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https://killexams.com/exam_list/Network-GeneralKillexams : Human error in network operations and how to deal with it
You might have been alarmed to read recently that half of all network problems are due to human error. Well, bad news. That’s true of the number of problems. If you look at the hours of degraded or failed operation, three-quarters of all of it is due to human error. Furthermore, the great majority of degraded or failed operation can be traced to four specific activities:
Fault analysis and response, which network professionals and their management say creates 36% of error-induced outage time
Configuration changes (attributed to 27% of error-induced outage time)
Scaling and failover tasks (attributed to 19% of error-induced outage time)
Security policies (attributed to 18% of error-induced outage time)
Not surprisingly, network professionals are eager to find remedies for each of the four primary culprits. Before that can happen, it’s important to understand why the human error occurs.
My research points to a handful of specific errors that are committed, and these errors are associated with more than one of the four activities. In fact, almost all the common errors can impact all of the activities, but it’s best to focus on those error conditions that are the major contributors to outage time. They are:
Events overwhelm the operations staff
Operations staff “loses the picture”
Cross-dependencies between IT/software configuration and network configuration
Incorrect, incomplete, and dated documentation
Under-qualified and under-trained staff
The first of our error causes, cited as a problem by every enterprise I’ve talked with, is that events overwhelm the operations staff. Most planned improvements to network operations centers (NOC) focus on trying to reduce “event load” through things like root cause analysis, and AI tools (not generative AI) hold a lot of promise here. However, enterprises say that most of these overload errors are caused by lack of a single person in charge. Ops centers often go off on multiple tangents when there’s a flood of alerts, and this puts staff at cross-purposes. “If you divide your NOC staff by geographic or technical responsibility, you’re inviting colliding responses,” one user said. A NOC coordinator sitting at a “single pane of glass” and driving the overall response to a problem is the only way to go.
Losing the picture
Event floods relate to the second of our error causes: the operations staff “loses the picture,” which is reported by 83% of enterprises. In fact, NOC tools to filter errors or suggest root causes contribute to this problem by disguising some potential issues or creating tunnel vision among the NOC staff. According to enterprises, people making “local” changes regularly forget to consider the impact of those changes on the rest of the network. They suggest that before any configuration changes are made anywhere, even in response to a fault, the rest of the NOC team should be consulted and sign off on the approach.
Just over three-quarters of enterprises say that cross-dependencies between IT/software configuration and network configuration are a significant source of errors. Almost all of these users say that they’ve experienced failures because application hosting or configuration was changed without checking whether the changes could impact the network (the reverse is reported in only half that number). Overall, this source of human error is responsible for nearly all the problems with configuration changes and most of the problems with scaling and failover. Enterprises think that the best solution to this problem is to coordinate explicitly between IT and network operations teams on any changes in application deployment or network configuration.
That can reduce problems but won’t do much to find and fix some that slip through. The solution to that is to Strengthen application observability within the NOC, something only a quarter of enterprises say they support. If there’s an overall NOC coordinator with a network single-pane-of-glass, then that pane should also provide an overview of application state, at least in terms of input/output rates. Users also suggest that any time steps are taken to change a network/IT configuration, parallel steps to reverse the changes should be prepared.
The next error cause is one most users sympathize with, even though only 70% say it results in significant network outages. Incorrect, incomplete, and dated documentation on operations software and network equipment is sometimes a root cause in itself, but it more often contributes to operations confusion. A third of enterprises say that their operations library “should be better organized and maintained,” and I suspect that’s true of almost every operations library. A little less than ten percent of enterprises say they really don’t have a formal library at all. For a problem that’s reported this often, the solution is fairly easy; enterprises need both a formal technical library and a technical librarian responsible for checking regularly with vendors to keep it up to date. One in five enterprises say they have a “procedure” for library maintenance but less than half that number say they have even a part-time librarian, and frankly I don’t believe the real number is even that high. The library should also collect anecdotal sources like tech media, and file stories and documents with the proper vendor/product information. That means having anyone who follows tech publications feed appropriate material to the tech librarian.
Next on our list is a troublesome piece of equipment or service connection. Remember the old “cry wolf” story? Repeated problems that generate events not only tend to immunize operations people to the specific problem but also can desensitize them to the event type overall. A repeated line error problem, for example, may cause the staff to overlook line errors elsewhere. Only 23% of enterprises say this is a significant problem, but all of those who have something that’s constantly generating events that demand attention say it’s caused their staff to overlook something else. The solution is to change out gear that creates repeated alerts, and report service issues to the provider, escalating the complaint as needed. NOC procedures should require that a digest of faults be prepared at least once per shift and reviewed to spot trouble areas.
Staff, skills and training
Last on our list is under-qualified and/or under-trained staff, but it’s not last because it’s least. This problem is cited by just under 85% of enterprises, and I suspect from my longer-term exposure that this problem is more widespread than that. There are two faces to this problem. First, the staff may not be able to handle their jobs properly because they lack general skills and training. Second, the staff may have issues with a new technology that’s been introduced, either a feature, a package, or a piece of equipment.
Addressing the first face of the problem, according to enterprises, requires thinking of “apprenticeship.” A new employee should serve a period under close supervision, during which they’re trained in an organized way on the specific requirements of your own network, its equipment, its management tools. The apprenticeship might be extended to add in formal training if required, and it doesn’t end until the mentor signs off. Certifications, which enterprises say are helpful for the second face of the problem, aren’t as useful for the first phase. “Certifications tell you how to do something. Mentoring tells you what to do,” according to one network professional.
Mapping errors to error-prone activities
What’s the impact of errors on the four error-prone activities? Below is a breakdown of the four activities, the specific errors committed, and enterprise IT professionals’ views on how often the errors happen and how serious they are. (For my research, a common occurrence is one that’s reported at least monthly, occasionally is four to six times a year, and rare is once a year or less. A serious impact refers to a major disruption, and a significant impact refers to an outage that impacts operations.)
