Netstat (Network Statistics) is a command-line tool for monitoring and troubleshooting computer network issues. This tool shows you all your device’s connections in as much detail as you need.
With Netstat, you can view all your connections and their ports and stats. This information is valuable when setting up or fixing your connectivity. This article will introduce you to the Netstat command and the main parameters for filtering information displayed about your connections.
We’ll explore the following Topics in this section:
Join me as we go through the above Topics to help you better understand this tool and learn how to use it to troubleshoot your network issues.
Click on the Start button and search for Command Prompt. Open Command Prompt with elevated privileges by right-clicking on it and selecting the Run as administrator option.
You can open Netstat by typing the following command and pressing ENTER:
You may not understand what the columns mean if you’re new to networking.
The netstat command shows you your active connections and their details. However, you’d notice that the foreign address column prints the IP address and port names.
To show the connections’ port numbers instead of the port names next to the IP addresses, use the following command:
Further, the system can disconnect or connect to networks, and the network details can change at intervals. Hence, we can use the following command to refresh the netstat network details at intervals using this command:
netstat -n 5
To stop the refreshing, press the CTRL + C key combination.
NOTE: The 5 in the command above refreshes the command every 5 seconds. If you wish to increase or shorten the interval, you can modify this value.
netstat command is a powerful command that can show you every detail about your device’s connections. Explore the most commonly used netstat parameters to find specific network details.
Show the networks that are active or inactive.
List all applications that are associated with the connections.
Show statistics on incoming and outgoing network packets.
If you don’t want to see the port numbers or names, the following netstat parameter will show your foreign addresses’ fully qualified domain names.
Change the foreign address port names to port numbers.
netstat, and it has an extra column for every connection’s Process ID (PID).
Display the connections for the protocol you specify – UDP, TCP, tcpv6, or udpv6.
netstat -p udp
NOTE: You should change the
udp part to the protocol whose connections you want to view.
Show connections and their listening and bound non-listening ports.
Categorize networks by available protocols – UDP, TCP, ICMP, IPv4, and IPv6.
Show the routing table of your current network. It lists every route to the destination and matrix available on your system. Similar to the
route print command.
Show a list of connection offload states of your current connection.
Shows all NetworkDirect connections.
Show your networks’ TCP connection templates.
You can further filter the Netstat parameters to show you information about your connections any way you want. From the above commands, you only have to add a second parameter to show a combined view.
For instance, you can combine the
-e parameters to view the statistics for every protocol. This way, you can combine other parameters to get the desired results.
When mixing multiple Netstat parameters, you don’t need to include two dashes (-). You can use one dash (-) and append the parameter letters without a second one.
For example, instead of typing the following command:
netstat -s -e
You can write it as:
netstat - se
If you forget the parameters, a quick way to remember them is by asking netstat to help. Simply run the following command:
To stop the netstat query process, press the CTRL + C key combination.
We can check network connectivity using the netstat or network statistics command. This allows us to see active network connections and their status. The tool can view incoming and outgoing network connections, routing tables, port listening, and usage statistics. This command can be handy for network administrators when troubleshooting network issues. By understanding how to use this command, you can quickly and efficiently diagnose problems with your network.
You can check your network connection status in Windows quickly and easily. Select the Start button to do so and type “settings” into the search bar. Once you’re in the Settings menu, select “Network & internet.” The status of your network connection will be displayed at the top of the page. If you’re having trouble connecting to the internet, this is a helpful first step in troubleshooting the issue. You also check quickly, and if you see the wifi icon missing, you have a network issue.
Today’s round of questions, my smart-aleck replies and the real answers:
Question: I’ve seen a lot of lawsuits against HCA lately, and North Carolina Attorney General Josh Stein has filed friend-of-the-court briefs in support of the plaintiffs. Is it possible that Stein could force the sale of the Mission hospital system to a nonprofit like Novant or UNC Healthcare?
My answer: If an underwear maker has not started producing “Friend of the Court briefs,” something is deeply wrong with America.
Real answer: For the uninitiated, Nashville-based HCA Healthcare acquired the Mission Health system in February 2019 for $1.5 billion. Much turmoil has ensued, including the formation of a nurses’ union at Mission, multiple lawsuits, and claims by patients and staff that the hospital is understaffed.
But a forced sale by the Attorney General’s office is not in the cards.
“In regards to this question, our office does not have such authority under the law,” Nazneen Ahmed, press secretary for the AG’s office, said via email. “Under state law, the attorney general can only conduct a limited review of proposed transactions when nonprofit assets are being sold to for-profit corporations.”
Ahmed also addressed why Stein has filed briefs.
“Attorney General Stein has filed briefs in support of the plaintiffs in the federal and state antitrust cases moving forward to allow the people of Western North Carolina their day in court,” Ahmed said. “He is committed to doing everything in his power to make healthcare more affordable and accessible and is working with legislators on this issue.”
As Asheville Watchdog reported in August, “The Mission Health system could have been purchased by another nonprofit hospital chain in a deal that would have been at least as good, if not better than, the $1.5 billion sale that the hospital system’s board ultimately approved to HCA Healthcare in 2018, a former top Mission executive now says.”
Charles F. Ayscue, who was Mission’s top financial executive from 2007 to 2018, wrote that the HCA sale was “significantly detrimental” to the community. Ayscue now works for Novant as an independent contractor.
The story also noted that Novant, “the only other bidder for Mission, agreed to financially match any offer by HCA and ensure employment to the hospital system’s staff for at least three years. Since the 2019 sale to HCA, the nation’s largest for-profit hospital chain, more than 3,500 Mission employees have left, Ayscue wrote.”
AdventHealth, which operates a hospital in northern Henderson County, announced Nov. 22 it was “honored to receive” the state Department of Health and Human Services approval to build a new 67-bed hospital in Buncombe County. Mission and Novant also had applied to build the new hospital.
This little nugget leads us to our next question …
Question: Those of us who live west of Asheville are happy about AdventHealth’s plans to build in Enka. However, access to the Enka-Candler area is difficult, with no exit off I-40 between exit 44 In West Asheville and exit 31 in East Canton. Can you update us on the planned Enka-Candler exit off I-40?
My answer: In other words, you need to be briefed. Legal or regular? I’m running a sale on legal briefs. Hey, nobody else was selling them…
Real answer: Mike Clark, a project engineer with the North Carolina Department of Transportation’s Asheville office, had the update.
