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7392X Avaya Aura Call Center Elite Implementation test |

7392X test - Avaya Aura Call Center Elite Implementation Updated: 2023

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Exam Code: 7392X Avaya Aura Call Center Elite Implementation test November 2023 by team

7392X Avaya Aura Call Center Elite Implementation

Exam ID : 7392X

Exam Title : Avaya Aura® Call Center Elite Implementation Exam

Questions : 63

Passing Score : 66% (42 of 63 correct)

Pearson VUE encourages candidates to book testing sessions well in advance (2+ months) to help ensure individual requirements can be met. Candidate demand often fluctuates.

Pearson VUE Authorized Test Centers represent a network of Pearson VUE independent business partners primarily in the commercial and academic market spaces. Availability of testing centers varies by city/state/geographic region based upon business partner participation in the Pearson VUE testing program.

As independent business partners, Pearson VUE Test Centers establish their own hours of operation and testing seat capacity. Reservations are accepted on a first come / first serve basis independent of the vendor exam chosen. Test Center, Online or Pearson VUE Call Center reservations all work from the same inventory of available testing sessions. Contacting a Pearson VUE Exam Center can provide candidates with the best understanding of what parameters drive a Centers days / hour of operation; this can be particularly helpful for Testing Centers associated with academic institutions
Avaya Aura Call Center Elite Implementation
Avaya Implementation test

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Avaya Aura Call Center Elite Implementation
Question: 55
What are three capabilities of Avaya Aura®Media Server? (Choose three)
A. High Availability
B. TDM Interfaces for digital and analog stations and trunks
C. Virtualization
D. Can be shared with multiple CM's
E. Has the capacity of up to 10OO AAMS
Answer: A, B, C
Question: 56
Which component handles the featured of Avaya Aura® Call Center Elite?
A. Presence Services
B. Media Server
C. Session Manager
D. Communication Manager
Answer: B
Question: 57
What provides built-in real-time and historical reporting capabilities for the call center,
Including, reports tor Splits/Skills, Agents, Vector Directory Numbers (VDNs) and trunk
A. Automatic Number Identification (ANI)
B. Basic Call Management System (BCMS)
C. VuStats
D. Service Level Maximizer(SLM)
Answer: B
Question: 58
Refer to the Exhibit.
The diagram shows the content namespace UUID(ANNC-9C2ec05e-a518-
41e8-95b1-0050569dee68) on the Avaya Aura® Media Server for placement of
announcements and music wave files. Which two Communication Manager (CM)
commands are used to verify the files have been placed correctly? (Choose two)
A. change media—gateway 1
B. list announcement
C. status media-server 1
D. change media—server1
E. display media-server1
Answer: C, D
Question: 59
Which option describes a feature access code?
A. any group of 1 to 4 digits which can include asterisk (') and pound (#) signs at the
B. any group of 1 to 6 digits
C. any group of 1 to 4 digits where an "(asterisk) can appear anywhere
D. any group of digits and asterisks (*) or pound signs (#)
Answer: B
Question: 60
A supervisor wants their agents to automatically log out at a specific time. Which two
administration forms are used to configure this functionality? (Choose two)
A. Station Form
B. Agent LoginID Form
C. Hunt Group Form
D. Feature-Related System-Parameters Form
Answer: A, B
Question: 61
In an Expert Agent Selection (EAS) Call Center, the customer wants queued calls to be
answered by the agent that has been available the longest. Skill level is not be taken into
account when routing the queued calls to an agent. To meet this requirement, to which type
of call distribution method should the hunt group> be configured?
A. Direct Department Calling (DDC)
B. Uniform Call Distribution Most Idle Agent (UCD-MIA)
C. Uniform Call Distribution-Least Occupied Agent (UCD-LOA)
D. Dynamic Agent Selection (DAS)
E. Expert Agent Distribution-Most Idle Agent (EAD-MIA)
Answer: B
Question: 62
Which component provides audio support in Avaya Aura® Call Center Elite?
A. System Manager
B. Communication Manager
C. Avaya Aura® Media Server
D. S8300 Server Blade
Answer: B
Question: 63
Which three features on the Vector Directory Number (VDN) form are only Call Center
Elite feature related? (Choose three)
A. Best Service Routing (BSR) Application
B. VDIM Variables
C. Meet-me Conferencing
D. Attendant Vectoring
E. Skill Preferences (1st, 2nd, 3rd Skills)
Answer: A, B, C
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Avaya Implementation test - BingNews Search results Avaya Implementation test - BingNews Best Unified Communications Certifications

The need for today’s organizations to share information, along with proliferation of high-speed broadband, has driven the global unified communications (UC) market for the past decade, if not longer. UC streamlines communications so that geologically-dispersed employees can interact digitally as if they’re in the same office, even if they’re located thousands of miles apart.

