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Exam Code: 1Y0-204 Practice exam 2022 by Killexams.com team
1Y0-204 Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops 7 Administration

The 1Y0-204 exam is a 65-question exam written in English. The exam consists of multiple choice items only.
The passing score for this exam is 62%
Time : 90 minutes

The 1Y0-204 exam is intended for IT professionals who install, configure and manage Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops 7 either on-premises or in the Citrix Cloud. Those who install, configure and manage such solutions may hold various job titles such as:
• Systems Administrators/Citrix Administrators
• Desktop Administrators
• Application Administrators

Specifically, candidates should have the following knowledge and skills prior to taking this exam:
• Intermediate knowledge of Microsoft Windows Server
• Install and configure operating system options
• Windows Server roles
• Domain Name System
• Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
• IIS
• Basic knowledge of Active Directory
• User rights and permissions
• Delegation of administrative rights
• Active Directory Domain Services
• Active Directory Certificate Services
• Users/Groups
• GPOs
• OUs
• Basic administration skills, including:
• Understanding of networking protocols such as TCP/IP
• Understanding of communication protocols such as RDP
• Understanding of firewall concepts
• Understanding of e-mail administration and account creation
• Understanding of Remote Desktop Services policies and profiles
• Ability to create shares and provide permission to shared folders/files
• Ability to create and modify AD group policies
• Understanding of VPN technologies
• Understanding of roaming profiles and folder redirection
Knowledge of database concepts
• Securing network communications
• Knowledge of virtualization concepts
• Hypervisor management
• Application virtualization and delivery
• Virtual machine creation
• Architecture of virtual machine attributes such as
• Storage
• VLANS
• Knowledge of user profiles
• Knowledge of Microsoft Folder Redirection
• Knowledge of storage concepts
• Knowledge of desktop operations
• Installation, setup, configuration and maintenance of virtual delivery agent

• Windows 10
• Windows Server 2016
• Managing client devices
• Desktops
• Laptops
• Tablets
• Smartphones
• Thin clients
• High-level knowledge of Cloud concepts
• Private clouds
• Public clouds
• Hybrid clouds
• Cloud-based SaaS

Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops 7 Administration
Citrix Administration test
Killexams : Citrix Administration test - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/1Y0-204 Search results Killexams : Citrix Administration test - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/1Y0-204 https://killexams.com/exam_list/Citrix Killexams : Citrix urges admins to patch these dangerous flaws immediately
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Citrix has released a fix for three high-severity vulnerabilities discovered in two of its popular products, and is now urging users to apply the patch immediately.

The company has fixed three flaws found in Citrix ADC and Citrix Gateway. ADC is a load-balancing solution for cloud applications, apparently used by many enterprises to ensure uninterrupted availability and high performance. 

Tue, 08 Nov 2022 22:08:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.techradar.com/news/citrix-urges-admins-to-patch-these-dangerous-flaws-immediately
Killexams : Researchers show techniques for malware persistence on F5 and Citrix load balancers

Over the past several years, hackers have targeted public-facing network devices such as routers, VPN concentrators, and load balancers to gain a foothold into corporate networks. While finding remote code execution vulnerabilities in such devices is not uncommon, incidents where attackers were able to deploy malware on them that can survive restarts or firmware upgrades have been rare and generally attributed with sophisticated APT groups.

Because they use flash memory that degrades over time if subjected to many write operations, embedded network devices typically store their firmware in read-only filesystems and load their contents into RAM at each restart. This means that all changes and files generated by the various running services during the device’s normal operation are temporary because they only occur in RAM and are never saved to the file system, which is restored to its initial state when the device is restarted reboot.

The exceptions are configuration files and scripts that are generated through the device administrative interface and are stored in a limited area of storage known as NVRAM (non-volatile RAM). From an attacker's perspective, this limitation makes compromising networking devices in a persistent way much harder, which is why mass attacks against home routers, for example, involve automated botnets that periodically rescan and reinfect routers that have been restarted.

However, in a targeted attack scenario against enterprise networks, attackers would prefer to remain stealthy and not attack the same device multiple times so they don’t trigger any detections that might be put in place after a vulnerability becomes public. They would also prefer to have long-term access to such devices and use them as bridges into the internal networks, as well as pivot points from where they could perform lateral movement and expand their access to other non-public devices.

