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Which technology allows the automatic configuration of network parameters on
devices when they connect to a network?
A. NAT (Network Address Translation)
B. DNS (Domain Name System)
C. DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)
D. VLAN (Virtual Local Area Network) Answer: C
Explanation: DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) allows the
automatic configuration of network parameters on devices when they connect
to a network. It is a network protocol that enables devices to obtain IP
addresses, subnet masks, default gateways, and other network configuration
parameters dynamically from a DHCP server. DHCP simplifies the
management of IP addresses in a network environment by automating the
assignment process. Question: 122
Which protocol is used for querying and modifying directory services
A. SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)
B. SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol)
C. LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol)
D. DNS (Domain Name System) Answer: C
Explanation: LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) is used for
querying and modifying directory services databases. It is a protocol that
provides a standardized way to access and manage directory information, such
as user accounts and network resources. LDAP is commonly used in enterprise
environments for tasks like user authentication and directory-based services. Question: 123
Which technology allows applications to run on different operating systems
A. Cross-platform development
D. Containerization Answer: C
Explanation: Emulation allows applications to run on different operating
systems without modification. It involves creating a software or hardware
environment that imitates the behavior of a different system, enabling
applications written for one operating system to run on another. Emulation can
be useful for running legacy or incompatible software on modern systems. Question: 124
Which protocol is used for secure communication over the internet?
A. SSH (Secure Shell)
B. HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
C. FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
D. HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure) Answer: D
Explanation: HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure) is used for secure
communication over the internet. It is an extension of the HTTP protocol that
adds encryption and authentication mechanisms. HTTPS uses SSL/TLS (Secure
Sockets Layer/Transport Layer Security) protocols to establish a secure
connection between a client and a server, ensuring the confidentiality and
integrity of transmitted data. Question: 125
Which technology allows multiple applications to run independently on the
same operating system instance?
D. Load balancing Answer: A
Explanation: Containerization allows multiple applications to run independently
on the same operating system instance. It involves encapsulating an application
and its dependencies into a lightweight, isolated container. Each container runs
as a separate process, providing application-level virtualization and resource
isolation. Containerization offers efficient resource utilization and simplified
$13$10 Question: 126
Which technology allows the grouping of multiple physical servers into a single
B. Cloud computing
C. Cluster computing
D. Load balancing Answer: C
Explanation: Cluster computing allows the grouping of multiple physical
servers into a single logical server. It involves connecting multiple servers
together to work collaboratively and provide enhanced computational power,
reliability, and fault tolerance. Cluster computing is commonly used for high-
performance computing, database clustering, and web server farms.
$13$10 Question: 128
Which access categories are defined in the Wi-Fi Alliance Wireless Multimedia certification?
A. Voice, Video, Best Effort, Background
B. 802.11b, 802.11g, 802.11a, 802.11n
C. 802.11k, 802.11r, 802.11w, 802.11ac
D. Expedite Forwarding, Assured Forwarding, Data, Scavenger Traffic Answer: A Question: 129
In the Cisco Unified Wireless Network infrastructure, which combination of devices and/or features best accomplishes
A. backup controllers and client SSO
B. backup controllers and LAG
C. N+1 and client state replication
D. N+1 and backup controllers Answer: A Question: 130
Which feature should you recommend if a customer has high-density wireless deployments and they want to monitor
bandwidth consumption and manage network resource utilization?
D. AVC Answer: A,D Question: 131
When the Cisco Catalyst 3850 is configured as a wireless mobility agent, what must be true?
A. Cisco ISE must be joined to Microsoft A
B. Access points must be connected directly to the Catalyst 3850.
C. Access points may be connected anywhere in the network.
D. The mobility controller must be CT5760. Answer: A Question: 132
Which option is performed exclusively by the mobility agent?
A. key distribution to all mobility controllers
B. 802.11 device location calculation
C. CAPWAP tunnels termination
D. central radio resource management tasks Answer: A,C Question: 133
When managing Security Group Access in Cisco ISE 1.2, what is the description of the mapped cells matrix element?
A. the source SGT names and the assigned 16-bit tag
B. the destination SGT names and the assigned 16-bit tag
C. when a source and destination pair of SGTs is not assigned any SGACLs or a status
D. when a source and destination pair of SGTs is assigned an order of SGACLs and has a specified status Answer: A,D Question: 134
Before you implement BYOD onboarding, which two client provisioning resources should you obtain from
Cisco.com to ISE?
A. ISE posture agent profile, BYOD on-boarding profile
B. BYOD on-boarding profile, native supplicant profile
C. guest service portal agents, agent resources from Cisco cite
D. supplicant provisioning wizard, WebAgent Answer: A,D Question: 135
When a user gets redirected to the device registration portal, which important information field is prepopulated by
A. user's username
B. user's first and last name
C. device ID with IP address
D. device ID with MAC address Answer: A,C Question: 136
When building the Security Group Egress Policy Matrix, what is the default policy regarding empty intersecting cells?
A. enabled, SGACLs : permit IP
B. enabled, SGACLs : deny IP
C. disabled, SGACLs : permit IP
D. disabled, SGACLs : deny IP Answer: A Question: 137
A customer wants to dynamically monitor the status of a critical route. Which feature should you recommend that the
B. Embedded Event Manager
C. IP Service Level Agreement
D. Generic Online Diagnostics Answer: A,C
Cisco Enterprise information - BingNews
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https://killexams.com/exam_list/CiscoCisco to acquire Isovalent to enhance cloud native networking and securityNo result found, try new keyword!A merican tech major Cisco has announced its intention to acquire Isovalent to further bolster its secure networking capabilities across public clouds. Isovalent specialises in open source cloud ...Thu, 21 Dec 2023 21:14:05 -0600en-ustext/htmlhttps://www.msn.com/Cisco: Enterprise Focus, Security Set Cius Apart From Tablet Crowd
Cisco's Cius will be an enterprise game-changer because it consolidates all of a business user's most important unified communications (UC) tools, and offers them in a mobile device with built-in enterprise security. That's the key difference between the Cius and tablet market dynamos like Apple's iPad, Cisco said Wednesday: a truer enterprise-grade experience that also creates upset opportunities for Cisco solution providers focused on UC, video and virtualization.
