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Exam Code: 312-49v10 Computer Hacking Forensic Investigator (CHFI-v10) exam Questions January 2024 by Killexams.com team

312-49v10 Computer Hacking Forensic Investigator (CHFI-v10)

Exam Specification:

- exam Name: 312-49v10 Computer Hacking Forensic Investigator (CHFI-v10)
- exam Code: 312-49v10
- exam Duration: 4 hours
- exam Format: Multiple-choice questions
- Passing Score: 70%

Course Outline:

1. Introduction to Computer Forensics
- Computer forensics overview
- Legal and ethical considerations
- Investigative process and methodology

2. Digital Evidence Examination Process
- Collecting and preserving digital evidence
- Data acquisition and imaging
- Forensic analysis techniques

3. File Systems and Storage Forensics
- Understanding file systems and their structure
- File system analysis and recovery
- Analyzing storage media and devices

4. Network Forensics and Investigating Logs
- Network forensics fundamentals
- Investigating network traffic and protocols
- Analyzing log files for evidence

5. Forensics Investigations Using Forensic Tools
- Introduction to forensic tools
- Forensic imaging and analysis tools
- Data carving and data recovery techniques

6. Forensics Investigations Using Steganography and Encryption
- Steganography concepts and detection
- Encryption methods and their forensic implications
- Recovering encrypted and hidden information

7. Investigating Web Attacks and Email Crimes
- Web attack investigations
- Email crime investigations
- Tracing and identifying online activities

Exam Objectives:

1. Conduct a computer forensic investigation following legal and ethical guidelines.
2. Collect and preserve digital evidence using proper techniques and tools.
3. Analyze file systems, storage media, and devices for evidence extraction.
4. Perform network forensics and analyze network traffic and logs.
5. Utilize forensic tools for imaging, analysis, and data recovery.
6. Identify and analyze steganography and encryption methods.
7. Investigate web attacks and email crimes, tracing online activities.

Exam Syllabus:

The exam syllabus covers the following subjects (but is not limited to):

- Computer forensics overview
- Legal and ethical considerations in forensic investigations
- Digital evidence examination process and methodology
- File systems, storage media, and device analysis
- Network forensics and log analysis
- Forensic tools for imaging, analysis, and recovery
- Steganography and encryption detection and analysis
- Web attack and email crime investigations
Computer Hacking Forensic Investigator (CHFI-v10)
EC-Council Investigator exam Questions

Other EC-Council exams

312-38 EC-Council Certified Network Defender
312-49 Computer Hacking Forensic Investigator
312-76 EC-Council Disaster Recovery Professional (EDRP)
312-92 EC-Council Certified Secure Programmer v2 (CSP)
412-79 EC-Council Certified Security Analyst (ECSA V9)
712-50 EC-Council Certified CISO (CCISO)
EC0-349 Computer Hacking Forensic Investigator
EC0-479 EC-Council Certified Security Analyst (ECSA)
EC1-350 Ethical Hacking and Countermeasures V7
ECSS EC-Council Certified Security Specialist
ECSAv10 EC-Council Certified Security Analyst
212-89 EC-Council Certified Incident Handler (ECIH v2)
312-50v11 Certified Ethical Hacker v11
412-79v10 Certified Security Analyst (ECSA) V10
312-50v12 Certified Ethical Hacker exam (CEHv12)
312-49v10 Computer Hacking Forensic Investigator (CHFI-v10)
312-96 Certified Application Security Engineer (C|ASE Java) Certification
312-85 Certified Threat Intelligence Analyst (C|TIA)
312-39 EC-Council Certified SOC Analyst (CSA) certification
512-50 Information Security Manager (E|ISM)