Centralized administration also makes UC popular with IT managers because it reduces the time and effort needed to support and secure corporate communications of all kinds. Because of a need for specialized skills to make large-scale UC implementations run their best, top UC vendors offer certifications to buttress and boost workforce capability and quality.

Simply Hired lists $91,623 as the average salary for a UC engineer’s role, with highest salaries reported at $139,737. Glassdoor lists UC salaries as high as $166,000 for senior and UC engineer positions. UC engineer salaries declined slightly from previous years with the average down from $94,354 to $91,623 (a dip of just under three percent). While this dip could just represent normal market fluctuations, it is a trend worth watching because we also observed a slight salary decrease last year.

We dug into various job boards to see how many UC jobs are available, specifically targeting jobs that called out one or more of our top five certifications: Avaya ACSS, CCIE Collaboration, CCNP Collaboration, IBM Sametime and MCSE: Productivity.

ACSS: Avaya Certified Solution Specialist

For IT professionals supporting Avaya products, the ACSS is a must-have credential. The company updated its certification programs in late 2015 and currently offers two separate professional certification tracks:

Sales and Design – this track offers three credentials:

  • Avaya Professional Sales Specialist (APSS)
  • Avaya Certified Design Specialist (ACDS)
  • Avaya Professional Design Specialist (APDS)

Services – this track is aligned with Avaya engagement solutions and products, so you’ll see two flavors for some of the certifications depending on which solution track (product or engagement solution) is targeted. Avaya currently offers the following Services credentials:

  • Avaya Support Professional Specialist (ASPS)
  • Avaya Implementation Professional Specialist (AIPS)
  • ACSS: Avaya Certified Solution Specialist (ACSS) (engagement solution) and Avaya Certified Support Specialist (ACSS) (product)
  • ACIS: Avaya Certified Integration Specialist (ACIS) (engagement solutions) and Avaya Certified Implementation Specialist (ACIS) (product)

The advanced-level ACSS cert targets more experienced Avaya practitioners both in support specialist and product specialist roles, covering 19 individual credentials. Candidates should possess technical skills sufficient to configure, install and administer Avaya products. Also, they should be well-versed in Avaya product maintenance, and in testing product implementations and troubleshooting issues. Successful candidates typically possess at least two years’ direct experience supporting Avaya products and four years working with the chosen Avaya technology. Each certification is valid for two years.

Requirements to obtain the ACSS certification depend on which credential one chooses to pursue. For information on prerequisite skills, curriculum maps, required training and the number of exams for individual credentials, visit Avaya’s credential program webpage. (Click the Services Credentials tab, then click on the ACSS button to view the full Catalog. Additional program information appears in the Avaya Professional Credential Program Overview.)

ACSS Facts and Figures

Certification Name Avaya Certified Solution Specialist (ACSS)
Prerequisites & Required Courses Minimum of 4 years’ experience in the relevant technology plus 2 years’ experience supporting the Avaya product. Training is required and available in multiple formats (classroom, virtual classroom and on-demand); depending on solution track. Expect to pay between $3,500 and $4,500 per classroom course, or $1,400 per 16-hour course, and $2,100 per 24-hour course in the virtual classroom or on-demand.
Number of Exams One exam per credential
Cost of Exam $125

Exams administered by Pearson VUE

Self-Study Materials None

CCCIE Collaboration: Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert Collaboration

Cisco offers its CCIE Collaboration certification, which identifies expert skills in unified communications, video and telecom. Only the cream of the crop earns the CCIE, and CCIE Collaboration is no exception.

The expert-level CCIE Collaboration credential recognizes seasoned collaboration and UC architects, as well as voice and video network managers, who design, deploy and troubleshoot enterprise collaboration solutions that are moderately to highly complex. Although the certification requires no prerequisites or specific training, Cisco designed the CCIE Collaboration for individuals with true expertise and lots of relevant experience (three to five years, minimum) with UC solution integration, configuration and troubleshooting.

Like other CCIE certs, the certification has a written qualification exam and a hands-on lab exam, both of which are rigorous and often take multiple attempts to pass. Cisco includes emerging technologies in its assessments. A great value-add available through the Cisco 360 Learning Program for CCIE Collaboration is remote access to an online environment that contains equipment to practice hands-on for the lab exam.

