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200-201 Understanding Cisco Cybersecurity Operations Fundamentals (CBROPS)

Test Detail:
The Cisco 200-201 CBROPS (Understanding Cisco Cybersecurity Operations Fundamentals) test is a certification test offered by Cisco Systems. The test is designed to validate the candidate's knowledge and skills in the field of cybersecurity operations. The following description provides an overview of the CBROPS exam.

Course Outline:
To prepare for the CBROPS exam, candidates can undergo training courses that cover the fundamentals of cybersecurity operations. These courses provide comprehensive knowledge and practical skills required to identify and mitigate cybersecurity threats, detect security incidents, and respond effectively to security breaches. The coursework typically covers syllabus such as network security, threat analysis, incident response, security monitoring, and vulnerability management.

Exam Objectives:
The CBROPS test aims to assess the candidate's understanding and proficiency in various areas of cybersecurity operations. The test objectives include the following:

1. Security Concepts:
- Understanding of key security principles and concepts
- Knowledge of various types of threats and vulnerabilities
- Familiarity with security policies, procedures, and standards

2. Security Monitoring:
- Ability to monitor and analyze security events and logs
- Knowledge of security monitoring tools and techniques
- Understanding of incident management and response processes

3. Host-Based Analysis:
- Understanding of host-based security technologies and techniques
- Knowledge of host-based forensic analysis and investigation
- Proficiency in analyzing host logs and identifying security incidents

4. Network Intrusion Analysis:
- Ability to analyze network traffic for signs of intrusion
- Knowledge of network security protocols and technologies
- Familiarity with network intrusion detection and prevention systems

5. Security Policies and Procedures:
- Understanding of security policies, procedures, and best practices
- Knowledge of compliance frameworks and regulations
- Proficiency in developing and implementing security policies

Exam Syllabus:
The CBROPS test syllabus covers a wide range of cybersecurity operations topics. The syllabus includes the following areas of study:

- Security concepts and principles
- Security monitoring and analysis
- Incident response and handling
- Network security technologies
- Host-based analysis and investigation
- Security policies and procedures
- Compliance and regulatory requirements

The CBROPS test format typically consists of multiple-choice questions, drag-and-drop scenarios, and simulations that assess the candidate's ability to apply cybersecurity concepts in real-world scenarios. Candidates are expected to demonstrate their knowledge of cybersecurity operations and their proficiency in identifying and responding to security threats.
Understanding Cisco Cybersecurity Operations Fundamentals (CBROPS)
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Understanding Cisco Cybersecurity Operations Fundamentals
Question: 252
Which regular expression matches "color" and "colour"?
A. colo?ur
B. col[0 - 8]+our
C. colou?r
D. col[0 - 9]+our
Answer: C
Question: 253
Refer to the exhibit.
Which type of log is displayed?
A. proxy
B. NetFlow
D. sys
Answer: B
Question: 254
An analyst is investigating an incident in a SOC environment.
Which method is used to identify a session from a group of logs?
A. sequence numbers
B. IP identifier
C. 5-tuple
D. timestamps
Answer: C
Question: 255
Which type of evidence supports a theory or an assumption that results from initial evidence?
A. probabilistic
B. indirect
C. best
D. corroborative
Answer: D
Question: 256
Which two elements are assets in the role of attribution in an investigation? (Choose two.)
A. context
B. session
C. laptop
D. firewall logs
E. threat actor
Answer: AE
Question: 257
Which piece of information is needed for attribution in an investigation?
A. proxy logs showing the source RFC 1918 IP addresses
B. RDP allowed from the Internet
C. known threat actor behavior
D. 802.1x RADIUS authentication pass arid fail logs
Answer: C
Question: 258
An analyst discovers that a legitimate security alert has been dismissed.
Which signature caused this impact on network traffic?
A. true negative
B. false negative
C. false positive
D. true positive
Answer: B
Question: 259
Which two elements of the incident response process are stated in NIST Special Publication 800-61 r2? (Choose two.)
A. detection and analysis
B. post-incident activity
C. vulnerability management
D. risk assessment
E. vulnerability scoring
Answer: AB
Question: 260
What should a security analyst consider when comparing inline traffic interrogation with traffic tapping to determine which approach to use in the
A. Tapping interrogation replicates signals to a separate port for analyzing traffic
B. Tapping interrogations detect and block malicious traffic
C. Inline interrogation enables viewing a copy of traffic to ensure traffic is in compliance with security policies
D. Inline interrogation detects malicious traffic but does not block the traffic
Answer: A
Question: 261
What is the difference between the ACK flag and the RST flag in the NetFlow log session?
A. The RST flag confirms the beginning of the TCP connection, and the ACK flag responds when the data for the payload is complete
B. The ACK flag confirms the beginning of the TCP connection, and the RST flag responds when the data for the payload is complete
C. The RST flag confirms the receipt of the prior segment, and the ACK flag allows for the spontaneous termination of a connection
D. The ACK flag confirms the receipt of the prior segment, and the RST flag allows for the spontaneous termination of a connection
Answer: D
Question: 262
Which event is user interaction?
A. gaining root access
B. executing remote code
C. memorizing and writing file permission
D. opening a malicious file
Answer: D
Question: 263
An intruder attempted malicious activity and exchanged emails with a user and received corporate information, including email distribution lists. The
intruder asked the user to engage with a link in an email. When the fink launched, it infected machines and the intruder was able to access the
corporate network.
Which testing method did the intruder use?
A. social engineering
B. eavesdropping
C. piggybacking
D. tailgating
Answer: A
Question: 264
Which security principle requires more than one person is required to perform a critical task?
A. least privilege
B. need to know
C. separation of duties
D. due diligence
Answer: C
Question: 265
What are two differences in how tampered and untampered disk images affect a security incident? (Choose two.)
A. Untampered images are used in the security investigation process
B. Tampered images are used in the security investigation process
C. The image is tampered if the stored hash and the computed hash match
D. Tampered images are used in the incident recovery process
E. The image is untampered if the stored hash and the computed hash match
Answer: BE
Question: 266
Drag and drop the security concept on the left onto the example of that concept on the right.
Question: 267
An investigator is examining a copy of an ISO file that is stored in CDFS format.
What type of evidence is this file?
A. data from a CD copied using Mac-based system
B. data from a CD copied using Linux system
C. data from a DVD copied using Windows system
D. data from a CD copied using Windows
Answer: B
Question: 268
A security engineer has a video of a suspect entering a data center that was captured on the same day that files in the same data center were
transferred to a competitor.
Which type of evidence is this?
A. best evidence
B. prima facie evidence
C. indirect evidence
D. physical evidence
Answer: C
Question: 269
Which artifact is used to uniquely identify a detected file?
A. file timestamp
B. file extension
C. file size
D. file hash
Answer: D
Question: 270
Which two components reduce the attack surface on an endpoint? (Choose two.)
A. secure boot
B. load balancing
C. increased audit log levels
D. restricting USB ports
E. full packet captures at the endpoint
Answer: AD
Question: 271
Refer to the exhibit.
Drag and drop the element name from the left onto the correct piece of the PCAP file on the right.
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Cisco Understanding reality - BingNews Search results Cisco Understanding reality - BingNews Three 5G Networking And Cybersecurity Predictions: A Retrospective

