300-420 exam success - Designing Cisco Enterprise Networks (ENSLD) Updated: 2023
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Exam Code: 300-420 Designing Cisco Enterprise Networks (ENSLD) exam success November 2023 by Killexams.com team|
300-420 Designing Cisco Enterprise Networks (ENSLD)
The Designing Cisco Enterprise Networks v1.0 (ENSLD 300-420) exam is a 90-minute exam associated with the CCNP Enterprise and Cisco Certified Specialist - Enterprise Design certifications. This exam certifies a candidate's knowledge of enterprise design including advanced addressing and routing solutions, advanced enterprise campus networks, WAN, security services, network services, and SDA. The course, Designing Cisco Enterprise Networks, helps candidates to prepare for this exam.
25% 1.0 Advanced Addressing and Routing Solutions
1.1 Create structured addressing plans for IPv4 and IPv6
1.2 Create stable, secure, and scalable routing designs for IS-IS
1.3 Create stable, secure, and scalable routing designs for EIGRP
1.4 Create stable, secure, and scalable routing designs for OSPF
1.5 Create stable, secure, and scalable routing designs for BGP
1.5.a Address families
1.5.b Basic route filtering
1.5.c Attributes for path preference
1.5.d Route reflectors
1.5.e Load sharing
1.6 Determine IPv6 migration strategies
1.6.a Overlay (tunneling)
1.6.b Native (dual-stacking)
1.6.c Boundaries (IPv4/IPv6 translations)
25% 2.0 Advanced Enterprise Campus Networks
2.1 Design campus networks for high availability
2.1.a First Hop Redundancy Protocols
2.1.b Platform abstraction techniques
2.1.c Graceful restart
2.2 Design campus Layer 2 infrastructures
2.2.a STP scalability
2.2.b Fast convergence
2.2.c Loop-free technologies
2.2.d PoE and WoL
2.3 Design multicampus Layer 3 infrastructures
2.3.b Load sharing
2.3.c Route summarization
2.3.d Route filtering
2.3.f Optimal topologies
2.4 Describe SD-Access Architecture (underlay, overlay, control and data plane, automation, wireless, and security)
2.5 Describe SD-Access fabric design considerations for wired and wireless access (overlay, fabric design, control plan design, border design, segmentation, virtual networks, scalability, over the top and fabric for wireless, multicast)
20% 3.0 WAN for Enterprise Networks
3.1 Compare WAN connectivity options
3.1.a Layer 2 VPN
3.1.b MPLS Layer 3 VPN
3.1.c Metro Ethernet
3.1.f SD-WAN customer edge
3.2 Design site-to-site VPN
3.2.a Dynamic Multipoint VPN (DMVPN)
3.2.b Layer 2 VPN
3.2.c MPLS Layer 3 VPN
3.2.e Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE)
3.2.f Group Encrypted Transport VPN (GET VPN)
3.3 Design high availability for enterprise WAN
3.3.c Backup connectivity
3.4 Describe Cisco SD-WAN Architecture (orchestration plane, management plane, control plane, data plane, on-boarding and provisioning, security)
3.5 Describe Cisco SD-WAN design considerations (control plane design, overlay design, LAN design, high availability, redundancy, scalability, security design, QoS and multicast over SD-WAN fabric)
20% 4.0 Network Services
4.1 Select appropriate QoS strategies to meet customer requirements (DiffServ, IntServ)
4.2 Design end-to-end QoS policies
4.2.a Classification and marking
4.3 Design network management techniques
4.3.a In-band vs. out-of-band
4.3.b Segmented management networks
4.3.c Prioritizing network management traffic
4.4 Describe multicast routing concepts (source trees, shared trees, RPF, rendezvous points)
4.5 Design multicast services (SSM, PIM bidirectional, MSDP)
10% 5.0 Automation
5.1 Choose the correct YANG data model set based on requirements
5.2 Differentiate between IETF, Openconfig, and Cisco native YANG models
5.3 Differentiate between NETCONF and RESTCONF
5.4 Describe the impact of model-driven telemetry on the network
5.4.a Periodic publication
5.4.b On-change publication
5.5 Compare dial-in and dial-out approaches to model-driven telemetry
|Designing Cisco Enterprise Networks (ENSLD)|
Cisco Enterprise exam success
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Designing Cisco Enterprise Networks (ENSLD)
What are two benefits of designing an SD-WAN network fabric with direct Internet access implemented at every site?
