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Exam Code: 250-406 Administration of Clearwell eDiscovery Platform 7.x approach June 2023 by Killexams.com team
Administration of Clearwell eDiscovery Platform 7.x
Symantec Administration approach

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Administration of Clearwell eDiscovery Platform 7.x
B. System Manager
C. Collection Admin
D. eDiscovery Admin
Answer: C
Question: 162
The Pre-Processing Options page offers options to evaluate or filter data. Which
document attributes are available for filtering?
A. custodian, date, document type, file extension, and size
B. custodian, document type, sender/recipient, and size
C. custodian, date, file extension, and sender domain
D. custodian, date, document type, and language
Answer: A
Question: 163
A Case Team is managing a project with tight deadlines. Several attorneys are waiting to
perform a search and review of documents. The Case Team believes some image-based
documents in the population require OCR in order to be made searchable. Which
workflow in Symantec Clearwell eDiscovery Platform 7.x should the Case Team follow
to run OCR on this data population?
A. Enable OCR processing on the processing settings page, thereby increasing
efficiency by applying OCR in one step.
B. Ensure OCR processing is disabled on the processing settings page. Once initial
processing is complete, run a search to identify items that need OCR and run a
secondary OCR processing job on those items.
C. Enable OCR processing on the processing settings page, but be sure to exclude
images that are being imported via Load File Import. These items may already have
associated text files.
D. Enable OCR processing on the processing settings page for all documents except pdf
documents, which take longer to identify and OCR.
Answer: B
Question: 164
Which two parameters are required to add Symantec Enterprise Vault archives as a
source? (Select two.)
A. Enterprise Vault Directory
B. Enterprise Vault Site
C. Enterprise Vault VaultStore
D. Enterprise Vault Index Server Group
E. Enterprise Vault Server Hostname
Answer: B, E
Question: 165
A Case Team is provided specific metadata information for export and is required to
customize an export format that can be shared across multiple cases. What allows
selected metadata fields to be saved into a custom export format?
A. Default Export Template
B. Property Browser
C. Load File Export Templates
D. Metadata Fields Picker
Answer: C
Question: 166
A Case Team has been working on a case and needs to perform an on-demand backup.
When the System Manager starts the backup, the job fails. What is the likely cause of
the backup failure?
A. A user is logged in to the case.
B. A partially completed export is in the case.
C. A corrupt file exists in the case.
D. A job is scheduled to run in the next 24 hours.
Answer: A
Question: 167
Which information is included in an on-demand case backup?
A. the selected case, including user-generated tags and notes
B. the selected case, including all related source data
C. the selected case, including legal hold data
D. the selected case, including converted files
Answer: A
Question: 168
A System Manager is assigning custodians to a Symantec Enterprise Vault mailbox
archive source to maintain the original owner of the archive. What should be performed
prior to custodian assignment?
A. export custodian information from Enterprise Vault in XML and import to Symantec
Clearwell eDiscovery Platform 7.x
B. configure Active Directory for Microsoft Exchange and/or Lotus Domino discovery
C. create a custodian assignment filter
D. add Enterprise Vault System Account to the local Windows Administrators group on
the Symantec Clearwell eDiscovery Platform 7.x server
Answer: B
Question: 169
Which two locations are used for configuring appliance roles in a distributed
architecture configuration? (Select two.)
A. with a case selected, in Case Home view > Appliance Roles
B. in the server.ini file located in D:\%CWHOME%\config\ on the appliance
C. All Cases view > System > Support Features > Appliance Roles
D. in the build-schema.xml file located in D: \%CWHOME%\build\
E. All Cases view > System > Settings > Appliances > [selected appliance] > Appliance
Answer: A, E
Question: 170
A System Manager is reviewing exact collection tasks. The System Manager needs to
check collection details for every custodian and data source, including the volume of
data collected and the time and status of the collection in order to provide real-time
visibility into the collections process for the Case Team. Which report or view will
display this information?
A. Collection Task Defensibility report
B. Collection Summary report
C. Collection History view
D. Collection Task Summary view
Answer: C
Question: 171
A Case Team finishes reviewing documents in a case and requests that a data export be
prepared. The export will be sent to outside counsel, who will perform additional review
and then prepare a production. Outside counsel requires native files and a load file with
metadata in a .dat format. Which export type should be created?
A. production export, including pdf images and a .dat load file
B. Native Only export with EDRM XML file
C. metadata export, including native messages and native loose files, and a .dat load file
D. Native Only export for the native files and a secondary Metadata export with the
metadata in .dat format
Answer: C
Question: 172
Which role has the ability to change settings to cases after creation, including the case
name, description, type, business unit, team members, and dates?
A. System Manager
B. Case Manager
C. Case User
D. Case Admin
Answer: A
Question: 173
Which support feature tool should be used to change the backup directory when a case
backup location needs to be redirected to another path?
A. Source Locator Modifier
B. Crawler Manager
C. Property Browser
D. Clearwell Utility
Answer: C
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Avery Martin holds a Bachelor of Music in opera performance and a Bachelor of Arts in East Asian studies. As a professional writer, she has written for Education.com, Samsung and IBM. Martin contributed English translations for a collection of Japanese poems by Misuzu Kaneko. She has worked as an educator in Japan, and she runs a private voice studio out of her home. She writes about education, music and travel.