At about this same time last year, I published my predictions for three trends in 5G and security. I thought it might be fun to revisit them, measure my success and provide forward-looking insights for 2024. I often joke that meteorologists have the best jobs, accurately predicting the weather only half the time yet still managing to stay employed. As a technology analyst, I’m thankful I don't have that same job pressure—but let's dig in!

#1: Fixed wireless access achieves terminal velocity; IoT security goes vertical

By all measures, my prediction about broad 5G fixed wireless access service adoption was on target. According to an article published by Fierce Wireless late last year, nearly 1 million FWA subscribers have been added over the past five calendar quarters. That’s an impressive number. Both T-Mobile and Verizon continue to grow FWA’s subscriber footprint stateside. T-Mobile is quickly approaching 5 million FWA subscribers, and with a drastically improved service anchored by its C-Band spectrum build-out, Verizon is closing in on 3 million subscribers. AT&T also joined the consumer 5G FWA party, launching its Internet Air service in a limited number of markets in late August last year. Beyond the U.S., there are scores of mobile network operators with plans to deploy 5G FWA services. Most notably, in India Reliance Jio plans to market its JioAirFiber offering with multiple get speed variants to over 200 million subscriber prospects across eight cities.

My prediction about the growth of IoT security tailored to operational technology environments was also accurate. In addition to Palo Alto Networks, a host of other companies, including Cisco, Entrust, Forescout, Fortinet, AWS, Azure and Google, are all helping enterprises secure workloads and use cases that leverage both on-premises and cloud infrastructure. Manufacturing automation, transportation and logistics, supply chain and remote asset monitoring are a handful of applications benefiting from the focus on IoT security services.

#2: Mobile network slicing becomes a reality; Bad actors target the hybrid workforce

My prediction on the rollout of mobile network slicing is a swing and a miss. I expected mobile network operators to be more aggressive on 5G Standalone deployments in 2023 (a necessary pre-requisite for network slicing). The reality is that many were still focused on upgrading radio access network infrastructure and deploying mid-band spectrum to ensure the best balance of propagation and performance. However, signs point to 2024 as the year of 5G Standalone, given the slowdown in RAN spending witnessed last year and the progress made by AT&T, Verizon and other global carriers in deploying greater 5G network coverage.

By contrast, my security prediction that centered on hybrid workforce attacks landed squarely. Forcepoint published an insightful article on this syllabu at the end of last year. It highlights three key challenges that include securing cloud-based and internal private web applications, ensuring that BYOD strategies do not increase the likelihood of zero-day or phishing attacks and maintaining a data security posture that comprehends egress across email, cloud, web, networks and endpoints. SD-WAN solutions infusing security, often called secure access service edge, have great potential in addressing hybrid workforce security. The good news is that the SASE market is highly competitive, and solid offerings from Cisco, Fortinet, HPE Aruba Networking, Juniper, Netskope, Palo Alto Networks and Zscaler provide customers a wide array of choices that deliver the scale required for the new enterprise work-from-anywhere micro-branch.