CCIE credential holders must recertify every two years or it will be suspended. It’s the responsibility of the credential holder to keep track of their individual recertification deadline. You can apply for a one-year extension to complete re-cert requirements, but if you miss that deadline, your certification is lost forever.

Recertification involves passing a single exam. Currently, acceptable recertification exams include any current CCIE written or lab exam, or a current CCDE written or practical exam. Credential holders may also recertify by passing the Cisco Certified Architect (CCAr) interview and board review. Alternatively, credential holders may recertify through participation in the Cisco Continuing Education Program (CEP). To recertify through the CEP, credential holders must earn 100 continuing education credits, pay a $300 administrative fee, and agree to CEP terms and conditions.

CCIE Collaboration Facts and Figures

Certification Name Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (CCIE) Collaboration
Prerequisites & Required Courses No course prerequisites. In-depth understanding of exam subjects plus three to five years of job experience recommended.
Number of Exams Two exams: Written qualification exam (Exam 400-051 version 2.0: CCIE Collaboration), 90 to 110 questions, 120 minutes.

Hands-on lab exam (Version 2.0), 8 hours.

Cost of Exam Written exam: $450, exam 400-051

Lab exam: $1,600 per attempt

Self-Study Materials Written exam: The CCIE written exam website maintains a list of Cisco Press resources, reference and design guides, training, self-assessment tools, and more. Additional self-study resources are available from the Cisco Learning Network Store.

CCIE Lab Exam: The Cisco Learning Network maintains a list of self-study resources for the CCIE lab exam.

CCIE Practice Exam: Udemy offers a practice exam with weekly-updated Braindumps as the final prep for the CCIE.

CCNP Collaboration: Cisco Certified Network Professional Collaboration

The intermediate-level CCNP Collaboration recognizes network engineers who are well versed in Cisco Voice and UC devices and applications in enterprise networks.

Four exams are required to qualify for the CCNP Collaboration credential. A certified candidate designs, implements, configures, manages and troubleshoots Cisco UC applications, networks and devices. Candidates should have in-depth knowledge of all facets of unified networking, including gateways, IP phones, quality of service (QoS), voice, video and presence applications, and utilities for configuring Cisco routers and switches, in addition to one to three years’ experience with these technologies.

Training is recommended but not required. Cisco offers in-depth training courses, both in the classroom and online, for each exam. Depending on the training provider, classroom live and virtual classroom live courses cost approximately $3,795, while online self-paced courses start at about $1,100. Training courses typically last five days.

The CCNP Collaboration, like all Cisco professional-level certifications, requires recertification every three years. To recertify, you must pass one Cisco exam before your cert’s expiration date. Acceptable exams include any current 642-XXX professional-level exam, any 300-XXX professional-level exam, any CCIE written exam, any CCDE written or practical exam, or passing the Cisco Certified Architect (CCAr) interview and board review.

CCNP Collaboration Facts and Figures

IBM Certified System Administrator: Sametime V9.0

The intermediate-level IBM Sametime administrator credential aims at systems administrators with existing skills and hands-on experience in IBM Sametime 9.0. Candidates must understand architectural considerations when running IBM Sametime within an IBM WebSphere environment. They must also demonstrate their knowledge of Sametime deployment and audio/video configuration within Sametime, along with management, troubleshooting, performance monitoring and optimization techniques.

The certification requires candidates to pass a 78-question multiple-choice exam, to be completed in no more than 105 minutes. IBM emphasizes the need for hands-on experience before tackling this exam, stating that “direct application of the skills learned cannot be substituted” with any of the self-study materials. The exam measures a candidate’s knowledge of task performance rather than memorization of features and functions.

In addition to the Certified System Administrator credential, IBM also offers two related certifications:

  • IBM Certified Associate – Sametime 9.0: This is an entry-level certification for professionals with knowledge regarding the use and administration of an IBM Sametime environment. Successful candidates should possess a basic understanding of UC concepts, databases, and IBM WebSphere and IBM Domino V9.0 environments.
  • IBM Certified Advanced System Administrator – Sametime 9.0: This is an advanced professional-level credential for system administrators, application, infrastructure and solution architects. It requires an understanding of the WebSphere Application Server Network Deployment and Liberty Profile environments. Candidates must first obtain the Certified System Administrator credential and then pass an additional exam.

