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Exam Code: 102-500 Practice exam 2022 by Killexams.com team
102-500 LPIC-1 exam 102, Part 2 of 2, version 5.0

Exam Title : LPIC-1 Linux Administrator
Exam ID : 102-500
Exam Duration : 90 mins
Questions in exam : 60
Passing Score : 500 / 800
Exam Center : LPI Marketplace
Real Questions : LPI LPIC-1 Real Questions
VCE practice exam : LPI 102-500 Certification VCE Practice Test

Topic Details
Topic 105: Shells and Shell Scripting
105.1 Customize and use the shell environment
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should be able to customize shell environments to meet users' needs. Candidates should be able to modify global and user profiles. Key Knowledge Areas:
- Set environment variables (e.g. PATH) at login or when spawning a new shell.
- Write Bash functions for frequently used sequences of commands.
- Maintain skeleton directories for new user accounts.
- Set command search path with the proper directory.
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- .
- source
- /etc/bash.bashrc
- /etc/profile
- env
- export
- set
- unset
- ~/.bash_profile
- ~/.bash_login
- ~/.profile
- ~/.bashrc
- ~/.bash_logout
- function
- alias
105.2 Customize or write simple scripts
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should be able to customize existing scripts, or write simple new Bash scripts. Key Knowledge Areas:
- Use standard sh syntax (loops, tests).
- Use command substitution.
- Test return values for success or failure or other information provided by a command.
- Execute chained commands.
- Perform conditional mailing to the superuser.
- Correctly select the script interpreter through the shebang (#!) line.
- Manage the location, ownership, execution and suid-rights of scripts.
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- for
- while
- test
- if
- read
- seq
- exec
- ||
- && Topic 106: User Interfaces and Desktops
106.1 Install and configure X11
Weight: 2
Description: Candidates should be able to install and configure X11. Key Knowledge Areas:
- Understanding of the X11 architecture.
- Basic understanding and knowledge of the X Window configuration file.
- Overwrite specific aspects of Xorg configuration, such as keyboard layout.
- Understand the components of desktop environments, such as display managers and window managers.
- Manage access to the X server and display applications on remote X servers.
- Awareness of Wayland. The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- /etc/X11/xorg.conf
- /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/
- ~/.xsession-errors
- xhost
- xauth
- DISPLAY
- X 106.2 Graphical Desktops
Weight: 1
Description: Candidates should be aware of major Linux desktops. Furthermore, candidates should be aware of protocols used to access remote desktop sessions.
 
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Awareness of major desktop environments
- Awareness of protocols to access remote desktop sessions
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- KDE
- Gnome
- Xfce
- X11
- XDMCP
- VNC
- Spice
- RDP
106.3 Accessibility
Weight: 1
Description: Demonstrate knowledge and awareness of accessibility technologies.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Basic knowledge of visual settings and themes.
- Basic knowledge of assistive technology.
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- High Contrast/Large Print Desktop Themes.
- Screen Reader.
- Braille Display.
- Screen Magnifier.
- On-Screen Keyboard.
- Sticky/Repeat keys.
- Slow/Bounce/Toggle keys.
- Mouse keys.
- Gestures.
- Voice recognition.
Topic 107: Administrative Tasks
107.1 Manage user and group accounts and related system files
Weight: 5
Description: Candidates should be able to add, remove, suspend and change user accounts.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Add, modify and remove users and groups.
- Manage user/group info in password/group databases.
- Create and manage special purpose and limited accounts. The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- /etc/passwd
- /etc/shadow
- /etc/group
- /etc/skel/
- chage
- getent
- groupadd
- groupdel
- groupmod
- passwd
- useradd
- userdel
- usermod
107.2 Automate system administration tasks by scheduling jobs
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should be able to use cron and systemd timers to run jobs at regular intervals and to use at to run jobs at a specific time.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Manage cron and at jobs.
- Configure user access to cron and at services.
- Understand systemd timer units.
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- /etc/cron.{d,daily,hourly,monthly,weekly}/
- /etc/at.deny
- /etc/at.allow
- /etc/crontab
- /etc/cron.allow
- /etc/cron.deny
- /var/spool/cron/
- crontab
- at
- atq
- atrm
- systemctl
- systemd-run
107.3 Localisation and internationalisation
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should be able to localize a system in a different language than English. As well, an understanding of why LANG=C is useful when scripting.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Configure locale settings and environment variables.
- Configure timezone settings and environment variables.
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- /etc/timezone
- /etc/localtime
- /usr/share/zoneinfo/
- LC_*
- LC_ALL
- LANG
- TZ
- /usr/bin/locale
- tzselect
- timedatectl
- date
- iconv
- UTF-8
- ISO-8859
- ASCII
- Unicode
Topic 108: Essential System Services
108.1 Maintain system time
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should be able to properly maintain the system time and synchronize the clock via NTP.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Set the system date and time.
- Set the hardware clock to the correct time in UTC.
- Configure the correct timezone.
- Basic NTP configuration using ntpd and chrony.
- Knowledge of using the pool.ntp.org service.
- Awareness of the ntpq command.
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- /usr/share/zoneinfo/
- /etc/timezone
- /etc/localtime
- /etc/ntp.conf
- /etc/chrony.conf
- date
- hwclock
- timedatectl
- ntpd
- ntpdate
- chronyc
- pool.ntp.org
108.2 System logging
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should be able to configure rsyslog. This objective also includes configuring the logging daemon to send log output to a central log server or accept log output as a central log server. Use of the systemd journal subsystem is covered. Also, awareness of syslog and syslog-ng as alternative logging systems is included.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Basic configuration of rsyslog.
- Understanding of standard facilities, priorities and actions.
- Query the systemd journal.
- Filter systemd journal data by criteria such as date, service or priority.
- Configure persistent systemd journal storage and journal size.
- Delete old systemd journal data.
- Retrieve systemd journal data from a rescue system or file system copy.
- Understand interaction of rsyslog with systemd-journald.
- Configuration of logrotate.
- Awareness of syslog and syslog-ng.
Terms and Utilities:
- /etc/rsyslog.conf
- /var/log/
- logger
- logrotate
- /etc/logrotate.conf
- /etc/logrotate.d/
- journalctl
- systemd-cat
- /etc/systemd/journald.conf
- /var/log/journal/
108.3 Mail Transfer Agent (MTA) basics
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should be aware of the commonly available MTA programs and be able to perform basic forward and alias configuration on a client host. Other configuration files are not covered.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Create e-mail aliases.
- Configure e-mail forwarding.
- Knowledge of commonly available MTA programs (postfix, sendmail, exim) (no configuration).
Terms and Utilities:
- ~/.forward
- sendmail emulation layer commands
- newaliases
- mail
- mailq
- postfix
- sendmail
- exim
108.4 Manage printers and printing
Weight: 2
Description: Candidates should be able to manage print queues and user print jobs using CUPS and the LPD compatibility interface.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Basic CUPS configuration (for local and remote printers).
- Manage user print queues.
- Troubleshoot general printing problems.
- Add and remove jobs from configured printer queues. The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- CUPS configuration files, tools and utilities
- /etc/cups/
- lpd legacy interface (lpr, lprm, lpq)
Topic 109: Networking Fundamentals
109.1 Fundamentals of internet protocols
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should demonstrate a proper understanding of TCP/IP network fundamentals.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Demonstrate an understanding of network masks and CIDR notation.
- Knowledge of the differences between private and public "dotted quad" IP addresses.
- Knowledge about common TCP and UDP ports and services (20, 21, 22, 23, 25, 53, 80, 110, 123, 139, 143, 161, 162, 389, 443, 465, 514, 636, 993, 995).
- Knowledge about the differences and major features of UDP, TCP and ICMP.
- Knowledge of the major differences between IPv4 and IPv6.
- Knowledge of the basic features of IPv6.
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- /etc/services
- IPv4, IPv6
- Subnetting
- TCP, UDP, ICMP
109.2 Persistent network configuration
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should be able to manage the persistent network configuration of a Linux host.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Understand basic TCP/IP host configuration.
- Configure ethernet and wi-fi network using NetworkManager.
- Awareness of systemd-networkd.
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- /etc/hostname
- /etc/hosts
- /etc/nsswitch.conf
- /etc/resolv.conf
- nmcli
- hostnamectl
- ifup
- ifdown
109.3 Basic network troubleshooting
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should be able to troubleshoot networking issues on client hosts.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Manually configure network interfaces, including viewing and changing the configuration of network interfaces using iproute2.
- Manually configure routing, including viewing and changing routing tables and setting the default route using iproute2.
- Debug problems associated with the network configuration.
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- ip
- hostname
- ss
- ping
- ping6
- traceroute
- traceroute6
- tracepath
- tracepath6
- netcat
- ifconfig
- netstat
- route
109.4 Configure client side DNS
Weight: 2
Description: Candidates should be able to configure DNS on a client host.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Query remote DNS servers.
- Configure local name resolution and use remote DNS servers.
- Modify the order in which name resolution is done.
- Debug errors related to name resolution.
- Awareness of systemd-resolved.
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- /etc/hosts
- /etc/resolv.conf
- /etc/nsswitch.conf
- host
- dig
- getent
Topic 110: Security
110.1 Perform security administration tasks
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should know how to review system configuration to ensure host security in accordance with local security policies.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Audit a system to find files with the suid/sgid bit set.
- Set or change user passwords and password aging information.
- Being able to use nmap and netstat to discover open ports on a system.
- Set up limits on user logins, processes and memory usage.
- Determine which users have logged in to the system or are currently logged in.
- Basic sudo configuration and usage.
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- find
- passwd
- fuser
- lsof
- nmap
- chage
- netstat
- sudo
-/etc/sudoers
- su
- usermod
- ulimit
- who, w, last
110.2 Setup host security
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should know how to set up a basic level of host security.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Awareness of shadow passwords and how they work.
- Turn off network services not in use.
- Understand the role of TCP wrappers.
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- /etc/nologin
- /etc/passwd
- /etc/shadow
- /etc/xinetd.d/
- /etc/xinetd.conf
- systemd.socket
- /etc/inittab
- /etc/init.d/
- /etc/hosts.allow
- /etc/hosts.deny
110.3 Securing data with encryption
Weight: 4
Description: The candidate should be able to use public key techniques to secure data and communication.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Perform basic OpenSSH 2 client configuration and usage.
- Understand the role of OpenSSH 2 server host keys.
- Perform basic GnuPG configuration, usage and revocation.
- Use GPG to encrypt, decrypt, sign and verify files.
- Understand SSH port tunnels (including X11 tunnels).
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- ssh
- ssh-keygen
- ssh-agent
- ssh-add
- ~/.ssh/id_rsa and id_rsa.pub
- ~/.ssh/id_dsa and id_dsa.pub
- ~/.ssh/id_ecdsa and id_ecdsa.pub
- ~/.ssh/id_ed25519 and id_ed25519.pub
- /etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key and ssh_host_rsa_key.pub
- /etc/ssh/ssh_host_dsa_key and ssh_host_dsa_key.pub
- /etc/ssh/ssh_host_ecdsa_key and ssh_host_ecdsa_key.pub
- /etc/ssh/ssh_host_ed25519_key and ssh_host_ed25519_key.pub
- ~/.ssh/authorized_keys
- ssh_known_hosts
- gpg
- gpg-agent
- ~/.gnupg/

