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ABPN-VNE resources - American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology - Vascular Neurology Exam

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Exam Code: ABPN-VNE American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology - Vascular Neurology exam resources 2023 by Killexams.com team

ABPN-VNE American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology - Vascular Neurology Exam

The One-Day Family Medicine Certification Examination is divided into four separate sections of equal length and 100 minutes of pooled break time is available to be used between sections.

Exam Section exam Section Format Time Allotted
Section 1 75 Multiple Choice Questions 95 Minutes
Section 2 75 Multiple Choice Questions 95 Minutes
Section 3 75 Multiple Choice Questions 95 Minutes
Section 4 75 Multiple Choice Questions 95 Minutes

It is administered and proctored by staff at Prometric in approximately 350 locations around the United States and 180 international locations.

You do not need to have extensive familiarity with computers, but you should have experience with the use of a computer keyboard and mouse. Computer-based testing functions include the ability to navigate forward and backward through the examination, mark items for further review, highlight/strikeout question content, review answered, unanswered and marked items. A listing of completed questions, incomplete questions, and marked items may be accessed at any time during the examination for the currently active section. You must review or change items prior to the time expiration for each section. Once you end an exam section, or the exam has timed out, you cannot return to the questions in that section. The computer-based examination contains a clock showing the time remaining in the top center of the exam screen.

The test plan specifications for the current Secure One-Day Family Medicine Certification Examination administered in a test center, provides you with the targeted percentage of questions in each content category of your examination. The test plan specifications outline also includes the list of available modules that will be available during your examination. You will have the opportunity to select one of these modules prior to starting section two of your examination.

Prometric also offers a "Test Drive," if you wish to become familiar with the testing process and the testing center before your exam day. This is a 30-minute orientation in which the Prometric staff will allow you to experience the check-in/registration process, take a 15-minute non-medical related demo test, and introduce you to the staff and surroundings, such as parking and entrances

Cardiovascular 12%
Endocrine 8%
Gastrointestinal 7%
Hematologic/Immune 3%
Integumentary 6%
Musculoskeletal 12%
Nephrologic 3%
Neurologic 3%
Nonspecific 9%
Psychogenic 7%
Reproductive—Female 4%
Reproductive—Male 1%
Respiratory 13%
Special Sensory 2%
Population-based Care 5%
This includes Topics such as biostatistics and epidemiology, evidence-based medicine, prevention, health policy and legal issues, bioterror, quality improvement, and geographic/urban/rural issues.
Patient-based Systems 5%
This includes Topics such as clinical decision-making, communication and doctor-patient interaction, family and cultural issues, ethics, palliative care,and end-of-life care.
American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology - Vascular Neurology Exam
Certification-Board Psychiatry resources

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Killexams : Certification-Board Psychiatry resources - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/ABPN-VNE Search results Killexams : Certification-Board Psychiatry resources - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/ABPN-VNE https://killexams.com/exam_list/Certification-Board Killexams : Addiction Psychiatry: Training, Certification, and Internet Resources

ABPN Added Qualifications in Addiction Psychiatry

The ABPN published a memorandum and schedule in October 1996 providing information about board-certification testing through the year 2000.[8,9] The last written examination that may be taken without completing any formal addictions training, either a non-ACGME or an ACGME program (ie, the practice pathway), is scheduled for April 7, 1998. The regular application deadline for the April 1998 examination is September 1, 1997 and a second "late" application deadline, which will require an extra fee, is October 1, 1997.

After that examination, the next scheduled examination will be on April 4, 2000. The application deadline is September 1, 1999, and the "late" application deadline is October 1, 1999. Proof of successful completion of formal addictions training (either a non-ACGME or an ACGME program) will be required to take the examination. All examinations given after the year 2000 will require proof of completion of an ACGME-accredited addiction psychiatry residency.

In addition to the aforementioned practice or training program requirements, the physician must attain ABPN General Psychiatry Board Certification prior to taking the Added Qualifications in Addiction Psychiatry examination. Further information about the certification process can be obtained from the ABPN at: 500 Lake Cook Rd., Suite 335, Deerfield, IL 60015, 847-945-7900.

The Added Qualifications in Addiction Psychiatry status is valid for 10 years. After the 10-year period, the physician must successfully complete a recertification examination to maintain board-certified status.

Fri, 28 Apr 2023 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/430912_6
Killexams : Virginia nonprofit expands mental health services for military members

VIRGINIA BEACH, Va. — Trails of Purpose, a Chesapeake-based nonprofit that uses horses to support military members, is preparing to expand its services to a new facility to accommodate a growing need for mental health resources.

Roughly 30 volunteers gathered recently at One Red Maple Farm to help clean the property. Trails of Purpose began leasing parts of the 38-acre Pungo farm in early May and is going through the city’s conditional use permit process to open the property to military members and their families seeking mental health counseling.

Located in the heart of one of the nation’s most densely populated military communities, co-founder Kayla Arestivo said expanding services was necessary.

“Just look at the news,” said Arestivo, a licensed mental health counselor and military spouse. “Military mental health — Department of Defense mental health — is overrun right now. It is not well supported or billeted.”

Trails of Purpose provides therapeutic care for service members suffering mental hardships, using horses for assisted psychotherapy and mental health education. The various services, which mostly involve handling the horses on foot, are meant to help current and former military members and their families overcome the trauma, transition and trials from military service.

“We’ve doubled our service members every year since we’ve been in existence,” Arestivo said. “I have had chiefs call me and say, ‘Nobody’s picking up the phone, Portsmouth is overrun and I have got this kid.’ And they literally drive the sailor out to us. That is the need.”

Ricky Bledsoe, a Trails of Purpose board member and retired Navy special warfare officer, purchased the property from Lynnette Bukowski, the widow of a veteran Navy SEAL. Bukowski, who owned the farm for nearly 10 years, had turned it into a retreat for veterans returning from combat.

“The whole premise behind buying the place was to continue the mission Lynn started,” said Bledsoe, who had volunteered with Bukowski.

Bledsoe retired as a chief warrant officer 3 in 2021 following a 30-year naval career.

“I noticed there was a lack of attention to people’s well being — especially for their mental health. It was always, ‘Go, go, go’ and not about the individual,” Bledsoe said.

Bledsoe, Arestivo and Trails of Purpose volunteers worked for three hours, ensuring the property will be available to military members and their families to “rest and refit.” Volunteers cleared overgrown vegetation and cleaned up animal pens, a bunk house and a barn.

“If you need a place just get out of the city on the weekends, we have that. If you want to just get out and be amongst nature with horses, without horses, or just sit over there and have lunch and let your kids play,” Bledsoe said. “It is somewhere to totally relax, for you to just withdraw from the overwhelming stuff of reality for a little bit.”

Trails of Purpose sees about 100 military members, veterans and their families per week in individual, spouse, family or group therapy sessions.

“These are people who are built for community,” Arestivo said. “A lot of military members don’t typically have friends outside the military because they have built-in friends in the military. But when you leave the military, you don’t have that anymore. When you come out to us, now you do.

“Now, every Saturday you can show up to groups and you can trust that somebody is going to be there checking in on you. You have a place where you belong.”

In working with One Red Maple Farm, the nonprofit will be able to facilitate additional groups, running in tandem with the Chesapeake location. It hired three additional licensed professional counselors and is leasing seven new horses.

Opening the program at a second location has also expanded Arestivo’s goals.

“I would love for people to understand the value in civilian counselors for the military,” she said. “Maybe we don’t need to report everything back to TRICARE. Maybe people can just go and talk about what’s going on with them and it doesn’t have to be reported to the command.”

Participating in Trails of Purpose is free and is not reported to commanding officers or military health insurance providers. A service member’s participation will only be reported if licensed professional counselors deem that person a threat to themself or others.

Arestivo’s short-term goal is to see the waitlist dwindle. It is currently four weeks.

“But right now, if I remove three from the waitlist, three more replace them,” Arestivo said.

Sun, 04 Jun 2023 03:43:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.militarytimes.com/news/your-military/2023/06/04/virginia-nonprofit-expands-mental-health-services-for-military-members/
Killexams : How to Become an ABA Therapist

Drexel University School of Education

Building a career in Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) therapy is an opportunity to make a life-changing difference in the lives of those with behavioral, developmental, or intellectual issues. ABA therapy can be very challenging but is also rewarding work that can Excellerate behaviors and daily skills of those in need of intervention, work that is meaningful to the individuals receiving the supports as well as their parents. Pursuing advanced education in ABA therapy is critical, as it provides the rigorous coursework, practical training, and certification requirements necessary for a successful and effective career in the field.

What is ABA Therapy?

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) therapy is a category of therapy that employs evidence-based tools and practices to treat individuals diagnosed with behavioral and developmental disorders. While ABA therapy is most commonly associated with the treatment of children with autism, other applications of ABA therapy include ADHD, traumatic brain injury, dementia, and other developmental issues. Treatment strategies within ABA therapy use positive reinforcement practices to Excellerate the social, learning, communication, life-management, and other functional skills of individuals with behavioral disorders. Research demonstrates that consistent participation in ABA therapy is an effective means to address these needs.

What Does an ABA Therapist Do?

ABA therapists assess their individuals ‘behavioral issues, or behavior reduction. Then they will work on skill acquisition. One way a therapist may approach skill acquisition will be to break down targeted behaviors into smaller steps and reward patients for improving a targeted behavior or skill. ABA therapists also monitor progress, document the effectiveness of treatment strategies, and work with parents, teachers, clinicians, and other stakeholders on strategies for maintaining desired behaviors. The goal of the ABA therapist is to help the individual develop the behavioral and practical skills for independence in their personal and professional lives.

ABA therapists practice across a range of settings, but education and healthcare are the most common industries for the profession. In school and classroom settings, ABA therapists collaborate with teachers and administrators to develop individualized and school-wide positive behavior support plans for addressing student behavior challenges. Working with students diagnosed with autism is common in this setting. ABA therapists serve an important role in healthcare settings, such as hospitals, clinics, and private practices, where they may work with patients with significant behavioral challenges, addiction issues, or those recovering from a traumatic brain injury or living with dementia, who need to Excellerate specific behaviors and skills to enhance functions within daily life. Across professional settings, ABA therapists typically work under the supervision of a board certified behavior analyst (BCBA), who has obtained higher levels of training and certification.

