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1D0-610 CIW Web Foundations Associate availability |

1D0-610 availability - CIW Web Foundations Associate Updated: 2023

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Exam Code: 1D0-610 CIW Web Foundations Associate availability November 2023 by team

1D0-610 CIW Web Foundations Associate

The CIW Web Foundations series of courses is the most popular vendor-neutral Web education program in the world. Individuals who have completed all three Foundations courses have mastered more than mere digital literacy skills: They have a unique understanding of Internet business, data networking and Web site design.

Certified CIW Web Foundations Associates have validated their understanding of important technologies that affect virtually every business. This certification is ideal for all professionals who use the Internet on the job. Once certified, these individuals are ready to pursue specialties in Web design, e-commerce, JavaScript, databases and other fields.

Internet Business Associate

Internet Business Associate prepares students to work effectively in today's business environment. In this course, you will learn about the tasks involved in various Information Technology (IT) job roles, and explore career opportunities in the IT industry. You will also learn about Internet connection methods, Internet protocols, the Domain Name System (DNS), cloud computing and mobile devices. You will study the basic functions of Web browsers, the components of Web addresses and browser use in the business world. You will learn how browser plug-ins and add-ons can Excellerate your Web-browsing experience, and you will use browsers to download and manage files.

You will learn about databases as they relate to Web search engines, and you will use search engines to conduct basic and advanced Web searches. This course also teaches you to use local and Web-based (cloud-based) e-mail clients, and it provides guidelines for communicating effectively over the Internet using Web technologies and social networking tools. You will also learn about Internet research and collaboration tools, software development tools, and the patent and licensing practices that accompany software applications.

In addition, you will learn how to protect your privacy and personal information on the Internet. This syllabu includes protecting your reputation by limiting the information you post online. This course also discusses the risks associated with being connected to the Internet, and the security measures that can keep your computer system and your personal information secure. You will also learn about the use and control of cookies. Finally, you will study the fundamental elements of project and program management, and the importance of acquiring these skills for all IT job roles.

Introduction to IT Business and Careers

Information Technology (IT)

IT Job Roles

IT Industry Career Opportunities

Technical Concepts and Training

Technology Adoption Models

Business Modeling

Data Modeling

The Importance of Standards

That's a Hot Site

Internet Communication

Communicating via the Internet

Modern Web Technologies

Social Networking



Communicating Effectively over the Internet

Convergence and Unified

Communications Technologies

Web 2.0 Travel Guide?

Introduction to Internet Technology

Internet Technology

Overview of Networks

Overview of the Internet

Connecting to the Internet

Internet Protocols

Domain Name System (DNS)

Cloud Computing

Computing in the Cloud

Web Browsing

Introduction to Web Browsing

Basic Functions of Web Browsers

Installing a Web Browser

Web Addresses

How Browsers Work

Browser Choices

Browsing Techniques

Browser Elements

Configuring Web Browser Preferences

Proxy Servers

Troubleshooting Internet Client Problems

Working the Help Desk

Multimedia on the Web

Introduction to Multimedia on the Web

Objects, Active Content and Languages

Objects and Security Issues

HTML5 vs. Plug-ins

Introduction to Plug-in Technology

Data Compression and Decompression

Plug-in Installation

Types of Plug-ins

Firefox Add-Ons

Types of Viewers

Miscellaneous File Formats

Downloading Files with a Browser

The Right Tools for the Job

Databases and Web Search Engines

Introduction to Data Searching


Overview of Databases

Introduction to Web Search Engines

Registering a Web Site with a Search Engine

Types of Web Searches

Basic Web Searching Techniques

Boolean Operators

Advanced Web Searching Techniques

Using Web Searches to Perform Job Tasks

Unexpected Web Search Results

Web Search Strategies

Evaluating Resources

Organizing Internet Research

Citing Copyrighted Online Resources

To Be Valid or Not to Be Valid?

Business E Mail and Personal Information Management

Introduction to Business Electronic

Mail (E Mail)

How E Mail Works

E Mail Configuration Requirements

E Mail Message Components

Creating and Sending E Mail Messages

Receiving and Viewing E Mail Messages

E Mail in the Workplace

E Mail Problems and Solutions

Personal Information Management (PIM)

Mastering the Art of E-Mail

Protecting Yourself Online

Introduction to Protecting Yourself Online

The Right to Be Forgotten



Configuring Browser Security



Malware (Malicious Software)

Virus Detection and Prevention

Spyware and Virus Removal

Updates and Patches

Locking Your Computer


Protecting Company Resources


Security-Related Ethical and Legal Issues

Legal Protection

Internet Services and Tools for Business

Internet Resource Tools

Mass E-Mail and Texting Services

List Servers

File Transfer Protocol (FTP)

Managing Downloaded Files

Virtual Network Computing (VNC)

Remote Desktop Connection

Peer-to-Peer Networks

Troubleshooting Using TCP/IP


Open-Source Development

Proprietary Software and EULAs

Software Patents

These Are Sensitive Files

IT Project and Program Management

Overview of IT Project and Program Management

Resources for Technical Data

Project Management Fundamentals

Project Management Skills

Project Management Phases

The Project Triangle

Project Management Software

Creating Project Schedules

Documenting Projects

Planning and Scheduling Meetings

Browsers in the Business World

Reviewing Projects

Quality Assurance

Business Implications of IT Projects

Project Management Institute (PMI)

Program Management Concepts

We Need an Intranet!

All students preparing to enter or continue in the workforce can benefit from the CIW Internet Business

Associate course and/or certification:

• High school students

• College students

• Technical/trade school students

Professionals in all industries can benefit from the CIW Internet Business Associate course and/or certification:

• IT professionals

• Healthcare professionals

• Legal professionals

• Marketing professionals

• Graphic artists

• Business professionals

Site Development Associate teaches you essential Web page development skills. You will learn to develop
Web sites using Hypertext Markup Language version 5 (HTML5) and Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). You
will learn to write code manually, as well as use graphical user interface (GUI) authoring tools. You will
also learn to insert images, create hyperlinks, and add tables, forms, video, and audio to your Web pages.

In addition to learning about HTML5 and CSS coding, you will learn how to use HTML5 Application
Programming Interfaces (APIs) to extend the functionality of Web pages, such as geolocation, drag-anddrop, canvas, and offline Web applications. Other syllabus include validating your HTML code, recognizing
the importance of search engine optimization (SEO), using style sheets extensively to format Web page
content, and implementing fundamental design concepts. Throughout the course, you will learn how Web
sites are developed as managed projects. You will also identify e-commerce solutions and relate Web site
development to business goals.

Site Development Associate provides an introduction to tasks, job roles and careers in Web development.
This course will teach you to work as a productive part of a Web site development team. Hands-on labs
include real-world scenarios based on a previously live version of the Habitat for Humanity site. Note that
students will build prototype pages using Habitat for Humanity content. This content is provided by
Habitat for Humanity with permission to use it in labs teaching site development skills. The prototype
pages that students build do not necessarily represent, duplicate or simulate the current live Habitat for
Humanity Web site.


Markup Language and Site

Development Essentials

Creating Web Pages

Mobile and Cloud Issues

Text Editors and Markup


Graphical User Interface (GUI)


History of Markup Languages

The HTML Web Development

Trifecta: HTML5, CSS and


Web Site Development Principles

Hosting and Web Service Providers

The Habitat for Humanity Web Site

HTML5 Coding

Introduction to Using HTML

Elements and Markup Tags

Document Structure Tags

Web Site File Structure

Preparing Your Development


Paragraph Formatting and BlockLevel Elements

Text-Level Elements


Good Coding Practice

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)

and Graphical Elements

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)

Separating Content in HTML

Images in Web Pages

HTML Entities

Specifying Colors

Page Colors and Backgrounds

Specifying Font Information

Web Design Issues

HTML5 and Older Browsers


Introduction to Hyperlinks

The Anchor Element

Creating Local Hyperlinks

Creating External Hyperlinks

Using Images as Hyperlinks

Creating Internal Links

Managing Hyperlinks

HTML Tables

Introduction to HTML Tables

CSS Properties for All Table


Table and Data Alignment Options

Height and Width of Table Elements

Column and Row Spanning

HTML Tables vs. CSS Page


Web Forms

Introduction to Web Forms

Web Forms and CGI

HTML5 and Forms

Basic Tags for Creating Web Forms

Web Form Fields

Video, Audio and Image


Introduction to Web Video, Audio

and Image Techniques

CIW Web Foundations Associate
CIW Foundations availability

Other CIW exams

1D0-541 CIW v5 Database Design Specialist
1D0-610 CIW Web Foundations Associate
1D0-61A CIW Internet Business Associate
1D0-61B CIW Site Development Associate
1D0-61C CIW Network Technology Associate
1D0-621 CIW User Interface Designer enjoy by helping individuals to pass the 1D0-610 test of their first attempt. Our accomplishments inside the previous two years have been totally excellent. Our reputation is based on success of our clients that pass 1D0-610 exam with high scores. We just keep 1D0-610 dumps valid and updated for you.
CIW Web Foundations Associate

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Answer: C
Question: 164
Wireless networks are subject to more security issues than standard wired networks.
Which wireless security protocol can prevent unauthorized devices from connecting
to the wireless network?
Answer: A
Question: 165
Irena is reviewing several promotional product videos from her companys marketing
department before they are published on the companys Web site. The videos are in
RealMedia format, but they do not open in Irenas Windows Media Player. What
should Irena do in order to view the videos?
A. Contact her companys Technical Support department and schedule service for her
B. Convert the video files to the WMV format, because Real Media files will not
play in Windows Media Player.
C. Upload the videos to the Web server to be viewed through Windows Media Player
because they will not play from a local computer.
D. Decompress the files before attempting to play them in Windows Media
Player, because RealMedia files are compressed for uploading/downloading.
Answer: B
Question: 166
Consider the following address:
http://www.ClWcertified .com/certifications/web_foundations/iba.php
Which part of the URL represents the server name on which this page resides?
A. www
B. .CIWcertified
C. .CIWcertifed .com
D. /certifications/
Answer: A
Question: 167
What is the distinguishing difference between a LAN and WAN?
A. A LAN is a group of networked computers within a confined geographic area.
B. A WAN is a group of networked computers within a confined geographic area.
C. A LAN typically provides slower network connection speeds than a WAN.
D. A WAN is commonly used for intra-office communication.
Answer: A
Question: 168
Lisa is traveling on company business. She has a company-issued smartphone with
4G access. Her hotel does not provide Internet access. What advantage does 4G
provide to help her access the Internet?
A. She can use a 4G mobile hotspot device with her phone to connect her laptop to
B. She can use the 4G phone to establish a VPN connection into the company
C. She can use the 4G phone to call and locate a public location that provides free
D. She can use her 4G phones GPS to identify another hotel that provides in-room
Internet access.
Answer: A
Question: 169
Virtualization software transforms the hardware resources of a physical computer to
create a fully functional virtual computer that can run its own operating systems and
applications. In addition to the CPU and RAM, which hardware resources are used by
virtualization software?
A. Hard disk and USB devices
B. Hard disk and network devices
C. Virtual hard disk and network devices
D. Network devices and secondary storage devices
Answer: B
Question: 170
John is the network administrator for a small company. The companys network
equipment has become outdated, and John has been asked to recommend a plan
to update the companys infrastructure. John has read extensively about the many
advantages of using cloud-based services. Which of the following is an advantage of
cloud-based services that John could cite to support his recommendation?
A. Unlimited service options and choices
B. Higher security in a cloud-based environment
C. Elimination of need for high-speed Internet connection
D. Elimination of equipment purchase and maintenance
Answer: D
Question: 171
Cloud-computing enables mobile devices to provide users with access to a
wide variety of applications and services. Which of the following is a disadvantage
of mobile devices?
A. Mobile devices cannot accommodate Web browsing.
B. Mobile devices cannot easily be used for checking e-mail.
C. Mobile devices cannot access software hosted on remote servers.
D. Mobile devices cannot accommodate large database installations or applications.
Answer: D
Question: 172
You have recently purchased a new wireless router. You would like to configure a
name for your wireless network so that you can easily identify it when scanning
available wireless networks. Which term describes this wireless network device
A. Default gateway
B. Wireless access point (AP)
C. Access Point Identifier (API)
D. Service Set Identifier (SSID)
Answer: D
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CIW Foundations availability - BingNews Search results CIW Foundations availability - BingNews The 14 Best Foundations for Mature Skin

As we age, our skin changes along with our bodies. Every decade brings subtle—and not-so-subtle—differences to your skin, from loss of elasticity to the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Pivoting away from beauty products that no longer serve your skin doesn’t have to be difficult. There has never been a better time to buy skincare, like anti-aging eye creams, tinted moisturizers, and foundations that nourish and support aging skin. When shopping around, look for makeup with sun protection, anti-aging, and hydrating ingredients to keep your face feeling and looking fresh. We've compiled a list of highly rated and recommended products to help you find the best foundation for mature skin on the market. 

