were not affected.

Notable events during the period under review

Tornator had an excellent year, both in terms of operational activities and the implementation of strategic projects.
In the core business, i.e. timber sales and deliveries, the results were better than planned. The timber market tightened further as Russian timber imports ceased due to EU sanctions. Timber deliveries to the main customer, Stora Enso, totalled some €127.0 million (€86.9 million), or around 86% (78%) of the group's timber delivery turnover. Timber sales to the main customer are based on a long-term market-based framework agreement, which was renewed in 2021.

In silviculture services, work was carried out as planned, with the exception of fertilisation. The war in Ukraine led to a sharp rise in fertiliser prices and low availability.

An update of the fair value of Tornator's forest assets had significant positive effects. A new valuation method was introduced for Tornator's forest assets in Finland, whereby the value of forest assets is determined by using the prices calculated on the basis of regionally completed forestland transactions and Tornator's standing stock. Valued forest assets include standing stock (biological assets) and land. In Tornator's view, market transaction data from the forestland market is reliable and provides a better and more transparent view of the fair value of Finnish forests than the previous method, which was based on the present value of cash flows. The total value of the group's forest assets increased by approximately €787 million during the financial period, of which the parent company's share was approximately €760 million and the impact of net acquisitions approximately €73 million. The balance sheet value of biological assets also increased in Estonia and Romania, and the annual fair value update of biological assets for all countries improved the group's operating profit by €462 million (€329 million). The total impact of changes in the fair value of the land amounted to €252 million. A more detailed description of Tornator's forest valuation model is given in the notes to the financial statements.

The total value of the group's forests recorded in the financial statements, including growing stock and land, was some €3,101 million (€2,313 million). The figures include the effects of felling as well as the purchases and sales of forestland. Tornator owns a total of approximately 738,000 hectares of forest in Finland, Estonia and Romania.

In the balance sheet, the fair values of the company's long-term interest rate hedges increased due to the rise in market interest rates. This created a positive entry of €110.9 million (+€41.9) in financial items in the income statement. Of the aforementioned changes in fair value, the cash flow effect comes from the effect of the change in the fair value of derivatives on the parent company's taxable profit. In other respects, the changes in fair value are unrealised.

Tornator's equity ratio strengthened to 60.4% (52.6%), and liquidity remained strong throughout the year. The company fulfilled the terms of its loan to value (LTV) covenant by a safe margin.

The company continued to purchase new forestland. In Finland, Tornator bought and leased over 16,000 hectares of forest.

In Estonia and Romania, the company continued to manage its forests sustainably, and to further develop its sustainable business operations. All the group's forests are double certified (PEFC, FSC).

Finland FSC-C123368
Estonia FSC-C132610
Romania FSC-C132426

Tornator continued to implement its climate and biodiversity programmes in 2022. The content and objectives of the programs are presented on our website.

In line with our sustainability program, Tornator engaged in marsh restoration, prescribed burning and the establishment of conservation areas on approximately 1,200 hectares of our land. Tornator continued with major conservation projects within the framework of initiatives such as the Metso and Helmi habitat protection programs.

The company celebrated its 20th anniversary with a staff event at the end of June.

Tornator's Annual General Meeting held on 8 March 2022 decided to pay a dividend, as proposed by the board of directors, totalling €60 million.

Risk management

Tornator's risk management is aimed at securing profitable business in the long term and to create opportunities for well-managed risk taking using the selected strategy. It is based on the systematic identification and analysis of all significant risks to the company.

Tornator's risks are divided into three main categories: strategic risks, operational risks and financial risks. Examples of each category are described below.

Strategic risks

Fluctuation in timber demand is naturally a risk for a forestry company. Demand risk has decreased as the use of wood has increased and diversified, and many new innovations are still unknown. With new investments by the forest industry and as the importation of timber from Russia came to a halt, wood demand has increased in all countries in which Tornator operates. The company has also secured high demand for wood by certifying all of its forests.