Persistence opportunities in Citrix, F5 load balancers

Since 2019, there have been three critical vulnerabilities in Citrix and F5 load balancers (CVE-2019-19781, CVE-2020-5902 and CVE-2022-1388) that have been publicly documented and exploited in the wild, triggering warnings from the US Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) and other organizations. Because of this, researchers from firmware security firm Eclypsium recently investigated the persistence opportunities attackers would have on such devices. Their findings were released in a report Wednesday.

In May 2022, security firm Mandiant reported that a cyberespionage threat actor – identified at the time as UNC3524 but since correlated with the Russian state-run APT29 (Cozy Bear) – compromised enterprise networks and remained undetected for long periods of time due to deploying backdoor implants on network appliances including load balancers that don’t support running detection tools such as endpoint detection and response (EDR) on them and run older versions of CentOS and BSD. While Mandiant didn’t name the appliances or their manufacturers, the Eclypsium researchers believe they were F5 and Citrix appliances, since F5 load balancers run CentOS and Citrix (formerly branded as Netscaler) runs FreeBSD.

Copyright © 2022 IDG Communications, Inc.

Fri, 11 Nov 2022 21:54:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.csoonline.com/article/3679628/researchers-show-techniques-for-malware-persistence-on-f5-and-citrix-load-balancers.html
Killexams : Report finds Census Bureau lacks ‘effective cybersecurity posture’ after red team hack

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Mon, 28 Nov 2022 07:11:00 -0600 en text/html https://fcw.com/security/2022/11/report-finds-census-bureau-lacks-effective-cybersecurity-posture-after-red-team-hack/380213/
Killexams : Mapping a Printer in Citrix Remotely

Ruri Ranbe has been working as a writer since 2008. She received an A.A. in English literature from Valencia College and is completing a B.S. in computer science at the University of Central Florida. Ranbe also has more than six years of professional information-technology experience, specializing in computer architecture, operating systems, networking, server administration, virtualization and Web design.

Sat, 04 Aug 2018 09:29:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://smallbusiness.chron.com/mapping-printer-citrix-remotely-59496.html
Killexams : Patch ASAP: Critical Citrix, VMware Bugs Threaten Remote Workspaces With Takeover

Critical authentication-bypass vulnerabilities in Citrix and VMware offerings are threatening devices running remote workspaces with complete takeover, the vendors warned this week.

Admins should prioritize patching, given the history of exploitation that both vendors have. Both disclosures prompted CISA alerts on Wednesday.

Citrix Gateway: A Perfect Avenue for Infesting Orgs

As for Citrix, a critical bug tracked as CVE-2022-27510 (with a CVSS vulnerability-severity score of 9.8 out of 10) allows unauthenticated access to Citrix Gateway when the appliance is used as an SSL VPN solution. In that configuration, it gives access to internal company applications from any device via the Internet, and it offers single sign-on across applications and devices. In other words, the flaw would provide a successful attacker the means to easily gain initial access, then burrow deeper into an organization's cloud footprint and wreak havoc across the network.

Citrix also noted in the advisory that its Application Delivery Controller (ADC) product, which is used to provide admin visibility into applications across multiple cloud instances, is vulnerable to remote desktop takeover (CVE-2022-27513, CVSS 8.3), and brute force protection bypass (CVE-2022-27516, CVSS 5.3).

Tenable researcher Satnam Narang noted that Citrix Gateway and ADC, thanks to how many parts of an organization they provide entrée into, are always favorite targets for cybercriminals, so patching now is important.

"Citrix ADC and Gateways have been routinely targeted by a number of threat actors over the last few years through the exploitation of CVE-2019-19781, a critical path traversal vulnerability that was first disclosed in December 2019 and subsequently exploited beginning in January 2020 after exploit scripts for the flaw became publicly available," he wrote in a Wednesday blog.

"CVE-2019-19781 has been leveraged by state-sponsored threat actors with ties to China and Iran, as part of ransomware attacks against various entities including the healthcare sector, and was recently included as part of an updated list of the top vulnerabilities exploited by the People’s Republic of China state-sponsored actors from early October," Narang continued.