Fault analysis and response
Event flood: Common occurrence, serious impact Losing the picture: Common occurrence, serious impact Network/IT dependencies: Occasional occurrence, serious impact Documentation: Common occurrence, serious impact Troublesome gear: Occasional occurrence, significant impact Staff, skills and training: Common occurrence, serious impact
Event flood: Rare occurrence, significant to serious impact Losing the picture: Common occurrence, significant impact Network/IT dependencies: Common occurrence, serious impact Documentation: Occasional occurrence, significant impact Troublesome gear: Rare occurrence, significant impact Staff, skills and training: Common occurrence, serious impact
Scaling and failover
Event flood: Occasional occurrence, serious impact Losing the picture: Occasional occurrence, significant impact Network/IT dependencies: Common occurrence, Serious impact Documentation: Occasional occurrence, significant impact Troublesome gear: Occasional occurrence, significant impact Staff, skills and training: Common occurrence, serious impact
How can enterprises organize the solutions to all these issues? The first step is to plot your own network problems in a similar way. Focus on the areas where the problems have the greatest impact. The second step is look for tools and procedures to address specific problems, not to “improve” management or serve some other vague mission. Layers of tools with marginal value can be a problem in itself. The third step is to test any changes systemically, even though you’ve justified them with a specific problem in mind. It’s not uncommon to find that a solution to one problem can exacerbate another.
Don’t fall into a simplification trap here. “Top-down” or “certification” or “single-pane-of-glass” aren’t fail-safe. They may not even be useful. Your problems are a result of your situation, and your solutions have to be tuned to your own operations. Take the time to do a thoughtful analysis, and you might be surprised at how quickly you could see results.
Mon, 21 Aug 2023 08:02:00 -0500entext/htmlhttps://www.networkworld.com/article/3705033/human-error-in-network-operations-and-how-to-deal-with-it.htmlKillexams : Your Nintendo Switch Won't Connect to the Internet? Here's What to DoNo result found, try new keyword!If your Nintendo Switch still isn't connecting to Wi-Fi after the above, it's time to visit your Switch's internet connection options so you can determine where the problem lies. To do this, open the ...Fri, 18 Aug 2023 05:01:24 -0500en-ustext/htmlhttps://www.msn.com/Killexams : Ten ways to fix Galaxy Note8 “Mobile Network Not Available” bug [troubleshooting guide]No result found, try new keyword!Today’s #GalaxyNote8 troubleshooting ... Normally, the current network settings will be overwritten automatically, thereby refreshing all network information. This is an effective way to deal ...Fri, 04 Aug 2023 19:52:00 -0500en-UStext/htmlhttps://thedroidguy.com/ten-ways-to-fix-galaxy-note8-mobile-network-not-available-bug-troubleshooting-guide-1083560Killexams : IPNet: Inverse Problems Network
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Fri, 11 Nov 2022 06:54:00 -0600entext/htmlhttps://www.helsinki.fi/en/researchgroups/inverse-problems/ipnet-inverse-problems-networkKillexams : Bitcoin Lightning Network is growing, but 3 major challenges remain
The Lightning Network is a layer-2 solution built on top of the Bitcoin blockchain, and its primary objective is to address the Bitcoin network’s scalability issues. It also allows for faster and cheaper transactions by facilitating off-chain payments through a network of payment channels.
The Lightning Network has gained traction since its launch in 2018, hitting a total value locked of $140 million, but this is relatively small compared to Bitcoin’s (BTC) $580 billion market capitalization. However, this oversimplification disregards that this scaling solution focuses on instant transactions, not lending, yield farms or other activities that require staking.
Additionally, the number of nodes has grown by a mere 6% since June 2022. This suggests that there are significant reasons why it has not achieved mainstream adoption. Let’s take a look at a few of the factors influencing Lightning Network growth.
Channel balancing, finding liquidity and the associated costs impact network growth
If Lightning Network users wish to make a payment that exceeds their channel balance, they must find a well-funded node with a direct channel to the recipient to facilitate the transaction. This process can be challenging and time-consuming, especially if the recipient is not well connected within the Lightning Network.
Channel balancing requires users to manage the funds in their channels effectively. Rebalancing is automatic when using apps like the Phoenix or Breeze, but it adds complexity for mid-level users relying on their own nodes. According to Viktor Bunin, protocol specialist at Coinbase Cloud:
“This capital inefficiency at the edges for non-custodial users is a hard and annoying optimization problem, and it’s objectively worse than an account-based model with arbitrary transaction sizing. However, it’s not an unworkable problem.”
Besides the issue of optimizing the channels’ funding, there are also the associated costs of opening and closing channels, as it requires an on-chain transaction. That can create serious issues if the median fee surpasses $5 or $10, which would drastically limit the use for the lower-income population and disincentive the network capillarity.
The risk of development hiccups could be pushing potential users away
The Lightning Network is still under development, meaning it still faces certain security risks. One concern is that if a node goes offline, it becomes unable to process payments through the channels it is connected to. This disrupts the payment process until the node comes back online, potentially causing an inconvenience for users.
Bunin highlights that there are no offline methods for Lightning payments, but noncustodial wallets offer “clever workarounds” using background tasks in mobile devices. Still, this solution might present constraints if the device’s operating system limits the performance to preserve battery power.
Double-spending is a risk on any blockchain-based system, including the Lightning Network. This attack could emerge from a node being offline for too long, subsequently providing an incorrect state and returning coins to the other party. This risk emerges only if the user is not active to inform the “justice transaction” or hasn’t set up “watchtowers” to prove that a fraud is being committed when a channel closing is requested.
Dragging merchant adoption and user awareness
The widespread adoption of any payment system requires acceptance by a large number of merchants and high user awareness. However, the Lightning Network faces challenges in both areas.
Merchant adoption is limited due to complexities in integrating the Lightning Network into existing payment systems, concerns about Bitcoin’s price volatility and regulatory uncertainties. On the other hand, efforts are being made to increase merchant adoption through user-friendly point-of-sale systems and partnerships with payment processors.
For instance, Zeus and OpenNode are popular wallets that offer a user-friendly point-of-sale app for merchants. The app allows merchants to accept Lightning Network payments with a QR code or NFC scan.
Additionally, user awareness about the Lightning Network’s benefits and usage is still relatively low. Educating users about the advantages and ease of Lightning payments is essential to overcoming this limitation.
What is the future of the Bitcoin Lightning Network?
Besides the more obvious problems cited, including channel rebalancing and security risks, developers are working on payments that can be made when the receiver is offline, known as asynchronous (async).
