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Killexams : SUN Component outline - BingNews Search results Killexams : SUN Component outline - BingNews Killexams : World's Biggest "Artificial Sun" Marks New Breakthrough As China Completes Work On Key Component

The $22 billion project is predicted to begin operation in 2025.

China has completed work on a key component of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER), also known as the world's biggest "artificial sun". 

ITER is an international nuclear fusion megaproject based in France. It is an unprecedented international collaboration of 35 countries including the United States, China, 27 European Union nations, the United Kingdom, Switzerland, India, Japan, the Republic of Korea and Russia. It is hoped that the reactor will be able to produce clean energy using the same process that fuels the Sun. 

To do this, researchers are trying to harness nuclear fusion - the process that takes place in the centre of stars. The process involves the fusion of two lighter atomic nuclei to form heavier ones, which releases a huge amount of energy. According to Newsweek, the main goal of this project is to demonstrate that it can produce significantly more energy than the energy supplied to initiate the reaction process, resulting in a gain in power. 

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Europe is responsible for the largest chunk of the construction costs - around 45 percent - while the remaining nations each contribute around 9 percent. Countries also contribute to the ITER project by delivering completed components, systems or building infrastructure. 

Now, on Tuesday, China state media announced that the manufacturing of a full-size prototype of a component known as an enhanced-heat-flux (EHF) first wall (FW) panel had been completed while its key indicators met design requirements. As per Global Times, the full-sized prototype piece of the EHF FW was developed by the Southwestern Institute of Physics, which is affiliated with the state-run China National Nuclear Corporation. 

Also Read | Chinese Boy Watched Too Much TV. What His Parents Did Sparks Debate On Internet

The ITER's first wall panel will come in direct contact with plasma as hot as 100 million degrees Celsius, making it a critical component of the reactor. As per scientists, each of the 440 plasma-facing first wall panels of the ITER blanket measures 1 x 1.5 metres. 

"In this space we are going to have a machine in the heart of which a small sun will burn, to put it very simply. This small sun will generate energy. We will use that energy to create electricity," ITER spokesperson Robert Arnoux told AFP.

China's technology to produce the first wall panel has become the first to pass international certification. As per Newsweek, the $22 billion project is predicted to begin operation in 2025. 

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Sat, 26 Nov 2022 15:42:00 -0600 text/html
Killexams : Core components of China-made world's largest 'artificial sun' accomplished, new breakthrough in core technology

Core components of China-made world's largest 'artificial sun' accomplished, new breakthrough in core technology

Published: Nov 22, 2022 09:02 PM

Celebration of the accomplishment of the prototype piece of the enhanced-heat-flux first wall panel of the international thermonuclear experimental reactor, also known as the world's largest "artificial sun," is held in Guizhou Province on November 22, 2022. Photo: Courtesy of the Southwestern Institute of Physics under the China National Nuclear Corporation

Manufacturing of the core components of the next-generation "artificial sun," the full-size prototype of the enhanced-heat-flux (EHF) first wall (FW) panel, has been completed in China with its core indexes being significantly better than its design requirements and meeting the conditions for mass manufacturing, marking a new breakthrough by China in the scientific research of the core technology of EHF FW, the Global Times learned from its research team on Tuesday. 

Also known as the world's largest "artificial sun," the international thermonuclear experimental reactor (ITER) for the exploration and development of nuclear fusion energy is one of the largest and most far-reaching international scientific projects in the world, and the largest international scientific and technological cooperation project that China participates in as an equal alongside with the EU, India, Japan, South Korea, Russia and the US. 

China signed an agreement on the launch of the ITER project with the other six parties in 2006 and has shouldered responsibility for about 9 percent of its tasks. 

A new breakthrough was made in research for the "artificial sun" in China in October, with its HL-2M plasma current exceeding 1 million amperes, setting a new record for the operation of controllable nuclear fusion in the country. 

The EHF FW panel, which can withstand a surface plasma ion temperature of the reactor core up to 150 million C, some 10 times hotter than the real Sun, during the operation of the ITER, is the most critical core component of the reactor, involving the core technology of the fusion reactor construction. 

The technology mastered by China previously took the lead in passing international certification. 

The full-size prototype piece of the ITER EHF FW was developed by the Southwestern Institute of Physics under the state-owned China National Nuclear Corp (CNNC). 

After the researchers from the institute manufactured EHF FW fingers in batches, they then completed the welding and assembly of the components by overcoming setbacks such as high temperatures, power cuts and COVID-19 outbreaks by cooperating with Guizhou Aerospace Xinli Technology Co, a company specialized in metal smelting and forging, which is located in Zunyi city in Southwest China's Guizhou Province. 

