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920-327 MCS 5100 Rls.4.0 Commissioning and Administration test |

920-327 test - MCS 5100 Rls.4.0 Commissioning and Administration Updated: 2023

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Exam Code: 920-327 MCS 5100 Rls.4.0 Commissioning and Administration test November 2023 by team
MCS 5100 Rls.4.0 Commissioning and Administration
Nortel Administration test

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MCS 5100 Rls.4.0 Commissioning and Administration
Question: 50
A user is attempting to sign onto an IP Phone 2004 and is receiving the error message:
"Unsupported user". What is the cause of the problem, and how can it be resolved?
A. The user is entering an incorrect password. Reset the password, and have the user sign
in again.
B. The user's IP Phone is not defined in the domain for that telephone. Define the user in
the domain of the IP Phone.
C. The user's service package has the "Device access restrictions" level set to Restricted.
Change the level to Full Access.
D. The user's service package does not allow access to IP Phone clients. Change the
package to allow access to IP Phone 2004 clients.
Answer: B
Question: 51
A new user has just been provisioned on a Multimedia Communication Server (MCS) 5100
Rls. 4.0 system and will use the Multimedia PC Client and a headset to make calls from
their desktop PC. However, after the user logs into the PC Client, the user is able to dial,
but, unable to hear, calls using their USB headset. What is the cause of the problem, and
how can it be resolved?
A. The user has been created without being assigned a service package. Assign an
appropriate service package to the user.
B. The user's service package does not allow originating calls. Change the user's service
package to one that allows originating calls.
C. The user's service package has defined the user as a converged user. Change the user's
service package to a non-converged one.
D. The user has not successfully logged onto the Multimedia PC Client. Verify the userid
and password, and have the user log onto the Multimedia PC Client.
Answer: C
Question: 52
A customer with a Multimedia Communication Server (MCS) 5100 Rls. 4.0 system has
recently deployed Multimedia PC Clients for a number of their users. Some of the users
have reported that their voice mail button is disabled. What is the first step in
troubleshooting this problem for the affected users?
A. Check that the users have successfully signed in.
B. Check that the user service package includes the voice mail feature.
C. Check that Java Runtime Environment is installed on the user's PCs.
D. Check that the users have the required privileges on their computers.
Answer: B
Question: 53
Where is the Unified Network IP Stimulus (UNIStim) protocol used in a Multimedia
Communication Server (MCS) 5100 Rls. 4.0 network?
A. on ISDN PRI connections to the PSTN
B. between IP Phones and the IP Client Manager (IPCM)
C. between the Provisioning Client and an external SIP Gateway
D. between the System Management Console and the Session Manager
Answer: B
Question: 54
A customer is deploying a new Multimedia Communication Server (MCS) 5100 Rls. 4.0
system. While editing the installprops.txt file, what IP Address needs to be configured?
A. the service logical IP address
B. the floating service IP address
C. the machine logical IP address
D. the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server IP address
Answer: C
Question: 55
What is the purpose of the RTP protocol in a Multimedia Communication Server (MCS)
5100 Rls. 4.0 network?
A. to transport real-time media streams across a packet network
B. to provide a means of sharing session data between endpoints
C. to provide a service-enabling protocol for real-time multimedia sessions
D. to control signaling between the Session Manager and the RTP Media Portal
Answer: A
Question: 56
An engineer is supporting a Multimedia Communication Server (MCS) 5100 Rls. 4.0 four-
server system, and is using the System Management Console Alarm Browser to look for
errors. A number of alarms beginning with DBF (DBF xxx) are noticed. Which component
in the MCS 5100 system should be investigated?
A. Database Server
B. Session Manager
C. Provisioning Server
D. System/Accounting Manager
Answer: A
Question: 57
A customer has deployed a Multimedia Communication Server (MCS) 5100 Rls. 4.0
system at their site. They report that all users are unable to connect calls to clients in other
domains. The proxy server that routes the calls serves multiple domains. What is the first
step in troubleshooting this problem?
A. Restart the proxy server that routes calls.
B. Ensure that SIP clients who cannot be reached are configured correctly.
C. Ensure that SIP users who are unable to make a call are configured correctly.
D. Ensure that users use the proper SIP address for the other domains when they make a
Answer: D
Question: 58
A user has just powered up a new IP Phone 2004 connected to a Multimedia
Communication Server (MCS) 5100 Rls. 4.0 system. The display indicates that the server is
unreachable and that it continuously resets. How can this problem be resolved?
A. Press Ok and enter the Activation Key.
B. Press the Login key and have the user log on.
C. Check S1 and S2 settings and the DHCP configuration.
D. Press the Config key and verify the Session Manager IP address, correcting it if
Answer: C
Question: 59
Click the Exhibit button.
A Multimedia Communication Server (MCS) 5100 Rls. 4.0 four-server system is being
installed, and the IP Client Manager (IPCM) is being configured. After completing the
configuration, the alarm IPCM 701 (IPCM ID not found) is received on the System
Management Console. All IP addresses have been correctly assigned to the MCS 5100
server interfaces, and the TCP/IP switched network is connected and functioning properly.
What is the cause of the alarm?
A. The IPCM cannot find a matching IPCM ID in the Database.
B. The IPCM cannot find a Domain ID in the IPCM configuration.
C. The IPCM cannot find the Database Server at the IP address specified in the IPCM ID.
D. The IPCM cannot find the SIP Application Server at the IP address specified in the
Answer: A
Question: 60
An engineer is supporting a Multimedia Communication Server (MCS) 5100 Rls. 4.0
system, and a user with a Multimedia PC client reports distorted voice on their audio
reception. What is the first step in troubleshooting this problem?
A. Check the Echo Reducer settings.
B. Check the volume settings for the sound card.
C. Check that no other application has control of the sound card.
D. Check the sound card driver compatibility with the Multimedia PC Client.
Answer: D
Question: 61
A customer has deployed an MCS 5100 4.0 system with IP Phone 2004 and SIP
Multimedia PC clients for its users. A user with a SIP Multimedia PC client reports that
some exception errors have occurred. Which log file will show the messages that may help
to troubleshoot this issue?
A. Logs.txt
B. Sync.txt
C. Systeminfo.txt
D. SIPMessages.txt
Answer: A
Question: 62
An engineer is supporting a Multimedia Communication Server (MCS) 5100 Rls. 4.0
system, and a user with a Multimedia PC client reports an intermittent deadlock issue.
Which log file on the user's PC should be reviewed for the information required to
troubleshoot this problem?
A. Logs.txt
B. Sync.txt
C. Systeminfo.txt
D. SIPMessages.txt
Answer: B
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Exam Information
(215) 968-1001

CLU College Code: 4088

Exam Preparation

About the LSAT

The Law School Administration Test (LSAT) is administered four times a year at designated centers worldwide. The LSAT is a 3½ hour standardized test designed to measure some of the thinking skills considered essential for success in law school. It is required for admission to all 194 law schools that comprise the membership of the Law School Admission Council (LSAC). LSAC develops and administers the LSAT with the assistance of the American College Testing (ACT).