Fri, 14 Aug 2020 15:23:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://smallbusiness.chron.com/symantec-management-client-service-failed-start-78264.html
Dell Technologies World 2023 Delivers Security, Sustainability And More

Dell Technologies World (DTW) wrapped up in late May, and by any measure the event hit the mark. As a former Dell employee who started in a consumer PC sales position in the early 1990s, I have seen the company come a long way, with a unique perspective from both inside and outside the organization. DTW went far this year to demonstrate Dell’s continued maturity as a significant enterprise infrastructure and services provider. I want to share my insights accordingly.

Security and sustainability front and center

I have written about Dell’s security capabilities as one of its best-kept secrets. The “secret” part of that decidedly changed last month with the company’s announcement of its Project Fort Zero, giving it a legitimate seat at the zero-trust table. My colleague Matt Kimball and I often do double duty on security coverage for our firm, and he provides some excellent insights in his own DTW Forbes piece.

At a high level, Project Fort Zero plays to Dell’s strengths—taking an ecosystem approach to bring thirty best-of-breed players together alongside Dell to solve the challenge of securing critical IT and OT environments with solutions that comply with exact U.S. federal government guidelines. What I like about this initiative is that Dell is the single technology integrator, creating a single point of accountability for delivery, deployment and ongoing management.

Another significant focus of the conference was on sustainability, particularly in terms of how organizations can leverage Dell Technologies infrastructure and the company’s partnerships with industry stalwarts such as Intel, NVIDIA and Red Hat to take decisive climate action and curb the effects of global warming through net-zero initiatives. Sustainability as a central theme is not surprising, given that such programs and product enhancements also have a material impact on energy efficiency—a consideration that directly affects the bottom line.

For service providers and mobile network operators, energy consumption represents the single largest operational expense line. Dell Technologies is making a significant impact in improving power management through its telecom business on many fronts, as demonstrated by its announcements at Mobile World Congress Barcelona in February. Enterprises have similar concerns as evidenced by the growing deployment of smart building metering and advanced switching platforms. For the latter, Dell Networking Open Networking switches offer high density that is designed to reduce the overall footprint and power consumption of switching within datacenters.

Wrapping up

I’ll wrap up my insights by going back to Michael Dell’s opening keynote from DTW, which was a testament to the viability of Dell Technologies' vision and execution. Michael Dell spoke about inspiring new ideas and ensuring that enterprises have access to the latest innovations and strong supply chains, especially given exact disruptions to the latter.

In line with the supply-chain emphasis, Dell Technologies announced a global partnership with Hyundai at DTW. Hyundai is rapidly accelerating its vehicle electrification efforts to become a formidable competitor to Tesla and is partnering with Dell Technologies to enable its digital transformation. The capability of the automobile manufacturer to deliver new functionality via software and over-the-air (OTA) updates is mission-critical for its long-term success. Dell Technologies’ capabilities with edge, cloud, 5G, AI, IoT and more are also enabling a host of use cases for Hyundai, centered on manufacturing automation and digital twinning.

On the surface, it’s a compelling demonstration of Dell Technologies' maturity. The company journey that began with providing PCs has now matured to provide much more from a total solutions perspective that spans multiple industries and domains. DTW went far this year to shine a light on its continued success.

