Free sample questions of 304-200 exam at

All of us have been dedicated to providing up-to-date and valid LPI Level 3 Exam 304 Senior Level Linux Certification Virtualization & Hi examination questions and solutions, along with details. Each 304-200 Questions plus Answers on has already been verified by LPI specialists. We update plus add new 304-200 queries as soon as we observe that will there is a modification in real check. Which is important to our achievement and popularity.

304-200 LPI Level 3 exam 304 Senior Level Linux Certification Virtualization & Hi information hunger |

304-200 information hunger - LPI Level 3 exam 304 Senior Level Linux Certification Virtualization & Hi Updated: 2024

304-200 304-200 Dumps and practice tests with Real Question
Exam Code: 304-200 LPI Level 3 exam 304 Senior Level Linux Certification Virtualization & Hi information hunger January 2024 by team

304-200 LPI Level 3 exam 304 Senior Level Linux Certification Virtualization & Hi

Exam Title :
LPIC-3 Virtualization and High Availability

Exam ID :

Exam Duration :
90 mins

Questions in exam :

Passing Score :
500 / 800

Exam Center :
LPI Marketplace

Real Questions :
LPI LPIC-3 Real Questions

VCE VCE exam :
LPI 304-200 Certification VCE Practice Test

Topic 330: Virtualization

330.1 Virtualization Concepts and Theory

Weight: 8

Description: Candidates should know and understand the general concepts, theory and terminology of Virtualization. This includes Xen, KVM and libvirt terminology.

Key Knowledge Areas:

- Terminology

- Pros and Cons of Virtualization

- Variations of Virtual Machine Monitors

- Migration of Physical to Virtual Machines

- Migration of Virtual Machines between Host systems

- Cloud Computing

The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:

- Hypervisor

- Hardware Virtual Machine (HVM)

- Paravirtualization (PV)

- Container Virtualization

- Emulation and Simulation

- CPU flags

- /proc/cpuinfo

- Migration (P2V, V2V)

- IaaS, PaaS, SaaS

330.2 Xen

Weight: 9

Description: Candidates should be able to install, configure, maintain, migrate and troubleshoot Xen installations. The focus is on Xen version 4.x.

Key Knowledge Areas:

- Xen architecture, networking and storage

- Xen configuration

- Xen utilities

- Troubleshooting Xen installations

- Basic knowledge of XAPI

- Awareness of XenStore

- Awareness of Xen Boot Parameters

- Awareness of the xm utility

Terms and Utilities:

- Domain0 (Dom0), DomainU (DomU)

- PV-DomU, HVM-DomU

- /etc/xen/

- xl

- xl.cfg

- xl.conf

- xe

- xentop

330.3 KVM

Weight: 9

Description: Candidates should be able to install, configure, maintain, migrate and troubleshoot KVM installations.

Key Knowledge Areas:

- KVM architecture, networking and storage

- KVM configuration

- KVM utilities

- Troubleshooting KVM installations

Terms and Utilities:

- Kernel modules: kvm, kvm-intel and kvm-amd

- /etc/kvm/

- /dev/kvm

- kvm

- KVM monitor

- qemu

- qemu-img

330.4 Other Virtualization Solutions

Weight: 3

Description: Candidates should have some basic knowledge and experience with alternatives to Xen and KVM.

Key Knowledge Areas:

- Basic knowledge of OpenVZ and LXC

- Awareness of other virtualization technologies

- Basic knowledge of virtualization provisioning tools
Terms and Utilities:

- OpenVZ

- VirtualBox


- docker

- packer

- vagrant

330.5 Libvirt and Related Tools

Weight: 5

Description: Candidates should have basic knowledge and experience with the libvirt library and commonly available tools.

Key Knowledge Areas:

- libvirt architecture, networking and storage

- Basic technical knowledge of libvirt and virsh

- Awareness of oVirt

Terms and Utilities:

- libvirtd

- /etc/libvirt/

- virsh

- oVirt

330.6 Cloud Management Tools

Weight: 2

Description: Candidates should have basic feature knowledge of commonly available cloud management tools.

Key Knowledge Areas:

- Basic feature knowledge of OpenStack and CloudStack

- Awareness of Eucalyptus and OpenNebula

Terms and Utilities:

- OpenStack

- CloudStack

- Eucalyptus

- OpenNebula

Topic 334: High Availability Cluster Management

334.1 High Availability Concepts and Theory

Weight: 5

Description: Candidates should understand the properties and design approaches of high availability clusters.

Key Knowledge Areas:

- Understand the most important cluster architectures

- Understand recovery and cluster reorganization mechanisms

- Design an appropriate cluster architecture for a given purpose

- Application aspects of high availability

- Operational considerations of high availability

Terms and Utilities:

- Active/Passive Cluster, Active/Active Cluster

- Failover Cluster, Load Balanced Cluster

- Shared-Nothing Cluster, Shared-Disk Cluster

- Cluster resources

- Cluster services

- Quorum

- Fencing

- Split brain

- Redundancy

- Mean Time Before Failure (MTBF)

- Mean Time To Repair (MTTR)

- Service Level Agreement (SLA)

- Disaster Recovery

- Replication

- Session handling

334.2 Load Balanced Clusters

Weight: 6

Description: Candidates should know how to install, configure, maintain and troubleshoot LVS. This includes the configuration and use of keepalived and ldirectord. Candidates should further be able to install, configure, maintain and troubleshoot HAProxy.

