ISA offers a variety of resources to help you prepare for the Certified Automation Professional (CAP®) exam.
A Guide to the Automation Body of Knowledge is the primary text resource for the CAP exam and provides a complete overview of all technical topics. Order the Guide to the Automation Body of Knowledge.
The CAP Study Guide is a comprehensive self-study resource that contains a list of the CAP domains and tasks, 75 review Q&A complete with justifications. References that were used for each study guide question are also provided with the question. The Study Guide also includes a recommended list of publications that you can use to do further study on specific domains. Order the CAP Study Guide.
A CAP review course is available in several formats as preparation for taking the certification exam. This course is offered by ISA and can also be offered at your location.
ISA also has a variety of training courses that would be helpful in preparing for CAP. Visit the Automation Professional Training page for a complete list.
Questions on the exam were derived from the real practice of automation professionals as outlined in the CAP Role Delineation Study and job task analysis. Using interviews, surveys, observation, and group discussions, ISA worked with automation professionals to delineate critical job components to develop exam specifications to determine the number of questions related to each domain and task tested. This rigorous program development and ongoing maintenance process ensures that CAP certification accurately reflects the skills and knowledge needed to excel as an automation professional.
The following six questions were taken from the CAP exam question item bank and serve as examples of the question type and question content found on the CAP exam.
|Question Number||Correct Answer||Exam Content Outline|
|1||A||Domain 1, Task 4|
|2||C||Domain 2, Task 2|
|3||B||Domain 3, Task 3|
|4||B||Domain 4, Task 7|
|5||C||Domain 5, Task 5|
|6||A||Domain 6, Task 2|
The modern world thrives on the internet, even if there are some bizarre unintended consequences from tying everything to an Ethernet cable or wireless signal. And as networks grow, the demand for people who know how to design, build, maintain, and protect them becomes even more important. The 2021 Cisco CCNA & CCNP Certification Training Bundle will get you the certifications you need to become a professional network engineer.
Both certifications were created by the networking company Cisco as they realized their products were becoming more complex, while educational materials weren't keeping up. For IT professionals, that's meant getting two key certifications, starting with the Cisco Certified Network Associate certification, or CCNA. Tied to the #200-301 exam, a CCNA certifies that you're able to set up, run, and maintain a network for a small or medium-sized business.
The first course in this bundle explores that in detail with 150 lectures across nearly 47 hours discussing routing protocols, WAN technology, device monitoring and management and security fundamentals. Whether you're new to IT or just want to update your skills, it's perfect for all levels.
Then the bundle turns to the Cisco Certified Network Professional certification, or CCNP. This expands on what you learned in the CCNA course to apply it to much larger networks, adding network architecture lessons, how to employ virtualization for users, and network infrastructure and assurance. Even if you're not going for your CCNP, it's information worth knowing for any IT professional or engineer who will deals with networks.
Courses are run by ITU Online Training, which has won a ton of industry awards, including honors at the Best in Biz Awards and the Cybersecurity Excellence Awards.
The demand for IT networking professionals is only growing, and a certification will help you move forward in your career, or launch a new one. The 2021 Cisco CCNA & CCNP Certification Training Bundle is normally $198, yet right now you can save 74% and get both courses for just $49.99.
Prices subject to change.
Futurism fans: To create this content, a non-editorial team worked with an affiliate partner. We may collect a small commission on items purchased through this page. This post does not necessarily reflect the views or the endorsement of the Futurism.com editorial staff.
Dan is the co-founder and chief open source officer at Codefresh — a software delivery platform with CI/CD, GitOps, and more.
Training and certification programs have always been a popular way for people to pick up new skills and Boost their capabilities. When I was in high school, I had the opportunity to do the Cisco networking certification, which had a huge impact on my career. Famed technologist Kelsey Hightower got his start by using his wages at McDonald's to purchase an A+ certification book. Now he’s a distinguished engineer at Google.
These programs traditionally have been expensive and required learners to study physical books and take proctored in-person exams.
