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Exam Code: 304-200 Practice test 2022 by Killexams.com team
304-200 LPI Level 3 test 304 Senior Level Linux Certification Virtualization & Hi

Exam Title : LPIC-3 Virtualization and High Availability
Exam ID : 304-200
Exam Duration : 90 mins
Questions in test : 60
Passing Score : 500 / 800
Exam Center : LPI Marketplace
Real Questions : LPI LPIC-3 Real Questions
VCE practice questions : LPI 304-200 Certification VCE Practice Test

Topic 330: Virtualization
330.1 Virtualization Concepts and Theory
Weight: 8
Description: Candidates should know and understand the general concepts, theory and terminology of Virtualization. This includes Xen, KVM and libvirt terminology.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Terminology
- Pros and Cons of Virtualization
- Variations of Virtual Machine Monitors
- Migration of Physical to Virtual Machines
- Migration of Virtual Machines between Host systems
- Cloud Computing
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- Hypervisor
- Hardware Virtual Machine (HVM)
- Paravirtualization (PV)
- Container Virtualization
- Emulation and Simulation
- CPU flags
- /proc/cpuinfo
- Migration (P2V, V2V)
- IaaS, PaaS, SaaS
330.2 Xen
Weight: 9
Description: Candidates should be able to install, configure, maintain, migrate and troubleshoot Xen installations. The focus is on Xen version 4.x.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Xen architecture, networking and storage
- Xen configuration
- Xen utilities
- Troubleshooting Xen installations
- Basic knowledge of XAPI
- Awareness of XenStore
- Awareness of Xen Boot Parameters
- Awareness of the xm utility
Terms and Utilities:
- Domain0 (Dom0), DomainU (DomU)
- PV-DomU, HVM-DomU
- /etc/xen/
- xl
- xl.cfg
- xl.conf
- xe
- xentop
330.3 KVM
Weight: 9
Description: Candidates should be able to install, configure, maintain, migrate and troubleshoot KVM installations.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- KVM architecture, networking and storage
- KVM configuration
- KVM utilities
- Troubleshooting KVM installations
Terms and Utilities:
- Kernel modules: kvm, kvm-intel and kvm-amd
- /etc/kvm/
- /dev/kvm
- kvm
- KVM monitor
- qemu
- qemu-img
330.4 Other Virtualization Solutions
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should have some basic knowledge and experience with alternatives to Xen and KVM.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Basic knowledge of OpenVZ and LXC
- Awareness of other virtualization technologies
- Basic knowledge of virtualization provisioning tools Terms and Utilities:
- OpenVZ
- VirtualBox
- LXC
- docker
- packer
- vagrant
330.5 Libvirt and Related Tools
Weight: 5
Description: Candidates should have basic knowledge and experience with the libvirt library and commonly available tools.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- libvirt architecture, networking and storage
- Basic technical knowledge of libvirt and virsh
- Awareness of oVirt
Terms and Utilities:
- libvirtd
- /etc/libvirt/
- virsh
- oVirt
330.6 Cloud Management Tools
Weight: 2
Description: Candidates should have basic feature knowledge of commonly available cloud management tools.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Basic feature knowledge of OpenStack and CloudStack
- Awareness of Eucalyptus and OpenNebula
Terms and Utilities:
- OpenStack
- CloudStack
- Eucalyptus
- OpenNebula
Topic 334: High Availability Cluster Management
334.1 High Availability Concepts and Theory
Weight: 5
Description: Candidates should understand the properties and design approaches of high availability clusters.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Understand the most important cluster architectures
- Understand recovery and cluster reorganization mechanisms
- Design an appropriate cluster architecture for a given purpose
- Application aspects of high availability
- Operational considerations of high availability
Terms and Utilities:
- Active/Passive Cluster, Active/Active Cluster
- Failover Cluster, Load Balanced Cluster
- Shared-Nothing Cluster, Shared-Disk Cluster
- Cluster resources
- Cluster services
- Quorum
- Fencing
- Split brain
- Redundancy
- Mean Time Before Failure (MTBF)
- Mean Time To Repair (MTTR)
- Service Level Agreement (SLA)
- Disaster Recovery
- Replication
- Session handling
334.2 Load Balanced Clusters
Weight: 6
Description: Candidates should know how to install, configure, maintain and troubleshoot LVS. This includes the configuration and use of keepalived and ldirectord. Candidates should further be able to install, configure, maintain and troubleshoot HAProxy.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Understanding of LVS / IPVS
- Basic knowledge of VRRP
- Configuration of keepalived
- Configuration of ldirectord
- Backend server network configuration
- Understanding of HAProxy
- Configuration of HAProxy
Terms and Utilities:
- ipvsadm
- syncd
- LVS Forwarding (NAT, Direct Routing, Tunneling, Local Node)
- connection scheduling algorithms
- keepalived configuration file
- ldirectord configuration file
- genhash
- HAProxy configuration file
- load balancing algorithms
- ACLs
334.3 Failover Clusters
Weight: 6
Description: Candidates should have experience in the installation, configuration, maintenance and troubleshooting of a Pacemaker cluster. This includes the use of Corosync. The focus is on Pacemaker 1.1 for Corosync 2.x.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Pacemaker architecture and components (CIB, CRMd, PEngine, LRMd, DC, STONITHd)
- Pacemaker cluster configuration
- Resource classes (OCF, LSB, Systemd, Upstart, Service, STONITH, Nagios)
- Resource rules and constraints (location, order, colocation)
- Advanced resource features (templates, groups, clone resources, multi-state resources)
- Pacemaker management using pcs
- Pacemaker management using crmsh
- Configuration and Management of corosync in conjunction with Pacemaker
- Awareness of other cluster engines (OpenAIS, Heartbeat, CMAN)
Terms and Utilities:
- pcs
- crm
- crm_mon
- crm_verify
- crm_simulate
- crm_shadow
- crm_resource
- crm_attribute
- crm_node
- crm_standby
- cibadmin
- corosync.conf
- authkey
- corosync-cfgtool
- corosync-cmapctl
- corosync-quorumtool
- stonith_admin
334.4 High Availability in Enterprise Linux Distributions
Weight: 1
Description: Candidates should be aware of how enterprise Linux distributions integrate High Availability technologies.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Basic knowledge of Red Hat Enterprise Linux High Availability Add-On
- Basic knowledge of SUSE Linux Enterprise High Availability Extension Terms and Utilities:
- Distribution specific configuration tools
- Integration of cluster engines, load balancers, storage technology, cluster filesystems, etc.
Topic 335: High Availability Cluster Storage
335.1 DRBD / cLVM
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates are expected to have the experience and knowledge to install, configure, maintain and troubleshoot DRBD devices. This includes integration with Pacemaker. DRBD configuration of version 8.4.x is covered. Candidates are further expected to be able to manage LVM configuration within a shared storage cluster.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Understanding of DRBD resources, states and replication modes
- Configuration of DRBD resources, networking, disks and devices
- Configuration of DRBD automatic recovery and error handling
- Management of DRBD using drbdadm
- Basic knowledge of drbdsetup and drbdmeta
- Integration of DRBD with Pacemaker
- cLVM
- Integration of cLVM with Pacemaker
Terms and Utilities:
- Protocol A, B and C
- Primary, Secondary
- Three-way replication
- drbd kernel module
- drbdadm
- drbdsetup
- drbdmeta
- /etc/drbd.conf
- /proc/drbd
- LVM2
- clvmd
- vgchange, vgs
335.2 Clustered File Systems
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should know how to install, maintain and troubleshoot installations using GFS2 and OCFS2. This includes integration with Pacemaker as well as awareness of other clustered filesystems available in a Linux environment.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Understand the principles of cluster file systems
- Create, maintain and troubleshoot GFS2 file systems in a cluster
- Create, maintain and troubleshoot OCFS2 file systems in a cluster
- Integration of GFS2 and OCFS2 with Pacemaker
- Awareness of the O2CB cluster stack
- Awareness of other commonly used clustered file systems
Terms and Utilities:
- Distributed Lock Manager (DLM)
- mkfs.gfs2
- mount.gfs2
- fsck.gfs2
- gfs2_grow
- gfs2_edit
- gfs2_jadd
- mkfs.ocfs2
- mount.ocfs2
- fsck.ocfs2
- tunefs.ocfs2
- mounted.ocfs2
- o2info
- o2image
- CephFS
- GlusterFS
- AFS