Key Knowledge Areas:

- Understanding of LVS / IPVS

- Basic knowledge of VRRP

- Configuration of keepalived

- Configuration of ldirectord

- Backend server network configuration

- Understanding of HAProxy

- Configuration of HAProxy

Terms and Utilities:

- ipvsadm

- syncd

- LVS Forwarding (NAT, Direct Routing, Tunneling, Local Node)

- connection scheduling algorithms

- keepalived configuration file

- ldirectord configuration file

- genhash

- HAProxy configuration file

- load balancing algorithms

- ACLs

334.3 Failover Clusters

Weight: 6

Description: Candidates should have experience in the installation, configuration, maintenance and troubleshooting of a Pacemaker cluster. This includes the use of Corosync. The focus is on Pacemaker 1.1 for Corosync 2.x.

Key Knowledge Areas:

- Pacemaker architecture and components (CIB, CRMd, PEngine, LRMd, DC, STONITHd)

- Pacemaker cluster configuration

- Resource classes (OCF, LSB, Systemd, Upstart, Service, STONITH, Nagios)

- Resource rules and constraints (location, order, colocation)

- Advanced resource features (templates, groups, clone resources, multi-state resources)

- Pacemaker management using pcs

- Pacemaker management using crmsh

- Configuration and Management of corosync in conjunction with Pacemaker

- Awareness of other cluster engines (OpenAIS, Heartbeat, CMAN)

Terms and Utilities:

- pcs

- crm

- crm_mon

- crm_verify

- crm_simulate

- crm_shadow

- crm_resource

- crm_attribute

- crm_node

- crm_standby

- cibadmin

- corosync.conf

- authkey

- corosync-cfgtool

- corosync-cmapctl

- corosync-quorumtool

- stonith_admin

334.4 High Availability in Enterprise Linux Distributions

Weight: 1

Description: Candidates should be aware of how enterprise Linux distributions integrate High Availability technologies.

Key Knowledge Areas:

- Basic knowledge of Red Hat Enterprise Linux High Availability Add-On

- Basic knowledge of SUSE Linux Enterprise High Availability Extension
Terms and Utilities:

- Distribution specific configuration tools

- Integration of cluster engines, load balancers, storage technology, cluster filesystems, etc.

Topic 335: High Availability Cluster Storage

335.1 DRBD / cLVM

Weight: 3

Description: Candidates are expected to have the experience and knowledge to install, configure, maintain and troubleshoot DRBD devices. This includes integration with Pacemaker. DRBD configuration of version 8.4.x is covered. Candidates are further expected to be able to manage LVM configuration within a shared storage cluster.

Key Knowledge Areas:

- Understanding of DRBD resources, states and replication modes

- Configuration of DRBD resources, networking, disks and devices

- Configuration of DRBD automatic recovery and error handling

- Management of DRBD using drbdadm

- Basic knowledge of drbdsetup and drbdmeta

- Integration of DRBD with Pacemaker

- cLVM

- Integration of cLVM with Pacemaker

Terms and Utilities:

- Protocol A, B and C

- Primary, Secondary

- Three-way replication

- drbd kernel module

- drbdadm

- drbdsetup

- drbdmeta

- /etc/drbd.conf

- /proc/drbd

- LVM2

- clvmd

- vgchange, vgs

335.2 Clustered File Systems

Weight: 3

Description: Candidates should know how to install, maintain and troubleshoot installations using GFS2 and OCFS2. This includes integration with Pacemaker as well as awareness of other clustered filesystems available in a Linux environment.

Key Knowledge Areas:

- Understand the principles of cluster file systems

- Create, maintain and troubleshoot GFS2 file systems in a cluster

- Create, maintain and troubleshoot OCFS2 file systems in a cluster

- Integration of GFS2 and OCFS2 with Pacemaker

- Awareness of the O2CB cluster stack

- Awareness of other commonly used clustered file systems

Terms and Utilities:

- Distributed Lock Manager (DLM)

- mkfs.gfs2

- mount.gfs2

- fsck.gfs2

- gfs2_grow

- gfs2_edit

- gfs2_jadd

- mkfs.ocfs2

- mount.ocfs2

- fsck.ocfs2

- tunefs.ocfs2

- mounted.ocfs2

- o2info

- o2image

- CephFS

- GlusterFS

LPI Level 3 exam 304 Senior Level Linux Certification Virtualization & Hi
LPI Virtualization information hunger

Other LPI exams

304-200 LPI Level 3 exam 304 Senior Level Linux Certification Virtualization & Hi
303-200 LPIC-3 exam 303: Security, version 2.0 - 2023
201-450 LPIC-2 exam 201, Part 1 of 2, version 4.5
300-100 LPIC-3 exam 300: Mixed Environments, version 1.0
202-450 LPIC-2 exam 202, Part 2 of 2, version 4.5
010-160 Linux Professional Institute Linux Essentials
102-500 LPIC-1 exam 102, Part 2 of 2, version 5.0
101-500 LPIC-1 exam 101
701-100 LPIC-OT exam 701: DevOps Tools Engineer
305-300 LPIC-3 Virtualization and Containerization

