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Exam Code: 1T6-303 Practice exam 2022 by Killexams.com team
TCP/IP Network Analysis and Troubleshooting
Network-General Troubleshooting plan
Killexams : Network-General Troubleshooting plan - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/1T6-303 Search results Killexams : Network-General Troubleshooting plan - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/1T6-303 https://killexams.com/exam_list/Network-General Killexams : How to use the Netstat command to troubleshoot network issues in Windows 11/10

Netstat (Network Statistics) is a command-line tool for monitoring and troubleshooting computer network issues. This tool shows you all your device’s connections in as much detail as you need.

With Netstat, you can view all your connections and their ports and stats. This information is valuable when setting up or fixing your connectivity. This article will introduce you to the Netstat command and the main parameters for filtering information displayed about your connections.

We’ll explore the following Topics in this section:

  1. How to use the Netstat command.
  2. Use netstat parameters to filter connection information.
  3. Combining Netstat parameters.

Join me as we go through the above Topics to help you better understand this tool and learn how to use it to troubleshoot your network issues.

1] How to use the netstat command

netstat command

Click on the Start button and search for Command Prompt. Open Command Prompt with elevated privileges by right-clicking on it and selecting the Run as administrator option.

You can open Netstat by typing the following command and pressing ENTER:


You may not understand what the columns mean if you’re new to networking.

  • Proto: The network protocol. It could be either TCP or UDP.
  • Local Address: The IP addresses and ports of your computer’s network interfaces for the given connections.
  • Foreign Address: The IP addresses and port names of the remote devices.
  • StateIndicates the state of the connection. For example, find out active and closed connections.

The netstat command shows you your active connections and their details. However, you’d notice that the foreign address column prints the IP address and port names.

To show the connections’ port numbers instead of the port names next to the IP addresses, use the following command:

netstat -n

Further, the system can disconnect or connect to networks, and the network details can change at intervals. Hence, we can use the following command to refresh the netstat network details at intervals using this command:

netstat -n 5

To stop the refreshing, press the CTRL + C key combination.

NOTE: The 5 in the command above refreshes the command every 5 seconds. If you wish to increase or shorten the interval, you can modify this value.

2] Use netstat parameters to filter connection information

The netstat command is a powerful command that can show you every detail about your device’s connections. Explore the most commonly used netstat parameters to find specific network details.

  • Display active and inactive connections

Show the networks that are active or inactive.

netstat -a
  • Display applications information

List all applications that are associated with the connections.

netstat -b
  • View network adapter stats

Show statistics on incoming and outgoing network packets.

netstat -e
  • Display foreign addresses’ fully qualified domain name (FQDNS)

If you don’t want to see the port numbers or names, the following netstat parameter will show your foreign addresses’ fully qualified domain names.

netstat -f
  • Show port numbers instead of names

Change the foreign address port names to port numbers.

netstat -n

Similar to netstat, and it has an extra column for every connection’s Process ID (PID).

netstat -o
  • Filter connections by protocol

Display the connections for the protocol you specify – UDP, TCP, tcpv6, or udpv6.

netstat -p udp

NOTE: You should change the udp part to the protocol whose connections you want to view.

  • View non-listening and listing port

Show connections and their listening and bound non-listening ports.

netstat -q

Categorize networks by available protocols – UDP, TCP, ICMP, IPv4, and IPv6.

netstat -s

Show the routing table of your current network. It lists every route to the destination and matrix available on your system. Similar to the route print command.

netstat -r
  • Display offload state connections

Show a list of connection offload states of your current connection.

netstat -t
  • See NetworkDirect connections

Shows all NetworkDirect connections.

netstat -x
  • Display connection Templates

Show your networks’ TCP connection templates.

netstat -y

3] Combining Netstat parameters

You can further filter the Netstat parameters to show you information about your connections any way you want. From the above commands, you only have to add a second parameter to show a combined view.

For instance, you can combine the -s and -e parameters to view the statistics for every protocol. This way, you can combine other parameters to get the desired results.

When mixing multiple Netstat parameters, you don’t need to include two dashes (-). You can use one dash (-) and append the parameter letters without a second one.

For example, instead of typing the following command:

netstat -s -e

You can write it as:

netstat - se

netstat se command

If you forget the parameters, a quick way to remember them is by asking netstat to help. Simply run the following command:

netstat /?

To stop the netstat query process, press the CTRL + C key combination.

Can we check network connectivity using netstat?

We can check network connectivity using the netstat or network statistics command. This allows us to see active network connections and their status. The tool can view incoming and outgoing network connections, routing tables, port listening, and usage statistics. This command can be handy for network administrators when troubleshooting network issues. By understanding how to use this command, you can quickly and efficiently diagnose problems with your network.

How do I see network issues in Windows?

You can check your network connection status in Windows quickly and easily. Select the Start button to do so and type “settings” into the search bar. Once you’re in the Settings menu, select “Network & internet.” The status of your network connection will be displayed at the top of the page. If you’re having trouble connecting to the internet, this is a helpful first step in troubleshooting the issue. You also check quickly, and if you see the wifi icon missing, you have a network issue.

netstat command
Sun, 13 Mar 2022 15:01:00 -0500 en-us text/html https://www.thewindowsclub.com/using-the-netstat-command-to-troubleshoot-network-issues
Killexams : The most common Wi-Fi problems and how to fix them

We’ve grown so accustomed to Wi-Fi being readily available for listening to music, streaming our favorite shows, and allowing us to work from home that we rarely think twice about being connected until we’re suddenly experiencing a Wi-Fi problem.

