For those of us thinking the world somehow got trapped in the wrong timeline, relax — scientists are now saying there might actually be two realities.
Two researchers from the University of Maryland released their findings in a study earlier this month in the journal Physical Review Research. According to a university press release, though, a second reality isn't exactly what they set out to find. While studying layers of graphene, made with hexagons of carbon, the found repeating patterns that changed the way electricity moves.
Based on their research, the pair think they accidentally found a clue that could explain some of our current reality's mysteries. According to the university's media arm, they realized that experiments on the electrical properties of stacked sheets of graphene produced results that looked like little universes and that the underlying causes could apply to other areas of physics. In stacks of graphene, electricity changes behavior when two sheets interact, so the two hypothesize that unique physics could similarly emerge from interacting layers elsewhere—perhaps across the entire universe.
"In a sense, it's almost suspicious that it works so well by naturally ‘predicting’ fundamental features of our universe such as inflation," study co-author Victor Galitski said in a statement.
It's not uncommon for physicists to question the way our universe works. Even the best-established theory can be called into question and should be if we hope to better understand the world we live in — as well as potential ones we haven't been to yet.
"We haven't explored all the effects — that's a hard thing to do," co-author Alireza Parhizkar said in the university release.
Parhizkar also said that the findings could solve many outstanding questions scientists have about conflicting or confusing laws of physics.
No word yet on how we get to the proverbial other side, though.
More on reality: Scientists Say Space is Filled With Invisible Walls
Your mind is very powerful. Yet, if you're like most people, you probably spend very little time reflecting on the way you think. After all, who thinks about thinking?
But, the way you think about yourself turns into your reality.
The Link Between Thoughts, Feelings And Behavior
Your thoughts are a catalyst for self-perpetuating cycles. What you think directly influences how you feel and how you behave. So if you think you’re a failure, you’ll feel like a failure. Then, you’ll act like a failure, which reinforces your belief that you must be a failure.
I see this happen all the time in my therapy office. Someone will come in saying, “I’m just not good enough to advance in my career.” That assumption leads her to feel discouraged and causes her to put in less effort. That lack of effort prevents her from getting a promotion.
Or, someone will say, “I’m really socially awkward.” So when that individual goes to a social gathering, he stays to in the corner by himself. When no one speaks to him, it reinforces his belief that he must be socially awkward.
Your Beliefs Get Reinforced
Once you draw a conclusion about yourself, you’re likely to do two things; look for evidence that reinforces your belief and discount anything that runs contrary to your belief.
Someone who develops the belief that he’s a failure, for example, will view each mistake as proof that he’s not good enough. When he does succeed at something, he’ll chalk it up to luck.
Consider for a minute that it might not be your lack of talent or lack of skills that are holding you back. Instead, it might be your beliefs that keep you from performing at your peak.
Creating a more positive outlook can lead to better outcomes. That’s not to say positive thoughts have magical powers. But optimistic thoughts lead to productive behavior, which increases your chances of a successful outcome.
Challenge Your Conclusions
Take a look at the labels you’ve placed on yourself. Maybe you’ve declared yourself incompetent. Or perhaps you’ve decided you’re a bad leader.
Remind yourself that you don’t have to allow those beliefs to restrict your potential. Just because you think something, doesn’t make it true.
The good news is, you can change how you think. You can alter your perception and change your life. Here are two ways to challenge your beliefs:
• Look for evidence to the contrary. Take note of any times when your beliefs weren’t reinforced. Acknowledging exceptions to the rule will remind you that your belief isn’t always true.
• Challenge your beliefs. Perform behavioral experiments that test how true your beliefs really are. If you think you’re not good enough, do something that helps you to feel worthy. If you’ve labeled yourself too wimpy to step outside of your comfort zone, force yourself to do something that feels a little uncomfortable.
With practice, you can train your brain to think differently. When you supply up those self-limiting beliefs, you’ll be better equipped to reach your greatest potential.
Amy Morin is a psychotherapist and the author of the bestselling book 13 Things Mentally Strong People Don't Do.
