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Exam Code: 303-200 Practice test 2022 by team
303-200 LPIC-3 test 303: Security, version 2.0 - 2022

Exam Title : LPIC-3 Security
Exam ID : 303-200
Exam Duration : 90 mins
Questions in test : 60
Passing Score : 500 / 800
Exam Center : LPI Marketplace
Real Questions : LPI LPIC-3 Real Questions
VCE practice questions : LPI 303-200 Certification VCE Practice Test

Topic 325: Cryptography
325.1 X.509 Certificates and Public Key Infrastructures
Weight: 5
Description: Candidates should understand X.509 certificates and public key infrastructures. They should know how to configure and use OpenSSL to implement certification authorities and issue SSL certificates for various purposes. Key Knowledge Areas:
- Understand X.509 certificates, X.509 certificate lifecycle, X.509 certificate fields and X.509v3 certificate extensions
- Understand trust chains and public key infrastructures
- Generate and manage public and private keys
- Create, operate and secure a certification authority
- Request, sign and manage server and client certificates
- Revoke certificates and certification authorities
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- openssl, including relevant subcommands
- OpenSSL configuration

325.2 X.509 Certificates for Encryption, Signing and Authentication
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should know how to use X.509 certificates for both server and client authentication. Candidates should be able to implement user and server authentication for Apache HTTPD. The version of Apache HTTPD covered is 2.4 or higher.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Understand SSL, TLS and protocol versions
- Understand common transport layer security threats, for example Man-in-the-Middle
- Configure Apache HTTPD with mod_ssl to provide HTTPS service, including SNI and HSTS
- Configure Apache HTTPD with mod_ssl to authenticate users using certificates
- Configure Apache HTTPD with mod_ssl to provide OCSP stapling
- Use OpenSSL for SSL/TLS client and server tests
Terms and Utilities:
- Intermediate certification authorities
- Cipher configuration (no cipher-specific knowledge)
- httpd.conf
- mod_ssl
- openssl

