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Exam Code: ANP-BC Practice exam 2022 by team
ANP-BC ANCC Adult Nurse Practitioner

Category Content Domain Number of Questions Percentage
I Assessment 31 21%
II Diagnosis 39 26%
III Clinical Management 65 43%
IV Professional Role 15 10%
TOTAL 150 100%

Body Systems Drug Agents Age Group
1. Cardiovascular 1. Analgesic 1. Infant
2. Endocrine 2. Anti-Infective 2. Preschool
3. Gastrointestinal 3. Cardiovascular 3. School-Age
4. Genitourinary and Renal 4. Endocrine 4. Adolescent
5. Head, Eyes, Ears, Nose, and Throat 5. Eye, Ear, Nose and Skin 5. Young Adult (including late adolescent and emancipated minors)
6. Hematopoietic* 6. Gastrointestinal 6. Adult
7. Immune* 7. Genitourologic 7. Older Adult
8. Integumentary 8. Musculoskeletal 8. Frail Elderly
9. Musculoskeletal 9. Neurological
10. Neurological 10. Psychiatric
11. Psychiatric 11. Reproductive
12. Reproductive 12. Respiratory
13. Respiratory

A. Knowledge
1. Evidence-based population health promotion and screening
B. Skill
1. Comprehensive history and physical assessment
2. Focused history and physical assessment
3. Risk assessment (e.g., genetic, behavioral, lifestyle)
4. Functional assessment (e.g., cognitive, developmental, physical capacity)
II Diagnosis
A. Knowledge
1. Pathogenesis and clinical manifestations of disease states
B. Skill
1. Differentiating between normal and abnormal physiologic or psychiatric changes
2. Diagnostic test selection and evaluation
III Clinical Management
A. Knowledge
1. Pharmacotherapeutics, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and pharmacogenetics
2. Anticipatory guidance (e.g., developmental, behavioral, disease progression, crisis management, end-of-life care)
3. Age-appropriate primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention interventions
B. Skill
1. Pharmacotherapeutic intervention selection (e.g., interactions, contraindications)
2. Pharmacotherapeutic intervention evaluation (e.g., monitoring, side/adverse effects, patient outcomes)
3. Non-pharmacologic intervention selection and evaluation
4. Therapeutic communication (e.g., motivational interviewing, shared decision making)
5. Culturally congruent practice
6. Resource management (e.g., accessibility, coordination, cost effectiveness)
IV Professional Role
A. Knowledge
1. Legal and ethical considerations for health care informatics and technology (e.g., confidentiality, accessibility)
2. Scope and standards for advanced practice registered nurses
3. Regulatory guidelines (e.g., reportable diseases, abuse reporting)
4. Evidence-based clinical guidelines and standards of care
5. Ethical and legal principles and issues for patients, populations, and systems (e.g., justice, consent, guardianship, bioethics)
B. Skill
1. Research appraisal (e.g., design, results, clinical applicability)

The ANCC Family Nurse Practitioner board certification examination is a competency based examination that provides a valid and reliable assessment of the entry-level clinical knowledge and skills of nurse practitioners. This certification aligns with the Consensus Model for APRN Regulation: Licensure, Accreditation, Certification and Education. Once you complete eligibility requirements to take the certification examination and successfully pass the exam, you are awarded the credential: Family Nurse Practitioner-Board Certified (FNP-BC). This credential is valid for 5 years. You can continue to use this credential by maintaining your license to practice and meeting the renewal requirements in place at the time of your certification renewal. The Accreditation Board for Specialty Nursing Certification accredits this ANCC certification.

The ANCC certification examinations are developed consistent with the technical guidelines recommended by the American Educational Research Association, the American Psychological Association, and the National Council on Measurement in Education (AERA, APA, NCME; 1999). Additionally, the ANCC certification examinations meet accreditation standards of the Accreditation Board for Specialty Nursing Certification(ABSNC) and the National Commission for Certifying Agencies (NCCA). Each examination is developed by ANCC in cooperation with a Content Expert Panel (CEP) composed ofcarefully selected experts in the field. CEPs analyze the professional skills and abilities from role delineationstudies, which provide the evidence for the test content outline (also called the test blueprint).

Test questions or “items” are written by certified nurses and interprofessional content experts in their discipline who have received training by ANCC staff in writing items. The items are then reviewed by the CEP with the ANCC staff and pilot-tested to ensure validity and psychometric quality before being used as scored items on the real examinations. ANCC adheres to a variety of guidelines during the development of items to ensure that the items are appropriate for the specialty and certification level (e.g., APRN vs. RN). This includes editing and coding items, referencing items to the approved test content outlines and reference books, and screening items for bias and stereotypes. Items for the examinations are selected that reflect the test content outline and item distributions. The validity and reliability of the exams are monitored by ANCC staff. Certification examinations are updated approximately every three to five years.

ANCC reports its examinees test score results as pass or fail. If an examinee fails, the score report includes diagnostic feedback for each of the major content areas covered on the examination.
ANCC examinations are criterion-referenced tests, which means that an examinees performance on the examination is not compared to that of other examinees in determining the examinees pass/fail status.
In a criterion-referenced test, an examinee must achieve a score equal to or greater than the minimum passing score for the examination. The minimum passing score represents the absolute minimum standards that the examinee must achieve to demonstrate the ability to practice the profession safely and competently. With the guidance of a measurement expert (e.g., a psychometrician), a panel of subject matter experts in the nursing specialty sets the minimum passing score for each ANCC examination. In setting the minimum passing score, ANCC uses the Modified Angoff Method, which is well-recognized within the measurement field.
Each exam contains between 150 to 175 scored test items plus 25 pilot test items that do not count towards the final score. For specific information on the number of items each exam contains, please refer to the test content outline associated with that exam.
Scores on ANCC examinations are reported on a scale with a maximum possible score of 500. To pass the ANCC examination, an examinee must achieve a scale score of 350 or higher. Prior to conversion of an examinees score to this scale, the examinees raw score on the examination is determined, which is simplythe number of test items that the examinee answered correctly (e.g., 105 out of 150). The raw score is then converted to a scale score, using a conversion formula.
For examinees who do not achieve a scale score of at least 350, the score report will show the scale score achieved, “fail” status, and diagnostic feedback for each of the content areas covered by the examination

ANCC Adult Nurse Practitioner
Medical Practitioner teaching
Killexams : Medical Practitioner teaching - BingNews Search results Killexams : Medical Practitioner teaching - BingNews Killexams : How To Become A Nurse Practitioner: A Step-By-Step Guide

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If you want a rewarding career in the healthcare sector without spending a decade of your life training to become a doctor, you might consider working as a nurse practitioner (NP). These advanced practice nurses are primary care providers whose career path is significantly shorter and less expensive than that of a doctor.

