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The College Board, the organization that administers standardized assessments like the SAT and PSAT, announced today that tests will be delivered digitally internationally in 2023 and in the United States by 2024.

The change doesn’t mean that the popular and controversial college entrance test can be taken from home. Schools and official testing centers will continue to offer the exams with a proctor.

“The digital SAT will be easier to take, easier to provide and more relevant,” said Priscilla Rodriguez, vice president of college readiness assessments at the College Board. “We’re not simply putting the current SAT on a digital platform. We’re taking full advantage of what delivering an assessment digitally makes possible.”

The digital SAT will take less time, shortening from three hours to two. The test will feature shorter memorizing passages but include a wider range of topics. Calculators may be used for the entire math section, and students will get their scores back within days instead of weeks. Students may also use their own devices like laptops or tablets to take the exam. The test also will automatically save a student’s progress if they lose internet connectivity.

The new system also ensures every student receives a unique test, making it “practically impossible” to share answers.


Wed, 07 Dec 2022 21:04:00 -0600 en text/html https://edsource.org/updates/college-board-announces-new-digital-sat-exams
Killexams : Making the Case for Community College Baccalaureates

What Supply and Demand Analysis Reveals in Two Midwest States
Brief

Dec. 5, 2022

Introduction

Communities across the United States are welcoming graduates who complete their baccalaureate degrees at their local community colleges. Programs are spreading, preparing graduates for well-paying jobs in business, health care, education, computer science, and other technical fields. With half the states on board, it is only a matter of time before more states authorize their community colleges to confer bachelor’s degrees. Seeing how CCB graduates live, work, and provide back to their communities may inspire others to invest in bachelor’s degrees that promote more inclusive economic prosperity for college graduates.

Many factors influence the decisions state and institutional leaders make to adopt CCB degrees. One of those factors is the need for higher education systems, including universities and community colleges, to meet the changing needs of students. Offering high value credentials that lead to economic security and career mobility is critical to advancing equitable outcomes for populations underserved at the bachelor’s level. Aligned with this commitment is recognizing where gaps in collegiate programming leave good jobs unfilled and do not meet critical workforce needs. Through close working relationships with employers, community colleges are as well positioned as any type of higher education institution to meet workforce needs and strengthen communities.

This brief discusses the methods and results of a supply and demand analysis we conducted in two Midwest states to inform future decisions on CCB degrees. Ohio adopted CCB-authorizing legislation in 2018 and began approving programs later that year. CCB degrees continue to come online, with nine new programs approved in 2022 alone. By contrast, Illinois has long debated but not yet adopted state law to authorize CCB degrees. However, advocates for CCB degrees are advancing policy and program proposals in Illinois, which was the impetus for us to study unmet workforce needs in the state that might call for additional baccalaureate programs.

Why Baccalaureate Degrees Matter

The contribution of baccalaureate degrees to advancing personal, economic, and social well-being is firmly established, though one would hardly know it listening to the current debate about whether college degrees are worth the money. The Biden administration’s loan forgiveness plan has awakened critics who claim federal funding to help students relieve college debt is unfair to people who chose not to attend college and who are therefore unable to reap this financial benefit. Some critics of the president’s agenda go even further, raising questions about whether college degrees are needed to secure good jobs. Countering this perspective, Anthony Carnevale, director and research professor of the Center on Education and the Workforce at Georgetown University, argues these views are ill-informed and wrong-headed, noting the strong relationship between baccalaureate degrees and lifetime earnings. Research by Walter McMahon, professor of economics at the University of Illinois, concurs with Carnevale’s findings in demonstrating solid relationships between postsecondary attainment and quality of life.[1] Both admit that good jobs can be found without a college degree, but they join a chorus of other scholars in noting college degrees are highly correlated with lifetime earnings. Moreover, the long history and institutionalized meaning of the baccalaureate degree carries weight that positions recipients of this degree for social mobility.[2]

Unfortunately, what sometimes gets lost in arguments about the value of college degrees is the deep inequities in postsecondary attainment for Black and brown, low-income, older, and other marginalized student populations. Though college enrollment has increased, college degree attainment continues to lag for these groups. For example, while over 47 percent of white adults have earned an associate degree or higher degree, only about 31 percent of Black adults have earned any form of college degree. Putting these statistics into perspective, Andrew Nichols and J. Oliver Schak claimed the “current degree attainment levels of Black Americans are lower than the attainment levels of white adults in 1990—over a quarter of a century ago.”

A accurate survey of adults by the Federal Reserve System shows their keen awareness of different outcomes for graduates with bachelor’s degrees or higher, compared to graduates without these credentials. Nearly all adults with at least a bachelor’s degree reported “doing okay” or “living comfortably,” compared to about three-quarters of adults with some college but no degree. Over 60 percent of adults with an associate degree reported if they could do college over they would complete more education.

No single solution is likely to resolve such serious inequities in higher education, but progress can be made if innovations are given a chance. Community colleges that are committed to access in multiple forms—demographic, academic, financial, and geographic—are a resource that many states and higher education systems have not yet considered for baccalaureate degree conferral. And yet, early evidence is promising on the potential for CCB degrees to help close gaps in baccalaureate attainment between underrepresented and non-underrepresented groups. accurate studies of CCB graduates in Florida and Washington show high graduation and employment rates for diverse populations. Moreover, research on CCBs in Washington suggests employment and earnings outcomes tend to be higher in the first year after graduation for CCB students than university students in similar programs of study, with comparable outcomes for the two groups three years post-graduation. These results also help to address the criticism that CCB degrees are unlikely to confer similar labor market benefits to community college graduates as university graduates.[3]

One reason CCB degrees show positive outcomes may be their focus on workforce preparation in occupations with high demand and high wage potential. CCBs explicitly seek to transform career technical education (CTE) designed to terminate in non-degree program certificates and associate degrees into baccalaureate pathways. The CCB provides a path to the baccalaureate in programs of study that have not prioritized transfer in the past. To resolve inequities, CCB programs are a solution to complement and bolster transfer and Excellerate postsecondary attainment nationwide.

Supply and Demand Analysis Methods

Making the case for CCB degrees can be challenging because of a dearth of current, actionable labor market and college enrollment and completion data. Data reflective of regions within states is even more difficult to ascertain. Time-tested methods to estimate labor shortages through the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and American Community Survey (ACS) provide information but lag behind the current workforce, yielding incomplete job vacancy projections.

To address this issue, we used data from Lightcast, formerly known as Emsi Burning Glass, which offers comprehensive labor market data using software tools enabling users to construct customized reports. While studies using these data are not unusual, we were not able to find published work using labor market data analytics to conduct CCB case-making.[4] Our supply and demand methods using Lightcast produce a set of comprehensive results for states and regions within states at the community college and university levels.

The Lightcast data analytics package provides detailed job vacancy and online resume data, including social media records for millions of individuals across the country, which facilitates access to institutional data from Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS). Data analytics packages of this sort have the advantage of aggregating and supplying large amounts of data from a wide variety of sources, but they can be expensive and require trained users in order to capitalize on the software tools. To address this concern, we partnered with two states, Ohio and Illinois, to develop supply and demand analysis methods that could be replicated by community colleges within these states. We relied on Lightcast and other publicly available data to estimate unmet workforce needs in two high demand, high wage occupations: respiratory therapy and information security analyst.

The two occupations selected for this study (see Table 1) are not new to CCB programs in the U.S. Health care and information technology programs comprise a substantial share of the approximately 580 CCB programs approved across the country. Most of these baccalaureate programs have been implemented in the last five years, with Bachelor of Science (BS) and Bachelor of Applied Science (BAS) degrees being common for both programs.

According to the BLS, respiratory therapy programs offer strong employment and wages, with a much faster growth rate than occupations generally in the U.S. A median wage of $61,830 per year ($29.73 per hour) is associated with respiratory therapy jobs. Professional bodies have advocated for some time that the baccalaureate degree should be the primary entry credential to respiratory therapy, also important to situating new baccalaureate degrees at community colleges.[5] In 1998, the American Association of Respiratory Care (AARC) issued a position statement expressing preference for the baccalaureate degree to address the increasing volume and complexity of patient care. The AARC could not have known about COVID-19 and the dire effects of the pandemic on public health, but that has heightened pressure on higher education to produce more respiratory therapists. With the majority of respiratory therapy programs in the country located at community colleges, the need to grow upper-division education to meet increased demand for baccalaureate degrees is obvious.

BLS reports that information security analyst occupations will grow at a much faster pace than other occupations generally, with a high median wage of $102,600 per year ($49.33 per hour). According to CyberSeek, the 12-month period ending in September 2022 saw over 750,000 openings in cybersecurity positions or jobs requiring cybersecurity skills akin to those we identified as core curriculum in information security analyst programs of study. Technical skills associated with these jobs are also continuing to increase and diversify, with new specializations emerging at a rapid pace. Similar to respiratory therapy, workforce need outstrips the talent pipeline nationwide, with industry leaders pointing to the dire consequences of not addressing labor market needs.

With respect to our supply and demand analysis method, we rely primarily on quantitative data. However, we understand the benefit of gathering qualitative perspectives. We therefore used a mixed-methods approach to case-making by conducting interviews and focus groups with state and institutional personnel to better understand their perspectives on CCB degrees. Our questions focused on perceived merits of CCB degrees relative to baccalaureate degrees conferred by universities, strategic plans for higher education and workforce development to address unmet workforce needs, the functionality of transfer for postsecondary CTE programs, and anticipated requirements for new baccalaureate program approval should CCB programs be adopted.[6] (See Appendix A for details on our qualitative data collection methods pertaining to CCB degree authorization and program approval.)

Key elements of our supply and demand analysis include:

Selection of occupations and programs of study: Consultation with higher education leaders at the state and college levels led to the selection of respiratory therapy in Ohio and information security analyst in Illinois. Once these occupations were selected, we determined the appropriate Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) code for each: 29-1126 for respiratory therapy and 51-1212 for information security analyst. We then cross-walked the CIP codes with the comparable six-digit Classification of Instructional (CIP) code for each program, 51.0908 for respiratory therapy and 11.1003 for information security analyst. Selecting the related occupational codes in labor market data and program codes in higher education data is needed to ascertain relationships between education (supply) and employment (demand) for this analysis.

Measures of supply: We used Lightcast reports to access IPEDS data for the relevant programs offered by community colleges that confer associate degrees and universities that confer baccalaureate degrees.[7] We then used IPEDS to document the number of graduates with associate and bachelor’s degrees in the two selected programs of study over an 11-year period, from 2010 to 2020.

Measures of demand: We used Lightcast data analytics reports to present three aspects of occupational demand at the state and regional levels.[8]

  • BLS occupational employment projections data for the 2015 to 2030 period to obtain projected annual job vacancies, including base year employment, projected year employment, change in employment, median hourly earnings, and projected annual vacancies. These BLS projections data lag current labor markets and are based solely on new jobs or replacements due to deaths, retirements, or other permanent separations from the occupation.
  • Lightcast job postings (which we refer to vacancies) reports for June 2021 to May 2022 to obtain the total number of unduplicated job vacancies for each occupation.[9]
  • Lightcast job postings data for June 2021 to May 2022 identify educational requirements for job openings when employers include them in online job postings. We use the percentage of postings requesting a baccalaureate or higher degree to adjust our BLS vacancy and job postings values to reflect demand for employees with a baccalaureate degree.

Supply and demand within regions of the state: Both Ohio and Illinois expressed strong interest in exploring within-state regions to assess supply and demand relative to the selected programs, which led us to present the Lightcast results at both the state and regional levels. We used official economic development regions in each state to conduct this analysis.[10]

Finally, our supply and demand analysis methods also include estimating graduate migration into and out of a state to account for the fact that not all graduates who attain a degree from an institution within a state stay in that state to work. Also, out-of-state graduates migrate into a state to work, and these numbers need to be estimated to properly project supply and demand. We used Lightcast profile data to investigate the movement of graduates in and out of state for the two selected occupations, and we used BLS degree data investigate the result of migration on the number of new graduates available to fill vacancies within a state and region. Because these results did not have a material effect on our conclusions, we have not included them here, but they are available upon request.

Supply and Demand for Respiratory Therapy in Ohio

Ohio adopted CCB legislation in 2018 and began approving CCB degree programs later that year. All public community or technical colleges in the state are eligible to apply to the Ohio Department of Higher Education (ODHE) for approval to implement Bachelor of Applied Science (BAS) degree programs, and the state added conferral authority to community and technical colleges for Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) degrees in 2021. To date, 11 of 23 community and technical colleges have secured approval from ODHE to implement one or more CCB degrees, including six BSN programs in 2022. (See Appendix B for a current listing of all 21 approved CCB degrees by college, program name, and degree type.)