It can really depend a lot on your size of your projects and how much binary data you want to keep.
Note that you mentioned a Filemaker database- you usually don't get databases under control, just "code". Not sure if Filemaker separates data from code (e.g. Access databases mix data and code in the same file by default. Not a great thing).
But I'd start with your Synology's built in Git server, and research a Git client that you like. Git is a powerful tool, so creating a good GUI is difficult. IMHO, it's really worth it to learn to use it in the command-line; some day you'll want to reach for a powerful feature that is not in the GUI, or have a problem, and you'll have a steep learning curve. A bad GUI also has bad consequences.
The Git CLI is famously unintuitive, but they're making a reasonable effort at improving messages and providing commands with better names.
William Pullman is a freelance writer from New Jersey. He has written for a variety of online and offline media publications, including "The Daily Journal," "Ocular Surgery News," "Endocrine Today," radio, blogs and other various Internet platforms. Pullman holds a Master of Arts degree in Writing from Rowan University.
Today’s workforce is highly mobile. Therefore, requirements for business phone systems have changed over the years. Requirements to facilitate mobility include the ability for users to remotely access voicemail when they are out of the office. If your company uses the Nortel Norstar system, you can check your business voicemail when you are away using your number, extension and your voicemail password.
Call the main number for your office’s switchboard from a remote location.
Transfer to your extension. Some companies configure the phone system so an operator connects you to your extension, yet others enable access by providing you with a prompt. At the prompt, enter the number of your extension.
Press the “*” (star or asterisk) button on the phone’s keypad twice while the recorded greeting plays.
Key in the number for your voicemail, your extension and your voicemail password on the phone’s keypad. Enter these numbers one right after the other.
Listen to your voicemail messages.
|The Reader’s Digest Version:
Live in New York but want to attend your granddaughter’s birthday party in California—without leaving home? Meet her in another world to watch her blow out candles in real time. It’s not as crazy as it may sound. FaceTime and video chats have gotten us part of the way there, but they’re limited to screens. The next generation of social apps is taking people into a whole new dimension: virtual reality. And it promises to change the meaning of human connection. After all, what is virtual reality if not a way to connect people beyond the bounds of physical space?
Virtual worlds used to be the stuff of science fiction, but thanks to new technologies, these fantasies are quickly becoming reality. It won’t be long before you—or a simulation of you, rather—will be able to hit up that birthday party using one of the best VR headsets, says Chris Madsen, a senior engineer with Engage XR, a professional virtual reality and augmented reality platform used by many Fortune 500 companies.
If you’re still having trouble wrapping your head around futuristic ideas like robots, the metaverse and AR versus VR, you’re not alone. But don’t worry: We’re breaking down the concept and explaining the sort of tech you might encounter in the near or far future. So, what is virtual reality, exactly? Read on to find out.
Virtual reality uses computer technology to take you somewhere else—a digital “space” where you can move through and interact with others in a simulated environment. Whether that place is a cozy cabin, office building, golf course or sunny beach, the virtual world is getting more realistic and more functional, thanks to rapid advances in the technology, says Madsen.
But not all virtual reality is created equal. In the future, you might encounter one (or all) of four types: nonimmersive, semi-immersive, immersive and fully immersive.
You probably already use this type of virtual reality on a regular basis. These programs create a virtual place that you can look at and navigate using your phone or computer. First-person video games, home-decorating apps and all those virtual tours you can take right now for free fall under the nonimmersive virtual reality definition.
The next step up on the realism scale is semi-immersive VR. You use hardware, like a headset or a 3D screen, to make the virtual place seem like it’s around you. You can explore the virtual place, but you’re still interacting with it using things in the real world. Examples include flight simulators and 3D rides at amusement parks.
Virtual reality that uses a headset, hand controls, motion detectors and possibly other wearables to supply you the full otherworldly experience is considered immersive VR. You can physically walk around a virtual place while interacting with it inside the VR world. For instance, you can walk into a shoe store, pick a shoe from a shelf, check it out and then purchase it—all from your living room.