LPIC-1 exam 102, Part 2 of 2, version 5.0
LPI version Questions and Answers
Killexams : LPI version Dumps - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/102-500 Search results Killexams : LPI version Dumps - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/102-500 https://killexams.com/exam_list/LPI Killexams : 2022 Lamborghini Countach LPI 800-4 Meets the 1990 Lamborghini Countach 25th Anniversary Edition

From the December 2022 issue of Car and Driver.

Wide, wedgy, and outrageous, the Countach wasn't the first Lamborghini, but Marcello Gandini's jaw-dropping design created the archetype the company has followed ever since. No new Countach could ever match the original in terms of the awestruck reaction that greeted the vehicle,

named for a Piedmontese expletive uttered at the concept car. Which is why Lamborghini's decision to produce a new Countach, the LPI 800-4, seemed dangerously close to heresy. The question is: Can the LPI 800-4 compare as an experience?

To answer it, we drove the LPI 800-4 alongside a historic Countach from Lamborghini's own collection. This 1990 25th Anniversary Edition is the final original Countach built, and it's normally exhibited in the factory museum. With just 6000 miles, it's practically box-fresh. As the last version of the first Countach, it's the most appropriate example to match with the new car.

Park them next to each other, and the differences are at least as obvious as the similarities. The LPI 800-4 Countach sits on the Aventador's platform and shares its carbon-fiber tub. Years of evolution make it bigger in every plane. Yet there is also a visual kinship across the decades, with the LPI 800-4 clearly an homage rather than an attempted replica.

Mitja Borkert, Lamborghini's design director, was able to riff on themes from throughout the Countach's long life. There's an LP5000S-like front end (despite the absence of pop-up headlights), hexagonal wheel arches, and raised air intakes reminiscent of the mid-'80s Quattrovalvole. According to the principles of modern car design, the new Countach features better proportions and more harmonious details than the clad-and-straked 25th Anniversary. But the older car is the one you can't stop looking at.

2022 lamborghini countach lpi 8004, 1990 lamborghini countach 25th anniversary edition

Lamborghini

In performance, it isn't even close to being close. The LPI 800-4 gets the brawniest version of the Aventador's magnificent 6.5-liter V-12, along with the supercapacitor hybrid system used in the Sián hypercar. The car drives like a turned-up Aventador, as the all-wheel-drive system delivers massive thrust with assurance. The closer the engine gets to its 8700-rpm limit, the angrier and more savage it becomes. While the electric motor's modest 34-hp contribution is indiscernible from the V-12's 769 horsepower, its torque does smooth the single-clutch automated manual's gear changes, which are far less brutal than in the Aventador. Like every other modern Lambo, the LPI 800-4 has selectable drive modes, with the punchiest Corsa setting making it feel impressively wieldy on the small, tight 1.3-mile Autodromo di Modena we used for photography.

