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Exam Code: 250-351 Practice exam 2023 by Killexams.com team
Administration of HA Solutions for Windows using VCS 5.0
Symantec Administration learn
Killexams : Symantec Administration learn - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/250-351 Search results Killexams : Symantec Administration learn - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/250-351 https://killexams.com/exam_list/Symantec Killexams : Best System Administrator Certifications for 2023
  • Certification programs help system administrators stand out from their peers while expanding and validating their skills. 
  • Certification training and testing help IT professionals earn professional credibility and more power to direct and control their career paths. 
  • Numerous certifications are available, but several are exceptionally valued and respected. 
  • This article is for system administrators and IT professionals who want to expand their knowledge and professional credibility through certification programs.

System administrators are the glue holding together business operations, ensuring smooth-running IT infrastructures. The role requires in-demand career skills that range from server and client configuration and maintenance to access controls, network services and application resource requirements. SysAdmins may even work with more user-facing products, like directory and name services, network addressing, database services, web and desktop applications, and email. They’re often the company “tech expert” – sometimes at several organizations simultaneously. 

System administrator certifications help IT professionals navigate their career paths, expand their knowledge and demonstrate their expertise to managers and employers. SysAdmin certs may even help you secure managerial and executive level jobs and higher pay.

If you’re a SysAdmin specializing in database services, consider exploring the best database certifications for database administrators and developers.

Best system administrator certifications

After examining various credentials, we developed this list of our five favorite system administrator certifications for 2023. These certifications are geared toward various experience levels, product interests and skill sets. They can foster your development within system administration, encourage you to explore new areas of expertise, and help you set and achieve career goals

1. Microsoft Certified: Azure Solutions Architect Expert 

Many businesses operate within Microsoft ecosystems, making Microsoft certifications extremely valuable and sought after. However, Microsoft has overhauled its certification processes in latest years, replacing broad certificates like Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert with a wider variety of role-based certification options divided into the following roles: 

  • Data engineer
  • Data scientist
  • Artificial intelligence engineer
  • Security engineer
  • DevOps engineer
  • Functional consultant
  • Developer
  • Administrator
  • Solutions architect 

Certifications come in beginner, intermediate, and expert levels, based on applicants’ experience. 

Various system administrators may find some Microsoft certifications more advantageous than others. However, the Azure Solutions Architect Expert is the most in-demand certification for a SysAdmin with IT operation experience.  

The Azure Solutions Architect Expert certification is ideal for someone with extensive experience using Azure to solve problems and make decisions for a business’s tech needs. Candidates must have experience with every level of IT operations as well as DevOps. Candidates will be tested on their knowledge and ability to design solutions for data storage, identity, infrastructure and more using Azure. 

This certification combines elements of system administration, Azure implementation and solutions architect experience. Candidates should have one prerequisite qualification: the Azure Administrator Associate certification.  

If you have solutions architect experience, check out our list of the best enterprise architect certifications. Credentials at the architect level can lead to some of the highest-paid tech industry positions.

Microsoft Certified: Azure Solutions Architect Expert facts and figures

2. Professional Oracle Linux 8 System Administrator 

Although Oracle is known for its database products and solutions, it also distributes Linux products geared for the enterprise and designed to support cloud environments. Oracle Linux is optimized for various Oracle products and platforms, such as:

  • Oracle Exadata Database Machine
  • Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine
  • Oracle Exalogic Elastic Cloud
  • Oracle Database Appliance

To support Oracle Linux, the company offers several Oracle Linux System Administrator learning paths. It also provides several standalone Linux administration courses. Oracle’s Linux certifications are considered among the best Linux certifications to earn. We’ll highlight the Professional Oracle Linux 8 System Administrator certification below. 

The OCP Oracle Linux System Administrator certification, currently at version 8, covers many tools and processes. Candidates must be well-versed in:

  • Linux file systems
  • Control groups
  • Container concepts
  • Advanced storage administration techniques
  • Oracle cluster management 
  • Using Ksplice Uptrack commands 

The certification also tests for knowledge of network bonding, task automation, security configuration and more. 

SysAdmins who support Oracle Solaris might also be interested in the Oracle Solaris System Administrator certification, which Oracle offers at the Associate and Professional levels. Oracle also offers a Cloud Database Migration and Integration Professional certificate

Professional Oracle Linux 8 System Administrator certification facts and figures

Oracle certifications are vendor-specific certifications to advance your networking career and are frequently sought after by SysAdmins.