A. It decreases latency to applications hosted by public cloud service provider.
B. It decreases latency on Internet circuits.
C. It increases the speed of delivery of site deployments through zero-touch provisioning.
D. It increases the total available bandwidth on Internet circuits.
E. It alleviates network traffic on MPLS circuits.
Which design consideration should be observed when EIGRP is configured on Data Center switches?
A. Perform manual summarization on all Layer 3 interfaces to minimize the size of the routing table.
B. Prevent unnecessary EIGRP neighborships from forming across switch virtual interfaces.
C. Lower EIGRP hello and hold timers to their minimum settings to ensure rapid route reconvergence.
D. Configure multiple EIGRP autonomous systems to segment Data Center services and applications.
Which solution allows overlay VNs to communicate with each other in an SD-WAN Architecture?
A. External fusion routers can be used to map VNs to VRFs and selectively route traffic between VRFs.
B. GRE tunneling can be configured between fabric edges to connect one VN to another.
C. SGTs can be used to permit traffic from one VN to another.
D. Route leaking can be used on the fabric border nodes to inject routes from one VN to another.
Which NETCONF operation creates filtering that is specific to the session notifications?
Which nonproprietary mechanism can be used to automate rendezvous point distribution in a large PIM domain?
A. Embedded RP
D. Static RP
Which QoS feature responds to network congestion by dropping lower priority packets?
B. tail drop
D. strict priority
What is an advantage of designing an out-of-band network management solution?
A. In the event of a production network outage, network devices can still be managed.
B. There is no separation between the production network and the management network.
C. In the event of a production network outage, it can be used as a backup network path.
D. It is less expensive than an in-band management solution
A customer is discussing QoS requirements with a network consultant. The customer has specified that end-to-end
path verification is a requirement.
Which QoS solution meets this requirement?
A. IntServ model with RSVP to support the traffic flows
B. DiffServ model with PHB to support the traffic flows
C. marking traffic at the access layer with DSCP to support the traffic flows
D. marking traffic at the access layer with CoS to support the traffic flows
Which function are fabric intermediate nodes responsible for in an SD-Access Architecture?
A. mapping EIDs to RLOCs
B. encapsulating user traffic in a VXLAN header including the SGT
C. registering new endpoints in the HTDB
D. transporting IP packets between edge nodes and border nodes
A company is running BGP on a single router, which has two connections to the same ISP.
Which BGP feature ensures traffic is load balanced across the two links to the ISP?
B. Multipath Load Sharing
C. Next-Hop Address Tracking
D. AS-Path Prepending
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The wireless networking space has exploded in recent years and wireless technologies have become a connectivity game-changer. The advent of fourth-generation (4G) wireless wide-area networking technologies and the emergence of LTE (Long Term Evolution) and 5G technology further underscore wireless networking’s critical role in business today.
The demand for professionals with wireless networking knowledge and expertise is at an all-time high. As wireless professionals map their career paths, adding respected wireless networking certifications to their resumes can show hiring managers they have the cutting-edge, in-demand career skills to take their organizations to the next level.
We’ll highlight the best wireless networking certifications IT professionals can obtain to demonstrate their skills to current and prospective employers.
Earning the best IT certifications, including wireless networking certifications, is an excellent career advancement asset that validates your skills and knowledge.
Best wireless networking certifications
According to Salary.com data, wireless engineers earn about $98,99 to $125,000 annually. However, bonuses, commissions, location, seniority and many more factors can affect earnings and boost pay much higher. The right certifications can increase your value and salary.
Here are our picks for the top wireless networking certifications.
1. CCNA: Cisco Certified Network Associate Certification
The Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) Certification is one of many Cisco certifications. It’s considered to be one of the most reliable certifications for professionals navigating the ever-changing IT industry. The exam is comprehensive and covers the following topics:
Cisco doesn’t insist on stringent prerequisites for this certification. However, there are age requirements: No one younger than 13 can take the exam, and those aged 13 to 17 must have parental consent to proceed. Additionally, Cisco recommends that applicants have at least one year of experience using and implementing Cisco products and solutions, a basic knowledge of IP addressing, and an understanding of network fundamentals.
Passing the CCNA certification exam will provide opportunities for wireless professionals in the following job roles:
After you pass the certification test, your status is valid for three years. After three years, you must apply for recertification via one of two options: passing a qualifying exam or earning 30 continuing education credits.
CCNA fact sheet
2. CCNP Enterprise: Cisco Certified Network Professional Enterprise
If you’re seeking a job maintaining and troubleshooting global enterprise networks, the Cisco Certified Network Professional Enterprise (CCNP Enterprise) certification is a significant credential upgrade. The CCNP Enterprise certification will test your mastery in the following areas:
The CCNP Enterprise certification is more complex than the CCNA. You’ll need to complete the following examinations.