A loss of connection is disruptive to a daily routine, but most Wi-Fi issues are easy to fix, so you can get reconnected relatively quickly. When your Wi-Fi goes down, you can restore access on your own by troubleshooting some of these common problems.

See more

Slow or no internet access in certain rooms

Plugging an Ethernet cable into the back of a Wi-Fi router.
Casezy/Getty Images

Wi-Fi is radio waves, meaning your Wi-Fi router broadcasts in all directions from a central location. If your router is in a far corner of your house, then you’re covering a great deal of the outside world unnecessarily. If you can, move your router to a more centralized location. The closer you can put your router to the center of your coverage area, the better reception will be throughout your house.

If you have external antennas, you can try adjusting those, too. Alternating between fully vertical and fully horizontal positions can help it reach in multiple directions.

If you live in an apartment building, other routers might be interfering with yours. Free software, like NetSpot on Mac, Windows, and Android or Wi-Fi Analyzer for Android, can show you every wireless network nearby and what channel they’re using. If your router overlaps with nearby networks in particular rooms, consider switching to a less congested channel. If you need help switching to a less congested channel, be sure to visit our guide on changing the channel on your wireless router.

If none of that helps, your home might be too much for one router to handle. Consider purchasing a wireless repeater or setting up an old router to serve as one to extend the range of your main router. Upgrading to a whole-home mesh wireless system can also help with dead spots in certain areas of your home.

Slow internet everywhere

If your Wi-Fi speed is slow no matter where you are, try plugging a laptop into your modem directly and test your internet speed using a site like speedtest.net. If speeds are still down, the problem is likely with your internet connection, not your router. Contact your ISP.

If that’s not the issue, it could be that your current wireless channel is overcrowded by your devices or by those of other nearby networks. Consider changing the channel on your router in your router settings. Each router brand does that a little differently, though.

If that doesn’t help, performing a factory reset on your router and setting it up again may help. On most routers, there’s a Reset button that you can hold down with a paperclip, but we also have a guide if you need further help on resetting your router. Do so for 30 seconds, and the router should default to factory settings. Use our guide to setting up a wireless router to get everything properly configured, and see if that helps.

If none of that works and your internet is fine on a wired connection, your router might be dying. Consider buying a new one: Here are the best routers we’ve reviewed and why they’re great picks. If the router seems fine, then it might instead be your modem, which could suffer connectivity issues if it’s on its way out. If you’re looking to upgrade your modem as a fix, we also have a guide on some of the top modem-router combos. Upgrading to a Wi-Fi 6 or Wi-Fi 6E router can also help ease issues with congestion and support faster speeds, provided that your broadband plan is capable of these boosted speeds.

One device can’t connect to the Wi-Fi

Dell's XPS 15 laptop being used on someone's lap.

Sometimes you run into a Wi-Fi issue with one particular device. It’s probably just a momentary network issue. Try turning off the Wi-Fi on your device, then re-enabling it. If that doesn’t work, do the same with your router by unplugging it and then plugging it back in 30 seconds later.

If that doesn’t help, or if the problem reoccurs, consider deleting your current network from the list of saved networks on your device, then reconnect again.

If you’re running Windows 10 or 11, search for “wifi troubleshooting” and open the result, which should be Identify and Repair Network Issues. That will go through a series of diagnostics that may restore connectivity. On MacOS, you can run Wireless Diagnostics. Hold the Options key and click the AirPort (Wi-Fi) icon on the menu bar. Find Open Wireless Diagnostics, and then follow the on-screen instructions.

If none of that works, consider rebooting the device.

Nothing can connect to Wi-Fi

If you can’t connect to your Wi-Fi at all, plug your laptop into the router directly using an Ethernet cable, and see if you can connect that way. There are different types of Ethernet cables, so be sure to read our guide to select the best one that will work for you. If that works, your Wi-Fi is the problem — but if it doesn’t, then your internet may be down altogether. Check your ISP’s webpage and social accounts, or deliver them a call to see if they are reporting problems. Sometimes providers can be a little slow to note issues, so you can also check with a monitoring site like Downdetector and see if other users in your region are reporting problems.

Resetting your router can fix myriad issues, and an inability to connect is one of them. Press the Reset button on the back of the router with a paperclip for 30 seconds, and the router should default to factory settings. Use our guide to setting up a wireless router to get everything properly configured.

If that’s no use, you may need to consider buying a new router. There are plenty of options today, and choosing the right one can help alleviate some connectivity options in the future. These options include mesh routers, extended range routers, and Wi-Fi 6 routers.

Connections drop at random times

Is there some sort of pattern? Do connections drop whenever you use the microwave? It may sound weird, but some routers have trouble with this, especially on the 2.5GHz frequency or if you’re using an older microwave with shield problems.