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Computer Hacking Forensic Investigator (CHFI-v10)
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Question: 90
Kyle is performing the final testing of an application he developed for the accounting department.
His last round of testing is to ensure that the program is as secure as possible. Kyle runs the following command.
What is he testing at this point?
#include #include int main(int argc, char
*argv[]) { char buffer[10]; if (argc < 2) { fprintf (stderr, "USAGE: %s stringn", argv[0]); return 1; }
strcpy(buffer, argv[1]); return 0; }
A. Buffer overflow
B. SQL injection
C. Format string bug
D. Kernal injection
Answer: A
Question: 91
After passing her CEH exam, Carol wants to ensure that her network is completely secure. She implements a DMZ,
stateful firewall, NAT, IPSEC, and a packet filtering firewall. Since all security measures were taken, none of the hosts
on her network can reach the Internet.
Why is that?
A. Stateful firewalls do not work with packet filtering firewalls
B. NAT does not work with stateful firewalls
C. IPSEC does not work with packet filtering firewalls
D. NAT does not work with IPSEC
Answer: D
Question: 92
You are the security analyst working for a private company out of France. Your current assignment is to obtain credit
card information from a Swiss bank owned by that company. After initial reconnaissance, you discover that the bank
security defenses are very strong and would take too long to penetrate. You decide to get the information by
monitoring the traffic between the bank and one of its subsidiaries in London. After monitoring some of the traffic,
you see a lot of FTP packets traveling back and forth. You want to sniff the traffic and extract usernames and
passwords.
What tool could you use to get this information?
A. Airsnort
B. Snort
C. Ettercap
D. RaidSniff
Answer: C
Question: 93
What TCP/UDP port does the toolkit program netstat use?
A. Port 7
B. Port 15
C. Port 23
D. Port 69
Answer: B
Question: 94
Jonathan is a network administrator who is currently testing the internal security of his network. He is attempting to
hijack a session, using Ettercap, of a user connected to his Web server.
Why will Jonathan not succeed?
A. Only an HTTPS session can be hijacked
B. HTTP protocol does not maintain session
C. Only FTP traffic can be hijacked
D. Only DNS traffic can be hijacked
Answer: B
Question: 95
You are assisting a Department of Defense contract company to become compliant with the stringent security policies
set by the DoD. One such strict rule is that firewalls must only allow incoming connections that were first initiated by
internal computers.
What type of firewall must you implement to abide by this policy?
A. Packet filtering firewall
B. Circuit-level proxy firewall
C. Application-level proxy firewall
D. Stateful firewall
Answer: D
Question: 96
Printing under a Windows Computer normally requires which one of the following files types to be created?
A. EME
B. MEM
C. EMF
D. CME
Answer: C
Question: 97
Frank is working on a vulnerability assessment for a company on the West coast. The company hired Frank to assess
its network security through scanning, pen tests, and vulnerability assessments. After discovering numerous known
vulnerabilities detected by a temporary IDS he set up, he notices a number of items that show up as unknown but
Questionable in the logs. He looks up the behavior on the Internet, but cannot find anything related.
What organization should Frank submit the log to find out if it is a new vulnerability or not?
A. APIPA
B. IANA
C. CVE
D. RIPE
Answer: C
Question: 98
Meyer Electronics Systems just recently had a number of laptops stolen out of their office. On these laptops contained
sensitive corporate information regarding patents and company strategies. A month after the laptops were stolen, a
competing company was found to have just developed products that almost exactly duplicated products that Meyer
produces.
What could have prevented this information from being stolen from the laptops?
A. EFS Encryption
B. DFS Encryption
C. IPS Encryption
D. SDW Encryption
Answer: A
Question: 99
This organization maintains a database of hash signatures for known software.
A. International Standards Organization
B. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
C. National Software Reference Library
D. American National standards Institute
Answer: C
Question: 100
You have compromised a lower-level administrator account on an Active Directory network of a small company in
Dallas, Texas. You discover Domain Controllers through enumeration. You connect to one of the Domain Controllers
on port 389 using ldp.exe.
What are you trying to accomplish here?
A. Poison the DNS records with false records
B. Enumerate MX and A records from DNS
C. Establish a remote connection to the Domain Controller
D. Enumerate domain user accounts and built-in groups
Answer: D
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EC-Council invented the Certified Ethical Hacker program. Founded in 2001 in response to 9/11, EC-Council's mission is to provide the training and certifications apprentice and experienced cybersecurity professionals need to keep corporations, government agencies and others who employ them safe from attack.

Best known for its Certified Ethical Hacker program, EC-Council today offers 200 different pieces of training, certificates, and degrees in everything from Computer Forensic Investigation and Security Analysis to Threat Intelligence and Information Security. An ISO/IEC 17024 Accredited Organization recognized under the US Defense Department Directive 8140/8570 and many other authoritative cybersecurity bodies worldwide, the company has certified over 3,00,000 professionals across the globe. Trusted by seven of the Fortune 10, half of the Fortune 100, and the intelligence communities of 150 nations, EC-Council is the gold standard in cybersecurity education and certification. A truly global organization with a driving belief in bringing diversity, equity and inclusion to the modern cybersecurity workforce, EC-Council maintains 11 offices in the U.S., the UK, India, Malaysia, Singapore, and Indonesia.

Mon, 21 Mar 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en-gb text/html https://www.infosecurity-magazine.com/directory/ec-council-group/
Doctoral Candidacy Examination Instructions

All students participating in a Master of Science or Doctor of Philosophy degree program must complete a thesis or dissertation proposal for approval by the members of the student's steering committee. The major professor and each of the graduate steering committee members must approve the proposal using the Graduate School's proposal approval form. MS thesis proposals should generally be completed two semesters prior to defense of the thesis; PhD dissertation proposals must be completed to achieve candidacy (in concert or in parallel with the candidacy examination process). Each Department/Program may have requirements that exceed those specified broadly in this policy; however, they must be consistent with the Graduate School's requirements. Departmental requirements beyond the minimum stated here must be specified in writing and submitted to the Graduate School as well as listed in departmental web pages. It is the responsibility of the student to be aware of, and comply with, all Graduate School and Departmental dissertation proposal requirements.

The objectives of this examination are to confirm the student's breadth and depth of knowledge in their chosen field of study as well as the student's understanding of the scientific process. The doctoral candidacy examination should be administered upon completion of the majority of coursework, and successful completion of the exam signifies readiness to undertake the research and dissertation component of the doctoral program. This examination must be taken within three years from the first date of matriculation, and at least one year prior to the dissertation defense.