ABA Therapy Education Requirements

Those interested in becoming an independent practicing ABA therapist must earn a bachelor’s degree, and in most cases a master’s degree. At the undergraduate level, a bachelor’s degree in psychology, sociology, education, or other behavioral science most closely aligns with the skills required of an ABA therapist. While a bachelor’s degree may provide the qualifications for some assistant-level positions, most careers in ABA therapy require a master’s degree and BCBA certification.

5 Steps to Become an ABA Therapist: Qualifications and Education Requirements

Below are the five main requirements for becoming a licensed and board-certified ABA therapist.

1. Obtain an Undergraduate Degree

Earning a bachelor’s degree is the first step in becoming an ABA therapist. Many of those interested in pursuing a career in ABA therapy will earn a bachelor’s degree in psychology or special education, as the field explores issues of human behavior, developmental disorders, and mental health conditions that directly apply to the practice of ABA therapy. Undergraduate degrees in education are also common. We encourage you to visit the School of Education’s undergraduate degrees webpage to learn more about our academic offerings.

2. Obtain a Graduate Degree

Graduate-level coursework provides the skills and training necessary for most professional positions in the field of ABA therapy, and a master’s degree is required for board certification. A behavior analyst degree, like Drexel’s MS in Applied Behavior Analysis, provides the course sequence necessary to the take the Board Certified Behavior Analyst® examination. ABAI-verified graduate programs provide critical supervision by experienced ABA therapists that help students meet the requirements for the profession.

3. Gain Relevant Experience

The BACB requires 1,500-2,000 hours of experience in the field as part of the requirements to become a licensed board certified behavior analyst and practice ABA therapy. A majority of states in the U.S. also have strict requirements regarding field experience. Many states require 1,000+ hours of hands-on clinical experience, supervised by a qualified BCBA or instructor who has also completed the requirements outlined by their state for the licensed practice of ABA therapy. Not all states adhere to the same fieldwork requirements, so individuals should consult with their state’s licensing board. Students in Drexel's MS in Applied Behavior Analysis program complete field experience hours as part of the program.

4. Become Licensed and Certified

License and certification requirements will vary from state to state. Some states do not require a license, some require BCBA certification for licensure, and many employers require a license and BCBA certification, even if the employer’s state does not. Individuals should visit the APBA Licensure and Other Regulation of ABA Practitioners page to learn about the requirements of their state and work closely with their state’s licensing board when they reach this stage. Generally, aspiring ABA therapists who meet the standards set by the Behavior Analyst Certification Board (BACB) and who obtain BCBA certification will fulfill most of the qualifications for a license to practice in the field. Drexel’s MS in Applied Behavior Analysis and Applied Behavior Analysis certificate program provide students with the coursework needed for the BCBA certification exam.

5. Maintain Licensure

A BACB license for the practice of ABA therapy must be renewed every two years. License renewal requirements vary from state to state but include several steps in common, including continuing education coursework, adherence to the BACB code of ethics, and other self-reported requirements. Individuals should consult with their state’s licensing board to learn more about the requirements and application process for license renewal.

How Long Does It Take to Become an ABA Therapist?

Aspiring ABA therapists should expect to devote a minimum of six years to education and practical training. Typically, four years is spent earning a bachelor’s degree in a relevant field and two years earning a master’s degree and becoming certified. Students in Drexel’s two-year MS in Applied Behavior Analysis program complete the required coursework during the course of the program. For those with master’s degrees, Drexel offers a 12-to-21-month ABA certificate program that provides the necessary coursework for BACB certification.

Skills Needed to be an ABA Therapist

Individuals with behavioral issues and disorders are all unique, so the methodologies of ABA therapy are not one-size-fits all. Successful ABA therapists possess the skills and exhibit the qualities that lead to individualized, compassionate, and holistic care for the individuals they treat.

  • Active listening and observation: In order to develop an effective treatment plan, ABA therapists must carefully observe patient behaviors, actively listen to input from parents, teachers and other caregivers, and pay close attention to both verbal and non-verbal cues.
  • Critical and creative thinking: Because the needs of every patient are different, an ABA therapist must be able to evaluate each case to determine a customized plan of treatment. ABA therapists often have to think creatively and outside-of-the-box to develop effective interventions and ways of communicating with their patients.
  • Adaptability: Patient circumstances are all unique, and treatment plans may need to change over time, so ABA therapists must be able to adapt and be flexible to meet patients’ evolving needs.
  • Communication: ABA therapists use communications skills not only to interact personally with patients, parents, teachers, and other stakeholders, but also to effectively explain intervention strategies and deliver treatment updates on a regular basis.
  • Empathy: Successful ABA therapists exhibit empathy and compassion in their work with patients and the individuals in their patients’ lives. Developing this critical skill is key to helping patients feel respected and understood.
  • Detail-oriented work ethic: Following the protocols of the profession and documenting behavioral assessments, treatment plans, and patient outcomes require that an ABA therapist exercise a detail-oriented work ethic.

What is the Expected Salary for an ABA Therapist?

The average salary for an ABA therapist in the U.S. is $42,088 per year, according to Glassdoor. Salaries may vary based on education level, regional location, years of experience, and industry. ABA therapists hold a wide range of professional roles – from behavior analysis consultants to program coordinators to clinical directors. Because ABA therapists can build a career in so many different fields, there is an equally wide range of earnings potential.

Becoming an ABA Therapist with the Help of Drexel University’s School of Education

A master’s degree is required to become a board certified behavior analyst (BCBA).

For those without a master’s degree, Drexel’s Master of Science (MS) in Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) equips students with the skills and knowledge they need for a successful career in the ABA profession. Within the master’s program, students take the required courses before they take the Behavior Analyst Certification Board (BACB) exam. For those with a master’s degree not in ABA, Drexel offers a certificate in Applied Behavior Analysis that provides the ABAI-verified coursework necessary for taking the BACB exam.

Interested in becoming an ABA Therapist? Take the first step by applying or requesting more information about our ABA programs.

Fri, 03 Feb 2023 10:38:00 -0600 en text/html https://drexel.edu/soe/resources/career-path/how-to-aba-therapist/
Killexams : Stahl's Self-Assessment Examination in Psychiatry

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Mon, 26 Jul 2021 21:29:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.cambridge.org/core/books/stahls-selfassessment-examination-in-psychiatry/D0ABA9094280986E3F8899CEF61ECE75
Killexams : 100 highest-paying jobs in America

Fewer companies plan to provide raises in 2023 compared to the previous year as the scramble to retain employees eases. Of all the companies surveyed by Payscale Inc. for its 2023 Compensation Best Practices, 80% report they would offer salary increases—but that’s compared to 92% in 2022. Another 15% said they were unsure.

Pay hikes that were higher than usual became common during the coronavirus pandemic as companies sought to keep workers and replace those who had left.

As of April 2023, unemployment in the United States was at 3.4%.

What are the top-paying jobs in the country? Stacker ranked the 100 highest-paying jobs in America using May 2022 data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, which was updated on April 25, 2023.

Engineers in a variety of fields make this list, as do educators, particularly those working in postsecondary settings. As expected, medical professionals post a strong showing, as well as managers. There are surprises, too. For example, would you have guessed that an art director earns, on average, more than a financial analyst?

Jobs are ranked according to their median annual wage; the median hourly wage and total employment nationwide are also included. Positions that report only hourly wages due to the nature of the work were excluded from this analysis. Additionally, any jobs that listed “all other” in the occupation name also were excluded as these are groupings of jobs, and the data may not accurately reflect every one.

Stacker breaks down what the jobs entail, what skills are required, and how interested people can get a start in the field. Click through to find out which professions offer the best-paying positions.


#100. First-line supervisors of police and detectives

– Median annual wage: $96,290
– Median hourly wage: $46.29
– Total employment: 131,860 people

People in this line of work are tasked with training staff in proper police procedures, supervising and coordinating criminal investigations, and resolving internal organizational problems. A majority of first-line supervisors work in local government, but the best-paying gigs are in the federal executive branch.


#99. Mechanical engineers

– Median annual wage: $96,310
– Median hourly wage: $46.31
– Total employment: 277,560 people

The field of mechanical engineering is quite broad. People who work in the profession can specialize in many projects, from creating medical devices to designing elevators—even something akin to those nifty paternosters in Germany. Bachelor degree programs heavy in mathematics and science serve as a base for many future mechanical engineers.

Monkey Business Images // Shutterstock

#98. Industrial engineers

– Median annual wage: $96,350
– Median hourly wage: $46.32
– Total employment: 321,400 people

Industrial engineers integrate the various components that go into making a product, among them machines and materials. They typically need a bachelor’s degree in industrial engineering or such related fields as mechanical or electrical engineering. Where they work can depend on the project.

Kokulina // Shutterstock

#97. Makeup artists, theatrical and performance

– Median annual wage: $96,370
– Median hourly wage: $46.33
– Total employment: 2,970 people

The movie and video industries hire the greatest number of makeup artists and are among those that pay them the most. Another promising business for makeup artists: amusement parks. As could be expected, many work in New York, California, and Florida.

Robert Kneschke // Shutterstock

#96. Forestry and conservation science teachers, postsecondary

– Median annual wage: $96,500
– Median hourly wage: Not available
– Total employment: 1,270 people

The field of foresters and conservation scientists is expected to grow by 5% through 2031 so teachers will be needed to help those future employees learn their skills. Montana, Maine, Wisconsin, Oregon, and Colorado have the highest concentration of teaching jobs.