When you pass the two required exams, your certification will be valid for three years. You’ll have expanded opportunities for the following job roles:
CCNP Enterprise fact sheet
The CCNP Enterprise certification is among the best mobility certifications and certifications to advance your networking career.
3. CompTIA: Network+
The CompTIA Network+ is a wireless networking and cybersecurity certification that assesses a wireless professional’s technical skills in establishing, troubleshooting and maintaining networks for any business on any platform. Additionally, the Network+ certification serves as a prerequisite for other CompTIA certifications, including those listed below:
The CompTIA Network+ exam examines a candidate’s IT professional capacity and skills in designing and implementing functional networks, configuring and maintaining essential network devices, and implementing network security standards and protocols. Here are some of the subjects covered:
When you pass this certification exam, your certification will be valid for three years. You’ll benefit from expanded opportunities in the following job roles:
CompTIA: Network+ fact sheet
CompTIA Network+ certification is a prerequisite for the CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI certification, which is considered one of the best Linux certifications for an IT career.
4. CWNA: Certified Wireless Network Administrator
The CWNA (Certified Wireless Network Administrator) certification was developed by the Certified Wireless Network Professional (CWNP) organization. It’s a long-standing certification for IT professionals, particularly those who want to specialize in installing and maintaining wireless networks. The exam covers the following topics:
The CWNA certification is considered a foundational wireless LAN certification under the CWNP program. Candidates must achieve a score of at least 70 percent to be deemed certified.
When you pass this certification exam, your certification will be valid for three years, after which you can apply for recertification. While your credential is still valid, you’ll need to take and pass a professional-level exam — CWSP, CWDP, or CWAP — to renew your certification. You can also recertify by retaking the CWNA exam.
CWNA fact sheet
5. CWSP: Certified Wireless Security Professional
The Certified Wireless Security Professional certification is a step toward achieving a Certified Wireless Network Expert (CWNE) certification. It’s a professional-level wireless LAN and cybersecurity certification for which you must first achieve CWNA certification.
The exam covers the following topics:
To pass the CWSP exam, professionals must score at least 70 percent, and instructors must score at least 80 percent. When you pass this certification exam, your certification will be valid for three years, after which you can apply for recertification. Recertification is possible only if you hold a valid CWNA credential and pass the current CWSP exam. If you meet these requirements, the certification will be renewed for another three years.
CWSP fact sheet
Information security professionals should also consider the best infosec and cybersecurity certifications as more business owners seek to protect their companies by hiring qualified cybersecurity experts.
Other worthwhile wireless certifications
While the five featured certification exams are among the most well-regarded in the industry, other certifications can benefit IT professionals seeking to augment their skills and credentials. Here are two more to consider.
How IT professionals can enhance their careers with certifications
Achieving respected, rigorous wireless networking certifications can help IT professionals expand their credentials and land more profitable job opportunities. Additionally, they’ll demonstrate their willingness to learn to hiring managers.
While certifications take time and money, the rewards of career growth and higher compensation more than justify the investment.
Ed Tittel and Mary Kyle contribute to the reporting and writing in this article.
Earning specialized certifications is a surefire way to advance your career in the IT field, regardless of industry or current career level. The right certification validates your skills and knowledge, which makes you more desirable to future employers who want to attract and retain the best employees. Below, we’ll explore the top IT certifications and share how to examine your goals to choose the right path forward.
We’ve narrowed IT certifications into specific categories to help IT professionals assess what’s available and pursue the best certifications to show their willingness to learn and develop the in-demand career skills employers want.
Best database certifications
Database platforms have changed greatly over the years, but database technology remains important for various applications and computing tasks. Available certifications for IT professionals include those for database administrators (DBAs), database developers, data analysts and architects, business intelligence, and data warehousing specialists, and other data professionals.
Obtaining database certifications demonstrates an understanding of database concepts, design, implementation, administration and security. This can boost your credibility in the job market and show potential employers that you have the skills needed to work with databases. The best database certifications include the following:
Best SAS certifications
SAS is one of the world’s leading firms for business analytics, data warehousing and data mining. Today, the SAS Global Certification Program offers 23 credentials across categories including foundation tools, advanced analytics, business intelligence, data management and administration.
SAS programmers remain in high demand, with a quick search of job boards showing thousands of open positions. Obtaining SAS certification shows employers that you are proficient in the company’s popular suite of tools. Some of SAS’s certification programs include the following:
Many professionals earn certifications to help navigate their career paths. According to the IT Salary Report, 92 percent of information technology professionals have at least one certification.