Upon the recommendation of the appropriate Department Chairperson, the Associate Provost for Instruction and Office of the Graduate School appoints the doctoral candidacy examination committee consisting of the student's major professor, the student's steering committee and an additional faculty member from an appropriate area. Additionally, the Associate Provost for Instruction and Office of the Graduate School appoints a committee chair who is not from the department of the student's degree program. The role of the examination committee chair is to manage the examination, ensure its integrity and represent the interests of the faculty and student.

The examination must have both written and oral components, described below.

Written Examination

The purpose of the written exam is to assess the readiness of the student to move beyond the coursework stage of the doctoral program, into the development of a substantial research project and dissertation. Traditionally, questioning should verify sufficient breadth and depth of knowledge to successfully undertake such research, and then communicate the results in a scholarly manner appropriate to the discipline.

To initiate the examination process, the examining committee shall convene at a planning meeting with the student. During the first part of the planning meeting, the committee determines the form and schedule for the process and establishes the date for the oral component (reported on form 6E). The student is then excused from the meeting and the committee develops and discusses the exam content. There are three alternative forms for the written component, as follows:

  • Form 1: Each member of the committee (excluding the chair) submits one distinct question, set of questions, or problem related to the objectives of the exam. The questions are discussed and agreed upon at the planning meeting. The major professor administers the written examination. Typically, each question or set of questions must be completed within a prescribed period of time, not to exceed approximately 8 hours each, with additional time permitted for reasonable breaks, meals, etc.. No more than one question or set of questions should be administered per 24 hours. Upon completion by the student, the examination questions are reviewed and graded by the committee members who prepared them. The committee then collectively reviews the entire examination.

  • Form 2: The student prepares a written report on a course or problem assigned collectively by the examining committee as a whole. The course or problem must meet the objectives of the examination and its content cannot be directly related to the student's dissertation research topic. The student has approximately one month to develop a thorough understanding of the assigned course and prepare a written report. The report is reviewed by the committee members and committee chair.

  • Form 3: The student prepares and defends a written proposal of future research likely to be carried out during their Ph.D. project. This research prospectus must be presented to the examining committee two weeks prior to the oral candidacy exam and should include preliminary studies supporting the feasibility of the proposed research. The exam will test the candidate's understanding of concepts directly related to his or her immediate area of research, knowledge of prior related research that has been conducted by others, their ability to design and interpret experiments in this area, and capacity to think and write independently and to present work plans orally in a clear and rational manner. The report is reviewed by the committee members and committee chair. Form 3 is available only to doctoral students in the Department of Chemistry and Environmental Resources Engineering.

At least 3 business days prior to the oral exam, the major professor shall confirm with the chair of the examining committee that the oral examination should proceed as scheduled. The written exam is thus considered to be "provisionally successful." If the written examination component does not meet the standards established for the candidacy exam, the committee has two options.

  1. If the deficiencies are relatively minor, or in the case of Form 1, limited to a minority of the written questions, the oral exam may be postponed by the Office of the Graduate School at the recommendation of the chair of the exam committee. The student may then be provided with an additional time period, the length of which should be determined by the full examination committee in consultation with the chair, to address deficiencies identified in the written examination. This time period should be no less than 8 hours (typically for Form 1), and may extend up to 5 business days for Forms 2 and 3. This action is treated as a suspension and extension of the written exam "in progress," and, if ultimately successful, does not constitute a failure of the entire exam, nor count toward the limited number of attempts prescribed by Graduate School policy below.

  2. If the deficiencies are severe, the major professor, in consultation with the examination committee may decide to fail the candidate without performing the oral component. This latter action does constitute a failure of the candidacy exam in its entirety, and does count toward the limited number of attempts prescribed by Graduate School policy below.

Oral Examination

The purpose of the oral examination is to further confirm the fitness of the student to apply the skills and knowledge acquired to date toward a successful and significant research project. The oral examination provides the opportunity for the student to demonstrate their ability to think synthetically and critically in a manner conveying their readiness to commence the dissertation project.

The oral component of the candidacy examination is typically scheduled for a period of approximately two hours, and is broken in to two distinct rounds of questioning. The first round, lasting approximately 60 minutes, consists of questions from each of the members of the examination committee, including the chair should they choose to contribute questions. Time should be shared equitably among the questioners, with interjections or interruptions by other questioners prohibited during the first round. The second round of questions may be more flexibly structured, with broader discussion and interchange among questioners is encouraged.

Any member of the faculty may be a silent observer for the oral component. The candidate may also invite a silent student observer to attend the oral examination. At the completion of the oral examination, the candidate and observers are excused from the room and the examination committee determines whether the student has successfully completed the oral component of the exam and achieved the status of "doctoral candidate." The committee chair has the option to vote. Unanimous agreement is required to pass the student on the first attempt. If less than unanimous agreement is reached, the student is considered to have failed the first candidacy examination. A student who fails the first candidacy exam may request a second exam, which must take place no more than one year from the date of the first examination. The second candidacy examination may, or may not include a new written component, at the discretion of the student's major professor and examination committee, in consultation with the examination chair. At the second exam, the student has passed if there is not more than one negative vote. A student who is determined to have failed the second candidacy examination is terminated from the doctoral program.