The IBM Certified System Administrator – IBM Lotus Sametime 8.5 credential is still available for those working in Lotus Sametime 8.5 environments.

While IBM certifications are evergreen and don’t expire, the same cannot be said for technology. Credential holders should plan to move up and recertify on new technology as it becomes available.

IBM Certified System Administrator – Sametime V9.0 Facts and Figures

Certification Name IBM Certified System Administrator – Sametime V9.0
Prerequisites Basic IBM Sametime administration knowledge plus hands-on experience with IBM Sametime V9.0
Number of Exams One exam: Exam C2040-413: IBM Sametime 9.0 Administration (78 questions, 105 minutes, 52 questions required to pass)
Cost of Exam $200. Exams administered by Pearson VUE.
Self-Study Materials IBM maintains a list of exam objectives, Technotes, product documentation and web resources for the exam.  Also, candidates can purchase a web-based sample/practice exam (number A2040-413 Assessment: IBM Sametime 9.0 Administration) from Pearson VUE for $30.

MCSE (Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert): Productivity

The MCSE: Productivity certification targets professionals supporting enterprise-grade hybrid and cloud solutions for Microsoft Office. Key technologies include Microsoft Office 365, Microsoft Office, Exchange, Skype for Business and SharePoint.

To obtain the MCSE: Productivity credential, candidates must first obtain the Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate (MCSA): Office 365, MCSA: Windows Server 2012 or MCSA Windows Server 2016 certification. Then, they must pass one additional exam from an approved list. Currently, there are eight different exams to choose from. In addition, Microsoft recommends three to four years of experience.

The Microsoft Certification Program underwent extensive changes in September 2016. Once you earn one of the latest MCSE credentials, you do not have to recertify within three years as was the case in the past. However, by passing an elective exam each calendar year, you add an entry to your transcript that indicates your commitment to staying current on technologies and expanding your skillset.

MCSE: Productivity Facts and Figures

Certification Name Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert (MCSE): Productivity
Prerequisites & Required Courses MCSA: Office 365, MCSA: Windows Server 2012 or MCSA Windows Server 2016 certification

Three or more years of experience recommended.

Number of Exams Candidates must pass one of the following exams:

Exam 70-345: Designing and Deploying Microsoft Exchange Server 2016

Exam 70-339: Managing Microsoft SharePoint Server 2016

Exam 70-333: Deploying Enterprise Voice with Skype for Business 2015

Exam 70-334: Core Solutions of Microsoft Skype for Business 2015

Exam 70-331: Core Solutions of Microsoft SharePoint Server 2013

Exam 70-332: Advanced Solutions of Microsoft SharePoint Server 2013

Exam 70-341: Core Solutions of Microsoft Exchange Server 2013

Exam 70-342: Advanced Solutions of Microsoft Exchange Server 2013

Cost of Exam $165 per exam. Exams administered by Pearson VUE.
Self-Study Materials Microsoft provides links to training, practice exams by third-party vendors such as Mindhub and MeasureUp, case studies, exam study groups and more. Links to community support forums and other resources are listed on each exam web page. Microsoft also offers various training options through its Microsoft Official Courses On-Demand (MOC On-Demand) program.

Beyond the top 5: more UC certifications

The UC certification landscape is not as crowded as the pool of general networking certs or the increasingly popular cloud and mobile credentials, but UC is on the rise nonetheless. In fact, traditional UC is increasingly offered through the cloud, forcing certifications to take on a new flavor to accommodate the latest technologies and techniques.

In addition to the top five certs covered in this article, many colleges and universities offer courses in unified communications or certificate programs aimed at workforce training. Note that most of those programs incorporate Cisco equipment and applications. Other programs are available, though. We conducted a simple Google search that revealed several interesting choices, including the Information Technology: Network Specialist Concentration at the Pennsylvania College of Technology.

Another consideration is Mitel Networks. Although the company doesn’t offer its own IT career certifications as of this writing, Gartner considers Mitel one of the leaders in the UC market, and the company name appears in job board searches for “unified communications” with great frequency. That means there’s an abundance of open positions that call for Mitel experience and/or knowledge. When evaluating UC certifications, and especially certificate programs through colleges or universities, consider if the required skills and knowledge might transfer to a job working with Mitel technology.

