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Killexams : Nortel Administration guide - BingNews Search results Killexams : Nortel Administration guide - BingNews Killexams : Nortel Networks No result found, try new keyword!Apple is contributing more than half the total US$4.5 billion price tag for Nortel patents, with partners including Microsoft and Sony combined kicking in the rest. U.S. and Canadian courts have ... Sun, 01 Jan 2023 10:00:00 -0600 Killexams : What Is Public Administration? Skills, Degrees And Careers

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The field of public administration tackles some of society’s most intractable challenges in areas like housing, poverty and the environment. Whether they work in government or the nonprofit sector, public administrators translate theory into practice, enacting policies that set quantifiable goals and achieve measurable results.

If you feel passionate about public service, public administration could be the career track for you. But what is public administration, exactly?

In this article, we outline the scope of the field, including the skills and public administration degrees that prepare candidates for careers in this field.

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Defining Public Administration

Public administration is the planning, preparation and execution of policy meant to build and strengthen civil society. Public administration officials analyze and evaluate all aspects of public policy programs, especially budgets, as part of creating and implementing those programs.

Public administrators typically work for local, state or federal government agencies. They may also work for mission-driven nonprofits focused on particular policy areas like homelessness and emergency preparedness.

Public Policy vs. Public Administration

These fields are often discussed as being the same, but there is a key difference between public policy vs. public administration. Public policy focuses more on the analysis and creation of policies intended to benefit society, while public administration concentrates on the implementation of those policies.

Skills for Public Administrators

Analytical Skills

Analytical skills involve the ability to gather information from large bodies of data and make decisions based on conclusions drawn from the data. In public administration, this can mean scrutinizing budgets and reviewing the outcomes of past programs to Improve efficiency and achieve the best results from new or continuing policies.


Because public administrators often liaise between government agencies and the public, effective communication is an essential part of their role. They should be able to describe needs to funders and policy planners while also ensuring transparent decision-making and policy processes.


Decision-making in public administration affects people’s lives and should therefore rely on the best available data and reflect a clear understanding of the end goals to be achieved.

While it’s impossible to predict all the potential outcomes of a given decision, public administrators are expected to base their decisions on objective analysis with an understanding of potential consequences.


Leadership in public administration entails a demonstrated understanding of the relevant issues. Public administration leaders must be able to weigh the needs of stakeholders and establish consensus about policies to achieve the maximum good.

Since profit isn’t a big motive in public service, leaders should also know how to inspire team members in an effective, ethics-driven way.


In public administration, problem-solving means first identifying the real-world problem that needs to be fixed. Public administrators must then review available data to reach a potential policy solution, also incorporating input from the communities directly affected by the problem.

The final step is to choose the best possible proposal given any constraints at hand, whether related to budget, time or personnel.

Time Management

Time management promotes efficiency in public administration. Because policy initiatives are often time-driven, with quantifiable results expected by a given deadline, the ability to determine priorities and set schedules is essential.

Degrees in Public Administration

Bachelor of Public Administration

A bachelor’s degree in public administration is the first step toward a career in public service. The degree typically entails four years of undergraduate study and 120 credit hours.
To apply to the best bachelor of public administration programs, you will need a high school diploma (or GED equivalent) and GPA and SAT/ACT scores.

Master of Public Administration (MPA)

Ready to take the next step beyond a bachelor’s degree? An MPA degree prepares candidates for leadership roles in public service. Curricula focus intensely on finance and budgeting, program analysis and management.

Full-time MPA students can complete their master’s in two years. Part-time students can expect to take three to four years, depending on the number of credits required to graduate (generally a minimum of 42). To apply, you should have an accredited bachelor’s degree and a minimum 3.0 GPA. Relevant work experience can sometimes compensate for a lower GPA.

Before you apply, remember that any MPA program should be fully accredited by the Network of Schools of Public Policy, Affairs, and Administration, the internationally recognized accreditation agency for public administration degree programs.

Master of Public Policy (MPP)

Another step beyond a bachelor’s degree in public administration is a master of public policy, which further hones your skills in policy analysis, quantitative methods, and communications.
While MPA programs prepare students to manage agencies, the MPP degree focuses on research and the close analysis of policy, intending to Improve it.

