Every topic of ACMA-6-1 exam is covered in PDF Dumps

When are you concerned about how exactly to complete your Aruba ACMA-6-1 Exam from the first attempt, all of us recommend that with the aid of killexams.com Aruba Aruba Certified Mobility Associate 6.1 questions answers plus cheat sheets you will figure out how to enhance your knowledge. Our own ACMA-6-1 Practice Test are complete plus valid. The Aruba ACMA-6-1 PDF FILE documents are a specific copy of real examination questions plus answers that a person is going in order to see on the examination screen.

Exam Code: ACMA-6-1 Practice exam 2022 by Killexams.com team
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Killexams : Aruba Certified exam Questions - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/ACMA-6-1 Search results Killexams : Aruba Certified exam Questions - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/ACMA-6-1 https://killexams.com/exam_list/Aruba Killexams : Certified Control Systems Technician (CCST)

Becoming an ISA Certified Control Systems Technician® (CCST®) is a mark of career excellence that affirms your commitment to quality and demonstrates your expertise and knowledge of automation and control systems. It provides a non-biased, third-party, objective assessment and confirmation of your skills as a control systems technician.

Who Are CCSTs?

Working in process automation and manufacturing automation industries around the globe, CCSTs are an elite group of automation and control technicians who have proven they possess an extensive knowledge of automation and control systems. CCSTs calibrate, document, troubleshoot, and repair/replace instrumentation for systems that measure and control level, temperature, pressure, flow, and other process variables. They are skilled in pneumatic, mechanical, and electronic instrumentation. They understand process control loops and process control systems, including computer-based systems. 

What is the difference between the CCST program and the NICET Certification? 

NICET, the National Institute for Certification in Engineering Technologies, offers a four-level certification program for instrumentation engineering technologists. The CCST program is designed specifically for the control systems technician, and is more application focused.

CCST Levels

There are three levels of certification offered for control systems technicians. All certification levels provide a non-biased, third-party, objective assessment and confirmation of an automation technician’s knowledge of and experience with project start-up, commissioning, loop-check, project organization, planning, and documentation.

CCST Level 1 Logo
Certified Control Systems Technician — Level 1

With a five-year minimum education and experience requirement, earning this certification confirms that you possess vast knowledge of calibration, maintenance, repair, and troubleshooting.

CCST Specialist Level 2 logo
Certified Control Systems Technician Specialist — Level 2

With a seven-year minimum education and experience requirement, this certification demonstrates Level one knowledge, as well as some knowledge of administration, supervision, or management.

CCST Master Level 3 logo
Certified Control Systems Technician Master — Level 3

This certification demonstrates level one and two knowledge, including an extensive knowledge of administration, supervision, or management, and has a 13-year minimum education, training, and/or experience requirement.

CCST Certification Requirements

To become an ISA CCST, you must meet certain education and work experience requirements, pass an exam, and commit to the ISA Code of Ethics. Learn more about CCST requirements.

CCST Body of Knowledge (BOK)

The CCST BOK defines automation project domains, the tasks within the domains, and the knowledge and skills required to complete the tasks. CCST exams cover four major domains that have been organized based on the findings in a exact CCST job task analysis study. To see a complete explanation of the domains and the percentage of exam questions included from each domain, visit the CCST Body of Knowledge page.

How to Apply

There is no application form for CCST certification. The process involves confirming that you meet the following requirements and then taking an exam.

Requirements

Note: by paying the exam fee, you are confirming that you are aware of, have met, and can document that you meet the requirements for the CCST certification for which you are applying.

Click the appropriate button below to add the exam fee to your cart. After you complete your purchase and your payment has successfully processed, you will receive a payment confirmation email. Then, one month before your exam window, you will receive an email with the exam invitation and instructions for scheduling your exam. 

Apply for CCST — Level 1    

Apply for CCST Specialist — Level 2    

Apply for CCST Master — Level 3

About the Exam

You can take any of the CCST exams online from your office or home if the testing area meets the requirements and your computer meets specifications. You can also take the exam at a Scantron test center. The CCST exams are multiple choice and have different time durations and questions.

Exam Questions Duration
Certified Control Systems Technician (CCST) — Level 1 150 4 hours
Certified Control Systems Technician (CCST) Specialist — Level 2 125 3 hours
Certified Control Systems Technician (CCST) Master — Level 3 150 4 hours
 

Learn more about Certification Exams and Testing.

How to Prepare

Want help preparing for a CCST exam? We recommend taking the review course for the certification which you are applying. When you enroll in a CCST review course, the application fee is included in the course price. You will automatically receive an exam invitation after you start the course. By paying for the review course, you are confirming that you are aware of, have met and can document the requirements for the certification level for which you are applying. Visit the Prepare for the CCST Exam page to view and select the course format that best suits your needs.

ISA has developed an extensive library of training courses, study guides and reference publications that are built around the technologies and subjects covered on the CCST exams. These resources have been developed and reviewed by subject matter experts. Learn how to prepare for a CCST exam.

Reference to Standards and Codes

The aspects of automation covered on the CCST exam reflect the tasks performed in the range of practice settings throughout the United States. Familiarity with the following standards and codes is recommended. get the Reference to Standards and Codes (PDF).

  • ISA Standards
  • IEEE Standards
  • National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Codes and Standards
  • National Electrical Code (NEC)
  • National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) Standards
  • International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Standards
  • National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) Standards
  • Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Codes and Federal Regulations
  • Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Standards
  • US Food and Drug Administration Regulations
  • American Petroleum Institute (API) Standards

For International applicants, note that the validation study for the exams was done in the United States, so there may be questions on the exam that reference US standards and codes.

Thu, 06 Aug 2020 13:27:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.isa.org/certification/ccst
Killexams : CISSP Certification Requirements And Cost

Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors' opinions or evaluations.

The Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) credential demonstrates mastery of developing and overseeing large-scale cybersecurity programs. When it comes to the best cybersecurity certifications, many consider CISSP the industry’s gold standard. Individuals who meet CISSP requirements can earn the certification and qualify to take on more professional responsibility in their field.

This guide offers information on CISSP certification requirements, including experience, suggested preparation times and CISSP certification exam costs.

What Is CISSP Certification?

CISSP certification, offered by (ISC)2, is an advanced credential for information systems and cybersecurity professionals. This certification highlights an individual’s ability to create, deploy and manage cybersecurity efforts for large organizations.

CISSP certification requirements include a significant amount of professional experience and passing a lengthy exam. This credential suits experienced workers over entry-level and mid-level professionals.

Though this certification is not required by employers, it can boost candidates’ earning power and help them qualify for advanced roles in information security. CISSPs often work in positions like chief information security officer (CISO), network architect, security auditor and security manager, among others.

CISSP Certification Requirements

Aspiring CISSPs should familiarize themselves with the certification’s requirements before pursuing this credential.

Gain Experience

CISSP certification requirements stipulate that each candidate must have a minimum of five years of relevant professional experience. (ISC)² specifies eight security domains:

  • Domain 1: Security and Risk Management
  • Domain 2: Asset Security
  • Domain 3: Security Architecture and Engineering
  • Domain 4: Communication and Network Security
  • Domain 5: Identity and Access Management (IAM)
  • Domain 6: Security Assessment and Testing
  • Domain 7: Security Operations
  • Domain 8: Software Development Security

Prospective CISSPs must accumulate experience in two of the eight domains to meet CISSP certification requirements. They can also apply (ISC)²-approved four-year college degrees and other credentials, which may qualify as a year of experience. Paid and unpaid internships also count toward the CISSP requirement.

Pass the Certification Exam

The CISSP exam covers the eight domains of security in a four-hour test comprising 125 to 175 required responses. These appear as multiple-choice questions and advanced innovative items. Test-takers must earn a 700 out of 1,000 to pass. Candidates register to take the exam with Pearson VUE.

Get Endorsed

After passing the exam, individuals can apply for endorsement online. The endorsement must come from an (ISC)²-certified professional who can advocate for your professional experience as a credential-holder in good standing. Individuals must receive endorsements within nine months of passing the exam.

Cost of Becoming a CISSP

Earning CISSP certification can deliver many professional benefits, but individuals should also understand the costs associated with pursuing the credential. Along with the required time investment, consider the following CISSP certification exam costs and any required payments relating to preparation and recertification.

CISSP Certification exam Prep

Many organizations offer prep courses for the CISSP certification exam, and their costs vary drastically. Make sure to include exam prep costs, which may range from a few hundred dollars to a few thousand, in your CISSP budget. (ISC)² offers several exam prep methods, including self-paced, instructor-led and team-based options. These offerings can cost over $2,000.

CISSP Certification exam Cost

The CISSP certification exam costs $749. Individuals can receive vouchers from partner organizations after completing CISSP exam training courses.

Recertification Cost

Individuals must meet CISSP recertification requirements every three years to maintain their credentials. Each certification-holder must earn 120 continuing professional education (CPE) credits over this three-year period. Costs relating to CPEs can vary significantly, but each certified individual must pay an annual $125 fee to (ISC)².

Common Careers for CISSPs

Individuals who have met CISSP requirements and earned their credentials can pursue work in many information security and cybersecurity roles. As of 2021, the number of open cybersecurity roles far outpaces the number of qualified professionals, indicating strong continued demand in the sector.

Data from Cyberseek.org indicates that among current cybersecurity openings requiring certification, CISSP ranks as the most in-demand credential. The following section explores roles for CISSP certification-holders.

Chief Information Security Officer

Average Annual Salary: Around $172,000
Required Education: Bachelor’s degree in cybersecurity, information security or a related field; master’s preferred
Job Description: CISOs rank among the top positions in information security for responsibility and salary. This c-suite role reports directly to the CEO and requires significant experience, practical skills and expertise in information security.

CISOs oversee their organizations’ information security efforts. Often referred to as “chief security officers,” they supervise teams of infosec workers, set organizational directives, establish company-wide best practices and manage resource allotment. CISOs working in large, international businesses may interact with government agencies and congresspeople to ensure compliance with legal standards for information security.

Information Technology Director

Average Annual Salary: Around $123,000
Required Education: Bachelor’s degree in computer science or related field, MBA often preferred
Job Description: IT directors oversee departments of IT workers and manage organizations’ computer systems operations. They provide solutions to companies’ computer-related issues, including software upgrades, security concerns and general technical issues. IT directors communicate with executives to ensure company-wide directives are carried out successfully.

These directors research new IT software and hardware to keep their organizations up to date and safe. They track metrics for managing IT professionals, along with storage, hardware and software. IT directors also handle employee schedules and departmental budgetary planning. As department heads, they must possess strong communication skills to interact with mid-level professionals and c-suite executives.

Security Analyst

Average Annual Salary: Around $70,500
Required Education: Bachelor’s degree in cybersecurity, computer and information technology or a related field
Job Description: Security analysts work in computer systems, networks and information security departments to prevent, monitor and respond to security breaches. This broad professional title refers to workers who handle a variety of tasks in computer and network security.

These professionals work in many industries as “first responders” for cyberattacks. They must demonstrate deep knowledge of hardware, software and data storage to understand potential vulnerabilities and security solutions. Security analysts may help design security systems and handle encryption efforts for businesses to protect sensitive information.

Network Architect

Average Annual Salary: Around $121,000
Required Education: Bachelor’s degree in network engineering or a related field; master’s in cybersecurity or a related field often preferred
Job Description: Network architects design and implement organizations’ security infrastructures. These professionals test and analyze existing safety structures to identify vulnerabilities and deliver improvements. They handle the installation and maintenance of computer systems, including interconnected devices like firewalls and routers.

Before deploying any updates or upgrades, these information security professionals create models to test their networks in a controlled environment. Modeling allows network architects to forecast security and traffic issues before implementing their infrastructures in the real world. These professionals also train and educate IT workers on organizational best practices.

Frequently Asked Questions About CISSP Requirements

What are the requirements to become CISSP-certified?

The two primary CISSP requirements are passing the exam and gaining five years of relevant professional experience.

No. CISSP certification suits experienced cybersecurity and information security professionals, requiring a minimum of five years of experience in the field.

Tue, 29 Nov 2022 17:23:00 -0600 Matt Whittle en-US text/html https://www.forbes.com/advisor/education/cissp-certification-requirements/
Killexams : Updated: A country-by-country guide to coronavirus reopenings

MSN has partnered with The Points Guy for our coverage of credit card products. MSN and The Points Guy may receive a commission from card issuers.

Editor’s note: This post was last updated Dec. 6, 2022 with new information. 

Almost three years after the COVID-19 pandemic first upended international travel, many countries have finally returned to pre-pandemic entry requirements by removing vaccination and testing mandates; others have made the process less of a hassle by easing restrictions. Even some of the most restrictive nations are finally open to tourists again. For instance, Japan, announced on Sept. 22 that it would allow visa-free travel there as of Oct. 11. Meanwhile, Taiwan restored visa exemption for U.S passport holders on Sept. 12, and entry for Americans are now able to visit.

Still, a number of countries have restrictions in place, so knowing the rules before you travel internationally remains important.

Related: A country-by-country guide to where you can travel without a COVID-19 test

Reentering the U.S. has also gotten easier since the government on June 12 ended its requirement that all air travelers to the U.S. take a COVID-19 antigen test the day before their flight. The U.S. continues to require that noncitizens and nonresidents be fully vaccinated to enter. For details, visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website.

Warnings from the CDC and U.S. Department of State also continued to evolve, with the CDC in early October dropping its COVID-19 travel notices for individual countries.

TPG is here to guide you through the latest in these updated rules and regulations. To make sure you have the most current information, please follow the provided links to government, tourism, U.S. Embassy and U.S. State Department websites for the most exact updates.

North America

U.S.

As of June 12, travelers arriving by air to the U.S. no longer need to present results of a negative COVID-19 test taken within one day of their flight. However, all noncitizen and nonresident travelers need to show proof of full vaccination to enter the U.S.

Related: US dropping international COVID-19 testing requirement

The U.S., which reopened to fully vaccinated international travelers on Nov. 8, 2021, still requires all arriving air passengers to provide contact tracing information to their airline. Current details on requirements for entering the U.S.can be found on the CDC’s website.

All U.S. states are open and proof-of-vaccination requirements for many indoor activities in New York, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Boston and other cities have ended.

On March 26, Hawaii ended restrictions for domestic travelers, but international arrivals are still subject to the U.S. government’s vaccination rules.

Related: Traveling to Hawaii just got a whole lot easier

Masks are no longer required in public spaces. On April 18, a federal judge vacated the executive order President Joe Biden signed soon after taking office in late January 2021 that mandated the wearing of masks on federal property and domestic public transportation, including planes, buses, subways, trains, airports and train stations. Mask-wearing is optional in airports, on airplanes and on certain other public transportation. New York in early September changed its own public transportation mask mandate on subways, buses and shared rides to recommended from required.

The CDC has updated its domestic travel guidance for fully vaccinated travelers, but still strongly advises unvaccinated individuals to test before and after travel within the U.S. Check the CDC website for the latest updates.

Long-standing U.S. restrictions on visitors, including a ban on tourists driving into the country from Canada and Mexico, were lifted on Nov. 8, 2021, but only for fully vaccinated travelers (at least 14 days past their final dose). The vaccination requirement does not include children under the age of 18.

Canada

a large body of water with a city in the background: Niagara Falls on the U.S.-Canada border. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy Niagara Falls on the U.S.-Canada border. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY

As of Oct. 1, all COVID-19-related entry restrictions for all international visitors to Canada have been eased. Proof of vaccination is no longer required and the electronic ArriveCAN form has been discontinued.