LPI Level 3 test 304 Senior Level Linux Certification Virtualization & Hi
LPI Virtualization certification
Killexams : LPI Virtualization certification - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/304-200 Search results Killexams : LPI Virtualization certification - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/304-200 https://killexams.com/exam_list/LPI Killexams : Certification Requirements

Certification now follows a rolling model for applications and approvals. If you have questions after reviewing this website, please contact cert@nullesa.org or 202-833-8773.

The period of certification lasts for 5 years, retroactive to the first day of the month the application was approved and expiring on final day of the same month 5 years hence. ESA staff will communicate with you about your status beginning at least 60 days prior to expiration, and will additionally remind you to submit your CEU data on a regular basis.

If you currently hold a certification from pre-2021 and will expire the next June from now, you should recertify in the spring of the year your certification expires; if your certification expired in the previous June, you may still recertify or upgrade.

We allow 2 years’ grace periods to recertify or upgrade, but you will be required to pay a penalty fee if your certification has lapsed beyond that grace period. All recertifications at all levels (except Emeritus) cost $25 for ESA Members and $50 for non-members. 

Starting in 2022, the penalty fee is the cost of recertification for each year of lapse, with the first 2 years waived if you recertify within 2 years. In other words:  

0 yr lapsed: $25 for recertify 

1 yr lapsed: $25 for recertify (1 yr of back recertification fees waived)  

2 yr lapsed: $25 for recertify (2 yr of back recertification fees waived)  

3 yr lapsed: $75 for recertify  

4 yr lapsed: $100 for recertify 

Minimum Education Requirements to Apply

Candidates for certification must have completed at least a bachelor’s degree or a higher degree in ecology or a related science. Completed undergraduate or graduate coursework must include the following, totaling 42 semester credit hours. Full requirements include areas of coursework and should include some core topics.

Eligibility per Level

Please use this table for a general overview of requirements; specifics for each category follow below. Following approval of the minimum CEU type requirements by the Board of Professional Certification, this table will list requirements to upgrade as well.

