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630-007 learn - C.P.M. Module 3: Value Enhancement Strategies Updated: 2023 630-007 exam brain dumps with practice test
Exam Code: 630-007 C.P.M. Module 3: Value Enhancement Strategies learn June 2023 by team
C.P.M. Module 3: Value Enhancement Strategies
ISM Enhancement learn

Other ISM exams

630-005 C.P.M. Module 1: Purchasing Process
630-006 C.P.M. Module 2: Supply Environment
630-007 C.P.M. Module 3: Value Enhancement Strategies
630-008 C.P.M. Module 4: Management
CPSM Certified Professional in Supply Management (CPSM)(Foundation)
CPSM1 Foundation of Supply Management

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C.P.M. Module 3: Value Enhancement Strategies
Answer: B
Question: 184
A consequence of the Taft-Hartley Act is that it ___?
A. Allows Congress to establish minimum hourly rates for certain workers
B. Enables the Department of Labor to establish minimum hourly rates for certain
C. Allows the President to intervene in labor disputes
D. Enables the Department of Health and Human Services to establish health and
safety standards in certain industries
Answer: C
Question: 185
What would be the break-even level of volume between Machine A and Machine B
where Machine A costs $750 to set up each time it is used, and the unit costs of
operation are $5 per unit. Whereas Machine B has $1,000 set-up costs, and its
operation are $3.80 per unit.
variable costs of
A. 113.6
B. 208.3
C. 210.0
D. 225.4
Answer: B
Question: 186
Which type of provider would be LEAST critical to develop into a JIT supplier?
A. A key technology supplier
B. A process-intensive supplier
C. A provider of a commodity
D. A long lead time supplier
Answer: C
Question: 187
What is the term used to refer to the practice of replacing both the salesperson and
the buyer by locating the supplier's employee within the purchaser's facility?
A. provider partnering
B. Strategic alliance
D. Supply chain management
Answer: C
Question: 188
Which of the following types of Fixed Order Quantity models refers to the
consideration of tradeoffs between the carrying and ordering costs, assuming
constant costs?
A. Economic Order Quantity with Price Discounts
B. Economic Order Quantity with Uncertain Demand
C. Economic Order Quantity
D. Non-Instantaneous Replenishment Economic Order Quantity
Answer: C
Question: 189
What does the term "avoidance of risk" refer to in commodity trading?
A. shorting
B. hedging
C. spot buying
D. margin buying
Answer: B
Question: 190
Which of the following strategies would be the MOST cost effective to follow in an
effort to reduce the cost impact of obsolete retail inventory?
A. introduce a new product
B. revise the specifications
C. scrap the stock
D. conduct special sales promotions
Answer: D
Question: 191
Which of the following represents a major benefit of JIT II to the supplier?
A. an ongoing relationship
B. a decrease in administrative costs
C. a reduction in material costs
D. the creation of supply standards
Answer: A
Question: 192
Which of the following would represent the BEST strategy to follow in an effort to
hold costs relatively constant in the short run in a case where a clothing
manufacturer learns that world climatological conditions will cause the prices of
certain natural fibers to rise?
A. Increasing retail prices of their products
B. Reducing the level of output
C. Employing forward buying techniques
D. Automating production of their products
Answer: C
Question: 193
At which of the following stages of a value analysis study would you typically find
determination and comparison of suitability?
A. Information
B. Analysis
C. Collection
D. Action
Answer: B
Question: 194
Which of the following is a MOST likely consequence of early purchasing
involvement (EPI) during the capital acquisition process?
A. providing data of requirements to suppliers in advance
B. shortening the acquisition process
C. increasing the chances of developing a quality product
D. reduction of the cycle time
Answer: B
Question: 195
Which of the following is NOT permitted within brainstorming?
A. creativity
B. equal opportunity for all participants
C. use of cross-functional teams
D. value judgments
Answer: D
Question: 196
In which type of cost reduction will simplification lead to increased savings?
A. transportation
B. inventory
C. materials shortages
D. obsolescence
Answer: B
Question: 197
In a forward buying scenario the average price paid on the cycle's upswing should be
A. less than the cash price for futures
B. less than the contract
C. less than the market price during that period
D. the average of the market during that period
Answer: C
Question: 198
When considering a cost reduction program the PRIMARY objective is to obtain
products and services ___?
A. without defects
B. at reduced lead times
C. at a lower price
D. at better value
Answer: D
Question: 199
Which of the following does NOT represent a reason for expending considerable
attention to disposal activities?
A. They lead to reduced inventory levels.
B. They result from shortened product life.
C. They contribute to standardization programs
D. They free up valuable space.
Answer: D
Question: 200
Where would international trade merchandise and services manifest an undervalued
U.S. dollar the most?
A. decreased foreign travel to the United States
B. economic weakening of U.S. trading partners
C. increased foreign sales by U.S. manufacturers
D. increased the purchase of foreign goods and services by Americans
Answer: C
Question: 201
What is the logical consequence of falling prices in the case where demand in a
market is inelastic?
A. Total demand will increase.
B. Total revenue will decrease.
C. Total output will increase
D. Total revenue will increase.
Answer: B
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ISM Enhancement learn - BingNews Search results ISM Enhancement learn - BingNews Scholastic Enhancement Program