Tech that stimulates all five senses to supply a “real” virtual experience is called fully immersive VR. You’ve probably seen something like it in sci-fi movies. And while it’s not quite a reality yet, the technology is coming faster than you may think. In fact, Madsen estimates it’ll likely be available to the public within the next few years.
If the idea of a virtual world is blowing your mind, then there’s a good chance you’re curious about other ways the technology might change our lives in the future. And that’s where AR, MR and XR come in.
Take AR, or augmented reality, a tech that’s sort of like virtual reality’s cousin. Identifying augmented reality vs. virtual reality isn’t hard. Think of it this way: With VR, you’re going to a virtual world away from the real world. AR, on the other hand, augments your reality.
In other words, AR brings the virtual world into your real world. If you’ve ever used a Snapchat face filter or a stargazing app that highlights the constellations in your view when held up to the sky, you’ve experienced augmented reality. Probably the most famous example of AR, though, is the Pokémon Go game, which superimposes images over reality.
If VR exists in a virtual world and AR adds virtual elements to the real world, then it should make sense that MR, or mixed reality, blends aspects of both. Microsoft, for instance, has created its HoloLens as a mixed reality device that uses a see-through display to combine the virtual and real environments.
XR, or extended reality, is the umbrella term for any tech—including VR, AR and MR—that creates a virtual component of the real world.
Though it sounds like something from the future, virtual reality has been around for decades, and it still works similarly, though the quality has certainly improved.
When was VR invented? The first virtual reality prototype was created in 1968 by American computer scientist Ivan Sutherland and his student Bob Sproull. The device was clunky—its weight earned it the name Sword of Damocles—and primitive by today’s standards, but it was groundbreaking in that it generated a virtual world with realistic images.
Thanks in part to artificial intelligence, the tech has come a long way in the past five decades. Today, virtual reality requires two main components: wearables that supply environmental information to the computer and virtual information to you, plus programs, computer software and firmware that put it all together in a hyperrealistic way, says Madsen.
Vision is the primary way human brains get information about the world, so the accurate simulation of sight is the primary focus of most VR. Computers use sophisticated software algorithms to make two-dimensional images and videos feel three-dimensional. Once these images and videos are rendered, or processed and put together, they are sent to a screen in the VR goggles or headset.
The screen serves two purposes: It blocks out information from the real world, shielding your field of vision from the light and objects in your physical space. And it displays the virtual world. Two autofocus lenses sit between the eyes and the screen and adjust automatically based on your eye movement and position, allowing the computer to track and adjust the VR display to be congruent with what you’re doing in real life.
Similarly, algorithms create stereo sound that is then projected, in sync with the images, to the headset. Motion and pressure sensors in the headset and hand controls supply feedback to the computer, which then changes the 3D environment based on your physical actions. Newer technology is working on making VR gloves and other tech to virtually simulate every sense—including touch, smell and even taste.
Sci-fi movies might feature brain implants that let people access the virtual world with a thought, but that’s not our reality (at least not yet). To enter a virtual space, you’ll need a few devices aimed at engaging your senses to make the virtual world feel real. They include input devices (tech that gives the computer information from you) and output devices (the way the virtual reality is displayed to you).
VR software has a big job: It’s in charge of delivering the VR content from the cloud and the internet and managing all that content. And it needs to manage all connected devices, analyzing incoming data from the user and environmental sensors and then generating the appropriate display. The trick is to do it accurately, quickly and realistically. The better the software manages this, the more realistic the experience. (VR software that fails at these three things is what makes people get dizzy or nauseous.)
Most VR software is based on a “virtual world generator,” which is made using a software development kit from a specific VR headset vendor. This kit provides the basic programs, drivers, data and graphic-rendering libraries.
Different companies have their own proprietary devices, virtual world kits, VR programs and games, which accounts for the differences in quality and experiences among the different platforms. Major players include Meta (formerly Facebook), Oculus (now owned by Meta), Sony, HTC, Pico, Valve and Samsung.