  Degree Requirement Professional Experience (Years)
Ecologist in Training Bachelor’s + 0
Cover Letter Detail: Career aspirations, highlights of research/work to date
Associate Ecologist Bachelor’s + 1
Cover Letter Detail: Field work, data skills, understanding of the human dimension in ecological systems
Ecologist Bachelor’s + 2 with master’s degree; 5 with bachelor’s
Cover Letter Detail: Independent studies, complex data analyses, journal publication, report writing, oral presentations, understanding of the human dimension in ecological systems
Senior Ecologist Bachelor’s + 5 with doctoral degree; 10 with bachelor’s/master’s
Cover Letter Detail: Thorough knowledge of ecological theory and application, including the interdependence and impact of humans on ecosystem structure, function, and environmental change; written original contributions of original interpretation of ecological information; technical or organizational competence as evidenced by supervision of projects

Certified Ecologist and Senior Ecologist certification holders who hold that status for at least 10 consecutive years and are no longer working full-time may upgrade to each level’s respective Emeritus/ta designation. Contact cert@nullesa.org to learn more.

  • Professional experience accrues as soon as the minimum education requirements are met (typically with an appropriate bachelor’s degree). Professional experience during graduate studies shall be counted the same as any other professional experience regardless of whether it was undertaken during a degree program such as a master’s or doctoral program.
  • For recertifications, courses completed as part of a graduate degree program (or outside a degree program) may be counted toward continuing education in the appropriate category.
  • If courses during graduate training are used to satisfy the minimum education requirements, professional work experience may be counted after the last such course is successfully completed.
  • Provide an appropriate explanation of time spent in full-time employment (e.g. if working through school, during a gap year, etc.) in your application.
  • Length of experience will be evaluated only up to the application submission date.

Continuing Education

Please note that beginning 2021, all newly certified ecologists are required to complete 44 continuing education units over 5 years to be eligible for recertification or upgrade. Currently certified ecologists will be permitted to recertify or upgrade per their original requirements up to 2025; beginning with 2026, all recertifications and upgrades will require having met the CEU requirements. The ESA Board of Professional Certification approved this framework in January 2021.

Certified ecologists should report their CEU as they are earned, or at least on an annual basis. You can see how to do so here.

Interpretive leeway will be given to participants to identify suitable professional development opportunities per the requirements. ESA is partnering with other scientific organizations and training bodies to recommend opportunities for CEU in addition to the content that ESA provides — see the directory. Participants are encouraged to share ideas with staff as well.

Ethics and Professional Conduct

All ecologists certified by ESA shall conduct their activities in accordance with the ESA Code of Ethics and with the highest standards of professional conduct and personal honor. 

Application Materials

You can review the full application requirements here.


Here are additional details about the requirements for each certification level.

Ecologist in Training

This category is for graduating students who have met the education requirements for ESA certification but do not have the required professional experience for the current certification categories. The basic requirement is:

  • A bachelor’s or higher degree in ecology or a related science from an accredited college or university.

A holder of the Ecologist in Training designation is encouraged to use the full term, “Ecologist in Training,” on business cards or in official signatures, but may use the initialism “EiT” if space limits require.

Associate Ecologist

This category is for ecologists in the early stages of their career. Course requirements may be met with post-baccalaureate courses from an accredited college or university, but professional experience may not be counted until all coursework requirements for certification are met. The basic requirements are:

  • A bachelor’s or higher degree in ecology or a related science from an accredited college or university.
  • At least one year of post-graduate professional experience gained in the performance of research or data analysis demonstrating technical competence in current application of ecological principles and/or theory.
  • Relevant experience should have been gained within the five years preceding application at this level.

A holder of the Association Ecologist designation is encouraged to use the full term, “Certified Associate Ecologist,” on business cards or in official signatures, but may use the initialism “CAE” if space limits require.

Ecologist

This category is for established professional ecologists.

  • A master’s degree or higher in ecology or a related science from an accredited college or university and at least two years of full-time equivalent professional experience after degree; OR at least five years of professional experience in addition to the education requirement for Associate Ecologist.
  • In addition to the one-year experience requirement for Associate Ecologist, candidates must also demonstrate the ability to perform professional work in ecology, as outlined in the table above. This professional work must follow completion of the education requirement for qualification at the Ecologist level.
  • Relevant experience should have been gained within the five years preceding application at this level.
  • Note that, beginning in 2022, Ecologist in Training or Associate Ecologist certification holders who achieve a relevant doctoral degree may upgrade to the Ecologist level without completing other CEU for that 5-year certification period.

A holder of the Ecologist designation is encouraged to use the full term, “Certified Ecologist,” on business cards or in official signatures, but may use the initialism “CE” if space limits require.

Certified Ecologist Emeriti

This category is for previously Certified Ecologists who are no longer working full-time. The requirements are:

  • Previously certified as a Certified Ecologist for at least 10 years, with no more than a total two-year lapse between periods of certification.
  • May no longer be employed full-time.
  • DO NOT USE THE APPLICATION FORM for this designation. Contact cert@nullesa.org if you are interested.

If the Certified Ecologist Emeritus/ta desires to depict certification on any official document, they are encouraged to use the term “Certified Ecologist Emeritus/ta.” This is meant as an honorary lifetime recognition and does not imply continued professional status. The initialism “CEE” is acceptable if space limits require.

Senior Ecologist

This category is for professional leaders in ecology who have established a track record of excellent contributions to the field in applied and analytical environments.