Established in 1993, the Scholastic Enhancement Program (SEP) is an admission-based program designed to provide support to select student populations as they attend Miami University and work toward completing their degree. Our goal is to provide each incoming SEP student with personalized academic support and a tailored study plan - all with the goal of ensuring their academic success during their first few semesters at college.

Front desk of Rinella Learning CenterEach SEP student is assigned an RLC staff member as an Advisor. SEP advisors meet with students weekly to work on such syllabus as:

  • Transitioning to College
  • Time Management and Organization
  • Selecting Classes
  • Creating Course Schedules
  • Major Selection and Degree Planning

The success of the SEP program is demonstrated by the fact that SEP was honored with a Retention Excellence Award from USA Group Noel-Levitz ®, a nationally recognized consulting firm specializing in higher education enrollment management, financial aid and student retention.

The Rinella Learning Center and the Scholastic Enhancement Program provide academic and personal guidance for targeted students to ensure their completion of a degree through coordinated programs and services in cooperation with faculty and staff campus wide.

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5 Best Male Enhancement Pills and Treatments of 2023

We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission Here’s our process.

Healthline only shows you brands and products that we stand behind.

Our team thoroughly researches and evaluates the recommendations we make on our site. To establish that the product manufacturers addressed safety and efficacy standards, we:
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We do the research so you can find trusted products for your health and wellness.

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Male enhancement pills have not been proven by research to Strengthen sexual performance. Instead, erectile dysfunction medications can be a more effective alternative. Here’s a look at the best options.

If you’re seeking ways to increase your penis size or libido, you may be interested in taking male enhancement pills. But while these products often advertise penis enlargement and enhanced performance, there’s limited research supporting these claims.

A 2021 study found that the average erect penis is between 5.1 and 5.5 inches, or 12.95 and 13.97 centimeters. Typically, a penis is only considered atypically small if it measures less than 3 inches when erect. This is known as a micropenis.

If you’re interested in finding the best male enhancement pills because you’re having difficulties having or maintaining an erection during a sexual encounter, you should speak with your primary care doctor or a urologist to determine if erectile dysfunction (ED) could be the reason.

While ED is most common among older men, a 2017 study suggests that as many as 30 percent of men seeking treatment for newly diagnosed ED are under 40 years old.

The male enhancement pills that are available on the market today are often labeled as dietary supplements. They claim to increase blood flow to the penis in order to increase the duration of an erection. They also claim to boost overall arousal, stamina, and performance.

Many male enhancement pills use a combination of natural ingredients, which can include:

  • ashwagandha, a shrub typically used in Ayurvedic medicine
  • maca root, a native Peruvian plant
  • Yohimbe extract, a Western African herbal supplement
  • black ginger extract, the stem of a Thai plant called Kaempferia parviflora

Individually, popular belief claims the effectiveness of these ingredients. For example, a 2016 study found that black ginger extract increased physical fitness performance and muscular endurance, though it was performed on mice. So, there isn’t a ton of research that supports how effective they really are.

But there’s no data to directly support the effectiveness of male enhancement pills.