3. RHCE: Red Hat Certified Engineer

In the realm of Linux system administrator certifications, Red Hat certifications stand out. Red Hat’s more senior-level certifications are especially popular among IT professionals and the firms that hire them. Those holding the Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE) credential qualify for highly competitive job roles, including the following:

  • Senior Linux administrator
  • Senior UNIX administrator
  • Senior systems engineer
  • Infrastructure systems engineer
  • IT analyst 

The RHCE is considered a high-level credential that’s not easy to obtain. Candidates must first obtain the Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA) credential. The RHCE credential expands the RHCSA’s understanding of automation in multisystem environments. Candidates must then pass an intense, demanding, four-hour, hands-on, performance-based exam. Those who earn the RHCE can go on to earn the Red Hat Certified Architect (RHCA) in Infrastructure credential.

Candidates can choose a path based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 or Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8. RHCE certification is valid for three years from the date the certification was achieved. To maintain the certification, a credential holder must pass any RHCA exam or pass the RHCE certification exam again before the end of the three years.

See our Red Hat certification guide for additional Red Hat professional certifications based on software products, virtualization, storage and cloud-based solutions.

RHCE facts and figures

Certification name Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE)
Prerequisites and required courses

Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA) certification via one exam: EX200 Red Hat Certified System Administrator

Recommended courses: 

  • Red Hat System Administration I (RH124)
  • Red Hat System Administration II (RH134)
  • Red Hat System Administration III: Linux Automation with Ansible (RH294)

Note: Courses are not required, but Red Hat requests that candidates who opt out of the courses demonstrate equivalent experience.

Number of exams One exam: EX294 Red Hat Certified Engineer exam
Cost per exam $400 (RHCE exam fee only)
URL https://www.redhat.com/en/services/certification/rhce
Self-study materials Several online education resources, including Udemy.com, offer courses to help you prepare for the RHCE exam. In addition, some books are available with resources to help you study for the test.

4. CompTIA Server+

CompTIA certifications, such as the A+ for hardware technicians, Network+ for network admins and Security+ for security specialists, are highly regarded in the computing industry. The CompTIA Server+ certification is no exception. 

Companies such as Intel, HP, Dell, Lenovo, Xerox and Microsoft recommend or require their server technicians to earn CompTIA Server+ credentials.

The Server+ certification exam focuses on fundamental, vendor-neutral server-related topics, including:

  • Server hardware
  • Operating systems
  • Storage systems
  • Networking
  • The IT environment (documentation, diagrams and best practices)
  • Security and disaster recovery
  • Virtualization 
  • Troubleshooting

Individuals seeking positions across the system administration world, including data technician, network administrator, IT technician and data center engineer, can benefit from CompTIA Server+ certification. This certification also provides new IT professionals with an excellent foundation for more specialized certifications.

Candidates for the Server+ certification take one exam: SK0-005. CompTIA recommends that candidates have at least two years of practical experience working with servers and either CompTIA A+ certification or comparable knowledge. This certification also stands out because it does not expire – certification is good for life. 

CompTIA Server+ facts and figures

Certification name CompTIA Server+
Prerequisites and required courses Required: None Recommended: CompTIA A+ certification plus 18 to 24 months of IT experience
Number of exams One exam: SK0-005 (90 minutes, 90 multiple-choice and performance-based questions; 750 on a scale of 100 to 900 required to pass)
Cost per exam $358; purchase vouchers through CompTIA Marketplace; exam administered by Pearson VUE
URL https://certification.comptia.org/certifications/server
Self-study materials Links to practice questions, exam objectives, e-books and other training resources are available on the certification page. exam study bundles, including e-books and CertMaster practice, are available from the CompTIA Marketplace.

5. VCAP-DCV Design 2022: VMware Certified Advanced Professional – Data Center Virtualization Design 2022

VMware certifications are must-have credentials for IT professionals interested in virtualization. With a comprehensive certification program encompassing all skill levels, VMware credentials are recognized globally as the best in their class of professional certifications.  

The latest incarnation of the VMware vSphere product is Version 8. VMware offers five credentials related to the vSphere product:

  • Certified Technical
  • Certified Professional
  • Certified Advanced Professional (Data Center Virtualization Design)
  • Certified Advanced Professional (Data Center Virtualization Deploy)
  • Certified Design Expert 

VMware also offers a wide range of badges for specific product applications. We’re highlighting the intermediate certification: Certified Advanced Professional – Data Center Virtualization Design. 