Moor Insights & Strategy provides or has provided paid services to technology companies like all research and tech industry analyst firms. These services include research, analysis, advising, consulting, benchmarking, acquisition matchmaking, and video and speaking sponsorships. The company has had or currently has paid business relationships with 8×8, Accenture, A10 Networks, Advanced Micro Devices, Amazon, Amazon Web Services, Ambient Scientific, Ampere Computing, Anuta Networks, Applied Brain Research, Applied Micro, Apstra, Arm, Aruba Networks (now HPE), Atom Computing, AT&T, Aura, Automation Anywhere, AWS, A-10 Strategies, Bitfusion, Blaize, Box, Broadcom, C3.AI, Calix, Cadence Systems, Campfire, Cisco Systems, Clear Software, Cloudera, Clumio, Cohesity, Cognitive Systems, CompuCom, Cradlepoint, CyberArk, Dell, Dell EMC, Dell Technologies, Diablo Technologies, Dialogue Group, Digital Optics, Dreamium Labs, D-Wave, Echelon, Ericsson, Extreme Networks, Five9, Flex, Foundries.io, Foxconn, Frame (now VMware), Fujitsu, Gen Z Consortium, Glue Networks, GlobalFoundries, Revolve (now Google), Google Cloud, Graphcore, Groq, Hiregenics, Hotwire Global, HP Inc., Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Honeywell, Huawei Technologies, HYCU, IBM, Infinidat, Infoblox, Infosys, Inseego, IonQ, IonVR, Inseego, Infosys, Infiot, Intel, Interdigital, Jabil Circuit, Juniper Networks, Keysight, Konica Minolta, Lattice Semiconductor, Lenovo, Linux Foundation, Lightbits Labs, LogicMonitor, LoRa Alliance, Luminar, MapBox, Marvell Technology, Mavenir, Marseille Inc, Mayfair Equity, Meraki (Cisco), Merck KGaA, Mesophere, Micron Technology, Microsoft, MiTEL, Mojo Networks, MongoDB, Multefire Alliance, National Instruments, Neat, NetApp, Nightwatch, NOKIA, Nortek, Novumind, NVIDIA, Nutanix, Nuvia (now Qualcomm), NXP, onsemi, ONUG, OpenStack Foundation, Oracle, Palo Alto Networks, Panasas, Peraso, Pexip, Pixelworks, Plume Design, PlusAI, Poly (formerly Plantronics), Portworx, Pure Storage, Qualcomm, Quantinuum, Rackspace, Rambus, Rayvolt E-Bikes, Red Hat, Renesas, Residio, Samsung Electronics, Samsung Semi, SAP, SAS, Scale Computing, Schneider Electric, SiFive, Silver Peak (now Aruba-HPE), SkyWorks, SONY Optical Storage, Splunk, Springpath (now Cisco), Spirent, Splunk, Sprint (now T-Mobile), Stratus Technologies, Symantec, Synaptics, Syniverse, Synopsys, Tanium, Telesign,TE Connectivity, TensTorrent, Tobii Technology, Teradata,T-Mobile, Treasure Data, Twitter, Unity Technologies, UiPath, Verizon Communications, VAST Data, Ventana Micro Systems, Vidyo, VMware, Wave Computing, Wellsmith, Xilinx, Zayo, Zebra, Zededa, Zendesk, Zoho, Zoom, and Zscaler. Moor Insights & Strategy founder, CEO, and Chief Analyst Patrick Moorhead is an investor in dMY Technology Group Inc. VI, Fivestone Partners, Frore Systems, Groq, MemryX, Movandi, and Ventana Micro., MemryX, Movandi, and Ventana Micro.

Fri, 02 Jun 2023 06:56:00 -0500 Will Townsend en text/html https://www.forbes.com/sites/moorinsights/2023/06/02/dell-technologies-world-2023-delivers-security-sustainability-and-more/
Review: Symantec Altiris Asset Management Suite 7.1

Managing vendor contracts, controlling hardware and software costs and optimizing IT assets to meet organizational requirements constitute critical chores for IT professionals. Symantec's Altiris Asset Management Suite 7.1 aims to remove the hassle from IT asset management by giving enterprises the detailed information they need to make smart, informed decisions. Such tools are a necessity in today's cost-conscious workplace.

Altiris Asset Management Suite (AMS) culls data from Symantec's Client Management Suite (CMS) and Server Management Suite (SMS). AMS also integrates with similar Microsoft discovery tools so IT departments can tap installed investments.