The Chinese team, which took the lead in manufacturing the prototype piece in the international team, once again made a substantial engineering breakthrough for the research and development of the key components of ITER, marking China's solemn fulfillment of its international commitment. 

Luo Delong, director of the China International Nuclear Fusion Energy Program Execution Center under the Ministry of Science and Technology, addressed the achievement and said that great achievements have been made by the Chinese team after years of efforts and lots of fruitful research and development work. 

Through the work, China has independently mastered the principle of the process and made breakthroughs in technology while also providing "Chinese wisdom" and "Chinese plans," making huge contributions to independently master key technologies, fulfilling international commitments and demonstrating its responsibilities as a major power, Luo said. 

Tue, 22 Nov 2022 07:02:00 -0600 text/html
Killexams : How the AR-15 became the weapon of choice for mass shooters

Gena Hoyer’s Nissan has 189,000 miles on the clock. Her local mechanic has gently suggested it’s time to get a new one. But she’s not yet ready to: she used to drive Luke, her youngest son, to school in it. “It’s the last place he was with me,” she explains.

That was on Valentine’s Day, 2018.“I dropped him off at school. I said, ‘I love you Lukey bear,’ and he said, ‘I love you too,’ ” she recalls. “And that was the last time I saw him.”

In the afternoon, Luke, 15, was shot dead, along with 13 classmates and three staff members, by a 19-year-old former pupil, Nikolas Cruz, who said in a message recorded on his phone before the killing: “My goal is at least 20 people.”

Aged just 15, Luke Hoyer was shot dead at his school in Parkland, Florida, in 2018


I am sitting with Gena, 58, and Tom, 59, her husband, at their home in Parkland, Florida, a sun-baked enclave of manicured lawns and swimming pools about 50 miles north of Miami — and just down the road from the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School where their son was killed.

A photo of Luke, a tall boy with a bright smile who loved basketball and chicken nuggets, hangs over the sideboard. His parents have kept his bedroom just as it was. The backpack Luke went to school with on the day he died stands by the door. His clothes are still where he left them, his phone charger by the bed.

Tess and Casey, two large dogs, cuddle up to the couple on the sofa. “They go up to his room all the time to lie on the bed,” Gena adds. “They spent a lot of time with him.” Tom laughs at the memory: “Luke was always snacking on stuff, so they’d follow him around to see if they’d get a bit.”

Luke’s parents, Gena and Tom, think his killer, Nikolas Cruz, should have received the death sentence


We are meeting just as Luke’s killer is about to be sentenced: his guilt was never in question, but the jury must unanimously decide if he serves a life sentence or is executed by lethal injection. The trial is unusual: no gunman who has killed so many people in a single attack has survived to face justice. His crime, though, is no rarity. On the contrary, mass shootings have risen steeply in exact years in what has become a uniquely American epidemic.

Next week marks the tenth anniversary of one of the most horrifying, in which a 20-year-old with a rifle murdered 20 six and seven-year-olds and their six teachers at the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, on December 14, 2012. The grief of parents has been magnified since then by right-wing conspiracy theorists who claim the murders did not take place and were a Democrat “hoax”, in which actors played parents to justify tougher gun controls.

Few have suffered more from this lunacy than Lenny Pozner, who lost his son, Noah, in the shooting: he has had to move home several times to escape harassment in the street over his tireless battle to discredit “hoaxer” claims online and in court. In one case, Alex Jones, the Infowars conspiracy theorist, has been ordered to pay hundreds of millions of pounds to a group of Sandy Hook parents in compensation.

No amount of money will relieve Pozner’s torment over the loss of his six-year-old son. He often replays in his mind the evening before the killing, when Noah abandoned a video game and walked over to him. “It was most unusual,” he tells me. “He climbed onto my lap and said, ‘I love you, Dad.’ ” It felt almost as if he was saying goodbye.

Cruz arrives in court in 2019


It is hard to imagine what might possess someone to commit such atrocities. Whatever psychological disorders they may share, though, one thing that links many of these mass killers is their weapon of choice. Armalite, a small-arms manufacturer, created the AR-15 — short for Armalite rifle — in 1957, at the invitation of the US military, which wanted a light but lethal battlefield weapon. A military report on the rifle in 1962, during the early stages of the Vietnam War, expressed satisfaction, calling the gun’s lethality “particularly impressive”: an American soldier had fired it at a range of 49ft into a Viet Cong soldier’s head and “took it completely off”. A version of the gun has served as the US military’s standard rifle ever since.