Ohio’s CCB approval process requires supply and demand analysis that specifically addresses the need for a bachelor’s degree relative to an associate degree using the Governor’s Office of Workforce Transformation In-Demand Jobs List (https://topjobs.ohio.gov) and regional or local workforce board data. The state suggests the use of Lightcast and BLS data to supplement the program approval process. Employer input is also required to establish unmet workforce need in the form of oral and written statements, including “letters of support from specific business/industry partners indicating their commitment to train students in an in-demand field and to employ students upon their successful completion of the program.”

Looking at degree production in respiratory therapy using IPEDS over the 11-year period of 2010 to 2020, we found 10 university campuses (main and branch) conferred bachelor’s degrees, with three four-year branch campuses conferring a small number of associate degrees. Twelve community and technical colleges conferred associate degrees during this time, and none of these colleges conferred baccalaureate degrees. These institutions are spread across all regions of the state, with more concentration in denser populated regions in the Northeast and Southwest.

Figure 1 shows the number of respiratory therapy associate and baccalaureate degree graduates each year from 2010 to 2020. Community college respiratory therapy programs offer Associate of Applied Science (AAS) degrees preparing graduates for immediate entry into employment, although some transfer agreements do exist to baccalaureate respiratory therapy programs, according to institutional websites.

Access to bachelor’s degrees is important for respiratory therapy because the AARC has endorsed the baccalaureate as the preferred credential for entry. It is possible the steady growth in baccalaureate degrees from 2010 to 2019 is associated with this preference, although associate degrees continued to outnumber bachelor’s degrees throughout the entire period. We speculate the precipitous decline in bachelor’s graduates in 2020 is linked to the pandemic. With COVID-19 waning, we may see an increase in demand at the baccalaureate level, as respiratory therapists practicing with associate degrees may seek promotions and wage increases in the coming years.

Figure 2 shows the supply of baccalaureate graduates in respiratory therapy is considerably smaller than BLS-derived job vacancies, indicating unmet demand for these workers. The 125 bachelor’s graduates in 2020 fell well short of 212 job vacancies, suggesting another 87 bachelor’s graduates would be needed to fill this gap.

In addition to BLS, we used Lightcast job postings data to assess unmet workforce need for respiratory therapists. This analysis yielded 1,431 unduplicated vacancies at the baccalaureate level, a much higher number of vacancies than derived from BLS. These Lightcast data show over 13 times more unduplicated vacancies for respiratory therapy bachelor’s graduates than the number of baccalaureate respiratory therapy graduates.

Because job vacancies can be filled by incumbent workers and job-seekers other than accurate college graduates, our supply and demand method uses Lightcast job profiles to identify individuals with baccalaureate or higher degrees. In 2020, there were 733 respiratory therapy profiles with baccalaureate or higher degrees, including individuals working in respiratory therapy as well as those seeking employment in the occupation. Taking the most conservative approach and assuming all 733 individuals were seeking respiratory therapy jobs, plus the total of 312 bachelor’s graduates, we would still see a gap, with nearly 400 job vacancies for respiratory therapists with bachelor’s degrees in Ohio.

Figures 3 and 4 show regional supply and demand for respiratory therapists, respectively, with the largest demand in the Northeast region of the state, which includes Cleveland, Youngstown, and Akron. This region also produces the most respiratory therapy baccalaureate graduates (46) and Lightcast worker profiles (274), detailed in Table 2 below, but this supply is insufficient to meet workforce demand. In fact, adding together all graduates in the entire state does not approach the large number of vacancies in the Northeast region.

Also noteworthy is the uneven distribution of supply and demand for respiratory therapists across the state, with demand outstripping supply in most but not all regions. Understanding where graduates and incumbent workers reside relative to job vacancies is an important factor in considering higher education solutions to addressing unmet workforce needs.

With respect to CCB degrees as one potential solution to labor shortfall, three community colleges graduate respiratory therapists in the Northeast region, where the greatest need exists. In the three-year period from 2018 to 2022, these colleges graduated from 33 to 46 associate graduates annually, potentially supplying another group of therapists who could be trained at the baccalaureate level to help fill vacancies.

Program outcomes for Ohio respiratory therapy at both the community college and university levels are very strong, according to data reported by the Commission on Accreditation for Respiratory Care (CoARC). Results on retention, graduation, licensure test scores, job placement, employer satisfaction, and student satisfaction are all considerably above national thresholds, suggesting these programs are preparing well-qualified graduates for the workforce.

Supply and Demand for Information Security Analysts in Illinois

Unlike Ohio, the Illinois General Assembly has not authorized CCB degree programs to date. By including Illinois, we acquired a different state context for testing our supply and demand analysis method. In this state, we found that workers with knowledge and skills in cybersecurity are in high demand, and we sought to paint a picture of supply and demand for this occupation.

First, we used IPEDS to identify degree production for information security analyst at the associate and bachelor’s levels for 2010 to 2020. Nine universities conferred bachelor’s degrees and eight community colleges conferred associate of applied science (AAS) degrees during this 11-year period. Figure 5 shows that the total number of graduates grew 3.5-fold, from 68 in 2010 to 236 graduates in 2020. The number of AAS degrees grew more than five times, from 15 in 2010 to 80 in 2020, with entry into employment immediately after graduation the primary outcome for these graduates. And similar to our findings for respiratory therapy in Ohio, at no time did the total number of graduates equate or even come close to the BLS-derived annual vacancies, let alone the much higher estimate of job vacancies using Lightcast.

Results for information security analysts, depicted in Figure 6, show strong demand for employment and insufficient baccalaureate degree supply. The projected 348 BLS-derived job vacancies requiring a baccalaureate degree is more than twice the estimated annual graduate supply. Moreover, the Lightcast data show a much higher number of unduplicated job vacancies requiring a baccalaureate degree, 6,171, which is nearly 40 times the total number of baccalaureate graduates.

Also using Lightcast, we found 5,396 worker profiles for information security analyst with a baccalaureate degree, indicating another group of potential talent to fill positions, although we recognize a proportion of these individuals are already working in the occupation. Again, these results, using either BLS or Lightcast, show a sizeable gap between supply and demand in an occupation deemed important to the future of the Illinois economy.

Table 3 shows regional supply and demand for workers, using the BLS and Lightcast unduplicated vacancies for information security analyst graduates for each of the state’s 10 regions. We find demand for workers is greatest in the Northeast region, which includes the Chicago metropolitan area, with strong demand in the North Central region, which includes Peoria and Bloomington-Normal. Demand does not exceed supply based on BLS but does exceed demand according to Lightcast. In the case of the Northeast region, demand outstrips supply by a substantial amount using either BLS or Lightcast, suggesting an even stronger case for worker preparation. In fact, adding together all information security analyst graduates in the state would not meet the large number of vacancies in the Northeast region.

Similar to our findings for respiratory therapy in Ohio, we found a mismatch in geographic distribution of associate and bachelor’s graduates in information system analyst programs relative to economic development regions, as shown in Figures 7 and 8. For example, two community colleges in two economic development regions (Northeast and Southern) produced nearly three-fourths of all associate graduates in the state in 2020. Bachelor’s graduates are clustered in three regions: Central, North Central, and, especially, Northeast. Three regions show both high supply and high demand for information security workers, but other regions with few graduates show high demand, including the Northwest and Southwest regions of the state. These supply and demand results point to the importance of estimating supply and demand at the regional level, where gaps in graduate supply can be addressed by using both community college and university program assets.

Focus groups conducted with Illinois community college faculty[11] suggested keen interest in baccalaureate degree conferral in information technology and computer science occupations broadly, including information security analyst. Faculty members teaching in these programs had general knowledge of the CCB degree, and they were eager to learn about how similar programs were developed across the country. Some of the faculty members said students and graduates were excited about the possibility of pursuing a baccalaureate from the community college where they had obtained or were pursuing their associate degree. They also described strong interest from employers, who shared challenges with securing qualified cybersecurity workers. They said some employers offered to help design programs and to hire graduates.

Discussion and Next Steps

Decisions to start and expand college degree programs require evidence of unmet workforce need. Our method uses supply and demand data from BLS as well as Lightcast to identify lagging and current indicators of job vacancies. Lightcast adds information from social media on current and historical employment and credentials for specific occupations, complemented by data from IPEDS on associate and baccalaureate degree completion. We supplement these data with information on program quality, credential requirements, and transfer agreements. Finally, we integrate qualitative data to corroborate and deepen findings pertaining to potential baccalaureate degree conferral. Table 4 lists steps undertaken to carry out our analysis.

This supply and demand method recognizes that no single measure of unmet workforce need is sufficient to provide a complete picture. However, using multiple measures can yield conflicting results, as was evident in our study. Recognizing the strengths and limitations of these data sources is helpful to interpreting our results. BLS data are limited to net job growth due to change in the total number of workers, plus replacements due to workers permanently leaving an occupation. This conservative estimate is also based on historical data, yielding an outdated picture of the labor market. By contrast, Lightcast data offer the advantage of a just-in-time picture of employment but are prone to duplication of job vacancies, which can inflate results.

Because we are unable to independently validate either the BLS or Lightcast data used in our study, we recognize strengths and limitations of both in informing decisions about baccalaureate degree conferral. We contend that our projected BLS job vacancy results provide a “floor” for total demand, whereas Lightcast job postings represent a possible “ceiling” on total demand, since IT and health care jobs tend to be advertised online. To this point, the Georgetown Center on Education and the Workforce reported that “recruitment methods, such as word of mouth and referrals, may still be dominant in select industries like construction and food services, which would explain their low online profile and the underrepresentation of online job ads relative to real job openings. Conversely, the education, real estate, and manufacturing sectors have an outsized online presence relative to employment.” Understanding how employers post job vacancies merits consideration in weighing the value of BLS and Lightcast data to estimate supply and demand relative to new baccalaureate degree implementation.

We plan to further develop supply and demand analysis methods, including refining our use of BLS and the Lightcast data relative to IPEDS enrollments and graduates with associate and bachelor’s degrees. We will refine our regional supply and demand methods within states, including more fully developing our college student migration estimates to reveal how mobility within states impacts graduate supply relative to unmet demand.

Our plans include supplementing these supply and demand data with state and institutional data using an equity lens to understand how student populations historically marginalized from baccalaureate education may be better served by various college degree options, including CCB degrees. We will create new tools to illuminate how college completions could change for underserved student populations when the mix of college degrees includes CCB degrees in high-demand, high-wage occupations. We will compare program costs for students attending university baccalaureate programs to potential CCB programs to evaluate what these opportunities may mean for advancing affordability and equity in baccalaureate attainment within states.

We contend supply and demand data should be integral to case-making for any new baccalaureate degree, including the CCB degree. Our study estimates unmet workforce need for respiratory therapy in Ohio and information security analyst in Illinois, with future efforts focusing on expanding data sources and refining analytical methods. Ultimately, our goal is to develop an evidence-based methodology that states and institutions can use to ascertain the need for CCB degrees that have the potential to strengthen regional economies by graduating students who secure well-paying jobs and fulfilling careers in their local communities.

Recommendations

CCBs are important tools for building inclusive economies across the United States. To create more pathways for prospective students, and make the case for needed programs, we recommend the following:

  • States should use supply and demand information to analyze occupations with strong demand, limited baccalaureate degree supply, and associate degree programs that could prepare students for entry into baccalaureate programs in the community college setting.
  • States with existing CCB approval procedures should consider supplementing their program approval processes with Lightcast job opening and worker profile information. These data provide more current information about employer degree and skill requirements than BLS annual vacancy projections.
  • Community colleges should use supply and demand analysis to explore potential baccalaureate programs that have strong demand from regional employers. These methods can also help colleges identify additional degree and credentialing needs in an industry sector.

Appendix and Notes

Click below to access the full appendices and notes.

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to New America for spotlighting the community college baccalaureate (CCB) as an important innovation in higher education in the United States. We thank the Center on Education & Labor at New America (CELNA), Ascendium Education Group, and the Joyce Foundation for supporting this work, and we offer special thanks to CELNA’s Ivy Love and Iris Palmer for reviewing an early draft and creating graphics for the paper. We also appreciate feedback to Excellerate the paper from Michelle Van Noy, director of the Education and Employment Research Center at Rutgers University, and Angela Kersenbrock, president of the Community College Baccalaureate Association. Finally, none of this work would have been possible without the keen support we received from state and institutional leaders in Illinois and Ohio, who partnered with us to carry out this research.