IT departments often find it tough to tease out relationships between hardware, software, associated contracts, end users and user groups. Altiris AMS takes away the pain of guessing who has what system, who has what installed on their system and when their licenses are due for renewal.

The downloadable suite provides a wizard that assesses whether a system meets the minimum product requirements and will add any missing applications if prompted — a cool feature that saves the administrator time during installation. After ensuring that my hardware met the minimum product requirements prior to the installation, AMS downloaded successfully. The installation and initial setup were painless.

Why It Works for IT

AMS's user interface logically divides hardware and software. An application metering capability provides insight into which applications have been installed, which have been paid for and which are being used. Such information makes this a real cost-cutting tool for IT.

IT managers can also see the full cradle-to-grave lifecycle of an asset, including contracts of all types associated with hardware and software, purchase orders, service-level agreements, warranties and even retirement and disposal documentation.

Administrators can calculate total cost of ownership by factoring in discoverable data such as purchase costs, monthly maintenance fees or chargeback costs. It's possible to customize AMS to include fields specific to an organization and also add non-discoverable information to an asset, such as an additional cost center.

It's also possible to designate who may view asset information by groups, which proves useful for security. For example, IT staff can limit asset visibility of a branch office to authorized people in that office.


AMS is optimized for and depends heavily on its associated Symantec discovery tools, CMS and SMS. Figuring out these dependencies may take a bit of time and some experimentation. According to Symantec, most deployments consist of AMS coupled with CMS.

Thu, 04 May 2023 12:00:00 -0500 Alyson Behr en text/html https://biztechmagazine.com/article/2012/06/review-symantec-altiris-asset-management-suite-71
An Enterprise Management Approach to Healthcare

Healthcare delivery and financing models are evolving rapidly as healthcare reform means hospitals and systems need a sharpened focus on the healthcare trifecta—the patient experience, operational efficiencies, and financial health. Unfortunately, many are faced with gaps in operational knowledge as they reinvent themselves. Never has the call for strategic collaboration been stronger, but as hospitals redirect their time and resources to unfamiliar areas, success hinges not only on their ability to start or change initiatives, but also on targeted operational and clinical support that can be turned on and scaled up quickly. Collaboration has become more than a leadership philosophy. In the value era it is a key business strategy that can trim costs while providing direction and solutions in areas vital to a healthy bottom line, including technology, workforce, revenue cycle, and supply chain. An enterprise management approach to healthcare can provide proven teams that are focused on their respective areas of expertise, allowing executives to effectively focus on their core mission: enhancing clinical processes to Improve healthcare quality and patient outcomes.

Sat, 16 Mar 2019 22:20:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.healthleadersmedia.com/roundtable/enterprise-management-approach-healthcare
Top-Down Approach in Business

A top-down approach in business describes a traditional organizational style that emphasizes the imperatives and vision of upper management. Company directives and goals flow down from the top to subordinates below. Most small businesses automatically use the top-down approach because they’re apt to have only two layers: owner and employees.

Wed, 18 Jul 2018 12:41:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://smallbusiness.chron.com/topdown-approach-business-66018.html
Administration seeks more relaxed approach on reducing plastics

Good morning and welcome to The Climate 202! Michael Birnbaum, a climate reporter for The Washington Post, wrote the top of today’s newsletter. We hope you enjoyed the holiday weekend, even if you can relate to this meme.  

In today’s edition, we’ll give a rundown of the energy and permitting provisions that are included in the new debt ceiling deal, which the House Rules Committee will consider today. But first:

Diplomats meet in Paris to haggle over a global plastics treaty

As negotiators seeking a global plastics treaty gather in Paris this week for another round of talks, the Biden administration is pushing to let countries come up with their own pledges — a less stringent approach similar to that of the Paris agreement on climate change.

At its furthest reaching, a treaty could institute binding caps on how much plastic gets made and what chemicals get put into it, with the goal of pulling down production levels that are forecast to double within a few years. But others are advocating a much more limited approach, arguing that voluntary pledges to reduce the amount of plastic flowing into the world’s oceans and to make it easier to recycle would win more global support and would still be a good step.

The effort to draft an agreement remains in its opening phases, but in any project so ambitious, the rules set at the beginning can do a lot to shape the deal reached at the end. Diplomats will be haggling over the options the first version of the treaty should include, as well as who gets to hold the pen to write it. All of this will affect the course of talks that aim to wrap up by the end of 2024.