That was the message from Cisco collaboration executives, who in a media event in New York and other locations Wednesday offered the most details yet on how Cisco will position Cius in the rapidly-crowding tablet arena.
"We believe we sunk a lot of technology into this device," said Tom Puorro, senior director, product management, collaboration solutions at Cisco. "We've designed the device to be very broad in its capabilities, and [not just designed] for a particular use case. [This is] a lot of power focused on the enterprise user."
The Cius' on-board security offerings include Cisco hardware-accelerated encryption, network security, certificate management, virtual private network, enterprise access, mobility security and policy management tools. It's the only tablet out there with built-in enterprise security, according to Puorro, and IT managers can tailor policy controls to the needs of their Cius fleets.
"They can make it very loose, or very firm," Puorro said.
It's supported by Cisco's UC Manager and natively supports Cisco TelePresence, Cisco's Jabber instant messaging client, Cisco's WebEx communications software, and Cisco Quad, the vendor's social networking-flavored collaboration platform. It also supports virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI), using Citrix, VMware and Wyse platforms and devices, per a previous Cisco announcement. Cius outguns even business-focused tablets like Research In Motion's PlayBook, Cisco executives said, because Cius extends the reach of Cisco's total UC offering all the way to the mobile edge.
Earlier Wednesday, Cisco debuted AppHQ, an application development platform for Cius users that in theory will allow companies better control over what business applications their Cius tablet users have access to.
Cius users can access Google's Android Marketplace as they would using any Android device. But Cisco AppHQ gives businesses the ability to both highlight and limit what applications they want their employees to use. AppHQ further has a "store within a store" function: a Cisco-hosted, private app storefront that business users can customize with their own logos, and through which they can offer specific applications to their employees based on company policy. Those controls are useful, for example, when IT managers want to direct users to applications that are pre-validated to work interoperably with Cisco platforms, and have the necessary security built in to work on their enterprise networks.
"I buy what I want for bulk licenses, and put them there for my users to consume," Purro explained. "This is not a Draconian consumer store."
The applications included in AppHQ are chosen by Cisco, which on Wednesday also said it would be expanding its Cius app development program with an announcement at the upcoming Cisco Live conference in Las Vegas, July 11-14.
Next: More Details On Cisco Cius Pricing, Availability
Cisco hasn't confirmed the exact list price for Cius, but on Wednesday reconfirmed an estimated street price below $750 for the Wi-Fi only version of the tablet. Volume discount programs will bring the price per unit below $700 -- likely about $650, Puorro said. Cius is scheduled for global availability on July 31, and 4G versions will be available through Verizon and AT&T this fall.
Basic AppHQ access is included with all Cius units. Customers that want to use the "store within a store" function will pay an additional fee, which hasn't yet been confirmed by Cisco, according to Puorro.
All of the Cius' core functions, including VDI, can be accessed without the Cius' docking unit, which is sold separately for what Cisco executives told CRN will be about $400. The docking unit adds a handset, speakerphone and USB and Bluetooth connectivity for keyboards, mice and other peripherals. According to Cisco, more accessories -- including Cius cases -- will be available later this year.
Cisco put Cius in field tests with hundreds of users around the world as part of a beta program over the past six months, according to Puorro. Wednesday's event included positive feedback from several Cisco Cius customers, including Verizon, the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater and Palomar Pomerado Health, that deployed between a dozen and two dozen Ciuses in their employee bases.
Purro admitted the Cius unit, physically, is a bit bulkier than an iPad but was necessary because Cisco wanted to include a replaceable battery for the tablet, and also drive high quality audio with fatter speakers.
Overall, insisted Puorro, if business users are going to adopt tablets in greater numbers, they'll ultimately seek an enterprise-centric experience, not a consumer-focused device brought into enterprise.
"People are trying to use consumer-grade products in the enterprise, and a lot of that ends up as base functionality: e-mail, accessing the Web and watching movies," Puorro said. "[You] want more out of the device. This is a consolidation of many devices."
Cisco worked closely with Google during the development phase, Puorro said. Current Ciuses run the Froyo, or version 2.2, release of Android. Cisco will be skipping version 3.0, also known as Honeycomb, and the next major update for Cius' Android OS will come when Google releases Ice Cream Sandwich, which reportedly will be a melding of Google's Honeycomb-focused tablet software and its Gingerbread, or version 2.3, smartphone software into one platform.
Next: Cius' Appeal For CiscoVARs Cius became available for Cisco Master and Advanced Unified Communications partners in late March. Cius is particularly appealing for Cisco solution providers because it cuts across all of Cisco's major business architectures, allows partners to pinpoint network upgrade opportunities to run data, voice and video more effectively for customers. AppHQ can leverage partner skills for app development, particularly when vertical-specific applications are involved, according to Cisco.
"The hope is to have apps living there that leverage Cius integration with U.C.," said Richard McLeod, senior director, collaboration sales for Cisco's Worldwide Partner Organization. "You've taken those apps you're comfortable with, and they're tightly integrated with your business process. [That's] where the real power of a Cisco VAR steps in."
