Free 300-410 PDF and VCE at

Create sure that a person has Cisco 300-410 Practice Test of actual questions for the particular Implementing Cisco Enterprise Advanced Routing and Services (ENARSI) Actual Questions before you choose to take the particular real test. All of us give the most up-to-date and valid 300-410 braindumps that will contain 300-410 real examination questions. We possess collected and produced a database associated with 300-410 questions and answers from actual examinations having a specific finish goal to provide you an opportunity to get ready plus pass 300-410 examination upon the first try. Simply memorize our own 300-410

Exam Code: 300-410 Practice exam 2023 by team
300-410 Implementing Cisco Enterprise Advanced Routing and Services (ENARSI)

Exam: Implementing Cisco Enterprise Advanced Routing and Services
The Implementing Cisco Enterprise Advanced Routing and Services v1.0 (ENARSI 300-410) exam is a 90-minute exam associated with the CCNP Enterprise and Cisco Certified Specialist - Enterprise Advanced Infrastructure Implementation certifications. This exam certifies a candidate's knowledge for implementation and troubleshooting of advanced routing technologies and services including Layer 3, VPN services, infrastructure security, infrastructure services, and infrastructure automation. The course, Implementing Cisco Enterprise Advanced Routing and Services, helps candidates to prepare for this exam.

35% 1.0 Layer 3 Technologies
1.1 Troubleshoot administrative distance (all routing protocols)
1.2 Troubleshoot route map for any routing protocol (attributes, tagging, filtering)
1.3 Troubleshoot loop prevention mechanisms (filtering, tagging, split horizon, route poisoning)
1.4 Troubleshoot redistribution between any routing protocols or routing sources
1.5 Troubleshoot manual and auto-summarization with any routing protocol
1.6 Configure and verify policy-based routing
1.7 Configure and verify VRF-Lite
1.8 Describe Bidirectional Forwarding Detection
1.9 Troubleshoot EIGRP (classic and named mode)
1.9.a Address families (IPv4, IPv6)
1.9.b Neighbor relationship and authentication
1.9.c Loop-free path selections (RD, FD, FC, successor, feasible successor, stuck in active)
1.9.d Stubs
1.9.e Load balancing (equal and unequal cost)
1.9.f Metrics
1.10 Troubleshoot OSPF (v2/v3)
1.10.a Address families (IPv4, IPv6)
1.10.b Neighbor relationship and authentication
1.10.c Network types, area types, and router types
1.10.c (i) Point-to-point, multipoint, broadcast, nonbroadcast
1.10.c (ii) Area type: backbone, normal, transit, stub, NSSA, totally stub
1.10.c (iii) Internal router, backbone router, ABR, ASBR
1.10.c (iv)Virtual link
1.10.d Path preference
1.11 Troubleshoot BGP (Internal and External)
1.11.a Address families (IPv4, IPv6)
1.11.b Neighbor relationship and authentication (next-hop, mulithop, 4-byte AS, private AS, route refresh, synchronization, operation, peer group, states and timers)
1.11.c Path preference (attributes and best-path)
1.11.d Route reflector (excluding multiple route reflectors, confederations, dynamic peer)
1.11.e Policies (inbound/outbound filtering, path manipulation)
20% 2.0 VPN Technologies
2.1 Describe MPLS operations (LSR, LDP, label switching, LSP)
2.2 Describe MPLS Layer 3 VPN
2.3 Configure and verify DMVPN (single hub)
2.3.a GRE/mGRE
2.3.b NHRP
2.3.c IPsec
2.3.d Dynamic neighbor
2.3.e Spoke-to-spoke
20% 3.0 Infrastructure Security
3.1 Troubleshoot device security using IOS AAA (TACACS+, RADIUS, local database)
3.2 Troubleshoot router security features
3.2.a IPv4 access control lists (standard, extended, time-based)
3.2.b IPv6 traffic filter
3.2.c Unicast reverse path forwarding (uRPF)
3.3 Troubleshoot control plane policing (CoPP) (Telnet, SSH, HTTP(S), SNMP, EIGRP, OSPF, BGP)
3.4 Describe IPv6 First Hop security features (RA guard, DHCP guard, binding table, ND inspection/snooping, source guard)
25% 4.0 Infrastructure Services
4.1 Troubleshoot device management
4.1.a Console and VTY
4.1.b Telnet, HTTP, HTTPS, SSH, SCP
4.1.c (T)FTP
4.2 Troubleshoot SNMP (v2c, v3)
4.3 Troubleshoot network problems using logging (local, syslog, debugs, conditional debugs, timestamps)
4.4 Troubleshoot IPv4 and IPv6 DHCP (DHCP client, IOS DHCP server, DHCP relay, DHCP options)
4.5 Troubleshoot network performance issues using IP SLA (jitter, tracking objects, delay, connectivity)
4.6 Troubleshoot NetFlow (v5, v9, flexible NetFlow)
4.7 Troubleshoot network problems using Cisco DNA Center assurance (connectivity, monitoring, device health, network health)

Implementing Cisco Enterprise Advanced Routing and Services (ENARSI)
Cisco Implementing exam Questions
Killexams : Cisco Implementing exam Questions - BingNews Search results Killexams : Cisco Implementing exam Questions - BingNews Killexams : Persona 4 Golden: exam Answers - All School and Test Questions Answered No result found, try new keyword!At times, you'll be asked general knowledge questions during class, and every now and then, you'll need to sit through exams. Answering a question correctly will increase your Knowledge stat ... Wed, 18 Jan 2023 01:10:00 -0600 Killexams : Addressing 5 common questions about MRI exams

Question: I suffered an injury while working out and my primary care physician ordered an X-ray. However, after reviewing the results, my doctor recommended that I have an MRI. I am a very anxious person. Can you explain more about what this type of testing entails and what I can expect?

Answer: Understandably, any health care concern can lead to feelings of anxiety and nervousness. Depending upon the situation, your care team may begin with an imaging scan such as X-ray, which is a painless test that gathers images of the structures within the body. If additional information is needed particularly of the organs or soft tissues in the body an MRI may be ordered.

MRI, or magnetic resonance imaging, is a medical imaging technique that uses a magnetic field and radio waves to create a detailed image of the organs and tissues in the body.

People often come into an MRI with a lot of misconceptions and just as many questions. Below are the top five questions I hear. Hopefully this will help you understand what to expect when undergoing this radiology test.

How long will this take?

MRI exams take longer than X-ray and CT scans. Our routine appointment time is 45 minutes, though some exams could take as long as four hours to complete. There are many reasons for this extreme time difference. First, electromagnetism is used to create these images. We can only go as fast as the human body will magnetize. Second, the intention is to create the best imaging possible, which inherently means more time inside the scanner.

Why do I have to change my clothes and remove my jewelry?

MRI machines have superconducting magnets that generate heat and create an extremely strong magnetic field, so it is imperative to be safe. The magnets can pull ferrous objects, or those containing iron, into the machine with a large amount of force. This also can cause the machine to rotate and twist with the magnets’ flux lines. Nonferrous objects such as aluminum or copper will generate heat once inside the scanner, which may cause burns. There have been instances in which clothing has caught fire. To prevent any of these issues, we ask all patients to change into hospital-approved clothing and remove all jewelry and any devices such as cellphones, hearing aids and other items from the body.

My doctor said my implanted device is safe. Why do you need my information?

To ensure the safety of every patient and the technologists, it is important to know if certain devices, such as pacemakers, stimulators, clips or coils have been implanted inside the body. These devices often have generators or batteries and require an additional layer of safety to ensure that nothing interferes with the machine, its ability to obtain the most accurate imaging or our ability to keep you safe. When we know that a patient has an implanted device, we must adjust how the scanner operates based on the manufacturer’s guidelines. We also must ensure the device is placed in “MRI safe” mode before we begin scanning. If a patient were to enter the MRI environment without all of the safety measures being taken it could damage the device or burn or even shock the patient.

What, if any, injections am I going to receive?

During an MRI exam, many patients receive a contrast injection, which is used to help enhance the imaging. The injection typically is given through an IV and does not hurt or burn. Also, depending on the exam being performed, some patients may receive an injection of a drug called glucagon, which will help slow the motion within the abdomen so more precise images can be captured.

I am claustrophobic. What happens if I feel unsafe or unwell during an exam?

There is a camera inside the MRI tube so technologists can monitor you. Also, patients wear headphones so they can hear instructions and communicate with the technologists. If you feel unwell or anxious at any time during the exam, you can speak up, and staff will work to aid you. Also, for some patients, sedation may be available. If you are unable to have the MRI performed, the radiologist and your referring physician will consult one another and determine if another exam is more appropriate.

Another question I often hear relates to whether it matters which type of facility is visited to obtain an MRI scan. I always encourage people to speak with their health team about the reason for the scan and to seek out the best facilities to perform their imaging. There are different types of scanners, which can vary in terms of the magnet strength used to gather images. Depending upon the need of the patient and the part of the body being scanned (i.e., brain, spine, abdomen, knee), a specific scanner might be better suited to accurately view a patient’s anatomy and determine a diagnosis.