All candidates should have an accredited bachelor’s degree. Programs usually require a minimum of 30 credits to graduate and take one to two years to complete, depending on the institution.

MBA in Public Administration

Where an MPA prepares you for a career in the government or at a nonprofit, the master of business administration is typically the springboard to a career at a private company. Applicants to MBA degree programs should have a bachelor’s degree from an accredited institution.

Ph.D. in Public Administration

Requiring a minimum of three to four years, a Ph.D. in public administration involves writing academic papers, giving lectures and teaching undergraduate courses, all while conducting extensive research that culminates in a dissertation.

Candidates should have an MPA with a GPA of 3.0. They should also have management experience in the public service sector.

Ph.D. in Public Policy

A Ph.D. in public policy provides advanced graduate training for top research positions in academia and government. This degree can also prepare learners for executive roles with nonprofits and other institutions that make policy.

A master’s degree is the prerequisite for a Ph.D. in public policy. Prospective candidates should expect to spend at least four years earning this degree, and the Ph.D. is usually conferred upon completion of a dissertation.

Careers in Public Administration

Emergency Management Director

Median Annual Salary: $76,730 per year
Required Education: Bachelor’s degree
Job Description: Emergency management directors establish the plans and procedures for responding to public emergencies like natural disasters and large-scale accidents. These professionals also help prepare for such emergencies before they happen.

Social and Community Service Manager

Median Annual Salary: $74,000 per year
Required Education: Bachelor’s degree
Job Description: Social and community service managers oversee social service programs and organizations that support the well-being of a given community.

Urban and Regional Planner

Median Annual Salary: $78,500 per year
Required Education: Master’s degree
Job Description: Urban and regional planners are responsible for land use plans and programs that help build communities, prepare for growing populations and renew infrastructure.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About Public Administration

What is public administration?

Public administration is a profession centered on the conception, management and implementation of policies meant to Improve the public good. The term “public administration” also refers to the academic study and professional training that leads to careers in government or with nonprofits.

What is the job of a public administrator?

Public administrators are the frontline personnel who work to help society by developing and executing programs that address issues such as poverty or environmental degradation. These professionals’ responsibilities involve budget analysis, human resources, networking and public relations.

Wed, 15 Feb 2023 17:14:00 -0600 Jeff Tompkins en-US text/html
Killexams : The Biden Administration Has Been Very Good for Big Oil

Four of the country’s biggest oil companies—Chevron, ConocoPhillips, Exxon, and Shell—reported record profits last year. Shell made $40 billion—double what it had the year prior. Payouts to shareholders across the industry increased by 76 percent over the previous year, stretching up to $200 billion. And the gifts keep on coming.

This week, the Biden administration moved toward approving an $8 billion ConocoPhillips project in the National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska, located in Alaska’s North Slope. The company’s Willow project is expected to produce some 600 million barrels over the next 30 years in one of the fastest-warming parts of the planet. Critics argue the project threatens already endangered Indigenous livelihoods there. The Bureau of Land Management, meanwhile, issued its Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement, recommending the company drill three wells instead of the five it initially proposed. The Department of Interior, which noted it still has “substantial concerns” about the project’s climate and environmental impacts, will have 30 days to decide its fate. “That decision may select a different alternative, including no action, or the deferral of additional drill pads beyond the single deferral described under the preferred alternative,” the department wrote in a press statement about the BLM recommendation.

ConocoPhillips, for its part, seems confident. Reporting profits that doubled to $18.7 billion in 2022, chairman and CEO Ryan Lance told analysts on Thursday that the company is “moving forward with our little project up in Alaska.” Seeming to take a jab at critics, including in the White House, Lance added that “this is what the administration has asked us for: U.S. production that’s low GHG emission production. This is exactly what the administration has asked us to do as an industry, and that’s what we are trying to do as a company.” Over the next 30 years, Willow is expected to produce carbon emissions equivalent to what a third of America’s coal-fired power plants produce in a year. ConocoPhillips also hopes for Willow to be an anchor for a larger expansion in the Western Arctic to develop three billion barrels of oil. If burned, those barrels would belch out emissions equivalent to what the entire U.S. transportation sector produces in a year.