By comparison, the original Countach is woeful. The cramped cockpit is uncomfortable, and all but the shortest pilots will find their head grazing the roof, even with the seat in its lowest and most reclined position. It hails from a period before ergonomic considerations in supercars, and the driving position is heavily offset toward the center of the car due to the intrusion of the front wheel well. The footwell is so packed with its three pedals that there's nowhere to put a resting clutch foot. The dogleg gearshift features a foldable tab to prevent a first-to-reverse flubbed shift; in a good indication of the cabin designers' priorities, it sits ahead of a huge ashtray.

Rated at 449 horsepower, the old car's V-12 is quieter at startup than the LPI 800-4's and idles with a carbureted wuffle. U.S. Countaches as early as '83 models got Bosch fuel injection to meet emission regs, but European models stuck with six Webers until the end. The throttle pedal is light, and response is immediate and keen. The engine pulls cleanly from low down and with impressive vigor as revs rise. It sounds great too—much softer than the newer car, with valvetrain clatter audible over the exhaust.

Yet everything else is just so much hard work. The clutch is a leg-press machine set to Lou Ferrigno. The unassisted steering is so heavy at maneuvering speeds that turning the wheel is painful. Even once the car is moving, tight corners bring it back to full Hulk weighting, and in Autodromo's tight corners, few of the apexes are even grazed, let alone clipped. Between-corner speeds are limited by stopping rather than going, and the brake pedal's mushy responses impart none of the confidence you'd want when pushing a valuable supercar on a tight track. Does it have ABS? Our chaperone, Mario Fasanetto, who started at Lamborghini in 1985 building Countach engines and today is the company's chief test driver, just laughs.

2022 lamborghini countach lpi 8004, 1990 lamborghini countach 25th anniversary edition

Lamborghini

The team in Sant'Agata never designed the Countach for the track, and it shows. The car is vastly better on roads, especially fast highways from the days when European limits were either nonexistent or largely discretionary for supercar owners. The 25th Anniversary's claimed 183-mph top speed was likely just Ferrari baiting—the top speed we observed in a 1983 Countach 5000S was 160 mph. But even traveling at the lower velocities of the tamer 21st century, the Countach has the solid, planted feel you want for serious cruising pace.

Reaching a mountain road gives the modern car another chance to prove its dynamic superiority. The Strada Provinciale 26 near the Modenese village of Samone is a quiet road that combines hairpins and scenic views. It's a backdrop that draws all the local supercar makers (we've previously been here with Ferrari and Pagani, as well as Lamborghini). But the Countaches have it to themselves today. After the vein-popping workout of the 25th Anniversary model, the new car feels lighter and more agile than a V-12 Lamborghini has any right to.

The original Countach is one of those cars that is awesome both despite and because of its flaws. Justifying its divinity requires the sort of tortuous logic that corrupt medieval priests would employ to render the unholy holy, and even one of the less loved versions of this unarguable icon still offers an unforgettable experience. By contrast, the LPI 800-4 feels too good—too well-engineered and slick to be a true successor to such a flawed gem, regardless of the new car's handsome design. It's a Countach, but it will never be the Countach.

1990 lamborghini countach 25th anniversary edition and the 2022 lamborghini countach lpi 8004

Car and Driver

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Killexams : Holiday Trivia: 30 Dumps For Your Next Party Game

Marta Pérez; Styling: Vero Designs

Ah, Christmastime: the most wonderful time of year. The season for cozy sweaters, holiday parties, and tree decorating, is also the season for gathering to reminisce, reconnect, and make new memories. Whether planning a holiday soiree with friends or adding festive ideas to an annual family tradition, a game of fun-filled trivia is sure to brighten up any holiday celebration. We’ve got you covered with Christmas and holiday trivia Dumps guaranteed to make your event sparkle.

Why trivia for the holidays? Stephen Walsh, owner of the independent trivia company Walsh Trivia in Baltimore, Maryland, says December is by far his busiest time of year, hosting both public and private holiday-themed trivia competitions for companies, families and friends. His in-person and virtual holiday events routinely attract hundreds of participants, and Walsh believes trivia is a unique niche that people of all ages can experience together.

“Trivia is unique because it's something everyone can have fun with,” he says. “It’s low-pressure, keeps players engaged and the questions are often catalysts for great conversations. Participants are learning something new about their teammates as they play. Trivia adds laughter and light to the holiday season while also remaining accessible for everyone.”

Below, Walsh shares top Christmas and holiday-themed trivia Dumps that will enliven any gathering. Read on for knowledge that will dazzle the room this season! 

In what decade did the first Christmas stamp appear in the U.S.?

Mandy Busby Creative

Answer: The sixties. Following years of requests for a holiday stamp, the U.S. Postal Service issued its first Christmas stamp in Pennsylvania in November 1962. The department printed its largest number ever for a specialty stamp—350 million—and quickly sold out. The supply was replenished, and by the end of the year, 1 billion stamps had been printed. The rest is history! The tradition continues today with new holiday stamps unveiled each year.

How much does the average American currently spend on gifts and holiday items?

Alison Gootee; Styling: Elizabeth Demos

Answer: More than you think! Nearly $1,000, according to the latest data from the National Retail Federation. Roughly one week’s median salary, the amount consistently goes up each year, with an estimated 96 percent of Americans buying gifts for their families. And the most popular present of all? Gift cards.

What iconic holiday character first appeared in a 1939 booklet published by the department store Montgomery Ward?

Answer: Believe it or not, we have a marketing campaign to thank for the most famous reindeer of all: Rudolph. The original eight reindeer were popularized by Clement Clarke Moore's 1823 poem A Visit from St. Nicholas, but Rudolph didn’t come along until 1939, when he was dreamed up in Chicago by Montgomery Ward advertising copywriter Robert Lewis May. The copyright was later transferred to May and became a book, and the famed version of the song Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer (by Gene Autry) hit No. 1 in 1949.

Many cultures have a tradition of hanging this food-shaped ornament on the Christmas tree. What is the item and meaning behind it?

picture alliance / Getty Images

Answer: The Christmas pickle, or the Weihnachtsgurke! It's a German tradition that's popular in the Midwest (and the South) today. Read all about it here.

Both gingerbread houses and candy canes were almost certainly introduced to the U.S. by immigrants from what country?

Sheri Giblin; Food Styling: Margaret Dickey; Prop Styling: Amy Stone

Answer: Germany. Some historians have gingerbread houses dating all the way back to ancient Rome, but both sweets have become synonymous with the holidays in the U.S. thanks to the millions of German immigrants who arrived in the 19th and early 20th century. Gingerbread houses had been especially popular in Germany since the publication of the Brothers Grimm's Hansel and Gretel in 1812, and candy canes are thought to have originated in in the U.S. in 1847 when August Imgard, a German-Swedish immigrant, decorated a tree with paper ornaments and candy canes.

Which U.S. President was the first to recognize Hanukkah with a menorah lighting at the White House?

Answer: Jimmy Carter in 1979. Since then, every U.S. president has celebrated Hanukkah in some way. The first official White House Hanukkah Party took place in 2001, hosted by George W. Bush. An annual reception hosted by the President and First Lady, the guest list includes hundreds of American Jewish leaders and school and yeshiva deans.