Our guide explores how to become a nurse practitioner, including education, licensure and potential specialty areas.

What Does a Nurse Practitioner Do?

What is a nurse practitioner? NPs are advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) who provide healthcare services to specific patient demographics.

Role and Responsibilities

NPs provide primary care to their patients. They analyze patients’ medical histories and order, conduct and assess diagnostic tests. They typically work with healthcare teams to create treatment plans and offer follow-up care.

Due to their advanced education and training, many NPs can work independently and write prescriptions. Nurse practitioners can also perform medical procedures like debridement, putting casts on injuries and intubation. Other NP responsibilities may include the following:

  • Managing overall patient care
  • Educating patients on how to prevent diseases and make positive choices for their health
  • Counseling

Work Environment

A nurse practitioner can work in any healthcare organization, including physician’s offices, hospitals, outpatient care centers, educational facilities and nursing homes.

Some NPs work in home health as well, providing treatment or follow-up care in patients’ homes. They may also participate in rural outreach programs, traveling and offering services in areas with limited access to healthcare.

Nurse practitioners often work in shifts in healthcare facilities where patients need round-the-clock care. In physician’s offices, NPs tend to work typical business hours.

Benefits of NPs

NPs do a lot to Improve the lives of community residents. By acting as counselors and educators, NPs guide patients to live healthier lives, thus reducing the cost of healthcare. According to the American Association of Nurse Practitioners (AANP), patients who see NPs as their primary healthcare providers tend to have lower medication costs, shorter hospital stints and fewer visits to the emergency room.

NPs also approach patient care more holistically. Asides from targeting the physical problem, NPs listen for signs of mental distress and guide patients through recovery. NPs’ approach to patient management improves patient satisfaction.

How to Become a Nurse Practitioner

Earn a BSN

A bachelor’s degree in nursing (BSN) is the preferred academic qualification to start a career as a registered nurse (RN). A bachelor’s degree is also required for admission to a graduate-level nursing program.

Full-time students typically take four years to complete a BSN degree. However, it’s a longer process for part-time students.

Obtain RN Licensure

Once you earn a BSN, the next step is becoming an RN. This process requires passing the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN).

It’s quite common for aspiring nurse practitioners to work as RNs before moving forward in their careers. However, nursing experience is not required to proceed to the next stage.

Earn an MSN

A master of science in nursing (MSN) degree is the minimum academic qualification for NPs. An MSN program advances your clinical knowledge and patient management skills.

It’s best to choose your specialty area before enrolling in a master’s in nursing program so you can focus your studies accordingly.

Consider Earning a DNP

A doctor of nursing practice (DNP) program equips APRNs for leadership in clinical settings. A DNP degree is the highest academic qualification a nurse practitioner can possess.

Though this degree is not a prerequisite for working as an NP, those who want to increase their earning potential and have more influence over healthcare policies may consider earning one.

Pass a National Certification Exam

After graduation, you must sit for and pass a national board certification exam specific to your chosen focus area. In most states, NPs are not permitted to practice until they pass a certification exam.

There are numerous organizations that administer NP certification exams. The exam you take depends on your chosen specialty area.

Obtain APRN Licensure

In most states, APRNs—including NPs—are required to hold state licensure. Once you obtain NP certification, you may apply for licensure in the state where you plan to practice.

Types of Nurse Practitioners

Acute Care

Acute care NPs handle urgent medical crises and care for people with chronic illnesses. These providers may work in emergency departments, intensive care units, cardiology units, coronary care and surgical wards.


NPs in this specialty offer medical support to patients between late adolescence and full-fledged adulthood. These NPs mostly offer primary care, which involves administering physical exams, diagnosing illnesses, creating treatment plans and educating patients about their health conditions.


A family nurse practitioner provides comprehensive healthcare to individuals and families. Their expertise is not restricted to any age group, which makes this specialty one of the most flexible for NPs. Family nurse practitioners mostly focus on preventive care, but they also treat common illnesses and monitor patients’ health over time.


Gerontology nurse practitioners care for older populations. They help manage chronic illnesses, stabilize patients during acute episodes, analyze health records and help patients make lifestyle changes as they grow older. NPs in this specialty can work in emergency rooms, hospitals, physician’s offices, hospice centers and retirement homes.


A neonatal nurse practitioner cares for sick and premature newborns. Their scope of practice spans various settings, including neonatal intensive care units, outpatient settings, private practices, hospitals and community clinics.


NPs in this specialty treat and care for patients living with cancer. They collaborate with oncologists to develop treatment plans specific to each patient’s condition. These NPs order diagnostic tests, oversee infusion therapy, monitor patient recovery and refer patients to other specialists.


Pediatric nurse practitioners treat children and young adolescents in acute and primary care settings. They conduct checkups, offer immunizations, treat injuries and educate their patients on disease prevention.


Psychiatric NPs work in the mental health field. They diagnose mental illnesses, develop treatment plans and monitor patients’ progress over time.

Women’s Health

This specialty involves the reproductive and sexual health of women of all ages. Women’s health NPs offer wellness advice to adolescent girls and older women approaching menopause. They also treat infections that are unique to women.

Sub-Specialty Areas

The specialties listed above are relatively broad focus areas. As an NP, you can narrow your focus even further to specific body parts and functions instead of population groups. Potential sub-specialties to consider include dermatology, immunology, hematology, neurology, urology, occupational health and gastroenterology.

Nurse Practitioner Certification Boards

American Academy of Nurse Practitioners Certification Board (AANPCB)

AANPCB administers certification examinations for family, adult-gerontology and emergency nurse practitioners. Before you can apply for any certification, you must create an account on the board’s official site to become a member.

American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC)

Nurse practitioners can choose from four certifications administered by the ANCC. Offerings include:

  • Family nurse practitioner certification (FNP-BC)
  • Adult-gerontology primary care nurse practitioner certification (AGPCNP-BC)
  • Adult-gerontology acute care nurse practitioner certification (AGACNP-BC)
  • Psychiatric-mental health nurse practitioner certification (PMHNP-BC)

Pediatric Nursing Certification Board (PNCB)

PNCB offers two certifications that validate NPs’ critical thinking skills and understanding of children’s health. Offerings include:

  • Acute care certified pediatric nurse practitioner (CPNP-AC)
  • Primary care certified nurse practitioner (CPNP-PC)

Job Outlook and Salary for Nurse Practitioners

How much does a nurse practitioner make? The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reports that the median annual wage for NPs is $120,680. However, NP salaries vary based on location and work environment.