#95. Environmental engineers

– Median annual wage: $96,530
– Median hourly wage: $46.41
– Total employment: 45,440 people

Environmental engineers are vital in creating projects that protect the environment, such as pollution control systems. Their work isn’t complete the moment a project plan is finalized, though. Environmental engineers must also obtain permits for work, perform quality-control checks, and monitor progress, along with other duties. Entry-level jobs in this field require a bachelor’s degree, with preference given to graduates of schools with an Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology program.


#94. Marine engineers and naval architects

– Median annual wage: $96,910
– Median hourly wage: $46.59
– Total employment: 7,450 people

Engineers in this field design and develop marine vessels, ranging from small submarines to huge aircraft carriers. Besides understanding all the ins and outs of a vessel, marine engineers must also be skilled in performing environmental tests for the optimal operation of their vessels. Most engineers and architects have a bachelor’s degree and a strong background in calculus and physics.


#93. Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers

– Median annual wage: $97,490
– Median hourly wage: $46.87
– Total employment: 7,390 people

In addition to finding potential mining sites, these engineers design mines for the safe extraction of minerals. Future mining and geological engineers study for a bachelor’s degree in engineering programs, with various states requiring specific certification training.

Stock Rocket // Shutterstock

#92. Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, technical and scientific products

– Median annual wage: $97,710
– Median hourly wage: $46.97
– Total employment: 290,830 people

Salespeople in this field often need technical or scientific knowledge in biology, engineering, chemistry, or electronics. They typically sell goods—equipment or software, for example—for wholesalers or manufacturers, a job that requires at least two years of postsecondary education.

Aykut Erdogdu // Shutterstock

#91. Physical therapists

– Median annual wage: $97,720
– Median hourly wage: $46.98
– Total employment: 229,740 people

The demand for physical therapists is projected to grow much faster than average, at 17% through 2031. Those entering the field will need a doctor of physical therapy degree and have a state-issued license.

ESB Professional // Shutterstock

#90. Atmospheric, earth, marine, and space sciences teachers, postsecondary

– Median annual wage: $97,770
– Median hourly wage: Not available
– Total employment: 11,150 people

Postsecondary teachers in atmospheric, earth, marine, and space sciences lead courses in physical sciences, except for physics and chemistry. Before earning the master’s or doctorate degree necessary to teach on the postsecondary level, aspiring professors typically take on an undergraduate course load with a strong focus on geometry, calculus, algebra, and statistics.


#89. Computer programmers

– Median annual wage: $97,800
– Median hourly wage: $47.02
– Total employment: 132,740 people

The once hot field of computer programmers is on the decline as part of the shrinking tech industry. Programmers or software engineers represented nearly 20% of the 170,000 or so tech industry layoffs in 2023, according to data provided to Vox by Revelio Labs. Employment in the field is expected to decline 10% between 2021 to 2031.


#88. General and operations managers

– Median annual wage: $98,100
– Median hourly wage: $47.16
– Total employment: 3.4 million people

General and operations managers formulate policies, manage daily operations, and assist across the board in a company’s day-to-day activities. Many managers are skilled in customer relationship management (CRM) software and enterprise resource planning (ERP) software.

goodluz // Shutterstock

#87. Transportation, storage, and distribution managers

– Median annual wage: $98,560
– Median hourly wage: $47.39
– Total employment: 169,910 people

Managers in this field plan, direct, and coordinate the transportation, storage, and distribution of products. Though no advanced degree is necessary, individuals working in this field usually have particularly strong verbal and problem-solving skills.


#86. Sociologists

– Median annual wage: $98,590
– Median hourly wage: $47.40
– Total employment: 2,980 people

Sociologists usually need at least a master’s degree to enter the field, which involves studying social behavior and societies. They conduct research, work for state governments or in universities or other educational settings, or are self-employed.


#85. Statisticians

– Median annual wage: $98,920
– Median hourly wage: $47.56
– Total employment: 30,780 people

Statisticians use mathematical or statistical theory to break down numbers into useful, helpful information. While various fields employ statisticians, many work in science, medical, and pharmaceutical fields, and the federal government employs several thousand statisticians. A master’s degree is usually required, though some statistician jobs require only a bachelor’s.

FrameStockFootages // Shutterstock

#84. Special effects artists and animators

– Median annual wage: $98,950
– Median hourly wage: $47.57
– Total employment: 35,990 people

Special effects artists and animators typically study computer graphics, art, or a similar field to develop the skills they will need for the work. They usually need a bachelor’s degree to work and are hired in such fields as the movie or video industries, by software publishers, or by advertising agencies or public relations companies.


#83. Elevator and escalator installers and repairers

– Median annual wage: $99,000
– Median hourly wage: $47.60
– Total employment: 24,380 people

Workers in this field install, maintain, and fix not only elevators and escalators, but also moving walkways and other lifts. A high school diploma or the equivalent is typically needed, though nearly all learn their skills in an apprenticeship. Most states require a license.

Quality Stock Arts // Shutterstock

#82. Facilities managers

– Median annual wage: $99,030
– Median hourly wage: $47.61
– Total employment: 116,980 people

Facilities managers are responsible for the operations of buildings, which might include a campus and the surrounding grounds. The largest employers are often local governments; management companies; real estate companies; elementary and secondary schools; and colleges, universities, and professional schools.


#81. Bioengineers and biomedical engineers

– Median annual wage: $99,550
– Median hourly wage: $47.86
– Total employment: 19,210 people

Biomedical engineers design and create a variety of equipment, computer systems, and software to Excellerate everything from medical research in fields like human tissue growth to the creation of artificial organs. Workers in this field obtain a bachelor’s degree in biomedical engineering or bioengineering, and typically have experience in other fields, like physiology or even circuit design.

Roman Samborskyi // Shutterstock

#80. Software quality assurance analysts and testers

– Median annual wage: $99,620
– Median hourly wage: $47.89
– Total employment: 196,420 people

Software quality assurance analysts and testers are charged with identifying any problems with computer applications or programs and reporting on defects. The analysts typically need a bachelor’s degree to enter the field. They work for software publishers or in manufacturing.

Jacob Lund // Shutterstock

#79. Database administrators

– Median annual wage: $99,890
– Median hourly wage: $48.03
– Total employment: 80,520 people

Database administrators store and organize data, test and implement computer databases, and work to resolve any performance issues. They might also install security measures to safeguard against cyber attacks. Top-paying industries for database administrators include computer manufacturers, central banks, wholesalers and retailers, and the manufacturers of navigational and other control instruments.

Gorodenkoff // Shutterstock

#78. Medical scientists, except epidemiologists

– Median annual wage: $99,930
– Median hourly wage: $48.04
– Total employment: 110,550 people

To enter this field and study human diseases and human health, workers typically obtain a doctorate after commonly earning a bachelor’s degree in chemistry, biology, or another related field. Besides lab work, medical scientists often create their own grant proposals.

Jacob Lund // Shutterstock

#77. Education administrators, postsecondary

– Median annual wage: $99,940
– Median hourly wage: $48.05
– Total employment: 167,060 people

Postsecondary education administrators have varying duties depending on school size. For example, at smaller schools, these administrators may handle athletics and oversee academics and faculty research. Most postsecondary education administrators have a master’s degree in a field like social work or marketing, but it is not unheard of for small schools to occasionally hire administrators with only a bachelor’s degree. That said, a dean of a school, for example, needs a higher level of education—typically a doctorate—to take on that role.


#76. Materials engineers

– Median annual wage: $100,140
– Median hourly wage: $48.15
– Total employment: 21,510 people

Materials engineers develop, process, and test specially designed materials for specific functions. They can focus on one general area like alloys or plastics and obtain a bachelor’s degree in materials science or a closely related engineering field to pursue the career.


#75. Health specialties teachers, postsecondary

– Median annual wage: $100,300
– Median hourly wage: Not available
– Total employment: 207,700 people

Postsecondary health specialties teachers educate students in fields like therapy, veterinary medicine, pharmacy, and dentistry. A master’s or doctorate degree is a requirement to teach one of the above courses at postsecondary institutions, along with an understanding of medical software like the Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System.

Krysja // Shutterstock

#74. Nuclear technicians

– Median annual wage: $100,420
– Median hourly wage: $48.28
– Total employment: 5,880 people

Nuclear technicians help physicists and engineers in nuclear research and the production of nuclear energy. They usually need an associate’s degree to enter the field and go through thorough on-the-job training. Job prospects are dimming, with the field projected to decline 17% from 2021 to 2031. Nuclear energy is not only controversial, but nuclear reactors are expensive to build.


#73. Health and safety engineers, except mining safety engineers and inspectors

– Median annual wage: $100,660
– Median hourly wage: $48.40
– Total employment: 21,520 people

Individuals working in the health and safety engineering space can be found specializing in industrial safety and health, fire prevention and safety, and product safety. Texas, California, and New York are the states with the highest employment for health and safety engineers, not including mining safety engineers and inspectors. Alaska, New Mexico, and Delaware are also good locales to begin a career in this field, as they have the highest concentrations of jobs.


#72. Education administrators, kindergarten through secondary

– Median annual wage: $101,320
– Median hourly wage: Not available
– Total employment: 285,910 people

School administrators—among them superintendent, assistant superintendents, and principals—typically need a master’s degree before being hired. They also often have five years or more of experience, including in the classroom.


#71. Construction managers

– Median annual wage: $101,480
– Median hourly wage: $48.79
– Total employment: 303,220 people

Construction managers do more than supervise projects; they are also in charge of budgeting, explaining contracts, and selecting subcontractors to work on specific assignments. Although most construction managers have a bachelor’s degree, there is a lot of on-the-job training that comes with working in this field.

Lovely Bird // Shutterstock

#70. Power plant distributors and dispatchers

– Median annual wage: $101,650
– Median hourly wage: $48.87
– Total employment: 9,380 people

In power plant operations, distributors and dispatchers are in charge of systems that generate electric power and distribute it. Usually a high school diploma or an equivalent is required to enter the field. Those in the field receive long term on-the-job training.