“I always caution patients about these medications, as many of them haven’t been studied in a controlled manner,” says E. Charles Osterberg, MD, FACS, a board certified urologist.

Erectile dysfunction medication

If you’re experiencing difficulties achieving or maintaining an erection, speak with a doctor about getting a prescription for an ED medication, such as Viagra, Cialis, or Levitra.

These medications are proven to be effective in the treatment of ED. In an older but widely cited 2002 study on the effectiveness of sildenafil (the active ingredient in Viagra), 95 percent of participants reported it improved their ability to engage in sexual activity.

Wearable devices


Penile surgery is only recommended for functional reasons, like correcting a developmental issue or treating an injury. Surgery is not recommended for lengthening, implants, or cosmetic purposes.

In fact, there’s no surgical way to truly lengthen the penis. There’s a procedure that involves cutting the suspensory ligament of the penis. This can lead to an apparent increase in length, but without this ligament, the penis is no longer tethered to the pubic bone and has no anchor, so to speak.

Penile prosthesis surgery is sometimes done for severe cases of ED, but this does not lengthen the penis and will leave the head of the penis flaccid. In many cases, a penile prosthesis can actually result in some penile shortening, although newer models have tried to address this issue.

Penile surgery for correction of severe curvature can actually lead to penile shortening.

Cost: The cost of surgery will depend on several factors, including:

  • type of surgery
  • insurance coverage (if any)
  • whether medical professionals have in-network designation
  • your deductible or copayments
  • where you live

Safety: All surgeries carry some risk. Most surgeries for erectile dysfunction are designed to correct an issue, not enlarge the penis or lengthen it. The pro/con balance may depend on how much the development issue or injury interferes with your day-to-day life or your sexual function. If either is significantly impacted, surgery may be the best option, despite the risks.

The FDA released a warning about nearly 50 male enhancement and weight loss products (which are not FDA approved) available to purchase through online marketplaces that contain hidden ingredients. Of those products, 80 percent contained undeclared active pharmaceutical ingredients.

The FDA also maintains an updated list of tainted sexual enhancement products on its website.

The risks of taking male enhancement pills are high. Many male enhancement pills aren’t transparent about their ingredients. Taking pills with unknown ingredients could result in serious side effects, especially if they interact with other medications or supplements you’re taking.

Before trying any new supplements or herbal medicines, you should speak with a doctor to determine what ingredients are in them and how they could potentially affect you — especially if you’re taking other medications.

Vacuum pumps

Vacuum pumps, also known as penis pumps, are tubes that fit over the penis and remove air, which increases blood flow to achieve an erection. This device can temporarily make your penis appear larger, as it causes swelling.

But if it’s not used correctly or used too frequently, the vacuum pump runs the risk of damaging the elastic tissue. This can affect erections long term.

Extender device

An extender, or penile traction device, is noninvasive and designed to stretch the penis. A 2020 study reported participants saw an increase of less than 2 centimeters after using a penile extender.

But not enough research has been done on the safety of these devices. Long-term use could potentially cause bruising or nerve damage from too much stretching.


Male enhancement lotions and creams often contain similar ingredients as male enhancement pills, like herbs and vitamins.

There’s no evidence to prove these lotions are effective. Depending on the ingredients, they may even be harmful, and they could potentially result in serious side effects or skin reactions.

Since there’s a large risk involved when taking male enhancement pills, we do not recommend adding any new supplements to your diet without consulting a doctor or primary care practitioner first. There are safer alternatives to male enhancement pills, like doctor-prescribed ED medications and wearable devices.

Taylor JohnsonMEN'S SEX COACH

Don't underestimate lifestyle changes

I decided to go in person to my primary care doctor just down the street. We talked for about 10 minutes, and then he gave me a prescription for generic Viagra. Super simple, super easy, and my health insurance covered most of the cost too, which made it much more affordable. Ultimately it turned out that using the generic sildenafil was just a bandage for the real problem, which was that my life was too stressful. Once I took steps to de-stress my life and create good sleep hygiene, my erections started to come back without any need for medication.