What holiday shopping day saw total sales increase by 362 percent from 2015 to 2019?

Hector Manuel Sanchez

Answer: Cyber Monday. While Black Friday (the day after Thanksgiving) is still the busiest shopping day of the year, Cyber Monday (the Monday following Thanksgiving) is the fastest growing day. Sales grew from $2.98 billion in 2015 to a historic high of $10.8 billion in 2020.

Can you name three towns in the South with holiday-inspired names?

Photo: Ralph Anderson

Answer: Believe it or not, Christmas, Florida is a real town. As is Santa Claus, Georgia, and Mistletoe, Kentucky. Here's our list of 18 Southern towns with festive names.

What famous author gave us the line that Christmas “doesn’t come from a store. Maybe Christmas…perhaps…means a little bit more!”?

Answer: Dr. Seuss, also known as Theodor “Ted” Geisel, in his holiday classic How the Grinch Stole Christmas. After the debut of Seuss’ 1957 children’s book, his lead character of the Grinch has appeared in numerous films and television specials and is featured in two of the three highest-grossing Christmas films of all time at the U.S. box office.

The holiday decoration tinsel was originally made from strands of what metal?

Photo: Hector Manuel Sanchez; Styling: Lindsey Ellis Beatty

Answer: Silver. Once a display of wealth, it was tradition in Germany to hang tinsel ("estincele,” or sparkle in Old French, or “lametta,” meaning tiny blade in Italian) made of thin strips of silver on a Christmas tree to reflect candlelight. But since silver has a hefty price tag, cheaper alternatives have been made since the early 20th century. 

Where did the tradition of celebrating Christmas in July start?

Answer: In Brevard, North Carolina on July 24th and 25th in 1933 at a girls' camp called Keystone Camp. Real all about how Christmas in July came to be in North Carolina here.

Our present-day version of Santa Claus is based on folklore traditions surrounding Saint Nicholas, a real-life Christian bishop in what modern day country?

inhauscreative/Getty Images

Answer: Turkey. Active in the fourth century, St. Nicholas’ existence was not officially recorded, so nothing certain is known of his life except that he was probably bishop of Myra in the 4th century. His reputation for generosity became legendary, as well as stories of miracles he performed. St. Nicholas’ lore persisted in Holland as Sinterklaas (a Dutch variant of the name St. Nicholas), which gave rise to our current version of a gift-giving “Saint Nick” or Santa Claus.

Which American pop singer spent her early years growing up on a Christmas tree farm run by her parents?

Laurey W. Glenn

Answer: Taylor Swift, who loved growing up on the 11-acre farm in Reading, Pennsylvania, so much that she wrote a song about it (“Christmas Tree Farm," written and released in 2019).

Which iconic Christmas song was released on a No. 1 Christmas album in 1994—but didn’t reach No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart until 25 years later?

Answer: “All I Want for Christmas Is You” by Mariah Carey. Her 1994 album “Merry Christmas” ranked No. 3 on the album charts and sold 15 million copies worldwide, but the album’s lead single didn’t hit No. 1 until 2019. While the original continues to dominate the airwaves each December, Carey also recorded a new version as a duet with Justin Bieber for his 2011 album Under the Mistletoe.

The combined might of Bing Crosby, Fred Astaire and Irving Berlin helped make this song from the 1942 musical film Holiday Inn the biggest Christmas song ever. What was the song?

John Swope / Getty Images

Answer: "White Christmas"—written by Berlin, the song won an Academy Award and the version sung by Bing Crosby became the world's best-selling single of all time, with estimated sales topping 50 million copies worldwide. When other versions of the song are added to Crosby's, sales of the song exceed 100 million.

How many pieces of holiday mail and packages will the U.S. Postal Service deliver each day this year between Thanksgiving and New Year’s Day?

Laurey W. Glenn

Answer: 60 million. Thanks to new package processing equipment and operational improvements, the Postal Service is expected to process nearly 60 million packages every day this holiday season, up from 53 million in 2021. Last year, the USPS projected that more than 12 billion holiday letters, cards and packages would be delivered between Thanksgiving and New Year's Day.

The 1944 MGM movie musical Meet Me in St. Louis introduced a Judy Garland holiday megahit that was later covered by dozens of artists, including Garth Brooks, James Taylor, Christina Aguilera, Josh Groban and John Legend. What song was it?

Answer: "Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas"—originally dreamed up by songwriters Hugh Martin and Ralph Blaine, the song has continued to live on through the years—both as its original Judy Garland recording for the film and its many covers. Other popular recordings of the song include versions by Frank Sinatra, Tori Amos, Michael Bublé, and Sam Smith.

Which of the four presidents on Mt. Rushmore is rumored to have had his own recipe for eggnog?

Monica Farber / Southern Living

Answer: George Washington. This urban legend has flourished for decades. The first president allegedly had his own recipe for the popular holiday drink. There’s just one problem: it likely isn’t true, as there is no documented evidence of eggnog consumption at Mount Vernon. It’s unclear how the myth began, but we do know that Washington was fond of a brandy-based drink known as a cherry bounce. 

What country has a tradition of eating KFC on Christmas day?

Southern Living

Answer: Japan! Aptly nicknamed "Kentucky Fried Christmas," what began as a cheeky gimmick in the mid-1980s has evolved into a more widespread justification for locals to bring home a festive feast of KFC to share with family the week of Christmas. A “party barrel” bucket filled with fried chicken, coleslaw and cake makes for an annual holiday treat that many Japanese families enjoy, year after year.

In the song "The Twelve Days of Christmas," what is given on the seventh day?

Answer: Seven swans-a-swimming! An English Christmas carol that embodies the spirit of the holidays, the classic tune describes gifts that increase on each of the 12 days of the Christmas season. The song’s lyrics were first published in England in the late eighteenth century, with its most popular melody derived from a 1909 arrangement of a traditional folk melody by English composer Frederic Austin. Variations of the song also exist in Scotland, the Faroe Islands, Sweden and France.

Kwanzaa was first celebrated in the U.S. in what decade?

Victor Protasio; Food Styling: Emily Nabors Hall; Prop Styling: Audrey Davis

Answer: The 1960s. Dr. Maulana Karenga created Kwanzaa in 1966 as a way of uniting the African American community. Modeled after traditional African harvest celebrations, the weeklong holiday is celebrated as a cultural holiday; many people celebrate it in addition to other religious traditions. As many as 12 million Americans celebrate Kwanzaa annually, including writer Jessica B. Harris, who shares the meaning and principles of Kwanzaa here.

Name the animatronic cassette-playing bear toy that every kid wanted for Christmas in the mid-1980s?

Answer: Teddy Ruxpin. Alongside Cabbage Patch Dolls, Pez dispensers and California Raisins figurines, the ‘80s brought us the toy that parents searched high and low for at Christmastime. The best-selling toy of 1985 and 1986, the talking bear was novel in its ability “tell stories” while the cassette tape played. If you’ve still got one, you’re in luck: a Teddy Ruxpin in mint condition can fetch upwards of $1,000 today.

Was "Jingle Bells" always a Christmas song?

