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Exam Code: 1Y0-312 Practice test 2022 by team
1Y0-312 Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops 7 Advanced Administration

Exam Code : 1Y0-312
Exam Name : Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops 7 Advanced Administration (CCP-V)
Exam Duration : 90 minutes
Number of Questions : 71
Passing Score : 64%

Exam Topics, Syllabus and Contents
Architecture Overview - Determine whether the number and sizing of the Citrix StoreFront components are appropriate for a production environment.
- Determine whether the number and sizing of the Citrix Gateway components are appropriate for a production environment.
- Determine whether the number and sizing of the Citrix infrastructure components are appropriate for a production environment.
- Determine whether the number and sizing of machines hosting HDX sessions is meeting the needs of a production environment.
Manage a Virtual Apps and Desktops Environment with Multiple Locations - Determine how an FMA Zone architecture can be used in an environment with multiple resource locations.
- Determine how to configure and manage VDA Registration in a multi-zone environment.
- Determine how to use zone preference settings.
- Determine how to configure Optimal Gateway Routing in a production environment.
- Determine how to configure Subscription Store synchronization for a given scenario.
Implement Backups and Disaster Recovery - Determine how to perform backups of key components and data in a Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops environment.
- Determine how to translate requirements from a disaster recovery plan into an action plan in a Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops environment.
- Determine how to fail over a Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops environment to a disaster recovery environment, and later restore the production environment.
Implement Advanced Authentication Methods - Determine how one-time passwords can be used with RADIUS authentication in a Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops environment.
- Determine how to implement smart card authentication in a Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops environment.
- Determine how to implement ADFS and SAML authentication in a Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops environment.
Improve App and Data Security - Determine how to prevent jailbreak attacks by managing user assignments
- Determine how to minimize the impact of attacks.
Secure Machines Running the Virtual Delivery Agent - Determine how to Encrypt VDA communications with TLS and how to enhance OS security through image management.
- Determine how to use GPOs and Citrix Policies to lock down machines running VDAs.
Advanced Troubleshooting - Determine how to use various tools to troubleshoot a Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops environment.
- Determine how to use basic PowerShell commands to get information about a Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops environment.
- Determine how to troubleshoot StoreFront issues for a given scenario.
- Determine how to troubleshoot Citrix Gateway issues for a given scenario.
- Determine how to validate FMA services and SQL connection health in a Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops environment.
- Determine how to troubleshoot VDA registration issues for a given scenario.
- Determine how to troubleshoot common HDX connection issues for a given scenario.
App Layering and Creating the Layers - Determine how App layering components communicate.
- Determine how to create an OS Layer.
- Determine how to create a Platform Layer.
- Determine how to create an App Layer.
- Determine how to create an Elastic App Layer.
- Determine how to create User Layers.
- Determine how a Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops image deployment changes when using Citrix App Layering.
Deploy a Layered Image using Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops - Determine how to create an App Layering template.
- Determine how a Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops image deployment changes when using Citrix App Layering.
Explore Layer Priority and Maintain an App Layering Environment - Determine how layer priority affects the composition of layered images.
- Determine how to update different types of layers.
- Determine how to maintain and update the App Layering environment.
- Determine additional App Layering considerations and how to locate additional information as needed.
Workspace Environment Management (WEM) Administration - Determine how to deploy the components of a Workspace Environment Management (WEM) solution.
- Determine how to perform general administration of WEM in a given scenario.
Use WEM to Centralize Environment Management, Optimize Performance and Secure Environments - Determine how to manage user resources with WEM in a given scenario.
- Determine how to manage user profiles using WEM in a given scenario.
- Determine how to use various WEM Transformer features in a given scenario.
- Determine how to optimize machine performance using WEM.
- Determine how user logon times are optimized using WEM.
- Determine how to use WEM to increase the security of a Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops environment.
Migrate and Upgrade WEM - Determine how to migrate user environment management to WEM in a given scenario.
- Determine how to upgrade a WEM deployment in a given scenario.
- Determine how to implement redundancy in a WEM deployment.

Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops 7 Advanced Administration
Citrix Administration basics
Killexams : Citrix Administration basics - BingNews Search results Killexams : Citrix Administration basics - BingNews Killexams : How to Set Up Scanners in Citrix

Ruri Ranbe has been working as a writer since 2008. She received an A.A. in English literature from Valencia College and is completing a B.S. in computer science at the University of Central Florida. Ranbe also has more than six years of professional information-technology experience, specializing in computer architecture, operating systems, networking, server administration, virtualization and Web design.