#3: Open RAN market consolidates; The zero trust whitewash rolls on

Market players didn’t necessarily consolidate in 2023. Still, Open RAN experienced a watershed moment in December with AT&T’s announcement with Ericsson to move most of its network traffic to open standards-based infrastructure by 2026. Surprisingly, in speaking with AT&T executives before the announcement, I discovered that the company’s aggressive move to Open RAN is less about cost containment and more about flexibility and innovation. That makes sense because Open RAN enables programmability, but I also speculate that the move aligns with the U.S. federal government's desire to domesticate the telecom supply chain. To this end, AT&T will also work with Dell Technologies and Intel to make its Open RAN deployment a reality.

My security prediction that the zero-trust industry whitewash would continue into 2023 was spot on. Last year, nearly every security solution provider claimed capability in zero trust. However, zero trust did continue its maturity cycle through enhancements to existing offerings. From my perspective, the scrutiny paid to zero trust has ended up being a positive phenomenon. It has educated enterprises on the National Institute of Standards and Technology cybersecurity framework and the importance of universal zero-trust network access solutions, given the nature of modern hybrid work. The good news is that the number of solutions is now abundant, and many infrastructure providers are blending both connectivity and security functions to deliver management simplicity, higher levels of network observability and, most importantly, hardened security.

Wrapping up

Time flies, and it’s unbelievable that 2023 has passed by so quickly. The new year should deliver some incredible 5G mobile network maturity and security milestones. 5G FWA will continue its rocketship ascent, network slicing should become a reality and unlock a host of mobile use cases and Open RAN could finally enjoy broader adoption, moving from proof of concept and greenfield to brownfield mobile network deployment.

From a security standpoint, private cellular network adoption should continue to “feed the need” for IoT security, SASE is well positioned to address hybrid workforce threats and ZTNA offerings will mature to address the needs of small to large businesses. I can hardly wait to see what develops across both telecom and cybersecurity over the next 12 months.

Moor Insights & Strategy provides or has provided paid services to technology companies, like all tech industry research and analyst firms. These services include research, analysis, advising, consulting, benchmarking, acquisition matchmaking and video and speaking sponsorships. Of the companies mentioned in this article, Moor Insights & Strategy has had or currently has paid business relationships with AT&T, AWS, Cisco Systems, Dell Technologies, Ericsson, Fortinet, Google, HPE Aruba Networking, Intel, Juniper Networks, Microsoft, Netskope, Palo Alto Networks, T-Mobile, Verizon and Zscaler.

Fri, 05 Jan 2024 00:03:00 -0600 Will Townsend en text/html
Partnering for Sustainability: Cisco's Collaborative Approach

NORTHAMPTON, MA / ACCESSWIRE / January 3, 2024 / Cisco Systems Inc.
By Stacy Betts

Embracing sustainability and reducing our environmental footprint has been a longstanding priority at Cisco. For almost two decades, Cisco has set transparent, publicly declared objectives as benchmarks, diligently tracking our progress and holding ourselves accountable. Additionally, we've developed comprehensive programs to empower customers to achieve their sustainability goals.

We understand that sustainability is a collaborative effort, and success requires leveraging our extensive partner network. Collaboration is essential, and it's through working with our partners that we foster innovation and gain support across the value chain. To this end, Cisco has developed several sustainability-focused programs that enable partners to offer customers end-to-end solutions designed with sustainability in mind, while also enhancing deal profitability.

Net zero by 2040

Cisco has embarked on an ambitious journey towards sustainability, aiming to achieve net-zero status by the year 2040. This goal has not been mere words but supported by continuous improvement and innovation across our entire business landscape. Our primary focus has been on delivering tangible, data-validated advancements that lead us closer to the realization of all our sustainability goals, ultimately culminating in our net-zero goal.

These efforts have not gone unnoticed. The approval of our net-zero goal by Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi) stands as a testament to the robustness of our plan, the allocation of resources, and the soundness of our strategic approach. This validation confirms our determination to truly meet these targets, helping to forge a path towards a more sustainable future.

As for our partners, whether you are just starting this journey or already investing, there are four key Cisco programs to consider, through which we work together to meet our sustainability objectives.

Earn Your Cisco Environmental Sustainability Specialization

Launched in 2022, the Environmental Sustainability Specialization (ESS) equips partners with Cisco-specific sustainability knowledge. It covers key sustainability terms, the technology behind our Sustainable Solutions, Cisco's commitment to a circular economy, and supporting programs. Only one person in the company needs to complete this training and exam. For others in the partner organization, we have additional efforts to educate partner sellers on these topics. If you're not the one going through formal training, we'll summarize the partner programs you should leverage in this blog.

Leverage the Cisco Takeback & Reuse Program Plus Incentive

Cisco's Takeback and Reuse program is integral to CEO Chuck Robbins' commitment to reclaim 100% of customer gear at no cost while providing partners with discount incentives. This program is an important step towards a circular economy, ensuring the responsible end-of-life management of returned equipment, with a remarkable 99.9% material recycling or reuse success rate.