Users should update ASAP to Gateway versions 13.1-33.47, 13.0-88.12, and 12.1-65.21 to patch the latest issues.

VMware Workspace ONE Assist: A Trio of Cybercrime Terror

VMware meanwhile has reported three authentication-bypass bugs, all in its Workspace ONE Assist for Windows. The bugs (CVE-2022-31685, CVE-2022-31686, and CVE-2022-31687, all with CVSS 9.8) allow both local and remote attackers to gain administrative access privileges without the need to authenticate, giving them full run of targeted devices.

Workspace ONE Assist is a remote desktop product that's mainly used by tech support to troubleshoot and fix IT issues for employees from afar; as such, it operates with the highest levels of privilege, potentially giving remote attackers an ideal initial access target and pivot point to other corporate resources.

VMware also disclosed two additional vulnerabilities in Workspace ONE Assist. One is a cross-site scripting (XSS) flaw (CVE-2022-31688, CVSS 6.4), and the other (CVE-2022-31689, CVSS 4.2) allows a "malicious actor who obtains a valid session token to authenticate to the application using that token," according to the vendor's Tuesday advisory.

Like Citrix, VMware has a history of being targeted by cybercriminals. A critical vulnerability in Workspace ONE Access (used for delivering corporate applications to remote employees) tracked as CVE-2022-22954 disclosed in April was almost immediately followed by a proof-of-concept (PoC) exploit released on GitHub and tweeted out to the world. Unsurprisingly, researchers from multiple security firms started seeing probes and exploit attempts very soon thereafter — with the ultimate goal of infecting targets with various botnets or establishing a backdoor via Log4Shell.

Users should update to version 22.10 of Workspace ONE Assist to patch all of the most recently disclosed problems.

Wed, 09 Nov 2022 15:41:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.darkreading.com/vulnerabilities-threats/patch-asap-critical-citrix-vmware-bugs-remote-workspaces-takeover
Killexams : How to Set Up Scanners in Citrix

Ruri Ranbe has been working as a writer since 2008. She received an A.A. in English literature from Valencia College and is completing a B.S. in computer science at the University of Central Florida. Ranbe also has more than six years of professional information-technology experience, specializing in computer architecture, operating systems, networking, server administration, virtualization and Web design.

Fri, 27 Jul 2018 02:30:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://smallbusiness.chron.com/set-up-scanners-citrix-59901.html
Killexams : Live news updates from December 6: Trump Organization convicted of tax fraud, Kirchner sentenced to 6 years
Students at the Scientia Secondary School in Hong Kong watch a memorial service for former Chinese leader Jiang Zemin
Students at Scientia Secondary School in Hong Kong watch a memorial service for the late Chinese leader Jiang Zemin © Peter Parks/AFP/Getty Images

Chinese state media emphasised Jiang Zemin’s credentials as a Marxist “revolutionary” as a state memorial for the former leader began and official organs struck a delicate balance in remembering one of the country’s most powerful individuals at a memorial service.

“Comrade Jiang Zemin was an outstanding leader … he was a great Marxist, proletariat revolutionary, politician, militarist, diplomat and well-tested communist soldier,” read a front-page editorial on Tuesday in the People’s Daily, the Communist party’s official mouthpiece.

China faces a delicate task in honouring Jiang without drawing too obvious a contrast with current president Xi Jinping, who has steadily centralised power, including by securing an unprecedented third term in October.

“The party, the military and the people . . . feel limitless sorrow . . . We love and esteem comrade Jiang because he gave his life and spirit for the Chinese people,” Xi said at the memorial service on Tuesday.

Jiang’s body was cremated at Beijing’s Babaoshan Revolutionary Cemetery on Monday, having been transferred from Shanghai. Xi and other senior leaders paid their final respects to Jiang in a ceremony that day.

On Tuesday, China honoured the former leader with a live-streamed memorial service from the Great Hall of the People in Beijing and three minutes of silence, heralded in some cities, including Shanghai where Jiang was party secretary, by the wail of sirens.