Fri, 27 Jul 2018 02:30:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Mapping a Printer in Citrix Remotely

Ruri Ranbe has been working as a writer since 2008. She received an A.A. in English literature from Valencia College and is completing a B.S. in computer science at the University of Central Florida. Ranbe also has more than six years of professional information-technology experience, specializing in computer architecture, operating systems, networking, server administration, virtualization and Web design.

Sat, 04 Aug 2018 09:29:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Citrix urges admins to patch these dangerous flaws immediately
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Citrix has released a fix for three high-severity vulnerabilities discovered in two of its popular products, and is now urging users to apply the patch immediately.

The company has fixed three flaws found in Citrix ADC and Citrix Gateway. ADC is a load-balancing solution for cloud applications, apparently used by many enterprises to ensure uninterrupted availability and high performance. 

Tue, 08 Nov 2022 22:08:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Researchers show techniques for malware persistence on F5 and Citrix load balancers

Over the past several years, hackers have targeted public-facing network devices such as routers, VPN concentrators, and load balancers to gain a foothold into corporate networks. While finding remote code execution vulnerabilities in such devices is not uncommon, incidents where attackers were able to deploy malware on them that can survive restarts or firmware upgrades have been rare and generally attributed with sophisticated APT groups.

Because they use flash memory that degrades over time if subjected to many write operations, embedded network devices typically store their firmware in read-only filesystems and load their contents into RAM at each restart. This means that all changes and files generated by the various running services during the device’s normal operation are temporary because they only occur in RAM and are never saved to the file system, which is restored to its initial state when the device is restarted reboot.

The exceptions are configuration files and scripts that are generated through the device administrative interface and are stored in a limited area of storage known as NVRAM (non-volatile RAM). From an attacker's perspective, this limitation makes compromising networking devices in a persistent way much harder, which is why mass attacks against home routers, for example, involve automated botnets that periodically rescan and reinfect routers that have been restarted.

However, in a targeted attack scenario against enterprise networks, attackers would prefer to remain stealthy and not attack the same device multiple times so they don’t trigger any detections that might be put in place after a vulnerability becomes public. They would also prefer to have long-term access to such devices and use them as bridges into the internal networks, as well as pivot points from where they could perform lateral movement and expand their access to other non-public devices.

Persistence opportunities in Citrix, F5 load balancers

Since 2019, there have been three critical vulnerabilities in Citrix and F5 load balancers (CVE-2019-19781, CVE-2020-5902 and CVE-2022-1388) that have been publicly documented and exploited in the wild, triggering warnings from the US Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) and other organizations. Because of this, researchers from firmware security firm Eclypsium recently investigated the persistence opportunities attackers would have on such devices. Their findings were released in a report Wednesday.

In May 2022, security firm Mandiant reported that a cyberespionage threat actor – identified at the time as UNC3524 but since correlated with the Russian state-run APT29 (Cozy Bear) – compromised enterprise networks and remained undetected for long periods of time due to deploying backdoor implants on network appliances including load balancers that don’t support running detection tools such as endpoint detection and response (EDR) on them and run older versions of CentOS and BSD. While Mandiant didn’t name the appliances or their manufacturers, the Eclypsium researchers believe they were F5 and Citrix appliances, since F5 load balancers run CentOS and Citrix (formerly branded as Netscaler) runs FreeBSD.

Copyright © 2022 IDG Communications, Inc.

Fri, 11 Nov 2022 21:54:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : How to login as an Administrator in Windows 11/10

In a Windows operating system, an Administrator account is an account that allows a user to make changes that require administrative permissions. An Administrator has more rights on a Windows OS as compared to the users with a local account. For example, the users with a local or standard account can access files and folders on their own user space, make system changes that do not require administrative permissions, install and uninstall programs, etc. On the other hand, an Administrator can change security settings, install and uninstall software, add and remove users, make changes to other user accounts, etc. In short, to perform the tasks that require administrative permissions, you should be logged in as an Administrator. In this tutorial, we will see how to log in as an Administrator in Windows 11/10.

Login as an Administrator in Windows

Every Windows computer has a Local Administrator account that is created at the time of Windows installation. As described above, the Administrator has full access to the Windows device as compared to other standard users. The Administrator can also create new and delete the existing users and change the user account permissions. You can log in as an Administrator in Windows 11/10 by:

  1. Using the existing Administrator Account
  2. Enabling the built-in Administrator account
  3. Creating a new Local Administrator account
  4. Changing the local or standard into an Administrator account

Let’s see all these methods in detail.

1] Using the existing Administrator Account

log in as admin

If you are starting your PC then locate the Administrator account and use the password to login.

