The wars of the future may be decided by boots off the ground. DARPA, the Pentagon’s blue sky projects wing, is prepared to award funding for new kinds of personal mobility systems, PopSci sibling publication Task & Purpose has learned. The form may vary, but the net effect of new mobility is the same: DARPA is funding the development of jetpacks for soldiers.
The jetpacks, and other such mobility devices, are being pursued under the Portable Personal Air Mobility System (PPAMS). A DARPA spokesperson told Task & Purpose that DARPA has selected several companies for phase II funding, noting that “DARPA is currently working with the small companies to finalize contracting details and award contracts, so at this time we can’t discuss the specifics.”
This news follows previous developments. In March 2021, DARPA posted a notice stating its intent to develop and demonstrate “novel or unique approaches to personal battlefield mobility for operators in a man portable low-cost package.” While there are already many types of transport already available to soldiers, from Humvees on the ground to parachutes or V-22 Ospreys for arriving from the sky, what this sought was a unique way to move an individual person.
Going beyond existing mobility means finding a new way soldiers can move and fight beyond that. Extra mobility on a personal level is useful for everything from light resupply, fighting in cities, search and rescue, boarding ships at sea, and letting special operations forces sneak in and out of hostile territory.
“When deployed, the systems allow mobility for a range of at least 5 km [3.1 miles] for a single operator, likely at low to medium altitudes. Systems should be designed such that assembly and deployment can occur in less than 10 minutes using only simple tools or no tools at all,” reads the 2021 notice.
One other standout feature is that DARPA is exploring both reusable and disposable systems. These jetpacks are designed to carry a person over rough terrain, up a building, or somewhere else they could not normally get. Plus, they can be expendable if the situation demands it.
“Some examples of technologies of interest include jetpacks, powered gliders, powered wingsuits, and powered parafoils which could leverage emerging electric propulsion technologies, hydrogen fuel cells or conventional heavy fuel propulsion systems,” continued the notice.
Because these are tools designed in part for covert missions, DARPA wants to make sure that they are both quiet and cool, in a literal sense: If a jetpack is hot enough to show up on infrared sensors, it likely means the person wearing it can be caught and shot. In addition, the kit needs to be simple to operate and quick to learn, with both design and computer-assistance allowing an average grunt to become a jump-jet enabled mobile infantry unit of one in no time.
Phase II of the program is about developing the technology enough to show that it is viable in ground or flight tests, with Phase III aimed at creating a demonstrator. Phase I, which already awarded contracts, asked companies to describe the system, anticipate how it will perform, outline a path for tech to go from concept to demonstrator, and showcase its use.
Triton Systems, a defense contractor, was one of the companies awarded a Phase I contract. In its contract award from 2021, Triton did not describe the type of portable mobility system pursued. Instead, the company noted that its system “will be quiet, highly reliable, capable of carrying a wide pilot and payload weight range, compact and light enough to easily be transported by a single soldier, require relatively little operator training, and can be made to autonomously self-deliver to stranded operators in remote areas.”
Autonomous delivery of a jetpack to people in the field is a major promise, as it turns a jetpack into not just a way in but a tool that could be delivered from some distance away, allowing stranded soldiers the means to escape safely. It is a promising offer, though there are inherent hurdles in the design. A trip to deliver itself to someone will drain fuel or electrical power, limiting travel time and distance, even more so when carrying a human.
There is a long history of the US military pursuing novel flying machines, with an eye towards more mobility and better scouting for individual soldiers. But the hard limits of turning an individual human into an efficient flying machine, at speeds and sizes useful enough for sneaking into key areas, have so far meant these concepts remain novelties and prototypes, instead of a regular feature of war.
In general, modern jetpacks have moved to at least the demonstration stage. Whether or not they can be useful in genuine military missions remains to be seen.
Almost all Iranians have in one way or another imagined a New Iran, be it an unrealistic theocratic utopia or a liberal secular democracy. Given the momentum of the current uprising and lack of any formal presentation of the New Iran by any recognized organization this article will attempt to suggest a few basic features of the New Iran solely for the purpose of starting a debate for this important task.