#69. Financial risk specialists

– Median annual wage: $102,120
– Median hourly wage: $49.10
– Total employment: 55,800 people

Financial risk specialists analyze market risks to an individual’s or a company’s assets, and can make recommendations to limit exposure. They typically enter the field with a bachelor’s degree and work for central banks and other financial institutions. Employment in the field is expected to grow 9% until 2031, higher than the average for all occupations.


#68. Computer systems analysts

– Median annual wage: $102,240
– Median hourly wage: $49.15
– Total employment: 505,210 people

With so many workplaces dependent on the internet and email, computer systems analysts are essential for staying up to date with emerging industry trends, configuring new hardware and software, and training company users. Bachelor’s degrees in information sciences can help future analysts study everything from software development to database design.


#67. Veterinarians

– Median annual wage: $103,260
– Median hourly wage: $49.64
– Total employment: 78,810 people

Veterinarians do more than take care of sick animals. These doctors perform surgeries, advise owners on best care practices, and, sometimes, euthanize ill pets. Before starting a practice, a veterinarian needs to earn a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree and must pass the North American Veterinary Licensing Examination.


#66. Electrical engineers

– Median annual wage: $103,320
– Median hourly wage: $49.67
– Total employment: 182,210 people

Electrical engineers design, develop, test, and oversee the manufacturing of electrical equipment for military, industrial, scientific, or commercial use. Electrical engineers need a bachelor’s degree and usually have a background studying physics and math.

creativemarc // Shutterstock

#65. Administrative services managers

– Median annual wage: $103,330
– Median hourly wage: $49.68
– Total employment: 236,570 people

Administrative services managers plan so that organizations operate efficiently. They might be responsible for mail distribution or other office support or for such functions as records and information management. They usually need a bachelor’s degree and experience in a related field. The job outlook is for 7% growth between 2021 and 2031, about average for all occupations.

Chaay_Tee // Shutterstock

#64. Data scientists

– Median annual wage: $103,500
– Median hourly wage: $49.76
– Total employment: 159,630 people

Data scientists analyze data, looking for insights, and use machine learning to make decisions. Usually a bachelor’s degree in mathematics, statistics, or computer science is needed to be hired and some employers prefer master’s or doctorate degrees.

GaudiLab // Shutterstock

#63. Engineering teachers, postsecondary

– Median annual wage: $103,550
– Median hourly wage: Not available
– Total employment: 36,010 people

Postsecondary engineering teachers educate students in chemical, electrical, mechanical, and several other engineering fields. A doctorate degree is usually a prerequisite for roles in this field, along with coursework in math and English.

luchschenF // Shutterstock

#62. Biochemists and biophysicists

– Median annual wage: $103,810
– Median hourly wage: $49.91
– Total employment: 32,500 people

These scientists study the physical and chemical principles of living things through a variety of methods, including isolating and analyzing DNA and researching drug effects. Most biochemists and biophysicists earn a doctorate degree in biochemistry before beginning their work in the field.

Skycolors // Shutterstock

#61. Commercial pilots

– Median annual wage: $103,910
– Median hourly wage: Not available
– Total employment: 48,750 people

To become a commercial pilot for airplanes or helicopters, a trainee must obtain a commercial pilot certificate from the Federal Aviation Administration. Airline pilots also need an Airline Transport Pilot certificate. Commercial pilots can also become instructors, teaching through the use of simulators and dual-controlled aircraft.

Syda Productions // Shutterstock

#60. Economics teachers, postsecondary

– Median annual wage: $103,930
– Median hourly wage: Not available
– Total employment: 11,640 people

Postsecondary economics educators teach courses in economics. Mostly, postsecondary teaching positions require a bachelor’s in economics or a related field, and a doctorate in economics.


#59. Materials scientists

– Median annual wage: $104,380
– Median hourly wage: $50.18
– Total employment: 7,620 people

Materials scientists master the structures and chemical properties of various natural and synthetic materials, including metals, semiconductors, alloys, and polymers. Sometimes, they also work to develop new materials. Before studying substances at molecular and atomic levels, these scientists regularly beef up on chemistry during undergraduate studies before earning a master’s or doctorate degree.

Monkey Business Images // Shutterstock

#58. Medical and health services managers

– Median annual wage: $104,830
– Median hourly wage: $50.40
– Total employment: 476,750 people

Health care executives and health care administrators, commonly known as medical and health services managers, direct and coordinate medical and health services. The administrators make sure staff are up to date on training and represent workers at board and investor meetings. A master’s degree is common among these managers, along with certifications from the Professional Association of Health Care Office Management.

rawpixel.com // Shutterstock

#57. Art directors

– Median annual wage: $105,180
– Median hourly wage: $50.57
– Total employment: 54,470 people

The creative genius of art directors affects the visual style of various print media publications, product branding, and even movies and television. After earning a bachelor’s degree in art or design, aspiring art directors occasionally pursue a master of fine arts degree. With the proliferation of social media platforms like Instagram, art directors—and art directors in the making—share their work to wider audiences, thus strengthening the reach of their work portfolios.


#56. Chemical engineers

– Median annual wage: $106,260
– Median hourly wage: $51.09
– Total employment: 20,380 people

At their core, chemical engineers are problem-solvers. In particular, they use fundamental principles of chemistry, biology, physics, and math to address any problems that might pertain to the production of things like food, fuel, and other products. Most chemical engineers have a bachelor’s degree and earn a professional engineering license.

Monkey Business Images // Shutterstock

#55. Fundraising managers

– Median annual wage: $107,390
– Median hourly wage: $51.63
– Total employment: 26,240 people

Fundraising managers oversee campaigns to raise money for organizations. They usually are required to have at least a bachelor’s degree and sometimes a master’s degree and may need five years or more of work experience in a related field. The field is expected to grow 8% between 2021 and 2031.

Sunshine Seeds // Shutterstock

#54. Industrial production managers

– Median annual wage: $107,560
– Median hourly wage: $51.71
– Total employment: 211,710 people

An industrial production manager ensures that workers meet goals, writes production reports, and keeps workflow on schedule. Most managers earn a bachelor’s degree and occasionally pick up extra certifications, such as a Certified in Production and Inventory Management designation.


#53. Electronics engineers, except computer

– Median annual wage: $108,170
– Median hourly wage: $52.00
– Total employment: 106,640 people

Deploying knowledge of electronic theory and materials properties, electronics engineers not focusing on computers are responsible for electronic systems in commercial, scientific, industrial, and military use. Strong math and English backgrounds are useful in this field, as well as a bachelor’s degree.

TaLaNoVa // Shutterstock

#52. Sales engineers

– Median annual wage: $108,530
– Median hourly wage: $52.18
– Total employment: 59,700 people

In selling science and tech products and services to businesses, sales engineers must have top-notch interpersonal skills. A bachelor’s degree in engineering is common for these workers, and on-the-job company training is often a prerequisite to getting started.

Ground Picture // Shutterstock

#51. Law teachers, postsecondary

– Median annual wage: $108,860
– Median hourly wage: Not available
– Total employment: 14,830 people

Postsecondary law teachers specialize in teaching law courses after obtaining a law degree or doctorate. Many law professors also have a background studying government or political science.

BalanceFormCreative // Shutterstock

#50. Information security analysts

– Median annual wage: $112,000
– Median hourly wage: $53.85
– Total employment: 163,690 people

Information security analysts plan and implement security measures to protect computer networks and systems. Most companies require a bachelor’s degree or an MBA in information systems. Analysts can also obtain further credentials by becoming a Certified Information Systems Security Professional.

Kenishirotie //Shutterstock

#49. Mathematicians

– Median annual wage: $112,110
– Median hourly wage: $53.90
– Total employment: 2,070 people

Mathematicians are involved in mathematical research related to science, management, and other fields. Some mathematicians design surveys or polls and come into the field with at least a master’s degree.

Petekub // Shutterstock

#48. Economists

– Median annual wage: $113,940
– Median hourly wage: $54.78
– Total employment: 16,370 people

Economists research trends, analyze data, and evaluate economic issues. Their work is largely based on statistics and information gathered by surveys or the use of software and mathematical models. A master’s degree or doctorate is common in the field, but some government workers can enter with just a bachelor’s degree under their belts.

dokurose // Shutterstock

#47. Actuaries

– Median annual wage: $113,990
– Median hourly wage: $54.80
– Total employment: 25,010 people

Actuaries use statistics, mathematics, and financial theory to analyze risk and uncertainty. They then present these findings to government officials, shareholders, and company executives. Earning a bachelor’s degree with coursework in economics, statistics, and corporate finance is not uncommon on the path to becoming an actuary.

Gorodenkoff // Shutterstock

#46. Nuclear power reactor operators

– Median annual wage: $115,870
– Median hourly wage: $55.71
– Total employment: 5,450 people

Only six states—South Carolina, Tennessee, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Illinois, and Mississippi—regularly employ nuclear power reactor operators, but finding a job in this position pays handsomely. Contrary to what Homer Simpson may do in his TV job, these workers adjust control rods, which affects the amount of electricity generated from a nuclear reactor. They also monitor the reactors, along with turbines and generators, and keep records of equipment performance. While education level varies for workers, candidates need to obtain a Nuclear Regulatory Commission license.

rawpixel.com // Shutterstock

#45. Training and development managers

– Median annual wage: $120,000
– Median hourly wage: $57.69
– Total employment: 39,550 people

Managers of training and development oversee staff, align training with company needs, and develop and implement training programs. Some positions require a master’s degree, and managers often take courses to enhance their skills, like those offered by the International Society for Performance Improvement.

antoniodiaz // Shutterstock

#44. Nurse midwives

– Median annual wage: $120,880
– Median hourly wage: $58.12
– Total employment: 7,950 people

Nurse midwives are advanced practice registered nurses, offering specialty patient care. Midwives diagnose and coordinate every aspect of the birthing process, which they are qualified to do after receiving the necessary certification. To maintain a status as a certified nurse midwife, the American Midwifery Certification Board requires recertification every five years.