Andy O’Brien, ConocoPhillips senior vice president of global operations, was optimistic about Willow’s prospects. “Now, given the Biden administration’s commitment to the Alaska congressional delegation, we can expect to receive that [decision] in the first week of March,” he said.

Despite Democrats’ much-vaunted climate victories in the past year, the Biden administration has been a lucrative time for the oil and gas industry. While Biden came into office pledging a hard line on new drilling projects, the administration’s oil and gas drilling approvals so far have outpaced the Trump administration’s. As the industry accumulates record profits, the White House plans to start refilling the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Nor does the industry itself see the the climate spending in the Inflation Reduction Act as a threat. Speaking with analysts about their $55 billion profits last year, ExxonMobil’s corporate leadership contrasted windfall taxes in Europe with the approach taken in the United States.

Taking a hostile line toward the European approach, senior vice president and chief financial officer Kathy Mikells called European taxes on windfall energy profits “not legal” and “the opposite of what is needed.” She said that “what’s needed right now is more supply. And instead, what’s been put in place is a penalty on the broad energy sector.”

She had warmer words for the IRA: “I’d contrast that,” she said, “with what’s happened more recently in the United States with the Inflation Reduction Act, right? There you see policy that’s put out to incent industry, both to accelerate technology and accelerate investment that’s greatly needed, especially in areas where the industries in terms of lowering emissions are still pretty nascent, things like hydrogen and CCS.”

Former Shell CEO Ben van Beurden, who stepped down at the end of 2022 and whose company announced it will buy back $4 billion in shares over the coming months, has described decarbonization as a potential win-win to the oil industry so long as policies toward it reflect corporate priorities. Early last year, he talked about the need to “grow our cash flows while at the same time reducing our carbon footprint.” He suggested, as well, that the company’s outsize role in shaping climate policy allows it to profit from new revenue streams such policy might create, without threatening profits:

How do I work together with my customers, and maybe with regulators, depending on which jurisdiction we are working in, to grow that business? So at this point in time, it is a shift from, well, if the opportunity is there, we may actually take advantage from it, to, how do I make sure that this opportunity will come? I’m the one shaping it, and I’m actually the one building the customer loyalty and the solution space and the infrastructure very early on in the journey so that we have a lock-in of future profitability. That is what our strategy is all about when it comes to pursuing net-zero.

Referencing some far-off point when an energy transition might occur, he added later that “before the market will completely transition to a low-carbon market, it will just be adding low carbon demand onto existing demand.” For now, that’s what appears to be happening, given that politicians in the U.S. seem unwilling, despite their enthusiasm for renewables, to pass policies that actively wind down fossil fuel production.

Shell’s new CEO, Wael Sawan, stuck by the company line on this week’s earnings call. “By the way, by 2040, I’m still convinced you’re going to need oil and you’re going to need gas and you’re going to need a lot more renewables,” he said. “And so our strategy is one that’s saying, how do we play across these multiple energy forms but really focus on the opportunities that create the most value for us?”

The “all of the above” approach to climate policy the Biden administration has taken is serving the oil and gas industry well. The trouble is that a win-win for the oil and gas industry isn’t one for the planet.

Fri, 03 Feb 2023 15:02:00 -0600 en-us text/html
Killexams : Biden administration will end COVID-19 emergencies on May 11

The Biden administration will end both the COVID-19 national emergency and public health emergency on May 11, the White House informed Congress on Monday night.

The current public health emergency is in place through April, while the national emergency is in place until March. They began in 2020, soon after the onset of the pandemic.

"At present, the Administration's plan is to extend the emergency declarations to May 11, and then end both emergencies on that date. This wind down would align with the Administration's previous commitments to provide at least 60 days' notice prior to termination of the PHE," the administration wrote in a letter to Congress.

"To be clear, continuation of these emergency declarations until May 11 does not impose any restriction at all on individual conduct with regard to COVID-19," the administration wrote. "They do not impose mask mandates or vaccine mandates. They do not restrict school or business operations. They do not require the use of any medicines or tests in response to cases of COVID-19."

The impact of the public health emergency ending will come into clearer focus over the next three months, as different agencies in the federal government determine which related programs can be continued without the order in place -- and how to unwind programs that can't.

One potential impact will be on hospitals and doctors' offices, which have come to rely on higher rates for Medicare patients and more flexibility around bed capacity rules when there's a surge of patients.