Training is required for non-credential holders seeking to obtain the VCAP-DCV credential. VMware offers various training options to meet the training prerequisite: self-paced (on demand), live online and live classroom – some of which include virtual labs. Those possessing a valid VCAP-DCV Design certificate must attend a training course or pass the VCAP-DCV Design exam. 

VCAP-DCV Design 2022 facts and figures

Certification name VMware Certified Advanced Professional – Data Center Virtualization 2022 (VCAP-DCV)
Prerequisites and required courses Path 1 (non-VCP credential holders): Earn the VCP-DCV 2022 and pass the VCAP-DCV Design exam. Additional training courses are recommended but not required. 

Path 2 (active VCAP-DCV Design or Deploy 2019 or newer credential holders): Pass the VCAP-DCV Design exam. Training is recommended but not required.

Path 3 (VCAP-CMA Design or Deploy 2019 or newer, VCAP-DTM Design or Deploy 2019 or newer, VCAP-NV Design or Deploy 2019 or newer holders): Earn the VCP-DCV 2022 and pass the VCAP-DCV Design exam. Training is recommended but not required. 

Path 4 (VCAP-DCV Design 2021 holder): Either attend the training course in 2022 or pass the VCAP-DCV Design exam.  Path 5 (VCAP6.5-DCV Design or Deploy or older): Earn the VCP-DCV 2022 and pass the VCAP-DCV Design exam. Training is recommended but not required. 

Number of exams Professional DCV exam (130 minutes, 70 single and multiple-choice questions; must score 300 out of 500 to pass)

Exam for certification: VCAP-DCV Design Exam (150 minutes, 60 single and multiple-choice questions; must score 300 out of 500 to pass)

Cost per exam Professional DCV exam: $250 VCAP-DCV Design exam: $450 
URL https://www.vmware.com/learning/certification/vcap-dcv-design.html
Self-study materials VMware offers a downloadable exam guide for each exam. VMware Customer Connect Learning offers exam prep subscriptions.

Earning the best IT certifications, including system admin certs, is an excellent career advancement tool for amassing and validating your skills and knowledge.

Beyond the top 5: More SysAdmin certifications

In addition to the five system administrator certifications we highlighted above, many other certification programs can help further the careers and professional development of IT professionals in system administration.

It makes sense to investigate the plethora of vendor-specific programs available for those who work with systems from companies like Brocade, Dell EMC, HPE, IBM, NetApp and Symantec. Many play into critical system specialty areas, such as storage, security and virtualization, while others offer a broad range of platforms for these and other technology areas. 

Here are some examples:

  • IBM Certified System Administrator MQ V9.1: IBM Certified System Administrator MQ V9.1 is for SysAdmins who cover admin activities such as migrating, configuration, availability, performance tuning and problem determination.
  • NetApp Certified Data Administrator (NCDA): NCDA is geared toward professionals who manage NetApp data storage controllers running the ONTAP operating system.
  • ServiceNow Certified System Administrator: ServiceNow Certified System Administrator is aimed at professionals adept at configuring, implementing and managing ServiceNow systems.

Vendor-neutral certification programs also offer a variety of interesting and potentially valuable credentials. For example, Linux Professional Institute certifications are well known and widely recognized in IT shops and operations that depend on Linux servers to handle their workloads. 

Tech professionals may also want to consider certifications in adjacent fields, including big data certifications, starter cybersecurity certifications and project management certifications.

Job board search results (in alphabetical order by certification)

The following chart shows the results of an informal job search we conducted to deliver you an idea of the relative frequency with which our top five certifications appear in actual job postings. While all the certifications are popular, the CompTIA Server+ stands out as the clear favorite.

Certification SimplyHired Indeed LinkedIn Jobs Linkup Total
Microsoft Certified: Azure Solutions Architect Expert (Microsoft) 1,722 4,281 554 2,711 9,268
Oracle Linux 8 System Administrator (Oracle) 1,831 2,232 166 765 4,994
RHCE (Red Hat) 417 527 1,015 1,972 3,931
Server+ (CompTIA) 6,817 5,082 1,125 4,182 17,206
VCAP-DCV Design 2022  (VMware)* 2,884 2,885 220 4,932 10,921

* When searching for VCP – Data Center credentials, we found most job descriptions didn’t indicate a specific version.