If you are currently not logged in as an administrator and want to change to an admin, open Start, click on the user icon, select Sign out and then log into the Admin account by using its password.

2] Enabling the built-in Administrator account

The Windows OS has a built-in Administrator account. In Windows 11/10 and Windows Server 2016, the built-in Administrator account is disabled at the time of Windows installation and another local account is created which is the member of the Administrators group.

The built-in Administrator account is also called the Super Administrator account. If we compare the built-in Administrator account with the Local Administrator account, the built-in Administrator account has elevated privileges. This means when you perform the administrative tasks, you will not get the UAC prompt. Apart from that, if you want to do some serious troubleshooting on your Windows machine or if you want to recover your main account or another user account, you can use the built-in Administrator account.

Because the built-in Administrator account does not show the UAC prompt, any application can have full control over your system. Therefore, running this account on a regular basis can be risky. You should enable the built-in Administrator account only if you have to do some troubleshooting or recover other user accounts. After performing your task, you should disable it.

As explained above, every Windows OS has a Local Administrator account which is created at the time of Windows installation. Hence, you have to sign in to that Local Administrator account in order to enable the built-in Administrator account. After enabling the built-in Administrator account, you can login as an Administrator in Windows 11/10.

3] Creating a new Local Administrator account

add a family member Windows 11

Every Windows 11/10 computer has a default Local Administrator account which is created at the time of Windows installation. Using that account, you can create another Local Administrator account for another user. To do so, open the Accounts page in your Windows 11/10 Settings and then click on the Family & other users option. Now, you have two options:

  • You can create a Local Administrator account for your family member.
  • You can create a Local Administrator account for a person who is not your family member.

Let’s see how to create a Local Administrator account for a family member and other users.

 Create a Local Administrator account for your family member

You can use this option if you have another Microsoft account and you want to add that account as an Administrator to your Windows computer.

Create administrator account for family member

  1. On the Family & other users page in Windows 11/10 Settings, click on the Add account button next to the Add a family member option.
  2. Enter the email address of the family member and click Next.
  3. Select the role (organizer or member) and click Invite. After that, an invite will be sent to the email address.
  4. Open the email address and accept the invitation. After accepting the invitation, that account will be added automatically to your Windows device.
  5. Now, open the Family & other users page in WIndows 11/10 Accounts settings and select the newly added account.
  6. Click Change account type and select Administrator in the drop-down and click OK.

Now, you can login as an Administrator in Windows 11/10 using that account.

Create a Local Administrator account for a person who is not your family member

If you do not have another Microsoft account, you can still create a Local Administrator account. This time, you have to add an account in the Other users section on the Family & other users page. The steps are as follows:

Create administrator account for other users

  1. Open the Family & other users page in Windows 11/10 Accounts settings.
  2. Click on the Add account button next to Add other user.
  3. You will be prompted to enter your email address. Click on the I don’t have this person’s sign-in information link.
  4. Now, click Add a user without a Microsoft account.
  5. Enter your username and password. After that, select the security questions and type your answers.
  6. Click Next.
  7. Now, select the newly created account and click Change account type.
  8. Select Administrator in the drop-down and click OK.

Now, you can use this account to login as an Administrator in Windows 11/10.

Read: How to rename built-in Administrator Account in Windows.

4] Changing the local or standard account into an Administrator account

If you already have created a local account on your Windows machine, you can change its type and use that account to login as an Administrator. The steps to change the local account to an Administrator account are as follows:

change user account type windows 11

  1. Open the Family & other users page in Windows 11/10 Accounts settings.
  2. Select the local user account under the Other users section.
  3. Click on the Change account type button and select Administrator in the drop-down.
  4. Now, click OK.

How do I log onto my computer as an Administrator?

At the time of Windows installation, a Local Administrator account is created automatically. You can use that account to log onto your computer as an Administrator. Apart from that, you can also enable the hidden or built-in Administrator account or create an additional Local Administrator account.

We have explained all these methods above in this article.

How do I run Windows as an Administrator?

To run Windows as an Administrator, you should have an Administrator account. There are different methods by which you can create an Administrator account. In addition to this, you can also enable the built-in Administrator account. But it is not recommended to use the built-in Administrator account on a regular basis due to security issues.

This is all about how to log in as an Administrator in Windows 11/10.

Read next: How to fix the disabled Administrator account on Windows 11/10.

Login as an Administrator in Windows
Mon, 14 Mar 2022 12:38:00 -0500 en-us text/html
Killexams : Patch ASAP: Critical Citrix, VMware Bugs Threaten Remote Workspaces With Takeover

Critical authentication-bypass vulnerabilities in Citrix and VMware offerings are threatening devices running remote workspaces with complete takeover, the vendors warned this week.