Collecting 304-200 dumps from many sources is not bad, but we suggest to rely on just good service. provide latest, valid and updated 304-200 real exam questions that most of websites do not have. Our team keep contacted with test takers and our special resources to get updated and latest 304-200 braindumps.
304-200 Dumps
304-200 Braindumps
304-200 Real Questions
304-200 Practice Test
304-200 dumps free
LPI Level 3 exam 304 Senior Level Linux Certification
Virtualization & Hi
Question: 146
Which of the following technologies is the most important component of IaaS clouds?
A . Database replication
B . DNS delegation
C . Emulation
D . Mandatory Access Control
E . Virtualization
Answer: E
Question: 147
Which one of the following tools can NOT be used to create virtual machines, including their configuration in a
libvirt-based KVM environment?
A . virt-clone
B . virt-install
C . virt-img
D . virt-manager
Answer: C
Question: 148
Which of the following is true regarding the CPU of a KVM virtual machine? (Choose TWO correct answers.)
A . Each KVM virtual machine can only have one CPU with one core.
B . KVM virtual machines support multiple virtual CPUs in order to run SMP systems.
C . The CPU architecture of a KVM virtual machine is independent of the host systems architecture.
D . For each KVM virtual machine one dedicated physical CPU core must be reserved.
E . KVM uses the concept of virtual CPUs to map the virtual machines to physical CPUs.
Answer: B,E
Question: 149
A configuration file for a Xen virtual machine was created with file name slack.cfg withinXens configuration
directory.Which of the following commands starts the virtual machine defined in this configuration file and opens the
virtual machines console on the current command line?
A . xl start slack
B . xl create slack.cfg show-console
C . xl create slack.cfg
D . xl start slack.cfg -c
E . xl create slack.cfgCc
Answer: E
Question: 150
Which command in the KVM monitor ejects the first IDE CDROM drive? (Specify the KVM monitor command
A . eject ide1-cd0, eject -f ide1-cd0
Answer: A
Question: 151
Which of the following componentsare partsof XAPI? (Choose TWO correct answers.)
A . The XADB configuration management database.
B . The XAPI virtual file system available at /xen.
C . The xm command.
D . The xe command.
E . The xapi daemon.
Answer: D,E
Question: 152
Which options to the xl command will deactivate a running Xen virtual machine? (Choose TWO correct answers.)
A . destroy
B . remove
C . shutdown
D . stop
E . halt
Answer: A,C
Question: 153
Which of the following circumstances prevent the usage of container based virtualization? (Choose TWO correct
A . More than one container requires access to block devices available in the host system.
B . Remote access via SSH is required to all containers.
C . Each container needs to have its own user accounts and user groups.
D . Administrators of containers must be able to install customized Linux kernels.
E . Different operating systems are to be used within containers on the same virtualization host.
Answer: D,E
Question: 154
Which of the following KVM parameters is identical to the KVM parameter -hdb file.img?
A . -drive bus=ide1,type=slave,image=file.img
B . -drive image=file.img,if=ide,device=hdb
C . -drive bus=hd,busid=b,src=file.img
D . -drive file=file.img,index=1,media=disk,if=ide
E . -drive type=loop,src=file.img,dst=disk:hdb
Answer: D
Question: 155
Which of the following data should be copied to the virtual machine when migrating a physical machine to a virtual
A . The block device buffers
B . The CPU flags
C . The file systems or their content
D . The CPU registers content
E . The memory
Answer: C
Question: 156
Which of the following commands boots a KVM virtual machine using Debian GNU/Linux?
A . qemu -create -drive file=debian.img -cdrom debian.iso -m 1024 -boot d
B . qemu-kvm -drive file=debian.img -cdrom debian.iso -m 1024 -boot d
C . kvm -create -drive file=debian.img -cdrom debian.iso -m 1024 -boot d
D . kvm -qemu -drive file=debian.img -cdrom debian.iso -m 1024 -boot d
Answer: B
For More exams visit
Kill your exam at First Attempt....Guaranteed!

LPI Virtualization information hunger - BingNews Search results LPI Virtualization information hunger - BingNews The Hunger Games No result found, try new keyword!Hunger Games: Mockingjay - Part 2 Los Angeles premiere red carpet interviews canceled in wake of Paris attacks Hunger Games Mockingjay Part 2: Katniss and Peeta reconnect in new clip Hunger Games ... Mon, 16 Nov 2015 23:37:00 -0600 en text/html The New Face of Hunger

Millions of working Americans don’t know where their next meal is coming from. We sent three photographers to explore hunger in three very different parts of the United States, each giving different faces to the same statistic: One-sixth of Americans don’t have enough food to eat.

Click below to launch galleries

Photo of hunger in Osage, Iowa

Osage, Iowa
Photographs by Amy Toensing
On our nation’s richest lands, farmers grow corn and soybeans used to feed livestock, make cooking oil, and produce sweeteners. Yet one in eight Iowans often goes hungry, with children the most vulnerable to food insecurity.

Photo of hunger in Houston, Texas

Houston, Texas
Photographs by Kitra Cahana
Despite a strong economy, Houston is ringed by neighborhoods where many working families can’t afford groceries. Hunger has grown faster in America’s suburbs than in its cities over the past decade, creating a class of “SUV poor.”

Photo of hunger in Bronx, New York

Bronx, New York
Photographs by Stephanie Sinclair
Urban neighborhoods with pervasive unemployment and poverty are home to the hungriest. The South Bronx has the highest rate of food insecurity in the country, 37 percent, compared with 16.6 for New York City as a whole.