Fabian Gonzalez is a radiologist with the Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Florida.

Fri, 17 Feb 2023 02:42:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : STOCK MARKET NEWS: Retail sales jump, stocks rise, Buffett’s Apple move, Chipotle launch

Stanford law professor, researcher co-signed Bankman-Fried's bond: court records

A former dean of Stanford's law school and a computer science researcher at the university co-signed indicted FTX cryptocurrency exchange founder Sam Bankman-Fried's bond, according to court records made public on Wednesday.

Bankman-Fried, 30, has pleaded not guilty to fraud charges over the collapse of the now-bankrupt cryptocurrency exchange. Federal prosecutors in Manhattan say he diverted billions of dollars in FTX customer funds to Alameda Research, his hedge fund.

Bankman-Fried has been out on $250 million bond co-signed by his parents, Joseph Bankman and Barbara Fried, professors at Stanford Law School who pledged their Palo Alto, California, home as collateral for their son's return to court. His trial is set to begin in October.

Chipotle Mexican Grill launches new restaurant to test concepts

Symbol Price Change %Change
CMG $1,644.52 30.21 1.87

Chipotle Mexican Grill is opening a new restaurant called Farmesa at Third Street Promenade in Santa Monica, Calf. in partnership with Kitchen United Mix.

The concept will help the fast casual dining chain test and learn on future restaurant concepts.

Farmesa will feature proteins, greens, grains and vegetables that are inspired by Chipotle's Food with Integrity standards. The concept will soft open with an abbreviated menu and limited hours before officially rolling out next month.

The concept's full menu will include dishes like Classic Santa Maria-Style Grilled Tri-Tip Steak, Everything Spice-Crusted Ora King Salmon, Whipped Potatoes, Golden Beets, Sprouted Cauliflower, and Sweet Potato Chips.

Roku forecasts first-quarter revenue above estimates on streaming bet

Symbol Price Change %Change
ROKU $63.49 6.85 12.09

Roku Inc forecast first-quarter revenue above analysts' estimates on Wednesday, betting on its streaming devices and content platform to drive growth.

Shares of the San Jose, California-based company rose nearly 12% in trading after the bell.

A pandemic winner, Roku is benefiting from the ongoing trend of people ditching their traditional cable packages and flocking to subscription-based streaming services.

The company's push towards more original content on its own streaming channel has only helped it to strengthen the influx of subscribers and advertisers.

Many advertisers have been forced to decrease their marketing budgets in response to record-high inflation rates and continued uncertainty about a recession.

Cisco raises full-year revenue growth forecast

Symbol Price Change %Change
CSCO $48.45 0.75 1.57

Cisco Systems Inc raised its full-year revenue growth forecast on Wednesday, banking on its ability to push backlog orders quickly and rapid adoption of 5G technology to keep demand upbeat.

Cisco's shares rose 10% in extended trading.

The company forecast fiscal 2023 revenue growth between 9% and 10.5%, compared with its earlier forecast of 4.5% to 6.5% growth.

Cisco, whose products are core to a firm's networking infrastructure, has benefited as companies are increasingly adopting technologies like cloud and digital workloads to support hybrid work.

The company, which reeled from chip shortages and excess inventory buildup last year, is also pushing to clear the backlog orders, which the management described last quarter as historically high.

Breaking News

Nasdaq leads broad stock gains

Symbol Price Change %Change
XLY $153.53 1.41 0.93
XLC $56.13 0.37 0.66
XLE $88.33 -1.69 -1.87

All three of the major U.S. averages rose as communication and consumer discretionary stocks paced the gains, while energy lagged. following a surprise jump in retail sales last month. The 10-year Treasury yield continued its climb hitting 3.80% - the highest since January. In commodities, oil slipped to $78.59 per barrel. 

Nasdaq Composite Index.



Hyundai, Kia offer software upgrade to 8.3M US vehicles to prevent thefts

Symbol Price Change %Change
HYMTF $35.32 0.32 0.91

Hyundai Motor and Kia Corp will offer software upgrades to 8.3 million U.S. vehicles to help curb increasing car thefts using a method popularized on TikTok and other social media channels, the Korean automakers said on Tuesday.

TikTok videos showing how to steal cars made from 2015 to 2019 without push-button ignitions and immobilizing anti-theft devices has spread nationwide. This had led to at least 14 reported crashes and eight fatalities," the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) said.

The free upgrade will be offered for 3.8 million Hyundai and 4.5 million Kia vehicles in the United States, the automakers and NHTSA said.

FAA forms safety review team after near miss incidents

The acting head of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is forming a team of experts to review airline safety after several accurate near miss incidents raised questions about the U.S. aviation system.

Acting FAA Administrator Billy Nolen in a "call to action" memo on Tuesday seen by Reuters said the safety review team will "examine the U.S. aerospace system’s structure, culture, processes, systems, and integration of safety efforts."

The FAA will hold a safety summit in March to examine what additional actions "the aviation community needs to take to maintain our safety record."

The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) is investigating a series of serious close calls including a near collision last month between FedEx FDX.N and Southwest Airlines LUV.N planes in Austin and a runway incursion at New York's John F. Kennedy Airport.

Ford fights $8B cost deficit, aims to secure 8% EV margins

Symbol Price Change %Change
F $12.74 -0.23 -1.73

Ford Motor Co has identified measures to secure 8% margins on its next-generation electric vehicles due at mid-decade, but could take years to close an overall cost disadvantage of up to $8 billion against competitors, executives said on Wednesday

.Ford can save up to $2.5 billion this year through better management of production schedules and a drop in commodity prices, the company's chief financial officer, John Lawler, said at an auto conference.

Longer term, the company aims to reduce dealer inventories and drive more transactions online, among other measures, according to Chief Executive Jim Farley.

Travel tech provider Sabre plunges after missing Wall Street estimates

Symbol Price Change %Change
SABR $5.80 -1.08 -15.75

Sabre Corp. on Wednesday reported a loss of $160.1 million in its fourth quarter.

On a per-share basis, the Southlake, Texas-based company said it had a loss of 50 cents. Losses, adjusted for pretax expenses and stock option expense, were 36 cents per share.

The results missed Wall Street expectations. The average estimate of four analysts surveyed by Zacks Investment Research was for a loss of 32 cents per share.

The provider of technology services to the travel industry posted revenue of $631.2 million in the period, which also missed Street forecasts. Three analysts surveyed by Zacks expected $673.9 million.

For the year, the company reported a loss of $435.4 million, or $1.40 per share. Revenue was reported as $2.54 billion.

Sabre expects full-year revenue in the range of $2.8 billion to $3 billion.

Developing Story

U.S. stocks slip despite rise in retail

The U.S. stock indexes are down again on Wednesday despite a surge in January’s retail sales.

The Dow, S&P and Nasdaq are all trading well beneath the redline after the commerce department reported a 3% spike in U.S. retailers last month.

Shares of Chevron and Intel Corporation are leading the fall for the blue-chip Dow, slipping roughly 1.5% and 1.17%, respectively. 

Symbol Price Change %Change
CVX $168.75 -2.06 -1.21
INTC $28.38 -0.26 -0.91

Meanwhile, commodities are also down in early trading, with oil falling around 1% to $78.27 a barrel as gold retreats approximately 0.93% to $1,848 an ounce. 

Heineken sees 2023 profit increase despite Europe weakness

Symbol Price Change %Change
HEINY $49.71 0.39 0.79

Heineken, the world's second-largest brewer , repeated its forecast of a profit increase this year despite weakness in Europe, as it reported a higher-than-expected 2022 profit on the back of a recovery in beer drinking to pre-pandemic levels.

The Dutch-based company whose brands include Tiger and Sol said operating profit would grow but at a slower mid- to high-single-digit percentage rate in 2023, reflecting continued cost savings, a challenging economy and lower consumer confidence in some markets.

“Heineken has shown the benefits of having strong brands during tough times . The group owns high-end favorites such as Heineken, Birra Moretti, Amstel and many more,” said  Aarin Chiekrie, equity analyst at Hargreaves Lansdown. “Despite consumers tightening their purse strings in other areas of the market, beer has remained as much of a staple as ever. Both sales and profits rose substantially as consumers drank more beer at higher prices.”

Chiekrie added a cautionary note.

“Sales and profits are expected to moderate next year, cooling down to more sustainable levels of growth in the single digits. Cost inflation is a serious concern for the group too. Input costs are expected to jump by a high teens percentage which will be tough to fully offset, even with further price hikes.”

Reuters contributed to this report.

Retail sales jump as Americans defy inflation and rate hikes

America's consumers rebounded last month from a weak holiday shopping season by boosting their spending at stores and restaurants at the fastest pace in nearly two years, underscoring the economy's resilience in the face of higher prices and multiple interest rate hikes by the Federal Reserve.

The government said Wednesday that retail sales jumped 3% in January, after having sunk the previous two months. It was the largest one-month increase since March 2021.

Driving the gain was a jump in car sales, along with healthy spending at restaurants, electronics stores and furniture outlets. Some of the supply shortages that had slowed auto production have eased, and more cars are gradually moving onto dealer lots. The enlarged inventories have enabled dealers to meet more of the nation's pent-up demand for vehicles.