Canada had previously ended its pre-travel testing requirements on April 1 and the rule, in effect since Nov. 30, 2021, that all passengers age 12 and older traveling domestically in Canada by air or by rail need to be fully vaccinated was suspended on June 20.

Find the latest updates here.

Quebec requires anyone seeking to buy alcohol or cannabis at a province-run store to be fully vaccinated.

Fully vaccinated Canadians are again able to enter the U.S. via a land crossing at the border as of Nov. 8, 2021.

For more information and updates, visit the U.S. Embassy in Canada website.

The U.S. Department of State’s travel advisory for Canada is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Mexico

a group of people in front of a large building: Mexico City in August 2019. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy Mexico City in August 2019. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY

Mexico has never required testing for entry and has lifted most coronavirus restrictions.

According to the U.S. Embassy in Mexico, travelers entering Mexico via land may be subject to health screenings, including temperature checks. Travelers may experience significant delays and face the possibility of being returned to the U.S. or quarantined in Mexico.

An increase in crime against tourists in Cancun and Riviera Maya made the U.S. Consulate General in Merida issue a security alert for Americans traveling in the region in January 2022. Crime in many regions of Mexico is high. The U.S. consulate classifies Colima, Guerrero, Michoacan, Sinaloa, Tamaulipas and Zacatecas as “Do Not Travel” states.

The U.S.-Mexico land border reopened on Nov. 8, 2021, and fully vaccinated travelers are once again allowed to enter the U.S. from Mexico by land. Proof of vaccination is not required for U.S. citizens, but international travelers are required to be vaccinated.

The State Department’s advisory for Mexico is now broken down state by state due to threats of crime and kidnapping.

Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico, an unincorporated territory of the U.S., is open to all international travelers, although non- U.S. citizens or permanent residents must present proof of vaccination against COVID-19.

As of March 10, all domestic travelers (U.S. citizens and residents), both vaccinated and unvaccinated, no longer need to provide proof of a negative pre-travel COVID-19 test result to enter Puerto Rico.

International visitors must be fully vaccinated. However, the U.S. rule that required all those arriving by air to provide proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken one day before entry ended on June 12.

All capacity restrictions have also ended. Masks are no longer required in indoor public places, but are recommended on public transportation and when vaccination status cannot be guaranteed. Masks are now optional (as of Oct. 1) at events with more than 1,000 people and attendees are no longer required to provide updated proof of vaccination.

For the latest updates, check here.

Related: Your points and miles guide to Puerto Rico

U.S. Virgin Islands

The U.S. Virgin Islands, which includes St. Thomas, St. John and St. Croix, has been open to tourism since Sept. 19, 2020. As of June 1, all travelers, whether fully vaccinated or not, no longer need to provide proof of a pre-travel negative test to enter (the test requirement had been dropped for vaccinated domestic travelers as of March 7).

International travelers must still adhere to the U.S. entry requirement that they be fully vaccinated to visit the USVI. Details can be found here.

Caribbean

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Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda reopened to tourists on June 4, 2020, and the government’s travel advisory as of Aug. 29 lifted all remaining COVID-19 protocols for entry by air and sea. Check for updates here.

Mask-wearing in certain public settings is recommended.

Per the U.S. Embassy for the Eastern Caribbean, the U.S. State Department’s advisory for Antigua is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions 

Anguilla

Anguilla is once again welcoming all international visitors with no COVID-19 entry restrictions in place. The island, which began welcoming preapproved travelers on May 25, 2021, as of Oct. 1 has dropped approval and pre-travel testing requirements for unvaccinated travelers; vaccinated travelers had already been allowed to enter without pre-travel testing since Aug. 8.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Anguilla is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions. Visit the U.S. Embassy in Barbados and the Eastern Caribbean, which oversees Anguilla, for additional information.

a group of people on a beach: Aruba in December 2017. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy Aruba in December 2017. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY

Aruba

As of March 19, Aruba has relaxed its COVID-19 testing requirements and no longer requires proof of vaccination or a negative test to enter. However, all visitors must still complete an online embarkation/disembarkation card process within 72 to four hours prior to travel. The questionnaire asks for identifying information, including passport details. The form also includes a section where visitors can input their travel plans and answer health questions. Travelers must also get the Aruba Health app as part of the ED card process. Find details here.

Aruba reopened to tourists in the summer of 2020 and American visitors were welcomed back on July 10, 2020. U.S. travelers to Aruba previously had to purchase visitors insurance to cover up to $75,000 in health insurance, but the requirement has been discontinued as of July 8.

Visitors must carry a mask with them and wear one in businesses that require them. As of Feb. 17, all other safety measures have been eased.

Visit the U.S. Consulate General in Curacao, which oversees Aruba, for additional information. The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Aruba is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

For the latest updates related to travel, check Visit Aruba’s entry requirements page.

Bahamas

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The Bahamas is fully open and as of Sept. 20, all COVID-19 entry restrictions have been lifted, including the need to apply for a Bahamas Health Visa. Details can be found here.

Check the U.S. Embassy in the Bahamas for additional info. The U.S. State Department’s advisory for the Bahamas is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Barbados

Barbados, which reopened to international travelers in July, 2020, as of Sept. 22 has ended all official COVID-19 entry protocols. Masks are also now optional. Find details here.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Barbados is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions. Check the website of the U.S. Embassy in Barbados for additional information.

Bermuda

a small boat in a body of water with a city in the background: Colorful homes and hotels on a hillside in Hamilton, Bermuda. ANDYKAZIE/GETTY IMAGES © The Points Guy Colorful homes and hotels on a hillside in Hamilton, Bermuda. ANDYKAZIE/GETTY IMAGES

Bermuda, which reopened to travelers on July 1, 2020, has ended its pre-travel authorization and pre-travel negative test requirements and as of Nov. 14 visitors only need to fill out an electronic Bermuda Arrival Card, which was in place before the pandemic.

Complete details are available here.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Bermuda is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

More information on the coronavirus in Bermuda can be found here.

Bonaire

Americans are welcome to visit Bonaire. As of April 20, proof of vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test result is no longer required for entry.

For the latest details, check here.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Bonaire is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions. For more information, visit the website of the U.S. Consulate General in Curacao, which oversees Bonaire.

British Virgin Islands

The British Virgin Islands officially reopened to tourism on Dec. 1, 2020, and as of July 15, 2022, visitors are no longer required to provide proof of a negative COVID-19 test to enter, even if unvaccinated. Proof of health insurance valid in the British Virgin Islands is also no longer required.

Complete details on travel requirements and restrictions can be found here.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for the British Virgin Islands is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions. Check the U.S. Embassy in Barbados and the Eastern Caribbean, which oversees the British Virgin Islands, for additional information.

Cayman Islands

As of Aug. 24, there are no longer any COVID-19 protocols for all travelers, whether vaccinated or unvaccinated, to enter the Cayman Islands and approval via the Cayman Travel Portal has been suspended. Details are here.

The Cayman Islands had been welcoming fully vaccinated tourists since it entered Phase 5 of its reopening on Jan. 20. Cruise tourism resumed on March 21.

Related: After a 2-year absence, cruise ships are returning to the Cayman Islands

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for the Cayman Islands is Level 3: Reconsider Travel.

Cuba

Cuba began welcoming international tourists back Nov. 15, 2021, and as of April 6, 2022, neither a negative COVID-19 test nor proof of full vaccination is required for entry. Tourists are not required to quarantine but should have medical insurance valid in Cuba and they need to complete a health declaration form prior to travel.

The U.S. State Department has a Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution advisory in place for Cuba. Politics limits Americans’ travel to Cuba more than COVID-19. Long-standing travel restrictions were tightened by the U.S. government in late 2019, eliminating many of the reasons Americans were allowed to visit Cuba in exact years. For information on exemptions that allow Americans to travel to Cuba, visit the U.S. Embassy in Cuba’s COVID-19 page and “Traveling to Cuba” page.

There are a number of additional restrictions for U.S. travelers visiting Cuba that are not related to the pandemic, and which remain active.

Curacao

Curacao reopened to U.S. tourists in November 2020. All travelers are required to complete a digital immigration card before departure, but as of June 2, there are no other pre-travel testing requirements for all international visitors. Details are here.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Curacao is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions. Visit the U.S. Consulate General in Curacao’s website for additional information.

Dominica

Dominica has been open to travelers since Aug. 3, 2020, and as of Aug. 22, all COVID-19-related entry protocols have been dropped. Visitors no longer need to fill out a pre-travel questionnaire or present proof of vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test result.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Dominica is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

For more information, see the U.S. Embassy for Barbados and the Eastern Caribbean’s website and Dominica’s travel advisory.

Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic reopened July 1, 2020 and all travelers are currently welcome to visit, with no pre-travel COVID-19 entry requirements.

Related: How to book a trip to the Dominican Republic using points and miles

As of April 23, travelers no longer need to show proof of vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test result to enter and random tests at the airport have ended. The  use of masks and social distancing measures in public spaces is now up to the individual. Check for updates here.

All travelers must still fill out and submit an electronic entry ticket (for both arrival into and departure from the Dominican Republic) to declare they have not felt any COVID-19-related symptoms in the last 72 hours and provide contact details for the next 30 days.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for the island is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Grenada

a large body of water: St. George’s Harbour, Grenada. WESTEND61/GETTY IMAGES © The Points Guy St. George’s Harbour, Grenada. WESTEND61/GETTY IMAGES

Grenada began reopening to foreign tourists on Aug. 1, 2020, with strict protocols, including quarantine, in place for all visitors. But as of April 4, 2022, Grenada has removed all COVID-19-related entry requirements and restrictions for both vaccinated and unvaccinated travelers.

Complete details can be found here.

For more information, check the U.S. Embassy in the Eastern Caribbean’s COVID-19 page for Grenada. The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Grenada is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Haiti

Haiti — which suffered political and social turmoil following the assassination of its president, Jovenel Moise, on July 7, 2021, as well as a 7.2 magnitude earthquake two weeks later — has reopened its borders to regular international passenger traffic. It has also opened its land borders with the Dominican Republic.

According to the U.S. Embassy in Haiti, as of April 18, all travelers to Haiti age 12 and older will need to present either a vaccination card proving full vaccination or proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR or antigen test taken within 72 hours of travel to their airline; proof of prior COVID-19 infection (a positive test and documentation from the attending physician) is also allowed. Passengers ages 5-11 must only present a negative test result.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Haiti is Level 4: Do Not Travel.

Jamaica

Jamaica officially reopened for tourism on June 15, 2020, and as of April 16, 2022, passengers no longer need to present proof of a negative COVID-19 test to board their flight to Jamaica.

For faster processing upon arrival at the airport, travelers are encouraged to submit their Immigration/Customs C5 card online anytime before arrival. If the card has not been submitted online, passengers may complete the paper form issued in flight by the airline.

Visit the U.S. Embassy in Jamaica’s website for additional information. The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Jamaica is Level 3: Reconsider Travel.

Martinique

Americans can visit Martinique for tourism — and as of Aug. 1 there are no COVID-19-related entry requirements for any traveler, according to the U.S. Embassy for the Eastern Caribbean.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Martinique is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

St. Barts

Americans can visit St. Barts for tourism — and as of Aug. 1 there are no COVID-19-related entry requirements for any traveler, according to the U.S. Embassy for the Eastern Caribbean.

Check here for additional information about traveling to the island.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for St. Barts is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

St. Kitts and Nevis

As of Aug. 15, all travelers are allowed to enter St. Kitts and Nevis without any COVID-19-related restrictions. The only pre-travel requirement is an immigration and customs form.

Details can be found here.

Americans can now stay anywhere on the island, where options include the Park Hyatt St. Kitts, the Four Seasons Nevis and the St. Kitts Marriott Resort.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for St. Kitts and Nevis is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

St. Lucia

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As of Sept. 5,  St. Lucia has dropped all previous COVID-19-related entry protocols for both vaccinated and unvaccinated travelers; although, all visitors must complete and have a printed and signed copy of the St. Lucia Health Screening form.

Immediate access to all on-island activities is now available to both fully vaccinated and unvaccinated travelers. Unvaccinated travelers had previously been required to vacation in place at certified properties for the first seven days of their visit.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for St. Lucia is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

For further details, visit the international arrivals page on the St. Lucia Tourism website and the U.S. Embassy in Barbados and the Eastern Caribbean’s website.

St. Vincent and the Grenadines

St. Vincent and the Grenadines began reopening on July 1, 2020 and as of Sept. 18, all COVID-19-related entry protocols have been lifted. Details are here.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for St. Vincent and the Grenadines is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions. Check the website of the U.S. Embassy in Barbados and the Eastern Caribbean and Discover St. Vincent and the Grenadines for updates.

St. Maarten

a plane flying over a body of water: St. Maarten in January 2017. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy St. Maarten in January 2017. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY

Dutch St. Maarten ended all COVID-19-related entry requirements as of Nov. 1 and is welcoming U.S. and other travelers arriving at Princess Juliana International Airport (SXM) without the need for proof of vaccination, testing or electronic authorization. Details are here.

Tourists can also cross the border from Dutch St. Maarten to French Saint-Martin.

The U.S. State Department advisory is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions for both Dutch St. Maarten and French Saint-Martin.

Trinidad and Tobago

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Trinidad and Tobago issued a stay-at-home order in late March 2020 and banned tourists. The country’s borders reopened on July 17, 2021, and as of July 1, 2022, pre-travel testing is no longer required for entry.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Trinidad and Tobago is Level 3: Reconsider Travel. Check the U.S. Embassy in Trinidad & Tobago website for updates.

Turks and Caicos

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Turks and Caicos, a group of 40 low-lying coral islands popular with tourists in the Caribbean, began welcoming international visitors to Providenciales International Airport (PLS) on July 22, 2020. This British overseas territory includes the island of Providenciales, also known as Provo.

Turks and Caicos currently requires all visitors 18 years of age or older to be fully vaccinated, meaning 14 days must have passed after receiving a single-dose vaccine or a second dose of a two-dose vaccine. Vaccines currently approved are Pfizer, Moderna, AstraZeneca, Johnson & Johnson and others.

To show proof of vaccination, you’ll need to provide a digital or paper vaccination record, including the CDC-issued card, or a vaccination letter signed by a medical professional (physician or registered nurse with license number) or one printed from an electronic vaccination database.

Related: Turks and Caicos to require vaccination 

As of May 1, travelers to Turks and Caicos are no longer required to present proof of a negative COVID-19 pre-travel test, show proof of medical insurance valid for the treatment of COVID-19 in Turks and Caicos or obtain travel pre-authorization. Masks are no longer required in public places.

For the latest information, visit the Turks and Caicos tourism website and check the website of the U.S. Embassy in the Bahamas, which oversees Turks and Caicos.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Turks and Caicos is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Related: Why I love Turks and Caicos

Europe

Europe continues to experience COVID-19 waves, although almost all countries have relaxed COVID-19-related entry restrictions and dropped vaccination or testing requirements to access indoor spaces such as restaurants, hotels and museums. The European Council recommended in late February 2022 that its member countries open more broadly to travelers from outside the European Union; by late October, when Spain finally ended its entry requirements, most countries had dropped all COVID-19-related entry requirements for travelers.

Albania

The Albanian government reopened for tourism on July 1, 2020, and Americans can visit, according to the U.S. Embassy in Albania.