“NCDOT is proposing to convert the existing Liberty Road bridge over I-40 to an interchange, and construct a new road between Smokey Park Highway and Monte Vista Road,” Clark said via email. “The new interchange will provide a new access point to and from I-40, to Boost the roadway network connectivity in western Buncombe County.”
This should help in reducing travel times in the area.
“Currently, the project is in the right of way negotiations phase and construction is scheduled for the fall 2025,” Clark said.
I’ll note this Liberty Road project has been in planning or on the books for the better part of a decade, with the environmental assessment approved in January 2017. The DOT’s webpage about the project states, “The interchange is currently under redesign to accommodate the future widening of I-40 to eight lanes, four in each direction.”
If you’re relatively new to the area or not familiar with Enka, DOT also offers a good explainer of the area and why this project is needed:
“Locally, I-40 serves as a key east-west roadway for residents traveling to Asheville. Motorists who want to use the interstate, however, currently must use the interchange at U.S. 19/23 (Exit 44) — approximately 2.5 miles to the east — or the interchange at Wiggins Road (Exit 37) — approximately 5.5 miles to the west.”
This creates problems for emergency vehicles, as well as locals who’d just like better traffic flow.
Got a question? Send it to John Boyle at firstname.lastname@example.org or (828) 337-0941.
The post Can the AG’s office force a sale of Mission? New interchange for Enka? appeared first on Asheville Watchdog.
DHRUVA JYOTHI, a home chef in the palace town of Mysuru in Karnataka, is known for his authentic Kannadiga vegetarian thali. As the journalist turned entrepreneur lovingly serves a sumptuous spread on a banana leaf, he proudly rattles names of luminaries who have savoured his food — yesteryear's cricket stars Javagal Srinath, Anil Kumble, and a host of senior politicians and bureaucrats. However, it is not just the authentic Kannada food which attracts his patrons. It’s the ingredients. Jyothi’s thali is a tribute to a variety of ‘forgotten ancient Indian grains’, better known as millets. Rice is not the regular paddy, but ‘little millet’, rotis are made out of ‘jowar’ and the kheer comprises ‘foxtail millet’.
Five years ago, a major health issue forced Jyothi to undergo a lifestyle change. He eliminated rice, wheat and sugar from his diet and switched to the far more ‘nutritious’ millets. “I have always been a foodie and have loved to cook. I found enough ways of making millet-based food delicious,” says Jyothi, who claims millets have also helped him get rid of his ailments.
Millets come in two genres: ‘Major millets’ (jowar, bajra and ragi, which constitute 80% of millets grown in India) and ‘minor millets’ (foxtail, little millets, barnyard, kodo and brown-top). They are India’s very own superfoods and are considered far more nutritious than the South American quinoa or chia, which has become a fad among up-market Indians. Millets are also rich in carbohydrate, protein, dietary fibre, good-quality fat, and have substantially higher amounts of minerals, including calcium, potassium, magnesium, iron, manganese, zinc and B-complex vitamins. Most importantly, they are one-fourth the price (a 1 kg pack of quinoa is priced at ₹500) of the imported grains.
Once called the ‘poor man’s diet’, the humble jowar, bajra and ragi are in vogue today. Not only are consumers buying millet flours, dosa mixes, cookies and millet milk, hospitality chains such as ITC Hotels have even created a millet menu for business centres and banquets. Bollywood celebrities and cricketers such as Priyanka Chopra, Sonam Kapoor and Virat Kohli are including bajra and jowar in their diet as well.
India is the world leader in millets production with a 40% share. The current market for millets, according to the Indian Institute of Millet Research, is $9 billion. It is expected to touch $25 billion by 2025. India produces 15.53 million tonnes of millets annually, contributing 10% to the country’s food basket. It exported close to $26 million worth of millets in 2021. The much-smaller branded millet food market is worth ₹500 crore, but with growing interest in millets, it is projected to touch ₹10,000 crore by 2025.
Millets have the backing of the Central and state governments. The Centre declared 2018 as the National Year of Millets and gazetted millets as ‘nutri-cereals’. It is incentivising rice, wheat and oilseed farmers to grow them, besides encouraging start-ups and large corporations to launch millet-based food products. Crops such as jowar, bajra and ragi now command a higher minimum support price (MSP) of ₹3,500 per quintal than paddy and wheat (₹1,800-2,100 per quintal). The government has also announced a Production-linked Incentive scheme, offering 10% incremental revenue on millet-based food products (the products need to contain 15% millets) over the next five years.
In the last one year, conglomerates such as ITC have procured 200 tonnes of millets, which have made their way into jowar, ragi and multi-millet mix flour under the umbrella of Aashirvaad Nature’s Super Foods. Britannia has launched ragi cookies and five-grain digestive biscuits under its NutriChoice brand, while Nestle India has launched a ragi variant of its baby food brand, Ceregrow. Marico has recently acquired a 54% stake in clean-label start-up, True Elements, which is largely into millet-based ready-to-eat and ready-to-cook breakfast and snack products, while Tata Consumer products has acquired a 100% stake for around ₹160 crore in Soulfull, a start-up that also focuses on millets.
Image : Photograph by Narendra Bisht
Hindustan Unilever, says CEO and MD, Sanjiv Mehta, will soon launch a host of millet-based formulations under the GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) business (it houses brands such as Horlicks and Boost) which it acquired in 2019. “Millet is something which is going back to the culture and practices of the past. Today we have been able to understand the nutritional benefits. We are a big proponent of it. You will see a lot more happening.”
Breakfast cereal brand, Kellogg, has been using millets in a lot of its products such as muesli, chocos, but the company also uses a host of other grains along with millets. It had experimented with ragi chocos which didn't work, and according to Prashant Peres, MD, South Asia, Kellogg, the taste which played spoilsport. The company, says Peres, is working to get the right balance between taste and nutrition with millets. “When we get into the market we want to have a high percentage hit rate.”
“Deficiencies such as vitamin B12, vitamin E and even lifestyle diseases such as diabetes, arthritis and heart problems are rampant today because we don’t include millets in our diet food,” adds Baba Ramdev of Patanjali.
Be it a bajre ki roti in north and western India, kodo in the north or a ragi muddu (balls) in the south, millets had been an integral part of the Indian diet. A traditional Rajasthani thali, for instance, always has bajre ki roti, while in Maharashtra it is usually jowar roti. What used to be once a basic comfort food was relegated to being part of fancy thalis in restaurants and was not cooked on a day-to-day basis. Farmers in Karnataka, Odisha, Telangana or other parts of the country stopped cultivating millets 30-50 years ago.