Best Cisco certifications
Cisco Systems is a market leader not only in networking and communications products, but also storage networking and solutions for data centers. Cisco offers a variety of certifications for IT professionals, ranging from entry level credentials to expert-level exams.
These certifications prepare professionals for Cisco-related careers. A search of job boards reveals thousands of open positions for Cisco experts, underscoring the continued relevance of these skills. Some of Cisco’s certifications include the following:
Best Dell certifications
Dell Technologies remains one of the world’s leading computing companies. In addition to its well-known hardware lineup, Dell also offers solutions for networks, storage, servers, gateways and embedded computing, as well as a broad range of IT and business services.
Becoming certified in Dell products can help make IT professionals competitive in engineering roles for server, virtualization, networking, systems, integration and data security. Additional roles include consultants, account executives, system administrators, IT managers and deployment managers.
Best mobility certifications
In the mobile era, it has become increasingly important for network engineers to support local, remote and mobile users, as well as provide proper infrastructure. The focus on application and app development now leans more toward mobile environments, requiring security professionals to thoroughly address mobility from all perspectives.
Due to the fast-changing nature of mobile technology, not many mobility certifications have become widely adopted. However, a few of the top mobility certifications can help IT professionals stand out in this rapidly evolving field.
If part of your job includes selling and implementing an IT solution, you may want to pursue the best sales certifications. You’ll show your organization that you’re willing to go above and beyond to reach sales targets.
Best computer hardware certifications
As remote and computer-based work has become more common, it’s more important than ever that businesses and individuals be able to maintain their hardware. While discussions about potential computer-related jobs often revolve around software work and coding, jumping into the IT field by becoming a computer technician is an excellent starting point.
Today, thousands of hardware technician jobs are available across the country. Entering this industry becomes more accessible for those who acquire computer hardware certifications. These certifications can showcase your expertise and proficiency in the upkeep of computers, mobile devices, printers and other hardware components.
Best Google Cloud certifications
IT pros with solid cloud computing skills continue to be in high demand as more companies adopt cloud technologies. Today, Google Cloud is one of the market leaders in the cloud computing space.
Regardless of where you are in your IT career, engaging with certification programs can demonstrate your willingness to keep on top of rapidly evolving cloud technologies. To that end, Google has introduced a host of certifications for its cloud platform, including the following:
Best evergreen IT certifications
In the fast-changing world of technology, it can help to focus on certifications that have stood the test of time. “Evergreen” refers to certifications that remain popular year after year.
The top evergreen certifications are based on recent pay surveys in IT, reports from IT professionals about certifications they want or pursue the most, and those that appear most frequently in online job postings. Obtaining these credentials is one step toward ensuring that your skills remain relevant for a long time:
Best IT governance certifications
IT governance provides structure for aligning a company’s IT with its business strategies. Organizations faced with compliance rigors always need experienced IT pros who can see the big picture and understand technology risks. This means certified IT governance professionals are likely to remain in high demand.
Earning one of the following certifications proves a commitment to understanding the role of IT governance and its position in a company’s current and future success. Getting certified can validate your expert knowledge and lead to advanced career opportunities.
Best system administrator certifications
An IT system administrator is responsible for managing and maintaining the information technology infrastructure within an organization. The position demands sought-after career skills, ranging from configuring and maintaining servers and clients to managing access controls, network services, and addressing application resource requirements.
If you’re in charge of managing modern servers, there’s a long list of tools and technologies that system administrators must master. Obtaining some of the most prominent system administrator certifications can demonstrate your mastery to potential employers.
Best ITIL certifications
ITIL, or Information Technology Infrastructure Library, was developed to establish standardized best practices for IT services within government agencies. Over the ensuing four decades, businesses of all types embraced, modified, and extended ITIL, shaping it into a comprehensive framework for managing IT service delivery.
The ITIL framework remains the benchmark for best practices in IT service and delivery management, offering certification programs that cater to IT professionals at all levels. These training and certification courses ensure that IT professionals stay well-prepared for the ongoing evolution in IT service delivery management. There are four certifications in the ITIL certification program:
Best enterprise architect certifications
An IT enterprise architect is responsible for designing and managing the overall structure and framework of an organization’s information technology system. Enterprise architect certifications are among the highest that an IT professional can achieve; fewer than 1 percent ultimately reach this level.