On a gold-gray morning in Mitchell County, Iowa, Christina Dreier sends her son, Keagan, to school without breakfast. He is three years old, barrel-chested, and stubborn, and usually refuses to eat the free meal he qualifies for at preschool. Faced with a dwindling pantry, Dreier has decided to try some tough love: If she sends Keagan to school hungry, maybe he’ll eat the free breakfast, which will leave more food at home for lunch.

Dreier knows her gambit might backfire, and it does. Keagan ignores the school breakfast on offer and is so hungry by lunchtime that Dreier picks through the dregs of her freezer in hopes of filling him and his little sister up. She shakes the last seven chicken nuggets onto a battered baking sheet, adds the remnants of a bag of Tater Tots and a couple of hot dogs from the fridge, and slides it all into the oven. She’s gone through most of the food she got last week from a local food pantry; her own lunch will be the bits of potato left on the kids’ plates. “I eat lunch if there’s enough,” she says. “But the kids are the most important. They have to eat first.”

The fear of being unable to feed her children hangs over Dreier’s days. She and her husband, Jim, pit one bill against the next—the phone against the rent against the heat against the gas—trying always to set aside money to make up for what they can’t get from the food pantry or with their food stamps, issued by the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). Congressional cuts to SNAP last fall of five billion dollars pared her benefits from $205 to $172 a month.

On this particular afternoon Dreier is thinking about the family van, which is on the brink of repossession. She and Jim need to open a new bank account so they can make automatic payments instead of scrambling to pay in cash. But that will happen only if Jim finishes work early. It’s peak harvest time, and he often works until eight at night, applying pesticides on commercial farms for $14 an hour. Running the errand would mean forgoing overtime pay that could go for groceries.

It’s the same every month, Dreier says. Bills go unpaid because, when push comes to shove, food wins out. “We have to eat, you know,” she says, only the slightest hint of resignation in her voice. “We can’t starve.”

Chances are good that if you picture what hunger looks like, you don’t summon an image of someone like Christina Dreier: white, married, clothed, and housed, even a bit overweight. The image of hunger in America today differs markedly from Depression-era images of the gaunt-faced unemployed scavenging for food on urban streets. “This is not your grandmother’s hunger,” says Janet Poppendieck, a sociologist at the City University of New York. “Today more working people and their families are hungry because wages have declined.”

In the United States more than half of hungry households are white, and two-thirds of those with children have at least one working adult—typically in a full-time job. With this new image comes a new lexicon: In 2006 the U.S. government replaced “hunger” with the term “food insecure” to describe any household where, sometime during the previous year, people didn’t have enough food to eat. By whatever name, the number of people going hungry has grown dramatically in the U.S., increasing to 48 million by 2012—a fivefold jump since the late 1960s, including an increase of 57 percent since the late 1990s. Privately run programs like food pantries and soup kitchens have mushroomed too. In 1980 there were a few hundred emergency food programs across the country; today there are 50,000. Finding food has become a central worry for millions of Americans. One in six reports running out of food at least once a year. In many European countries, by contrast, the number is closer to one in 20.

To witness hunger in America today is to enter a twilight zone where refrigerators are so frequently bare of all but mustard and ketchup that it provokes no remark, inspires no embarrassment. Here dinners are cooked using macaroni-and-cheese mixes and other processed ingredients from food pantries, and fresh fruits and vegetables are eaten only in the first days after the SNAP payment arrives. Here you’ll meet hungry farmhands and retired schoolteachers, hungry families who are in the U.S. without papers and hungry families whose histories stretch back to the Mayflower. Here pocketing food from work and skipping meals to make food stretch are so common that such practices barely register as a way of coping with hunger and are simply a way of life.

It can be tempting to ask families receiving food assistance, If you’re really hungry, then how can you be—as many of them are—overweight? The answer is “this paradox that hunger and obesity are two sides of the same coin,” says Melissa Boteach, vice president of the Poverty and Prosperity Program of the Center for American Progress, “people making trade-offs between food that’s filling but not nutritious and may actually contribute to obesity.” For many of the hungry in America, the extra pounds that result from a poor diet are collateral damage—an unintended side effect of hunger itself.

Help for the Hungry

More than 48 million Americans rely on what used to be called food stamps, now SNAP: the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.

In 2013 benefits totaled $75 billion, but payments to most households dropped; the average monthly benefit was $133.07 a person, less than $1.50 a meal. SNAP recipients typically run through their monthly allotment in three weeks, then turn to food pantries. Who qualifies for SNAP? Households with gross incomes no more than 130 percent of the poverty rate. For a family of four that qualifying point is $31,005 a year.*

*Qualifying incomes in Alaska and Hawaii are higher than in the contiguous U.S.

As the face of hunger has changed, so has its address. The town of Spring, Texas, is where ranchland meets Houston’s sprawl, a suburb of curving streets and shade trees and privacy fences. The suburbs are the home of the American dream, but they are also a place where poverty is on the rise. As urban housing has gotten more expensive, the working poor have been pushed out. Today hunger in the suburbs is growing faster than in cities, having more than doubled since 2007.

Yet in the suburbs America’s hungry don’t look the part either. They drive cars, which are a necessity, not a luxury, here. Cheap clothes and toys can be found at yard sales and thrift shops, making a middle-class appearance affordable. Consumer electronics can be bought on installment plans, so the hungry rarely lack phones or televisions. Of all the suburbs in the country, northwest Houston is one of the best places to see how people live on what might be called a minimum-wage diet: It has one of the highest percentages of households receiving SNAP assistance where at least one family member holds down a job. The Jefferson sisters, Meme and Kai, live here in a four-bedroom, two-car-garage, two-bath home with Kai’s boyfriend, Frank, and an extended family that includes their invalid mother, their five sons, a daughter-in-law, and five grandchildren. The house has a rickety desktop computer in the living room and a television in most rooms, but only two genuine beds; nearly everyone sleeps on mattresses or piles of blankets spread out on the floor.