Effective May 1, 2022, Albania repealed all COVID-19-related entry and public health measures, per the U.S. Embassy.

The U.S. State Department’s travel advisory for Albania is now Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Armenia

Armenia is open to Americans, according to the U.S. Embassy in Yerevan. As of early May, the country no longer requires proof of vaccination or a pre-travel negative test to enter the country.

The U.S. State Department’s travel advisory for Armenia is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Austria

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As of May 16, Austria no longer requires visitors from any country to be vaccinated, recovered or tested.

Information can be found here.

As of June 1, FFP2 or KN95 face masks are no longer required on public transportation and in essential shops and pharmacies — but in Vienna, they remain compulsory on public transportation and in pharmacies. For details on current restrictions, check here.

Check the U.S. Embassy in Austria for additional information. The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Austria is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Azerbaijan

According to the U.S. Embassy in Azerbaijan, as of June 21, 2021, U.S. citizens can fly to Azerbaijan. Entry by land is not permitted, however, and all travelers over the age of 18 must have proof of vaccination or proof of immunity from a previous infection (the testing requirement was eliminated as of April 14, 2022).

The country is under special restrictions through at least Jan. 1, 2023, to require proof of vaccination for those 18 and older to enter indoor venues, including restaurants, cafes and malls. Masks, however, are no longer required as of May 1.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Azerbaijan is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Belarus

Belarus is on the front lines of the Russia-Ukraine war. The country has also been in the midst of a popular uprising against Alexander Lukashenko, called the “last dictator in Europe.”

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for the country is Level 4: Do Not Travel (“due to the arbitrary enforcement of laws, the risk of detention, the Russian military attack on neighboring Ukraine, and the buildup of Russian military in Belarus along the border with Ukraine”).

It isn’t wise to visit — the embassy has suspended operations in Minsk and has asked Americans to depart Belarus if they are there — but the country bordering Russia and Ukraine is open. According to the U.S. Embassy in Belarus, America is on a list of countries that were allowed to enter as of Aug. 15, 2020, but only through Minsk National Airport (MSQ). Land borders are closed to American travelers.

Americans require a visa. A COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours is also required and unvaccinated travelers must self-quarantine for seven days — and complete the full quarantine in Belarus. Travelers also need to fill out a health questionnaire and submit to temperature and health checks on arrival.

Note: On June 29, 2021, the U.S. Department of Transportation prohibited the sale of direct passenger air transportation, including tickets booked through one airline that contain flights operated by multiple airlines, between the U.S. and Belarus. Once this order becomes final, only direct air transportation deemed to be in the national interest of the U.S., including on humanitarian or national security grounds, will be allowed, per the U.S. Embassy.

 Belgium

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As of May 23, Belgium has lifted entry restrictions for all travelers, except those from “Very High-Risk” countries — but as of early December, no countries are categorized as such.

That means all Americans, whether they are vaccinated or not, can travel to Belgium without the need to test or quarantine, according to the Embassy and Consulates of Belgium in the U.S.

Further information can be found here and on the U.S. Embassy in Belgium’s website.

Belgium had also instituted social distancing restrictions, which are being reduced. For more information, check the country’s current measures.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Belgium is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Americans can travel to Bosnia and Herzegovina and, according to the U.S. Embassy, as of May 16 all COVID-19-related restrictions have been removed for all visitors.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Bosnia and Herzegovina is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Bulgaria

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Americans can enter Bulgaria for tourism, per the U.S. Embassy in Bulgaria.

According to the embassy, as of May 1, all COVID-19-related entry restrictions have been lifted and all travelers to Bulgaria no longer need to provide vaccination or testing documents.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Bulgaria is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Croatia

U.S. travelers can visit Croatia — and as of early May, there are no longer any vaccination or testing requirements for entry, per the U.S. Embassy in Croatia.

The U.S. Embassy does note that entry requirements are subject to change at any time without notice and that the Croatian Border Police have final authority regarding entry into Croatia.

Croatia no longer requires that masks be worn in indoor public spaces, with the exception of health care facilities.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Croatia is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Cyprus

Cyprus, a small island nation off the coast of Turkey, is now open to all international visitors and all previous COVID-19-related entry protocols ended on June 1.

As of July 8, masks are required in certain indoor areas, including public transportation, for those over 12 years old.

Check the U.S. Embassy in Cyprus for additional information.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Cyprus is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Czech Republic

As of April 9,  the Czech Republic has suspended all entry restrictions related to COVID-19. This means Americans can visit for tourism, whether they are vaccinated or not. Details can be found here and here. You can also check the U.S. Embassy in the Czech Republic website.

Direct flights between the U.S. and the Czech Republic resumed this summer on Delta Air Lines.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for the Czech Republic is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Denmark

a boat is docked next to a body of water: Copenhagen in October 2015. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy Copenhagen in October 2015. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY

As of March 29, there are no longer any COVID-19-related restrictions for entering Denmark. Americans, whether they are vaccinated or not, can travel there for tourism.

Denmark also dropped all COVID-19-related restrictions within the country as of Feb. 1, although private businesses and cultural institutions may continue to require certain things and there will be recommendations for the use of masks and “corona passports” in certain limited situations. Face masks are no longer required in Danish airports.

Updates to travel restrictions for Denmark can be found here. You can also visit the U.S. Embassy in Denmark for additional information.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Denmark is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Estonia

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Estonia reopened to Americans as of June 21, 2021, according to the U.S. Embassy in Estonia, including for tourism. As of early July 2022, Estonia has lifted all COVID-19-related entry restrictions. See details here.

Masks are recommended in indoor public spaces.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Estonia is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Finland

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Americans can visit Finland for tourism and all COVID-19-related border restrictions ended as of June 30, per the Visit Finland tourism board.

Check the U.S. Embassy in Finland for additional information. The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Finland is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

France

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As of Aug. 1, all COVID-19-related entry requirements for France have been dropped. This includes proof of COVID-19 vaccination and a negative test result.

Updates to entry restrictions can be found here.

Check the U.S. Embassy & Consulates in France for additional updates. The U.S. State Department’s advisory for France is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Georgia

Americans are welcome in the country of Georgia, according to the U.S. Embassy in Georgia, and proof of COVID-19 vaccination or a negative pre-travel test is no longer required. Proof of health insurance valid in Georgia is recommended.

The U.S. State Department’s current advisory for Georgia is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Germany

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Germany has welcomed all Americans (except those who are residents of China due to reciprocity) since June 20, 2021. As of June 11, 2022, the German government has dropped all COVID-19-related vaccination and testing requirements for entry.

Related: Germany drops COVID-19 travel requirements

Check the U.S. Embassy in Germany or the German Federal Foreign Office for additional information.

Masks are still required on public transportation through at least Jan. 1, 2023.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Germany is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Greece

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Greece began welcoming U.S. travelers on April 19, 2021. As of May 1, 2022, all travelers to Greece are no longer required to present a vaccination certificate, proof of recovery from COVID-19 or proof of a negative PCR or antigen test. Details can be found here.

As of March 15, 2022, it is also no longer mandatory to complete an online passenger locator form, but filling out a simplified version of the form is recommended.

Face masks are only required on public transportation.

Check the U.S. Embassy in Greece website for additional information.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Greece is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Hungary

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As of March 7, Hungary ended all COVID-19-related travel restrictions for travelers, including Americans, according to the U.S. Embassy in Hungary.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Hungary is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Iceland

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Iceland is welcoming U.S. travelers — and as of Feb. 25, there are no longer any testing or vaccination requirements to enter from any country.

Related: Iceland lifts all COVID-19 restrictions

Read the latest updates on Icelandair’s website and check the U.S. Embassy in Iceland for additional information.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Iceland is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Related: 9 reasons you should visit Iceland

Ireland

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As of March 6, Ireland has dropped all COVID-19-related entry requirements for both vaccinated and unvaccinated travelers; completing a passenger locator form is also no longer required.

Updates on traveling to Ireland are here. Details on loosened restrictions within Ireland can be found here and here.

Masks are no longer required but are still recommended on public transportation and in health care settings.

For additional information, visit the U.S. Mission Ireland’s website.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Ireland is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Italy

a castle like building in a city: Milan in March 2017. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy Milan in March 2017. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY

Italy is open for tourism — and as of June 1, both vaccinated and unvaccinated travelers can enter without any COVID-19 vaccination or testing restrictions.

All passengers traveling to Italy had been required to fill out the EU Digital Passenger Locator Form, but that requirement ended on May 1.

In addition, as of June 1 proof of vaccination (the “Green Pass”) is no longer required to visit museums, dine in restaurants, use public transportation and access most other indoor venues. Masks are recommended but no longer required on public transport.

Check the U.S. Embassy & Consulates in Italy website for additional information. The latest updates by Italy’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs can be found here.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Italy is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Kosovo

Kosovo has reopened its borders to Americans and Prishtina International Airport (PRN) is open. According to the U.S. Embassy in Kosovo, as of May 1, travelers can enter Kosovo without proof of vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test, but the embassy says that travelers should bring their vaccination certificate with them because it is still required to enter certain indoor spaces.

The embassy also notes: “Airlines, transit points, and destination countries impose a patchwork of different testing requirements and airlines may refuse boarding for some passengers (including U.S. citizens and Kosovo residents). Airlines have the sole authority to decide who they allow to board their aircraft. Generally, pre-travel testing is recommended.”

To dine inside restaurants or enter museums, malls or public institutions, anyone over the age of 16 must show evidence of vaccination or a negative PCR or rapid antigen test.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Latvia

Riga, Latvia, in August 2019. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy Riga, Latvia, in August 2019. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY

Americans can visit Latvia and, according to the U.S. Embassy in Latvia, the country ended entry protocols for travelers from non-high-risk countries as of April 1. Currently, the U.S. is not on the high-risk list and Americans can visit whether they are vaccinated or not without the need to pretest or register.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Latvia is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Liechtenstein

Switzerland handles immigration and customs matters for Liechtenstein, meaning that as long as you are qualified to enter Switzerland, you are able to enter Liechtenstein since there’s an open border between the two countries.

All Americans had been allowed in for tourism as of June 28, 2021, according to the U.S. Embassy, and as of May 2, 2022, all Americans, no matter their vaccination status, can enter Liechtenstein without any pandemic-related measures.

Travelers can check their eligibility to enter Switzerland and Liechtenstein at the countries’ online Travelcheck. They can also check with the Swiss Embassy in Washington, D.C.

All COVID-19-related restrictions for businesses and public transportation have been lifted. Details are here.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Liechtenstein is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Lithuania

Vilnius, Lithuania, in May 2019. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy Vilnius, Lithuania, in May 2019. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY

Americans can visit Lithuania for any purpose, and as of May 1, according to the U.S. Embassy in Lithuania, all COVID-19-related entry requirements have been lifted.

Information on entry to Lithuania can be found here. Information about the current restrictions and recommendations can be found on the Ministry of Health’s webpage.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Lithuania is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Luxembourg

a castle with water in the background: Luxembourg in November 2016. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy Luxembourg in November 2016. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY

According to the U.S. Embassy in Luxembourg, as of Oct. 1, all travelers from the U.S., regardless of their vaccination status, can enter Luxembourg.

Details on travel to Luxembourg are available here.

Masks and CovidCheck are no longer required for entrance to bars, restaurants, stores or on public transportation (only for hospitals and nursing homes). Read more about Luxembourg’s restrictions here.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Luxembourg is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Malta

There are no COVID-19-related travel requirements in place for entering Malta.

Details are available on the Ministry of Health website.

Masks are now required only in certain settings such as hospitals and care homes.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Malta is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Moldova

As of March 16, Moldova has lifted all COVID-19-related entry restrictions and Americans are permitted to enter Moldova.

Check the U.S. Embassy in Moldova’s website and the Moldovan Border Police website for more information. Face masks are now recommended but not required in all indoor public spaces.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Moldova is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Monaco

According to the Monaco government’s COVID-19 website, as of Aug. 12, access to the principality of Monaco is no longer subject to the presentation of a health pass/vaccination certificate.

France, which dropped all COVID-19-related entry protocols on Aug. 1, handles immigration and customs for Monaco.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for France and Monaco is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Montenegro

Montenegro is open to Americans and the U.S. Embassy in Montenegro notes that as of March 11, no proof of vaccination, COVID-19 passports/certificates or COVID-19 tests are required to enter Montenegro.

Face masks must be worn on all public transportation and in hospitals and collective accommodations.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Montenegro is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

The Netherlands

Amsterdam. LIZ HUND/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy Amsterdam. LIZ HUND/THE POINTS GUY

The Netherlands lifted all remaining COVID-19 entry restrictions as of Sept. 17, meaning all international travelers can visit without proof of vaccination required.

Visit the U.S. Embassy in the Netherlands for additional information and the latest updates from the government of The Netherlands can be found here and here.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for the Netherlands is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

North Macedonia

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North Macedonia is now open to all tourists, including Americans, with no testing or vaccination requirements, according to the U.S. Embassy in North Macedonia.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for North Macedonia is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Norway

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As of Feb. 12, Norway’s travel restrictions have been lifted. The same rules as prior to the COVID-19 pandemic now apply. There are no requirements for testing, quarantine or registration upon arrival in Norway, according to the U.S. Embassy in Norway.

Detailed information about travel to Norway and national and local COVID-19 prevention measures are available on Health Norway’s website.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Norway is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Poland

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As of March 28, Poland has lifted all vaccination and testing requirements for all arriving travelers, including those from outside the EU/Schengen Area. All U.S. citizens are now permitted to visit.

Details and updates can be found here.

Check with the U.S. Embassy; additional information is available here.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Poland is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Portugal

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As of July 1, Portugal has dropped all COVID-19-related vaccination and testing restrictions and U.S. travelers can visit without any pre-travel requirements.

More information is available at Visit Portugal and through the U.S. Embassy in Portugal.

Masks are required on public transportation and in health care facilities and nursing homes.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Portugal is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Romania

As of March 9, Romania has lifted all COVID-19-related entry restrictions, according to the U.S. Embassy in Romania, and foreign citizens entering Romania no longer need proof of vaccination or a negative test result.

Travelers planning to visit Romania can also check the Embassy of Romania in Washington, D.C., for updates.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Romania is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Russia

Travel to Russia is not advised due to the invasion of Ukraine by Russian forces, which has limited international transportation options as airlines have canceled flights to and from the country. In addition, most cruise lines have canceled scheduled port calls on St. Petersburg.

The Russian government requires that all foreign travelers present proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test result upon arrival, dated within two days prior to arrival in Russia, along with completion of a digital form that must be printed out and presented to customs in Russia.

The U.S. Embassy in Moscow advises U.S. citizens not to travel to Russia as the country’s infrastructure has been unsettled by global sanctions imposed since the Ukraine invasion and because Russia is one of the countries “most affected” by COVID-19. Cases and deaths have surged, hitting record highs through mid-February.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Russia is Level 4: Do Not Travel.

Serbia

As of May 3, all travelers entering Serbia no longer need to provide proof of a negative COVID-19 test, according to the U.S. Embassy in Serbia. Most pandemic-related restrictions have gradually been lifted.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Serbia is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Slovakia

According to the U.S. Embassy in Slovakia, as of April 6, all COVID-19-related requirements for entry to Slovakia are canceled, regardless of vaccination status, and Americans are allowed to visit for tourism.