Although employers tend to pay SysAdmins less than some of their IT peers, such as network engineers and enterprise IT architects, a career in system administration is still worth pursuing. SimplyHired reports $79,283 as the national average salary for system administrators, with a range of $49,718 to $136,224. Indeed.com similarly reports that $76,942 is the average base salary for system administrators, while senior system administrators can expect an average salary of around $92,803.  

Building a dynamic IT skill set

IT systems are dynamic. They grow with companies and change with evolving technology. Therefore, it’s important for system administrators to nourish their skills. Certifications and training show you’re qualified to handle the responsibilities of your desired position while demonstrating your willingness to learn and grow. 

As you move through your career in system administration, you may want to branch into new specialties or software. Fortunately, in addition to receiving certifications, you can access many excellent courses and educational resources to help you continue to grow in your field. 

Ed Tittel and Kim Lindros contributed to the reporting and writing in this article.

Sun, 30 Jul 2023 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.businessnewsdaily.com/10752-best-system-administrator-certifications.html
Killexams : Learning the lessons from cybersecurity trash fires at TC Disrupt 2023

We’ve all seen headlines about major hacks and data breaches of major companies — it can feel like nobody’s safe. Security is a constant learning curve, and what we learn when things go wrong can help defend against similar threats and would-be incidents in the future.

That’s why we’re excited to welcome three of the sharpest security experts — Lesley Carhart, director of incident response, Dragos; Sherrod DeGrippo, director of threat intelligence strategy, Microsoft; and Rachel Tobac, friendly hacker and CEO, SocialProof Security — to the Security Stage on September 21 at TechCrunch Disrupt 2023.

In a session called “What We Can Learn from Cybersecurity Trash Fires,” our panel will talk about the lessons we can take from some of the cybersecurity horror stories — or “trash fires” — they’ve seen in their careers.

In this judgment-free space, we’ll discuss how security incidents can be prevented by learning and heeding the lessons from yesteryear. You’ll hear hand-picked examples of cybersecurity trash fires from the top professionals in their fields, and you’ll take away actionable advice and relatable guidance on both what — and what not — to do.

Come to learn how to make the world less hackable, and leave with the tools and knowledge to take on the challenges as the next generation of security leaders.

Learn more about our speakers — and their qualifications for tackling this challenging course — below.

Lesley Carhart: Dragos, director of incident response for North America

Lesley Carhart leads response to, and proactively hunts for, threats in customers’ industrial control system (ICS) environments. After four years as a principal incident responder at Dragos, Lesley now manages a team of incident response and digital forensics professionals across North America. Carhart investigates commodity, targeted and insider threat cases in industrial networks. Carhart is also a certified instructor and curriculum developer for Dragos’ incident-response and threat-hunting courses.

Prior to joining Dragos, Carhart was the incident response team lead at Motorola Solutions. Lesley is honored to be retired from the U.S. Air Force Reserves and to have received recognition such as DEF CON Hacker of the Year, SANS Difference Maker, and Power Player from SC Magazine.

Carhart also organizes résumé and interview clinics at several cybersecurity conferences, and they lecture, blog and tweet prolifically about cybersecurity. When not working, Carhart enjoys being a youth martial arts instructor.

Sherrod DeGrippo: Microsoft, director of threat intelligence strategy

Sherrod DeGrippo was selected as Cybersecurity Woman of the Year in 2022 and Cybersecurity PR Spokesperson of the year for 2021. Prior to joining Microsoft, she was VP of threat research and detection at Proofpoint, where she led a global team of threat researchers, malware reverse engineers and threat intelligence analysts.

DeGrippo’s career in cybersecurity spans 19 years with prior roles that include leading the security business services team at Nexum, senior solutions engineer for Symantec, senior security consultant for Secureworks and senior network security analyst for the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA).

A frequently cited threat intelligence expert, DeGrippo’s media experience includes televised appearances on BBC News and commentary in the Wall Street Journal, CNN, The New York Times and more. She is a well-known public speaker having presented at Black Hat, RSA Conference,  Rocky Mountain Information Security Conference (RMISC), Sleuthcon and others. In her personal time, she co-hosts the cultural lifestyle podcast Bit Obscene and spends time with her rescue dog, Boris Karloff.

Rachel Tobac: SocialProof Security, friendly hacker and CEO

Rachel Tobac helps people and companies keep their data safe by training and pen testing them on social engineering risks. She was also second-place winner of Def Con’s wild spectator sport, the Social Engineering Capture the Flag contest, three years in a row.

