It can really depend a lot on your size of your projects and how much binary data you want to keep.
Note that you mentioned a Filemaker database- you usually don't get databases under control, just "code". Not sure if Filemaker separates data from code (e.g. Access databases mix data and code in the same file by default. Not a great thing).
But I'd start with your Synology's built in Git server, and research a Git client that you like. Git is a powerful tool, so creating a good GUI is difficult. IMHO, it's really worth it to learn to use it in the command-line; some day you'll want to reach for a powerful feature that is not in the GUI, or have a problem, and you'll have a steep learning curve. A bad GUI also has bad consequences.
The Git CLI is famously unintuitive, but they're making a reasonable effort at improving messages and providing commands with better names.
School models are, for the most part, outdated–and very overdue for replacement. When students reach high school, research shows that close to 66 percent of students are disengaged. But even students who do successfully navigate their schooling emerge with only a specific (and often narrow) skillset that may or may not match their strengths or interests.
Conventional schooling often leaves students disillusioned, questioning their intelligence and value as it is framed by a system that needs an overhaul.
Learner-centered education can play a critical role in reshaping education systems, offering a more holistic approach to meeting learners’ needs and helping students find fulfillment in their academic accomplishments.
K-12 Value Networks: The Hidden Forces That Help or Hinder Learner-Centered Education, a new report from the Clayton Christensen Institute and authored by CCI senior research fellow Thomas Arnett, offers insight into understanding why schools struggle to change their instructional models, along with tips to establish and support learner-centered education models.
Program leaders, sponsors, learners and their families, staff, community partners, and funders are all critical to the success of these learner-centered education models.
The report describes how five different learner-centered education models–The Met, Virtual Learning Academy Charter School, Iowa BIG, Village High School, and Embark Education–were able to launch and grow their models by assembling value networks congruent with their vision for learner-centered education.
1. The Met: The Metropolitan Regional Career and Technical Center, known as The Met, is a network of six small, public high schools located in Providence and Newport, Rhode Island. The hallmark of The Met’s learner-centered model is that its learners go out in their communities for two days out of the week to lead real-world projects as interns for partner organizations. For example, learners might work with a local bakery, a law firm, a tech company, or a recording studio.
When learners join the Met, they and their families work with an advisor to identify their strengths, needs, and interests, and then develop an individualized learning plan with an internship as its centerpiece. Learners are responsible for researching potential internship opportunities and communicating with partner sites to arrange their internships. Advisors coach them as they do their research and outreach to ensure that internships match their needs and interests.
2. Virtual Learning Academy Charter School: The Virtual Learning Academy Charter School (VLACS) is a statewide virtual school created in 2007 that serves K–12 learners throughout New Hampshire. The concept for the school came from the superintendent of the Exeter Region Cooperative School District, who saw an opportunity to take advantage of a new charter school law to apply for a statewide charter. Rather than create another conventional school, however, the superintendent recognized the distinctive value of using a virtual school model to offer a wide array of flexible, part-time and full-time learning options unavailable through brick-and-mortar campuses.
VLACS’s competency-based model is highly adaptable to learners’ needs and interests. It offers a range of options for learners to earn credits: through online courses, learner-designed projects, and out-of-school learning experiences such as internships and travel. Learners who take online courses move through those courses at their own pace and earn credit whenever they’re able to demonstrate mastery of designated competencies. For projects and other learning experiences, VLACS aligns these experiences with state learning standards and then measures learners’ mastery of standards using performance-based assessments.
What data tells us about student-centered learning
5 ways peer networks lead to better student support systems
November 17, 2022
Two out of five students in California schools speak a language other than English at home. Teachers need more training to bring all of those students to proficiency in English and help them succeed in other subjects.
What makes professional development for teachers of English learners effective? We hear from teachers, parents and professors about workshops that gave them tools to work with students who are learning English, and about what their own childhood experiences as English learners taught them.
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There is currently relatively little objective evidence that the much-promoted "learner-centered" approach to teaching is effective, according to new research.
Learner-centered pedagogy is designed to encourage pupils to become more involved in decision-making in the school and more active in class and participate in lessons.