Enterprise architects are among the highest-paid employees and consultants in the tech industry. These certifications can put IT professionals on a path to many lucrative positions. The average worker earns over six figures annually. Some top enterprise architect certifications are listed below:
To become an enterprise IT architect, you’ll need knowledge of systems deployment, design and architecture, as well as a strong business foundation.
Best CompTIA certifications
CompTIA is a nonprofit trade association made up of more than 2,000 member organizations and 3,000 business partners. The organization’s vendor-neutral certification program is one of the best recognized in the IT industry. Since CompTIA developed its A+ credential in 1993, it has issued more than two million certifications.
CompTIA certifications are grouped by skill set and focus on the real-world skills IT professionals need. Armed with these credentials, you can demonstrate that you know how to manage and support IT infrastructure.
Best Oracle certifications
A longtime leader in database software, Oracle also offers cloud solutions, servers, engineered systems, storage, and more. The company has more than 430,000 customers in 175 countries.
Today, Oracle’s training program offers six certification levels that span 16 product categories with more than 200 individual credentials. Considering the depth and breadth of this program — and the number of Oracle customers — it’s no surprise that Oracle certifications are highly sought after.
Vendor-specific certifications address a particular vendor’s hardware and software. For example, you can pursue Oracle certifications and Dell certifications to become an expert in those companies’ environments.
Best business continuity and disaster recovery certifications
Business continuity and disaster recovery keep systems running and data available in the event of interruptions or faults. These programs bring systems back to normal operation after a disaster has occurred.
Business continuity and disaster recovery certifications are seeing a healthy uptrend as new cloud-based tools grow in popularity. While business continuity planning and disaster recovery planning have always been essential, they’re becoming more critical than ever — and IT certifications are following suit.
The A-level exam results are out in the UK. Over 350,000 teenagers have been placed on undergraduate courses, according to UCAS, the organization that manages applications to UK full-time higher education courses. And while they jump for joy, excited at the prospect of going to university, some social commentators and education critics are harrumphing.
They feel that despite their success, these exam-savvy youngsters are woefully ill-prepared for the real world. And that the ones who go to university are simply entering outdated institutions that don’t prepare them for the world of work.
Most university courses aren’t vocational. Yet, the debts that mount up throughout a course (an average of £50,000) are forcing students to create a “personal brand” and a portfolio of work before they leave – so that they have a chance of competing in a crowded marketplace once they graduate.
In the past, students were only expected to step-up their writing, thinking and analytical skills while at university. Now, they’re expected to take Instagram-worthy internships and use social media to network their way to success. They’re expected to document their skills and capabilities across a range of social media so that they can effectively secure work opportunities.
A report from the Department of Education showed that in 2017, graduates and postgraduates had higher employment rates than non-graduates. And that the average, working-age graduate earned £10,000 more than the average non-graduate.
So good, so far. But this emphasis on securing work is contributing to a hole in their university life. This manifests as poorer quality reading and writing skills on the essays they write throughout their course. And the writing they do in the business world. This is not new. And it’s not down to youngsters spending more time on Snapchat than perusing the abridged works of Shakespeare. But it’s a skill gap that doesn’t seem to be closing.
Many arrive at university after years of teachers “teaching to the test”. Students haven’t necessarily been given the opportunity to think for themselves. At least, not in an academic sense. Their teachers have been judged on results throughout their teaching careers. So, their primary task hasn’t been to help students to write fluently, or accurately. In fact, while 26.4% of exams scored an A or A*, just 1.8% of English language exams were graded A*. Overall, the teachers have done their jobs, which has been to get their pupils to pass. And the overall pass rate for 2018 sits at 97.6%.
But when school leavers get to university, many will find themselves in a quandary. It’s likely that they’ll feel a pressure “to get their money’s worth”. Yet, they’ll also be faced with a barrage of new concepts and theories. And they may not have the writing skills to communicate them effectively. Ironically, this can hamper their chances in the job market.
A Royal Literary Fund report called “Writing Matters” labeled the writing skills of students “shocking” and “inadequate”. What’s more, an academic survey cited in this report found that 90% of lecturers said it was necessary to teach writing skills to students. Yet, university is structured so that the teaching of writing skills is not embedded into courses. It’s a veritable chicken-and-egg situation.
In any case, qualifications alone don’t sell themselves anymore. So, students need to see themselves as a package, not as a vessel for their exam results. They need to hone their soft skills – their ability to think well, write well, be emotionally intelligent and communicate with themselves and others. Employers want to hire people who are creative, resourceful and resilient.