325.3 Encrypted File Systems
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should be able to setup and configure encrypted file systems. Key Knowledge Areas:
- Understand block device and file system encryption
- Use dm-crypt with LUKS to encrypt block devices
- Use eCryptfs to encrypt file systems, including home directories
- PAM integration
- Be aware of plain dm-crypt and EncFS
Terms and Utilities:
- cryptsetup
- cryptmount
- /etc/crypttab
- ecryptfsd
- ecryptfs-* commands
- mount.ecryptfs, umount.ecryptfs
- pam_ecryptfs
325.4 DNS and Cryptography
Weight: 5
Description: Candidates should have experience and knowledge of cryptography in the context of DNS and its implementation using BIND. The version of BIND covered is 9.7 or higher.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Understanding of DNSSEC and DANE
- Configure and troubleshoot BIND as an authoritative name server serving DNSSEC secured zones
- Configure BIND as an recursive name server that performs DNSSEC validation on behalf of its clients
- Key Signing Key, Zone Signing Key, Key Tag
- Key generation, key storage, key management and key rollover
- Maintenance and re-signing of zones
- Use DANE to publish X.509 certificate information in DNS
- Use TSIG for secure communication with BIND
Terms and Utilities:
- DNS, EDNS, Zones, Resource Records
- DO-Bit, AD-Bit
- named.conf
- dnssec-keygen
- dnssec-signzone
- dnssec-settime
- dnssec-dsfromkey
- rndc
- dig
- delv
- openssl
Topic 326: Host Security
326.1 Host Hardening
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should be able to secure computers running Linux against common threats. This includes kernel and software configuration.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Configure BIOS and boot loader (GRUB 2) security
- Disable useless software and services
- Use sysctl for security related kernel configuration, particularly ASLR, Exec-Shield and IP / ICMP configuration
- Exec-Shield and IP / ICMP configuration
- Limit resource usage
- Work with chroot environments
- Drop unnecessary capabilities
- Be aware of the security advantages of virtualization
Terms and Utilities:
- grub.cfg
- chkconfig, systemctl
- ulimit
- /etc/security/limits.conf
- chroot
- sysctl
- /etc/sysctl.conf
326.2 Host Intrusion Detection
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should be familiar with the use and configuration of common host intrusion detection software. This includes updates and maintenance as well as automated host scans. Key Knowledge Areas:
- Use and configure the Linux Audit system
- Use chkrootkit
- Use and configure rkhunter, including updates
- Use Linux Malware Detect
- Automate host scans using cron
- Configure and use AIDE, including rule management
- Be aware of OpenSCAP
Terms and Utilities:
- auditd
- auditctl
- ausearch, aureport
- auditd.conf
- auditd.rules
- chkrootkit
- rkhunter
- /etc/rkhunter.conf
- maldet
- conf.maldet
- aide
- /etc/aide/aide.conf
326.3 User Management and Authentication
Weight: 5
Description: Candidates should be familiar with management and authentication of user accounts. This includes configuration and use of NSS, PAM, SSSD and Kerberos for both local and remote directories and authentication mechanisms as well as enforcing a password policy.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Understand and configure NSS
- Understand and configure PAM
- Enforce password complexity policies and periodic password changes
- Lock accounts automatically after failed login attempts
- Configure and use SSSD
- Configure NSS and PAM for use with SSSD
- Configure SSSD authentication against Active Directory, IPA, LDAP, Kerberos and local domains
- Kerberos and local domains
- Obtain and manage Kerberos tickets
Terms and Utilities:
- nsswitch.conf
- /etc/login.defs
- chage
- faillog
- sssd
- sssd.conf
- sss_* commands
- krb5.conf
- kinit, klist, kdestroy
326.4 FreeIPA Installation and Samba Integration
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should be familiar with FreeIPA v4.x. This includes installation and maintenance of a server instance with a FreeIPA domain as well as integration of FreeIPA with Active Directory.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Understand FreeIPA, including its architecture and components
- Understand system and configuration prerequisites for installing FreeIPA
- Install and manage a FreeIPA server and domain
- Understand and configure Active Directory replication and Kerberos cross-realm trusts
- Be aware of sudo, autofs, SSH and SELinux integration in FreeIPA Terms and Utilities:
- 389 Directory Server, MIT Kerberos, Dogtag Certificate System, NTP, DNS, SSSD, certmonger
- ipa, including relevant subcommands
- ipa-server-install, ipa-client-install, ipa-replica-install
- ipa-replica-prepare, ipa-replica-manage
Topic 327: Access Control
327.1 Discretionary Access Control
Weight: 3 Description: Candidates are required to understand Discretionary Access Control and know how to implement it using Access Control Lists. Additionally, candidates are required to understand and know how to use Extended Attributes. Key Knowledge Areas:
- Understand and manage file ownership and permissions, including SUID and SGID
- Understand and manage access control lists
- Understand and manage extended attributes and attribute classes
Terms and Utilities:
- getfacl
- setfacl
- getfattr
- setfattr
327.2 Mandatory Access Control
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should be familiar with Mandatory Access Control systems for Linux. Specifically, candidates should have a thorough knowledge of SELinux. Also, candidates should be aware of other Mandatory Access Control systems for Linux. This includes major features of these systems but not configuration and use.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Understand the concepts of TE, RBAC, MAC and DAC
- Configure, manage and use SELinux
- Be aware of AppArmor and Smack
Terms and Utilities:
- getenforce, setenforce, selinuxenabled
- getsebool, setsebool, togglesebool
- fixfiles, restorecon, setfiles
- newrole, runcon
- semanage
- sestatus, seinfo
- apol
- seaudit, seaudit-report, audit2why, audit2allow
- /etc/selinux/*
327.3 Network File Systems
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should have experience and knowledge of security issues in use and configuration of NFSv4 clients and servers as well as CIFS client services. Earlier versions of NFS are not required knowledge.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Understand NFSv4 security issues and improvements
- Configure NFSv4 server and clients
- Understand and configure NFSv4 authentication mechanisms (LIPKEY, SPKM, Kerberos)
- Understand and use NFSv4 pseudo file system
- Understand and use NFSv4 ACLs
- Configure CIFS clients
- Understand and use CIFS Unix Extensions
- Understand and configure CIFS security modes (NTLM, Kerberos)
- Understand and manage mapping and handling of CIFS ACLs and SIDs in a Linux system
Terms and Utilities:
- /etc/exports
- /etc/idmap.conf
- nfs4acl
- mount.cifs parameters related to ownership, permissions and security modes
- winbind
- getcifsacl, setcifsacl
Topic 328: Network Security
328.1 Network Hardening
Weight: 4 Description: Candidates should be able to secure networks against common threats. This includes verification of the effectiveness of security measures. Key Knowledge Areas:
- Configure FreeRADIUS to authenticate network nodes
- Use nmap to scan networks and hosts, including different scan methods
- Use Wireshark to analyze network traffic, including filters and statistics
- Identify and deal with rogue router advertisements and DHCP messages Terms and Utilities:
- radiusd
- radmin
- radtest, radclient
- radlast, radwho
- radiusd.conf
- /etc/raddb/*
- nmap
- wireshark
- tshark
- tcpdump
- ndpmon
328.2 Network Intrusion Detection
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should be familiar with the use and configuration of network security scanning, network monitoring and network intrusion detection software. This includes updating and maintaining the security scanners.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Implement bandwidth usage monitoring
- Configure and use Snort, including rule management
- Configure and use OpenVAS, including NASL
Terms and Utilities:
- ntop
- Cacti
- snort
- snort-stat
- /etc/snort/*
- openvas-adduser, openvas-rmuser
- openvas-nvt-sync
- openvassd
- openvas-mkcert
- /etc/openvas/*
328.3 Packet Filtering
Weight: 5 Description: Candidates should be familiar with the use and configuration of packet filters. This includes netfilter, iptables and ip6tables as well as basic knowledge of nftables, nft and ebtables.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Understand common firewall architectures, including DMZ
- Understand and use netfilter, iptables and ip6tables, including standard modules, tests and targets
- Implement packet filtering for both IPv4 and IPv6
- Implement connection tracking and network address translation
- Define IP sets and use them in netfilter rules
- Have basic knowledge of nftables and nft
- Have basic knowledge of ebtables
- Be aware of conntrackd
Terms and Utilities:
- iptables
- ip6tables
- iptables-save, iptables-restore
- ip6tables-save, ip6tables-restore
- ipset
- nft
- ebtables
328.4 Virtual Private Networks
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should be familiar with the use of OpenVPN and IPsec.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Configure and operate OpenVPN server and clients for both bridged and routed VPN networks
- Configure and operate IPsec server and clients for routed VPN networks using IPsec-Tools / racoon
- Awareness of L2TP Terms and Utilities:
- /etc/openvpn/*
- openvpn server and client
- setkey
- /etc/ipsec-tools.conf
- /etc/racoon/racoon.conf

LPIC-3 test 303: Security, version 2.0 - 2022
LPI Security, guide
Killexams : LPI Security, guide - BingNews Search results Killexams : LPI Security, guide - BingNews Killexams : How To Buy Bitcoin Anonymously: A Privacy & Security Guide No result found, try new keyword!This article will guide you through the best practices and tools to buy BTC anonymously while developing a case for more privacy and security through documentation of emblematic events and the ... Tue, 25 Oct 2022 04:41:00 -0500 text/html Killexams : Embrace your role as a security guide to earn a seat at the table

If you had the choice, would you rather be Luke or Yoda?

In the epic saga of Star Wars, Luke is the reluctant hero, guided by Yoda, among others. In the latest saga, we get to experience the power of Rey. Young children everywhere have a hero to admire and emulate.

During a latest office hours, we talked about the challenge of being the hero in security in relation to how we earn — and keep — our seat at the table.

This raises a simple question: Do you need to be the hero?

Most stories have a single hero, but multiple guides. When we try to introduce another hero, we create competition, conflict and friction. The same friction that erodes value, destroys trust and burns people out. As a result, everything gets more complicated, takes longer and costs a lot more of everything.

