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Killexams : CIPS International study tips - BingNews Search results Killexams : CIPS International study tips - BingNews Killexams : Quick Tips to Study for the Bar Exam

Tuesday, November 1, 2022

You’re nearly there. After years of work earning your JD, you’ve earned a seat to take the bar exam. Passing this test is the final obstacle before you become a licensed lawyer.

With so much at stake, the bar exam may seem formidable. But as with any test, following a few simple principles can see you through. Develop a study schedule — and stick to it. Understand what the exam is testing for and use your resources. 

Seems more doable already, right?

Follow these quick tips to study (better) for the bar exam.

What Is the Bar Exam?  

The bar exam assesses your knowledge of legal principles, reasoning, and many other skills and competencies crucial to working as a lawyer. By passing the bar exam, you gain membership to the state bar and licensure to practice law in your state. 

You must be admitted to the bar in every state where you want to practice. So, if you live in New York, you need to pass the bar exam as defined by the New York State Bar Association. 

Each state has its own standards and requirements for the bar exam. Increasingly, states are adopting the Uniform Bar Exam (UBE), which includes three unique tests you’ll take over two days: 

  • Multistate Bar Examination (MBE): You’ll respond to 200 multiple-choice questions over a six-hour test period. The questions assess your legal reasoning and ability to identify fact patterns, among other competencies.

  • Multistate Essay Examination (MEE): By responding to six, 30-minute essay questions about real-life legal issues, you’ll convey your writing communication skills.

  • Multistate Performance Test (MPT): This is not a knowledge test. Instead, you’ll apply your skills as a new lawyer through this test based on real-life scenarios. 

How to Study for the Bar Exam 

We get it: It’s a lot of testing. 

But you finished law school. That’s a major feat. So, you already likely have all the habits and skills to study and pass one more test. Review these tips to stay organized with your test prep.  

Create a Study Schedule 

As with any test, establishing a routine to study and practice will pay off. Incorporate your bar review course into your calendar, and let your friends and family know that you’ll need some space for study hours. Build in committed study days and times — as well as time off to decompress and let your practice sink in.

Top test takers often recommend studying strategically. That means identifying your weak areas and intentionally practicing to build those skills.  

Plus, keep yourself — and your brain — in good functioning condition as you study. You might feel tempted to cram all night in the weeks leading up to the exam but get enough rest. Study in manageable sessions. Eat well, too, so you’re prepared to think clearly. 

As you study, keep in mind that every state jurisdiction has its own requirements for the bar exam. Be sure to review those specifics before you dive into the material; see the state-by-state breakdown from the National Conference of Bar Examiners (NCBE)

Understand the Test’s Core Competencies 

Break down the test and understand what it’s asking of you. Knowing what to expect from the test and the core competencies it’s testing for can increase your confidence. 

For the MBE, you’ll have 25 questions from each of these seven subject areas: Criminal Law and Procedure, Civil Procedure, Constitutional Law, Torts, Evidence, Real Property, and Contracts. 

Get Your Study Materials

You don’t have to try to pass the bar exam in a vacuum. And you probably shouldn’t. 

It’s best to understand your resources — free or paid. The American Bar Association (ABA) says that your chances of passing the exam are likely higher by enrolling in a commercial bar review course. 

From bar review courses to private coaching, from podcasts to books, there’s a world of materials available for new lawyers to equip themselves with the tools to pass the bar exam.

After the Bar Exam  

Congratulations: You’re a licensed lawyer. 

Now the real work begins on how you want to define your career path. Maybe you’ll start out as an associate at an established law firm. You may choose to stay with the firm long-term and look to become a partner or branch out on your own to start a solo practice

If you’re thinking of going solo, you may want to start thinking about the business fundamentals and operational must-haves involved in running a small firm. Thankfully, however, more resources are available than ever to help you with your practice management needs. 

But with a JD and your new license, you can take your law career in many directions or practice areas.

From personal injury law to family law, from corporate counsel to litigation, you have plenty of options. And as the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) shows, career prospects for lawyers are expected to keep growing faster than the average job growth. 

The good news: The future after the bar exam is bright.

Mon, 31 Oct 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Study Abroad

An early leader in the field of international education, The New School continues to expand and Excellerate the quality of its study abroad offerings in an increasingly global world. As part of the university’s department of Global Engagement and International Support Services, the Study Abroad office seeks to promote education abroad opportunities that develop intercultural competence and globally-relevant leadership skills in cooperation with academic departments and student services both for current New School students to go abroad for study and for students from international institutions to study at The New School in NYC while completing degrees at their home institutions.

Go Abroad for Study

A wide variety of study abroad programs are available to you as a New School student while you earn your degree. By studying abroad, you embark on a life-changing journey, embracing the unfamiliar, gaining new perspectives on the world, and developing greater cultural sensitivity. When preparing to study abroad, there are many questions to consider, but we’re here to help you succeed on your journey. To get started: 

Students are strongly encouraged to attend the study abroad events, fairs, and info sessions starting in the first year to discover exciting study abroad programs and begin planning for their own experience.

Come Study Abroad at The New School

The New School’s NYC campus offers unique opportunities for students who are completing a degree program abroad to gain an international study experience while they complete their degrees. Each semester, our campus hosts students from Parsons Paris and other schools around the world. Learn more about these opportunities below and contact us with any questions.

Mon, 02 Aug 2021 06:39:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : International Study Shows Liquid Biopsies May Excellerate Lung Cancer Survival
  • An international study led by MSK investigators has found that liquid biopsies may Excellerate survival in people with lung cancer.
  • These blood tests are easier for patients than more traditional tissue biopsies.