Sun, 04 Dec 2022 23:10:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.newamerica.org/education-policy/briefs/making-the-case-for-community-college-baccalaureates-what-supply-and-demand-analysis-reveals-in-two-midwest-states/
Killexams : As MSCS looks for a superintendent, Toni Williams describes her approach as 'day-to-day'

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Mon, 12 Dec 2022 20:01:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.commercialappeal.com/story/news/education/2022/12/13/as-mscs-looks-for-a-superintendent-toni-williams-describes-her-approach-as-day-to-day/69681917007/
Killexams : Meet the 71 rising-star VCs who shook up the industry in 2022

Michelle Aguinis

Michelle Aguinis is the head of strategy and operations for Menlo Labs at Menlo Ventures.
Michelle Aguinis

Aguinis is part of the founding team of Menlo Labs, an early-stage fund and incubator. Since joining Menlo in 2020, Aguinist helped incubate five new companies, working closely with their CEOs on everything from financial discipline and relationship management to branding and recruiting.

Before joining Menlo, she helped guide the strategy of Fortune 500 companies as a consultant at BCG and brings that experience to her work with startups. Aguinis believes that any successful business partnership relies on rigor and discipline, but also looks for businesses that are thoughtful about where they focus their efforts. "Working hard isn't always what begets success," she said. "It's also important to be strategic about where and with whom to do your hard work." 

Earlier this year, Aguinis launched Menlo's Future Founders program, a network of aspiring entrepreneurs that aims to identify and nurture a new generation of high-impact startups. 

Kamran Ali

Kamran Ali is a principal at Inspired Capital.
Kamran Ali

Ali joined Inspired Capital as an investor in 2020 and the firm promoted him to principal earlier this year. Recently, he invested in Hopscotch, a pediatric mental-health startup that raised an $8 million seed round this fall. 

Prior to becoming a VC, Ali spent three years as an investment banker at Goldman Sachs after he graduated from Dartmouth College.

For aspiring investors, Ali recommends doing your research.

"Really spend time learning which stage of VC investing excites you the most and plays to your strength, as the day-to-day responsibilities of sourcing, diligence, decision-making, and portfolio support looks quite different across stages," he said.

"Similarly, it's important to understand a fund's strategy. For example, how many investments do they make per fund? Do they typically lead or follow? Do they take board seats? The answer to these questions will have important implications for your deal velocity, depth of founder relationships, and the investing skill that you develop."

Nan Bai

Nan Bai is a principal at DCM.
Nan Bai

Since joining DCM in 2017, Bai has led ambitious investments in deep-tech verticals like autonomous driving, artificial intelligence, and robotics. 

In addition to spearheading new investments for DCM this year, he also oversaw the IPO of the logistics company GigaCloud Technology, one of the few Chinese companies to go public in 2022.   

Focusing on these areas has allowed Bai to leverage his substantial operational and technical experience. Before joining DCM, he was part of the founding team at the robotics startup RoboteX, where he tackled everything from engineering challenges to supply-chain optimization to financial analytics. 

DCM China's cofounder and general partner, Hurst Lin, said that thanks to Bai's investments in areas like AI and robotics, the firm is now well positioned to be a major player in the industries of the future. "He helped DCM to expand beyond the usual VC comfort zone," Lin said.

Maya Bakhai

Maya Bakhai is the founder and general partner of Spice Capital.
Maya Bakhai

After leading investments at 35 Ventures, the fund created by the basketball star Kevin Durant, Bakhai struck out on her own with a $10 million early-stage fund in the hopes of disrupting the venture-capital industry itself. Her fund's backers include a who's who of the VC industry, counting Marc Andreessen, Chris Dixon, and Alexis Ohanian as limited partners.

 "Today, everyone is an investor," Bakhai wrote in an investment memo, "yet in private markets, VCs are still serving as gatekeepers to innovation, and their backers are not reflective of the communities they serve." 

Spice is looking to leverage underrepresented and untapped investors and founders in order to champion startups with diverse perspectives across the broad categories of crypto, capital, and community. The majority of her capital comes from female limited partners, a rare feat in an industry still dominated by men. 

"Maya brings empathy and transparency to every conversation," said Howard Akumiah, the founder of Betty Labs, which was acquired by Spotify in 2021. "She fights for her founders and isn't consumed by hype, which is rare in this industry."

Morgan Beller

Morgan Beller is a general partner at NFX.
NFX

Despite the ravages of the crypto-winter, Beller remains a big believer in the transformative power of the blockchain. 

She insists that it's only a matter of time until Web3 becomes a larger part of people's lives. She's brought that belief to NFX, where, since 2021, she has led some of the firm's biggest crypto investments, including a seed investment in the crypto-infrastructure provider Ramp and a pre-seed investment in Carapace, which provides protection against crypto-default risk.  

Beller honed her views on the blockchain during her time on the corporate-development team at Facebook, where she helped define the company's strategy around Web3 and was instrumental in the creation of Facebook's digital currency, Libra. 

Beller prefers working with founders who look at the world in new and unconventional ways. "I'm a big believer that if you're not weird, you're weird," she said. "So whether it's you think the world is broken and it won't be fixed until you do this thing, or you're obsessed with X, or you lose sleep over Y. Whatever is your thing that makes you weird, that's great, and if you're weird, come find us."

Mercedes Bent

Mercedes Bent is a partner at Lightspeed Venture Partners.
Mercedes Bent

In her career working at startups, Bent has served in almost every functional role, spanning operations, product management, customer service, talent and recruiting, design, sales, marketing, strategy, and general management. In 2019, Bent brought this expertise to Lightspeed's consumer investing team.

Bent looks for early-stage startups that are helping members of underserved communities in tech and business create and build personal wealth, whether it's through crypto, fintech, career mobility, or the creator economy. Some of her most well-known investments to date include the rapid-grocery-delivery startup Flink, the NFT marketplace Magic Eden, and edtech startups Fidu, Forage, and Outschool. She also leads the firm's scout program and has spearheaded efforts to invest in companies based in Latin America. 

Bent's best advice for aspiring venture capitalists is to learn through doing, by writing out investment theses and memos and sharing them with investors who could be prospective employers. "Don't email someone asking for a job. Start doing the job and email asking for feedback on what you built," she said

Ryan Biggs

Ryan Biggs is the managing director & colead of Franklin Venture Partners at Franklin Templeton.
Ryan Biggs

Biggs, the cohead of private investments and managing director of Franklin Templeton's venture-capital arm, Franklin Venture Partners, has helped the investment giant land deals in tech's buzzy mid-to late-stage growth companies, including Benchling, Discord, Gong, and Ironclad. 

At Franklin Templeton, Biggs looks for startups that are "clear breakout winners of large categories" that he believes will become "enduring public companies," he told Insider. More specifically, Biggs prefers companies that show compound growth for decades and business models "that lend themselves to being highly cash-generative," he said.

Morgan Blumberg

Morgan Blumberg is an investor at M13.
Morgan Blumberg

Even with a slowdown in investing, Blumberg is doubling down on investments in healthcare. In the past year, Blunberg helped M13 win nine competitive healthcare-startup deals, including the fund's largest investment to date in Canvas Health, which raised $24 million in funding in July of 2022. 

In addition to sitting on the board of Agora Health and writing regularly about the future of healthcare, she also hosts panels and events designed to bring together founders and investors in the healthcare-startup community.     

Morgan joined M13 in 2021, after working as an investment banker at Morgan Stanley and at former New York mayor Mike Bloomberg's philanthropic organization and on his presidential campaign.

Chris Brown

Chris Brown is a principal at Inspired Capital.
Chris Brown

Brown joined Inspired Capital, a $500 million firm that focuses on early-stage investing, in 2020 after stints at First Round Capital and the Blackstone Group, and he leads the firm's enterprise-software, fintech, and proptech investing. Through his career he's been an avid angel investor and helped found Angel Track, a platform and community for emerging angel investors across the country.

His accurate investments at Inspired include QA Wolf, a cloud-based startup that works to detect software bugs, and Scythe Robotics, which builds autonomous robots for landscaping.

Brown said that seed and Series A startup founders need to show him that they can make their business their life's work.

Hannah Chelkowski

Hannah Chelkowski is an investor at Blank Ventures.
Hannah Chelkowski

Originally hailing from the UK, Chelkowski began her US venture-capital career as an analyst at Initialized Capital before moving to Inovia Capital in 2018. In early 2022, Chelkowski founded Blank Ventures, a pre-seed and seed fund, alongside Abhinav Tiwari and Antoine Nivard. 

Chelkowski values integrity, founder-market fit, compelling industry insights, and a demonstrated ability to execute in the founders that she works with. When evaluating investment opportunities, she told Insider that she always asks these three questions: "What unique advantage does this team have, how big is the opportunity, and why now?"

Tom Chi

Tom Chi is the founding partner of At One Ventures.
Tom Chi

Chi is used to tackling difficult challenges. One of the founding team members of Google's moonshot venture X, Chi helped create the prototype of Google Glass. And as the founding partner at At One Ventures, an early-stage VC firm that looks for startups that have a positive effect on the planet's health, Chi is tackling the climate crisis. 

Chi's fellow VCs hold the investor in high regard, with last year's rising star Ed Roman praising Chi's investments in climate-crisis startups. 

Prior to At One Ventures, Chi spent time investing at Hack VC, founding two startups, and leading teams at large tech companies like Microsoft, Yahoo, and Google.

Founders that can establish and maintain a "high rate of learning towards deeply understanding and skillfully solving a customer problem," inspire Chi the most, he told Insider.

Courtney Chow

Courtney Chow is a vice president at Battery Ventures.
Courtney Chow

Chow cut her teeth in tech working as an in-the-trenches operator at some of the world's biggest companies, helping to design product strategy at LinkedIn and optimize supply-chain and inventory management at AmazonFresh. 

After her experiences at these tech giants, Chow was intrigued by the idea of helping build operations at startups. She joined Battery in 2019 to help lead the firm's global consumer-tech practice, and since then Chow has deployed more than $325 million to startups, spearheading Battery's foray into new verticals such as digital health, proptech, and blockchain. Chow has become one of the firm's resident experts on Web3, regularly leading internal presentations on cryptocurrency, decentralized finance, and blockchain interoperability. 

She also led the firm's expansion into Latin America, establishing herself as an expert on the region's startup ecosystem and laying the groundwork for Battery's investments in the Brazil-based Fresh and Xepelin in Chile.

Of all the investments Chow has led at Battery, she said she's most proud of her work with Modern Health, a company that she believes can make an impact on society by increasing access to mental-health services. "I believe we're facing another epidemic of sorts," Chow said. "Mental health has been stigmatized for a long time and considered an afterthought to physical health. Modern Health tackles this head-on."

Sumi Das

Sumi Das is a partner at CapitalG.
Sumi Das

Das joined CapitalG in 2015 following stints at the asset manager Lazard and the PE firm Providence Equity Partners. Since joining the firm, Das has invested in notable startups across the fintech and healthcare spaces, including the investing app Robinhood, the payment processing startup Stripe, and the kidney-care startup Strive Health.

Das is passionate about companies that offer mission-critical services and Excellerate consumers' economic mobility. In addition to fintech and healthcare, he invests internationally in India, Latin America, and Southeast Asia.

James Ephrati

James Ephrati is a partner at Lightspeed Venture Partners.
James Ephrati

Born in Paris, the son of med-school dropout turned aerospace entrepreneur, Ephrati joined Lightspeed's growth practice in 2019 to lead the firm's reinvestment team, focusing on fast-growing consumer and software companies. 

Since then, he's hired and trained two new associates and deployed more than $500 million in follow-on and new investments. 

Earlier this year, he helped a firm partner Justin Overdorff open Lightspeed's first ever Manhattan office, spearheading the storied firm's entry into the New York venture scene. He also runs Lightspeed's fundraising bootcamp where he's worked with founders at more than 250 portfolio companies, helping them hone their pitches and get the most out of new funding rounds. Ephrati sits on the boards of multiple companies including the newly minted unicorn company Glean.

When scouting new investments, Ephrati says, he looks for founders with clarity of vision, depth of thinking, and grit. "Founders who exhibit these qualities will typically be a magnet for talent, prospects, and capital," Ephrati said. 