Steven Reese, director of solutions marketing for Nexus Information Systems, a Plymouth, Minn.-based solution provider and top Cisco VAR, said there's a shift going on in which customers are moving from "best of need" networks to upgraded network architectures that can seamlessly support voice, video and data and the myriad mobile devices that use those applications on the go. Cius, with its many functions, fits neatly in that shift, he said.
Features like the AppHQ platform add to a VAR's ability to customize the mobile experience for business users, Reese said, because the VAR can sell the infrastructure and the device, add professional and managed services behind those elements, and provide a tailored app deployment experience that leverages secure, pre-validated apps and creates opportunity for custom development.
"Now that I can create my own enterprise app store, I can say this application is already integrated with our back office processes, your unified communications are going to be there, and it's tested and proven and built into that application," Reese said. "That's a repeatable sales process."
Reese said Nexus is pushing Cius toward its health care, state and local government, K-12 and education customers. There's been a lot of positive feedback based on Cius use cases, Reese said, and Nexus is also focused on app development for the tablet with third party developer partners.
Cisco solution providers can't yet brand the AppHQ for their own use -- that is, private-label the AppHQ platform as their own, branded app store -- but McLeod said Cisco is discussing that as a possibility for partners.
Cius adoption is also happening within Cisco. Internally, about 1,500 Cisco employees have personal Cius units so far, according to Cisco executives.
Sun, 10 Dec 2023 10:36:00 -0600text/htmlhttps://www.crn.com/news/networking/231000749/cisco-enterprise-focus-security-set-cius-apart-from-tablet-crowdBest IT Certifications for 2024
Earning specialized certifications is a surefire way to advance your career in the IT field, regardless of industry or current career level. The right certification validates your skills and knowledge, which makes you more desirable to future employers who want to attract and retain the best employees. Below, we’ll explore the top IT certifications and share how to examine your goals to choose the right path forward.
Database platforms have changed greatly over the years, but database technology remains important for various applications and computing tasks. Available certifications for IT professionals include those for database administrators (DBAs), database developers, data analysts and architects, business intelligence, and data warehousing specialists, and other data professionals.
Obtaining database certifications demonstrates an understanding of database concepts, design, implementation, administration and security. This can boost your credibility in the job market and show potential employers that you have the skills needed to work with databases. The best database certifications include the following:
Best SAS certifications
SAS is one of the world’s leading firms for business analytics, data warehousing and data mining. Today, the SAS Global Certification Program offers 23 credentials across categories including foundation tools, advanced analytics, business intelligence, data management and administration.
SAS programmers remain in high demand, with a quick search of job boards showing thousands of open positions. Obtaining SAS certification shows employers that you are proficient in the company’s popular suite of tools. Some of SAS’s certification programs include the following:
Many professionals earn certifications to help navigate their career paths. According to the IT Salary Report, 92 percent of information technology professionals have at least one certification.
Best Cisco certifications
Cisco Systems is a market leader not only in networking and communications products, but also storage networking and solutions for data centers. Cisco offers a variety of certifications for IT professionals, ranging from entry level credentials to expert-level exams.
These certifications prepare professionals for Cisco-related careers. A search of job boards reveals thousands of open positions for Cisco experts, underscoring the continued relevance of these skills. Some of Cisco’s certifications include the following:
Best Dell certifications
Dell Technologies remains one of the world’s leading computing companies. In addition to its well-known hardware lineup, Dell also offers solutions for networks, storage, servers, gateways and embedded computing, as well as a broad range of IT and business services.
Becoming certified in Dell products can help make IT professionals competitive in engineering roles for server, virtualization, networking, systems, integration and data security. Additional roles include consultants, account executives, system administrators, IT managers and deployment managers.
Best mobility certifications
In the mobile era, it has become increasingly important for network engineers to support local, remote and mobile users, as well as provide proper infrastructure. The focus on application and app development now leans more toward mobile environments, requiring security professionals to thoroughly address mobility from all perspectives.
Due to the fast-changing nature of mobile technology, not many mobility certifications have become widely adopted. However, a few of the top mobility certifications can help IT professionals stand out in this rapidly evolving field.
If part of your job includes selling and implementing an IT solution, you may want to pursue the best sales certifications. You’ll show your organization that you’re willing to go above and beyond to reach sales targets.
Best computer hardware certifications
As remote and computer-based work has become more common, it’s more important than ever that businesses and individuals be able to maintain their hardware. While discussions about potential computer-related jobs often revolve around software work and coding, jumping into the IT field by becoming a computer technician is an excellent starting point.
Today, thousands of hardware technician jobs are available across the country. Entering this industry becomes more accessible for those who acquire computer hardware certifications. These certifications can showcase your expertise and proficiency in the upkeep of computers, mobile devices, printers and other hardware components.
Best Google Cloud certifications
IT pros with solid cloud computing skills continue to be in high demand as more companies adopt cloud technologies. Today, Google Cloud is one of the market leaders in the cloud computing space.
Regardless of where you are in your IT career, engaging with certification programs can demonstrate your willingness to keep on top of rapidly evolving cloud technologies. To that end, Google has introduced a host of certifications for its cloud platform, including the following:
Best evergreen IT certifications
In the fast-changing world of technology, it can help to focus on certifications that have stood the test of time. “Evergreen” refers to certifications that remain popular year after year.
The top evergreen certifications are based on recent pay surveys in IT, reports from IT professionals about certifications they want or pursue the most, and those that appear most frequently in online job postings. Obtaining these credentials is one step toward ensuring that your skills remain relevant for a long time:
Best IT governance certifications
IT governance provides structure for aligning a company’s IT with its business strategies. Organizations faced with compliance rigors always need experienced IT pros who can see the big picture and understand technology risks. This means certified IT governance professionals are likely to remain in high demand.