This layer-2 scaling solution holds immense potential to enhance Bitcoin’s transaction efficiency and scalability. As the technology matures and efforts are made to address these issues, the scaling solution may eventually gain broader acceptance and increased adoption.
This article is for general information purposes and is not intended to be and should not be taken as legal or investment advice. The views, thoughts, and opinions expressed here are the author’s alone and do not necessarily reflect or represent the views and opinions of Cointelegraph.
Wed, 09 Aug 2023 08:00:00 -0500entext/htmlhttps://cointelegraph.com/news/bitcoins-lightning-network-major-challangesKillexams : Boy Problems
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Mark wanted to improve. The pandemic had sent him into an emotional tailspin. Covid coincided with his first heartbreak and an illness that left him bedridden. Even before calls to stay home, Mark rarely left his parents’ house in their small central European town: He spent most days playing video games and watching anime. The pandemic only drove him further inside himself. “It was honestly one of the toughest times of my life,” he told me. “I needed frequent therapy.”
As the world began to reopen in 2021, Mark—by then in his early 20s—wanted to dedicate himself to something better. He didn’t want to be this nerdy, wimpy kid anymore. He wanted a “blueprint,” he said, on how to be a man.
One day, he searched for “male advice” on YouTube. Before long, Mark was deep in the world of online masculinity gurus. He found Andrew Tate, a former professional kickboxer who carried himself like a mafia boss; Hamza Ahmed, whose focused, monklike demeanor Mark admired. A seemingly endless supply of similar guys emerged in his YouTube recommendations: Sneako, Fresh&Fit, Teaching Men’s Fashion, 1STMAN. Together they made up a loose, informal network called “the manosphere.” The group promised self-mastery: mental, physical, emotional, and financial.
A lot of their advice worked. They told Mark to stop “eating trash.” He swore off sugar and his acne cleared up. They told him to lift weights. Mark downloaded a home workout app on his phone; he got a gym membership. He saw his body change. They told him to learn to fight. Mark took jiu-jitsu and boxing classes. He felt new strength.
Mark gave up playing the latest RPG late into the night. Instead, he would meditate and write in his journal, like Hamza told him. Then he’d work on his ideas for an online business, like Tate told him. It felt like progress. The more he watched these men, the more he trusted them.
Amid the “harsh truths”—about himself, about the world, about others—Mark remembered an accompanying mental transformation that “completely changed my worldview.” As a matter of biology, the men told Mark, women were hypergamous: “females” were prone to “dating up.” They would not ever care about a loser. It was science. And it was just a cold hard fact that the only choice was to become the ideal: an alpha. He needed to be a high-value man. He needed to be chiseled, stoic, and disciplined. He needed to be a successful entrepreneur with a nine-figure company who took business trips to Dubai. Mark would start every day thinking about how he could increase his “SMV” (Sexual Market Value).
He picked up other beliefs from the manosphere, too. Dark forces in society were intentionally “making men weak.” Transgender people lived in a “delusion.” The fight for gay rights was “corrupting the minds of youth.” It could all be summed up in a catchphrase: “reject degeneracy, embrace masculinity.” All this talk about returning to old-fashioned gender roles made his friends worry about him. Sometimes people made fun of him, calling him an “incel.” But that only made Mark more confident. See? He told himself. No one is trying to help. No one understands. Wasn’t that the whole problem?
Like many resentful young men, Mark came to a concrete worldview: The advances of women in society had been a mistake. Their empowerment took something directly from him. In fact, women were at the root of his, and all men’s, problems.
That is how Mark recalls the experience of “taking the red pill,” a phrase borrowed from The Matrix films that implies a sudden mental awakening—a realization of how the world truly exists. It is now common internet jargon to describe right-wing radicalization, but it was popularized by the manosphere.
These days it’s difficult to find self-help for men that hasn’t been influenced in some way by reactionary ideas. Online, there are a slew of dudes who are in better physical shape, who appear to have more money, who seem more confident—and who are ready to sell you practical advice on weight-lifting amid a sexist rant. Tate and others market to a real crisis among men. But they offer a flimsy absolution, despite all the talk of grit: The problem with boys, the manosphere says, is actually just women.
“They promised that if I followed what they said I’d fix my life,” Mark remembered. “But I just felt lonely as fuck.”
Aggrieved men seeking to reclaim their dominance has been one of the defining political trends of the last decade. In 2014, Gamergate—a backlash against women in video games—politicized a new generation of internet misogynists. It propelled the alpha-male blogger turned MAGA digital soldier Mike Cernovich and propped up Milo Yiannopoulos, the former editor of Breitbart. In 2016, Donald Trump won the American presidency with the largest gender margin in the history of exit polling. His campaign manager at the time, Steve Bannon, was explicit in his hope that they would tap into the political potential of “rootless white males.” Political machismo has not just been American. It fueled the rise of populist strongmen around the world, from Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi (who boasts about his 56-inch wide chest) to former Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro (who once told a rival politician that she was too ugly to be raped).
In America, the Trump era, as the politics writer Alex Pareene noted in The Baffler, gave men permission to act like “teenage pricks.” In 2018, Supreme Court Justice Brett Kavanaugh did just that, yelling that he “liked beer” while denying Christine Blasey Ford’s allegation that he sexually assaulted her. By the time of Kavanaugh’s confirmation, the MeToo movement had revealed the sheer scale of male sexual violence and misconduct. In 2021, the January 6 Capitol putsch was led in part by members of the Proud Boys, which began as a “men’s drinking club” founded by the manosphere-adjacent Canadian white nationalist Gavin McInnes.
All the while, a caricature took shape of the disempowered man: the aimless adolescent trapped in his parents’ basement. Here was the troll, comforted only by pornography, video games, and indecorous conversations on 4chan. The trope leaned to stereotype more than reality, providing an especially unsympathetic object to analyze. (Consider the neckbeard.) But it stood in for real changes that were less easy to isolate. In the United States, fractured social networks—the loss of churches, union halls, record shops; the decline of job stability; the death of amateur sports—drove all of us more online. No man aspires to be the dork in a basement. But there were also many boys on the internet, searching for a connection.