In exact years the industry has been pushing sales of what it calls “modern sporting rifles” to civilians too, making the AR-15 America’s best-selling rifle. That they have featured so regularly in horrifying acts of violence against children has had little impact on the business: on the contrary, fears that the government will try to stop such tragedies from occurring in the future have pushed up sales after most massacres, including this year’s murder of 19 pupils and two teachers by an 18-year-old at Robb Elementary School in Uvalde, Texas. Shooting deaths — more than 45,000 in 2020 — have never been higher. Nor have gun sales, at about 20 million in 2021. The manufacturers are posting record profits: $280 million last year for Sturm, Ruger & Company, while Smith & Wesson reported sales of more than $1 billion.

An image from Cruz’s Instagram account showing weapons on a bed


After the Uvalde killing on May 24, President Joe Biden proclaimed: “When in God’s name are we going to stand up to the gun lobby?” He may well ask: two weeks before, a gunman had murdered 10 people with an AR-15 in a supermarket in Buffalo, New York. Less than a month ago, on November 19, at least five people were killed and 25 injured when a shooter armed with an AR-15 attacked a bar for LGBTQ people in Colorado. At least six people were shot dead at a Walmart in Virginia four days later. At the time of writing there have been 36 mass shootings in America this year, according to a database run by the Associated Press and Northeastern University — it defines a mass killing as one in which at least four people are killed, excluding the perpetrator.

In 1994, after a spate of mass shootings, President Bill Clinton signed a ban on what Congress called “assault weapons”. These were defined as “semi-automatic” weapons such as the AR-15, which was removed from gun shops.

But attached to the ban was a “sunset clause” allowing it to lapse after a decade unless Congress approved a renewal. George W Bush showed no interest in doing so; Barack Obama, his Democrat successor, tried. His failure, despite his party’s control of Congress, was a testament to the extraordinary power of the National Rifle Association, the lobbying group whose financial contributions are the lifeblood of many a political campaign.

The NRA was founded in the 19th century, modelled on a British organisation of the same name. A week after the Sandy Hook massacre, its president, Wayne LaPierre, said: “The only thing that stops a bad guy with a gun is a good guy with a gun.”

The group has grown rich over the years. But dues account for only one third of its revenues: the rest comes directly from gun manufacturers and a membership programme called “Ring of Freedom” that funnels millions of dollars into the NRA through sponsorship deals. This gives it an incentive to push sales and, to that end, it spends millions of dollars each year on publications and “public affairs”. It has hit upon a perfect pitch for the AR-15, calling it “America’s rifle”.

Police escort children away from the school where Adam Lanza committed the atrocity


No one is more alarmed by the trend than Ryan Busse, a former gun industry executive who resigned from Kimber, a pistol manufacturer, in despair over the growing civilian market for weapons of war. “I told my wife, ‘I can’t take this shit any more,’ ” he says. “They’ve made buying these guns seem patriotic.” The rifle’s reappearance in shops when the ban was lifted in 2004 coincided with post-9/11 patriotism and the height of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. The NRA recruited returning veterans to the cause, inviting them to deliver speeches at NRA banquets and sign autographs at gun shows, helping to “move metal” — industry slang for selling products. Television images of US troops cradling their AR-15-style weapons in faraway war zones in the first half of the 2000s created a new generation of gun enthusiasts, young men who would never serve but who spent hours playing “shooter” video games on their sofas. Busse says he once asked a colleague where the market was for AR-15s: “Couch commandos,” came the reply.

The gun first hit the civilian market in the early 1960s as the Colt Armalite Rifle-15 Sporter. What made it different from other rifles was the inventor Eugene Stoner’s patented gas operating system, which made for a simple yet fast and accurate gun. When the patent expired in 1977, other manufacturers began producing their own models: AR-15 is now an umbrella term for a family of weapons that look alike and operate in the same way.

The guns are easy to use, require little maintenance and seldom go wrong. They cost as little as $500, are sold under names such as “Prairie Panther” and “Ultimate Hunter” and come in many shades: one of the most popular is “desert tan”, matching the shade of the “sandbox” — military slang for America’s desert battlefields.

Manufacturers could not believe their luck when Congress passed a law in 2005 shielding them from liability for unlawful use of their weapons. Busse recalls in Gunfight: My Battle Against the Industry That Radicalized America, his insider’s account of the gun business, how one friend in the industry told him after the signing: “Those f***ing Democrats can’t touch us now.”