Monkey Business Images // Shutterstock

#43. Nurse practitioners

– Median annual wage: $121,610
– Median hourly wage: $58.47
– Total employment: 258,230 people

Nurse practitioners diagnose and treat illnesses while also promoting good health and disease prevention. Nurse practitioners can be primary or specialized care providers for specific patients, including geriatric, pediatric, or mental health patients. Along with a master’s degree, nurse practitioners often require various certifications, such as those offered by the American Nurses Credentialing Center.

Dmitry Lobanov // Shutterstock

#42. Nuclear engineers

– Median annual wage: $122,480
– Median hourly wage: $58.89
– Total employment: 12,250 people

Nuclear engineers seek the best benefits from nuclear energy and radiation. In particular, nuclear engineers apply nuclear energy and radiation to medical purposes. Most jobs in nuclear engineering require a master’s degree or doctorate from an Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology-accredited program.

Kzenon // Shutterstock

#41. Optometrists

– Median annual wage: $125,590
– Median hourly wage: $60.38
– Total employment: 40,640 people

Optometrists perform more tasks than prescribing glasses and giving eye exams. They also diagnose diseases, injuries, and vision disorders. All optometrists obtain a Doctor of Optometry Degree and complete the National Board of Examiners in Optometry exam.

Stokkete // Shutterstock

#40. Physician assistants

– Median annual wage: $126,010
– Median hourly wage: $60.58
– Total employment: 140,910 people

Physician assistants perform a wide variety of tasks, including treatment, completing physicals, counseling, and prescribing medication. In some cases, when a physician only has limited availability, a physician assistant can serve as a primary care provider in their place. In addition to earning a bachelor’s degree, many physician assistants are registered nurses or EMTs.

aappp // Shutterstock

#39. Aerospace engineers

– Median annual wage: $126,880
– Median hourly wage: $61.00
– Total employment: 61,580 people

Aerospace engineers design spacecraft, aircraft, satellites, and even missiles. A bachelor’s degree is a prerequisite, and specific requirements may also exist within specific concentrations of aerospace engineering. For example, aerospace engineers working on national defense projects may require particular security clearance and prove U.S. citizenship.

Gorodenkoff // Shutterstock

#38. Computer network architects

– Median annual wage: $126,900
– Median hourly wage: $61.01
– Total employment: 173,920 people

These specialized architects design intranets, local area networks, and wide area networks. After completing a bachelor’s degree program—usually in computer science, information systems, or engineering—aspiring computer network architects usually log 5-10 years of work in information technology systems before transitioning into computer network architecture.

Roman Samborskyi // Shutterstock

#37. Software developers

– Median annual wage: $127,260
– Median hourly wage: $61.18
– Total employment: 1.5 million people

Software developers, who are responsible for designing computer applications or programs, usually need a bachelor’s degree in computer and information technology or a similar field. Some employers require a master’s degree.

PanuShot // Shutterstock

#36. Advertising and promotions managers

– Median annual wage: $127,830
– Median hourly wage: $61.46
– Total employment: 22,010 people

These managers create posters, giveaways, coupons, and contests to create interest in a person or product. Market research is a crucial part of the workflow of advertising and promotions managers. Many in the field hold a bachelor’s degree in advertising or journalism.

Desizned // Shutterstock

#35. Political scientists

– Median annual wage: $128,020
– Median hourly wage: $61.55
– Total employment: 5,660 people

Political scientists study political systems and research governments, policies, and trends in both U.S. politics and foreign relations. Many political scientists hold a master’s degree or doctorate in political science or focus postgraduate studies in public administration or public policy.

abriendomundo // Shutterstock

#34. Astronomers

– Median annual wage: $128,330
– Median hourly wage: $61.70
– Total employment: 2,160 people

Astronomers study how energy and matter interact and interpret how astronomical phenomena can be applied to practical problems. Astronomers can also develop new scientific equipment or software data. For jobs in astronomy, a doctorate in astronomy is required.

Mark_Kostich // Shutterstock

#33. Medical dosimetrists

– Median annual wage: $128,970
– Median hourly wage: $62.01
– Total employment: 3,190 people

Medical dosimetrists devise radiation treatment plans as members of a radiation oncology team. They use computer sciences and mathematics to calculate the doses needed and oversee the plans’ implementation. They typically work in hospitals or doctors’ offices. Some medical dosimetrist education programs require applicants to be a registered radiation therapist.

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#32. Public relations managers

– Median annual wage: $129,430
– Median hourly wage: $62.23
– Total employment: 64,280 people

Public relations managers often need at least a bachelor’s degree and sometimes a master’s degree as well as related work experience. Some specialties for which demand has grown: crisis management and celebrity management. Experts in the field are predicting continued expansion and a need for services.

Jacob Lund // Shutterstock

#31. Human resources managers

– Median annual wage: $130,000
– Median hourly wage: $62.50
– Total employment: 181,360 people

Overseeing interviewing, recruiting, and hiring of staff are essential tasks completed by human resources managers. They also handle staff issues, mediate disputes, and discipline workers. Aside from a bachelor’s degree, many human resources managers also get certifications from the Society for Human Resource Management and other organizations.


#30. Sales managers

– Median annual wage: $130,600
– Median hourly wage: $62.79
– Total employment: 536,390 people

Sales managers prepare budgets, keep track of customer preferences, project sales, and create special pricing plans. Most sales managers have at least a bachelor’s degree and typically hold some kind of experience as sales representatives.

fizkes // Shutterstock

#29. Compensation and benefits managers

– Median annual wage: $131,280
– Median hourly wage: $63.11
– Total employment: 16,850 people

A company’s benefits can affect employee happiness, so the role of compensation and benefits manager sets structures, determines competitive wages, and chooses outside partners to work with, including insurance brokers and investment managers. Most managers hold a bachelor’s degree and can earn further certification through associations like the HR Certification Institute.

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#28. Purchasing managers

– Median annual wage: $131,350
– Median hourly wage: $63.15
– Total employment: 75,070 people

Purchasing managers oversee buyers, purchasing officers, and other workers who deal with products, purchasing materials, and services for a company. Most purchasing managers hold a bachelor’s degree with previous experience in procurement. Further certifications are available through the American Purchasing Society and other organizations, as well.


#27. Petroleum engineers

– Median annual wage: $131,800
– Median hourly wage: $63.37
– Total employment: 20,540 people

Petroleum engineers are in charge of extracting oil and gas from below the Earth’s surface. These engineers design specialized equipment and inventive ways to inject water, gases, steam, or chemicals into an oil reserve to push out more oil or gas. To become a petroleum engineer, one usually earns a bachelor’s degree in engineering, sometimes followed by obtaining a professional engineering license.

Burben // Shutterstock

#26. Air traffic controllers

– Median annual wage: $132,250
– Median hourly wage: $63.58
– Total employment: 21,250 people

Air traffic controllers ensure that an aircraft maintains safe distances, issue landing and takeoff instructions, and inform pilots of weather hazards. There are several paths to becoming a controller, including earning degrees offered by Federal Aviation Administration Air Traffic Collegiate Training Initiative programs. Three years or more of work experience in the field could also be considered as qualifiers for a job as an air traffic controller.

SeventyFour // Shutterstock

#25. Computer hardware engineers

– Median annual wage: $132,360
– Median hourly wage: $63.64
– Total employment: 74,640 people

Computer hardware engineers are important in making sure processors, circuit boards, networks, and routers work effectively. These engineers also design new hardware and update existing equipment to work with new software. Most computer hardware engineers earn a bachelor’s degree from an Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology-accredited program.


#24. Pharmacists

– Median annual wage: $132,750
– Median hourly wage: $63.82
– Total employment: 325,480 people

Pharmacists dispense prescriptions, provide immunizations such as flu shots, and conduct health and wellness screenings. Pharmacists earn a Doctor of Pharmacy degree and licenses by passing a series of exams before they can work in the field.

Jacob Lund // Shutterstock

#23. Database architects

– Median annual wage: $134,870
– Median hourly wage: $64.84
– Total employment: 62,470 people

Jobs in this field involve designing databases, setting standards for their use, and integrating new systems when needed. Database architects usually need a bachelor’s degree in a field such as computer and information technology. Many work at computer design companies or at insurance companies or schools or universities, institutions that have large databases.


#22. Lawyers

– Median annual wage: $135,740
– Median hourly wage: $65.26
– Total employment: 707,160 people

People have varying opinions on lawyers, but on a job description level, the role of a lawyer is to provide legal counsel and representation to individuals, companies, or government agencies during legal disputes or events concerning the law in some capacity. While lawyers are most often associated with their work in the courtroom, they also perform several out-of-the-courtroom duties. For example, lawyers file wills, contracts, and deeds. All lawyers in the United States earn a law degree—usually a Juris Doctor from an American Bar Association-accredited school—and pass a state’s bar exam to practice.

Gorodenkoff // Shutterstock

#21. Computer and information research scientists

– Median annual wage: $136,620
– Median hourly wage: $65.69
– Total employment: 33,780 people

These multifaceted research scientists invent new computing languages and tools, Excellerate software systems, and solve complex computing problems. Most research scientists earn a master’s degree in computer science.

fizkes // Shutterstock

#20. Industrial-organizational psychologists

– Median annual wage: $139,280
– Median hourly wage: $66.96
– Total employment: 1,280 people

Applying key psychological theories to human resources, sales, and business departments to Excellerate efficiency has made industrial-organizational psychology one of America’s fastest-growing jobs, according to ABC News. Most psychologists specializing in industrial organization hold a master’s or doctorate degree.


#19. Financial managers

– Median annual wage: $139,790
– Median hourly wage: $67.21
– Total employment: 740,780 people

A financial manager is tasked with developing strategies to meet a company’s long-term financial goals. These managers seek ways to reduce costs and maximize profits. Most financial managers earn a bachelor’s degree and regularly come with five years of experience in accounting, or even as financial analysts. An advanced degree—such as a Master of Business Administration—can also fortify a financial manager’s qualifications.

fizkes // Shutterstock

#18. Marketing managers

– Median annual wage: $140,040
– Median hourly wage: $67.33
– Total employment: 328,570 people

Marketing managers identify potential customers, assess product demand, and research services offered by competitors. Along with holding a bachelor’s degree, marketing managers usually have experience in advertising, sales, promotions, or marketing.

indukas // Shutterstock

#17. Physicists

– Median annual wage: $142,850
– Median hourly wage: $68.68
– Total employment: 18,840 people

Physicists develop scientific theories to explain the natural world and often present these findings in scholarly journals. They usually have a strong background in computers, math, and engineering, and they often hold doctorate degrees or postdoctoral training.