The outcome could make the difference between an ambitious effort to reduce plastic in public life and a much more limited one environmentalists say would do much less to protect people from the harms of manufacturing the long-lived material.

  • “If we're serious as a global community about averting climate change and about addressing the three planetary crises of biodiversity loss, pollution and climate change, we have to be thinking about reducing plastic production,” Jane Patton, the campaign manager for plastics and petrochemicals at the Center for International Environmental Law, said by phone from Paris.

Taking sides

So far the discussions have broken into a few camps. 

  • On the side of global production caps is the High Ambition Coalition of more than 50 countries, which is led by Rwanda and Norway and includes the members of the European Union, Mexico, Nigeria, Britain and Canada.
  • The United States, Saudi Arabia and other big fossil fuel and plastics producers want the more limited approach.

“Plastic has many vital applications in our lives, such as life-saving medical devices and materials that make cars more energy efficient. Our focus is on plastic pollution. We need to take a comprehensive approach to combatting it throughout the lifecycle of plastic,” said Monica Medina, assistant secretary of state in the Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, in a statement during the last negotiation round in December.

The Biden administration and others say they want to eliminate plastics pollution by 2040. The U.N. Environment Program says a garbage truck full of plastic is dumped into the world’s oceans every minute.

Production and pollution

The U.S. approach would make the plastics treaty similar to the Paris agreement on climate change, which relies on individual countries making commitments to reduce their emissions. Advocates say that approach matches the politics of the moment. Detractors say the world is still heating up too fast, a clear indicator of failure.

The United States also wants a treaty “focused on the protection of human health and the environment from plastic pollution,” according to an official summary of its views published ahead of the negotiation. But anti-plastic campaigners say it’s a mistake to focus on the narrower problem of pollution, rather than the entire process of producing plastic.

The Biden administration’s negotiating position has drawn flak from some fellow Democrats, including Sen. Jeff Merkley (Ore.) and Rep. Jared Huffman (Calif.), who sent a letter last week to President Biden saying that “we urge you to stop thinking of this as just a pollution problem and to recognize it as the public health, justice and climate crisis that it poses.”

Civil society groups say they will be keeping close watch as talks unfold in the coming days.

“The treaty must protect the environment and health,” Björn Beeler, the international coordinator at the International Pollutants Elimination Network, said by phone from Paris. “And when you look at environment, you can say you’re looking at stopping leakage [into the ocean]. But when you're looking at health, you're really talking about the invisible threats to human health and to biodiversity as well from these toxic chemicals into plastics. The idea of circularity completely misses the health angle.”

On the Hill

Debt deal would approve permits for Mountain Valley Pipeline

Over the weekend, House Republicans and President Biden announced a deal to raise the federal debt ceiling and fund the government for the next two years. 

If approved by Congress, the deal would expedite approval of all necessary permits for the controversial Mountain Valley Pipeline, which would carry natural gas from West Virginia to the Southeast. The 303-mile pipeline, a top priority of Sens. Joe Manchin III (D-W.Va.) and Shelley Moore Capito (R-W.Va.), has faced a string of legal setbacks from environmentalists since its inception, but the new provisions would block almost all such challenges. 

The bill also proposes streamlining the landmark National Environmental Policy Act to limit its requirements on some projects, and studying the capacity of the country’s grid to transfer electricity from region to region.

Republican leaders said they plan to work with the White House later on how to speed up major electric transmission projects — a top Democratic priority key to meeting Biden’s renewable-energy goals — but excluded such provisions from this deal. The White House also said it fended off efforts to cut billions in spending from major climate and emissions reduction legislation Biden had championed, including from the Inflation Reduction Act, The Post’s Timothy Puko reports. 

Many environmental groups yesterday took issue with the administration’s approval of the pipeline, saying it undermines the nation’s targets to reduce air and water pollution and would further burden environmental justice communities. 

But proponents, like Manchin, argue that it is crucial to ensuring energy security. The White House also said the pipeline was likely to be completed soon anyway. 

“It’s something that there’s a high degree of interest in, but I think, as a practical matter, this provision doesn’t have much of an effect,” White House climate adviser John Podesta said, according to audio of a Sunday evening call with House Democrats obtained by The Post.

With less than a week left before the default deadline, the deal faces an uncertain path through the House and the Senate. House Republicans can afford to lose up to 111 votes to pass the bill, if 107 House Democrats also approve it. In the Senate, at least nine Republicans will need to join all 51 members of the Democratic caucus to send the bill to Biden’s desk.