Online gaming platform Roblox tops Wall Street estimates

Symbol Price Change %Change
RBLX $35.67 1.24 3.60

Roblox Corp. on Wednesday reported a loss of $289.9 million in its fourth quarter.

The San Mateo, California-based company said it had a loss of 48 cents per share.

The results surpassed Wall Street expectations. The average estimate of nine analysts surveyed by Zacks Investment Research was for a loss of 55 cents per share.

The online gaming platform posted revenue of $579 million in the period. Its adjusted revenue was $899.4 million, which also beat Street forecasts. Nine analysts surveyed by Zacks expected $888.5 million.

For the year, the company reported a loss of $924.4 million, or $1.55 per share. Revenue was reported as $2.87 billion.

H&M and Remondis form textiles recycling venture

Symbol Price Change %Change
HNNMY $2.42 -0.01 -0.62

H&M, the world's second biggest fashion retailer, said on Wednesday it had formed a joint venture with German recycling group Remondis to collect, sort and sell used and unwanted garments and textiles.

The fast-fashion industry to which H&M belongs is looking for ways to curb its carbon footprint in response to growing demands from investors to take more responsibility for the environment.

The 50-50 owned venture, called Looper Textile, is starting its operations in Europe and aims to extend the life cycle of some 40 million garments in 2023, H&M said in a statement.

The venture plans to test new collection schemes and implementing automated technologies, including "near-infrared sorting", H&M said.

Elon Musk's pays it forward

Elon Musk, the world's richest man, donated nearly $2 billion to charity using Tesla stock.

Kraft Heinz forecasts 2023 profit below estimates on higher costs

Symbol Price Change %Change
KHC $39.88 -0.45 -1.12

Kraft Heinz forecast annual profit below Wall Street estimates on Wednesday, expecting cost inflation to eat into margins even as higher prices boost sales.

Kraft said average selling prices rose 15.2 percentage points in the fourth quarter, driving sales 10% higher to $7.38 billion, above analysts' average estimate of $7.27 billion in Refinitiv IBES data.

Excluding one-off items, Kraft earned 85 cents per share, topping analysts' estimate of 78 cents per share.

The company forecast annual adjusted earnings of between $2.67 and $2.75 per share, below the market estimate of $2.77 per share.

The Pittsburgh-based maker of Kool-Aid and Velveeta Cheese also said it expected organic net sales growth of 4% to 6% in 2023, slightly above estimate of 4.8%.

Analog Devices beats Wall Street expectations

Symbol Price Change %Change
ADI $182.54 2.09 1.16

Analog Devices Inc. on Wednesday reported fiscal first-quarter profit of $961.5 million.

The Wilmington, Massachusetts-based company said it had profit of $1.88 per share. Earnings, adjusted for costs related to mergers and acquisitions, came to $2.75 per share.

The results surpassed Wall Street expectations. The average estimate of 12 analysts surveyed by Zacks Investment Research was for earnings of $2.59 per share.

The semiconductor maker posted revenue of $3.25 billion in the period, also topping Street forecasts. Eleven analysts surveyed by Zacks expected $3.14 billion.

For the current quarter ending in April, Analog Devices expects its per-share earnings to range from $2.65 to $2.85. Analysts surveyed by Zacks had forecast adjusted earnings per share of $2.50.

The company said it expects revenue in the range of $3.1 billion to $3.3 billion for the fiscal second quarter. Analysts surveyed by Zacks had expected revenue of $3.11 billion.

Analog Devices shares have increased 11% since the beginning of the year, while the S&P's 500 index has climbed almost 8%. The stock has risen 19% in the last 12 months.

ETFs a hedge for inflation?

Exchange-traded funds include a basket of thousands of individual securities, offer all the liquidity of a stock and the diversity of a mutual fund while offering protection against inflationary pressures and a weakened U.S. dollar.

ETFs operate much like mutual funds but are built to track a specific or basket of financial assets. While ETFs have lower costs, better intraday liquidity and are considered more tax efficient, many are also more passive in nature than mutual funds, which have an actively managed fund structure.

TFs tracking companies like Coca-Cola, General Mills, Costco, Colgate-Palmolive, and Campbell Soup are common for Wall Street traders in a shrunken economy with diminished currency, as are funds based on material wealth like gold and silver.

Symbol Price Change %Change
KO $59.59 -1.01 -1.67
GIS $75.35 -1.25 -1.63
COST $503.22 -3.23 -0.64
CL $73.18 -0.59 -0.80
CPB $51.02 -0.78 -1.51

Consumer staple stocks are always in demand, even during economic downturns, because consumers will always need to eat, drink, and rely on household products including cleaners and soaps.

All types of investors may utilize ETFs, from passive savers pursuing broad market exposure to sophisticated investors looking for exposure to a particular segment of the market.

Republicans send stern message to Biden about oil proposal

Republican lawmakers in Alaska are urging the Biden administration to allow a major oil project on the petroleum-rich North Slope to continue.

The Biden administration "damn well better not kill the project, period," Sen. Lisa Murkowski told a group of reporters on Tuesday. The project has been described as economically critical for Indigenous communities and important for the nation's energy security.

The lawmaker’s comments come after the U.S. Bureau of Land Management conducted an environmental review earlier this month of an initial proposal of ConocoPhillips Alaska's Willow project, ultimately reducing the number of proposed drill sites.

The preferred alternative that was offered reduced the five drill sites favored by the company to just three suggested by the government. The alternative has its proponents, including Alaska's bipartisan congressional delegation.

Futures trade lower ahead of retail data

U.S. equity futures traded lower Wednesday morning ahead of the latest retail reading.

The major futures indexes suggest a decline of 0.3% when the opening bell rings.

Oil prices added to accurate losses Wednesday as a much bigger-than-expected surge in the U.S. crude inventories.

West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures traded around $78.00 per barrel.

Brent crude futures traded around $84.00 per barrel.

On the economic agenda, the consumer will take center stage with the January retail sales report.

Economists surveyed by Refinitiv anticipate consumer spending rose 1.8% after a larger-than-expected decline of 1.1% in December.

Excluding the automotive component, spending is seen climbing 0.8% in January, also rebounding from a drop of 1.1% the prior month.

Major earnings reports are expected from Kraft Heinz, Biogen, Cisco Systems and AIG.

In Asia, the Nikkei 225 in Tokyo gave up 0.4%, the Hang Seng in Hong Kong tumbled 1.4% and China's Shanghai Composite Index lost 0.4%.

Wall Street ended mixed Tuesday after inflation slowed to 6.4% in January from the previous month’s 6.5%. 

The benchmark S&P 500 index edged down less than 0.1% to 4,136.13. The Dow Jones Industrial Average lost 0.5% to 34,089.27 while the Nasdaq gained 0.6% to 11,960.15.

Warren Buffett's Berkshire Hathaway makes quarterly portfolio changes

Berkshire Hathaway added to some holdings and cut back on others last quarter.

Taiwan Semiconductor shares are down 6% in premarket trading as Berkshire cut its stake.

The company also trimmed back some bank shares and added to its Apple holdings.

Airbnb confident on revenue as travel demand defies recession fears

Airbnb shares are gaining 9% in premarket trading after the company forecast current-quarter revenue above Wall Street estimates as demand for travel shows little signs of cooling off.

A stronger U.S. dollar and reopening of closed borders have empowered consumers to spend more on travel even as recession fears have sparked concerns over discretionary spending.

Airbnb said travel demand continues to be strong in the first quarter despite recessionary fears sparking concerns around consumer spending.

"We're particularly encouraged by European guests booking their summer travel earlier this year," Airbnb said.

The company forecast first-quarter revenue between $1.75 billion and $1.82 billion, higher than analysts' expectations of $1.69 billion, as per Refinitiv data.

Revenue rose 24% to $1.90 billion during the holiday quarter ended December, lower than the preceding two quarters, but beat analysts' average estimate of $1.86 billion.

Airbnb reported a quarterly net profit of $319 million, or 48 cents per share, compared with a profit of $55 million, or 8 cents per share, a year earlier.

Posted by Reuters

Tripadvisor beats Wall Street expectations

Tripadvisor shares are 9% higher in premarket trading after the company topped Wall Street estimates.

Fourth quarter revenue rose 47% to $354 million. Analysts expected $343.9 million.

Net income was $24 million for the three months ended Dec. 31. compared to a year ago loss of $1 million.

Non-GAAP earnings were 16 cents, topping the estimate of 4 cents.

“Our results reflect a combination of continued strength in the travel industry, the value our portfolio provides to travelers and partners, and the focus of our teams,” said CEO Matt Goldberg. “As we enter 2023, we will continue to leverage these strengths while identifying new opportunities to reinforce and accelerate our performance and drive sustainable profitable growth.”

Kraft Heinz and Cisco headline earnings

In the morning watch for numbers from food giant Kraft Heinz, auto retailer Lithia Motors, chip maker Analog Devices, homebuilder Taylor Morrison Home, and biotechnology firm Biogen among more. 

Networking equipment maker and Dow member Cisco Systems will be in the earnings spotlight Wednesday afternoon.