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Regardless of your age, if you are experiencing the symptoms of ED, it’s worth talking with your doctor to discuss your options and investigate what might be causing this recent change. ED can develop as the result of a physical health issue, a mental health concern, or a sudden change to your lifestyle and routine.

Talking with your doctor to rule out some of the more common causes of ED can help them get a better idea of what treatment options might work best for you. For example, while Viagra and Cialis are two of the most popular medications for ED, if your symptoms are stemming from a change in your nutition, increased stress at home, or depression, than a PDE5 inhibitor like Viagra and Cialis isn’t likely to help you.

If you are also considering adding herbal supplements or male enchancement pills to you daily routine, it’s a good idea to talk with your doctor first. They will have a better understanding of their effectiveness and how they stack up against other treatments. In fact, if there are ingriedents that your doctor thinks that you would benefit from taking, they may be able to recommend and offer it to you in a safer and better regulated form.

What do male enhancement pills do? Can male enhancement pills increase my penis size?

This depends on what type of male enhancement pill you’re referring to. FDA-approved medications, like Viagra and Cialis, have been shown to be very successful in the treatment of ED.

Other enhancement pills, such as those that claim to Strengthen sexual performance or increase penis size, have not been shown to be successful in research. What’s more, many of these medications are not regulated by the FDA, and they may contain a dangerous combination of ingredients.

Is it safe to buy male enhancement pills online?

No, many online pharmacies and stores are often marketing counterfeit pills. These pills are unsafe, unregulated, and untested.

For example, a 2017 report says that many of these fake pills may have inaccurate amounts of the active ingredients. This can be dangerous without the proper warnings, and it may cause unintended side effects.

If you’re looking to take medication to Strengthen sexual performance, speak with a doctor or other healthcare professional about legal, prescription options.

Are male enhancement pills safe to use?

The male enhancement pills prescribed by a clinician and provided by a licensed pharmacy are safe. These pills are FDA approved and regulated.

Other male enhancement pills may not be safe. These pills are often considered dietary supplements, and they have not been reviewed or tested by the FDA. They could interact with medications you’re taking. They may also contain dangerous combinations of ingredients.

What are the side effects of male enhancement pills?

Like any medication, male enhancement pills can cause side effects. The most common include:

These pills can also interact with other medications you may be taking. If you experience any issues when taking male enhancement pills, stop taking the pills, and consult your doctor.

Can male enhancement pills Strengthen my sexual performance or provide me a stronger erection?

While many of these enhancement pills make bold claims about making you last longer or perform better during sex, the truth is that there isn’t enough substantial evidence to back up these claims.

In addition, many of these over-the-counter pills face less intense scrutiny by the FDA, which means that the ingredients and their amounts listed on the label may not be accurate and could contain hidden ingredients.

If your erections are not as strong as they used to be or it takes you longer to become erect, it may be worth meeting with your doctor to discuss what you have been experiencing. It may be possible that you are experiencing changes in how blood flows to your penis, which would result in a less strong erection.

Your doctor may recommend a proven erectile dysfunction medication instead of male enhancement pills.

There’s no evidence to prove that male enhancement pills work to increase penis size or Strengthen performance. Many pills can actually be harmful since some brands are not fully transparent about their ingredients.

If you’re experiencing issues with achieving or maintaining an erection, you may have ED and should speak with a medical professional to determine treatment options. There are several ED medications available, and they all require a prescription.

It’s always a good idea to speak with a primary care physician, a urologist, or other healthcare professional before trying new medications or if you feel like you may be experiencing ED. ED can be an indication of an underlying medical condition.

Mon, 22 May 2023 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
7 Best Male Enhancement Pills for Libido, Stamina, & Performance In 2023 No result found, try new keyword!This is sponsored content. Men’s Journal is not endorsing the websites or products set forth below. Are you tired of your poor performance in bed? Are you looking for a quick and easy solution ... Fri, 07 Apr 2023 13:02:00 -0500 text/html Curriculum Enhancement

We work with programme teams in a range of ways to develop and enhance curricula including:

Curriculum Festivals
Curriculum Festivals - an event to develop new programmes or reinvigorate existing ones. Each festival involves the whole programme team, students, alumni and relevant professional services staff, and is typically followed by a Writing Retreat to consolidate ideas into programme and unit descriptors.