Earning one of the following certifications proves a commitment to understanding the role of IT governance and its position in a company’s current and future success. Getting certified can validate your expert knowledge and lead to advanced career opportunities.
Best system administrator certifications
An IT system administrator is responsible for managing and maintaining the information technology infrastructure within an organization. The position demands sought-after career skills, ranging from configuring and maintaining servers and clients to managing access controls, network services, and addressing application resource requirements.
If you’re in charge of managing modern servers, there’s a long list of tools and technologies that system administrators must master. Obtaining some of the most prominent system administrator certifications can demonstrate your mastery to potential employers.
Best ITIL certifications
ITIL, or Information Technology Infrastructure Library, was developed to establish standardized best practices for IT services within government agencies. Over the ensuing four decades, businesses of all types embraced, modified, and extended ITIL, shaping it into a comprehensive framework for managing IT service delivery.
The ITIL framework remains the benchmark for best practices in IT service and delivery management, offering certification programs that cater to IT professionals at all levels. These training and certification courses ensure that IT professionals stay well-prepared for the ongoing evolution in IT service delivery management. There are four certifications in the ITIL certification program:
Best enterprise architect certifications
An IT enterprise architect is responsible for designing and managing the overall structure and framework of an organization’s information technology system. Enterprise architect certifications are among the highest that an IT professional can achieve; fewer than 1 percent ultimately reach this level.
Enterprise architects are among the highest-paid employees and consultants in the tech industry. These certifications can put IT professionals on a path to many lucrative positions. The average worker earns over six figures annually. Some top enterprise architect certifications are listed below:
To become an enterprise IT architect, you’ll need knowledge of systems deployment, design and architecture, as well as a strong business foundation.
Best CompTIA certifications
CompTIA is a nonprofit trade association made up of more than 2,000 member organizations and 3,000 business partners. The organization’s vendor-neutral certification program is one of the best recognized in the IT industry. Since CompTIA developed its A+ credential in 1993, it has issued more than two million certifications.
CompTIA certifications are grouped by skill set and focus on the real-world skills IT professionals need. Armed with these credentials, you can demonstrate that you know how to manage and support IT infrastructure.
Best Oracle certifications
A longtime leader in database software, Oracle also offers cloud solutions, servers, engineered systems, storage, and more. The company has more than 430,000 customers in 175 countries.
Today, Oracle’s training program offers six certification levels that span 16 product categories with more than 200 individual credentials. Considering the depth and breadth of this program — and the number of Oracle customers — it’s no surprise that Oracle certifications are highly sought after.
Vendor-specific certifications address a particular vendor’s hardware and software. For example, you can pursue Oracle certifications and Dell certifications to become an expert in those companies’ environments.
Best business continuity and disaster recovery certifications
Business continuity and disaster recovery keep systems running and data available in the event of interruptions or faults. These programs bring systems back to normal operation after a disaster has occurred.
Business continuity and disaster recovery certifications are seeing a healthy uptrend as new cloud-based tools grow in popularity. While business continuity planning and disaster recovery planning have always been essential, they’re becoming more critical than ever — and IT certifications are following suit.
Tue, 02 Jan 2024 09:59:00 -0600entext/htmlhttps://www.businessnewsdaily.com/10953-best-it-certifications.htmlCisco’s latest cloud play: Exec explains the deal for tech startup Isovalent
Editor’s note: Tom Gillis is Senior Vice President and General Manager Security Business Group at Cisco. In this blog he explains why Cisco is acquiring Isovalent to “define the future of multicloud networking and security.” The deal was announced Thursday. Financial terms were not disclosed.
When you think about software networking, at its core, it has two basic functions: (1) send traffic from A to B as quickly and efficiently as possible, and (2) move traffic from A to B but NOT to X, Y, or Z. Software-Defined Networking (SDN) separates these two functions, allowing the hardware to perform the first task, while the second task of network policy enforcement is performed in software.
This simple concept becomes a lot trickier though in today’s environment of distributed applications, virtual machines, containers, and cloud assets. Applications may have little to no insight into the underlying infrastructure, leaving a gap in visibility and security. So, how does the security team ensure visibility and proper security controls while not hindering networking and application performance? How do you bring networking and security closer together so that you protect workloads no matter where they run?
That’s where eBPF comes in. It is an open source technology that allows sophisticated software programs to program the heart of the operating system – known as the kernel – without actually changing the heart of the operating system. This is incredibly powerful because it unlocks security, observability, and networking functionality at the kernel-level that was not possible before.
Cisco became an investor in Isovalent as part of their Series A funding round in 2020. At the time, Cilium was already used for cloud native connectivity and the default in managed Kubernetes offerings for several major public cloud providers including Google Kubernetes Engine, Google Anthos, and Amazon EKS Anywhere.
Cilium gained high-adoption with hyperscalers and cloud providers because of its unparalleled visibility into the behavior and communication of cloud native applications and seamless ability to define the policy of a software-defined network. Since 2020, Isovalent has continued to innovate, recently introducing Cilium Mesh to allow for the easy connection of Kubernetes clusters with existing infrastructure across hybrid clouds, as well as Tetragon, their open source security application.
Tetragon provides security controls to protect workloads as they run by gathering detailed information about the application’s internal processes and how they behave on the network. This broad insight provides the highest form of protection for workloads running on any cloud. Tetragon also includes important compliance capability and integration with tools cloud providers and enterprises use to monitor and remediate security incidents.