The volatility of wood prices is a significant risk factor in terms of Tornator's results. If prices fall, Tornator can temporarily increase the volume of cutting right sales or plot and forestland sales or both. However, the goal is to follow a sustainable felling plan in order to optimise annual cash flows in the long run.

Risks concerning the quantity and quality of wood raw material are controlled through long-term forest resource management planning and focusing operations according to the structure and age-class distribution of the forests. In 2021, for the verification of growing stock growth, the company adopted the MOTTI Finnish forest growth model, developed by the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), based on the latest research results. These models are used in the preparation of the long-term felling plan (longer than 30 years).

The change in the forest valuation method in Finland may lead to greater volatility in the change in forest value recognised in profit or loss. In the transaction-based method, voltility in the forestland market may be larger than in the previous model based on future cash flows.

Changes in current certification criteria may affect opportunities for forest use and cause a loss of income for Tornator, unless there is an agreement on full compensation. The Finnish Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) has now redefined its national criteria. Tornator was closely involved in this process and does not foresee that the changes will cause any significant loss of revenue.

Forestland purchasing entails risks, and the success of investment often becomes apparent only later. The forest resources and structure of the estate to be purchased are determined using highly advanced technology, but some decisions must still be based on estimates. The pricing of estates is based on clear criteria, but pricing and the underlying estimates may have an effect on the success of purchases in terms of returns.

Tornator monitors the current economic trend when planning plot sales. A downturn may decrease demand for plots for holiday homes plots and temporarily reduce profits. In 2020, the pandemic had a positive impact on the demand for land, but this trend slowed down during 2021. The past year did not bring any change in demand. The risk involved in investments made in wind power project development is managed by preparing accurate feasibility studies before launching such projects, by selecting partners among well-known operators in the sector, by dispersing the projects throughout Finland, and by planning them carefully. Tornator does not participate in wind power construction or ownership of production, but sells its shares in projects before construction and remains the lessor of land.

When utilising forest resources Tornator manages risks to the environment by complying with environmental legislation and certification criteria. Risks are discussed in employee training and introduction, and minimised through the careful planning of operations and a high standard of implementation.

Significant new statutes or other factors impeding operations can be regarded as political risks. An example of this is the debate in Finland on the acceptability of forest use, or discussions on regulation at EU level that would restrict forestry. The role of forests in halting biodiversity loss, among other things, has been in the headlines. Acquiring forest assets as a foreign company may also subject the company to political risks in the target countries in question. In managing risks, it is important to cooperate with authorities, educational institutions and various NGOs as well as participate in societal debate. Proactive risk management also involves participation in research in the field and the preparation of various carbon calculations. Tornator pursues open communication with an emphasis on the positive overall responsibility of the company's forestry activities and corporate values.

Tornator also aims to continue expanding its operations outside Finland, in countries where the related growth potential is considered profitable. Geographic expansion is both a way to manage risks and a risk in itself. With regard to Tornator's operations, Romania and Estonia score relatively poorly in corruption statistics. Tornator makes economic, social and environmental sustainability an integral part of its business, guided by a Code of Conduct that is common to all countries of operation. Furthermore, the risks associated with expansion are managed by selecting competent partners and reliable customers, and by balancing out long and short-term timber sales agreements. The company performs internal control in all countries, and the group has a whistle-blower channel in place.

Attracting and retaining skilled employees is a risk in forestry as well. Tornator has prepared for rising numbers of retirements among forest workers by signing on new contractors and increasing machine work. With regard to salaried employees, the company collaborates with educational institutions and recruits proactively. The risk is also managed with active HR management and development. Because of the war, workers from Ukraine have not been available for forest management work. Future reconstruction could cause a shortage of forestry workers in Tornator's countries of operation, should forestry labour move from these countries to Ukraine.

Operational risks

To manage internal business risks, Tornator has operational processes that are approved by the board of directors and senior management. Operational work is increasingly carried out with entrepreneurs' resources, which poses challenges in terms of control of environmental damage and occupational safety, among other things. The expansion of the forest services business throughout Finland has increased the risks posed to Tornator through factors such as an increase in the number of contractors used. This control is being improved by means of training and the use of information technology.