Our top picks for the best foundations for mature skin

Best full-coverage foundation for mature skin: Shiseido Synchro Skin Radiant Lifting Foundation SPF 30

Shiseido Synchro Skin Radiant Lifting Foundation SPF 30

This medium to full-coverage foundation comes in 30 shades. It’s perfect for mature skin thanks to its light-reflective properties and mandarin-peel extract that helps smooth over and reduce hyperpigmentation. 

The lightweight liquid formula with SPF 30 can be used sparingly for a medium look or layered for full coverage. It blends easily without sticking to fine lines in the face. It lifts, refines, and smooths mature skin, and users say it’s a go-to when you want full coverage for your face, but need hydration. 


  • Key ingredients: Light-adjusting technology, radiant microcrystals, and transparent, luminous pearl
  • Size: 1.0 ounce
  • Shades: 30 


  • Contains broad-spectrum sun protection
  • Hydrates


Best full-coverage

Shiseido Synchro Skin Radiant Lifting Foundation SPF 30 560 Obsidian 1.0 oz/ 30 mL

Shiseido Synchro Skin Radiant Lifting Foundation SPF 30 560 Obsidian 1.0 oz/ 30 mL

Best drugstore foundation for mature skin: L'Oréal Age Perfect Radiant Serum Foundation 

L'Oréal Age Perfect Radiant Serum Foundation

This product, unlike some, is designed specifically for mature skin. One of our most affordable options, it contains sunscreen, hydrating face serum, and Vitamin B2 to protect, smooth, and firm your skin. And its lightweight coverage will help smooth fine lines and even out skin tones while keeping your face hydrated. 

Because it provides lighter coverage than some other foundations, users say it is a great daily option because of its high 50 SPF and ability to stand up in hot weather. However, others have remarked it might not be enough if you want a full-coverage foundation look.


  • Key ingredients: SPF 50, Vitamin B3, and hydrating serum
  • Size: 1.0 fluid ounce
  • Shades: 15 


  • Affordable
  • High SPF 
  • Hydrating


  • Must apply layers for fuller coverage

Best drugstore

L Oreal Paris Age Perfect Radiant Serum Foundation Makeup 25 Cream Beige 1 fl oz

Best powder foundation for mature skin: The Good Mineral Loves-You-Back 3in1 Mineral Powder Foundation

The Good Mineral Loves-You-Back 3in1 Mineral Powder Foundation

Marketed as a concealer, powder, and foundation, this three-in-one option is great for mature skin due to its non-drying or caking properties, which won’t settle into fine lines or pores in your skin. A mineral-based product, it is zinc and iron oxide plus titanium dioxide—all of which naturally provide sun protection, which is extremely important for all ages. In addition, it is non-comedogenic, which means it will protect against breakouts. This may be especially helpful to peri-and menopausal women whose skin may be finicky due to fluctuating hormones. 


  • Key ingredients: Zinc oxide, sericite, and iron oxide
  • Size: Net weight 10 grams/.35 ounces
  • Shades: 12
  • Price: $39


  • Contains minerals for sun protection
  • Good for sensitive or acne-prone skin
  • Won’t settle into fine lines


Best powder foundation

The Good Mineral Loves-You-Back 3in1 Mineral Powder Foundation

Best cream foundation for mature skin: Dermablend Cover Creme Full Coverage Foundation

Dermablend Cover Creme Full Coverage Foundation

If you’re searching for a full coverage cream foundation, Dermablend has you “covered,” thanks to its high-performance formula that includes a moisturizing balm that blends easily with other products. Users say it works well for covering dark spots, hyperpigmentation, burns, and scars and provides 30 SPF to protect your mature skin. And because it’s a cream foundation, it doesn’t cake into fine lines, and a little goes a long way. 


  • Key ingredients: Titanium dioxide, mineral oil, beeswax
  • Size: 1 ounce
  • Shades: 4


  • Contains SPF 30
  • Offers full coverage
  • Blends well with other products


  • Expensive
  • May feel a bit “heavy”

Best cream foundation

Dermablend Cover Creme Full Coverage Foundation

Best liquid foundation for mature skin: Ilia True Skin Foundation

Ilia True Skin Foundation

If you have Instagram or TikTok, you’re probably familiar with Ilia Beauty. Its vegan and cruelty-free foundation, like its other clean products, lives up to the hype, offering mature skin coverage that feels and looks natural. 

This foundation gives users medium coverage with a natural finish, and with niacinamide and allantoin, two potent skincare actives, each day you wear the foundation may Excellerate skin tone, pores, and lines. Try Ilia Beauty’s Super Serum Skin Tint SPF 40 if you want lighter coverage with higher sun protection. 


  • Key ingredients: Niacinamide, allantoin, and aloe barbadensis leaf juice
  • Size: 1 fluid ounce
  • Shades:30
  • Price: $54


  • Vegan, cruelty-free
  • Provides a natural glowing look


  • Expensive
  • Does not contain SPF 40

Best liquid foundation

Ilia True Skin Foundation

Best stick foundation for mature skin: Merit The Minimalist

 Merit The Minimalist

Both a foundation and a concealer, you can use it to cover specific spots, including undereye circles, or use it as a light-to-medium full face foundation. This slim stick slips into your purse or pocket so you can refresh as necessary. Wearers say it’s a perfect, non-cakey formula, and it contains sea daffodil extract that can help diminish the appearance of dark spots. 


  • Key ingredients: Sea daffodil extract, glycerin, titanium dioxide
  • Size: .23 ounces 
  • Shades: 20
  • Price: $38


  • Easy to carry with you
  • Foundation and concealer in one


  • Does not contain SPF 40 
  • Expensive

Best lightweight foundation for mature skin: Clinique’s Even Better Glow™ Light Reflecting Makeup Broad Spectrum SPF 15 Foundation

Clinique’s Even Better Glow™ Light Reflecting Makeup Broad Spectrum SPF 15 Foundation

This foundation’s light-reflecting properties is just one reason it’s a top choice for mature consumers. It goes on smoothly and doesn’t cake, with a dewy finish versus a matte look. 

It may not be the right product if you want heavy coverage. It is a good choice for light-to-medium coverage for everyday use thanks to built-in sun protection and sweat and humidity-resistant properties. It contains vitamins C and E, which have properties that help your skin brighten over time with use. 


  • Key ingredients: Octinoxate, titanium dioxide, and zinc oxide 3.0%
  • Size: 1.0 fluid ounce
  • Shades: 3


  • Good for daily use
  • Dewy finish


  • Lower SPF than some
  • Limited offerings of shades

Best lightweight foundation

CLINIQUE Even Better Glow™ Light Reflecting Makeup Broad Spectrum SPF 15 Foundation Sienna 1 oz/ 30 mL

CLINIQUE Even Better Glow™ Light Reflecting Makeup Broad Spectrum SPF 15 Foundation Sienna 1 oz/ 30 mL

Best matte foundation for mature skin: NARS Soft Matte Complete Foundation 

NARS Soft Matte Complete Foundation

Matte makeup is not usually recommended for mature skin, but this 16-hour matte foundation provides full coverage without drying out or caking over time. It contains anti-aging ingredients like peptides and skin-boosting A, C, and E vitamins. It goes on smoothly and diminishes fine lines and pores and can also be used under eyes to hide dark circles. Users say its staying power claim holds, even in heat and humidity. 


  • Key ingredients: Botanical extracts and antioxidants
  • Size: 1 fluid ounce
  • Shades: 34
  • Price: $42


  • Matte foundation 
  • Contains vitamins A, C, and E
  • Many shades


Best matte

NARS Soft Matte Complete Foundation

Best dewy foundation for mature skin: Lancôme SKIN FEELS GOOD Tinted Moisturizer with SPF 23

Lancôme SKIN FEELS GOOD Tinted Moisturizer with SPF 23

If you’re looking for light coverage to help your skin glow, this tinted moisturizer will work in place of foundation. It contains SPF 23 to help protect your mature skin from sun damage and can be worn as a moisturizer blended with another foundation or by itself. 

We’ve included it for its dewy properties that allow for a radiant, natural look without caking into fine lines and because it covers up redness. 


  • Key ingredients: Hydraulic acid, vegetable glycerin, and Moringa seed extract
  • Size: 1.08 ounces
  • Shades: 10 


  • Moisturizing coverage
  • Contains SPF


  • May not provide enough coverage for some

Best dewy foundation

Lancôme SKIN FEELS GOOD Tinted Moisturizer with SPF 23

Lancôme SKIN FEELS GOOD Tinted Moisturizer with SPF 23

Best foundation for sensitive mature skin: Kjaer Weis Invisible Touch Liquid Foundation

Kjaer Weis Invisible Touch Liquid Foundation

Designed in part for mature skin, Invisible Touch offers buildable light-to-medium coverage for sensitive skin, protective organic extracts like Dioscorea Batatas, known for its healing and illuminating properties, and chamomilla recutita flower water, which helps with redness. 

Older users report that it doesn’t sink into fine lines and gives skin a dewy finish. It does not contain SPF, so you’ll need to use a separate product for sun protection. The product has a dropper for application, allowing it to last longer than a foundation that may overflow from a bottle. 


  • Key ingredients: Hyaluronic acid, organic chamomile water, and sunflower seed oil
  • Sizes: 1.0 ounce
  • Shades: 17 
  • Price: $48


  • Mature reviews rave over its natural dewy finish
  • Full of botanical extracts to soothe sensitive skin


  • Expensive
  • Does provide sun protection

Best for sensitive mature skin

Kjaer Weis Invisible Touch Liquid Foundation

Best foundation for oily mature skin: Laura Mercier Real Flawless Weightless Perfecting Foundation

Laura Mercier Real Flawless Weightless Perfecting Foundation

Not all mature skin is dry. If your skin is oily, you will likely want a lightweight product that doesn’t add shine (controls oil) and improves a skin’s texture over time. It works well in humidity plus is sweat- and-waterproof. Users say it stays put “throughout the day” and “reduces shine” during its 12-hour period leaving oily skin hydrated and happy. 

One note, you will need to blend and layer for a full-foundation look, as this one offers medium coverage and you’ll want to add an SPF to your skincare regimen as well. 


  • Key ingredients: Camelia seed, vitamin E and cacao extract
  • Size: 1.0 ounce
  • Shades: 30


  • Gentle on skin
  • Lightweight


  • Lack of sun protection
  • Expensive

Best for oily mature skin

Laura Mercier Real Flawless Weightless Perfecting Foundation

Best foundation with SPF for mature skin: IT Cosmetics, CC+ Color Correcting Full Coverage Cream SPF 50+

IT Cosmetics, CC+ Color Correcting Full Coverage Cream

This one does “it” all—with anti-aging ingredients and a high SPF (50) formula. It hydrates, conceals, and camouflages fine lines, redness, dark circles, uneven skin tones, and scars. What sets this product apart is its high SPF, which means you can safely wear this foundation outdoors without applying additional sun protection. Vitamin E provides soothing nourishment for skin that may need attention, and hyaluronic acid helps skin retain water and diminish fine lines over time.


  • Key ingredients: Hyaluronic acid, niacinamide, and vitamin E
  • Size: 1.08 fluid ounces
  • Shades: 22 


  • Contains high SPF protection
  • Great at correcting imperfections, especially around eye area


Best with SPF

IT Cosmetics CC+ Cream with SPF 50+

Best foundation for dark spots: Estée Lauder Double Wear Maximum Cover Camouflage Makeup for Face and Body SPF 15

Estée Lauder Double Wear Maximum Cover Camouflage Makeup

When you want to cover dark spots, you may need maximum coverage that doesn’t cake on your face. Estée Lauder offers oil-free, water-resistant, sweatproof, and full coverage makeup. It’s a liquid foundation, so you can apply as much or as little as you would like. Some users say it’s heavy, so not for those seeking lighter coverage. SPF 15 is a great starting point for sun protection but most skin experts recommend a higher one, so you should consider adding a layer of sunscreen or mix it with a protective moisturizer if you plan to be outside most of the day. 