As we look ahead, Cisco is focused on helping customers address these visibility and security challenges through the Cisco Security Cloud, an AI-driven, cloud-delivered, integrated security platform for organizations of any shape and size. A credible hybrid, multicloud network security capability is fundamental to easing operational complexity for our customers. The Cisco Security Cloud does this by making it easier to define and enforce policies from a single cloud-delivered console across both hybrid and multi-cloud environments.
Cisco is committed to Cilium and Tetragon as open source projects and intends to create an independent advisory board to help steer Cisco’s contributions to these important efforts in a way that is aligned with the needs of the open source community. Together, Cisco and Isovalent will build on the power of Cilium and Tetragon to create multicloud security and networking capabilities that are truly unique, Cisco will continue offering and enhancing Isovalent Enterprise for Cilium to customers. Isovalent’s Cilium Mesh complements Cisco software-defined networking solutions and together would supply customers seamless and secure networking from the branch office to the data center, to the public cloud, using one continuous mesh. Hardware acceleration of networking functions will ensure that the already performing eBPF platform will continue to lead the industry. By leveraging the threat intelligence of Cisco Talos and Cisco’s increasingly powerful security analytics capability, Cisco and Isovalent will together build leading-edge protection for any workload on any cloud.
Cisco and Isovalent are excited to drive the next generation of cloud networking and security innovation based on open source technology. We look forward to continuing to work with CNCF and other open source communities to provide our customers with the best possible technology and products.
We look forward to welcoming the Isovalent team once the acquisition closes and, together, defining the future of multicloud networking and security.
Wed, 20 Dec 2023 10:00:00 -0600en-UStext/htmlhttps://wraltechwire.com/2023/12/21/ciscos-latest-cloud-play-exec-explains-the-deal-for-tech-startup-isovalent/Cisco uncorks AI-based security assistant to streamline enterprise protection
With Cisco AI Assistant for Security, enterprises can use natural language to discover policies and get rule recommendations, identify misconfigured policies, and simplify complex workflows.
Cisco has unveiled its natural language-based AI Assistant for Security aimed at helping enterprise customers better assess security situations, eliminate configuration errors and automate complex tasks.
The Cisco AI Assistant for Security will first be implemented as part of the vendor's cloud-based Firewall Management Center and Cisco Defense Orchestrator services. Cisco’s Firewall Management Center is a centralized platform for configuring, monitoring, troubleshooting and controlling Cisco Firepower Next-Generation Firewalls. The orchestrator platform lets customers centrally manage, control and automate security policies across multiple cloud-native security systems.
Among the goals of the AI Assistant are to reduce the time it takes for customers to respond to potential threats and simplify the entire security process.
"Using natural language, an administrator can iterate with the AI Assistant to do things like discover and identify all the policies that control access to an application, define a new policy or rule for the administrator, and implement the policy," said Jeetu Patel, executive vice president and general manager of security and collaboration at Cisco, in a blog about the news.
"The AI Assistant can also identify duplicate or misconfigured security policies from amongst thousands of existing policies and make recommendations for resolving them. To me, this is mind-blowing, because this is a level of intelligence that just isn't possible without AI," Patel stated.
In addition, Patel said the security assistant will let customers describe and contextualize events across email, the web, endpoints, and the network to tell security operation center analysts exactly what happened, the impact, and best next steps to take to remediate problems and set new policies.
Cisco first talked about the security assistant at its Live event in June, saying an AI-based assistant will provide easy-to-use situation analysis for network and security teams, correlating intelligence across the Cisco Security Cloud and relaying potential impacts; going forward, customers "won't need to have a Ph.D. to manage a firewall policy," Cisco stated.
In addition to the Assistant, Cisco added a new security feature across its firewall family that lets security teams see into traffic to look for malware without having to decrypt it first.
"Decrypting traffic for inspection is resource-intensive and fraught with operational, privacy, and compliance issues," Patel stated. With the 7.4.1 Operating System, which is now available, the system can analyze encrypted traffic to identify indicators of malicious behavior that humans can't, and it does so without decrypting, Patel stated.
"For instance, an insulin pump that's running certain operating systems cannot run an end-point client. If it gets attacked by malware that communicates with the outside world via encrypted traffic, you can lose control of the insulin pump," Patel wrote. "With Encrypted Visibility Engine, you can now block this at the firewall."
Tue, 05 Dec 2023 10:00:00 -0600entext/htmlhttps://www.networkworld.com/article/1251383/cisco-uncorks-ai-based-security-assistant-to-streamline-enterprise-protection.htmlSecurity news for the last two weeks of 2023
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Mon, 01 Jan 2024 14:40:00 -0600en-UStext/htmlhttps://www.enterprisetimes.co.uk/2024/01/02/security-news-for-the-last-two-weeks-of-2023/Cisco exceeds goal to positively impact one billion people
The milestone coincides with the launch of Cisco’s annual Purpose Report, providing updates on its ESG and social impact progress through fiscal year 2023.
Delivering impact locally, Cisco’s Country Digital Acceleration program is running in collaboration with the UAE’s Artificial Intelligence, Digital Economy and Remote Work Applications Office.
Through Cisco Networking Academy, more than 105,000 learners in the UAE have gained IT skills to transform their careers.
DUBAI, UAE — One year ahead of schedule, Cisco has surpassed its goal to make a real, tangible difference in the lives of one billion people, leveraging a powerful combination of technology and people, backed by its purpose to power an inclusive future for all.
To achieve its goal of positively impacting one billion people by 2025, Cisco invested in nonprofits through its Social Impact grants and Networking Academy to help them develop and scale technology-based solutions for the critical challenges facing communities around the world. Cisco also worked with local and national governments, including the UAE, to empower communities with IT skills, helping develop the workforce of the future and fostering digital inclusion – all measured by a rigorous tracking methodology.