The manosphere offered a solution: Return to male chauvinism. Act like an adult; act like a man. And if you do, they made clear, another life was possible. Tate’s ostentatious displays of wealth—Maseratis, Rolexes, Cohibas enjoyed poolside—offered proof of the rewards one could reap. “If a young man comes to me and says he’s depressed, I’m going to tell him how to become a kind of man who’s proud of himself. And if that makes him the kind of person that resists slave programming, I’m always going to be public enemy number one,” Tate told Tucker Carlson in a latest interview.
In videos, Tate speaks with authority in a hard-to-place accent. (He spent his childhood between small towns in Indiana and England.) He calls himself the “Top G,” or “Cobra Tate.” And while his message is not usually about politics, it conveys a prodigious skill in harnessing outrage, positioning his male supremacism as a defense against liberal tyranny. “They want the woman in charge.” Tate told Tucker. “Because if the woman is in charge, they can emotionally affect her. They can scare her. You can scare a woman easier than you can scare a man.”
Jordan Peterson, the Canadian psychologist whose lectures pack concert halls around the world, was the first to find fame for speaking to a generation of lost boys. In 2016, he went viral for pushing back against legislation in Canada requiring teachers to adhere to a student’s preferred gender pronouns. Peterson told people like Mark to stiffen up but also that it was not their fault. He said men have long been stifled by a world that is set up for women to succeed at their expense. He had lectures that might deconstruct episodes of The Simpsons or expound on the psychology of Pinocchio. Then, he would explain that feminism is part of “the murderous equity doctrine,” or that white privilege was a “Marxist lie.”
If Tate has been the brawn, then Peterson parades as the brain: A former professor who specializes in the works of Carl Jung, Peterson conceals bigotry in pseudo-intellectual digressions. “There’s this whole narrative that masculinity is being attacked. And these guys are the heroes of it,” said Mark, during a phone conversation we had in July.
Tate appeals by combining the bland aphorisms of a motivational speaker with the bombastic transgressions of a shock jock radio host; he delivers missives with drill sergeant intensity. His misogyny is less coded, and it is shockingly popular. By the metrics of the internet, Tate is one of the most famous people on the planet. Before he was banned, Tate’s TikTok videos had been viewed more than 13 billion times, making him one of the top posters on the platform. In 2022, he was the eighth-most googled person in the world—ahead of Trump and right behind Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Tate’s influence has been significant enough that in England, some schools have started to hold special assemblies to combat his message. In February, the top education trade publication in the US ran an article titled “Misogynist Influencer Andrew Tate Has Captured Boys’ Attention. What Teachers Need to Know.” Annie Kelly, an English postdoctoral researcher and host of the podcast Manclan, said manosphere rhetoric had “been rising in public consciousness for a really long time,” but Tate’s latest ascent made 2022 “a moment where this became impossible to ignore.”
Social media—particularly YouTube, Instagram, and TikTok—has been key to the rise of figures like Tate. Short-form videos have allowed wider reach, taking the misogynist message from more siloed communities: the small blogs, forums, podcasts, and self-published books that have existed for decades. “TikTok has definitely allowed it to explode,” said Aaron Fountain Jr., a writer and historian who kept tabs on the scene for several years as part of his YouTube series Expose the Manosphere: “Young people who aren’t really in the manosphere [still] listen… [and] regurgitate a lot of those talking points.”
Most of these internet masculinity gurus operate like influencers. Often, the goal is to convert followers into customers. “They’re basically trying to create a problem which doesn’t exist, and then get you to pay for a solution to that problem,” Mark told me.
Online male self-help gurus dispense advice on dating, finance, fashion, fitness, nutrition, politics, and spirituality—plus the real solutions, if you subscribe. Men can pay a fee to read self-published books; boys can subscribe to the premium feed of their favorite podcasts. There are supplements to buy, courses to enroll in, and one-on-one “coaching” sessions to schedule. The scene “promotes itself as encouraging the betterment of men,” Fountain Jr. said. But in reality it’s “men who are really just trying to make a living off exploiting the naivety of their subscribers.”
Tate excelled at this gambit. In 2021, he offered a course called “Hustlers University.” For $49.99 a month you could learn the art of the grindset: a mix of advice on investing in the stock market and cryptocurrency; setting up an e-commerce business; and finding work as a copywriter. At one point Tate counted more than 168,000 students enrolled at HU. (He has since rebranded the course as “The Real World“). There is also The War Room, a private Telegram channel that Tate describes as “a global network” that could help “free the modern man from socially induced incarceration.” Membership is nearly $8,000.
As the Guardian reported, Tate enlisted his HU “students” to “flood social media with videos of him, choosing the most controversial clips in order to achieve maximum views and engagement.” If they brought in new members, they received a small commission. It resembled a multi-level marketing scheme for dude bros.
In December 2022, Andrew Tate and his sidekick brother, Tristan, were arrested by Romanian authorities on suspicion of running a sex-trafficking operation and committing rape. Last month, the brothers were indicted. Prosecutors claimed Tate had engaged in organized crime, operating a compound of “camgirls” he coerced with the “lover boy” method. Recently released from house arrest, Tate has denied all charges. Tate’s attorney has argued that his online persona is make-believe. In interviews with conservative media personalities like Carlson and Candace Owens, Tate has claimed he is a martyr. And he has used it as a branding opportunity, another example of the overreach of the MeToo movement. “Men,” Tate told his followers in late June. “This isn’t about me…This is about all of us. Today it’s me. Tomorrow it’s you.”
Tate’s rapid rise and fall not only signaled a mainstreaming of the manosphere’s violent misogyny, but made clear he views his popularity as a business. What is wrong with men and boys today that so many would fall for it?
“You can see why young people feel lonely, and why they feel hopeless about the future,” Kelly, the researcher, told me. Today’s masculinity influencers offer something a therapist won’t: “It comes with a hook, which says, it’s not your fault that you ever felt this way. The problem is feminism. And in fact, in some cases, the problem isn’t even just feminists, but women in general.”
As long as there has been masculinity, it has been in crisis. During the agrarian to urban migration shift in the late 19th century, political and literary luminaries like Teddy Roosevelt and Walt Whitman expressed concern (bound up with racist panic) that city life would sap European men’s primal virility. In a 1958 essay in Esquire headlined “The Crisis of Masculinity,” Arthur Schlesinger Jr. wrote that American women had advanced to “a place in our society which American men have not been psychologically prepared to accept.” As a reaction to widespread social, economic, and technological change, the male collective subconscious roars: it used to be better, now it’s getting worse.