  • A doctoral degree in ecology or a related science from an accredited college or university and at least five years of full-time equivalent professional experience after degree; OR at least 10 years of professional experience after completion of the minimum education requirements for certification (qualifying bachelor’s degree or completion of required coursework in post-baccalaureate courses).
  • Course requirements may be met with post-qualifying degree (post-baccalaureate or post-master’s) courses from an accredited college or university, but professional experience may not be counted until all coursework requirements for certification are met.
  • Relevant experience should have been gained within the five years preceding application at this level.
  • Note that, beginning in 2022, Ecologist certification holders who achieve a doctoral degree may upgrade to the Senior Ecologist level without completing other CEU for that 5-year certification period.

A holder of the Senior Ecologist designation is encouraged to use the full term, “Certified Senior Ecologist,” on business cards or in official signatures, but may use the initialism “CSE” if space limits require.

Recertification applications at the senior ecologist level require only a cover letter and up-to-date CV if the applicant is, at the time of application, currently certified as a Senior Ecologist by ESA and a member of the Society in good standing.

Senior Ecologist Emeriti

This category is for previously certified Senior Ecologists who are no longer working full-time. The requirements are:

  • Previously certified as a Senior Ecologist for at least 10 years, with no more than a total two-year lapse between periods of certification.
  • May no longer be employed full-time.
  • DO NOT USE THE APPLICATION FORM for this designation. Contact cert@nullesa.org if you are interested.

If the Senior Ecologist Emeritus/ta desires to depict certification on any official document, they are encouraged to use the term “Senior Ecologist Emeritus/ta.” This is meant as an honorary lifetime recognition and does not imply continued professional status. The initialism “SEE” is acceptable if space limits require.

Wed, 18 Dec 2019 07:31:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.esa.org/certification/certification-requirements-checklist/
Killexams : Six Sigma Certification: Definition and How To Complete It

What Is Six Sigma Certification?

Six Sigma certification is a verification of an individual's command of a well-regarded quality assurance method. Certifications for Six Sigma training are awarded in levels using a belt classification system similar to belt levels used in martial arts.

Six Sigma is a set of quality management techniques and tools developed in the 1980s and adopted by American corporations, including General Electric. Development of the Six Sigma system is credited to Bill Smith and Mikel Harry, two Motorola engineers, and the name was trademarked by Motorola in 1993.

There is no standard Six Sigma curriculum. Programs are offered by many colleges, online and on-campus, and are offered in-house by many corporations.

Key Takeaways

  • Six Sigma is a set of quality management techniques and tools that have been widely adopted by American corporations.
  • Six Sigma originated as a method of minimizing errors or defects in manufacturing processes.
  • It has since had a pervasive influence on management practices in the U.S. and abroad.

Understanding Six Sigma Certification

The name Six Sigma stems from a statistical measurement represented by the lowercase Greek symbol sigma (σ). On a bell curve measuring data and standard deviation, sigma represents one standard deviation from the mean of a set of data. So, six sigma refers to the data that falls with six standard deviations on either side of the mean of the dataset.

On the curve, any data points outside of six sigma represent products outside acceptable norms—these are generally called defects. The Six Sigma bell curve represent one million data points. Therefore, if your product falls within six sigma—or six standard deviations from the mean on either side—there is a likelihood that you only have 3.4 defects per million items produced.

In a manufacturing process, this is the ultimate level to strive for, ensuring error-free delivery of a product 99.99966% of the time. Six Sigma training, therefore, focuses on developing management processes that reliably lead to virtually defect-free results in manufacturing or in any business activity.

The Six Sigma Belt Levels

Six Sigma certifications are awarded belt levels relevant to the position in the employee's business within an organization. They are earned through practical experience, course-based training, and exams. The belt levels are:

  • White belt: Awarded for completing an entry-level overview of the tools used in Six Sigma, its history, and the system's structure.
  • Yellow belt: Awarded for assisting a project at a practical level and passing an test demonstrating an understanding of implementing, performing, and applying Six Sigma.
  • Green belt: Awarded for learning the principles of Six Sigma and implementing them under the guidance of a black belt in real projects. Must pass an test demonstrating thorough knowledge of the phases of the Six Sigma Method.
  • Black belt: Plans and executes projects using Six Sigma principles. Must pass an test demonstrating a complete knowledge of the phases of the Six Sigma Method.
  • Master black belt: Manages the implementation of Six Sigma projects across functions. Demonstrates through an test an expert understanding of the philosophies and principles of Six Sigma.
  • Champion: An upper-level executive who is responsible for the implementation of Six Sigma across all departments.

Benefits of Six Sigma

For Employers

Six Sigma helps employers in many ways. In addition to improving employee and process performance, businesses benefit from:

  • Reduced waste
  • Increased efficiency
  • Increased revenue
  • Reduced errors and defects
  • Increased customer satisfaction and loyalty
  • Increased brand recognition

For Employees

Employees benefit from Six Sigma training and application as much as businesses do. Many experience:

  • Increased pay
  • An increase in opportunities
  • Higher job security
  • Leadership opportunities

Lean Six Sigma

Lean Six Sigma is derived from a combination of Lean and Six Sigma principles. Lean focuses on removing waste of physical and personnel resources by identifying the causes of defects, overproduction, waiting, non-utilized talent, transportation waste, inventory waste, waste of motion, and extra processing.

Lean Six Sigma uses Six Sigma techniques to identify and eliminate wasted resource use that doesn't generate value for the end user while continually working to achieve a goal of 3.4 defects per million products.

No Official Standards for Six Sigma

No unifying standard or organization sets a standard for Six Sigma belt certification. Instead, each company, school, or certifying organization determines its own criteria.

In some organizations, certification may require completing an test or a series of exams. In others, an individual must complete several Six Sigma-based projects. In addition, certification services charge a fee.