Though all three adults work full-time, their income is not enough to keep the family consistently fed without assistance. The root problem is the lack of jobs that pay wages a family can live on, so food assistance has become the government’s—and society’s—way to supplement low wages. The Jeffersons receive $125 in food stamps each month, and a charity brings in meals for their bedridden matriarch.

Like most of the new American hungry, the Jeffersons face not a total absence of food but the gnawing fear that the next meal can’t be counted on. When Meme shows me the family’s food supply, the refrigerator holds takeout boxes and beverages but little fresh food. Two cupboards are stocked with a smattering of canned beans and sauces. A pair of freezers in the garage each contain a single layer of food, enough to fill bellies for just a few days. Meme says she took the children aside a few months earlier to tell them they were eating too much and wasting food besides. “I told them if they keep wasting, we have to go live on the corner, beg for money, or something.”

Stranded in a Food Desert

Tens of thousands of people in Houston and in other parts of the U.S. live in a food desert: They’re more than half a mile from a supermarket and don’t own a car, because of poverty, illness, or age. Public transportation may not fill the gap. Small markets or fast-food restaurants may be within walking distance, but not all accept vouchers. If they do, costs may be higher and nutritious options fewer.

Map of food deserts in Houston, Texas

Jacqueline Christian is another Houston mother who has a full-time job, drives a comfortable sedan, and wears flattering clothes. Her older son, 15-year-old Ja’Zarrian, sports bright orange Air Jordans. There’s little clue to the family’s hardship until you learn that their clothes come mostly from discount stores, that Ja’Zarrian mowed lawns for a summer to get the sneakers, that they’re living in a homeless shelter, and that despite receiving $325 in monthly food stamps, Christian worries about not having enough food “about half of the year.”

Christian works as a home health aide, earning $7.75 an hour at a job that requires her to crisscross Houston’s sprawl to see her clients. Her schedule, as much as her wages, influences what she eats. To save time she often relies on premade food from grocery stores. “You can’t go all the way home and cook,” she says.

On a day that includes running a dozen errands and charming her payday loan officer into giving her an extra day, Christian picks up Ja’Zarrian and her seven-year-old, Jerimiah, after school. As the sun drops in the sky, Jerimiah begins complaining that he’s hungry. The neon glow of a Hartz Chicken Buffet appears up the road, and he starts in: Can’t we just get some gizzards, please?

Christian pulls into the drive-through and orders a combo of fried gizzards and okra for $8.11. It takes three declined credit cards and an emergency loan from her mother, who lives nearby, before she can pay for it. When the food finally arrives, filling the car with the smell of hot grease, there’s a collective sense of relief. On the drive back to the shelter the boys eat until the gizzards are gone, and then drift off to sleep.

Christian says she knows she can’t afford to eat out and that fast food isn’t a healthy meal. But she’d felt too stressed—by time, by Jerimiah’s insistence, by how little money she has—not to provide in. “Maybe I can’t justify that to someone who wasn’t here to see, you know?” she says. “But I couldn’t let them down and not get the food.”

Photos of the Reams family foraging for food

To supplement what they get from the food pantry, the cash-strapped Reams family forages in the woods near their Osage home for puffball mushrooms and grapes. Kyera Reams cans homegrown vegetables when they are in season and plentiful, so that her family can eat healthfully all year. “I’m resourceful with my food,” she says. “I think about what people did in the Great Depression.”

Of course it is possible to eat well cheaply in America, but it takes resources and know-how that many low-income Americans don’t have. Kyera Reams of Osage, Iowa, puts an incredible amount of energy into feeding her family of six a healthy diet, with the help of staples from food banks and $650 in monthly SNAP benefits. A stay-at-home mom with a high school education, Reams has taught herself how to can fresh produce and forage for wild ginger and cranberries. When she learned that SNAP benefits could be used to buy vegetable plants, she dug two gardens in her yard. She has learned about wild mushrooms so she can safely pick ones that aren’t poisonous and has lobbied the local library to stock field guides to edible wild plants.

“We wouldn’t eat healthy at all if we lived off the food-bank food,” Reams says. Many foods commonly donated to—or bought by—food pantries are high in salt, sugar, and fat. She estimates her family could live for three months on the nutritious foods she’s saved up. The Reamses have food security, in other words, because Kyera makes procuring food her full-time job, along with caring for her husband, whose disability payments provide their only income.

But most of the working poor don’t have the time or know-how required to eat well on little. Often working multiple jobs and night shifts, they tend to eat on the run. Healthful food can be hard to find in so-called food deserts—communities with few or no full-service groceries. Jackie Christian didn’t resort to feeding her sons fried gizzards because it was affordable but because it was easy. Given the dramatic increase in cheap fast foods and processed foods, when the hungry have money to eat, they often go for what’s convenient, just as better-off families do.

It’s a cruel irony that people in rural Iowa can be malnourished amid forests of cornstalks running to the horizon. Iowa dirt is some of the richest in the nation, even bringing out the poet in agronomists, who describe it as “black gold.” In 2007 Iowa’s fields produced roughly one-sixth of all corn and soybeans grown in the U.S., churning out billions of bushels.