Investors will also watch for results from insurer AIG, e-commerce firm Shopify, and hospitality REIT Host Hotels & Resorts among others.

Retail sales headlines economic data

An exceptionally busy morning of economic data awaits investors on Wednesday. 

The consumer will take center stage with the January retail sales report. Economists surveyed by Refinitiv anticipate consumer spending rose 1.8% after a larger-than-expected decline of 1.1% in December.

Excluding the automotive component, spending is seen climbing 0.8% in January, also rebounding from a drop of 1.1% the prior month. 

The New York Federal Reserve will release its closely watched gauge of regional manufacturing activity. The Empire State Manufacturing Survey is expected to rise to -18.0 this month. That’s after tumbling unexpectedly to -32.9 in January, the lowest since May 2020, on weak demand.

A number below zero means that more New York-area manufacturers say business conditions are worsening than improving.

The Federal Reserve will post industrial production data for January.  

Watch for when the National Association of Homebuilders releases its Housing Market Index for February. 

We'll also get December business inventories.

Oil prices drop on demand worries

Oil prices added to accurate losses Wednesday as a much bigger-than-expected surge in the U.S. crude inventories and expectations of further interest rate hikes sparked concerns over demand and economic recession.

West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures traded around $78.00 per barrel.

Brent crude futures traded around $84.00 per barrel.

U.S. crude inventories rose by about 10.5 million barrels in the week ended Feb. 10, according to market sources citing American Petroleum Institute (API) figures on Tuesday.

The build was much larger than the 1.2 million-barrel rise that nine analysts polled by Reuters had expected.

Official government inventory estimates are due Wednesday morning.

Meanwhile, a Federal Reserve official said on Tuesday the U.S. central bank will need to keep gradually raising interest rates to beat inflation after data showed that U.S consumer prices accelerated in January.

Price of gasoline ticks higher

The price of gasoline moved higher on Wednesday.

The nationwide price for a gallon of gasoline ticked higher to $3.418, according to AAA.

The average price of a gallon of gasoline on Tuesday was $3.414.

A year ago, the price for a gallon of regular gasoline was $3.498.

One week ago, a gallon of gasoline cost $3.445.  A month ago, that same gallon of gasoline cost $3.30.

Gas hit an all-time high of $5.016 on June 14.

Diesel remains below $5.00 per gallon at $4.542, but that is still far from the $3.905 of a year ago.

Cryptocurrency prices for Bitcoin, Ethereum were trading lower and Dogecoin higher on Wednesday

Bitcoin was trading around $22,000, after snapping a two-day losing streak.

For the week, Bitcoin was down more than 4%.

For the month, the cryptocurrency was off 3%, but up more than 34% year-to-date.

Ethereum was trading around $1,500, after losing nearly 7% in the past week.

Dogecoin was trading at 8 cents, after losing more than 9% in the past week.

Wed, 15 Feb 2023 07:26:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : How Rural Healthcare Systems Can Strengthen Their Resilience

In rural southern Maryland, on a peninsula between the Patuxent River and the Chesapeake Bay, CalvertHealth has evolved along with its growing community. The health system, which celebrated its centennial in 2019, has evolved from a single two-story building into multiple modernized facilities, becoming a major private employer in Calvert County.

Melissa Hall, who became CalvertHealth’s chief nursing officer and vice president of clinical services in late 2022, first joined the health system as a manager of clinical informatics and then served as CIO. Her experience has offered her a unique perspective on technology’s role in care delivery.

“The strategy isn’t that much different,” she says. “As a nurse, I just want the systems to work. The IT side of me wants them to come back up quickly.”

Several years ago, Hall led the implementation of a tape-based, on-premises backup for CalvertHealth’s MEDITECH electronic health records system. The EHR backup was an important step, but it still took up to 72 hours, since servers had to be configured and managed manually. This left the health system vulnerable in the event of a cyberattack that took down critical clinical systems.

Click the banner for access to exclusive HealthTech content and a customized experience.

Hall and other CalvertHealth leaders knew there was room for improvement, but amid tight budgets and competing priorities, an upgrade seemed too expensive. Instead, CalvertHealth migrated its EHR recovery site to Amazon Web Services.

Recovery time is now between two and four hours, Hall says, and CalvertHealth has since conducted two failover tests without anyone noticing.

“To me, it was a no-brainer. I thought, ‘If we don’t do it now, we won’t get to do it again.’ As a stand-alone, rural-based organization, we couldn’t achieve this on our own,” she says. “It was a huge win for us, and the driving piece of it was ensuring that we can deliver patient care.”

Rural Hospitals Have Unique Cybersecurity Challenges

While many healthcare systems across the U.S. face financial hardships and staffing shortages, smaller, rural hospitals are especially hard-hit and have been declining for more than a decade. Over 135 rural hospitals closed between 2010 and 2021, according to the American Hospital Association, with more hospitals at risk in the coming years.

In a troubling economic landscape, an increase in cyberattacks and vulnerabilities makes security investments imperative. Cyber incidents hit an all-time high in 2021, according to one analysis of government data. Still, Fitch Ratings warns that cybersecurity spending is likely to be a low priority for health systems focused on cost containment.

With all these concerns, rural health systems such as CalvertHealth face a sobering question: Can they afford to protect themselves?

But as rural populations continue to lack access to quality healthcare, the facilities that are still operating must remain able to respond to medical emergencies and otherwise serve their communities, says Natalie Schibell, vice president and research director at Forrester.

“Organizations have to consider the impact of cyberattacks on top of everything else,” she says. “If the economy doesn’t take them out, a cyberattack will. One click can shut down an entire hospital.”

As a nurse, I just want the systems to work. The IT side of me wants them to come back up quickly.”

Melissa Hall Chief Nursing Officer and Vice President of Clinical Services, CalvertHealth

Taking Healthcare Cybersecurity From Education to Action

Much farther north, Rich Ingersoll joined St. Lawrence Health, which includes the 94-bed Canton-Potsdam Hospital, in late 2019 as director of systems engineering and architecture after working at Cisco for nearly 20 years.

His goal from day one: Shore up cybersecurity. This meant making investments in modern tools and services, such as managed detection and response from Arctic Wolf; secure remote access with multifactor authentication; and governance, risk management and compliance software. It also included process improvements, such as creating incident response playbooks and conducting tabletop exercises.

LEARN MORE: Extend threat hunting to your health system's backups with Rubrik Security Cloud.

To make the case for these types of investments, Ingersoll and St. Lawrence Health CIO Lyndon Allen base their annual financial plans on systemwide security audits. These help the health system view security and disaster recovery as high priorities, Ingersoll says.

A Ryuk-variant ransomware attack in October 2020 put some of the health system’s hospitals to the test.

“We were able to implement continuity of care, and we never lost EHR access in our clinics,” Ingersoll says. “We were diverting ambulances for a little bit, but we weren’t down very long. If we had had to turn cancer patients away, that would have been devastating.”

Once hospital operations returned to normal, Ingersoll used the attack as a learning opportunity. “One of the biggest lessons was that not everybody needed email,” which had been the attack vector, he says.

The Long-Term Impact of Improving Disaster Recovery Postures

New technology, better training, improved processes and a willingness to learn all help rural hospitals Boost their disaster recovery posture. And with guidance from federal agencies such as the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the tide is shifting toward a more coordinated, holistic approach to cybersecurity.

At CalvertHealth, Hall says it also helps to keep in mind disaster recovery’s impact on the wider community. The health system conducts annual decontamination drills in conjunction with the nearby Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Power Plant. These drills help both facilities prepare to maintain operations during emergency situations.

The most accurate drill included a ­ransomware attack. Had CalvertHealth’s previous backup technology been in place, “the hospital pretty much would have been brought to a screeching halt,” Hall says. Now, with a recovery time of less than four hours thanks to a cloud-based backup solution, the drill never reached that level of severity.

“It definitely changes your perspective,” Hall adds. “If people understand the impact of what happens when the system goes down, and we can bring it up faster, even when we’re getting hit with a lot of trauma because of a big event happening in the community, then it’s a win.” 

EXPLORE: Tips for healthcare organizations to prevent and respond to data breaches.

Photography By Gary Landsman

Thu, 09 Feb 2023 07:21:00 -0600 Brian Eastwood en text/html
Killexams : New York Regents exam blasted for ‘loaded’ questions about Israel

A Regents exam administered to thousands of New York students last week was blasted by critics as “unconscionable and shameful” for including “loaded” questions about Israel.

A group of Jewish leaders and civic organizations ripped a section of the test that showed maps of the changes to Israel’s borders over the decades and asked two questions that gave a “dishonest” impression about the Jewish state’s expansion.

“The maps lack all context,” former state Assemblyman Dov Hikind said. “Specifically that border changes were the result of successive wars started by Arab states to annihilate Israel. Second, the questions, at best, lend themselves to debate, not to singular answers from among false choices.”

Hikind also said that the Global History and Geography Regents II, given last Thursday, included the trope that the Holocaust was the prevailing reason for the state of Israel and that “Zionists and Jewish immigrants” benefited most from the “changing borders.”