Thu, 09 Nov 2023 10:01:00 -0600 en text/html
Chapter 2.4: Item Qualification Test Implementation No result found, try new keyword!A project should seek to organize all verification implementation work under the management responsibility ... The person chosen to do this work should be from the test and evaluation functional ... Tue, 13 Mar 2018 05:20:00 -0500 en-US text/html Self-Esteem Test

Do you believe in yourself? Do you deliver yourself the credit you deserve? Self-esteem is an integral part of personal happiness, fulfilling relationships and achievement. This test is designed to evaluate your general level of self-esteem and determine whether you need to work on your self-image. Take this self-esteem test to find out your true sense of self.

Examine the following statements and indicate how often or to what degree you agree with them. In order to receive the most accurate results, please answer each question as honestly as possible.

After finishing this test you will receive a FREE snapshot report with a summary evaluation and graph. You will then have the option to purchase the full results for $6.95

This test is intended for informational and entertainment purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional diagnosis or for the treatment of any health condition. If you would like to seek the advice of a licensed mental health professional you can search Psychology Today's directory here.

Sun, 18 Jun 2023 00:01:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Happiness Test

Is your glass half-full or half-empty? On those days when nothing in your life seems to be going right, it can be really tough to see the silver lining among all those clouds. However, it's during these times when the ability to see the good in even the worst situations is so important. An optimistic attitude benefits not only your mental health, but your physical well-being as well. Take this test to see where you fall on the optimism/pessimism continuum.

This test is made up of two types of questions: scenarios and self-assessment. For each scenario, answer according to how you would most likely behave in a similar situation. For the self-assessment questions, indicate the extent to which you agree with the given statements. In order to receive the most accurate results, please answer each question as honestly as possible.

After finishing this test you will receive a FREE snapshot report with a summary evaluation and graph. You will then have the option to purchase the full results for $4.95

This test is intended for informational and entertainment purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional diagnosis or for the treatment of any health condition. If you would like to seek the advice of a licensed mental health professional you can search Psychology Today's directory here.

Fri, 03 Mar 2017 04:46:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Avaya Inc

About Avaya Inc

Avaya provides solutions to enhance and simplify communications and collaboration, including unified communications and contact center solutions. The company focuses on cloud communications and a multi-cloud application ecosystem to deliver digital workplace and customer experience infrastructure for clients in approximately 191 countries worldwide. Avaya customers include global companies like American Express, Apple, Barclays, Bank of America, Comcast, Citigroup, CVS/Aetna, GE, General Motors, MetLife, UPS, Walmart and more, along with SMB and mid-market organizations across a variety of indu... Read More

Avaya provides solutions to enhance and simplify communications and collaboration, including unified communications and contact center solutions. The company focuses on cloud communications and a multi-cloud application ecosystem to deliver digital workplace and customer experience infrastructure for clients in approximately 191 countries worldwide. Avaya customers include global companies like American Express, Apple, Barclays, Bank of America, Comcast, Citigroup, CVS/Aetna, GE, General Motors, MetLife, UPS, Walmart and more, along with SMB and mid-market organizations across a variety of industries. Avaya went public via and IPO in January 2018 and now trades as Avaya Holdings, under the ticker AVYA. Read Less

Related People & Companies

Tue, 16 Feb 2021 09:59:00 -0600 en text/html
What Is a Blood Urea Nitrogen Test?

Doctors order a blood urea nitrogen (BUN) test to measure the amount of urea nitrogen in your blood. It helps them see how well your kidneys are working.

Urea nitrogen is a normal waste product created in your liver as it breaks down certain proteins found in your food. Urea nitrogen travels through the blood to your kidneys, which filter out all but a small amount. Urea nitrogen exits from your body when you pee.

When your kidneys are healthy, they remove BUN, usually leaving only a small amount in your blood. When your kidneys are not healthy, they leave more BUN behind. The BUN blood test measures the amount of urea nitrogen in your blood. If your levels are outside the normal range, this might mean either your liver or kidneys are not working well.

Your doctor may order a BUN test as part of a routine checkup when a comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) or basic metabolic panel (BMP) blood test is taken.

If you have a kidney condition, the test is a way to check what your BUN levels are before you start a medication or treatment. It’s also standard to perform a BUN test when you’re in the hospital for certain conditions.

If you're at higher risk for kidney disease because you have a family history of it, your doctor might order a BUN test for you.

The following conditions may also put you at risk:

  • High blood pressure
  • Heart disease
  • Diabetes

Tell your doctor if you have any of the following symptoms, which can indicate that something is wrong with your kidneys:

  • A change in how much you urinate
  • Pee that is foamy, bloody, discolored, or brown
  • Pain while you pee
  • Swelling in your arms, hands, legs, ankles, around your eyes, face, or abdomen
  • Restless legs during sleep
  • Mid-back pain around the kidneys
  • You’re tired all the time

How do I prepare for a BUN test?