Chrissy Farr

Christina ("Chrissy") Farr is a principal at OMERS Ventures.
Christina Farr

In the two years since she made the jump from journalism to investing, Farr, who was a healthtech reporter for CNBC, has quickly become one of the premier investors in the healthtech space, specifically when it comes to women's health startups.

She is a founding partner in Caraway Health, a telemedicine startup for women in college, as well as Oath Care, a medical- and community-support network for moms.

Farr told Insider that she looks for founders with good storytelling capabilities and grit.

"At the early stages, when there isn't much else to go on, CEOs must convince new hires, customers, investors, or the press to rally around their vision," she said. "That's a momentous task, and those who do it well tend to be captivating and authentic."

Avichal Garg

Avichal Garg is a managing partner at Electric Capital.
Avichal Garg/LinkedIn

Garg wasn't content with just being a startup founder — in addition to founding and selling two startups to Facebook and Hobson's, a subsidiary of The Daily Mail Group, Garg also cofounded the crypto-VC firm Electric Capital, where he's now a managing partner.

While at Electric Capital, Garg has invested in the likes of MagicEden, Bitwise, Kraken, dYdX, Aven, and Frax. The investor has also served as a part-time partner at Y Combinator, where he advised startups on a number of topics, such as product strategy, scaling, and fundraising. From 2012 to 2016, Garg also led the product team for Facebook's "Local" organization, which includes Events, Pages, and Local Search.

Cristina Apple Georgoulakis

Cristina Apple Georgoulakis is the founder outcomes partner at Seven Seven Six.
Cristina Apple Georgoulakis

Born in Miami to Cuban-Greek immigrants, Georgoulakis has worn many different hats in her professional career, including as a small-business owner, jeweler, voice-over artist, executive coach, service designer, and as a leader in customer experience at the survey company Typeform.  All those experiences helped her understand customers at a deep level. Now her customers are the startups themselves. 

In 2021, Georgoulakis became the first non-founder partner of 776, the venture firm founded by Reddit's Alexis Ohanian. She has created open-source programs to support the firm's startups, leading workshops and working closely with management teams to enhance customer experience and define strategy. She also serves as product manager for Cerebro, 776's in-house operating system that serves as a platform to connect and support founders.

John Gianakopoulos

John Gianakopoulos is a vice president at Scale.
John Gianakopoulos

Though Gianakopoulos' role has evolved over time from operator to investor, an interest in fintech has been a running thread throughout his entire professional career. Post-college, the Scale Venture Partners vice president started as a product manager at the financial-software company Intuit before moving to Personal Capital, a startup specializing in financial tools and advisory. In 2018, the investor joined Scale and since then has invested in the likes of AppOmni, Archipelago, Comet, Papaya Global, Scout RFP, Socure, Spot AI, Spruce, and Tetrate.

Gianakopoulos told Insider that he doesn't "buy into the whole 'good venture investors need operating experience' mantra," but he does believe that "some expertise in a given domain can help you better identify relevant trends within that sector" and encouraged aspiring VCs to "find an area they're genuinely curious about and focus time and professional energy there."

Gaby Goldberg

Gaby Goldberg is an investor at The Chernin Group.
Gaby Goldberg

Goldberg found her passion for tech on a sabbatical from college in Israel. She then landed an internship at Chapter One and never looked back. As one of Insider's rising stars of crypto investing, Gaby Goldberg told Insider that she looks to invest in startups at the intersection of consumer and crypto. Before she joined The Chernin Group as a crypto-specific investor in 2021, she worked at Bessemer Venture Partners. 

Despite the crypto winter, Goldberg has made early-stage deals across the Web3 space this year, including with the digital-museum-membership startup Arkive, the digital-fashion platform Draup, and with Branch, the studio behind the popular island survival sandbox game "Castaways." 

For Goldberg, the most important quality she looks for in a startup or founder is "intellectual honesty," she said.

Alana Goyal

Alana Goyal is the founder and managing partner of Base Case Capital.
Alana Goyal

For Goyal, VC was a side hustle before it became her full-time focus. While working as a product manager at Samsara, she founded Base Case "out of a burning desire to spend more time with earlier-stage founders." Nine months later, she took the leap to working as a full-time VC. 

The early-stage VC firm focuses on the enterprise-software space, and Goyal has already seeded notable startups like the creator-economy startup Beacons and the billing-infrastructure startup Orb.

For others looking to break into venture capital, Goyal said it's tough — but possible — to do it without a track record.

"Spend time around exceptional people and companies, understand what makes them great, and figure out where you can add value," she said. "Building a 'portfolio' of companies that sing your praises can in many ways be more powerful than putting money into companies that don't say the same."

Sofia Guerra

Sofia Guerra is an investor at Bessemer Venture Partners.
Bessemer Venture Partners

Guerra understands the challenges of entrepreneurship at a deep level. In 2019, she cofounded Nucleate, a life-sciences accelerator and incubator where students, Ph.D. recipients, and post-doc researchers can learn to build businesses based on their research and discoveries. 

She's using that experience in her role as an investor. A senior associate at Bessemer Venture Partners' Cambridge, Massachusetts, office, Guerra focuses on backing startups in healthcare and life sciences. Before joining Bessemer in the summer of 2021, she was an investor at BoxGroup Ventures. 

Guerra has invested in a number of healthtech and biotech startups, including House Rx, Oshi Health, Rupa Health, and Turquoise Health. 

"Venture is a difficult industry to break into, but it definitely rewards hustle and grit," Guerra told Insider. For anyone looking to get into venture capital, Guerra said the best tactic is to "lean into your superpowers," like sector expertise or soft skills when looking for roles, and to join a local entrepreneurship community. "It will help you stand out and prove that you can already do the job before you even start," she said

Linda Guo

Linda Guo is a partner at Glade Brook Capital.
Linda Guo

As the youngest and first female investor to make partner at Glade Brook Capital Partners, Guo has been building a reputation as one of the top investors to watch.

After six years at the firm, Guo currently leads its efforts in e-commerce, digital and social media, the creator economy, healthtech, AI and Big Data, and Web3. In all, she's led more than a dozen new investments over her time at Glade Brook. She was a big advocate for investing in the now-unicorn Patreon back in 2019, and she's now a board observer for the company. She also serves on the boards of KitaBeli and Headout and is a board observer for Hopper and NimbleRx, all of which were deals she helped close for the fund. 

Guo also works closely with Glade Brook's founder and chief investment officer, Paul Hudson, to identify new investment themes that will underpin the firm's future fund strategies, including those for the latest $430 million growth-equity fund, which closed in June 2022, according to her nominator.   

"I look for founders who can demonstrate a right to win in whatever market they are tackling," Guo told insider. "Often it comes from a unique set of experiences, but it can also come from technical expertise, relentless drive, or simply strong execution."

Lisa Han

Lisa Han is a partner at Lightspeed Venture Partners.
Lightspeed

Han became a partner at Lightspeed Venture Partners in October after having graduated from the firm's scouting program in 2019. Before Lightspeed, she was an investor at Google's Gradient Ventures, where she led deals in early-stage SaaS, AI, and fintech startups. 

Before working in venture, Han was the first business hire at Ramp, where she started and led business development and partnerships. She also previously worked as the head of business-development at Atrium, where she helped scale the company from 10 employees to a team of more than 250 and over $20 million in revenue. 

At Lightspeed, Han focuses on enterprise deals, including enterprise applications for AI and infrastructure. She's also an active angel investor and has personally backed several early-stage startups including Hightouch, Pave, Rutter, and Secureframe.

Tomy Han

Tomy Han is a partner at Volition Capital
Tomy Han

Right after graduating from Harvard in 2012, Han joined Volition Capital. 

For the past decade, Han has risen through the ranks of the Boston-based growth-equity firm. Earlier this year, he became the first non-founding member to be internally promoted to partner in the firm's history. 

During his time at Volition, Han has deployed more than $250 million into startups, leading Series A investments in the unicorns Assent and Securonix. 

He serves on multiple boards and has overseen successful exits at companies such as the video-technology provider Connatix, which was acquired by Court Square Capital Partners; the earthquake-modeling-software company Insite Software, which was acquired by Episerver; and the mortgage-processing company LoanLogics, which was acquired by Sun Capital Partners.

Charlie Hanna

Charlie Hanna is a partner at Marcy Venture Partners.
Charlie Hanna

Hanna is a talent agent turned venture capitalist, who used to work for William Morris Endeavor and Paradigm Talent Agency in Los Angeles before jumping into investing. 

As a principal at Marcy Venture Partners, the venture-capital fund cofounded by Larry Marcus, Jay Brown, and Jay-Z, Hanna focuses on backing startups in consumer products and services with an emphasis on sustainability and accessibility. Some of his more well-known deals include Rihanna's Savage X Fenty, and he's backed trendy consumer startups like Our Place and the skincare line Versed, and the camera-equipment company Wyze. He's also backed a few marketplace startups, including StockX. 

Hanna looks for startups that have a clear sense of community behind their products and audience, he told Insider. "Community drives down customer-acquisition costs and fuels organic growth, which is absolutely crucial when scaling a consumer business efficiently and profitably, especially in today's macroeconomic environment," he said.

Dawit Heck

Dawit Heck is an investor at Bain Capital Ventures.
Dawit Heck

Heck joined Bain Capital Ventures in 2020, after working as an associate at Long Ridge Equity Partners for a year. Since joining, he has spearheaded investments and diligence efforts for BCV's commerce-tech team, and led the firm's deal in the inventory-management startup Cogsy. He's also assisted on deals with the e-commerce marketing studio Soona and the mobile-restaurant startup Wonder. 

When considering backing a startup or not, Heck first looks for a strong, smart founder. "The best founders always find a way to win," he told Insider.

"The difference is backing a founder who you believe to have tremendous founder-market fit, product vision, is a thought leader, has a real sense for collaboration, and someone you can get along with," Heck said.

Brian Hollins

Brian Hollins is the cofounder and managing partner of Collide Capital.
Brian Hollins

Hollins launched his venture fund, Collide Capital, in January this year. He and his fellow cofounder and managing partner, Aaron Samuels, announced its debut fund in October, with $66 million in capital from impressive backers, including the tech giants Amazon, Alphabet (Google's parent company), and Twitter, as well as Citi and Bank of America.  

It's a project he spent the better part of six years building, all while working at Goldman Sachs across investment management, investment banking, and merchant banking. Through Collide Capital, Hollins writes checks ranging from $500,000 to $1 million for companies across enterprise SaaS, supply-chain infrastructure, and Gen Z-minded consumer software. Some of his most accurate investments include Atomic Invest, Rheaply, Slang.ai, Tango, and Weav. 

Hollins is a founding board member of the industry group BLCK VC, and the founder and CEO of the Takeoff Institute, which provides Black undergraduate students with resources and mentorship to jump-start their professional careers. 

"Your effort in spending six to 12 months building relationships with a firm can pay off in a big way long term," he told Insider about getting started in venture capital. "Start sending deals, sharing thoughts, and building rapport with members of the team without expecting anything in return. Oftentimes the best jobs in venture don't show up on a job board, but instead result from the firm being all in on adding someone who has been adding value for some time."

Diana Hu

Diana Hu is a group partner at Y Combinator.
Y Combinator

Hu recently joined Y Combinator more permanently as a group partner after serving as a visiting group partner for three batches.

Before her work with YC, Hu was a cofounder and the CTO of Escher Reality, an augmented-reality back-end company that Niantic, the makers of Pokémon Go, acquired in 2018. At Niantic, she was head of the AR platform. Previously, she led data science at OnCue TV, which Verizon bought in 2014.

Because of Hu's professional experience, she advises founders with questions about data science, developer tools, virtual and augmented reality, and computer vision.

There isn't one single characteristic that can make a founder successful, Hu told Insider. "In general, they are technically oriented and ambitious who are good at holding dichotomies in their heads. They balance the long-term goals, but also incredibly pragmatic and move very quickly early on," she said.

Merritt Hummer

Merritt Hummer is a partner at Bain Capital Ventures.
Merritt Hummer

As a VC focused on growth-stage fintech, marketplace, and B2B software startups, Hummer has focused on building out Bain Capital Ventures's international reach since she joined the firm in 2018. She led the firm's European investments in Ankorstore, Pleo, and Fidel API, and also made BCV's first-ever investment in Latin America, backing the B2B marketplace startup Miferia.

Prior to joining BCV, Hummer was a growth-equity investor at Goldman Sachs.

Hummer told Insider that the most important quality she looks for in startup founders is a combination of ambition, determination, and humility.