“When you show these maps, and ask why the state of Israel was created, it just attributes it to the Holocaust,” said Hikind who added that the Zionist movement toward the Jewish state actually began in the 19th century under Theodor Herzl.

Dov Hikind at a rally this morning in fron of the court.
Hikind, a former state assemblyman, said the maps on the Regents lack context.
Steven Hirsch

He also complained that the test referred to the Golan Heights region, which was recognized by the US in 2019, as being “annexed” by Israel.

The questions shocked proctors charged with administering the test, he said.

“One proctor was so angry, she was beside herself,” Hikind told The Post. 

Hikind, along with Brooklyn Councilwoman Inna Vernikov and the group Americans Against Antisemitism, are calling on New York State Commissioner of Education Betty Rosa “to swiftly remove the disingenuous questions and conduct a thorough audit to ensure such egregious distortions of history that invariably lead to animosity for the sole Jewish state aren’t being inadvertently fed to our children.”

pic of the test
A picture of the test, and questions, on the Regents test.

One of the controversial questions asked, “Which historical event most directly influenced the development of the 1947 plan shown on map A (and showed a map of Israel from 1947).” The possible answers were 1) Russian pogroms, 2) the fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire 3) Paris Peace Conference 4) the Holocaust, with 4 being the right answer.

The other asked, “Which group benefited most from the changes shown on the maps?” The right answer, according to the test, was “Zionists and Jewish Immigrants.”

“Test transparency can raise legitimate issues of questions’ appropriateness and wording,” said David Bloomfield, education professor at  Brooklyn College and the CUNY Graduate Center. “It’s not a matter of ‘wokeness’ to civilly debate these matters.”

Hikind said that by reducing the creation of the Jewish state to the Holocaust ignores all historical, ancestral and biblical connections of the Jewish people to the land of Israel. “That connection goes back thousands of years.”

This isn’t the first time the Regents has had an Israel problem. 

In 2017, an “anti-Israel” cartoon blasted as “anti-Israel propaganda” was discovered on the Global Studies Regents.

Inna Vernikov, (pictured) a candidate for City Council in District #48, is running against Steve Saperstein.
Vernikov also called out the New York State Commissioner of Education Betty Rosa.
Gregory P. Mango

The New York State Education Department said the two questions on Israel were “designed to test students’ knowledge of geography as it relates to historical events.”

“New York State social studies teachers prepared, selected, and reviewed the excerpt and questions on the Global History Regents exam prior to their inclusion,” they added. “All exam questions are reviewed multiple times by NYS-certified teachers and State Education Department subject matter and testing specialists to ensure they are not biased, accurately measure the learning standards, and contain no errors.”

Tue, 31 Jan 2023 05:15:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : Software-Defined Security Market Projected to Hit USD 57.36 Billion at a 29.51% CAGR by 2030 - Report by Market Research Future (MRFR)

Market Research Future

Rising Network Infrastructure Automation Trend to Boost Software-Defined Security Market Growth

New York, US, Feb. 14, 2023 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Market Analysis 

According to a comprehensive research report by Market Research Future (MRFR); Software-Defined Security Market Research Report By Component, By Enforcement Point, By Deployment Mode, By End-Users Forecast till 2030. The global software-defined security market will touch USD 57.36 billion at a 29.51% CAGR by 2030, according to the current Market Research Future report.

Software-Defined Security Market Key Players 

Eminent industry players profiled in the global software-defined security market report include:

  • Intel Corporation (California)

  • Juniper Networks (California)

  • Cisco Systems (California)

  • Dell Inc. (US)

  • Symantec Corporation (California)

  • Check Point Technologies (Israel

  • Palo Alto Networks (California).

  • Catbird Networks Inc (US)

  • Versa Networks Inc (US)

  • Citrix Systems Inc (US)

  • Certes Networks Inc (US)

  • Cloud Passage Inc (US)

Get a Free trial PDF Brochure:


Perks of Virtualization to Boost Market Growth 

Virtualization offered by software defined security lowers capital & operating costs, remote management, device footprint, centralizes security management, streamlines deployments, and makes system upgrades simple. In the coming years, this factor would stimulate demand for and expansion of software defined software.


Rising Network Infrastructure Automation Trend to offer Robust Opportunities 

The rising network infrastructure trend and digitalization of existing 4G and 3G networks will offer robust opportunities for the market in the forecast period.


Increasing Concerns regarding Security to act as Market Restraint 

The increasing concerns regarding security, configuration complexity and latency may act as market restraints over the forecast period.

Software-Defined Security Market Report Scope:

Report Metrics


Market Size by 2030

USD 57.36 Billion

CAGR during 2022-2030


Base Year




Report Coverage

Revenue Forecast, Competitive Landscape, Growth Factors, and Trends

Key Market Opportunities

Digital protection exercises are presently being focused on and adjusted to key business exercises to limit IT assets' harm, which gives significant development freedom to the software-defined security market.

Key Market Drivers

The installment security market's significant development drivers incorporate expanded appropriation of advanced installment modes


Lack of Technical Expertise to act as Market Challenge 

The lack of technical expertise and the lack of industry regulations may act as market challenges over the forecast period.

Browse In-depth Market Research Report (100 Pages) on Software-Defined Security Market:

Market Segmentation 

The global software-defined security market is bifurcated based on component, enforcement point, deployment mode, and end-user.

By component, services will lead the market over the forecast period.

By enforcement point, the market is bifurcated into server security, application & mobile device security, network security gateways, and others.

By deployment mode, cloud will domineer the market over the forecast period.

By end user, cloud service providers will spearhead the market over the forecast period.

COVID-19 Analysis 

There are many workers who work remotely, and they frequently use personal devices and must access sensitive company infrastructure from less secure locations, such as their residences. Due to these circumstances, there are more instances of cyber-attacks directed at such personnel, which could jeopardize the security of business data and the personal information of other employees who are connected to the same network.

Many businesses have invested significantly in strong software defined security solutions for their employees to strengthen the protection of the company's and the employees' assets in order to prevent such a situation from occurring. Software-based firewalls & intrusion detection systems have grown in popularity throughout the pandemic and were swiftly put into employees' systems to bolster the security perimeter of such systems.

Ask for Discount:

Regional Analysis 

North America to Head Software-Defined Security Market 

The significant advancement of the technical aspects is the main emphasis of North America's market dominance in this industry. In this situation, people and organizations tend to accept and assimilate the new advances in workplace culture.

Consequently, software-defined protection has experienced rapid expansion. Profiting from its dominance in infrastructure, the region is witnessing a proliferation of the sector across all vertical industries. The region may also take pride in the significant presence of some commercial behemoths that help to shape the continental economy and have a lasting impact on the world market. The biggest market share is anticipated to be held by North America during the forecast period.

By implementing cutting-edge security solutions, the businesses in the province are eager to Boost their security posture and speed up the market's expansion in the next years. Additionally, these solutions have the best adoption rates in the country. The market is expanding in this sector as a result of elements including the presence of numerous significant businesses, an increase in cyber-attack incidents, and an increase in the number of hosted servers in the nation.

One of the biggest markets for cloud software defined security is the United States. This can be explained via the existence of major players, the increase in the frequency of cyber-attacks, and the expansion of hosted servers in the nation. About 63% of the world's privately-owned cyber security organizations are based in the United States, which is also home to several cloud security providers. Before introducing them globally, the majority of businesses test out their new services in their home countries.

APAC to Have Admirable Growth in Software-Defined Security Market 

Asia-Pacific is seeing a sharp surge in the amount of unstructured data being generated by the region's diverse businesses and being stored both on-premise and in cloud environments. Additionally, the amount of data generated at the edge is growing quickly due to the widespread use of IoT in the area.

Ask To Expert:

These elements have aided in the development of a scalable storage system that is secure and dependable. The region offers attractive business for software-defined storage (SDS) manufacturers because high-density nations like China and India still rely on conventional hardware for their storage and need to undergo digital transformation to keep up with technological developments.

According to FalconStor, a well-known US vendor that provides SDS through Huawei in China, customers and businesses throughout Asia, including China, are optimistic about switching to modern storage and represent one of the largest potential markets for IT services. The tendency to change stemmed mostly from the need to address issues with data protection, disaster recovery, and the integration of virtual and non-virtualized resources.

The demand for remote storage services has been primarily driven by hyper-scale and global digital media content providers as well as public cloud service providers like Facebook, Amazon Web Services (AWS), Google, and Alibaba Cloud. Over the past few years, these companies have significantly increased their uptake of data centre capacity in the Asian region, particularly in Hong Kong.

Related Reports:

Commercial Security Market- By Product, By Type, By End-users - Forecast 2030

Global Security Software in Telecom Market- By Component, By Deployment, By Security Type - Forecast till 2030

Network Security Appliance Market- By Component, By Industry Vertical Forecast till 2027

About Market Research Future:

Market Research Future (MRFR) is a global market research company that takes pride in its services, offering a complete and accurate analysis regarding diverse markets and consumers worldwide. Market Research Future has the distinguished objective of providing the optimal quality research and granular research to clients. Our market research studies by products, services, technologies, applications, end users, and market players for global, regional, and country level market segments, enable our clients to see more, know more, and do more, which help answer your most important questions.