Greater frequency of natural disasters due to climate change pose an ever-greater risk to forest assets. For Tornator, the size and geographic extent of its holdings, the good health and growth of its forests, and the measures required by the Act on Prevention of Forest Damage form an intrinsic risk management tool. In addition, Tornator has a Finnish forest insurance policy that covers damage in the case of a major disaster. However, the company regards the insurance of its forest holdings abroad as unprofitable, because the target countries lack an operational forest insurance market. The threat of a cyber attack on corporate information systems may also be considered a risk. Tornator is prepared for this by utilising advanced security technology and by providing instructions and training to users

Financial risks

A substantial proportion of debt in the company's balance sheet constitutes a risk which Tornator manages with special attention. Ready access to the capital markets will enable the successful refinancing of loans. The company adjusts its loan portfolio depending on the financial market situation, so that loans mature over several years and as far into the future as possible. The company has also spread the risks related to funding by issuing a bond maturing in 2026 besides bank loans. The company has prepared for market rate changes with derivative contracts. Hedging is applied to mitigate the interest rate risk on the loans and to reduce the volatility of the discount rate used in calculating the fair value of forests. This makes it easier to predict the development of the company's value in the long term. Liquidity management is based on advance payments and up-to-date cash management. The company also has a commercial paper programme to optimise the need for cash. Cash reserves are invested in bank deposits and short-term, liquid and highly rated funds.

Tornator manages customer risks by advance payments based on sales agreements.

Notable events after the end of the period

No notable events after the end of the period.

Estimate of future development

The global megatrends, such as climate change and population growth, are further expected to increase demand for sustainably produced renewable wood raw material in the long term. Temporary pressure may, however, be placed on timber demand and felling if, for example, the tension in international politics escalates. If the global economy slows down more than expected, forest industry production may contract, with potential negative impacts on timber delivery volumes and the company's turnover.

In the company's own forests, silvicultural work will be continued according to the normal annual cycle and the fertilisation programme will be carried out as planned. In addition to this, Tornator will perform forest management for Stora Enso's silviculture services customers throughout Finland. The situation in the forestland market is expected to remain similar to the previous year. Wind power projects are promoted wherever possible.

The company estimates that its financial performance and debt service capacity will remain stable.

Research and development

The company puts a lot of emphasis on improving the availability and quality of forest data. In addition, the development of harvesting and nature management quality as well as information systems was continued. There was a special focus on the development of information systems used for silviculture services and timber sales.

Personnel, wages and salaries

The average number of personnel was at the same level as the year before. In addition to normal pay, the company uses a reward system based on performance targets. In 2022, an average of 6.6% of normal pay was given as performance-based bonuses for 2021 (in 2021, 7.0% was paid for 2020).

The group has about 190 employees. Its forests directly provide various types of forestry work for people, mainly in sparsely populated areas, with an estimated equivalent of some 1,500 person/years.

2022 2021 2020
Average number of personnel during the period 188 189 186
Remuneration for the period, € million 10.3 9.6 9.2


Tornator has an environmental programme whose objectives and outcomes are reviewed annually. The framework for the company's environmental management is set by forest and environmental legislation as well as the PEFC and FSC certification systems. Compliance with the certification criteria is audited annually by an external evaluator. A more extensive FSC recertification takes place every five years, and Tornator did this last in 2019. In its forestry operations, the company complies with the Best Practices for Sustainable Forest Management published by the Forestry Development Centre Tapio.

Tornator has an ambitious biodiversity programme for 2021–2030. Measures under the Biodiversity Program not only Boost the status of endangered forest species and habitats, but also promote ecosystem services, water protection, game management and mitigation of climate change.

EU taxonomy
Companies to which the EU Taxonomy Regulation (852/2020) applies have an obligation to report which part of their turnover, capital expenditure and operating expenditure potentially qualifies under the EU taxonomy as an environmentally sustainable economic activity, or fulfils its technical screening criteria.