Scheduling the Candidacy Exam

To schedule a doctoral candidacy examination, the student should complete the following steps:

  1. In consultation with your major professor, complete Form 6B for your Department Chairperson to review, sign, and forward to the Office of Instruction and Graduate Studies. Form 6B should be submitted according to the academic year deadlines for defense exams.

  2. The Associate Provost for Instruction and Office of the Graduate School will assign a faculty member outside of your degree program to serve as chair of your examination committee. When you receive a copy of Form 6C which officially appoints your examination committee, you must consult with all members of your committee (major professor, steering committee, additional examiner, and defense chair) to arrange a mutually convenient date, time, and location for a planning meeting.

  3. You must inform the Office of Instruction and Graduate Studies of the agreed upon date, time, and location for your planning meeting at least two weeks in advance of the date. This Office will confirm in Form 6D these arrangements with all concerned individuals.

  4. At the planning meeting, your exam chair and the committee complete Form 6E, the committee chair will sign it and return it to the Office of Instruction and Graduate Studies, which will distribute copies to you and the committee.

  5. If you are using Form 1 of the examination, you and your major professor should arrange for a time and location to administer the questions.

  6. The last step is to meet with your committee and complete the oral examination at the designated date. At the end of the oral examination, your committee will ask you and any observers to leave the room while it determines if you have satisfactorily completed the doctoral candidacy examination. You will be invited back to receive the decision of the committee which will also be reported on Form 6F and returned by the exam chair to the Office of Instruction and Graduate Studies.

Thu, 25 Aug 2022 07:07:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.esf.edu/graduate/programs/docexam.php
EC-Council Global Services

EC-Council Global Services (EGS) is the consulting division of EC-Council, the world’s largest cybersecurity technical certification body that offers the world-famous Certified Ethical Hacker (C|EH), Certified Hacking Forensics Investigator (C|HFI) and Licensed Penetration Testing Master (LPT) programs. Operating in 145 countries worldwide, EC-Council has trained and certified hundreds of thousands of information security professionals globally and has influenced the cybersecurity mindset of countless organizations worldwide.

EGS has advisory and technical teams with years of corporate, field and consulting experience dedicated to helping organizations Protect, Detect, React and Correct against applicable cyber threats in an increasingly complex legal and regulatory environment. Cyber risks are evolving by the day and are enormous threats to most businesses around the world. Companies are facing massive risks and challenges by being either a direct target or a fallout casualty of the cyberthreat actors. The expanding attack surface and ever destructive cyberattacks are becoming a norm.

With years of experience working with the largest global enterprise and government agencies across the globe, EGS offers clients real-world insights into contextual cyber risks to defend against the continually evolving cyberthreats with experienced and specialized information security skills, solutions and methodologies.

Mon, 24 Feb 2020 10:00:00 -0600 en-gb text/html https://www.infosecurity-magazine.com/directory/eccouncil-global-services/
How To Ask More Powerful Questions

“I got this.”

This was my go-to line when I knew what I was doing and wanted to get my boss off my back. What I couldn’t see was how it highlighted a major mistake. I wasn’t evaluating the situation, I wasn’t asking questions. I assumed I knew all the answers, and I was usually wrong.

I didn’t realize the error in my ways until a major client rollout flopped and I had no one to blame but myself — my own stubborn belief that “I got this,” even though I clearly didn’t.

In a debrief with my boss, he said, “Aaron, when you say 'I got this' and have no concerns about a situation, that is when I get concerned.”

What he meant was that as soon as I stop asking compelling questions, I assume I know what’s going to work and stop evaluating potential outcomes and solutions. It’s a tendency we all have when we want to take the quick route. It’s what holds us back from being powerful leaders.

Why is asking powerful questions an essential leadership habit?

It provides leaders with a means to mitigate their confirmation biases and dive deep into the evaluation of a situation, a person or their team as a whole.

I had biases for how the rollout was going to play out. I’d done this before; I knew what was going to happen, so why should I look further into it? I wish I could say this was unique to me, but we all do this. Our brains are wired to jump to outcomes, to look for shortcuts.

Not sure if this relates to you? Watch this quick video to test yourself.

Daniel Kahneman, Nobel Prize-winning behavioral economist who was the first to highlight these biases, states, “Confirmation bias comes from when you have an interpretation, and you adopt it, and then, top down, you force everything to fit that interpretation.”

This bias can be disastrous for leaders; it can hinder their decision making ability and blindside them completely. Asking powerful questions is our way around it. It can help us avoid this common miscalculation.

What does a powerful question look like?

I’m going to share a definition of and the criteria for a powerful question, but I also want to be clear there is no script for asking a powerful question. Powerful questions evoke clarity, create greater possibility, reveal new learning and generate action. Here are a few ways to determine if a question is powerful or not.

A powerful question …

Is open-ended: Ask what, when or how instead of asking a yes or no question.

Comes from a beginner’s mindset: Start by telling yourself, “I don’t know the answer.”