So, as students crack open the prosecco and celebrate their results – I say we deliver them a break. Going to university is a massive life transition in itself, as is starting work for the first time. It’s easy to forget the days when you couldn’t boil an egg. And it’s easy to forget that it’s the system itself that isn’t teaching students the writing and communication skills they need to truly succeed in life and work.
The vendors are combining Cisco 8000 series routers, Aviz Networks’ SONiC management software, and 24-7 support to accelerate SONiC deployments in private and edge clouds.
Cisco is teaming with Aviz Networks to offer an enterprise-grade SONiC offering for large customers interested in deploying the open-source network operating system.
Under the partnership, Cisco’s 8000 series routers will be available with Aviz Networks’ SONiC management software and 24/7 support. The support aspect of the agreement may be the most significant portion of the partnership, as both companies attempt to assuage customers’ anxiety about supporting an open-source NOS.
While SONiC (Software for Open Networking in the Cloud) is starting to attract the attention of some large enterprises, deployments today are still mainly seen in the largest hyperscalers. With this announcement, Cisco and Aviz are making SONiC more viable for smaller cloud providers, service providers, and those very large enterprises that own and operate their own data centers, said Kevin Wollenweber, senior vice president and general manager with Cisco networking, data center and provider connectivity.
“One of the biggest challenges when deploying an open operating system is knowing who to go to when things aren’t working exactly as they should. Meaning, for anyone without an army of engineers to troubleshoot, this approach may be too risky,” said Wollenweber.
“This agreement is innovative in that it cuts out the finger-pointing that is typically associated with the integration of different solutions and focuses on issue resolution. As enterprises and service providers more broadly consider SONiC for their networks, end-to-end support is a critical aspect for adoption,” Wollenweber said.
Aviz Networks’ SONiC suite
On the software side, Aviz offers Open Networking Enterprise Suite (ONES), a suite of software to manage SONiC networks. From its SONiC-based controller, ONES supports zero-touch provisioning and configuration validation. It includes SONiC configuration templates for data-center leaf/spine configurations and supports standard networking technologies such as EVPN, VxLAN, and Border Gateway Protocol (BGP).
ONES compiles a network’s hardware and software inventory by gathering telemetry from switches in the network. It supports multi-vendor NOSes such as Nvidia Cumulus Linux, Arista EOS, and Cisco NX-OS, as well as switches that utilize standard OpenConfig telemetry, according to Aviz.
“Under the agreement, Aviz will provide the front-end support with Cisco customers. Support is delivered via Aviz ONES – which is a support product and helps cut down the cost of support and turnaround time,” said CEO Vishal Shukla of Aviz.
“ONES collects the support data, and Aviz experts will help triage and fix bugs in the SONiC layer as necessary, and also manage the SONiC release with Cisco as required,” Shukla said. “The issues stemming from the BSP [Broad Support Layer] and ASIC layer will be fixed by Cisco, and Aviz will work directly with the Cisco Engineering team for those fixes. The agreement specifies processes regarding how Aviz and Cisco’s engineering team will interact for release management, bug fixes review, etc.,” Shukla said.
“Making SONiC a mainline and widely adopted NOS occurs when a mainline switch company, as large and global as Cisco, publicly supports the ecosystem,” Shukla said. “The agreement also signals how companies are aligned with the way the open-source consumption model works. In short, the SONiC market has taken shape to go mainstream.”
The Aviz-Cisco partnership is not just about SONiC, Shukla said; it’s an acknowledgement that “open source” and “multi-vendor” are today’s reality.
“The agreement demonstrates that disaggregated support and multi-vendor automation tools provide a way into the future for customers. SONiC is no longer relegated to a ‘white box game’ – we are providing customers with higher confidence and flexibility to support their networks on their terms,” Shukla said.
With this coordinated support offering from Cisco and Aviz, Aviz will initially triage issues and determine whether the issues relate to SONiC, Cisco infrastructure software, and/or Cisco hardware. Aviz will address issues related to SONiC. Issues that are related to Cisco software and/or hardware will be addressed with a Cisco support case, Wollenweber said.
Although the partnership is the first between the two vendors, Cisco 8000 series routers are already part of Aviz’s Open Networking Experience (ONE) Center for SONiC. The ONE Center is a lab Aviz built to provide online and in-person testing facilities at no cost so that customers can try out the capabilities of SONiC across a wide range of hardware. The ONE Center lab is supported by collaboration with the Linux Foundation, The Open Compute Project, Celestica, Cisco, Edgecore, Nvidia, Ragile, Supermicro, Wistron, and Keysight.