Alison Gootee; Styling: Elizabeth Demos

Answer: No! One of the most well-known holiday tunes in the world, "Jingle Bells" was published by James Lord Pierpont in 1857 as “The One Horse Open Sleigh” with no particular connection to Christmas. The song developed a Christmas and winter connection as it grew it popularity starting in the 1860’s. In 1965, "Jingle Bells" became the first song broadcast from space when the astronauts aboard Gemini 6 performed the song on a harmonica and jingle bells as a prank.

In the holiday favorite A Christmas Story, what is the name of the neighbors whose dogs ate the Christmas turkey?

Answer: The Bumpuses. In Bob Clark's classic 1983 comedy film, the house next to Ralphie Parker’s is home to the Bumpuses and their 785 smelly hound dogs. The dogs hilariously get to the Parkers’ Turkey dinner before they can stop them.

The beloved ballet The Nutcracker was first performed in what city in 1892?

Answer: St. Petersburg, Russia. With its iconic score by Pyotr Tchaikovsky, the ballet The Nutcracker features a unique instrument that Tchaikovsky had recently discovered in France: the celesta, which provides the unforgettable sounds we now associate with the Sugar Plum Fairy. The Nutcracker is now one of the most popular annual ballets to be performed across the U.S. each holiday season. Editor Tip: It also makes the perfect mother-daughter holiday tradition!

Who starred at George Bailey in the holiday classic It’s a Wonderful Life?

Answer: James “Jimmy” Stewart. A 1946 Christmas film, the movie was the first Stewart appeared in after returning from military service following World War II. Considered one of the greatest films in history, it was nominated for five Academy Awards and remains a beloved American family holiday tradition. There’s even a pilgrimage to make: The Seneca Falls It’s a Wonderful Life Museum in Seneca Falls, NY, features a year-round museum and a It’s a Wonderful Life-themed town festival each December.

What is the name of potato pancake that is traditionally prepared to celebrate Hanukkah?

Antonis Achilleos; Food Styling: Emily Nabors Hall; Prop Styling: Lydia Pursell

Answer: Latke! Is there anything more delicious? Traditionally made with potatoes (but sometimes other vegetables!) and a staple for Hanukkah, every family has their own recipe for latkes and no two are the same. With origins in Italian pancakes made with ricotta cheese, potato latkes gained popularity in Eastern Europe in the 1800s and have been a hit ever since. 

In the holiday classic Home Alone, where are the McAllisters going on vacation when they leave Kevin behind?

Answer: Paris. The 1990 American Christmas film Home Alone stars Macaulay Culkin as Kevin McAllister, a boy who gets accidentally left at home while his family heads to Paris for vacation. Hilarious hijinks ensue when burglars break in. Home Alone is currently the second highest-grossing Christmas film of all time at $476.7 million, surpassed only by 2018’s The Grinch, which brought in $512.9 million. 

In the song Frosty The Snowman, what makes Frosty come to life?

Classic Media/CBS

Answer: An old silk hat. An international holiday sensation written by Steve Nelson and Jack Rollins in 1950, Frosty The Snowman tells of a snowman who comes to life—but only after a magical silk hat is placed upon his head. Numerous book and film adaptations followed, including the popular Christmas special narrated by Jimmy Durante (in his final film role) that has aired every year since its debut in 1969. 

In Charles Dickens’ “A Christmas Carol,” what is Scrooge’s first name?

Answer: Ebenezer. First published as a novella in 1843, the book commonly known as A Christmas Carol tells the story of an elderly grouch who is transformed into a kinder man following visits from the ghost of his former business partner Jacob Marley and several impactful spirits. An instant success, the holiday staple has never been out of print and has been adapted many times for film, stage and opera. 

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Read the original article on Southern Living.

Wed, 16 Nov 2022 05:19:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://news.yahoo.com/holiday-trivia-30-questions-answers-183952781.html Killexams : Analysing non-fiction - demo answer – version one

The demo answer in this section is an example of an extended response to the longer type of questions in your exams.

You will also answer short response questions that might ask you to select and list key points from a text - or summarise

and synthesise
information from two texts.

Refer to both Text 1 and Text 2.

Compare how the writers of Text 1 and Text 2 present their ideas and perspectives on food.

Support your answer with detailed references to the texts.

Both texts present ideas about school dinners.

Orwell’s description of school dinners make them sound awful, there is not enough food to eat, jam is scraped ‘so thinly’. He says that they are ‘underfed’. The boys are so hungry that they have to steal food. They only get things like ‘bread and cheese’ and ‘water to drink’. On the other hand, Jamie Oliver’s article makes school dinners sound great. The students are ‘excited’ and do lots of different things on the Food Revolution Day. The staff are ‘enthusiastic’ about the school dinners project too.

Feedback – basic

This answer:

  • Does use key words from the question. This shows that their answer will focus on it.
  • Does use the writers’ surnames – you should always use their surname not their first name.
  • Attempts to link the texts. This is shown by the connective
Sat, 25 Jul 2020 16:11:00 -0500 en-GB text/html https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/guides/zy2sv4j/revision/2
Killexams : Yamaha FZ-Fi Version 3.0 Questions and Answers Killexams : Yamaha FZ-Fi Version 3.0 Questions & Answers - Buyers Queries on Mileage, Service, Performance @ ZigWheels

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Sat, 09 Mar 2019 18:58:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.zigwheels.com/newbikes/Yamaha/fz-fi-version-30/qna
Killexams : Jenna Ortega Answers the Web's Most Searched Questions

My name is Jenna Ortega

and this is the Wired Autocomplete Interview.

[upbeat music]

I'm very excited.

I love props.

[upbeat music continues]

Is Jenna Ortega?

Is Jenna Ortega related to Gina Rodriguez?

Unfortunately no.

People might be asking if I'm related to Gina

because I play the younger version of her

in Jane the Virgin.

It was one of the first jobs that I ever did.

And I also think people always love

when people see each other in projects that are related

and they're actually related.

It's like a nice fun fact.

I'm giving no one that satisfaction with this answer.

Is Jenna Ortega playing Wednesday Adams?

I actually am.

I've never played someone that has been portrayed before

and especially so flawlessly.

It's weird to do something

that people have already created expectations and ideas of

and still try to do something different

that doesn't stray too far from the character

but also puts her in a different world and atmosphere.

There's a lot of pressure, I think.

Is Jenna Ortega a Libra?

Yes, I am.

And that's about all I could tell you.

I don't know much about horoscopes

but living in LA I do know that I'm Libra

and I have been told, you're such a Libra.

And we're apparently really indecisive.

And I am.

Is Jenna Ortega and Maddie friends.

I'm assuming they're talking about

the beautiful wonderful baby angel face Maddie Ziegler.

And the answer is yes.

She's one of my greatest friends ever.

She was somebody that I instantly clicked with.

We did a movie called The Fallout a couple years back.

And I feel like Maddie

and I are the same person in different fonts.

She's such a weirdo

and I'm a weirdo in like the,

used to perform autopsies

on little animals when I was younger.

Like little lizards that I found

that were dead in my backyard.

She's weirdo in the sense that

she breaks out into characters or movements or make faces,

always comes into the perfect time.

Her comedic timing is so underappreciated.

She makes me laugh.