A basic truth exists, if you don’t know where you are going any direction you choose is the right one. Simply toppling the Shah without working on what was to replace his regime has resulted in forty-three years of a religious dictatorship controlled by fake Muslims, traitors, and thieves. So, having a clear vision of the New Iran is critical, primarily to prevent more suffering for the Iranian people and avoiding the hijacking of this uprising.
Below is the outline of the New Iran through peaceful regime change:
One: End all clerical interference in Iranian society. This means abolishing the office of the Supreme Leader, the Experts Assembly, the Guardian Council, and Executive Council. End all financial support for clerics, religious schools and institutions. This means all mosques will have to be supported by private individuals from the local community and not be allowed to receive any funds from any other sources. All clerics currently linked to foundations, government companies or institutions, will end their activities. All clerical influence in government educational institutions will end, as will all references to religion within educational text books. All clerical interference with state run media organizations will end, plus end all broadcasting of religious programming. Mosques will stop their practice of using speakers to announce the start of prayer and will return to having an individual make the announcement. Any companies currently owned by a cleric will be nationalized. Any foundations controlled by clerics will be nationalized. All bank accounts controlled by a cleric will be audited and confiscated if the sum is above what an average wage earner would have received for the past five years. Any property or assets that a cleric controls outside of Iran will be confiscated through cooperation with foreign countries. All clerics that have held government posts will be audited and any property they or their family members own that is worth more than what an average Iranian owns will be confiscated. Basically, clerics will have to work for a living and no longer be freeloaders. Over the past 43 years they have proven that they are not qualified to run a country and it’s time for them to pack their bags and return to their mosques, or be forced to do so.
Two: All current members of the Parliament, and all other elected officials, will resign and new elections will take place. Plus, Iranians will elect their own provisional governors, mayors, police chiefs, and educational leaders. Decision making will be decentralized through a democratic process so that local problems will be solved locally.
Three: The Revolutionary Guard and Basij will be disbanded and members will be given the option of retiring or joining the regular military. All business enterprises controlled by the Revolutionary Guard will be nationalized.
Four: All state-controlled media outlets will be privatized except for three channels that will be publicly supported and one owned by the government. All media outlets will set aside the necessary airtime during election periods so that everybody has free and full access to the public airwaves.
Five: All newspapers, magazines and publishing houses will be privatized and any controlled or owned by a cleric will be confiscated.
Six: Iran will end all military and financial support for organizations outside of Iran, this includes Hezbollah of Lebanon.
Seven: Iran will enter negotiations with America so as to resolve all past differences and work towards normalization of relations. Iran will recognize the right of Israel to exist.
Eight: Iran will mothball all of its nuclear activities in return for the removal of all sanctions imposed by the United States and other countries. No new nuclear power plants will be built until a full and comprehensive review has been conducted. Any re-activation of nuclear activities will be for medical and peaceful purposes.
Nine: Any and all laws pertaining to designating women less than a man will be abolished. Women and men will be considered as equals within the judicial system.
Ten: All persecution of the Bahai will end as will any other forms of persecution of minorities. Generous compensation will be given for past persecutions and injustices.
Eleven: All political prisoners will be released and generously compensated. All protestors imprisoned or injured will be generously compensated. All family members of those killed at the hands of the current regime will be generously compensated.
Twelve: Freedom of speech, belief, and peaceful gathering will be fully recognized and honored through strictly enforced laws.
Thirteen: The rule of law will be established and fully enforced. The entire legal system and how it is currently administered will be revised, streamlined, and modernized. Iran will be governed through laws, not superstition.
Fourteen: Iran’s horrendous bureaucracy will be reviewed, modernized, and streamlined. This will be the hardest to accomplish but must happen if Iran is to meet its challenges.
Fifteen: Finding practical solutions to Iran’s dire environmental problems will be given top priority, especially the water crisis and air pollution.
Sixteen: All hybrid organizations and business enterprises will be audited and then privatized through the stock exchange.
Seventeen: All bank accounts of former government officials, managers of state organizations, and companies and foundations will be closed and audited, going back forty years.
Eighteen: Foreign governments will be asked to cooperate against capital flight by regime members and their families. This would include those that have stolen state funds and are living in foreign countries.
Nineteen: All companies that have been privatized during the past decades and are now in the hands of individuals connected to the regime will be audited and if necessary, will be nationalized.