Grace Isford

Grace Isford is a partner at Lux Capital.
Grace Isford

Lux Capital promoted Isford to partner this month after she worked there as a principal since this February. She sources and leads deals in startups that are "focused on innovating at the nexus of the computational sciences," she wrote on her LinkedIn profile, such as enterprise and data infrastructure, blockchain infrastructure, and AI and machine-learning applications, especially in healthcare and financial services.

Before joining Lux, Isford invested in enterprise, supply-chain, and data startups at Canvas Ventures, where she led top deals in Conduktor, Flowspace, Robocorp, Skyflow, and Vendia. 

Isford is also a board member for the Stanford Technology Ventures Program, which helps early entrepreneurs and engineers develop new technologies and scale them to successful businesses. 

The most important quality in a startup founder that Isford looks for is "a mix of humility and ambition," she told Insider, as well as knowing to "hire the right team members and partners to complement their strengths."

Gosia Karas

Gosia Karas is the colead and investment director for the SB Opportunity Fund at Softbank Investment Advisors.
Gosia Karas, PhD

Since joining Softbank in 2019, Karas, who has a Ph.D., has already made her mark on the storied firm: She fast-tracked two promotions, to vice president and investment director, and helped to launch the firm's $100 million Miami initiative for startups in the city. 

She also coleads the SB Opportunity Fund, which is Softbank's venture arm for investing exclusively in Black, Hispanic, and Indigenous founders. Since launching the fund in 2020, she's personally backed over 15 companies, including Drift, the fund's first successful exit to Vista Equity Partners at a unicorn valuation. She's backed large-growth-stage startups like Eight Sleep, Paystand, QuickNode, and Upside Foods. 

These days, Karas is bullish on AI and looking to invest in founders and companies that are "solving a specific problem for a large but specific audience incredibly well," she told Insider. 

Brianne Kimmel

Brianne Kimmel is the founder and managing partner of Worklife Ventures.
Brianne Kimmel

As the founder and managing partner of her solo fund Worklife Ventures, Kimmel works to help operators from high-growth companies start businesses of their own. It's a path Kimmel is familiar with: She was working in growth marketing at Zendesk before diving into startup investing full time. 

In the three years since she started Worklife, Kimmel has backed some of the startup world's most promising unicorns, like the fintech unicorn Pipe and the virtual-events giant Hopin, and got more than seven-times returns for her first fund in less than three years. She has also invested in workplace-tech-tool startups across all functions like Hex, WorkOS, Tome, and Webflow. 

Recently, Kimmel has been active in backing startups that are creating "AI-first tools for work," including the image generator Stable Diffusion. She's always interested in startups that create "new ways for anyone to build and be more creative, either for their day job or hobbies on evenings and weekends," she told Insider. 

Read more about Kimmel's investment strategies and thesis here

Ann Lai

Ann Lai is a partner at Bullpen Capital.
Ann Lai

Lai has spent her career actively working against the biases and toxicity of venture capital's "old boys' club" mentality, going so far as to sue her former employer for the right to tell her own story. 

Lai has established herself as an investor at Bullpen Capital, where she's deployed her unique investment approach — which she describes as data-informed, not data-driven — to find and support exciting founders who otherwise might have been overlooked. 

She also strives to look beyond the traditional metrics and "gut feelings" about how good a founder's bio looks. 

"The traditional bro-style, hype-driven VC approach is prone to bias, too often unsubstantiated by real performance," she said. "The result? Vapor valuations. Diligence should be about telling the true story of a company; it's as much about uncovering gems as finding reasons to dismiss deals."

Alex Laplaza

Alex Laplaza is a partner at Lowercarbon Capital.
Alex Laplaza

Lowercarbon Capital's mission is to invest in startups working on solutions to the climate crisis, something that Laplaza has been passionate about for years. Before joining Lowercarbon Capital, Laplaza was a Fullbright Scholar and had been working on clean-energy deployment in emerging economies in India, Brazil, Indonesia, Kenya, Uganda, and Bangladesh. 

He joined Lowercarbon in 2020 as an associate and worked his way up to partner in less than two years, backing cutting-edge climate-tech startups like Lilac Solutions, Sublime Systems, Remora, Kula Bio, Zero Acre Farms, and Solar Square. 

Laplaza likes founders that have what he calls "unreasonable ambition," who "ignore what seems possible in favor of exceptionally big and painful problems," he told Insider. "Audacious missions fuel recruitment of top talent, sustained obsession with learning, and access to markets big enough to create highly valuable and impactful businesses."

Danielle Lay

Danielle Lay is a principal at NEA.
Danielle Lay

Lay joined NEA in 2017 after a stint as an investment banker at Goldman Sachs. She was quickly promoted to principal and has been instrumental in defining NEA's strategy around the consumer internet with a particular focus on e-commerce, mental health, and dating. 

Working closely with startups has taught her that the most important determinant of success for a new company is resilience, Lay said. "I've learned that being a founder can look glamorous on the outside, but building a large company is not for the faint of heart," she said. "If you have a big, audacious vision, things are going to feel impossibly difficult at some point along the journey — likely at many points. We believe in being in the trenches with our founders."

Lay has also been key to the firm's expansion into Southeast Asia, spending time on the ground in the region meeting founders and funders and helping plant a flag for NEA in a dynamic, fast-growing startup scene.

Jessica Leao

Jéssica Leão is a principal at Maverick Ventures.
Jéssica Leão

In only two years, Leão went from an intern at Maverick Ventures to a principal. Prior to joining Maverick, Leão invested in pre-seed and seed businesses as managing partner at Dorm Room Fund, a student-run VC fund that First Round Capital backed, and through The 21 Fund, a $2 million seed fund backing the Stanford Graduate School of Business startups — her alma mater.

Originally from Brazil, Leão focuses on investing in cybersecurity, SaaS, climate tech, and AI while also investing in Latin American startups.

When evaluating founders, Leão said she looks at the distance they've traveled — in any shape or form. 

"Sometimes that comes in the form of a successful professional outcome they can already point to, but often it's a personal story that shines the most light on who they are and will become as leaders," she said. "There are many picture-perfect résumés out there, but in the end, being a founder is often grueling work, and pedigree isn't what determines success. I want to see that someone has the drive and grit to run through walls if necessary."

Jane Lee

Jane Lee is a vice president at Sapphire Ventures.
Jane Lee

Lee has always been fascinated by macroeconomic trends. During her time as an undergrad at Berkeley, she spent a summer in sales and trading, where she got a firsthand look at the chaos of the markets before pivoting to investment banking to develop a deeper understanding of what makes businesses tick, she told Insider.

Now, Lee leverages both her market experience and her business-model know-how to advise startups as a vice president at Sapphire Ventures that focuses on fintech, e-commerce, and broader enterprise software, investing in the likes of AvidXchange, BetterUp, Brightfield, Gorgias, Mercury, Paper, Podium, and Sword Health.

For Lee, the founders that stand out the most are those who are “extremely thoughtful about the way they build their business, have deep empathy for their customers, and demonstrate unwavering grit to execute on their vision,” she told Insider.

Abir Liben

Abir Liben is a principal at Primary.
Abir Liben

As an investor, Liben's strength comes from her nontraditional professional and personal background, Adrianna Samaniego, a principal at Female Founders Fund, told Insider. Having operated in challenging environments across Sub-Saharan Africa and the US as an urban planner, consultant, and investor, Liben understands the struggles of forward-thinking founders, she added.

Liben currently invests in fintech and Web3 startups as a principal at the seed-stage VC firm Primary Venture Partners. Before joining Primary, she was a founding member at Serena Ventures, tennis star Serena Williams' VC firm, where she helped raise the firm's debut $111 million fund. 

When evaluating startups, Liben is most drawn to founders that can not only embrace the risk of entrepreneurship but also are "brave enough to self-reflect" and "proactively surround themselves with talent" that fills in the gaps in their capabilities, she told Insider.

Jerry Lu

Jerry Lu is a principal at Maveron.
Jerry Lu

A data scientist by training, Lu spent the early days of his career at Google, where he helped to launch and grow YouTube's first paid-subscription businesses. Working with one of the most widely used consumer services led Lu to have an interest in backing the next big consumer idea. 

At Maveron, Lu leads seed and Series A investing for consumer startups. His accurate investments include StageGlass, a startup that helps homebuyers digitally decorate their new living spaces; the sustainable-coffee startup Brewbird; and Free Agency, a talent-management startup for tech workers.

Lu said that his investing interests lie at the intersection of consumer, community, and culture, and he has two pieces of advice for aspiring investors: do things that others aren't willing to do, and always be willing to help others.

"It sends a signal about your integrity, it will make you a better person, and you never know when an act of goodwill might end up benefiting you enormously later," Lu said.

Emily Man

Emily Man is an investor at Redpoint.
Emily Man

Man admitted that she might not have the typical investor background. Born and raised in Indiana before moving to Beijing at age 12, Man told Insider that her unique upbringing, during which she saw Beijing go from a "totally cash-based society to a place that's, in many ways, more modern than the living experience in the States," actually sparked her initial interest in tech, markets, and globalization.

After graduation, Man spent time at the asset manager Point72 as a founding member of the firm's venture-capital arm, where she participated in everything from strategy and investing to portfolio management. Following Point72, Man joined Redpoint Ventures and now invests in fintech and enterprise-software startups like the rocket-ship company Ramp.

Man encourages aspiring investors to dig deep when exploring industries and develop differentiated, unique insights on trends. And, she added, they should "never underestimate the power of a good cold email."

Ashley Mayer

Ashley Mayer is a cofounder and general partner at Coalition Operators.
Ashley Mayer

Mayer made a name for herself by running global communications for Box, taking the company from a 50-person startup through its IPO and beyond. She's now taking her PR expertise to venture. Mayer cofounded Coalition Operators in 2021 alongside Jaclyn Rice Nelson, Toyin Ajayi, and Lindsay Ullman. 

Mayer, who also ran communications at Glossier and Social Capital, invests in early-stage startups that founders with capital and operational expertise lead.

Mayer said that senior leaders in operating roles can also make great investors. 

"Operators can be some of the most valuable people on cap tables, and the fact that you're currently in the trenches will only make your expertise more relevant to founders," she said. "Additionally, many emerging fund managers will take investment from 'micro LPs' who can provide support to their portfolio companies."

Lauren Miller

Lauren Miller is a principal at PLUS Capital.
Lauren Miller

Miller has been a principal partner at Plus Capital for two years, during which time she's invested in the consumer startups Vivrelle, a membership club loaning designer handbags and jewelry; Bobbie, which sells organic baby formula; and the restaurant-and-lifestyle brand True Food kitchen.

She's also invested in the sustainability startups Pachama, which uses AI to restore forests; and MycoWorks, a biotech startup that makes vegan leather from mycelium.

Prior to Plus Capital, Miller invested in the direct-to-consumer hair-care startup Madison Reed while at Enlightened Hospitality Investments, the restaurateur Danny Meyer's fund.

Miller said that her first gut check with meeting a founder is deciding how much a startup needs to exist: "How badly does this founder believe this company needs to exist, and are they the right person to build it? Maybe you could call this the convergence of product-market fit and founder-market fit."

Michelle Nie

Michelle Nie is an investor at Norwest.
Michelle Nie

Michelle Nie's a Gen Z-er, and a proud one at that. She published a piece in 2020 on the future of social for the rapidly growing generation, and since then has focused on Gen Z platforms, marketplaces, and consumer software as an investor at Norwest Venture Partners. There, she's invested in companies like Faire, Homeward, ICON, and Rare Candy. Before joining Norwest, Nie spent two years as a tech-investment banker at Morgan Stanley advising tech companies on capital raising and mergers and acquisitions. 

What makes Nie excited to work with a founder is "clarity of thought," she said. This strength helps founders not only build a "differentiated, durable company" but also gets startup teams and potential recruits "excited and aligned," she added. 

Ritika Pai

Ritika Pai is an investor at ICONIQ.
Ritika Pai

Until recently, Ritika Pai, an investor at ICONIQ Growth, has spent the majority of her life in the heart of the tech ecosystem as a Bay Area native, cutting her teeth at Morgan Stanley as a tech-investment banker before pivoting to growth-stage investing. At the end of 2021, however, Pai spearheaded her firm's expansion into Europe as a founding member of ICONIQ Growth's European office. There, she's helped the firm stamp its mark in the thriving European tech scene. 