How Much Does Six Sigma Cost?

Because Six Sigma training is not standardized, costs will vary based on who is conducting the training. For example, a company training employees in Six Sigma will likely not charge the employees but will incur the costs of employing people who can teach the subject, developing the curriculum, and losing the employee's time at their regular job.

You can take certification tests through various sources, such as Purdue University, The Council for Six Sigma Certification, or Project Management Academy. Project Management Academy charges $495 for its Beginner Yellow Belt certification, $2,295 for its Green Belt Training, and $3,595 for its Black Belt Training.

The Council for Six Sigma Certification offers free white belt certification and charges $99 for a yellow belt, $159 for a green belt, and $229 for a black belt (for primary certifications—level II certifications are more expensive).

What Is a Six Sigma Certification?

Six Sigma certification signifies you have received a specific level of training and understand the concepts involved in a particular quality improvement method.

How Long Does It Take to Get Six Sigma Certification?

The time it takes to get a Six Sigma certification depends on many factors. If you're receiving the training through your employer, it may take one week or more. On the other hand, studying in your free time can take as long as you need to study and pass the exam.

What Does Six Sigma Certification Cost?

Six Sigma certification costs vary by level from $99 to $3,595. The costs also depend on how much instruction you receive or whether you're only paying for the exam.

The Bottom Line

Six Sigma is a quality control certification that attempts to educate people on analyzing processes and outcomes to reduce waste and decrease defects. There are several levels of certifications, from a primary end user to a master Six Sigma user who acts as a senior quality control member.

Six Sigma benefits both employees and employers because using it can reduce waste and defects, thereby increasing a business's value to consumers and end-users. This can lead to high levels of customer satisfaction, more revenue, higher compensation, and better products.

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Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors' opinions or evaluations.

Project management can be a rewarding career. As a project manager, you’re responsible for planning and organizing crucial projects for your workplace. Even more importantly, you make sure everything’s on schedule for successful and on-time completion.

If you’re looking to dive deeper and learn more about the world of project management, you may want to consider getting certified as a Project Management Professional (PMP)®.

This important and widely recognized certification comes from the Project Management Institute (PMI). The PMP certification provides project managers with the tools they need to stay on the leading edge of business and project management. In this article, we break down the process and cost of PMP certification.

What Is PMP Certification?

PMP certification is a widely recognized credential that distinguishes you from your peers in the field. The PMP certification process teaches you about popular project management methods like Agile and waterfall scheduling, among other industry best practices.

PMP certification requires work experience, training courses and the successful completion of an exam. Once you pass the PMP exam, you are considered a PMP. This title can help you advance your career.

How Long Does PMP Certification Take?

The time it takes to get PMP certification depends on where you are in your career. Below, we’ll break down the experience and credentials needed to obtain PMP certification.

Work experience

If you have completed high school but not a four-year degree, PMP certification requires the following.

  • 60 months leading projects
  • 35 hours of formal project management training (“contact hours”) or certified associate in project management (CAPM) certification

If you have completed a four-year degree, the requirements are as follows.

  • 36 months leading projects
  • 35 contact hours or CAPM certification

Project management training

Regardless of your education level, the PMP exam requires you to obtain 35 hours of formal project management training, also called “contact hours.” You can complete your contact hours either online or in person. Costs vary depending on how you complete your contact hours, but generally speaking, online PMP training courses are a less expensive option.

If you have the CAPM credential, you do not have to complete contact hours to obtain the PMP title.

Application processing time

Once you’re ready to sit for the PMP exam, you must submit an application to PMI. An approved application gives you the go-ahead to take the PMP exam. Typically, it only takes about three to five days to hear back from PMI regarding the status of your application.

Study time

Once you’ve met the experience and education requirements for the PMP exam, you may still need to put in some additional study time to feel ready to pass the exam. It’s up to you how long you spend studying for the PMP test, but it’s important to prepare before sitting for the test since you’ll have to pay a fee for each attempt.

How Much Do PMP Certification Classes Cost?

The amount you’ll pay for your 35 hours of targeted PMP certification classes depends largely on where you take your courses and the format you choose. The cost of PMP training ranges from $300 to more than $3,000. Free PMP certification training is also available, but usually only as a free trial period before a paid course. Online PMP certification courses are often less expensive than in-person options, but this isn’t always the case.

Online courses

For example, 35 hours of PMP certification training from Master of Project Academy costs $1,070. A similar course from the Project Management Academy costs $1,995.

Colleges and universities often offer PMP test prep courses as part of their continuing education curricula as well. Schools typically price these courses according to their regular tuition rates unless otherwise specified.

In-person courses

An in-person bootcamp in the DC/Metro area offered by the Certification Academy costs $1,899 and boasts a 98% pass rate when it comes time to sit for the exam. But a PMP certification course offered by UCLA runs $6,000 and includes both in-person or online options.

How Much Does the PMP Certification test Cost?

The first time you take it, the PMP test costs $555 for those without PMI membership. PMI members, on the other hand, pay $405. If you opt to become a PMI member at the time you sign up to take the exam, you’ll still have to pay the nonmember rate.

If you don’t pass the test the first time, you can retake it in the future. This gives you additional time to study, and you’ll already have some familiarity with the test format and content. The fee to retake the PMP test is $275 for PMI members and $375 for nonmembers.

Once your application is approved by the Project Management Institute, you’ll have one year to take the PMP exam. You can take the test up to three times in one year.