VE.Studio // Shutterstock

#16. Natural sciences managers

– Median annual wage: $144,440
– Median hourly wage: $69.44
– Total employment: 82,570 people

Natural sciences managers direct research and development by monitoring project progress, providing technical assistance, and reviewing methodologies used. Many managers earn a doctorate or a Professional Science Master’s degree.


#15. Podiatrists

– Median annual wage: $148,720
– Median hourly wage: $71.50
– Total employment: 9,320 people

Podiatrists are physicians specializing in medical care for foot, ankle, and lower leg problems. Among a podiatrist’s tasks are removing bone spurs, performing surgeries, or prescribing orthotics. There are several requirements for becoming a podiatrist, including earning a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine degree, followed by completion of a three-year residency.

Sebastian Duda // Shutterstock

#14. Judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates

– Median annual wage: $151,030
– Median hourly wage: $72.61
– Total employment: 28,230 people

These law enforcers provide courtroom arbitration, advice to legal counsel, and the administration of justice in a court of law. In criminal cases, judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates can issue sentences; in civil cases, they determine defendant liability. All three types of judges can also perform wedding ceremonies. Many judges hold doctorate degrees and are graduates of law school.


#13. Dentists, general

– Median annual wage: $155,040
– Median hourly wage: $74.54
– Total employment: 120,740 people

General dentists examine and treat the teeth and gums. This includes removing and filling cavities, teaching patients about proper oral hygiene, and removing damaged or infected teeth. A general dentist must earn a Doctor of Dental Surgery or Doctor of Medicine in Dentistry/Doctor of Dental Medicine degree from a program accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation.


#12. Architectural and engineering managers

– Median annual wage: $159,920
– Median hourly wage: $76.88
– Total employment: 197,180 people

Architectural and engineering managers optimize research and development of new products, processes, or designs. Along with experience as an architect or engineer, these managers typically earn a bachelor’s degree and one of several master’s degrees such as a Master of Business Administration, a Master of Engineering Management, or a Master of Science in Technology Management.

Frame Stock Footage // Shutterstock

#11. Computer and information systems managers

– Median annual wage: $164,070
– Median hourly wage: $78.88
– Total employment: 533,220 people

Computer and information systems managers—also called IT managers or IT project managers—lead the installation and maintenance of computer hardware and software, ensure network security, and continually search for system upgrades. Some managers earn a bachelor’s degree in computer or information science, after which they may also earn a Master of Business Administration.


#10. Orthodontists

– Median annual wage: $174,360
– Median hourly wage: $83.83
– Total employment: 6,310 people

An orthodontist treats oral cavity anomalies and fixes imperfect tooth positioning by installing braces and realigning teeth. After completing dental school, aspiring orthodontists must then pass the National Board Dental Examination and then obtain a license to specialize in orthodontics.

Gorodenkoff // Shutterstock

#9. Chief executives

– Median annual wage: $189,520
– Median hourly wage: $91.12
– Total employment: 199,240 people

Chief executives direct their company’s finances and budget, negotiate contracts, and appoint managers. Many chief executives hold a Master of Business Administration, Juris Doctor, or other advanced degrees.


#8. Pediatricians, general

– Median annual wage: $190,350
– Median hourly wage: $91.51
– Total employment: 33,430 people

General pediatricians are doctors who specialize in the care of children. While this can include diagnosing, treating, and preventing disease, pediatricians also provide general care, including checking children’s growth and development. To work in pediatrics, a bachelor’s degree and medical degree are required, as well as a completed internship or residency.


#7. Nurse anesthetists

– Median annual wage: $203,090
– Median hourly wage: $97.64
– Total employment: 46,540 people

Yes, a nurse anesthetist administers anesthesia, but that’s just the beginning of what the job entails. These nurses also assist surgeons, physicians, and dentists, and help patients recover from anesthesia. Along with earning a master’s degree, nurse anesthetists can earn certification from the National Board of Certification and Recertification for Nurse Anesthetists.


#6. Family medicine physicians

– Median annual wage: $211,300
– Median hourly wage: $101.59
– Total employment: 100,940 people

A family and general practitioner diagnoses, treats, and prevents common diseases instead of focusing on a specialized category of medicine. These physicians must complete all medical school and postsecondary education requirements.


#5. Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers

– Median annual wage: $211,790
– Median hourly wage: Not available
– Total employment: 89,580 people

Pilots do more than navigate aircraft; they also master specialized flight software and maintain flight logs, all while performing customer service to hundreds of passengers per day. Pilots must pass a series of exams and complete training before getting to take off.


#4. General internal medicine physicians

– Median annual wage: $214,460
– Median hourly wage: $103.11
– Total employment: 67,220 people

General internists diagnose and treat afflictions pertaining to internal organ systems. Common ailments treated include hypertension, heart disease, and diabetes. Like other physicians, they must complete medical school and necessary postsecondary training.

4 PM production // Shutterstock

#3. Ophthalmologists, except pediatric

– Median annual wage: $219,810
– Median hourly wage: $105.68
– Total employment: 12,580 people

Ophthalmologists treat vision problems, prescribing glasses and contacts and performing laser surgery. They also treat eye injuries, and diagnose eye diseases and perform surgery to treat those. Some specialize in glaucoma, corneal disease, and other such areas.

create jobs 51 // Shutterstock

#2. Neurologists

– Median annual wage: $224,260
– Median hourly wage: $107.82
– Total employment: 11,340 people

The training to become a neurologist—doctors who diagnose and treat diseases of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves—is rigorous. The educational requirements are demanding and include a bachelor’s degree, a medical degree, a residency, and often a fellowship in a specialty such as brain injuries or geriatric care. Neurologists might treat strokes, epilepsy, Lou Gehrig’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, or brain tumors.

LightField Studios // Shutterstock

#1. Psychiatrists

– Median annual wage: $226,880
– Median hourly wage: $109.08
– Total employment: 26,500 people

Psychiatrists are specialized physicians who diagnose, treat, and prevent emotional and mental disorders. While a psychiatrist can provide therapy and counseling similar to how a psychologist can, the big differentiating factor between them is that a psychiatrist can prescribe medication. Besides completing medical school requirements, psychiatrists should be certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology.

Data reporting by Paxtyn Merten. Story editing by Jeff Inglis. Copy editing by Lois Hince. 

Fri, 02 Jun 2023 08:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://fox2now.com/news/national/100-highest-paying-jobs-in-america/
Killexams : Unmet Need in Psychiatry

Table of Contents

List of contributors
Part I. Unmet Need: Defining the Problem:
1. Assessing needs for psychiatric services Norman Sartorius
2. Unmet need: a challenge for governments Harvey Whiteford
3. Meeting the unmet need with disease management Gavin Andrews
Part II. Unmet Need: General Problems and Solutions: Introduction Gavin Andrews
4. The epidemiology of mental disorder treatment need: community estimates of 'medical necessity' Darrel A. Regier, William E. Narrow, Agnes Rupp, Donald S. Rae and Charles T. Kaelber
5. Some considerations in making resource allocation decisions for the treatment of psychiatric disorders Ronald C. Kessler
6. The need for psychiatric treatment in the general population Paul Bebbington
7. Comparing data on mental health service use between countries Margarita Alegría, Ronald C. Kessler, Rob Bijl, Elizabeth Lin, Steven G. Heeringa, David T. Takeuchi and Bodhan Kolody
8. The challenges of meeting the unmet need for treatment: economic perspectives Agnes Rupp and Helen Lapsley
9. Unmet need for prevention Beverley Raphael
10. Meeting unmet needs: can evidence-based approaches help? Harold Alan Pincus and Deborah A. Zarin
11. Unmet need for management of mental disorders in primary care T. Bedirhan Üstün
12. Is complementary medicine filling needs that could be met by orthodox medicine? John E. Cooper
Part III. Unmet Need: People with Specific Disorders: Introduction Gavin Andrews
13. The unmet needs of people suffering from schizophrenia Graham Thornicroft, Sonia Johnson, Morven Leese and Mike Slade
14. The early course of schizophrenia: new concepts for intervention Heinz Häfner and Kurt Maurer
15. Unmet need in depression: varying perspectives on need Kay Wilhelm and Elizabeth Lin
16. Unmet need following serious suicide attempt: follow-up of 302 individuals for 30 months Annette Beautrais, Peter Joyce and Roger Mulder
17. Met and unmet need for interventions in community cases with anxiety disorders Hans-Ulrich Wittchen
18. The unmet need for treatment in panic disorder and social phobia Caroline Hunt
19. Alcohol-use disorders: who should be treated and how? Wayne Hall and Maree Teesson
20. Putting epidemiology and public health in needs assessment: drug dependence and beyond James C. Anthony
21. Why are somatoform disorders so poorly recognized and treated? Ian Hickie, Rene G. Pols, Annette Koschera and Tracey Davenport
Part IV. Unmet Need: Specific Issues: Introduction Scott Henderson
22. Unmet need in mental health service delivery: children and adolescents Michael Sawyer and George Patton
23. Assessing psychopathology among children aged four to eight Linda Cottler, Wendy Reich, Kathy Rourke, Renee M. Cunningham-Williams and Wilson M. Compton
24. Unmet need in indigenous mental health: where to start? Ernest Hunter
25. Health systems research: a pragmatic model for meeting mental health needs in low-income countries Vikram Patel
26. Disablement associated with chronic psychosis as seen by two groups of key informants: patients and mental health professionals Charles B. Pull, Arnaud Sztantics, Steve Muller, Jean Marc Cloos and Jean Reggers
27. The assessment of perceived need Graham Meadows, Ellie Fossey, Carol Harvey and Philip Burgess
28. Public knowledge of and attitudes to mental disorders: a limiting factor in the optimal use of treatment services Anthony F. Jorm, Mattias Angermeyer and Heinz Katschnig
Part V. Unmet Need: Conclusion:
29. A personal overview John R. M. Copeland
30. Conclusion: the central issues Scott Henderson