I see this happen a lot today when a vendor pitches a virtual or fractional CISO offering to a current CISO; basically, they’re offering a current CISO to provide them with a virtual CISO. That’s injecting a second hero into the story, and it creates problems.

Some security leaders confided in me that offering them a virtual CISO was off-putting enough to find a different vendor. So if you’re in the business of offering a virtual or fractional CISO solution to current security leaders, consider picking a better way to describe your service.

Now consider what happens when security tries to be the hero in the enterprise, invariably stepping into someone else’s story where they are (or want to be) the hero.

Now we’ve inadvertently created unnecessary and often unhealthy conflict. Maybe you’ve experienced some of this friction.

What if you were the guide?

Consider this quote from Donald Miller's "Building a StoryBrand":

“In a story, audiences must always know who the hero is, what the hero wants, who the hero has to defeat to get what they want, what tragic thing will happen if the hero doesn’t win, and what wonderful thing will happen if they do.”

Break this down for a second and consider what this means for us acting as a guide:

  • We know who the hero is.
  • We know what the hero wants. And if we don’t know what the hero wants, we need to find out. Sometimes we have to help — dare I suggest, guide — folks to figure out what they want.
  • We need to identify the stakes, including the risks and rewards. Bonus points if you capture multiple perspectives here and take a bigger, more business-centric view.
  • We know why this matters and how this delivers a valuable business result.

Turn these into action steps, and we gain all the insight we need to call people to action and guide them to success. Their success becomes our success.

Consider how this plays out.

Instead of telling people what they need to do, we give them the power. They take the actions to achieve their goals while protecting information.

Guides are essential to every hero’s journey and story. And sometimes what starts out as the hero becomes the guide, just like Luke guides Rey.

Keep in mind that the guide usually has a seat at the table, along with other guides.

So, do you want to be the hero or the guide?

Mon, 07 Nov 2022 05:33:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Notable Friday Option Activity: LPRO, LPI, TGT No result found, try new keyword!Below is a chart showing LPRO's trailing twelve month trading history, with the $7.50 strike highlighted in orange: Laredo Petroleum, Inc (Symbol: LPI) saw options trading volume of 2,426 ... Fri, 02 Dec 2022 09:22:00 -0600 text/html Killexams : Social Security Benefits 2023 Guide—How To Sign Up Before Big COLA Increase

There are several ways to apply for Social Security benefits ahead of a big cost-of-living adjustment (COLA).

Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits will increase by 8.7 percent in 2023, the Social Security Administration has announced.

It means the average Social Security recipient will receive more than $140 extra a month from January, according to the agency.

How To Apply

Pedestrians walk past the Social Security Administration office in downtown Los Angeles, on October 1, 2013 in California. Frederic J. Brown/AFP via Getty Images

You can complete an application for retirement, spouse's, Medicare or disability benefits online.

Those who cannot submit an application online can call the SSA at 1-800-772-1213 (TTY 1-800-325-0778).

While local Social Security offices are offering more in-person appointments and have resumed in-person services for those without appointments following COVID-related closures, the SSA continues to urge people to go online, call or schedule appointments in advance.

Those who live outside the U.S. can contact the Federal Benefits Unit that serves their county of residence.

Most existing Social Security recipients don't need to do anything to ensure they get the COLA, Mary Johnson, a Social Security and Medicare policy analyst at The Senior Citizens League, told Newsweek.

"One reminder: Let Social Security know right away if you need to change the bank account where you receive your Social Security checks," Johnson said.

She said that in late December, the SSA will mail recipients a letter that will include information about: the monthly benefit before deductions, deductions for the Medicare Part B premium, deductions for Part D or Medicare Advantage plan premiums if any, deductions for tax withholding if requested and the amount after deductions.

How To Check New Benefit Amount

But they can check that information online before that letter arrives by setting up a Social Security account by November 15.

That is "the fastest way to find out what your new benefit amount will be," Kilolo Kijakazi, the SSA's acting commissioner, said in a video message on October.

"In early December, login on your my Social Security account, and check the message center to see your new 2023 benefit amount. It's secure, it's easy, and you find out before the mail arrives. You can also opt to receive a text or email alert when there is a new message from us such as your cola notice, rather than receiving a letter in the mail."

The SSA has said that payments that include the COLA will go out to more than 65 million Social Security recipients from January, while increased payments to more than 7 million SSI beneficiaries will begin on December 30.

Tue, 08 Nov 2022 02:41:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : 2022 Lamborghini Countach LPI 800-4 Meets the 1990 Lamborghini Countach 25th Anniversary Edition

From the December 2022 issue of Car and Driver.

Wide, wedgy, and outrageous, the Countach wasn't the first Lamborghini, but Marcello Gandini's jaw-dropping design created the archetype the company has followed ever since. No new Countach could ever match the original in terms of the awestruck reaction that greeted the vehicle,

named for a Piedmontese expletive uttered at the concept car. Which is why Lamborghini's decision to produce a new Countach, the LPI 800-4, seemed dangerously close to heresy. The question is: Can the LPI 800-4 compare as an experience?

To answer it, we drove the LPI 800-4 alongside a historic Countach from Lamborghini's own collection. This 1990 25th Anniversary Edition is the final original Countach built, and it's normally exhibited in the factory museum. With just 6000 miles, it's practically box-fresh. As the last version of the first Countach, it's the most appropriate example to match with the new car.

Park them next to each other, and the differences are at least as obvious as the similarities. The LPI 800-4 Countach sits on the Aventador's platform and shares its carbon-fiber tub. Years of evolution make it bigger in every plane. Yet there is also a visual kinship across the decades, with the LPI 800-4 clearly an homage rather than an attempted replica.

Mitja Borkert, Lamborghini's design director, was able to riff on themes from throughout the Countach's long life. There's an LP5000S-like front end (despite the absence of pop-up headlights), hexagonal wheel arches, and raised air intakes reminiscent of the mid-'80s Quattrovalvole. According to the principles of modern car design, the new Countach features better proportions and more harmonious details than the clad-and-straked 25th Anniversary. But the older car is the one you can't stop looking at.