How Much Are PMP Renewal Fees?

Upon successful completion of the PMP exam, you’ll be responsible for keeping your skills and knowledge up to date. The Project Management Institute promotes a continuing certification requirements program to help you do this.

In a three-year timespan, you’ll need to earn 60 professional development units to keep your certification up to date. You can earn these through courses, often offered online, in areas like leadership, business management and project management. This cycle continues indefinitely at three-year intervals. If you don’t manage to keep your certification up to date, it will be suspended for one year.

In the third year of the renewal cycle, you’ll have to renew your PMP certification by the anniversary date of your initial exam. If you are a PMI member at this time, you’ll pay a renewal fee of $60. The PMP renewal cost for nonmembers is $150.

The Bottom Line

PMP certification is a great option if you’re working in the field of project management and want to level up your career. By becoming a PMP, you’ll gain exposure to some of today’s most popular project management methods, like waterfall and Agile. You’ll take courses in business management and leadership and learn the skills you need to enhance your portfolio.

If you embark on a journey toward PMP certification, you can expect to pay $300 to $3,000 or more for the training. It then costs $405 or $555 to sit for the exam, depending on whether you’re a PMI member.

Once you’ve completed the PMP exam, you must maintain a certain level of continuing education to keep your certification active. The renewal fee, paid every three years, costs $60 for PMI members or $150 for nonmembers.

Mon, 07 Nov 2022 16:14:00 -0600 Christin Perry en-US text/html https://www.forbes.com/advisor/education/pmp-certification-cost/
Killexams : LPI Produces Battery Grade Lithium Carbonate With 99.92% Purity From Maricunga Project

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Optimisations introduced to the production process of LPI's Maricunga lithium project exceed industry standards, with 99.92% purity battery grade lithium carbonate being produced from samples of concentrated brine.
  • Technical certification by IBZ-Salzchemie GmbH & Co, under international standards, was conducted under the supervision of GEA Messo in Germany and LPI's experts in Chile.
  • Samples will now be sent to potential lithium buyers for analysis as part of LPI's financing plans for mine construction at Maricunga.

SYDNEY, Australia, Nov. 17, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Lithium Power International Limited (ASX: LPI) ("LPI" or the "Company") is pleased to provide the results from the latest optimisations introduced to the Maricunga lithium production process in January 2022 in the project's updated Definitive Feasibility Study.

Lithium Carbonate with a 99.92%1 purity was produced from original, concentrated brine from LPI's test evaporations ponds at Maricunga. This significantly exceeds the industry standard specifications for battery grade lithium carbonate of 99.5%.

A relevant test to measure the Loss of Ignition ("LOI") was also conducted for 30 minutes at 500 °C, showing an LOI of 0.2%. As a result, the purity after LOI was 99.72%.

As announced in the March 2022 Quarterly Report released to ASX on 29 April 2022, concentrated brine had been sent to LPI's technological partner GEA Messo to further test production processes.

_____________________
1 Purity after Loss of Ignition – LOI for 30 minutes at 500 °C – of 99.72%.

This work was executed by the independent certified laboratory, IBZ-Salzchemie GmbH & Co KG in Germany. This was done under the supervision of GEA, with the objective of producing up to 10kg of battery grade Li2CO3.

The chemical analysis and detailed composition of impurities was as follows:

Chemical Analysis: Compound Method Unit Sample
Li2CO3 % 99.92  
Li2CO3 with LOI % 99.72  
Al DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg < 1
B DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg < 1
Ca DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg 57
Cr DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg < 1
Cu DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg < 1
Fe DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg 4
K DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg < 10
Mg DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg 9.3
Na DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg 500
Ni DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg < 1
Pb DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg 0.83
Sr DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg 2
Zn DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg 1
Cl DIN 38405 Part 1 mg/kg 125
Br DIN EN ISO 10304-1 2009-07 mg/kg < LoQ
SO4 DIN EN ISO 10304-1 2009-07 mg/kg 100
Si DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg 12.6
Li DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg 187'739
C EN ISO 15350 2010-08 mg/kg 160'000
LOI 30 minutes at 500 °C % 0.2
Source: IBZ-Salzchemie GmbH & Co. KG      

Samples will now be sent to potential off-takers for due diligence as part of the ongoing Maricunga finance process.

Appendix 1 (Please click here to access the full ASX release with Appendix) is the formal Analysis Certificate and a visual description of the sample Lithium Carbonate provided by IBZ-Salzchemie GmbH & Co. KG. This report has been Checked internally by LPI's Chilean team.

Lithium Power International's Chief Executive Officer, Cristobal Garcia-Huidobro, commented:

"We are very pleased with these positive results from our latest testing activities. Not only do they confirm the high quality and consistency of our product, but also the sustainability of our process. We are confident that those results will be welcomed by potential off-takers participating in the financing process of the Maricunga project."

For further information, please contact:

Cristobal Garcia-Huidobro CEO; or Andrew Phillips CFO Lithium Power International
E: info@lithiumpowerinternational.com Ph: +612 9276 1245
www.lithiumpowerinternational.com
@LithiumPowerLPI

Jane Morgan Investor and Media Relations
+ 61 (0) 405 555 618
jm@janemorganmanagement.com.au

For U.S. and other international investor relations enquiries:

Arrowhead Business and Investment Decisions, LLC
Thomas Renaud | Managing Director 42 Broadway, 17th Floor
New York, NY 10004 Office: +1 212 619-6889
enquire@arrowheadbid.com

A photo accompanying this announcement is available at https://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/cbc5b484-5295-409a-a87f-5b91d53b03fc


© 2022 Benzinga.com. Benzinga does not provide investment advice. All rights reserved.