Follow Us: LinkedIn | Twitter

CONTACT: Contact Market Research Future (Part of Wantstats Research and Media Private Limited) 99 Hudson Street, 5Th Floor New York, NY 10013 United States of America +1 628 258 0071 (US) +44 2035 002 764 (UK) Email: Website:
Tue, 14 Feb 2023 00:40:00 -0600 en-CA text/html
Killexams : Tech Brief: AI Act’s Parliament crunch time, Twitter’s yellow card

Welcome to EURACTIV’s Tech Brief, your weekly update on all things digital in the EU. You can subscribe to the newsletter here

“AI systems intended to be used by children in a way that may seriously affect a child’s personal development.”

-Compromise amendment on Annex III to the AI Act

Story of the week: Compromise amendments on crucial parts of the AI Act were on the table this week. In a new version of Annex III, the co-rapporteurs proposed significant changes to the high-risk areas and use cases, for instance, extending the notion of biometric identification and categorisation to biometric-based systems. A possible compromise on facial recognition is taking shape, with live identification in publicly available spaces banned, whilst ex-post would be allowed as a high-risk application. Digital critical infrastructure remains out, whilst the areas of education, employment, law enforcement and access to public services have been extended.

A new risk area was added in relation to vulnerable groups, notably children, with broad wording that would also cover social media’s recommender systems. Algorithms that could influence democratic processes like elections were also added, with a residual category covering generative AI models such as ChatGPT, deep fakes and subliminal techniques for scientific research. The Annex III discussion was moved to Friday morning, as Zelenskyy’s visit to the parliament cut the Thursday meeting short, and only the definitions were discussed. The prohibited practices article was on the agenda of the technical meeting on Monday. The leading MEPs are still pushing to reach a political agreement next Wednesday when sensitive questions like the AI definition and General Purpose AI will have to be addressed.

Don’t miss: Signatories to the Code of Practice on Disinformation released their first progress reports on compliance this week, reviewing their actions over the past month. These initial reports will be the benchmark for future ones and are seen by the Commission as a first step to compliance with the Digital Services Act, which will start applying for the largest platforms in July. As expected, Twitter was singled out by Commission officials as having submitted a notably shorter report than its fellow platforms, also lacking in data and information about fact-checking. Besides Twitter, fact-checkers have criticised the likes of YouTube and TikTok as they consider the platforms have fallen short of the Code’s commitments.

Also this week:

  • The European Parliament’s ITRE committee adopted its reports for the Data Act and European Digital Identity.
  • The UK’s Competition and Markets Authority issued preliminary findings against the Microsoft-Activision merger.
  • The EEAS announced a pan-European platform to coordinate anti-disinformation efforts.
  • Intel is reportedly asking the German government for additional money to finance two mega fabs in the country.
  • Flexibility and independence of media regulators are top concerns for EU countries regarding the European Media Freedom Act.

Before we start: If you just can’t get enough of tech analysis, tune in on our weekly podcast.

The prospects of the tech sector

In the past weeks, Big Tech companies have slashed their staff in preparation for an economic recession. What do these mass layoffs mean for the tech sector? Are we looking at structural adjustments or temporary fluctuations? And what does this …

Artificial Intelligence

Conformity assessment. This week, other compromise amendments circulated in the European Parliament deal with how high-risk systems should comply with the regulation. The compromise focuses on the conformity assessment procedure for the biometric recognition system, which will need to be audited by a third party unless using harmonised standards, whilst all other high-risk applications will be able to use internal assessments. The article providing a derogation to the conformity assessment procedure in exceptional cases was reintroduced but limited to the authorisation of judicial authority. Read more.

Critical infrastructure question. Work on the AI Act is moving forward, with Parliament negotiators on the cusp of reaching a common position in the coming weeks. However, one area that has yet to be resolved is the extent to which AI models deployed in critical infrastructure management should be regulated. Read more.

AI and market dominance. Just as Microsoft unveiled a new version of Bing with ChatGPT built into the search engine, CNBC reported that the company is also set to let companies create their own tailored versions of ChatGPT using their own data. However, some observers have raised concerns that this move will allow Microsoft to become even more dominant in the operating system market.

Protect not Surveil. A 200-strong coalition of civil society organisations and academics have called on lawmakers to Boost protections for algorithm-powered border control tools in their negotiations on the AI Act. The campaign, entitled #ProtectNotSurveil, is pushing for prohibitions on AI systems used to violate the rights of migrants through, for instance, “digital pushbacks” and prejudicial biometric analysis.

Falling short? A survey by the Panoptykon Foundation found that EU citizens are seeking greater transparency, more protections against discrimination, and regulation of the AI used by social media platforms. For the NGO, the AI Act will fall short in several areas, like giving citizens the right to know when governments and companies are using AI systems.


A difficult marriage. The UK’s antitrust authority has issued a preliminary conclusion to its investigation into Microsoft’s $69 billion purchase of gaming company Activision Blizzard, finding that the merger could harm competition across multiple markets. The US Federal Trade Commission requested that the deal be blocked in December, and a statement of objections was sent to Microsoft last week by the European Commission, marking the start of the second phase of Brussels’ investigation. Read more.


Everybody, calm down. At the Cybersecurity Standardisation Conference on Tuesday, ENISA’s lead certification expert Éric Vetillard said that, while sovereignty requirements need to be thought about politically, there should also be a technical reflection on how to operationalise them. On the cloud certification scheme (EUCS), he recognised that the discussion had become rather heated but hoped it would calm down going forward. Several interventions called for the mapping of existing standards before creating new ones.

Cybersecurity call. A new call for a Horizon 2020 programme has opened, with funding available for up to 21 SME projects to develop new prototypes or demonstrators in security and cybersecurity. The projects must be run by at least two SMEs, at least one of which should be a tech/IT solution provider.

Data & Privacy

ITRE’s vote. European Parliament’s ITRE committee adopted the Data Act report on Thursday in a single block. So far, no political group is expected to propose alternative amendments during the plenary vote in mid-March.

Council’s crunch time. Last Friday was the deadline to submit comments on the fourth presidency compromise. France has retaken Airbus’s position, which has been lobbying aggressively (also MEPs) on trade secrets. Some member states raised the idea of holding a workshop on trade secrets like the one on the relation with the GDPR that took place in November, but the presidency turned the idea down as it wants to close the file as soon as possible. The Netherlands also seems less on the offensive concerning B2G data-sharing and more content with the cloud provisions. Based on the written comments, the presidency is trying to get all open issues sorted by the end of the month.

Digital Markets Act

IMCO’s meeting. On Monday, IMCO’s DMA subgroup met for the second time. The European Commission reported back on the first workshop. The second part of the event was on the interoperability of messaging services, with representatives from Google, Meta, academia, and Open-Xchange. Some lawmakers did not hide their annoyance with Meta, which was seen as bringing up ‘technical excuses’.

4-column publication. Four transparency organisations have filed a joint complaint with the EU ombudsman relating to the European Parliament’s handling of requests for access to four-column documents during the DMA trilogue last year. The groups accuse the Parliament of maladministration in having de facto circumvented its obligation to disclose the requested documents and call for the proactive publication of four-column documents to heighten transparency.

Digital skills

Training goals. IT firm Cisco announced a goal of training 2.6 million people within the EU in digital and cybersecurity skills over the next decade. The training will occur via the company’s Networking Academy in partnership with local educators. It will contribute, Cisco says, to establishing a workforce central to longer-term social inclusion and economic resilience.


Anti-disinfo platform. Brussels will launch a new platform to boost EU efforts in tackling disinformation, the EU’s diplomatic chief Josep Borrell announced on Tuesday. The new Information Sharing and Analysis Center will act as a decentralised platform for tracking information manipulation efforts by foreign entities and coordinating responses among member states and civil society actors. Borrell also criticised Twitter’s announcement that it would scrap free API access for third-party developers, describing it as a step back in terms of transparency. Read more.

Criminal disinformation. Intentionally spreading disinformation could become a criminal offence in Czechia, according to new plans currently under discussion by the government. Under the draft plans, which have yet to be made public, legislation could clarify the legal status of disinformation and allow authorities to block sites deemed to threaten national security. Read more.


eIDs ITRE vote. On Thursday, MEPs of the ITRE committee backed their version of the European Digital Identity, which included stronger privacy and cybersecurity safeguards and a register of all transactions to ensure the organisations using the wallet can be held accountable. EU countries will have to issue at least one wallet (i.e. software application) under a national digital identity scheme interoperable at the European level. The wallet remains voluntary, meaning there will need to be other means to access public and private services. Lawmakers also increased the wallet’s functionalities and mandated it should remain free of charge. The file will not need plenary approval; it will go directly to trilogues.

Common EU toolbox. As anticipated by EURACTIV, the Commission published the first version of a common EU toolbox for implementing the European Digital Identity Wallet today. Jointly developed by member states and the Commission, the toolbox is set to act as a first step towards creating a framework for common digital identification standards across the EU. Its requirements will become mandatory once the eIDs regulation comes into force.