These are the very crops that end up on Christina Dreier’s kitchen table in the form of hot dogs made of corn-raised beef, Mountain Dew sweetened with corn syrup, and chicken nuggets fried in soybean oil. They’re also the foods that the U.S. government supports the most. In 2012 it spent roughly $11 billion to subsidize and insure commodity crops like corn and soy, with Iowa among the states receiving the highest subsidies. The government spends much less to bolster the production of the fruits and vegetables its own nutrition guidelines say should make up half the food on our plates. In 2011 it spent only $1.6 billion to subsidize and insure “specialty crops”—the bureaucratic term for fruits and vegetables.

Those priorities are reflected at the grocery store, where the price of fresh food has risen steadily while the cost of sugary treats like soda has dropped. Since the early 1980s the real cost of fruits and vegetables has increased by 24 percent. Meanwhile the cost of nonalcoholic beverages—primarily sodas, most sweetened with corn syrup—has dropped by 27 percent.

“We’ve created a system that’s geared toward keeping overall food prices low but does little to support healthy, high-quality food,” says global food expert Raj Patel. “The problem can’t be fixed by merely telling people to eat their fruits and vegetables, because at heart this is a problem about wages, about poverty.”

When Christina Dreier’s cupboards start to get bare, she tries to persuade her kids to skip snack time. “But sometimes they eat saltine crackers, because we get that from the food bank,” she said, sighing. “It ain’t healthy for them, but I’m not going to tell them they can’t eat if they’re hungry.”

The Dreiers have not given up on trying to eat well. Like the Reamses, they’ve sown patches of vegetables and a stretch of sweet corn in the large green yard carved out of the cornfields behind their house. But when the garden is done for the year, Christina fights a battle every time she goes to the supermarket or the food bank. In both places healthy foods are nearly out of reach. When the food stamps come in, she splurges on her monthly supply of produce, including a bag of organic grapes and a bag of apples. “They love fruit,” she says with obvious pride. But most of her food dollars go to the meat, eggs, and milk that the food bank doesn’t provide; with noodles and sauce from the food pantry, a spaghetti dinner costs her only the $3.88 required to buy hamburger for the sauce.

What she has, Christina says, is a kitchen with nearly enough food most of the time. It’s just those dicey moments, after a new bill arrives or she needs gas to drive the kids to town, that make it hard. “We’re not starved around here,” she says one morning as she mixes up powdered milk for her daughter. “But some days, we do go a little hungry.”

Crops Taxpayers Support With Subsidies

Federal crop subsidies began in the 1920s, when a quarter of the U.S. population worked on farms. The funds were meant to buffer losses from fluctuating harvests and natural disasters. Today most subsidies go to a few staple crops, produced mainly by large agricultural companies and cooperatives.

Chart of top farm subsidies by crop

How Subsidized Crops Affect Diet

Subsidized corn is used for biofuel, corn syrup, and, mixed with soybeans, chicken feed. Subsidies reduce crop prices but also support the abundance of processed foods, which are more affordable but less nutritious. Across income brackets, processed foods make up a large part of the American diet.

Chart of top sources of calories for low-income individuals

Tracie McMillan is the author of The American Way of Eating and a Senior Fellow at the Schuster Institute for Investigative Journalism at Brandeis University. Photographers Kitra Cahana, Stephanie Sinclair, and Amy Toensing are known for their intimate, sensitive portraits of people.

The magazine thanks The Rockefeller Foundation and members of the National Geographic Society for their generous support of this series of articles.

Maps and graphics by Virginia W. Mason and Jason Treat, NGM Staff. Help for the Hungry, sources: USDA; Food Research and Action Center; Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. Stranded in a Food Desert, sources: USDA; City of Houston; U.S. Census Bureau. Crop Subsidies, research: Amanda Hobbs. Sources: Mississippi Department of Human Services; Environmental Working Group; National Cancer Institute.

Food Shorts
What can you get for ten dollars?

Mon, 21 Dec 2020 04:39:00 -0600 text/html
Information Technology News

A new technique integrates 2D materials into devices and systems in a single step, while keeping surfaces and interfaces free from defects. This method could enable devices like those in computer ...

A team has realized a key milestone in the quest for stable, scalable quantum computing. For the first time, the team has created a programmable, logical quantum processor, capable of encoding up to ...

ChatGPT may do an impressive job at correctly answering complex questions, but a new study suggests it may be absurdly easy to convince the AI chatbot that it's in the ...

There has been a surge in academic and business interest in software as a medical device (SaMD). It enables medical professionals to streamline existing medical practices and make innovative medical ...

A joint research team in computer science, economics, and geography has developed an artificial intelligence (AI) technology to measure grid-level economic development within six-square-kilometer ...

Researchers have developed an algorithm to train an analog neural network just as accurately as a digital one, enabling the development of more efficient alternatives to power-hungry deep learning ...

Researchers have developed an adaptable algorithm that could Strengthen road safety by predicting when drivers are able to safely interact with in-vehicle systems or receive messages, such as traffic ...

Researchers train AI to accurately recognize addresses and other location descriptions in Hurricane Harvey social media ...

To magnetize an iron nail, one simply has to stroke its surface several times with a bar magnet. Yet, there is a much more unusual method: A team has discovered some time ago that a certain iron ...

Researchers have developed a new, data-driven machine-learning technique that speeds up software programs used to solve complex optimization problems that can have millions of potential solutions. ...