As of April 23, most social restrictions were ended and masks are no longer required in public spaces other than health care settings.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Slovakia is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Slovenia

Spain

Madrid in June 2017. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy Madrid in June 2017. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY

On Oct. 21, Spain dropped all remaining COVID-19-related entry requirements, becoming one of the last countries in Europe to do so.

Further details can be found here or on the U.S. Embassy in Spain’s website.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Spain is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Sweden

Stockholm in August 2019. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy Stockholm in August 2019. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY

As of April 1, Sweden has lifted all COVID-19-related entry restrictions and bans. Those traveling to the country do not require proof of vaccination or a negative test, according to the Swedish Border Police.

The U.S. Embassy in Sweden also has information on traveling to Sweden.

As of Feb. 9, Sweden has dropped all domestic COVID-19-related restrictions, including the wearing of face masks on public transit and capacity limits and vaccine requirements for restaurants.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Sweden is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Switzerland

Lucerne, Switzerland, in April 2016. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy Lucerne, Switzerland, in April 2016. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY

According to the U.S. Embassy in Switzerland, as of May 2, 2022, all Americans, vaccinated or not, can visit Switzerland without any COVID-19-related protocols.

Travelers can check their eligibility to enter Switzerland at the country’s online Travelcheck. They can also check with the Swiss Embassy in Washington, D.C.

All COVID-19-related restrictions for business and public transportation have also been lifted as of May 2. Details are here.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Switzerland is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Turkey

a group of people in front of Hagia Sophia: Istanbul in May 2018. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy Istanbul in May 2018. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY

Turkey’s international borders are open for travelers from a number of countries, including the U.S., according to the U.S. Embassy in Turkey.

As of June 1, Turkey has dropped all COVID-19-related entry requirements, so proof of vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test is no longer required.

The Turkish Ministry of Health announced on March 2 that masks are no longer required outdoors and indoors if air circulation and social distancing are adequate. Restaurants are open without restrictions.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Turkey is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Ukraine

Due to the heavy and sustained armed war with Russia within Ukraine, as well as the government’s state of emergency and COVID-19, any travel to Ukraine at this time is not advised. Those U.S. citizens currently in Ukraine should depart immediately, per the U.S. Embassy in Ukraine.

All U.S. citizens age 12 and older who choose to enter Ukraine from the U.S. or another “Red Zone” country must present proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR or rapid antigen test taken within 72 hours of arrival; or, they can present a document confirming the receipt of a full course of vaccination against COVID-19 with vaccines on the WHO’s list of approved vaccines.

U.S. citizens traveling to Ukraine must also demonstrate that they have medical insurance covering all expenses related to COVID-19 treatment while in Ukraine.

Since Aug. 5, 2021, all foreign tourists over 18 years old who have not been vaccinated must self-isolate for 10 days and monitor such via the Vdoma mobile app, to be shortened by testing negative within three days. Quarantine is not required if you are in the country for less than 72 hours.

Mask-wearing is mandatory on public transportation and in indoor public spaces.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Ukraine is Level 4: Do Not Travel.

United Kingdom

a large clock tower towering over the city of london: London in November 2016. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy London in November 2016. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY

As of March 18, the United Kingdom has lifted all COVID-19-related entry requirements, so U.S. travelers no longer need to show proof of vaccination, recovery or a negative test to enter. The need to fill out an online passenger locator pass has also ended.

All four nations that comprise the U.K. have separate COVID-19 regulations: England’s are here, Scotland’s are here, Northern Ireland’s are here and Wales’ are here..

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for the U.K. is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Visit the U.S. Embassy in the United Kingdom for regular updates.

Central America

Belize

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Philip Goldson International Airport (BZE) reopened on Aug. 15, 2020, and the return of tourism began on Oct. 1, 2020, with travel requirements in place. But as of July 12,  Americans and all international visitors are welcome to visit Belize without any vaccination or testing requirements required. As of April 1, the country also removed all remaining in-country COVID-19-related restrictions, including mask mandates. Details are available here.

All travelers to Belize are advised to purchase local travel health insurance ($18 per person for a visit lasting up to 21 days) from Belize Travel Insurance, but it is not required.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Belize is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Costa Rica

Costa Rica — which reopened to Americans on Nov. 1, 2020 — repealed its COVID-19-related entry requirements as of April 1, 2022. Details can be found here.

Most businesses are open and face masks are recommended but no longer mandatory in all indoor public settings. Beaches are open and national parks are welcoming visitors at 100% capacity.

Travelers can also check the U.S. Embassy in Costa Rica website for information.

The U.S. State Department’s travel advisory for Costa Rica is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

El Salvador

The country of El Salvador reopened for commercial flights to Óscar Arnulfo Romero International Airport (SAL) in San Salvador on Sept. 19, 2020.

Local businesses are open with no restrictions. According to the U.S. Embassy in El Salvador, as of Nov. 17, 2021, the government of El Salvador removed the COVID-19 test and/or vaccination requirements for entry. Travelers are advised to confirm with their airlines that the airline understands and has implemented this change to avoid complications at their departure airport.

The country has said arriving passengers will face temperature checks. A curfew is currently not in place and there are no quarantine requirements for visitors.

The U.S. State Department’s travel advisory for El Salvador is Level 3: Reconsider Travel.

Guatemala

Guatemala began slowly reopening to tourism on Sept. 18, 2020, and La Aurora International Airport (GUA) is accepting international arrivals. As of Aug. 12, the country removed all COVID-19-related entry protocols, according to the U.S. Embassy in Guatemala.

Upon arrival, travelers must pass through health checkpoints and masks are required in some public settings.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Guatemala is Level 3: Reconsider Travel.

Honduras

Honduras reopened for tourists from all countries on Aug. 17, 2020, with its international airports in operation. Spirit Airlines has resumed service from Fort Lauderdale and Houston, and American Airlines is flying from Miami.

Entering visitors must complete a government registration form and print it, as well as present their original vaccination certificate indicating they are 14 days or more past completing their vaccination or proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR or rapid antigen test taken within 72 hours of check-in at the airport. They will also be required to sign an affidavit and complete customs forms.

Updates on guidelines can be found on the U.S. Embassy in Honduras website.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Honduras is Level 3: Reconsider Travel.

Nicaragua

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Nicaragua never really shut down. There were never any stay-at-home or social distancing orders and there are continued questions about how many cases Nicaragua actually has had. In addition, only limited flights from the U.S. have resumed (on Avianca and Copa).

The U.S. Embassy in Nicaragua notes that U.S. travelers are allowed to enter Nicaragua, and proof of COVID-19 vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test result taken within 72 hours of travel is required for entry. Travelers should also be prepared for additional health screenings and may be asked to produce their negative test results. Anyone entering Nicaragua from a country with a known yellow fever risk must also show proof of vaccination at least 10 days prior to arrival.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Nicaragua is Level 3: Reconsider Travel.

Panama

a statue in front of a building: Panama in February 2016. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy Panama in February 2016. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY

Panama reopened its airport in late August 2020 and tourism resumed on Oct. 12, 2020. The country lifted all remaining COVID-19 entry restrictions for travelers on Sept. 16. Details are available here.

As of July 11, face masks are required only on public transportation and in hospital and health care settings.

The U.S. Embassy in Panama notes on its website that the U.S. State Department has issued a Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution advisory.

South America

Argentina

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Argentina had one of the world’s strictest travel bans, restricting all international visitors until Nov. 1, 2021, when fully vaccinated foreigners (including Americans) were allowed to enter the country. As of early April 2022, all international visitors are welcome, without the need to be vaccinated or tested. See details here.

Visit the U.S. Embassy in Argentina for additional information.

The U.S. State Department advisory for Argentina is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Bolivia

Bolivia had been off-limits to tourists, but the country is now open to visitors, according to the U.S. Embassy in Bolivia, with a notation that travelers should be prepared for additional travel restrictions affecting international travel to be put into effect with little or no advance notice.

U.S. citizens will need to obtain a tourist visa ($160 and valid for 30 days).

Entry rules now require travelers to Bolivia, regardless of their country of origin, to present either a COVID-19 vaccination certificate or submit proof of a certified negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of their flight or a negative antigen test taken within 48 hours (children 5 years old and younger are exempt).

Face masks are required in some public spaces.

The U.S. Embassy reports that commercial flights have resumed — Boliviana de Aviacion has flights between La Paz and Miami — but travelers should expect that additional restrictions affecting international travel could be put in place with little advance notice.

The U.S. State Department’s travel advisory for Bolivia is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Brazil

a group of people sitting at a beach with Sugarloaf Mountain in the background: Rio de Janeiro, May 2018. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy Rio de Janeiro, May 2018. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY

Brazil, a large and populous country, has had the most coronavirus cases in South America. As of Sept. 12, all international travelers, both fully vaccinated and those who are unvaccinated with a negative pre-travel test, are welcome to visit Brazil. Details can be found here.

Fully vaccinated travelers to Brazil are required to present proof of full vaccination to their airline. It can be electronic or printed, but proof in the form of just a QR code will not be accepted.

Unvaccinated travelers must present proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test or a negative laboratory antigen test taken within one day of boarding.

Brazil no longer requires proof of health insurance for entry, but the U.S. State Department continues to recommend that all travelers purchase insurance before departing the U.S. For updates, check the U.S. Embassy in Brazil’s website.

The U.S. State Department’s travel advisory for Brazil is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Chile

Chile is welcoming international travelers — and proof of vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test is once again required as of Sept. 1.

According to both the U.S. Embassy in Chile and the Chile Tourism website, any noncitizen or nonresident planning to enter Chile must do the following:

  • Travelers age 18 and older to Chile need to provide proof of vaccination when boarding their flight to Chile or proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 48 hours of boarding. Random testing may also occur upon or after arrival.
  • Travelers visiting the remote Chilean island of Rapa Nui (Easter Island) must be fully vaccinated, have official reservations and fill out a Single Entry Form.

The U.S. State Department’s travel advisory for Chile is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Colombia

American tourists can visit Colombia, where international flights resumed on Sept. 21, 2020, according to the U.S. Embassy in Colombia. As of May 1, 2022, all visitors age 18 and older need to provide proof of full vaccination or a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours or a negative antigen test taken within 24 hours of their departure to Colombia.

Current requirements also call for all visitors to complete the online pre-travel registration form “Check-Mig” within 72 hours of their flight departure time. Further details are available here.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Colombia is Level 3: Reconsider Travel.

Ecuador

a group of people flying kites in the sky: Quito, Ecuador, in October 2019. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy Quito, Ecuador, in October 2019. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY

Ecuador is open for tourism, and as of Oct. 20, all COVID-19-related entry requirements for both the mainland and the Galapagos Islands have ended, per the Ecuador Tourism website. However, all visitors must still fill out an online health declaration form and visitors to the Galapagos are still required to present a “transit control card” issued by the Government of Galapagos. See details here.

The U.S. State Department’s travel advisory for Ecuador is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Visit the U.S. Embassy in Ecuador website for additional information.

Guyana

According to the U.S. Embassy, vaccinated Americans can visit Guyana. As of June 18, all travelers over the age of 12 must present proof of being fully vaccinated against COVID-19 (at least two weeks past their final shot). Predeparture testing is no longer required to enter Guyana.

Restaurants are open and dining is allowed at 100% capacity. Mask-wearing in public is no longer mandatory but is strongly encouraged.

The U.S. State Department’s travel advisory for Guyana is Level 3: Reconsider Travel.

Paraguay

According to the U.S. Embassy in Paraguay, the country no longer requires proof of vaccination or a negative  COVID-19 test to enter.

The embassy also says that U.S. citizens do not need a visa for visits of up to 90 days for tourism or business. Face masks are no longer mandatory, but are recommended.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Paraguay is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Peru

The U.S. Embassy in Peru reports that direct flights from the U.S. are available and as of Nov. 1, Americans are now welcome to enter Peru without proof of COVID-19 vaccination or a negative test result.

Check the Peru Tourism website for additional updates.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Peru is Level 3: Reconsider Travel.

Uruguay

Uruguay reopened to fully vaccinated international travelers on Nov. 1, 2021, and commercial flights have resumed. According to the U.S. Embassy in Uruguay, unvaccinated travelers can enter with testing. Here’s what’s required:

  • Vaccinated travelers require proof of vaccination, but no longer require a pre-travel negative test.
  • Unvaccinated travelers require proof of a negative PCR or antigen test taken within 72 hours before initiating travel (minors under age 6 are exempt)
  • Proof of health insurance effective in Uruguay for the duration of your stay is required for all foreign travelers entering Uruguay.

While travelers are no longer required to wear masks, the State Department recommends wearing face coverings inside crowded buildings and on public transportation.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Uruguay is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Venezuela

Current entry protocols require that U.S. travelers apply for and obtain a visa and all arriving air passengers must present proof of full vaccination, either with a physical card or a digital card (with a QR code).  A booster dose is required if the second dose was more than 270 days prior. If unvaccinated, a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival is required. There are health screenings upon arrival, but no quarantine is currently required.

For additional information, check with the U.S. Embassy in Venezuela.

The U.S. State Department has issued a Level 4: Do Not Travel advisory.

Asia

Bangladesh

Bangladesh requires international visitors, including those from the U.S. States, to be fully vaccinated or present proof of a negative COVID-19 test result, according to the U.S. Embassy in Bangladesh.

U.S. citizens need a valid visa or “no visa required” seal to enter. Fully vaccinated travelers do not need to present proof of a negative pre-travel test, but those age 12 and older who are unvaccinated or partially vaccinated must have a negative COVID-19 PCR test result taken within 72 hours of travel to Bangladesh.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Bangladesh is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Cambodia

Cambodia, which reopened for tourism early in 2022 now has no pre-travel testing or proof of vaccination required for visitors as of Oct. 6, according to the U.S. Embassy in Cambodia.

All travelers must obtain a visa to enter the country and are encouraged to purchase COVID-19 health insurance valid in Cambodia.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Cambodia is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

China

China was where COVID-19 emerged, and the country suspended entry for nearly all foreigners — including all foreign spectators for the Beijing Winter Olympics, which took place Feb. 4-20, 2022 — and slashed the volume of international passenger flights to and from the country in March 2020. An outbreak in Xian in December 2021 and January 2022 resulted in a monthlong lockdown of the city’s 13 million residents and another wave in March resulted in lockdowns in Shanghai and Guangzhou. Ongoing “zero-COVID” lockdowns have resulted in protests around the country in November that the government moved quickly to suppress, later announcing an easing to the length of the lockdowns it imposes.

The State Department’s travel advisory for China remains at Level 3: Reconsider Travel, mainly due to arbitrary enforcement of local laws.

Strict anti-travel measures remain in place and tourism isn’t allowed. The U.S. Embassy in China says that U.S. citizens with valid resident permits and visas can enter China “under certain conditions.”

The latest health notice posted by the Embassy of the People’s Republic in the U.S. on Nov. 12 requires that travelers to China obtain a COVID-19 PCR (nucleic acid) test from a certified lab, taken within 48 hours of departure, and then apply for a “health code” to receive a Checked “green code” to present when boarding their flight. According to the U.S. Embassy, all arriving passengers are then screened and subject to a minimum 10-day quarantine. They may also be required to install location-tracking software on their phones to access public spaces and businesses.

For additional details on requirements for traveling to China, check with the Chinese Embassy in Washington, D.C., the U.S. Embassy in China and with your airline.

Hong Kong

a large ship in the water with Victoria Harbour in the background: Hong Kong, October 2019. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy Hong Kong, October 2019. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY

As of May 1, nonresident foreigners who are fully vaccinated can again enter Hong Kong, but proof of vaccination and multiple tests, both before departure and after arrival, are required.