Before the blood test, tell your doctor what medications you’re taking. If any of them might affect the test result, your doctor may ask you to stop taking them for a period of time.

If you’re only getting a BUN test, you can eat and drink. But if you’re getting other blood tests, your doctor may deliver you directions that include fasting before the test.

What happens during a BUN test?

A lab tech will take a sample of your blood from a vein in your arm or the back of your hand. You may feel a slight sting when the needle pricks your skin.

It may feel a little sore afterward, but you can go straight back to your regular activities.

Your doctor’s office will send the blood sample to a lab to be analyzed. You should get the results in a few days, depending on how fast the lab and your doctor’s office can work.

Risks of a blood urea nitrogen test

Blood tests draw a small amount of blood, and there are usually few or mild side effects. You may have pain, bruising, or slight bleeding at the site where the blood is drawn. Some people may even feel lightheaded or faint. It doesn't happen often, but the site could get infected.

The normal range for a BUN test depends on your age and sex, or the one you were assigned at birth.

Normal BUN levels

Your result will be a number that measures how much BUN is in your blood. The range considered normal is 7-20 milligrams per deciliter. (A milligram is a very tiny amount—with over 28,000 milligrams in an ounce, and a deciliter is equal to about 3.4 ounces).

If your test results are not in that range, talk to your doctor.

Several things can affect your BUN test results, so having an abnormal BUN level doesn’t always mean there's a problem.

BUN normal values by age and sex

  Male or Assigned Male at Birth Female or Assigned Female at Birth
Ages 1 to 17 7 to 20 mg/dL 7 to 20 mg/dL
Ages 18 and older 8 to 24 mg/dL 6 to 21 mg/dL

High BUN

A high BUN test result may mean your kidneys aren't working well. Discuss with your doctor what could be causing the problem and plan your next steps.

Other conditions that may affect your BUN level might include:


Low BUN levels are rare. It's more likely if you have a small body. It could also point to:

  • Liver disease
  • Malnutrition (when your diet doesn’t have enough nutrients or your body can’t absorb them well)
  • Overhydration (having too much fluid)
  • A low-protein diet

A BUN test by itself can't diagnose these issues, so more tests may be needed.

If your BUN levels are high, your doctor may order more tests to measure your kidney function.

Creatinine test

A creatinine test is another blood test that checks your kidney health. You'd get it because the BUN level by itself doesn’t always reveal much.

When your BUN levels are compared to your creatinine levels, it gives a fuller picture of what’s happening with your kidneys. This is known as the BUN/creatinine ratio.

Creatinine is a waste product from your muscles that's also filtered by your kidneys. Like BUN, high levels of creatinine could mean there's a lot of waste product that hasn’t been removed by the kidneys.

BUN to creatinine ratio

The ideal ratio of BUN to creatinine falls between 10-to-1 and 20-to-1.

Having a ratio above this range could mean you may not be getting enough blood flow to your kidneys and could have conditions such as congestive heart failure, dehydration, or gastrointestinal bleeding.

A ratio below the normal range could mean liver disease or malnutrition.

Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) test

The GFR test measures how well your kidneys filter waste from your blood. It will tell your doctor how much kidney function you have. A very low number means kidney failure, which means you'll need dialysis (a treatment that helps your kidneys remove waste or fluids from your blood) or a kidney transplant.

There's no magic pill for treating high BUN levels. Doctors try to find out what's harming your kidney function and treat that condition. You can make changes to your diet to help lower BUN levels.

Drink more fluids. For men or those assigned male at birth, that means about 3 liters (13 cups) of fluid each day. Women and those assigned female at birth should take in about 9 cups of fluid a day. (If you already have serious kidney disease or are on dialysis, too much fluid can cause problems, so follow your doctor's recommendation.)

A diet low in protein can also help lower BUN levels. Eat healthy foods, such as:

  • Pasta, oats, and rice
  • Fruits including bananas, berries, and apples 
  • Leafy green and other vegetables
  • Avocados, nuts, and healthy fats

You should limit high-protein foods such as meats and dairy products. To reduce your BUN levels, don't eat more than 20-30 grams of protein a day.

Having a low BUN level is usually not serious. However, if you want to raise your levels, you should eat more protein and Excellerate the health of your liver by drinking less alcohol and losing weight.