It could be that you’re experiencing interference from other networks or devices. If your neighbors are heavy Wi-Fi users at a particular time each day, this could be slowing you down. Changing your router’s channel might help. You can use NetSpot on Mac and Windows and Wi-Fi Analyzer for Android to show you every wireless network nearby. If yours overlaps with nearby networks, switching to a less congested channel in your router settings can help. We have a guide that will walk you through changing the channel on your router.

If that doesn’t work, try performing a factory reset on your router by pressing a paperclip into the miniature hole on it.

Wi-Fi network disappears entirely

The Almond 3 Wi-Fi hub has a smart LED screen.

If you lose track of your Wi-Fi network on any device, it’s possible that your router reset itself. Do you see an unprotected network named after your brand of router? That might be yours. Connect a laptop or desktop to it via an Ethernet cable, then use our guide to setting up a wireless router to get everything properly configured again.

If you don’t see such a network, plug your laptop into the router with an Ethernet, and see if you get a connection. Use our guide to finding your router’s IP address and login information for more help. Also, if you don’t have a cable, check out our guide on how to choose the right Ethernet cable.

The network connects, but there’s no internet access

It might sound like a tired tip, but try resetting your modem by unplugging it and plugging it back in. If that doesn’t work, also try resetting your router the same way, assuming it’s a separate device.

Connect a laptop or desktop to your router with an Ethernet cable (these are the best ones). If this works, then the router is having a problem and may need to be reset. If there’s still no internet, though, you may have an outage. Contact your ISP.

Router crashes regularly and only restarting it helps

If your router needs to be restarted regularly, consider giving it a full reset. On most routers, you’ll find a Reset button that you can hold down with a paperclip. Do so for 30 seconds, and the router should default from factory settings. Use our guide to setting up a wireless router to get everything properly configured.

If that doesn’t work, your router may be on its way out. Your only real option is to return it if it is within its warranty period or to buy a new one.

Wi-Fi connection lost when logging back into the computer

This problem can crop up on Windows 10 due to an issue with Fast Startup. Fast Startup keeps certain processes running so you can log back in very quickly. However, this can sometimes cause a bug with the wireless driver that prevents it from reconnecting to Wi-Fi properly. In the short term, you can turn off Fast Startup to prevent this problem. Search for Power Options in your Windows 10 or Windows 11 search bar and go to this section of the Control Panel. Select Choose What the Power Button Does on the left-side menu, and then look at the new section Shutdown Settings. Find the option to Turn On Fast Startup and make sure it is deselected.

In the long term, your wireless network adapter may need to have its driver updated to fix any bugs causing this issue. You can follow our guide on how to update Windows 10 drivers for more information.

Forgot the Wi-Fi password

Selecting the Wi-Fi devices on a smartphone.

If you really can’t remember your Wi-Fi password, and there are no notes or cards with it written down somewhere, you’ll have to reset your router. Use a paperclip to press the hidden switch in the pinhole on the back of your router for 30 seconds. It should then default to factory settings.

Use our guide to setting up a wireless router to get everything properly configured.

Unknown devices on my Wi-Fi network

Log into your Wi-Fi app or administrator settings (which you can find by searching your IP address on your browser — here’s how to find it). Look for a list of currently connected devices and pinpoint the devices you don’t recognize. First, make sure these don’t represent connections you didn’t realize you had — each smart device will have its own connection, for example, and they can have some strange titles if you didn’t name them. Game consoles and TVs may also be connected.

If you’ve ruled out all your own potential devices and there’s still a connection or two you don’t recognize, it’s possible someone else is hijacking your Wi-Fi network. In this case, look in your settings for an option to block these devices on your Wi-Fi and ban their MAC addresses, if possible. Then change your Wi-Fi password, and reboot your router (here’s how). This may not stop especially determined hackers, but it’s usually enough to kick unwanted guests off your network.

A accurate update broke Wi-Fi

Windows update settings menu.

This can happen with some operating system updates. Windows 10 updates in mid-2020 had bugs that stopped some users from connecting to their Wi-Fi networks or even seeing a Wi-Fi connection at all. Similar updates to iOS, Android, and other platforms also have created bugs in the past that disrupt Wi-Fi connections.

When something like this happens, it’s best to wait for a patch that fixes the problem. In the meantime, remove the update and roll back your system to an earlier version to help get your online connectivity back.

While routers can last for years without needing a replacement, keep in mind that some problems can develop with age — a router may start lacking support for new device updates and similar issues that prevent it from working properly (as seen when Apple discontinued the AirPort Extreme, for example). That’s a sign that it’s time to look for a new router.

The satellite routers on my mesh network aren’t connecting

Plugging a wireless node into a home network.

Make sure that your satellite devices are powered up and turned on. If they are, try unplugging and replugging the problematic device and see if it will connect to your network then. If your router app allows you to restart a Wi-Fi point (Google’s Home app, for example, allows this), then reboot that point and see if this helps, too.

Google also allows you to run a test to make sure the network is set up properly. You can find Wifi points on the Home app, under Test mesh. If the test comes back with a weak or failed connection, you should try repositioning your satellite routers to be closer to your primary router. This also is a good tactic for any mesh system that keeps dropping its satellite points — they could be too far away from the primary point.