Image : Photograph by Narendra Bisht
So, why were millets forgotten? Blame it on the Green Revolution in 1960 when the greater challenge was hunger, and rice and wheat cultivation turned out to be far more scalable and economical. Policymakers opted for paddy and wheat over millets. “We were short-sighted during the Green Revolution as nobody thought about nutritional security. The dry lands where millets were typically grown were used for cultivation of oilseeds, pulses, soyabean and maize. The real hunger was not addressed, there was micronutrients deficiency,” points out Dayakar Rao, principal scientist & CEO, Nutrihub, Indian Institute of Millet Research (IIMR), which is a subsidiary of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research.
Over 60% of children and women in India suffer from malnutrition. The presence of 65% carbohydrates and 6–12.5% protein along with 1.5–5.0% fat makes millets energy dense and an ideal choice for nutrition.
Rao, who was entrusted with the duty of reviving millets over two decades ago, says per hectare cultivation of millets has reduced from 35 million in 1960 to 15 million in 2022. India grows 250 million tonnes (MT) of other grains (rice and wheat), while millets is just 16-18 MT. The production of jowar came down from 7 MT in FY11 to 3.5 MT in FY20, while that of ragi reduced from 2.2 MT to 1.2 MT, and small millets from 0.44 MT to 0.33 MT. Despite MSPs having doubled between 2010 and 2020, millets are being procured at ₹23-30 per kg versus rice and wheat (₹100–120 per kg), due to fractured value chains.
The good news, however, is that despite millet cultivation declining, per hectare yield has gone up due to better farming practices and launch of high-yielding crop varieties. According to an IIMR white paper, the yield has increased at a CAGR of 0.31% in the last eight years.
“Green Revolution is not a scientific success, it’s an economic success. Scientifically, it was a wrong thing to choose rice and wheat as they can be grown in specified, restricted conditions,” says independent scientist Khader Valli, popularly known as India’s ‘Millet Man’. Valli has given over 10,000 marginal farmers (who own arid land parcels) a new lease of life by training them to cultivate millets.
With the U.N. General Assembly declaring 2023 as the ‘International Year of Millets’, there is a greater interest in reviving millets. It’s not going to be easy though – from farmers’ lack of enthusiasm to hesitance of corporates to scale up their investments, challenges galore. “Large corporations are not committing much. If large food companies are launching something they need to maintain supply across retail platforms. Raw material availability and shorter shelf life are huge challenges,” explains Shashi Singh, partner, PwC.
Not only are millets ‘better for you’ in terms of nutrition, they also consume far less water than rice and wheat and are suited for arid lands. “The whole world can eat food free as you can grow millets everywhere. You need 1,000 litres of water for one kg of jowar, while positive millets (barnyard, foxtail, little, kodo and browntop) only need 300 litres. In comparison, rice and wheat need 8,000 litres of water,” says Valli. “You can save on transportation costs and in the long run drastically reduce carbon footprint as well,” he adds.
Rao of IIMR says 20 years ago there was not a single millet product in store shelves. The challenge, according to him, was more around creating demand rather than supply. Farmers have been growing millets for their personal consumption and for animal fodder. “I was put in the driver’s seat to create demand. We had to draw up a business plan. There were no incentives, no input or output subsidy. The MSP even today is only for major millets jowar, bajra and ragi,” says Rao.
His first task was to convince farmers to grow millets. Since most of the arid land used to grow millets was taken by high-value crops such as oilseeds and maize, convincing farmers to supply space for millets whose yield was almost 50% lower was a challenge. Rao convinced them to do inter-cropping. “We built a case around ‘good for you’, ‘good for farmers’ and ‘good for the environment’.”
In latest years, IIMR has partnered with ITC’s agri business division, which has a network of four million farmers. “We did a pilot with ITC and got them to procure millets from farmers so that the latter could see how millets can be given a commercial colour,” explains Rao.
Apart from offering higher MSPs, the Centre has been encouraging states to set up millet missions to procure them from farmers and include them in mid-day meal schemes and anganwadi centres, besides making them a part of the public distribution system (PDS). The Telangana Millet Mission, for instance, has set up a target of increasing millet cultivation by 25% in the next five years from the current six lakh hectares. The state government’s research body, Research and Innovation Cycle of Hyderabad (RICH), has launched the ‘Agri Nutri Connect’ initiative through which it is encouraging farmers to grow millets and include them in the diet. “In India most women and children are anaemic. Apart from giving them food supplements, we are also encouraging farmers to go back to their traditional foods (millets). We are also telling them how diversifying their crops would supply them healthier agri-production choices,” says Rashmi Pimpale, CEO, RICH.
The Karnataka government has launched the Karnataka Organic Farming Policy to enable the next-level development of millet farming. While minor millet farmers are given ₹10,000 per hectare, the policy also offers up to ₹10 lakh subsidy for millet-processing machinery.
Among state, the most proactive in terms of millet promotion perhaps is Odisha. Ever since the Odisha Millet Mission (OMM) came into existence in 2017, millets, especially ragi (which is called manidya locally and constitutes 85% of the millet crops in the state) is being grown in 19 districts. Ragi cultivation has doubled from 3.25 lakh quintals to 6.25 lakh quintals in the last one year. “The target is to move to one million quintals. We want to revive millets on the plates of consumers as well as farms of growers,” says Arabinda Padhee, principal secretary, department of agriculture and farmers’ empowerment, Government of Odisha. “The government, which earlier invested ₹60-65 crore a year for millet development, has now taken it up to ₹360 crore a year. It has allocated ₹2,808 crore for the next six years,” he adds.
OMM has set up close to 100 farmer producer organisations and 1,500 farmer self-help groups which are not just involved in millet cultivation, but also in value addition (such as manufacturing flour, millet-based snacks etc). Apart from procuring their produce at MSP, OMM has been incentivising farmers by giving them ₹3,000-10,000 per hectare depending on the agronomic practice. It is also collaborating with food start-ups and restaurants chains to mainstream millets.
Efforts of state millet missions are, however, piecemeal. Apart from Odisha, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh and Telangana, other state governments have not taken to millets in a big way. In fact, despite MSP for jowar, bajra and ragi being consistently on the rise, farmers are not too upbeat. Raja Sekhar, a 50-year-old farmer in the Mandya district of Karnataka, grows ragi on his four-acre land. While his income has gone up by over 40% in the past five years thanks to the increased market price of ragi, Sekhar claims he hardly makes profit. “The government is offering MSP for only half the produce. I have to sell the remaining in the mandi for which most often I don’t get a good price. Most of the money is pocketed by middle-men.”