The manosphere’s pre-internet antecedents come from the Men’s Liberation Movement of the 1970s—an attempt to ally with second-wave feminism. In 1974, a political science PhD named Warren Farrell wrote the book The Liberated Man. Gloria Steinem tasked Farrell to lead workshops on behalf of the National Organization for Women. Twenty years later, Farrell reversed course with his book The Myth of Male Power. He argued that society was misandrist. The new tome became the foundational text of the men’s rights movement. Farrell focused on legal issues like divorce and child custody.
For the right today, the vibes-based devolution of modern man is more common. It is best summed up in a meme that “something went…terribly wrong.” On one side, there is the “alpha,” supposedly from 1947: a black-and-white photo of a conventionally handsome, clean-cut man in a wool trench coat and three-piece suit. He holds a fedora and stares at the camera. On the other side is the “beta,” supposedly from 2019: a photo of a feminine-presenting man with a topknot ponytail, multi-colored shirt that includes pink, and skin tight jean short-shorts. He holds a smartphone.
Even liberal men have their own version of this argument. In a 2020 interview with Jeffrey Goldberg of the Atlantic, former President Barack Obama lamented that Trump did not adhere to the traditional masculinity that he (and Tony Soprano) saw in old movies. “I think about the classic male hero in American culture when you and I were growing up: the John Waynes, the Gary Coopers, the Jimmy Stewarts, the Clint Eastwoods,” said Obama. “There was a code…the code of masculinity that I grew up with that harkens back to the ’30s and ’40s and before that.” Something went terribly wrong.
It’s tempting to use the cyclical nature of the male crisis (and the cynical version of its modern variant) as a reason to reject worry about men. But there are plenty of reasons to be concerned. In his new book Of Boys and Men: Why the Modern Male Is Struggling, Why It Matters, And What to Do About It, Richard V. Reeves, a fellow at the Brookings Institution and founder of the new American Institute for Boys and Men, argues that unlike the late 19th century, or 1958, today’s men actually have fallen significantly behind women on a number of sociological metrics.
In every school district in the United States, girls do better than boys in English and Language Arts. In Chicago, the gap between girls and boys getting high grades is identical to the gap in social class. Programs designed specifically to boost educational achievement for underprivileged kids like the Kalamazoo Promise are effective for girls but barely move the needle for boys. Almost a full quarter of boys are diagnosed with a developmental disability—twice as many as girls. One third of men with a high school diploma are out of the labor force. In 2014, one third of adult men lived with their parents. “The success of the women’s movement has not caused the precariousness of male social identity,” writes Reeves, “but it has exposed it.”
Boys are not finding a way to live that feels rewarding. According to a 2017 Pew study, men find less meaning in their lives, from fewer sources, than women. Research by the Survey Center on American Life published in 2021 shows that men are increasingly lonely. One in five single American men report that they do not have one person in their lives they consider a close friend. The words that suicidal men are most likely to use to describe how they feel is “useless” and “worthless.”
Reeves has said that in addressing the rise of figures like Tate or Peterson, not enough focus is on the demand that they are supplying from the men who feel a sense of lost identity. He argues the cultural meaning of manhood hasn’t caught up to structural shifts, leaving men unmoored. Since the mid-20th century, the American economy transformed away from an industrial labor force. Men of yesteryear were more likely to work with their bodies and with machines, and they were more likely to be able to raise a family with their wage.
“We built the mythology of manhood on specific features of society. And those features are no longer available to the vast majority of men,” said F.D Signifier, a former teacher and sociology PhD student turned YouTuber who has released viral video essays critiquing the manosphere. “But we’re still holding up and aspiring to that.”
This has given some politicians an opportunity. Reclaiming a mythology of manhood has become an important project for the nascent populist right. Sen. Josh Hawley (R-Mo.) has been the most prominent politician to take on masculinity. “The loss of high paying, blue collar work for men has been a catastrophe for this nation and for men,” writes Hawley in his book Manhood: The Masculine Virtues America Needs, “robbing them of employment, family, dignity and hope.” In Hawley’s vision of gender, men can only find their purpose in the old breadwinner role, which is why he opposes a welfare state. “If government can supply everything a father or husband once did by working,” he writes, “what is the point of manhood? The culture of dependence destroys men’s agency and their sense of self-worth.”
Hawley is far from alone. The manosphere and the online right have grown increasingly reciprocal. The subreddit “The Red Pill” was reportedly founded in 2012 by a second-term Republican New Hampshire state representative named Robert Fisher. Mike Cernovich famously went from pick-up artist to real-life Republican political operative. Jack Murphy, a manosphere podcaster, rose to prominence during the heyday of the alt-right and has become a media star of the new right, hosting up-and-coming Republicans on his show like Sen J.D. Vance (R-Ohio) and 2022 Arizona Senate candidate Blake Masters. (Since then, Murphy was revealed to film “cuckold” porn and has been shunned by many in the manosphere.)
The hard edge of the new right also overlaps with the manosphere. There are the overtly racist, pseudonymous aspiring bodybuilders like Bronze Age Pervert and Raw Egg Nationalist (REN). Pervert’s book Bronze Age Mindset, a manifesto reclaiming ancient masculine rites of domination, was reportedly a must-read among junior staffers in the Trump administration. REN is a nutrition and fitness influencer—imagine if Gwyneth Paltrow had a fascist cousin—who was featured in Tucker Carlson’s “documentary” The End of Men and publishes the magazine Man’s World. The popular white nationalist Nick Fuentes, who identifies as an “incel,” recently appeared on the popular manosphere podcast Fresh&Fit, where he spouted Holocaust denial and Hitler apologia. These figures see the contemporary struggles of men as the outcome of a planet-spanning conspiracy of feminization they call “Globohomo,” and they view a reinvigoration of masculine power as key to their authoritarian political vision.
Tate’s milder version of this political critique involves a belabored metaphor he calls “the Matrix”: The phrase is his codename for the dark forces he tells people like Mark are weakening men. “When I talk about the Matrix I’m talking about the systems which have been created by society which are deliberately designed to enslave,” Tate has said.