Historically speaking, gaming has been the most popular use of VR, and that’s still the case—the VR gaming market is expected to hit $92 billion in 2027. But as more industries embrace the technology, they’re finding new and innovative ways to use it, says Madsen.
RD.com, Getty Images (6)
Take, for instance, the real estate sector. Sotheby’s International Realty has started offering tours of high-end homes in virtual reality, letting prospective homebuyers skip the hassle of in-person viewings. (This type of VR for real estate is, of course, not the same thing as the virtual real estate you can own in the metaverse.)
So, what is virtual reality good for beyond those applications? Whether now or sometime in the future, you might head into a virtual world for:
“Recently, I ‘went’ to a virtual networking event that was on a luxury yacht moored at a tropical island,” Madsen says. “It was so much more fun and relaxing than a Zoom meeting.”
With the future of AI promising to revolutionize everything from health care and manufacturing to our work lives, the potential for virtual reality advances is great. What is virtual reality going to look like years in the future? Well, someday education may happen in virtual space, essentially dropping students into the action with visuals that rival reality. Just imagine: Students pop on their headsets, cue up the virtual world and experience the Gettysburg Address from a hyperrealistic Abraham Lincoln.
The benefits of virtual reality are many. Doing things virtually reduces expenses, risks and time—one reason office workers want to make sure work is one of the things that stay virtual forever. Plus, VR adds features that don’t exist in the real world and that can Strengthen lives in a bunch of ways.
Imagine medical students learning anatomy by “walking through” a giant virtual human body. Not only could they zoom in or out to better visualize organs, tendons and other parts of the body, but they could also pull up additional information by touching different body parts. They could practice sutures or even surgery on a virtual patient before testing their skills on a live person.
The benefits for people with injuries and disabilities are great. Virtual reality could open a world of exploration for people who are unable to travel but can use VR to experience global adventures. Beyond that, virtual reality has a powerful effect on the brain’s behavior. For instance, one small study found that burn victims who used virtual reality to “visit” a snowy mountain felt pain relief similar to prescription narcotics.
There are some real physical and mental drawbacks, however, says Madsen. There’s the obvious risk of physically injuring yourself from tripping or falling while wearing a headset that changes what you see. But people are also reporting headaches, vertigo, muscle soreness and vision issues after experiencing VR. These stem from both the physical components and the way the brain perceives artificial reality. Thankfully, they’re becoming less of an issue as the technology becomes better, he says.
The more subtle risks are mental. Because VR provides a much more realistic experience than watching something on a computer screen, the emotional and mental impacts are more intense. Watching a horror movie in VR, say, could cause real trauma, according to Madsen. Then there’s the fact that all the downsides of the internet—privacy and data collection, violent pornography, the black market, sex trafficking and criminal activities—are magnified in VR.
When you think of virtual reality, your mind might jump to a future in which the virtual world is our internet. But experts see our digital future in a slightly different way.
For starters, all types of extended reality exist in the metaverse, the “universe” of the virtual world. It’s founded on the internet and isn’t owned by a single country or corporation. It’s possible to bring up web pages or apps within virtual environments, but VR goes far beyond what the internet can do, says Madsen. Virtual reality isn’t replacing the internet; it’s expanding and building on it.
Think of it this way: With the internet as we know it today, you can open YouTube and find a 3D virtual tour of the International Space Station. Pretty cool. But in the future, space tourism won’t just be a reality; it’ll be a virtual reality too, which means you could potentially enter the metaverse and walk around the space station (or a planet!) as if you were there.
When it comes to the virtual world, the possibilities are endless, though they’re a ways off. “Remember when the internet first exploded in the ’90s? That’s where we are with virtual reality now, and like the internet did, it’s going to revolutionize everything,” he says. “Soon it will be as simple as putting on a pair of sunglasses and as automatic as pulling out a smartphone.”