Admins should prioritize patching, given the history of exploitation that both vendors have. Both disclosures prompted CISA alerts on Wednesday.

Citrix Gateway: A Perfect Avenue for Infesting Orgs

As for Citrix, a critical bug tracked as CVE-2022-27510 (with a CVSS vulnerability-severity score of 9.8 out of 10) allows unauthenticated access to Citrix Gateway when the appliance is used as an SSL VPN solution. In that configuration, it gives access to internal company applications from any device via the Internet, and it offers single sign-on across applications and devices. In other words, the flaw would supply a successful attacker the means to easily gain initial access, then burrow deeper into an organization's cloud footprint and wreak havoc across the network.

Citrix also noted in the advisory that its Application Delivery Controller (ADC) product, which is used to provide admin visibility into applications across multiple cloud instances, is vulnerable to remote desktop takeover (CVE-2022-27513, CVSS 8.3), and brute force protection bypass (CVE-2022-27516, CVSS 5.3).

Tenable researcher Satnam Narang noted that Citrix Gateway and ADC, thanks to how many parts of an organization they provide entrée into, are always favorite targets for cybercriminals, so patching now is important.

"Citrix ADC and Gateways have been routinely targeted by a number of threat actors over the last few years through the exploitation of CVE-2019-19781, a critical path traversal vulnerability that was first disclosed in December 2019 and subsequently exploited beginning in January 2020 after exploit scripts for the flaw became publicly available," he wrote in a Wednesday blog.

"CVE-2019-19781 has been leveraged by state-sponsored threat actors with ties to China and Iran, as part of ransomware attacks against various entities including the healthcare sector, and was recently included as part of an updated list of the top vulnerabilities exploited by the People’s Republic of China state-sponsored actors from early October," Narang continued.

Users should update ASAP to Gateway versions 13.1-33.47, 13.0-88.12, and 12.1-65.21 to patch the latest issues.

VMware Workspace ONE Assist: A Trio of Cybercrime Terror

VMware meanwhile has reported three authentication-bypass bugs, all in its Workspace ONE Assist for Windows. The bugs (CVE-2022-31685, CVE-2022-31686, and CVE-2022-31687, all with CVSS 9.8) allow both local and remote attackers to gain administrative access privileges without the need to authenticate, giving them full run of targeted devices.

Workspace ONE Assist is a remote desktop product that's mainly used by tech support to troubleshoot and fix IT issues for employees from afar; as such, it operates with the highest levels of privilege, potentially giving remote attackers an ideal initial access target and pivot point to other corporate resources.

VMware also disclosed two additional vulnerabilities in Workspace ONE Assist. One is a cross-site scripting (XSS) flaw (CVE-2022-31688, CVSS 6.4), and the other (CVE-2022-31689, CVSS 4.2) allows a "malicious actor who obtains a valid session token to authenticate to the application using that token," according to the vendor's Tuesday advisory.

Like Citrix, VMware has a history of being targeted by cybercriminals. A critical vulnerability in Workspace ONE Access (used for delivering corporate applications to remote employees) tracked as CVE-2022-22954 disclosed in April was almost immediately followed by a proof-of-concept (PoC) exploit released on GitHub and tweeted out to the world. Unsurprisingly, researchers from multiple security firms started seeing probes and exploit attempts very soon thereafter — with the ultimate goal of infecting targets with various botnets or establishing a backdoor via Log4Shell.

Users should update to version 22.10 of Workspace ONE Assist to patch all of the most recently disclosed problems.

Wed, 09 Nov 2022 15:41:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Dark Money Basics

What is Dark Money?

“Dark money” refers to spending meant to influence political outcomes where the source of the money is not disclosed. Here’s how dark money makes its way into elections:

  • Politically active nonprofits such as 501(c)(4)s are generally under no legal obligation to disclose their donors even if they spend to influence elections. When they choose not to reveal their sources of funding, they are considered dark money groups.
  • Opaque nonprofits and shell companies may supply unlimited amounts of money to super PACs. While super PACs are legally required to disclose their donors, some of these groups are effectively dark money outlets when the bulk of their funding cannot be traced back to the original donor.

Dark money groups have spent roughly $1 billion — mainly on television and online ads and mailers — to influence elections in the decade since the 2010 Citizens United v. FEC Supreme Court ruling that gave rise to politically active nonprofits.

Citizens who are barraged with political messages paid for with money from undisclosed sources may not be able to consider the credibility and possible motives of the wealthy corporate or individual funders behind those messages.