  • Key ingredients: SPF 50 
  • Size: 1.0 ounce
  • Shades: 8


  • Contains SPF
  • Covers dark spots


  • Expensive
  • Could feel “heavy”

Best for dark spots

Estee Lauder Double Wear Maximum Cover Camouflage Foundation For Face and Body SPF 15

Best foundation for mature skin that offers many shades: Luminous Silk Perfect Glow Flawless Oil-Free Foundation

Luminous Silk Perfect Glow Flawless Oil-Free Foundation

This buildable foundation doesn’t crease or get stuck in lines and comes in 40 skin shades to help users find their perfect match. While on the more expensive side of our list, mature users say it is worth the price for its strong coverage, yet natural look, and all-day staying power. 

Good for all skin types, including sensitive, this foundation offers full coverage with a natural finish that hydrates (with glycerin) and provides some sun protection due to titanium dioxide, one of its active ingredients. 


  • Key ingredients: Titanium dioxide and glycerin
  • Size: 1.0 ounce
  • Shades: 40


  • Wide range of shades
  • Natural, full-makeup finish


Best that offers many shades

Luminous Silk Perfect Glow Flawless Oil-Free Foundation

How to choose the best foundation for mature skin

When choosing the best foundation for mature skin, consider your skin type and sensitivities, how much coverage you want, and how much SPF the foundation contains. Like other skin care products such as eye creams, you should read the label for beneficial ingredients that can enhance mature skin:

  • Hyaluronic acid, which will help plump and hydrate skin
  • Peptides, a natural anti-aging ingredient
  • Vitamins A, C, and E, plus products like botanical flower extracts like rosehip and chamomile, because they will help reduce redness and help to keep skin smooth
  • Sun protective minerals should also be key ingredients if you don’t want to add sunscreen to your foundation routine. Look for products with an SPF of at least 40. 

How we researched and tested our findings

We studied the ingredients, texture, and variety of shades for all our products. We selected our top picks from various retailers by fact-checking, personally testing, and scouring hundreds of reviews. Our comprehensive list covers many common concerns about how to find the best foundation makeup for mature consumers.

Frequently asked questions (FAQs)

What type of foundation should be used on mature skin?

The foundations listed above are good examples of what will work with mature skin. It is recommended that mature skin types avoid powdery or cakey matte products, as they can settle into fine lines and wrinkles. 

How do you apply foundation so it doesn't settle into wrinkles?

Before applying your foundation, make sure you have used a hydrating cleanser and add a facial serum with hyaluronic acid (note: many foundations have this ingredient) to hydrate your face. When the serum has soaked into your skin, add moisturizer and primer, which creates a barrier between your skin and concealer, to help keep the skin smooth. When you apply your foundation, make sure not to oversaturate the skin with a product. Start by applying a dab of product and blend it gently, while building up coverage as you go. 

What type of makeup products are best avoided on mature skin?

Because mature skin is often dry, powdered makeup like foundation or blush may settle into fine lines and not provide enough hydration or go on as smoothly as a cream or liquid one. Products that contain alcohol as a key ingredient should also be avoided due to its drying properties. 

Should mature skin use matte or dewy foundation?

While all skin is different, overall, dewy foundations may be preferable to a matte one since they may provide a more natural finish. However, the right matte foundation will provide full coverage and supply you a more polished, more made-up look—if that is what you want.

Sun, 23 Jul 2023 15:22:00 -0500 en text/html
The Best Foundations For Mature Skin, According To Experts

Choosing the right foundation often calls for an assessment of your skin type and its needs, which tend to evolve as we age. And if your former go-tos aren’t quite doing the job anymore, it may be time to change up your products. The best foundations for mature skin come with built-in skincare benefits, like hyaluronic acid to retain moisture or vitamin C to even out and brighten. Consider it a multitasking move that improves your complexion over time, so you need less concealing in the long run, which is always a good thing. (Our top picks in this category are the Armani Power Fabric Foundation and our best drugstore foundation the L’Oreal Paris True Match Super-Blendable Foundation.)

“Radiant, vibrant, healthy glowing skin at every age should be everyone’s goal,” says celebrity makeup artist Jo Baker. Ahead, find the best foundations for aging skin, including a drugstore classic, a spot-correcting wonder and a versatile stick—plus expert tips on how to apply any formula for a radiant finish.

Giorgio Armani Power Fabric Foundation

Shades: 30 | Coverage: Medium to full | Key ingredients: Dimethicone

If you’ve been a fan of Armani’s cult favorite Luminous Silk foundation but are looking for more coverage as your skin needs change, the brand’s Power Fabric is an excellent changeup. One of makeup artist Neil Scibelli’s favorites, this pick offers an impressive matte finish and full coverage that masks redness and dark spots while still feeling light on the skin. You’ll want to apply sunscreen beforehand, but the foundation’s SPF 25 provides added sun security.

Sisley Paris Phyto-Teint Ultra Eclat

Shades: 25 | Coverage: Medium | Key ingredients: Minerals, buckwheat seed extract

Paris-based Sisley is the French woman’s secret for effortlessly gorgeous skin that appears to be completely natural. This long-lasting foundation is oil-free but hydrating thanks to moisturizing mallow and gardenia extracts, and has a light-diffusing effect on the complexion to blur creases and even out your tone, sans any streaks. For sensitive skin, reviewers often comment on how it does not cause breakouts either.

What our editors say: “I describe this as a step up from a tinted moisturizer but not as intense as a cream foundation,” says senior fashion editor Kari Molvar. “It’s dewy and gives you full coverage without looking cakey. I also like how it glides on smoothly, so I don’t have to spend a lot of time blending it. When I wear it, my friends comment on how glowy my skin looks, which is the ultimate goal in my view!”


Merit The Minimalist

Shades: 20 | Coverage: Light to medium | Key ingredients: Fatty acids, sea daffodil extract

Besides being travel-friendly, creamy stick formulas can double as concealer and are perfect for on-the-go touchups. This top pick from Merit is infused with sea daffodil extract to help reduce the appearance of dark spots and provides buildable coverage. The shape of the stick allows you to dab into various nooks and spots of the face, and you can blend with your fingers or pair with the brand’s Brush No. 1 for a smooth, airbrushed effect.

What our editors say: “Whether you want to use it all over or are spot concealing for a bare-faced look, this complexion stick is great,” says senior beauty editor Jane Sung. “I especially like how it gives blendable, buildable coverage that feels good on drier skin types but is also formulated to be safe for anyone who is prone to acne or breakouts.”

L’Oreal Paris True Match Super-Blendable Foundation

Shades: 47 | Coverage: Medium | Key ingredients: Hyaluronic acid, vitamin E

This L’Oreal Paris foundation is a wildly popular drugstore pick for good reason. The hydrating yet oil-free formula is available in an expansive range of 47 shades and gets rave reviews for its buildable, natural finish. It’s also fragrance-free and has vitamin E for added skincare benefits. 

Charlotte Tilbury Airbrush Flawless Foundation

Shades: 44 | Coverage: Full | Key ingredients: Replexium, Magic MossCellTec

Charlotte Tilbury’s matte foundation is available in 44 shades and provides full coverage without feeling overbearing on the skin. The longwear formula gives a soothing cooling effect when applied, and is resistant to sweat, water and humidity. Plus, the addition of a proprietary ingredient dubbed “Magic Replexium” is said to help reduce the appearance of wrinkles, providing an airbrushed finish—something we could all use at any age.

Ilia Super Serum Skin Tint SPF 40

Shades: 30 | Coverage: Light | Key ingredients: Squalane, hyaluronic acid, shea butter

Ilia’s 30-shade serum foundation range is ideal for dry skin, thanks to hydrating squalane and hyaluronic acid. The clean, dewy-finish product addresses skin texture, fine lines and tone, too, with the addition of niacinamide. It’s best for someone looking for a light veil of coverage and a natural glow. Worth noting: The formula can start off looking a shade lighter than what it will actually be before it’s blended or rubbed in.

What our editors say: “My favorite thing about Ilia’s Super Serum Skin Tint is that I usually forget I’m wearing it,” says deals editor Kara Cuzzone. “It’s designed to sink into the skin so it never feels heavy on my skin or looks cakey—even after a long day of wear. The formula also provides good coverage, masking my persistent redness for a natural-looking glow that has earned me multiple compliments.”

Pat McGrath Labs Sublime Perfection Foundation

Shades: 36 | Coverage: Medium | Key ingredients: Hyaluronic acid, diamond core powder

Legendary makeup artist Pat McGrath’s foundation promises gorgeous luminosity worthy of a splurge. Available in 36 shades, the creamy, buildable formula smooths fine lines and blurs pores while keeping skin hydrated and healthy through a proprietary “Vita-Serum Complex,” made with hyaluronic acid and ceramides.

Clinique Even Better Clinical Serum Foundation

Shades: 42 | Coverage: Full | Key ingredients: Hyaluronic acid, vitamin C, salicylic acid

Sure, you’ll get instant, full-coverage gratification with this foundation, but it’s also made with a special complex, vitamin C and salicylic acid that work together to help fade dark spots and Excellerate skin texture over time. The matte finish formula is especially great for combination to oily skin, and has added SPF 25 to boot.

L'Oreal Paris Age Perfect Radiant Serum Foundation

Shades: 30 | Coverage: Light | Key ingredients: Vitamin B3, hydrating serum

Serum foundations are typically lighter in consistency and coverage, and enhanced with ingredients that help boost skin health—a great option for someone who doesn’t want to feel like they’re wearing foundation. This formula offers all that and added SPF 50, plus its available in 30 shades. An added benefit: The brand claims the foundation won’t settle into fine lines either.

Why Trust Forbes Vetted

As makeup-wearers and avid testers ourselves, the Forbes Vetted staffers who have written, edited and updated this list know what it takes to find the best foundations for every skin type and stage in life. Our senior beauty editor Jane Sung has swatched and tested countless complexion products and reports on some of her top picks for this story, and senior fashion editor Kari Molvar has covered the beauty industry for 20-plus years. Having access to top professionals in the field, we also tapped two makeup artists Baker and Scibelli for their expert picks as well as best practices for achieving a radiant, flawless look at any age.

How We Chose The Best Foundations For Mature Skin

We’ve done our due diligence in researching ingredients used in the most effective foundations for mature skin. In our selection process, we dove deep into customer reviews and testimonials to include top-rated products within various categories. Our team also incorporated firsthand insights for their own recommendations. Lastly, makeup artists Baker and Scibelli provided expertise on application tips, trending products and top-of-the-line formulations.

What To Consider In Foundation For Mature Skin

Scibelli is an industry veteran who has contoured and highlighted some of Hollywood’s most famous faces, including Molly Sims and John Legend. Here, he shares his top tips on how to pick the right formula for your skin type.

Skin Type

Skin type is important to consider when choosing the best foundation for aging skin. For example, Scibelli says those with dry skin may need a formula with hydrating properties in a liquid or cream form, while oily skin types could opt out of the added moisture and choose a lightweight or powder consistency.


Foundation finish is the way the product appears when it dries down. It can range from dewy to matte to natural, and is typically a personal preference based on skin type. Scibelli does note that he typically does not use formulas that are shimmery or pearlized on mature skin. “It can settle into unwanted areas and actually accentuate fine lines and wrinkles,” he says.


Built-in sunscreen is important to protect against sun damage, of course, but also to prevent further breakdown of collagen in the skin as well as future sun spots. It’s still important to apply an additional sunscreen (before using foundation) to ensure you’re getting the full broad-spectrum protection.


Foundations can be found at every price point. Pricier versions might have added skin-benefitting features or high-quality ingredients, but more affordable or drugstore options could also perform just as well.

Shade Range

Finding the right shade for your skin tone can involve a bit of trial and error. It’s ideal to know your general skin tone and undertones, which can vary from warm to cool to neutral. Fortunately, an increasing number of brands are featuring a wide range of shade options to make it easier to find the right fit for you.

What Kind Of Foundation Is Best For Aging Skin?

Creams, serums, sticks—many types of foundation work for mature skin (like our top pick the Armani Power Fabric Foundation, which provides buildable coverage). The most important thing is that it blends in well so that it’s undetectable. Baker is partial to lightweight, oil-free foundations, which provide a modern no-makeup makeup finish. “You see your skin—but better. You want to enhance your complexion without masking your unique features,” she says. “This is ideal for more mature skin types that are looking for a radiant, smoothed complexion without the old-school weighty coverage.”

It also helps to apply with a light hand. “Oftentimes, heavier foundations can just make people look older than they are,” says Baker. “Instead, keep it light; keep it dewy.”

How Do You Keep Foundation From Settling Into Wrinkles?