What Tate is getting at is much more banal: the drudgery of work. “I was always looking to try and break out of the 9 to 5, just the normal monotony of day-to-day life,” he explained in one video. “Someone has to fucking flip the burgers,” Tate preached in another rant, sitting shirtless in front of a swimming pool, cigar and espresso in hand, denigrating working people as “wageys.” “You have two choices. Either listen to me or get back where you fucking belong. Because most of you wageys aren’t smart enough to be anything but fucking wageys anyway.”
Whether it’s Tate or Hawley, it seems there is one person who misses critique: the boss. In her 1983 examination of post–World War II American masculinity, The Hearts of Men: American Dreams and The Flight From Commitment, the writer Barbara Ehrenreich observed a similar phenomenon. In the 1950s, the supposed golden age of masculinity and the nuclear family, “a whole posse-full of angry male writers took out after the American woman.”
The “gray flannel rebels,” as she called the white-collar men of that bygone era, felt repressed by the strictures of the breadwinner’s expectations. They “needed a scapegoat, and if the corporate captains were out of the bounds of legitimate criticism in Cold War America, there was always another more accessible and acceptable villain—woman.”
The idea of sexism as only a logical outgrowth of men going through real problems falls apart when you look at the particulars. Reeves notes that the inequalities he spotlights in his book are felt the hardest the lower you go down the social hierarchy. Problems are particularly bad among Black men. While the manosphere is more diverse than outsiders would think, most coverage of the manosphere is “white-centric,” explained Fountain Jr., who is Black and whose channel paid special attention to the racial dynamics of the manosphere.
“We’re the canaries in the coal mine,” said Signifier, who is Black. To really deal with the problems among men, he says, would require people to “engage in a conversation not just about masculinity, but patriarchy and white supremacy and capitalism.” Reluctance to confront these issues, Signifier says, “shields the manosphere in a weird way.”
And to say that men are struggling often suggests that the patriarchy has been replaced with a “gynocracy,” as the manosphere is fond of saying. That is far from true. In most of the world, women have not made similar advances in education and employment as they have in the United States. The upper reaches of political and corporate leadership remain predominantly white and male. The majority of gender-based violence is enacted on women by men. Despite a Pew survey in 2016 that found that more than half of American men think sexism is over, 70 percent of femicides in rich countries are committed in the United States. In the CDC’s latest report detailing a mental health crisis among teenagers, twice as many girls than boys were struggling, but overall more than 40 percent of girls and boys said that “they’d felt so sad or hopeless within the past year that they were unable to do their regular activities.”
“One of the things that I find so dangerous about manosphere influencers is they’ll often say, ‘You know men have very high suicide rates, men have very high levels of homelessness.’ But what they actually offer is an incredibly bad deal,” said Kelly, the researcher. “They have no real solutions to many of the problems they talk about.”
It was only within the last year that Mark realized how poor of an influence these masculinity gurus had been. “If you’re a guy who doesn’t have much experience and who got hurt, [the manosphere] is basically an echo chamber that confirms all of your worries,” he said. At a certain point, he realized he wanted what people like Andrew Tate told him to not be true. He began to look for alternative sources of information.
Mark was embarrassed to tell me, but one of the first places he checked was ChatGPT. He asked simple questions. And the AI bot service refuted Tate: It said that women found lots of different traits attractive; that there was no “blueprint” because women were individual human beings, not a hive mind.
Mark also opened up to the women he knew in real life: his mother, his therapist, his friends. He realized that he “really got brainwashed by this freaking red pill stuff,” he said. “I’m pretty ashamed now that I bought into it.” It was not worth it if he did not “even trust the people I could trust with my life—people I would take a bullet for.”
These days, if Mark sees a video in his feed promising to unlock the secrets of masculinity, or explaining why modern men are weak, he’ll say to himself: “Bro, just leave me alone.”
Top image photo credits: Alexandru Dobre/AP; Caroline Brehman/CQ/ZUMA; Andy Martin Jr./ZUMA; Paul Sancy/AP; Getty
Wed, 09 Aug 2023 01:24:00 -0500Eamon Whalenen-UStext/htmlhttps://www.motherjones.com/politics/2023/08/boy-problems-andrew-tate-masculinity-crisis-manosphere/Killexams : The Biggest Problems With Electric Cars That Still Haven't Been SolvedNo result found, try new keyword!Electric vehicle adoption in the U.S. remains relatively low, and for a good reason -- many of the biggest remaining problems are considered deal ... America has had over 100 years to develop its ...Mon, 07 Aug 2023 02:44:00 -0500en-ustext/htmlhttps://www.msn.com/Killexams : Shibarium “almost ready” to reopen after initial network-related woes
Shiba Inu’s Shytoshi Kusama said that Layer 2 solution Shibarium testing phase will end on Wednesday.
Shibarium developers attributed initial network and bridge problems to high demand.
The relaunch will include additional validators for earning staking rewards on BONE tokens.
Shiba Inu’s Layer 2 scaling solution Shibarium suffered a roadblock on its mainnet launch. Problems with the network left around 1,000 Ethereum and 600,000 BONE tokens locked, leaving users unable to access or recover their funds and pushing down Shiba Inu’s (SHIB) price.
Shytoshi Kusama, leading developer of the Shiba Inu project, attributed the technical problems to high demand and announced a $2 million insurance to cover the value of the tokens paused on the Shibarium bridge. Since then, Kusama has shared new updates on Shiba Inu’s progress in recovering the Layer 2 project and preparing it to go live once again.
According to the latest update from the Shiba Inu community published Tuesday, the ecosystem’s Layer 2 scaling solution has nearly completed its testing phase. After two days of tweaking different parameters, developers behind the blockchain consider that the system is enhanced and optimized.
The key challenge faced by Shibarium at its launch was a large volume of activity from users, according to Kusama. Since this was not anticipated, Shibarium’s operations were affected and user funds were paused on a bridge.
In the update, Kusama says that a new monitoring system and additional fail safes have been introduced in the Layer 2 blockchain. In the event that Shibarium faces a high level of user traffic again, the team is equipped to handle the situation.
Tomorrow [Wednesday] additional validators will go live, giving even more options for you to stake your BONE for a share of the rewards earned for these two roles in our society. Testing will wrap up, and we will prepare for public consumption once again
Kusama said in the blog post.
In addition to bringing Shibarium back, Kusama announced the launch of new validators to increase opportunities for BONE token holders to stake their assets and earn rewards.