Scoring Range

LSAT scores range from 120 to 180.

Many law schools will weigh your LSAT score more than your GPA. Some schools weigh your LSAT score 70% versus 30% for your GPA, meaning that this 3 1/2 hour test is worth more than 4 years undergraduate work! Research the law schools you are applying to for this information because the value of the LSAT varies tremendously from school to school.

National Averages
  • 50th Percentile: 151
  • 75th Percentile: 157
  • 90th Percentile: 164
  • 95th Percentile: 167
  • 99th Percentile: 172–190

Test Structure

The LSAT consists of five 35-minute sections of multiple choice questions and one 30-minute writing sample. Only four of the five sections are scored. The fifth section is experimental where new items are tested. The writing sample is not scored but copies of the sample are sent to all law schools to which a candidate applies.

In keeping with its predictability, every LSAT consists of the same basic elements. There are six of these basic elements to every LSAT- sections, directions, statements, questions, answers, and time.

While they are commonly referred to as test sections, these elements, are in fact, separate tests. It is important to understand that each LSAT consists of five of these tests, as well as a writing sample. Although there is only one LSAT score, there are five different tests on every LSAT.

Test Sections

Each section comes with directions. The directions tell you what you are expected to do on that section. Directions are important.

A statement precedes most question and answer-choice sets. The statement provides certain information, some of which is relevant to the questions and answer choices that follow the statement. It is easy to confuse statements and questions.

Reading Comprehension
You will get a set of 5-8 questions and a passage that is 400-500 words long. You will get four passages per section. The questions will be similar to the SAT memorizing Comprehension questions, but more difficult. The passages are not arranged in any order of difficulty.

Logical Reasoning (Arguments)
Logical Reasoning questions constitute about half of the total LSAT questions. You will encounter at least two Logical Reasoning sections (three if the experimental is Logical Reasoning). Logical Reasoning questions test your ability to take apart an argument (a skill useful to lawyers).

Analytical Reasoning (Logic Games)
These questions are designed to measure your ability to understand a system of relationships and to draw appropriate deductive conclusions about those relationships. You have to draw complex diagrams that lay out the parts of the question in a spatial relationship. The Analytical Reasoning (Games) section has about 24 questions broken into four "games" that are each five to eight questions long.

This section is not scored. It is used to test questions for use on future editions of the LSAT. It consists of the same types of questions as are included in one of the scored sections.

Writing Sample
The writing sample is provided to law schools along with your test score, but is not scored.

Scoring Breakdown

  • 4 of the 5 multiple-choice sections count toward your final LSAT score
  • 1 of the 5 sections is experimental, used only to test questions for future exams
  • Correct responses count equally, and no points are deducted for incorrect or blank responses
  • The essay is not scored, and is rarely used by admissions officers to evaluate your candidacy
  • Most top schools AVERAGE multiple LSAT Scores


Fri, 05 Feb 2016 03:41:00 -0600 en text/html
Self-Esteem Test

Do you believe in yourself? Do you provide yourself the credit you deserve? Self-esteem is an integral part of personal happiness, fulfilling relationships and achievement. This test is designed to evaluate your general level of self-esteem and determine whether you need to work on your self-image. Take this self-esteem test to find out your true sense of self.

Examine the following statements and indicate how often or to what degree you agree with them. In order to receive the most accurate results, please answer each question as honestly as possible.

After finishing this test you will receive a FREE snapshot report with a summary evaluation and graph. You will then have the option to purchase the full results for $6.95

This test is intended for informational and entertainment purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional diagnosis or for the treatment of any health condition. If you would like to seek the advice of a licensed mental health professional you can search Psychology Today's directory here.

Sun, 18 Jun 2023 00:01:00 -0500 en-US text/html
A Nuclear Test for the Obama Administration

In the aftermath of the latest North Korean nuclear test, CFR’s Sheila A. Smith says it is imperative for the United States to make it clear "it will not accept a nuclear North Korea." Smith, an expert on Northeast Asia, says the test is also a moment of truth for China and the UN Security Council--to which China and the United States belong--and their commitment to global nonproliferation. U.S. allies Japan and South Korea "will need a very clear and unambiguous statement that the United States remains committed to their defense and will keep them safe," she says.  "And then there is the broader question of how we mobilize both allies and colleagues in Northeast Asia with the broader global nonproliferation initiative."

North Korea announced Monday morning Korean time that it had detonated another underground nuclear explosion, its second since 2006. What do you make of this?

More From Our Experts

In trying to negotiate with the North Koreans, they have been pretty straightforward on what they were going to do. Again in this case, just as in 2006, they announced they were going to conduct another nuclear test. On April 5, they tested a long-range missile. So we all have been expecting another nuclear test to come. I think the precedent of 2006 with several months in between the missile tests of July and the nuclear test in October led a number of us to expect a similar spread in time. It surprised a number of us that the latest events were only six weeks apart. It was a bit quicker than many of us expected.

I think many people had assumed that with President Barack Obama coming into office the North Koreans would want to see if there was something negotiable to their advantage with the United States. Instead they took a kind of "stick it in your eye" approach, right?

More on:

North Korea

Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament

United States

Right. There are several factors here that may be at play. The first of course is what is going on internally in North Korea. Most of the people who are very desparate watchers of the internal dynamics of Pyongyang feel very strongly--and most of our South Korean colleagues feel that way--that there is a succession under way and the succession dynamics have affected both the timing of this test but also the general hard-line position that the North Koreans seem to be taking, vis-à-vis the negotiations. That is one of the elements that is different. Kim Jong-Il has had a stroke and the argument is that he is now setting up his third and youngest son, Kim Jong-un, as his possible successor. We don’t have intimate knowledge of this, but that is the opinion in South Korea and Japan as well.

Assuming there is a succession going on, why this approach, rather than a more evenhanded conciliatory one?