2022 lamborghini countach lpi 8004, 1990 lamborghini countach 25th anniversary edition


In performance, it isn't even close to being close. The LPI 800-4 gets the brawniest version of the Aventador's magnificent 6.5-liter V-12, along with the supercapacitor hybrid system used in the Sián hypercar. The car drives like a turned-up Aventador, as the all-wheel-drive system delivers massive thrust with assurance. The closer the engine gets to its 8700-rpm limit, the angrier and more savage it becomes. While the electric motor's modest 34-hp contribution is indiscernible from the V-12's 769 horsepower, its torque does smooth the single-clutch automated manual's gear changes, which are far less brutal than in the Aventador. Like every other modern Lambo, the LPI 800-4 has selectable drive modes, with the punchiest Corsa setting making it feel impressively wieldy on the small, tight 1.3-mile Autodromo di Modena we used for photography.

By comparison, the original Countach is woeful. The cramped cockpit is uncomfortable, and all but the shortest pilots will find their head grazing the roof, even with the seat in its lowest and most reclined position. It hails from a period before ergonomic considerations in supercars, and the driving position is heavily offset toward the center of the car due to the intrusion of the front wheel well. The footwell is so packed with its three pedals that there's nowhere to put a resting clutch foot. The dogleg gearshift features a foldable tab to prevent a first-to-reverse flubbed shift; in a good indication of the cabin designers' priorities, it sits ahead of a huge ashtray.

Rated at 449 horsepower, the old car's V-12 is quieter at startup than the LPI 800-4's and idles with a carbureted wuffle. U.S. Countaches as early as '83 models got Bosch fuel injection to meet emission regs, but European models stuck with six Webers until the end. The throttle pedal is light, and response is immediate and keen. The engine pulls cleanly from low down and with impressive vigor as revs rise. It sounds great too—much softer than the newer car, with valvetrain clatter audible over the exhaust.

Yet everything else is just so much hard work. The clutch is a leg-press machine set to Lou Ferrigno. The unassisted steering is so heavy at maneuvering speeds that turning the wheel is painful. Even once the car is moving, tight corners bring it back to full Hulk weighting, and in Autodromo's tight corners, few of the apexes are even grazed, let alone clipped. Between-corner speeds are limited by stopping rather than going, and the brake pedal's mushy responses impart none of the confidence you'd want when pushing a valuable supercar on a tight track. Does it have ABS? Our chaperone, Mario Fasanetto, who started at Lamborghini in 1985 building Countach engines and today is the company's chief test driver, just laughs.

2022 lamborghini countach lpi 8004, 1990 lamborghini countach 25th anniversary edition


The team in Sant'Agata never designed the Countach for the track, and it shows. The car is vastly better on roads, especially fast highways from the days when European limits were either nonexistent or largely discretionary for supercar owners. The 25th Anniversary's claimed 183-mph top speed was likely just Ferrari baiting—the top speed we observed in a 1983 Countach 5000S was 160 mph. But even traveling at the lower velocities of the tamer 21st century, the Countach has the solid, planted feel you want for serious cruising pace.

Reaching a mountain road gives the modern car another chance to prove its dynamic superiority. The Strada Provinciale 26 near the Modenese village of Samone is a quiet road that combines hairpins and scenic views. It's a backdrop that draws all the local supercar makers (we've previously been here with Ferrari and Pagani, as well as Lamborghini). But the Countaches have it to themselves today. After the vein-popping workout of the 25th Anniversary model, the new car feels lighter and more agile than a V-12 Lamborghini has any right to.

The original Countach is one of those cars that is awesome both despite and because of its flaws. Justifying its divinity requires the sort of tortuous logic that corrupt medieval priests would employ to render the unholy holy, and even one of the less loved versions of this unarguable icon still offers an unforgettable experience. By contrast, the LPI 800-4 feels too good—too well-engineered and slick to be a true successor to such a flawed gem, regardless of the new car's handsome design. It's a Countach, but it will never be the Countach.

1990 lamborghini countach 25th anniversary edition and the 2022 lamborghini countach lpi 8004

Car and Driver

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Mon, 28 Nov 2022 01:40:00 -0600 en-us text/html
Killexams : Laredo Petroleum, Inc. (LPI)


Company to Rebrand as Vital Energy in 2023TULSA, OK, Dec. 01, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Laredo Petroleum, Inc. (NYSE: LPI) ("Laredo" or the "Company") today published its 2022 ESG and Climate Risk Report, which provides a comprehensive update on key ESG initiatives across the Company, as well as newly defined emissions reduction and water recycling targets. The report and data tables are available on the "Sustainability" page of the Company’s website at Consistent with its go

Wed, 02 Nov 2022 11:59:00 -0500 en-US text/html Killexams : Ring buyer's guide: Everything you need to know about the home security system

Thanks to its parent company, Amazon, Ring may be almost synonymous with smart home security for some people. Here’s a comprehensive look at the company’s offerings, which range from cameras and doorbells to complete alarm systems.

What is Ring?

Ring is a smart home security company, originally founded in 2013. It was bought out by Amazon in February 2018, and has gradually expanded from its original focus — video doorbells — to security cameras, alarm systems, monitoring, and even social networking in the form of its Neighbors app, which acts as a sort of “neighborhood watch” for Ring customers.

All of the company’s devices require the Ring app for Android or iOS. This aids with setup, and is used for control, notifications, and live monitoring of video feeds. Ring devices can optionally be integrated with Amazon Alexa, which enables control and automation through compatible smart speakers, smart displays, and Fire devices. You can for instance ask an Echo Show to show you a backyard camera, or talk to someone at your doorbell through your Echo Dot. Alexa Guard Plus is included with a Ring Protect Pro plan.

Ring gear is incompatible with Apple HomeKit unless you use a third-party kludge like Homebridge. There is official Google Assistant support, although it’s still limited compared to Alexa. If you’re planning on building an Apple- or Google-based smart home, you should probably skip Ring unless you’re content just using its smartphone app.

Privacy concerns

Under Amazon, Ring has run into multiple privacy controversies. Mostly notably the company has been criticized for sometimes sharing Neighbors videos with US police departments and not obtaining consent from relevant homeowners. Neighbors is, of course, a public network, but Ring normally promises to get consent unless it’s an emergency or they receive a subpoena. In July 2022, it admitted to having released video at least 11 times that year without consent.