Leadership Development for Curriculum Enhancement
The Leadership Development Programme aims to support Programme Directors (and other colleagues with a similar responsibility for curriculum) in tackling common challenges and empower them to get the most out of the curriculum enhancement process.

TESTA (Transforming the Experience of Students through Assessment) - a series of events drawing on programme data and student perspectives to develop and enhance summative and formative assessment across a programme.

Our curriculum enhancement work draws on the University of Bristol’s Curriculum Framework and its six connected dimensions which together form a touchstone for curriculum design and enhancement. The Curriculum Framework was co-created with staff across the institution and a small number of students in 2019. 

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Model of antibody-dependent enhancement of dengue infection

Dengue viral infections can result in a range of symptoms. Some people show no symptoms or only have mild signs of the disease. Other people develop severe complications. How does the body respond to a dengue infection? What factors put some people at a greater risk of severe dengue illnesses than other people? The human body's immune system is the primary defense against the dengue virus. When someone is infected with dengue, the body's innate and adaptive immune responses work together to fight the virus. B cells from the immune system produce antibodies that recognize and neutralize dengue viral particles, and cytotoxic T cells recognize and kill cells that are infected with the virus. People who are infected a subsequent time with a different type of the dengue virus may experience something called "antibody-dependent enhancement" in which the body's immune response actually makes the clinical symptoms of dengue worse and increases a person's risk of developing severe dengue.

Sat, 04 Dec 2021 21:20:00 -0600 en text/html
Strategy for Learning and Teaching Enhancement (SLaTE

SLaTE, Ulster University's Strategy for Learning and Teaching Enhancement is an agile framework that enables us to develop and deliver policy aims and objectives and fund support projects that deliver quality enhancement in education.

There are two sides to the SLaTE, Policies and Projects.


Policies on the SLaTE are usually succinct and define short to medium term priorities and directions.

These will have review dates and when these are reached the Learning and Teaching Committee will decide whether these policies should stay on the SLaTE, be modified, or removed and archived because this work is complete or has been main-streamed.

These policies will help colleagues align their work and activity to the current priority areas and inform applications for projects.


Projects on the SLaTE should deliver better learning experiences for students and/or working lives for staff via the development of people, policy or infrastructure and systems. Projects should normally seek to align with policies on the SLaTE and may of course come to inform those policies.

Financial support for projects is available from the Learning and Teaching Strategy fund, and project proposals are considered by an Advisory Group that represents Faculties and Departments and reports to the Learning and Teaching Committee.

The SLaTE SharePoint site provides further details on current and archived policies and projects as well as information on how to make a project application.

Mon, 09 Jan 2017 08:11:00 -0600 en-GB text/html
Institute for Supply Management (ISM)

Institute for Supply Management (ISM) serves supply management professionals in more than 90 countries. Its 50,000 members around the world manage about $1 trillion in corporate and government supply chain procurement annually.

Founded in 1915 as the first supply management institute in the world, ISM is committed to advancing the practice of supply management to drive value and competitive advantage for its members, contributing to a prosperous and sustainable world. ISM leads the profession through the ISM Report On Business, its highly regarded certification programs and the ISM Advance Digital Platform. 

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Dangers of Sexual Enhancement Supplements

According to the National Institute for Aging, quackery is at an all-time high.[1] American consumers are exposed to an overwhelming sea of advertising for dietary supplements and homeopathic products. Many consumers assume that some government entity, such as the FDA, has ruled these products safe and effective before allowing the ads to be broadcast and printed. Many people do not realize, however, that the products are not proven safe for use. This widespread misconception has resulted in the spending of hundreds of millions of dollars for products whose efficacy has not been validated by clinical trials. In effect, many consumers are placing their trust in products promoted by manufacturers who do not invest the funds to carry out research to prove the safety and efficacy of these products.