Gavin Andrews, University of New South Wales, Sydney

Scott Henderson, Australian National University, Canberra


N. Sartorius, H. Whiteford, G. Andrews, D. A. Regier, W. E. Narrow, A. Rupp, D. S. Rae, C. T. Kaelber, R. C. Kessler, P. Bebbington, M. Alegría, R. Bijl, E. Lin, S. G. Heeringa, D. T. Takeuchi, B. Kolody, A. Rupp, H. Lapsley, B. Raphael, H. A. Pincus, D. A. Zarin, T. B. Üstün, J. E. Cooper, G. Thornicroft, S. Johnson, M. Leese, M. Slade, H. Häfner, K. Maurer, K. Wilhelm, A. Beautrais, P. Joyce, R. Mulder, H. U. Wittchen, C. Hunt, W. Hall, M. Teesson, J. Anthony, I. Hickie, R. G. Pols, A. Koschera, T. Davenport, S. Henderson, M. Sawyer, G. Patton, L. Cottler, W. Reich, R. Cunningham-Williams, W. M. Compton, E. Hunter, V. Patel, C. Pull, A. Sztantics, S. Muller, J. M. Cloos, J. Reggers, G. Meadows, E. Fossey, C. Harvey, P. Burgess, A. Jorm, M. Angermeyer, H. Katschnig, J. Copeland

Tue, 24 Aug 2021 04:31:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.cambridge.org:443/hm/academic/subjects/medicine/mental-health-psychiatry-and-clinical-psychology/unmet-need-psychiatry-problems-resources-responses
Killexams : How To Become A Behavioral Health Counselor: Skills And Requirements

To become a licensed behavioral health counselor, you must meet specific education and licensing requirements. Below are the steps you can take to prepare for a successful career.

Earn a Bachelor’s Degree

To become a behavioral health counselor, you must acquire the necessary skills and knowledge through education. The first step is to obtain a bachelor’s degree in a behavioral science, behavioral health or a related area.

You can expect to spend three and five years completing your degree, depending on your program and whether you attend full or part time. A bachelor’s degree qualifies you for enrollment in a master’s program.

Earn a Master’s Degree

To work as a behavioral health counselor, you must first earn a master’s degree, typically in a subject like behavioral science, behavioral health or behavioral psychology.

You can expect to spend between two and three years earning your master’s degree, depending on the program you choose and your enrollment status. Some accelerated programs can be completed in less time.

Behavioral Health as a Specialization

Some programs feature behavioral health as a specialization under the umbrella of another degree. For example, you could earn a master’s in public health and specialize in mental and behavioral health.

A clinical psychology specialization for a psychology degree may include behavioral health coursework. Clinical psychology aims to help people with emotional, mental and behavioral disorders, making it a suitable degree option for aspiring behavioral health counselors.

Apply for Licensure

A license is required to practice as a behavioral health counselor in the United States. Each state’s licensing board determines which examinations they accept, so reviewing your state requirements is important to confirm the license you need.

States may require the National Clinical Mental Health Counseling Examination or the National Counselor Examination, both of which are administered by the National Board for Certified Counselors. Some states require both exams or an additional jurisprudence exam covering state laws and standards for counselors.

Wed, 31 May 2023 03:41:00 -0500 Sheryl Grey en-US text/html https://www.forbes.com/advisor/education/become-a-behavioral-health-counselor/
Killexams : The Center, vendors offer mental-health information at special event

More than 300 people gathered recently in downtown Great Bend to learn about local mental-health resources – and have a good time while they were at it, said Holly Bowyer, leader of the planning committee for Mental Health Awareness Day on behalf of The Center for Counseling & Consultation.

“We heard so many positive comments from visitors and community partners,” Bowyer said. “They appreciated the staff at The Center for making this happen. A large majority of our employees contributed to this success.”

The special day on May 23 at Jack Kilby Square was the 10th annual event that showcased about 25 vendors. Food, games, and arts and crafts also were on the agenda in an educational and fun environment.

“The Center’s staff and all the vendors realize the importance of sharing mental-health information,” Bowyer commented. “This event is the perfect avenue for letting people know about resources they may not be aware of.”

Julie Kramp, executive director of The Center, said the staff always wants to provide this “easy-going atmosphere. It is the best feeling when you see how many people are involved; it reminds us of the huge scope of this topic.

“It also is wonderful to see all the vendors who represent local providers that truly care about what they do. It’s an incredible feeling. We couldn’t do this without everyone at The Center pitching in and all the vendors who support efforts to reduce the stigma of mental-health issues.”

One of those vendors was Youth Crew, a program under the umbrella of Juvenile Services. Tyler Morton, program advocate, noted that “mental health plays a huge role in our program because local resources directly affect Youth Crew members. We see how they progress on a day-to-day basis with local community support.

“Mental Health Awareness Day gives them a first-hand look into all the resources available in Barton and surrounding counties. We have team members from The Center that participate in Youth Crew and sit on our stakeholder board.”

Marissa Woodmansee, Juvenile Services director, said she appreciates The Center’s special event because “it is a great way for our community to come together and share in a loud voice that ‘it is okay to not be okay.’ Together, we can break the stigma of mental illness, and bring hope and healing to all in need.”

Sponsors for the event were Valley Hope, UnitedHealthcare Community Plan, Sunflower Health Plan and Aetna Better Health of Kansas.

The Center for Counseling & Consultation is a Community Mental Health Center serving Barton, Pawnee, Rice and Stafford counties. Professionally trained personnel offer: individual and group therapy; marriage and family counseling; community-support services; community-based services; psychosocial rehabilitation; peer support; and medication management. The confidential 24/7 crisis hotline number is 800-875-2544.

Wed, 31 May 2023 04:15:00 -0500 text/html https://www.gbtribune.com/news/local-news/center-vendors-offer-mental-health-information-special-event/
Killexams : How a financial therapist can help you with money anxiety How a financial therapist can help you with money anxiety © maroke/Getty Images; Illustration by Austin Courregé/Bankrate How a financial therapist can help you with money anxiety

Money commonly negatively affects people’s health, causing feelings like anxiety, stress and depression. For some people, it’s a persistent problem: Nearly one in three (29 percent) U.S. adults who say money has a negative impact on their mental health are impacted daily, according to a latest Bankrate survey.

When those money worries remain for weeks or months at a time, it may help to reach out to a financial therapist who can provide support. Over the past decade, more counselors specializing in financial therapy have begun to help people understand how finances affect their mental health and provide them the steps to build better financial mindset habits for the future.

A financial therapist can’t manage your money for you, but they may be able to help you through the stress that can come from money. Here’s what a financial therapist does, and why they can be a resource when money affects your mental health.

Key Bankrate money and mental health insights

Dollar Coin

  • Half of U.S. adults say their mental health is negatively affected by money. 52% of U.S. adults say money has a negative impact on their mental health, such as feelings of anxiety and stress, worrisome thoughts, loss of sleep or depression.
  • Inflation’s effects are affecting mental health more year-over-year. 68% of those whose mental health is negatively affected by money cite inflation/rising prices. Similarly, 57% of those who said inflation/rising prices has a negative impact on their mental health say that concern has increased over the past year.
  • More Gen Xers experience negative mental health effects due to money. 60% of Gen Xers (ages 43-58) say money has a negative impact on their mental health — the highest percentage of any generation. In 2022, 46% of Gen Xers said money had a negative impact on mental health — a 14 percentage point difference.

More than one third of millennials who believe money has a negative impact on their mental health say they worry about money daily

More than half (52 percent) of U.S. adults say money at least occasionally has a negative impact on their mental health, according to Bankrate. The largest percentage of them say it affects them daily:

  • Daily: 29%
  • Weekly: 27%
  • Monthly: 25%
  • Less often than monthly: 18%

Gen Zers (ages 18-26) and millennials (ages 27-42) are more likely to experience daily negative mental health due to money than older generations like baby boomers (ages 59-77). Around one-third of Gen Zers (32 percent) and 38 percent of millennials who say money has a negative impact on their mental health say they worry about money daily:

Source: Bankrate

Note: Among those who say money has a negative impact on their mental health

In comparison, only 26 percent of Gen Xers and 22 percent of baby boomers who say money has a negative impact on their mental health say they worry about money daily. More baby boomers who say money has a negative impact on their mental health say they worry about money monthly (32 percent).

How a financial counselor can help with money anxiety

Turning to a financial therapist can be a way to find support when money is negatively impacting your mental health. The idea of a financial therapist is relatively new; one of the first self-described financial therapy organizations, the Financial Therapy Association (FTA), began in 2009 and started publishing studies that same year.

The trend of financial therapy has grown as more Americans generally begin to seek mental health care to learn new coping strategies for anxiety, depression and other mental health conditions. In 2021, 11.1 percent of U.S. adults were counseled by a mental health professional, according to the latest data available from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), up from 9.5 percent in 2019. The FTA’s database now has 80 members offering financial therapy or non-clinical guidance, specializing in subjects like receiving sudden money, insurance, layoffs, retirement, budgeting or trauma.

Financial therapists can break down financial stressors that may be affecting you, help unpack financial trauma and provide other therapeutic guidance. A financial therapist is typically not a licensed financial advisor and they may not have a fiduciary duty, meaning they won’t manage your money for you.

For Lindsay Bryan-Podvin, a Michigan-based financial therapist and coach, her role is less about guiding people through the nuts and bolts of how to manage a bank account and more to do with understanding emotions tied to money.

“A financial therapist really helps people at the intersection of how emotions, psychology and systems impact why they do what they do with money and to help them make choices that feel best for them about their personal finances,” Bryan-Podvin told Bankrate.