Netflix hosts a whole lot of reality TV. Dig deep enough and you'll encounter some wacky-sounding titles, including a series all about "animal influencers" (Pet Stars) and a show where contestants try to make gourmet meals out of leftovers (Best Leftovers Ever!). While I haven't seen either of these, I know that Netflix has some great original reality shows that you won't want to miss.
Here are seven of the best reality TV shows on. Be sure to add these originals to your TV watching routine.
Boredom often sends me to the grocery store to snag cake mix and a jar of frosting. The result of my elbow grease is a lifeless, underwhelming heap, but that doesn't dull the experience. I mean, I still made something, and it even tastes pretty good. Nailed It gets the joy of amateur baking, and radiates it in an easily devourable half-hour. Three nonbakers compete to re-create professional cake pops, iced cookies and show-stopping, multitier cakes. Some hopefuls unveil truly disastrous-looking baked goods, but the show still applauds them for putting in the effort. The focus is on having a good time, not on actually replicating an impossible-looking confection. Charismatic judges Nicole Byer and Jacques Torres offer hilarious (but ultimately nice) assessments of the finished treats, making it easy to crack a smile.
Social media can feel like a game. So why not literally make it one? In The Circle, a group of social-media-savvy contestants try to be crowned the "highest-rated" player at the end of the series. Contestants bring high-energy personalities and their own game-winning strategy -- choosing to either play as themselves or "catfish" as someone entirely different (or something in between those two extremes). They're sequestered into individual rooms and tasked with messaging their fellow contestants by way of a screen. All the players periodically "rate" one another, and the highest-ranked pair gets to choose who to toss from the competition. It's a creative concept, and the show throws in plenty of twists to liven things up. Think it would be easy to spot those completely faking a personality online? Well, you'd be surprised.
Blown Away didn't start out on Netflix. It first aired on a Canadian channel called Makeful. But it's on the streamer now, inviting you to gain appreciation for a completely fascinating art form. Talented glassblowers face off in challenges and follow a theme, whether it's crafting a household item, an original cartoon character or a piece about climate change. Less successful cast members are knocked off until a winner emerges. It's a familiar reality competition formula, but the elaborate art that's brought from concept to creation is worth sticking around for. Those who recognize glass sculptures only as finished products sitting in a gallery will take interest in the chance to peer behind the scenes. Prepare to be mesmerized, and perhaps even inspired to get up and do something with your hands.
I've said it before, and I gladly will again: Dating Around is a must-watch for reality show fans. This entry to Netflix's catalog has a no-frills premise, which is saying something considering its wild company on the streaming platform (Too Hot to Handle, Sexy Beasts, Love Is Blind). Make no mistake, there's still a lot to keep you invested in what's happening on screen. Singles in New York and New Orleans share a night of drinks, dinner and conversation, giving rise both to unbearably awkward encounters and dazzling chemistry. The show's scaled-back feel allows its featured cast members to shine. Capturing the ambiance of late-night city spots, everything looks fantastic. If I have to keep praising this show, I will. I'm desperate to get my hands on season 3.
Cardi B, Chance the Rapper and Tip "T.I." Harris judge this reality competition that sees young hopefuls compete to become the next hip-hop superstar. We have to start off by mentioning those three -- a massive part of the show's allure is the time we get to spend with them. The series' format feels similar to options like American Idol. There are live auditions in different cities, only some move on to compete again, etc. But it chops the total episode count by about half. Unsigned rappers are judged both on their vocal ability and their stage presence as they step up and perform. Some of them are stellar, but the show really gets its strength from its big-name judges (and guest judges -- the great Snoop Dogg weighs in during the first episode). We know these figures, and we hang on every word they say. When Cardi B shares that she's looking for "one of us," it means something, and it helps us to completely invest in the ride.
When I pressed play on the first episode of Next in Fashion, I had a burning question on my mind -- how does this fashion competition show differ from its iconic predecessor, Project Runway. Before any of the brainstorming and sewing starts on the Netflix series, a Q&A led by hosts Alexa Chung and Tan France reveals many of the designers have dressed A-list celebrities before. Then France asks the designers who among them is a household name. The answer? Not a single one. So we get the impression that this is a pack of seasoned, accomplished designers who are there to earn greater recognition.