Products promising to enhance sexual performance have been promoted for over a century, dating back to the patent medicines of the 1800s; these products were characterized by wildly exaggerated claims and sold to the public by unscrupulous manufacturers, without evidence of safety or effectiveness. The 1906 Pure Food and Drug Law was an attempt to eliminate this pernicious practice, and for many years Americans were somewhat better protected from unproven products.[2] However, the passage of the 1994 Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act, championed by Utah's Orrin Hatch, allowed manufacturers to market products without FDA approval of safety and efficacy.[2]

During andropause, the male's serum testosterone levels fall, leading in many cases to erectile dysfunction.[3] Males cannot achieve an erection or cannot sustain one for a sufficient time to complete sexual intercourse. The penis may gradually disengorge during intercourse. Legitimate medical interventions include testosterone, Viagra, Caverject, and devices inserted into the penis. Patients undergoing andropause often do not choose these therapies, opting instead to try dietary supplements. As millions of baby boomers are currently experiencing andropause, marketers offer hundreds of products allegedly beneficial in reversing impotence and enhancing male sexual performance.[4]

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is a government agency charged with preventing fraudulent, deceptive, and unfair business practices and with helping educate consumers to avoid them.[5] The FTC issued a consumer alert entitled The Truth About Impotence Claims. The agency clarified several issues and disspelled a great deal of manufacturer hype:

  • Products advertised as effective for treating impotence without a physician's prescription should be ignored, as they cannot cure the condition.

  • Products advertised as "breakthroughs" in the treatment of impotence mandate double checking with a physician for legitimacy.

  • Some manufacturers create phony "clinics" and fake "institutes" solely to promote bogus impotence cures. Consumers should check with a physician to verify the legitimacy of these organizations.

  • Some manufacturers of impotence cures claim that their product is "scientifically proven" to work. When a consumer sees the phrase "clinical studies prove it works," caution is in order, as these claims are often false. Furthermore, claims providing very high rates of success are often bogus.

  • When impotence cures are said to be "herbal" or "all natural," the product should be ignored. There is no herb or "all natural" substance proven to cure impotence.

The agency also urges consumers to consult a qualified practitioner for treatment of impotence, rather than placing one's trust in their bogus remedies.

In the fight against fake impotence and sexual enhancement products, the FDA revealed in 2006 that it had completed a groundbreaking survey in which it analyzed 17 "dietary supplements" promoted on the Internet for erectile dysfunction or enhancement of sexual performance.[6] The FDA explained that some of these products (Zimaxx, Libidus, Neophase, Nasutra, Vigor-25, Acta-Rx, and 4EVERON) were promoted and sold as dietary supplements but were actually illegal drugs containing potentially harmful, undeclared ingredients, such as sildenafil or analogues of sildenafil or vardenafil. The agency concluded that the claims made for these products were claims made for the undeclared nondietary supplement components, making them illegal drugs. The FDA sent warning letters to the marketers explaining the illegal nature of their activities, halted shipment of some of them into the United States, and threatened to take additional actions.

In June 2007, the FDA announced a final rule establishing regulations for the current good manufacturing practices (CGMP) of dietary supplements, partly due to the 2006 study of sexual enhancement/impotence products.[7,8,9,10,11] Henceforth, the FDA's new CGMPs will ensure that supplements are produced in a quality manner, do not contain contaminants or impurities, and are accurately labeled. The rule is effective as of August 24, 2007, for large businesses and somewhat later for small businesses. Watchdog groups immediately pointed out that supplement manufacturers have never been required to prove their products are safe and effective, and the new regulations also fail to require this fundamental evidence of quality.[12] An expert quoted by ABC News stated, "Knowing you have pure and well-made useless crap is a little better than having impure useless crap, but not by much."[13]

While many marketers are in steep competition to capture a share of this lucrative business, one has managed to rise above the others, with its ubiquitous "Smiling Bob" Enzyte ads. This marketer has capitalized on the current thinking that an unproven dietary supplement can easily cure or treat a serious medical condition such as impotence. Early ads promised that Enzyte would add as much as three inches to the length of the user's penis.[14] Web site testimonials also claim such benefits as allowing stronger, firmer, and easier-to-achieve erections, assisting in maintaining a fully hard erection, providing full and satisfying erections, and reversing the normal erectile problems of aging.[15,16,17,18,19] Enzyte contains many ingredients, none of which is FDA-proven to be safe or effective in accomplishing its advertised purposes. These ingredients include niacin, zinc, copper, Korean red ginseng root, ginkgo, pine bark, Tribulus terrestris, arginine, Avena sativa, horny goat weed, maca root, muira puama, saw palmetto, and Swedish flower pollen.[20,21]