"[T]he succession dynamics [inside North Korea] have affected both the timing of this test but also the general hard-line position that the North Koreans seem to be taking, vis-à-vis the negotiations."

This is all very speculative. Those taking that view say that the idea is to establish the credibility of the youngest son, the successor, and to keep the military convinced that they need to go along with this succession. The military seems to play a significant role in this decision. And what we can read of the internal situation in Pyongyang, demonstrating the nuclear capability is a powerful tool for regime credibility and survivability. You have to think that internally, having a nuclear capability for a regime that needs a fairly repressive demonstration of its power is a fairly plausible argument. And I think everybody in the regime believes the succession itself is a key driver here.

More From Our Experts

In the United States, many people on both sides of the political fence believe that North Korea needs to be serious about carrying out its commitments it made in negotiations with the United States. North Korea needs to provide a clear verifiable nuclear disarmament plan and it hasn’t done this, and so it has dropped the ball on the commitment it already made. I do think there might have been some calculus in North Korea that it would get a better deal or might start over with the new administration, but there has been a consistent and clear message to Pyongyang that this resetting is not going to happen.

North Korea also says it does not want to go back to the Six-Party Talks [North Korea, South Korea, the United States, Japan, China, and Russia], a slap not only at the United States but also at China, the host for the talks, and the others.

Exactly. Here is where it will take some time to tease out what the intent of the nuclear test was. There was a lot of speculation in accurate weeks that what was really going on was North Korea not wanting to scuttle the Six-Party Talks, but to get the Obama administration into a bilateral conversation on how to break the impasse. There was a lot of conversation about whether the North Koreans would speak to a high-level emissary. For instance, would the capture of the two reporters on the border, who worked for Al Gore’s TV channel, provide an opportunity for a more high-level communication between the new Obama administration and Pyongyang. There was some disagreement among analysts in allied capitals whether a bilateral moment had arrived and whether it would be useful or not. The latest test ends that speculation.

More on:

North Korea

Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament

United States

The last time the UN Security Council met in April after the missile test, or satellite launch, however you want to describe it, they really didn’t reach any harsh conclusions.

Crisis Guide: The Korean Peninsula

The missile test took place on April 5 and it was basically announced by the Russians and Chinese that they would not endorse another sanctioning resolution at the UN Security Council meeting in April. Once the test had happened the United States and Japan pushed very strongly, along with South Korea, for a very strong presidential statement, which is something short of a resolution, but one that needed to be issued, that focused on sanctions and that clearly said that the missile test that was conducted in April was in violation of Resolution 1718, which is the United Nations Security Council resolution that was passed in the wake of the 2006 test. The presidential statement made in April by the Security Council was foundational in the sense that it created the case for collective sanctioning action should Pyongyang move to conduct a second nuclear test which it now has. So I expect that there will be fairly strong common ground to start the conversation this afternoon at the United Nations.

I see China was strongly condemnatory.

Absolutely. And here the pressure really is in many ways on China. China has been a key player in the Six-Party Talks of course. It has played a mediating role, or a hosting role, in the Six-Party process, but we tend often to underestimate the extent to which China has put its diplomatic cards on the table with North Korea. And as one of the key players in the Northeast Asian context, in the Six-Party context, China has been forced into a position by Pyongyang that will now make it very difficult for China not to impose sanctions.

The task is twofold for us who watch Beijing. It is not only China’s responsibility to regional stability which it claims a very strong interest in, of course, but it also claims a global commitment to nonproliferation. So the bar is high for China. The Obama administration feels quite confident that Beijing will stand up to that challenge. But China needs to act now quite forcefully.

What kinds of sanctions would you expect?

The language in UN Resolution 1718 has to do with the proliferation of nuclear materials, and that is a fairly broad category of weapons and materials production. There are also sanctions on any kind of financial instrument that may be attached to North Korea’s nuclear program, which generously interpreted could mean just about anything. The focal point will be the several billion dollars deposited by North Korea in Beijing. So I anticipate that will come out as a possible means to punish the North Koreans. But you’ll find that the financial side as much as the nuclear equipment and technology side will be highlighted at the United Nations Security Council.

Back after the first nuclear test the United States Treasury Department imposed sanctions on North Korea banks, as I recall, which seemed to cripple North Korean commerce, and crippled the ability of the elite to import things they wanted, and that’s what led to the breakthrough in the Six-Party Talks, it’s believed. But now it’s a different time. I assume those sanctions will go back on.

"Japan and South Korea will need a very clear and unambiguous statement that the United States remains committed to their defense and will keep them safe."

I’m assuming that’s one of the things the United States will be looking at. And you’ll find the discussion of last year revisited. The United States delisted North Korea as a state sponsor of terrorism. I believe that our policy debate will include a reconsideration of that decision. There will be an awful lot of attention paid again to the financial side of this. You’re right to point out the Macao-based bank where North Korean assets were frozen. There are other places today where North Korea holds financial assets--Beijing, Moscow--and this will definitely come under consideration in the diplomacy. Whether it will come out to the forefront I don’t know.

The other side we haven’t talked about is the fissile material. The Six-Party Talks in the end tried to get North Korea to declare its facilities and its plutonium stockpile, which was focused very firmly on Yongbyon and other facilities where plutonium might have been created and stored. There is also the highly enriched uranium project. There was a strong push at the end of the Bush administration to indicate that the United States wanted to know the specifics of that project and they also wanted to know better what [North] Korea had done with Syria in terms of a broader proliferation network. So there is a lot of information yet that goes beyond this specific nuclear test, a lot of information that the United States and other allies in the region will be looking to get from Pyongyang. I expect that will be part of the package that the five parties of the Six-Party Talks will be talking about as they try to talk about the diplomatic end game which we will need to come back to at a later date.

But there’s no indication that North Korea will go back to any table.

No, and I don’t think we should be thinking about going back to any table either. President Obama made a statement this afternoon and he very clearly pointed out where the United States will be heading.

A former State Department official told me he thought from conversations he’s had with North Korean officials that they wanted to be regarded as India--as possessing nuclear weapons but not ostracized.