International climate

How the U.S. wants to pressure China to help avert climate catastrophe

The Biden administration is looking for ways to persuade China, the world’s largest polluter, to curb its carbon emissions even as the nations’ relationship grows more fragile, Michael Birnbaum and Christian Shepherd report for The Post

Since negotiations between U.S. climate envoy John F. Kerry and his Chinese counterparts stalled in August over Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan, Chinese provinces have accelerated their approvals of new coal power plants, sparking fears that China is moving away from its climate goals. 

Experts have long said that any global effort to tackle climate change will depend largely on Beijing, since Chinese manufacturing of clean energy equipment is so dominant and the country is responsible for more than double the annual emissions of the United States. 

But the dilemma comes as attitudes toward China in Washington are hardening, narrowing the space Kerry and other diplomats have to engage about the climate — a syllabu where the nations' interests have previously aligned. The Inflation Reduction Act is also adding to the friction, mainly because it focuses on building a domestic renewables industry at the expense of Chinese producers. 

Biden administration officials are trying to get talks back on track while also exploring other tools, such as tariffs, that could be tied to the emissions level of products such as steel and aluminum. A pilot program with the European Union to impose levies on carbon-intensive imports is under discussion, although there is no established price for emissions inside the United States.

Pressure points

Burning trash for the planet? Climate cash sets off branding frenzy

As the Biden administration allocates billions of dollars in new climate subsidies, environmentally challenged industries are sharpening their green pitches to prove that they are not polluting relics. But some are mistakenly saying their plants can help stop climate change even as environmental groups are trying to shut them down, Evan Halper reports for The Post. 

Without the money from the Inflation Reduction Act, a growing number of these kinds of businesses could soon be obsolete, adding urgency to the race to show that they could be just as much of a solution to global warming as solar farms. But for now, some might be biting off more than they can chew.

Oil companies are arguing that a chemical process of melting down plastic and repurposing it for things such as jet fuel is not incineration at all, but “advanced recycling.” And the ethanol industry, burdened with scientific findings that its product has a heavier carbon footprint than gasoline, is positioning itself as the linchpin of climate-friendly air travel.

Meanwhile, waste incineration operators that create electricity argue that the technology is more sustainable than landfills, but federal data shows they are emitters of toxins such as particulate matter, dioxins, lead and mercury that are linked to health problems.

In the atmosphere


Earth isn’t just another picture to burn. Got any ideas, Swifties?


Tue, 30 May 2023 01:42:00 -0500 Michael Birnbaum en text/html https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2023/05/30/administration-seeks-more-relaxed-approach-reducing-plastics/
What Is Agile Project Management – An Overview No result found, try new keyword!Exploring how this approach can help you succeed in today’s fast-paced business environment is essential. The Agile project management approach has revolutionized software development by ... Wed, 24 May 2023 02:53:00 -0500 text/html https://www.thestate.com/software-business/article274154680.html Ampere’s AmpereOne Wants To Achieve Chip Nirvana: More Datacenter Compute For Less Power

Ampere Computing is a merchant datacenter SoC company that delivers high-performance and efficient computing to the cloud data center market. Over the past few years, I have written a number of articles about the company and followed its progress in creating a new cloud-native processor category.

I believe the shift towards the cloud-native software approach demands new compute engines that sustainably provide performance and aren’t burdened with transistors focused on legacy software. Ampere is a company at the forefront of meeting this demand by developing more efficient processors delivering performance across all segments of the cloud data center.

Ampere recently introduced a new family of Arm-compatible server processors called “AmpereOne”. AmpereOne features a custom CPU core developed in-house; it can scale up to 192 cores—the largest core count currently available in the industry. In this article, I examine Ampere’s new milestone, which is unique and undoubtedly disruptive to all the datacenter CPU and SoC players.

Ampere brings new appeal to its second-generation design

Ampere has established itself with the major cloud service providers like Azure, Google Cloud, Oracle Cloud, Alibaba and Baidu, and is making inroads into enterprise on-premises data centers thanks to the inclusion of Ampere processors in servers from Hewlett Packard Enterprise, SuperMicro and other manufacturers.

That said, nobody in the enterprise space relishes buying version one of anything, and the more risk-averse will usually wait until the second version of a product (if not later) before they adopt it. Now, the second-gen design embodied in AmpereOne should make enterprises feel more comfortable about using it, especially because of its highly appealing value proposition: maximum VMs and containers per rack with the highest efficiency at low power.