The five top-paying U.S. states for nurse practitioners, and NPs’ average annual salaries in each state, are as follows.

  • California: $151,830
  • New Jersey: $137,010
  • New York: $133,940
  • Washington: $130,840
  • Massachusetts: $129,540

Recent data from AANP reports over 355,000 licensed NPs in the U.S., and according to the BLS, this number is expected to grow significantly.

The BLS projects a 46% employment growth rate for NPs from 2021 to 2031. This growth rate is more than nine times faster than the projected job growth rate for all occupations nationwide.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About How to Become a Nurse Practitioner

How long does it take to become a nurse practitioner?

At a minimum, it takes six years to complete the bachelor’s and master’s degrees required to become an NP. Aspiring NPs who study part time or work as RNs before pursuing more advanced credentials may need more time.

Is becoming a nurse practitioner worth it?

For many, yes. The process of becoming a nurse practitioner can be daunting, but NPs earn high median annual wages ($120,680) and have an exceptionally strong job outlook.

Wed, 30 Nov 2022 18:23:00 -0600 Nneoma Uche en-US text/html
Killexams : Nurse Practitioners Need Support Now More Than Ever

In this video, April Kapu, DNP, president of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners (AANP), outlines current challenges to the profession. She also discusses the mental health, professional, and educational resources AANP offers to nurse practitioners (NPs). Kapu is the associate dean for clinical and community partnerships at Vanderbilt University School of Nursing in Nashville.

The following is a transcript of her remarks:

Two [of my] priorities as president of AANP are really focused on Full Practice Authority (FPA) and really supporting NPs from a standpoint of burnout and mental health, and these two are very linked.

Over the last couple of years, NPs have been on the front lines of the pandemic. They have been out in the community putting up testing sites; they've been building makeshift emergency departments and urgent care clinics; they've been seeing patients in the home; they've been seeing patients via telehealth in the ICUs 24/7. They've been working very hard on the front lines throughout COVID-19, and we've seen all what NPs can do in terms of providing access to care, and providing high quality, much-needed care throughout the pandemic.

But we've also seen that these are long hours, that there's physical exhaustion, there's mental exhaustion, emotional exhaustion; you're taking care of patients that are very, very sick, and so this can lead to burnout. There are a lot of factors that lead to burnout, but this in particular -- what we've been experiencing over the last 2 years -- has really led to a lot of burnout, so we want to really find ways to support our nurse practitioners so that they have the mental health services that they need.

We want to support healthy work environments that support working hours that make sense, and really supporting that NP so that they can do all that they love doing, and they can really enjoy caring for patients, which is why we went into the profession in the first place.

FPA is the licensure authority given by the state for [an] NP to practice. I want to share that across the nation, NPs have national standards for accredited education, training, and national board certification -- that's national.

But each state oversees their licensure authority. In 26 states and D.C., NPs are able to practice to the full extent of their education and training. But in the other states, there are still outdated laws and restrictions that create barriers to care [and] access to care. In those states that have moved to FPA, we have seen more NPs moving to rural health areas, underserved areas, to provide that much-needed access to care.

So we want to see this continue. Those are two priorities: to continue toward NPs practicing to the full extent of their education and training in all states, and to support those NPs who have been working so hard throughout the pandemic.

We are experiencing in nursing as a whole, particularly with NPs, we are experiencing a workforce shortage, as you know. We need more. We need more NPs, more nurses. We need more education, funding, programs that support the growth of the profession. We have seen these workforce challenges come because of the pandemic, but they were certainly there before the pandemic started.

So the workforce challenges, certainly supporting mental health, supporting NPs to mitigate those signs and symptoms of burnout so they can really enjoy what they do, and move more and more closer to where we have FPA in all 50 states. So those are some big challenges, but as we continue to work on those, I see a lot of positive.

We are already seeing those positives. You've probably seen in the U.S. News and World Report, the 2022 report that came out that NPs, in terms of healthcare jobs, are number one. So we know that it is a profession that is in high demand.

We've seen a growth rate of over 9% last year; we're up to 355,000 NPs across the United States. Back in 2019 before we were even heading into the pandemic, we were at 270,000, so you can see that that growth rate; it's tremendous. That's because patients are wanting to see NPs. Last year alone, we had over 1 billion visits to NPs alone.

There are so many opportunities out there. I particularly want to mention that we're here today in Orlando, Florida, and we're at our national AANP annual conference [in June 2022]. At this conference, we're providing support; we're providing a program called NPower, which is a really nice program to support NPs in terms of immediately accessible mental health services. There are lots of services to help them in terms of improving healthcare and supporting their health and wellbeing.

We're also offering lots and lots in terms of education. We have over 300 sessions this week. We offer a lot in terms of advocacy, certainly we talked about FPA so that patients would have access to essential and vital healthcare services, Leadership opportunities -- that's where we're really embracing the NPs and the profession so that they have all the support they need, they feel welcome here, and they're buoyed up so that they can go back to their practices in their home state and feel like they've been educated, refreshed, that they've had opportunities to network and really lean on one another in a time that's been really, really challenging.

For the organization, we want to continue to support NPs in practice, in education, advocacy efforts, in research -- we do a lot in terms of research, I hadn't mentioned that -- and certainly lots and lots of opportunities for leadership development and professional growth.

  • Emily Hutto is an Associate Video Producer & Editor for MedPage Today. She is based in Manhattan.

Tue, 13 Dec 2022 07:58:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : What Is A Nurse Practitioner? Types, Qualifications And Career Data

Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors' opinions or evaluations.

Nurse practitioners are vital players in all medical settings. They handle anything from emergency healthcare to primary care of specific population groups.

But what is a nurse practitioner (NP), exactly? In this article, we’ll dissect how to become a nurse practitioner, including their responsibilities, various specialty areas and earning potential.

What Does a Nurse Practitioner Do?

Nurse practitioners are advanced practice registered nurses (APRN) who provide a variety of healthcare services to specific patient demographics, such as children, geriatrics, women and people with mental health disorders.

Nurse practitioners work in various settings where their expertise is needed, including hospitals, schools, acute care facilities, nursing homes and surgical clinics. Depending on the state laws where they work, nurse practitioners may work autonomously or under physicians’ supervision.