Pai loves founders who can learn and evolve. "An underlying trait in the founders with whom we've been fortunate to partner is a genuine desire for continuous improvement and the growth mindset to constantly seek out and act on learnings from customers, team members, competitors, the market, investors, and others," she said

Becky Pferdehirt

Becky Pferdehirt is an investing partner at Andreessen Horowitz.
Becky Pferdehirt

According to Vijay Pande, a fellow Andreessen Horowitz general partner, Pferdehirt stands out for her unique perspective, "combining both scientific depth and business acumen" from her years working in biopharma R&D and business development. Pferdehirt, who's a partner on Andreessen's bio-investing team, previously spent time at the biopharmaceutical company Amgen both developing technologies for cell and gene therapies and working on business development and technology licensing. 

Pferdehirt is most excited to "back companies pushing the boundaries of science and technology to change the future of human health" and founders that have "not only big ambitions, but the unique combination of technical chops and business acumen to execute on that vision," she told Insider. 

Haseeb Qureshi

Haseeb Qureshi is a managing partner at Dragonfly Capital.
Haseeb Qureshi

Qureshi, a managing partner at the crypto-investment firm Dragonfly, has perhaps one of the most colorful backgrounds of Insider's rising VC stars.

At the age of 16, Qureshi became a professional poker player and was highly regarded in the industry, netting over $1 million in one year at the age of 19. After retiring from poker at 21, Qureshi pursued a number of projects and roles, going on to write a book on the philosophy of poker, teach students how to code, and join Airbnb as a software engineer.

In 2019, Qureshi joined Dragonfly and since then has invested in Web3 startups like Avalanche, MakerDAO, Dune Analytics, NEAR, and zkSync.

Karthik Ramakrishnan

Karthik Ramakrishnan is a partner at IVP.
Karthik Ramakrishnan

Ramakrishnan joined IVP as an investor in 2019, and this year he became, at 28, one of the youngest partners in the firm's history. Since joining the firm, he has helped deploy more than $500 million in new investments and has taken the lead on managing some of IVP's biggest public investments, including its stake in CrowdStrike, a company currently valued at more than $26 billion. 

Ramakrishnan has identified a number of promising startups for IVP, including sourcing the firm's investment this year in Jasper AI, which valued the company at $1.5 billion

When sourcing new deals, Ramakrishnan said the No. 1 feature he looks for is single-minded devotion to understanding the customer. "Whether you're closing your first enterprise contract or your thousandth, I'm looking for founders who are constantly obsessing over the end-user experience," he said.

David Roos

Davis Roos is a vice president at Core Innovation Capital.
David Roos

Roos has been at Core Innovation Capital for just two years, but he's already been making a name for himself within the fintech-investment community. "He is usually my first phone call if I am looking at anything in the space," said one of last year's rising stars Christopher Harper. 

During his tenure at the firm, Roos has led deals in many top early-stage fintech, payments, and insuritech startups, including Assured Allies, Conduit, Forward, Health Sherpa, Klover, PayJoy, Spinwheel, and Yotta. 

Roos told Insider that the key to breaking into venture capital is "doing the job before you get the job" by becoming an expert in a specific sector and then reaching out to other investors to build a network. "Conduct deep research into sector-specific topics, reach out to industry certified with thoughtful questions, build a network of other investors and operators in the space, blog your thoughts and ask for feedback, or help build a company in that sector before becoming an investor," he said.

Seth Rosenberg

Seth Rosenberg is an investor at Greylock Partners.
Greylock

For Rosenberg, a career in venture capital wasn't always the most obvious path. After spending time at Goldman Sachs as a tech, media, and telecommunications investment banker, the Greylock principal joined Facebook as an early product manager on its Facebook Messenger team as the messaging app exploded in popularity.

After trying his hand as a startup founder, Rosenberg joined Greylock in 2017 as an investor. One of his earliest investments was in online-game platform Roblox, which ended up being Greylock's second-largest check ever and snagged the firm a return fifteen times the amount from its investment to IPO. Since then, Rosenberg has invested in a number of other companies like Espresso Systems, Tome, PayJoy, Wisetack, and Pine and has focused on crypto and fintech as the sole member of Greylock's team based out of New York City.

Rosenberg told Insider that he loves working with "founders who find the balance between being experts in their domain, are fully aware of the risks, and yet build as if success is inevitable."

Bryan Rosenblatt

Brian Rosenblatt is a partner at Craft Ventures.
Brian Rosenblatt

After early roles at Twitter and Reddit, Rosenblatt joined Craft Ventures in 2018 and focuses on building out the firm's East Coast portfolio. Since 2017, Rosenblatt has also been investing in tech's hottest startups through his own personal fund, Riverside Ventures, including Carta, Bonobos, Slack, and Dapper Labs. 

Rosenblatt, whose investment focus is on SaaS, marketplaces, and consumer tech, is also a Backstage Capital mentor working to advance opportunities for underrepresented founders.

Jay Rughani

Jay Rughani is a partner at Andreessen Horowitz
Jay Rughani

Rughani has centered his career around healthcare, first as Deloitte consultant to large healthcare companies, and later as an operator at Flatiron Health, which was eventually acquired by Roche. Since joining Andreessen Horowitz in 2018, he has continued to champion innovation in healthcare while developing deep subject-matter expertise. 

In addition to sourcing some of A16z's biggest healthtech deals and helping multiple portfolio companies raise follow-on capital, Rughani also helped create the firm's Bio + Health Go-To-Market playbook

Working with healthcare startups is especially fulfilling, Rughani said, because he's helping people live healthier, happier lives. He recalled working with the cancer-support startup Thyme Care, which begins every board meeting with the story of a patient who has been impacted by the company. "At the first meeting, I distinctly remember getting goosebumps, feeling lucky to have the opportunity to partner with such a brilliant team on such an important mission," he said.

Rex Salisbury

Rex Salisbury is the founder and partner at Cambrian Ventures.
Cambrian Ventures; Insider

Salisbury set off on his own earlier this year after a two-year stint at Andreessen Horowitz, where he helped build the firm's fintech practice. His $20 million fund, Cambrian Ventures, focuses on pre-seed fintech investing, and Salisbury has already added two startups to the portfolio: the B2B buy-now, pay-later startup OatFi, which raised an $8 million seed round in October; and the employee-benefits startup Keep, which raised $9 million in May. 

At Andreessen, Salisbury made investments in startup hotshots like Deel and Tally.

Salisbury told Insider that the most important qualities he looks for in founders are "deep domain expertise coupled with a passion and obsession for fintech," along with the "ability to materialize a team."

Kyle Samani

Kyle Samani is the cofounder and managing partner of Multicoin Capital.
Kyle Samani

Samani brings his operating experience as the founder of the health-IT startup Pristine to his current role as a venture capitalist. 

In 2017, after the tech-training platform Upskill acquired Pristine, Samani cofounded Multicoin Capital, an investment firm specializing in crypto. The Austin-based $75 million VC firm, which counts Andreessen Horowitz as an LP,  focuses on several overarching theses, including decentralized, open finance, the power of Web3, and global, state-free money.

Dylann Sands

Dylann Sands is a partner at Animal Capital.
Dylann Sands

In her first six months at the Gen Z-focused venture-capital fund Animal Capital, Sands has already built out her portfolio to include prominent health and fitness startups like the remote learning-difference education and therapy platform Parallel Learning and the wearable Whoop. Prior to joining the firm in July, Sands spent nearly two years at AF Ventures, and has completed stints at General Atlantic and Goldman Sachs.

Sands recommended that people looking to break into venture capital lean on their networks. 

"Today it's easier than ever to meet new people and stay in touch with existing contacts," she said. "Try to grow your network every day and you never know what will present itself — new friendships and relationships, business ideas, and investment opportunities. Eventually, networking will become second nature and be one of the most enjoyable and productive ways to spend your time as an investor."

Sanjiv Sanghavi

Sanjiv Sanghavi is a partner at Day One Ventures.
Sanjiv Sanghavi

Like many successful VCs, Sanghavi came to the world of venture capital through founding a startup. He cofounded the consumer exercise-class marketplace ClassPass in 2011 and worked as the chief product officer at Arcadia, a green-energy data-analytics company, before joining Day One Ventures as a climate-focused venture partner in January 2022. 

Since becoming a full-time VC, Sanghavi has backed several of Day One's top-performing climate-tech portfolio companies, including the YC-backed Alga Biosciences, the molecular biology startup Concert Bio, the green land-management startup Vibrant Planet, and the eco-friendly portable-potty startup Wasted. 

"My advice is to build and invest in a community of people and ideas you actually want to see succeed," he said about what it takes to break into early-stage venture capital. "When I think back to my time as a founder, I preferred partners who actually cared about what we were doing, not those investing on hype or a shaky prediction of the future." 

He added: "Now that I'm an investor, this approach has been incredibly fulfilling and leaves little space for regrets."

Aashay Sanghvi

Aashay Sanghavi is a principal at Haystack.
Aashay Sanghavi

Only an undergrad at Harvard at the time, Sanghvi was already trying to help local entrepreneurs get seed funding. After he graduated, Sanghvi went straight to work at the early-stage firm Haystack, an early backer of startups like Instacart, DoorDash, Figma, and Carta.

At Haystack, Sanghvi focuses his investing on young software-and-tech startups such as the data-streaming platform Redpanda and the universal-commerce API Rutter. Sanghvi joined Haystack in 2019.

"I'm inspired by what I call spiky founders — those with outlier characteristics averse to the status quo," he said.

Sanghvi also writes a tech-investing newsletter and founded Branch, a direct-to-consumer office-furniture retailer.

Joanne Shang

Joanne Shang is an investor at IVP.
Joanna Shang

Shang joined IVP in 2021 after a three-year stint as a technology-investment banker at Morgan Stanley. She focuses on later-stage enterprise and consumer-technology investments, including the AI-copywriting startup Jasper AI, which just raised $125 million at a $1.5 billion valuation, and the digital lender Tala, which raised a $145 million Series E late last year. 

Shang told Insider that when she's evaluating founders, she focuses on how they're building their teams.

"Founders can't build a big company alone," she said. "The ability for founders to recruit and retain talent is a critical factor in startup success."

Sarah Smith

Sarah Smith is the founder and managing partner of Sarah Smith Fund.
Sarah Smith

For Smith, the four most important qualities she looks for in an early-stage startup are "founder grit, team composition, distribution advantage, and a big vision," she told Insider.

It's a formula that has served her well: Before leaving Bain Capital Partners to start her solo fund this fall, Smith led major deals for more than four years as a venture partner at the firm, sourcing top deals like Lime, Rightfoot, and Mathison. Her angel portfolio is equally impressive, featuring big names like Airtable, Sorare, Pocus, OnDeck, Winnie, Biobot, Truehold, Arc, and Hey Jane. 

Smith specializes in pre-seed and seed-stage deals, and her advice to those wanting to break into an increasingly crowded sector is to "have a clear, differentiated product or value to offer founders in order to win allocation in the very best companies." For first-time investors, building relationships early on is key to any future success. "Get to know industry insiders by sharing leads, introductions, and your point of view on exciting founders and investment opportunities," she said.

Matt Streisfeld

Matt Streisfeld is a general partner at Oak HC/FT.
Matt Streisfeld

Streisfeld has been with Oak HC/FT since 2015, but he's had a particularly busy year, including a promotion to general partner this past summer. 

Over the past 12 months, he's spearheaded many of the firm's key exits, including the acquisition of the data provider Urjanet by Arcadia, and the acquisition of the automation company Kyron by Nintex for a reported $100 million. One of his portfolio companies, Pagaya Technologies, successfully went public this year, with the company valued at $8.5 billion. He also serves on the boards of ZenBusiness, which recently raised a $200 million Series C, and Justt, which raised a $70 million Series B, both led by Oak. 

Streisfeld believes in taking a focused approach and going deep to specialize in one sector. "You should be able to understand the business as well as the entrepreneur does," he said.

Adam Struck

Adam Struck, founder and managing partner of Struck Capital.
Struck Crypto

Struck founded his eponymous company in 2014, which encompasses Struck Capital, the group's general venture fund, its crypto fund, and its startup incubator. Since its launch, it has become one of the most well-known venture funds in the Los Angeles area and has positioned Struck as a major mover and shaker in the LA VC and startup scene.  

Through the Struck umbrella, he has been able to back high-growth companies at the early stages, like Apollo.io, Latch, Mythical Games, Postmates, Sendoso, and Zero Hash, and counts A-list celebrities like Leonardo DiCaprio in his roster of limited partners. 