Researchers have discovered magnetic monopoles -- isolated magnetic charges -- in a material closely related to rust, a result that could be used to power greener and faster computing ...

Physicists have developed a technique with the potential to enhance optical data storage capacity in diamonds. This is possible by multiplexing the storage in the spectral ...

Researchers developed a wearable device that can transmit health data 2,400 times the distance of Wi-Fi without significant network ...

Graphene, that is extremely thin carbon, is considered a true miracle material. An international research team has now added another facet to its diverse properties with new experiments: Experts ...

Artificial intelligence tools hold promise for applications ranging from autonomous vehicles to the interpretation of medical images. However, a new study finds these AI tools are more vulnerable ...

In a step toward more autonomous soft robots and wearable technologies, researchers have created a device that uses color to simultaneously sense multiple mechanical and temperature ...

Incorporating human tastes into artificial intelligence makes it easier for wine buyers thirsting for the right wine. Researchers have shown that AI can accurately predict individual wine ...

A new semiconductor architecture integrates traditional electronics with photonic, or light, components could have application in advanced radar, satellites, wireless networks and 6G ...

Researchers have demonstrated the use of AI-selected natural images and AI-generated synthetic images as neuroscientific tools for probing the visual processing areas of the brain. The goal is to ...

Researchers demonstrated monolithic 3D integration of layered 2D material into novel processing hardware for artificial intelligence computing. The new approach provides a material-level solution for ...

Wed, 03 Jan 2024 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html
Food, farming, and hunger

Of the 5.9 million children who die each year, poor nutrition plays a role in at least half these deaths. That’s wrong. Hunger isn’t about too many people and too little food. It’s about power, and its roots lie in inequalities in access to resources and opportunities.

Mon, 30 Dec 2013 06:21:00 -0600 en-US text/html
MSIT 490: Special subjects in Information Technology: Virtualization


This course examines the theory and practice behind the virtualization technologies that play an increasingly important role in the modern computing landscape. While virtualization has a distinguished history and deep roots in earlier computing eras, it has seen renewed interest and relevance in accurate years as it now touches a wide range of current platforms ranging from modest desktop systems to the largest datacenters. Course coverage includes fundamental concepts, principles, and implementation techniques behind many important applications. The course examines some of the ways in which industry applies virtualization to overcome compatibility and interoperability challenges, enhance security, and dramatically reduce management overheads. Students gain a glimpse into current research subjects and future trends.

Faculty Profile

Russ Joseph, Ph.D

Fri, 24 Apr 2020 23:54:00 -0500 en text/html
Top 10 Ways to Deal With Hunger

1. Bulk up your meals. There's a lot of evidence that bulk -- that is, fiber -- reduces appetite. So turn up the volume with higher-fiber foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and beans. These foods also tend to have a high water content, which helps you feel full.

2. Cool off your appetite with soup. Have a bowl of broth or vegetable-based soup (hot or cold) for a first course, and you'll probably end up eating fewer total calories at that meal. Creamy or high-fat soups need not apply for this job -- stick to the low-cal, high-fiber choices like minestrone or vegetable-bean type soups.

3. Crunch your appetite away with a big salad. One study found that when people had a large (3 cups), low-calorie (100 calories) salad before lunch, they ate 12% fewer calories during the meal. When they had a smaller salad (1 1/2 cups and 50 calories), they ate 7% fewer calories overall. You can make the same salads used in the study: Toss romaine lettuce, carrots, tomatoes, celery, and cucumbers together, and top with fat-free or low-fat dressing. But beware the fatty salad! Eating a high-calorie salad, even a small one, can encourage us to eat more calories at the meal than if we ate no salad at all.

4. Stay on course. A little bit of variety in our meals is good and even healthful. But having several courses during a meal can lead you down the wrong path. Adding an extra course to your meal (unless it's a low-calorie salad or broth-type soup) usually increases the total calories you consume for that meal.

5. An orange or grapefruit a day helps keep appetite away. Research suggests that low-calorie plant foods that are rich in soluble fiber -- like oranges and grapefruit -- help us feel fuller faster and keep blood sugars steady. This can translate into better appetite control. Of the 20 most popular fruits and vegetables, oranges and grapefruits are highest in fiber!

6. Get milk (or other low-fat dairy foods). Increasing your intake of low-fat dairy foods is a great way to get more of two proteins that are thought to be appetite suppressors -- whey and casein. And drinking milk may be especially effective. A accurate study found that whey -- the liquid part of milk -- was better at reducing appetite than casein.

7. Have some fat with your carbs -- but not too much! When we eat fat, a hormone called leptin is released from our fat cells. This is a good thing when we're talking about moderate amounts of fat. Studies have shown that a lack of leptin (due to a very low-fat diet) can trigger a voracious appetite. Obviously, we want to do the opposite of that. But that doesn't mean we should opt for a high-fat meal. Research has found a higher frequency of obesity among people who eat a high-fat diet than among those who eat a low-fat diet.

8. Enjoy some soy. Soybeans offer protein and fat along with carbohydrates. That alone would suggest that soybeans are more satisfying and more likely to keep our appetites in control than most plant foods. But a accurate study in rats suggests that a particular component in soybeans has definite appetite-suppressing qualities.

9. Go nuts. Nuts help you feel satisfied because of their protein and fiber content. A handful of these vitamin- and mineral-rich nuggets will hold you over between meals. But keep that handful small: Nuts are high in fat, even though it is the healthful monounsaturated kind.