Tobac has shared her real-life social engineering stories with NPR, Last Week Tonight with John Oliver, The New York Times, CNN, NBC Nightly News with Lester Holt and many more. In her remaining spare time, she sits on the CISA Technical Advisory Committee and is the chair of the board for the nonprofit Women in Security and Privacy (WISP), where she works to advance women to lead in the fields.

TechCrunch Disrupt 2023 takes place on September 19–21 in San Francisco. Tickets will sell out. Buy your pass now and save $400 before prices go up at the door. For a limited time, when you book your Disrupt hotel room at the Hyatt Regency San Francisco Downtown SOMA, you’ll automatically be eligible to enter a raffle for a chance to win two spots for you and a guest to attend the exclusive TechCrunch Disrupt Speakers & Editors Dinner. Book your room today. More hotel raffle details here.

Is your company interested in sponsoring or exhibiting at TechCrunch Disrupt 2023? Contact our sponsorship sales team by filling out this form.

Wed, 23 Aug 2023 02:01:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://techcrunch.com/2023/08/23/learning-the-lessons-from-cybersecurity-trash-fires-at-tc-disrupt-2023/
Killexams : CSU Learn

What is CSU Learn?

CSU Learn is an online learning management system (LMS) provided by SumTotal/Skillsoft. All Sac State employees access CSU Learn to complete their mandatory compliance trainings. CSU Learn also offers more than 75,000 online lessons, videos, e-books, and classes.

Mandatory Compliance Training

Employees of Sacramento State are required to complete mandatory trainings to remain in compliance with federal and/or state law, and CSU policy. There are several compliance trainings that are required of all Sac State employees. In addition, employees may be assigned additional trainings based on their role and duties.

The button below outlines the multiple mandatory compliance trainings assigned to employees, when they are assigned, how long employees have to take the trainings, and how often the trainings must be repeated.

Mandatory trainings are auto-assigned by CSU Learn, and employees receive emails from the system with training links and instructions. Employees receive email reminders until the course is recorded as completed. When an employee is due to complete a training again (called recertification), the employee will receive an email from CSU Learn approximately 30 days prior to the expiration date of the certifcation, and each week until it is completed. In the event certification expires, the employee will receive expiration notices with requests to complete the course to remain in compliance.

This list will be updated as needed to comply with applicable laws and/or CSU policies.

CSU Learn Access

Browser advisory: Use only Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox to access CSU Learn. Do not use Internet Explorer, Safari, or Microsoft Edge. Using browsers other than Chrome and Firefox may result in the system not registering training completion.

  1. Employees are notified of their assigned trainings through emails automatically generated by CSU Learn. Links and instructions are included in these emails. View a sample email from CSU Learn.
  2. Using Chrome or Firefox, employees may log in to My Sac State at any time, and click on the CSU Learn button in the Employee Center.
  3. Using Chrome or Firefox, access CSU Learn. Upon clicking the link, employees may be taken to the CSU log-in screen first. If this occurs, select Sacramento from the drop-down menu, then log in using your Sac State credentials.

Help with CSU Learn

Employees can find answers to commonly asked questions about CSU Learn in the online ServiceNow library and guides below:


Access for New Sac State Employees

Access for Sac State Student Assistants

Access for Auxiliary Student Assistants

Access for Campus Volunteers

Using CSU Learn

How to Use CSU Learn (including steps to log-in, launch and start trainings)

How to Register for a Curriculum

The Difference Between "Retake" or "Review" Training in CSU Learn

Transcripts and Completion Certificates

How to View the Training Transcript

How to View, Print, or Save a Certificate of Completion

Error Messages

"User account does not exist"

"Error while processing tokens"

Additional Assistance

To request assistance with CSU Learn, please email csu-learn@csus.edu. Describe your situation in as much detail as possible, and a member of the Learning & Development team will contact you.

Additional Learning Resources

CSU Learn also offers additional optional learning opportunities to further your skills and professional development such as courses, books, articles and more! Employees can access these resources by doing the following:

  1. Log into CSU Learn and click on “Library”
  2. Click on “Filters” and click on the activity type(s) for a list of offerings
  3. Click on the title of the resource that interests you and click “start” to begin the training/activity

The CSU also has curated a variety of learning bundles on various subjects such as: Building Relationships/Teams, Communication, Hybrid Teams, Problem Solving & Decision Making, etc. Employees can access these learning bundles by doing the following:

  1. Log into CSU Learn and click on "Library"
  2. Under “Topics” click on "CSU's Professional Development" to view the learning bundles
  3. Click on the learning bundle that interests you to view the courses related to that bundle.
Tue, 17 Jan 2023 07:36:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.csus.edu/administration-business-affairs/human-resources/learning-development/csu-learn.html
Killexams : The Biden Administration Can Learn From The States—Industrial Policy Doesn’t Work

Industrial policy is all the rage. The Biden administration is infatuated with tax breaks, subsidies, and mandates meant to encourage—or coerce—firms to locate or expand operations in America. Biden’s team is primarily selling these actions as a way to strengthen national security, particularly in relation to China. But they are also telling folks that their policies will boost U.S. manufacturing and revitalize local economies across the country. State officials have been making similar claims about their industrial policies for years, and like them, Biden’s big plans will fail.

The CHIPS HIPS and Science Act calls for $280 billion in various subsidies, tax credits, and loan programs to stimulate semiconductor research, development, and manufacturing on U.S. soil. Similarly, the poorly named Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) provides at least $400 billion in government subsidies for non-carbon-based energy such as wind and solar, as well as subsidies for electric vehicles and related infrastructure e.g., charging stations.

Government officials and lawmakers from both major parties are praising the CHIPS Act. To commemorate the one-year anniversary of it becoming law, Ohio Governor Mike DeWine, a Republican, said he’s “…proud to be an early supporter of the CHIPS and Science Act of 2022.” Meanwhile, shortly after the CHIPS Act became law, Senator Elizabeth Warren (MA), a Democrat, said “I am delighted about $52 billion that is going into chips, that is going into domestic manufacturing, that is going into strengthening our supply chains.”

There is less support for the IRA among Republicans, but even GOP lawmakers appreciate the investments in their districts that the IRA is subsidizing.

The CHIPS Act and the IRA thrust national industrial policy into the spotlight. While the federal government has doled out subsidies (farm subsidies, banks, Solyndra) and levied mandates (Davis-Bacon Act, Buy American Act) on companies for decades, the most latest laws appear to be ushering in a new age of interventionist economic policy. Unlike China or Russia, the U.S. has largely avoided national industrial planning. Economic development incentives are typically viewed as something government officials do to help companies in their districts or important industries in their states. It is cronyism for sure, but no one thinks the government is trying to control the economy or even an industry. Now, that is less clear.

Supporters of the CHIPS Act say it is needed to limit China’s ability to access the latest microchip technology as part of a bigger effort to slow China’s growing influence in the world. The Biden administration is actively working with Japan, The Netherlands, and other countries to shape the microchip industry—where inputs come from, where the final products are made, and who can buy them.

Similarly, the stricter buy American mandates in the IRA are trying to shape supply chains and manufacturing processes for electric vehicles, batteries, solar panels, and wind turbines. To be eligible for the IRA’s subsidies, electric vehicles and their components need to be built in North America. America’s large fiscal capacity—we have the largest economy in the world—means we can generally out-subsidize any other country if that is our goal. Other countries are unlikely to go down without a fight though, as demonstrated by Europe’s response—its own $270 billon green subsidy program.

Watching countries compete in a subsidy arms race reminds me of the subsidy battles among U.S. states. Bloated state budgets stuffed with federal pandemic aid caused states to go on a spending spree in 2022. Ohio gave chipmaker Intel INTC hundreds of millions of dollars in subsidies and tax credits to open a new manufacturing campus. Michigan’s state Economic Development authority gave $600 million in grants and $1.1 billion in tax breaks and lower utility rates to General Motors GM to convince it to build a new truck and battery factory in the state. North Carolina gave $121 million to Boom Supersonic, an aviation company with plans to build hypersonic passenger planes. There are hundreds of other examples.

Biden and his administration can learn something from states’ experiences with subsidies—they do not boost economic growth. Research shows that economic development incentives are rarely sent to places with the worst economies, despite repeated claims that they can revitalize downtrodden towns or cities. But even if the money did flow to the places in the worst shape, it would not do much: Research finds that while subsidies typically increase employment in the targeted industry, they do not increase total employment or per capita incomes.

Despite the evidence that subsidies are generally economic losers, some folks, including some economists, suggest we rethink them rather than scrap them. In a new NBER paper, economists Dani Rodrik, Nathan Lane, and Réka Juhász (RLJ) argue that industrial policy, of which subsidies are a key part, should be evaluated on narrower goals, such as whether it reallocates resources toward the targeted industry rather than whether it promotes broader economic growth.