The Cincinnati-based marketer of Enzyte, Berkeley Nutraceuticals, was reported in 2004 by a Cincinnati newspaper to be the subject of over 3,700 consumer complaints.[22] In early 2006, Berkeley and its subsidiaries reached a settlement with the attorneys general of 18 states and Washington, D.C. in which it would pay $2.5 million and provide restitution to customers for unsubstantiated claims about the efficacy of their products.[23,24,25] The $2.5 million settlement was a burden easily borne by the company, as it may have reaped as much as a quarter of a billion dollars in 2004 alone through sales of Enzyte and 14 other unproven supplements.[26] Later in 2006, the U.S. Department of Justice indicted the company and six individuals (including the president and owner) for bilking Americans of at least $100 million.[27] Fraudulent business practices included sending consumers supplements they did not order, charging their credit cards without authorization, laundering the money, and mislabeling a product known as Rovicid. Despite the indictments and settlements, the company continues to advertise and sell its products to a public seemingly unaware of the controversy.

When research on dietary supplements intended for sexual enhancement appears, it must be scrutinized closely to assess the soundness of the methodology employed. Two such studies explored the abilities of KyoGreen powder (barley, wheat grass, seaweed) for sexual dysfunction in men and women and ArginMax (herbs, vitamins, minerals) to enhance sexual function in males.[28,29] While both studies seemed to show positive results, they are rendered virtually useless because neither study used a control group that was administered a placebo for a valid comparison. Unfortunately, much of the research on dietary supplements is hampered by profound flaws such as this that would cause the research to be rejected by the FDA if it were to be submitted through the legitimate new drug application process used for new medications.

Lack of evidence about the safety and efficacy of dietary supplements exposes the consumer to unknown health hazards, as these products use ingredients that are of unknown therapeutic benefit. Marketers of these supplements have been known to engage in fraudulent and deceptive practices. Marketing hype and high profits should never override the pharmacist's professional responsibility to demand proof of safety and efficacy in the products we recommend. Patients experiencing andropause deserve a pharmacist who will refer them for legitimate medical care rather than selling them products that lack proof of efficacy and safety.

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Ground Enhancement Materials (GEM) Information Just a moment...
Sun, 11 Feb 2018 00:58:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Associate Director of Learning Enhancement

Trapasso joined the Massachusetts Athletics department in October 2022 as an Associate Director of Learning Enhancement in the office of Academic Success.  

Prior to UMass, Trapasso served as the Director of Student-Athlete Academic Enrichment (2018-2022) and the Coordinator for Athletic Academic Support Services (2014-2018) at the University of Massachusetts Lowell’s Rizo’s Center for Student Athlete Success. She was instrumental in the development of the Rizo’s Center for Student-Athlete Success since UML transitioned from Division II to Division I in 2014. 

At UMass Lowell, Trapasso developed and oversaw an instructional assistance program and a peer tutoring program to provide student-athletes supplemental academic support. She partnered with the Centers for Learning to transition the campus wide tutoring program to meet the College studying and Learning Association guidelines for peer instruction. 

Trapasso worked closely with the men’s basketball and soccer programs to help with recruiting and transfer processes. She also monitored the academic progress and NCAA eligibility of student-athletes by maintaining a robust knowledge of the rules and regulations of the NCAA, as well as how those rules interact with the policy and procedures at the University of Massachusetts Lowell. She was also involved with summer curriculum development, Title IX and sexual assault prevention education and served on the campus Diversity, Equity & Inclusion taskforce. 

Before UMass Lowell, Trapasso was a graduate assistant ad developmental instruction and disability services assistant in Boston College’s Student-Athlete Academic Services office and a peer advisor in the Carroll School of Management.  

Trapasso earned dual Bachelor of Arts degrees in Sociology and Philosophy from Assumption University before earning a Master of Arts in Applied Developmental Educational Psychology from Boston College and adding a Certified Advanced Graduate Studies in Special Education from Assumption.  

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