The EU taxonomy is a classification system whose purpose is to channel funding into economic activities that significantly promote the achievement of following objectives:

1. Climate change mitigation
2. Climate change adaptation
3. Sustainable use of water and marine resources
4. Transition to a circular economy
5. Pollution prevention and control and
6. Protection and restoration of biodiversity and ecosystems.

The reporting obligations entered into force gradually, starting with the 2021 financial period. Non-financial companies were required to report from the 2021 financial period which part of their operations fulfilled the requirements of the first two environmental objectives, climate change mitigation and climate change adaptation. At a later stage, operations must also be assessed against a specific technical criteria. The EU taxonomy requirements do not apply to Tornator, but the company has voluntarily included the taxonomy requirements as part of their reporting. For the 2022 financial period, Tornator continues to report which part of its activities falls under the scope of the taxonomy under the two first environmental objectives (mitigation of climate change and adapting to the effects of climate change) and continues to analyse how well it has reached the technical criteria and other objectives.

Tornator's main business area is sustainable forestry, with double-certified (FSC ja PEFC) forests at its core. Timber harvested from sustainably managed forests have a significant effect as a substitute for fossil raw materials. Of the taxonomy's environmental objectives, Tornator can promote both climate change mitigation and adaptation. Tornator also carries out continuous operations targeting the preservation of biodiversity and promoting the protection and environmental remediation of ecosystems. Tornator's business operations have not been found to cause any significant harm to the other environmental objectives in the taxonomy.

Forestry is one of the sectors for which technical screening criteria have been defined. Criteria relevant to Tornator are found in chapter 1, Forestry, under 1.3 Forest management, and the corresponding NACE classification A2 Forestry and logging. Tornator's forestry business is, according to the company's own preliminary analysis, taxonomy eligible, and the company will continue preparing a more detailed analysis of taxonomy alignment of its operations in 2023.

The table below presents the taxonomy eligibility of Tornator's activities by KPI in 2021 and 2022:

    The turnover equals IFRS turnover, consisting of cutting right sales, sales of forestry ser-vices, and land sales. Of these, cutting right sales and sales of forestry services have been classified as taxonomy eligible activities The capital expenditure includes additions to intangible assets, and tangible and biological assets. A large proportion of capital expenditure consists of purchase of forestland, which has been interpreted to be the prerequisite for sustainable forestry and the climate impact obtained through it. In addition, investments in the forest road network and ICT systems necessary for forest management and making forest management plans have been interpreted to be taxonomy-eligible. Operational expenditure includes direct costs of silviculture works and forest asset management. In Tornator, the majority of such expenses consists of payments to contractors, material purchases and personnel costs. Expenses in the IFRS income statement include, in addition to operational expenditure presented here, general administration costs, depreciation and the balance sheet value of land sold.

Based on these, Tornator has arrived at the following key figures concerning the taxonomy eligibility of its operations in 2021 and 2022. The high level of taxonomy eligibility reflects well the nature of Tornator's core business – forestry and timber as a renewable raw material plays a significant role in the fight against climate change:


Key performance indicator (KPI) Total, million € Taxonomy eligible, % Taxonomy non-eligible, %
Turnover 164.6 97% 3%
Capital expenditure (CapEx) 78.7 100% 0%
Operational expenditure (OpEx) 36.5 98% 2%


Key performance indicator (KPI) Total, million € Taxonomy eligible, % Taxonomy non-eligible, %
Turnover 128.6 95% 5%
Capital expenditure (CapEx) 51.4 99% 1%
Operational expenditure (OpEx) 32.1 98% 2%

Company organisation, management and auditor

Until 8 March 2022, Tornator's Board of Directors included Chairman Mikko Koivusalo, Deputy Chairman Mikko Mursula and members Jorma Länsitalo and Tuomas Virtala.