According to the U.S. Consulate General Hong Kong & Macau, Americans can visit Hong Kong, but they must present either a record of full vaccination; a letter from a doctor certifying recovery from COVID-19 plus one dose of a recognized COVID-19 vaccine; or a letter from a doctor attesting to the traveler’s inability to receive a COVID-19 vaccine due to a medical condition. Unvaccinated children under the age of 12 are permitted to enter Hong Kong when accompanying a vaccinated parent or caregiver.

As of Sept. 23, all travelers also must take a laboratory rapid antigen test within 24 hours of their flight and declare the negative result on an online Health & Quarantine Information Declaration. They must then present the generated QR code when checking in for their flight.

All mandatory hotel quarantine requirements have ended, but according to the U.S. Consulate General, upon arrival, all travelers will undergo a COVID-19 PCR test, with results available in 24 hours. They will be released immediately to begin a seven-day period of medical surveillance at their homes or accommodation. During the first three days, they will have an amber code and must avoid certain places under the Vaccine Pass scheme. During the remaining four days of medical surveillance, they will have a blue code and face no movement restrictions. On Day 2 (i.e. the day after arrival), they must undergo a PCR test at a community testing center (for free) or at a government-recognized medical facility (for a fee), and they must conduct RATs on days 1-7. A positive result on any of these tests, with accompanying COVID symptoms, will result in immediate hospitalization; a positive result with no symptoms will result in transfer to a Community Isolation Centre or COVID hotel.  Please note that arriving travelers without Hong Kong cell phone numbers may have trouble receiving communications from Hong Kong health authorities concerning their COVID test results.

Complete details are available here and here.

Transit passengers are allowed as of April 1, according to Airport Authority Hong Kong. Transit passengers are international travelers who are only flying into Hong Kong in order to catch another flight. Transit passengers cannot leave the airport.

Related: Hong Kong airport to allow transit passengers as part of reopening

Additional details on entry requirements and testing for travelers are here and here. FAQ can be found here.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Hong Kong is Level 3: Reconsider Travel.

India

The U.S. Embassy in India notes that travel to India for tourism and other short-term purposes has resumed fully for individuals holding tourist or e-tourist visas. Valid visas, which were previously suspended due to COVID-19-related precautions, have been fully reinstated and are valid for travel until their printed expiration dates.

According to the U.S. Embassy, all international passengers age 5 and older must either present a vaccination certificate proving full vaccination (India recognizes the CDC vaccination card) or a negative COVID-19 PCR test result taken within 72 hours of travel. As of Nov. 22, it is no longer necessary to upload the certificate or test results to the Air Suvidha portal.

Passengers may be tested again upon arrival (2% will be selected at random) and must self-monitor for 14 days. U.S. citizens who must travel to India are strongly urged to get fully vaccinated before travel and continue to take personal health safety measures to protect themselves.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for India is currently Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Indonesia

Indonesia is open again for tourism. On Feb. 4, 2022,  Bali reopened to all fully vaccinated international visitors. And now the entry protocols are the same throughout Indonesia.

According to the U.S. Embassy in Indonesia, travelers age 18 and older entering the country through airports, seaports and land borders must be fully vaccinated, but pre-travel testing is no longer required. They will undergo a symptom check upon arrival and travelers may be tested if their temperature is above 99.5 degrees. All travelers are also required to have international health insurance valid for COVID-19 treatment and medical evacuation from Indonesia and get the PeduliLindungi app.

Travelers who cannot be vaccinated for medical reasons and have a letter from a medical doctor are allowed to enter, but are required to undergo a five-day quarantine. There is no quarantine for fully vaccinated travelers.

Travelers must also have a short-visit visa or other entry permit; visas upon arrival are again available.

The U.S. State Department’s travel advisory for Indonesia is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Japan

a group of people in front of a crowd of people at a park: Tokyo, April 2017. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy Tokyo, April 2017. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY

Japan reopened for visa-free tourism as of Oct. 11.

The country had banned entry by all foreign nationals on Nov. 29, 2021, in response to the omicron variant and had been closed to tourism since 2020. It first began welcoming tourists on June 10 — but only on select tours with fixed schedules and guides.

Travelers age 18 and older who are fully vaccinated must present proof of vaccination. Unvaccinated travelers are permitted to enter Japan, but they must present a negative result of a COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of departure for Japan.

Requirements for accompanying children vary by age, with unvaccinated children age 6 to 18 required to present a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours while unvaccinated children under six years old not requiring a test. Details are here.

All arriving travelers must also present a completed health questionnaire. As of Nov. 1, travelers to Japan can pre-register here for airport immigration, Customs and vaccination review and use the Fast Track system at major airports throughout Japan.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Japan is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Kazakhstan

The landlocked Central Asian nation of Kazakhstan has reopened to Americans arriving via its international airports (visa-free for 30 days), according to the U.S. Embassy in Kazakhstan. International flights from Azerbaijan, China, South Korea, the Czech Republic, Germany and the United Arab Emirates have resumed.

A negative pre-travel COVID-19 PCR test is no longer required. The U.S. Embassy notes that travelers who enter with an elevated temperature will be isolated in a facility for infectious diseases.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Kazakhstan is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution. As of July 27, 2022, the U.S. Embassy in Kazakhstan advises travelers to reconsider travel to the country due to COVID-19 risk.

Kyrgyzstan

The U.S. Embassy in the Kyrgyz Republic says the entry ban for U.S. citizens was lifted in December 2020, but advises citizens that the country offers limited healthcare services. In the case of a COVID-19 infection, travelers might have a hard time getting the treatment they need.

Those who do visit Kyrgyzstan via airports in Bishkek, Osh and Issyk Kul no longer need to present either their original vaccine card showing full vaccination against COVID-19 or proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival. But the U.S. Embassy still recommends carrying both since requirements are subject to change with little to no notice. U.S. citizens may now enter Kyrgyzstan from land crossings in Kazakhstan, but entering from land borders with China, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan is currently prohibited.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Kyrgyzstan is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Laos

As of May 9, fully vaccinated international travelers can enter Laos, but they must also apply for a visa, according to the U.S. Embassy in Laos. The CDC vaccination card is accepted as proof of vaccination. A negative PCR or antigen test is not required for entry.

The U.S. State Department’s travel advisory for Laos is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Macau

a statue in front of a tall building: Macau, October 2019. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy Macau, October 2019. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY

As of Sept. 1, passport holders of the U.S. and 40 other countries (including most of Europe, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, South Korea, Thailand, Malaysia and Singapore) can enter Macau without prior approval. They are, however, subject to the testing and quarantine requirements stipulated for all visitors. As of Nov. 13, travelers from beyond those previously stipulated may also enter if they fall into certain categories.

According to the U.S. Consulate General Hong Kong & Macau, travelers must present proof of a negative COVID-19 nucleic acid test (PCR) conducted within the past seven days, 48 hours or 24 hours, depending on their point of origin. Details can be found here.

See links on the U.S. Consulate General website for full details.

All outbound travelers from Macau must also test negative within seven days of departure.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Macau is Level 3: Reconsider Travel.

Malaysia

a statue in front of a large body of water with Petronas Towers in the background: Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, September 2019. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, September 2019. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY

As of Aug.1, Malaysia has lifted all entry restrictions on foreign nationals, according to the U.S. Embassy in Malaysia. U.S. citizens and other non-Malaysian foreign travelers can now enter the country without proof of vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test result.

The embassy reports that arriving travelers are no longer required to get the MySejahtera app and complete the digital predeparture form, but the app should still be downloaded anyway to indicate ta traveler’s risk status while in Malaysia and some businesses may ask to check the app before allowing entry.

Entry restrictions may change with little advance notice. Requirements may also vary throughout different regions of the country. The U.S. Embassy recommends checking the social media accounts of the Malaysian Ministry of Health and the Malaysian Immigration Department for the most exact updates on COVID-19 procedures.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Malaysia is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

The Maldives

Travelers to the Maldives are no longer required to present proof of a pre-travel negative test as of March 14, when the island nation’s public health emergency was revoked. However, travelers (with the exception of arriving tourists and returning residents of the Maldives) are encouraged to take a PCR test between three and five days after arrival.

Related: Where you can travel with no COVID-19 test required

According to the Maldives Immigration website, travelers do not need to be vaccinated for entry. However, all international visitors, including Americans, must still complete a traveler declaration within 72 hours prior to travel. A free 30-day tourist visa will be issued upon arrival. Further details can be found here.

If a traveler tests positive or is exposed to someone with COVID-19 while visiting the Maldives, they must complete a government-mandated quarantine at their own expense.

The latest update on resort openings can be found here.

Emirates is offering connections through Dubai from major global cities including Chicago. Etihad resumed flights from Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, to the Maldives starting in July 2020. Turkish Airlines also started flights in July 2020.

Additional information can be found on the U.S. Mission to Maldives website. The U.S. State Department’s advisory for the Maldives is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Mongolia

Mongolia lifted its restrictions on outbound and inbound travel in June 2021 and ended pre-travel testing requirements in March 2022, according to the U.S. Embassy in Mongolia.

U.S. citizens are allowed to visit, according to the U.S. Embassy, and do not need a visa for a stay of under 90 days (but for stays of more than 30 days, travelers are required to register and failure to do so will incur a fine of $100-$300). Passengers do not need to be vaccinated, but they must fill out a medical declaration form upon arrival.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Mongolia is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Nepal

Nepal has fully reopened to tourists and as of March 10, 2022, all travelers arriving by air may now receive on-arrival visas (subject to proof of vaccination or negative test results).

According to the U.S. Embassy in Nepal, changes to restrictions and requirements can be enacted with little notice. With the March 10 changes, travelers can enter with proof of full vaccination and those who are not fully vaccinated (and older than 5 years of age) can enter by presenting proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of boarding their flight for Nepal.

For more information, check the Embassy of Nepal in Washington, D.C., or Nepal’s Department of Immigration.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Nepal is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Pakistan

Pakistan has reopened for Americans. However, the U.S. State Department discourages travelers from visiting Pakistan at present due to terrorism and violence.

According to the U.S. Embassy, vaccinated individuals can enter Pakistan with proof of full vaccination, while unvaccinated individuals over the age of 12 must present the results of a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of boarding their flight.

Americans wishing to travel to Pakistan will need a visa.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Pakistan is Level 3: Reconsider Travel.

The Philippines

a small boat in a body of water: Cebu, Philippines. KRISCAV/GETTY IMAGES © The Points Guy Cebu, Philippines. KRISCAV/GETTY IMAGES

According to the U.S. Embassy in Manila, the Philippines is now granting entry to both fully vaccinated and unvaccinated visitors from countries that are permitted visa-free travel for up to 30 days, including the U.S., but when entering they must have a valid departure ticket within that time frame.

All travelers must complete a Bureau of Quarantine e-Health Declaration Card within 72 hours of travel to the Philippines to receive a QR code. Unvaccinated or partially vaccinated travelers must present proof of a negative laboratory-based rapid antigen test taken within 24 hours of departure. Travelers should also expect health screenings at ports of entry in the Philippines.

Children under the age of 15 are exempt from the vaccination or testing requirements. Details can be found here.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for the Philippines is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Singapore

Singapore, September 2019. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy Singapore, September 2019. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY

As of April 1, all fully vaccinated travelers (and children under 12 regardless of vaccination status) are able to enter Singapore quarantine-free via any flight. Details can be found here.

With the April 1 changes, travelers must complete an electronic SG Arrival Card and upload a digitally verifiable vaccination certificate within 72 hours of travel. Fully vaccinated adults and their accompanying children age 12 and below no longer need to provide proof of a negative predeparture COVID-19 test, but anyone age 13 and above who is unvaccinated or partially vaccinated must show proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR or antigen test taken within two days of departure for Singapore.

Travel insurance covering at least $30,000 in COVID medical and quarantine costs is required. Installing and activating Singapore’s TraceTogether app is also suggested.

See the Singapore Airlines website and U.S. Embassy in Singapore website for additional information.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Singapore is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

South Korea

As of Oct. 1, South Korea has eliminated pre-travel and post-arrival testing for all travelers, regardless of vaccination status.

However, visitors are encouraged to register their travel and health information in the Q-code system before departing for South Korea to speed the airport arrival process.

For Information on arrival protocols, check the Incheon Airport website. Additional details are available on the U.S. Embassy in the Republic of Korea website and on the Embassy of the Republic of Korea in the USA website.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Sri Lanka

All travelers to Sri Lanka can visit without quarantine as of April 20, although they need to have a valid tourist visa and mandatory local health insurance ($12 for coverage for one month).

Those who are fully vaccinated no longer need to present proof of a pre-travel negative test while unvaccinated travelers must be tested in their own country and provide proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of their flight or a negative antigen test taken within 48 hours.

Visit the U.S. Embassy in Sri Lanka website for additional updates.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Sri Lanka is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution

Taiwan

a view of a city: The overlook in Jiufen, Taiwan. MUNZIR ROSDI/EYEEM/GETTY IMAGES © The Points Guy The overlook in Jiufen, Taiwan. MUNZIR ROSDI/EYEEM/GETTY IMAGES

Taiwan on Sept.12 restored visa exemption for U.S passport holders and entry for Americans is now permitted.

As of Aug. 15, Taiwan has dropped the pre-travel testing requirement for entering the country. As of Oct. 13, quarantine requirements have ended but travelers must still undergo health screenings upon arrival and abide by seven days of self-initiated epidemic prevention (including staying one person per room) and use the rapid test kits given to them upon arrival as instructed.

Details can be found here. For additional information see the American Institute in Taiwan’s website.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Taiwan is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Tajikistan

Tajikistan never had a full lockdown, and most businesses, hotels and restaurants reopened on June 15, 2020.

According to the U.S. Embassy in Tajikistan, all Americans need a Tajik visa for entry (as well as government permission in advance if seeking to enter via a land border) and those age 3 and older must show a COVID-19 vaccination certificate or the results of a negative COVID-19 PCR test issued within 72 hours of arrival when boarding flights to Dushanbe International Airport (DYU). These test results must then be Checked by Dushanbe authorities.

The U.S. Embassy also notes that access to medical care in the country may be limited and that “the Government of Tajikistan frequently adjusts its entry and exit requirements in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, and changes to the policy are not immediately made available to the public.” An unexpired visa is also required to leave Tajikistan.

The U.S. State Department’s travel advisory for Tajikistan is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Thailand

a large building: Bangkok, December 2018. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy Bangkok, December 2018. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY

As of Oct. 1, travelers to Thailand no longer need to show proof of vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test to enter the country.

Since April 1, 2021, U.S. passport holders have also not been required to obtain a visa for a tourist visit of up to 45 days in Thailand.

For further information on visiting Thailand, check the U.S. Embassy in Thailand’s website and the Royal Thai Embassy’s website.

The U.S. State Department’s travel advisory for Thailand is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Turkmenistan

According to the U.S. Embassy in Turkmenistan, U.S. citizens are allowed to visit the country, but both the U.S. State Department and the CDC heavily discourage going there. Although Turkmenistan just lifted its suspension of all international flights, few commercial airlines offer flights into the country.

The government has not acknowledged any cases of COVID-19 within the borders of Turkmenistan, and the U.S. Embassy in Turkmenistan suggests that the government in Turkmenistan “may be disinclined to do so if cases were confirmed.”