First, prime your skin properly. “Choosing the right skincare is key. I have been using serums under makeup for normal to combination skin and skipping moisturizer, as it seems to be the perfect balance. But drier skin types can benefit hugely from the layering of skincare—especially during colder months,” says Baker.

Then, supply your serums and moisturizers a few minutes to sink in. “You’ll be pleasantly surprised that your makeup will last longer,” finds Baker, who also recommends applying a primer to even out the surface and fill in any creases. “Sisley’s Double Tenseur gel primer is an absolute go-to in my kit, as it creates an invisible mesh layer all over your face,” she says. “This step helps any base last longer and stay put with a flexibility and firmness you can’t get with a regular moisturizer.”

For even more great deals on skincare products, check out Forbes Coupons. You can find big discounts from retailers like Sephora and Ulta.

Tue, 24 Oct 2023 10:42:00 -0500 Jane Sung en text/html
How Much Does a Foundation Cost to Build?
How Much Does a Foundation Cost



  • Foundation cost typically ranges from $5,200 to $148,000, but the national average is $9,100.
  • The type and size of foundation, type of structure, permits, soil testing, prep work, and labor rates are some of the main factors for calculating the cost of a concrete foundation.
  • Concrete foundations provide a stable base for a structure to sit on and withstand extreme weather conditions. They can also provide energy savings when they are insulated and waterproofed.
  • Pouring a foundation requires expertise, special equipment, and a knowledge of structural support calculations, so it’s a job best left to a professional concrete company or general contractor.

Need to build a foundation?

Talk to a pro and get free, no-commitment project estimates from trusted, top-rated services near you.


A home’s foundation is often hidden from sight, but that doesn’t negate how absolutely vital it is for the strength, stability, and health of the structure it supports. Since a foundation is so crucial to a solid house, it’s not a component that can be overlooked or rushed during the design or construction process. It’s an essential piece of the project, and so homeowners are often curious about foundation costs.

There’s no one-size-fits-all price when it comes to the cost of a foundation. According to Angi, the national average foundation cost is $9,100, though a typical range is $5,200 to $148,000. There are several factors homeowners should consider when estimating their foundation’s total cost.

For instance, soil type can determine the type of foundation required for the building, significantly influencing costs. Foundation size, regional labor rates, and site-specific challenges also play a role in estimating how much it will cost to build a foundation.

Factors in Calculating Foundation Cost

Foundation costs can be complex, and while the national average offers a general benchmark, it’s often just the tip of the iceberg. Knowing the most influential aspects that affect concrete foundation costs can help homeowners plan their budget accordingly.

Foundation Size

Foundation projects are usually charged based on square footage. Generally, larger foundation footings cost more to lay, while smaller foundations are more cost-effective. The average foundation cost per square foot is between $5 and $37, so homeowners can expect the foundation cost for 1,000 square feet to fall anywhere between $5,000 and $37,000.

Besides size, there are a few related factors for readers to keep in mind. For example, depth, complexity, soil preparation needs, and local labor and material rates can all play a role in determining a foundation’s cost in relation to its size. So, a small but deep basement foundation in a highly populated area may cost more than a large slab foundation in a rural location.

Foundation Size Average Cost Range (Materials and Labor)
500 square feet $2,500 to $18,500
1,000 square feet $5,000 to $37,000
1,500 square feet $7,500 to $55,500
2,000 square feet $10,000 to $74,000
3,000 square feet $15,000 to $111,000

Foundation Type

The type of foundation chosen for a project greatly influences the final cost. Different foundation types require different materials, construction methods, and timelines to complete, resulting in widely different cost ranges.

For example, a full basement foundation ($20 to $37 per square foot) will likely require more concrete and reinforcement than a slab-on-grade foundation ($4 to $14 per square foot). Homeowners can almost always expect the cost to pour concrete slab foundations to be more cost-effective than the cost to pour full basement foundations, while crawl space and block foundations tend to fall somewhere in the middle.

Homeowners are advised to choose a foundation type based on structural and environmental needs over price alone. While some foundation types are more affordable, they may not be appropriate for every building scenario and can result in costly repairs, potential safety issues, and premature replacement costs down the line.

Structure Type

Foundations have unique features and pricing depending on the type of structure they are supporting. Concrete slabs are a popular choice for homes and sheds. They’re typically quicker to construct and use less concrete and fewer materials. The straightforward process to lay a concrete slab often leads to lower costs.

Structures requiring a full basement foundation often need a deeper excavation, increasing labor and equipment costs. Basement foundations also use more concrete and need additional reinforcements, which can increase pricing. Waterproofing and incorporating features like windows and emergency exits can also lead to higher costs.

Garage structures often need thicker slabs or reinforced floors to support the weight of vehicles and additional storage. Incorporating electrical wiring and drainage systems can also boost costs.

Mobile homes are another structure to consider when homeowners are comparing foundation costs. Mobile homes often use pier and beam foundations, which is a more cost-effective option for this style of home. However, floating slabs, crawl spaces, and basements are other options—all of which come at their own price points.

Structure Type Average Cost Range
Concrete slab $5,200 to $21,000
Full basement $24,000 to $50,000
Garage $2,000 to $7,000
Mobile home $3,000 to $36,000


A foundation doesn’t always require footings. For example, a floating slab might remain stable without traditional footings depending on the expected load or soil composition. Lightweight structures, such as sheds, might not require footings beneath the foundation either. But for homes, garages, and oversize sheds or workshops, footings are needed to act as the base support and distribute the structure’s weight across a larger area of the ground.

Concrete footings cost an average of $6.50 per square foot. When the footings are priced per volume, homeowners might get an estimated cost of $150 per cubic yard. Overall, concrete footings typically add between $5,200 and $15,700 to a foundation’s total cost, with final pricing heavily dependent on the depth and width of the footings.


Constructing a foundation requires skilled workers, which comes at a cost. Concrete labor costs for installing a foundation usually represent between 40 percent and 60 percent of the total project budget. That translates to homeowners spending approximately $4,500 to $18,500 on labor alone when pouring a foundation.

Several factors influence the final labor cost of a foundation, including project duration and complexity. More complex types of foundations tend to need more working hours, which can raise labor costs. The geographic location also plays a role in the final price, since areas with a higher cost of living or limited availability of foundation labor typically charge higher rates.

Need to build a foundation?

Talk to a pro and get free, no-commitment project estimates from trusted, top-rated services near you.


Permits and Inspections

Building a foundation typically requires a permit to meet the city’s construction regulations. The foundation contractor or construction company generally handles initiating and pulling the necessary permits before beginning any work. However, homeowners are advised to confirm this process to avoid fees or penalties.

Most foundation companies roll the cost of permits into their overall quote, and homeowners can often find it as a separate line item on the quote. If paid separately, the cost of a building permit can range from $450 to $2,300 based on project size and specific requirements.

After a permit is secured, periodic inspections may be required during different phases of construction rather than only at the end of the project. Foundation inspections are necessary to ensure compliance with safety and building codes.

Soil Testing

Foundation costs are influenced by soil testing, an examination process used to determine the composition and properties of the soil where foundation construction is planned. This helps engineers and general contractors understand the strength of the soil conditions so they can determine which type of foundation is best suited or required to meet building safety codes.

Geotechnical soil tests are required for construction purposes, costing between $1,000 and $5,000. The final cost depends on the extent of the test, along with the location and accessibility of the site. While soil testing does increase construction costs, it ensures that a stable foundation is built on the ground and reduces the risk of future structural issues.

Additional Costs and Considerations

A new foundation project has several immediate costs. However, there are multiple layers for homeowners to consider when budgeting for foundation work, with several potential additional costs to keep in mind. Costly surprises are less likely to occur during the construction of a foundation when homeowners are aware of potential costs that could apply to their project.

New vs. Replacement Foundation

A major cost factor to consider is whether the project is a new foundation or a replacement. Installing a foundation for a new home typically costs between $18,000 and $30,000. The process involves testing the soil and preparing the land for foundation work before beginning work on footings or pouring concrete. Additional preparation work like tree or rock removal can raise costs.

However, a full foundation replacement ranges from $25,000 to $115,000—significantly more for several reasons. The higher costs include the demolition and removal of the existing foundation, along with the additional material and labor costs associated with adding temporary supports to hold up the structure if needed. Finally, the work to replace a foundation can unveil hidden water damage or deteriorated materials that even the best foundation repair companies (such as Basement Systems or Ram Jack) can’t address without adding unexpected costs.

Architect Fees

An architect specializes in designing and planning structures. When it comes to foundation construction, an architect can provide valuable insights for maximizing the use of the land. Every piece of land is unique in terms of slope, soil type, and climate. Having a foundation designed by a professional to best fit a site’s unique challenges and opportunities can be quite valuable.

Architect fees range from $2,000 to $10,000, depending on the project’s complexity and the architect’s experience. While working with an architect comes with an added cost, it means that a foundation will meet local building codes and offer long-term stability.

Grading and Excavation

Grading is the process of leveling land to achieve an ideal slope or elevation. Proper grading helps water drain away from the home, preventing potential water damage.

Excavation involves removing soil, rocks, or other debris from the site to create space to dig and build. Without proper excavation, a foundation might not be placed at the correct depth or on stable ground. Grading and excavation costs are often combined at an average cost of $2 to $10 per square foot.

Sealing and Drainage

Water can be a foundation’s worst enemy. Persistent water exposure can compromise a foundation’s structural integrity over time, leading to cracks, shifts, and even potential collapses.

Sealing the concrete and adding proper drainage can safeguard a foundation. Such preventive measures before damage occurs helps homeowners feel confident that a foundation will last as long as possible, minimizing expensive foundation repair costs down the line.

Sealing a foundation typically costs between $1,900 and $7,300. Adding a drainage system to redirect water away from the foundation costs between $1,100 and $6,500. Some building codes dictate if and where a drainage system is required, partly based on soil and geotechnical test results. While both are added costs for homeowners to absorb initially, the long-term savings can be monumental.

Sump Pump Installation

Sump pumps are usually installed in the lowest part of a basement or crawl space. Their purpose is to prevent water buildup by pumping out water and diverting it away from the home. Removing excess water from rain, melting snow, or rising groundwater drastically minimizes the risk of flood damage.

While sump pumps aren’t always necessary, a sump pump can safeguard the foundation and protect stored belongings in homes in flood-prone areas or those with high groundwater levels.

Homeowners can expect to pay anywhere from $650 to $2,050 for sump pump installation, depending on the pump type and complexity of installation.

Insulation Installation

Foundation insulation costs between $1 and $5 per square foot, depending on the insulation type and thickness. Installation complexity also plays a role in how much it costs to insulate a foundation.

Designed to prevent heat transfer, foundation insulation can be made from fiberglass, foam, or cellulose. Proper installation means homeowners can expect reduced energy bills and a more consistent and comfortable indoor temperature.

Insulation also helps in preventing moisture intrusion and consequential mold. In colder regions, insulation can also help to protect exposed pipes from freezing and bursting in extreme temperatures.

Not all foundations need insulation. But in colder climates or homes with foundations below ground level, insulation can be an investment that offers energy savings.

Types of Foundations

There are several types of house foundations, with each option offering unique advantages and pricing. When more than one type of foundation is suitable for a property, homeowners will want to consider the pros and cons, average costs, and suitability of each type before making a decision.

Type of Foundation Average Cost Range (per Square Foot)
Alaskan slab $8 to $14
Basement $20 to $37
Block $9 to $15
Crawl space $6 to $18
Frost-protected $8 to $12
Monolithic slab $4 to $14
Pier and beam $5 to $16
Stem wall $6 to $12

Alaskan Slab Foundation

An Alaskan slab foundation is a thicker, deeper variation of a standard slab-on-grade foundation. This type is ideal for cold climates where freezing ground increases the risk of a foundation cracking. An Alaskan slab is also the ideal choice where soil and water conditions don’t allow for a full basement and where a home has a walkout basement instead.

Unlike a typical slab foundation, an Alaskan slab has deeper trenches around the perimeter for the footings. While the middle part is generally thinner than the edges, the entire slab is much thicker than standard slabs. The thicker design is more substantial and influences pricing due to the extra installation time and additional materials. Typical Alaskan concrete slab prices range from $8 to $14 per square foot.

Basement Foundation

A basement foundation is a deep foundation that offers additional living or storage space beneath the structure it supports. The construction process involves building footings, erecting walls, and pouring a concrete slab to connect all the components.

Basement foundations are the most expensive type of foundation, as they require additional materials and labor hours. Homeowners can expect to pay between $20 and $37 per square foot, not including vapor barriers, insulation, or finish work.