Thu, 17 Nov 2022 05:46:00 -0600 text/html https://www.benzinga.com/pressreleases/22/11/g29773702/lpi-produces-battery-grade-lithium-carbonate-with-99-92-purity-from-maricunga-project
Killexams : How to enable virtualization on Windows 11 Windows 11 enable virtualization © Future Windows 11 enable virtualization

On Windows 11, virtualization enables you to run multiple instances of Windows 11, older versions, and operating systems from other platforms, such as Linux. In addition, the support allows you to enable other virtualization experiences like Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) and Windows Subsystem for Android (WSA).  

Although Windows 11 has virtualization support, it's something that, in most cases, you may have to enable manually in the Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) firmware and on the operating system's settings.

This guide will walk you through the steps to enable all the features and components to support virtualization on Windows 11.

How to enable hardware virtualization on Windows 11

To enable hardware virtualization on Windows 11, use these steps:

  1. Open Settings.
  2. Click on System.
  3. Click the Recovery page on the right side.
  1. Under the "Recovery options" section, click the Restart now button for the "Advanced startup" setting.
  2. Click the Restart now button again.
  3. Click on Troubleshoot.
  4. Click on Advanced options.
  5. Click the UEFI Firmware Settings option.
  1. Click the Restart button.
  2. In the UEFI settings, open the AdvancedConfiguration, or Security page.
  • Quick note: If you need help finding the setting, you may have to check your hardware manufacturer to determine the location to enable the feature.
  1. Turn on virtualization. 
  • Quick note: The feature may have the "Virtualization Technology," "Intel Virtual Technology," or "SVM mode," but the name could be different on the motherboard.
  1. Save the settings.
  2. Restart computer.

Once you complete the steps, the computer will have support for virtualization features on Windows 11. 

How to enable software virtualization on Windows 11

After enabling the virtualization at the hardware level, you can enable the virtualization components available on Windows 11 or install other solutions, such as VMware. (VirtualBox from Oracle doesn't require hardware or software virtualization to be enabled before installation.)

To enable the software virtualization elements on Windows 11, use these steps:

  1. Open Settings.
  2. Click on Apps.
  3. Click the Optional features page on the right side.
  1. Under the "Related settings" section, click the "More Windows features" setting.
  1. Check the Hyper-V option to enable the Microsoft virtualization elements and the tools to create and run virtual machines on Windows 11.
  2. Check the Virtual Machine Platform option to enable the virtualization components to set up other virtualization solutions, such as Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL), Windows Subsystem for Android (WSA), or another software that requires this technology.
  3. Check the Windows Hypervisor Platform option to add an extended user-mode API for third-party virtualization stacks and apps.
  • Quick note: It's uncommon for regular users to enable this feature. Usually, you will only need to enable this feature if you have to set up a solution that requires it.
  1. Click the OK button.
  2. Click the Restart now button.

After you complete the steps, you can create virtual machines with the Hyper-V manager. Depending on your selection, you can install other solutions like WSL, WSA, and other platforms.

More resources

For more helpful articles, coverage, and answers to common questions about Windows 10 and Windows 11, visit the following resources:

You May Be Also Interested in:

Wed, 09 Nov 2022 01:07:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/technology/how-to-enable-virtualization-on-windows-11/ar-AA13V5FA
Killexams : Notable Friday Option Activity: LPRO, LPI, TGT No result found, try new keyword!Below is a chart showing LPRO's trailing twelve month trading history, with the $7.50 strike highlighted in orange: Laredo Petroleum, Inc (Symbol: LPI) saw options trading volume of 2,426 ... Fri, 02 Dec 2022 09:22:00 -0600 text/html https://www.nasdaq.com/articles/notable-friday-option-activity:-lpro-lpi-tgt Killexams : 2022 Lamborghini Countach LPI 800-4 Meets the 1990 Lamborghini Countach 25th Anniversary Edition

From the December 2022 issue of Car and Driver.

Wide, wedgy, and outrageous, the Countach wasn't the first Lamborghini, but Marcello Gandini's jaw-dropping design created the archetype the company has followed ever since. No new Countach could ever match the original in terms of the awestruck reaction that greeted the vehicle,

named for a Piedmontese expletive uttered at the concept car. Which is why Lamborghini's decision to produce a new Countach, the LPI 800-4, seemed dangerously close to heresy. The question is: Can the LPI 800-4 compare as an experience?

To answer it, we drove the LPI 800-4 alongside a historic Countach from Lamborghini's own collection. This 1990 25th Anniversary Edition is the final original Countach built, and it's normally exhibited in the factory museum. With just 6000 miles, it's practically box-fresh. As the last version of the first Countach, it's the most appropriate example to match with the new car.

Park them next to each other, and the differences are at least as obvious as the similarities. The LPI 800-4 Countach sits on the Aventador's platform and shares its carbon-fiber tub. Years of evolution make it bigger in every plane. Yet there is also a visual kinship across the decades, with the LPI 800-4 clearly an homage rather than an attempted replica.