Partners benefit from this initiative through a stackable discount of up to 7% on Refresh deals, applied to new equipment when replacing older gear. To learn more, visit our Takeback and Reuse Program page. Please note that this incentive is exclusively available to partners with ESS certification and program enrollment, so ensure your company is specialized to take advantage of it.

Strategically Position Cisco Refresh

With Takeback products, we seize the opportunity to remanufacture gear based on their life stage, making them available through the Cisco Refresh program. This refurbished gear supports the circular economy, meeting rigorous quality and performance standards, and is readily available with no lead times. It's cost-effective and environmentally friendly, and has a lower carbon impact than purchasing newly manufactured products. Explore available products on the Cisco Refresh list - the more we take back, the more we can offer!

Utilize Cisco Green Pay

Cisco Green Pay, through Cisco Capital, offers a flexible payment plan for solutions designed with sustainability in mind, covering hardware, software, and services with a set contract term. At term's end, Cisco reclaims the hardware to support the circular economy, helping support a more sustainable lifecycle. Cisco's ownership guarantees gear return, providing a consistent refresh cycle and benefits akin to the Takeback program. All of this is offered to the customer, requiring minimal effort from partners. Plus, customers receive a 5% discount when opting for Green Pay.

Let's Get Started Helping the Planet Together!

Ready to begin? First, become specialized under the ESS and enroll in the Takeback Program. Inform your Cisco team of your interest. We have partner sustainability certified to assist you in integrating sustainability into your sales approach and boosting your confidence in discussing your customers' sustainability goals. Prepare for these conversations by researching your customers' public sustainability goals on their websites.

Although we've made progress in reaching our sustainability goals, we recognize that much more work needs to be done to ensure that people and ecosystems can thrive together on a livable planet. There's no time like the present to get started.

For further information, visit our Environmental Sustainability Products and Solutions webpage or consult your Cisco team for specialist guidance.

View original content here.

View additional multimedia and more ESG storytelling from Cisco Systems Inc. on

Contact Info:
Spokesperson: Cisco Systems Inc.

SOURCE: Cisco Systems Inc.

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Tue, 02 Jan 2024 23:15:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Should AI initiatives change network planning?

AI usage will surely drive additional network traffic, but for most enterprises it likely won’t require a major overhaul of the entire data center network.

Everyone is into AI these days, even network planners. But for network professionals, the primary focus has been on the use of AI in network operations. What about the impact of AI on network traffic?

When I asked almost 100 network planners about that, only eight of them told me they've thought about the impact AI might have on network traffic and network plans. Are they missing something? Maybe, because there are two questions on the table here. One is whether AI has a potential impact on enterprise networks and traffic, and the other is whether it could influence technology.

AI's impact on traffic and infrastructure depends largely on enterprise plans to self-host their AI. The great majority of AI models are run on specialized chips like GPUs, which means specialized servers in the data center. As of today, I've gotten comments on "self-hosted" AI from 91 enterprises. I put the term in quotes, because the truth is that only 16 of them actually had been planning in 2023 for specific AI hosting, and only eight said they'd done any self-hosting this year. Not surprisingly, those eight planners are the same eight who've thought about network impact. For 2024, the number jumps to 77, and I think that growth is stimulating interest among both AI and network equipment vendors. Both Cisco and Juniper have been singing about their AI network credentials, for example.

The question, of course, is just what kind of AI is getting self-hosted and networked, and we shouldn't assume we can answer that based on what we're memorizing about AI.

Generative AI from players like ChatGPT, Google, and Microsoft is getting a lot of ink, but there is a fundamental problem with the classic generative open-Internet approach as far as businesses are concerned. They're worried about the hallucinations all too common in public-trained chatbots. They're worried about copyright issues biting content that's AI-created. They're worried about the security of their own data if AI is trained in a specialized way. Some are worried about the energy and environmental impact of all those GPUs churning out human-like results. A lot of exact AI initiatives, including Google's Gemini, were advanced in part to push for a new form of generative AI, one that applies the basic large-language-model technology that created popular generative AI services to enterprise data, within enterprise data centers, or as a part of enterprise cloud services.

If enterprises are looking for a kind of lightweight large-language-model approach to AI, that would mean that the number of specialized AI servers in their data center would be limited. Think in terms of a single AI cluster of GPU servers, and you have what enterprises are seeing. The dominant strategy for AI networking inside that cluster is InfiniBand, a superfast, low-latency, technology that's strongly supported by NVIDIA but not particularly popular (or even known) at the enterprise level. NVIDIA's DGX InfiniBand approach is what connects that mass of GPUs in most big AI data centers, which is why there's almost a presumption that InfiniBand will be the technology used for self-hosted AI.