Areas with high water tables are not suitable for basements, since they would flood frequently. For areas where basements are permitted, basement foundations offer homeowners additional living space and an increased home value despite the higher upfront costs.

Need to build a foundation?

Talk to a pro and get free, no-commitment project estimates from trusted, top-rated services near you.


Block Foundation

Homeowners can have block foundations installed for an average cost of $9 to $15 per square foot. This type of foundation offers several key benefits. To start, it can support more weight than a poured foundation, making it ideal for larger homes. It also offers extreme durability and a long lifespan when installed properly and routinely maintained. As a bonus, block foundations allow for more straightforward repairs than poured varieties.

However, if not correctly sealed, a block foundation can be more susceptible to moisture infiltration. Cinder blocks also don’t offer the same smooth finish as poured concrete, which can take away from the aesthetics of a home.

Crawl Space Foundation

A crawl space is a raised foundation that provides a gap between a home’s lowest floor and the ground. While the space isn’t typically tall enough to allow standing, it offers an area for utilities and storage in some scenarios.

The construction process uses fewer materials than other foundation types. The walls can be built using solid concrete, cinder, or concrete blocks. A crawl space foundation doesn’t typically have a full concrete slab. But if there is a slab, it’s much thinner than a standard pour.

Pricing ranges from $6 to $18 per square foot for a concrete crawl space foundation, depending on the size, depth, and soil conditions. Adding vents, insulation, or a sump pump will also impact the final price.

Frost-Protected Shallow Foundation

In some areas, additional insulation is needed, which is where a frost-protected shallow foundation comes in handy. These typically cost between $8 and $12 per square foot. With additional insulation, frost-protected foundations are ideal for frigid climates where foundations can experience structural damage due to excessive and deep ground freezing. They are similar to Alaskan-style slabs but more cost-effective.

During construction, at least 2 inches of rigid polystyrene insulation are installed beneath the foundation. While the footings may need to go deeper to sit below the frost line, the entire foundation can be poured all at once, saving labor hours.

Frost-protected shallow foundations suit various building types, including commercial and residential properties. However, there might be better choices for properties with moisture challenges, as drainage can be an issue.

Monolithic Slab Foundation

As its name suggests, a monolithic slab foundation is poured simultaneously. The central part of the slab is of standard thickness, while the edges are thicker to provide additional support. It’s one of the most affordable foundations, with monolithic slab foundation costs ranging from $4 to $6 per square foot.

Since it’s poured all at once, the construction process is usually faster than with other foundation types that need multiple pours. Monolithic slabs also require less maintenance, as they have fewer joints and seams, reducing the chance of leaks or cracks.

Monolithic slabs are best suited for areas where the ground doesn’t freeze. Stable soil is also essential. While this type of foundation is versatile and ideal for garages, sheds, and small homes, it does not support the construction of a basement.

Pier and Beam Foundation

A pier and beam foundation is an older type of foundation. It’s considered a crawl space foundation that uses wooden or steel beams supported by piers with a thin concrete slab poured on top. It creates a space beneath the structure that can be helpful for certain utilities and maintenance tasks.

However, a pier and beam foundation isn’t suitable for all soil types or in areas with frequent soil shifts, high water tables, or earthquakes. This foundation type doesn’t offer the same level of stability as others and is decreasing in popularity as a result. Homeowners can expect to pay between $5 and $16 per square foot for this type of foundation.

Stem Wall Foundation

As another type of crawl space, a stem wall foundation has vertical walls that raise a home above ground level. This design either creates a crawl space beneath the house or allows it to be situated in rugged areas where other foundation types won’t work.

Stem wall foundations are also known as frost walls or T-shaped foundations. They’re especially helpful in areas prone to extreme ground freezing while also being useful on uneven terrain or hillsides. Stem wall foundations are versatile and can be used with a variety of home architectural designs. A stem wall foundation ranges from $6 to $12 per square foot.

Benefits of Choosing to Build a Strong Foundation

The decision to build a solid and sturdy foundation comes with many benefits. Homeowners can enjoy protection from extreme weather, structural support to their house, added insulation and waterproofing, and even pest prevention.

Protection from Extreme Weather

Building a solid basement foundation is vital for a home’s protection from extreme weather and geological events like earthquakes. Rapid influxes of water from storms can destabilize the ground around and beneath a home, while strong winds and seismic activities can exert tremendous pressure on a house, potentially causing it to crumble.

A strong foundation makes it more likely that a house will remain anchored during a high-wind event or geological threat. In earthquake-prone areas, additional safety measures can be taken to strengthen the foundation even more, such as adding extra steel reinforcements, specific bolts and braces, and shock-absorbing components. Additionally, foundations that raise a home above ground level can avoid intrusion water during storm surges or flash floods.

While building a strong foundation comes with an added cost, it can mean the difference between life and death during extreme weather and earthquakes.

Structural Support and Longevity

A weak foundation puts a home at risk in several ways. Cracks in the walls and ceilings, uneven floors, and bowing walls are more likely to occur. A weak foundation can also allow water to enter a home, leading to serious problems such as mold, mildew, and wood rot. Over time, a house can diminish in value due to a weak foundation that requires expensive and premature repairs.

Building a strong foundation offers sound structural support and longevity. Homeowners can worry less about moisture issues and uneven settling. Additionally, homes with a strong foundation often have higher market values and extended lifespans while requiring less maintenance.


Without proper insulation, homes lose significant heat during the winter and take in unwanted heat during the summer, leading to higher energy costs. A lack of insulation can also result in condensation buildup in the foundation. Excess moisture can lead to mold and mildew, which can cause respiratory issues for a home’s occupants.

By building a strong foundation using certain materials, such as insulated concrete forms or rigid foam, homeowners can feel confident that both the structural integrity and energy efficiency of their homes. Energy bills will be lowered, and HVAC systems will have a longer operational life with a reduced workload. Added insulation from a foundation will also protect.against moisture, creating a safer and more comfortable living environment.


When it comes to any foundation, waterproofing is an exceptional benefit. But this feature is especially prevalent in a strong foundation. A strong foundation offers enhanced durability and can better resist moisture and hydrostatic pressure erosion and wear. A well-constructed foundation is also less prone to developing cracks, offering fewer entry points for water. Strong foundations typically incorporate better drainage solutions as well.

On the other hand, weaker foundations are more susceptible to water damage. They may experience severe cracks or even collapse due to water-induced damage. Such scenarios come with increased maintenance costs and the potential for reduced property values in addition to safety risks for residents. Ensuring that a home rests on a strong and durable foundation helps homeowners worry less about the safety of their home and its residents and avoid potentially expensive repair costs.

Pest Prevention

Many types of pests can enter a home through its foundation, especially one that is cracked or deteriorating. From transmitting diseases and causing allergic reactions to contaminating food, pests bring many health concerns.

Some pests can also cause structural damage to a home, including wood and electrical damage. They can leave behind unpleasant odors, and listening to the sounds of scurrying rodents can make a home’s residents feel uneasy.

However, a solid foundation without cracks or gaps offers fewer opportunities for pests like rodents, termites, and ants to work their way into a home. Strong foundations also tend to feature better waterproofing, which means less moisture that could attract pests.

Foundation Construction: DIY vs. Hiring a Professional 

When it comes to foundation construction, many homeowners might wonder if a do-it-yourself approach is an option for a small slab under a shed. While that can be an option for the most experienced DIYer who has all the time and resources to mix and pour concrete for a DIY foundation, most homeowners’ projects require professional know-how.

For major foundation projects like basements, it’s necessary for homeowners to hire a professional who is licensed and experienced at constructing a key part of a home. Even a slab-on-grade foundation is best left to the pros, who have all the necessary equipment to complete the project.

Even affordable concrete work is messy and more delicate than expected, so homeowners typically prefer to leave this project to those who can make short work of a long project. The process to start and finish a foundation is complex and requires knowledge of local building codes, soil types, drainage systems, and more.

Given the challenges, it’s evident that hiring foundation contractors is the better option.

They bring expertise, experience, and the right equipment to the job. Their knowledge ensures that the foundation is not just built but that it’s built to last, keeping the structure safe and stable for years to come.

Need to build a foundation?

Talk to a pro and get free, no-commitment project estimates from trusted, top-rated services near you.


How to Save Money on Foundation Cost

Building a foundation can be a significant investment, but homeowners can find ways to lay a strong foundation without overspending. These money-saving tips are helpful for homeowners to consider when researching foundation costs.

  • Shop around. Contact different contractors for at least three separate foundation quotes. This approach will allow you to compare not only costs but overall value.
  • Use local materials. Reduce transportation costs by shopping for local materials if there is anything you can purchase on your own.
  • Understand cement pricing. Take some time to learn about current market prices for cement and other essential materials to help negotiate with suppliers and choose cement costing within your budget.
  • Opt for simple designs. A simple foundation design can save on materials and labor costs, so it’s worth reviewing ways to maximize space with a more rectangular or square shape.
  • Don’t skimp on prep. A well-prepared construction site can reduce unexpected costs. Make sure the contractor is on board to clear the area of debris and obstacles before the work begins. Or reduce costs by opting to prep the site yourself, if you have the time and equipment needed.
  • Keep up on maintenance. Regularly inspecting and maintaining a foundation can prevent minor issues from becoming major problems that cost more down the road.
  • Address cracks early. Should a routine inspection uncover a crack, addressing the issue immediately can save significant money in the long run. Foundation crack repair costs tend to rise as time goes on.

Though it’s not a money-saving tip, homeowners may want to apply for one of the best home equity loans through lenders like U.S. Bank or Flagstar Bank, to finance the cost of building a foundation. Interest rates tend to be more reasonable and are often locked in. Financing construction or renovation projects can help homeowners keep cash reserves for other uses.

Questions to Ask About Foundation Construction

Laying a strong foundation requires more than materials. It needs proper planning and the right team. That’s why it’s so important for homeowners to vet potential construction companies before hiring one. Homeowners can use these questions to help narrow down a list of residential foundation contractors.

  • How many years of experience do you have in foundation construction?
  • Are you licensed and insured for foundation work?
  • Do you offer an itemized estimate and invoice?
  • Can you provide a list of references you’ve completed foundation projects for in the past?
  • What type of foundations are you most experienced with?
  • Will you obtain the necessary permits and schedule the inspections?
  • How long do you anticipate my foundation project will take?
  • Do I need to insulate my foundation?
  • Do you offer any warranties or guarantees?
  • How will you address potential foundation crack issues in the future?
  • How do you manage the disposal of construction waste?
  • What safety measures do you take during the construction process?


With foundation costs playing an essential role in construction budgets, it’s important for homeowners to understand the factors determining the final price. This FAQ section offers additional insight and advice on foundation requirements, features, and costs.

Q. What is the most cost-effective house foundation?

If a full basement is not needed, then the most cost-effective house foundation is a monolithic slab foundation. It’s a one-pour design for both the footing and slab. This straightforward construction method requires fewer materials, reducing overall costs. Installation costs range from $5 to $12 per square foot, depending on the size of the home. Larger homes can reach up to $16 per square foot.

Q. Can I pour my own foundation?

Pouring a foundation requires extensive knowledge of concrete mixtures, site prep, and proper leveling techniques. Most localities also require a permit for foundation work. Without the proper tools, experience, and knowledge, even a savvy DIYer may not be able to pour their own foundation without making a mistake that, come time for inspection, will need to be repaired or redone. Foundation work is best left to the pros.

Q. What is the most durable foundation for a house?

The most durable foundation for a house depends on several factors, including the property’s soil conditions, regional climate, and local building codes and regulations. However, a poured concrete foundation is typically considered the most durable. Other types of durable foundations include concrete block foundations, insulated concrete forms, and stone or masonry foundations.

Q. How long do poured concrete foundations last?

Several factors determine how long poured concrete foundations last, including the initial construction quality and local environmental conditions. While a poured concrete foundation can last at least 50 years—and up to 100 years or more—maintenance is critical. Homeowners should regularly inspect their foundation and promptly address any cracks, leaks, or other issues for optimal longevity.

Q. How do I hire the right foundation installer?

Hiring the right foundation installer starts with gathering multiple estimates. Homeowners are encouraged to ask for and check references to help ensure the installer’s experience matches their services. A great foundation installer will welcome questions and be open to discussing the project in depth. Finally, homeowners are advised to beware of vague clauses when reviewing estimates that could lead to hidden expenses.