Moments after getting bad news about her lung cancer, Joyce Tyson got some good news. An experimental blood test called a liquid biopsy suggested a different treatment, which turned around her prognosis (outcome) for stage 4 lung cancer. Now that test can offer hope to more patients like Joyce, according to a new study published by researchers at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK).

A liquid biopsy works by detecting small amounts of cancer DNA floating in the blood that can reveal molecular changes in tumors, which in turn signal the drugs that are most likely to be effective.

Overcoming Lung Cancer Drug Resistance With Insights From a Liquid Biopsy

About a year into Joyce’s treatment for lung cancer, MSK medical oncologist Alexander Drilon, MD, delivered the message every patient dreads: The chemotherapy had stopped working. But there was hope. A liquid biopsy had revealed that Joyce’s lung cancer had a specific mutation in the RET gene, indicating it was likely to respond to a targeted drug. More than three years after starting that drug, the 82-year-old’s cancer is still stable.

“Our study showed there’s a real, significant lifesaving benefit from liquid biopsy,” says thoracic oncologist Bob Li, MD, PhD, MPH, who serves as Chief Scientific Officer of MSK Direct and senior author of the paper published online November 10, 2022, in Nature Medicine. “When we were able to match patients with targeted therapies, they survived much longer.”

It’s made all the difference for Joyce, who is also a survivor of Hodgkin lymphoma, diagnosed when she was a teenager in the 1950s. “The drug I’m getting now is so much better than chemotherapy,” she says.

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Liquid Biopsies Help Patients by Matching Lung Tumors With Treatments

The Nature Medicine study followed 1,127 people who were being treated for non-small cell lung cancer and who had liquid biopsies. The test detected tumor DNA in the bloodstream of 723 patients. Of those, 255 had genomic alterations detected in their blood that could be matched with targeted therapies, and another 163 were matched with drugs based on their tissue analysis. The patients who got targeted therapies lived longer than those who could not be matched with specific drugs: They had a 37% reduction in mortality.

“The magnitude of benefit that patients get from targeted therapy is really huge,” says MSK medical oncology fellow Justin Jee, MD, PhD, the paper’s first author. “In the past, having high levels of tumor DNA in the blood was a sign of a worse prognosis, but now we can turn that around and use it to offer more effective treatments.”

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Benefits of Liquid Biopsies Over Tissue Biopsies

In addition to helping find the right drug for someone’s cancer, liquid biopsies offer these benefits:

  • They require only a few vials of blood and are therefore easier for patients than traditional invasive biopsies, which require a trip to a procedural suite or operating room.
  • They can be performed frequently to determine whether a cancer is changing in response to treatment.
  • Their results are often available more quickly than those for tissue biopsies, allowing patients to start on new treatments sooner.

In fact, liquid biopsies are just as important as scans for detecting when a patient’s disease has started to come back or spread, says Dr. Jee, who holds a PhD in computational biology and conducted much of the trial’s data analysis.

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Different Types of Liquid Biopsies

There are important differences among the kinds of liquid biopsies. There’s been a lot of attention on developing a blood test that would detect cancer in someone who has not previously been diagnosed, especially in people who are of high risk. But it’s important to note that while those tests are promising, they need more research before being used as a general cancer screening test.

Our study showed there's a real, significant lifesaving benefit from liquid biopsy.

Bob T. Li thoracic oncologist

For many years, Dr. Li’s research has proven the clinical utility of the kind of liquid biopsy that detects tumor mutations in people who have already been diagnosed with cancer, like Joyce.

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Treating Lung Cancer With RET Gene Mutations

Joyce’s test revealed that her lung cancer carried a mutation in a gene called RET. This finding suggested that her tumors were likely to respond to a targeted drug called selpercatinib (Retevmo™). When she was first given selpercatinib in 2019, it was still experimental. Since then, it’s been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, based on research led by Dr. Drilon.

The magnitude of benefit that patients get from targeted therapy is really huge.

Justin Jee medical oncology fellow

Joyce has experienced no serious side effects from selpercatinib, which she takes as two pills, twice a day.

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MSK Researchers Focus on Liquid Biopsies To Treat More Cancers

The Nature Medicine study focused mainly on a liquid biopsy test that was developed specifically for lung cancer. But more than 200 patients in the trial also had a kind of liquid biopsy that can detect molecular changes in other solid tumors in addition to lung cancer. This pan-cancer liquid biopsy test was developed at MSK and is called MSK-ACCESS®. The results from MSK-ACCESS were comparable to the lung cancer–specific test, the researchers found, which suggests that people with other kinds of cancer are likely to benefit from liquid biopsies as well.

Also, the clinical trial showed these tests can be used to guide treatment decisions for patients at other institutions in diverse communities, too. This study was a collaboration between investigators at MSK and GenesisCare, a community oncology practice with physicians affiliated with the University of Sydney in Australia. “Because these survival results were also seen in patients treated in a community oncology setting in Australia, this study demonstrates that liquid biopsies have the potential to benefit diverse patient populations,” Dr. Li says. “MSK’s research with international partnerships can help save lives all over the world.”

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A Cancer Survivor Dedicated to Caring for Others

Back in Brooklyn, Joyce is living a full and satisfying life again. After retiring from a career in hospital administration and raising two children, Joyce has had a busy second act as a volunteer for organizations that provide services to children. Joyce has also been active in a support group for long-term survivors of Hodgkin lymphoma, offered through MSK’s Resources for Life After Cancer. She credits MSK’s Rehabilitation Medicine Service — including physiatrist Lisa Marie Ruppert, MD, and specialists in physical therapy and lymphedema — for helping her get back on her feet after treatment.