NPs have a wide array of responsibilities to patients in their care, including:

  • Gathering patients’ medical histories and symptoms
  • Ordering and interpreting diagnostic tests (e.g., X-rays and lab tests)
  • Performing physical assessments
  • Creating treatment plans
  • Prescribing medications
  • Observing patients’ progress
  • Counseling patients on injury and disease prevention
  • Supervising other nurses and staff on duty

The title of APRN indicates that nurse practitioners rank higher than registered nurses (RNs) on the corporate ladder. While some of their duties overlap, NPs, due to their training, can perform intricate duties commonly assigned to physicians.

Types of Nurse Practitioners

There are several APRN programs for aspiring nurse practitioners. However, it’s important to choose a specialty that aligns with your skills and interests. The following section covers some of the most common NP specialty areas.

Adult Gerontology

Adult-gerontology NPs provide healthcare services to adults between adolescence and old age. This specialty is further divided into two subspecialties: acute and primary care.

Adult-gerontology acute care NPs provide advanced nursing care to adults and seniors in critical condition or with chronic illnesses. Adult-gerontology primary care NPs, on the other hand, treat common conditions and promote wellness by educating patients on disease prevention.

Nurse practitioners in this specialty also provide preventive care through routine checkups, immunization and personalized counseling sessions.


Family nurse practitioners care for people of all ages throughout their lifespans. These professionals record medical histories, detect patterns, create treatment plans and offer lifestyle advice specific to each individual or family they work with.

This specialty is ideal for NPs who prefer developing long-term relationships with their patients.


Neonatal nurse practitioners take care of preterm, injured or sick newborns. They also care for infants with genetic disorders, drug addiction withdrawal and surgical birth defects. Apart from ensuring infants’ recovery, neonatal NPs also allow parents to bond with their newborns safely.


This specialty is critical as it involves the care of patients from childhood through adolescence. Pediatric nurse practitioners conduct routine checks, create treatment plans and immunize their patients. Pediatric NPs may also hold counseling sessions with patients and their guardians.


Psychiatric nurse practitioners provide mental healthcare to patients of all ages who are living with mental disorders. These NPs perform comprehensive mental health assessments, prescribe medications to treat specific disorders and monitor patients’ progress. NPs in this specialty can work in schools, correctional facilities, hospitals, military facilities and private practices.

Women’s Health

A women’s health NP provides primary and acute care to adolescent girls and women. They can refer patients to OB-GYN certified and conduct breast cancer screenings, pap smears, prenatal care and pelvic exams.

The scope of practice for these NPs also includes counseling young girls navigating puberty and offering menopausal care.

Qualifications to Become a Nurse Practitioner

Becoming a nurse practitioner takes a significant investment of time, discipline and finance. NPs undergo rigorous courses and exams to obtain licensure.

This section outlines the major qualifications aspiring NPs need to practice in any U.S. state.

Earn a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN)

Obtaining a bachelor’s degree in nursing from an accredited college is the first step in your journey to becoming an NP. BSN degree curricula cover nursing theory, nursing process, nutrition, anatomy and patient education. It takes about four years to complete a bachelor’s degree program.

While majoring in nursing from the outset is the fastest approach for aspiring nurse practitioners, bachelor’s degree-holders from unrelated fields might consider an accelerated BSN program. BSN students in accelerated programs must first complete science prerequisites. They can then earn their bachelor’s degree in just two years of study or less.

Obtain Registered Nurse (RN) Licensure

Having completed an undergraduate program, you’ll become eligible for an RN license in your state. Without RN licensure, you cannot practice. To learn more about how to become an RN, read on.

Before applying for RN licensure, you must sit for and pass the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX). This computerized test is administered by the National Council of State Boards of Nursing (NCSBN).

The NCLEX evaluates your clinical expertise and critical thinking skills. After passing the licensure examination, you can apply for a license in your state. It’s common for aspiring NPs to work as RNs for a while before enrolling in a graduate program. However, full-time work experience as a registered nurse is not required to become a nurse practitioner.

Earn a Master’s or Doctoral Degree in Nursing

Because NPs are involved in advanced practice, obtaining a graduate degree is compulsory. NPs must earn a master of science in nursing (MSN) or a doctorate in nursing to gain more clinical knowledge.

An MSN program builds on the nursing experience gained at the undergraduate level. A doctor of nursing practice (DNP) prepares learners for advanced patient care and administrative roles.

It takes about two years to earn a master’s in nursing. Students typically need to complete 60 to 80 credits, which takes two to three years, to earn a DNP.

Earn Certification

After completing a graduate degree program, you must pass a national certification exam specific to your preferred NP specialty. Various accredited bodies confer certifications to NPs. Certifying bodies include:

Obtain State Licensure

After obtaining your preferred certification, apply for licensure with the state in which you want to practice. The requirements and processing time for earning NP licensure may vary by state. Visit your state board’s official website for specific instructions.

When you become a licensed nurse practitioner, you can start applying for jobs in your state.

Salary and Job Outlook for Nurse Practitioners

How much does a nurse practitioner make? According to the U.S Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), nurse practitioners earn a median annual salary of $120,680, which is more than double the median annual salary for all occupations nationwide.

The BLS also projects an astounding 46% employment growth rate for nurse practitioners from 2021 to 2031.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About Nurse Practitioners

What is the difference between a doctor and a nurse practitioner?

A doctor has full oversight over patients’ care and can prescribe medication in any state. Nurse practitioners in many states, on the other hand, cannot make decisions regarding patient care or prescribe medications without a doctor’s say-so.

Is a nurse practitioner higher than a nurse?

Nurse practitioners typically earn more than nurses because they have a greater scope of work, given their advanced clinical expertise. In most hospital settings, NPs can supervise other RNs.

Thu, 01 Dec 2022 11:14:00 -0600 Nneoma Uche en-US text/html
Killexams : How To Begin A Career As A Nurse Practitioner photo of a female nurse in scrubs © Rido/Shutterstock photo of a female nurse in scrubs

Working in the medical field can be the dream of those looking to make a difference in their communities and beyond. As we've seen in latest years, those who work in the medical field are an essential part of our society. Those on the front lines, and often the face you first see at the doctor's office, are nurse practitioners.

Nurse practitioners are often the face you see when go in to receive care, and they can even prescribe or diagnose you without the need of a doctor. Becoming a nurse practitioner can be a great way to practice medicine without having to go through the arduous process of becoming a doctor. Plus, nurse practitioners can earn a lofty salary. According to the U.S Bureau of Labor Statistics, nurse practitioners earned a median salary of $123,780 in 2021. This salary is similar to other positions such as physician assistants. However, just because the process of becoming a nurse practitioner is faster than that of becoming a doctor, it's still a lengthy process that requires both education and certifications.