When I'm watching Project Runway, I'm not made to feel like these designers have already "made it." With Next in Fashion, I'm expecting highly skilled designers, and some personalities that fit the show's theme. Chung and France keep the mood uplifting and fun, and the clothing produced is sufficiently awe-inspiring.
In addressing members of The First Church of Christ, Scientist, its founder, Mary Baker Eddy, once said, “Earth’s actors change earth’s scenes;...” (“Message to The Mother Church for 1902,” p. 17).
“Indeed they do!” I thought, when recently pondering decisions of world leaders that have had harsh knock-on effects for the whole human family.
But it also came to me to read those words in the context of Mrs. Eddy’s message. What a wake-up call! Her words don’t point a finger at what others do but at what spiritual thinkers could and should do. The entire passage says: “Many sleep who should keep themselves awake and waken the world. Earth’s actors change earth’s scenes; and the curtain of human life should be lifted on reality, on that which outweighs time; on duty done and life perfected, wherein joy is real and fadeless.”
It’s heartening to realize that we each contribute to changing earth’s scenes for the better if we are willing to awaken to what’s spiritually real. When that curtain is lifted, what is revealed is truly wondrous – an endlessly good God governing all creation equitably, and God’s creation, man, including each one of us, being the glorification and expression of that divine all-goodness.
Where the limits of our human life seem so defining, the unlimited reality of Spirit, God, is there, uplifting the human experience. Spirit’s presence is evidenced wherever kindness, justice, and so on shine through individual and collective thinking and action. This is especially true where the physical senses’ report of what’s real is yielding to a recognition of what Christian Science reveals as our purely spiritual reality.
This yielding to reality occurs when we hear the Christ message voicing divine Truth, God, which Christ Jesus so clearly heard, and with such healing impact. While the consistency with which Jesus perceived and proved Truth was unique, the idea of Truth is universally and ceaselessly conveyed by Christ. Heeding the Christ message uplifts us to behold life in Spirit, God, in whom we “live, and move, and have our being” (Acts 17:28).
The awakening to this reality is a shift in thought, but not an abstract mental activity. Jesus proved the power of anchoring conviction and action in God’s unbounded goodness, healing physical and mental ills and transforming sinners.
In several instances, including his own resurrection, Jesus also lifted the “curtain” of mortal belief – the belief that we live in matter, subject to mortality – to reveal that Life is God, immortal spiritual good. We catch glorious glimpses of this immortality of God’s nature as we focus on what is true. Then the recognition of our higher nature as God’s reflection dawns in thought. This increasingly undermines a false, mortal sense of existence through each healing that results from awakening to the divine reality of our lives.
This truth of Life also exposes as a lie any lethargy that would keep us from seeing how divinity embraces and uplifts, elevating thinking and action. A lackluster life has neither existence nor the authority to stop us exercising our God-given ability to see the higher view of reality that Christ reveals. It’s God alone who truly exists and asserts authority.
Thinking and acting from this spiritually elevated view of what’s true is also what’s needed in regard to issues that feel far removed from our perceived personal sphere of influence. From her proven grasp of the boundless scope of divine Truth and Christ-healing, Mrs. Eddy concluded, “Right thoughts and deeds are the sovereign remedies for all earth’s woe” (“The First Church of Christ, Scientist, and Miscellany,” p. 283).
In particular, when those “right thoughts and deeds” result in restoration of physical and mental health, we recognize the universal applicability of the spiritual truths we have grasped and demonstrated.
Many of earth’s scenes require a healing response to secure humanity’s progress Spiritward, which in turn sheds light on practical solutions. Lives that lift the curtain on divine reality are key to that response. And in increasingly living such lives, we progress toward “duty done and life perfected” with its reward: unfading spiritual joy.
Adapted from an editorial published in the Nov. 21, 2022, issue of the Christian Science Sentinel.