States will also soon be exempt from sharing data with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which has mandated information like case counts and COVID-19 deaths during the public health emergency -- a change that could lead to a cloudier future picture of COVID-19 in the U.S.

PHOTO: President Joe Biden speaks about infrastructure at the Baltimore and Potomac Tunnel North Portal in Baltimore, Monday, Jan. 30, 2023.

President Joe Biden speaks about infrastructure at the Baltimore and Potomac Tunnel North Portal in Baltimore, Monday, Jan. 30, 2023.

Andrew Harnik/AP

A senior administration official told ABC News that the CDC will reach out to states in the coming months to encourage them to continue sharing that information voluntarily.

The public health emergency also affects the health care coverage Americans have come to rely on for free COVID-19 vaccines, treatments and tests. While vaccines will remain largely free for people with insurance even after the emergency ends -- so long as they're administered by an in-network provider -- free treatment and tests could be less of a guarantee.

The senior official predicted the change will be relatively minor and that instead, the larger change in COVID-19 coverage will come later this year, when the government stops buying and distributing vaccines, tests and treatments for free for all Americans and insurance companies begin to take up the cost, moving the whole system to the private market.

People on Medicaid may also face changes in their health care coverage after April 1, when states will once again be able to remove enrollees who no longer qualify for the program.

States have so far been barred from ending people's Medicaid coverage for the duration of the pandemic, even if enrollees' circumstances change and they no longer qualify, as a tenet of the public health emergency. According to a group of Republican governors, who in December pressured the Biden administration to end the public health emergency, the Medicaid expansion has led to an increase of approximately 20 million people on the program's rolls since the start of the pandemic.

At least 13% of Medicaid recipients could get removed from their coverage when the Medicaid rules change, according to research compiled by the Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF) from around 20 states.

The end of the public health emergency could also bring the end of Title 42 -- the order that has allowed the Trump and Biden administrations to turn many migrants away at the border by citing the potential spread of the virus.

The Biden administration supports "an orderly, predictable wind-down of Title 42, with sufficient time to put alternative policies in place," the government said in Monday's announcement.

Mon, 30 Jan 2023 09:22:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Biden administration will release new Title IX rules in May. What to expect. cannot provide a good user experience to your browser. To use this site and continue to benefit from our journalism and site features, please upgrade to the latest version of Chrome, Edge, Firefox or Safari.

Wed, 08 Feb 2023 09:37:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : Biden administration wants credit card late fees slashed to $8

The Biden administration proposed a rule that would reduce credit card late fees from roughly to $30 to $8, saving consumers up to $9 billion annually, the White House announced on Wednesday.

The rule from the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), along with other actions — like the White House urging Congress to pass a bill to crack down on entertainment, utility and travel fees that hit many consumers — was announced in the fourth meeting of the President’s Competition Council. 

“These unfair fees add up. It’s a basic question of fairness. And with the help of the folks in this room, we’re going to keep building an economy that’s fair, an economy that’s competitive, and an economy that works for everyone,” President Biden said at the meeting.

These actions build on Biden’s efforts to eliminate or limit junk fees, which are hidden or unexpected fees customers face.

“We worry that credit card companies are actually hoping that consumers are a day or two late, so they can cash on fees,” said CFPB Director Rohit Chopra. “While it may be fair to charge customers for extra costs that credit card companies are incurring, that’s not what we see here.”

To come to the $8 figure, Chopra said the CFPB analyzed current costs and found that the number now is five times higher than it needs to be.

Chopra said at the meeting that he expects people will start to see real relief due to these actions next year.

“People want to be able to see the price up front and know what they’re getting and not be surprised for something they can’t even budget for,” he said.

The president agreed, noting that his administration is working to rebuild confidence in the government’s ability to deliver for the American people.

“People have lost faith in government’s ability to deliver, have lost faith in private sector and what they advertise or say they’re delivering, and it’s about just letting people know that we see what’s happening and its totally appropriate to do what we’re doing,” Biden said.

Biden urged a focus on reducing junk fees through an executive order issued in October. 

He called on Congress to pass a Junk Fee Prevention Act, which is also set to crack down on four types of junk fees. Those fees include excessive online concert, sporting event and entertainment fees, and early termination fees for television, phone and internet services.