Infographic: See how Dark Money flows between nonprofits

Types of Election Spending

Political jargon can get confusing. What you need to know about spending to influence elections is that there are two main types.

Hard money: traditional political spending

With this kind of spending, donors must be disclosed, contribution limits apply and organizations are allowed to coordinate their efforts to help elect a candidate. This is not dark money. These groups include candidate committees, political parties and traditional Political Action Committees (PAC).

Soft money: outside political spending

Outside spending — sometimes referred to as independent or non-coordinated spending — refers to political spending made by organizations and individuals other than the candidate campaigns themselves. All outside groups that aren't political parties — except for a few traditional PACs that make independent expenditures — are allowed to accept unlimited sums of money from individuals, corporations or unions. With these donations, groups may engage in a number of direct political activities, including buying advertising that advocates for or against a candidate, going door to door, or running phone banks. However, these organizations are not allowed to coordinate their spending with political candidates or parties. While some outside groups — like super PACs — are required to disclose their donors, others are not. These nondisclosing organizations are referred to as dark money groups.

As the chart below illustrates, dark money groups are growing in size, scope and share of election spending with each election cycle.

Graph: Outside Spending by Nondisclosing Groups, Excluding Party Committees

Based on data released daily by the FEC. Last update on December 08, 2022.

Types of Dark Money Spending

Whenever money is spent in a political election with the purpose of influencing the decision of a voter and the source of the money is not disclosed, it is dark money. Common types of organizations that can spend in elections while shielding the sources of their money are outlined in greater detail below.

Political Nonprofits

Nonprofit, tax-exempt groups organized under section 501(c) of the Internal Revenue Code may engage in varying amounts of political activity. Because they are not technically political organizations, they are generally not required to disclose their donors to the public. These groups, like super PACs, cannot coordinate spending with political parties or candidates, and therefore are allowed to raise unlimited sums of money from individuals, organizations and corporations.

Types of 501(c) Organizations

There are a number of types of 501(c) organizations with different structures, uses and capabilities. None of these organizations are required to publicly disclose the identity of their donors or sources of money though some disclose funding sources voluntarily.

  • 501(c)(3) groups: These organizations operate for religious, charitable, scientific or educational purposes. These groups are not supposed to engage in any political activities, though some voter registration activities are permitted. Donations to these organizations are tax-deductible.

    Groups you may know: NAACP, Center for American Progress, Heritage Foundation, Center for Responsive Politics

  • 501(c)(4) groups: Often referred to as "social welfare" organizations, these nonprofits are the most common kind of dark money group. They may engage in political activities, as long as these activities do not become their primary purpose. The IRS has never defined what "primary" means, or how a percentage should be calculated, so the current de facto rule is 49.9 percent of overall expenditures, a limit that some groups have found easy to circumvent. Donations to these groups are not tax-deductible.

    Groups you may know: National Rifle Association, Planned Parenthood, Majority Forward, One Nation

  • 501(c)(5) groups: These are labor and agricultural groups and may engage in political activities, as long as they adhere to the same general limits as 501(c)(4) organizations. They are generally funded by dues from union employees. Donations to these groups are not tax-deductible.

    Groups you may know: Service Employees International Union (SEIU), American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO), American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME)

  • 501(c)(6) organizations: These are business leagues, chambers of commerce, real estate boards and trade associations, which may engage in political activity as long as they adhere to the same general limits as 501(c)(4) organizations. Donations to these groups are not tax-deductible.

    Groups you may know: US Chamber of Commerce, American Bankers Association, National Association of Realtors

Graph: 501(c) Spending by Type

Based on data released daily by the FEC. Last update on December 08, 2022.

Super PACs

Technically known as independent expenditure committees, super PACs may raise and spend an unlimited amount of money and accept contributions from companies, nonprofits, unions and individuals. Since super PACs cannot supply money directly to candidates, they are exempt from the limits on fundraising and spending that regular PACs must abide by.

Despite the sometimes inaccurate portrayal of them in the media, super PACs must identify all of their donors to the Federal Election Commission (FEC), and thereby to the public. They must do so on a monthly or semiannual basis in non-federal election years and monthly in the year of an election. In that sense, super PACs are quite transparent, except when the donor is a shell corporation or a nonprofit that doesn't disclose its donors.

So-called pop-up super PACs formed shortly before an election may game disclosure deadlines, enabling them to spend unlimited sums influencing races without disclosing their funding sources until after voters go to the polls.

While super PACs are not allowed to coordinate any of their independent expenditures with a candidate's campaign, many single-candidate super PACs are run by individuals who are personally close to a candidate or formerly associated with a campaign.