At the Annual General Meeting of 8 March 2022, the following were elected as ordinary members of the Board of Directors and their personal deputies until the next Annual General Meeting:

Ordinary member Deputy member
Mikko Koivusalo Markus Aho
Tuomas Virtala Erkko Ryynänen
Jorma Länsitalo Jari Suvanto
Mikko Mursula Ilja Ripatti

In its organising meeting of 8 March 2022, the company's Board of Directors elected Mikko Koivusalo as Chairman of the Board and Mikko Mursula as Deputy Chairman. On the Oversight Committee that oversees significant agreements between the company and the shareholders, the board elected Mikko Mursula as Chair, Mikko Koivusalo and Tuomas Virtala as members and Jorma Länsitalo as a deputy member. Mikko Koivusalo, Mikko Mursula and Tuomas Virtala were elected as members of the Remuneration Committee.

Henrik Nieminen has acted as Chief Executive Officer. His deputy is Forestry Director Ari Karhapää.

The Management Group was made up by CEO Henrik Nieminen, CFO Antti Siirtola, Forestry Director Ari Karhapää, Director of Development Heikki Penttinen and Head of HR, Communications and Responsibility Outi Nevalainen.

At the Annual General Meeting of 8 March 2022, PricewaterhouseCoopers were elected auditors with, APA Panu Vänskä as principal auditor.

Number of shares

The parent company's share capital of €51,836,213.00 is divided into 5,000,000 shares, and all shares carry equal rights. The parent company shares are subject to a redemption clause specified in the Articles of Association, according to which other shareholders have a redemption right if company shares change hands.

Handling of profit

The parent company's distributable profit amounted to €1,577,426,371.36, of which the profit for the period was €497,950,898.07.

The Board of Directors of Tornator Oyj proposes to the Annual General Meeting that a dividend of €12.00 per share, or €60,000,000.00, be paid. The remaining part will be carried over in the shareholders' equity. The provisional dividend payment date is 23 March 2023; record date 20 March 2023.

Major shareholders on 31 December 2022

Stora Enso Oyj 41.00%
Ilmarinen Mutual Pension Insurance Company 23.13%
Varma Mutual Pension Insurance Company 16.41%
OP Life Assurance Company Ltd 6.25%
OP-Forest Owner Fund 5.00%
Veritas Pension Insurance 2.50%
OP-Eläkesäätiö pension insurance 2.08%
Finnair Pension Foundation 1.09%
Pohjola Insurance Ltd 1.04%
Riffu Oy 0.75%
Danilostock Oy 0.75%
Total 100.00%

Votes carried by shares

According to Tornator Oyj's Articles of Association, the votes of a shareholder at the Shareholders' General Meeting may not exceed 20 per cent of the total number of votes carried by all shares in the company, including the voting rights of all companies and their pension funds and foundations belonging to the same group as the shareholder.

As required by the Finnish Financial Supervisory Authority, a Corporate Governance Statement is presented as a separate report on the company's website at .

The key calculations of the consolidated financial statements are presented below. The official financial statements will be available on the company's website latest on 9 March 2023

Further information:
Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Henrik Nieminen, tel. +358 40 869 7613
Chief Financial Officer (CFO) Antti Siirtola, tel. +358 40 773 0975
is a leader in sustainable forestry in Europe. It owns forests in Finland, Estonia and Romania. In 2022, the group's turnover was approximately €165 million, and the balance sheet value was about €3.2 billion. The group has around 190 employees. Tornator's own employees, and other companies and their employees working on its forestland, add up to around 1,500 person-years of employment. The owners of the parent company are Finnish, mainly institutional investors. Tornator's mission is to generate sustainable well-being from forests.

