MySQL is a database management system and free, open-source software, developed and supported by Oracle Corporation. It is exceptionally reliable and easy to use. In this tutorial, we are going to explain the steps on how to download and Install MySQL on Windows 10 systems.
On your web browser, search engine type Download MySQL. Click on the first link in the web search, mysql.com/downloads. It will take you to the MySQL download page.
Scroll to where you see MySQL Community GPL Downloads, click it.
Now on the MySQL Community download page, click MySQL Installer for Windows. It brings you to the My Community download Page. MySQL Installer.
Where you see, operating system, select Microsoft Windows.
You will see two windows (x86, 32-bit), MSI Installers, one of smaller size and the other of larger size. Select the one with the larger size (405.2M) because you do not have to connect to the internet.
On the next page at the bottom, select No thanks, just start my download.
A dialog box will appear requesting you to save the file. Click Save File. The file is downloaded.
Read: Difference between SQL and MySQL.
In the Explorer, double click the MySQL Installer. It will then prepare the installer.
A window will appear asking you ‘Do you want to allow the following program to install software on your computer‘ Click Yes. The installation will start.
You will see a MySQL Installer Wizard. Now choose a setup type; select Full because it includes all the products available in this catalog. Then Next.
If you try to click Next, a warning will pop up stating that ‘some programs will not be installed or upgraded on the Check Requirement window.
Do you want to continue’ (see photo above), click Yes?
On the Installation window. Click Execute. You will see your programs installed one by one. It will show which program was installed and which program failed. Then Next.
On the Product Configuration window, click Next.
On the Installation Complete window, click Finish. MySQL is Installed.
I hope this post is useful to you. If you have any questions, please comment below.
Beginner penetration testers, in particular, place less emphasis on database security in general. An application without a database configuration and security tests can't be secure. You might already be using MySQL software, a database management system, so how can you make it more secure? Here are seven steps you need to follow.
The MySQL service runs on port 3306 by default. When you install MySQL, you will see that port 3306 is in listening mode for all connections. As it stands, the MySQL port is open to the outside world. That's why you should set the MySQL service to listen only to the local address.
Since servers are usually run on a Linux distribution, the examples below are based on a Debian distribution. The file you need to use for SSH tunneling instead of remote connection and to close the default port to the outside world is /etc/mysql/my.cnf. In this file, you need to open a field called [mysqld] and write the following command:
After this process, don't forget to save this file and restart the service with the following command:
sudo systemctl restart mysqld
sudo systemctl restart mariadb.service
With this, the MySQL service will only listen to the local address.
If you are using MariaDB, you can also examine /etc/mysql/mariadb.conf.d/50-server.cnf and check if there is a definition for bind-address.
Now that you have the bind-address set to 127.0.0.1, which is localhost, you can run a Nmap scan and check the output:
You can see the MySQL port as 127.0.0.1 represents the localhost you see. You can try and change the bind address again to make sure this works:
Then save the /etc/mysql/my.cnf file and restart MySQL service. If you carry out a Nmap scan again at this stage, you should not see this bind address on localhost.
Once you know this works, go back to the settings from the first step and set the bind address back to 127.0.0.1 and save again.
MySQL can communicate with the local file system. With queries, you can see the content of a text in the local file system or burn the query result to a disk. To prevent malicious attackers using this feature, you must prevent MySQL from communicating with the local file system.
You can use a function called local-infile to take precautions. For example, imagine that you have a file named "/etc/secretfile.txt" and you have a password in this file. If the value of the local-infile function in your /etc/mysql/my.cnf file is 1, then the access is open. So you can access the secretfile.txt file.
The value of the local-infile function is 1. Restart the MySQL database for the changes to take place. Now, connect to MySQL with the following command and check whether you can see the secretfile.txt file:SELECT LOAD_FILE("/etc/secretfile.txt");
It's not difficult to capture the information in any file on your computer.
To solve this problem, change the local-infile value in your /etc/mysql/my.cnf file as follows:
Restart the MySQL service. Reconnect to MySQL and repeat the previous step; you should no longer be able to see the file contents.
If users do not already have read and write permissions on local files, they will not be able to see this file. However, it is still something you should check in penetration tests and database security.
The database management user and the MySQL user accessing the database must be different from each other. In other words, connecting applications to MySQL with root users is extremely dangerous. If possible, define the users of applications that do not perform UPDATE or INSERT operations separately.
Another thing to consider at this point is user passwords. As in almost every field, passwords for MySQL users need to be complex and unpredictable. If you need help with this, there are great password generator systems you can use.
When you install MySQL by default, some anonymous users occur. You need to delete these and block their access. For a secure MySQL server, you should not get any response as a result of the following query:
SELECT * FROM mysql.user WHERE USER="";
# Example Output
Empty set (0.001 sec)
If there are any results, you should delete these anonymous users. For example, if there were an anonymous account named "anonuser" in an environment named "localhost", you would have to use a command like the following to delete this account:DROP USER 'anonuser'@'localhost';
Imagine you are a database administrator and you want to return to data from a week ago. In this case, you might have to connect to the database server via SSH and change the MySQL files you want. While doing this, you might have used the root user privileges of Linux; that is, the ownership and permissions of the data files can change. You don't want that.