Besides the need for certain degrees and licensing, one of the most significant requirements for nurse practitioners is empathy with patients.

Education You Need To Be A Nurse Practitioner

close up of tablet in hands of medical professional © jmac23/Shutterstock close up of tablet in hands of medical professional

One of the most important requirements you need to become a nurse practitioner is a master's degree. According to the American Association of Nurse Practitioners, you will need to have a Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree and complete a nurse practitioner-specific masters or doctoral nursing program. You will also have to complete a nurse practitioner's board certification exam. adds that there are also specific programs that are just for those who have already completed a bachelor's degree and are looking to get their master's degree to become a nurse practitioner. These courses are perfect for those who may have stepped away from their studies after a while and are looking for a simpler path to becoming a nurse practitioner. Another option available is getting your Doctor of Nursing Practice. This degree is specific to if you are looking to obtain a leadership role as a nurse practitioner.

The educational requirements for a career as a nurse practitioner are similar to that of a typical educational journey. First, you must obtain your bachelor's degree in nursing and later obtain a master's or doctoral. If you've already obtained your bachelor's degree in a different area, you can take an accelerated BSN, which is a degree for this specific situation.

What Licenses Or Certifications Do You Need?

close up of doctor © Shift Drive/Shutterstock close up of doctor

Besides your educational requirements, there are other licenses and certifications you need to obtain before starting your career. 

The University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences notes that after obtaining your bachelor's degree, you need to get your RN license. To obtain this license, you need to complete an application and succeed in the NCLEX-RN exam. To be able to be eligible for a graduate program, you need to successfully obtain your RN license. 

College Vine adds that after getting your RN license, you will need to get your state license. The requirements for your state license will depend on the state you are applying for and can vary. Once you've completed your graduate program, you will need to once again apply for a state license. The state license will also vary and could require more coursework or clinical experience. In the advanced nurse practitioner program, you will also have to choose a concentration or area where you would like to practice. This will determine the type of exam you receive and you may also practice multiple concentrations. 

At the end of the day, the role of a nurse practitioner is essential to society, but requires plenty of education and coursework.

Read this next: Things In Your House You Should Be Cleaning But Aren't

Sun, 11 Dec 2022 06:21:33 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : Redesigning Health Equity Philanthropy No result found, try new keyword!Most philanthropic dollars still seem to go toward short-term, deficit-based, and scope-limited projects—charitable donations rather than sustainable investments. Of particular concern is that funding ... Mon, 12 Dec 2022 01:01:00 -0600 en-US text/html Killexams : Hospital staff shortages have reached a crisis level, health care leaders say

ALBANY — Upstate New York health care leaders and lawmakers on Wednesday called for the passage of legislation that they say will ease the hiring challenges that have created untenable emergency room wait times and put hospital budgets in the red.

There are 9,300 job openings for nurses in New York, which requires hospitals and nursing homes to hire traveling nurses at three to five times the going rate. Advocates project that the nurse shortage will swell to 30,000 vacancies by 2030.

The Iroquois Healthcare Alliance —  which represents 50 hospitals and health systems in upstate New York —  Albany Medical Center CEO Dr. Dennis McKenna, Assemblyman John McDonald, D-Cohoes,  and Assemblywoman Patricia Fahy, D-Albany,  were among those advocating for several bills they say would provide financial relief for nursing education and bolster the medical workforce.

"Communities cannot thrive without a functioning health care system," IHA President and CEO Gary J. Fitzgerald said. "Investing in upstate health care workforce recruitment, retention and pipeline programs is imperative to the preservation of care, improved health outcomes and economic vitality of upstate."

Through a latest survey of its members, IHA found that 88 percent of respondents have a negative or razor thin operating margin. Of those respondents, more than half are below -2 percent, and 22 percent are below -10 percent.

Contributing to those negative margins are the changed cost structure hospitals face as a result of the pandemic, in addition to soaring rates charged by staffing agencies, advocates said.  Spending nationwide in the travel nurse industry increased from $6.2 billion in 2019 to $11.8 billion in 2021.

The staffing crisis is now threatening the quality of care and the availability of services in small and rural communities, according to IHA.

The group wants to see permanent funding for upstate and rural workforce recruitment and retention programs, investment into educational pipeline programs and an increase in financial relief directed to upstate teaching and rural hospitals.

One proposed bill allows for at least one-third of required clinical training for nurses and nurse practitioners to be completed through simulation experience. Another regulates nurse staffing agencies to prevent price gouging. 

Wed, 07 Dec 2022 13:01:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : Early Childhood Education Curriculum Enhancement And Pedagogy Project

1. What is The Early Childhood Education Curriculum Enhancement and Pedagogy Project? 

The Early Childhood Education Curriculum Enhancement and Pedagogy Project (2017 – 2022) is a five-year capacity-building initiative organised by the Singapore International Foundation (SIF) and Muktangan Education Trust, a non-profit organisation that supports municipal schools in Mumbai.  

The project aimed to raise professional standards and quality of the Early Childhood Education (ECE) sector in Mumbai, through enhanced ECE curriculum and pedagogy at Muktangan schools as well as other non-profit ECE schools there. 

Since 2017, the SIF’s team of Singapore International Volunteers (SIVs), comprising pioneers and leaders from the ECE sector in Singapore, worked closely with about 700 Indian educators from Mumbai. Together, they have completed a series of in-person and online workshops, dialogues, and a study visit and a symposium as a part of the project.  

2. What are the major focus areas for this project? 

The project was designed to strengthen the areas of programme delivery, student learning and teacher development. The educators from Singapore and India collaborated and exchanged knowledge, skills and resources to enhance teaching methodology and curate a curriculum that aids child development and growth.  

Topics such as parent interactions and involvement, teacher appraisals, play facilitation, social development, classroom learning environments, inclusive practices, and early interventions were covered during the project.  

3. Are there any online resources curated for this programme?  

The SIVs have developed an online resource – a Teacher’s Resource Facilitation Guide – with content from the workshops. This content will be useful for continued learning and pedagogical skills development of the ECE practitioners in Mumbai.  

4. How does early childhood education play a role in a child’s growth? 

Early childhood education is an essential building block of a child’s growth. It helps children develop social and cognitive skills during their crucial early years which will positively impact their learning and growth in later years. It lays a firm foundation for their physical, intellectual, social, and emotional development. We are thus privileged to have collaborated with Muktangan Education Trust on this initiative to help ensure that children in Mumbai have access to quality formative education. 