It has been advocated by international bodies such as UNESCO and World Bank, and many countries worldwide have invested considerable time, money, and resources in LCP despite the lack of a comprehensive body of evidence regarding its implementation and outcomes.
New research by Dr. Nozomi Sakata, Dr. Leanne Cameron and Dr. Nicholas Bremner shows how the approach can have positive results, but there is currently little objective evidence to prove its effectiveness. Researchers have called for more larger-scale, objective, rigorous research on its effectiveness over time.
Some studies report teachers' and students' feedback that the teaching style helped to boost motivation, confidence, and enhanced relationships. But there is little proof it is more effective than what teachers have been doing previously.
Dr. Bremner, from the University of Exeter, said, "Existing evidence has shown learner-centered pedagogy can have a positive impact, but not enough to justify such a massive policy emphasis worldwide. Much of the evidence is too thin and simplistic to recommend either schools either abandon it or embrace it.
"On the basis of current evidence, there is a real gap in hard data to prove or disprove the value of LCP, especially given its continued prominence in worldwide policy discourses. Many policies have been introduced with good intentions, but they could be implemented in a more thoughtful way which allows teachers to make sensible decisions about using different methods and approaches at different times."
In the article, published in the International Journal of Educational Development, researchers conducted a review of 62 journal articles from 2001 to 2020 reporting the outcomes of LCP implementation in low- to middle-income countries around the world.
A total of 28 texts cited examples of teachers' positive experiences of LCP; 7 others were negative. However, only 9 out of the 62 studies contained objective evidence of improved academic learning outcomes.
A total of 26 out of the 62 texts cited examples of teachers or students' perspectives of enhanced student learning, while 9 texts cited examples of little to no improvement in student learning.
Dr. Bremner said, "Larger-scale experimental studies may be challenging from a methodological perspective and are likely to imply a large investment in time and resources. However, on the basis of current evidence, there is a real gap in hard data to prove or disprove the value of LCP, especially given its continued prominence in worldwide policy discourses.
"The more subjective research—for example, studies presenting perspectives of teachers and students—was more prevalent than objective research, and did seem to lean towards positive experiences of LCP for non-academic outcomes such as student motivation and confidence, as well as enhanced relationships. Such outcomes may not always be the priority for educational policymakers, but many would argue they are extremely important."
More information: Nicholas Bremner et al, The outcomes of learner-centred pedagogy: A systematic review, International Journal of Educational Development (2022). DOI: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2022.102649
Citation: Little objective evidence to show effectiveness of learner-centered teaching methods, study warns (2022, November 15) retrieved 14 December 2022 from https://phys.org/news/2022-11-evidence-effectiveness-learner-centered-methods.html
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In Victoria, you must be 16 years or older to obtain a learner permit, granted that you also meet the eligibility requirements. This includes having a Victorian residential address; being medically fit to drive; not being currently subject to a Fines Victoria license sanction; and having passed all of the appropriate tests.
Once you’ve confirmed your eligibility, which can be completed online at VicRoads, you can then take the learners permit online or in-person.
The Learner Permit Test Online is an interactive 4-6 hour online course which teaches you the knowledge required to pass the test. As of 15 August 2022, a Victorian’s first attempt to take the online test is free. After the first attempt, the online test costs $25.40.
To take the test in person, you will need to book an appointment at a VicRoads branch. The appointment costs $19.60, while the test costs $25.4o (total of $45 for each attempt).
Once you’ve passed the test to obtain a learners permit, you still need to purchase the license in order to officially get behind a wheel as a learner driver. In Victoria, a new learner permit (whether for car or motorcycle) is usually $26.
However, as of August 15, 2022, this permit issue fee is being waived for new drivers under the Victorian government’s Motorist Package and Safe Driver Discount.
Your learner permit is the first step in obtaining your full driver’s licence, and it comes with certain rules and restrictions.
Along with all road laws and rules, you will also need to:
In Victoria, there is no set speed limit when driving on your Ls. Instead, you must always drive within the designated speed limit for the area you are in.
VicRoads recommends learner drivers only have their supervised driver with them while driving; however, it is not illegal to have additional passengers on your Ls as long as they do not cause any distractions.