“Through collaboration with national leadership, industry and nonprofit partners, as well as the dedication of our people, we are proud to celebrate impacting more than one billion lives globally. We will continue to leverage the power of technology and partnerships in the UAE and across countries around the world deliver a secure, connected and inclusive future for all,” said Reem Asaad, Vice President, Cisco Middle East and Africa.
Cisco’s Country Digital Acceleration (CDA) program is a long-term partnership with national leadership, industry and academia to stimulate innovation, grow GDP and expand job creation. In the UAE, the CDA program was launched in 2018 and has since recorded over 20 completed digitization projects across industries such as healthcare, tourism, transportation, education, retail and more.
Cisco renewed its commitment in 2022 – signing a collaboration framework with the UAE’s Minister of State for Artificial Intelligence, Digital Economy and Remote Work Applications Office – expanding their collective impact. The current initiative focuses on areas including sustainability, cybersecurity, talent development, SME empowerment and digital infrastructure.
In the same year, Cisco collaborated with the UAE Coders HQ to establish the ‘Sibaq Lahja’ program – aiming to equip young coders and software engineers with the skills required to develop and deploy AI solutions in the realm of Arabic Natural Language Processing (NLP).
In 2023, Cisco has also collaborated with the UAE’s Ministry of Economy on a digitization initiative that provides entrepreneurs with access to innovation labs, technical expertise, and business development opportunities. This initiative seeks to help boost the growth of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the country.
In light of ongoing advancements with generative artificial intelligence (Gen AI), and evolving cybersecurity threat that comes with the technology, the World Economic Forum (WEF) estimates that half the global labor force may need reskilling over the next two years, and 1.1 billion jobs will be transformed by technology in the coming decade.
In addition, there is the assessment that three million cybersecurity experts are needed to support the current global economy, signifying the imminent importance for initiatives like the Cisco Networking Academy – one of the longest standing IT-skills-to-jobs programs in the world.
Since the inception of Cisco Networking Academy in the UAE (in 1999), more than 105,000 learners have received IT skills training in-country, with a strong 45% female participation rate. This includes over 12,000 learners in Cisco’s 2023 fiscal year alone, participating via 38 academies across the Emirates.
95% of students surveyed globally* cite the Academy’s impact in helping them attain a job or further education opportunities. This year, Cisco announced its goal to train 10 million people in digital and cybersecurity skills, over the next 10 years, across Europe, the Middle East, and Africa (EMEA).
Annual Purpose Report Released
This announcement accompanies the release of Cisco’s annual Purpose Report, which details its latest impact, goals, and progress on ESG topics, including environmental sustainability, social impact, digital access, philanthropy, supply chain, security and privacy, and diversity, equity, and inclusion.
Learn more: cisco.com/go/esg-hub
*Based on student outcome surveys of students participating in Cisco certification courses between fiscal 2005 (when exit surveys began) and fiscal 2023
Cisco (NASDAQ: CSCO) is the worldwide technology leader that securely connects everything to make anything possible. Our purpose is to power an inclusive future for all by helping our customers reimagine their applications, power hybrid work, secure their enterprise, transform their infrastructure, and meet their sustainability goals. Discover more on The Newsroom and follow us on X at @Cisco.
Cisco and the Cisco logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Cisco and/or its affiliates in the U.S. and other countries. A listing of Cisco's trademarks can be found at www.cisco.com/go/trademarks. Third-party trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners. The use of the word partner does not imply a partnership relationship between Cisco and any other company.
Tue, 26 Dec 2023 19:37:00 -0600entext/htmlhttps://www.zawya.com/en/press-release/companies-news/cisco-exceeds-goal-to-positively-impact-one-billion-people-j3rb77uaIn Texas, Fort Worth’s Public Wi-Fi Initiative Gets People Online
When Fort Worth, Texas, began delivering more services digitally during the COVID-19 pandemic, officials found that several neighborhoods weren’t fully utilizing the resources because they lacked dependable at-home internet access.
“Some of it is infrastructure. The incumbent service providers didn’t have those types of offerings in those communities,” says Kevin Gunn, the city’s CTO and IT solutions director. “Some of it is financial. When faced with buying food or having internet service, it’s not a tough decision. We started thinking about ways that we could get internet service into those neighborhoods in short order.”
The city’s endeavor to supply public Wi-Fi had its challenges. There were building-related signal transmission issues. And there was the red-tailed hawk’s nest that paused equipment installation until fledglings living there decamped . (The bird is a protected species in the state.)
But by partnering with Cisco, Fort Worth was ultimately able to extend its government enterprise network to provide connectivity to 40,000 residents in the Ash Crescent, Lake Como, Northside, Rosemont and Stop Six neighborhoods via a separate, segmented network.
The network’s Cisco Ultra-Reliable Wireless Backhaul infrastructure includes Meraki MR86 outdoor access points and Catalyst switches that have been mounted on towers and streetlight poles, distributing a high-speed signal throughout the neighborhoods, says Gary DePreta, area vice president for state and local government and education at Cisco.
“For a city to dig trenches and provide fiber optics to 40,000 to 50,000 residents, that would be measured in years,” DePreta says. “Because of the urgent need to provide services during the pandemic, time was of the essence. Essentially, that technology provides the data capacity and speeds of fiber-optic cabling, but you can deploy it from a wireless infrastructure.”
The city anticipated that the planning for its public CFW-Neighborhood network would take six months, but the process ultimately lasted nine.
“We’ve got beautiful landscapes and undulating hills and lots of mature trees and other things that interfere with radio signal propagation,” he says. “It was a lot more of a challenge than we anticipated initially.”