Industrial strategy

Subsidy race bites. Chipmaker Intel is reportedly seeking more financial support from Berlin for the two ‘mega fabs’, semiconductor factories the American company is set to open in Germany. Initially promised €6.8 billion to launch the two facilities, the company is now reportedly asking for €10 billion instead, justifying the new calculation on the ballooning construction costs and energy prices. While declining to comment on the indiscretions, an Intel representative told EURACTIV that the cost gap with other competitive locations outside Europe has widened since the investment was first announced. However, German officials are annoyed at the request, as it is allegedly also justified that the mega fabs will produce more advanced technology. Read more. 

Public procurement for start-ups. A group of 15 European start-ups have jointly signed a non-paper “in defence of EU digital sovereignty and the twin transition,” calling for a revision of the EU’s public procurement rules to facilitate eligibility for smaller innovative SMEs. The non-paper argues that the rules currently definite innovation too narrowly, restricting it to R&D only and that there are too few references to the Green Deal and twin transition. Read more.

Law enforcement

CSAM diplomacy. Commissioner Ylva Johansson was in Berlin this week to discuss the fight against child sexual abuse with, among others, Federal Minister of Interior Nancy Faeser and Federal Minister of Justice Marco Buschman. The official visit was a ‘charm offensive’ addressed at a country that has been extremely critical to Johansson’s CSAM proposal.


Top of mind. Feedback from seven member states on the proposed European Media Freedom Act has highlighted the flexibility and the independence of media regulators as key areas of concern amongst national authorities. In a document circulated last week and seen by EURACTIV, the capitals outlined what they saw as points for improvement in the text, including response times, the relationship between the Commission and the new European Board for Media Services, personal data, and spyware. Read more. 

RT DE’s turn. RT DE, the German branch of state-backed media outlet Russia Today, has closed down following the latest round of EU sanctions. Following similar events in France last month, RT DE shut its doors due to a lack of funds resulting from measures put in place by Brussels in response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. The outlet criticised the EU’s moves in a statement issued last week and said the channel would continue to operate from Moscow. Read more. 

Product liability

PLD 1st compromise. The Swedish EU Council presidency circulated the first compromise on the Product Liability Directive, obtained by EURACTIV, to be discussed at the Civil Law Working Party on 15 February. The presidency’s work focused on clarifying key concepts, like personal injury in terms of psychological health. The text now explicitly says that the product definition includes software-as-a-service and raw materials. The concept of defectiveness was refined to cover the foreseeable use and its misuse when required by sectorial product safety legislation, like on toys or industrial machinery. Importantly, if it is too difficult to prove the product’s defectiveness due to its technical or scientific complexity, as will probably be the case for AI, the manufacturer will not be able to rebut the presumption of defectiveness. Moreover, the causal link might also be assumed if the defectiveness in question has caused similar cases. The concept of manufacturer control has also been broadened. The compromise also seeks to clarify the application of the strict liability regime.


The espionage question. Two US Senators have written to Meta with questions about documents that show the company was aware that developers in China and Russia had access to sensitive user data that could have enabled espionage. Mark Warner and Marco Rubio, chair and vice-chair of the Senate’s Select Committee on Intelligence, are seeking answers on whether the tech giant has identified the developers, any communications with them and the kinds of information they might have been able to access. Read more. 

No porno for minors. French regulators will introduce new measures to prevent minors from accessing porn websites after legal challenges hampered previous efforts to take such a step. The new proposal is set to require those trying to access such material to obtain an app giving them a digital certificate and code. It comes as part of a broader pledge by France’s President Emmanuel Macron to protect children online.

Free speech shaken. This week, access to Twitter was briefly restricted in Turkey following criticism of the government’s reaction to the catastrophic earthquakes that hit the region on Monday. As usual in these cases, people turned to VPNs to circumvent shutdowns, with Proton saying it saw registration to its VPN service jumping by over 30,000% more than normal levels.

Metaverse hearing. The JURI committee hearing on the metaverse, requested by the Social Democrat group (S&D) is set to take place in March.

Research & Innovation

Fully operational. The European Innovation Council Fund has launched 42 new investment decisions, totalling €331 million, since its last update in November, the Commission announced this week. The injections, which focus on 13 deep-tech companies working on breakthrough innovation, mean that the EIC Fund is now fully operational and has taken a total of 77 investment decisions since the appointment of an external fund manager in September.


Sherpa meeting agenda. The ‘sherpa’ sub-group of the High-Level Forum on European standardisation will meet next Thursday to follow up on the priorities identified at the C-level and start preparing the Forum’s recommendation for next year’s Annual Union Work Programme, the EU work programme for standardisation. According to a draft agenda seen by EURACTIV, the sherpa meeting will detail the work plan for this year, including the expected deliverables and outcomes and a set of deep dive sessions with dedicated experts.

Tech diplomacy

EU-India TTC. A new Trade and Technology Council has been established between the EU and India, designed to boost strategic engagement between the two. This new TTC is set to facilitate work on critical areas such as connectivity, green technologies and resilient supply chains. Working groups will gather within the next few weeks to plan their operations.


The consolidation question. Internal Market Commissioner Thierry Breton called on antitrust regulators to consider allowing more cross-border mergers within the telecoms industry, saying he saw it as key to creating a true single market for the industry. However, for the telcos, the national consolidation is the real problem, which has so far been met with resistance by EU competition head Margrethe Vestager. The ‘litmus test’ on whether the Commission will allow consolidation in the telecom market will be provided in the coming weeks with the Orange-MasMovil merger in Spain.

ETCA’s war footing. The European Competitive Telecommunications Association (ECTA), the organisation representing alternative telecom operators, has denounced a draft Commission recommendation on the regulatory promotion of Gigabit Connectivity, saying it was “stunned” by a leaked copy of the document. The text, ECTA says, is undemocratic in nature as it reverses some critical parts of the European Electronic Communications Code and would have a significantly adverse impact on investment and the contestability of markets, lead to price rises for consumers and harm the take-up of gigabit connections.

Not on my network. Elon Musk’s SpaceX has put in place measures to prevent Ukraine’s military from using its Starlink satellite service to operate its drones, the company’s president announced this week, saying that the service, which Ukrainian forces have used for communications throughout the war, was “never meant to be weaponised” and was “leveraged” in unintended ways by the army. Read more. 

Brussels tour. Edward Bouygues, deputy CEO of Bouygues and president of Bouygues Telecom, was in town on Wednesday to meet MEPs from different political groups to persuade them about the senders-pay initiative.

What else we’re practicing this week:

Elon Musk’s Free-Speech Twitter Faces a Skeptical Germany (Bloomberg)

China pulls back from global subsea cable project as US tensions mount (FT)

Thu, 09 Feb 2023 22:58:00 -0600 en-GB text/html
Killexams : House GOP demands probe into ‘antisemitic’ New York exam question's 'revision' of history on Israel

FIRST ON FOX – All but two members of the House GOP delegation from New York are demanding an investigation into a statewide standardized test question Jewish leaders consider antisemitic. The Republican congresspersons say the question reflects a "far-left anti-Israel ideology" permeating the public school system pushing "ideological revisions" of history. 

In a letter to Democratic New York Gov. Kathy Hochul and New York State Education Department Commissioner Betty Rosa, Rep. Mike Lawler, R-N.Y., leads eight fellow Republican House members from New York state in expressing "grave concern with the abhorrent, antisemitic question included in this winter’s NYS Regents exam in Global History and Geography." 

The question asks who benefited the most from changes shown on maps of Israel and surrounding areas from 1947 to 2017. The options were: Zionists and Jewish immigrants; the government of Jordan; Palestinian nationalists; or the citizens of Lebanon.

"It is simply beyond comprehension that anyone at the New York State Education Department would approve a question on a statewide exam that blatantly promotes hateful anti-Jewish and anti-Israel rhetoric which only fan the flames of antisemitism in our schools," the letter says. "For centuries, the State of Israel, one of our Nation’s greatest allies, and Jews have fought for their right to exist. This question attempts to cast doubt on that very notion and rewrite history by erasing the struggle for independence that the State of Israel faced." 


Rep. Mike Lawler, R-NY, speaks with reporters during orientation meeting in the U.S. Capitol Building on Nov. 14, 2022 in Washington, DC.  (Anna Moneymaker/Getty Images)

The letter cites an "unprecedented surge" of antisemitism across the nation. 

In November 2022, New York City alone saw a 125% increase in antisemitic hate crimes compared to the same period the year before. 

"This question is just the latest instance of the anti-Israel and antisemitic ideologies that are infiltrating our schools and communities," the nine Republican members of Congress assert. "Moreover, it indicates a complete lack of oversight in the approvals process at the New York State Education Department."

In addition to Lawler, the letter was signed by Reps. Nick Langworthy, Anthony D’Esposito, Claudia Tenney, Nick LaLota, Marcus J. Molinaro, Elise Stefanik, Brandon Williams and Andrew R. Garbarino. The only Republican House members from New York not to sign on were Reps. Nicole Malliotakis and George Santos. 