Adam Lanza murdered 20 young children and six adults


Until then, gun companies had focused marketing efforts on weapons for hunting and recreation. Now they began promoting heavier calibre guns for self-defence along with weapons of war such as the AR-15. “Consider your man card reissued” was the caption used to advertise the gun used by the Sandy Hook killer. Daniel Defense, another manufacturer — which sold an AR-15 to Salvador Ramos, the 18-year-old Uvalde shooter — has “Manufacturing freedom” as one of its advertising slogans. Another strikes a biblical note, showing a toddler holding an AR-15-like rifle under the caption: “Train up a child in the way he should go, and when he is old, he will not depart from it.”

For gun rights fundamentalists, the AR-15 has become an almost sacred totem: one far-right Republican congresswoman, Lauren Boebert, from Colorado, has taken this to the extreme, claiming in a speech at a Christian event earlier this year that Jesus Christ could have prevented his crucifixion if he had owned an AR-15. “How many AR-15s do you think Jesus would have had?” she asked the crowd. “Well, he didn’t have enough to keep his government from killing him.” She was narrowly re-elected in November.

Mat Best appears to have taken the NRA’s “America’s rifle” messaging to heart. The former US army ranger launched the Black Rifle Coffee Company, which celebrates gun ownership as part of an American lifestyle and component of manhood and patriotism. Besides offering ground coffee with labels such as Murdered Out, Silencer Smooth and Freedom Fuel, his company sells shirts and hats decorated with the outline of an AR-15. The clothes are popular among the gun-toting “militias” that have proliferated in exact years; and one of the hats was worn by a rioter who, alongside many others, stormed the US Capitol in January 2021 in defence of the former president Donald Trump’s claims that Biden had “stolen” the election.

Best, who often posts pictures of his weapons on social media, popularised the term “pew pew” to describe the sound of distant gunfire: the same words were used by Cruz, the Parkland killer, to signal his macabre intentions: “You’re all going to die — pew pew pew. Oh yeah. Can’t wait,” he said in his pre-massacre message. “With the power of my AR you will all know who I am.”

Lenny Pozner with his son Noah, who was killed in the attack

To find out more about “America’s rifle” I visit Manny Alvarez, 65, a retired cameraman. He has spent years roaming the world’s hotspots for the American CBS television network. We met years ago in Nicaragua, where I lived as a journalist in the mid-1980s. Alvarez is a Republican, a member of the NRA and an ardent defender of the constitutional right to bear arms — of which he has many, including various rifles, among them an AR-15.

Like most ordinary gun-owning Americans, he regards the mass killers as “sickos” and would never dream of shooting anyone — except in self-defence. His love of guns developed as a child hunting deer. Now he hunts with his son: the walls of his “man cave” at home are adorned with various trophies.

At the same time, like so many of his fellow citizens, he strongly believes the government might one day pose a threat to him requiring armed resistance, just as the “founding fathers” had envisaged in the Second Amendment, he explains. His Cuban-American background may have helped to spur such fears — he came to Miami at the age of three when his parents fled the Cuban dictatorship: “They could have stayed behind and fought if they’d had guns,” he says.

So while his AR-15 is not much use for hunting, it could come in handy defending the home — as could his Kalashnikov. “I reckon I could hold out for a while in case of societal meltdown,” he says.

On a more banal level, Alvarez worries about burglary. He keeps a .357-calibre revolver by his bed and, like a growing number of his countrymen, he has a special permit allowing him to carry a concealed weapon in public or in his car. “There’s a lot of carjacking round here. They smash the window, try to grab you, but once they do that you can kill them.”

Attendees pose for a photo opportunity at the NRA’s annual meeting


We drive to Bass Pro Shops, an emporium for fishing and gun enthusiasts in Miami’s suburban sprawl. Dozens of AR-15s, some painted in desert camouflage, are on display on a wall behind the counter. The salesman tells me only US residents can buy them. He adds, however, that a “special dispensation” might be available if I can prove I need the gun to go hunting — so long as you don’t mind metal-infused meat: the AR-15 fires bullets at such velocity that they often disintegrate on impact.

But Alvarez and I are not going hunting: he has invited me to the range. This is where millions of gun owners go for fun in their spare time — and where many learn to shoot: Adam Lanza, the Sandy Hook killer, was taught by his mother, Nancy, at their local shooting range. She was his first victim before he set off for the elementary school.

We pull up in a car park next to what looks like a warehouse. Loud thuds echo through the building. An armed employee leads us into the range and allots us a “lane”. “Hey, that’s a nice gun, bro,” he says as Alvarez gets out his black AR-15, an antique he bought from a “kid” in the 1990s for $400 after studying an ad on Craigslist. I am surprised by how heavy the gun is when Alvarez invites me to deliver it a try. I empty a 30-bullet magazine in a storm of smoke and thunderous detonations, and Alvarez gives me the thumbs up.