In my role at Codefresh, I’ve organized and hosted quite a few open source-centric labs, training and certification workshops over the years, both in-person and online, and we’ve learned a lot along the way. There are some important elements that can not only make a workshop much more successful than the typical labs that we often see available in the community today but also much more accessible.
In the spirit of open source, I’d like to freely share some of the important things we’ve learned.
Whether you’re offering the certification training live in-person or virtually, it’s really difficult to account for the myriad personal computer variations you’ll see among the attendees. They’ll arrive with different equipment, different configurations and different experience levels as well. Relying on attendees’ personal machines often means that you, the workshop organizer, will waste much of the allotted training time debugging and/or reconfiguring people’s PCs.
Everything is so much smoother when you utilize a hosted online lab environment. With the help of a provider, you can create online lab environments for course participants that they access via a web browser—the virtual training environment itself is already preconfigured. So even if a course participant is connecting with a tablet, they can go through the training and exercises and never miss a beat.
In my experience, eliminating this variability has dramatically improved the percentage of people who successfully complete a training program. But there are additional benefits as well.
For Codefresh’s certification programs, we’re teaching people to build and deploy software to Kubernetes, a cloud-native orchestration platform. Generally in cloud computing, users have access to larger servers and resources. Putting all of that into a single developer’s machine basically means they get the most under-resourced cloud possible: their laptop.
Using under-equipped work or personal machines introduces a burden that many wouldn’t experience in their professional environment. Many would argue that employers should pony up for better resources (supported on the employer’s time/dime), and I don’t disagree. But while we’re waiting for a utopia, we can enable the next 100 Kelsey Hightowers with a more accessible program.
One of the really big additional advantages of the hosted online lab model is that with each step in the lab, the lab can automatically check to confirm that participants implemented a task correctly and can provide real-time feedback as needed. There’s a transparent and immediate feedback loop built into the model, whereas with conventional BYOPC labs and workshops, it’s not possible for instructors to see if their guidance is being implemented correctly by the participants—maybe they did things right, or maybe they didn’t. The hosted environment approach is a much more effective way to make sure that lab participants are successfully learning the material and implementing it properly.
Side note: If you’re going to offer a hosted environment whereby all of the coursework and interaction flows through a shared IP address, be sure to confirm that the address won’t get throttled if several hundred people try to use it at once for what may be seriously heavy lifting from a compute/bandwidth perspective. Do a dry run in advance to make sure the infrastructure scales as it should. In our case, one particular service we used would throttle us from pulling images students use in the lab.
Hosted lab environments introduce some additional cost, however, so the resources you outlay for the workshop have to make sense on a financial level relative to the anticipated benefits for the community. Some training providers may elect to charge an upfront fee for this accommodation.
Many technical certification workshops are oriented first and foremost as one-off live/virtual events that mostly benefit the attendees in the audience the day it was hosted. The (potentially large) audience of follow-on registrants will instead access a rebroadcast to follow along with the training as best as they can, but the learning impact just isn’t the same. Participants should be able to flexibly engage with the course content on their terms and timeline with no drop off in course effectiveness.
Consider making the reading material component of the coursework multi-functional so it can be delivered just as effectively in lecture format to live participants and for self-serve consumption post-event. You’ll find yourself designing the coursework differently—in a way that promotes learning effectiveness (and training continuity) for all course attendees and preserves the shelf life of the content for follow-on registrants.
In the open-source community, in particular, there is a high probability that eagle-eyed course attendees will notice—and not favorably—if you’re behind the times in the techniques you’re imparting. We expect and embrace this with the open-source community because innovation can move very quickly.
It behooves the training and certification course providers themselves to be as up to date as possible. And this ultimately requires a concerted and sustained effort to stay in sync with community innovation so that the coursework is directly relevant and therefore as helpful as it can be.
Embracing an excellent training and certification experience makes it easier for your users to learn and show off their certifications. This viral aspect of certification represents the best of open source: radical sharing.
Forbes Technology Council is an invitation-only community for world-class CIOs, CTOs and technology executives. Do I qualify?
Aging IT infrastructure is exposing businesses to more security vulnerabilities and cyberthreats, as both malicious actors and those defending companies’ IT systems ratchet up the sophistication of their tactics, according to a report from Cisco.