Santos, the subject of a House Ethics probe into alleged campaign finance law violations, has rebuffed calls to resign even from members of his own party after lying about descending from survivors of the Holocaust, having a college degree and having had a successful career at two Wall Street firms while running for office. 

A photo of a controversial question on the 2022 winter’s NYS Regents exam in Global History and Geography asking who benefited the most from changes shown on maps of Israel and surrounding areas from 1947 to 2017. (Rep. Mike Lawler's congressional office)

The letter also cites the accurate passage of Bill A.472, which required the New York State Education Department to examine whether schools across the state were adequately teaching about the horrors of the Holocaust. 

"This question indicates that even the state’s own education department isn’t following this new law," the letter asserts. 

"We are calling on you to launch an immediate investigation into this attack on New York’s Jewish community. There must be a thorough examination into this abject failure and the
individuals responsible must be held accountable. This type of anti-Jewish sentiment needs to be singularly and unequivocally condemned," the letter says. "We respectfully request an investigation into this matter to hold those responsible accountable for this heinous, antisemitic question that appeared on a statewide exam." 

"How someone could have signed off on this, a question that seemingly calls into question the very right for Israel to exist, is beyond absurd," Lawler said in a statement to Fox News Digital. "It is imperative that we take on antisemitism wherever it attempts to take root and a thorough investigation into this matter should help prevent a question of this nature from ever appearing on a state Regents exam again."

New York Gov. Kathy Hochul gives a speech on the Hudson River tunnel project at the West Side Yard on Jan. 31, 2023 in New York City.  (Michael M. Santiago/Getty Images)

"Antisemitism in any form is vile, unacceptable, and I condemn it in the strongest way possible. New York students should be learning and tested on real history, not ideological revisions. I urge Governor Hochul and Commissioner Rosa to act in the best interest of our students," LaLota said. 

"It defies comprehension how such a blatant antisemitic question passed through the layers of approval process in our state’s education system, but unfortunately, it’s a reflection of the far-left anti-Israel ideology that is permeating our government," Langworthy said. 

In a statement to Fox News Digital, a spokesperson for the New York State Department of Education said: "A diverse group of New York State social studies teachers prepared, selected, and reviewed the excerpt and questions on the Global History Regents exam prior to their inclusion. All exam questions are reviewed multiple times by NYS-certified teachers and State Education Department subject matter and testing specialists to ensure they are not biased and accurately measure the learning standards. The questions were designed to test students’ knowledge of geography as it relates to historical events surrounding the creation of the State of Israel, including the impact of the Holocaust on migration to Israel." 


"As per standard practice, these questions will not be used on future exams," the statement added. "The Department will continue to work with educators and stakeholders across New York to advance equitable access to opportunity while keeping the lessons and atrocities of the past, such as the Holocaust, as testament to the work we must do together to build a better future for all students."

Fox News Digital also reached out to Hochul's office for comment Thursday. 

Wed, 01 Feb 2023 23:26:00 -0600 Fox News en text/html
Killexams : ChatGPT passes exams from law and business schools

CNN  — 

ChatGPT is smart enough to pass prestigious graduate-level exams – though not with particularly high marks.

The powerful new AI chatbot tool recently passed law exams in four courses at the University of Minnesota and another exam at University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School of Business, according to professors at the schools.

To test how well ChatGPT could generate answers on exams for the four courses, professors at the University of Minnesota Law School recently graded the tests blindly. After completing 95 multiple choice questions and 12 essay questions, the bot performed on average at the level of a C+ student, achieving a low but passing grade in all four courses.

ChatGPT fared better during a business management course exam at Wharton, where it earned a B to B- grade. In a paper detailing the performance, Christian Terwiesch, a Wharton business professor, said ChatGPT did “an amazing job” at answering basic operations management and process-analysis questions but struggled with more advanced prompts and made “surprising mistakes” with basic math.

“These mistakes can be massive in magnitude,” he wrote.

The test results come as a growing number of schools and teachers express concerns about the immediate impact of ChatGPT on students and their ability to cheat on assignments. Some educators are now moving with remarkable speed to rethink their assignments in response to ChatGPT, even as it remains unclear how widespread use is of the tool among students and how harmful it could really be to learning.

Congressman gives speech written by AI

Since it was made available in late November, ChatGPT has been used to generate original essays, stories and song lyrics in response to user prompts. It has drafted research paper abstracts that fooled some scientists. Some CEOs have even used it to write emails or do accounting work.

ChatGPT is trained on vast amounts of online data in order to generate responses to user prompts. While it has gained traction among users, it has also raised some concerns, including about inaccuracies and its potential to perpetuate biases and spread misinformation.

Jon Choi, one of the University of Minnesota law professors, told CNN the goal of the tests was to explore ChatGPT’s potential to assist lawyers in their practice and to help students in exams, whether or not it’s permitted by their professors, because the questions often mimic the writing lawyers do in real life.

“ChatGPT struggled with the most classic components of law school exams, such as spotting potential legal issues and deep analysis applying legal rules to the facts of a case,” Choi said. “But ChatGPT could be very helpful at producing a first draft that a student could then refine.”

He argues human-AI collaboration is the most promising use case for ChatGPT and similar technology.

“My strong hunch is that AI assistants will become standard tools for lawyers in the near future, and law schools should prepare their students for that eventuality,” he said. “Of course, if law professors want to continue to test simple recall of legal rules and doctrines, they’ll need to put restrictions in place like banning the internet during exams to enforce that.”

Likewise, Wharton’s Terwiesch found the chatbot was “remarkably good” at modifying its answers in response to human hints, such as reworking answers after pointing out an error, suggesting the potential for people to work together with AI.

Scott Galloway on the 'scarier part' of AI tools like ChatGPT

In the short-term, however, discomfort remains with whether and how students should use ChatGPT. Public schools in New York City and Seattle, for example, have already banned students and teachers from using ChatGPT on the district’s networks and devices.

Considering ChatGPT performed above average on his exam, Terwiesch told CNN he agrees restrictions should be put in place for students while they’re taking tests.

“Bans are needed,” he said. “After all, when you deliver a medical doctor a degree, you want them to know medicine, not how to use a bot. The same holds for other skill certification, including law and business.”

But Terwiesch believes this technology still ultimately has a place in the classroom. “If all we end up with is the same educational system as before, we have wasted an amazing opportunity that comes with ChatGPT,” he said.

Thu, 26 Jan 2023 15:16:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : NY Education Commissioner under fire over 'egregious distortions of history' in exam questions about Israel

Jewish groups and leaders are up in arms after a New York State Regents exam included two questions about Israel that they believe oversimplifies and distorts history.

According to the New York Post, the questions on the Global History and Geography Regents II exam were preceded by images of maps of the land showing the 1947 United Nations Partition Plan for dividing the land into separate states for Jews and Arabs, how the land was divided in 1949 in the aftermath of the war between Israel and Arab nations, and how areas of the land were controlled as of 2017.

One question, referencing the 1947 map, asked which event most influenced the development of the UN Partition Plan, offering the choices of Russian pogroms, the fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Paris Peace Plan, and the Holocaust. According to the Post, the intended answer was the Holocaust.

The next question asks who benefited the most from the maps' changes over time, with the correct answer reportedly being intended as "Zionists and Jewish Immigrants." among choices that also included the government of Jordan, Palestinian nationalists, and citizens of Lebanon.


New York education officials are under fire after a standardized test included controversial questions about Israeli history (John Paraskevas/Newsday RM via Getty Images)

"The maps lack all context," Democratic former state Assemblyman Dov Hikind told the Post. "Specifically that border changes were the result of successive wars started by Arab states to annihilate Israel. Second, the questions, at best, lend themselves to debate, not to singular answers from among false choices."

Hikind also pointed out the problem with attributing the creation of the state of Israel to the Holocaust, noting that the modern Zionist movement had been pushing for a Jewish home in that land since the 19th century.

Even those administering the test were upset by the questions, Hikind told the Post.

"One proctor was so angry, she was beside herself," he said.

The Department of Education told the Post in a statement that the exam questions had been "designed to test students’ knowledge of geography as it relates to historical events."


New York Education Commissioner Betty Rosa is facing a push to remove questions from a standardized test that critics say distort Israeli and Jewish history.

The department's statement, rather than address the distress the questions caused, appeared to defend the reasoning behind them, making clear that there were no unintentional acts on their part.

"New York State social studies teachers prepared, selected, and reviewed the excerpt and questions on the Global History Regents exam prior to their inclusion," the statement said. "All exam questions are reviewed multiple times by NYS-certified teachers and State Education Department subject matter and testing specialists to ensure they are not biased, accurately measure the learning standards, and contain no errors.


According to the Post, Hikind, City Councilwoman Inna Vernikov, and the group Americans Against Antisemitism are urging Commissioner of Education Betty Rosa "to swiftly remove the disingenuous questions and conduct a thorough audit to ensure such egregious distortions of history that invariably lead to animosity for the sole Jewish state aren’t being inadvertently fed to our children."

Fox News Digital reached out to Vernikov's office for comment they did not immediately respond.

Wed, 01 Feb 2023 12:42:00 -0600 Fox News en text/html
300-410 exam dump and training guide direct download
Training Exams List