“That’s a dead Russian there,” he says as the smoke clears, examining the cluster of holes in the human-shaped target’s liver. By the time I have fired another 30 rounds, this time from the Kalashnikov, my shoulder is beginning to ache and I’m glad when I’ve run out of bullets.

A Christmas card from Lauren Boebert, a Republican congresswoman

Attached as he is to his guns, Alvarez thinks it should not be so easy for “crazy f***in’ bastards” to buy them. He favours a 30-day waiting period on sales to allow better background checks to sniff out the criminally insane.

In most states, 18-year-olds are free to buy AR-15s in shops or online if they do not have a criminal record. “Most states don’t even have any registration unless you want to carry a gun in public,” says Frank Smyth, author of The NRA: The Unauthorized History, about the radicalisation of the gun lobbying group. “It’s like checking your ID at the door — they don’t write your name down. To get on a banned list, you have to have been convicted for a felony.”

Nikolas Cruz, the Parkland killer, was known to local social services and police for his anger management issues. In school, he wrote obscenities and gay slurs and drew photos of stick figures shooting each other and having sex. He had a swastika on his backpack and once wrote to one of his teachers: “I hate you. I hate America.” A local gun shop sold him an AR-15.

Among his first victims was Chris Hixon, the school’s wrestling coach and one of its security monitors. He was shot dead as he ran towards the sound of the shooting, apparently planning to tackle the gunman in a corridor. The coach was a strong believer in the Second Amendment and owned a pistol. “I was against it at first, when the kids were little,” says Debbi, his widow, when we meet at her home near Fort Lauderdale. “There were so many accidents happening with kids and guns. But we made sure the kids understood it was not a toy — it was for defence.”

Her voice hardens, though, when talking about the proliferation of AR-15s. “I think Chris would have agreed — no one should be allowed to own a weapon of war,” she says. “There’s no way a gun like this is needed for hunting or protection. People see these weapons as powerful and sexy. They’re advertised in a way that makes them enticing. To me, though, it’s a weapon of mass destruction, designed to kill as many people as possible as quickly as possible.”

“Cold dead hands” : Gun control in Georgia

The bullets fired by AR-15s are relatively small, so soldiers can comfortably carry several magazines into battle. But they are fired with enormous power, sometimes tumbling around inside a body to cause horrific injuries. “It’s a gun designed to create maximum damage — and it does,” says Luke Hoyer’s father, Tom, a former healthcare executive. “When they hit the body, they can sometimes explode into a thousand pieces of metal, looking like snow on the x-ray.”

The internet personality Mat Best with his arsenal


Down the road, in another gated community, is the home of Tony and Jennifer Montalto, parents of Gina, who was shot dead as she huddled next to Luke, trying to hide as the killer ran amok in the school. Their house looks out over a brackish lagoon where two cormorants are perched on a log, fishing. “Sometimes we’ve had alligators,” says Montalto, an airline pilot who met Jennifer when she was a flight attendant.

His activism with the Hoyers and their Stand with Parkland group has persuaded the state of Florida, to howls of outrage from the NRA, to raise the age at which a person can buy an AR-15 from 18 to 21. “I don’t think you should be selling AR-15s to 18-year-olds — or any other weapon for that matter,” Montalto says.

Along the corridor, Gina’s bedroom, like Luke’s, has been left as it was. In the trial it emerged that the killer had put the muzzle of his AR-15 against Gina’s chest before pulling the trigger, Montalto tells me. “Shooting a girl in the chest” was one of his Google searches before he carried out the attack. Montalto wants him sentenced to death.

An advert from the gun manufacturer Daniel Defense

The next day, when I accompany the Hoyers and Montaltos into court, Mike Satz, the lead prosecutor, relates how one victim, Peter Wang, was shot repeatedly: “Then he shot him again, four times, in the head,” Satz adds. Cruz sits hunched over, avoiding eye contact. He has told friends on the phone from jail that he feels like the “most hated man in America”.

Then Melisa McNeill, his attorney, addresses the jury, claiming that he was “poisoned in the womb” and suffers from foetal alcohol spectrum disorder because of his birth mother’s alcoholism. “Do we kill brain-damaged, mentally ill and broken people?” she asks the jury. “Sentencing him to death is not justice but revenge.” The Montalto family shake their heads in disagreement.