10. Slow down, you're eating too fast. It takes at least 20 minutes for your brain to get the message that your stomach is officially "comfortable" and that you should stop eating. If you eat slowly, the brain has a chance to catch up with the stomach, and you're less likely to overeat.

Mon, 17 Aug 2020 11:44:00 -0500 en text/html
What if ‘Food Noise’ Is Just … Hunger?

The pleasure we take from food is an important human good. Having recently enjoyed a food-centric holiday season, we should look back on its comforts and delights — the crisp, glistening latkes, the marzipan-studded stollen, the jam-bellied butter cookies — with fondness and relish, not guilt, shame, or self-hatred. Food connects us to ourselves, and with each other, and there are real harms in teaching people to reframe the pleasure they take from such fare as a problem to be treated with medication. Given that 81 percent of the people taking Wegovy in the United States last year were female, according to data from its manufacturer, Novo Nordisk, we can see this trend as part of a perpetual devaluing of female pleasure and the shaming of women’s visceral appetites. A tweet from the famed — and famously sensuous — English food writer Nigella Lawson earlier this year lamented that she “couldn’t bear to live without the food noise.” One commenter responded in agreement: “I believe it is called ‘food music.’”

You don’t have to be a professional foodie to experience food music — or to rue its silence. A researcher whose work contributed to the development of what are called GLP-1 receptor agonists, like Ozempic, believes that the loss of food joy while on these drugs is not only a genuine loss but also a major reason patients tend to stop taking them. “What happens is that you lose your appetite and also the pleasure of eating,” and “there’s a price to be paid when you do that,” said Jens Juul Holst, a professor of Biomedical Sciences at the University of Copenhagen. For some people, “once you’ve been on this for a year or two,” he said, “life is so miserably boring that you can’t stand it any longer and you have to go back to your old life.” Or as a patient, Aishah Simone Smith, put it: “My life needs more pleasures, not fewer. Eating adds drama, fun, energy, to my otherwise listless and dysthymic experience. When I lost my longing for food, my life lost meaning.”

To be sure, some people who identify with the term “food noise” experience genuinely obsessive food thoughts, as well as engage in harmful behaviors such as bingeing. But according to experts such as nutritionists and psychologists, these problems are often rooted in restriction. In other words, food noise is what may happen when you’re not eating enough to satisfy your appetite, often under the pressures of diet culture — a culture to which drugs like Ozempic and Wegovy contribute, by normalizing restrictive eating and pathologizing hunger. (Of course, we can recognize the cultural pressures and practices as problematic while sympathizing with the individuals in the grip of them.)

There are implications for the wider culture in derogating our appetites. We are effectively telling people — again, especially women — not to trust their bodies in ways that smack of gaslighting. Imagine a world where we could override our need to sleep with a medication far more powerful and long-lasting than caffeine: a new class of amphetamines, say, that could suppress the need to sleep for days if not weeks. And so we come to pronounce ourselves afflicted with “sleep noise,” rather than simple human tiredness — thereby depicting normal bodily need as weakness and the drugs to treat such weariness as a solution to this non-problem. The idea of billing our body’s pleas for rest as mere noise — and hence as something that ought not be listened to — borders on dystopian. The case of hunger is no different.

Thu, 28 Dec 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html
Visitor Information Welcome to Purdue! There are so many ways to explore our campus, you can visit us in-person, or check us out online, the option is yours! As you begin to learn more about Purdue University, you will discover how we are working to deliver our students a world-class education and the added value you can receive by becoming a Boilermaker. 

This website will provide you with answers to many common visit-related questions and needs. From campus activities and sights to see, to our time zone and directions to campus, this is the central hub for all visitor related information. Thanks for stopping by, look around for a while.

Mon, 20 Dec 2010 03:44:00 -0600 en text/html
Department of Information Science
  • Apply

    Take the next step in your educational journey. Apply today to join CCI's talented and entrepreneurial student body!

    Apply Online

    Request More Information

    Questions about the admissions process, our programs, student life or anything else CCI-related? We've got answers and we're excited to share them with you.

    Contact Us

    Take a Virtual Tour

    Explore Drexel CCI's classrooms, labs and offices at 3675 Market through a virtual 3D tour.

    Explore 3675 Market

    Schedule a Virtual Visit

    Learn more about the College of Computing & Informatics experience through an online information session. Contact our recruitment team to schedule your virtual visit today!

    Contact Us
  • Mon, 17 Aug 2020 15:17:00 -0500 en text/html
    Host an Oxfam Hunger Banquet®

    Since 1974, we have been working with volunteers to create awareness of hunger and inequality. Oxfam Hunger Banquets provide you the opportunity to make a difference, both locally and globally. They are volunteer-led interactive events that bring statistics about poverty to life. Guests randomly select tickets matching real people who are high-, middle-, or low-income earners, demonstrating that where you end up is all in the luck of the draw.

    Sat, 05 Sep 2015 23:59:00 -0500 en-US text/html

    304-200 answers | 304-200 testing | 304-200 learner | 304-200 techniques | 304-200 learning | 304-200 pdf | 304-200 teaching | 304-200 Topics | 304-200 syllabus | 304-200 plan |

    Killexams exam Simulator
    Killexams Questions and Answers
    Killexams Exams List
    Search Exams
    304-200 exam dump and training guide direct download
    Training Exams List