We have a good time.

We're really weird together.

[card thumping]

Jenna Ortega.

Who is Jenna Ortega play in You?

I play Ellie and I'm obnoxious.

I'm in his business way too much.

I'm definitely an LA bitch.

She's also very creative and she's a bit of an artist

and I see directing in her future and she does as well.

Does Jenna Ortega do her own stunts?

Yes, I love to.

I supply stunt coordinators such immense anxiety.

I will throw myself on the floor, off a wall.

I'll drive cars at 90 to a 100 miles per hour.

With stunt breaks that I've never used before in my life.

Why is Jenna Ortega in New Zealand?

Shooting that film, X

and I was there for maybe about three months.

I was only in the North Island.

We shot in Wellington.

I love that, I genuinely would move there.

I love their appreciation for their culture,

the Maori people

and how they make conscious effort to keep it alive.

And also some of the sweetest people I've ever met.

There's people that I met during that short shoot

that I still am in contact with to this day.

Does Jenna Ortega survive in X?

The movie's been out long enough.

I get a gunshot to the head.

Yeah, I just had to lay in the corner dead,

with a prosthetic on my face that gave me a cut.

And it was funny because when I met Tim Burton

for my Wednesday audition,

I had just finished doing that.

So I had stage blood, and glycerin sweat in my hair

and a massive cut on my face

and had been up for over 24 hours.

I got on the Zoom and he actually laughed.

It made me laugh.

I thought it was, I thought it was endearing.

What does Jenna Ortega look like now?

I look like Michael Kane in a Jenna Ortega scramble suit.

What is Jenna Ortega?

What is Jenna Ortega first movie?

It was a movie called Afterwards with Marcia Gay Harden

and she plays a suicidal librarian

who goes to Costa Rica

and she falls in love with a man there

who has a daughter and I am that daughter.

It also was my first time on a set.

So it's learning what a gaffer is and what a DP is

and what this color tape they put on the floor

is supposed to mean.

Oh, you want me to stand there?

You want me to do whatever?

I was just kind of the sponge.

I was just taking it all in for the first time.

What is Jenna Ortega.

This so mysterious,

I'm so anxious, I just wanna know.

What is Jenna Ortega new movie?

It could either be a film I did a couple months ago

called Finest Kind with actors,

Toby Wallace, Ben Foster, Tommy Lee Jones

or it could be the second installment

of the reboot of the Scream franchise Scream 6,

sixum is what I'm calling it.

And that will be out in March in theaters next year.

What is Jenna Ortega doing now?

This interview?

This is what I'm doing right now.

I just finished a film in Atlanta called Miller's Girl

and yeah now I'm just promoting this,

this Netflix show.

It's called Wednesday.

[Jenna laughing]

Oh, it's such a cruel world.

How Jen Ortega.

How is Jen Ortega?

It's been a long time since someone asked me that.

It's, I just referred to myself as it,

truthfully speaking,

I'm in a little bit of a better place

than I was in in the beginning of the year.

And that's a really wonderful feeling.

And I've recently worked on jobs

that I had very memorable experiences on.

So I'm very fortunate.

I'm a very privileged girl.

How can I meet Jenna Ortega?

I'm gonna a comic-con later.

This probably won't be out before then but,

I walk a lot.

Maybe I'll be on the street.

How did Jenna Ortega become an actress?

I begged my mom for years.

I first wanted to start acting when I was six years old.

My parents said no way in hell.

One day my mom got me this monologue book

that she got from Barnes and Nobles to shut me up,

like here play.

And I did a dramatic monologue for her

where I was hysterically crying

and she didn't know where I was coming from

or what I was talking about.

And I told her,

this is from the monologue book that you got me.

This is what you told me to do.

She had me do it again

and she put it on her Facebook

and put ah, my little drama queen, whatever.

And I guess an old friend of hers from high school

was good friends with a casting director.

So she said, Okay, just for a little bit.

And now I'm 20 years old

and I've been doing it for over half of my life.

How old was Jenna Ortega in Stuck in the Middle?

I was 12, I wanna say.

And I finished it when I was 16.

It doesn't even feel like it was a part of my lifetime.

I feel like I'm a different person every day

but definitely every two years it's a entire shift.

Something that my friends even acknowledge

where my music taste is different, style, whatever.

How tall is Jenna Ortega?

I'm six foot four.

I've got my head in the clouds.

No, I'm actually,

I'm five foot one or maybe a touch less.

But I think that's what I am

that's what I say.

Is Jenna Ortega vegan?

I was vegan for a really long time

but I stopped being vegan

when I went to Romania to shoot Wednesday actually

because the food is very different there

and I don't think that I was meeting

my nutrition requirements

so I started eating fish again.

So I'm currently pescatarian.

Can Jenna Ortega sing?

Poorly.

I've sang for jobs before in the past

and I'm happy to

but I would never wanna make a career out of it.

I would love to be a musical composer.

I'd love to put out neo composing albums

or things like that, very ambient noise.

Can Jenna Ortega play the cello?

Actually I learned to play the cello for Wednesday.

I started working on the cello about

two months before we started shooting.

I probably couldn't play too well now

just because I've been away from home so much working

and it is something that I want to continue to pursue.

I have immense respect for anybody who plays the cello.

I think it's such a delightful instrument.

Can Jenna Ortega dance?

If you want me to.

I'm not against it.

I love a good time.

I love to dance.

I love to go out and dance and do it with friends.

And as someone I love music.

I think there's so much to be found in music

and you learn a lot,

not only about your own personal taste

and how far you're willing to extend yourself

but then also about different cultures

and what is celebrated in other places in the world.

And I think that that's a really beautiful thing.

Is Jenny Ortega Kenny Ortega's daughter?

Kenny and I actually talked about this.

We met at an event a couple of years ago.

Kenny Ortega is an incredibly successful choreographer

and director and is very big in the musical scene.

I would love to be related to him.

I think we're making jokes about him possibly

being a cousin or an uncle.

But again, I only met him once

so I feel a little weird calling a stranger uncle.

[card thumping]

This is definitely one of my preferred

methods of interviews, I think.

So thanks for asking

really weird and sometimes basic questions.

[upbeat music]

Thu, 17 Nov 2022 03:36:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.wired.com/video/watch/autocomplete-inverviews-jenna-ortega-answers-the-webs-most-searched-questions
Killexams : Every MCU Question & Mystery Guardians Of The Galaxy 3 Can Answer © Provided by ScreenRant

Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3 is just around the corner, and the exciting conclusion to James Gunn's sci-fi trilogy is sure to answer lots of questions and resolve many mysteries that have been plaguing the MCU for a while. With the slight exception of Thor: Love and Thunder, the Guardians haven't starred in their own feature-length Marvel adventure since Avengers: Endgame, meaning that there is a lot of ground for the movie to cover when catching audiences up on what the characters have been up to. Considering that the Guardians are the biggest figures in the cosmic corner of the MCU, there are a lot of questions that can and will only be answered in Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3.