The update failed to provide impetus to SHIB, which traded at $0.00000797 at the time of writing, a 0.13% fall compared with the previous day.
Bitcoin, altcoins, stablecoins FAQs
Bitcoin is the largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization, a virtual currency designed to serve as money. This form of payment cannot be controlled by any one person, group, or entity, which eliminates the need for third-party participation during financial transactions.
Altcoins are any cryptocurrency apart from Bitcoin, but some also regard Ethereum as a non-altcoin because it is from these two cryptocurrencies that forking happens. If this is true, then Litecoin is the first altcoin, forked from the Bitcoin protocol and, therefore, an “improved” version of it.
Stablecoins are cryptocurrencies designed to have a stable price, with their value backed by a reserve of the asset it represents. To achieve this, the value of any one stablecoin is pegged to a commodity or financial instrument, such as the US Dollar (USD), with its supply regulated by an algorithm or demand. The main goal of stablecoins is to provide an on/off-ramp for investors willing to trade and invest in cryptocurrencies. Stablecoins also allow investors to store value since cryptocurrencies, in general, are subject to volatility.
Bitcoin dominance is the ratio of Bitcoin's market capitalization to the total market capitalization of all cryptocurrencies combined. It provides a clear picture of Bitcoin’s interest among investors. A high BTC dominance typically happens before and during a bull run, in which investors resort to investing in relatively stable and high market capitalization cryptocurrency like Bitcoin. A drop in BTC dominance usually means that investors are moving their capital and/or profits to altcoins in a quest for higher returns, which usually triggers an explosion of altcoin rallies.
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Mon, 21 Aug 2023 23:01:00 -0500entext/htmlhttps://www.fxstreet.com/cryptocurrencies/news/shibarium-almost-ready-to-reopen-after-initial-network-related-woes-202308221058Killexams : 'Election integrity' push in NC has ties to Trump's efforts to overturn 2020 presidential race
Jim Womack insists he is not a conspiracy theorist.
"I'm not one of those guys that runs around saying the election was stolen," said Womack, a former Lee County Commissioner. "You can make a case that the election was manipulated."
But, he added, "I don't think you can certainly make a case of widespread voter fraud in a coordinated fashion through networks or machines or whatever."
Womack is president of the recently formed North Carolina Election Integrity Team, or NCEIT, a grassroots organization whose mission, according to its website, is “to establish a trusted, statewide infrastructure comprising a network of county election integrity task forces with trained, certified, and geographically positioned operators to ensure secure and legitimate election processes.”
Womack called the 2020 presidential election a "train wreck."
"We should learn from the train wreck and seek to try to avoid those kinds of problems in the future by improving our laws," Womack added.
NCEIT is a chapter of the Election Integrity Network, which was launched by N.C.-based attorney Cleta Mitchell. Mitchell participated in the Jan. 2021 phone call Donald Trump made to Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger, urging him to search for nearly 12,000 votes that could turn Trump's 2020 defeat into a victory.
"Our mentor is Cleta Mitchell, she is a renowned election law attorney on the national scale," Womack said.
'Election integrity' activist claims 2020 was plagued by 'malfeasances'
Womack and Mitchell met with top Republican lawmakers at the state legislature as they worked on their most latest omnibus elections bill.
Mitchell is also senior legal fellow at the Conservative Partnership Institute, a think tank whose senior partner is Mark Meadows, one-time North Carolina congressman and the former Trump chief of staff and now indicted as a co-conspirator in Georgia's RICO case over alleged efforts to unlawfully reverse the 2020 presidential race.
Womack claimed many "malfeasances" occurred in the 2020 election, especially involving drop boxes and ballot harvesting. These were COVID pandemic-era accommodations that were not allowed or used in North Carolina in 2020.
However, they were used in Georgia, Pennsylvania, Michigan, and Wisconsin—all key swing states that helped Joe Biden win the 2020 race, Womack said. In these states, Trump acolytes filed dozens of lawsuits predicated on false claims of election fraud that were tossed out of court.
Nonetheless, in the name of bolstering election integrity, the North Carolina General Assembly's Republican majority has pushed for substantial change to the state's voting rules, in ways that mirror the objectives laid out by Mitchell and Womack's groups.
The omnibus bill sent to the governor last week would eliminate a three-day grace period for counting mail-in ballots postmarked by Election Day, and has received support from the North Carolina Election Integrity Team.
"So you can actually have a result on Election Day as opposed to waiting two or three weeks," Womack said.
The grace period has been in place since unanimous bipartisan approval in 2009.
But election day results are never final or certified until 10 days later, after the county canvass, the statutory post-election audit that includes hand-to-eye counts of ballots from randomly selected precincts. And mail-in ballots from military personnel and other citizens overseas postmarked by Election Day, which can arrive up to nine days later, are counted under state law—something Womack, as a West Point graduate and retired Lieutenant Colonel certainly knows well.
GOP elections bill addresses a lot of NCEIT's goals
The legislation prohibits the use of private funds for elections administration. Such funds, especially so-called "Zuck Bucks," have become a target of Republicans and 2020 election deniers.
In 2020, when cash-strapped elections administrations across the country desperately needed funds for extra personal protective equipment and disposable pens to ensure safe polling sites during the COVID-19 pandemic, donors, which included Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg and the Schwarzenegger Institute, stepped up to help. Facebook suspended Trump’s account in 2021 after he posted statements that were deemed to be supporting violence associated with the Jan. 6 insurrection.
In Zuckerberg's case, the donations were distributed by the Center for Election Innovation and Research, whose executive director and founder is David Becker. Becker also helped launch the Electronic Registration Information Center, or ERIC, when he was with the Pew Charitable Trusts, and has assailed Donald Trump for the ex-President's efforts to overturn the 2020 election has been a target of the partisan right.
Right-wing groups have gone after so-called "Zuck Bucks" and sought to disparage ERIC, a multi-state consortium conceived to help partner states maintain cleaner voter rolls by sharing information on the movement and death of voters.
This year's budget, which state House and Senate Republicans are still negotiating, contains a provision that would prohibit North Carolina from joining ERIC, even though Republican legislators OK'd joining the consortium last year.
The GOP elections bill would also provide greater latitude to partisan poll observers, another key objective of Mitchell and Womack's.