Quick definitions

Financial therapistA financial therapist is usually a licensed mental health professional who specializes in helping mental health symptoms caused by financial stress, as well as help clients budget or set financial goals. They may have additional financial training or certifications, though no one certification is required for someone to call themselves a financial therapist.

Licensed Master Social Worker (LMSW) or Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW)LMSW and LCSW refers to two different social work licenses, providing non-clinical or clinical social work services, such as therapy. Both licenses require at least a master’s degree. Additionally, LMSWs require an exam and LCSWs require two years of field experience.

Financial advisorA financial advisor can help you create a budget or estate plan, manage your investments or guide you on when to take Social Security, among other hands-on financial duties. A certified financial planner is licensed by the Certified Financial Planner board and acts with a fiduciary duty, meaning they are legally required to put your interests before their own.

Bryan-Podvin was already a therapist specializing in anxiety and depression disorders when she began to feel underqualified to help clients with the emotional side of money. When she struggled with bills after graduate school, commonly available personal finance advice wasn’t helping.

“Every time I picked up a book, I felt like I was getting yelled at. It was, ‘It’s your fault you’re in this situation. You didn’t work hard enough. You didn’t save enough.’ And I’m like, I’m doing everything in my power,” Bryan-Podvin said. “I knew what it was like to be on the receiving end of incredibly individualistic and shame-laden personal finance advice, and I just thought that I was not alone in that.”

How much can you expect to pay for financial therapy?

Fees for financial therapy vary from provider to provider, just like other forms of therapy. Financial therapists are obligated to clearly disclose their fees and billing structure in the first meeting or session.

Financial therapy is difficult to provide under health insurance, Medicare or Medicaid, according to Bryan-Podvin, though it’s easier if the mental health practitioner can classify the therapy under a diagnosis like anxiety or depression.

If therapy fees aren’t in someone’s budget, they can seek credit counseling through a non-profit organization. Credit counseling can’t address mental health issues directly, but counselors often offer free workshops, education and advice to help manage money and debt.

Cost can lock low-income people out of financial therapy, but Bryan-Podvin says she’s seeing more financial and mental health resources become available to minority communities.

“Even if it isn’t a specific financial therapist, finding communities, whether it’s a Substack newsletter or a hashtag that you follow, finding people who can validate, emphasize and normalize your lived experience actually [helps],” Bryan-Podvin said. “You’re going to be like, ‘Oh, I’m not alone.'”

3 ways to organize your finances before seeking financial counseling

Considering starting financial therapy? First, it may help to take stock of your financial picture. Here’s how you can better understand your finances before of reaching out to a financial therapist:

  1. Create or update your budget. Write down your monthly bills, debt repayment, insurance and other expenses to get a gist of how you’re spending each month.
  2. Write down your debts and assets. If you have a credit card, student loan, medical or other debt, gather your accounts to understand how much you have in debt. It may also help to look into your assets, such as the value of your home, retirement accounts or savings. Your debt subtracted from your assets is your net worth, which gives you an idea of your financial picture.
  3. Consider your financial goals. It may be helpful to ask yourself why you’re examining your financial habits. For example, do you want to buy a house or get married? Or maybe you want to pay off debt? Creating a list of short-term and long-term goals can provide accomplishments to work towards.
  • Methodology

    Caret Down

    Bankrate commissioned YouGov Plc to conduct the survey on financial wellness. All figures, unless otherwise stated, are from YouGov Plc. Total demo size was 2,365 U.S. adults, including 1,232 who say money has a negative impact on their mental health. Fieldwork was undertaken April 12-14, 2023. The survey was carried out online and meets rigorous quality standards. It employed a non-probability-based demo using both quotas upfront during collection and then a weighting scheme on the back end designed and proven to provide nationally representative results.

Thu, 01 Jun 2023 03:52:26 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.msn.com/en-us/money/personalfinance/how-a-financial-therapist-can-help-you-with-money-anxiety/ar-AA12fI92 Killexams : How To Become A Genetic Counselor: Skills And Requirements

Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors' opinions or evaluations.

Genetic counselors interpret genetic tests to help prevent and treat hereditary disorders with sincerity and empathy. These professionals should be passionate about science and human interactions, setting them apart in the healthcare system as they work in the laboratory and interact with patients.

This article explains how to become a genetic counselor, exploring this profession’s many roles, including the skills and requirements needed to enter the field. We also discuss the licensing process for genetic counselors.

What Is Genetic Counseling?

Genetic counselors are healthcare professionals who test patients’ genetics to determine whether they are at risk for hereditary disorders. Genetic counselors interpret genetic results for other physicians. They may also counsel patients in private consultations.

Genetic counseling helps prevent and detect genetic conditions during pregnancy. This profession also helps with preventative care for adults with a family history of cardiovascular disease and cancer.

What Does a Genetic Counselor Do?

A genetic counselor is a healthcare professional who interprets genetic information. Part of their job is to educate individuals or doctors about genetic testing results and provide resources for prevention plans. They also collect family medical histories through interviews and consultations.

Moreover, genetic counselors provide psychosocial support to people who receive unwanted test results regarding inherited conditions. Genetic counselors work with these patients to help them adapt their lifestyles to mitigate risks.

Several niche specialties exist within the scope of genetic counseling. Below we describe some common genetic counseling specialties.

  • Prenatal. Prenatal genetic counselors work with pregnant people and couples who plan to have children but whose babies may be at risk for pre-existing disorders.
  • Pediatric. Pediatric genetic counselors evaluate children who are at risk for inherited conditions.
  • Adult. Adult genetic counselors typically evaluate adult patients’ risk for cardiovascular disease or cancer.

Many genetic counselors conduct new research, working exclusively in laboratory settings. Some become professors, educating students at the college level.

Genetic Counselor Salary and Career Growth

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reports that genetic counselors make a median annual wage of $89,990. The BLS projects jobs for these professionals to grow by 18% from 2021 to 2031, compared to only 5% for all jobs nationwide. This accelerated growth projection is due to workers changing occupations and retiring.

What’s the Difference Between a Genetic Counselor and a Counselor?

Genetic and traditional counselors both need advanced degrees, but their scope of practice is very different. Genetic counselors primarily work with science and biology, while counselors practice psychology.

A genetic counselor does not have a license to perform therapy on patients. Though a genetic counselor may be present for patients during tumultuous times, such as when a patient receives unwanted test results, their expertise is primarily concerned with advising patients about their genetics.

Steps to Become a Genetic Counselor

Earn a Bachelor’s and Master’s Degree

Since a master’s degree is the minimum education requirement to become a genetic counselor, a bachelor’s degree is the natural first step. At the undergraduate level, aspiring genetic counselors usually take psychology, biology and counseling coursework. You may become a genetic counselor even if your bachelor’s degree is in an unrelated field, but you might need to complete additional prerequisites before starting your master’s degree.

A master’s degree in genetic counseling is typically required to become a genetic counselor. When applying for master’s programs, ensure your prospective programs are accredited by the Accreditation Council for Genetic Counseling. A master’s in genetic counseling usually takes two years to complete, including your clinical training.

Consider Volunteer Work

You might consider volunteering for various crisis intervention programs to get ahead of the curve when applying for graduate programs. Volunteer work for organizations that help people with mental disorders or experiencing mental health crises can prepare you for the interactions involved in a genetic counseling career.

Complete Clinical Training

Genetic counseling master’s programs require students to gain experience in real-world work settings. As such, you must complete clinical training, sometimes called fieldwork, to earn your graduate degree.

Clinical training provides hands-on experience working with seasoned professionals in the genetic counseling field. This exposure to genetic counseling work helps prepare you for the future and gives you a good idea of which specialty area you may want to pursue.

Clinical training typically begins during the second year of your master’s program. Many graduate programs arrange students’ training through connections with local clinics and hospitals.

Requirements vary by program; some programs require clinical training for just one term. Others have students spend a whole academic year completing their clinical training.

Obtain Certification and Licensure

Licensing requirements for genetic counselors vary by state but usually include the Certified Genetic Counselor (CGC®) credential from the American Board of Genetic Counseling (ABGC). CGC qualifications include a master’s degree in genetic counseling from an ABGC-accredited program and a passing score on a certification exam.

The CGC certification is valid for five years, after which it requires renewal. You need continuing education credits or to pass an examination to renew your certification.

Licensure allows genetic counselors to order tests and consult with patients. Seek licensure in the state where you plan to practice as a genetic counselor.

Top Skills for a Genetic Counselor

Aside from extensive training and education, genetic counselors need a particular set of skills to effectively interact with clients and communicate sensitive information. Below we list the most important skills for genetic counselors.

  • Critical thinking. As a genetic counselor, you must process potentially detrimental information. You need to practice critical thinking when processing a patient’s test results, determining lifestyle changes or putting together a list of treatments and specialists.
  • Communication. A genetic counselor must be able to communicate complex information to clients who are unfamiliar with biology and genetics. Knowing how to simplify these complicated ideas for your patients is vital.
  • Compassion. As a counselor, you must have compassion for clients. Patients and families are looking to you for advice, and you will inevitably have to deliver unwanted test results and have difficult conversations. It is essential to communicate this news with sincerity and empathy.
  • Decision-making. Decision-making skills are vital to any genetic counselor. These professionals use their expertise to advise patients based on test results. As experts, their decisions must be clear and logical.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About Becoming a Genetics Counselor

How long does it take to become a genetic counselor?

To become a genetic counselor, you must have a bachelor’s degree and a master’s in genetic counseling. It typically takes six years to complete both of these diplomas.

Is genetic counseling a good career?

A genetic counselor who enjoys science and helping people may find the career fulfilling and rewarding. Moreover, the BLS reports above-average salaries and economic demand for genetic counselors, indicating that this field is stable and lucrative.

Thu, 25 May 2023 03:00:00 -0500 Nick Mireles en-US text/html https://www.forbes.com/advisor/education/become-a-genetic-counselor/

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