Consolidated Income Statement

EUR thousand
1 Jan - 31 Dec 2022 1 Jan - 31 Dec 2021
Net sales 164,641.1 128,574.9
Other operating income 11,665.7 26,775.9
Change in fair value of biological assets 462,165.7 329,067.3
Change in inventories of finished goods and work in progress -2,488.1 -2,523.5
Materials and services -30,070.6 -24,228.9
Personnel expenses -10,301.2 -9,571.1
Depreciation and amortisation -15,018.7 -3,164.9
Other operating expenses -8,576.9 -5,703.4
Operating profit 572,017.1 439,226.2
Financial income 479.7 304.1
Financial expenses -14,118.1 -15,988.5
Change in fair value of financial instruments 110,902.1 41,947.4
Net financial items 97,263.7 26,263.0
Profit before tax 669,280.8 465,489.2
Income taxes -42,897.4 -25,726.4
Change in deferred taxes -84,456.4 -62,285.7
Profit for the period 541,927.1 377,477.1
To shareholders of the parent company 541,927.1 377,477.1
Consolidated statement of comprehensive income
Profit for the period 541,927.1 377,477.1
Other comprehensive income for the period after taxes:
Items not recognised later through profit and loss
Revaluation of land areas 211,424.2 -
Items derived from the redefinition of net defined benefit costs (or asset items) 31.2 -100.0
Items that may later be recognised through profit and loss
Translation difference -27.7 -622.1
Comprehensive income for the period total 753,354.8 376,755.0
To shareholders of the parent company 753,354.8 376,755.0

Consolidated Balance Sheet

EUR thousand 31 Dec 2022 31 Dec 2021
Non-current assets
Forest assets 3,101,048.9 2,313,485.1
Biological assets 2,737,263.5 2,210,214.9
Land areas 363,785.4 103,270.2
Other property, plant and equipment 16,006.2 16,166.6
Intangible assets 1,983.8 1,378.1
Right-of-use assets 1,911.1 2,249.3
Derivatives 42,351.6 -
Other investments 111.2 111.2
Non-current receivables 7,513.5 18,732.7
Non-current assets total 3,170,926.3 2,352,122.9
Current assets
Inventories 92.0 49.1
Trade receivables 36,326.4 18,346.8
Other receivables 16,735.0 10,827.0
Investments 355.7 7,060.7
Cash and cash equivalents 19,244.0 16,802.2
Current assets total 72,753.1 53,085.8
Total assets 3,243,679.4 2,405,208.8
Equity attributable to shareholders of the parent company
Share capital 50,000.0 50,000.0
Other equity 1,901,846.9 1,208,492.1
Total equity 1,951,846.9 1,258,492.1
Non-current liabilities
Deferred tax liabilities 419,823.0 282,567.0
Financial liabilities 749,051.7 748,635.6
Derivatives 1,620.2 70,320.2
Lease liabilities 1,643.8 2,046.0
Other non-current liabilities 186.0 237.0
Non-current liabilities total 1,172,324.6 1,103,805.9
Current liabilities
Financial liabilities 69,016.0 24.9
Trade and other payables 23,626.1 22,878.5
Income tax liabilities 15,187.7 11,164.6
Lease liabilities 354.7 303.2
Provisions 11,323.4 8,539.5
Current liabilities total 119,507.9 42,910.7
Total liabilities 1,291,832.5 1,146,716.7
Total equity and liabilities 3,243,679.4 2,405,208.8

Statement of changes in equity

EUR thousand Share capital Share
Translation difference Revaluation reserve Retained earnings Total equity
Equity on 1 Jan 2021 50,000.0 29,995.2 -10,227.1 - 851,969.0 921,737.1
Comprehensive income
Profit for the period 377,477.1 377,477.1
Other items of comprehensive income (after taxes)
Other items of comprehensive income (after taxes) -100.0 -100.0
Translation difference -622.1 -622.1
Comprehensive income for the period -622.1 377,377.1 376,755.0
Transactions with shareholders
Dividends paid -40,000.0 -40,000.0
Total transactions with shareholders -40,000.0 -40,000.0
Equity on 31 Dec 2021 50,000.0 29,995.2 -10,849.1 - 1,189,346.1 1,258,492.1
EUR thousand Share capital Share
Translation difference Revaluation reserve Retained earnings Total equity
Equity on 1 Jan 2022 50,000.0 29,995.2 -10,849.1 - 1,189,346.1 1,258,492.1
Comprehensive income
Profit for the period 541,927.1 541,927.1
Other items of comprehensive income (after taxes)
Revaluation of land areas 211,424.2 211,424.2
Other items of comprehensive income (after taxes) 31.2 31.2
Translation difference -27.7 -27.7
Comprehensive income for the period -27.7 211,424.2 541,958.3 753,354.8
Transactions with shareholders
Dividends paid -60,000.0 -60,000.0
Total transactions with
-60,000.0 -60,000.0
Equity on 31 Dec 2022 50,000.0 29,995.2 -10,876.8 211,424.2 1,671,304.4 1,951,846.9