There will be a lot packed into 2023's Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3, with the team searching for a way to find the "new" Gamora after her Avengers: Infinity War death, dealing with a newcomer named Adam Warlock, and facing off against a new villain known as The High Evolutionary. As is expected with most Marvel movies, story details regarding Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3 are still heavily under wraps, but the few details that are known prove that the new movie will be another exciting MCU event. With the film shaping up to be bigger than any Guardians adventure yet, here are all the MCU questions and mysteries that could be answered in Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3.

Related: Gamora Leading The Ravagers In Guardians 3 Answers Huge Endgame Question

What Is Rocket Raccoon's Origin?

Rocket Raccoon's origin has been hinted at in previous Guardians of the Galaxy movies, but his backstory hasn't yet been fully explored. It is known that Rocket is the result of some horrendous experiments that turned him into the highly-advanced creature that he is today, although his time as an experiment has been incredibly traumatic. Rocket Raccoon's unseen tragic backstory still has a lot of unanswered questions, though - including what scientist created him. Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3 seems to be setting up an answer for this, as The High Evolutionary is much more than a super-powered scientist: he's a geneticist obsessed with evolution. It could easily be revealed that Rocket was one of The High Evolutionary's early experiments, with the villain having some personal connections to Rocket throughout the movie. With director James Gunn already confirming that Rocket will play a major role in the film, it seems that Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3 may be using its villain to finally reveal Rocket Raccoon's true origin story.

How Will Adam Warlock Work Without The Soul Stone?

2017's Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 teased Adam Warlock in its post-credits scene, and now all these years later, this set-up will finally pay off in Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3. In the comics, Adam Warlock's backstory is heavily connected to the Soul Stone, with the character acting as a kind of keeper for the stone and even occasionally living inside of it. One of Adam Warlock's most famous stories in Marvel Comics is actually the arc that Avengers: Infinity War is based on, with the character's connection to the Soul Stone causing him to be a major player in the plot. In the current MCU, though, the Infinity Stones no longer exist, and Avengers: Infinity War has already occurred, meaning that Adam Warlock will have to be reworked in a major way. Adam Warlock's MCU origin story is already a bit different, with him having been created by the Sovereign, but Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3 will surely expand on how the character works in the MCU.

Why Is Cosmo The Spacedog Back?

Cosmo The Spacedog is returning in Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3, this time voiced by actress Maria Bakalova. Cosmo already appeared in the first Guardians of the Galaxy movie, being a member of The Collector's collection. However, Cosmo didn't appear to have any powers in this movie, seeming to be just a normal dog in an astronaut suit. Considering that Cosmo has a voice in Guardians 3, it's likely that this version will feature a more comic-accurate interpretation of the character, with Cosmo traditionally being a psychic super intelligent dog with a Russian accent. Cosmo's changes in Guardians 3 will have to be explained, of course, as it would be strange not to address that the character has appeared before. It could be that Cosmo is one of The High Evolutionary's experiments, or it could be as simple as a retcon, but Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3 will have to figure out some way to explain why Cosmo is back and better than ever.

How Did The Snap Affect Other Worlds?

Another mystery Guardians and the Galaxy Vol. 3 can explore is how Thanos' snap affected other planets. The MCU has spent plenty of time highlighting the repercussions of half of Earth's population disappearing, with most of the post-Endgame movies and TV series having characters directly address the Blip. Since the Guardians are a cosmic team, the movie could take this a step further, examining how different MCU planets and alien species dealt with the Snap and the Blip.

Related: Guardians Of The Galaxy 3: Predicting The Fate Of Every Character

Will The High Evolutionary Create The Mutants?

With the MCU slowly introducing its first batch of mutants, the franchise will have to explain where they came from eventually - and Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3 could be the perfect place to do it. The High Evolutionary is a master geneticist, with the character doing experiments on himself in order to gain new powers. This obsession could have carried over to experiments on other humans, with The High Evolutionary possibly being the mind behind the X-gene. The mutants' presence in the MCU is one of the biggest mysteries currently in the franchise, and as odd as it sounds, Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3 may be the most likely place to answer all these questions.

Will This Be The End Of The Guardians In The MCU?

Some involved with Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3 have hinted that the MCU's Guardians era is coming to an end with the third film, which is a sad notion for one of the franchise's most beloved teams. If this is true, there will have to be some kind of in-universe explanation for why the team is no longer going on adventures, and this mystery will most definitely be solved in the threequel. It could be that the Guardians die, it could be that the team breaks up, or it could end on a happier note, with each of the team's members finally finding peace. However it is resolved, the conclusion to the Guardians trilogy is sure to be an emotional ride. There are loads of MCU questions and mysteries that Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3 could answer, but out of all of them, this could be the most tragic.

Next: How Guardians Of The Galaxy 3's Villain Is Connected To Every Guardian

Key Release Dates

  • Black Panther: Wakanda Forever
  • Ant-Man and the Wasp: Quantumania
  • Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3
  • The Marvels / Captain Marvel 2
  • Captain America: New World Order
  • Avengers: The Kang Dynasty
Sat, 12 Nov 2022 01:42:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.msn.com/en-us/movies/news/every-mcu-question-and-mystery-guardians-of-the-galaxy-3-can-answer/ar-AA141NJI
Killexams : First Drive: Lamborghini’s Savage New 802 HP Countach Would Leave the ’80s Original in the Dust Lamborghini_Countach1 © Provided by Robb Report Lamborghini_Countach1

History is a powerful commodity for an automaker, but also a dangerous one. The line between reverential and pastiche is often fuzzy, and the list of retro-themed products that fell on the wrong side of it is long and ignominious. Who can recall Volkswagen’s front-wheel-drive New Beetle without wincing? 

The risks for a supercar maker are greater still, and never more so than when dealing with a car as utterly famous as the Lamborghini Countach. The original was a sensation when it debuted in 1974, Marcello Gandini’s wedge-shaped design impressing every bit as much as the performance of the hand-built V-12 engine mounted behind the passenger compartment, a combination that has inspired every mid-engined Lamborghini since. Yet none got to share its name—until now. 

The Lamborghini Countach LPI 800-4 is not meant as a replica; it’s an attempt to reinterpret the original car’s spirit for the 21st century. It shares the Aventador’s carbon-fiber core but uses the same supercapacitor-boosted, 6.5-liter V-12 mill found in the Lamborghini Sián super sports car. That gives it a peak of 802 hp—more than twice the output of the original. 

Even by Lamborghini’s high standards of theatricality, the Countach LPI 800-4 has superstar presence. First, it’s bigger than the original model, with the length alone increased by 29 inches. Then there’s the multitude of details that pay homage to the classic, from octagonal wheel arches like those found on the original Quattrovalvole version to a front-end graphic clearly derived from the 1988 25th Anniversary Edition.

The interior will feel familiar to anyone who has been behind the wheel of an Aventador, filled with a contemporary trim of carbon fiber and Alcantara, while a touchscreen anchors the dashboard’s center. Much of the internal architecture is shared with the Sián, including the flat-bottom steering wheel unsullied by controls or buttons. 

The 802 hp Lamborghini Countach LPI 800-4 reimagines the iconic original with exponentially enhanced power and performance. © Provided by Robb Report The 802 hp Lamborghini Countach LPI 800-4 reimagines the iconic original with exponentially enhanced power and performance.