One of its key conclusions of the Cisco 2016 Annual Security Report is that cyberthreats to companies are multiplying and becoming more complex.
“Adversaries and defenders are both developing technologies and tactics that are growing in sophistication,” the report notes. “For their part, bad actors are building strong back-end infrastructures with which to launch and support their campaigns. Online criminals are refining their techniques for extracting money from victims and for evading detection even as they continue to steal data and intellectual property.”
Jason Brvenik, principal engineer in Cisco’s Security Business Group told BizTech that the company is “now sees the attackers using professionally designed, architected and scaled architectures. They’re not fly-by-night operations.”
The report notes that connected and digitized IT and operational technology are critical elements for any business today, resulting in the need for companies to make IT security a top priority. “Yet many organizations rely on network infrastructures built of components that are old, outdated and running vulnerable operating systems — and are not cyber-resilient,” the report states.
Cisco says it “recently analyzed 115,000 Cisco devices on the Internet and across customer environments as a way to bring attention to the security risks that aging infrastructure— and lack of attention to patching vulnerabilities—present.”
The company looked at the devices as they would be seen from the Internet, an “outside in” view, and found that 106,000 of the devices — 92 percent of the sample — had “known vulnerabilities in the software they were running.”
Cisco also found that the software in those devices was outdated and vulnerable, containing 26 vulnerabilities on average.
“In addition, we learned that many organizations were running outdated software in their network infrastructure,” the report notes. “We found some customers in the financial, healthcare and retail verticals using versions of our software that are more than six years old.”
Why are there so many vulnerabilities? “Reliability breeds complacency,” Brvenik says. “We know that breaches drive vendor behavior to Boost security. We haven’t seen large-scale infrastructure attacks. We think it’s a latent issue and that organizations need to plan to protect their infrastructure in much the same way they protect their compute plans.”
Cisco surveyed chief security officers and security operations managers in 12 countries to get information on the state security threats and defenses, Brvenik says. The survey found that security professionals’ confidence in their ability to respond to threats compared has declined since 2014.
“For example, in 2015, 59 percent of organizations said their security infrastructure was ‘very up to date,’” the report notes. “In 2014, 64 percent said the same. However, their growing concerns about security are motivating them to Boost their defenses.” Cisco attributes the falling confidence levels to “the steady drumbeat of high-profile attacks on major enterprises, the corresponding theft of private data, and the public apologies from companies whose networks have been breached.”
Threats are growing more sophisticated, but that is also pushing security professionals to protect their networks more. “For example, we are seeing more security training, an increase in formal written policies, and more outsourcing of tasks such as security audits, consulting and incident response,” the report says. “In short, security professionals show signs that they are taking action to combat the threats that loom over their networks.”
According to the report, “more companies (66 percent) have a written, formal security strategy in 2015 than was the case in 2014 (59 percent).” Additionally, 90 percent of respondents said that security awareness and/or training programs are delivered to security staff on a regular basis, the first time in Cisco’s surveys that the 90 percent threshold had been reached on that question, Brevnik says.
Yet Cisco warns against complacency. “The moves toward training and outsourcing are positive developments, but the security industry can’t stop there,” the report states. “
It must continue to increase its use of tools and processes to Boost the detection, containment and remediation of threats. Given the barriers of budget limitations and solution compatibility, the industry must also explore effective solutions that provide an integrated threat defense.”
According to Cisco, small and mid-size businesses (SMBs) are not devoting as many resources to IT security as their larger counterparts. “For example, 48 percent of SMBs said in 2015 that they used web security, compared to59 percent in 2014,” the report notes. “And 29 percent said they used patching and configuration tools in 2015, compared with 39 percent in 2014. Such weaknesses can place SMBs’ enterprise customers at risk, since attackers may more easily breach SMB networks.”
More often than not, the report found, “SMBs are less likely than large enterprises to have incident response and threat intelligence teams.” This could be because they lack the resources to dedicate to such teams. The report found that 40 percent of respondents at companies with fewer than 500 employees cited budget constraints as the biggest obstacle to adopting advanced security processes and technology.