Joyce has been able to spend time with her son and daughter and four grandsons, who all live near her. She also keeps busy attending cultural events around the city. “I’ve had a lot of illness in my lifetime, but also a lot of success,” she says. “I turn 83 in January, and I’m proud that I’ve made it to where I am.”

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The lung cancer–specific liquid biopsy test used in this study is made by Resolution Bioscience and Agilent Technologies, and employees of those companies participated in the research.

This work was supported by a grant from the Antidote Health Foundation for Cure of Cancer; National Institutes of Health grants T32-CA009207, CTSA UL1TR00457, P50 CA247749 01, and P30 CA008748; the Molecular Diagnostics Service in MSK’s Department of Pathology; and the Marie-Josée and Henry R. Kravis Center for Molecular Oncology at MSK.

Dr. Jee has a patent licensed by MDSeq Inc. Dr. Li has served as an uncompensated advisor and consultant to Amgen, AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim, Bolt Biotherapeutics, Daiichi Sankyo, Genentech, and Lilly. He has received research grants to his institution from Amgen, AstraZeneca, Bolt Biotherapeutics, Daiichi Sankyo, Genentech, Hengrui USA, and Lilly. He has received academic travel support from Amgen, Jiangsu Hengrui Medicine, and MORE Health. He is an inventor on two institutional patents at MSK (US62/685,057 and US62/514,661) and has intellectual property rights as a book author at Karger Publishers and Shanghai Jiao Tong University Press.

Thu, 10 Nov 2022 06:04:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : International Jobs for Students – Where to Work and Study

Studying abroad comes with a lot of financial needs, especially if the country has a high standard of living. Some students also have to raise part of the fees by themselves. Many countries have international jobs for students to help them meet their financial needs, and most importantly, build their careers.

Universities, colleges, employers, and alumni are now using resourceful portals to help international students secure such jobs. You should check Interstride if you would like to help international students in your school secure such a job. In the meantime, let’s discuss some of the most popular international jobs for students.


These are work programs, mostly in the USA and Canada, organized by universities where students are given flexible work hours by employers so they can accommodate their studies. The study schedule is always the priority, so the employer will need it to plan your work time.

Common and well-paying international jobs for students in this category include babysitting, peer tutoring, academic assistant, university bookstore attendant, and call center, among others. If you are lucky, some of these jobs are well-paying, so you can even pay school fees.

Remote Jobs

Remote international jobs for students are becoming a successful trend today. Simple jobs such as virtual assistants, data entry, programming, content creation, and writing tutorials are fit for students because they can plan their time to accommodate work and studies.

Remote jobs are common in the USA, Australia, Canada, India, the Philippines, and African countries. If you are studying in these regions, you can secure yourself a flexible remote job to help you study as well.

Business Opportunities

Not all students looking for international jobs will get employed. But this does not mean that a business cannot be an opportunity. Students can sell books, novels, storybooks, and other practicing materials online and get a commission for it.

They can also create content such as blogs, vlogs, and poems and sell them online too. It’s the same with art, music, and any other sellable stuff. Some students also engage in selling street foods and the like.

Internship Opportunities

Whether you are studying in the USA, Canada, England, Japan, Singapore, or any other place, you will find several internships within your area of study. Several companies work with top universities and colleges to supply students internships and even retain them after they graduate

However, you will be subjected to interviews to check if you are fit to take an internship in a dynamic environment. Some of the companies offer interns monthly stipends to help them meet their bills and financial needs.

Manual Jobs

If you are still looking for international jobs for students, there are many: cleaning, loading, trucking, fumigation, construction, and other manual jobs companies that can accommodate students, train them, and supply them part-time jobs to allow them to work as they study.

If any of these job opportunities entice you, it is good that you take them up and try them. They will help you meet your financial needs while studying at the same time. However, always choose a work-study that will supply you enough time to study.

Related Articles on GISuser:

Mon, 14 Nov 2022 05:36:00 -0600 GISuser en-US text/html
Killexams : Struggling to fill customer service roles? Study offers tips on how to proceed
Copy of generic employee resume

As the labor shortage rages on, many companies are looking for creative ways to fill job vacancies. One option: changing job postings to accommodate potential hires’ skill sets. According to the 2022 Global In-Demand Skills Report by Randstad Sourceright, a recruiting and talent management company, some skill clusters are more in demand than others. If companies are willing to recruit candidates with adjacent experience, or are willing to offer better perks to individuals with in-demand skills, they may be able to Excellerate their hiring stats, the report suggests.

Pulling data from companies in a wide range of industries and countries, the analysis shows customer service was one of the most in-demand skill sets on the market. In order to find qualified candidates for these roles, the report suggests looking for workers with experience in similar positions, like sales, whose background may allow them to excel in customer service.

Likewise, there was a high demand for workers in data-heavy roles in 2022, including cloud engineers, data scientists, and app developers. These workers are particularly likely to be successfully recruited by tech companies, and the report suggests that offering more perks to tech workers could help non-tech companies with recruiting.

But that doesn’t mean soft skills aren’t important, too. To many hiring managers, they’re as essential as technical know-how, with communication and teamwork, critical thinking, planning, research, and creativity being particularly desired, according to the report.