The memorial proceedings were also notable for featuring an appearance by Hu Jintao, Xi’s predecessor as leader, who was unceremoniously led out of the Great Hall of the People in front of party members and the world media at China’s party congress in October. Hu’s removal had prompted speculation that he was being purged from the party.

Tue, 06 Dec 2022 09:30:00 -0600 en-GB text/html https://www.ft.com/content/e9c47d2a-c6de-43cf-abd5-9b064580bbaf
Killexams : Live news: Wall Street banks offload $750mn of debt tied to Citrix buyout

Russia’s defence ministry has said that two explosions that hit its air bases in central Russia early on Monday morning were the result of Ukrainian drone attacks, which it claimed to have intercepted.

The drones flew at low altitude, it said, and were shot down, but the resulting explosions killed three at the Ryazan air base and led to some superficial damage of aircraft, the ministry said.

Earlier on Monday, videos appeared on Russian social media channels showing a large-scale explosion in the Saratov region, and state media reported a fuel tanker explosion at the Ryazan site.

“In an attempt to to disable Russian long-range aircraft, Ukraine tried to strike military airfield ‘Dyagilevo’ in the Ryazan region and ‘Engels’ in the Saratov region, using Soviet-made jet unmanned aerial vehicles,” the defence ministry spokesman said in a statement.

Ukrainian officials did not immediately take clear credit for the drone strikes on the two Russian airbases. In a Telegram channel post, Oleksiy Arestovych, an advisor in the Zelenskyy administration, mocked Russia’s forces by suggesting the explosions could have been caused by their troops smoking too close to flammable objects.

Despite the attack, Russia was able to launch yet another large-scale bombardment across Ukraine, the Russian ministry said.

“Despite the attempts of the Kyiv regime to disrupt the combat work of the Russian long-range aviation with a terrorist act, today . . . a massive strike was carried out,” it said.

The Ukrainian drone attack represents a significant blow to the perceived invulnerability of Russian positions far from the frontline.
It also confirms one of the main conclusions of a exact report by the Royal United Services Institute in London think tank, which is widely considered the most accurate rendering of the conflict so far.

“There is no sanctuary in modern war,” the report concluded. “The first clear lesson from the war in Ukraine is that the enemy can conduct strikes on targets throughout its adversary’s operational depth with long-range precision fires.”

While Russian missile strikes have been penetrating deep into Ukrainian territory, this would be the furthest that Ukraine has struck by a long margin.

Mon, 05 Dec 2022 09:13:00 -0600 en-GB text/html https://www.ft.com/content/d5be47aa-29c2-4334-81e7-b3fb226886be
Killexams : NComputing Adds EX500 Thin Client and LEAF OS as Citrix Ready

SAN MATEO, Calif., Nov. 30, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- With its LEAF OS and EX500 thin client, NComputing has secured Citrix Ready® Premium Endpoint validation from Citrix, a business unit of Cloud Software Group. Bringing both hardware and software together for the first time for Citrix products and services, NComputing aims to simplify migrations to virtual desktops, apps and cloud workspaces.

EX500 ENTERPRISE-READY X86-64 THIN CLIENT FOR CITRIX

"We've excelled at bringing high-performing, low-cost endpoints to Citrix over the years. Now, with the capabilities in our LEAF OS offering, we can also breathe new life into 3rd-party devices," said Young Song, Founder and CEO, NComputing. "Whether you're trying to extend the life of existing clients, need to expand your hardware base, or simply want to homogenize the deployment, LEAF OS realizes the goal of easy, centralized management and control."

Non-standard hardware? No problem.

NComputing LEAF OS is a fully locked-down Linux-based operating system designed specifically for secure, high-performance access to virtual desktops, apps and cloud workspaces. This software endpoint solution transforms any x86-64 PC, laptop or thin client into a secure and centrally managed Citrix endpoint, delivering access to Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops™ and Citrix DaaS™.

LEAF OS addresses security, corporate data leakage, patch management and central manageability concerns for companies with work from home, BYOD and cost-saving initiatives.

Advanced multimedia capabilities, including Microsoft Teams optimization, HDX Adaptive Transport, Browser Content Redirection (BCR) and extensive USB peripheral device support, are cornerstones of the LEAF OS foundation.