You can also double-check to make sure that your satellite router devices have a different SSID than your primary router. If they were accidentally all assigned the same SSID, then the mesh network may not be able to coordinate properly.

If your router still seems unable to connect, then make sure that nothing significant has changed for your network settings. For example, if your ISP WAN (wide-area network) type changed for some reason, you may have to go back into the settings for the router and make sure that the right WAN setting is chosen.

There are additional special cases where certain Wi-Fi technology can interfere with mesh networks, so it’s also a good idea to contact router support directly and explain your situation if nothing is working.

My smart device isn’t connecting to Wi-Fi

Google's range of wireless networking products.

First, make sure that your smart device and your router are both updated. Then try resetting your router and rebooting your smart device. You can either unplug and plug in the smart device or check its app for a reboot option — the Google Home app, for example, has a Reboot tool under each device section that you can use.

If the device still isn’t connecting properly, try moving it next to the router and seeing if it connects then — distance and interference can make a difference, especially for smaller smart devices. You should also double-check to make sure that your smart device doesn’t need a Zigbee hub to operate, which is more common among older smart devices but a problem that still occasionally crops up.

If your smart device keeps dropping a Wi-Fi signal, especially during busy times of the day, check to see if your router supports automatic band switching for devices. If it does, try turning this feature off. Sometimes a router will try to switch a smart device to a different band, but the device isn’t ready for that, causing it to lose a connection. There may also be issues with connecting to a mesh router, and you may have to be very specific about your network connection to make smart devices work.

It’s also a good idea to check if your particular device is suffering from temporary bugs that make connecting to Wi-Fi difficult or impossible. Nest minis and HomePod minis have both encountered such errors in the past. In these cases, a fix is usually patched in before too long, so keep making sure that your device is updated. Sometimes operating system updates, like a new iOS patch, also can affect smart device performance.

Finally, there are a number of other router settings that may block smart devices. If you can’t find what’s wrong, call up support for that device and explain that you think your router is having trouble connecting.

My game console can’t connect to Wi-Fi

Sony's PlayStation 5 console up close.

First, check social media and Downdetector to make sure nothing is wrong with your gaming platform — sometimes Xbox Live or Playstation Network goes down for any number of reasons, but they’re typically back up again after a short period.

If everything looks all right there, reboot both your router and your game console and see if they can successfully connect. This is also a good time to test your internet connection. Major systems like Xbox and PlayStation have an option in their Settings menu to test your internet connection. On PlayStation, head to Settings, then Network, then select Test Internet Connection. On Xbox, go to Profile & System, select Settings, and in the General section, select Network Settings, where you will find an option to Test Network Speed & Statistics. This can provide more information about what’s going wrong and even tips on what you may need to change.

If your console and router seem to be acting properly but Wi-Fi keeps dropping, you may want to try moving the two devices closer to each other to see if the Wi-Fi signal improves. Try to remove any material or objects between the console and router: Placing both in a high, clear location often brings the best results.

You also can check our guides on troubleshooting your Playstation and fixing problems on Xbox to learn more.

Can’t connect to wireless printer

Epson printer sitting on a desk in an office.

First, make sure you are trying to connect to your Wi-Fi and not via Wi-Fi Direct — they are two different technologies. We also highly suggest the traditional routine of turning everything off and back on again, especially if your printer has connected to Wi-Fi successfully in the past. If your printer is far away from your router and keeps running into Wi-Fi errors, try moving it to a closer position.

If it looks like your printer is connected to Wi-Fi but you can’t get it to work, head into your printer settings on your computer and make sure the correct default printer is selected. Microsoft also has some troubleshooters you can run to see if they pick up on anything obviously awry.

We also suggest checking your router security, firewalls, and VPN security to see if any of them are identifying the printer as a strange device and refusing a wireless connection. You may need to disable certain firewalls or reconfigure security protocols to use your printer successfully. When all else fails, uninstall your printer drivers and reinstall the more accurate versions to see if this makes a difference.

And if your printer isn’t wirelessly enabled, consider upgrading to one that is. We have some recommendations for some top printers, laser printers, and multifunction printers that can be used wirelessly and connect to your home network.

Can’t connect to a guest Wi-Fi network that I set up

Man sitting next to modem/router combo.

Guest Wi-Fi networks allow you to share your Wi-Fi with others in a secure way that helps prevent security issues. You’ve probably seen it on business routers, but it can be set up on home routers, too. If someone is having trouble connecting to the guest network but otherwise the Wi-Fi seems to be working, there are a few things you can try.

First, if you just set up your guest network, wait a few minutes. It may take a little time for the network to show up. If the guest network is visible, take a minute to head into your router app and check settings. Settings like Public Wi-Fi Active and Allow Guests to Access My Local Network should always be enabled. If it’s still not working, reset your router and try again.

Keep in mind, some guest networks have a stricter limit on how many devices can use them. If you have over a dozen people already on the guest network, others may not be able to log on.

I’m not getting Wi-Fi 6 or 6E capabilities even with a Wi-Fi 6 router

A TP Link Archer AX3000 Wi-Fi 6 router on a desk

Wi-Fi 6 offers a host of improvements from older Wi-Fi standards, including improved performance, less latency, and better security. But if you don’t think you’re getting Wi-Fi 6 features from a router that supports it, something could be wrong with your setup.