Jayamma Ramagowda says not only the government pays MSP for half the produce, it doesn’t pay on time either. “I get a better price if I sell to private companies,” says the 70-year-old woman farmer, also from Mandya.
Rao of IIMR admits there are discrepancies. “The supply chain is weak. In fact, minor millets which are healthier are just 5% of the overall production. We need to work on them.” The reason jowar, bajra and ragi are grown more widely is because they are used as cattle fodder. Out of the 40 quintals of ragi that Jayamma grows on her field she uses 10 quintals for her family and another 10 as cattle fodder.
Taste and Texture
Among the biggest challenges in mainstreaming millets is its coarse texture and taste. By virtue of their smooth mouthfeel, rice and wheat have a distinct advantage. “The time it takes to cook millets is longer, and the colour of the food is not as attractive as rice and wheat. For a couple of generations, we have skipped millets so the taste never developed,” points out S. Sivakumar, group head, agri business division, ITC.
Kneading jowar or bajra flour is far more cumbersome and time-consuming. Wheat contains gluten, which helps in creating stickiness and binding. Jowar and bajra are gluten free, so one needs to add hot water to knead the dough so that the starch becomes sticky. “After positioning millets as a nutritious food, we tried to bring convenience and taste. Without gluten it’s difficult to make convenient food. We brought in indigenous technology to figure out how the starch can be manipulated,” explains Rao of IIMR. In addition to getting the flour right, IIMR also diversified into baking, flaking and extrusion. The most difficult part was to get the machinery customised. “The whole world grows rice and wheat and so there is a lot of technology available, here we had to discover ourselves. By working with food-processing technologists, we figured out the machinery that was suitable and we could make prototypes,” explains Rao.
A 100% jowar, bajra or ragi product is unlikely to attract Indian consumers obsessed with taste. Moreover, a jowar or bajra roti is brittle and hard and has to be consumed as soon as it’s taken off the fire. “People will buy for taste; they will come back for health if they feel it’s tasty. To have more consumers it is important to have taste. If you have a 100% millet product, taste will be a challenge,” points out Sreejith Moolayil, co-founder, True Elements.
Hyderabad-based 24 Organic Mantra has been trying to source varieties of jowar and bajra which are more palatable. “There are certain varieties of jowar where taste and texture are a huge issue, while there are some old varieties which are more palatable. We pick these varieties and get them grown. There’s a variety called marthandi, which has a wheat taste and you get softer jowar rotis,” explains Rajasekhar Reddy Seelam, founder, 24 Organic Mantra.
To get the taste right, most brands are blending millets with other grains. Kelloggs has ragi flakes which is a blend of ragi and oats. Similarly, Britannia’s ragi biscuits are a blend of ragi and wheat flour. According to ITC’s Sivakumar, R&D is still on to ensure a millet product which appeals to the masses. “We are looking at it as a mass-market consumer product, so we need to see what works for a large number of people and therefore what you need to alter.” He believes millets would take a while to become the centre of the plate.
A 100% millet product isn’t desirable, points out Dinesh Balam, associate director, Watershed Support Services and Associated Network, which manages the operations of the Odisha Millet Mission. Be it cookies or noodles, it shouldn’t have more than 25-30% millets. "Too much of millets could be counter productive. Instead of having 100% millet product, a combination of millets and pulses and other grains is more desirable."
The reason why millets could take longer to get to the centre of the plate is also because of lower shelf life. The shelf life of jowar, bajra or ragi flour, for instance, is barely 90 days as opposed to wheat which is close to 12 months. “With minor millets the problem of shelf life and storage is even more acute,” says IIMR’s Rao. A longer shelf life is critical for brands to build businesses of scale, which explains why most large corporations are yet to announce a big-bang entry into millets. No wonder most brands prefer to work with the major millets, ragi, bajra and jowar. True Elements, says Moolayil, opted for jowar as it is a thick grain. “If you have more circumference you can do more things, you can coat it, roast it or flake it. That’s why we have grown deeper in terms of getting farmers to grow jowar.” Also, jowar, he claims, is closer in taste to oats, which has gained acceptance among Indian consumers.
Prashant Parameswaran, MD, Tata Soulfull, says taste is not a point of conversation, but a point of parity. “If there is a biscuit, there is a certain taste I will expect. I can’t say just because it’s a millet, you need to compromise on taste. That’s where innovation and R&D comes in.”
The bulk of the action in millets is happening in the start-up ecosystem. Most new-age businesses want to capitalise on rising consumer consciousness around health and fitness, and millets lend well to it. Entrepreneurs Meghana Narayan and Shauravi Malik founded Wholsum Foods to launch Slurrp Farm, a kids food brand in 2017, when they realised there was absolutely no healthy ready-to-cook and ready-to-eat products that toddlers could drool over. “When my daughter was born, I would see my grandmother pounding ragi for hours to make porridge. That’s when we dug into recipes from our grandmothers’ kitchens and ingredients like millets,” says co-founder Narayan. The close to ₹100 crore brand has, in the past five years, created options for kids ranging from cereals, dosa mixes, cakes and noodles and vermicelli. Wholsum Foods is now set to launch its second brand, Mille: A Supergrain Co, millet-based food for people of all ages.
For True Elements, the vision was to set up a clean label food brand where it wouldn’t need to hyper-process its ingredients. Though the idea was to offer consumers ethically sourced, nutritious food products, co-founder Moolayil says the reason for choosing millets was pure economics. “If you source one kg of oats, the cost is 100% more than millet. We decided on something next to oats which would be half the cost but when it comes to nutritive value, it’s better.”
The health and wellness aspect has evoked the interest of private equity and venture capital funds to invest in millet-based businesses. “Anything which is ‘better for you’ or ‘good for you’ becomes a good story in terms of brand ethos and is attractive for investors,” says Kanwaljit Singh, managing partner, Fireside Ventures. The venture fund has invested in brands such as Slurrp Farm, Yoga Bar and Kapiva, all of which are in the wellness space.
Though IIMR has signed MoUs with all leading food companies to accelerate its mission to popularise millets, Rao is a firm believer in the power of entrepreneurs. In 2017, IIMR launched an excellence centre, allowing start-ups to incubate their businesses. Start-ups were allowed to use the production facilities of IIMR, with the latter also helping them to market their products. IIMR also offers ₹5 lakh in funding to beginners and ₹25 lakh seed funding to slightly mature businesses. “In the last six years, we have supported close to 700 start-ups and disbursed ₹7.7 crore funding,” says Rao.