SONiC gaining interest
SONiC is a Linux-based NOS that decouples network software from the underlying hardware and lets it run on hundreds of switches and ASICs from multiple vendors while supporting a full suite of network features such as BGP, remote direct memory access (RDMA), QoS, and ethernet/IP. Some of the driving ideas behind SONiC-based systems are to simplify, scale and bring flexibility to cloud and edge networking environments.
Microsoft developed and then open-sourced SONiC. And in 2022, Microsoft turned the project over to the Linux Foundation and its large community of developers. The vendor community supporting SONiC has been growing and includes Dell, Arista, Nokia, Alibaba, Comcast, Cisco, Broadcom, Juniper Apstra, Edgecore, Innovium, Nvidia, Celetica, and VMware. It has also been integrated with other open-source projects, including Kubernetes and Ansible, and is being used by Verizon, AWS, Netflix and others to develop cloud-based services.
“Adding support for SONiC environments is a big part of this agreement for enterprise customers, but I think multi-cloud and the ability to move and shift workloads between clouds and on-prem is more mainstream, and SONiC helps solve that,” said Alan Weckel, a technology analyst with the 650 Group, which predicts that worldwide SONiC revenue will exceed $8 billion in the data center switching arena by 2027. “SONiC continues to expand in both the T2 Cloud and the enterprise market. There is a lot of interest out there in SONiC from a NOS perspective, but also in developing an ecosystem on top of that for additional services.”
Aviz has made a lot of progress on gaining additional customers and adding new features, Weckel said. “What is really interesting is the additional interest enterprises have in SONiC and the potential to add more on top of SONiC. I think this will play out in a bigger way as the observability and networking market continues to come together,” Weckel said.
“The agreement also shows that Cisco’s customers are getting more vocal about asking for SONiC, and that Cisco sees the Aviz partnership as an advantage for the 8000 Series,” Weckel said. It also shows Cisco is clearly seeing SONiC demand beyond one or two hyperscalers.”
Cisco has revealed new features, enhancements and tools for partners as it embarks on the biggest change to its incentive program.
The networking giant has initiated a significant evolution of its flagship incentives to reward partners for selling Cisco hardware, software, and as-a-service solutions. It is also adding six new solution specialisations within the next nine months.
The Cisco Partner Incentive will combine elements from several incentives such as VIP 42; CSPP and Lifecycle Incentives into one integrated view.
It will focus on rewarding partners with rebates to drive predictable and profitable growth and will specifically support new logo acquisition, up-sell, and cross-sell opportunities.
“The Cisco Partner Incentive is the biggest change we’ve made to partner incentives in more than a decade and is the capstone on the Cisco Partner Program evolution started in 2020,” Cisco vice president of partner strategy and programs Marc Surplus said.
“Our partners will make money in year one, they will also make money in year two and year three…. and that is what is driving their growth in their practices and more recurring revenue."
Specifically, the new incentive will cover three tracks - non-recurring offers; recurring offers and customer value.
Partners will earn rebates based on the total contract value of a closed sale, completion of activities to drive customer adoption of the solution, and incremental annual contract value as they increase subscriptions.
Additionally, partners will have the opportunity to earn bonus rewards-based investments in their Cisco practice or selling solutions.
The new model will also complement changes made to Cisco seller compensation and will be implemented in a phased approach and is expected to begin in the second half of 2024.
With a strong focus on partner profitability, Cisco launched a new Lifecycle Pay with Trade-In incentive where customers can receive up to 10 per cent off the monthly payment when they trade-in legacy Cisco or third-party equipment.
For Partners who are Environmental Sustainability Specialised, they can combine this customer incentive with other benefits such as the Takeback Incentive.
Cisco Enterprise Agreement (EA) Pay has been further optimised by integrating EA financing directly into Cisco's quoting and ordering systems for rapid approvals.
Cisco Capital also expanded credit capacity by 21 per cent for partners taking part in the Channel Extended Terms Financing program.
The partner relationship management platform, PXP has been augmented with AI/ML-powered predictive insights and a revamped dashboard to provide a holistic view of funds activities and investments, removing the need for third-party tools.
PXP will also include a Sustainability Estimator, exclusively available to Environmental
Sustainability Specialised partners. Launching on 20 November, it will provide insight into the estimated energy savings, emissions reduction, cost reduction and environmental impact.
The tool is also supported by a new Sustainability Partner Journey with resources and collateral to help partners build their sustainability practices.
Capitalising on the MSP space
According to Cisco, managed services represent a total addressable market of US$161 billion for Cisco products as it anticipates 46 per cent of its sales will be sold as a managed service by 2027.