First, keep in mind that repeaters and extenders may not be compatible with Wi-Fi 6 even though your router is. If your device has picked up the signal from an extender, Wi-Fi 6 benefits may not be making the trip.

Additionally, most devices will need at least partial support for Wi-Fi 6 features to be able to use them. Devices that are several years old may not be compatible with any Wi-Fi 6 changes. That includes your phone and laptop, as well as smart devices that you might be using.

Even desktop computers may struggle with this. Internal Wi-Fi adapters may struggle to pick up on Wi-Fi 6 benefits when you switch to a new router, even if they are technically compatible. You should update your Wi-Fi drivers to fix any potential issues.

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Sun, 20 Nov 2022 12:47:00 -0600 Tyler Lacoma en text/html https://www.digitaltrends.com/computing/wi-fi-problems-and-solutions/
Killexams : MMS Problems on an Android

Maya Walker began writing professionally in 2008. Her articles have appeared on a variety of websites, covering technology, personal finance, music and health topics. Walker is pursuing a Bachelor of Arts in English at Stephen F. Austin University in Texas.

Wed, 26 Jan 2022 20:27:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://smallbusiness.chron.com/mms-problems-android-35796.html
Killexams : The new Defense authorization bill nails down some longstanding issues

Best listening experience is on Chrome, Firefox or Safari. Subscribe to Federal Drive’s daily audio interviews on Apple Podcasts or PodcastOne.

From inflation adjustment to procurement leadtimes, the National Defense Authorization bill the Senate takes up today will address a few issues that have been nagging contractors for years. For highlights, the Federal Drive with Tom Temin talked with the President and CEO of the Professional Services Council, David Berteau.

Tom Temin: This NDAA is not the most groundbreaking we’ve seen in accurate years, but it’s got a few things. Let’s talk about inflation adjustment. I know that’s a kind of pet peeve of yours, the lack thereof for a long time.

David Berteau: It is, Tom, and the idea of needing legislation to allow the federal government to reimburse companies for the cost they’ve incurred over and above what they bid because they didn’t bid a contract with 9% inflation and 6% wage growth. And what we’ve seen is a variety of responses from the federal government ranging from [General Services Adminisitration] guidance that says it’s okay, subject to available appropriations and funds, it’s okay for a contracting officer or program to consider a request for adjustment. And then you have [Defense Department] guidance that says, yes, it’s okay. But only in very, very rare circumstances and only for fixed price contracts. And we see other agencies [the Department of Homeland Security], for example, that’s following the DoD guidance even though they haven’t actually put out guidance of their own. What the Defense Department has said, though, is that the guidance they’ve issued is as far as they can go under their existing authorities. So of course, if you need more authority, where do you go? You go to the U.S. Congress and put it in statute. There was an amendment submitted by Sen. [Kevin] Cramer (R-N.D.) that would have allowed DoD to exercise that authority. The final version of the of the language that’s in the final version of the NDAA — already passed the House, being considered by the Senate — is substantially more restrictive than the original amendment was put into place. So it’ll be very interesting to see whether this actually does anything at all. The core problem, though: Companies are facing increased costs, and a government that doesn’t really want to reimburse them for those. By the way, if you had bid three years ago, a contract that says I’m expecting 9% inflation and 6% real wage growth, I don’t think you would have won the bid. You hold the company accountable for an unrealistic future that nobody could have anticipated. Or if you had anticipated that you wouldn’t have won, that’s just unfair to the companies.

Tom Temin: And what’s also interesting is, as the armed forces have this pretty urgent need to restock their supplies, because of what has been sent to Ukraine, golly, that’s gonna be more expensive than they thought.

David Berteau: Exactly. In fact, you’ve even seen DoD officials, four star generals in charge of various material commands, have said, “Boy, the bids are coming in way higher than we anticipated.” Well, Tom, cost is cost, it has to be recovered one way or the other. It’s either eaten out of profit. And if you eat too much cost out of profit, you go out of business, or it has to be reimbursed by the government, particularly if it’s direct costs are caused by that. Here’s the problem, though: The agencies will say “Show us how much that cost is due to inflation.” And the thing is, Tom, you can’t tell what’s due to inflation, what’s due to supply chain hiccups, what’s due to wage growth that’s not caused by inflation but was caused by a tight labor market; you can’t segregate out various causes. All you know is the costs have gone up, they have to be reimbursed. If the government doesn’t help, that’s why you see legislation like this. We’ll see whether it actually changes anything.

Tom Temin: And the other question is PALT — this comes up from time to time: procurement administrative lead time, or procurement plus administrative lead time — how long it takes to get things done and awarded from the time there’s a requirement that is put out there. And they’re not exactly getting after PALT exactly, precisely. But they’re asking [the Government Accountability Office] to get after it.

David Berteau: Exactly. We’ve had two statutory changes, one in the fiscal year 18. So now five years ago. And the second in the fiscal year 19. National Defense Authorization Act.

Tom Temin: Is that long we’ve been talking about this?