Hybrid PACs (Carey Committees)

A hybrid PAC has the ability to operate both as a traditional PAC, contributing funds to a candidate's committee, and as a super PAC that makes independent expenditures. To do so, these committees must have a separate bank account for each purpose. The committee may collect unlimited contributions from almost any source for its independent expenditure account, but may not use those funds for its traditional PAC contributions.

LLCs and Shell Companies

Limited Liability Companies (LLC) perform a number of necessary business functions. However, their unique structure may easily be abused or used in order to hide less than above-board activity. In politics, LLCs are sometimes established to help disguise the identity of a donor or source of money spent on behalf of a political candidate.

LLCs are governed by state law, but generally, minimal information is necessary to file the required articles of incorporation. In states such as Delaware, New Mexico, Nevada and Wyoming, LLCs may be incorporated without even disclosing the names of members or managers.

This lack of accountability and transparency have helped disguise the source of millions of dollars in political spending. Shell companies make major contributions to super PACs each election cycle, leaving voters in the dark while the recipient often knows the donor's true identity.

Feel free to distribute or cite this material, but please credit the OpenSecrets. For permission to reprint for commercial uses, such as textbooks, contact OpenSecrets:

Thu, 26 May 2022 02:18:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : NComputing Adds EX500 Thin Client and LEAF OS as Citrix Ready

SAN MATEO, Calif., Nov. 30, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- With its LEAF OS and EX500 thin client, NComputing has secured Citrix Ready® Premium Endpoint validation from Citrix, a business unit of Cloud Software Group. Bringing both hardware and software together for the first time for Citrix products and services, NComputing aims to simplify migrations to virtual desktops, apps and cloud workspaces.


"We've excelled at bringing high-performing, low-cost endpoints to Citrix over the years. Now, with the capabilities in our LEAF OS offering, we can also breathe new life into 3rd-party devices," said Young Song, Founder and CEO, NComputing. "Whether you're trying to extend the life of existing clients, need to expand your hardware base, or simply want to homogenize the deployment, LEAF OS realizes the goal of easy, centralized management and control."

Non-standard hardware? No problem.

NComputing LEAF OS is a fully locked-down Linux-based operating system designed specifically for secure, high-performance access to virtual desktops, apps and cloud workspaces. This software endpoint solution transforms any x86-64 PC, laptop or thin client into a secure and centrally managed Citrix endpoint, delivering access to Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops™ and Citrix DaaS™.

LEAF OS addresses security, corporate data leakage, patch management and central manageability concerns for companies with work from home, BYOD and cost-saving initiatives.

Advanced multimedia capabilities, including Microsoft Teams optimization, HDX Adaptive Transport, Browser Content Redirection (BCR) and extensive USB peripheral device support, are cornerstones of the LEAF OS foundation.

Standard hardware? Meet the new standard.

EX500, based on x86-64 CPU architecture, has all the bases covered. Features include 4K Ultra HD video, dual monitor ports, gigabit Ethernet, Bluetooth, broad peripheral support and Wi-Fi.

Powered by LEAF OS, the EX500 makes deployments easy. Plug them in and manage them all via NComputing's PMC Endpoint Manager software along with any other device running LEAF OS.

Administrators set up device profiles with all settings and configurations, then push them out to an individual or group of devices. Schedule device firmware updates, access the summary dashboard or view the detailed event logging. Manage devices located in local and wide area networks (WAN). Work from home and hybrid workforce deployments are fully supported. Users are always up to date with the latest Citrix technology.

"Chain of Trust" Provides Enterprise-level Security

LEAF OS endpoint solution provides secure boot support on x86-64 platforms, protecting the system against malicious code by ensuring only authenticated software runs on the device. This verification process validates each step of the endpoint boot process, establishes a chain of trust and prevents viruses and other malicious software from running on the system.

"The combination of Citrix with the EX500 thin client and LEAF OS software endpoint enables people to securely work from anywhere, using almost any device," said Chris Fleck, Vice President, Ecosystems and Verticals, Citrix, a Business Unit of Cloud Software Group. "We are pleased to see NComputing achieve validation of EX500 and LEAF OS as Citrix Ready Premium Endpoint, further expanding the list of NComputing solutions that have been Citrix Ready verified."

Learn more about NComputing products in the Citrix Ready Marketplace.