More than 50,000 driving tests a year are taken by people who have already failed at least five times, research shows.
The RAC Foundation said the figures suggest ‘driving might not be the thing for some people’.
Its analysis of Department for Transport data found 50,875 practical tests taken in Britain in the 12 months to March were candidates on their sixth attempt or greater.
Just 40% of these were passed. Learners aged 60 and above were behind the wheel for 290 of the tests. Their pass rate was 27% for men and 19% for women.
The average success rate for all tests is 49%.
DfT bosses recently said the frequency of examiners ‘physically’ intervening to avoid a dangerous incident has increased to one in eight tests.
Practical driving tests cost between £62 and £75 depending on when they are taken.
The total bill for repeated failures could run into thousands of pounds for learners who often pay for more lessons.
However, RAC Foundation director Steve Gooding said the number of failed tests may provide ‘reassurance’ to people who suspect it is too easy to get a licence.
‘For some learners that’s clearly far from the case,’ he said.
‘One loud and clear message this data reveals is that however hard some people find it to pass their test, becoming a qualified driver is so important to them that it is worth the money, time and energy involved in battling on to secure their licence.’
Mr Gooding believes the backlog of people wanting tests – caused by the pandemic – means some people may accept slots even if they’re not ready.
He added: ‘Of course, one other conclusion to be drawn from the figures is that driving might not be the thing for some people.’
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There are three prerequisites for the ideal learner car. First, unless the bank of mum and dad is flush, it must be cheap to buy. Cheap to run, too. And definitely cheap to insure.
Yet that doesn’t mean the car should be cheaply made, merely inexpensive. Even the cheapest models from budget brands are rigorously engineered, although some are better than others when it comes to factors such as safety.
Traditionally the best first cars have been ageing used models, available for £1,000 or often much less. But there’s a good chance you’ll be buying a heap of trouble with one of these, with skimped maintenance rife.
More exact models tend to be safer; most teenagers (and their parents) may feel more confident with something no more than 10 years old. What’s more, anybody still learning to drive would be better off doing so in a modern car, like the one they’re likely to drive in future.
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Fictionary co-founder and CEO Kristina Stanley has worked in a wide variety of different jobs, from manager of broadband planning at Nortel to the director of employee, safety, and guest services for an Eastern British Columbia ski resort, to author of mystery novels.
But one of Stanley’s most difficult jobs was figuring out how to edit her own manuscripts while writing The Stone Mountain Mystery Series. As she told BetaKit in an interview, “it’s really, really difficult to edit a book from a story level. You’ve got thousands and thousands of elements that you have to keep track of and make them work together.”
“We’re trying to help the average person who doesn’t have an ‘in’ in the publishing industry get a really good book out there, get an agent, or get a publisher.”
-Kristina Stanley, Fictionary
Initially, Stanley tackled this problem using a combination of Microsoft Excel spreadsheets and graphs. But she soon realized that other authors likely faced the exact same issue, and set out to build a better way by combining her tech and writing background.
Today, Stanley’s software startup Fictionary aims to offer an alternative. Amid a wide field of solutions that help writers and editors with specific parts of the process, like spelling, grammar, style, structure, and publishing, Fictionary hones in on perhaps the most important and challenging part: producing a good story.
Fuelled by $1.8 million CAD in seed funding, Fictionary aims to help writers and editors around the world produce quality stories more quickly and affordably. With this capital, the Inverary, Ontario startup, based just north of Kingston, plans to move into non-fiction and start selling to other publishers and agencies to expand its community of users.
The startup’s all-equity round, which closed in September, was co-led by StandUp Ventures and BDC Capital’s Thrive Venture Fund, with support from The51 and a group of angels that includes Women’s Equity Lab general partner Sally Morris. For newly launched Thrive, Fictionary marks the fund’s third investment to date, after investing in Acerta and Private AI.
Stanley founded Fictionary in 2016 alongside her husband, Mathew (COO), who also previously worked at Nortel and has a background in tech, and her brother, Michael Conn, Fictionary’s former CTO, who has since left the company.
Initially, Fictionary focused solely on writers, before expanding to meet demand for a similar offering from editors. Today, Fictionary offers three subscription software products for writers and editors that range in price from $19 to $49 monthly, sells online courses, and provides a community for writers and editors to connect.