Is clear and succinct: Keep it simple, don’t use too many words.

Is impactful: It’s important to remember that not every question in a conversation should be powerful. In a 30-minute conversation, aim for 2-3 powerful questions.

Happens in the moment: Here is probably the most crucial point to remember about powerful questioning. You can’t plan it! Formulaic questions outlined before the conversation won’t work. You have to be in the moment.

There is no script for asking powerful questions. There is, however, an often-overlooked trait that will set you up to ask powerful questions in any situation.

What’s the trait?

Curiosity. Want to discover a master of curiosity? Find any 3-year old and watch them for an hour. They ask what, why and how to nearly everything they see in the world around them. They want to know more and do not limit themselves to the societal expectations of what’s right or wrong. They just ask.

As we get older, we are trained to lose our curiosity when it becomes clear it’s not acceptable to ask all the questions that come to mind. Instead, we go about our days having surface-level conversations, rarely digging more in-depth with a co-worker, client or even a friend.

The secret to asking more powerful questions is digging deeper. It’s triggering our 3-year old selves and reconnecting with our curiosity.

I found it hard to come up with a way to share this concept with you. I realized it’s so hard to explain because, as adults, there are very few situations where we are curious. Then I remembered riddles. They are a great way to bring the curiosity right back. Try this one out.

“What has a head, a tail, is brown and has no legs?”

As you are practicing this, trying to figure out the answer, your mind is swirling with questions and possibilities.

What kind of animal has no legs?

Is it an animal?

What else could it be?

What sorts of things have tails?

The series of questions running through your head is your curiosity showing up. It’s the little kid inside of you wanting to understand, to know. Curiosity is the genuine desire to learn more -- to explore.

To be able to evaluate people, teams or situations with greater fidelity, go back to the curious part of you that wants to explore. Instead of restricting yourself, open yourself up and allow your mind to ask any question.

Allow yourself to ask the powerful questions. You already have them in you.

Sometimes it may take priming yourself with a riddle to get you there.

“What has a head, a tail, is brown and has no legs?”

A penny.

Mon, 18 Dec 2017 23:00:00 -0600 Aaron Levy en text/html https://www.forbes.com/sites/forbescoachescouncil/2017/12/19/how-to-ask-more-powerful-questions/
Exam Information

An exam proctor will begin practicing exam instructions approximately 15 minutes before the exam start time. Students must be in the exam room with their exam at this time. If taking the exam on a laptop, it must be booted up and have passed the security check. Hand writers must not have a laptop with them in an exam room, unless otherwise allowed according to the professor’s instructions. A student entering the exam room after the proctor begins practicing instructions will not receive additional time for booting up their laptop, passing the security check, and/or practicing exam instructions.

When instructed by the proctor, write your exam number on the cover page of your exam, bluebooks, and any scratch paper you turn in as part of your exam. Handwritten exam answers must be written in blue books in blue or black ink. Number the bluebooks you use (1 of 1, 1 of 2, 2 of 2, etc.). Proctors will allow time to read the professor’s instructions. Other than counting the number of pages of the exam, students are not permitted to turn the page of an exam past the instructions page until the proctor instructs them to do so.

When taking a closed-book exam, no books, outlines, book bags, purses, or scratch paper (other than the scratch paper provided) may be at your seat during the exam. These items must be left outside of the exam room or in the front or sides of the exam room. Students may not begin to write anything, including on scratch paper, before the proctor begins a closed-book exam.

Students taking in-class exams are prohibited from having any electronic communication device, other than a laptop as allowed per the professor's instructions, during the exam. Cell phones and smart watches must be turned off during the exam and placed in a bag or backpack. Violations of this rule may be considered an Honor Code violation. A clock in each exam room will be the official timekeeper for the exam.

Non-alcoholic beverages are permitted in exam rooms; however, the container must have a lid.

After the exam instructions have been read and the exam begins, the proctor will remain in the room. Any student who has a question or problem during an exam should see the proctor.

Students may use the restroom or take a break during an exam. However, all exam materials must be left in the exam room and no additional time will be given. Students must sign in and out at the front of the room with the proctor.

Thu, 15 Jun 2023 00:20:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.slu.edu/law/academics/registrar/exam-information/index.php
Questions & Concerns Quick guide to RCM
If you're not a financial officer, chances are you've heard about RCM, and you know it's something to do with a rework of UAB budgets, but might be unclear what it means and how it will affect you.

To help, we've created a brief overview of RCM that should explain the main changes and impact for regular staff members.

What is RCM?
RCM stands for Responsibility Center Management. It is a more transparent, decentralized budget model that better enables academic and administrative units to plan, prepare and support university activities by giving each unit control over the income it generates and the expenses it incurs.

The advantages of RCM are that it encourages revenue generation and cost-effectiveness, promotes entrepreneurial thinking, aligns authority with accountability, improves responsiveness to change, enhances the ability to plan and increases revenue transparency.

What does that mean?
It should simplify accounting and make financial planning more straightforward. It should also encourage more strategic thinking and effective use of funds.