Given the complications millets have around taste, texture, shelf life and even availability, large companies are taking time to embrace them wholeheartedly. “Industry will wait and watch and take time to adapt. Start-ups are where the action and investments will be,” says Anand Ramanathan, partner, Deloitte.
Image : Photograph by Sanjay Rawat
There is obvious excitement about the category. In fact, Patanjali’s Ramdev considers millets a ₹100,000 crore opportunity. But in terms of a product pipeline, none of them has a story to tell. A few years ago, lack of scale and challenges such as low shelf life and taste were a dampener. HUL, for instance, had launched a range of millet breakfast mixes under the Ayush brand in 2018, which was pulled out due to lack of demand. The pandemic, and the health and wellness trend that has emerged due to it forced them to invest in R&D and almost all food majors claim that they have big-ticket plans.
While Nestle India’s first move into millets is a ragi variant of its infant food brand, Ceregrow, chairman and MD Suresh Narayanan says the plan is to look at millets holistically. “Ceregow is one part of it but application of millets in snacking, breakfast and the whole space is also being explored. There is a larger opportunity for using technology and R&D to develop products. It will be across portfolio, wherever it is relevant.”
Marico is building its entire food business on the health and wellness platform. Starting with the launch of Saffola masala oats, it has moved on to oats noodles under Saffola Oodles and last year ventured into the plant protein category with the launch of soya nuggets. The ₹9,000-crore FMCG major plans to launch an entire range of millet-based products later this year, says Sanjay Mishra, COO, Marico. “Millets are both the centre of the plate as well as the side of the plate and that makes it interesting. It is affordable and can be offered to consumers at a good price-point. Millet is a huge opportunity,” says Mishra. The company has also acquired True Elements to play at the premium end, while Saffola will cater to the masses, he adds.
Britannia, on the other hand, launched its NutriChoice brand of biscuits over a decade ago and part of the portfolio has been multigrain biscuits containing ragi. Though NutriChoice has grown into a ₹1,000 crore brand, it is in the past couple of years that the company has heightened its focus on millets. It recently launched Nutrichoice Diabetic, which is ragi biscuits combined with other fibres.
“Getting product and texture right is a huge R&D challenge for us. We have partnered with IIMR to understand the basic science and get technical insights on product development,” says Amit Doshi, chief marketing officer, Britannia Industries. The biscuit major is looking to build a larger snacking portfolio beyond biscuits on the back of millets.
Corporates such as Aditya Birla Group are also considering millet cultivation and processing as part of their CSR activities. Atal Incubation Centre-Nalanda (AIC), a government-funded start-up incubation centre, has partnered with Utkal Alumina (a subsidiary of Hindalco) to set up a millet flour processing plant at its facility in Odisha’s Raygada district. “They want to provide employment to villagers in and around their facility. Since Rayagada is a millet belt, they want to procure millets and invest in a unit to produce millet flour,” says Devjyoti Mohanty, CEO, AIC-Nalanda.
Image : Photograph by Narendra Bisht
Miles to Go
Millets, says Sivakumar of ITC, ticks all the boxes of a next-gen agriculture crop. It consumes less water and can be grown almost anywhere. It is good for the environment and prevents natural resource depletion, besides being highly nutritious. What is holding it back is a lack of awareness. “The percentage of households which consume millets is in single digits. Assuming awareness improves, the next barrier for consumption is at the point of consumption. There is no breakthrough yet on shelf life” he explains.
Companies, says Sivakumar, need to adopt an integrated approach which would tackle supply, processing and demand creation together. “Demand hasn’t gone up in an end-user centric manner. Market prices have increased 70-80% in latest years, but that could be because of government procurement. If the yield improves and there is no corresponding consumption-side story, prices will suffer and it will be a non-starter. At the same time if one doesn’t tackle the challenge of shelf life, products and formats will not be available widely,” he explains.
Nestle’s Narayanan agrees that backward integration is the way to go. “At the moment our requirements are relatively small but if it becomes a big opportunity, then why not. It will also ensure that ragi farmers get a better price, and increase the diversity of crops.”
The mission to mainstream millets has begun, but in order to make it truly mass, a considerable amount of ground still needs to be covered.
By Anthony Boadle
BRASILIA (Reuters) - Jose Mucio, a veteran politician known for his negotiating skills, will be Brazil's next defense minister, tasked with smoothing over relations between the country's military and leftist President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva.
Lula announced Mucio for the post at an event in Brasilia on Friday, where he named several other cabinet appointments, including Finance Minister Fernando Haddad.
"I couldn't have anyone better prepared to look after defense than my friend Jose Mucio," Lula said. "I'm sure he'll handle the job and the Armed Forces will fulfill their main mission to take care of the country's security."
Outgoing far-right President Jair Bolsonaro gave the military a starring role in his government, with key ministries and thousands of jobs occupied by current and former soldiers - an alliance unlikely to be repeated under Lula when he takes office next month.
Ahead of the presidential election, Bolsonaro tried to get the military to publicly endorse him and his criticism of the electronic voting system that he claimed was open to fraud. There was even concern at the time of Lula's Oct. 30 election victory that the Armed Forces might not ensure the peaceful handover of power.
But despite historically frosty ties with Lula, the military did not oppose his return to office, and they have not acknowledged the continued demonstrations outside army barracks by Bolsonaro supporters calling for a coup.
Two former army generals told Reuters that Mucio, a 74-year-old engineer, businessman and former head of the federal audit court (TCU), represented a smart choice by Lula, and said his nomination had been well received by the Armed Forces commanders.
"Mucio is a very balanced person, with great ability to solve problems and easy to work with," said retired army General Carlos dos Santos Cruz, a former Bolsonaro cabinet minister.
"I have heard no rejection of Mucio in the Armed Forces. He has the qualities that the military expect of a defense minister," said retired cavalry general Paulo Chagas.
Lula takes office on Jan. 1.
Mucio will be the first civilian defense minister since 2018.
He has belonged to different political parties and was government leader in the lower house during Lula's earlier 2003-2010 presidency, in which he also held a cabinet position.
Lula appointed him in 2009 to the TCU federal audit court, which he presided over until his retirement in 2020.
"Mucio is a conciliator by nature. He is the right man, in the right place at the right time, and this is a very smart move by Lula," said Andre Cesar, a political consultant with Hold Legislative Advisors.