Assuming Iranians were able to peacefully implement the above and a cleric decided to run for the office of the President, should he be allowed to do so? Of course he should be allowed to do so, and so should a female cleric.
Three materials classes dominate the discussion of aerospace and military designs: carbon fiber-reinforced plastics, ceramic matrix composites, and new metal alloys. Although these materials have helped aerospace engineers solve design problems for decades, as new goals are set and requirements change the search is on for higher-performing versions. While materials suppliers are perpetually researching formulations, OEMs, government agencies, and the armed forces are ramping up their R&D games to achieve better materials.
Aluminum alloys account for nearly 50% of the aerospace material market in terms of the volume, but only around 25% in terms of the value, according to a latest report by research firm MarketsandMarkets. Demand for them will remain flat between 2014 and 2019, while demand will increase for composite materials and titanium alloys, spurred by their growing use in next-generation aircraft.
The development of better metals is ongoing. Some new metals technologies have resulted from aerospace OEMs quietly developing their own to ensure that they get exactly what they need. Pratt & Whitney, for example, has developed, applied, and optimized several metals technologies for better fuel burn and component durability, plus reduced weight, for its jet engines. These include hybrid metallic fan blades, powder-metal disks, single-crystal alloys combined with thermal barrier coatings, and titanium-aluminide blades, said Frank Preli, Pratt & Whitney's chief engineer for materials and processes.
The company developed a new blade design and materials processing technologies for a lightweight, low-cost aluminum-lithium fan blade. "As far as we know, our hybrid metallic fan blades are the first application of aluminum-lithium as a fan blade material in a commercial engine," said Preli. "They're being used in our PW1100G-JM Geared Turbofan engine for the Airbus A320neo."
Aluminum alone isn't generally a good choice for commercial engine fan blades, because its impact resistance won't meet requirements. So the blade's front is titanium, which bears the brunt of impacts, while its aluminum body becomes the aerodynamic surface. Compared to other choices, such as all-titanium or all-composite blades, hybrid metal fan blades cost and weigh less. They also perform better aerodynamically for the same-size engine than composite blades.
Pratt & Whitney pioneered powder-metal engine disks. It makes its own powder metals for the nickel-based super-alloys that are used, as well as runs its own isothermal forging capability, said Preli. "So we control everything from beginning to end because getting it right is so critical," he said. "Powder metals have been used in engines, including commercial ones, for many years, but the latest versions of these alloys provide us higher operating temperatures than early versions did." The latest version of the nickel super-alloys is used in the company's latest commercial engine, the PW-1000G Geared Turbofan engine, also known as the PurePower engine.
The company also pioneered single-crystal nickel alloys and advanced thermal barrier coatings, which enable blades to operate at temperatures hundreds of degrees above the base material's melting point. "Single-crystal blades have been around a long time, but our technology is more efficient and lets us put in ultra-fine cooling passages that reduce [energy wasted from] cooling air flow and enable higher operating temperatures," said Preli. "That translates into very high turbine efficiency."
Another blade material, titanium-aluminide alloys, enable higher operating temperatures than traditional titanium alloys and are lighter than the nickel alloys they replace. At operating temperatures they perform normally, but at room temperature they're brittle. "So we not only developed the alloy, but also the design, processing, and handling system to take that into account," said Preli. "We worked with MTU Aero Engines and the University of Leoben to develop a wrought form of these alloys for low-pressure turbine blades." These alloys are being introduced in the PW-1100G-JM Geared Turbofan engine, currently being flight-certified at Airbus.
On the composites front, the US Air Force is funding the development of titanium-replacement materials for engines and aircraft. Researchers from the Air Force Research Laboratory and PROOF Research's Advanced Composites Division are developing and maturing computationally derived materials, including advanced, high-temperature polymer matrix composites (PMCs), along with manufacturing and engineering solutions. These materials are intended as replacements for titanium in the B-2, F-117, and F-22 aircraft; missile structures; and engines for the F135 and F110.
As part of the Air Force's Technology Program for Integrated Computational Methods for Composite Materials, the Air Force Small Business Innovation Research/Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) program is providing an additional $750,000 to PROOF to help transition these technologies. Aside from increased service life and fatigue resistance, high-temperature PMCs offer weight savings of up to 40% over titanium. In addition to the composites, associated tools include a computational process model for the material that's integrated into a commercial, off-the-shelf software package; validation of the process model on complex geometries; and a materials design-allowable database.