Standard hardware? Meet the new standard.

EX500, based on x86-64 CPU architecture, has all the bases covered. Features include 4K Ultra HD video, dual monitor ports, gigabit Ethernet, Bluetooth, broad peripheral support and Wi-Fi.

Powered by LEAF OS, the EX500 makes deployments easy. Plug them in and manage them all via NComputing's PMC Endpoint Manager software along with any other device running LEAF OS.

Administrators set up device profiles with all settings and configurations, then push them out to an individual or group of devices. Schedule device firmware updates, access the summary dashboard or view the detailed event logging. Manage devices located in local and wide area networks (WAN). Work from home and hybrid workforce deployments are fully supported. Users are always up to date with the latest Citrix technology.

"Chain of Trust" Provides Enterprise-level Security

LEAF OS endpoint solution provides secure boot support on x86-64 platforms, protecting the system against malicious code by ensuring only authenticated software runs on the device. This verification process validates each step of the endpoint boot process, establishes a chain of trust and prevents viruses and other malicious software from running on the system.

"The combination of Citrix with the EX500 thin client and LEAF OS software endpoint enables people to securely work from anywhere, using almost any device," said Chris Fleck, Vice President, Ecosystems and Verticals, Citrix, a Business Unit of Cloud Software Group. "We are pleased to see NComputing achieve validation of EX500 and LEAF OS as Citrix Ready Premium Endpoint, further expanding the list of NComputing solutions that have been Citrix Ready verified."

Learn more about NComputing products in the Citrix Ready Marketplace.

About NComputing

Founded in 2003, NComputing is a leading provider of Enterprise Ready thin clients for desktop virtualization and cloud computing solutions, with more than 70,000 customers and 20 million daily users in 140 countries. NComputing has been working closely with Citrix since 2012 and was the first to market Citrix HDX ready System-on-chip (SoC) based thin clients. Removing the barriers through a unique formula of simplicity, performance, and value, NComputing's integrated solutions serve global customers in key verticals, such as education, healthcare, and government.

 

Cision View original content to download multimedia:https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/ncomputing-adds-ex500-thin-client-and-leaf-os-as-citrix-ready-301689444.html

SOURCE NComputing Global, Inc.

Tue, 29 Nov 2022 21:44:00 -0600 en text/html https://markets.businessinsider.com/news/stocks/ncomputing-adds-ex500-thin-client-and-leaf-os-as-citrix-ready-1031944360
Killexams : A Rising Star in the Biden Administration Faces a $100 Billion Test

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. — Gina Raimondo, the commerce secretary, was meeting with students at Purdue University in September when she spotted a familiar face. Ms. Raimondo beamed as she greeted the chief executive of SkyWater Technology, a chip company that had announced plans to build a $1.8 billion manufacturing facility next to the Purdue campus.

“We’re super excited about the Indiana announcement,” she said. “Call me if you need anything.”

These days, Ms. Raimondo, a former Rhode Island governor, is the most important phone call in Washington that many chief executives can make. As the United States embarks on its biggest foray into industrial policy since World War II, Ms. Raimondo has the responsibility of doling out a stunning amount of money to states, research institutions and companies like SkyWater.

She is also at the epicenter of a growing Cold War with China as the Biden administration uses her agency’s expansive powers to try to make America’s semiconductor industry more competitive. At the same time, the administration is choking off Beijing’s access to advanced chips and other technology critical to China’s military and economic ambitions.

China has responded angrily, with its leader, Xi Jinping, criticizing what he called “politicizing and weaponizing economic and trade ties” during a meeting with President Biden this month, according to the official Chinese summary of his comments.

The Commerce Department, under Ms. Raimondo’s leadership, is now poised to begin distributing nearly $100 billion — roughly 10 times the department’s annual budget — to build up the U.S. chip industry and expand broadband access throughout the country.

How Ms. Raimondo handles that task will have big implications for the United States economy going forward. Many view the effort as the best — and only — bet for the United States to position itself in industries of the future, like artificial intelligence and supercomputing, and ensure that the country has a secure supply of the chips necessary for national security.