AmpereOne picks up where Ampere Altra left off

Ampere's first two processors, introduced in 2020, were built using cores licensed from Arm Ltd.—the 80-core Altra and the 128-core Altra Max, which use the 7-nanometer manufacturing process. The Altra and Altra Max processor family ranges from 32 to 128 cores. The new AmpereOne family extends the portfolio with 136 to 192 single-threaded cores and more IO, memory, performance and cloud features, with no overlap between the product families.

I expect the use cases for AmpereOne will include AI inferencing, web servers, databases, caching services, media encoding and video streaming. A vital advantage of this CPU is its ability to scale for application workloads almost linearly.

The AmpereOne family of chips is a departure from the previous Altra family. Ampere has custom-designed the cores to tailor its products to better meet hyperscalers' needs. The CPU is built using the latest 5nm manufacturing process. The custom-designed CPU uses the Arm Instruction Set Architecture (ISA), ensuring compatibility with applications developed on the Altra processors.

Under the hood of the new AmpereOne family

As mentioned, AmpereOne is available with from 136 to 192 single-threaded cores; it also has eight channels of DDR5 memory, 128 lanes of PCIe Gen5 IO and 2MB per core of private cache (double that of the Altra).

AmpereOne also has all the features present in the Altra family: besides single-threaded cores, which are ideal for the cloud, it features 2x228-bit vector units per core, which provides efficiency when manipulating large amounts of data, and FP16 and Int16 support for memory efficiency.

In custom-designing the cores, Ampere has been able to implement several other impressive features. The CPU has bfloat16 support, which is helpful in AI and deep-learning applications where large-scale neural networks are trained and deployed. It has gained traction thanks to its ability to maintain reasonable numerical precision for gradient computations and weight updates, which are critical in training deep-learning models while still providing memory efficiency.

Performance consistency

It’s one thing to have a lot of cores, it’s another thing to have the right architecture to feed those cores. Ampere has implemented mesh congestion management to handle the 192 cores. Mesh congestion management is a type of intelligent traffic management that avoids bottlenecks with techniques such as adaptive routing, virtual channels and load balancing. This optimizes the performance and efficiency of the mesh interconnect network between the cores, minimizing the impact of congestion on overall system performance.

Memory and service level classification (SLC) quality of service enforcement are mechanisms implemented to ensure that no single user gets an unfair share of memory bandwidth or SLC capacity, thus providing performance consistency for everyone. Meanwhile, nested virtualization is a way for cloud providers to offer additional services to users by extending virtualization capabilities to allow a VM to act as a virtual host, enabling the creation and execution of nested VMs within it. Nested virtualization allows for scenarios such as running a hypervisor within a VM, which can host additional VMs.

Scalable management

Fine-grained power management provides Ampere users with OS-based granular control and visibility into what's happening with the processor from a power perspective. Advanced droop detection is a mechanism used to monitor and detect variations in power supply voltage levels, specifically droops or voltage sags, to ensure the stable and reliable operation of the processor. Voltage can “droop” when the power supply voltage to a CPU temporarily decreases due to high current demand, sudden load changes or power delivery limitations.

In the longer term, all processors age, which can affect their performance. To address this, process aging allows Ampere customers to monitor how a processor is aging under conditions of high utilization and low idle time. This ensures that reliability goals are met, and that end users don't experience the effects of processor aging.

New security features

Ampere has introduced several security measures in its new generation of chips. Secure virtualization provides security across a multi-tenant environment and single-key memory encryption is supported when deploying machines in untrusted locations where physical access is risky.

Memory tagging is a feature that has long been requested by customers that has no analog in the x86 space. This security and data integrity feature protects against buffer overflow attacks and increasing data integrity for applications like large databases where memory can be disrupted over time. Memory tagging ensures trust when accessing memory by associating tags or labels with memory regions or individual memory addresses. These tags track and enforce memory access permissions, detect unauthorized access and mitigate the impact of specific security vulnerabilities.

Performance metrics that people can relate to

Ampere considered two performance benchmarks to gauge the relative performance of AmpereOne. First is the number of virtual machines per rack.