(Reporting by Eduardo Simoes and Anthony Boadle; Editing by Frances Kerry)
The behemoth liberal dark money nonprofit network operated by Washington, D.C.-based firm Arabella Advisors funneled millions of dollars to organizations founded or previously led by top White House officials.
The billion-dollar network — which consists of the Arabella-managed nonprofits Sixteen Thirty Fund, New Venture Fund (NVF), Hopewell Fund, Windward Fund and North Fund — gave at least $7.8 million to three groups tied to separate senior administration officials in 2021, the first year of President Biden's tenure. The five organizations under the Arabella dark money umbrella collectively raised nearly $1.6 billion from undisclosed donors last year.
"Ultimately, our goal is to empower changemakers to focus on their mission, without the burden of time-consuming and costly administrative matters associated with starting or running a charity," Lee Bodner, the president of NVF, wrote in his group's 2021 impact report earlier this month.
"It’s obvious that now more than ever, we need forces for good in the world, and I am incredibly optimistic about our ability to turn philanthropic capital into a better future for us all," he continued.
LIBERAL DARK MONEY NETWORK HAULED IN MORE THAN $1.5B IN ANONYMOUS DONATIONS FOR LEFT-WING CAUSES IN 2021
Overall, the network gave the largest sum to the E Pluribus Unum Fund, a group that Mitch Landrieu, the former New Orleans mayor and Louisiana lieutenant governor, founded in 2018. Last year, Biden appointed Landrieu to be a senior adviser responsible for implementation of the bipartisan infrastructure law he signed in November 2021.
The E Pluribus Unum Fund, which Landrieu started to combat racism in the South, received a whopping $3.2 million from the NVF in 2021, according to recently-disclosed tax filings. In 2020, Landrieu's group received nearly $6.3 million from NVF. According to E Pluribus Unum Fund's tax filings, NVF gave them more than the group raised in the two prior years combined.
GROUP LEO DICAPRIO FUNNELED GRANTS THROUGH TO FUND CLIMATE LAWSUITS MOVED TO LARGEST US DARK MONEY NETWORK
"Today, E Pluribus Unum is building programs and initiatives focused on cultivating and empowering courageous leaders who are advancing racial equity, changing the divisive narratives that perpetuate systemic and interpersonal racism, and championing transformative policy change," the group states on its website.
In addition, the Center for American Progress (CAP), a high-profile left-wing think tank in Washington, D.C., received at least $425,000 from the Arabella network last year. The funds came from Sixteen Thirty Fund, NVF and Hopewell Fund.
John Podesta, CAP's founder and board chairman, was appointed by Biden to implement climate programs earmarked in the recently-passed Inflation Reduction Act.
The dark money network also wired $2.2 million to the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF), $2 million to the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) and another $50,000 to the Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights (LCCHR). The three groups also boast close ties to the Biden administration.
Michael Regan, who has led the Environmental Protection Agency since early 2021, previously served as the EDF's associate vice president. While he was with the group, Regan worked with other environmental groups to push for the retirement of coal-fired power plants.
Gina McCarthy, whom Biden chose to be the first-ever White House national climate adviser, served as the NRDC's president and CEO until joining the administration last year. McCarthy departed the White House in September.
"We have a diverse funding base, reflecting the broad public interest in confronting the climate, nature and health crises of our time," NRDC Action Fund Executive Director Kevin Curtis told Fox News Digital in a statement. "We’re proud of the work we do to advocate for the strongest possible action to Boost the lives of everyone and address problems that are inflicting rising costs and mounting dangers on us all."
SECRETIVE SOROS-FUNDED GROUP WORKS BEHIND THE SCENES WITH THE BIDEN ADMIN ON POLICY, DOCUMENTS SHOW
And Vanita Gupta, the Department of Justice's associate attorney general, was the president and CEO of the LCCHR until joining the administration.
"The Sixteen Thirty Fund is proud to support a variety of grantees working to address the biggest social challenges in our country. Our grants to NRDC, Center for American Progress, and the Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights support efforts around climate solutions, economic equity, affordable health care, racial justice, and voter access," the Sixteen Thirty Fund said in a statement to Fox News Digital.
The NVF added in a statement of its own that it supports projects from nonpartisan grantees "working to build a better world" and that its grants support issues like climate change, youth empowerment and education. The Hopewell Fund similarly defended its funding activity.
"Our projects grant to organizations like the Center for American Progress and the Environmental Defense Fund to support domestic and international initiatives aimed at advancing public good and achieving equity for all people," the Hopewell Fund told Fox News Digital.
The Arabella-managed nonprofit nexus has positioned itself as a top dark money network in the United States, raising more than $1.5 billion in anonymous donations and spending more than $1 billion to bankroll liberal endeavors in 2021, according to the most latest tax forms of the funds it operates.
Each Arabella-managed fund hides its donors and acts as a fiscal sponsor to other left-wing nonprofits by providing their tax status, which allows the fiscally sponsored groups under their auspices to avoid filing tax documents to the IRS since they are not standalone organizations. The five funds also move substantial amounts of cash to progressive groups outside their network.
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"As we've stated in the past, Arabella Advisors is a business dedicated to making philanthropic work more efficient, effective, and equitable," Arabella spokesperson Steve Sampson previously told Fox News Digital. "We are proud of the work we do for all of our clients, including our nonprofit clients who hire us to provide HR, legal, payroll and other administrative services. Like all service providers, we work for our clients, not the other way around. They make their own decisions on strategy, fundraising, and programmatic goals."
The network contains dozens of liberal groups ranging from Campaign for Our Shared Future, which formed to push back against opponents of Critical Race Theory in K-12 schools, to Governing for Impact, which quietly works behind the scenes with President Biden's administration to shape policy.
CAP, EDF and LCCHR didn't immediately respond to requests for comment.
A group of British black-owned tech start-ups are to take part in a special trade mission to the US in December as part of efforts to tackle a lack of diversity in the industry.
1000 Black Voices, an organisation that works to help eradicate racism through positive change, is partnering with the British Consulate in New York to organise the trip, which is taking place between 5 and 7 December.
It has selected 13 start-ups from its accelerator programme to take part, all of whom will be given opportunities to network and learn more about expanding their businesses in the US while there.
According to 1000 Black Voices, the trade mission will also offer the entrepreneurs the chance to gain expert advice from industry-leading founders, investors, and tech executives on how to scale businesses successfully in the US and globally. There will also be small group sessions, events, and one-to-one meetings in New York to develop relationships with key members of the investor community.