In order to enable MSPs to deliver a premium support experience, the networking vendor launched Partner Advanced Support for MSPs with guided access to API integrations that build on existing services.
It enables MSPs to offer faster, multi-product support, predictive insights, and issues resolution to scale an outcomes-based service model.
Furthermore, Cisco has also integrated its Lifecycle Advantage (LCA) into Cisco PX Cloud, streamlining the number of tools partners need to have a comprehensive view of their customer lifecycle data.
Cisco’s Small Business Specialisation has been refreshed and renamed the Small and Medium Business (SMB) Specialisation and showcases Cisco’s commitment to SMB customers
through end-to-end solutions from four primary experiences: Smart SMB, Hybrid SMB, Secure SMB, and Remote SMB.
Plans are also underway to launch two new Internet of Things (IOT) Solution Specialisations in the first half of 2024.
Julia Talevski attended Cisco Partner Summit 2023 as a guest of Cisco.
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The vulnerability lets attackers effectively gain full control of affected devices and conduct further ‘unauthorised activity’.
Multinational tech company Cisco has shared details on a vulnerability in its IOS XE software that has been actively exploited by attackers.
The company said that this vulnerability allows a cyberattacker to create an account with “privilege level 15” on affected devices. This privilege level grants the attacker full control of the device and allows them to conduct further “unauthorised activity”, according to a Cisco report.
Cisco said the vulnerability was discovered in the web user interface of IOS XE software and that it can be exploited when exposed to the internet or untrusted networks. Both virtual and physical devices that have the HTTP or HTTPS server feature enabled are affected.
Cisco said this is a “critical vulnerability” and has shared steps that should be taken on affected devices. These recommendations include disabling the HTTP server feature on internet-facing systems.
“We strongly recommend organisations that may be affected by this activity immediately implement the guidance outlined in Cisco’s Product Security Incident Response Team (PSIRT) advisory,” Cisco said in a blogpost.
“Organisations should look for unexplained or newly created users on devices as evidence of potentially malicious activity relating to this threat.”
Cisco has shared the vulnerability on the national vulnerability database, which is managed by the US National Institute of Standards and Technology. The notice on this database says Cisco will provide updates on both the investigation and when a software patch is available.
Software vulnerabilities remain a constant threat in the tech sector, as they are exploited by various threat actors and organisations.
Last month, Google said it fixed a zero-day vulnerability on Chrome that was actively exploited by a commercial spyware vendor. The week before, Apple released a security update for iOS, due to reports that certain flaws may have been “actively exploited” by cyberattackers.
A report from TAG the same week said an iPhone flaw was being used by commercial surveillance vendor Intellexa to install Predator spyware onto devices. Intellexa has a presence in Ireland and has been accused by Amnesty International of developing highly invasive spyware and selling it to authoritarian governments.
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Saint Louis University School of Law was recently featured on TaxProf Blog as being ranked 7th in the nation in a recent study identifying which law schools add the most value to ultimate bar passage rates for their students.
The three-year study looked at the ultimate bar passage rate performance of 186 ABA-approved law schools for the period of 2017-2019. SLU LAW’s ranking reflects its overperforming predicted expectations for ultimate bar passage based on the undergraduate GPA and LSAT scores of incoming students.
SLU LAW also recently posted its highest first-time Missouri bar passage rate in over a decade, with 94.6% of its first-time takers passing the July 2023 Missouri bar exam.
On the work done by SLU LAW to prepare students for the bar exam, the Director of Academic and Bar exam Success, Antonia Miceli said, “This ranking, along with our recent Missouri bar exam pass rate, is a reflection of so many things that make SLU LAW special - hardworking and dedicated students, faculty who apply a truly student-centered approach to their teaching, and a robust and comprehensive academic and bar exam success program that supports students from the summer before their 1L year clear through passing the bar exam. I am so proud to be a part of the SLU LAW community and to play my part in helping our students and alumni achieve their ultimate goal of becoming licensed attorneys.”
Professor Miceli is also the co-author of The Ultimate Guide to the Uniform Bar Examination (Wolters Kluwer 2021). Her work alongside Professor Petina Benigno, the Assistant Director of Academic and Bar exam Success, demonstrates SLU Law’s investment into its students success. For students of SLU LAW, please visit the Academic Resource Center to see materials about bar exam success.
If you are interested in donating to SLU LAW and being the reason our students have space to succeed following graduation, please visit the Academic Resource Services Support Fund. The Academic Resource Services Support Fund helps to assist students with costs associated with law school and the Bar Exam.
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