Police have even asked Ring owners for videos directly, for instance in relation to 2020’s Black Lives Matter protests, according to the Electronic Frontier Foundation. While some of the BLM requests were in relation to specific incidents, at least one request asked only for footage connected to “the latest protests.”

Ring Doorbells

Ring tends to keep older doorbells on sale for years if you’re looking for a discount, but here are the company’s primary options.


  • Video Doorbell Wired ($64.99): Ring’s cheapest doorbell, this includes only the most basic features, namely HD video, two-way talk, and 2D motion detection. While it’s powered by your home’s existing doorbell wiring, it won’t sound any analog chimes — so you’ll need to rely on your phone, smart speakers/displays, or a Ring Chime add-on.
  • Video Doorbell Pro 2 ($259.99): The Pro 2 offers a “head-to-toe” field of view, 3D motion detection, and built-in “Alexa greetings” if you don’t want to answer the door yourself. You can also swap faceplates to better match the look of your house.
  • Video Doorbell Elite ($349.99): Ring’s top-of-the-line option, this one uses a flush mount and power over Ethernet, so you’ll need a professional installer or some serious home improvement skills. It does however ship with multiple faceplates in the box.


Ring Video Doorbell 4


  • Video Doorbell 4 ($219.99): Ring’s flagship doorbell supports dual-band (2.4 and 5GHz) Wi-Fi, pre-trigger recording of motion events, and “quick replies” if you don’t want to talk to guests. Ring says its battery should last 6 months to a year on a charge, but expect lower figures in reality.

Ring Cameras

  • Indoor Cam ($59.99): Ring’s cheapest dedicated security camera. As the name implies, it’s not weather-resistant, but it is compact and something you can use on a stand or mount on a wall. It’s wired, so you’ll need to place it near a wall outlet.
  • Stick Up Cam ($99.99): Think of this as Amazon’s “universal” camera. It’s battery-powered and weather-resistant, so you can use it both indoors and outdoors.
  • Stick Up Cam Elite ($199.99): Much like its Doorbell equivalent, the Stick Up Cam Elite uses Ethernet for power and data, offering maximum reliability.
  • Stick Up Cam Plug-In with Pan-Tilt ($129.99): Really a bundle, the selling point is the Pan-Tilt Mount, which can spin the camera 360 degrees with a 90-degree tilt range. It works both outside and in, but you’ll need to use wired power.
  • Spotlight Cam Plus ($199.99): This is similar to the Stick Up Cam, the obvious upgrade being motion-triggered spotlights that can illuminate (and potentially scare off) any intruders. It’s best paired with one of Ring’s solar panels.
  • Spotlight Cam Pro ($229.99): Enhancements over the Plus include 3D motion detection, HDR video, and higher-quality audio.
  • Floodlight Cam Plus ($199.99): This is virtually identical to the Spotlight Cam Plus, but with floodlights for wider illumination, and a siren for scaring off thieves or animals.
  • Floodlight Cam Pro ($249.99): A Spotlight Cam Pro with floodlights and a siren, making it Ring’s absolute best.

Sensors, alarms, and other devices

A note: you can buy various extenders and motion/contact sensors separately, but we’re ignoring them (as well as more mundane accessories) here because you’ll probably get what you need with one of the core Security Kits, and there’s already plenty to cover.

  • Alarm Security Kit ($199.99 and up): Available in stock bundles from 5 to 14 pieces, the Alarm Security Kit is meant to offer the basics of a security system, with or without Ring Protect. The 5-piece bundle includes a base station, keypad, contact sensor, motion detector, and range extender.
  • Alarm Pro Security Kit ($299.99 and up): The main advantage of the Alarm Pro is its upgraded base station, which doubles as an Eero Wi-Fi 6 router, and can offer cellular backup if you pay for a Ring Protect Pro plan. The cheapest bundle includes a base station, keypad, motion detector, range extender, and four door/window contact sensors. All Alarm Pro bundles are US-only.
  • Panic Button ($29.99): This one is extremely straightforward — hold it for three seconds, and you’ll sound the siren on your Alarm base station, as well as push out a phone alert to shared users. If you’ve got Ring Protect Pro, this notifies Ring’s monitoring center. You can’t use it without an Alarm station.
  • Alarm Glass Break Sensor ($39.99): Since a lot of thieves want to get in and out as fast as possible, this catches the sound of breaking window glass up to 25 feet (7.62 meters) away. An Alarm station is required.
  • Alarm Flood and Freeze Sensor ($34.99): Not every threat involves crime. This sensor can be placed near a sink, toilet, fridge, or pipe, and can alert you if it senses water or cold. You need an Alarm Security Kit, not just an Alarm station.
  • Alarm Smoke and CO Listener ($34.99): This isn’t actually a smoke or carbon monoxide detector — instead you place one near an existing detector to catch its siren. You’ll need an Alarm Security Kit.
  • Power Pack ($129.99): Hook this up to an Alarm Pro or Eero 6 Extender to stretch out battery life. In fact you can connect up to three to an Alarm Pro, which will keep it running for 24 hours when power is out. Like the Alarm Pro, it’s US-only.
  • Lights: We’re not going to cover these in detail, but if you’re all-in on Ring, you can get bulbs, spotlights, floodlights, and more without a camera attached. You’ll need a Ring Bridge.
  • Outdoor Smart Plug ($29.99): This allows you to connect outdoor lights (or anything, really) to the Ring Bridge and/or Alexa.
  • Ring Bridge ($49.99): As mentioned above, this links lights and Smart Plugs to your Ring system and Alexa. You can only have one Bridge per home.
  • Transformer ($99.99): Another Bridge-based accessory, this links existing landscape lighting to your system with a 200W limit.
  • Solar panels: Ring sells various panels that can be used to power some of its cameras and doorbells. Check compatibility and bundle options before splurging. We strongly recommend these for outdoor cameras, since you’ll find yourself climbing a ladder every few months otherwise.
  • Chime ($34.99): If you’re not using something with Alexa, the Chime is basically a speaker for Ring cameras and doorbells.
  • Chime Pro ($59.99): The Chime Pro doubles as a Wi-Fi extender for Ring hardware, and there’s even a built-in nightlight.
  • Access Controller Pro 2 ($299): This lets you unlock an electric gate remotely, and can be paired with cameras and doorbells for live previews. It supports Amazon Key if you’re comfortable with delivery people opening your gate. With or without Key, it’s US-only,

Ring Protect plans

You can use Ring’s doorbells, cameras, and some other equipment without a Protect plan, but there can be severe limitations. Doorbells and cameras for instance wind up restricted to livestreaming, not recording, and they also lose access to person detection, which helps cut down on false alerts because of plants, vehicles, or animals.