Look at the /var/lib/mysql directory to check the permissions granted. What you need to check here is whether the owner of all files is the MySQL user. The following command will do the trick:sudo ls -al /var/lib/mysql
The read and write permissions of the files should only be for the MySQL user. No other users should have any permissions.
Thinking about a concrete example is the best way to understand MySQL and SSL usage. Imagine that one of the servers in the ABC region, where there are many different servers, is taken over by malicious hackers. Hackers will carry out an internal scan in the ABC region. In this way, they collect information about the servers.
If they detect a MySQL server during this process, they can perform a Man-in-the-Middle (MitM) attack on the target server, meaning they can steal the session information of applications and users connecting to this server. One of the best ways to avoid this is to enable SSL on the MySQL server.
You use MySQL logs to analyze and find errors. You can edit where these logs are kept by entering my.cnf as follows:
You can change the mylogfiles name or location as you wish. There is one more file you need to check. When you connect to the MySQL server in a Linux terminal and type various commands, these queries are saved in the mysql_history file. If you run the following command, you can see the queries you are using in the MySQL terminal:cat ~/.mysql_history
You need to delete the contents of this file if you don't want to provide information about what kind of queries you are making inside the server. Use the following command to delete the contents of the file:sudo echo "cleaned" > ~/.mysql_history
You can then check the file contents again.
No matter what industry you work in, your database always contains important information. This can be your customers, bank accounts, and passwords. Malicious attackers know the importance and value of these. Database developers and administrators need to at least know the basics that they will encounter in penetration tests in order to beat the hackers.
Saint Louis University’s nationally-ranked Master of Health Administration (MHA) program is celebrating its 75th year, making it one of the oldest MHA programs in the country and a pioneer in health management education.
Saint Louis University Master of Health Administration Celebrates 75 Years
Health care is a rapidly growing industry in need of highly competent managers with diverse backgrounds and experiences. If you’re interested in pursuing a career in health administration, SLU's College for Public Health and Social Justice is an ideal place to start for both undergraduate and graduate students.
As a student in one of SLU’s health administration programs, you’ll experience:
We offer undergraduate, master's and dual degree programs in health administration:
Health administration is a complex discipline that requires comprehensive management skills in operations, human resources, finance, quality improvement, population health management, and health policy.
SLU's programs offer you a practice-integrated education. Our students are transformed into knowledgeable, ethical professionals prepared for a range of careers across the health sector. As a student in our programs, you'll have access to robust professional development resources that include one-on-one coaching, lectures and workshops from industry experts, and other select training opportunities.
A standout amongst its peers, SLU’s M.H.A. program is one of the nation’s oldest and largest graduate programs in health administration. It is consistently ranked among the top programs in graduate health care management education by US News and World Report, accredited by the Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare Management Education (CAHME), and highly regarded by its competitors. SLU’s program was recently awarded Program of the Year by the Association of University Programs in Health Administration (AUPHA). SLU’s program also has one of the largest and most engaged alumni networks in the field.
Dec. 7—DANVILLE — After the unexpected resignation of longtime Vermilion County Health Department Director/Administrator Doug Toole last month, the Board of Health had to act quickly.
In a special meeting on Tuesday, the board selected the department's director of environmental health, Jana Messmore, as interim director/administrator.
Messmore had been in an interim position since Toole resigned on Nov. 16. But Tuesday's meeting made it official.
"It's been a little bit hectic, but we have a great staff at the health department and they have done their part in asking what they can do to help," Messmore said. "I am just navigating to get through until they find someone to hire."
No official reason has been given for Toole's departure and the Commercial-News has been unable to reach him for comment. Toole's position as leader of the health department became higher profile during the COVID-19 pandemic when public health issues were magnified.
Messmore has been part of the department for 16 years and during that time she said she has built relationships that are going to help her through this period.
"I started in 2006 as an inspector and moved up to food program supervisor and I started running environmental health this past summer," Messmore said. "Every day has been easier and people from other local health departments have been contacting me and everyone is ready to step up and answer any questions that I have."
Also on Nov. 16, new Board President Brad Gross said starting his term as leader of the board with a search for a new department director was challenging.
"I can't go into personnel, but it comes with the job," Gross said. "People come and people go. We are lucky that Jana is here and she's great and I have all the confidence in her. The health department is lucky to have her."
Applications are coming in for a permanent director, Gross said. Messmore — who is still running the environmental health division — said her name will not be in the mix.
"I have two small children and I could not dedicate all the time that this position would require," Messmore said. "Maybe in the future, but I really love environmental health and I am not done with that job yet."
Gross said the process has started and it will not end until the board finds the perfect candidate.
"We are already getting applications and we are going to start the process," Gross said. "We are going to look at one application at a time and go from there. It's a process."