Fort Worth worked with radio engineers to determine where to install system elements, placing items out of reach of objects that could interfere with propagation, Gunn says.
“It’s picking the right location to put the two inputs so you get the best signal,” he says. “Some of the facilities we identified initially were places like libraries, which are one-story buildings here in Fort Worth; so, we pivoted to those that had two or more stories.”
A lot of effort went into communication, making people aware and getting them excited about this project in their neighborhoods.”
Kevin Gunn CTO and IT Solutions Director, Fort Worth, Texas
Leading up to the public network’s August 2022 debut, the city sponsored an extensive community outreach effort to ensure that residents understood that their online activity wouldn’t be tracked. Only aggregate usage data is being gathered, Gunn says, to monitor network performance and service quality.
IT department members gave presentations at neighborhood association meetings and other community gatherings; when trucks were sent out to install system components, technicians had postcards with a QR code leading to information about what the vehicles were doing in the area.
“A lot of effort went into communication, making people aware and getting them excited about this project in their neighborhoods,” Gunn says. “That paid dividends once we were finally up and running. We saw users immediately jumping onto the network and becoming advocates for us by doing that.”
Simplicity was a key design goal for the network; the city wanted a solution that would be reliable enough to withstand hot sun, sleet and other local conditions, and one that was easy to deploy, support and use, Gunn says.
“We really haven’t had any ongoing maintenance, other than maybe a storm coming through and misaligning an antenna or having one or two pieces of equipment with a power failure,” Gunn says. “Outside of that, it’s been set it and forget it.”
IT leaders in Fort Worth hope to eventually enable fiber optic connectivity for every address. Until that can be achieved, the current structure allows the city to offer Wi-Fi access in areas where it had been unreliable. And some system elements — such as the Cisco Catalyst switches, which contain additional ports — are helping to position the city for future tech growth.
“We knew this was deploying a significant amount of infrastructure in those neighborhoods,” Gunn says. “That’s now a platform for us to deploy smart streetlight technologies, smart signals at intersections, school crossing beacons and any of the other types of smart city initiatives we might want to pursue.”
Cisco’s Ultra-Reliable Wireless Backhaul technology had traditionally been applied in areas such as the transportation sector, DePreta says. Fort Worth’s implementation was the first time the technology had been applied in a major metropolitan area.
DePreta believes the CFW-Neighborhood network could serve as a model for other cities looking to address a pressing connectivity gap before they’re able to fully institute a long-term solution.
Thu, 04 Jan 2024 06:47:00 -0600Erin Breretonentext/htmlhttps://statetechmagazine.com/article/2024/01/texas-fort-worths-public-wi-fi-initiative-gets-people-onlineThe rise of observability and why it matters to your business
The rapid awareness and adoption of artificial intelligence has increased concerns around security, governance, compliance and business risk.
The digital business imperative to Boost customer experience combined with a vastly more complex technology environment, comprising multiple clouds, the internet of things, containers, app integration and the popularity of open source, are driving need for better observability across technology stacks. But fragmented information technology environments, lack of talent and a spate of existing installed monitoring tools are preventing organizations from achieving their full-stack observability aspirations.
In this Breaking Analysis, we dig deeper into the trends in observability based on a recent custom study from our partners at Enterprise Technology Research. As always, we’ll provide our perspective on the market and players with a view toward trends to watch in 2024.
What is full-stack observability & O11Y?
Full-stack observability is the capability to discover the real-time status of each technology stack component in a distributed IT environment. It involves holistically viewing cloud-hosted applications, services, infrastructure, on-premises IT, K8s (there’s your O11Y hint) infrastructure and more. O11Y uses telemetry data such as metrics, logs, traces and other information from the entire IT environment to provide complete end-to-end visibility to understand the connection and dependencies among IT components.
FSO is more than just monitoring and reporting. It uses reasoning and often machine intelligence to draw conclusions about an environment to recommend change or even take action on behalf of humans.
New survey captures the customer mindset of FSO
FSO or O11Y has been a hot course in the press and analyst community. That’s why we’re so excited to share the results of a recent study from ETR.
ETR has an amazing custom research capability that we’re privileged to share with you. This particular study was done in partnership with New Relic Inc., which we promise has zero influence on the commentary and conclusions of this Breaking Analysis or the ETR analysis.
This particular study had 1,700 respondents and, unlike most of the work we share, had a global respondent base, with U.S. customers only accounting for about a quarter of the survey. The companies spanned multiple industries, all organization sizes (80% more than 5,000 employees) and mostly technology practitioners.
Like security, observability is a crowded market
It has grown out of the world of application performance monitoring or APM, network monitoring, log analytics, AI operations or AIOps, database performance management, dashboarding, error tracking and literally dozens of legacy and fragmented market segments. There are literally dozens and dozens of vendors in this space.
Here’s a demo using network monitoring as the sector of choice. In this space “other” is the leading vendor, which underscores how crowded the market is. But the likes of Splunk, Grafana, Dynatrace, Elastic, AppDynamics, open-source tools such as OpenTelemetry, Prometheus and the ELK stack, New Relic, Sumo Logic and more play in this specific market.
On the right-hand side of this chart you can see the sectors ETR tracked in this study – about 18, including distributed tracing, serverless monitoring, mobile monitoring, MLOps and so forth. Selecting each one in the pulldown will shuffle the deck of players.
Splunk leads in most, but as the leader everyone wants to attack it and get a piece of its market. It’s why Cisco Systems Inc. paid $28 billion for Splunk, because it has the largest footprint. But there are many others. For example, in application performance monitoring, Datadog, Dynatrace, AppD (also owned by Cisco) and New Relic join Splunk at the top of the list. In synthetic monitoring, Dynatrace and Datadog pop up as most popular along with Splunk. In distributed tracing, Grafana, Dynatrace, Prometheus and OpenTelemetry are cited more often than Splunk. And “other” is always prominent.