Fictionary’s software helps writers visualize their story arc by analyzing key story elements with artificial intelligence (AI) and gauging how their manuscript compares to fundamental storytelling components.
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“We’re trying to help the average person who doesn’t have an ‘in’ in the publishing industry get a really good book out there, get an agent, or get a publisher,” said Stanley.
On the editor side of the equation, the company claims its offering enables editors to provide better, deeper story edits in less time, increasing the quality and profitability of editors’ services.
The writing and editing software space features a ton of players, from Grammarly to Scrivener, Novel Factory, and Canada’s Wattpad. According to Stanley, Fictionary is unique within the sectors in terms of its focus on storytelling elements and its use of AI. “We’re it right now as far as, there’s an automated way to do this, and have software for it,” said Stanley.
“While there are other platforms endeavoring to address this gap in the market, there doesn’t appear to be a single player who is able to look at the writing and editing process in a comprehensive and meaningful way, which puts Fictionary at a sizeable advantage to lead the charge and expand into new markets and segments,” Michelle Scarborough, managing partner of BDC Capital’s Thrive Venture Fund, told BetaKit.
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Fictionary previously secured $100,000 in grant funding from Creative BC and raised $245,000 in pre-seed funding in 2019 from a group of angels that included Shopify co-founder Scott Lake, Stephanie Andrew of Women’s Equity Lab, and FirstEditing founder and CEO JoEllen Taylor.
According to Stanley, following that pre-seed round, Fictionary reached breakeven cash flow and had to decide whether to keep going on its current track or set its sights higher.
Following some discussions with StandUp Ventures, Fictionary decided to embark on a new chapter and raise more venture capital to tackle the opportunity it sees in this space amid the rise of self-publishing. “We have a great product, we’ve got product-market fit, we’ve got a market, so let’s just go for it,” said Stanley.
“The love for the product Fictionary users articulate so regularly is rare, and indicative of the power and impact the tool brings to its customers,” said StandUp Ventures senior associate Lucas Perlman, who is joining Fictionary’s board as part of the round. “The self-publishing world has exploded, and we believe Fictionary is poised to become a de-facto part of the story writing toolkit for writers and editors around the globe.”
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For her part, Scarborough said the Thrive Venture Fund sees “a sizeable opportunity [for Fictionary] in the fast-growing creator economy space—a market with many dimensions—within writing and editing, screenwriting, non-fiction, and beyond.”
To date, Fictionary has focused entirely on fiction but Stanley said the startup’s roadmap includes moving into non-fiction, where the CEO sees plenty of potential to apply its tech to helping people tell their own life stories. Fictionary also sees an opportunity to help agencies and publishers clear the slush pile of submitted manuscripts.
As it looks to build out its own community of writers and editors, Fictionary follows in the footsteps of Wattpad, which parlayed its vibrant self-publishing community of writers and readers—and the content produced by them—into a $754 million CAD acquisition last year.
After discussions with StandUp, Fictionary decided to embark on a new chapter.
“Wattpad is very inspirational for us,” said Stanley. “They are different in the sense that people write their stories in the community, where we help writers take those stories and turn them into powerful stories readers love. Their community is a great lead-in to Fictionary for writers needing to edit their stories.”
As the startup charts its growth strategy amid an uncertain economic environment, Stanley is confident that Fictionary is well-positioned to grow during this period, noting that people tend to write more when they are stressed. Back when COVID-19 first hit and everyone was cooped up, the CEO said people begin writing more, and demand for Fictionary rose. Heading into what could be a deep downturn, Stanley believes Fictionary is in a good spot given that it offers a tool to help people do their passion without spending a lot of money.
What Perlman finds most exciting is the appreciation Fictionary’s customers have for the startup’s product, noting that writers “pour countless hours into their stories and writing books is an emotional and very personal thing to take on.”
“Fictionary has removed a major hurdle that stopped these creators from bringing their stories into the world,” Perlman told BetaKit. “The impact of that really comes through when you speak to their customers and see feedback from their community.”
Feature image courtesy Fictionary.