Dr Elizabeth Shaw, founder of 1000 Black Voices, said: “We are delighted to announce the founders participating in the trade mission to New York. 1000 Black Voices is committed to bringing a first-hand understanding of black struggles and a positive, practical approach to overcoming them in today’s world, and our accelerator programme, with this added element of the trade mission, brings our commitment to fruition.
“The founders will hugely benefit from the trade mission experience, including opportunities and connections provided by the British Consulate. This is another key component needed to resolve tech’s diversity issue directly and provide black founders with all the support required to overcome hurdles."
Emma Wade-Smith, trade commissioner to North America and consul general New York at the British Consulate in New York, said: “We are so pleased to partner with 1000 Black Voices on this trade mission. At the British Consulate, we are passionate about and committed to promoting social inclusion and racial equity in all of our work, including in the technology sector.
“Giving the founders on the mission access to knowledge on how to expand into the US market as well as providing them with the connections to do so, is a crucial step towards increasing diversity in the tech sector.”
Cosmetrics AI: Founded by Ovi King, Cosmetrics AI solves hair problems for frustrated consumers using advanced AI technology to make product recommendations.
Deep Loop: Founded by Sade Amale and Akin Akinwale, Deep Loop is an AI-powered market research platform delivering actionable insights to help brands understand consumers better.
Dropalo: Founded by Jhannon Fanus, Dropalo is a multipurpose, location-based, time-restricted messaging platform designed to connect you with whom and what is around you.
E-DocOnline: Founded by Adam Bisi and Tunde Ogundipe, E-DocOnline is a financial data analytics company that securely provides a user-friendly, structured and analytical report of financial history to decision-makers.
Eganow: Founded by Louis Amenyo Adanuty and Michael Seade, Eganow promotes financial inclusion by providing consumers with access to financial services on their mobile phones.
Pryntd: Founded by Berne Omolafe, Pryntd is a web-3 platform that transforms real-world 2D content and live-streams into immersive experiences for content creators and audiences.
Happaning: Founded by Ando Eniwumide, Ese Eniwumide and Colin Agbabiaka, Happaning is a platform that lets you watch an event from any perspective, at any time and from anywhere in one immersive navigable experience. Think Google street view, but with video.
Ohealth Company: Founded by Temitope Farombi, Ohealth is a telehealth platform increasing access to quality healthcare.
Opto Health: Founded by Warsame Nur, Opto is an intelligent new solution for emergency departments that triages patients to the appropriate care in the most efficient way.
PayInc: Founded by Jones Amegbor, PayInc is an international remittance and cross-border payments company.
Slinger Staff: Founded by Theo Houston, Slinger is the platform that enables gig and frontline workers to find work, progression opportunities and community.
Sorair Technologies: Founded by Kunmi Oludoyi and Adebayo Popoola, Sorair is a distribution-as-a-service model, providing all the infrastructure needed for distribution helping companies build their own logistics systems.
Tech1M: founded by Tommie Edwards. Tech1M is a talent acquisition platform for sourcing, hiring, paying and managing global talent.
A Ukrainian combat medic is preparing to lead a life-saving mission into Bakhmut to treat and rescue people caught up in the grinding Russian assault on the city.
Oleksii Yudkevich is undertaking the hazardous operation with a group known as the ‘wolf pack’, which provides medical supplies and support to troops across the country.
The commander warned that the situation in the heavily bombarded region is ‘worsening’ and an exodus of civilians is likely to leave it almost deserted in coming weeks.
Fighting between Russian and Ukrainian forces in and around the frontline city, which lies in the eastern Donbas region, has raged for months, with the scenes of mud, trenches and destruction drawing striking parallels with the First World War.
Both sides have reportedly suffered heavy casualties, with neither able to make a significant advance during the bloody stalemate.
The toll on civilians forms part of what the UNHCR has declared an ‘ongoing humanitarian crisis’ in Ukraine.
Oleksii is one of the co-founders of Zgraya, which has previously worked in Bakhmut and other settlements including Chernihiv, from where it helped evacuate 1,300 women and children when the northern city was encircled in the early phase of the full-scale invasion.
He spoke to Metro.co.uk from Kyiv as he prepared to drive in the lead vehicle of a convoy to help treat and evacuate soldiers and civilians in the rubble-strewn city and hinterlands.
‘We are currently in Kyiv and we will be returning to Bakhmut soon,’ Oleksii said. ‘The situation in both places is getting worse.
‘In Kyiv there are big problems with electricity, water and heating because of the bombardment and in Bakhmut the problem is super-hard because of the intensified battles there.
‘The number of wounded people is increasing and the cold, frosty, rainy weather is not helping us.
‘A lot of people are accepting that they will need to leave Bakhmut because it is super-hard to live there nowadays.
‘At the moment the temperature is a little above freezing but when it goes down to minus five it will be much worse.
‘I think most civilians will leave Bakhmut and it will be like Soledar, where you can only see two or three civilians for five hours in the entire city.’
The volunteer association, which is headquartered in Kyiv, will be heading to Bakhmut in a group of five ambulances and two pick-up trucks at an undisclosed date. They will be sleeping away from the immediate frontline during the deployment, expected to last for weeks.
‘We have new friends from a search and rescue squad from Poland who will help in the region, because there are many more casualties to help than a month ago,’ Oleksii said.
‘We will split into three groups; one will do tactical evacuations in two pick-up trucks, picking up wounded soldiers from forests and off-road places and bringing them to stabilisation points.
‘Three ambulances will work from one stabilisation point and will do medical evacuations, they will do stabilisation work and take the casualties 20km to the closest hospital.
‘Another two ambulances will do the same at another stabilisation point.
‘We are expecting to be there for a matter of weeks, because there will be a lot of wounded.’
The parallels with the First World War were drawn after haunting images emerged of Ukrainian soldiers in narrow, makeshift trenches, with one shown knee-deep in muddy water.
Russia is deploying its own forces and mercenaries from the state-sanctioned Wagner private military corporation in one of the longest-running battles of the war. The mercenary group has reportedly named its operation the ‘Bakhmut meat grinder’.
The population of 70,000 people has already thinned out as the brutal conflict continues.
The danger to medics in the combat zone was demonstrated in September when two clearly-marked ambulances supplied to the wolf pack by the Sails of Freedom charity were destroyed by Russian fire.
Oleksii, 32, told Metro.co.uk that time for reflection on the horrors he and his fellow volunteers have witnessed during the full-scale invasion will have to wait for another time.
The veteran is in charge of medical services at Zgraya, which operates ambulances staffed by experienced volunteers with different skills.