But merely boosting an industry is not what politicians promise from more active industrial policy. They claim that economic growth will be widespread. In recent remarks about the IRA, Biden said “I wish I hadn’t called it that, because it has less to do with reducing inflation than it does to do with dealing with providing for alternatives that generate economic growth”.

If industrial policy only helps the targeted industry, any moral justification for it withers. Taking money from one group of taxpayers and giving it to another could be defended (though not by me) if the entire economy benefited. But if firms in the targeted industry are the only ones that benefit, or even worse, only certain firms get the spoils, most taxpayers have nothing to gain from letting politicians and bureaucrats play venture capitalist with their tax dollars.

RLJ also claim that for industrial policy to work, governments do not need to consistently pick winners, but rather pick enough winners to offset the losers. This is like a stock portfolio, where a couple of big winners can offset dozens of smaller losers. A safer alternative to picking individual stocks, however, is investing in the market via an index fund. This is the prudent choice for most investors and the more remunerative strategy on average, since actively managed funds generally do worse than passive index funds.

There is an index fund strategy for industrial policy: promoting competition and innovation through low taxes, modest regulation, and simple laws that apply to all firms. Instead of trying to pick winners, policymakers should focus on setting up an economic environment that allows for experimentation and incentivizes success. At the state level, Florida, South Dakota, and New Hampshire provide good models.

It is hard for policymakers to stick to this basic strategy since it does not provide many ribbon-cutting ceremonies or photo opportunities, but in the long run local economies and the national economy will benefit. Free markets are a tried-and-true mechanism for promoting prosperity and America has leveraged the power of free markets to become the largest economy in the world. Now is not the time to abandon what works.

Wed, 16 Aug 2023 04:29:00 -0500 Adam A. Millsap en text/html https://www.forbes.com/sites/adammillsap/2023/08/16/the-biden-administration-can-learn-from-the-states-industrial-policy-doesnt-work/
Killexams : Ed.D. in K-12 Administration Program

Discover what’s next. In Bethel’s Doctor of Education: Leadership in K-12 Administration program, you’ll be prepared for the complex and challenging role of school and district leadership. By integrating a values-informed framework into your administrative practices, you’ll grow as a trustworthy leader capable of transforming students, colleagues, and communities. With an emphasis on innovation, clarity, and collaboration, you will be prepared to understand and meet the needs of today’s school communities.

In our Ed.D. in K-12 Administration program, you’ll prepare for the wonderfully complex and challenging role of leadership in K-12 settings. Students can earn a principal, superintendent, and special education director license. Non-license-seeking students complete an individualized directed study.
Fri, 18 Aug 2023 14:09:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.bethel.edu/graduate/academics/education-doctorate-k-12-admin/
Killexams : Higher Education Administration

Whether you work at a college, university, adult education center or serve in military or corporate training settings, UW’s online Ed.D. program will deliver you a strong background in the functional areas of higher education, preparing you for senior administrative positions as well as teaching in a higher education setting.

While the Ph.D. in Higher Education Administration stresses theoretical study and research, the Ed.D. emphasizes applied theory and research with the goal of providing a stronger foundation for enhancing your professional practice and leadership skills, making it possible for you to effect visionary changes in your organization.

Have Questions?
Contact our program coordinator!

Application Deadline

  • January 15 - Fall/Summer
  • September 15 - Spring

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • A minimum of three years of full-time experience in higher education or a related field
  • Master's degree from an institution accredited by a regional accrediting body in any academic discipline
  • Minimum Graduate GPA: 3.0
  • GRE scores: 151 verbal, 153 quantitative, and 4.0 analytical writing

International Students

  • TOEFL: 550 minimum written or 80 minimum online, OR IELTS: 6.5 minimum overall score
  • GRE: 151 in verbal, 153 quantitative; 4.0 in analytical writing

How to Apply
Please visit our program admission webpage for more details.

Below is a sampling of Higher Education Administration Ed.D. classes you might take as a student at the University of Wyoming:

  • Educational Issues in Race, Class and Gender
  • Community College Issues and Leadership
  • Issues in Higher Education
  • Higher Education Finance
  • Advanced Organizational Leadership
  • Leader as Direction Setter
  • Law of Higher Education

View the full doctor of education higher education administration concentration degree program curriculum.

The UW Ed.D. in Higher Education Administration prepares you for upper level administrative positions at colleges and university and other post-secondary environments.