The 192 cores of the AmpereOne delivered 7296 VM’s per rack which was 2.9 times more than the 96-core Genoa AMD EPYC 9654 at 2496 VM’s per rack. The AmpereOne also delivers 4.3 times more VM’s per rack than the 60-core Intel Xeon 8480+ Sapphire Rapids at 1680 VM’s per rack.

For the second performance benchmark, Ampere used two different types of AI inferencing workloads to put the AmpereOne through its paces. AmpereOne's performance per rack for a generative AI Stable Diffusion workload was compared against the Genoa AMD EPYC 9654. AmpereOne delivered 2.3 times more frames or images per second compared to Genoa.

The second AI workload was AI recommenders, specifically the deep learning recommendation model (DLRM), a machine learning model designed to provide personalized recommendations for users. The DLRM is a deep neural network architecture specifically tailored for recommendation tasks, such as suggesting products, movies or content based on user preferences and historical behavior. The use case involves significant amounts of data and is very latency-sensitive. At the rack level, AmpereOne delivered almost twice the number of recommendations per second compared to Genoa. If you wonder why the Intel Sapphire Rapids was not in the comparison, the performance gap was even more significant.

Wrapping up

Cloud providers and enterprises will likely always need to buy x86 processors from Intel or AMD for x86 applications that cannot be ported to Arm or RISC-V architectures.

After more than a decade, there is plenty of cloud-optimized code that is Arm-optimized today, and AWS has assured this with Graviton. And that in turn means that Arm is beginning to gain traction in the data center market, which x86-based processors from Intel and AMD currently dominate.

The Arm general-purpose datacenter merchant silicon charge is currently being led by Ampere which, with the addition of the AmpereOne family, addresses most all cloud-native computing needs, from the lowest-power and most constrained uses to the largest-scale deployments.

The simple message is more cores, IO, memory, performance and cloud features—and that’s a message that’s sure to resonate in many quarters.

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Tue, 30 May 2023 04:42:00 -0500 Patrick Moorhead en text/html https://www.forbes.com/sites/patrickmoorhead/2023/05/30/amperes-ampereone-wants-to-achieve-chip-nirvana-more-datacenter-compute-for-less-power/
Nocturnal Acid Breakthrough -- Approach to Management

Abstract and Introduction

Nocturnal acid breakthrough is defined as the presence of intragastric pH < 4 during the overnight period for at least 60 continuous minutes in patients taking a proton-pump inhibitor (PPI). Nocturnal acid breakthrough occurs in more than 70% of Helicobacter pylori-negative patients on PPI therapy and has clinical consequences in particular in patients with complicated gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), Barrett's esophagus, and esophageal motility abnormalities. The clinical importance of nocturnal acid breakthrough and the benefit of adding histamine-2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs) to PPI therapy have been debated ever since these concepts were introduced. In our experience, the addition of bedtime H2RAs is clinically effective in controlling nocturnal acid breakthrough and GERD symptoms.

The final step in gastric acid secretion is the exchange of intracellular protons (H+) for extracellular potassium (K+). The energy required to transfer protons across the high concentration gradient (intracellular pH is approximately 7 while the intragastric pH is close to 1) comes from cleaving ATP molecules. The H+/K+ ATP-ase responsible for this process is also known as the "proton pump," and is inhibited by substituted benzimidazoles or PPIs. The introduction of PPIs in the 1980s changed the clinical approach to and management of peptic diseases such as gastric ulcers, duodenal ulcers, and GERD.

The initial, basic science reports on the PPIs described these medications as irreversible inhibitors of the proton pump, underscoring the need for synthesis of new proton pumps before acid secretion could be resumed.[1] The concern about iatrogenic achlorhydria and its consequences led to an initial "black box" warning regarding the duration of treatment with PPIs. Subsequent clinical data revealed that PPIs, even though they significantly decrease acid secretion, do not completely eliminate intragastric acidity.[2] Reasons for this phenomenon include the relative short serum half-life of PPIs (2-4 hours), the fact that not all proton pumps are active at the same time, and that generation of new proton pumps is a continuous process.[3] Recovery of intragastric acidity, primarily during nighttime while on PPI therapy, should not be regarded as a failure of, or resistance to, these compounds, but rather as an expected phenomenon that may require attention in some patients.

Sun, 04 Jun 2023 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/490723
Sectigo names new SVP to 'revolutionise' partner sales approach

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Fri, 26 May 2023 01:22:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.channelweb.co.uk/news/4116609/sectigo-names-svp-revolutionise-partner-sales-approach

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