David Berteau: We’ve been talking about it even before that, because it took a couple of years to get it into legislation, Tom, but it’s been a priority of PSCs for a long time. I remember companies know that the government continues to take longer and longer every year to solicit evaluate and award contracts. So what we finally got into statute is a requirement for the agencies to define PALT to measure it, and to make the results publicly available. We think they’ve done a reasonable job of defining and measuring; they’ve done a lousy job of making it publicly available. You gotta go on and search, contract by contract, basically, although you can batch them up to almost 300 at a time. But you know how many contracts there are? Three hundred at a time takes a while to get through the data. We’re pretty sure that that can be improved. And that’s partly why we’ve asked the Congress to ask GAO to look into this. But the real reason is not to know how bad off we are. The real reason is to deliver us the data to focus on improving it, and so this is like a preliminary step, but until we get the preliminary step right, it’s pretty hard to focus action on reducing procurement lead time and getting what you need faster. You mentioned replenishment for Ukraine. Well, if there’s ever a need for urgency, it’s now. But it’s not just a contract that’s the delay. Obviously the other things we talked about — supply chain issues, worker shortages, etc — also come into play here. But it’ll be great to get GAO to confirm what we know to be true. But we have trouble proving it.

Tom Temin: We’re speaking with David Berteau, he is president and CEO of the Professional Services Council. Right, the military services are always talking about acquisition at the speed of need, or at the speed of mission. But then there’s a little PALT that comes in. Meantime, we have seen now the statutory ban on Huawei and ZTE equipment for telecommunications; the NDAA extends that idea of banning Chinese product.

David Berteau: It does. And it’s a very complicated provision kind of stuck in the back. By the way, this is the longest National Defense Authorization Act ever submitted for a vote. It’s over 4400 pages. It includes about 10 other bills, because of course, it’s the vehicle that will get those bills passed. Buried in one of those other bills is amendments to the section 889. We’ve talked about it on this show many times over the years. And it expands that ban from telecommunications equipment to — it doesn’t say the word China — but it’s Chinese semiconductors, products and services. Two big problems there, both of which were true for 889. Number one is if you can’t use those, what can you use? And of course, then that’s up to each individual company to find out because the government doesn’t provide a list of acceptable items, it only gives you a list of unacceptable items. And the second big question is, how can you certify that you don’t have it? Tom, I’m pretty sure that you and I in this conversation right now are using equipment that probably has what will be a banned semiconductor product in it.

Tom Temin: Yes, I don’t think you can go downstairs, open your automatic garage door, get in your car, drive to work, go up on the smart elevator, log onto your computer and make a smartphone call without probably interacting with several billion transistors.

David Berteau: Right. The statute, if it’s passed by the Senate and signed by the President, takes five years to implement. And of course, that’s about as long as it takes to bring these new semiconductor factories that are springing up, in part as a result of the CHIPS Act. So bringing bring that kind of capacity and capability back home is really important. It’s important for national security, it’s important for America. But it’s going to take a while. We’ve been through this before; we went through it 30 years ago with Sematech and it takes four or five years to build and get operating. And by the way, find the qualified workers and put into these kinds of chip factories, especially at the very high end. So it’s a five year implementation plan. But the first assessments and the first strategies are due in early next year. So we’re going to be watching very closely to see how well this is implemented. Obviously, from our perspective, none of our member companies want to support countries that would do us harm. We would love to have alternatives. But we also have to maintain the capability to deliver on the contracts that we have and the ones we’re going to bid and win in the future.

Tom Temin: Yeah, these are long cycles to build fabs and to redesign circuitry around certain products and so on. And like you say, they have to hurry up and study it and then wait five years to implement it. Xi Jinping will still be running China then right?

David Berteau: I believe he’s signed up for another five years. That’s right, it just happened. So one of the things that I think is important to keep in mind. As big as federal contracting is, it’s a blip in the global market when it comes to semiconductor products and services. And so we don’t drive the market from defense procurement and government contracts procurements. The market’s driven by the global commercial thing. What this provision tries to do is put a nudge in the direction of “don’t use these,” it’s still the rest of America is not banned at this stage of the game.

Tom Temin: All right. And meantime, let’s see today is the 13th. That leaves how many days until the CR expires?

David Berteau: Three days and one evening until midnight, and of course, Congress is coming up against the edge as they often do. There just seems to be general agreement on what the Defense number would be. And of course, these deals have two big numbers. One is what’s the Defense portion? The other is the appropriations in the aggregate for civilian agencies. The administration has proposed increases for civilian agencies. Congress hasn’t reached an agreement on that yet; we see progress and discussion. Tom, we’re only $20-something billion dollars apart out of a $1.7 trillion bill. One would think we could figure out how to do this. One of the grave concerns though is running out of time. This Congress goes out of business no later than January 3, when the new Congress comes in, and then everything has to start all over again. So we’re eagerly hoping that they can cut a deal. Get the appropriations done. If you put a CR into next year, it will be March, April, May. We may end up with a full CR for the year. Devastating impact not only on contractors but on the government itself.

Tue, 13 Dec 2022 00:32:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://federalnewsnetwork.com/contracting/2022/12/the-new-defense-authorization-bill-nails-down-some-longstanding-issues/
Killexams : Crypto Hit With Bad News About Two of Its Stars © Provided by TheStreet

Two of crypto's most prominent players found themselves making headlines for the wrong reasons.