5. How has the programme influenced cross cultural learning between the two countries? 

The series of in-person and online workshops, dialogues, and study visit provided opportunities for professional sharing and knowledge exchange between the educators from both countries. From the discussions and activities, they were challenged to think about what makes teaching and learning effective in different environments and cultural settings. This, in turn, resulted in better understanding of the different needs and techniques required. It also led to budding friendships among the educators and fostered a long-term camaraderie.  

6. How has the programme benefited Indian students? 

The project equipped 34 Indian educators with the relevant skills and knowledge to train other ECE educators. At least 3,400 Indian ECE educators learned how to Improve curricula and picked up new pedagogical and assessment skills through the project. Collectively, about 45,000 educators and students in Maharashtra have benefitted from this project. 

One of the participating teachers from India witnessed positive results after she had incorporated the new techniques in her classroom. She found the students to be more engaged and interested when the new storytelling and numeracy techniques and holistic teaching curriculum were used. The students were also more confident when transitioning from the pre-school to primary school level.  

We are also heartened to learn that our partner Muktangan Education Trust has launched a curriculum enhancement programme with ECHO India, where they are cascading their learnings from this project through a tele-mentoring model. Through initiatives such as these, knowledge gained is shared with a larger number of educators and subsequently, students 

7. What are the next steps with this programme, going forward? 

The five-year project has successfully concluded with a closing ceremony in Mumbai in November 2022. However, sustainability is always at the core of SIF’s projects. Through the train-the-trainers approach, the Master Trainers are equipped to train other ECE educators. This builds capability and capacity at the individual and organisational levels and amplifies the project’s impact and sustainability in the long run. The development of Teacher’s Resource Facilitation Guide also ensures continued learning and skills development among the ECE practitioners in Mumbai. 

We are encouraged by the results of this collaboration which was driven by the dedication of our early childhood educators from Singapore and India. We look forward to more opportunities to work with our friends in India to uplift lives and build a better world. 

Tue, 13 Dec 2022 10:55:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : HMP Global's Psych Congress launches NP Institute In-Person event, new educational offering specifically for psychiatric nurse practitioners

Program takes a deep dive into psychopharmacology, including basic principles and terminology on treatment, disease states, and medication classes.

MALVERN, Pa. (PRWEB) December 13, 2022

Nurse practitioners in the psychiatric field have a robust new opportunity to grow their knowledge of psychopharmacology through the Psych Congress NP Institute In-Person event, featuring an interactive educational program which takes a deep dive into foundational principles and terminology on treatment, disease states, and medication classes.

The inaugural Psych Congress NP Institute In-Person event will take place April 28 – May 1 in Boston. This essential educational experience is crafted by the world-class experts of Psych Congress, the United States' largest independent mental health educational conference and a forum for the entire mental health team.

"With the increased need for mental health and psychiatric services, we are working to ensure that psychiatric nurse practitioners receive the tailored education they want to provide the best possible care for all their patients," said Steering Committee member Andrew Penn, RN, MS, NP, CNS, APRN-BC, clinical professor, University of California, San Francisco. "NPs leave school still hungry for knowledge and wanting to learn. This event will feed that hunger and connect NPs with colleagues and experts in the field."

The four-day event is designed and accredited specifically for psychiatric nurse practitioners (including general, primary care, and family practice NPs), and intended for clinicians in their early years of practice or for experienced NPs seeking updates and continuing psychopharmacology education. The educational program will focus on:

  •     Traditional medications and what's new on the market, filling any educational gaps NPs may have experienced since graduation;
  •     Classes of medications including antidepressants, antipsychotics, mood stabilizers, and stimulants; how to choose between different medications and when to prescribe them;
  •     Psychiatric disorders such as ADHD, anxiety, bipolar, depression, and schizophrenia;
  •     And important practice management subjects including common billing errors, documentation best practices, and more, along with implementation in your own practice.

"In our field there is always more to learn," said Steering Committee member Julie Carbray, PhD, FPMHNP-BC, PMHCNS-BC, APRN, clinical professor of psychiatry and nursing, University of Illinois Chicago, and director, Pediatric Mood Disorder Clinic. "New nurse practitioners are eager to jump into their practice while still wanting more confidence and clarity on how their learning translates to their professional environments. The Psych Congress NP Institute In-Person event will help grow that confidence and a solid footing for building their psychopharmacological practice and provide resources for ongoing education for years to come."

The event website will be a year-round resource to supplement the learnings from the meeting. For more information or to register, visit

For 36 years, Psych Congress has delivered practical, case-based education to an exceptional community of mental healthcare providers across the U.S. The annual national meeting serves as a unique, integrated forum to connect members of the entire mental health team — bringing together psychiatrists, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, psychologists, primary care physicians, and other mental health professionals for practical education to Improve patient care. For more information, visit

HMP Global is the force behind Healthcare Made Practical — and is an omnichannel leader in healthcare content, events, and education, with a mission to Improve patient care. The company produces accredited medical education events — in person and online via its proprietary VRTX virtual platform — and clinically relevant, evidence-based content for the global healthcare community across a range of therapeutic areas. Its brands include the HMP Global Learning Network, healthcare's most comprehensive source for news and information; Psych Congress, the largest independent mental health meeting in the U.S.; the Evolution of Psychotherapy, the world's largest independent educational event for mental health professionals; the Leipzig Interventional Course (LINC), the leading, global gathering for interdisciplinary cardiovascular specialists; EMS World Expo, North America's largest EMT and paramedic event; and the Symposium on Advanced Wound Care (SAWC), the largest wound care meeting in the world. For more information, visit

For the original version on PRWeb visit:

© 2022 Benzinga does not provide investment advice. All rights reserved.

Tue, 13 Dec 2022 04:30:00 -0600 text/html
Killexams : Master of Science in Nursing: Family Nurse Practitioner with Emergency Specialization



Drexel University is authorized by the Washington Student Achievement Council and meets the requirements and minimum educational standards established for degree-granting institutions under the Degree-Granting Institutions Act. This authorization is subject to periodic review and authorizes Drexel University to offer field placement components for specific degree programs. The Council may be contacted for a list of currently authorized programs. Authorization by the council does not carry with it an endorsement by the council of the institution or its programs. Any person desiring information about the requirements of the act or the applicability of those requirements to the institution may contact the Council at P.O. Box 43430, Olympia, WA 98504-3430.