“Business and talent leaders will need to consider how they are cultivating workplaces that attract and retain individuals with these highly coveted soft skills — whether that’s offering greater autonomy and flexibility, using technology to facilitate greater collaboration, or transforming office spaces to think tanks,” the report says. “They will also need to understand how these shifts, and the demands that they put on their people, impact stress levels and wellbeing to ensure ongoing engagement, personal wellbeing and, ultimately, retention.”

Read more: Skills-based hiring: Focus on abilities, not degrees, says HIRE Initiative

It adds, “Skills gaps and scarcity will always be a challenge for most organizations, but equipped with the right insights and a well-crafted talent strategy, you can build a resilient and adaptive workforce for any contingency in the year ahead.”

Thu, 17 Nov 2022 11:41:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Changing our diet would help absorb global food shocks, international study finds

A plant-based diet could Excellerate the resilience of our food system. Moving to such a diet in the European Union (EU) and United Kingdom (U.K.) alone could replace almost all the production losses from Russia and Ukraine. That's what an international team of researchers conclude in Nature Food. Leiden researcher and co-author Paul Behrens: "We are feeding animals crops that we could eat ourselves."

"Conflict and other drivers of food shocks, such as floods and droughts, are putting pressure on food production across the world," said Zhongxiao Sun at the China Agricultural University and the paper's lead author. "A rapid shift to plant-based diets could help us bounce back from shocks while reducing water use, lowering emissions, improving our health, providing more natural areas, and much more."

The war in Ukraine has had a major impact on the global food supply. Russia and Ukraine are major producers of staple crops such as sunflower oil and wheat. Global food insecurity had been growing steadily for some time, but the conflict has pushed to record highs.

Reducing overconsumption

The researchers investigated the land saved by a shift to the EAT-Lancet planetary diet across EU and U.K. countries. Shifting to this would reduce food requirements by almost the same amount of food produced in both Ukraine and Russia. It could absorb the large shock of losing these major food producers. Additionally, the diet would also be better for the environment and health across high-income nations.

"This opportunity arises because these countries overconsume and sugars," Leiden researcher Paul Behrens and senior author of the research said. "Animals are fed crops that could be eaten directly by people: 30–40% of all crops are fed to . In the EU and U.K., this number rises to 60%. Animal agriculture also occupies about 80% of all ."

Freeing up agricultural space

The researchers found that moving to plant-based diets across the EU and U.K. could free up an area slightly larger than the size of France and the U.K. combined. Some of this land could be used to replace the lost crops from production shocks around the world.

Replacing all export crops from Russia and Ukraine would require about 16% of this saved land. It would also provide several environmental benefits including reduced , lower emissions and better biodiversity depending on how the saved land were used.

Don't wait 'until nature makes the decision for us'

"We are moving into a period of increasing shocks to the food system," Behrens said.

"We know that plant-based diets dramatically reduce environmental impacts, but they could also help Excellerate food security. Given the opportunity, even small cuts in animal consumption help. If we do not make these dietary shifts, prices will increase as climate impacts and conflicts get worse, making animal products increasingly expensive. It's better to make these changes today, rather than waiting until nature makes the decision for us and the damage is already done."

More information: Qian Zhang, Adoption of plant-based diets across Europe can Excellerate food resilience against the Russia–Ukraine conflict, Nature Food (2022). DOI: 10.1038/s43016-022-00634-4.

Citation: Changing our diet would help absorb global food shocks, international study finds (2022, November 15) retrieved 9 December 2022 from

This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Tue, 15 Nov 2022 04:20:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : MSc Operations, Project and Supply Chain Management / Course details

Course description

Put your organisational skills to the test and learn to help businesses manage the production and delivery of products and services in an increasingly globalised marketplace. Operations management is all about how to organise the production and delivery of products and services.

  • Gain the knowledge and skills to ensure that processes run smoothly, particularly in the face of opportunities and challenges arising from the increasingly global reach of business 
  • Cover the service, manufacturing, public and private sectors, showing how operations management, project management and supply chain management work
  • Opportunity to concentrate on particular aspects of operations management, supply chain management, project management and process improvement
  • Prepare for a career as a professional operations, project or supply chain manager
  • Strong foundation for progression to a PhD or an academic career within the field
  • Opportunity to concentrate on particular aspects of operations management, supply chain management, project management and process improvement, helping towards membership of the Chartered Institute of Purchasing and Supply .


During the course you will be taking 180 credits in all. The eight taught modules during semester one and two total 120 credits and consists of both compulsory and optional taught units which can be viewed in the list below.

By agreement with the Course Director, one elective unit may be taken from another Masters course - note that all elective units are subject to availability, timetabling constraints and what you have studied previously.

Over the summer period, you will carry out your Research Dissertation, worth 60 credits.  Certain units must be chosen in order to become a member of CIPS, and the dissertation must be on a procurement and supply-related theme. 

Examples of recent dissertation project courses include:

  • The future green supply chain in the retail industry: a shared value strategic perspective
  • Evaluation of cost performance in inventory management in reverse logistics
  • Using e-procurement to Excellerate supply chain management practices

Special features

CIPS accreditation

The course is accredited by the Chartered Institute of Purchasing and Supply (CIPS).

On completion of the MSc Operations, Project and Supply Chain Management course, students with three years' work experience in a relevant field of supply chain management can apply to become full members of CIPS.

  • As the course is accredited to CIPS, students with the required work experience will not need to take any further examinations to become full members of CIPS (as long as they have completed the required modules and the dissertation should focus on a procurement and supply related theme as part of the MSc).
  • Students without the required work experience (for example, recent graduates) can take the required modules and dissertation element of the MSc programme and on completion of three years relevant work experience can apply for full membership of CIPS. 
  • We are unable to answer individual enquiries about CIPS membership and you should apply directly to CIPS. Details of membership options can be obtained from the CIPS website .