About NComputing

Founded in 2003, NComputing is a leading provider of Enterprise Ready thin clients for desktop virtualization and cloud computing solutions, with more than 70,000 customers and 20 million daily users in 140 countries. NComputing has been working closely with Citrix since 2012 and was the first to market Citrix HDX ready System-on-chip (SoC) based thin clients. Removing the barriers through a unique formula of simplicity, performance, and value, NComputing's integrated solutions serve global customers in key verticals, such as education, healthcare, and government.


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Tue, 29 Nov 2022 21:44:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Joules collapses into administration
// Joules calls in administrators from Interpath Advisory
// The company’s shares were suspended from trading on the AIM

Joules has collapsed into administration as it calls in Will Wright, Ryan Grant and Chris Pole from Interpath Advisory.

The lifestyle retailer said the board of Joules resolved to file a notice of intention to appoint administrators to the company.

The company’s shares were suspended from trading on the AIM on 7 November 2022.

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The board currently expects that, in due course, the listing of the company’s ordinary shares will be cancelled.

Any residual value will be distributed to the company’s shareholders and the company will be wound up.

The joint administrators will continue to trade the group as a going concern while they assess options for the business, including exploring the possibility of a sale as a going concern.

All stores, including the group’s online store, will remain open.

“Joules is one of the most recognisable names on the high street, with a unique brand identity and loyal customer base,” Interpath Advisory joint administrator, Will Wright said.

“Over the coming weeks, we will endeavour to continue to operate all stores as a going concern during this vitally important Christmas trading period while we assess options for the group, including a possible sale.

“Since the group’s announcement on Monday, we have had an overwhelming amount of interest from interested parties.

“We will be working hard over the days ahead to assess this interest, but at this stage we are optimistic that we will be able to secure a future for this great British brand.”

Wed, 16 Nov 2022 02:07:00 -0600 Sahar Nazir en-GB text/html
Killexams : Basics of prostate cancer

The Herald

Dr Mitchell Humphreys
Hi. I’m Dr Humphreys, a urologist at Mayo Clinic. In this article, we’ll cover the basics of prostate cancer: What is it? Who gets it? The symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

Whether you’re looking for answers about your own health or that of someone you love, we’re here to provide you with the best information available.

Prostate cancer, unfortunately, is common. It affects one in seven men, making it the second most common cancer among men worldwide.

The good news is that prostate cancer can be curable, especially when identified and treated early. That is why I and most urologists and medical professionals you talk to encourage men over a certain age to get regular prostate screenings.

First, let’s talk about what the prostate is and how it functions.

The prostate is a small gland that is involved in reproduction and makes some of the essential components in semen.

While it is small, it has an important role in reproductive health and can cause voiding or urinary symptoms as men age, as well becoming a source of cancer.

Like other kinds of cancer, prostate cancer starts when cells mutate. These small changes in DNA cause the cells to grow faster and live longer than they normally would.

As these abnormal cells accumulate, they monopolize resources from normal cells, which can damage surrounding tissue. These cancerous cells can then spread to other parts of the body.

Who gets it?

By definition, prostate cancer only affects bodies with male reproductive organs. But in addition, there are some other risk factors that we can monitor.

Age is a big one, as prostate cancer is more prevalent in older men, which is why testing is encouraged as men age. For reasons that are unclear, black men also have a greater risk compared to other races or ethnicities.

Being at a higher weight is another possible risk factor.

Genetics can also play a role in prostate cancer. A family history of prostate cancer or certain kinds of breast cancer increases the likelihood of being diagnosed with prostate cancer.

Well, it’s not a guarantee, there are plenty of steps you can take to reduce your risk.

A healthy diet and exercise helps your body’s overall well-being and can lower your chances of getting prostate cancer.

What are the symptoms?

A big reason to get regular testing is that prostate cancer usually has no presenting symptoms. And when they do show up, it generally indicates a worse stage of cancer.

When symptoms do occur, they can include: trouble urinating or decreased force of stream, blood in the urine or semen, bone pain, unexpected weight loss, and unexplained fevers.

If you consistently notice any of these symptoms, you should see your doctor right away.

How is it diagnosed?

There are a variety of ways to detect prostate cancer in both physical test and from the blood.

For starters, there’s the DRE, the digital rectal exam. Just like the name suggests, the doctor inserts their finger in your rectum to feel the prostate to detect any abnormalities.

You can also get a blood test to look for prostate-specific antigen, or PSA.

It is recommended that you have this as well as the physical exam. And if there are any abnormalities, there are additional tests that can be used.

If prostate cancer is detected, the next step is figuring out how fast it grows.

Fortunately, prostate cancer often doesn’t grow very fast. Prostate cancer is graded by a Gleason score, which measures how abnormal or different from normal cells are.