Soviet-era basic military training will be reinstated in high schools amidst the war in Ukraine, a repot said citing Russian education minister. The "initial military training" program will teach children how to assemble and disassemble firearms, how to provide first aid, and how to respond to a nuclear or chemical attack.
Russia's education minister Sergey Kravtsov said on Wednesday that the course will be added to the Russian school curricula in the next academic year, state-run news agency TASS reported.
"It will be introduced in schools starting from the next academic year. Now it is being drafted and after January 1, it will begin to be tested," Sergey Kravtsov said.
This comes as Sergei Mironov, the head of the A Just Russia party, told Russian media that the course "would systematically prepare citizens for a possible confrontation with the enemy."
An article in the Russian newspaper Moskovsky Komsomolets, titled "Schoolchildren will get to grips with assault rifles," said that Russian parents were unhappy about the new program, Newsweek reported.
"We must prepare our children, especially in school, not for war, but for a peaceful happy life," a Muscovite named Galina said.
"There is no place for basic military training and militarized physical education in the 21st century," she added.
The article notes that when the classes were in place, schoolchildren would have to assemble and disassemble assault rifles at speed and they would also have shooting practice and put on gas masks, Newsweek reported.
The Undergraduate Student Government hosted its last senate meeting of the semester this Tuesday, but in the middle of the meeting, the building’s fire alarm went off, prompting all attendees to evacuate.
Once the meeting reconvened, chief of staff Diego Andrades shared USG protocols according to the crisis response guidelines in the event of an emergency occurring. The last time an emergency took place during a senate meeting was four years ago, when there was a bomb threat reported during USG proceedings.
At the meeting, the senate unanimously voted to incorporate the Joint Assembly of Military-Associated Students, formerly the Military Associated Student Assembly.
JAMS shared that the reason behind the name change from MASA was the criticism the assembly faced that mispronouncing the name’s acronym evoked ties to slavery; the name change, they decided, would show more inclusion.
“A lot of people worked together on it when I was a freshman,” said original sponsoring senator Brian Stowe. “There were upperclassmen that were leading the charge and it failed three years in a row, and so to see this finally come to reality is very encouraging and exciting.”
Senator Yoav Gillath announced that Trojans provide Back will be resuming the dining dollar donation program on Thursday, where students can choose to donate their remaining dining dollars at the end of the semester through the mobile order app. Last May, the organization raised $12,000 to help students facing food insecurity, providing for 32 students to receive 15 meal swipes each week for this school year.
Assistant Vice Provost for Student Affairs, Student Equity and Inclusion Naddia Palacios came to the meeting to remind students of unifying values as well as the diversity policies around inclusion, including classes on non-discrimination.
Senator Cameron Cornelio presented the collaboration between USC and Leda health, which will provide USC students who have just experienced sexual assault early evidence kits that are self-administered and provide trauma-induced care.
Chief diversity officer Zaid Diaz-Arias presented on what the advocacy department has accomplished this semester. The department restructured the role of the advocacy liaison, expanded recruitment to more diverse communities, established the legislative fund for external advocacy projects that could be used by any legislative officer for public projects and met with assembly directors to reevaluate advocacy goals.
The advocacy department’s upcoming projects include hosting freedom of expression workshops with Student Affairs and Student Equity and Inclusion Programs, creating a centralized reporting system for diversity, equity and inclusion and interpersonal conflicts with campus activities and providing DEI guidelines for programming sponsorships and vendors.
Senator Devin Ayala shared that his goal is to ensure that all students are able to feel supported and part of a campus community that promotes student-led initiatives and goals. He’s working towards this goal by collaborating with groups such as USC Team Awareness Combatting Overdose to provide fentanyl test strips for students, USC Pad in their menstrual products drive and distribution events and the Black Student Assembly in helping to organize the restaurant crawl.
The wellness committee also presented current and future projects, including creating a wellness handbook, increasing access to naloxone training and fentanyl strips and surveying the student population to assess counseling needs and SoundMind, which allows students free access to visual and audio therapy.