Coursework and assessment

Assessment across the course units varies, and includes a combination of examinations, course work and group project assessment and presentations, in-class tests and assignments. A dissertation is also undertaken and normally ranges between 12,000 and 25,000 words.

Course unit list

The course unit details given below are subject to change, and are the latest example of the curriculum available on this course of study.

Disability support

Practical support and advice for current students and applicants is available from the Disability Advisory and Support Service. Email:
Sat, 10 Sep 2022 13:31:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Tips to get through holiday traffic at Bellingham International Airport

The Bellingham International Airport sees a 10% increase in activity during the holidays. This means 10% more people in the airport, 10% longer lines and 10% more baggage, according to an email from Sunil Harman, the port’s Director of Aviation.

Here are some tips provided by Harman to help you get through the airport when it’s at its busiest:

“Monitor your flight status on your airline’s website or mobile apps.

“Arrive early — at least two hours before your flight’s posted departure time.

“Only carry-one one regulation-size bag and personal item to skip lines and proceed straight to security — be sure to print your boarding pass at home.

“Follow TSA guidance on packing 3-1-1 liquids in a transparent seal-able bag, keep laptops and electronic items larger than a phone easily accessible to remove for screening, and wear shoes, belts and jackets that can be easily removed for screening. Sign up for PreCheck to avoid this step.

“Relax and enjoy your time waiting for your flight, there are a number of snacks, grab-and-go, dining, and beverage options in the secured area. Remember, you’re on holiday and a lot of dedicated people are working hard to get you and yours to your final destination safely.”

Boarding passes can be printed at kiosks in the airport. Passengers can also check in using a boarding pass saved on their phones, however, Harman recommends having a printed boarding pass in case the electronic version can not be easily found.

A government-issued ID is required for all individuals over 18 years old. Some examples are a driver’s license, transportation worker identification credential, passport or military ID. Expired ID is accepted as long as it is less than a year expired. If you cannot find your government-issued ID, “you may bring two items with your name on it to verify who you are. Examples include a bill that is mailed to you, a prescription bottle, school ID or a Costco card,” according to the airport website.

Checking a bag before a flight requires some extra steps compared to those bringing only carry-on luggage.

“To check bags the passengers are required to check at the airline ticket counter or kiosk to check-in with a picture ID, weigh luggage, obtain luggage claim stubs and proceed to the TSA checkpoint. It is advised that passengers not pack wrapped gifts in checked luggage,” Harman said.

The airport is recommending face coverings for all passengers, employees and visitors to reduce the spread of COVID-19. However, different airlines have different COVID-19 requirements.

Mon, 21 Nov 2022 23:16:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : UAB joins international study of promising Alzheimer’s disease treatment

The AHEAD study is looking to recruit people at risk for developing Alzheimer’s disease for a new study.

Inside natelson love studyThe Ahead study will recruit persons with risk factors for Alzheimer's to study two investigational treatments.Researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham are recruiting volunteers for a study testing an investigational treatment that aims to help prevent the earliest memory loss due to Alzheimer’s disease.

The AHEAD Study is the first Alzheimer’s disease research study to recruit people as young as 55 years old who are at risk of developing symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease as they get older. It introduces a personalized approach that will tailor treatment dosing levels to a participant’s particular risk of memory loss related to Alzheimer’s disease.

Funded by the National Institutes of Health and Eisai Inc., a United States subsidiary of Eisai Co., Ltd., the international AHEAD study seeks to enroll 1,165 participants from North America ages 55 to 80 without a diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease or other dementia. UAB is one of more than 100 study locations around the world.

“The tailored approach of this study, starting treatment years before memory loss has begun, has the potential to be a breakthrough in our aim to prevent Alzheimer’s disease,” said Marissa Natelson Love, M.D., associate professor in the Department of Neurology, Heersink School of Medicine and primary investigator at UAB. “It can potentially serve as a model to Excellerate clinical trials in Alzheimer’s research and other diseases.” 

NatelsonLoveMarissa Natelson Love, M.D., associate professor of Neurology, leads the AHEAD study at UAB.The AHEAD Study consists of two different clinical trials testing the same investigational treatment, an anti-amyloid antibody called lecanemab. Participants are enrolled in one of the two trials based on the level of amyloid in their brain. Amyloid is a protein that builds up in people who can go on to have memory problems and develop Alzheimer’s disease. Earlier studies suggested that lecanemab slowed cognitive decline in patients with early stage Alzheimer’s disease.

Individuals interested in volunteering for the AHEAD study can go to and click Join Study, or contact Princess Carter, DNP, in the UAB Division of Memory Disorders and Behavioral Neurology, at 205-934-6223 or

The sixth leading cause of death in the United States, Alzheimer’s is the only disease among the top 10 causes of death that cannot be prevented, cured or slowed.

The AHEAD study is supported by the NIH’s National Institute on Aging under award numbers R01AG054029 and R01AG061848. The AHEAD Study, clinical trial number NCT04468659, received funding from NIH and from nongovernmental sources.

Mon, 21 Nov 2022 02:38:00 -0600 by Bob Shepard en-US text/html
Killexams : ‘Canada’s Indo-Pacific Strategy’: From UN Peacekeeper to U.S. Sentinel State

In a recent article in the Ottawa Hill-Times, journalist David Crane asked an important question: “Is Canada trying to match or outdo American hostility to China?”