There are three Protect tiers, though Pro is effectively US-only. Here are their features and US prices:

Basic ($3.99/month or $39.99/year)

  • Supports one doorbell or camera
  • Event recording up to 180 days
  • Video saving and sharing
  • Person detection (prevents accidental motion alerts)
  • Updating snapshots
  • “Rich” notifications with photo previews
  • 10% discount off “select” products at or

Plus ($10/month or $100/year)

  • Extends Basic features to all Ring devices in your home
  • Extended warranties (at a single address)

Pro ($20/month or $200/year)

  • All Plus features
  • 24/7 monitoring for Ring Alarm systems
  • Cellular backup for Alarm and Wi-Fi devices
  • Alexa Guard Plus
  • Eero Secure digital security tools, such as ad and content blockers
  • Ring Edge (local storage of alerts and videos on a microSD card in your Alarm Pro station)
  • Home insurance discounts

Fri, 11 Nov 2022 08:20:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Top Online Shopping Portals In The Philippines And How To Find The Best Deals Philippines top online shopping sites © Provided by iMoney Philippines top online shopping sites

The shopping scene in the Philippines was mostly retail-based in the past few years as logistics and the internet continue to become one of the pain points of online shopping in the country. It wasn’t until the pandemic happened, which forced the government to go on strict lockdown last year that online shopping has been massively amplified.

Pre-pandemic, e-commerce giants such as Lazada and Shopee  were already gaining a steady customer base and becoming more prominent in the market at a gradual pace. Despite the more relaxed situation then, many Filipinos remained alienated from online shopping. 

However, the lockdowns that started in 2020 was the catalyst that online shopping needed to amplifiy and integrate further into the lives of Filipinos. In fact, a report published by Facebook has found that the e-commerce industry has been propelled further by the pandemic.

From the looks of how things are going, it seems like online shopping is here to stay, and it will grow even bigger moving forward. If you’re planning to take part in this growing trend or you’re already doing it, here is a quick guide on where you can shop online in the Philippines!

These are the online stores where you can buy everything you need or want under the sun.

1. Lazada

Lazada Black Friday © Provided by iMoney Lazada Black Friday

A major e-commerce site not just in the Philippines but throughout the Southeast Asian region. Lazada is also the pioneer shopping site that introduced the all-in-on online shopping concept to the Philippines. While the concept has been around for ages in other countries, Lazada was the game-changer in the Philippine e-commerce scene. 

Lazada is kind of like the Amazon of Southeast Asia, it houses a vast range of categories and items, probably the largest in the Philippines. It’s one of the reasons why Lazada is among the popular online shopping sites in the Philippines. 

Here’s what you need to know about this popular e-commerce platform.

Lazada’s 12.12 offering includes discounted items up to 90% off, free shipping with no minimum spend and a wide variety of items for sale for its loyal patrons as well as first time buyers. Promo starts from Dec. 12 until the 14th.

Payment methods

  • Cash on delivery
  • Debit or Credit Card
  • Lazada Wallet
  • G-Cash
  • Maya Payment

Notable promotions

Lazada is notorious for holding monthly shopping events such as 7.7, 8.8, 9.9, etc. These events have already become annual events on the platform, giving consumers something to look forward to every month. However, the big events to look forward to are 11.11 and 12.12; these are the mega sale events, and the discounts pretty much apply to all products across the website. In fact, during these major sale events, they expect at least 10 million site visits in just 24 hours. 


  • LazMall makes it easier for customers to find authentic products, not counterfeit. 
  • The refund process through LazMall is seamless.
  • Cash on delivery.
  • Wide range of products to choose from. 
  • The products are sorted out efficiently, where more reputable stores are displayed on top or more prominently. 


  • Some products may not be as advertised. 
  • While you can chat with the merchants directly from the platform, it isn’t very intuitive.
  • There’s no merchant rating, so you have to go through their products and its reviews to find some feedback for the merchant. 

If you want to start selling in Lazada, we've put together a guide on how to do that.

2. Shopee

This shopping portal giant in the Philippines has swept the country off its feet with its silly but catchy jingles and very youthful promotional campaigns. Shopee is a younger platform that has taken some cues from Lazada and there’s no denying their user interface’s obvious similarity.

 At first glance, you might mistake the platform as Lazada or vice versa, but upon closer look, many of its features buried deep within its user-interface (UI) are different or even better than Lazada. For one, it’s more merchant centric, allowing small businesses to onboard the platform. 

For 12.12, Shopee offers a wide variety of items on sale as well as free shipping, discount vouchers with no minimum amount spent while shopping. Apart from 12.12, Shopee also has a Holiday Ready Fashion Sale from Dec. 5-7.

Payment methods

  • Cash on delivery
  • Debit or Credit Card
  • ShopeePay
  • G-Cash
  • Remittance /Payment Centers
  • Over the country
  • Bank transfer
  • Google Pay

Notable promotions

Just like Lazada, Shopee also has its own on key annual dates like 11.11, 12.12, 10.10; they’re online monthly trends in both platforms. 


  • Shopee Mall makes it easier for customers to find authentic products, not counterfeit. 
  • The refund process through Shopee Mall is easier and more seamless.
  • They have more payment options than Lazada.
  • Wide range of products to choose from. 
  • Their merchant chat feature is more intuitive.
  • Easier to check a merchant’s store due to its UI design. 
  • Merchants have separate ratings from their products.