Their future projects include continuing to collaborate and have meaningful discussions with DPS, working with DPS and EMT to provide self defense and CPR training, hosting educational and entertainment wellbeing events, providing Resident Assistants on call with Narcan and EpiPens and increasing self-administered kits on campus through Leda Health.
Vice president Nivea Krishnan presented on future projects for the upcoming semester, including affirmative action advocacy, crisis response guides, culture journey student commitment and DEI within Registered Student Organizations.
Military Families of Monroe County members and guests and employees of Rolled Alloys Inc. recently packed 85 care packages for military service members from Monroe County.
“We received close to 6,000 greeting cards (for troops) from our amazing community. We also received several donations of care package items from Rolled Alloys Inc.,” MFMC said. “We'd like to provide a huge thank you to everyone who helped to make another care package workshop successful. It's because of you that we can continue to do what we do! God bless you all.”
Military Families of Monroe County is a nonprofit organization and consists of all volunteers.
“99.9 percent of all proceeds benefit our local military personnel,” the organization said.
To learn more, visit Military Families of Monroe County on Facebook.
This article originally appeared on The Monroe News: Military Families of Monroe County, Rolled Alloys pack care packages
UNITED NATIONS — The Palestinian envoy to the UN warned the General Assembly on Wednesday that the two-state solution was at imminent risk during a plenary meeting on the conflict marking 75 years since the UN’s partition plan for Israel and the Palestinians.
“We are at the end of the road for the two-state solution. Either the international community summons the will to act decisively or it will let peace die passively. Passively, not peacefully,” Palestinian representative Riyad Mansour told the world body.
He called on the international community to pressure Israel, for the UN to grant the Palestinians full recognition and for a Palestinian state with East Jerusalem as its capital.
“Anybody serious about the two-state solution must help salvage the Palestinian state,” he said. “The alternative is what we are living under now — a regime that has combined the evils of colonialism and apartheid.”
The General Assembly later passed a series of four pro-Palestinian items, including one “noting with deep regret” the UN partition plan adopted on November 29, 1947, and “the Nakba.” Another item called for a Nakba commemoration event at the General Assembly Hall next year. A fifth resolution calling on Israel to withdraw from the Golan Heights also passed.
The Palestinians refer to Israel’s establishment as the Nakba, or “catastrophe,” referring to the displacement that Palestinians experienced during the Jewish state’s War of Independence in 1948-1949.
The partition plan adopted by the General Assembly in 1947 called for independent Jewish and Arab states in what was then British-controlled Mandatory Palestine. The Jews accepted the plan, but the Arab world rejected it and launched the 1948 war. The Palestinians have rejected additional offers of statehood since.
Mansour blasted the partition plan on Wednesday, saying the UN had not “understood the consequences” of the outline.
“The plan was, and in many cases still is, to displace our people on their ancestral land,” he said, claiming “75 years of Israeli policies aiming to uproot our people” since the plan’s adoption. He repeatedly referred to Israel as a colony, denying Jews’ ancestral ties to Israel and roots in Israel and the Middle East.
Mansour also censured the incoming Netanyahu-led coalition as “the most colonial, racist and extremist government in the history of Israel” and celebrated the UN’s request for the International Court of Justice to weigh in on the conflict.
He lauded the harassment of Israeli journalists at the World Cup in Qatar as a “decisive blow to Israel’s delusions” of regional acceptance.
“The winner of this World Cup is already known. It is Palestine, with its flag carried by people from every corner of the Arab world and the rest of the globe,” Mansour said. “Ask any Israeli journalist at the World Cup and they will tell you that nothing can normalize Israeli occupation.”
Israel’s UN representative, Gilad Erdan, presented an opposing story on Wednesday by unveiling an exhibit at the UN on the “Jewish Nakba,” the expulsion of hundreds of thousands of Jews from Arab countries and Iran in the 1940s and 1950s following the partition plan.
“For 75 years, the UN has been telling a completely false story about the ‘Nakba,’ which the Palestinians themselves caused by their refusal to accept the Partition Plan,” Erdan said. “I will fight in every way the false narrative that the Palestinians spread at the UN.”
The exhibit features documentation about the lives of Jews in Middle Eastern countries and will be on display for a week at the UN Headquarters in New York.