“In addition, of the SMB respondents that do not have an executive responsible for security, nearly one-quarter do not believe their businesses are high-value targets for online criminals,” the report says. “This belief hints at overconfidence in their business’s ability to thwart today’s sophisticated online attacks — or, more likely, that attacks will never happen to their business.”
We may earn revenue from the products available on this page and participate in affiliate programs. Learn more ›
With the economy experiencing a continuous downturn and job stability in the minds of professionals everywhere, it’s not surprising why many are hesitant to explore new opportunities. Sticking with the job you have certainly seems much safer than attempting to thrive elsewhere.
But if you’re in tech or at least thinking about breaking into the industry, there’s little to worry about, at least according to the Bureau of Labor. While it’s not completely recession-proof, the sector is resistant enough not to be severely impacted if the economy takes a nosedive. Employment in computer and information technology is predicted to grow at a steady rate of 15 percent through 2031, producing over half a million jobs in the next decade. Now for you to pave a successful career in IT, all that’s left is to sharpen your skills and spruce up your resume to increase your employability. That’s something the 2022 CompTIA and AWS Practice exam E-Book Bundle can help you with. From now until October 31, we’re having an Overstock Sale, which means you can get it on sale at an even more discounted price point.
This jampacked e-book bundle comes with 14 e-books that touch on the basics to advanced aspects of networking, hardware, cloud computing, and cybersecurity, helping train you into an all-around IT professional. Whether you’re just starting out in the industry or want to climb further in the career ladder, this bundle contains a ton of expert-led instruction to help you achieve your goals. It offers a wealth of skills training in CompTIA, AWS, Cisco, Microsoft, and Google, which would prove to be useful when you take the certification exams for tests like CompTIA Network+, CompTIA Security+, AWS Certified Cloud Practitioner, AWS Certified Solutions Architect, Cisco CCNA, Microsoft Azure AZ-900, and Google Cloud Associate. Aside from lectures, you can also find practice exam questions for further review.
All 2000+ pages were put together by ExamsDigest, a top-rated platform known for providing high-quality quiz-based online training for the world’s most in-demand IT certifications, such as Amazon, Cisco, CompTIA, and Google. With the content provided in this bundle, you’ll get the training you need to hit your career goals.
Formerly retailing for $139, you can get the 2022 CompTIA and AWS Practice exam E-Book Bundle on sale for only $19.99. We’re making way for new stuff, so grab this highly discounted inventory overstock ASAP!
Prices subject to change.
Links to annotated files are included next to the corresponding exam below. Detailed solutions are provided directly in the files for National exam Parts 2 and 3.
Detailed solutions are provided directly in the files for National exam Parts 2 and 3.
Cisco CEO Chuck Robbins (pictured) stated a trend of improved supply chains continued into its fiscal Q1 2023 (calendar Q3), which helped deliver the largest quarterly revenue in the company’s history.
On Cisco’s earnings call, Robbins noted a redesign of many products and action taken over several quarters to alleviate supply chain issues yielded positive results.
“We were encouraged by what we were seeing with modest improvement in certain component availability, as shortages continued to ease from last quarter.”
He noted the easing supply constraints was “now releasing software subscriptions that were sitting in backlog connecting to unshipped hardware”.
Cisco has spent several years transitioning from one-time hardware sales to reccurring software-based. Total software revenue increased 5 per cent year-on-year and software subscription 11 per cent.
“Our business model is resilient with 43 per cent of our revenue now recurring, which is very important as we navigate the current macro environment,” Robbins said.
Cisco posted $10.3 billion in product-related revenue, an increase of 8 per cent, though services was flat on $3.4 billion.
Overall revenue of $13.6 billion was up 6 per cent, while net income of $2.7 billion was down 10 per cent.Subscribe to our daily newsletter Back
The Australian Government’s accurate decision to expand coverage of the Security of Critical Infrastructure (SOCI) Act 2018 has profound ramifications for the country’s business community. To Boost the security and resilience of critical infrastructure, the updated Act imposes obligations on entities in a range of industries: electricity, communications, data storage or processing, financial services and markets, water, health care and medical, higher education and research, food and grocery, transport, space technology and defence industry.