The idea in Pyongyang is that its nuclear program will simply be accepted as a reality in the region. And the United States--because of its relationships in the region, but also because of this broader global nonproliferation objective--needs to make a very clear statement that it will not accept a nuclear North Korea. In other words the India model is not in the cards. [The Obama administration also has] got to be very attuned, which the president was this afternoon, to the perception of the publics of our allies in the Northeast Asia region, specifically South Korea and Japan. They will be watching the United States response very carefully. They depend, of course, on us for extended deterrence, for the nuclear umbrella that keeps them safe. Japan and South Korea will need a very clear and unambiguous statement that the United States remains committed to their defense and will keep them safe. And then there is the broader question of how we mobilize both allies and colleagues in Northeast Asia with the broader global nonproliferation initiative. That last diplomatic task will be large and it will involve more than today’s Security Council conversation. But this Security Council decision will have a fairly definitive impact on the credibility of the nuclear nonproliferation treaty.

Mon, 25 May 2009 00:47:00 -0500 en text/html
Happiness Test

Is your glass half-full or half-empty? On those days when nothing in your life seems to be going right, it can be really tough to see the silver lining among all those clouds. However, it's during these times when the ability to see the good in even the worst situations is so important. An optimistic attitude benefits not only your mental health, but your physical well-being as well. Take this test to see where you fall on the optimism/pessimism continuum.

This test is made up of two types of questions: scenarios and self-assessment. For each scenario, answer according to how you would most likely behave in a similar situation. For the self-assessment questions, indicate the extent to which you agree with the given statements. In order to receive the most accurate results, please answer each question as honestly as possible.

After finishing this test you will receive a FREE snapshot report with a summary evaluation and graph. You will then have the option to purchase the full results for $4.95

This test is intended for informational and entertainment purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional diagnosis or for the treatment of any health condition. If you would like to seek the advice of a licensed mental health professional you can search Psychology Today's directory here.

Fri, 03 Mar 2017 04:46:00 -0600 en-US text/html
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It is the responsibility of faculty to make their tests accessible. That said, there are many times when faculty are unable to provide a necessary test accommodation. In these cases, students may schedule exams with Disability Resources through our Test Accessibility Services (TAS). These are the steps students should take if they wish to use their test accommodations. Please note that Disability Resources only administers exams for students who have affiliated with our office.

  1. Talk to your instructor. After you release your access plan to your instructor, be sure to follow it up with an email or face-to-face conversation about the best place for you to take your exams. Please note that tests at TAS must begin no earlier than 8 a.m. and must finish by 4 p.m. Exams scheduled in late afternoon and evening classes outside of these times may be taken at TAS during regular business hours.
  2. If your test or quiz is online and unproctored, remind your instructor of your accommodations. They will extend your time in the online test platform. You can use your own computer to take the test in a quiet location.
  3. If you are taking exams with your instructor, you’re done! Congratulations! Remember that Disability Resources is available for test accommodations for you in the future if your instructor’s accommodations are not working out. In such cases, it is important to have a conversation with your instructor about this first.
  4. If you and your instructor decide you should take your exams with Disability Resources, it is the student’s responsibility to schedule the test in our Test Accessibility Scheduling Service (TASS). You may watch video tutorials of a summary of the systemhow to submit a request to take an test with TAS, and how to view all of your requests.
  5. Students should request to take exams at the same time as the rest of the class. Exceptions are allowed if extended time would involve the test taking place outside of business hours or would require missing another class. 
  6. If you wish to be certain you can take your test with Disability Resources, schedule the test at least 5 business days in advance. If you request to take an test with fewer days’ notice, it is possible we may be unavailable. Once it is 24 hours before your test time (or 72 hours before a Monday exam), you may not use the online scheduling system.
  7. You may schedule all of your exams at the beginning of the semester to ensure you have given enough notice. If an test date or time is later changed, please cancel the request in the system and make a new request.
  8. To finalize your request, your instructor must approve it in the system. If you have not made your request at least 5 business days in advance, Disability Resources will have to approve it as well. You will receive email notifications when your requests have been approved. If your test date is nearing and you still have not received approval, please contact your instructor and/or TAS.
  9. Finally, be sure to show up at TAS for your test on time!

Jeremy Zhe-Heimerman, Assistant Director, Disability Resources
Fahima Aqtar, Graduate Assistant, Disability Resources
Meaghan Doyle, Graduate Assistant, Disability Resources
Cierra Stone, Graduate Assistant, Disability Resources

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Sat, 22 Dec 2018 08:23:00 -0600 en text/html
What Is a Blood Urea Nitrogen Test?

Doctors order a blood urea nitrogen (BUN) test to measure the amount of urea nitrogen in your blood. It helps them see how well your kidneys are working.

Urea nitrogen is a normal waste product created in your liver as it breaks down certain proteins found in your food. Urea nitrogen travels through the blood to your kidneys, which filter out all but a small amount. Urea nitrogen exits from your body when you pee.

When your kidneys are healthy, they remove BUN, usually leaving only a small amount in your blood. When your kidneys are not healthy, they leave more BUN behind. The BUN blood test measures the amount of urea nitrogen in your blood. If your levels are outside the normal range, this might mean either your liver or kidneys are not working well.

Your doctor may order a BUN test as part of a routine checkup when a comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) or basic metabolic panel (BMP) blood test is taken.

If you have a kidney condition, the test is a way to check what your BUN levels are before you start a medication or treatment. It’s also standard to perform a BUN test when you’re in the hospital for certain conditions.

If you're at higher risk for kidney disease because you have a family history of it, your doctor might order a BUN test for you.

The following conditions may also put you at risk:

  • High blood pressure
  • Heart disease
  • Diabetes

Tell your doctor if you have any of the following symptoms, which can indicate that something is wrong with your kidneys:

  • A change in how much you urinate
  • Pee that is foamy, bloody, discolored, or brown
  • Pain while you pee
  • Swelling in your arms, hands, legs, ankles, around your eyes, face, or abdomen
  • Restless legs during sleep
  • Mid-back pain around the kidneys
  • You’re tired all the time

How do I prepare for a BUN test?

Before the blood test, tell your doctor what medications you’re taking. If any of them might affect the test result, your doctor may ask you to stop taking them for a period of time.

If you’re only getting a BUN test, you can eat and drink. But if you’re getting other blood tests, your doctor may provide you directions that include fasting before the test.

What happens during a BUN test?

A lab tech will take a sample of your blood from a vein in your arm or the back of your hand. You may feel a slight sting when the needle pricks your skin.

It may feel a little sore afterward, but you can go straight back to your regular activities.

Your doctor’s office will send the blood sample to a lab to be analyzed. You should get the results in a few days, depending on how fast the lab and your doctor’s office can work.