Struck told Insider that the No. 1 quality he looks for in a founder is the ability to handle adversity. "Creating a startup is a polarizing experience, not for the faint of heart. Those who succeed expect to be knocked down and already envision themselves getting back up," he said.

Jenny Sui

Jenny Sui is a principal at Craft Ventures.
Jenny Sui

Though Sui started her career on the operating side at Visa and Brex, the Craft Ventures principal told Insider that she always knew she wanted to break into investing. Sui's past professional experience, though, especially her time at the fintech startup Brex, has helped inform the advice and guidance she provides founders with, she said.

Now, Sui is an integral part of Craft's investing team as the only non-partner based out of New York City and an investor that focuses on fintech and vertical software.

For aspiring investors, Sui advised digging deep into spaces that interest them — one way to do this is to borrow a page from her book and "spend time working at a startup to get the real-world, first-hand experience of building at the early-stage," she said.

Alexandra Sukin

Alexandra Sukin is an investor at Bessemer Venture Partners.
Alexandra Sukin

Sukin first started her venture career while still an undergrad at Harvard. She helped identify and source promising new investments as a venture partner at Contrary Capital, a VC firm designed to back student entrepreneurs at universities and colleges. 

She's now one of Bessemer's youngest investors and has played "an essential role in the acceleration of the firm's consumer strategy," said Jeremy Levine, a partner at the firm. Sukin led Bessemer's $17 million investment in Truebill, a personal-finance app that was acquired by Rocket Companies last year for $1.2 billion. 

Since joining Bessemer, Sukin has helped define the firm's strategy around new online platforms and content curation as the author of Roadmap: Curating the Internet. She's also the architect of Bessemer's Creator Collaborative, a collective of high-impact social-media creators focused on identifying new trends in the creator economy. 

Sukin serves on the boards of multiple Bessemer portfolio companies and said that attending her first board meeting has been one of her favorite moments in her venture career so far. "It was so exciting to get to participate in supporting a company at that level," Sukin said.

Victoria Sun

Victoria Sun is a principal at Playground Global.
Victoria Sun

An internship with the supply-chain and electronics manufacturing giant Flex piqued Sun's interest in more complex technologies. Now a principal at Playground Global, Sun is passionate about backing startups in the "techbio" sector, including logistics, agriculture, and manufacturing.

Sun has already sourced and led investments in areas like logistics with the companies Pandion and Leaf, software infrastructure through EraDB, aerospace through Universal Hydrogen, and computational biology with Strand Therapeutics. She is also a board observer for the 3D-printed-rocket company Relativity Space and the gene-sequencing company Ultima Genomics. 

"The entrepreneurs who've inspired me the most typically have traits that signal an obsessive personality, relentless pursuit, and a burning desire to win as a team," she told Insider.

Sydney Sykes

Sydney Sykes is a partner at Lightspeed Venture Partners.
Lightspeed Venture Partners

While at Stanford's Graduate School of Business, Sykes started scouting deals for Lightspeed Venture Partners. One of the deals she sourced, Archive, which lets stores integrate secondhand shopping into their online sites, is now part of Lightspeed's portfolio.

Now a full-time partner at the firm, Sykes focuses on consumer startups and small- to medium-sized businesses. In addition to Archive, which Lightspeed has backed twice in 2022, she also scouted PIN, a startup that helps groups build out investment clubs and funds; Gander, which lets users generate videos for e-commerce sites; and the online-shopping startup Whym. She has also personally backed companies including the green-skincare line Apothekary. 

Before joining Lightspeed, Sykes was a principal at Wave Capital and an investment analyst at New Enterprise Associates.  She also previously managed the growth, forecasting, and strategy for several native brands at the alternative-fashion company Dolls Kill. 

Sykes is a cofounder of the industry group BLCK VC, which connects and advances Black venture investors. She served as the group's co-CEO until March 2022 and still remains a board member. During her time as co-CEO, she built the nonprofit to a multimillion-dollar annual budget and an over 20,000 person reach.

Nancy Torres

Nancy Torres is a partner at Ulu Ventures.
Nancy Torres

Torres has dedicated her venture career to supporting underrepresented founders as one of the latest partners at Ulu Ventures, a seed-stage VC firm focused on data-driven and diverse investing. Here, she's invested in startups like Hey Jane, a virtual abortion clinic, and Parfait, a startup leveraging AI to better customize wigs. 

Torres is also a cofounder and board director of the Latinx MBA Association, a nonprofit focused on developing and supporting Latino business leaders.

Before joining Ulu, Torres cut her teeth as an investment banker at Goldman Sachs, where she advised companies on IPO and M&A transactions. Prior to Goldman, she spent time at the VC firm Harlem Capital and tech companies like Google and Uber. 

For those looking to break into the industry, Torres emphasized the importance of strong relationships and recommended upstarts to "optimize for working with people who align with your own principles and values, and who will continue to invest in you over time."

Sandhya Venkatachalam

Sandhya Venkatachalam is a partner at Khosla Ventures.
Sandhya Venkatachalam

Venkatachalam was betting on AI before it became the next big thing in tech. 

She was previously a managing director at the AI-focused fund Deep Ventures, and prior to that led AI investments for the VC fund Social Capital from 2017 to 2019.

She then brought her expertise to Khosla Ventures in 2020, where she has made a name for herself as one of the firm's go-to experts on artificial intelligence and machine learning. She led seed-stage investments in AI unicorn Groq as well as Forethought, Helm, and Fireflies.

When sourcing investments, she chooses to throw her weight behind founders who are outliers. "I can help them build a complementary team around weaknesses," she said, "but they must be exceptionally strong in at least one valuable area, like leadership and vision, extreme customer empathy, or extraordinary technical capability."

Venkatachalam also boasts substantial operational experience, having been the head of corporate development and the VP of product at Skype, as well as the first product manager at Andiamo Systems, which was acquired by Cisco this year for $1.5 billion.

Matt Weinberg

Matt Weinberg is a partner at Max Ventures.
Matt Weinberg

Weinberg came to the world of venture capital via politics and policy. Before becoming an investor himself, he worked for nonprofits and government organizations including the New York City Economic Development Corporation and President Obama's White House, where he worked to allocate $6 billion in federal funding to early-stage technology startups as a senior advisor in the Office of Investment and Innovation. 

Weinberg joined Max Ventures in 2019 as a principal and was promoted to partner this year. He focuses on digital-commerce and digital-healthcare startups across the United States and Europe. He has led deals for CertifyOS, Adonis, CuraFi, and Elion, a digital-health marketplace that he also cofounded and incubated. 

Weinberg tells anyone who wants to break into early-stage venture capital that becoming knowledgeable in a specific area and then building relationships is the key to success. "The goal is to show you can hit the ground running, add value on day one, and take less time to develop your 'book of business,'" he said.

Jillian Williams

Jillian Williams is a partner at Cowboy Ventures.
Jillian Williams

A self-proclaimed "fintech nerd," Williams began her investment career backing fintech startups for more than five years as a principal at Anthemis Group, where she worked closely with top fintech companies like Pipe, Atomic Invest, Maxwell, Rally Rd, and TrueLayer. After joining Cowboy Ventures in 2021, Williams was promoted from principal to partner in December this year. 

At Cowboy, Williams backs startups in a variety of verticals, including e-commerce, marketplace companies, and SaaS startups. More recently, she backed Getaway, a cabin-vacation-rental investment platform, and made a personal investment into the fintech-infrastructure startup Power's seed round. 

Williams told Insider that the two most important qualities she looks for in startup founders are the ability to hire and attract talent and being a "learning animal," meaning that they are able to recognize their own limitations and see where they need to grow.

Carra Wu

Carra Wu is a partner at Andreessen Horowitz.
Courtesy of Carra Wu

A Harvard dropout, the 23-year-old Wu parlayed internships at Apple and Microsoft to land a coveted internship at a16z that gave her access to the firm's estimated $9 billion in crypto-specific funds. 

Within a few months, supervisors promoted Wu to deal analyst, and made her a partner by her first anniversary at the firm  — making her a16z's youngest check writer and a rising star in crypto investing. 

Wu previously told Insider that she cold emailed Arianna Simpson and asked to be the firm's first crypto intern, and reflected on breaking into venture capital as, "I climbed through a window," she said.

Nancy Xiao

Nancy Xiao is an investor at BOND.
Nancy Xiao

During her four years at BOND, Xiao's investments have spanned from the consumer sector — including the running brand On and the camping startup Hipcamp — to the healthcare sector — including the birth-control startup Nurx and the women's telemedicine behemoth Maven Clinic — and beyond — such as the SpaceX competitor Relativity Space and the proptech Veev.

Before joining the firm in 2019, she was a tech-investment banker at Morgan Stanley.

Johnson Yang

Johnson Yang is a principal at General Catalyst.
Johnson Yang

Yang fell in love with venture investing before even finishing his undergrad degree at the University of Michigan, where he served as an investor for the school's student-run Michigan Social Venture Fund. 

From there, he went on to become the first undergraduate hire on Insight Partners' onsite strategy and analytics team. Since joining General Catalyst in 2020, Yang has helped lead the firm's investments in the consumer internet and fintech spaces. 

Yang sourced and led investments in the gifting platform Bloom & Wild, the car-buying platform Kavak, and the design company Material Bank. In addition to serving as board member for multiple portfolio companies, Yang is also highly involved in General Catalyst's incubation strategy, in which he helps build promising fintech startups from the ground up. He said the most important quality he looks for in a founder is authenticity.

"Building an enduring business is rarely a linear, up-and-to-the-right journey," he said. "Being able to build truly trusting and lasting relationships with founders, of course on a professional level but also on a personal level, is incredibly important to me."

Mon, 12 Dec 2022 23:00:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.businessinsider.com/venture-capital-rising-stars-startups-tech-2022-12
Killexams : Patrick & Henry Community College announces two new college board members No result found, try new keyword!MARTINSVILLE, Va. (WSET) — The Patrick & Henry Community college board welcomes two new members. According to Patrick & Henry Community College, the two members are Mr. Ouss Sahhar and Mr. Tim ... Tue, 06 Dec 2022 06:43:00 -0600 en text/html https://wset.com/news/local/patrick-henry-community-college-martinsville-virginia-announces-two-new-college-board-members-ouss-sahhar-tim-stone-december-6-2022 Killexams : Three new members join Ridgewater College Foundation board

WILLMAR — Three new members are joining the Ridgewater College Foundation's board of community volunteers — Amber Erickson of Hutchinson, Kristie Haefner of Litchfield, and Leslie Valiant of Willmar, according to a news release from Ridgewater College.

The three will fill vacancies left by Robert Hantge, of Hutchinson, Mark Olson, of Willmar, and Eric Lipke, of Stewart, who served one-, two- and three three-year terms, respectively.

The board oversees and governs the activities of the foundation, which raises, manages and distributes resources to support the educational opportunities offered by Ridgewater College on campuses in Willmar and Hutchinson.

Erickson is a social producer for a company called Goodbye Vanilla, specializing in social media marketing and video production development. She is also a member of the Think Local committee and Hutchinson Area Dollars for Scholars.

IMG_2508AmberErickson.JPG
Amber Erickson

Contributed / Ridgewater College

Erickson and her husband, Andrew, reside in Hutchinson with their five children.

Haefner is a 2002 alumnus of Ridgewater College who rounded out her college experience at Winona State University in 2004 with an undergraduate degree in human resources management.

Kristie Haefner.jpg
Kristie Haefner

Contributed / Ridgewater College

She joined the team at Doosan Bobcat in 2020 as a human resources manager supporting multiple manufacturing sites. Her work history involves experience in nonprofits, hospitality, accounting, consulting and corporate manufacturing.

Haefner has been a board member with United Way of West Central Minnesota since 2014, serving in several roles including president. She is also a 2016 alumnus of the Vision 2040 program.

Haefner and her husband, Travis, and their two children recently relocated to Litchfield.

Valiant holds an accounting associate degree from the former Willmar Vo-Tech and accounting and business administration degrees from St. Scholastica.

Corner Editor: https://www.tuxpi.com/photo-effects/corner-editor
Leslie Valiant

Contributed / Ridgewater College

Her work experience includes accounting and finance work for the Litchfield Public Utilities Commission and the city of St. Joseph, and city administration for Spicer and now Willmar.

She has owned her own business, and was the gambling manager for the Litchfield Baseball Association for 12 years.