**Drexel University is approved by the Washington State Nursing Care Quality Assurance Commission to provide practice experiences in Washington State for MSN/Clinical Nurse Leader, MSN/Clinical Trials Research, MSN/Leadership in Health Systems Management, MSN/Nurse Educator and Faculty Role, MSN/Adult Gerontology Acute Care NP, MSN/Adult Gerontology Primary Care NP, MSN/Family Individual Across the Lifespan NP, MSN/Pediatric Acute Care NP, MSN/Pediatric Primary Care & Pediatric Acute Care NP, MSN/Pediatric Primary Care NP, MSN/Psychiatric Mental Health NP, and MSN/Women’s Health Gender Related NP programs. For more information, go to the following website.



Drexel University accepts New York residents into this program. Clinical rotations, however, cannot be in New York State. This will not affect New York certification and licensure.

State restrictions may apply to some programs


Drexel University’s online Family/Individual Across the Lifespan with Emergency Specialization program focuses on applying advanced-practice nursing knowledge—including physical, psychosocial and environmental assessment skills—to manage common health and illness problems of clients of all ages and their families in primary and emergency care settings. In addition to preparing you for the primary care role across the lifespan, this online program will provide you with the diagnostic and therapeutic procedures and skills specific to the emergency care setting.

Online Program Features

  • Ranked #8 in Best Online Graduate Nursing Programs: Family NP by U.S. News & World Report
  • The MSN: Family/Individual Across the Lifespan with Emergency Specialization at Drexel University is accredited by the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education
  • Upon completion of the MSN: Family/Individual Across the Lifespan with Emergency Specialization online program, you will become eligible to sit for both the Family Nurse Practitioner Certification exam through AANP or ANCC and the Emergency Nurse Practitioner Certification exam through the AANP
  • Drexel alumni boast a 100 percent board pass rate on these FNP and ENP certification exams
  • Synchronous online lectures offer a highly interactive learning format that challenges and engages
  • The MSN: Family/Individual Across the Lifespan with Emergency Specialization online program is taught by industry-experienced and board-certified faculty from Drexel’s acclaimed College of Nursing and Health Professions

Program Overview and Curriculum

Drexel University’s MSN: Family/Individual Across the Lifespan with Emergency Specialization program online is one of the first in the nation to combine family nurse practitioner education with emergency specialization. This unique online program is designed to prepare you to sit for the ANCC’s Family Nurse Practitioner Examination and/or the AANP’s Family Nurse Practitioner Examination. In addition, you will also be eligible to sit for the AANP’s Emergency Nurse Practitioner Examination.

The industry-respected nurse practitioner faculty at Drexel’s College of Nursing and Health Professions are committed to the quality and excellence in the nurse practitioner (NP) programs. As part of your experience, you will meet on campus for mandatory On-Campus Intensive (OCI) learning experiences, simulation and evaluation. OCI visits occur two to four times during the clinical portion of the program and range from two to three days. Mandatory on-campus visits are essential to transitioning into the NP role. During the OCIs, you will engage in simulated clinical learning experiences conducted in the College of Nursing and Health Professions' state-of-the-art, multidisciplinary patient simulation lab. These visits provide direct guidance and mentoring from faculty and the opportunity to collaborate with peers.

Over the 16-course program, you will learn to:

  • Practice within a legal and ethical framework of health care delivery
  • Advance the role of advanced nursing practice in the health care system through scholarship, clinical experience and political involvement
  • Demonstrate critical thinking and diagnostic reasoning skills in clinical decision-making
  • Integrate multiple technologies and relevant theories into the organization and synthesis of health data required to develop plans of care for patients, families and communities
  • Integrate culturally sensitive health promotion activities that contribute to the health and wellness of the community into clinical practice
  • Demonstrate leadership in nursing and health care through involvement in the development of outcome-based standards of care and practice-based health policy issues
  • Evaluate and modify the quality and effectiveness of clinical practice based on current research findings, standards of care and patient outcomes
  • Contribute to the advancement of nursing, health care and humanity through communication and collaboration

What is an Emergency Nurse Practitioner (ENP)?

An ENP nurse is prepared to work as a nurse practitioner in an acute care emergency setting. Emergency nurse practitioners or ENPs typically practice in hospital emergency departments, trauma centers and urgent care clinics. While in these emergency settings, the ENP is considered a specialist and will assist acute care patients with clinical assessment, diagnosis and treatment.

What is a Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP)?

The FNP nurse practitioner is trained to work with patients of all ages throughout their lifespan, including pediatrics, adult and gerontology. Family nurse practitioners or FNPs are prepared to work in a wide variety of settings, such as hospitals, clinical offices, primary care facilities and outpatient centers. As primary care specialists, FNPs are trained to help patients with maintaining overall good health through the prevention, treatment and promotion of health holistically.

What can you do with a MSN: Family/Individual Across the Lifespan with Emergency Specialization?

As a graduate of Drexel’s MSN: Family/Individual Across the Lifespan with Emergency Specialization program online, you will be prepared to sit for both the FNP and ENP certification exams. Once certified, you will be qualified to work in a variety of primary and emergency or acute care work settings. This can include ambulatory care, hospital outpatient offices, emergency departments, urgent care clinics and many more.

Program FAQs

How many questions are on the FNP exam?
The American Academy of Nurse Practitioner’s National Emergency Nurse Practitioner certification exam typically comprises of 150 questions. Drexel University graduates have a 100% board pass rate. As a graduate of Drexel’s MSN: Family/Individual Across the Lifespan with Emergency Specialization program, you can be reassured that you will be prepared to do your very best during the exam. Learn more about the ENP certification exam.

How do you become an ENP nurse?
Currently, Emergency Nurse Practitioners must go through a detailed process to become certified in this specialization. The ENP certificate exam requires that you have a current and active RN license in the United States and current certification as a family nurse practitioner. Drexel’s MSN: Family/Individual Across the Lifespan with Emergency Specialization program prepares you simultaneously to sit for both the FNP and ENP certification exams. In addition to the requirements above, the AANP will require that you either have emergency care experience through practice and continuing education, an academic program or an approved fellowship program. Learn more about AANP ENP certification requirements.


The College of Nursing and Health Professions has a compliance process that may be required for every student. Some of these steps may take significant time to complete. Please plan accordingly.

Visit the Compliance pages for more information.

Admission Requirements

Technical Standards - Nursing 

Note: Prior to starting clinical rotations, students must provide license verification in the appropriate state in which they will complete their clinical rotations, as well as Pennsylvania in which the University is located. Please note all submitted materials become the property of Drexel University.