That's probably unnecessary, and possibly downright wrong. Enterprises don't need to crawl the Internet for training data for their model. Enterprises don't need to support mass-market use of their AI, and if they did for applications like chatbots in customer support, they'd likely use cloud hosting not in-house deployment. That means that AI to the enterprise is really a form of enhanced analytics. Widespread use of analytics has influenced data center network planning for access to the databases, and AI would likely increase database access if it's widely used. But even given all of that, there's no reason to think that Ethernet, the dominant data center network technology, wouldn't be fine for AI. So forget the notion of an InfiniBand technology shift. But that doesn't mean that AI won't need to be planned for in the network.

Think of an AI cluster as an enormous virtual user community. It has to collect data from the enterprise repository, all of it, to train and get the latest information to answer user questions. That means it needs a high-performance data path to this data, and that  path can't be allowed to congest other traditional workflows within the network. The issue is acute for enterprises with multiple data centers, multiple complexes of users, because it's likely that they won't want to host AI in every location. If the AI cluster is separated from some applications, databases, and users, then data center interconnect (DCI) paths might have to be augmented to carry the traffic without congestion risk.

According to those eight AI-hosting enterprises, the primary rule for AI traffic is that you want the workflows to be as short as possible, over the fastest connections you have. Pulling or pushing masses of AI data over widespread connections could make it almost impossible to prevent random massive movements of data from interfering with other traffic. It's particularly important to ensure that AI flows don't collide with other high-volume data flows, like conventional analytics and reporting. One approach is to map AI workflows and augment capacity along the path, and the other is to shorten and guide AI workflows by properly placing the AI cluster.

Planning for the AI cluster starts with the association between enterprise AI and business analytics. Analytics uses the same databases that AI would likely use, which means that placing AI where the major analytics applications are hosted would be smart. Remember that this means placing AI where the actual analytics applications are run, not where the results are formatted for use. Since analytics applications are often run proximate to the location of the major databases, this will put AI in the location most likely to generate the shortest network connections. Run fat Ethernet pipes within the AI cluster and to the database hosts, and you're probably in good shape. But watch AI usage and traffic carefully, particularly if there aren't many controls on who uses it and how much. Rampant, and largely unjustified, use of self-hosted AI was reported by six of the eight enterprises, and that could drive costly network upgrades.

The future of AI networking for enterprises isn't about how AI is run, it's about how it's used, and while AI usage will surely drive additional traffic, it's not going to require swapping out the entire data center network for hundreds of gigabits of Ethernet capacity. What it will require is a better understanding of how AI usage connects with AI data center clusters, cloud resources, and some generative AI thrown in. If Cisco, Juniper, or another vendor can provide that, they can expect a happy bonus in 2024.

Thu, 04 Jan 2024 01:35:00 -0600 en text/html
Understanding Cisco Systems's Position In Communications Equipment Industry Compared To Competitors

In today's rapidly changing and highly competitive business world, it is imperative for investors and industry observers to carefully assess companies before making investment choices. In this article, we will undertake a comprehensive industry comparison, evaluating Cisco Systems CSCO vis-à-vis its key competitors in the Communications Equipment industry. Through a detailed analysis of important financial indicators, market standing, and growth potential, our goal is to provide valuable insights and highlight company's performance in the industry.

Cisco Systems Background

Cisco Systems is the largest provider of networking equipment in the world and one of the largest software companies in the world. Its largest businesses are selling networking hardware and software (where it has leading market shares) and cybersecurity software like firewalls. It also has collaboration products, like its Webex suite, and observability tools. It primarily outsources its manufacturing to third parties and has a large sales and marketing staff—25,000 strong across 90 countries. Overall, Cisco employees 80,000 employees and sells its products globally.

Company P/E P/B P/S ROE EBITDA (in billions) Gross Profit (in billions) Revenue Growth
Cisco Systems Inc 14.94 4.44 3.49 8.12% $4.95 $9.56 7.6%
Arista Networks Inc 38.44 11.05 13.06 8.82% $0.62 $0.94 28.27%
Motorola Solutions Inc 31.93 144.80 5.53 132.76% $0.73 $1.28 7.71%
Nokia Oyj 4.52 0.81 0.72 0.66% $0.51 $1.93 -20.17%
F5 Inc 27.01 3.77 3.79 5.58% $0.2 $0.57 0.99%
Juniper Networks Inc 26.42 2.18 1.71 1.75% $0.15 $0.81 -1.19%
Ciena Corp 26.06 2.27 1.52 3.15% $0.13 $0.49 5.77%
Calix Inc 61.99 3.81 2.97 2.27% $0.02 $0.14 11.64%
Extreme Networks Inc 26.54 22.20 1.82 25.46% $0.04 $0.21 18.63%
Viavi Solutions Inc 961 3.17 2.07 1.43% $0.04 $0.14 -20.08%
NetScout Systems Inc 24.42 0.78 1.85 1.05% $0.05 $0.15 -13.71%
Harmonic Inc 212.29 3.58 2.12 -1.9% $-0.01 $0.06 -18.32%
Digi International Inc 37.97 1.70 2.11 1.19% $0.02 $0.06 6.08%
Clearfield Inc 13.60 1.43 1.65 0.86% $0.01 $0.01 -47.72%
Aviat Networks Inc 21.56 1.85 1.15 1.8% $0.01 $0.03 7.77%
Average 108.12 14.53 3.0 13.21% $0.18 $0.49 -2.45%

When closely examining Cisco Systems, the following trends emerge:

  • At 14.94, the stock's Price to Earnings ratio is 0.14x less than the industry average, suggesting favorable growth potential.