Tony Montalto holds a piece of his daughter Gina’s artwork. Like Luke Hoyer, she was a victim of the Parkland attack in 2018


In the end, the jury decides against death. Cruz is sentenced instead to 34 consecutive life terms, one for each of the victims — including the 17 injured, meaning he will spend the rest of his life in prison. Many of the relatives, though, are upset. “If this doesn’t merit the death penalty, what does?” asks Debbi Hixon, the wrestling coach’s widow. Montalto is furious. “This case is why we have the death penalty in Florida,” he says. “Sadly, the jury thinking about how they would feel if this murdering bastard was put to death.”

The Hoyers, as well, are disappointed. “The verdict was a gut punch for Gena and I,” Tom says. “We value something by what we’ll take in exchange for it. In this case, a life for a life. Anything less devalues the life that was taken.” The jurors, he added, had “devalued Luke’s life”.

All they have of Luke now are memories, but sometimes these can be agonising: they never got to see him off to the school prom; they never got to witness his graduation. “What’s so hard about this is that we’re never going to get to see what Luke would have grown into,” Tom says. “I think he would have been a fantastic young man.”

Sat, 03 Dec 2022 04:00:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : China rolls out core component of world's largest 'artificial sun'

China has rolled out a core component in the world's largest nuclear fusion reactor project, also known as the world's largest "artificial sun", its developer said Tuesday.

The production of the enhanced-heat-flux first wall panel of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER), has been completed, with its performances substantially higher than design requirements, and thus suitable for mass production, according to its developer, Southwestern Institute of Physics under the China National Nuclear Corporation.

The ITER's first wall panel, designed to have immediate contact with plasma as hot as 100 million degrees Celsius, is regarded as one of the most pivotal components in the reactor core, China's Science Daily reported on Tuesday.

The ITER, one of the largest and most important international scientific research projects in the world, is reputed as an "Artificial Sun" since it generates clean, carbon-free energy in a way similar to the sun by emitting light and heat via fusion reactions.

The project is jointly funded by the European Union, China, the United States, Japan, Republic of Korea, India and Russia.

Wed, 23 Nov 2022 11:44:00 -0600 text/html
Killexams : WHO outlines ‘clear direction’ for reducing online violence against children

The World Health Organisation (WHO) on Friday published a report aimed at helping stakeholders worldwide end the growing scourge of violence online against children.

WHO, in the new report, “What works to prevent online violence against children,” focuses on ways of curbing the grooming of youngsters via the Internet, sexual image abuse, cyber aggression and harassment in the form of cyber-bullying, cyber-stalking, hacking and identity theft.

The report also showcases strategies and best practices to better protect children.

“Our children spend more and more time online and as such, it is our duty to make the online environment safe”, said Etienne Krug, Director of the WHO Department of Social Determinants of Health.

The report highlights the importance of implementing educational programmes directed at children and parents to prevent online violence.

Studies have shown their effectiveness in reducing levels of victimisation, curbing abusers and associated risk behaviors such as alcohol and drug abuse.

“This new document provides for the first time a clear direction for action by governments, donors and other development partners, showing that we must address online and offline violence together if we are to be effective,” Krug said.

The report recommends implementing school-based educational programmes, promoting interaction among youths, and engaging parents.

It also underscores the importance of training young people in assertiveness, empathy, problem-solving, emotion management and seeking help, among other skills.

WHO pointed out that educational programmes were more successful with multiple and varied delivery formats such as videos, games, posters, infographics and guided discussions.

The report argues that comprehensive forms of sex education could reduce physical and sexual aggression – particularly in dating online, reducing partner violence, and tackling homophobic bullying.

The effectiveness of sex education has been confirmed in countries across the whole development spectrum.

Improvements must be made in several areas, according to the report.

Given the overlap of problems and solutions, it noted that more violence prevention programmes were needed to address the problem, together with offline violence prevention.

“As strangers are not the sole or even the predominant offenders online, less emphasis should be placed on stranger danger.

“Instead, more attention should be paid to acquaintances and peers, as they are responsible for a majority of offences.”

Given that looking for romance and intimacy online are major sources of vulnerability, the report spotlights the need to emphasise healthy relationship skills.

From fostering learning to developing personal and professional skills and expressing creativity, the internet offers a great deal to children and young people, the report stressed.

However, governments must find the right balance between developing digital opportunities and protecting users from harm.

The UN health agency is committed to contributing to better understanding all forms of violence against children and helping to guide the international response.  (NAN)

Fri, 02 Dec 2022 20:36:00 -0600 en-us text/html
Killexams : KATHY EGLAND: Why is equity an essential component to net-metering rules? No result found, try new keyword!The power of nature's sun and wind resources should be within reach of all who wish to extend a lifeline to them. Instead of our Mississippi Public Service Commission recognizing the urgency and ... Sun, 20 Nov 2022 15:50:00 -0600 text/html Killexams : US outlines effects of withdrawing land from oil drilling

ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. (AP) — The U.S. Interior Department’s plan to withdraw hundreds of square miles in New Mexico from oil and gas production for the next 20 years is expected to result in only a few dozen wells not being drilled on federal land surrounding Chaco Culture National Historical Park, according to an environmental assessment.