Why do we need it?
For many years UAB's financial model has been complicated. A position might be partially funded by 2-3 different departments, schools never know exactly how much of the money they generate they will receive, and general services can't be billed directly and are built into other charges.

For instance, no-one is charged for wi-fi but it's necessary for the campus to function. It's not free to provide high speed internet access to over 20,000 people, so the cost for wi-fi was built in to other services from IT, but that makes it hard to establish genuine cost to provide and support a service, while artificially inflating other costs.

What will change?
If you're not already dealing directly with revenue/finances for your department, you probably will not notice any changes.

Units will have greater operational authority, allowing them to prioritize their academic missions in support of the UAB strategic plan.

Instead of tuition being paid to central administration and then a portion being dispersed to the units, each unit will retain its own tuition revenue and instead pay a portion back to the Provost to support general operations (e.g. Student Affairs, Enrollment Operations and other non-revenue-generating areas). Units will also be responsible for their own expenses.

Who was involved in the planning?
Three committees were established to look at all the aspects of RCM.

  • Executive Budget Committee
  • Budget Advisory Committee
  • Budget Allocation Committee
The members of the Executive Budget Committee and the permanent members of the Budget Advisory Committee and Budget Allocation Committee serve by virtue of their position at UAB. Other committee members are serving rotating two- or three-year terms.

Where can I find out more?
Check out the RCM website.

Wed, 27 Feb 2019 08:37:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.uab.edu/staffcouncil/resources/questions-concerns
City Comptroller doesn’t produce investigation report; Council asks state comptroller to intervene

The Buffalo Common Council and the public will have to wait at least another week for the long-awaited findings of an investigation by the city comptroller of city employees on paid administrative leave.

And one city lawmaker says he is asking the New York State Comptroller’s Office to do the audit that the Common Council initially asked Buffalo Comptroller Barbara Miller-Williams to do.

Jill Repman, a suspended Buffalo Fire Department clerk, who was paid $600,000 over seven years while on suspension, resigned from her city job effective Nov. 30.

Fillmore Council Member Mitchell P. Nowakowski said Monday that he would ask state Comptroller Thomas P. DiNapoli’s office to conduct the audit if Miller-Williams did not provide the detailed report by the start of the Council meeting on Tuesday.

“I am asking for the state comptroller to deliver a risk assessment audit,” Nowakowski said Tuesday.

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Miller-Williams said she doesn’t have a problem with any outside resources assisting in this review, “regardless of where he wants to send it. I do not think that is necessary.”

If the Buffalo Comptroller’s Office does not file an audit by 2 p.m. Tuesday of all city employees currently on paid administrative leave, Common Council members say they will ask the State Comptroller’s Office to intervene and conduct the audit.

“We had a document last week that we were ready to push it. However, I checked in with corporation counsel to ensure that the document that I was pushing out was a legal document because I don’t want us to incur a lawsuit or something. So, I merely asked if the law department would review it to see if there was any language I should redact or leave in,” Miller-Williams said.

This was the most latest development in a monthslong back and forth between Council members and Miller-Williams’ office over an audit the Council requested on Sept. 19 in response to reports that a Buffalo Fire Department clerk was paid $600,000 over seven years while on suspension. Council members asked for the audit to be submitted by Nov. 14, but did not receive the information.

The requested audit was to determine how an employee on administrative leave for 7½ years managed to be paid nearly $600,000 without triggering a hearing or an investigation.

Jill Repman continued to be paid by the city since 2016, when she was accused of tampering with the Fire Department’s payroll in order to pad her own paychecks and was placed on administrative leave, according to a Sept. 14 story posted by Investigative Post.

Buffalo City Comptroller Barbara Miller-Williams said she intends to conduct an investigation, but not a full-blown audit, to determine how an employee on administrative leave for 7½ years managed to be paid nearly $600,000 without triggering a hearing or an investigation.

The audit was to include an examination of the duration of employees’ leave, the reasons for being on leave, and the actions taken by relevant city entities to address these issues.

But Miller-Williams pursued an investigation instead of an audit, saying at the time she was precluded from immediately conducting an audit because there is already a list of audits being conducted by the Department of Audit and Control.

She described audits as an expansive, time-consuming and very labor-intensive process. However, an investigation can be tailored to pursue answers to very specific questions in order to correct a problem, she explained.

In a Sept. 28 letter to the Council, Miller-Williams outlined some initial findings of the investigation. Findings included that on July 6 of this year, 12 employees were identified as suspended with pay. As of Sept. 28, seven of them were still suspended with pay. All seven were members of the Buffalo Police Department. Also as of Sept. 28, the pay received by the seven accounted for about .023% of the city’s total payroll for fiscal year 2023-24.

Then on Nov. 22, Nowakowski followed up with a letter to Miller-Williams asking for a comprehensive follow-up on the findings to ensure a thorough investigation and transparent communication.

Buffalo city lawmakers appear to agree that the city comptroller's office should conduct an audit to determine how an employee on administrative leave for 7½ years managed to be paid nearly $600,000 during that time without triggering a hearing or an investigation. 