  • Some products may not be as advertised. 
  • Shopee makes it easier for merchants to onboard the platform, so even bogus merchants can also get on board. So it pays to apply more scrutiny when shopping here. 

Shipping and logistics

Here is a brief comparison of the two major platforms’ shipping and couriers.

Shopee Lazada
  • From China: 6 - 9 days (Longest duration: 14 days)
  • Local: 1 - 4 days
  • From China: 6 - 14 days (Longest duration - 24 days)
  • Local: 2 - 4 days
FREE DELIVERY Usually coincides with special events only. Only applicable to some items. Often more expensive ones like phones, etc.
COURIER OPTIONS J&T, GoGo Express, Ninja Van, 2Go, XDE, LBC Express, Entrego LEX (Lazada’s courier)
Express delivery No


You can learn more about it here.

3. Beauty MNL

A homegrown beauty and cosmetic products website in the Philippines which started even way before the dawn of the e-commerce giants, Lazada and Zalora. This website is founded by a Filipina who wants to create a beauty niche online suited for Filipinas beauty. Other than a store, they also have their online magazine featuring beauty tips tailored to the Filipino audience. 

For 12.12, BeautyMNL customers will get a free Oxecure Sulfur Soap (100g) for every Php2000 spent


Beauty MNL doesn’t just offer skincare or health and wellness products, they also have a wide range of apparel for women. In a nutshell, here are the things you will find in this store:

  • Skincare
  • Makeup
  • Bath and body products
  • Hair products
  • Nail products
  • Fragrances
  • Health supplements and vitamins
  • Storage, tools, and organizers for grooming

Payment methods

  • Cash on delivery
  • Debit or Credit Card
  • Bank deposits
  • G-Cash
  • PayPal
  • GrabPay
  • BeautyMNL credits


  • Authentic beauty products.
  • They have a vast category of skincare, health and wellness, and cosmetics products than any other online store in the Philippines. Think Sephora. 
  • Their apparels are made to fit Filipina women of different shapes and sizes. 
  • They have a magazine site where their products are reviewed (though not necessarily unbiased) and provide recommendations based on your needs. 


  • Shipping may not be as streamlined as Lazada, Shopee, or Zalora.

Shipping and logistics partners

BeautyMNL ships to its customers nationwide through Ninja Van, Zoom, and LBC. 

4. Zalora

This is one of the pioneer shopping websites in the Philippines when it comes to apparel for men and women. They pride themselves as Asia’s Leading Online Fashion Destination, and true enough they are in the Philippines. Zalora is a reliable shopping site when it comes to clothing, fashion, and everything in between, boasting a wide range of reputable brands on their website. 

Zalora isn’t exactly a shopping portal to go to if you’re looking for cheap finds, but if you’re looking to level up your wardrobe, this is one of the places to be. 

This 12.12 though, Zalora offers discounts up to 90% off selected items as well as significant deals for customers using a specific payment method and other exciting offers starting Dec. 9-18, 2022.

Did you know?

One of Zalora’s co-founder and their current CEO has a Filipino name, Paulo Campos.


ZALORA is the one-stop-shop for all your fashion and clothing needs, whether you’re a guy or a girl. Here are the things you will find in this store:

  • Clothes (Men and women)
  • Shoes (Men and women)
  • Stationery and art supplies
  • Travel accessories
  • Home and living products
  • Audio electronics
  • Cameras 

Payment methods

  • Cash on delivery
  • Debit or Credit Card
  • Bank deposit
  • G-Cash
  • PayPal
  • GrabPay


  • Authentic apparel from renowned brands.
  • Better curated fashion finds for both men and women. 
  • Streamlined products, warranty (if any), and refund process because all items on the website are sold by Zalora directly. 
  • 30 days free returns (terms apply)


  • While they have some of the best fashion brands on their website, their options aren’t necessarily plenty or vast enough. 
  • Products aren’t exactly as cheap as what one would expect because they only sell authentic branded products. 

Shipping and logistics partners

Zalora ships to its customers nationwide primarily through ENTREGO. Items that are shipped from overseas to the Philippines are delivered via DHL and Ninja Van.  

5. Data blitz

A homegrown electronic and gaming store that made its way online from its strong retail presence.  It’s the go-to destination for all sorts of computer and gaming needs, whether it’s for your laptop or computer, Playstation, Xbox, Nintendo console or cellphone, Data blitz comes with a full range of products catering mostly for hobbyist and gamers such as action figures, gaming consoles, games, computer accessories, digital vouchers, and even computer software.


  • Gaming consoles
  • Games
  • Software
  • Digital vouchers
  • Computer software
  • Console accessories
  • Computer accessories
  • Action figures/toys
  • PC and laptops

Payment methods

  • Via Dragonpay
    • Online banking (all banks)
    • E-wallet such as Grabpay and
    • Over the counter via Cebuanna, Mlhullier, LBC, Palawan, Bayad Center, etc.
    • GCash
  • BDO installment
  • Dragonpay Installment


  • Curated gaming and electronics products.
  • A vast catalog of the latest games.
  • They accept pre-orders.
  • Free shipping if within Metro Manila.
  • Responsive customer service.
  • They have branches across the country.


  • The website interface could do better.
  • Shipping may take longer than usual.

Shipping and logistics partners

Datablitz ships to its customers nationwide primarily through J & T Express.

Formerly known as, one of the earliest buy and sell websites in the Philippines. This platform is not just a website, it’s also an app for easier shopping and selling experience. If you’re looking for some second-hand items or if you’re looking to sell your stuff yourself, this is one of the go-to platforms nowadays, not just in the Philippines but in the entire Southeast Asian region. 


You can buy and sell all sorts of items here, from smartphones, computers, clothes, and other apparel, to cars and real estate. 

Payment methods

Since this is a buy and sell platform, the payment m ]ethod practically can be anything you and the seller agrees to. Although, Carousell has its own payment platform which acts as an escrow-type of payment to provide security to both buyers and sellers. If you’re choosing to go down the Carousell in-app payment road, you simply need to link your bank account or debit/credit card and pay through the app. 