Risks of a blood urea nitrogen test

Blood tests draw a small amount of blood, and there are usually few or mild side effects. You may have pain, bruising, or slight bleeding at the site where the blood is drawn. Some people may even feel lightheaded or faint. It doesn't happen often, but the site could get infected.

The normal range for a BUN test depends on your age and sex, or the one you were assigned at birth.

Normal BUN levels

Your result will be a number that measures how much BUN is in your blood. The range considered normal is 7-20 milligrams per deciliter. (A milligram is a very tiny amount—with over 28,000 milligrams in an ounce, and a deciliter is equal to about 3.4 ounces).

If your test results are not in that range, talk to your doctor.

Several things can affect your BUN test results, so having an abnormal BUN level doesn’t always mean there's a problem.

BUN normal values by age and sex

  Male or Assigned Male at Birth Female or Assigned Female at Birth
Ages 1 to 17 7 to 20 mg/dL 7 to 20 mg/dL
Ages 18 and older 8 to 24 mg/dL 6 to 21 mg/dL

High BUN

A high BUN test result may mean your kidneys aren't working well. Discuss with your doctor what could be causing the problem and plan your next steps.

Other conditions that may affect your BUN level might include:


Low BUN levels are rare. It's more likely if you have a small body. It could also point to:

  • Liver disease
  • Malnutrition (when your diet doesn’t have enough nutrients or your body can’t absorb them well)
  • Overhydration (having too much fluid)
  • A low-protein diet

A BUN test by itself can't diagnose these issues, so more tests may be needed.

If your BUN levels are high, your doctor may order more tests to measure your kidney function.

Creatinine test

A creatinine test is another blood test that checks your kidney health. You'd get it because the BUN level by itself doesn’t always reveal much.

When your BUN levels are compared to your creatinine levels, it gives a fuller picture of what’s happening with your kidneys. This is known as the BUN/creatinine ratio.

Creatinine is a waste product from your muscles that's also filtered by your kidneys. Like BUN, high levels of creatinine could mean there's a lot of waste product that hasn’t been removed by the kidneys.

BUN to creatinine ratio

The ideal ratio of BUN to creatinine falls between 10-to-1 and 20-to-1.

Having a ratio above this range could mean you may not be getting enough blood flow to your kidneys and could have conditions such as congestive heart failure, dehydration, or gastrointestinal bleeding.

A ratio below the normal range could mean liver disease or malnutrition.

Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) test

The GFR test measures how well your kidneys filter waste from your blood. It will tell your doctor how much kidney function you have. A very low number means kidney failure, which means you'll need dialysis (a treatment that helps your kidneys remove waste or fluids from your blood) or a kidney transplant.

There's no magic pill for treating high BUN levels. Doctors try to find out what's harming your kidney function and treat that condition. You can make changes to your diet to help lower BUN levels.

Drink more fluids. For men or those assigned male at birth, that means about 3 liters (13 cups) of fluid each day. Women and those assigned female at birth should take in about 9 cups of fluid a day. (If you already have serious kidney disease or are on dialysis, too much fluid can cause problems, so follow your doctor's recommendation.)

A diet low in protein can also help lower BUN levels. Eat healthy foods, such as:

  • Pasta, oats, and rice
  • Fruits including bananas, berries, and apples 
  • Leafy green and other vegetables
  • Avocados, nuts, and healthy fats

You should limit high-protein foods such as meats and dairy products. To reduce your BUN levels, don't eat more than 20-30 grams of protein a day.

Having a low BUN level is usually not serious. However, if you want to raise your levels, you should eat more protein and Excellerate the health of your liver by drinking less alcohol and losing weight.

If your test results show high BUN levels, talk with your doctor about whether you'll need more tests to check your kidney function. There are no medications to treat high BUN levels. However, you can make changes to your diet that may help lower or raise BUN levels.

Sun, 29 Oct 2023 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
What Is a Partial Thromboplastin Time Test?

Here’s the routine when you get a cut: apply some pressure, the bleeding stops, slap on a bandage if you need one. Seems easy enough from the outside. But inside your body, even a little nick from shaving kicks off a series of complex steps to stop the bleeding.

One of those steps is to send a bunch of proteins -- called clotting factors -- to the injured area. They fit together in a very specific way to make a blood clot, which is basically a solid lump of blood that stops up the bleeding and helps healing begin.

That’s how it’s supposed to work. When it doesn’t, you may find that you bleed or bruise easily or that you get clots in your blood vessels when you shouldn’t.

That’s when your doctor might order a partial thromboplastin time (PTT) test, which measures how many seconds it takes for your blood to clot.

What Does a PTT Test Look For?

Your body makes several different clotting factors. A problem with any of them -- if it’s missing, broken, or you don’t have enough -- can affect how long it takes a clot to form, if it forms at all.

A PTT test looks at one set of these factors to see how well they’re working. It’s often done along with another test, called the prothrombin time (PT) test, which looks at another set of clotting factors.

Together, they provide your doctor a more complete picture of what happens in your body when a clot forms.

Why Would I Need One?

Your doctor might order this test to check for a bleeding disorder, such as hemophilia or von Willebrand disease. Symptoms of bleeding disorders include:

  • Bleeding or bruising easily
  • Blood clots that form when they shouldn’t
  • Blood in your poop or urine
  • Gums that bleed easily
  • Heavy menstrual periods in women
  • Nosebleeds
  • Swelling or pain in your joints

You’d also need this test if you get heparin therapy -- that’s a medicine used to prevent or treat blood clots after you’ve had an issue like a heart attack or stroke. The PTT test helps make sure you get the right dose. You want to prevent dangerous clots, but still let your blood clot when you need it to.

You may also get the test to:

  • Check that your blood clots normally before you go in for surgery
  • Look for a problem with your immune system (some immune system conditions make clots more likely to form -- in women, that can also lead to miscarriages)
  • See how well your liver’s working, since it makes the clotting factors


How Do I Prepare for It?

There’s nothing special you need to do to get ready.

Let your doctor know about any medicines, herbs, vitamins, or supplements you take, including over-the-counter, prescription, or illegal drugs. Many common meds, such as blood thinners, aspirin, and antihistamines, might affect your results.

What Happens During the Test?

This test is a basic blood draw and takes just a few minutes. A lab tech will:

  • Clean your skin where the needle goes in
  • Wrap a rubber strap around your upper arm -- this creates pressure to make your veins swell with blood
  • Insert a thin needle into a vein, usually on the inside of your arm at your elbow or in the back of your hand
  • Draw the blood
  • Remove the rubber strap and put a bandage on your arm or hand

Are There Any Risks?