Mitja Borkert, Lamborghini's design director, was able to riff on themes from throughout the Countach's long life. There's an LP5000S-like front end (despite the absence of pop-up headlights), hexagonal wheel arches, and raised air intakes reminiscent of the mid-'80s Quattrovalvole. According to the principles of modern car design, the new Countach features better proportions and more harmonious details than the clad-and-straked 25th Anniversary. But the older car is the one you can't stop looking at.

2022 lamborghini countach lpi 8004, 1990 lamborghini countach 25th anniversary edition

Lamborghini

In performance, it isn't even close to being close. The LPI 800-4 gets the brawniest version of the Aventador's magnificent 6.5-liter V-12, along with the supercapacitor hybrid system used in the Sián hypercar. The car drives like a turned-up Aventador, as the all-wheel-drive system delivers massive thrust with assurance. The closer the engine gets to its 8700-rpm limit, the angrier and more savage it becomes. While the electric motor's modest 34-hp contribution is indiscernible from the V-12's 769 horsepower, its torque does smooth the single-clutch automated manual's gear changes, which are far less brutal than in the Aventador. Like every other modern Lambo, the LPI 800-4 has selectable drive modes, with the punchiest Corsa setting making it feel impressively wieldy on the small, tight 1.3-mile Autodromo di Modena we used for photography.

By comparison, the original Countach is woeful. The cramped cockpit is uncomfortable, and all but the shortest pilots will find their head grazing the roof, even with the seat in its lowest and most reclined position. It hails from a period before ergonomic considerations in supercars, and the driving position is heavily offset toward the center of the car due to the intrusion of the front wheel well. The footwell is so packed with its three pedals that there's nowhere to put a resting clutch foot. The dogleg gearshift features a foldable tab to prevent a first-to-reverse flubbed shift; in a good indication of the cabin designers' priorities, it sits ahead of a huge ashtray.

Rated at 449 horsepower, the old car's V-12 is quieter at startup than the LPI 800-4's and idles with a carbureted wuffle. U.S. Countaches as early as '83 models got Bosch fuel injection to meet emission regs, but European models stuck with six Webers until the end. The throttle pedal is light, and response is immediate and keen. The engine pulls cleanly from low down and with impressive vigor as revs rise. It sounds great too—much softer than the newer car, with valvetrain clatter audible over the exhaust.

Yet everything else is just so much hard work. The clutch is a leg-press machine set to Lou Ferrigno. The unassisted steering is so heavy at maneuvering speeds that turning the wheel is painful. Even once the car is moving, tight corners bring it back to full Hulk weighting, and in Autodromo's tight corners, few of the apexes are even grazed, let alone clipped. Between-corner speeds are limited by stopping rather than going, and the brake pedal's mushy responses impart none of the confidence you'd want when pushing a valuable supercar on a tight track. Does it have ABS? Our chaperone, Mario Fasanetto, who started at Lamborghini in 1985 building Countach engines and today is the company's chief test driver, just laughs.

2022 lamborghini countach lpi 8004, 1990 lamborghini countach 25th anniversary edition

Lamborghini

The team in Sant'Agata never designed the Countach for the track, and it shows. The car is vastly better on roads, especially fast highways from the days when European limits were either nonexistent or largely discretionary for supercar owners. The 25th Anniversary's claimed 183-mph top speed was likely just Ferrari baiting—the top speed we observed in a 1983 Countach 5000S was 160 mph. But even traveling at the lower velocities of the tamer 21st century, the Countach has the solid, planted feel you want for serious cruising pace.

Reaching a mountain road gives the modern car another chance to prove its dynamic superiority. The Strada Provinciale 26 near the Modenese village of Samone is a quiet road that combines hairpins and scenic views. It's a backdrop that draws all the local supercar makers (we've previously been here with Ferrari and Pagani, as well as Lamborghini). But the Countaches have it to themselves today. After the vein-popping workout of the 25th Anniversary model, the new car feels lighter and more agile than a V-12 Lamborghini has any right to.

The original Countach is one of those cars that is awesome both despite and because of its flaws. Justifying its divinity requires the sort of tortuous logic that corrupt medieval priests would employ to render the unholy holy, and even one of the less loved versions of this unarguable icon still offers an unforgettable experience. By contrast, the LPI 800-4 feels too good—too well-engineered and slick to be a true successor to such a flawed gem, regardless of the new car's handsome design. It's a Countach, but it will never be the Countach.

1990 lamborghini countach 25th anniversary edition and the 2022 lamborghini countach lpi 8004

Car and Driver

This content is imported from OpenWeb. You may be able to find the same content in another format, or you may be able to find more information, at their web site.

Mon, 28 Nov 2022 01:40:00 -0600 en-us text/html https://www.caranddriver.com/reviews/comparison-test/a41982738/2022-lamborghini-countach-lpi-800-4-1990-lamborghini-countach-25th-anniversary-edition-compared/
Killexams : Laredo Petroleum, Inc. (LPI)

GlobeNewswire

Company to Rebrand as Vital Energy in 2023TULSA, OK, Dec. 01, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Laredo Petroleum, Inc. (NYSE: LPI) ("Laredo" or the "Company") today published its 2022 ESG and Climate Risk Report, which provides a comprehensive update on key ESG initiatives across the Company, as well as newly defined emissions reduction and water recycling targets. The report and data tables are available on the "Sustainability" page of the Company’s website at www.laredopetro.com. Consistent with its go

Wed, 02 Nov 2022 11:59:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://finance.yahoo.com/quote/LPI/chart/ 304-200 exam dump and training guide direct download
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