Canada’s Indo-Pacific Strategy (CIPS), announced in Vancouver recently by Liberal foreign affairs minister Mélanie Joly and other ministers, answers that question unequivocally:

“China is an increasingly disruptive global power” begins the CIPS assessment of China.

True enough if taken in isolation. Insidious, however, in the way it is used in this report.

“We are not just going to engage the Indo-Pacific, we are going to lead,” stated Joly in her opening remarks. In this case, leadership seems to imply being tougher on China than anyone else. In its two-page assessment, the CIPS lists a litany of China’s alleged misdeeds and that, it would seem, is all there is to say. Not a word about its impressive economic achievements; nor that China is Canada’s second largest trading partner; nor about lifting 800 million people out of poverty, as recognized by the UN; not a peep about its development of solar power generation, documented in a Lancet study. Frankly, any teacher would be compelled to supply a failing grade to the Canadian government’s assessment of China because of the obvious bias.

“We will challenge China whenever necessary, and cooperate if we must,” is the government’s new mantra. Frankly, the CIPS is an embarrassment, a strident polemic, not diplomacy. If implemented it will definitively end any possibility of substantive Canada-China cooperation on the environment, an imperative in the face of the global climate emergency. It also increases the possibility of war and the use of nuclear weapons, the other existential crisis of this era.

In terms of concrete actions, the CIPS charts two main priorities – increase funding to Canada’s military/spy agencies, and provide a large infusion of cash to finance infrastructure projects in the region.

A closer examination of the fine print shows the five-year military/spy funds (what the government euphemistically terms “Promoting Peace, Resilience and Security,” includes:

  • nearly $500 million to increase the Canadian military’s presence in the region;
  • and more than $227 million for Canada’s to bolster national security agencies (including CSIS, CSE, RCMP, and CBSA).

Compared to some of the military powers in the region, this is a small amount, but its significance lies elsewhere. It signals that Canada’s first priority in Asia is to bolster its military and spy network to confront China. Peacekeeping under the aegis of the UN is not even an afterthought. Also distressing is the distorting nod to feminist foreign policy, allocating funds for a “regional Women, Peace, and Security initiative” in the hope of securing social license for its agenda.

On the trade and investment front, the biggest single allocation of funds is a three-year injection of $750 million to FinDev Canada, (Canada’s development finance institution) to help develop “high-quality, sustainable infrastructure” in the region. The mandate of FinDev is not providing governmental assistance directly but rather “supporting the private sector in developing markets to promote sustainable development.” In addition, these funds are to be channeled not through existing financial bodies in Asia but through the new U.S.-led G7 “Partnership for Global Infrastructure and Investment.” a parallel initiative dominated by the U.S. Frankly, this is a move sponsored by the U.S. and Canada to bring another institution from outside the region to discredit and bypass China’s Belt and Road Initiative.

In a similar vein, Canada’s trade strategy does not build on existing networks in the region but tries to bypass them. For example, it could have come in and supported the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), that includes 15 East Asian and Pacific nations of different economic sizes and stages of development including China; or the Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA), formerly known as the Bangkok Agreement that has been operating for nearly 50 years. But no, like its financial initiative, it wants to join another parallel initiative, the US-sponsored Indo-Pacific Economic Framework for Prosperity, and/or reinforce the CPTPP (Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership), a regional grouping originally sponsored by the U.S. that excludes China.

A New Sentinel in a Global Empire

Has China become a major power and is it throwing its weight around in the region at times? Yes.

Is publicly accusing it of being disruptive and bulking up for a military confrontation the way to deal with it? Only if you’re aiming for war.

Preceding the release of the CIPS, specialists in Asia Pacific affairs gathered in two conferences in Ottawa, HardTalk: Canada and the Asia Pacific and the East Asia Strategy Forum 2022. Almost all of the invited speakers, regardless of political stripe, were clear – a policy based on containing China or trying to isolate it was wrong and counterproductive. That advice has been ignored. Furthermore, early drafts of the new strategy prepared by Global Affairs Canada (GAC) were unacceptable according to minister Joly. Then, who were Joly and the cross-departmental group that finalized the strategy listening to, if not from specialists with extensive experience in the region or from GAC?

There are hints in the CIPS itself. It repeatedly asserts it is not “engaging” in the Indo-Pacific alone but is doing so with its closest allies including “the United States, the European Union, Germany, France and the United Kingdom.” The CIPS in fact represents a global strategy emanating from the U.S. When Trudeau and Biden met in Washington in early 2021, they announced the “Roadmap for a Renewed U.S.-Canada Partnership” that included working “to more closely align our approaches to China…” and reinforcing their commitment to NATO and “the Five Eyes community”.

Indeed, while the CIPS was being developed, NATO representatives gathered in Madrid in June where they adopted a new ‘Strategic Concept’ that they believe made “far reaching decisions to transform NATO.” Though intended initially as a military alliance for Europe directed against the Soviet Union (with U.S. and Canadian participation), it has expanded continuously, and is now based on what it calls a “360-degree approach.” In other words, the whole world is now its purview. Not only will it confront Russia, it will confront terrorism wherever it needs to, it will deal with “conflict, fragility, and instability in Africa and the Middle East,” and, most crucially, address the “systemic challenges posed by the PRC to Euro-Atlantic security and ensure NATO’s enduring ability to ensure the defence and security of Allies.” Indo-Pacific partners Australia, Japan, New Zealand, and the Republic of Korea participated together in a NATO Summit for the first time.