Typically, you’ll feel a prick when the needle goes in. That’s usually the worst of it, but since you’re having your blood drawn, there is a small chance of things such as:

  • Bleeding or bruising
  • Feeling dizzy or lightheaded
  • Infection

What Do the Results Mean?

The test tells you how many seconds it took your blood to form a clot. What’s normal varies with different labs, so check with your doctor to help you understand what your numbers mean.

Usually, you get the results within a few hours or a day, but it depends on your lab.

A typical value for a PTT is 60 to 70 seconds. There’s also an activated PTT (aPTT) test that measures the same thing, but they add a substance to your blood to make it clot faster. A typical aPTT value is 30 to 40 seconds.

If you get the test because you’re taking heparin, you’d want your PTT results to be more like 120 to 140 seconds, and your aPTT to be 60 to 80 seconds.

If your number is higher than normal, it could mean several things, from a bleeding disorder to liver disease. You’ll usually get other tests at the same time depending on what your doctor’s looking for.

If your number is lower than normal, which doesn’t happen often, you may have a higher chance of getting blood clots and, for women, having several miscarriages. You’ll likely get more tests to find out what’s going on.


Will I Get Other Tests at the Same Time?

It depends on what your doctor’s looking for. To learn more about how your blood clots, you may get tests such as:

  • Activated whole thrombin time test (ACT)
  • Prothrombin time test (PT)
  • Thrombin time test (TT)

Other tests you might get include:

  • Dilute Russell viper venom test (DRVVT) to test for lupus anticoagulant, a sign that you have an immune system problem
  • Platelet count, if you’re getting heparin therapy
  • von Willebrand factor to check if you have von Willebrand disease

WebMD Medical Reference



University of Rochester Medical Center: “Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time Test,” “Prothrombin Time.”

KidsHealth: “Blood Test: Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT).”

Lab Tests Online: “PTT,” “Lupus Anticoagulant Testing.”

Medscape: “Partial Thromboplastin Time, Activated.”

© 2023 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved.
Fri, 18 Dec 2020 14:28:00 -0600 en text/html
Test Optional Policy

Since 1969, we've been selecting the right applicants for Bowdoin, using only the materials that we require of you: your transcripts, your writing, and how your teachers talk about you.

This policy allows applicants to decide for themselves whether or not their SAT or ACT results accurately reflect their academic ability and potential. For candidates electing to submit them, test scores will be reviewed along with other indicators of academic ability. 

Forty-six percent of students in the Class of 2026 chose not to submit their scores.

Score Suppression

Applicants indicate on their applications whether they would like Bowdoin to review their standardized test results. Applicants also have the option to select some test types and not others for review (for example, a student might choose to use their SAT scores, but not their ACT). Applicants have until the application deadline to suppress their scores.

  • For applicants using the Common Application, these questions are located in the Bowdoin-specific questions section of the application.
  • For applicants using the Coalition on Scoir application, these questions are located in the Application Questions section.
  • For applicants using the QuestBridge Application, these questions are located on a Bowdoin-specific form available in the applicant portal after submitting the application.

Bowdoin will not review selected sections of an SAT or an ACT score (for example, just the Science portion of the ACT). If an applicant chooses to include scores for a specific test type, Bowdoin will review the complete score for that test type.


Bowdoin will "superscore" the SAT. Meaning, the admissions committee will consider the highest Critical Reading, Math, and Writing Scores submitted by an applicant, irrespective of test date.

Bowdoin will NOT combine results from Redesigned and pre-Redesign SAT exams to create a new total score. We will superscore Redesigned and pre-Redesign results separately, considering the highest section and total scores submitted from either set of results.

Bowdoin also superscores the ACT. The admissions committee will consider the highest submitted Composite score and subsection scores, and will also recalculate a new Composite score from subsection scores earned on different test dates.

Score Reports

For students submitting standardized test scores, we will accept scores that are self-reported on the student’s application, reported by the testing agency, or submitted through the self-report form found in the Bowdoin Application Portal. We accept self-reported scores for all applicants.

Bowdoin will verify scores for all enrolling students. Discrepancies between self-reported and official scores may jeopardize a student’s place at Bowdoin.

Official Score Reports

We will accept scores reported on a school transcript or sent to our office by a school counselor or CBO advisor as official. Official score reports may be sent to our office by email, fax, mail, or directly from the testing agency. Our testing codes are: 3089 (College Board) and 1636 (ACT).

Is standardized testing required for certain applicants?

No. Bowdoin College is test-optional for all applicants. Homeschooled candidates can find further information on additional requirements and recommendations on the Homeschooled Students page.

International applicants can find more information about required English proficiency testing on the International Applicant page.

Wed, 31 Oct 2018 01:05:00 -0500 en text/html
Best DNA Test for 2023

The three services above are our top choices for the best DNA test. But they weren't the only ones we tested. What follows are some additional options, none of which eclipsed the 23andMe, Ancestry or FamilyTreeDNA in any significant fashion. 



MyHeritage offers a free tier of service that includes some basic family tree-building and access to excerpts of historical documents. It also includes a report of your genetic makeup across the company's 42 supported ethnicities, the identification of relatives and connections to them where possible. 

We found MyHeritage's user interface far less intuitive and more difficult to navigate than others. It's one of the few companies to offer a comprehensive research database of historical documents, DNA analysis and health screening -- we found the integration among them to be a bit clumsy. In 2018, MyHeritage committed a security breach, exposing the email addresses and hashed passwords of more than 92 million users.

Living DNA

Living DNA

LivingDNA divides its offerings in a different way than others. The $99 Full Ancestry DNA kit provides an overview of your ancestry in 150 geographical regions and information about maternal and paternal haplogroups and access to the company's genetic matching tool. The $120 "wellbeing package" includes reports about your physiological compatibility with vitamins, foods and exercise. And the $179 Wellbeing and Ancestry gives you all of it.

Despite. not selling or sharing data, the company has a very limited family match database; a company representative declined to provide me a specific number but said that it contained less than 1 million profiles. So, if you're looking to identify and make connections with relatives, there are better choices in the market. 