The White House said on Tuesday the administration wants congressional action in these areas because it can be faster than administrative action, which includes the rulemaking process.

The two other types of junk fees include surprise resort and destination fees and airline fees for families to sit with young children.

“Having parents and children separated isn’t good for anyone involved and should not be something that families have to pay extra to achieve,” said Brian Deese, director of the National Economic Council.

“These fees can be incredibly frustrating for typical Americans who have to travel or who are seeking to just engage in practical ways in our economy, like accessing internet services,” Deese added.

Deese noted, though, that he doesn’t anticipate the push for congressional action on junk fees to come up in Biden’s meeting with Speaker Kevin McCarthy (R-Calif.), which is set for Wednesday.

The Competition Council met just hours before the meeting with McCarthy.

Other actions announced on Wednesday included the Department of Commerce’s National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) releasing a report assessing the barriers to competition in the current mobile app store ecosystem. 

The report targets technology companies Apple and Google specifically and will include recommendations to level the playing field for app developers, giving consumers more control.

“The report finds that the current mobile app ecosystem, and especially the current app store model, is harmful to consumers and to app developers. As outlined in our report, the marketplace for apps is largely controlled by two firms, Apple and Google. Their practices and policies hinder a competitive app ecosystem,” said NTIA administrator Alan Davidson.

Updated: 1:48 p.m.

Tue, 31 Jan 2023 21:01:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : Biden administration rolls out a blueprint for a 'renters bill of rights' – Here's what it includes

Housing rights activists and tenants protest against evictions and the poor condition of their apartments outside the offices the landlord Broadway Capital in Chelsea, Massachusetts on April 25, 2022.

Brian Snyder | Reuters

The Biden administration announced on Wednesday new actions to protect renters across the U.S., including trying to curb practices that prevent people from accessing housing and curtailing exorbitant rent increases in certain properties with government-backed mortgages.

A "Blueprint for a Renters Bill of Rights" was included in the announcement. It lays out a collection of principles for the federal government and other entities to take action on, including "access to safe, quality, accessible and affordable housing" and "clear and fair leases."

"Having the federal government and the White House talk about the need for and endorse a renters' bill of rights is really significant," said Diane Yentel, president and CEO of the National Low Income Housing Coalition.

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Over 44 million households, or roughly 35% the U.S. population, live in rental housing, according to the White House.

While the coronavirus pandemic led to a wave of new renter protections and aid measures, including a historic pot of rental assistance for those who'd fallen behind, most of that help has dried up by now.

Advocates have long called on the government to respond to an affordability crisis facing renters. Nearly half of renter households in the U.S. direct more than 30% of their income to rent and utilities each month, and 900,000 evictions occurred annually prior to the public health crisis.

Possibly curbing 'egregious rent increases'

As part of Wednesday's announcement, the Federal Housing Finance Agency and federal mortgage giants Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac say they will look into possibly establishing tenant protections that limit "egregious rent increases" at properties backed by certain federal mortgages.

More than 28% of the national stock of rental units are federally financed, according to a calculation by the Urban Institute in 2020.

Rent protections on such properties "would be the most significant action the federal government could take," Yentel said.

As part of the White House actions, the Federal Trade Commission said it will look into ways to expand its authority to take action against practices that "unfairly prevent consumers from obtaining and retaining housing."

How evictions work in the U.S.

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The persistence of eviction information on certain background reports, as well as high application fees and security deposits, are some of these practices, Yentel said.

The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development also said it will move toward requiring certain rental property owners to provide at least 30 days notice if they plan to terminate the lease of a tenant due to nonpayment of rent. The agency will award $20 million for the Eviction Protection Grant Program, which will fund nonprofits and government agencies to provide legal assistance to low-income tenants at risk of eviction.

Bob Pinnegar, president and CEO of trade group the National Apartment Association, said the industry opposed expanded federal involvement in the landlord-tenant relationship.

"Complex housing policy is a state and local issue and the best solutions utilize carrots over sticks," Pinnegar said.

'Aggressive administrative action is so important'

Although the steps announced by the Biden administration are historic, they won't resolve the U.S. housing crisis, Yentel said.

What's needed to address the deep issues, she said, is building more affordable housing, creating permanent emergency and universal rental assistance, and establishing robust tenant protections.