Land managers have scheduled two public meetings next week to take comments on the assessment made public Thursday.

The withdrawal plan was first outlined by Interior Secretary Deb Haaland in 2021 in response to the concerns of Native American tribes in New Mexico and Arizona that development was going unchecked across a wide swath of northwestern New Mexico and that tribal officials did not have a seat at the table.

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In addition to the proposed withdrawal, Haaland — who is from Laguna Pueblo and is the first Native American to lead a Cabinet agency — also committed to taking a broader look at how federal land across the region can be better managed while taking into account environmental effects and cultural preservation.

Indigenous leaders and environmental groups reiterated this week that the broader look would be a more meaningful step toward permanent protections for cultural resources in the San Juan Basin.

The environmental assessment bolsters that argument since it notes that the proposed withdrawal would not affect existing leases and that much of the interest by the industry for future development already is under lease or falls outside the boundary of what would be withdrawn.

The Bureau of Land Management has estimated, based on 2018 data, that not quite 100 new oil and gas wells likely would be drilled over the next 20 years within the withdrawal area. It's estimated that less than half of those likely would not be drilled if the withdrawal were approved.

With only a few dozen wells expected in the area, natural gas production for the area would decrease by half of 1% and oil production could see a 2.5% reduction.

However, the New Mexico Oil and Gas Association argued that even though the withdrawal would not affect leases on Navajo land or allotments owned by individual Navajos, those leases essentially become landlocked by taking federal mineral holdings off the board.

Navajo Nation officials have made similar arguments, saying millions of dollars in annual oil and gas revenues benefit the tribe and individual tribal members Some leaders have advocated for a smaller buffer around Chaco park to be protected due to the economic implications.

The industry group said there are more than 418 unleased allotments in the buffer zone associated with over 22,000 allottees.

Environmentalists say the potential development for the withdrawal area represents just a fraction of the 3,200 wells overall that the region could see over the next two decades.

Mike Eisenfeld of the San Juan Citizens Alliance has been monitoring and protesting development throughout the region for years. He said Friday that the larger issue is the expansive area beyond the withdrawal zone and that federal land managers need to evaluate requests for permitting within Haaland's bigger “Honoring Chaco” initiative.

“We think that requires extensive consultation on protecting this region from industrialization of the landscape,” he said.

In June, the All Pueblo Council of Governors traveled from New Mexico to Washington to urge the Interior Department to finalize its proposal to protect the Chaco area, arguing that public land management should better reflect the value of sacred sites, cultural resources and traditional stories that are tied to the region.

A World Heritage site, Chaco Culture National Historical Park is thought to be the center of what was once a hub of Indigenous civilization with many tribes from the Southwest tracing their roots to the high desert outpost.

Within the park, walls of stacked stone rise up from the canyon bottom, some perfectly aligned with the seasonal movements of the sun and moon. Archaeologists also have found evidence of great roads that stretched across what is now New Mexico, Arizona, Utah and Colorado.

Copyright 2022 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed without permission.

Fri, 11 Nov 2022 09:43:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : APRA to outline climate risks for lenders </head> <body id="readabilityBody" readability="27.956867196368"> <h3>Newscorp Australia are trialling new security software on our mastheads. If you receive "Potential automated action detected!" please try these steps first:</h3> <ol type="1"> <li>Temporarily disable any AdBlockers / pop-up blockers / script blockers you have enabled</li> <li>Add this site in to the allowed list for any AdBlockers / pop-up blockers / script blockers you have enabled</li> <li>Ensure your browser supports JavaScript (this can be done via accessing <a href="" target="_blank"></a> in your browser)</li> <li>Ensure you are using the latest version of your web browser</li> </ol> <p>If you need to be unblocked please e-mail us at and provide the IP address and reference number shown here along with why you require access. News Corp Australia.</p><p>Your IP address is: | Your reference number is: 0.8f386368.1670613706.97ddc0b</p> </body> </description> <pubDate>Sun, 27 Nov 2022 17:05:00 -0600</pubDate> <dc:format>text/html</dc:format> <dc:identifier></dc:identifier> </item> <item> <title>Killexams : New Research Outlines How Organizations Can Meet Evolving Mental Health Needs of Employees

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OTTAWA, Nov. 10, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — The Conference Board of Canada today released research highlighting that organizations are increasing coverage for psychological services in an effort to better support employee mental health and meet the evolving needs of employees. This research is the first released by The Conference Board of Canada’s Workplace Mental Health Research Centre.