Ranked #13 nationwide among graduate programs for health care management by U.S. News & World Report, Saint Louis University's Master of Health Administration is your conduit to a successful career.
A Master of Health Administration (M.H.A.) is the MBA of the health care world. Graduates from the nationally-ranked SLU M.H.A. program lead careers in a variety of health care organizations such as hospitals, health systems, insurance companies, pharmacy benefit management organizations, consulting firms, and physician practices.
Our accurate alumni have been placed in organizations such as:
The Executive M.H.A. program is uniquely designed for working professionals with courses 90% online and three yearly in-person executive weekends. Our cohorts include students with backgrounds varying from surgeons, doctors, nurses, pharmaceutical and medical equipment sales, to consulting, accounting, marketing, and communications. The students live locally and across the U.S. and a GRE is not required. Our executive M.H.A. graduates advance in their current health care careers or use their education to transition into the health care industry.
Apply Through SLU Graduate Admission Apply Through HAMPCAS.org
The full-time M.H.A. program is designed for students looking for a traditional education experience. In person students live locally or on campus and attend classes throughout the day. A GRE is not required and students have access to unique case competitions, internships, and fellowship opportunities. SLU's full-time M.H.A. graduates move forward into successful positions with leading health care organizations.
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SLU's Master's of Health Care Management (MHCM) program prepares individuals to develop, plan, and manage health care operations and services within health care facilities and across health care systems. Students have the option to pursue specialized certificates in performance excellence, health data analytics, public health, and other high demand areas in health care. Each course includes instructor-designed opportunities for synchronous interaction tailored for the specific course.
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Questions? Contact Bernie Backer, director of graduate recruitment and admission, at firstname.lastname@example.org or 314-977-8144.
Harrison County Health Administrator Garen Rhome is resigning to take a job with the Ohio Department of Health. He will be the regional health officer for Southeast Ohio and assume those duties in December.
He has been with the department for more than six years and led it through the pandemic.
Rhome said thanks to citizens passing a levy in 2015, the department was able to expand its programming.
People line up to get a monkeypox vaccination at a new walk-up monkeypox vaccination site at Barnsdall Art Park on Tuesday, Aug. 9, 2022 in Hollywood, CA.
Brian Van Der Brug | Los Angeles Times | Getty Images
The Biden administration will end the public health emergency declared in response to the monkeypox outbreak, as new infections have declined dramatically and vaccination rates have increased.
The Health and Human Services Department does not expect it will renew the emergency declaration after it expires on Jan. 31 "given the low number of cases today," HHS Secretary Xavier Becerra said in a statement Friday.
"But we won't take our foot off the gas — we will continue to monitor the case trends closely and encourage all at-risk individuals to get a free vaccine," he said. "As we move into the next phase of this effort, the Biden-Harris Administration continues working closely with jurisdictions and partners to monitor trends, especially in communities that have been disproportionately affected."
Becerra declared an emergency in August in an effort to accelerate a vaccination and education campaign as the virus was spreading swiftly in the gay community. The spread of the virus, dubbed "mpox" on Monday by the World Health Organization in order to reduce stigma associated with its name, has slowed drastically since.
Mpox has infected nearly 30,000 people and killed 19 in the U.S. since health officials confirmed the first domestic case in May, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The U.S. outbreak is the largest in the world.
But infections have slowed dramatically since August, when new cases peaked at more than 450 per day on average. The U.S. is currently averaging about seven new cases a day, according to CDC data.
U.S. health officials have said the outbreak has slowed because vaccinations have increased dramatically, and people have changed their behavior in response to education campaigns about how to avoid infection.
The vaccination campaign got off to a rocky start, with limited supplies resulting in long lines at clinics and protests in some cities. But vaccinations increased significantly after the White House created a task force and HHS declared a public health emergency.
More than 1.1 million doses of the Jynneos vaccine have been administered in the U.S. since the summer. CDC Director Dr. Rochelle Walensky has said about 1.7 million gay and bisexual people who are HIV positive or are taking medication to prevent HIV infection are at highest risk from mpox.
Mpox has spread primarily through sexual contact among men who have sex with men. The virus causes rashes resembling pimples or blisters that can develop in sensitive areas and be very painful. Though mpox is rarely fatal, people with compromised immune systems are at higher risk of severe disease.
The CDC, in a report published in late October, said it is unlikely the U.S. will eradicate mpox in the near future. The virus will probably continue to circulate at low level primarily in communities of men who have sex with men, according to CDC. Though anyone can catch mpox, there's little evidence of the virus spreading widely in the general population so far, according to CDC.
The global mpox outbreak this year is the largest in history with more than 80,000 confirmed cases in more than 100 countries. The current outbreak is highly unusual because the virus is spreading widely between people in Europe and North America.
Historically, mpox spread at low levels in remote areas of West and Central Africa where people caught the virus from infected animals.
Correction: New cases peaked at more than 450 per day on average in August. A previous version of this story misstated the figure.