Dec. 11 was one of the crypto sphere's worst days, as two of its greatest players found themselves making headlines for the wrong reasons.

First is the arrest of Sam Bankman-Fried, the founder of FTX, after weeks of speculation that he misused the funds of clients and investors.

Bankman-Fried is being held in custody pending an extradition process, Ryan Pinder, the Bahamas attorney general, said on Dec. 12. He was arrested without incident at his apartment complex shortly after 6 pm ET on Monday in Nassau, the Royal Bahamas Police Force said in a statement.

His arraignment is scheduled for Dec. 13, and federal prosecutors in Manhattan plan to unseal the case against him. 

SEC Alleges a 'House of Cards'

"Earlier this evening, Bahamian authorities arrested Samuel Bankman-Fried at the request of the U.S. Government, based on a sealed indictment filed by the [Southern District of New York]," Damian Williams, U.S. attorney for the district, said in a statement on Twitter on Dec. 12. "We expect to move to unseal the indictment in the morning and will have more to say at that time."

In addition, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission filed civil charges against Bankman-Fried.

"We allege that Sam Bankman-Fried built a house of cards on a foundation of deception while telling investors that it was one of the safest buildings in crypto," said SEC Chairman Gary Gensler. 

"The alleged fraud committed by Mr. Bankman-Fried is a clarion call to crypto platforms that they need to come into compliance with our laws."

On the same day, Binance and its CEO, Changpeng Zhao, who had recently emerged as the new crypto king, were also hit with bad news. 

U.S. prosecutors are considering filing money-laundering charges against Binance and some of its executives, including the CEO.

Some of the at least half a dozen federal prosecutors involved in the case believe the evidence that's been gathered justifies moving aggressively against the exchange and filing criminal charges against individual executives including founder Zhao, Reuters reported, citing people familiar with the matter.  

Plea Deals Reportedly Are an Option

Other prosecutors have argued taking the time to review more evidence, the news service reported. Discussions with Binance are ongoing and include potential plea deals.

"As has been reported widely, regulators are doing a sweeping review of every crypto company against many of the same issues," a Binance spokesperson said in an emailed statement. 

"This nascent industry has grown quickly and Binance has shown its commitment to security and compliance through large investments in our team as well as the tools and technology we use to detect and deter illicit activity."

The investigation began in 2018 and is focused on Binance’s compliance with U.S. anti-money-laundering laws and sanctions. At the end of 2020, the DoJ asked Binance to submit internal documents relating to how the firm ensured that users of its platform do not launder money, Reuters reported last September.

The DoJ also requested personal communications from Zhao, the news outlet said, citing a written request. In particular, the federal investigators wanted Binance to pass on to them the exchanges between Zhao and 12 other executives and partners regarding the detection of illegal transactions.

The DoJ was looking for any company records with instructions that "documents be destroyed, altered, or removed from Binance's files" or "transferred from the United States."

The DoJ investigation is based on the Bank Secrecy Act, which is designed to protect the U.S. financial system from unlawful interference. Companies that are subject to the Bank Secrecy Act must be registered with the U.S. Treasury's Financial Crimes Enforcement Network.

If the DoJ files charges against Binance and Zhao, it would be a huge blow for the crypto industry. He recently created a fund in which Binance has already put $2 billion to support companies experiencing cash-flow problems after the FTX rout.

Tue, 13 Dec 2022 06:42:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.msn.com/en-us/money/markets/crypto-hit-with-bad-news-about-two-of-its-stars/ar-AA15em2Z
Killexams : PathSolutions Wins the Fall 2022 Top Performer Award from SourceForge in the Network Monitoring and Network Troubleshooting Categories

PathSolutions is proud to be a winner of the Top Performer award from SourceForge, the world’s largest software reviews and comparison website

SANTA CLARA, Calif., December 06, 2022--(BUSINESS WIRE)--PathSolutions today announced that it has been awarded a Fall 2022 Top Performer Award by SourceForge, the world’s largest software and services review and comparison website. This award recognizes exceptional companies and products with a significant amount of accurate favorable user reviews that puts them in the top tenth percentile of highly reviewed products on SourceForge.

"It’s my pleasure to award the Fall 2022 Top Performers on SourceForge. PathSolutions TotalView has been named a Top Performer this Fall in the Network Monitoring and Network Troubleshooting categories, and their numerous outstanding user reviews are proof of the excellent solution they provide to their customers. Congratulations and keep up the great work!" — Logan Abbott, President of SourceForge.

To win the Fall 2022 Top Performer award, each winner had to receive enough high-rated user reviews to place the winning product in the top 10% of favorably reviewed products on SourceForge, which demonstrates the utmost quality that PathSolutions delivers to customers.

"At PathSolutions, we’re excited to accept the SourceForge Fall 2022 Top Performer Award. We do our best to provide a best-in-class product, and we’re happy to see our users rewarding us with good reviews. We’re honored to be valued by our customers and to be recognized by SourceForge as a network monitoring and troubleshooting solution." — Tim Titus, CEO of PathSolutions

About PathSolutions

PathSolutions is a leading provider of automated network intelligence solutions that include TotalView® at the core, a lightweight software tool for root-cause analysis (RCA) of network problems, automated network monitoring and troubleshooting; RemoteView for remote user troubleshooting; a VoIP/UC/video monitoring and troubleshooting module, and a Security Operations Manager for security footprint and communications analytics. Customers range from small businesses to large enterprises, carriers, and MSPs.