Q. How deep does a concrete foundation need to be?

The ideal depth of a concrete foundation depends on climate conditions, the specific foundation type, and the construction site’s soil type. While some concrete foundations can be nearly surface level, others may need to be dug several feet deep. To ensure their foundation is dug to the appropriate depth, homeowners should verify local requirements to verify that the planned depth aligns with local building codes and standards.

Sources: Angi, HomeAdvisor, Fixr, Homeguide

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Tue, 24 Oct 2023 22:50:00 -0500 en text/html
The 10 Best Foundations For Dry Skin That Hydrate And Boost Radiance

If your complexion is consistently parched and flaky, applying foundation can sometimes feel like you’re highlighting the problem. The key is to find a moisturizing formula that hydrates while providing coverage. According to makeup professionals, the best foundations for dry skin are lightweight and made with nourishing ingredients that create a glowy, dewy look.

While the best foundations for oily skin tend to have absorptive, mattifying properties, ones for dry skin are designed to increase radiance and leave a luminous finish. Sephora beauty director Helen Dagdag recommends looking for products described with words like “hydrating” and “glow” (like our top pick from Nars). To compile this list of moisturizing options, we sifted through hundreds of reviews and sought wisdom from beauty professionals to find the very best foundations for dry skin—just in time for the cooler months.

Nars Sheer Glow Foundation

Key ingredients: Vitamin C, vitamin E, turmeric | Shades: 40 | Size: 1 ounce | Cruelty-free: No

This formula is a go-to because of its ability to transform and even tone—so not only does it provide sheer, buildable coverage, it minimizes the appearance of uneven skin over time. All-star ingredients include anti-inflammatory turmeric root extract and vitamin C, which fades hyperpigmentation and boosts collagen.

What our editors say: “I’ve tested a lot of foundations, and this Nars one remains an all-time favorite for my normal-to-dry skin,” says senior beauty editor Jane Sung. “It feels very lightweight (a must for me) yet is buildable based on the type of coverage you want—I used it on my wedding day and didn’t regret it.”

What you’ll love:

  • Non-acnegenic, so it won’t clog pores
  • Lightweight and buildable
  • Improves skin texture

Keep in mind:

  • Pump sold separately
  • A little goes a long way

No7 Lift & Luminate Triple Action Serum Foundation

Key ingredients: Vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin E, hibiscus | Shades: 18 | Size: 1 ounce | Cruelty-free: Yes

This formula from UK brand No7 juggles a lot: On the surface, it conceals redness, offers medium coverage and has light-reflecting particles that de-emphasize fine lines and wrinkles. And on a deeper skincare level, it’s packed with vitamins that lift, firm and brighten.

What you’ll love:

  • Affordable
  • Has SPF 15
  • Reviewers say it stays put

Keep in mind:

  • Some say the texture can be runny

Giorgio Armani Luminous Silk Foundation

Key ingredients: Glycerin, dimethicone | Shades: 40 | Size:  1 ounce | Cruelty-free: No

This top-rated, oil-free foundation has a practically permanent place on every best list. It’s lightweight but buildable so you can achieve the coverage you want, and its luminous finish beautifully disguises dullness. Users say it works well for combination skin and that it doesn’t settle into wrinkles or fine lines.

What you’ll love:

  • Silky texture
  • Creates a glowy-not-greasy finish
  • Doesn’t feel heavy on skin

Keep in mind:

  • Some prefer more coverage

L’Oreal Paris True Match Super-Blendable Foundation

Key ingredients: Hyaluronic acid, glycerin, vitamin E | Shades: 47 | Size: 1 ounce | Cruelty-free: No

This medium-coverage, vegan formula by L’Oreal is formulated with up to six pigments so you can find a shade that’s a precise fit for your skin tone. It’s super moisturizing so you won’t get flaky patches, and it blends smoothly to avoid that weird mismatch in color at your jawline.

What you’ll love:

  • Easily blendable
  • Doesn’t look cakey
  • 47 shades help you find a perfect match

Keep in mind:

  • No SPF
  • Vegan, but not cruelty-free


Smashbox Always On Foundation

Key ingredients: Hyaluronic acid, sea asparagus, sugar kelp | Shades: 30 | Size: 1 ounce | Cruelty-free: Yes

Achieving a full-coverage look can be tricky when you have dry skin, but Smashbox’s Always On foundation never feels too cakey or thick. The ultra-buildable formula offers medium to full coverage depending on how much you use. Blended with moisture-locking hyaluronic acid and nutrient-rich sea asparagus, this foundation gives long-lasting hydration throughout its 16-hour wear time.

What our staffers say: “My skin tends to be pretty dry and sensitive, so I love the added boost of moisture I get from this foundation,” says updates writer Claire Epting. “It also stays in place all day.”

What you’ll love:

  • Creamy, soft texture
  • Very buildable coverage
  • Locks in moisture all day

Keep in mind:

  • Not as lightweight as other picks
  • No SPF

Yves Saint Laurent Nu Bare Look Tint Foundation

Key ingredients: Glycerin, hyaluronic acid, mallow | Shades: 20 | Size: 1 ounce | Cruelty-free: No

This skin tint foundation from Yves Saint Laurent is ideal for achieving that natural “woke up like this” look. Hyaluronic acid and glycerin help moisturize the skin, while mallow brightens the complexion for a radiant, dewy finish. If you’re seeking more coverage, this foundation is buildable—just keep in mind it won’t conceal imperfections as readily as a heavier formula would.

What you’ll love:

  • Very lightweight
  • Dewy finish
  • Reviewers say it pairs well with other products

Keep in mind:

  • Gives less coverage than other picks
  • No SPF

Pat McGrath Labs Sublime Perfection Foundation

Key ingredients: Glycerin, polymers for long-lasting wear | Shades: 36 | Size: 1.18 ounces | Cruelty-free: No

British makeup artist Pat McGrath is a beauty powerhouse with a reputation for creating high-performance cosmetics that multitask. This hardworking formula is a perfect foundation for mature skin—which is sometimes code for “dry as a desert”—because it uses the company’s ultra-hydrating Vita-Serum Complex and Diamond Core Powder. The result? A smooth, illuminating finish that looks natural in every type of light.

What you’ll love:

  • Natural finish
  • Buildable coverage
  • Sets itself

Keep in mind:

  • Consistency can feel watery to some

Saie Glowy Super Skin Serum Foundation

Key ingredients: Hyaluronic acid, squalene, polyglutamic acid | Shades: 36 | Size: 1 ounce | Cruelty-free: Yes

This serum foundation from Saie is an antidote to chronic dry skin, offering plenty of hydrating ingredients to quench a thirsty complexion. Saie’s medium, buildable coverage helps you ditch dullness for a pretty, glowy finish sans the streaks. Reviewers love the clean beauty brand’s formula for its intense plumping benefits and natural look.

What you’ll love:

  • Blends easily
  • Plumps skin
  • Dewy finish

Keep in mind:

  • Some say it feels too oily

Haus Labs Triclone Skin Tech Foundation

Key ingredients: Fermented arnica, medicinal herbs, antioxidants | Shades: 51 | Size: 1 ounce | Cruelty-free: Yes

Haus Labs earns a Clean seal from Sephora, which means its formulas are free of phthalates, formaldehyde and other potentially harmful ingredients. “I am loving this new foundation because it gives a bit more coverage but looks like skin, with tons of good skincare ingredients, too,” says Dagdag. Powerful ingredients include fermented arnica, a key component for reducing redness, and the company’s BioFerment 7 Complex, a blend of protective antioxidants. Finding the right shade—especially when you’re dealing with a dry, flaky complexion—is an exacting process, and Haus Labs offers far more options than most other brands.

What you’ll love:

  • Expansive shade selection
  • Smooth, weightless finish
  • Clean brand at Sephora brand

Keep in mind:

  • Some say it transfers easily

Ilia Super Serum Skin Tint SPF 40

Key ingredients: Niacinamide, squalane, hyaluronic acid | Shades: 30 | Size: 1 ounce | Cruelty-free: Yes

Clean beauty brand Ilia is known for creating innovative makeup that emphasizes skincare. This serum foundation follows suit: It has several complexion-boosting ingredients that hydrate and brighten—including hyaluronic acid and niacinamide—and it provides dewy coverage and has SPF. (So basically, there’s very little it doesn’t do.) Reviewers say it provides light to medium coverage, doesn’t settle into fine lines and works well, even for sensitive skin.

What you’ll love:

  • Natural look
  • A little goes a long way
  • Glides on evenly

Keep in mind:

  • Some don’t love the dropper
  • The scent can be off-putting to some

Why Trust Forbes Vetted

At Forbes Vetted, you’ll find that every article in our extensive catalog of makeup stories has been carefully researched to ensure we deliver the best product recommendations possible. Author Molly Calhoun is a regular contributor who frequently covers beauty syllabus ranging from vitamin C serums to moisturizers for oily skin. For this piece, Calhoun consulted two experts on what to look for in a foundation for dry skin: Sephora beauty director Helen Dagdag and Dr. Leah Ansell of Treiber Dermatology. In addition, this story was overseen by senior beauty editor Jane Sung, who brings over a decade’s worth of beauty testing experience.

We refresh our roundups on a regular basis to confirm that our selections are still the most exceptional in their field. In its most accurate October 2023 iteration, updates writer Claire Epting added two new products to our list: the Smashbox Always On Skin-Balancing Foundation and Yves Saint Laurent Nu Bare Look Tint Foundation.

What To Consider In A Foundation For Dry Skin

Finding a great foundation is all about determining the best coverage, finish, skincare ingredients and a perfect pigment match. Here’s what to consider:


You don’t want foundation to settle into cracks or dry patches, so nourishing skin is key. “For those with dry skin, look for a foundation with moisturizing ingredients such as ceramides, hyaluronic acid, aloe vera and jojoba oil to help keep skin dewy and hydrated,” says Ansell. She says to avoid formulas with silica, talc or clay, as they can make the skin feel drier.


If you have oily skin, you typically look for a matte finish to cut shine. With dry skin, however, you’ll want to look for foundations that boost glowiness and radiance, so seek out dewy finishes that boost moisture. You may even see foundations with light-reflecting components, which help to create a lit-from-within effect.


Blurring lines and pores and evening out discoloration can be especially tricky with a parched complexion. In general, less is more when it comes to coverage for dry skin because full-coverage foundations often look cakey and heavy. Instead, look for sheer, lightweight or medium coverage foundations that are buildable—meaning, you can layer them to achieve a specific level of coverage and focus more on specific areas like your nose, cheeks or chin.

Which Foundation Type Is Best For Dry Skin?

“Cream and serum-based foundations are ideal for dry skin,” says Ansell. “They can be applied more easily and are less likely to pill the dry skin underneath.” Water-based foundations are also lightweight and are typically a good fit for people with dry, sensitive complexions. As for what to avoid: “Powders will almost always enhance dryness, so I avoid those,” says Dagdag. “If you need a powder to set, use it strategically and then pat over those areas with a damp sponge to remedy any texture.”

Our top foundation pick for dry skin is the Nars Sheer Glow Foundation. It provides light to medium dewy coverage and contains several high-power skincare ingredients including anti-inflammatory turmeric root extract and vitamin C, which fades hyperpigmentation and boosts collagen. For more sheer coverage, tinted moisturizers are also a smart option to consider.

How Do You Apply Foundation To Dry Skin?

“Prep is key when applying foundation,” says Dagdag. First, she recommends using a gentle exfoliant like the Sephora Collection Glow Peel Pads to supply a smooth, bright palette and then using a moisturizer for dry skin. When applying, tap or buff foundation onto skin with fingertips or a sponge or foundation brush. Avoid wiping or painting foundation onto skin because that will cause streaks. “If your skin is sensitive, I recommend a sponge or a flat foundation brush like the Sephora Pro Foundation Brush,” she says. “I also recommend using a setting spray instead of a powder to set.”

Tue, 17 Oct 2023 11:28:00 -0500 Molly Calhoun en text/html
Atlanta Hawks Foundation

Hawks Foundation and State Farm® Raise $116,500 for 'Good Neighbor Giveback' Campaign to Support the Atlanta Community Food Bank

ATLANTA – During halftime of the Hawks’ last regular season home game, the Hawks Foundation and State Farm presented a check of $116,500 to the Atlanta Community Food Bank as an effort to help combat childhood hunger and fight against food insecurity throughout metro Atlanta. To continue the commitment, the Hawks Foundation and State Farm created the season-long, ‘Good Neighbor Giveback’ campaign. This campaign raised $100 for every point the Hawks scored over 100 in each game during the 2021-22 regular season (up to $100,000). 

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 09:55:00 -0500 en text/html
GPU prices and availability (Q4 2023): How much are GPUs today?