If your test results show high BUN levels, talk with your doctor about whether you'll need more tests to check your kidney function. There are no medications to treat high BUN levels. However, you can make changes to your diet that may help lower or raise BUN levels.

Sun, 29 Oct 2023 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
What Is a Partial Thromboplastin Time Test?

Here’s the routine when you get a cut: apply some pressure, the bleeding stops, slap on a bandage if you need one. Seems easy enough from the outside. But inside your body, even a little nick from shaving kicks off a series of complex steps to stop the bleeding.

One of those steps is to send a bunch of proteins -- called clotting factors -- to the injured area. They fit together in a very specific way to make a blood clot, which is basically a solid lump of blood that stops up the bleeding and helps healing begin.

That’s how it’s supposed to work. When it doesn’t, you may find that you bleed or bruise easily or that you get clots in your blood vessels when you shouldn’t.

That’s when your doctor might order a partial thromboplastin time (PTT) test, which measures how many seconds it takes for your blood to clot.

What Does a PTT Test Look For?

Your body makes several different clotting factors. A problem with any of them -- if it’s missing, broken, or you don’t have enough -- can affect how long it takes a clot to form, if it forms at all.

A PTT test looks at one set of these factors to see how well they’re working. It’s often done along with another test, called the prothrombin time (PT) test, which looks at another set of clotting factors.

Together, they deliver your doctor a more complete picture of what happens in your body when a clot forms.

Why Would I Need One?

Your doctor might order this test to check for a bleeding disorder, such as hemophilia or von Willebrand disease. Symptoms of bleeding disorders include:

  • Bleeding or bruising easily
  • Blood clots that form when they shouldn’t
  • Blood in your poop or urine
  • Gums that bleed easily
  • Heavy menstrual periods in women
  • Nosebleeds
  • Swelling or pain in your joints

You’d also need this test if you get heparin therapy -- that’s a medicine used to prevent or treat blood clots after you’ve had an issue like a heart attack or stroke. The PTT test helps make sure you get the right dose. You want to prevent dangerous clots, but still let your blood clot when you need it to.

You may also get the test to:

  • Check that your blood clots normally before you go in for surgery
  • Look for a problem with your immune system (some immune system conditions make clots more likely to form -- in women, that can also lead to miscarriages)
  • See how well your liver’s working, since it makes the clotting factors


How Do I Prepare for It?

There’s nothing special you need to do to get ready.

Let your doctor know about any medicines, herbs, vitamins, or supplements you take, including over-the-counter, prescription, or illegal drugs. Many common meds, such as blood thinners, aspirin, and antihistamines, might affect your results.

What Happens During the Test?

This test is a basic blood draw and takes just a few minutes. A lab tech will:

  • Clean your skin where the needle goes in
  • Wrap a rubber strap around your upper arm -- this creates pressure to make your veins swell with blood
  • Insert a thin needle into a vein, usually on the inside of your arm at your elbow or in the back of your hand
  • Draw the blood
  • Remove the rubber strap and put a bandage on your arm or hand

Are There Any Risks?

Typically, you’ll feel a prick when the needle goes in. That’s usually the worst of it, but since you’re having your blood drawn, there is a small chance of things such as:

  • Bleeding or bruising
  • Feeling dizzy or lightheaded
  • Infection

What Do the Results Mean?

The test tells you how many seconds it took your blood to form a clot. What’s normal varies with different labs, so check with your doctor to help you understand what your numbers mean.

Usually, you get the results within a few hours or a day, but it depends on your lab.

A typical value for a PTT is 60 to 70 seconds. There’s also an activated PTT (aPTT) test that measures the same thing, but they add a substance to your blood to make it clot faster. A typical aPTT value is 30 to 40 seconds.

If you get the test because you’re taking heparin, you’d want your PTT results to be more like 120 to 140 seconds, and your aPTT to be 60 to 80 seconds.

If your number is higher than normal, it could mean several things, from a bleeding disorder to liver disease. You’ll usually get other tests at the same time depending on what your doctor’s looking for.

If your number is lower than normal, which doesn’t happen often, you may have a higher chance of getting blood clots and, for women, having several miscarriages. You’ll likely get more tests to find out what’s going on.


Will I Get Other Tests at the Same Time?