At a Dec. 5 Council meeting, a representative from Miller-Williams’ office said the detailed report was being finalized and would be submitted to the Council by Tuesday, with a presentation scheduled for the Council’s Dec. 19 Civil Service Committee meeting.

Following revelations about Repman, Mayor Byron Brown announced in October steps to prevent suspended workers from getting paid for years and a new method for keeping track of its employees on paid leave.

Now every department that has an employee on leave on a biweekly basis will get a printout of the employee on leave. The department will have to attest to that employee being on leave. The city’s Department of Human Resources will then certify all of those employees that are on leave from the individual departments, Brown said.

Additionally, a comprehensive report encompassing all employees on paid administrative leave and other leave categories will be sent to required city departments, including the Corporation Counsel, Management and Information Systems, Audit and Control and the Department of Human Resources.

By Deidre Williams

News Staff Reporter

Tue, 12 Dec 2023 09:06:00 -0600 en text/html https://buffalonews.com/news/local/buffalo-city-comptroller-paid-leave-employees-common-council/article_f720fa68-992d-11ee-ba3e-f700dc04d5cb.html
London fire: Six questions for the investigation

A total of 80 people are feared dead after a huge fire engulfed the 24-storey Grenfell tower block in west London, destroying 151 homes. Several questions emerged for the investigation into the disaster, some of which have been answered.

1. How did the fire start?

Firefighters were called to Grenfell Tower at 00:54 BST on 14 June and the fire was brought under control at 01:14 BST the next day.

The fire started in a Hotpoint fridge freezer and the government ordered immediate testing of the appliance.

Police said the fire had not been started deliberately and the speed with which the fire spread was "unexpected".

Fridge freezers and other electrical appliances are a relatively common cause of fires.

Anyone who has a white Hotpoint fridge freezer model number FF175BP or graphite fridge freezer model number FF175BG should register their appliance with the manufacturer to receive any updates.

It is believed to have started on the fourth floor.

Tower blocks are designed so fires should stay contained within individual flats. But this clearly did not happen.

In 2009, three women and three children were killed by a fire in the 14-storey Lakanal House, in Camberwell, south-east London, which started in a TV set on the ninth floor.

Southwark Council admitted it had failed to address fire risks and was fined £270,000, plus £300,000 in costs.

2. Why did the fire spread so quickly?

Footage has shown the fire spreading up one side of the building externally, before engulfing the entire block.

Fire safety expert Elvin Edwards described it as a "chimney effect", adding that the wind would have fanned the flames.

Cladding can create cavities which in some cases can cause a chimney effect, drawing flames up the cavity if there are no fire barriers.

It is unclear whether Grenfell Tower was fitted with fire barriers.

The London Fire Brigade's aerial platform vehicles can reach heights of only about 32m (105ft) - limiting how high up the blaze can be fought.

Having to get 20 storeys up to rescue people in that situation "is just unbelievable", firefighter turned safety consultant Bob Parkin said.

Matt Wrack, of the Fire Brigades Union, said something had clearly gone badly wrong with fire prevention procedures at the building.

Before and during a latest refurbishment, the local Grenfell Action Group said the block constituted a fire risk and residents warned that site access for emergency vehicles was "severely restricted".

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3. Should there have been alarms and sprinklers?

The block - which was built in 1974 - did not have a sprinkler system.

Under current law, all new residential blocks over 30m high must have sprinkler systems fitted.

There is no legal requirement for local authorities to retrofit sprinklers to tower blocks.

Ronnie King, honorary secretary of the All-Party Fire Safety and Rescue Group, told LBC Radio there were about 4,000 tower blocks that did not have fire sprinklers fitted.

He said after the fire in Lakanal House there had been a "recommendation, which was down to each local council and landlords to determine the appropriateness" regarding fitting sprinklers in some blocks.

The coroner in the inquest into the fire also recommended that the government encouraged providers of high-rise buildings to consider the retrofitting of sprinkler systems.

In Wales, sprinklers are compulsory for all newly-built houses and blocks of flats, as well as care homes and university halls of residence.

Paul Fuller, chairman of the Fire Sector Federation, said sprinklers could have helped lessen the impact of the fire.

He told BBC Radio 4's World at One programme: "We know that sprinklers are effective.

"Also, sprinklers will make the environment more survivable by containing the fire and containing the smoke. But they are not a total solution."

The British Automatic Fire Sprinkler Association (BAFSA), the trade body for the fire sprinkler industry, said retrofitting the building with sprinklers might have cost £200,000.

Rydon Construction carried out the £8.6m refurbishment of Grenfell Tower, which was completed in May last year.

Kensington and Chelsea council leader Nick Paget-Brown said Grenfell Tower was not fitted with sprinklers during the refurbishment as the authority was told that fires in high-rises should be able to be contained within the flat of origin.

He told BBC Newsnight there was also not a "collective view" by residents to retrofit sprinklers in all flats as it would have delayed and caused further disruption to the upgrade.

Some residents have also reported not hearing fire alarms.

Alarms will often go off only on the floor affected, according to fire expert Elfyn Edwards.

4. Did a renovation in 2016 affect the building's safety?

Rydon Construction, which carried out the refurbishment, said it had delivered a "number of improvements" to community facilities and energy efficiency to the building.