He draws on experience including being an active participant in the 2014 Maidan Revolution of Dignity before serving with the ‘freewill’ battalion Dnipro 1 in eastern Ukraine.
‘For the first month it was scary and terrible on the frontline, then in the second month it was easier and now all of us are used to it,’ Oleksii said.
‘Most of us don’t have time to stop and think.
‘When it’s all over, we will go to psychologists but for now we are just getting on with the huge amount of work we need to do.’
Zgraya has managed to continue operating despite itself being in the sights of Vladimir Putin’s intensified bombardment of Ukraine’s civilian infrastructure as the harsh winter sets in.
Millions of people across Ukraine have been left for prolonged periods without power as a result of the unrelenting assault deploying missiles and Iranian-supplied ‘kamikaze’ drones.
Oleksii said: ‘At our HQ in Kyiv we have had no heating, water and electricity other than the few hours a day when it is turned on as power is being concentrated on the critical infrastructure.
‘Our building is classed as an office, so it is minimal priority for the heating company. We are raising money for a major generator that we hope once it is installed in a few weeks will return us to full capacity.’
International support for Zgraya has included the donations of ambulances from Sails of Freedom.
The grassroots humanitarian organization, which is based in the Netherlands, has provided a replacement since the two vehicles were destroyed by rocket fire.
The convoy is likely to be in immediate, life-saving demand amid the heavy fighting in and around Bakhmut.
Professor Michael Clarke, former director-general of the Royal United Services Institute, told Sky News this week that there has been ‘very ferocious’ fighting in the Kremlin’s attempt to capture the city.
A map shared on Twitter by the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD) showed groupings of Russian forces in attempted advances from the east, north and south. However the potential for strategic gains appear limited, according to another Defence Intelligence update on the platform.
The MoD said that Russia had logistical challenges and a shortage of munitions that are likely to hinder its ability to ‘restart effective, large scale offensive ground operations’.
For more information about Zgyraya click here and for more information about Sails of Freedom click here
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Florida Today 11/29/2022
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This is the second of a six-part series written by retired 2-star general Gregg Martin.
“You’ve done an amazing job… Resign, or you’re fired. You need to go get a mental health exam.”
It was mid-July 2014. I was 58 years old, and after more than three decades in the Army, I was a two-star general and President of the National Defense University (NDU), the nation’s highest military educational institution, located in Washington, D.C.
The NDU fell under the supervision of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the country’s top-ranking military officer. And the Chairman had just ordered me to report to his office at the Pentagon the next day.
Something was up.
Gen. Martin's previous three columns:
Until very recently, my job performance had been rated as exemplary, and I had received extremely positive feedback.
Had the Chairman approved my request for a three-year extension as President of the university?
Did he want to reinforce what a great job I was doing and supply me guidance for my upcoming third year at the helm?
Was he unhappy with me and about to terminate my presidency?
Or was it something else?
I would soon find out.
The Chairman, General Martin E. Dempsey, was a brilliant, inspirational, and friendly man. He had been a fabulous boss, as well as a colleague, mentor and friend for nearly 20 years.
When I walked into his office, I noticed his lawyer was in the room, which was not a good sign. I saluted the Chairman, and he walked over and gave me a hug.
“Gregg, I love you like a brother,” he said. “You’ve done an amazing job… but your time at NDU is done. You have until 17:00 today to submit your letter of resignation to me or I will fire you. Is that clear?”
Had I been in a normal state of mind, with a healthy brain, I probably would have been stunned, upset or disappointed. But I was in a state of acute mania, and I had none of those feelings or reactions.
I was already anticipating my next grandiose mission from God.
“A lot of people think you have serious mental health problems. I’m ordering you to get a command-directed psychiatric health test at Walter Reed. You need to go this week.”
Indeed, my behavior had become erratic and disruptive to the mission. I had lost the confidence of much of the staff and faculty of NDU. I resigned that afternoon. My 35-year military career would end sooner than anticipated.
To be clear, I was not wronged. The Chairman made the right decision.
He was taking care of my own health and welfare, as well as his university’s welfare and mission success. Had I been in his shoes, I would have made the same decision.
I do not dispute any decision, medical or administrative. Furthermore, I am not a medical doctor, and I believe that the clinicians at Walter Reed are professionals who did their best.
But consider this: One week before I was asked to resign, two medical doctors — my general practitioner and a psychiatrist — had evaluated me and given me a clean bill of health.
“It is my professional opinion that [Major General] Martin is physically and mentally fit for duty,” wrote one.
The psychiatrist wrote: “I do not find evidence of psychiatric illness. Specifically, he does not have depression, mania, or psychosis… he is psychiatrically fit for duty.”
The reason I say this is not to criticize but to emphasize how devilishly difficult it is even for medical professionals to recognize and correctly diagnose bipolar disorder, even when it is in an acute state. (Although I do not believe that the two parties — the Chairman’s office and the clinicians at Walter Reed — ever exchanged information or had any kind of discussion, a serious shortcoming in the evaluations.)
That day in the Chairman’s office, it never crossed my mind that I was mentally ill. I felt terrific and was full of energy, drive, and ideas. There was important work to be done.
In fact, the week after I had resigned, I was given yet another unremarkable medical examination: “fit for duty.”
Yet the truth is that for more than a decade, I had unknowingly served as a senior leader in the U.S. Army with unknown, undetected, and undiagnosed bipolar disorder. According to medical authorities, my latent genetic predisposition for bipolar disorder was “triggered” in 2003 when I was serving as a colonel and brigade commander of thousands of soldiers during the U.S. invasion of Iraq.
It grew worse for nearly a decade, and between 2012 and the summer of 2014, my mania became “acute.”
At last, in late 2014, four months after my resignation from the NDU, I spiraled, then crashed, into hopeless, terrifying depression and psychosis.
From late 2014 through 2016, I was in a battle for my life.
Had there been warning signs and indications?
How did I myself miss them?
How did my family, friends, and colleagues miss them?
How did the institution I worked for, for so long, miss them?
If there were warnings, what were they?
Gregg Martin is an Army combat veteran, retired 2-star general, and bipolar survivor. Formerly president of National Defense University, he is a qualified Airborne-Ranger-Engineer and graduate of West Point and MIT. He lives in Cocoa Beach.
"These views are the author’s, and not necessarily the official position of DOD or the U.S. government, or of the USA TODAY Network.
This article originally appeared on Florida Today: My Bipolar Life: General recalls day chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff made him retire