However, Yentel added, since it's "hard to see where the opportunities for those investments will come from this Congress, aggressive administrative action is so important."

Wed, 25 Jan 2023 11:44:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : President Biden: 'More than half the women in my administration are women'

President Biden, who on Thursday spoke on the 30th anniversary of the Family and Medical Leave Act, or FMLA, said more than half the women in his administration are women, video shows.

Once again, the president got his words mixed up, this time as he spoke about the evolution of the FMLA and his accomplishments when it comes to helping low-income families with working moms.

President Biden speaks at the White House. (Fox News)

"More than half the women of my cabinet, more than half the people of my cabinet, more than half the women in my administration are women," Biden said.


Joining the president were Vice President Kamala Harris and former President Bill Clinton, who signed the FMLA into law in 1993.

Clinton talked Thursday about why the FMLA was so important then, just as it is now.

Liberal media outlets fell in line with the Biden administration's spin on redefining what a recession is. (Screenshot/Twitter)

He explained that when he ran for president in 1992, working moms were much more common than when he grew up.


When President Biden took to the podium, he said Medicaid was extended for new moms to be able to take a year for things like postpartum depression. In December, he noted, his administration passed the Pregnant Workers Fairness Act, giving moms simple, basic support and time to recover after having a baby.

The president also said funds from the American Rescue Plan have helped increase pay for childcare workers, who are mostly women, and recently signed legislation increases the childcare development block grant by 30% to help low-income families afford childcare.


Thu, 02 Feb 2023 11:53:00 -0600 Fox News en text/html Killexams : Biden administration unveils new green card design with eye on enhanced security

The Biden administration released a new design for Permanent Resident Cards, also known as green cards, and Employment Authorization Documents (EADs), adding a series of new security measures for the immigration documents.

The new cards will be issued by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) as of Monday; older cards will remain valid until their expiration date.

“This redesign further demonstrates USCIS’ commitment to taking a proactive approach against the threat of secure document tampering, counterfeiting, and fraud,” said USCIS Director Ur Jaddou in a statement. 

“Consistent updates to secure documents, informed by our knowledge of the latest methods of bad actors and the innovation and ingenuity of our staff, ensure the continued integrity of secure documents issued by our agency.”

Permanent Resident Cards and EADs serve as proof of authorization to work in the United States for qualifying immigrants.

Green cards are granted to legal permanent residents, a majority of whom are eligible to apply for citizenship. EADs are granted to foreign nationals who can work but don’t have a temporary work visa, such as recently graduated higher education students, green card applicants, asylum-seekers and refugees.

According to the Department of Homeland Security, there are almost 13 million legal permanent residents in the United States — that number declined by 1.7 percent from 2021 to 2022 as more permanent residents chose to pursue naturalization.

The new green cards and EADs will have “improved detailed artwork,” as well as upgrades to holographic images and optically variable ink, and the arrangement of data fields will change from current cards.

USCIS will run through its stock of existing cards before issuing the new model, meaning some cards printed from Monday onwards will still be of the previous generation.

Though existing cards will remain valid, USCIS is encouraging people who have older models without expiration dates to apply for a replacement in order to prevent fraud if the older card is ever lost or stolen.

According to USCIS, the current card design was introduced in May 2017, and the agency aims to issue redesigns every three to five years as part of its fraud prevention program.

Mon, 30 Jan 2023 05:54:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : Biden administration rolls out renter protections as rent prices soar

As housing prices remain high across the nation, the Biden administration is taking action. The administration announced new actions earlier this week to protect access to housing and make rentals more affordable.

According to the White House, roughly 35% of the U.S. population — or over 44 million households — live in rental housing, but there are no comprehensive federal laws to protect renters. While not binding, the “Blueprint for a Renters Bill of Rights” offers guidelines for keeping renters in affordable housing, along with “access to safe, quality, accessible and affordable housing” and “clear and fair leases.”

The federal government and numerous federal agencies will take action on these and other issues outlined in the blueprint. The administration said it will also launch the “resident-centered housing challenge,” which leans on housing providers and state, local and tribal governments to expand access to housing through stronger policies. The challenge is set to take place this spring and will affect more than 15 million rental units.