The GPU shortage is over, and gamers around the world can breathe a sigh of relief. For those in the market for one of the best graphics cards, we closely looked at graphics card prices and availability to see where the GPU market is headed and to figure out the best time to buy.

If you’re looking for a cheap GPU deal, now is the time to buy. Cards from both AMD and Nvidia usually hover around the recommended list price, but some models are actually priced well below that.

Here’s the state of affairs for GPU pricing in the fourth quarter of 2023.

When will graphics card prices drop?

AMD RX 6600 among other graphics cards.
Image used with permission by copyright holder

GPU prices have largely returned to normal, and only a select few are selling above the list price. Graphics cards are in stock at retailers, which has cut off scalpers at the knees with inflated prices. The GPU market is in good shape now, with cards on the secondhand market selling for below list price, as they should.

Prices have normalized across most of the popular retailers, and a few accurate GPU launches didn’t make much of a splash, which means that these cards are now up for grabs for less than expected, or — at the very least — they’re available at list price. In the past, you’d have to wait for weeks for the prices to drop on a new GPU, but these days, the availability often exceeds demand. Some new GPUs have also come out recently, filling the market with viable and affordable graphics cards.

Moreover, there are still plenty of older graphics cards in stock, which belong to the RTX 30-series and RDNA 2 lineup. Those GPUs are often budget-friendly options, and many of them make great alternatives to high-end current-gen cards.

Nvidia GeForce Ada Lovelace RTX 40-series

Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 GPU.
Jacob Roach / Digital Trends

GeForce RTX 4090

Nvidia’s RTX 4090 is the cream of the crop when it comes to GPU power (read our RTX 4090 review to see it in action), and it comes with a price to match. The base price is $1,600, and some third-party models are as much as over $2,000. The RTX 4090 has been getting pricier in the last few months, so if you’re hoping to buy one, you’ll most likely have to pay $1,650 or more.

Soon after launch, the card was mostly sold out across the board, and that was one of the last chances for a while for scalpers to make some coin. These days, you can find plenty of RTX 4090s in stock, so head directly to retailers instead of buying second-hand — unless you spot a great (and safe) deal on a gently used card.

GeForce RTX 4080

Nvidia followed up the RTX 4090 with the RTX 4080, and that GPU is also readily available. Although not as impressive as the flagship card (read our RTX 4080 review for more), it’s still a powerful GPU with Nvidia’s latest architecture. It’s a little less worth the money for the price than the RTX 4090, though, which means that you may find some models at up to $150 less than the recommended list price.

GeForce RTX 4070 Ti

Nvidia’s RTX 4070 Ti isn’t a great GPU, as you can read in our RTX 4070 Ti review, and that’s mainly because it’s too expensive. The card was released at $800, and while some third-party retailers sell it for up to $900 or even $1,000, you can find many models near (or at) list price because of the lukewarm reception that the card had received upon hitting the market. The cheapest models actually dip a little below that, reaching around $770.

GeForce RTX 4070

Between several GPUs that could easily be referred to as less than stellar, the RTX 4070 shines bright. It’s a reasonable GPU where the numbers finally add up. It’s not too expensive, but it delivers decent performance in 1440p and does an outstanding job of handling 1080p games. If it suits your budget, it’s a decent halfway point in this generation. You can find several models below their initial list price of $550.

GeForce RTX 4060 Ti 16GB

Nvidia launched not one, but two versions of the RTX 4060 Ti this year. The 16GB version is virtually the same as the 8GB model, but it adds an extra $100 to the recommended list price and packs twice as much video memory. However, Nvidia launched this card very quietly, and it didn’t even make its own Founders Edition of it either. While it’s mostly available for sale, it’s not as popular as the 8GB version due to the poor performance per dollar. On the upside, there are some models that are actually $50 cheaper than the recommended list price of $500.

GeForce RTX 4060 Ti 8GB

While many had high hopes for the RTX 4060 Ti 8GB, its performance is not quite as great as expected, as you can see in our review of it. Due to the limited amount of VRAM and narrow memory bus, the card may struggle against some of the most demanding games that are already out, let alone the titles that are still yet to come. However, if you want a midrange card to slot inside your next PC build, the good news is that the RTX 4060 Ti 8GB is available at most retailers at list price or slightly below it, with some models dipping down to $380.

GeForce RTX 4060

In the previous generations, the xx60 GPU was always a fan favorite. The RTX 4060 may not quite earn that spot, but it’s affordable enough to still climb the ranks over time. We’ve reviewed it and found it to be an average competitor against AMD’s accurate RX 7600, but it is a bit faster, and it unlocks Nvidia’s DLSS 3, so there are still plenty of reasons to pick it up. It launched at $300 and has maintained that price ever since.

Nvidia GeForce Ampere RTX 30-series

RTX 3080 graphics cards among other GPUs.
Jacob Roach / Digital Trends.

GeForce RTX 3090 Ti

Although the RTX 3090 Ti should sell for a decent price now, it doesn’t. You’ll struggle to find any models in stock, and the ones that are available sell for above $1,800, with some reaching a crazy $3,400. Because of that, we’re omitting it from this list. Nvidia likely restricted the number of RTX 3090 Ti models it released as a late addition to the previous generation, so we may never see it back in stock at list price.

Read our RTX 3090 Ti review to see how the card performs.

GeForce RTX 3090

Although the RTX 3090 is much older than the RTX 3090 Ti, it’s still not any cheaper than its initial list price, and many models are actually a good couple of hundred dollars pricier. The card launched at $1,500, and while you can find some models around that ballpark, it’s also mostly out of stock. These days, there is no reason to buy a new RTX 3090 — you’re better off adding an extra $100-$200 and getting the RTX 4090 instead, or dropping down to an RTX 4080 which outperforms it.

GeForce RTX 3080 Ti

The RTX 3080 Ti is one of the few graphics cards in the Ampere generation that sells for well below its initial MSRP, and that’s probably because of how ridiculously overpriced it was when it first launched at $1,200. You can find new models for around $950 to $1,200, and in the lower end of that bracket, the card still makes some sense — but you’re most likely better off with an RTX 40-series GPU. Read our RTX 3080 Ti review for benchmarks.

GeForce RTX 3080

The RTX 3080 was a sweet-spot graphics card for high-end gamers when it launched. With a list price of $700 and uncharted performance — read our RTX 3080 review for more on that — it was the graphics card to buy. You may struggle to find it in stock outside of refurbished models right now, and while those are cheap, they can be risky.

GeForce RTX 3070 Ti

The RTX 3070 Ti is an updated version of the RTX 3070, packing in more cores, a faster clock speed, and higher memory bandwidth. It launched for only $600, but you’ll spend closer to $500 now. Overclocked models aren’t much more expensive, but you might end up paying up to $100 more. Read our RTX 3070 Ti review to see it in action.

GeForce RTX 3070

Much like the RTX 3080 and RTX 3080 Ti, it’s much harder to find the RTX 3070 compared to its Ti sibling. And you’ll pay about the same price. The RTX 3070 launched at $500, but most models run around $550, saving you only $100 or so compared to the Ti model. At this point, it’s better to just buy an RTX 4070.

GeForce RTX 3060 Ti

The RTX 3060 Ti is a popular graphics card, which makes sense. It’s among the best 1080p graphics cards you can buy, with enough power for 1440p in some titles. It launched for $400, but you can sometimes get it for around $330 to $360 now. Overclocked models are a bit more expensive, running toward $400 to $450 for a boosted card tricked out with RGB. If you can find a good deal on this card, it’s not much slower than the RTX 4060 Ti (and even faster in some titles), but it doesn’t have DLSS 3.

GeForce RTX 3060

The RTX 3060 is an oddball graphics card, launching for $330 shortly after the Ti version. Some models are now cheaper, while better versions remain around the original list price, dipping as low as $250 at times. Some overclocked models sell for over $400, but those are few and far between, and usually not worth it when there are next-gen options already up for grabs. For a full breakdown of performance, make sure to read our RTX 3060 review.

GeForce RTX 3050

Nvidia’s RTX 3050 is a solid option for gamers on a budget — read our RTX 3050 review for a full breakdown of performance — but it’s still selling for above list price. The cheapest cards run around $330, but you could spend up to $400 for an overclocked model. That’s a solid increase compared to the $250 price the card launched at.

Intel Arc Alchemist

The backs of the Arc A770 and Arc A750 graphics cards.
Jacob Roach / Digital Trends

Arc A770

Intel’s Arc A770 was a surprise hit (read our Arc A770 and A750 review), mostly due to its price. Intel has two models, one with 8GB of memory and another with 16GB. The 8GB model launched with a $330 price tag, while the 16GB model was priced at $350. Intel doesn’t have as many board partners as AMD and Nvidia, which is why these GPUs are few and far between, but you can still find them in stock for as low as $250 at times, although the ballpark of $300 is more common.

Arc A750

The Arc A750 is similar to the A770. It’s just slightly behind in performance and, consequently, slightly cheaper. The list price is $250 after Intel slashed the price, but you may find Intel’s own reference model for $240. Some of its add-in board (AIB) partners sell their cards for $220 to $230.

Arc A580

Almost a year after the rest of the lineup, Intel quietly launched the Arc A580 — and as the reviewers say, it’s not very impressive. The problem lies not with its performance, but rather with its price. It’s behind the Arc A750 in capability, but it’s only around $20 to $30 cheaper. It makes very little sense to buy right now.

Arc A380

Intel’s less-popular A380 is available, and there are a couple of models available ranging from $120 to $130. This card is far behind in performance and seemed more like a proof of concept for Intel Arc than a competitive release. It’s still in stock, but don’t expect top-tier gaming performance.

AMD Radeon RDNA 3 RX 7000

Two AMD Radeon RX 7000 graphics cards on a pink surface.
Jacob Roach / Digital Trends

Radeon RX 7900 XTX

As you can read in our Radeon RX 7900 XTX and RX 7900 XT review, AMD’s new graphics cards are seriously impressive. The flagship XTX model debuted at $1,000, and you can sometimes find it for a little below that at around $950. In terms of performance, it’s close to Nvidia’s RTX 4080, but read our review to see precise benchmarks.

Radeon RX 7900 XT

AMD’s RX 7900 XT is considerably less impressive than the XTX model, and because of that, you can find it readily available at retailers at below list price. Some third-party cards have even been discounted following a lukewarm reception to the GPU.

Radeon RX 7800 XT

The Radeon RX 7800 XT is a long-anticipated fresh arrival in the RDNA 3 lineup that finally bridges the gap between the high-end GPUs and the entry-level RX 7600. It’s also one of the best GPUs to buy at this price range, as you can read in our review of it. It launched at a recommended price of $500 and usually hovers around $520 right now, which makes it a go-to for 1440p gaming.

Radeon RX 7700 XT

While the RX 7700 XT brings more of a generational upgrade than the RX 7800 XT, it also makes much less sense to buy. The cheapest models hover around $440, which is far too close to the RX 7800 XT to make much of an impact, and there are also RDNA 2 options to consider at around the same price. AMD is really its own worst competitor right now, and this is a GPU where it truly shows.

Radeon RX 7600

AMD’s RX 7600 is an affordable graphics card that offers decent performance for 1080p gaming. In our review, we’ve found that it’s slightly slower than Nvidia’s RTX 4060, but it’s also a little bit cheaper. You can usually find it for anywhere between $260 and $300, so it makes for a solid choice for a budget-oriented PC build.

AMD Radeon RDNA 2 RX 6000

AMD RX 6950 XT graphics card on a pink background.
Jacob Roach / Digital Trends

Radeon RX 6950 XT

The Radeon RX 6950 XT is an updated version of the RX 6900 XT, bringing clock speed and memory bandwidth improvements (read about those in our RX 6950 XT review). It launched for $1,100, but it’s way, way cheaper now. Seeing as this is a 4K gaming card, it’s still a solid option if you’re building a high-end PC but don’t need a GPU from this current generation.

Radeon RX 6900 XT

The RX 6900 XT originally launched for $1,000, but you can find new models for around $750 these days. As you can see, that actually makes it a worse deal than the 6950 XT, which is an interesting twist. The RX 6950 XT used to provide worse value before, but now, it’s often the better option unless you can score a decent deal on the RX 6900 XT.

Radeon RX 6800 XT

The RX 6800 XT marks the sweet spot for 4K gaming in AMD’s RDNA 2 lineup, so it remains a popular card. Fortunately, its pricing has dipped well below the initial list price. These days, you can find an RX 6800 XT for around $500, and at that price, it’d be a steal … if not for the RX 7800 XT which costs pretty much the same.