  • The current Price to Book ratio of 4.44, which is 0.31x the industry average, is substantially lower than the industry average, indicating potential undervaluation.

  • With a relatively high Price to Sales ratio of 3.49, which is 1.16x the industry average, the stock might be considered overvalued based on sales performance.

  • The company has a lower Return on Equity (ROE) of 8.12%, which is 5.09% below the industry average. This indicates potential inefficiency in utilizing equity to generate profits, which could be attributed to various factors.

  • With higher Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization (EBITDA) of $4.95 Billion, which is 27.5x above the industry average, the company demonstrates stronger profitability and robust cash flow generation.

  • With higher gross profit of $9.56 Billion, which indicates 19.51x above the industry average, the company demonstrates stronger profitability and higher earnings from its core operations.

  • The company's revenue growth of 7.6% is notably higher compared to the industry average of -2.45%, showcasing exceptional sales performance and strong demand for its products or services.

Debt To Equity Ratio

The debt-to-equity (D/E) ratio gauges the extent to which a company has financed its operations through debt relative to equity.

Considering the debt-to-equity ratio in industry comparisons allows for a concise evaluation of a company's financial health and risk profile, aiding in informed decision-making.

By evaluating Cisco Systems against its top 4 peers in terms of the Debt-to-Equity ratio, the following observations arise:

  • Cisco Systems is in a relatively stronger financial position compared to its top 4 peers, as evidenced by its lower debt-to-equity ratio of 0.17.

  • This implies that the company relies less on debt financing and has a more favorable balance between debt and equity.

Key Takeaways

The valuation analysis of Cisco Systems in the Communications Equipment industry reveals that the company has a low PE ratio, indicating that its stock is undervalued compared to its peers. The low PB ratio suggests that Cisco Systems is trading at a lower price relative to its book value. However, the high PS ratio implies that the company's stock is relatively expensive compared to its revenue. In terms of profitability, Cisco Systems has a low ROE, indicating lower returns on shareholder equity. On the other hand, the company exhibits high EBITDA, gross profit, and revenue growth, suggesting strong financial performance.

This article was generated by Benzinga's automated content engine and reviewed by an editor.

© 2024 Benzinga does not provide investment advice. All rights reserved.

Thu, 14 Dec 2023 21:01:00 -0600 en text/html
Cisco SVP: Every Cisco Partner Needs To Understand Video

Cisco is fond of touting video as the "killer app," and has for much of the past year been urging partners to invest in video strategies. In a move to drastically expand its own video presence in the channel, Cisco this month finished acquiring Tandberg, by most estimations the worldwide market share leader for videoconferencing.

Solution providers welcomed the deal for the muscle Cisco brings to the space, though with the Tandberg portfolio now exposed to the galaxy of Cisco partners, they also worry about squeezed margins for Tandberg-driven video deployments.

Marthin De Beer, senior vice president of Cisco's Emerging Technologies Group, and one of Cisco's top executives in charge of new and growing markets, sat down with Networking Editor Chad Berndtson at this week's Cisco Partner Summit in San Francisco to hear more about why Tandberg is so significant an acquisition for Cisco and why video is crucial for every Cisco partner.

Video has been around for a while as a channel play but there are still a lot of folks out there who see traditional video endpoint re-sale and are only starting to understand the broader opportunity. How do you articulate that opportunity to them?

When it comes to video, we've been on this bandwagon for about three years and investing in this space for about five. But I think people are seeing this happening -- we have reached an inflection point. I don't seen every Cisco partner jumping on, but there are more customers asking for this, and I think we'll continue to see more and more interest from partners as well. If we over-distribute, that's not good, and we want to be smart about it. But I will say that Tandberg was a big, bold move that gives us an additional 1500 partners we didn't have before, partners that are big believers in video. They will have access now to bigger opportunities and also the ability to tie video to the network.

But even if you're just selling routing and switching, every partner needs to understand video and know that there is a play and know to make a choice whether they want to invest aggressively or just scale what they do today. That's their choice. The trend is inevitable, you can't argue with that. And one thing I didn't say [in De Beer's keynote] this morning is that we have consistently under-guessed the growth of video. We have been wrong every year, it's always exceeded our expectations.

It's been growing all a long, and we've been saying video is going to be the next big thing for so many years, but what's changed that makes this year 'the year'? Availability?

We entered this market on the very end and we invested a lot in creating TelePresence, which is the market name we used for high-end video conferencing, because we wanted to show customers that there is a better way than the remote control. It can be both a great experience and easy to use. We did that but our system has been very expensive. The big bold move with Tandberg is to round out the entire portfolio, starting with an HD webcam at $199 and all the way up to a full, three-screen TelePresence system. It's a transformational deal not just for Cisco but for the industry as a whole. Many partners have told me that and it's exciting for everyone involved. Everyone will benefit in a big way.