Higher Education Administration Careers

UW higher education administration Ed.D. alumni can work in the following positions:

  • Vice president for academic services
  • Assistant professor
  • Professor
  • Degree coordinator
  • Residence coordinator
  • Professional academic advisor
  • Director of faculty outreach and support
  • Vice president for student affairs
  • Vice president for academic services
  • Associate dean of students
  • Director of student success
Faculty member speaking with students

Research and write a dissertation based on your interests and career goals. latest dissertation titles include:

  • “The perceptions of principals regarding the formative supervision of teachers”
  • “Understanding the implicit costs of regulatory compliance at a small liberal arts college”
  • “Higher education leadership and women: Understanding the work-life balance through the voices of real moms”

As an online higher education administration doctoral student, you will have chance to earn a terminal degree while also retaining your position at your current institution. You will also develop the research and leadership skills to take your career in new directions and make a difference in students’ post-secondary experiences.

Here are some reasons to consider the UW Ed.D. higher education administration program:

Flexible Course Delivery

Maintain your current work and life commitments while earning your doctorate. Courses are offered online and through a blended format of online and audio conferencing.

Campus Orientation

Spend one day on the UW campus near the beautiful Laramie Mountains, where you will learn about the program while getting to know faculty and fellow students. The remainder of your program takes place 100 percent online.

Faculty Practitioner-Scholars

Learn from faculty who have held various administrative positions in post-secondary settings and are also active scholars. UW higher education administration faculty study areas such as community colleges, adult education, distance education and social justice in higher education.



Explore graduate assistantships in other campus departments. These opportunities offer full-time, on-campus students faculty research involvement, college-level teaching experiences and stipends.



Add a graduate minor in qualitative research methods or quantitative research methods to your Ed.D. program.

Travel Grants

Pursue support to cover travel costs associated with presenting at or attending professional conferences.


Look into relevant graduate scholarships from UW, such as:

Clarence Jayne Memorial Scholarship
Kercher Family Scholarship in Education



The College of Education at UW is nationally accredited by the Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation (CAEP).


Carnegie Project on the Education Doctorate (CPED)

Select a degree program dedicated to excellence. The College of Education is among the approximately 100 institutions that belong to the Carnegie Project on the Education Doctorate. We apply the CPED quality framework to help prepare you to become a skilled practitioner who can meet contemporary educational challenges.

Are you considering an academic or leadership position in higher ed? These programs might be of interest:

Thu, 10 Aug 2023 03:29:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.uwyo.edu/uw/degree-programs/higher-education-administration-edd.html
Killexams : Project Administration

Now that your award is up and running, how do you properly administer your project? This area will provide guidance on administering your project during its life cycle. Please use these links to familiarize yourself on the role of the principal investigator, the role of the research accountant and other key research administration areas such as allowable, allocable and reasonable costs (as defined under Uniform Guidance issued by the Office of Management and Budget), proper financial management, as well as other key areas that you may encounter during the life of your project such as change of scope, hiring of consultants, issuance of subcontracts and more.

Research Accounting Services is a part of the Office of the Comptroller.  The organizational structure and members of the team are illustrated below.  Please reach out to any member of our team for assistance, however, it is recommended that you work directly with your assigned team member.  The list of assigned team members can be found on the Portfolio Assignments page or get the details from the Portfolio Assignments Excel file [XLSX].  You can also send an email to our general mailbox at ras@drexel.edu.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 10:04:00 -0500 en text/html https://drexel.edu/comptroller/research-accounting/administration/
Killexams : What You Need to Know About Becoming a Business Administration/Management Major No result found, try new keyword!Business administration/management majors study how businesses function. They learn business principles while strengthening their leadership skills, and they have a ... Tue, 22 Sep 2020 03:34:00 -0500 text/html https://www.usnews.com/education/best-colleges/business-administration-major-overview Killexams : Cenlar Central Loan Administration

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Killexams : Master of Business Administration: On-Campus


The MBA Program is a 30 credit-hour program for the student with a latest undergraduate degree in business. For the student with a non-business degree, or who lacks coursework or work experience in key areas of undergraduate business study, foundation courses are required. The core program consists of 14 courses: eight core courses (12 credit-hours), one ethics course which integrates faith, ethics and work (3 credit-hours), three elective courses (9 credit-hours), and a two course capstone sequence (6 credit-hours). The elective courses may be chosen in a variety of areas.

Mon, 19 Dec 2022 14:14:00 -0600 en text/html https://udayton.edu/business/graduate-academics/master_of_business_administration/index.php
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