It depends on what your doctor’s looking for. To learn more about how your blood clots, you may get tests such as:

  • Activated whole thrombin time test (ACT)
  • Prothrombin time test (PT)
  • Thrombin time test (TT)

Other tests you might get include:

  • Dilute Russell viper venom test (DRVVT) to test for lupus anticoagulant, a sign that you have an immune system problem
  • Platelet count, if you’re getting heparin therapy
  • von Willebrand factor to check if you have von Willebrand disease

WebMD Medical Reference



University of Rochester Medical Center: “Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time Test,” “Prothrombin Time.”

KidsHealth: “Blood Test: Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT).”

Lab Tests Online: “PTT,” “Lupus Anticoagulant Testing.”

Medscape: “Partial Thromboplastin Time, Activated.”

© 2023 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved.
Fri, 18 Dec 2020 14:28:00 -0600 en text/html
Best DNA Test for 2023

The three services above are our top choices for the best DNA test. But they weren't the only ones we tested. What follows are some additional options, none of which eclipsed the 23andMe, Ancestry or FamilyTreeDNA in any significant fashion. 



MyHeritage offers a free tier of service that includes some basic family tree-building and access to excerpts of historical documents. It also includes a report of your genetic makeup across the company's 42 supported ethnicities, the identification of relatives and connections to them where possible. 

We found MyHeritage's user interface far less intuitive and more difficult to navigate than others. It's one of the few companies to offer a comprehensive research database of historical documents, DNA analysis and health screening -- we found the integration among them to be a bit clumsy. In 2018, MyHeritage committed a security breach, exposing the email addresses and hashed passwords of more than 92 million users.

Living DNA

Living DNA

LivingDNA divides its offerings in a different way than others. The $99 Full Ancestry DNA kit provides an overview of your ancestry in 150 geographical regions and information about maternal and paternal haplogroups and access to the company's genetic matching tool. The $120 "wellbeing package" includes reports about your physiological compatibility with vitamins, foods and exercise. And the $179 Wellbeing and Ancestry gives you all of it.

Despite. not selling or sharing data, the company has a very limited family match database; a company representative declined to deliver me a specific number but said that it contained less than 1 million profiles. So, if you're looking to identify and make connections with relatives, there are better choices in the market. 

Whole genome sequencing

There are a number of companies -- including Full Genomes, Veritas Genetics, Nebula Genomics and Dante Labs -- that can sequence all of your DNA, otherwise known as your genome. This level of analysis is appropriate for advanced users only. Not only is it expensive -- these tests can run into the thousands of dollars, in some cases -- it requires a sophisticated understanding of both genetics and a range of technical tools required to explore and interpret your results. The least expensive whole genome tests cost about $300. 

For most people, the main rationale for sequencing the whole genome is to dive deep into your genetic health outlook. You can glean your personal risk factors for diseases, drug sensitivities and your status as a carrier; that is, what you might pass on to your kids. All of these efforts can also be undertaken -- to a less intense degree -- with some of the more affordable options outlined above. We suggest starting with Nebula Genomics. You can also upload an existing DNA sequence from Ancestry or 23andMe's DNA database and get Nebula's reports at a reduced price. 

Wed, 12 Aug 2020 07:30:00 -0500 en text/html
Implementation of a Multiplex Molecular Test for Anaplasma, Babesia and Ehrlichia

Date:  April 9, 2021

Time: 9:00am PDT, 11:00am EDT

There are tick-borne diseases beyond what causes Lyme disease. Different geographies have differing prevalence’s of tick-borne infections. In the northeastern USA, some of the other infectious agents are Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Babesia species and Ehrlichia species. This talk will describe our experiences on the processes used to implement a multiplex molecular laboratory developed test (LDT) for the detection of A. phagocytophilum, Babesia spp. and Ehrlichia spp. in a clinical reference laboratory. We will discuss various testing options including assay types and ordering algorithms. Our experiences and lessons learned after implementation will be discussed, including the testing challenges we had related to COVID-19.

Learning Objectives:

  • Describe the various methods available for detection of Anaplasma, Babesia and Ehrlichia
  • Understand the process of LDT validation
  • Discuss advantages and limitations of in-house testing

Webinars will be available for unlimited on-demand viewing after live event.

Mon, 23 Oct 2023 22:00:00 -0500 text/html
Test-Optional Admission Policy

Admission and merit scholarship consideration for students who apply as test-optional is based on several factors, including high school GPA, grades in coursework required for university admission, and rigor/performance in advanced courses (AP, IB, Honors, etc.).

Consideration for students applying with a test score includes all the above plus their highest composite ACT or SAT score.

Mon, 16 Oct 2023 05:29:00 -0500 en-US text/html

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