NEXT: Why Tandberg

Why do you see Tandberg as such a good fit? They're the market share leader for sure, but there are other companies in the space with rich channel plays.

We looked at a lot of companies, and would say that beyond the table stakes of the technology, the leadership and the culture of Tandberg is so similar to Cisco.

We never acquire any company for the technology they have today but for the people that can help us create the next generation of where we want to go. Tandberg fit that to a T. What was risky about this is that they're Norwegian and London-based, and we've been shy about acquiring big companies outside of where we are, more than a few time zones away. In fact, this is the first public company we ever bought outside the United States. We took that risk -- and the reason John [Chambers] and the board was willing to sign off -- was that both of these teams are passionate about culture. We have the best two teams in the world that believe in using this technology. I'm putting my two top leaders in TelePresence over in Europe for a year and some of their leaders are coming to San Jose for the first year so there will be some cross-pollination as well.

Some of your competitors are circling the wagons and looking at ways to entice channel business away from Cisco-Tandberg. Polycom is perhaps more of an apples-to-apples comparison with Tandberg, and LifeSize is a different animal, and one that would paint Cisco-Tandberg has having HD presence systems that are too expensive and thus unrealistic for many customers. How do you respond to that?

It depends on what they mean by expensive. If you're a business buyer, I wouldn't call $199 expensive. Tandberg combined with Cisco has a very complete product line from the very high end to the very low end, and we will continue to innovate and drive down price points.

One product we've talked about publicly but haven't announced is our home telepresence solutions. That play in the channel will not be to sell to consumers -- that will be through retail -- but it's a business-to-consumer play that's so attractive to our business customers. You're talking about millions of endpoints, not just a few thousand. If you can now deliver video and connect to your accountant, or your doctor, right into the home, it's a lot like what we saw with e-commerce in its early days. This is an e-services model delivered to your home.

In the channel, video became a services play a few years ago; you're not going to enter the market selling only endpoints anymore. Can you provide some key examples of the play for VARs beyond basic video endpoint re-sale? Is it hosted services? A managed model?

I think they can go deeper than they have been going because in many cases, if you rewind 5 years, they were resellers of video conferencing. Now, they can work with customers to create new value by innovating to deliver new experiences. HD, the availability of the network, the fact that it's based on UC, these make it easy to transform experiences. A number of [partners] will go much deeper, and a number will go wider as well, picking up digital signage, or maybe video surveillance. The good ones will go not just deep but wide and connect, on a horizontal plane, these businesses as well. I think all of that will come into play, whether you add more specializations, both top and bottom line for partners.

As video also becomes more affordable for SMBs and the partners that service them, what are the plays there? I know we've talked before about managed video services through the cloud.

To expand a little on your previous question as well, services have to be part of the equation. You can't just resell the box, you really, truly have to deploy it the right way, and make sure the network is ready for it, then create the right experience that will truly solve the problem that customer has. It'll be a lot about how they can do business in a virtual model that helps them be more effective and helps them scale. That's where both the on-prem[ise] and/or the hosted solutions deliver. If you think of B-to-B services delivered by carriers it's very expensive, but with new options, it'll be a lot less expensive and there'll be opportunities for partners to take video outside the firewall for all companies.

NEXT: Consumer TelePresence On The Way

We've heard a little bit about how the two channel models [Cisco and Tandberg] will eventually converge, in about nine months time. Many Tandberg partners that don't also work with Cisco are concerned that with more exposure for the Tandberg portfolio, there's going to be unavoidable margin pressure. What do you tell them?

It'd be silly for us to destroy a Tandberg business model that's brought partner profitability. We have put in place very disciplined processes to ensure we don't disrupt that. We do have two different channel business models. We discount deeper versus Tandberg and our list pricing is higher, so what we're going to do is, if someone brings us a deal and pushes us for a Cisco-like discount on a Tandberg [product], the answer is going to be no. The net price for Tandberg is not going to change.

We're not going to over-distribute, either. We have now about 90 Cisco TelePresence partners, and Tandberg had 1,600 partners. About 50 Cisco TelePresence partners were Tandberg already, so we're only adding a net of about 40 additional partners. I'm not saying we won't add any additional partners but if we do it will be on a carefully selected basis.

OK, so for partners who are selected, is there a process in place for picking them? Is it folks specialized in UC? Service providers?

It could be all of the above, though I think UC partners would be the natural. But video is a very different animal than voice. It's very important that we attract the right partners with the right mindset. Our focus is not going to be growing the overall number of partners, but rather to invest in the partners we have to make them really successful. If we have a region in the world where we don't have enough coverage, we will recruit. But Tandberg operated globally and so does Cisco, so there aren't a whole lot of gaps to fill. We feel over the next year we have more than sufficient capacity to absorb the demand we've seen.

We heard at Partner Summit that Cisco will be introducing a specialization for video. Can you talk about what that will entail?

It's going to center around the broader video play and include the combined portfolio of TelePresence and Tandberg. We want people to start thinking more holistically about video and break down the silos. That's where we think the biggest value for customers will lie.