But the risks are similarly huge. Critics of the Biden administration’s plans have noted that the federal government may not be the best judge of which technologies to back. They have warned that if the administration gets it wrong, the United States may surrender its leadership in key technologies for good.

“The essence of industrial policy is you’re gambling,” said William Reinsch, a trade expert at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, a think tank. “She’s going to be in a tough spot because there probably will be failures or disappointments along the way,” he said.

The outcome could also have ramifications for Ms. Raimondo’s political ambitions. In less than two years in Washington, Ms. Raimondo, 51, has emerged as one of President Biden’s most trusted cabinet officials. Company executives describe her as a skillful and charismatic politician who is both engaged and accessible in an administration often known for its skepticism of big business.

Ms. Raimondo’s work has earned her praise from Republicans and Democrats, along with labor unions and corporations. Her supporters say she could ascend to another cabinet position, run for the Senate or perhaps mount a presidential bid.

But she is under close watch by Senator Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts and some other left-wing Democrats, who have criticized her as being too solicitous of corporate interests. Some progressive groups have accused Ms. Raimondo of being under the influence of big tech firms and not thoroughly disclosing those ties.

“Secretary Raimondo’s job is to help grow an economy that works for everyone, not to be the chief lobbyist for the Chamber of Commerce,” Ms. Warren said in a statement to The New York Times. “I have real concerns about the department’s approach, whether it’s approving assault weapon sales, negotiating trade deals or supporting big tech companies.”

Those criticisms have been fanned by rumors in exact months that the White House is considering Ms. Raimondo to serve as the next Treasury secretary if Janet L. Yellen, the current occupant of that post, eventually steps down.

Caitlin Legacki, a spokeswoman for the Commerce Department, dismissed speculation about Ms. Raimondo’s next moves as “wheel spinning.”

“As has been previously reported, Janet Yellen is staying at Treasury and Gina Raimondo is staying at Commerce,” Ms. Legacki wrote in an email.

Ms. Raimondo says she is eager to lead the Commerce Department through its next chapter as it tries to build up America’s manufacturing sector. While the scale of the task is daunting, it so far has not fazed Ms. Raimondo. Colleagues and a family member describe her as having little aversion to conflict and say she is drawn to messy policy problems by an impulse to fix them.

Ms. Raimondo grew up in Rhode Island in a close-knit Roman Catholic family, raised partly by a brother 13 years her senior who recalled wrestling with her and throwing her in the water at the beach.

She was “afraid of pretty much nothing,” said her brother, Dr. Thomas J. Raimondo, a pulmonologist in Warwick, R.I. “I think because we brought her up tough, but No. 2, she’ll enter a conflict figuring out, ‘How am I going to fix this?’”

In the sixth grade, she was also deeply influenced by watching her father lose his job at the Bulova watch factory as American manufacturers began sending jobs overseas. The job was a source of pride for her father and allowed him to provide for his family, and the loss sent him into a funk for years, Ms. Raimondo said in an interview. Her mother had shone in a job in human relations at U.S. Rubber, Ms. Raimondo said, but she was dismissed when she became pregnant, a common policy at the time.

As Ms. Raimondo grew up, other manufacturers like Timex and U.S. Rubber shut their doors, and she saw Rhode Island’s schools and infrastructure begin to fray. The significance of these closures would resonate when Ms. Raimondo studied economics as an undergraduate at Harvard, where her professors fed her a “steady diet” of how trickle-down Reaganomics had hollowed out the U.S. economy, she said.

It was also this decaying system — specifically, Rhode Island’s decision to slash public bus routes and library hours when budgets fell short — that ultimately drove Ms. Raimondo to leave a lucrative job in venture capital and run for state treasurer in 2010. There, she made changes to shore up the state’s pension system, clashing with unions and progressive Democrats in the process.

She was elected as the state’s first female governor in 2014. In that job, she introduced free community college and all-day kindergarten, repeatedly raised the minimum wage and cut business taxes. She also courted controversy by proposing a toll on commercial trucks to rebuild the state’s roads and bridges. In 2016, 18-wheel trucks circled Rhode Island’s State House for months, blasting their horns in protest and rattling the nerves of Ms. Raimondo’s staff.