Bachelor of Science in Nursing from program fully accredited by National League of Nursing (NLN) and/or American Association Colleges of Nursing (AACN.) with a cumulative GPA of 3.0 or above. The accrediting body for NLN is ACEN and the accrediting body for the American Association Colleges of Nursing is CCNE.

Standardized Tests:


Fall 2023 Application Deadline: July 1, 2023


  • Official transcripts must be sent directly to Drexel from all the colleges/universities that you have attended. Transcripts must be submitted in a sealed envelope with the college/university seal over the flap. Please note that transcripts are required regardless of number of credits taken or if the credits were transferred to another school. An admission decision may be delayed if you do not send transcripts from all colleges/universities attended.
  • Transcripts must show course-by-course grades and degree conferrals. If your school does not notate degree conferrals on the official transcripts, you must provide copies of any graduate or degree certificates.
  • If your school issues only one transcript for life, you are required to have a course-by-course evaluation completed by an approved transcript evaluation agency
  • Use our Transcript Lookup Tool to assist you in contacting your previous institutions


  • 1-2 years of Emergency Department, critical care, urgent care or trauma experience as an RN or APRN
  • American Heart Association Basic Life Support (BLS), Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) and Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) required prior to starting clinical rotations.

Two professional letters of recommendation from either previous or immediate supervisors or former nursing faculty members who can attest to your clinical knowledge, skill and potential aptitude for graduate study. References will not be accepted from colleagues or family members.

  • You may use our electronic letter of recommendation service 
  • If a recommender prefers to submit an original, hard copy letter, please remind them that it must include an ink signature and be submitted in a sealed envelope.
Personal Statement/ Essay:
Personal statement (under 1,000 words) that will give the admissions committee a better understanding of...
  • Why you are choosing this particular program of study,
  • Your plans upon completion of the graduate degree and 
  • How your current work experience will enhance your experience in this MSN program.

Admissions interview may be required

Required. (Note: Resume/CV should be detailed regarding work experience including specific job experiences/responsibilities/departments)

A current, unrestricted United States RN license

Clinical/Work/Volunteer Experience:
1-2 years of medical/surgical nursing experience preferred

International Students:

Requirements can be found here

Tuition and Fee Rates
Please visit the Drexel Online MSN in Family Nurse Practitioner with Emergency Specialization tuition page.

Application Link (if outside organization):


The baccalaureate degree program in nursing, master's degree program in nursing, Doctor of Nursing Practice program and post-graduate APRN certificate program at Drexel University are accredited by the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education, 655 K Street, NW, Suite 750, Washington DC 20001, 202.887-6791.

These programs and the Post Graduate APRN certificates are also approved by the Pennsylvania State Board of Nursing.

Wed, 30 Nov 2022 06:57:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Why physician-led, team-based care is the best medicine for Kentucky: Opinion

Growing up, I knew I wanted a job helping others. This passion is what drove me to become a physician and helped me through years of medical school, residency and finally into my own practice. It’s the same passion that motivates me today to ensure my patients receive the very best care.

Of course, quality care is something that requires an entire team of health providers—and everyone involved serves an important role in meeting our patients’ needs. But it’s important that physicians are at the helm, leading the way.

Under a physician-led, team-based model of care, physicians and other health professionals work collaboratively, within their scope of experience and education, to ensure patients are treated safely and effectively. Most importantly, this model leads to the best health outcomes for our patients. An American Medical Association study found that physician-led care resulted in fewer emergency room visits, fewer hospital admissions and readmissions, shorter hospital stays and overall lower health care costs.

Furthermore, studies show 95% of patients want a physician involved in their diagnosis and treatment. With eight years of formal education, a minimum three-year residency and at least 12,000 hours of clinical training, physicians are the most highly trained health providers—and we are trained to lead a care team.

More:Nurse practitioners can help address Kentucky's doctor shortage. State law stands in the way

Physician-led, team-based care can also help address one of Kentucky’s most pressing health care problems: access to care. The Health Resources and Services Administration anticipates Kentucky will face a shortage of 960 primary care physicians by 2025—the third greatest shortage nationwide.

As a first step, we must invest in programs that keep and bring more physicians to Kentucky, such as graduate medical education funding and loan repayment programs. Kentucky should also consider other evidence-based reforms to resolve our health care workforce shortage—things like expanding telehealth and creating new initiatives and programs that encourage students from underserved areas to pursue medical school.

The Kentucky Medical Association has led the way in bringing these reforms to our state. Last year, we helped pass House Bill 573, which established a state-based loan forgiveness program for physicians and other providers willing to locate to underserved areas, and we will continue to look for solutions to recruit and retain more physicians.

Despite what some may claim, resolving complex issues like health care access, quality and cost is not as simple as expanding non-physicians’ scope of practice and allowing for independent practice, as was indicated in a latest Courier Journal story on nurse practitioners. We know this because it has been tried and has failed.

More Opinion:Why nursing shortages still have a grip on Kentucky's health care system: Opinion

Over the last two decades, various scope of practice initiatives have been enacted in an attempt to fill gaps within the state’s health care workforce. Despite these efforts, 94% of Kentucky counties still faced a primary care shortage in 2021. Since non-physician providers tend to locate in the same general areas as physicians, even in states with relaxed scope of practice laws, these reforms do little to address the problem.

Not to mention that physician involvement, even when care is provided by non-physician providers, is linked to higher quality care—which is what all providers should want for their patients. That’s why a majority of states, including those neighboring Kentucky, have at least some provisions regulating the level and scope of care provided by non-physicians.

Access, quality and cost—all of which are inextricably linked to physician-led, team-based care—are the foundation of the Kentucky Medical Association’s new Kentucky Physicians Care campaign. This effort will educate Kentuckians on the role physicians play within the care team and the collaboration among providers that leads to the best patient outcomes. We will also continue to advocate for policy solutions that will ensure this model’s longevity, even as the health care system evolves.

As a physician, I care deeply about the health and wellbeing of not only my patients, but all Kentuckians. They are not just numbers and charts. I know that I need a strong team working alongside me to provide the best care. I feel a tremendous responsibility to serve my patients in the safest and most effective way possible because I know the positive impacts of quality, accessible care can be felt throughout entire communities.

Delivering that type of care means sticking with—and expanding—what really works: the physician-led, team-based model that puts patients’ best interests and care needs first.

Monalisa Tailor

Monalisa Tailor, MD, is a practicing physician and president of the Kentucky Medical Association.

This article originally appeared on Louisville Courier Journal: Why physician-led, team-based care is the best medicine for Kentucky

Tue, 29 Nov 2022 20:31:00 -0600 en-US text/html
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