"That builds confidence across the country and that's why it's so important to have poll observers there representing all the parties that can assure themselves that no one party has controlled or manipulated the election," Womack said.
Will partisan poll observers bolster transparency or intimidate voters?
Under the bill, partisan poll observers would be permitted to listen to conversations between a voter and precinct official inside the polling site or at curbside voting--as long as the discussion is related to elections administration.
"Is that going to be intimidating for people who are there at the polling place, you know, to have these observers so close?" asked Lekha Shupeck, the state outreach director for Documented, an investigative watchdog group that tracks voter suppression efforts.
Shupeck previously worked with the National Democratic Redistricting Committee, the organization chaired by former Obama Administration Attorney General Eric Holder.
Poll observers play an important role in elections, Shupeck said.
"The problem comes when that access is, you know, legislated in a certain way that's going to impede other people's ability or intimidate people or be disruptive," she added.
After the 2022 primaries, the State Board of Elections surveyed county elections directors about issues at polling sites. Officials in 15 counties reported witnessing poll observers who violated rules of conduct in place at the time by talking to and intimidating voters, frequently exiting and re-entering the voting area to call their party headquarters, and trying to enter restricted areas where ballot data were being uploaded.
Jim Womack said he is pleased lawmakers are attempting to codify what poll observers can do but wishes they had gone farther. Model legislation his group drafted and that formed the basis of an earlier House bill on poll observer conduct would have instituted something he calls the “five-foot rule:” the distance a poll observer could stand from a precinct official or voter.
"We also think there should have been language about poll observers being able to get up close to the election machines," he said.
Lekha Shupeck said she thinks people like Jim Womack and Cleta Mitchell genuinely believe election integrity in the United States is under threat.
"The people who are working on that side are not working from a place of reality and facts," she said. "They're working from sort of their feelings about the particular issue not based on evidence."
While Jim Womack says he's not a conspiracy theorist, he cites questionable sources in his claims about problems with the 2020 election. One such source was 2000 Mules, which Womack initially called a movie before correcting himself and relabeling it a documentary.
Made by conservative commentator Dinesh D'Souza, the video has been widely discredited as a pro-Trump propaganda vehicle alleging abuse of ballot drop-boxes. Former Trump Administration Attorney General William Barr dismissed the video in testimony before the House Committee looking into the January 6th insurrection. Barr said that 2000 Mules did not change his opinion that voter fraud did not play a role in the outcome of the 2020 presidential election.
But it's with such beliefs in mind that Jim Womack and Cleta Mitchell helped shape the legislation now on Gov. Roy Cooper's desk.
Wed, 23 Aug 2023 07:28:00 -0500entext/htmlhttps://www.wunc.org/politics/2023-08-23/election-integrity-push-in-nc-has-ties-to-trumps-efforts-to-overturn-2020-presidential-raceKillexams : National network of biomedical engineers offer a six-step roadmap to diversify faculty hiring
A team of scientists from over a dozen of the nation's top bioengineering programs have created a roadmap for developing and implementing a hiring process aimed at increasing diversity among biomedical engineering faculty.
Their report, "Equitable hiring strategies towards a diversified faculty," was published in Nature Biomedical Engineering and stems from concerns that hiring processes to increase diversity in engineering have been largely unsuccessful despite best efforts.
The authors—including Tejal Desai, dean of Brown University's School of Engineering—present six major steps that deans, department chairs, faculty and administrators can take to overhaul their hiring processes.
Among the areas of focus are detailed guidelines on how to prepare and plan for a search, how to interview inclusively, and how to showcase a department or institution's vision on diversity. All are founded on evidenced-based best practices as well as the collective experiences of the authors.
"One of the key take-home messages is that we really need to think about our process ahead of time, gain buy-in and align ourselves with the values that we think are important within the department and the institution in order to then create a holistic process that will allow for a diverse set of candidates to be evaluated," Desai said. "In this paper, we're calling on our collective bioengineering community across the nation to at least examine what they're doing and to think about the different steps of the process from recruiting, to initial interviews, to evaluations and then to negotiation and beyond. What steps can we take to make it both a more transparent and equitable process?"
The project spawned out of a national network of biomedical engineers called BME Unite, who came together in 2020 to educate themselves on diversity, Strengthen representation and combat racism in STEM fields.
"Only by bringing together bright minds from our entire human population, and not just a slice of it, will we solve the biomedical problems most pressing in our society and world," Desai said.
One of the primary goals of the new commentary is to encourage practices that actively recruit a more diverse group of applicants and Strengthen the rate of Ph.D. graduates from historically underrepresented groups who go on to become biomedical engineering faculty members.
In 2019, for example, only 4.4% of total Ph.D. degrees in the U.S. earned in engineering were awarded to students from historically underrepresented groups in the field, including people who identify as Black, Latino and American Indian. Similarly, women accounted for only 24% of new Ph.D.s in engineering, according to the paper.
Throughout the paper, the researchers emphasize the importance of developing consistent rubrics with detailed criteria to evaluate candidates.
They cite studies showing that a lack of strict criteria can often lead to less diverse hiring. For example, without strict criteria, if a hiring manager likes a candidate, whatever qualities that person has can become the priority for the position. Unbiased practices like evaluation rubrics can level the playing field for candidates who come from historically underrepresented groups, the researchers write in the paper.
In addition to finding a diverse pool of candidates and using rubrics to evaluate them, the researchers offer several other focal points, including creating and sustaining a culture where faculty members from historically underrepresented groups will thrive.
When it comes to "interviewing inclusively," the researchers recommend being transparent about the interview process, collecting independent feedback after interviews, and advocate for including students in the process along with faculty who will make candidates feel comfortable.
The researchers make clear in the paper that not all the actions laid out in their roadmap will work for all departments or institutions. They hope, however, that their suggestions will serve as a starting point for conversations about how to Strengthen the hiring process in biomedical engineering and the engineering field in general.
More information: Elizabeth M. Cosgriff-Hernandez et al, Equitable hiring strategies towards a diversified faculty, Nature Biomedical Engineering (2023). DOI: 10.1038/s41551-023-01076-4
Citation: National network of biomedical engineers offer a six-step roadmap to diversify faculty hiring (2023, August 15) retrieved 23 August 2023 from https://phys.org/news/2023-08-national-network-biomedical-six-step-roadmap.html
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