Rent hike protections

Nearly one-third of all rental units nationwide are financed with federally backed mortgages — and the blueprint may help curb some of the steep rent price increases for these properties. The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), along with Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, stated in the blueprint that the agencies will consider the establishment of tenant protections to limit “egregious rent increases” for properties purchased with certain types of federal mortgages.

In addition, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) stated that it will use its authority to “take action against acts and practices that unfairly prevent consumers from obtaining and retaining housing” — including high application fees, deposits and background check screening algorithms that do not conform to the Fair Housing Act.

The focus will also be put on the multifamily market. The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) stated that it will launch a public process to examine renter protections and rent hike limits, which aims to increase affordability of multifamily rental properties.

The FHFA will also require half of all Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae multifamily purchase loans in 2023 to be “mission-driven.” Fannie Mae provided more than $69 billion in debt financing to support the multifamily market last year.

But while these guidelines are intended to help limit high rent increases, organizers with People’s Action told the Washington Post that the policies are unlikely to “change tenants’ lives materially today” due to a lack of binding conditions on matters like federal financing.

“The White House announcement introduces potential for agency-level action but falls short of issuing directives to regulate rent and address consolidation of the rental market,” said Tara Raghuveer, the homes certain campaign director at People’s Action, told the Washington Post.

“The rent is too … high, and landlords, many who receive federal financing and subsidies, made record-setting profits in the past two years. There is much more the president can do to provide material relief to tenants, and we’re counting on this administration to continue working with our campaign to make it happen.”

Eviction protections

More than 2 million eviction filings and approximately 900,000 evictions occurred every year prior to the pandemic, which disproportionately affected Black women and children, according to the report.

And, according to reports, most rental assistance — including the approximately $47 billion the Biden administration earmarked for rental assistance programs during the COVID-19 pandemic — has nearly dried up or failed to reach at-risk tenants. That puts at-risk renters in a precarious position, one that could lead to eviction.

The blueprint’s eviction guidelines aim to curb some of the potential issues. According to the blueprint, if an eviction is filed, tenants should get 30 days’ notice and counsel during an eviction proceeding.

In addition, the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) will award $20 million for the Eviction Protection Grant Program to fund the provision of legal assistance by non-profit and government organizations to low-income evicted tenants or those at risk of eviction. 

But while eviction protections may be in the blueprint plans, the guidelines have their fair share of opposition.

Bob Pinnegar, the president and CEO of trade group the National Apartment Association, told CNBC that the industry is opposed to the expansion of federal involvement in the landlord-tenant relationship.

“Complex housing policy is a state and local issue and the best solutions utilize carrots over sticks,” Pinnegar said.

Protections for military members, disabled tenants

Other protections in the blueprint focus on military members and disabled tenants. The Department of Justice (DOJ) stated in the blueprint that it has the duty to certain housing to military members and to assist them in housing inspections before signing a lease. It will also assist in rent negotiation, lease reviews, and addressing discrimination complaints.

The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) says it plans to Improve its accessibility standards for disabled tenants, acting on the feedback of tenants and advocates.

The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) will also ensure that tenants who are seeking compliance with the terms of their leases can do so without retaliation risks. In addition, the USDA is developing a lease structure that follows the HUD Section 8 model.

“We are heartened to see the Blueprint outline the need for federal, state, and local governments to protect against source of income discrimination; solutions to Improve the Section 504 program which is essential to supporting housing for people with disabilities; and the need for guidance on the use of tenant screening algorithms that create barriers for renters and may violate the Fair Housing Act,” Nikitra Bailey, executive vice president of the National Fair Housing Alliance (NFHA), said in a statement.

Will the guidelines be enough?

While the guidelines outlined in the blueprint are a start, chances are that they won’t curb the rental crisis in America, according to Diane Yentel, president and CEO of the National Low Income Housing Coalition.

“The hard truth is that administrative action on its own can’t resolve the housing crisis that we’re in,” Yentel told the Washington Post. “It’s going to require major action from Congress, and unfortunately, the opportunity we had through Build Back Better passed by … We are clear-eyed about the limitations of administrative actions but are still pushing to do all we can now. The need is greater than ever.”

Tue, 07 Feb 2023 04:50:00 -0600 Tannistha Sinha en-US text/html
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