Speaking to the General Assembly after Mansour, Erdan decried the “Nakba Day” resolution.
“Try to imagine the international community commemorating your country’s Independence Day by calling it a disaster. What a disgrace,” Erdan said.
“This General Assembly, this body, voted to adopt Resolution 181 – the Partition Plan. My people, the Jewish people, accepted this resolution without hesitation. But the Arabs and the Palestinians did not,” Erdan said. “Five Arab armies, together with the Arabs living in Israel, tried to destroy and annihilate us.”
On Tuesday, the UN held an event marking the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People.
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said at the event that the “occupation must end,” blaming the conflict on occupation, settlements, home demolitions, evictions and closures of Gaza crossings.
Guterres and other speakers focused on Israeli forces in the West Bank, and did not mention Palestinian terrorism, the Hamas terror group, Israeli security concerns or Israeli victims of violence.
The comments came amid heightened tensions in the region, following a series of Palestinian attacks that have left 30 people in Israel and the West Bank dead since the start of the year, including twin bombings that killed two Israelis in Jerusalem last week.
In the spring, the military launched a major anti-terror offensive in the West Bank in response to the attacks. The operation has netted more than 2,500 arrests in near-nightly raids, but has left over 150 Palestinians dead, many of them — though not all — while carrying out attacks or during clashes with security forces.
At the same time, there has been a steep rise in settler attacks against Palestinians and security forces.
The UN has said 2022 is on course to be the deadliest year for Palestinians in the West Bank since the world body started tracking fatalities in 2005.
The United Nations envoy to the Middle East, Tor Wennesland, on Monday warned that the Israeli-Palestinian conflict was “reaching a boiling point.”
US Ambassador to the UN Linda Thomas-Greenfield condemned the terror attacks against Israelis and settler violence during a Security Council hearing on Monday.
Thomas-Greenfield blasted the UN for its “lopsided focus” on Israel, including the open-ended Commission of Inquiry into Israel and the General Assembly’s request earlier this month for the International Court of Justice to weigh in on the conflict.
“The UN system is replete with anti-Israel actions and bodies,” she said. “Instead of grandstanding and pursuing unproductive measures, we hope the UN will start focusing on concrete steps that Boost the lives of Israelis and Palestinians.”
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UNITED NATIONS — The U.N. General Assembly approved a resolution Monday calling for Russia to be held accountable for violating international law by invading Ukraine including by paying reparations for widespread damage to the country and for Ukrainians killed and injured during the war.
The vote in the 193-member world body was 94-14 with 73 abstentions. It was close to the lowest level of support of the five Ukraine-related resolutions adopted by the General Assembly since Russia’s Feb. 24 invasion of its smaller neighbor.
The resolution recognizes the need to establish “an international mechanism for reparation for damage, loss or injury’” arising from Russia’s “wrongful acts” against Ukraine.
It recommends that the assembly’s member nations, in cooperation with Ukraine, create “an international register” to document claims and information on damage, loss or injury to Ukrainians and the government caused by Russia.
Before the vote, Ukraine’s U.N. Ambassador Sergiy Kyslytsya told the assembly that “Russia has tried its best to destroy Ukraine -- in a very literal sense.”
He cited Russia’s bombing and shelling of cities and villages since day one, “targeting everything from plants and factories to residential buildings, schools, hospitals and kindergartens” as well as roads, bridges, railways and almost half of Ukraine’s power grid and utilities in the last month alone. He also cited accounts of atrocities committed by Russians in territory it occupied including murder, rape, torture, forced deportations and looting.
“Ukraine will have the daunting task of rebuilding the country and recovering from this war,” Kyslytsya said. “But that recovery will never be complete without a sense of justice for the victims of the Russian war.”
“It is time to hold Russia accountable,” he said.
Russia’s U.N. Ambassador Vassily Nebenzia urged assembly members to vote against the resolution, calling it “an attempt to legalize something that from the view of existing international law cannot be legalized.” It is “legally null and void,” he said.
Nebenzia accused the West of “doing everything it can to provide a veneer of legitimacy” to start spending frozen -- or actually “stolen Russian assets amounting to billions of dollars.” And he accused the West of seeking a General Assembly decision “as a screen to hide this open robbery” whose “beneficiaries will end up being the Western military corporations.”