The SOCI Act update means to ensure compliance, businesses in these industries need to understand the data they have and how they manage it. Directors and companies need to meet more stringent reporting requirements around reporting incidents–based on their severity–to the government.
The consequences of failing to address the security requirements associated with critical infrastructure are potentially severe. The Australian Government can now, through the Australian Signals Directorate (ASD), step in to effectively run businesses covered under the SOCI Act 2018 in the event of a serious compromise that impacts critical infrastructure or systems of national significance if the companies themselves are unwilling or incapable of mitigating an event.
No other government worldwide has given itself that ability.
Directors need to understand the critical infrastructure companies they are responsible for may need to report more and different information to different regulators than previously. They need to understand that they need to operate to different standards than previously. Furthermore, it is in their interests to grasp what the Australian Government considers best practice so they can ensure their business makes the required changes to existing processes and technologies. If an incident does occur, they can then demonstrate compliance with best practice to avoid intervention.
Many of these best practices are encapsulated in the ASD Essential Eight–a series of mitigation strategies designed to impede adversaries’ attempts to compromise systems. These strategies range from ensuring key data is understood and protected to implementing application whitelisting to prevent malicious or unwanted applications from running in an environment.
The Australian Government also applies a series of risk mitigation strategies, including understanding the entities that own and control companies that run data centres and cloud platforms that provide services to its departments, agencies and other organisations. That assessment is undertaken by the Digital Transformation Agency through a hosting certification framework.
Government agencies–and critical infrastructure businesses–may align with these requirements by working with an Australian-owned company, or a company from a ‘Five Eyes’ partner, whose directors have secured the required clearances.
The other dimension agencies and critical infrastructure businesses need to address is capability. The Australian Cyber Security Centre applies a cloud authorisation assessment framework that incorporates a range of requirements from information security manual controls through to the Infosec Registered Assessors Program (IRAP) assessment to continuous monitoring.
For critical infrastructure businesses looking to minimise risk to help comply with the updated Act, or simply to apply more rigorous protection to key systems and data, AUCloud–a sovereign cloud Infrastructure as a Service provider–is certified Strategic, the highest level of ownership and control certification available. The provider also delivers services to Protected level, the highest security level available beneath those required for defence and national intelligence.
With AUCloud, businesses such as tier 2 and below industries such as banking, utilities and retail can address short- and long-term deficiencies in Essential 8 compliance. For example, they may use AUCloud to back up data to a different provider or environment than their primary cloud or data centre, achieving a ‘quick win’. Longer-term, they may choose to work with AUCloud to deliver a longer-term uplift in their cyber-security maturity.
As a sovereign cloud provider, AUCloud’s ownership and operational position ensures that no data–including monitoring and metadata as well as sensitive customer and corporate data–leaves Australia, and that only security-cleared personnel living in the country manage that data. This mitigates potential risks around international data transit and foreign government access to data held by providers headquartered outside Australia.
Critical infrastructure data compromise has potentially severe consequences for Australia. It can stop essential services such as gas, electricity, healthcare and transport from operating, imposing massive immediate consequences and causing severe long-term damage to the country’s economy, national security and indeed its national sovereignty. Turning to a sovereign cloud in Australia can help businesses address the gaps in compliance with the updated SOC legislation and help protect the nation’s critical infrastructure at a time of extensive geopolitical disruption.
Cisco Systems shares are trading higher after the networking-infrastructure company posted better-than-expected revenue and profit growth for its fiscal first quarter, ended Oct. 29. The company also raised its guidance for the year.
Cisco CEO Chuck Robbins also disclosed that the company was “right-sizing certain businesses,” reducing head count in some areas. Cisco Chief Financial Officer Scott Herren said in an interview that the cuts could affect up to 5% of the workforce. Cisco had 83,300 employees as of the end of July. Despite the planned cuts, Cisco expects to end the current fiscal year with head count about flat with the start of the year.