Mr. Biden, then vice president, came to her defense. He traveled to Providence to applaud her efforts and inspect a local bridge that he said was being held up by “Lincoln Logs.”

“Let the horns blow,” Mr. Biden said. “Fix the bridges and the roads.”

Ms. Raimondo was also gaining political support elsewhere in the Democratic Party. She grew close with Mike Donilon, a top adviser to Mr. Biden, and his brother Thomas E. Donilon, who served as national security adviser to President Barack Obama. In 2020, she was a national co-chair of Michael R. Bloomberg’s presidential campaign and was floated as a potential running mate.

Mr. Biden and his team vetted Ms. Raimondo as a potential vice president. After Mr. Biden won, they considered her to lead the Department of Health and Human Services before settling on the Commerce Department, a sprawling agency that oversees trade, weather monitoring, the Census and technology regulation.

At Commerce, Ms. Raimondo has taken an active role in trade negotiations, at times overshadowing the Office of the United States Trade Representative, which traditionally crafts the country’s trade deals. She played an outsized role in some of the administration’s major legislative victories, including reaching out to executives to win their support for the infrastructure bill and leaning on her relationships with lawmakers and executives to get funding for the semiconductor industry put into law.

Ms. Raimondo has also presided over the most aggressive use of the Commerce Department’s regulatory powers in a generation. While the department is well known for its role in promoting business, it has an increasingly important role in regulating it by policing the kind of advanced technology that U.S. firms can share with China, Russia and other geopolitical rivals.

In February, her department moved swiftly with allies to clamp down on technology shipments to Russia following its invasion of Ukraine. And in October, the department issued sweeping restrictions on advanced semiconductor exports to China in an attempt to curtail the country’s access to critical technology that can be used in war.

But Ms. Raimondo has also received some criticism on that front. Republican lawmakers and others say she has not moved forcefully enough to stop U.S. companies from enriching themselves by selling sensitive technology to China. In particular, critics say that the Commerce Department has issued too many special licenses that offer companies exemptions to the restrictions on selling to China.

In an interview, Ms. Raimondo said that the claim was “just not true” and that exemptions were based on technical specifications, not political considerations.

The restrictions that the Biden administration issued on China’s semiconductor industry last month are “the boldest, most coherent strategic set of policies that the Commerce Department has ever rolled out with respect to export controls,” Ms. Raimondo said.

When it comes to overseeing industry, Ms. Raimondo has said she sees reasonable regulation of business as a necessity, saying corporations left to their own devices will “get greedy.” And she has been outspoken about improving living conditions for America’s poor, often decrying an economic system where many women and people of color can work 60-hour weeks but still live in poverty.

But unlike some progressive Democrats, Ms. Raimondo clearly does not see an issue with being labeled “pro-business.”

“I come from a place in my politics that, fundamentally, Americans are pro-job, pro-business, pro-wealth,” she said. “Americans want to make money and feel like they can make money.”

She added: “American entrepreneurship is the envy of the world. We cannot snuff that out.”

While she came from humble beginnings, Ms. Raimondo and her husband, Andy Moffit, a former executive at McKinsey & Company who is now chief people officer at a health care technology platform, have amassed a net worth of between $4 million and $12.5 million, according to government disclosure forms.

As her department turns to funding semiconductor projects, Ms. Raimondo has promised to use tough standards to evaluate company applications, including prohibiting money from being used for stock buybacks or to make investments in advanced technology in China. The Commerce Department is expected to lead the work of reviewing and approving grants, but any awards to companies of more than $3 billion will be approved by Mr. Biden himself.

At an event held by the Atlantic Council in September, Ms. Raimondo acknowledged that people were watching closely and that the administration’s credibility was on the line.

“Did you get it right? Did you meet the mission? Was it impactful?” she asked. “And if the answer is yes, I think we will be able to convince Congress and others to do more.”

Alan Rappeport contributed reporting. Kitty Bennett contributed research.

Sat, 26 Nov 2022 00:56:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.nytimes.com/2022/11/26/business/economy/gina-raimondo-chips-biden.html
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