Consolidated cash flow statement

EUR thousand 1 Jan - 31 Dec 2022 1 Jan - 31 Dec 2021
Cash flow from operating activities
Cash receipts from transactions in forestry 140,099.3 116,567.2
Cash receipts from transactions in land sales 5,201.2 6,709.9
Cash receipts from other operating income 24,272.3 5,779.7
Cash paid to suppliers and employees -49,356.2 -38,823.0
Cash flow from operating activities before financial items and taxes 120,216.6 90,233.9
Interest paid, interest-bearing debt -9,191.3 -7,493.8
Interest paid, derivatives -4,404.6 -7,464.8
Other financial expenses -797.9 -62,890.9
Interest received 427.9 265.8
Income taxes -41,294.3 -20,883.1
Cash flow from operating activities 64,956.4 -8,232.9
Cash flow from investing activities
Investments in biological assets -67,094.0 -42,638.9
Investments in tangible assets, forestland -8,292.5 -5,270.0
Investments in other tangible and intangible assets -3,465.7 -3,414.0
Proceeds from sale of unlisted securities 6,689.8 62.3
Cash flow from investing activities -72,162.4 -51,260.6
Cash flow from financing activities
Withdrawal of long-term loans - 150,000.0
Repayment of long-term loans -3.0 -75,066.5
Withdrawal of short-term loans 70,000.0 -
Repayment of short-term loans - -15,000.0
Repayment of leasing liabilities -342.9 -340.1
Dividends paid -60,000.0 -40,000.0
Cash flow from financing activities 9,654.1 19,593.4
Net increase/decrease in cash and cash equivalents 2,448.1 -39,900.0
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 16,802.2 56,717.4
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents -6.3 -15.1
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period 19,244.0 16,802.2


    tornator oyj_financial statement release 2022

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Killexams : UK National Apprenticeship Week - apprenticeships increase software tester diversity
(© Flamingo Images - Shutterstock)

Software and engineering testers, like their peers in application development, cybersecurity and data science, are in short supply. In addition, diversity is poor amongst this group. To tackle poor diversity and the skills shortage, organizations have to explore a range of different avenues to find the talent they need. One such avenue is apprenticeships, and as the UK enters its 16th National Apprenticeship Week, Lancashire-based Roq, a specialist in quality engineering, has added apprenticeships to its recruitment drive in order to increase diversity. 

The World Quality Report from French systems integrators Capgemini finds that software testing is a cost concern for 60% of the CIOs and CTOs surveyed. Software testing application provider Jetbrains sponsored a study that found that in 44% of technology teams, there is one tester for every 10 developers, which will clearly create backlogs or missed errors. 

Roq decided that for 2023 it would add apprenticeships to its recruitment mix, not only to increase the number of testers it can offer to its clients in sectors such as automotive, financial services and fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG), but also to tackle diversity. Sarah Riggott, Head of People at Roq, says: 

There is a diversity problem. To have different opinions and ways of working in the teams enhances the experience. It contributes to the dynamic of the teams and, therefore, the business.

In order to ensure the apprenticeship - and their existing graduate recruitment programme - encouraged diversity, Roq changed the language used in its recruitment programme. Riggott says: 

Women often feel the door is closed to them, and girls are not attracted to computer science subjects.