Whole genome sequencing

There are a number of companies -- including Full Genomes, Veritas Genetics, Nebula Genomics and Dante Labs -- that can sequence all of your DNA, otherwise known as your genome. This level of analysis is appropriate for advanced users only. Not only is it expensive -- these tests can run into the thousands of dollars, in some cases -- it requires a sophisticated understanding of both genetics and a range of technical tools required to explore and interpret your results. The least expensive whole genome tests cost about $300

For most people, the main rationale for sequencing the whole genome is to dive deep into your genetic health outlook. You can glean your personal risk factors for diseases, drug sensitivities and your status as a carrier; that is, what you might pass on to your kids. All of these efforts can also be undertaken -- to a less intense degree -- with some of the more affordable options outlined above. We suggest starting with Nebula Genomics. You can also upload an existing DNA sequence from Ancestry or 23andMe's DNA database and get Nebula's reports at a reduced price. 

Wed, 12 Aug 2020 07:30:00 -0500 en text/html
Master's in Healthcare Administration Online

Register By: December 02 Classes Start: December 04

Lead in Healthcare Administration

  • $637 per credit (36 credits total)
  • 5 terms per year, each term is 10 weeks
  • Transfer up to 12 graduate credits to reduce cost
  • Complete in as few as 15 months or at your own pace
  • Applicable to many roles in healthcare
  • Focus on communication, critical thinking and analytics in healthcare

Master's in Healthcare Administration Program Overview

Healthcare administrators play a vital role in today's shifting healthcare paradigm – they ensure equitable quality and access to the best care through leadership. By earning your online Master of Science (MS) in Healthcare Administration degree program, you'll boost your qualifications to fill critical roles within healthcare organizations and advance your career in this vital industry.

Healthcare is a booming field. If you've set your sights on a leadership role in the healthcare field, but aren't interested in a clinical position, then a career in healthcare administration could be for you. Healthcare managers have the unique responsibility of applying business best practices in combination with applying the models, influences and complexity of the healthcare industry. It's a role that takes a combination of organizational leadership and strategic vision balanced with skillful collaboration among internal and external stakeholders.

At Southern New Hampshire University, you'll receive the formal healthcare education necessary to advance your skills and complement your experience within the complex field of health administration. The master's in healthcare administration online program covers a variety of topics, including:

  • Finance and economics
  • Law
  • Policy
  • Informatics
  • Strategic planning

"With healthcare being one of the fastest-growing industries in the United States – and those currently in health care administrative roles retiring at record rates – graduates will be able to pursue a variety of career options in hospital, outpatient clinic or long-term care facility, home care agency roles managing entire organizations or specific departments," said Dr. Rebecca Arsenault, an adjunct faculty member at SNHU.

SNHU provides students with an array of accredited online healthcare degrees and online nursing programs. Our online MS in Healthcare Administration broadens our offering in this vital area, providing a more in-depth study of the healthcare industry for those ready to take the next step in their careers.

"In healthcare, the only constant is change and innovation," said Dr. Matt Frederiksen-England, an SNHU adjunct faculty member. "SNHU teaches nurses and healthcare administrators the philosophy about leadership, focusing on building a foundation that will allow post-graduates to adapt to the ever-changing environment. Students are provided the tools to be leaders who will help drive a better healthcare delivery system."

Laptop Icon

How You'll Learn

At SNHU, you'll get support from day 1 to graduation and beyond. And with no set class times, 24/7 access to the online classroom, and helpful learning resources along the way, you'll have everything you need to reach your goals.

Career Outlook

Healthcare leaders are needed more than ever. As medical technology advances and each generation continues to lead longer lives, we can expect the need for more and more qualified healthcare professionals. At the same time, there is an increased focus, even scrutiny, on the rising costs of healthcare without an overall increase in patient outcomes. Healthcare leaders must have a firm grasp of the internal and external influences on healthcare including reimbursement models, quality and improvement measures, marketing and communication strategies, government impacts, finances and budget and how to lead teams through change.

Headshot of Dr. Matt Fredericksen-England with the text Dr. Matt Fredericksen-EnglandAnd that's before you even consider a pandemic like COVID-19. A worldwide pandemic showed us how necessary it was to have healthcare leaders in a time of crisis. They navigated populations through uncertain times, everything from securing PPE to collaborating with community partners on how to contain the virus.

"I believe most of the world saw the importance of healthcare administrators and nurse leaders during COVID-19. When times were tough, the ones who still maintained employment were healthcare workers more than any other field," said Dr. Matt Frederiksen-England, an adjunct faculty member at Southern New Hampshire University. "Students earning an MS in Healthcare Administration are those who will be providing leadership to healthcare in the years to come.

Job Growth and Salary

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics projects the addition of more healthcare jobs than any other occupational group from 2020 to 2030 – offering about 2.6 million new job openings across the country.1 That's a jump of 36% since the 2018 prediction of 1.9 million.

Growth Icon

Job Growth

While the BLS considers 5% the average growth rate for all occupations, medical and health service managers are projected to have 28% growth through 20311 – meaning opportunities abound for MS in Healthcare Administration graduates.

Salary Icon


While salaries vary regionally, the BLS reported a median annual salary of $101,340 for medical and health services managers in 2021.1

Understanding the numbers
When reviewing job growth and salary information, it’s important to remember that actual numbers can vary due to many different factors—like years of experience in the role, industry of employment, geographic location, worker skill and economic conditions. Cited projections do not ensure actual salary or job growth.

Leading a Healthcare Organization

Earning your MS in Healthcare Administration is a great choice in getting you closer to your goal of leading a healthcare organization. Healthcare administrators utilize their extensive knowledge of healthcare to take lead on issues related to organizational management. As a healthcare administrator, you’ll be in charge of managing and overseeing staff and processes in varying departments, floors, units or even entire facilities.

Dr. Toni Clayton with the text Dr. Toni Clayton"Healthcare administrators support policies and processes for the delivery of care and services that impact our patient populations," said Dr. Toni Clayton, executive director of health professions. "It requires leaders to apply healthcare principles and methodologies as they manage people and processes."

That being said, good healthcare administrators must lead an organization by demonstrating business acumen as well as deep empathy for their team members, patients and clients. As a healthcare administrator, you might find yourself in charge of tasks such as:

  • Assessing resource needs
  • Budget preparation
  • Demonstrating organizational leadership and representation
  • Facilitating interdepartmental communications
  • Implementing continuous quality improvement programs
  • Informing recruitment efforts
  • Leading and managing staff
  • Making recommendations to Excellerate financial position
  • Managing health information
  • Strategic planning
  • Upholding compliance and regulation standards

Where Could You Work?