"Externally, rain screen cladding, curtain wall facade and replacement windows were fitted, improving thermal insulation and modernising the exterior of the building," it said.

Fire safety experts have pointed to cladding on the building as a possible reason the blaze spread so quickly externally.

The cladding requested for the refurbishment had a metal outer coating and an expanded foam interior.

It had a polyethylene - or plastic - core instead of an even more fireproof alternative, BBC Newsnight understands.

However, experts told the programme that cladding with a mineral core is considered to be less flammable.

The Times reported that the particular type of cladding used on Grenfell Tower is banned in the US on buildings taller than 40ft (12m) - for fire safety reasons.

It says the manufacturer makes two fire-resistant alternatives, but they are more expensive.

The paper calculates the difference in cost at Grenfell Tower would have amounted to less than £5,000 for the entire building.

The Department for Communities and Local Government said that if the cladding used was a composite aluminium panel with a polyethylene core, it would be non-compliant with current building regulations guidance.

This material should not be used as cladding on buildings over 18m high, the department said.

It would not comment on the type used at Grenfell. This would be subject to investigations into the fire's cause, it said.

Chancellor Philip Hammond told the BBC's Andrew Marr Show that there were two questions to be asked regarding cladding.

"One, are our regulations correct, do they permit the right kind of materials and ban the wrong kind of materials?" he said.

"The second question is were they correctly complied with? That will be a subject that the inquiry will look at."

Preliminary tests on samples of building insulation showed it burned soon after the test started, and more quickly than the cladding tiles.

They both failed the police's safety tests which are similar to those being carried out by the government.

The cladding, insulation, fixings and installation will be examined both individually and how they worked together.

Police said all criminal charges were being considered "from manslaughter onwards" including health and safety and fire offences.

Every company involved in the building and refurbishment of Grenfell Tower would also be looked at as part of the investigation, they said.

Were green targets to blame?

By Roger Harrabin, environment analyst

Cladding can be used to Improve thermal insulation and energy efficiency within buildings.

Some commentators are now asking whether green energy targets are to blame for Grenfell Tower fire.

But campaigners for warm homes say the insulation policy is right - it's the implementation that's wrong.

That's because insulation has transformed the lives of hundreds of thousands of people in cold damp tower blocks.

Comfort has improved, health is better, bills are slashed. Carbon emissions are down.

In fact insulation needs to be massively extended as the government strives to reduce fuel poverty and curb carbon emissions.

But engineers will need to use insulation that's safe for tower blocks - and then prove to sceptical tenants that it is safe.

The Fire Protection Association (FPA), the UK's national fire safety organisation, says that when properly fitted - and with its polyethylene insulation expertly encapsulated - cladding should resist fire.

In Dubai, latest high-rise building fires, including at the 79-storey Torch tower in 2015, spread because of cladding, according to fire engineering consultancy Tenable Dubai.

Ray Bailey, managing director at Harley Facades Limited, which installed the cladding, has said: "At this time, we are not aware of any link between the fire and the exterior cladding to the tower."

Rydon said its work met "all required building regulations, as well as fire regulation and health and safety standards".

A newsletter from Rydon sent to residents after the refurbishment said that smoke detection systems had been "upgraded and extended".

Local authorities are required to ensure appropriate fire safety procedures are in place in council-run blocks.

Inside Housing - a magazine for the UK social housing sector - has reported that information released by Kensington and Chelsea Council under the Freedom of Information Act shows the most latest fire risk assessment on the tower was in December 2015.

Kensington and Chelsea Council leader Nick Paget-Brown said high-rise buildings were regularly inspected.

5. Was the advice to stay put correct?

A fire action sign from a similar block near Grenfell Tower

Residents of tower blocks such as Grenfell Tower, whose flats are not affected by fire or smoke, are usually advised to stay in place.

Safety standards are meant to contain fires to the individual flat affected and keep stairwells and hallways free of smoke for some time, says Graham Fieldhouse, allowing the fire to be fought and evacuations carefully managed.

"[Firefighters] don't need hundreds of people coming down the stairs when they are trying to fight the fire," the fire safety expert told the BBC.

Geoff Wilkinson, a fire and building inspector, told the BBC that one of his "major concerns" was that smoke seemed to have spread into escape routes.

A number of witnesses have told the BBC that hours after the fire first broke out, residents were still being told to stay in their flats and await for the fire service.

6. How will other buildings be affected?

A nationwide operation to identify buildings with cladding like that used in Grenfell Tower has seen local authorities urgently assessing their tower blocks for fire safety.

Councils have been sending in samples of cladding used in their high-rise blocks to see if they are dangerous.

They are trying to establish whether any materials used are the same as or similar to those thought to have caused the Grenfell fire.

In total, 259 high-rise blocks have now been found with cladding that raises concerns.

In Camden in north London, residents have been evacuated from four tower blocks over fire safety concerns.

The Communities Secretary, Sajid Javid, has also said safety checks are also urgently needed in hospitals, offices and private buildings and said NHS England was in contact with around 200 health trusts to check cladding on hospitals.



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