Radeon RX 6800

The cut-down RX 6800 hasn’t had the same attention as the XT version, but it is around $100 cheaper. It launched for $580, but fortunately, these days you’ll only need to spend around $4500 to get your hands on this card. However, it makes for a reasonable alternative to the $520 RX 7800 XT.

Radeon RX 6750 XT

The RX 6750 XT is an updated version of the RX 6700 XT, and just like the other RX XX50-series cards, there are plenty of them in stock. Buying it now means great savings compared to when it initially launched at $550, as these days, you’re only spending around $360 to $400.

Radeon RX 6700 XT

The RX 6700 XT launched for $480, but it sells for considerably less now, saving you around $150. We found models around $320, but some overclocked models go up to $700. Needless to say, the card is not worth anywhere near that much, but it’s a good deal for $320. Although the RX 6700 XT technically lives alongside the RX 6750 XT, we imagine this model will be phased out over time in favor of the updated version.

Radeon RX 6650 XT

The RX 6650 XT is among the RDNA 2 refresh lineup, and it replaces the RX 6600 XT — though, keep our RX 6600 XT review handy in case you find a card in stock. The card launched for $400, but you’ll now find it for as low as $235, making it a competitive option against the current-gen RX 7600.

Radeon RX 6600 XT

AMD’s Radeon RX 6600 XT used to be one of the more popular graphics cards in the lineup, but the competition it faces from its siblings is fierce. While you can find it for around $270, you can also get the RX 6650 XT for less, so this GPU doesn’t make a whole lot of sense right now.

Radeon RX 6600

The RX 6600 is a cut-down version of the RX 6600 XT, and it comes in at a cheaper price: $210. There are some cards in stock for that price, though many sell closer to $250. The problem is inventory, as the RX 6650 XT has pushed many of the models off digital shelves. Make sure to read our RX 6600 review to see how the card stacks up.

Radeon RX 6500 XT

The RX 6500 XT was launched to compete with the RTX 3050 for a slightly lower price of $200. As you can read in our RX 6500 XT review, it’s one of the worst graphics cards ever released, which explains why you can pick one up for as little as $170. It’s a deal, but you’re not getting much of a graphics card for that price, so really, steer clear unless you have no other option.

Radeon RX 6400

If you’re looking for a true budget graphics card, the RX 6400 is your only modern option outside of Intel’s scarcely available Arc A380. It launched with a recommended price of $160, and the vast majority of cards sell for around that price (give or take $20). We couldn’t find any cards above $200. Keep in mind, though, that the RX 6400 is less focused on gaming, so you’ll only find options in small-form-factor configurations.

Should I buy a new GPU now or wait?

RTX 3080 installed in a PC.
Image used with permission by copyright holder

After a long period of inflated prices, GPUs are finally settling into the new normal. The so-called “new normal” means that they’re as cheap as they’ve been in years. While we’re not back to the pre-pandemic state, we might never go back to that due to the pricing strategy adopted by Nvidia, and, to a lesser extent, AMD.

Current-gen cards are available at most retailers, and the stock levels are more than high enough to meet the current demands. Some GPUs that were launched in 2022 and 2023 have already seen some price cuts, and even those that haven’t are up for grabs at the list price.

In other words, we don’t recommend waiting. Now is the time to buy a GPU. Last-gen graphics cards are plentiful and cheap (especially AMD models), and current-gen offerings aren’t as overpriced as they were upon launch. With the next generation of Nvidia GPUs slated for 2025, there is no reason to wait until then — buy now while the prices are finally acceptable.

FAQs about GPU prices

Why are GPUs so hard to find?

Fortunately, the days of GPUs being hard to come by are well and truly behind us. These days, minor shortages occur when a new product launches, but we’re out of the woods. It’s hard to say what the future will bring, though, so now is actually a good time to buy a graphics card.

For a bit of a history lesson, in 2021, there was a GPU shortage, which is why GPUs used to be so hard to find. The coronavirus pandemic caused a chip shortage, making it difficult for Nvidia and AMD to produce enough cards to keep up with demand. Demand was at an all-time high in 2021, too, as cryptocurrency miners rushed to pick up graphics cards from shelves.

Throw scalpers into the mix, who capitalized on demand from gamers and cryptocurrency miners, and it’s easy to see why GPUs were so expensive. Simply put, graphics cards used to be hard to find because the demand was much, much higher than the supply. Now, with higher stock levels and lower demand, it’s a whole different story.

Are GPUs still out of stock in 2023?

No, GPUs are not still out of stock in 2023. You can find Nvidia RTX 40-series and AMD RX 7000 graphics cards at most retailers, as well as on eBay. Cards are not only in stock now, but they’re also mostly selling for around list price. Last-gen options are plentiful, too, with Nvidia’s RTX 30-series and AMD’s RX 6000 both cheaper than ever outside of some models.

When will GPU prices return to normal?

Graphics cards are cheaper now than they were in 2021, and prices have continued to drop. Although some models are still overpriced, it’s safe to say that GPU prices have returned to normal now.

It’s possible that prices will rise again near the end of the year, but it’s hard to say for sure right now.

Will old GPU prices drop?

Older graphics card prices are dropping with the rest of the market. However, many old GPUs are really cheap now, and this especially includes some of AMD’s RX 6000 cards. Nvidia’s RTX 30-series still maintains high (or insanely high) prices in some cases, but other models, like the RTX 3070 Ti, are fairly reasonable.

Still, it’s important to remember that with new GPUs selling at list price, it often makes more sense to buy a newer card at a similar cost — although the old GPUs are perfectly sufficient for most gamers.

Editors' Recommendations

Sat, 21 Oct 2023 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
The Linux Foundation Announces General Availability of Delta Lake 3.0

SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 19, 2023 — The Linux Foundation is excited to announce the general availability of Delta Lake 3.0, the groundbreaking release of the renowned open-source Delta Lake project.

Developed under the banner of The Linux Foundation, this version of Delta Lake unifies lakehouse storage formats and gives users flexibility and control over their data.

Key Features of Delta Lake 3.0:

  1. Delta Universal Format (UniForm): Companies have long grappled with the decision of which storage format to standardize in their pursuit of creating a seamless data lakehouse. UniForm is an innovative feature that facilitates studying data in the format demanded by the application, ensuring heightened compatibility and a broader ecosystem. With UniForm, the challenges of choosing between Apache Iceberg or Apache Hudi are erased. Delta now effortlessly generates the essential metadata for both, eliminating the need for manual conversions, providing an unmatched layer of flexibility and efficiency.
  2. Delta Kernel: The expansive connector landscape for Delta often poses challenges for developers. Focused on streamlining the process of building Delta connectors, Delta Kernel offers a simplified API, ensuring that developers can harness the full suite of Delta’s offerings without being entangled in its underlying complexities. By masking the intricate details of the Delta protocol specification, developers can concentrate on leveraging the potential of Delta.
  3. Dramatically Faster MERGE and Updates: With Delta 3.0, MERGE now better leverages data skipping, the ability to use the insert-only code path in more cases, and an overall improved execution to achieve up to 2x better performance in various scenarios. DELETE operations are now more than 2x faster. Faster DELETE operations translate to reduced wait times when purging or updating data, enabling more agile data management and processing.

“The Linux Foundation has always championed open source innovation and collaboration,” said Jim Zemlin, Executive Director of the Linux Foundation. “With the release of Delta Lake 3.0, we see a testament to the power of community-driven development in the data world. This milestone represents not just technological advancement with industry-changing features like UniForm and Delta Kernel, but also the potential of open ecosystems to drive change and foster innovation.”

Users worldwide can now leverage Delta Lake 3.0 to streamline their data management processes, optimize performance, and enhance flexibility. Eager to delve deeper into the feature set and discover more about Delta Lake 3.0? Explore the detailed release notes here. For more information on Delta Lake 3.0 and its revolutionary features, read this blog.

About The Linux Foundation

Founded in 2000, the Linux Foundation and its projects are supported by more than 2,950 members. The Linux Foundation is the world’s leading home for collaboration on open source software, hardware, standards, and data. Linux Foundation projects are critical to the world’s infrastructure including Linux, Kubernetes, Node.js, ONAP, Hyperledger, RISC-V, and more. The Linux Foundation’s methodology focuses on leveraging best practices and addressing the needs of contributors, users, and solution providers to create sustainable models for open collaboration. For more information, please visit us at

Source: The Linux Foundation

Wed, 18 Oct 2023 15:00:00 -0500 text/html
NEAR Foundation launches NEAR DA to offer secure, cost-effective data availability for ETH rollups and Ethereum developers

NEAR moves into the modular blockchain landscape with the lowest-cost DA offering in the Web3 market today

LISBON, Portugal, Nov. 8, 2023 /PRNewswire/ -- NEARCON: The NEAR Foundation today announced the rollout of the NEAR Data Availability (NEAR DA) layer, a groundbreaking innovation that offers robust, cost-efficient data availability for developers building Ethereum rollups.

Launched with Madara by StarkNet, Caldera, Fluent, Vistara, Dymension RollApps, and Movement Labs as its first users, NEAR DA's entry into the data availability landscape builds upon the NEAR Protocol's 3+ years as an established, secure, and reliable blockchain with 100% uptime. NEAR provides all the guarantees of a scalable layer-one network that is also more cost-effective than other DA solutions––for instance, posting rollup data on NEAR would be 8,000 times cheaper than posting on Ethereum.

Designed to scale Ethereum cheaply and reliably, NEAR DA offers immediate benefits to Web3 founders exploring the modular blockchain development landscape. The new layer supports Ethereum L2s that want to continue building on ETH without the high cost of posting data. It will also support high-quality projects looking to launch an app-chain or an L2.

The negligible, predictable gas fees and cost-effectiveness of NEAR DA let developers build more accessible applications for their end-users. As of September 2023, posting 100kB of calldata on Ethereum L1 for optimistic rollups would cost roughly $26.22, while posting the same amount of data on NEAR Protocol would cost $0.0033. Projects can pass those benefits along to their user base while still remaining integrated with the broader Ethereum ecosystem.

Illia Polosukhin, co-founder of NEAR Protocol, said: "Offering a data availability layer to Ethereum rollups highlights the versatility of NEAR's tech while also helping founders from across Web3 deliver great products that bring us closer to mainstream adoption of the Open Web. NEAR's L1 has been live with 100% uptime for more than three years, so it can offer true reliability to projects looking for secure DA while also being cost-effective. NEAR provides great solutions to developers no matter which stack they're building on and now that includes the Ethereum modular blockchain landscape."

By opening up its blockchain for data availability, NEAR Protocol is expanding its offerings to deliver a modular blockchain development framework that lets Web3 developers and founders continue building on Ethereum while leveraging NEAR's state-of-the-art tech for one part of the stack, depending on their requirements. NEAR DA expands the capabilities of NEAR's Open Web Stack, a common entry point where developers and users alike can easily build, browse, and discover Web3 products and platforms. This includes FastAuth onboarding to an account in seconds with zero crypto or seed phrases required, as well as the ability to create decentralized frontends from a library of thousands of components.

Developers and founders building on Ethereum rollups interested in using NEAR DA can visit to get started.

About NEAR Foundation

The NEAR Foundation is a Switzerland-based non-profit foundation whose mission is to enable community driven innovation to benefit people around the world. One of its core areas of focus is the NEAR ecosystem, which includes a fully operational decentralized Blockchain-based platform for building decentralized applications.

NF carries out its mission, primarily through the allocation of support and resources to other nodes in the near ecosystem, rather than via direct intervention or operations.

NF's ultimate goal is to minimize its own scope and footprint by continuing to divide functions and resources to the ecosystem; and support the development of decentralized infrastructure necessary for those ecosystem functions to operate in a self-sufficient manner. For more information visit the website, follow us on social, or join our communities:

NEAR Foundation X/Twitter: @nearprotocol
NEAR Foundation Telegram: @cryptonear

Media contacts:

Georgia Hanias
NEAR Foundation
+44 (0) 7812 211403



SOURCE NEAR Foundation

© 2023 Benzinga does not provide investment advice. All rights reserved.

Tue, 07 Nov 2023 19:30:00 -0600 en text/html
V Foundation - ESPN

The V Foundation for Cancer Research was founded in 1993 by ESPN and the late Jim Valvano, legendary North Carolina State basketball coach and ESPN commentator. It awards 100 percent of all direct cash donations. Due to generous donors, the Foundation has an endowment that covers administrative expenses.

Wed, 25 Apr 2012 06:42:00 -0500 text/html

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