The Empire doesn’t rest. The stakes are too high.

Far from being a made-in-Canada plan, the CIPS seems to be one spoke in the wheel of a global plan directed by the United States. Herein lies the great folly of the illegal Russian invasion of Ukraine. It has allowed NATO to assume the mantle of righteousness, rendering the U.S. into only one of a large coalition defending Ukrainian sovereignty. Both NATO and the CIPS center “the rules-based international order.” But missing from both is the “UN-based international order.” No accident.

The UN-based international order is enshrined in the UN Charter, the foundation of modern international law. The Charter bans “the threat or use of force to” to resolve conflict with few exceptions. It also demands the UN Security Council and other UN-supported institutions set the rules. This is unacceptable to NATO and to the CIPS. They want to set the rules and use their militaries to enforce them. Canada, with its new strategy, is in fact turning its back on the UN.

The world has no desire to be under the thumb of empires. If that is China’s ambition it will fail. But as we monitor China, we should be ready to understand the history of the present. In that regard the CIPS is miserably deficient.

In the run-up to the release of the CIPS, foreign minister Mélanie Joly provided a preview in a major speech at the University of Toronto. In the Q&A session afterwards, she claimed the “rules-based international norms” established in Asia maintained “peace and stability since the Second World War”. In effect, she is suggested that we forget:

  • the three million who died in the Korean War
  • the additional three million who died in Vietnam
  • the one million who died in Indonesia in 1965 after the US-engineered coup
  • the Okinawans who were dispossessed by the US military and continue to fight to this day to get rid of the huge US bases on their islands
  • the thousands of Pacific Islanders who saw their islands seized and used for nuclear testing by the US, to now have them inundated by rising sea levels as a result of global warming for which both Canada and the US are historically responsible.

Joly’s view of history can only be described as Eurocentric and a complete failure to recognize the elephant in the room – the existence of an empire formed over the past 175 years, beginning with Admiral Perry first forcing unequal treaties on Japan with his gunboat diplomacy. Today, the US maintains its empire with force.

According to the recently renamed U.S. Indo-Pacific Command, its forces include “375,000 U.S. military and civilian personnel including the U.S. Pacific Fleet of approximately 200 ships (including five aircraft carrier strike groups), nearly 1,100 aircraft, and more than 130,000 sailors and civilians; Marine Corps Forces, Pacific with two Marine Expeditionary Forces and about 86,000 personnel and 640 aircraft; U.S. Pacific Air Forces comprises of approximately 46,000 airmen and civilians and more than 420 aircraft; U.S. Army Pacific has approximately 106,000 personnel, plus over 300 aircraft and five watercraft; more than 1,200 Special Operations personnel; Department of Defense civilian employees in the Indo-Pacific Command AOR number about 38,000.”

Much of this is arrayed against China and has been for over seventy years. The US is continually realigning the empire’s profile. Recently this has included:

  • the signing of AUKUS (Australia/UK/US), a trilateral military pact for Australia to build nuclear-powered submarines to deploy against China. The deal caused a furor as it involved Australia tearing up a multi-billion-dollar contract with France;
  • reinforcing the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (the Quad), a militarized alliance that includes the US, Australia, India, and Japan to confront China in the Asia Pacific;
  • the CIA establishing a new “China Mission Center” to take on what the agency’s director, William Burns, described as “the most important geopolitical threat we face in the 21st Century, an increasing adversarial Chinese government.”

The Empire doesn’t rest. Nor does the resistance. The Global South is refusing to follow NATO in its sanctions against Russia, including many countries in Asia, India in particular. The U.S. and its main allies are desperate to shore up support.

That is why foreign minister Joly and the CIPS erase the elephant in the room and demand instead that we worry about China. Peoples in Asia and the Pacific are capably and actively dealing with China. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), for example, has been dealing with China on its own terms. They have convened meetings of the ASEAN+3 (ASEAN plus China, Japan, and South Korea) group, the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), and various trade agreements. But rather than reinforce these regional initiatives, Joly and the CIPS sets out not to support Asia, but to impose an Anglo-American parallel agenda, an effective roadblock against regional integration. In its Eurocentricity, the Anglo-American alliance fears an “Asia for the Asians.” What we get instead is a plan to reinforce an Anglo-American empire in the maternalistic/paternalist guise of rescuing ‘Asia’ from China.

Of course, the US Empire in the Asia Pacific did not come into existence by itself. It first arose as part of an Anglo-American alliance fashioned out of the British empire and its settler colonial offshoots – the U.S., Canada, Australia and New Zealand. These latter four states, founded through the genocidal elimination of Indigenous peoples to provide land for white settlers and corporations, together with their decrepit mothership, the U.K., remain tied together in the so-called “Five Eyes.” As Edward Snowden so bravely revealed, the U.S. NSA and the Five Eyes spy alliance today represents the largest and most sinister spy network in the history of the world. And now Canada wants to reinforce it, including posting more spies in Asia.

The respected Australian analyst, Clinton Fernandes, recently wrote Subimperial Power: Australia in the International Arena. In it, he suggests that Australia has become increasingly dependent on the U.S. economically and otherwise. In joining the Quad and AUKUS recently, it is refashioning itself into what he calls a ‘sentinel state’ – joining countries such as South Korea and Japan that are closely tied to the US national security state.

Canada, it would seem, is aspiring to become another U.S. sentinel state in the Asia Pacific.

The Impact on Asian North Americans

The intensifying demonization of China seen in the CIPS and U.S. global policy will only further exacerbate racist attacks on those racialized as Asian in North America.