There are also other tests to see if the cancer has spread: bone scan, CT scan, MRI, and even specific PET scans. Your doctor will be able to determine which, if any, is appropriate for you.

How is it treated?

Treatments are most effective when the cancer is caught early.

In fact, immediate treatment isn’t always necessary. Keeping an eye on the cancer until it grows bigger is sometimes enough.

When cancer is localized only to the prostate, surgery to remove the prostate, or a radical prostatectomy, could be your best option.

Radiation is another possibility. With external beam radiation, high-energy beams that deliver photons, target and kill the abnormal cells of the prostate from outside your body.

Another treatment is chemotherapy, which uses powerful chemicals, destroy the cancer cells.

Cryotherapy, which freezes the cancer cells, or heat, can be used to kill the cancer cells with high-intensity focused ultrasound.

Consider that prostate cancer uses male hormone or testosterone as an important factor for growth. In some prostate cancers, it may be beneficial to block that hormone with androgen deprivation therapy, or ADT, which can slow the cancer or even put it in remission.

It is generally not curative and usually the cancer will find a way to grow even with the lack of testosterone. Sometimes ADT is used in combination to enhance the treatment success of other therapies, such as with radiation.

All of these treatments have side effects of various degrees and have different success rates of treating prostate cancer.

It’s important that you have a candid discussion with your family and your care team and weigh all that information to make the best choice for you.

Support groups for cancer survivors can be helpful in dealing with the stress of the diagnosis and treatments.

What now?

As we’ve seen here, research and scientific advancement has provided us with a host of options for this extremely treatable form of cancer.

And with early detection, your chances are even better. While it may not be a thing people want to think about, it’s an important part of your health and an expert medical care team can guide you to the solutions that are most tailored for you, your wishes and your body.


Prostate cancer may cause no signs or symptoms in its early stages. Prostate cancer that’s more advanced may cause signs and symptoms such as:

Trouble urinating

Decreased force in the stream of urine

Blood in the urine

Blood in the semen

Bone pain

Losing weight without trying

Erectile dysfunction

When to see a doctor

Make an appointment with your doctor if you have any persistent signs or symptoms that worry you.


Complications of prostate cancer and its treatments include:

Cancer that spreads (metastasizes).

Prostate cancer can spread to nearby organs, such as your bladder, or travel through your bloodstream or lymphatic system to your bones or other organs. Prostate cancer that spreads to the bones can cause pain and broken bones. Once prostate cancer has spread to other areas of the body, it may still respond to treatment and may be controlled, but it’s unlikely to be cured.


Both prostate cancer and its treatment can cause urinary incontinence. Treatment for incontinence depends on the type you have, how severe it is and the likelihood it will Improve over time. Treatment options may include medications, catheters and surgery.

Erectile dysfunction.

Erectile dysfunction can result from prostate cancer or its treatment, including surgery, radiation or hormone treatments. Medications, vacuum devices that assist in achieving erection and surgery are available to treat erectile dysfunction.


You can reduce your risk of prostate cancer if you:

Choose a healthy diet full of fruits and vegetables. Eat a variety of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Fruits and vegetables contain many vitamins and nutrients that can contribute to your health.

Whether you can prevent prostate cancer through diet has yet to be conclusively proved. But eating a healthy diet with a variety of fruits and vegetables can Improve your overall health.

Choose healthy foods over supplements.

No studies have shown that supplements play a role in reducing your risk of prostate cancer. Instead, choose foods that are rich in vitamins and minerals so that you can maintain healthy levels of vitamins in your body.

Exercise most days of the week.

Exercise improves your overall health, helps you maintain your weight and improves your mood. Try to exercise most days of the week. If you’re new to exercise, start slow and work your way up to more exercise time each day.

Maintain a healthy weight.

If your current weight is healthy, work to maintain it by choosing a healthy diet and exercising most days of the week. If you need to lose weight, add more exercise and reduce the number of calories you eat each day. Ask your doctor for help creating a plan for healthy weight loss.

Talk to your doctor about increased risk of prostate cancer.

If you have a very high risk of prostate cancer, you and your doctor may consider medications or other treatments to reduce the risk. Some studies suggest that taking 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, including finasteride (Propecia, Proscar) and dutasteride (Avodart), may reduce the overall risk of developing prostate cancer. These drugs are used to control prostate gland enlargement and hair loss.

However, some evidence indicates that people taking these medications may have an increased risk of getting a more serious form of prostate cancer (high-grade prostate cancer). If you’re concerned about your risk of developing prostate cancer, talk with your doctor. —

Tue, 22 Nov 2022 08:49:00 -0600 en-GB text/html
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