“Health benefits plans are the first line of defense in organizations’ health and wellness initiatives, and we’ve seen how investments in workplace mental health bring benefits well beyond productivity,” said Dr. Susan Black, President and CEO, The Conference Board of Canada. “As organizations plan for the future, they need to enhance understanding of employees’ current and emerging needs to determine how they can best support initiatives aimed at future-proofing their mental health strategy.”

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While some studies have found the mental health of Canadians was already at risk, the exact pandemic highlighted the importance of mental health and wellness and created an unprecedented demand for mental health supports. Additional efforts will be required to meet the emerging mental health needs of Canadians, with employers playing a critical role. The Conference Board of Canada’s research found that many organizations have expanded their suite of health and wellness initiatives for employees to better transition through the COVID-19 pandemic.

“It is vitally important to help Canadian organizations understand the evolving needs of our employees and how best to meet them,” said Guy Cormier, President and CEO, Desjardins Group. “That’s why we’re proud to partner with The Conference Board of Canada as the co-founder of the Workplace Mental Health Research Centre. The findings in this study will help employers create healthier workplaces and further support the mental wellbeing of their employees.”

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“The increase in need for mental health services from employees may no longer fit a traditional one-size-fits-all approach,” said Erin Mills, Director, Human Capital and Workplace Health at The Conference Board of Canada. “Roughly one-third of organizations ask their employees what they would like included in their mental health and wellness initiatives. Many organizations are unclear of how their mental health and well-being initiatives meet the needs of employees, and how these initiatives connect to their equity and inclusion efforts.”

“Mental health is one of the key health issues of our time,” said Dave Jones, President, Sun Life Health. “Supporting employees with their mental health is more important than ever. We’re thrilled to be part of the Workplace Mental Health Research Centre, helping to build resilient organizations where employees thrive.”

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“This important research has highlighted the opportunity for organizations to do better by seeking input from their employees to ensure the benefits available are meeting their needs,” said Michal Juul Sørensen, Vice President &amp; General Manager, Lundbeck Canada. “We’re proud to play a role in this research supporting the brain health of all Canadians.”

The Workplace Mental Health Research Centre works with founding members Desjardins Insurance, Sun Life Financial and Lundbeck Canada on research related to workplace absenteeism and future-proofing investments in mental health as well as additional pressing subjects related to mental health and wellbeing.

Media should contact for more information.

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About the Conference Board of Canada:
The Conference Board of Canada is the country’s leading independent research organization. Our mission is to empower and inspire leaders to build a stronger future for all Canadians through our trusted research and unparalleled connections. Follow The Conference Board of Canada on Twitter @ConfBoardofCda.

About Desjardins Group:
Desjardins Group is the largest cooperative financial group in North America and the fifth largest cooperative financial group in the world, with assets of $397 billion. In 2021 it was ranked as one of Canada’s Top 100 Employers by Mediacorp. To meet the diverse needs of its members and clients, Desjardins offers a full range of products and services to individuals and businesses through its extensive distribution network, online platforms and subsidiaries across Canada. Ranked among the world’s strongest banks according to The Banker magazine, Desjardins has one of the highest capital ratios and credit ratings in the industry.

Media Contact:
The Conference Board of Canada / 613-526-3090 ext. 224

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Fri, 11 Nov 2022 21:51:00 -0600 en-CA text/html
Killexams : China rolls out core component of world's largest "artificial sun"

BEIJING, Nov. 23 (Xinhua) -- China has rolled out a core component in the world's largest nuclear fusion reactor project, also known as the world's largest "artificial sun", its developer said Tuesday.

The production of the enhanced-heat-flux first wall panel of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER), has been completed, with its performances substantially higher than design requirements, and thus suitable for mass production, according to its developer, Southwestern Institute of Physics under the China National Nuclear Corporation.

The ITER's first wall panel, designed to have immediate contact with plasma as hot as 100 million degrees Celsius, is regarded as one of the most pivotal components in the reactor core, China's Science Daily reported on Tuesday.

The ITER, one of the largest and most important international scientific research projects in the world, is reputed as an "Artificial Sun" since it generates clean, carbon-free energy in a way similar to the sun by emitting light and heat via fusion reactions.

The project is jointly funded by the European Union, China, the United States, Japan, Republic of Korea, India and Russia. Enditem

Tue, 22 Nov 2022 15:32:00 -0600 text/html
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