We advertised the role as: do you have good attention to detail? Do you like fixing things and problem-solving? Do you like talking to people? So we came at it in a different way.

Roq has had a graduate recruitment and training initiative in place for a decade, but Riggott says additional recruitment avenues were necessary to increase diversity and address the digital skills gap. She adds: 

We have always done a lot with schools and colleges to raise awareness of testing and quality engineering as a career. The apprenticeship is a natural next step to support people coming into the industry.

The apprenticeship programme is not only recruiting those leaving education. Roq is also working with the Career Transition Partnership, from the Ministry of Defence (MoD), to secure former armed forces employees that possess the attention to detail, interpersonal skills and problem-solving that quality software engineering requires. 

Class of 2023

Eleven apprentices joined Roq in January 2023. The class of 2023 includes two women, one returning to work having had a family, two graduates and a number of ex-armed forces employees. Riggott says: 

All of the apprentices come from very varied backgrounds.

The cohort is currently undergoing a 12-week boot camp. Ten weeks of which are operated by the S&A Academy, which has been providing boot camps to Roq for its graduate training programme and is a government-accredited apprenticeship training provider. Each apprentice will gain ISTQB certification and learn tools such as JIRA and Azure DevOps, as well as a deep understanding of languages such as C# and Java. After 12 weeks at the boot camp, the apprentices are on the shop floor, where Roq’s personnel provide additional training on the internal frameworks and assets used by the business. Training continues for a further 12 months, Riggott says:

We then get them onto the client work and add in additional masterclasses on soft skills and Agile working methods, for example. We find it works really well for them to do the boot camp and then to get them onto a project and put their knowledge into practice.

Apprentice Levy 

Back in 2015, the current UK government announced the Apprenticeship Levy, which came into force in the tax year 2017-2018. In its early years, the Apprenticeship Levy was dogged with criticism for being cumbersome, and there were reports that large organizations were happier to pay the tax than set up apprenticeships. However, the skills shortage in the UK, exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic and the current government’s policy to leave the European Union, has increased interest in apprenticeships. 

The Apprenticeship Levy is an additional tax on organizations. Once a business has an annual pay bill over £3 million, it has to pay the Apprenticeship Levy, at a rate of 0.5% of that total pay bill. The UK tax authority HMRC collects the Apprenticeship Levy alongside other employment taxes. 

Roq began paying the Apprenticeship Levy a year ago and decided to use the programme. Riggott says: 

The apprenticeship pot payment we make will cover 1.5 of our apprentices in full, and then we use the government funding for the other apprentices, which requires us to pay a further 5% per apprentice.

For organizations that do not utilize the full amount of money they pay into the Apprenticeship Levy pot, there is an ability to transfer 25% of the unused levy to other businesses, a scheme Roq considered, however as Riggott says: 

The red tape was ridiculous, and we would not get confirmation that we would receive the funds until the last minute, and we didn’t want that uncertainty.

Given the scale of the skills shortage and the demand for digital transformation in organizations, it is sad to hear that, just like the poor quality trade deals, red tape is holding back not only businesses but, much more worryingly, the workforce, youth and future talent of the UK. 

My take

CIOs and CTOs need to adopt the example of the vendor here and embrace apprenticeships in order to tackle the skills shortage and poor diversity. Across all vertical markets and walks of life, traditional routes towards a career have been challenged, and organizations have to utilize each and every one of these options to secure talent. 

Apprenticeships have mistakenly been overlooked by business and technology leaders. But in a rapidly digitizing and highly skilled economy, they need to be used in order to ensure graduates gain the skills the organization requires in addition to their degree. Apprenticeships also provide the ability to secure the skills and enthusiasm for those that, for whatever reason, did not succeed in traditional education or were prevented from further studies by their financial position. It is time to test out apprenticeships. 

Sun, 05 Feb 2023 21:06:00 -0600 BRAINSUM en text/html https://diginomica.com/national-apprenticeship-week-apprenticeships-increase-software-tester-diversity
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