Will Cisco look to make additional acquisitions in video? I mean, you're always on the lookout, right, but is that a priority right now?

We're always on the lookout. Obviously I can't comment on anything that hasn't been announced, but as you know, that's all part of our model, so if we have a gap, we will look to either build or acquire and make the best decision for the business at the time. There's nothing that's a burning priority for us at this time. We've got a pretty big bite to swallow right now.

Anything else you can tell me about home telepresence at the moment?

We are in trials, and you will hear more during John [Chambers'] keynote [Thursday]. All we can say is we're very excited about it. It's going to be a home run product for us, I think, and will tie directly into our strategy. I can't wait for Christmas to come.

Mon, 11 Dec 2023 04:42:00 -0600 text/html
How to Install a Loopback Address in a Cisco Router

If you're running a small business with more than one computer, routers are usually a necessity. Routers provide small businesses with added security, a link between computer systems and extra networks for multiple offices beyond simple access to the internet. With the proper interface set up, a Cisco router can connect various physical or virtual machines (or networks) and act as a dispersal hub. The loopback interface, since it is a virtual interface, is always operating, which allows stable router operation regardless of the status of the physical interfaces connecting to it.

Accessing the Router

  1. Start the terminal software on the computer connected to the router. Some options for terminal software include: HyperTerminal or PuTTY.

  2. Type "no" if the router asks to enter the initial configuration dialog.

  3. Type "enable". If you have an administrator password set for your router, it will prompt you for it here. A hash tag (#) should appear next to "router" to show that you're in enable mode.

  4. Type "configure terminal" to enter the global configuration for your router. The prompt should change to "router (config)#" to show you're working in the router configuration.

Configuring the Loopback Interface

  1. Type "interface loopback #" where # is any free interface number on your router. For example: "interface loopback 0" would set the loopback interface to interface 0 on the router.

  2. Type "ip address" and replace the x's with the desired IP address then subnet mask (usually for the router's static IP. For example: "ip address" would set the router's static IP to

  3. Type "ip nat outside" if you want the interface to connect to the outside network or "ip nat inside" if you want it to connect to the inside network.

  4. Type "exit" to close the configuration session.

Sat, 27 Dec 2014 17:46:00 -0600 en-US text/html
The two billionaires have very different opinions on a hotly debated topic. No result found, try new keyword!So, it's no surprise that DEI is a matter of hot contention on X (formerly known as Twitter). But what was surprising was the interaction between Elon Musk and Mark Cuban. Musk tweeted, in the context ... Thu, 04 Jan 2024 21:14:00 -0600 text/html Cisco and Etisalat strengthen collaboration by signing a Memorandum of Understanding

Cisco, a leading global information and communications technology (ICT) company and Etisalat, a leading operator in Middle East and Africa, announced today the signing of a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to map all strategic mutual objectives between Cisco and Etisalat and a Global Frame Agreement to cover all of Etisalat’s Affiliates for buying Cisco products and services across Etisalat’s 18 footprint countries.

The signing ceremony was held at Etisalat Headquarters in Abu Dhabi and was attended by H.E. Ahmad Abdul Karim Julfar, Etisalat Group Chief Executive Officer and Duncan Mitchell, Senior Vice President, Cisco Emerging Markets. The delegation also included Wayne Hull, Director and General Manager, Cisco UAE and Mohammed Tantawi, Regional Manager, Cisco UAE.

As part of the agreement Etisalat and Cisco intend to work together towards a beneficial business relationship to successfully enhance and extend Etisalat business including Wireline, Mobile, Managed Services and Data Centre Technology.

The agreement will also aim to Boost Etisalat’s customer experience and satisfaction by collaborating with Cisco to bring thought leadership from worldwide service providers.

Cisco and Etisalat will explore opportunities to increase the level of Managed Services business by optimizing the current process across all areas of the business solutions, reducing the time to market and aligning closer on key opportunities. This includes increasing Etisalat’s potential market opportunity in the small and medium enterprise (SME) segment.

Cisco will collaborate with Etisalat to help build a high level strategic articulation and a comprehensive framework for Cloud services based on the specific countries of presence for Etisalat.

Cisco will also support Etisalat to stay at the forefront of technological updates and market transformations to help Etisalat harness new trends and translate them into new business opportunities. Cisco will help provide Etisalat with leading products and services to build their Next Generation IP Network.

Through this agreement, Etisalat will explore utilizing Cisco’s services to lower total cost of network ownership, increase network availability, Boost business agility and facilitate faster time to market. This includes exploring the group’s wide deployment and utilization of Cisco’s Network Optimization Services.

The agreement will help Etisalat and its Affiliates to identify optimal ways to acquire Cisco equipment and services capitalizing on Cisco Capital, the financing arm of Cisco which provides flexible and innovative financing across the region. 

Mon, 11 Dec 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html
Twinsies! How Digital Twin Technology Is Rebooting the Automotive World No result found, try new keyword!The reality is a little more mundane—but if you're in the automotive world, quite a bit more profound. Digital twin technology is one of the most significant disruptors of global manufacturing seen ... Fri, 29 Dec 2023 00:00:00 -0600 text/html

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