About SourceForge

SourceForge.net is the world’s largest software comparison directory, serving nearly 30 million users every month and featuring user reviews, product comparisons, software guides, and more. SourceForge's mission is to help businesses find the best software to fit their needs and their budget. There are a variety of software tools available to businesses, and there are tools in almost every category and niche, each serving a slightly different purpose. SourceForge also powers the Slashdot.org/software/ business software and services directory.

View source version on businesswire.com: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20221206005009/en/


PathSolutions Contact:
Vickie McGee
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Mon, 05 Dec 2022 23:05:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.yahoo.com/now/pathsolutions-wins-fall-2022-top-130000749.html
Killexams : Weight-loss surgery may relieve urinary incontinence Research suggests that when people with severe obesity undergo weight-loss surgery, that can ease their bladder problems -- at least for the first couple of years. Photo by bikeriderlondon/Shutterstock © bikeriderlondon/Shutterstock Research suggests that when people with severe obesity undergo weight-loss surgery, that can ease their bladder problems -- at least for the first couple of years. Photo by bikeriderlondon/Shutterstock

Weight-loss surgery can have many health benefits, and now a new study suggests that long-term relief from urinary incontinence is one of them.

Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common problem, and obesity is among the risk factors for it: Extra pounds put more pressure on the bladder and the muscles supporting it, which can cause urine to leak.

Because of that, weight loss is often encouraged when people have both obesity and UI. And research suggests that when people with severe obesity undergo weight-loss surgery, that can ease their bladder problems -- at least for the first couple of years.

The new study shows that for many people, the relief lasts.

The researchers found that of over 1,200 patients they tracked, more than half of those who'd had UI before weight-loss surgery showed a "sustained remission" in their symptoms over the course of seven years.

"I was excited to see that -- although there was some decline in the improvements seen in the first three years -- over half of patients were still in remission," said researcher Wendy King. She is an associate professor of epidemiology at the University of Pittsburgh School of Public Health.

No one is recommending weight-loss surgery just to manage UI, King and other experts stressed.

"It's major surgery, and it's a really big decision," King said. "It's not for everyone."

But if people are considering obesity surgery, she said, relief from UI could be considered as a potential benefit.

"I think this is something doctors should be discussing," King said. "Patients considering surgery should be given the whole picture of the potential benefits and risks."

The findings are based on 1,227 women and men who had weight-loss surgery at any of 10 U.S. hospitals. All had either gastric bypass surgery or sleeve gastrectomy, the two most common forms of obesity surgery.

Both procedures change the anatomy of the digestive system and limit the amount of food a person can eat before feeling full.

Among women, 52% had incontinence episodes at least once a week before surgery. One year after surgery, that had dropped to 15%. Some of that improvement slipped away by year three, when 20% of women had UI at least weekly. By year seven, that figure was 30%.

Fewer men in the study group had UI. (It's much more common among women generally, due to anatomy and factors like childbirth, King noted.) But the pattern was the same among male patients: Their UI improved the most in the first couple of years, then showed some degree of backslide.

King said the blame may lie with regained pounds and aging, which itself is a risk factor for UI.

Still, she said, many people with incontinence before surgery remained in remission at year seven: 56% of women and 74% of men. "Remission" meant, at a minimum, they had UI episodes less than once a week.

The findings were published online Dec. 9 in JAMA Network Open.

"It makes sense that losing weight, through surgery or other means, would help," said Dr. Jill Rabin, an obstetrician/gynecologist at Northwell Health, in New Hyde Park, N.Y.

If people can shed pounds with diet and exercise, that's ideal, since it avoids the risks of obesity surgery, said Rabin, who is also the author of the book Mind Over Bladder.

Rabin noted that even a moderate amount of weight loss can help some people with UI, though it's only one part of the story. Some other UI treatments include exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles and, for women, vaginal inserts that support the urethra (the duct through which urine exits the body).

It's also important to remember that there are different types of UI, said Dr. Moiuri Siddique, director of female pelvic medicine at NYU Langone Hospital Brooklyn.

In general, Siddique said, weight loss is most effective for stress incontinence, where movement that puts pressure on the abdomen -- such as running, lifting, coughing or laughing -- triggers urine leakage.

It may be less effective for urgency incontinence, where an overactive bladder causes a frequent, uncontrollable need to urinate, she noted.

"I don't want people to think that if they have weight-loss surgery, that will eliminate their urinary incontinence," Siddique said.

What's key, both Siddique and Rabin stressed, is that patients get a correct diagnosis and good overall treatment plan for their urinary symptoms.

More information

The American Urological Association has more on urinary incontinence.

Copyright © 2022 HealthDay. All rights reserved.


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Tue, 13 Dec 2022 19:00:06 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.msn.com/en-us/health/medical/weight-loss-surgery-may-relieve-urinary-incontinence/ar-AA15g5pG
Killexams : How to buy a social network, with Tumblr CEO Matt Mullenweg