He warned that approval of the resolution “can only increase tension and instability in the entire world,” and said supporters of the resolution “will become implicated in illegal expropriation of sovereign assets of a third country.”
Russia’s veto power in the 15-member Security Council has blocked the U.N.’s most powerful body from taking any action since President Vladimir Putin ordered the invasion. But there are no vetoes in the General Assembly, which previously adopted four resolutions criticizing Russia’s invasion.
Unlike Security Council resolutions, General Assembly resolutions are not legally binding, but they do reflect world opinion and have demonstrated widespread opposition to Russia’s military action.
The resolution adopted Monday was sponsored by Canada, Guatemala, Netherlands and Ukraine and co-sponsored by dozens of others.
It reaffirms the General Assembly’s commitment to Ukraine’s “sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity” and reiterates its demand for Russia to immediately “cease its use of force against Ukraine” and withdraw all its forces from Ukrainian territory.
It also expresses “grave concern at the loss of life, civilian displacement, destruction of infrastructure and natural resources, loss of public and private property, and economic calamity caused by the Russian Federation’s aggression against Ukraine.”
The resolution recalls that Article 14 of the U.N. Charter authorizes the General Assembly to “recommend measures for the peaceful adjustment of any situation … which it deems likely to impair the general welfare of friendly relations among nations” including violations of the Charter.
It also refers to a General Assembly resolution adopted on Dec. 16, 2005, titled “Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to a Remedy and Reparation for Victims of Gross Violations of International Human Rights Law and Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law.”
Soon after Russia’s invasion, the General Assembly adopted its first resolution on March 2 demanding an immediate Russian cease-fire, withdrawal of all its troops and protection for all civilians by a vote of 141-5 with 35 abstentions.
On March 24, the assembly voted 140-5 with 38 abstentions on a resolution blaming Russia for Ukraine’s humanitarian crisis and urging an immediate cease-fire and protection for millions of civilians and the homes, schools and hospitals critical to their survival.
Monday’s vote was close to the lowest vote for a Ukraine resolution: The assembly voted 93-24 with 58 abstentions on April 7 to suspend Russia from the U.N.’s Geneva-based Human Rights Council over allegations Russian soldiers in Ukraine engaged in rights violations that the United States and Ukraine have called war crimes.
The assembly voted overwhelmingly by its highest margin -- 143-5 with 35 abstentions -- on Oct. 12 to condemn Russia’s “attempted illegal annexation” of four Ukrainian regions and demand its immediate reversal, a sign of strong global opposition to the seven-month war and Moscow’s attempt to grab its neighbor’s territory.
The vote in the 193-member world body was 143-5 with 35 abstentions. It was the strongest support from the General Assembly for Ukraine and against Russia of the four resolutions it has approved since Russian troops invaded Ukraine Feb. 24.
This story corrects that the vote was close to the lowest but not the lowest for a Russia-Ukraine resolution.
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By Shola Oyeyipo in Abuja
There was panic in the National Assembly Monday afternoon when military jets flew over the complex.
This happened few minutes before the National Assembly Joint Committee on Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) headed by Senator Nazif Suleiman (Bauch, PDP) commenced deliberation in the complex.
Though some of the security agents attached to the complex said that the jets started flying over the expansive building on Sunday, journalists started observing the aircraft at 12.45 pm and later 2.05pm.
The aircraft flew close to the ground, forcing many of the people in the complex to rush out for a clearer view.
There were anxieties among observers because it was happening barely eight days to the resumption of the National Assembly and there was no ceremony at the military arcade situated in front of the National Assembly Complex.
A source said such low flying aircraft never flew over the National Assembly since inception of the 8th Assembly in 2015.
ZHUKOVSKY /Moscow region/, July 20. /TASS/. The Sukhoi Design Bureau, part of the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC), presented an augmented reality system that facilitates aircraft assembly at its stand at the MAKS 2021 air show.
UAC is part of the state tech corporation Rotec.
The system is used with augmented reality glasses or with a webcam making it possible to control the aircraft assembly process using a 3D model.
The technology is undergoing a trial while its introduction into mass production is being considered.
The MAKS 2021 international air show is running from July 20 to 25 in the suburban town of Zhukovsky outside Moscow. This year the event marks its 15th anniversary.