Any private U.S. citizen seeking to enter Turkmenistan will be required to present proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test and a serology certificate confirming the presence of antibodies, both taken within 48 hours of departure from the U.S. or other point of origin. All travelers will also undergo a PCR test upon arrival ($44), followed by an at-home quarantine of three days. Another PCR test ($44) is required to exit quarantine.

The U.S. Embassy notes, “The government of Turkmenistan can and does change quarantine requirements and arrival procedures for private citizens with little advance notice.”

U.S. State Department has issued a Level 3: Reconsider Travel advisory.

Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan is open to Americans. U.S. citizens need a visa for entry, but as of June 10, proof of vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test is no longer required for entry, according to the U.S. Embassy in Uzbekistan.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Uzbekistan is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Vietnam

On March 15, Vietnam reopened to foreign tourists after two years of widespread travel restrictions. Pre-pandemic visa-issuing policies have now resumed and all COVID-19-related mandatory quarantine requirements for new arrivals have been lifted.

As of May 15, travelers no longer have to show proof of a negative COVID-19 test to be allowed into Vietnam. Still, the U.S. Embassy in Vietnam recommends that travelers check with their airline to confirm if tests are needed for the airline or for transit to other countries.

Check with the Vietnam Embassy in the U.S. for additional information.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Vietnam is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Oceania

Australia

a castle surrounded by a body of water with Sydney Opera House in the background: Sydney, March 2018. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy Sydney, March 2018. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY

Australia had remained closed to most foreign visitors for two years, although that changed on Feb. 21, 2021, when the country finally reopened to fully vaccinated international visitors. And as of July 6, requirements for proof of vaccination or pre-travel testing have been lifted. Health screenings at ports of entry still stand. Details are here.

All international arrivals in Australia do still need to apply for an electronic visa.

Australia also reopened to cruise ships in February 2021.

Related: It’s official: Australia is scrapping its pre-travel testing

Check the U.S. Embassy in Australia website for updates.

Qantas has resumed international flights between Sydney and Los Angeles, London and other cities. American, Delta and United are also offering flights from the U.S. to Australia.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Australia is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

French Polynesia

The Islands of Tahiti are now open to all U.S. visitors, regardless of vaccination status. And since French Polynesia is an overseas territory of France, as of Aug. 1, travelers flying to Papeete from Los Angeles, San Francisco, Seattle, Noumea and Auckland no longer need to provide proof of vaccination or a negative test result or present a sworn statement.

Note: Any non-U.S. citizen flying through the U.S. to get to French Polynesia must be fully vaccinated to enter the U.S. by air.

Updates can be found here. Additional information is available on the Air Tahiti Nui website.

If you’re itching to travel to French Polynesia, there are lots of options for getting there. Be sure to check out our guide on the best ways to get to Tahiti using points and miles. The destination is home to some famous hotels, such as the Conrad Bora Bora Nui and the Hilton Moorea Lagoon Resort & Spa.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for French Polynesia is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Fiji

Fiji began allowing fully vaccinated travelers from select countries, including the U.S., for tourism as of Dec. 1, 2021, after having been in strict lockdown since March 2020 with no tourism allowed for more than 18 months. Fiji reopened to fully vaccinated travelers from all countries on April 7, 2022.

To enter Fiji, fully vaccinated travelers age 16 and older need to present proof of full vaccination, but predeparture COVID-19 test requirements have been lifted. Children under age 16, when accompanied by a vaccinated adult, do not need to be vaccinated.

As of April 7, travelers do need to have travel health insurance valid for COVID-19 in Fiji.

Check for updates here and visit the U.S. Embassy in Fiji website for additional information. The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Fiji is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

New Zealand

a traffic light sitting below a tall building with Sky Tower in the background: Auckland, New Zealand, March 2018. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy Auckland, New Zealand, March 2018. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY

Americans who are fully vaccinated have been allowed to visit New Zealand since May 2, but as of Sept. 13 and Oct. 20, all COVID-related entry requirements, including being vaccinated, have been lifted.

However, any traveler from a visa-waiver country (including the U.S.) must obtain a New Zealand Electronic Travel Authority. Details can be found here.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for New Zealand is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Samoa

As of Aug. 1, foreign nationals are able to enter Samoa, according to the U.S. Embassy in Samoa. And since late September, there are no longer any vaccination or pre-travel testing requirements for Americans seeking to enter Samoa.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Samoa is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Tonga

U.S. citizens can enter Tonga for tourism purposes, as of Aug. 1, according to the U.S. Embassy in Fiji, Kiribati, Nauru, Tonga, and Tuvalu.

Those who do travel to Tonga need to be fully vaccinated and present a negative rapid antigen test taken within 24 hours of arrival. Check with your airline for the most up-to-date testing requirements.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Tonga is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Middle East

Bahrain

According to the U.S. Embassy in Bahrain, U.S. travelers have been permitted to receive a visa upon arrival and enter Bahrain since Sept. 4, 2020.

As of Feb. 20, 2022, Bahrain no longer requires pre-travel testing or testing upon arrival, no matter a traveler’s vaccination status. If travelers plan to go to Saudi Arabia (one Bahrain’s neighboring countries) from Bahrain, however, the U.S. Embassy notes that COVID-19-related restrictions might be enforced or changed with little to no notice. The embassy discourages travelers from flying into Bahrain solely to go to Saudi Arabia.

Face masks are now optional in all indoor public spaces and indoor dining has returned to full capacity.

The U.S. State Department’s travel advisory for Bahrain is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Israel

Americans had been able to visit Israel if fully vaccinated, and as of March 1, even unvaccinated travelers can enter the country.

According to the U.S. Embassy in Israel, there are no longer any COVID-19 entry requirements or restrictions for travelers. Additional information is available here.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Israel is now indicated with individual summaries for the country’s regions, with a Do Not Travel warning for Gaza.

Jordan

Jordan is open to Americans, according to the U.S. Embassy in Jordan. All arriving passengers must register online before the flight, but pre-travel and arrival COVID-19 test requirements were dropped as of March 1, 2022. Passengers are encouraged to check with their airlines for specific requirements, though.

All travelers must have travel health insurance valid in Jordan and must complete their online Gateway2Jordan registration to receive a QR code to be presented upon boarding their flight.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Jordan is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Kuwait

Americans can once again travel to Kuwait without the need to test or quarantine, according to the U.S. Embassy in Kuwait. Travelers seeking to enter will only be permitted in with either a valid visa or a residency permit. Electronic visas (eVisas) are available for U.S. citizens on the Ministry of Interior website.

According to the U.S. Embassy, as of May 1, proof of vaccination is no longer required to enter.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Kuwait is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Lebanon

As of March 28, registration on the Ministry of Public Health Pass platform has been canceled and travelers no longer need to show their enrollment before being permitted to board a flight bound for Lebanon.

As of March 1, fully vaccinated passengers who received their last dose of a COVID-19 vaccine (or a booster shot) within the past six months are exempt from performing a PCR test or rapid antigen test in their country of departure and from being tested upon arrival at Beirut’s airport.

All unvaccinated travelers to Lebanon over the age of 12 must present a negative PCR or rapid antigen test taken within 48 hours of boarding their flight to enter the country, per the U.S. Embassy in Lebanon. All unvaccinated passengers, except those under the age of 12, are also now required to take a PCR test upon arrival at Beirut Airport and refrain from going out in public for 24 hours until receiving a negative result.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Lebanon is Level 3: Reconsider Travel.

Oman

International flights to Oman have resumed and as of May 23, all COVID-19-related entry restrictions have been lifted, according to the U.S. Embassy in Oman. However, the embassy notes that travelers to Oman “may be requested to present a vaccination certificate indicating they have received at least 2 doses of a Sultanate-approved COVID-19 vaccine. The last dose is required to be taken at least fourteen (14) days ahead of the estimated arrival time.”

The Sultanate is currently accepting the following approved vaccines: AstraZeneca, Pfizer, Moderna, Johnson & Johnson, Sinovac, Sinopharm, Sputnik V, Novavax, CanSino, Covaxin and Sputnik Lite.

The Royal Oman Police resumed all visa operations and services on Sept. 1, 2021. All travelers are also required to have travel health insurance that is valid in Oman and covers the cost of COVID-19 treatment for at least a month.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Oman is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Qatar

Qatar, which is hosting the 2022 World Cup from late November to mid-December, welcomes foreign tourists and as of Nov. 1, COVID-19-related entry measures have been dropped. Details can be found here.

U.S. citizens do not need a visa to enter Qatar for visits of up to 30 days. Check here and see the website of the U.S. Embassy in Qatar for more information.

Full details on entry requirements are available on Qatar’s Ministry of Public Health website.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Qatar is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Saudi Arabia

Fully vaccinated and boosted Americans can travel to Saudi Arabia, and as of March 5, 2022, the country has removed all COVID-19-related testing and quarantine restrictions. According to the U.S. Embassy in Saudi Arabia, fully vaccinated travelers to the kingdom are:

  • No longer required to provide proof of a negative PCR or rapid antigen test upon arrival.
  • No longer required to undergo any mandatory COVID-19 quarantine upon arrival.

According to the U.S. Embassy, all persons in Saudi Arabia still need to register to show proof of vaccination via the Tawakkalna app by a Ministry of Health-approved vaccine (Pfizer, Moderna, AstraZeneca, Johnson & Johnson, Sinopharm, Sinovac, Covaxin, Sputnik and Covovax). It is used to enter all government and private establishments, as well as for public transportation and domestic air travel. All travelers must also obtain a visa and have health insurance valid in Saudi Arabia.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for the country is Level 3: Reconsider Travel.

Syria

U.S. travelers are not able to enter Syria at this time. The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Syria is Level 4: Do Not Travel.

United Arab Emirates

a tall building with Renaissance Center in the background: Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, in May 2017. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY © The Points Guy Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, in May 2017. CLINT HENDERSON/THE POINTS GUY

The United Arab Emirates is open to tourism and Americans are welcome — without the need to provide proof of vaccination or a negative PCR test as of Nov. 7.

For complete information on traveling to Dubai, check the Emirates website. Details for Abu Dhabi are available here.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for the UAE is Level 3: Reconsider Travel.

Yemen

The U.S. State Department has maintained a Level 4: Do Not Travel advisory for Yemen due to issues with terrorism, civil unrest, health risks, kidnapping, armed conflict and landmines. The embassy in Sanaa suspended operations in early 2015, and U.S. citizens in Yemen will not be able to rely on emergency services from the U.S. government.

All travelers entering on U.S. documents are required to have a visa from the Yemeni government before entering the country, and passports must have an additional six months of validity from the date of departure.

Africa

Botswana

According to the U.S. Embassy in Botswana, as of Aug. 28, all Americans are permitted to enter Botswana without proof of COVID-19 vaccination or pre-travel testing.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Botswana is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Democratic Republic of Congo

The Democratic Republic of Congo reopened its borders in August 2020. It is perhaps best known for Virunga National Park, which reopened on April 1, 2021.

According to the U.S. Embassy, as of Oct. 1, fully vaccinated travelers no longer need to present proof of a negative pre-travel COVID-19 PCR test taken within three days of travel to enter or depart the DRC.

However, all unvaccinated international travelers age 11 and older must arrive with proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken within three days of their departure to the DRC. Upon arrival, unvaccinated travelers age 11 and older must also take a second COVID-19 test at the airport. Travelers should register their information and pay for the test ($45) at inrbcovid.com before they begin their travels and must self-quarantine until they receive a negative test result, usually within 24 hours.

Americans need a visa to visit as well as a WHO card with proof of yellow fever vaccination and proof of health and medical evacuation insurance valid in the DRC.

To exit the DRC, all unvaccinated travelers age 11 and older must pay for and present proof of a negative COVID-19 test from an approved lab taken within three days of travel ($30).

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for the Democratic Republic of Congo is Level 3: Reconsider Travel.

Egypt

a group of people flying a kite: Luxor, Egypt. GETTY IMAGES © The Points Guy Luxor, Egypt. GETTY IMAGES

International tourism resumed in Egypt in July 2020 and the country is now open to Americans — with no restrictions to entry as of June 2022.

Americans do still need a tourist visa, available on arrival or before arrival via online enrollment. But there are no quarantine requirements and the need to present proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR or antigen test with a QR code was lifted June 17, according to the U.S. Embassy in Egypt. The latest travel advisories are also available here.

The U.S. State Department’s warning is Level 3: Reconsider Travel.

Related: Dreaming of visiting Egypt

Ghana

Ghana’s Kotoka International Airport (ACC) reopened for regular international service on Sept. 1, 2020, and the country’s land and sea borders reopened on March 28, 2022. According to the U.S. Embassy in Ghana, Americans are allowed to enter the country and all passengers arriving by air must be fully vaccinated (if age 18 or older) and fully vaccinated travelers no longer need to present proof of a negative pre-travel COVID-19 test.

The embassy notes: “All persons 18 years old and above arriving in Ghana will be required to provide evidence of full vaccination for a COVID-19 vaccine. Citizens of Ghana and foreign residents who are not fully vaccinated, will, however, need to provide a negative PCR test result no more than 48-hours old, will undergo an antigen test upon arrival in Ghana, and will be offered vaccination upon arrival. Ghana’s Foreign Missions have been instructed to make vaccination a requirement for visa acquisition.”

Ghana’s Ministry of Public Health has ended its mandate for the use of face masks in public, but social distancing and good hand hygiene are still recommended.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Ghana is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Kenya

Kenya reopened to tourism on Aug. 1, 2020, and Americans are currently welcome to visit. According to the U.S. Embassy in Kenya, all visitors must fill out a mandatory online health form (to obtain a QR code for scanning upon arrival) and have a valid vaccination certificate. If unvaccinated and eligible to visit (and over age 5), travelers must have proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of departure for Kenya and then take a rapid antigen test (at a cost of $30) upon arrival.

Before travel, both vaccination and test results documents (for eligible unvaccinated visitors) must be uploaded prior to travel into the Panabios system.

All visitors also need to obtain an e-visa.

Face masks are no longer mandatory in public but are recommended in some indoor situations.

The U.S. State Department’s travel advisory is now Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Malawi

According to the U.S. Embassy in Malawi, Americans are allowed to enter Malawi. As of June 1, travelers who can show a digital COVID-19 vaccination certificate no longer need a pre-travel PCR test to enter. With the white CDC card, however, electronic proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival is required.

Travelers who are unvaccinated need to show a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken with 72 hours of arrival in Malawi.

All travelers must use the Trusted Traveler framework for online authentication of their vaccination or PCR test documents. Details are available here.

More information is available on the Malawi Tourism website.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Malawi is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Mauritius

According to the U.S. Embassy in Mauritius, the island nation dropped its pre-travel testing requirement as of March 12 — and as of July 1, there are no longer different rules for vaccinated and unvaccinated travelers. Both groups do need to fill in Mauritius’ All in One Travel Form to generate an arrival QR code.

Details of travel requirements and travel alerts for Mauritius can be found here.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Mauritius is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Related: Why Mauritius should be at the top of your travel to-do list

Morocco

Morocco reopened to foreign visitors on Feb. 7, 2022, reversing a ban on air travel that was instated in November of 2021.

All COVID-19-related entry requirements were lifted on Sept. 30, with the exception of the completion of a health form.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Morocco is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Mozambique

According to the U.S. Embassy in Mozambique, U.S. citizens can enter Mozambique and a visa is required. Visas should be obtained in the U.S. (in New York City or Washington, D.C.) before travel to Mozambique, the embassy says, because visas upon arrival, while available for tourists, are not guaranteed.