You get the point. FSO involves a lot of different capabilities and there are many vendors playing in the market. For example, here are some names in the other category you may or may not know: Lucidworks, Exabeam, Sentry, Moogsoft, Honeycomb, ChaosSearch, Graylog, ScienceLogic, Cribl, Monte Carlo, Observe, InfluxData and dozens more I could name. It’s crowded.
Consolidation continues to be a theme, but it’s not easy
The market is so fragmented and the budget pressures of 2022 and 2023 have caused a consolidation of tools.
This chart shows the number of observability tools installed in 2023 (top) as compared with 2022 (bottom). And you can see the reduction in the percentage of customers with five, six, seven and eight tools – highlighted in red. And the shift to one, two and three tools installed is shown by the red arrows.
But it’s clear that the movement in the past year is just scratching the surface as around 60% of customers cite that they have four or more tools. So more work must be done to accommodate greater consolidation. Having said that, around 30% of customers in the survey lean toward having multiple tools as a means of tapping best-of-breed capabilities.
Like in security, the quest for excellence often results in fragmentation.
Which vendors benefit most from consolidation?
When asked which vendor platforms customers prefer to consolidate on, about13% say they don’t want to consolidate. But Splunk, Dynatrace and Datadog are most commonly cited.
Once again, “other” is in the mix pretty prominently, with Elastic, AppD and New Relic also showing.
Now some interesting things change when you filter the data. For example, executive management prefers to consolidate on Dynatrace and surprisingly a somewhat higher percentage, 16%, say they don’t want to consolidate.
For what it’s worth, the small percentage of females in the survey want to consolidate on AppDynamics, a company Cisco acquired in 2017. Services and consultancies prefer to consolidate on Datadog.
So again this just underscores the complexity and varied preferences of the market.
Humans are still in the loop
Another notable finding in the survey is the degree to which manual labor is still a dominant force.
Despite the AI hype, fewer than 10% of customers say their incident detection and remediation workflows in the future will be mostly AI-led. But a huge percentage – around 75% as shown on this chart – expect to have some type of AI-led automation in their identification and remediation workflows.
Automation is a two-edged sword. It’s one of those alluring concepts, but there’s real caution around trusting machines to judge what actions should and shouldn’t be taken and when. So given the sensitive nature of change management, we would expect this trend to continue to lean toward AI-led automation, but it will take some time before humans are mostly out of the loop. Moreover, while many vendors claim to have AI, there’s a wide spectrum of capabilities, and customers should be very cautious about vendor claims in this regard.
Now, not surprisingly, the regulated industries of financial services, healthcare and government see a much lower tendency to be mostly-AI led in this context over the next year (well under 5% say mostly AI-led in this chart), whereas industries such as energy and high tech are much more likely to adopt AI aggressively in this space.
Interestingly, the data show that senior managements are more likely to push for AI adoption whereas the practitioners, who literally have their jobs on the line – that is, machines replacing humans or getting fired for implementing rogue automation – are much less optimistic.
What does O11Y do for your business?
According to more than 1,500 practitioners in this survey, there are many benefits.
Better uptime, improved efficiency, more secure environment and a better customer experience help developers be more productive because they’re doing less troubleshooting and the like. And this ostensibly leads to greater business agility and more revenue. Only one-half of 1% cited no benefit. This is across all roles, all geographies and all industries, by the way.
But there are challenges to adopting FSO, including the siloed nature of data and IT, tools creep, lack of talent… but the No. 1 pressure is lack of budget – that is, it’s perceived as too expensive. So the industry has an opportunity to better sell the benefits.
Perhaps retiring goofy terms like O11Y would help!
FSO trends to watch
Security remains the No. 1 priority in the ETR survey data and that requires better visibility. So we don’t expect FSO to be a fad that fades in 2024. Just the opposite, actually. As digital businesses fight for customers and access to real time data becomes more critical, FSO will only grow in prominence in our opinion.
The latest ETR survey data on the spending macro is showing some positive momentum for 2024 – but really toward the second half. Amazon Web Services Inc. Chief Executive Adam Selipsky said it best when he shared at the re:Invent in late November that we’ve seen better times, we’ve seen worse times, but we’ve never seen such uncertain times. True words of wisdom from the CEO of AWS.
Everyone is AI-crazed – including us – but your practitioners are cautious and probably skeptical that they have job security. So part of your challenge is to convince the doers that AI will bring new opportunities and relieve them of mundane and tedious tasks. And you’ll have to also put in processes to make sure that automation doesn’t create boo-boos because with the cloud and distributed computing, mistakes can travel fast.
The last point is that clearly the market generally and full-stack observability specifically are moving toward platforms. But the siloed nature of tech stacks, technical debt and sunk costs will mean a continued fragmented market. That said, those leaders with full-stack capabilities, cloud-native tooling and real AI will be in a good position to ride the consolidation wave in 2024 and beyond.
Keep in touch
Thanks to Alex Myerson and Ken Shifman on production, podcasts and media workflows for Breaking Analysis. Special thanks to Kristen Martin and Cheryl Knight, who help us keep our community informed and get the word out, and to Rob Hof, our EiC at SiliconANGLE.
Also, check out this ETR Tutorial we created, which explains the spending methodology in more detail. Note: ETR is a separate company from Wikibon and SiliconANGLE. If you would like to cite or republish any of the company’s data, or inquire about its services, please contact ETR at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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