Our newsroom occasionally reports stories under a byline of "West Central Tribune staff report." Often, the "West Central Tribune staff report" byline is used when rewriting basic news briefs that originate from official sources, such as a city press release about a road closure, and which require little or no reporting. At times, this byline is used when a news story includes numerous authors or when the story is formed by aggregating previously reported news from various sources. If outside sources are used, it is noted within the story.

The West Central Tribune newsroom can be reached via email:
willmar-newsdesk@wctrib.com or phone 320-235-1150.

Sat, 03 Dec 2022 03:37:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.wctrib.com/business/three-new-members-join-ridgewater-college-foundation-board
Killexams : Nevada State College to provide update on proposed name change

Nevada State College delivered an update to higher education regents at its quarterly meeting Wednesday about a proposed name change that was postponed this year.

College officials say a name change to “Nevada State University” would benefit the school by boosting enrollment, eliminating confusion among employers, raising pay for graduates and helping to facilitate the state’s economic growth.

But in September, regents voted unanimously to postpone considering a name change until this month.

Nevada State College President DeRionne Pollard provided an update to the board Wednesday and said that the school could pursue a name change with its accrediting body, the Northwest Commission on Colleges and Universities, only after the name change was approved by the Board of Regents.

“Your action is necessary to proceed forward with the commission,” Pollard said.

The item before regents on Wednesday was “information only,” and no action was taken.

Nevada State College opened in 2002 in Henderson and has more than 7,200 students. It offers mostly bachelor’s degrees but has a master’s degree in speech-language pathology.

If the Board of Regents approves a name change, the request would be submitted to the commission, where a three-member peer panel would review it. It would take an estimated two to four months to go through the process, according to meeting materials posted online.

“This is not a change in mission, but rather a recognition of a series of changes that have occurred and have been approved for Nevada State over the last several years,” Pollard said.

The accrediting agency also recommended notifying the U.S. Department of Education of the name change after Board of Regents approval, according to meeting materials.

An October letter from the commission to Pollard, which was posted with online meeting materials, described the changing of a school’s name is considered a “major change.”

Pollard previously told the Las Vegas Review-Journal that the school would issue new transcripts and diplomas to graduates — a cost the school would cover using private donations — with the new name.

But the letter from the commission said that is not allowed. That is because “the degrees awarded previously were under the previous institution name and, in many cases, different missions and degree requirements,” according to the letter.

When questioned by Regent Patrick Boylan about the reissuing of diplomas, Pollard affirmed Wednesday that the new university could not mass produce and reissue certificates, diplomas or transcripts to students. But if a student requested a new diploma or transcript, the university could provide them on an individual basis.

The state’s higher education system office is working on a memorandum that includes a list of handbook changes that would be needed if the college’s name change is approved.

“The options for changes are intended to ensure that policy and procedures applicable to the research universities are not construed to apply to a newly named Nevada State University,” meeting materials say.

The system also says state law changes would be needed to avoid effects on employee salaries, student tuition and admissions requirements.

Pollard said Wednesday that she would present options to the regents at its next meeting on the best way to implement the renaming of the college but said that the college had secured at least one potential bill sponsor to submit a bill draft request to the Legislature on its behalf.

Following questions about a name change’s impact on student financial federal aid, Pollard said the college confirmed with the Department of Education that the change would have no impact on Title IV participation.

But Regent Jason Geddes said that a bill draft request was not law and would still be contingent upon approval from the governor and both chambers of the Legislature.

Geddes said that questions remained about what a name change would mean for the college under the state’s funding formula and how faculty salaries might change.

“I’m a firm supporter of making this change and I think it’s the right thing to do, but I just think we need to do it in a timely manner,” Geddes said.

Contact Julie Wootton-Greener at jgreener@reviewjournal.com or 702-387-2921. Follow @julieswootton on Twitter. Contact Lorraine Longhi at 702-387-5298 or llonghi@reviewjournal.com. Follow her at @lolonghi on Twitter.

Wed, 30 Nov 2022 02:53:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.reviewjournal.com/local/education/nevada-state-college-to-give-update-on-proposed-name-change-2685058/
Killexams : Southwestern Oregon Community College Board of Education Meeting

Board of Education Meetings

December 12, 2022 @ 4:00 p.m.

1988 Newmark Ave., Tioga Hall, 505, Coos Bay, Oregon

Southwestern Oregon Community College has made a method for Open Sessions by which the public can listen to or attend the public meeting at the time it occurs by access and attend meetings by telephone, video or other electronic or virtual means. Open Sessions are available at the Coos and Curry campus. Please contact Dina Laskey at 541-888-7400 or by email at dina.laskey@socc.edu for more information.

The meeting room is ADA accessible. When a request for an interpreter for the hearing impaired is made at least 48 hours prior to a scheduled meeting, the Board of Education will make every effort to provide an interpreter. For additional information feel free to contact the Office of the President at (541) 888-7400.

Southwestern Oregon Community College is an equal-opportunity educator and employer. It is the policy of the Southwestern Oregon Community College Board of Education that there will be no discrimination or harassment on the basis of race, color, gender, sexual orientation, marital status, religion, national origin, age, disability, gender identity, or protected veterans in employment, education, or activities as set forth in compliance with federal and state statutes and regulations.

Persons having questions about equal opportunity and nondiscrimination should contact the Vice President of Administrative Services in Tioga 511. Phone 541-888-7206 or TTY 541-888-7368. All other issues, concerns, and complaints should also be directed to the Vice President of Administrative Services for referral to the appropriate administrator.

Wed, 07 Dec 2022 02:27:00 -0600 en text/html https://theworldlink.com/news/local/southwestern-oregon-community-college-board-of-education-meeting/article_926197d4-70f9-11ed-b509-175a2df47c05.html
Killexams : Local manufacturers discuss future of manufacturing in River Valley, Northwest Arkansas

FORT SMITH -- Local manufacturing leaders met at the Peak Innovation Center on Monday to discuss the future of manufacturing in Northwest Arkansas and the River Valley and how the manufacturers can aid potential workers while they're still students.

Jason Green, human resources manager for ABB Motors and Mechanical and chairman of the Regional Workforce Development Board, said building student interest in manufacturing is important because the current workforce is getting older, skill sets are changing radically and low unemployment means there's also low labor and manufacturing growth.

"We developed a strategy, and that strategy is really simple," Green said. "Build a pipeline of talent from our current employers, future employers as well. Do it collaboratively in a very community-based approach. Do it by rethinking career and technical education."

Green said Peak is a great example of this strategy.

The new center, located at 5900 Painter Lane, opened to students in late March as a collaboration between the School District and the University of Arkansas at Fort Smith. It serves roughly 280 students from 22 school districts across Crawford, Franklin, Johnson, Logan, Scott and Sebastian counties through the university's Western Arkansas Technical Center program.

The center houses courses for automation and robotics, computer integrated machining, electronics technology and industrial maintenance, emergency medical responders, medical office assistants, network engineering and unmanned aerial systems.

Stephanie Freeman, a career development facilitator at Peak, said the Fort Smith School District has created a K-12 model to help students know if they'd be interested in taking Peak courses in high school. She said the elementary schools focus on learning professional skills like communication, responsibility and organization.

All Arkansas schools are required to have a career development class, which is usually taken for a semester in eighth grade, Freeman said. She said the district realized it needed to do more, so it has some kind of career development for all middle school students: a nine-week career awareness course in sixth grade, a semester-long career exploration class in seventh grade and a yearlong career development class in eighth grade.

Fort Smith is also adding middle school STEM courses, including design and modeling and space and flight, she said.

"We are only in year two of putting all of those classes in place, so we don't know yet what our return on this investment is," she said. "I'm really excited about seeing what this is going to do for not just Peak, but all of our students, all of the programs that we have."

Amanda Seidenzahl, director of the Western Arkansas Technical Center, said they've piloted a yearlong youth apprenticeship program for students to provide them a real look at what a manufacturing career would be like. She said it starts the summer before their senior year as a paid, 40-hour week with instructor training in the mornings and working with companies in the afternoons; then during the school year, they work 12 hours a week, based on their schedules.

"They have their nights off and weekends free to still be a high school student and participating but gaining this experience," Seidenzahl said. "Many of them have the opportunity to apply with the company as they exit."

Seidenzahl said about 25 students have gone through the program since it started four years ago. She noted while that's not a huge number, the apprenticeship is intentionally competitive.

Latisha Settlage, dean of the University of Arkansas at Fort Smith College of Business and Industry, spoke about how Peak students are also earning college credit and can receive associate degrees before graduating high school. She said ABB has been a great partner, but the college wants to identify more partners in the area so it can provide the needed curriculum for students.

Green also led a panel discussion of Peak and university students working in manufacturing so attendees could hear about their experiences directly. He asked them what they plan to do, and how these various manufacturing opportunities have aided them.

Nadia Facio, a Peak student and apprentice for ABB Motors and Mechanical, said she's known since middle school she wants to work at ABB, and the apprenticeship has shown her specific roles she might want.

"It showed me that I think I really have the potential to learn and grow more, especially as a young individual," she said. "It teaches me what I can do."

Emma Smith, a Peak student in the electronics program, said she likes that the school helps students find their passions at a young age.

"That's what will set us out from employers, because we know that we love this job and will go in there every day and do our best, and not just whatever we get to find," she said.

Sat, 10 Dec 2022 16:01:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.nwaonline.com/news/2022/dec/11/local-manufacturers-discuss-future-of/
Killexams : College Matters | CR welcomes new board member

On Nov. 8, 2022, we exercised our right to vote and cast our electoral voices for or against several ballot measures and candidates for elected state and local offices. In this mid-term election, voters in CR’s Area 1 (Ferndale) had an opportunity to choose between Mr. Roman Rubalcava and Ms. Lorraine Pedrotti to replace Trustee Tracy Coppini as a member of the College of the Redwoods Board of Trustees, who will step down from the board in January.

Ms. Lorraine Pedrotti ultimately prevailed in her run to replace Trustee Coppini. Two current trustees, Mr. Danny Kelley and Mrs. Carol Mathews ran unopposed and will continue to help me lead the college into the future. Trustee-Elect Pedrotti, Trustee Mathews and Trustee Kelley will be sworn in at our Dec. 13 board meeting.

As Ms. Pedrotti prepares to join the board, I want to thank Trustee Coppini for his long service as a trustee. His knowledge of the community and dedication to College of the Redwoods was invaluable to our success over the past several years. Trustee Coppini exemplified the board’s commitment to its mission to provide students with an exceptional education, support the administration, and encourage faculty in innovative teaching. During Tracy’s tenure on the board, even when faced with difficult decisions, the board’s collegiality and appreciation for one another’s background and expertise allowed trustees to reach consensus.

When we discuss higher education, we usually talk about the faculty, staff and students. In the run-up to the election, a community member asked me what a trustee does and why someone unfamiliar with higher education should care about who is elected to the CR Board. I realized that I am uniquely qualified to answer this question, having a close relationship with the board and a perspective on the important leadership role that our trustees play in CR’s governance structure that most people don’t have.

My answer was, even if you don’t attend or work at a community college, I believe there are plenty of reasons to care about what the seven elected members of the CR Board of Trustees do. The work of our trustees extends to much more than academics. They oversee CR’s budgets, which go toward all kinds of projects beyond academics — think new buildings, land development, and construction, all of which affect the surrounding community.

Our board’s role is dictated by our accrediting body. They are an independent, policy-making body that establishes those broad policies appropriate to the academic quality, integrity and fiscal stability of the College. They set the vision, mission and goals for the college, reflect the public interest in the institution’s educational quality, and protect the college from undue influence or political pressure. Our board makes sure that the college is accomplishing its goals for student success. The board regularly reviews key indicators of student learning and achievement and institutional plans for improving academic quality. The board also delegates full responsibility and authority to the president/superintendent to implement and administer board policies without board interference and holds the president/superintendent accountable for the operation of the college.

As I reflect on the challenges over the last several years, I am struck by how College of the Redwoods has remained strong because our trustees have embraced their role and set the tone for excellence in the institution.

Ms. Pedrotti is joining a board that is committed to supporting whatever is necessary to address the complex issues the institution faces. In my time as president of College of the Redwoods, the Board has always been a group who do not run from challenges, but rather address them head-on with inclusivity and determination and I fully expect that this will remain true as we swear in our new and returning board members on Dec. 13.

Dr. Keith Flamer is the president of the College of the Redwoods.

Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0600 Keith Flamer en-US text/html https://www.times-standard.com/2022/12/01/college-matters-cr-welcomes-new-board-member/
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