Travelers must provide proof of full vaccination or a negative COVID-19 PCR test administered in their country of origin within 72 hours of departure. Children up to age 11 are exempt from this requirement. Travelers should expect health screenings upon arrival and there are many regulations and restrictions in effect for commercial businesses and gatherings. Masks are required in all closed spaces.

Although the government of Mozambique does not require exiting travelers to take COVID-19 tests, individual airport agents might. Travelers should check their airline’s requirements ahead of time.

Currently, the U.S. State Department’s advisory for Mozambique is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Namibia

Namibia has been open for tourism since Sept. 1, 2020, and all COVID-19-related entry requirements have now been lifted.  For further information, check the health section of the Visit Namibia website and the U.S. Embassy in Namibia.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Namibia is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Nigeria

Nigeria reopened its airports for domestic travel on July 8, 2020, and international flights resumed in August 2020. All tourists are again welcome, including Americans.

According to the U.S. Embassy in Nigeria, arriving international passengers age 18 and older must have verifiable proof of being fully vaccinated or, if unvaccinated or partially vaccinated, present proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 48 hours of departure on the first leg of their journey. A protocol issued in September 2021 requires all international visitors to register via the Nigeria International Travel Portal and upload test results or vaccine certificates prior to travel.

In addition, all travelers who are unvaccinated or partially vaccinated are required to take additional COVID-19 PCR tests on day two and day seven after arrival (and they must register and pay for them beforehand to obtain a QR code). The U.S. Embassy in Nigeria says that travelers might face penalties if they do not comply with COVID-19 regulations while in Nigeria.

Arrival testing details can be found here.

The U.S. State Department has issued a Level 3: Reconsider Travel advisory for Nigeria.

Republic of the Congo

The Republic of the Congo, located in Central Africa between Gabon and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is allowing U.S. travelers to visit. According to the U.S. Embassy in the Republic of the Congo, there are no longer any COVID-19-related entry restrictions for the country.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for the Republic of the Congo is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Rwanda

Rwanda is open to American tourists. According to the U.S. Embassy in Rwanda, COVID-19 testing is not required for entry.

Rwanda offers visas on arrival for people of all nationalities.

Visitors to Rwanda’s national parks are no longer required to provide negative COVID-19 test results to enter, but must fill out a guest registration and indemnity form and submit it electronically. Details are available here.

Face masks are no longer required nationwide in public spaces, but are recommended.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Rwanda is now Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Senegal

U.S. citizens can visit Senegal. While international flights to Senegal have resumed, most land borders, with the exception of The Gambia, remain closed to tourist traffic, according to the U.S. Embassy.

The embassy also reports that proof of COVID-19 vaccination or a negative pre-travel test are no longer required for entry to Senegal.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Senegal is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Seychelles

The Seychelles began welcoming vaccinated Americans in February 2021. As of March 25, 2021, unvaccinated U.S. travelers can visit. Details can be found here.

All visitors require travel authorization via the online portal and must present valid travel and health insurance that covers, at a minimum, COVID-19-related isolation, quarantine and clinical care.

Fully vaccinated travelers (a booster dose is required for those age 18 and older if the second dose was more than six months prior) and those who have proof of having tested positive in the past two to 12 weeks no longer need to present proof of a negative pre-travel test to enter. Those who are unvaccinated must present proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours or a rapid antigen test taken within 24 hours of their flight and upload the test results to the online portal.

Visitors may only stay at licensed establishments or liveaboards that have been certified by the Public Health Authority. They must also have travel health insurance valid for treatment in the Seychelles.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Seychelles is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions. Check the U.S. Embassy website for updates.

Sierra Leone

All travelers to Sierra Leone are required to register online to receive a Sierra Leone Incoming number, according to the U.S. Embassy in Sierra Leone.

As of April 13, a pre-travel COVID-19 test or a test upon arrival is no longer required for travelers who are fully vaccinated.

Partially vaccinated or unvaccinated travelers no longer have to present proof of a negative pretest, but will be tested upon arrival and must pay the fee online when registering for their Sierra Leone Incoming number.

Proof of yellow fever vaccination is also required.

When departing Sierra Leone, an Outbound number is required for all travelers and those who are unvaccinated or partially vaccinated must present proof of a negative test taken within 48-72 hours of departure.

The U.S. State Department’s travel advisory for Sierra Leone is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

South Africa

South Africa reopened to tourism on Oct. 1, 2020, and as of Nov. 11, 2020, U.S. citizens can enter for tourism purposes, according to the U.S. Embassy in South Africa. As of June 22, 2022, all COVID-19-related entry requirements have been dropped; proof of vaccination or a negative test is no longer required to enter South Africa. However, all arriving travelers must fill out a health questionnaire.

Related: The 6 best ways to get to South Africa on points and miles

Details can be found here and on South African Airways’ website.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for South Africa is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Tanzania

U.S. citizens can enter Tanzania with a vaccination certificate containing a QR code (the CDC card does not have one, but one can be accessed via the VAMS system or via Global Haven). Vaccinated travelers do not need to take a COVID-19 test upon entry.

Tanzania currently requires all unvaccinated or partially vaccinated travelers to present a negative COVID-19 PCR test result containing a QR code and taken within 72 hours of their flight to Tanzania or Zanzibar. They may also be tested upon arrival at their own cost. ($10 in Tanzania and $25 in Zanzibar).

Related: Dreaming of Tanzania

All travelers must complete an online Health Surveillance Form within 24 hours prior to arrival to receive a unique health code. U.S. tourists need a visa to visit Tanzania. All travelers will undergo screening upon arrival.

For more information, see the U.S. Embassy in Tanzania’s website.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Tanzania is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Uganda

Americans can currently travel to Uganda.

According to the U.S. Embassy, all arriving passengers must have a visa applied for online and approved by the Ugandan government and those age 6 and older must present proof of full vaccination or a negative COVID-19 PCR test from an accredited laboratory in the country of origin taken no more than 72 hours before boarding their flight for Uganda. Carrying paper copies of both vaccine certificates and test results are required.

The U.S. Embassy also notes that the government of Uganda requires that all departing passengers age 6 and older present proof of full vaccination or a negative PCR COVID-19 test taken within 72 hours of departure. This requirement is mandatory for all departing passengers out of Uganda even if the destination country does not require it.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Uganda is Level 3: Reconsider Travel.

Zambia

Zambia, home to Victoria Falls and known as a top safari destination, is open to international travelers, including Americans.

According to the U.S. Embassy in Zambia, the country requires proof of full vaccination or a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of travel (travelers below age 12 are exempt). Tourists from the U.S. and certain other countries no longer need a visa, but they will be subject to health screenings (all travelers must submit a health declaration form) upon arrival and symptomatic individuals may be required to submit to testing and/or self-isolation.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Zambia is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe reopened its borders to international flights on Oct. 1, 2020, and Americans can visit for tourism. All travelers arriving and departing are required to have proof of full vaccination or a negative COVID-19 PCR test issued by a recognized facility and taken within 48 hours of their time of departure for Zimbabwe. Details are here.

A yellow fever vaccination is also required, according to the U.S. Embassy in Zimbabwe.

Travelers who have received at least three doses of a WHO-approved vaccine are exempt from mandatory wearing of face masks in public, with the exception of public transport and certain indoor spaces.

The U.S. State Department’s advisory for the country is now Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution.

Featured photo by wilar/Shutterstock.

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Editorial Disclaimer: Opinions expressed here are the author’s alone, not those of any bank, credit card issuer, airlines or hotel chain, and have not been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any of these entities.

Tue, 06 Dec 2022 08:00:54 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/opinion/updated-a-country-by-country-guide-to-coronavirus-reopenings/ar-AA14YZHB
Killexams : Aruba Airport Becomes 1st Airport In The World To Receive Green Globe Certification
Aruba Airport Becomes 1st Airport In World To Receive The Green Globe Certification

Aruba Airport Becomes 1st Airport In World To Receive The Green Globe Certification

Queen Beatrix International Airport (Aruba Airport) is the first Airport in the world to receive Green Globe certification.

As a busy tourism hub, Aruba Airport Authority has set the benchmark for the Caribbean aviation industry.”

— Green Globe CEO, Birte Pelayo

SANTA MONICA, CALIFORNIA, UNITED STATES, November 7, 2022 /EINPresswire.com/ -- After realigning Aruba Airport Authority’s vision, goals and objectives in 2021, in which Sustainability was defined as one of the most important company pillars, AAA reviewed pursuing possibilities for Certifications on Sustainability. Certifications are important tools to verify if a company’s efforts on Sustainability actually result in more sustainable operations, have an impact on a country’s Sustainable Development Goals objectives and contribute to a better planet. For 2022, AAA chose to undergo an independent assurance audit on Sustainability to pursue the Green Globe Certification.

In the past week, AAA received the exciting news that Queen Beatrix International Airport (Aruba Airport) became the first Airport in the world to receive the Green Globe certification. Green Globe is one of the leading certification programs for sustainable operations and management of travel and tourism worldwide and AAA is very proud of this achievement. AAA has focused its sustainability efforts in its Airport operations by implementing building management systems, reduction of energy consumption initiatives, pilot waste projects, purchasing policies and GHG emissions report to mention a few. Furthermore, AAA Wings of Hope focuses on executing community projects based on UN’s Sustainable Development Goals with the goal to create a positive impact on the local community.

Green Globe CEO, Birte Pelayo said, “As a busy tourism hub, Aruba Airport Authority has set the benchmark for the Caribbean aviation industry. Airport operations can greatly contribute to lowering emissions through on-ground innovations and supporting better flight planning. And as an essential transport infrastructure, the economic and social contributions that airports make are vital to economies underpinned by travel & tourism.

“Aruba Airport Authority is taking the lead, not only in the Caribbean, but globally, being the first airport to be certified under the Green Globe International Standard for Travel & Tourism, the highest level of certification for operation and management of a travel & tourism business. Aruba Airport Authority has indelible connections to the prosperity of Aruba and its sustainable success will deliver tangible and measurable benefits for all in the community,” added Birte Pelayo

“Aruba Airport the first airport to achieve the Green Globe Certification, has done so by creating local impact and achieving global goals. Along with the requirements of their operations meeting international sustainability criteria, their social impact program, Wings of Hope, aligns with the Sustainable Development Global Goals (SGDs). The SDGs stand as a pillar of Airport's values and operational mission. AAA, integrates sustainable education within the community, environmental action throughout its department operations and encourages environmental responsibility with their partners; all in an effort to reduce emissions and integrate resiliency. I hope that Aruba Airport Authority's Green Globe Certification will stand as an influence to other airport and travel entities to consider how their operations are contributing to a positive climate impact”, said Denaye Hinds, the official auditor for Aruba Airport’s certification process.

Director Health, Safety and Sustainability of AAA, Angeline Flemming indicated that, “AAA cannot be more proud of this achievement. The efforts by AAA and the Airport community in the past years to make our Airport operations more sustainable, have paid off with achieving this prestigious certification.”

Joost Meijs, CEO of AAA stated, “When AAA set out its sustainability goals and objectives, we expected and aimed to be able to reach certain levels of certification in the two years ahead. We set ambitious goals and in such a short period of time, was able to become the first Airport in the world to have achieved Green Globe certification, exceeding our initial expectations”. This, according to Meijs, shows the enormous commitment of our staff and other partners to conduct business with respect to our environment.

Contact:

Christine Kaarsbaan-Leo
Health, Safety and Sustainability Officer
Aruba Airport Authority N.V.
Phone: +297 524 2260
Mobile: +297 594 1553
c.leo@airportaruba.com
airportaruba.com

Bradley Cox
Director Communications
Green Globe Certification
1223 Wilshire Blvd. Suite 925
Santa Monica, CA 90403 / U.S.A.
Phone: +1-310-337-3000 ext. 105
Skype: Direct +1 760 536 6581
Mobile: +61 400 848 746
bcox@greenglobe.com
www.greenglobe.com

About Green Globe Certification

Green Globe is the worldwide sustainability system based on internationally accepted criteria for sustainable operation and management of travel and tourism businesses. Operating under a worldwide license, Green Globe is based in California, USA and is represented in over 83 countries. Green Globe is an Affiliate Member of the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). For information, please visit www.greenglobe.com

Bradley Cox
Green Globe
+1 310-337-3000
email us here
Visit us on social media:
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Mon, 07 Nov 2022 00:16:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://wgntv.com/business/press-releases/ein-presswire/599939071/aruba-airport-becomes-1st-airport-in-the-world-to-receive-green-globe-certification/
Killexams : Best Database Certifications for 2022
  • Database technology is crucial in multiple applications and computing tasks, and certifications help demonstrate job readiness and core competencies. 
  • Before pursuing a database platform certification, you should have a solid background in relational database management systems and the SQL language. 
  • Valuable certifications are typically tied to specific technology companies and their platforms, such as IBM, Microsoft, Oracle and SAP.
  • This article is for IT professionals considering database certifications to further their careers. 

While database platforms have come and gone through the decades, database technology is still critical for multiple applications and computing tasks. IT professionals often seek database certifications to demonstrate their knowledge and expertise as they navigate their career paths and pursue professional growth. 

While database certifications may not be as bleeding edge as Google cloud certifications, cybersecurity certifications, storage certifications or digital forensics certifications, database professionals at all levels possess in-demand career skills — and a plethora of database-related jobs are waiting to be filled.

We’ll look at some of the most in-demand certifications for database administrators, database developers and anyone else who works with databases.

What to know about database roles and certifications

To get a better grasp of available database certifications, it’s helpful to group these certs around job responsibilities. This reflects the maturity of database technology and its integration into most aspects of commercial, scientific and academic computing. As you read about the various database certification programs, keep these job roles in mind: 

  • Database administrator (DBA). A DBA is responsible for installing, configuring and maintaining a database management system (DBMS). The job is often tied to a specific platform, such as Oracle, MySQL, DB2 or SQL Server.
  • Database developer. A database developer works with generic and proprietary application programming interfaces (APIs) to build applications that interact with a DBMS. Like DBA roles, database developer positions are also often platform-specific.
  • Database designer or database architect. A database designer or architect researches data requirements for specific applications or users and designs database structures and application capabilities to match.
  • Data analyst or data scientist. A data analyst or scientist is responsible for analyzing data from multiple disparate sources to discover previously hidden insights, determine the meaning behind data, and make business-specific recommendations.
  • Data mining or business intelligence (BI) specialist. A data mining or BI specialist focuses on dissecting, analyzing and reporting important data streams, such as customer, supply chain and transaction data and histories.
  • Data warehousing specialist. A data warehousing specialist assembles and analyzes data from multiple operational systems (such as orders, transactions, supply chain information and customer data) to establish data history, analyze trends, generate reports and forecasts, and support general ad hoc queries. 

These database job roles highlight two critical issues to consider if you want to be a database professional:

  1. You need a solid general background. First, a background in relational database management systems, including an understanding of Structured Query Language (SQL), is a fundamental prerequisite for database professionals of all stripes. 
  2. There’s a focus on proprietary technologies. Second, although various efforts to standardize database technology exist, much of the whiz-bang capability that databases and database applications deliver comes from proprietary, vendor-specific technologies. Serious, heavy-duty database skills and knowledge are tied to specific platforms, including various Oracle products (such as the open-source MySQL environment and Oracle itself,) Microsoft SQL Server and IBM DB2. Most of these certifications relate directly to those enormously popular platforms. 