  • They have an app, making it easier for users to sells their products, communicate with buyers or sellers, or browse and buy stuff. 
  • A lot of second-hand items that are in good quality
  •  They have a secured payment method making it safer for individual buyers and sellers to deal with each other. 
  • You can brand new stuff here at a discount too. 
  • A vast category of items can be found here. 


  • Dealing directly with individual sellers and buyers has its risk, so tread carefully.

The pioneer eCommerce platform on the internet. This online shopping site offers both brand new and secondhand products, and when users sign up for an account they can buy and sell products immediately. 


You can buy and sell all sorts of items here, from smartphones, computers, clothes and other apparels, home appliances, health and beauty, and etc.

Payment methods

Since this is a buy and sell platform, the payment method practically can be anything you and the seller agrees to. eBay, however, recommends completing the purchase through Paypal for the buyer’s safety as the payment platform offers a buyer’s protection service. 


  • A lot of second-hand items that are in good quality
  • You can brand new stuff here at a discount too. 
  • A vast category of items can be found here. 


  • eBay is not as streamlined as Lazada and Shopee in terms of logistics and payment methods. 
  • eBay removed their Purchase Protection Program since Nov 2017, buyers will now have to rely on Paypal’s Buyer Protection service to ensure their transactions are safe. Paypal’s platform is an entirely different story it may lead to a whole set of issues to the buyer should he or she encounter some problems with the payment or with the seller. 

Now that online shopping has become more established in the country and more familiar to consumers in the Philippines, we can expect that it could only expand further and get better from here on. We are only beginning to witness the digitalization of retail shopping. 

Shopping for your needs is now easier and more convenient with the advent of these online shopping portals, and if you haven’t tried them yet, maybe it’s time you should. Not only will it keep you safe post-pandemic times, but it can also save you time and perhaps some money if you’re strategic in catching seasonal sales from these online stores, especially this time of the year with 12.12.

The post Top Online Shopping Portals In The Philippines And How To Find The Best Deals appeared first on

Wed, 07 Dec 2022 17:56:11 -0600 en-MY text/html
Killexams : LPI Produces Battery Grade Lithium Carbonate With 99.92% Purity From Maricunga Project


  • Optimisations introduced to the production process of LPI's Maricunga lithium project exceed industry standards, with 99.92% purity battery grade lithium carbonate being produced from samples of concentrated brine.
  • Technical certification by IBZ-Salzchemie GmbH & Co, under international standards, was conducted under the supervision of GEA Messo in Germany and LPI's experts in Chile.
  • Samples will now be sent to potential lithium buyers for analysis as part of LPI's financing plans for mine construction at Maricunga.

SYDNEY, Australia, Nov. 17, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Lithium Power International Limited (ASX: LPI) ("LPI" or the "Company") is pleased to provide the results from the latest optimisations introduced to the Maricunga lithium production process in January 2022 in the project's updated Definitive Feasibility Study.

Lithium Carbonate with a 99.92%1 purity was produced from original, concentrated brine from LPI's test evaporations ponds at Maricunga. This significantly exceeds the industry standard specifications for battery grade lithium carbonate of 99.5%.

A relevant test to measure the Loss of Ignition ("LOI") was also conducted for 30 minutes at 500 °C, showing an LOI of 0.2%. As a result, the purity after LOI was 99.72%.

As announced in the March 2022 Quarterly Report released to ASX on 29 April 2022, concentrated brine had been sent to LPI's technological partner GEA Messo to further test production processes.

1 Purity after Loss of Ignition – LOI for 30 minutes at 500 °C – of 99.72%.

This work was executed by the independent certified laboratory, IBZ-Salzchemie GmbH & Co KG in Germany. This was done under the supervision of GEA, with the objective of producing up to 10kg of battery grade Li2CO3.

The chemical analysis and detailed composition of impurities was as follows:

Chemical Analysis: Compound Method Unit Sample
Li2CO3 % 99.92  
Li2CO3 with LOI % 99.72  
Al DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg < 1
B DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg < 1
Ca DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg 57
Cr DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg < 1
Cu DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg < 1
Fe DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg 4
K DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg < 10
Mg DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg 9.3
Na DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg 500
Ni DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg < 1
Pb DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg 0.83
Sr DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg 2
Zn DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg 1
Cl DIN 38405 Part 1 mg/kg 125
Br DIN EN ISO 10304-1 2009-07 mg/kg < LoQ
SO4 DIN EN ISO 10304-1 2009-07 mg/kg 100
Si DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg 12.6
Li DIN EN ISO 11885 E22 2009-09 mg/kg 187'739
C EN ISO 15350 2010-08 mg/kg 160'000
LOI 30 minutes at 500 °C % 0.2
Source: IBZ-Salzchemie GmbH & Co. KG      

Samples will now be sent to potential off-takers for due diligence as part of the ongoing Maricunga finance process.

Appendix 1 (Please click here to access the full ASX release with Appendix) is the formal Analysis Certificate and a visual description of the trial Lithium Carbonate provided by IBZ-Salzchemie GmbH & Co. KG. This report has been Tested internally by LPI's Chilean team.

Lithium Power International's Chief Executive Officer, Cristobal Garcia-Huidobro, commented:

"We are very pleased with these positive results from our latest testing activities. Not only do they confirm the high quality and consistency of our product, but also the sustainability of our process. We are confident that those results will be welcomed by potential off-takers participating in the financing process of the Maricunga project."

For further information, please contact:

Cristobal Garcia-Huidobro CEO; or Andrew Phillips CFO Lithium Power International
E: Ph: +612 9276 1245

Jane Morgan Investor and Media Relations
+ 61 (0) 405 555 618

For U.S. and other international investor relations enquiries:

Arrowhead Business and Investment Decisions, LLC
Thomas Renaud | Managing Director 42 Broadway, 17th Floor
New York, NY 10004 Office: +1 212 619-6889

A photo accompanying this announcement is available at

© 2022 Benzinga does not provide investment advice. All rights reserved.

Thu, 17 Nov 2022 05:46:00 -0600 text/html
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