In Canada and the U.S., the anti-China campaign has given rise to a dramatic rise in anti-Asian racism. The initial tide arose with Trump and his association of the COVID-19 pandemic with China, spurring a huge increase in hate crimes against Asians, or those perceived as ‘Asian.’ In the U.S., this culminated in the horrific murder of eight people in spas in Atlanta, six of whom were Asian women.

The U.S. department of justice under Donald Trump also began the China Initiative, a campaign to prosecute scientists in the U.S. allegedly spying for China. This led to charges against dozens of scientists, mainly of Chinese descent. According to World University News, “none have been convicted for economic espionage, or theft of trade secrets, or intellectual property.” According to a study by the University of Arizona’s Jenny J. Lee, Xiaojie Li and the staff at Committee of 100, the China Initiative was a clear case of racial profiling and had a chilling effect not only on scientific endeavours but also on Asian American communities at large. More must be done by universities, they state, to combat institutional racism that is inflamed by anti-China rhetoric.

Organized resistance to the program, by those accused and by groups such as the Asian Pacific American Justice Task Force (APA Justice), the Brennan Center for Justice, and Asian Americans Advancing Justice, resulted in the Biden administration cancelling the program in February 2022 though profiling of Chinese American scientists still continue.

In Canada as well, racism directed against those seen as Chinese or Asian exploded during the COVID-19 pandemic. A strong anti-racism movement coalesced as part of the anti-racist uprising of 2020, which helped to push back aggression against racialized communities. Still, racist attacks on Chinatowns continue, against those who dissent from one-sided assessments of China, and most severely, against Chinese Canadian scientists.

In a recent study, Dr. Xiaobei Chen of Carleton University has made the case that “despite state multiculturalism, foreign policy making can function as an institutional conduit for reproducing systemic racism, which not only exacerbates social divisions but also prevents a form of intercultural understanding in which individuals truly see one another.”

Unlike in the United States where there was a concerted effort to stop the China Initiative, in Canada the situation is less clear. Many people in racialized communities hesitate to speak out on foreign policy out of fear they will be accused of being spies for China or, alternatively, come under pressure from nationalists.

Canada’s spy agencies have come to the fore in this recent period: CSIS, responsible for analysis and operations, and the Communications Security Establishment (CSE), responsible for information collection. A recent report illustrates how the COVID-19 pandemic created “a pivotal moment” for CSIS, and so today they aggressively assert: “Spies are no longer wearing trench coats, they’re wearing lab coats.” The agency has created new programs including “Academic Outreach and Stakeholder Engagement” and taken to social media, establishing YouTube channels, and offering support against certain cybercrimes, all the while spreading fear of “foreign actors”—a term that apparently does not include the United States.

For over a year now, the National Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada has been imposing compulsory CSIS self-screening by all Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) Alliance grant applicants. This interference in research was developed by CSIS in collaboration with major research institutions including the Canadian Foundation for Innovation, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, the National Research Council, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, the U15 Group of Canadian Research Universities, Universities Canada, and Vice-Presidents of Research.

Resistance is continuing but so far Canadian institutions, academic or otherwise, have failed to speak out publicly in support of those facing persecution. It seems we still have not learned from the lessons of the Japanese Canadian/American uprooting and internment. Racialized groups are extremely vulnerable to changing foreign policies.

Beyond Empires

A strange disconnect seems to exist between the local and global.

In both Canada and the United States, powerful movements of resistance have arisen to contest domination and oppression. In the former, Indigenous resurgence in the past decade (Idle No More, Attawapiskat, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, the Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Children, recognition of the Indigenous children buried in unmarked graves, repatriating social programs, Wet’suwet’en landback, and much more) continues to have huge impacts. The 2020 anti-racist uprising and environmental justice movements are having major reverberations throughout Canada, as is the movement for LGBQT2S+ rights.

In the United States, Black Lives Matter, the #MeToo movement, defense of abortion rights, environmental justice and the fight for Asian American and Latinx rights, as well as voting rights have brought millions into social action.

Yet on the international front, with few exceptions, the movement against the American empire is weaker than in the past. This weakness can be attributed to the capacity of the liberal state to both distort and deflect, to manufacture consent that allows the state to exercise control over international affairs. Thus, the invasion and war lost in Afghanistan is distorted to be a just ‘war against terror’ or to liberate the women of Afghanistan; once lost, it becomes a war to save the Afghanis who collaborated with the U.S. and its allies. Or, in the just war of resistance against the Russian invasion of the Ukraine, performance distorts matters so that NATO responsibility in provoking the war is considered unjustifiable dissent, even treasonous.

In regard to deflection, the China bogeyman performs this role in the Asia Pacific, the latest in an endless march of enemies justifying the never-ending wars waged by the American military, with an ever-evolving assortment of allies. Herein lies the real danger today. On the one hand, the current campaign tells a partial truth about China, its illiberal nature and human rights abuses, reinforced by continual racist stereotyping that draws on a long history of anti-Asian racism in both Canada and the United States.

Much remains to be done.

John Price is Professor Emeritus (History) at the University of Victoria, author of Orienting Canada: Race, Empire and the Transpacific, and active with Canada-China Focus.

Noam Chomsky is Institute Professor Emeritus at MIT, Laureate Professor of Linguistics at the University of Arizona, and a world-renowned linguist and political commentator,

Fri, 02 Dec 2022 01:29:00 -0600 More by John Price with Noam Chomsky en-US text/html
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