Did you know?Did you know? NoSQL databases — called “not only SQL” or “non-relational” databases — are increasingly used in big data applications associated with some of the best big data certifications for data scientists, data mining and warehousing, and business intelligence.

Best database certifications

Here are details on our five best database certification picks for 2022.

1. IBM Certified Database Administrator — DB2 12

IBM is one of the leaders in the worldwide database market by any objective measure. The company’s database portfolio includes industry-standard DB2, as well as the following:

  • IBM Compose
  • Information Management System (IMS)
  • Informix
  • Cloudant
  • IBM Open Platform with Apache Hadoop

IBM also has a long-standing and well-populated IT certification program that has been around for more than 30 years and encompasses hundreds of individual credentials. 

After redesigning its certification programs and categories, IBM now has a primary data-centric certification category called IBM Data and AI. It includes a range of database credentials: 

  • Database Associate
  • Database Administrator
  • System Administrator
  • Application Developer 

IBM’s is a big and complex certification space, but one where particular platform allegiances are likely to guide readers toward the handful of items most relevant to their interests and needs. 

Database professionals who support DB2 (or aspire to) on IBM’s z/OS should check out the IBM Associate Certified DBA — Db2 12 certification. It’s an entry-level exam that addresses routine planning, working with SQL and XML, security, operations, data concurrency, application design, and concepts around database objects.

This certification requires candidates to pass one exam. Pre-exam training and familiarity with concepts, or hands-on experience, are recommended but not required. 

IBM Certified Database Administrator — DB2 facts and figures

Certification name

IBM Certified Database Administrator — Db2 12 (z/OS)

Prerequisites and required courses

None required; recommended courses are available.

Number of exams

One: C1000-122: Db2 12 for z/OS DBA Fundamentals (63 questions, 90 minutes)

Cost per exam

$200 (or local currency equivalent) per exam. Sign up for exams at Pearson VUE.

URL

https://www.ibm.com/training/certification/C8003803

Self-study materials

The certification page includes self-study materials, including a study guide and a learning path. 

Did you know? IBM’s certification offerings are among the best system administrator certifications IT professionals can achieve.

2. Microsoft Azure

Microsoft Azure offers a broad range of tools and add-ons for business intelligence. Azure is a cloud computing platform for application management and Microsoft-managed data centers. Microsoft certifications include various Azure offerings based on job role and experience level.

Microsoft’s certification program is role-centric, centered on the skills you need to succeed in specific technology jobs. Because Azure has such a broad scope, Azure certifications span multiple job roles. However, specific certifications exist for the following positions:

  • Data Analysts
  • Data Engineers
  • Data Scientists
  • Database Administrators 

There are also certifications for learners at different experience levels. 

For those looking to take their Azure knowledge to the next level, the Microsoft Certified: Azure Data Fundamentals certification is the perfect place to start. This certification is for beginner database administrators interested in using Azure and mastering data in the cloud. It offers foundational knowledge of core concepts while reinforcing concepts for later use in other Azure role-based certifications, such as those listed below: 

  • Azure Database Administrator Associate
  • Azure Data Engineer Associate
  • Data Analyst Associate 

Azure Data Fundamentals certification facts and figures

Certification name

Microsoft Certified: Azure Data Fundamentals

Prerequisites and required courses 

This certification does not have any prerequisites. However, for absolute beginners, Microsoft offers an Azure Fundamentals certification. 

Number of exams

One exam, DP-900, which is administered via Pearson VUE or Certiport.

Cost per exam

The exam costs $99 in the United States, though the cost changes based on where it is proctored. 

URL

https://learn.microsoft.com/en-us/certifications/exams/dp-900

Self-study materials

Microsoft offers one of the world’s largest and best-known IT certification programs, so the exam is well supported with books, study guides, study groups, practice tests and other materials. Microsoft also offers a free online learning path.

3. Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator 

Oracle runs its certifications under the auspices of Oracle University. The Oracle Database Certifications page lists separate tracks depending on job role and product. MySQL is perhaps the leading open-source relational database management system (RDBMS). Since acquiring Sun Microsystems in 2010 (which had previously acquired MySQL AB), Oracle has rolled out a paid version of MySQL and developed certifications to support the product. 

If you’re interested in pursuing an Oracle MySQL certification, you can choose between MySQL Database Administration and MySQL Developer. 

The Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator (OCP) credential recognizes professionals who can accomplish the following tasks:

  • Install, optimize and monitor MySQL Server.
  • Configure replication.
  • Apply security.
  • Schedule and validate database backups. 

The certification requires candidates to pass a single exam (the same exam can be taken to upgrade a prior certification). Oracle recommends training and on-the-job experience before taking the exam.

Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator facts and figures

Did you know? According to Oracle, approximately 1.8 million Oracle Certified professionals globally hold certifications to advance their networking careers and professions to validate their IT expertise. 

4. Oracle Database SQL Certified Associate Certification

For individuals interested in working in the Oracle environment who have the necessary experience to become a database administrator, Oracle’s Database SQL Certified Associate Certification is another top Oracle certification and an excellent starting point. This exam encompasses an understanding of fundamental SQL concepts that individuals must grasp for database projects. 

By earning the certification, individuals demonstrate that they have a range of knowledge in core SQL concepts:

  • Familiarity with queries, data modeling, and normalization
  • Strong base understanding of the underlying SQL language
  • An ability to create and manipulate Oracle Database tables 

This certification also requires candidates to pass a single exam. While Oracle does not specify any prerequisites, the company does state candidates should have familiarity working with the command line. 

Oracle Database SQL Certified Associate Certification facts and figures

5. SAP HANA: SAP Certified Technology Associate — SAP HANA 2.0 SPS05

SAP SE has an extensive portfolio of business applications and analytics software, including cloud infrastructure, applications and storage. The SAP HANA platform’s foundation is an enterprise-grade relational database management system that can be run as an appliance on-premises or in the cloud. The cloud platform lets customers build and run applications and services based on SAP HANA. 

SAP offers a comprehensive certification program built to support its various platforms and products. We’re featuring the SAP Certified Technology Associate — SAP HANA cert because it aligns closely with other certifications we’ve highlighted and is in high demand among employers, according to job board surveys. 

This certification ensures database professionals can install, manage, monitor, migrate and troubleshoot SAP HANA systems. It covers the following skills:

  • Managing users and authorizations
  • Applying security
  • Ensuring high availability 
  • Effective disaster-recovery techniques 

SAP recommends that certification candidates get hands-on practice through formal training or on-the-job experience before attempting this exam. The SAP Learning Hub is a subscription service that gives certification candidates access to a library of learning materials, including e-learning courses and course handbooks. 

The annual subscription rate for individual users on the Professional certification track is $2,760. This online training program is designed for those who run, support, or implement SAP software solutions. Though this may seem like a steep price for online training, you will likely be able to pass any SAP certification exams you put your mind to by leveraging all the learning resources available to SAP Learning Hub Professional subscribers. 

Typically, SAP certifications achieved on one of the two most exact SAP solutions are considered current and valid. SAP contacts professionals whose certifications are nearing end-of-life status and provides information on maintaining their credentials.

SAP Certified Technology Associate facts and figures

Certification name

SAP Certified Technology Associate — SAP HANA 2.0 SPS05

Prerequisites and required courses    

None required.

Recommended: Hands-on experience and the following courses: 

  • SAP HANA Installation & Operations SPS12 (HA200) 
  • High Availability and Disaster Tolerance Administration SPS05 (HA201)
  • Monitoring and Performance Tools SPS05 (HA215)
  • Database Migration using DMO SPS05 (HA250)

Number of exams

One exam: SAP Certified Technology Associate — SAP HANA 2.0 SPS05, exam code C_HANATEC_17 (80 questions, 180 minutes)

Cost per exam

$500

URL

https://training.sap.com/certification/c_hanatec_17-sap-certified-technology-associate—sap-hana-20-sps05-g/

Self-study materials

The certification web page includes a link to sample questions. SAP HANA trade books and certification guides are available on Amazon. The SAP Help Center offers product documentation and a training and certification FAQs page. The SAP Learning Hub (available on a subscription basis) provides access to online learning content.

Tip: To broaden your skill set, consider pursuing the best sales certifications to better sell and implement various IT solutions, including databases.

Beyond the top 5 database certifications

Additional database certification programs can further the careers of IT professionals who work with database management systems. 

While most colleges with computer science programs offer database tracks at the undergraduate, master and Ph.D. levels, well-known vendor-neutral database certifications exist, including the following: 

  • ICCP certifications. The Institute for the Certification of Computing Professionals (ICCP) offers its unique Certified Data Professional and Certified Data Scientist credentials. Learn more about ICCP certifications from the ICCP website.
  • Enterprise DB certifications. EnterpriseDB administers a small but effective certification program with two primary certs: the EDB Certified Associate and the EDB Certified Professional

These are some additional certifications: 

These credentials represent opportunities for database professionals to expand their skill sets — and salaries. However, such niches in the database certification arena are generally only worth pursuing if you already work with these platforms or plan to work for an organization that uses them.

Key takeaway: Pursuing additional database certifications can be helpful for professional development if you already work with these platforms or plan to work with them in the future. 

Job board search results

Before pursuing certifications, consider their popularity with employers to gain a helpful perspective on current database certification demand. Here’s a job board snapshot to provide you an idea of what’s trending.

Certification

SimplyHired 

 Indeed 

 LinkedIn Jobs 

 LinkUp 

Total

IBM Certified Database Administrator — DB2

867

1,337

1,911

753

4,868

Azure Data Fundamentals

2,052

4,154

283

2,322

8,811

Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL Database Administrator

339

473

143

23

978

Oracle Database SQL Certified Associate Certification

138

177

10

273

598

SAP HANA

32

37

57

466

592

If the sheer number of available database-related positions isn’t enough motivation to pursue a certification, consider average salaries for database administrators. SimplyHired reports $91,949 as the national average in the U.S., ranging from $64,171 to over $131,753. Glassdoor’s reported average is somewhat lower at $84,161, with a top rung for experienced senior DBAs right around $134,000.

Choosing the right certification

Choosing the best IT certifications to enhance your skills and boost your career can be overwhelming, especially as many available certifications are for proprietary technologies. While picking a database certification can feel like locking yourself into a single technology family, it is worth remembering that many database skills are transferable. Additionally, pursuing any certification shows your willingness to learn and demonstrates competence to current and future employers. 

Ultimately, choosing which certification to pursue depends on the technologies you use at work or would like to use at a future employer.

Jeremy Bender contributed to the reporting and writing in this article. 

Mon, 05 Dec 2022 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.businessnewsdaily.com/10734-database-certifications.html
Killexams : How To Get PMP Certification: Is PMP Certification Worth It?

Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors' opinions or evaluations.

Project Management Professional (PMP)® certification can make you stand out against the competition in the field of project management. If you’ve wondered how to get PMP certification, know that you must first complete work experience, training courses and an exam.

But is PMP certification worth it? In this article, we’ll explore what it takes to get certified, how much you might have to pay and how PMP certification can help you level up your project management career.

What Is PMP Certification?

Professional certifications verify your career skills and allow you to learn more about important concepts and industry best practices that can help in your day-to-day operations.

PMP certification is the most widely recognized in the world of project management. It’s available through the Project Management Institute (PMI), which publishes the Project Management Book of Knowledge (PMBOK). The PMBOK is the holy grail of knowledge when it comes to project management concepts.

PMP certification demonstrates a strong understanding of the concepts set forth in the PMBOK and other reference materials. This designation can help you distinguish yourself from your peers and gain respected credentials in your field. Along the way, you’ll learn about concepts like Agile, waterfall project scheduling, leadership and business management.

How to Sign Up for PMP Certification

The first step to earning PMP certification is to begin work in the field of project management. PMP certification requires months of work experience. Precise requirements vary depending on your level of education. If you have a bachelor’s degree, you’ll need 36 months of relevant project experience to qualify for the PMP credential. Without a degree, you must complete 60 months of experience.

If you have this work experience or are working toward it, the next step is to complete at least 35 hours of formal PMP training, also called “contact hours,” or hold a current CAPM certification. You can complete contact hours through a PMP certification course, which you may take online or in person. These courses take a few weeks to a few months to complete, and they teach the concepts you should understand before taking the PMP certification exam.

Below, we’ll discuss how to get a PMP certification in more detail, including prerequisites and PMP exam costs.

PMP Certification Requirements

You must accomplish a certain amount of professional experience and formal training before you qualify for PMP certification.

If you have completed high school or an associate degree but not a bachelor’s, PMP certification requirements are as follows.

  • 60 months leading projects
  • 35 contact hours

If you have a bachelor’s degree, you must complete the following before pursuing PMP certification.

  • 36 months leading projects
  • 35 contact hours

PMP Cost

Most PMP certification training programs (through which you can earn your contact hours) range in cost from around $300 to around $3,000. Courses offered through well-known colleges and universities tend to cost more, but many also offer for-credit programs that result in undergraduate or graduate certificates. Consider a program that holds GAC accreditation when searching for courses. Free PMP certification training is available through some resources, but usually only for short trial periods.

To sit for the exam, the cost is $405 for PMI members or $555 for nonmembers.

PMP Time Commitment

How long does it take to get PMP certification? The most time-consuming part of the PMP certification process is completing the required work experience. Consider documenting your work experience as soon as you consider applying for PMP certification. Once you get that experience under your belt, the rest of the certification process involves studying and scheduling your test. The time spent on this step can be different for each individual, as well as dependent on location and testing center availability.

Most PMP certification training courses take only a few weeks to a few months to complete. After that, it’s up to you how much time you spend studying for the certification exam. Retakes cost $275 for PMI members and $375 for nonmembers, so it’s best to go into the exam as prepared as possible.

PMP Renewal Costs

Once you’ve passed the PMP exam, you must complete a certain level of continuing education to keep your certification active. The renewal fee, due every three years, is $60 for PMI members or $150 for nonmembers.

Is PMP Certification Worth It?

To determine whether PMP certification is worth it to you, weigh the costs of certification against the potential benefits. Since we’ve listed the costs of PMP certification above, you likely have a good idea of the investment you’d need to make to get certified. Now, it’s time to consider your potential return on that investment.

Benefits of PMP certification

  • Salary increase. PMPs in the U.S. earn about 32% more than their non-certified peers in project management.
  • Greater respect in the industry. The Project Management Institute is the leading organization for project management knowledge and the publisher of the PMBOK. Earning PMP certification through PMI carries lots of weight in the project management industry.
  • Greater career opportunities. Holding PMP certification should make you more marketable when it comes to looking for better or different positions in project management.

Consider Your Career

Are you looking to make a career change? Move into a higher role in your current team? In either case, PMP certification could be just what you need to level up your career. As part of the certification process, you’ll learn industry best practices that you can start incorporating into your day-to-day work life immediately.

Look at Earning Potential vs. Certification Cost

According to PMI, PMP-certified professionals in the U.S. earn a median annual salary of $123,000, compared to a median of $93,000 for their non-certified colleagues. This translates to a 32% salary increase for certified PMPs.

Multiply your current salary by 1.32 to estimate your potential PMP certification salary. You can then weigh that salary increase against the cost of PMP certification training and the PMP exam. This cost vs. benefit analysis can help you understand whether PMP certification would be worth it for you.

Mon, 07 Nov 2022 14:42:00 -0600 Christin Perry en-US text/html https://www.forbes.com/advisor/education/get-pmp-certification/
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