According to the Association of University Programs in Health Administration (AUPHA), healthcare executives have the opportunity to make a significant contribution to improving the health of the citizens in the communities they serve. They also have the opportunity to work in thousands of health services organizations throughout the U.S. and the world, including:

Consulting Firms

Provide strategic recommendations to healthcare organizations to Excellerate care and efficiency.

Disposable Supplies and Equipment

Provide medical equipment and supplies, office supplies and other items to hospitals and healthcare organizations.

Federal Programs

Help people in the communities get access to healthcare through federal and state-funded programs like Medicare and Medicaid.

Home Health Agencies

Work in communities and meet people where they are to provide greater access to medical care and assistance.


Help to ensure hospital departments, staffing, equipment and more are functioning at optimal levels.

Insurance Companies

Work with hospitals, federal agencies and other organizations to provide insurance coverage to policyholders and help process insurance claims.

As a healthcare leader, you'll be responsible for managing growth in human capital, leading strategic planning efforts and being well versed in navigating the healthcare system that is heavily influenced by public policy and government leadership and legislation – all crucial in today's workforce.

Start Your Journey Toward an Online Healthcare Administration Degree

Why SNHU for Your Online Master's in Healthcare Administration

Admission Requirements

How to Apply

Janet Johnson, MS Healthcare Administration 2021 graduate

Get the Skills You Need

Janet Johnson '21

"SNHU has given me the skills and knowledge to advance in my career. After graduating, I was offered a job at a large, well-respected hospital, and I’m excited to see where the future will take me."

Courses & Curriculum

SNHU’s online MS in Healthcare Administration was designed to provide you with the skills and knowledge needed to succeed in top healthcare administration positions. To ensure the program is on the cutting-edge of healthcare, the master's degree curriculum and coursework is regularly reviewed by an advisory board made up of healthcare professionals from a wide variety of occupations within the industry. With this vital input from industry experts, you can graduate from our program feeling confident that you're ready to take your career to the next step.

"Subject-matter experts develop course competencies based upon job skills identified by employers," said Dr. Rebecca Arsenault, an adjunct faculty member at SNHU. "From these skills-based competencies, course learning objectives reflect real-world skills that students will need as they seek employment opportunities.

Industry-Aligned Standards

Healthcare is a unique and complex industry that undergoes frequent changes based on developments in technology and medical practices, as well as political and policy changes. This means that leaders in the healthcare field need a strong understanding of the industry to successfully lead a medical facility or other healthcare organization. As such, the master's in healthcare administration online curriculum was developed by well-respected practitioners in the field and is aligned with standards from:

  • The Association of University Programs in Health Administration (AUPHA)
  • The Healthcare Leadership Alliance (HLA)

Following these standards, our rigorous online MS degree program will focus on equipping you with the expertise required for top healthcare administration positions, including:

  • Communication
  • Computational skills
  • Critical thinking
  • In-depth understanding of the healthcare environment
  • Leadership
  • Relationship management
  • Societal and cultural context

Develop Diverse and Practical Expertise

SNHU's MS in Healthcare Administration will require you to take courses within 3 critical disciplines in healthcare administration – integrated health profession, organizational leadership and health information management.

Dr. Rebecca Arsenault with the text Dr. Rebecca Arsenault"Students develop diverse expertise including day-to-day management, financial and reimbursement competency and other technical skills necessary to operate healthcare facilities and services," Arsenault said. "Students develop an understanding of the role of a healthcare administrator in leading teams, allocating resources for staff training and development and quality improvement initiatives and promoting community public and governmental relations."

Another benefit to the program is the opportunity to participate in hands-on learning.

"This program provides the option for students to participate in HEaRT (Higher Education and Real-world Training) Challenges, which are internship-type work experiences where students address a critical problem facing healthcare facilities across the country," Arsenault said. "Students then present their ideas and recommendations directly to industry experts."

Not the healthcare program you're looking for? If you'd like to enroll in a program geared more toward the business environment within healthcare, SNHU also offers an MBA in Healthcare Management. The MBA program was designed to focus more on the business skills necessary in building good leaders, and when paired with the healthcare management concentration, you can still dive deeper into issues like healthcare law, ethics and compliance.

Minimum Hardware Requirements

Stacey Marrazo, MS Healthcare Administration 2022 graduateLearn from Industry Experts

Stacey Marrazo ‘22

"The professors were all professionals with experience in the field they were teaching. It was almost like being able to follow them through their work and understand the inner workings of the job."

University Accreditation

New England Commission of Higher Education Southern New Hampshire University is a private, nonprofit institution accredited by the New England Commission of Higher Education (NECHE) as well as several other accrediting bodies.

Tuition & Fees

Tuition rates for SNHU's online degree programs are among the lowest in the nation. We offer a 25% tuition discount for U.S. service members, both full and part time, and the spouses of those on active duty.

Online Graduate Programs Per Course Per Credit Hour Annual Cost for 15 credits 
Degree/Certificates $1,911 $637 $9,555 
(U.S. service members, both full and part time, and the spouses of those on active duty)*
$1,410 $470 $7,050 

Tuition rates are subject to change and are reviewed annually.
*Note: students receiving this rate are not eligible for additional discounts.

Additional Costs:
Course Materials ($ varies by course). Foundational courses may be required based on your undergraduate course history, which may result in additional cost.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is a master's in healthcare administration worth it?

What can I do with a master's degree in healthcare administration?

How much can you make with a master's in healthcare administration?

How long does it take to get a master's in healthcare administration?

How do I get a master's in healthcare administration?

How much does a master's in healthcare administration cost?

What degree is needed to run a hospital?

SNHU Spotlight: Katwana Harris, BS in Healthcare Administration Grad

After 20 years in healthcare, Katwana Harris pursued a BS in Healthcare Administration at Southern New Hampshire University. She said that SNHU's support, flexibility and reasonable program length exceeded her expectations, and Harris now recommends the school to friends and coworkers.

What is Trauma-Informed Care?

Despite the prevalence of trauma, there can be a lack of understanding of its impact. Learning more is the first step toward making a difference. According to SAMHSA, trauma-informed care (TIC) is an approach based on a foundation of knowledge about trauma and a desire to avoid re-traumatization.

SNHU Hosts Third Annual Global Summit for Healthcare Professionals

This October, Southern New Hampshire University (SNHU) hosted its third annual Global Summit. It's a free event open to the public that gives health professionals the opportunity to earn contact hours, develop professionally and connect with others in their field.


Sources & Citations (1, 2)

Mon, 13 Nov 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html

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