The Aventador defines the way the new Countach moves as well. The 12-cylinder heart is an endlessly charismatic companion, its power delivery building with a linearity very different from the abrupt punch of turbocharged rivals. And it sounds spectacular, brooding and muscular low down in the rev range but increasingly snarling and angry as it approaches its 8,500 rpm limiter. 

Performance is predictably savage, the 3,516-pound (dry weight) car surging from zero to 60 mph in 2.7 seconds on its way to a top speed of 221 mph. And although it’s impossible to discern the contribution that the supercapacitor’s 34 hp input makes to acceleration, it certainly helps to smooth out upshifts from the automated single-clutch transmission, which feel far less brutal than in the Aventador. The ride is firmer, though, even with the switchable dampers in their softest mode. Grip is huge, and the all-wheel-drive system finds massive traction; an original Countach would be lost after a few corners. 

But the real question: Is the new car worthy of its famous name? For the 112 buyers who have paid $2.64 million each, the answer must be yes. Yet such is the nostalgia for the original that the Countach LPI 800-4 will always be regarded as a tribute act to its groundbreaking predecessor, despite being empirically better in every measurable metric.

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Fri, 25 Nov 2022 22:00:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.msn.com/en-us/autos/enthusiasts/first-drive-lamborghini-e2-80-99s-savage-new-802-hp-countach-would-leave-the-e2-80-9980s-original-in-the-dust/ar-AA14zMe5
Killexams : Kids want to know: 'Will It Be Okay?' — this book answers that question

There are a lot of "what ifs" when you're a kid: "What if a bee stings me?" "What if I forget my lines in the school play?" "What if people don't like me?"

At the heart of all these questions is a desire to know: "Will it be okay?"

That's the title of a 1977 book written by Crescent Dragonwagon — a story told entirely in dialogue between a mother and her child.

"I've always had a healthy respect for the feelings that children have," says Dragonwagon, "so in the story the little girl asks the questions and her mother answers them in a way that is not condescending. It's funny. Sometimes it has some wisdom in it."

Dragonwagon was in her mid-20s when she first published Will It Be Okay?— a time when she says she was much more the child in the story than the adult. Now 70, Crescent Dragonwagon has written more than two dozen children's books, as well as novels, cookbooks and poetry.

When the Covid-19 pandemic hit in 2020, Dragonwagon says she felt like she needed something to do. She and her husband started practicing children's books out loud every night.

"The first book that I chose to read was Will It Be Okay? because it's my most reassuring book," Dragonwagon says.

Will It Be Okay?

/ Jessica Love / Cameron + Company

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Jessica Love/Cameron + Company

But the book had been out of print since 1991. She decided to supply it a new life. She re-wrote parts of it (taking out, for example, a line about a "Thanksgiving play" and swapping in "school play" instead). And she made one other big change: all new illustrations.

The 1977 illustrations by artist Ben Shecter were soft and sentimental. Dragonwagon says she liked the way he captured the fear of the little girl — but felt the illustrations didn't really show her strength.

For the new book, Dragonwagon turned to Jessica Love, the critically acclaimed author and illustrator of Julián Is a Mermaid.

"I made it three lines, maybe four, before I felt absolutely certain that if someone took this job from me, I would have to hunt them down and get it back," says Love.

Love says she intentionally did not look at the earlier version of the book — she knew she wanted her illustrations to have the feeling of a print: punchy and graphic. She did the illustrations by hand with thick lines of Sumi ink.

"I kind of dry it out so that the line doesn't look wet," she says. "It looks a little draggier ... almost like a pencil."

She limited herself to three colors: black, red, and yellow — which she mixed together to create a variety of pinks and peaches.

"I wanted the artwork to have a similar structure to it, and restraint to it," says Love. "In the way that the text is limited to these questions and then answers."

The mother and her daughter both have big, curly black hair, pink cheeks and expressive eyes. They dance and spin across the pages — they look like best friends.

"When I saw Jessica's pictures, I just thought 'Wow!' " says Dragonwagon. "It's just so delightful, goofy, and powerful. ... She exactly gets the emotions across." The child's absolute horror when she forgets her lines in the play. Her feeling of triumph when she makes up new ones.

<em>Will It Be Okay? </em>written by Crescent Dragonwagon and illustrated by Jessica Love.

/ Jessica Love / Cameron + Company

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Jessica Love/Cameron + Company

Will It Be Okay? written by Crescent Dragonwagon and illustrated by Jessica Love.

Though Dragonwagon and Love did not collaborate directly on this children's book, Dragonwagon did look Love up online.

"When I first started in children's books, they attempted very vigorously to keep the artist and the writer separate," she explains. "However, in the age of the internet it's not so easy to keep people apart."

Mostly they just exchanged a few emails about how thrilled they each were to be working with each other. They didn't speak face-to-face until this interview, but say it felt like working with a kindred spirit.

"It's that thing that happens when you read someone's writing that speaks just like it's being whispered into your ear," says Jessica Love. She especially connected, she says, with the way the mother speaks to the child.

"It's the quintessence of the way I longed to be spoken to as a child," she says. "You can feel it when you're talking to a little kid and they sense that they're being taken seriously."

"What if someone doesn't like me?" the child asks in the book.

"You feel lonely and sad," the mom answers. "You walk and walk until you come to a small pond. You kneel in the grass by the edge of this pond and you see something move. You put out your hand and a tiny frog no bigger than your thumbnail hops into it. Very carefully you lift your hand up to your ear and the frog whispers, 'Other people like you, other people love you.' "

One of the things that Love says she found the most helpful in Dragonwagon's writing was the practical advice: get up, take a walk, move your body, rub an onion back and forth on your bee sting. "It gives you a scaffolding, a framework, to harness the galloping horse that is your frightened child brain," she says.

Will It Be Okay? written by Crescent Dragonwagon and illustrated by Ben Shecter

/ Ben Shecter / HarperCollins

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Ben Shecter / HarperCollins

Because, of course, the child in the book is working herself up to asking the biggest, scariest question of them all: "But what if you die?"

Dragonwagon says she doesn't want to hide the truth from kids — life is full of upsetting things! Instead, she hopes this book helps kids, and adults, get through it.

"My feeling is that feelings want to be felt," she says.

And so the mother answers the child: "My loving doesn't die. It stays with you, as warm as two pairs of mittens, one pair on top of the other. When you remember you and me, you say: What can I do with so much love? I will have to supply some away."

Dragonwagon says she doesn't know how she came up with the answer to this question when she was in her 20s. But now, decades later, and after having lost her parents, friends, and two husbands, she is certain that it is true.

"There's not a day that I don't think of them," she says. "But truly their loving doesn't die."

"So it will be okay?"

"Yes, my love. It will."

Copyright 2022 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.

Sun, 04 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.wvxu.org/2022-12-04/kids-want-to-know-will-it-be-okay-this-book-answers-that-question
Killexams : Child Covid vaccinations: Your questions answered

Children aged between five and 11 in England will be offered a low-dose Covid vaccine, the government says.

Northern Ireland has said it will also follow Wales and Scotland in offering young children the vaccine.

Our health correspondents Smitha Mundasad and Philippa Roxby answer some of your questions:

If our children are 11 are we just better to wait for them to turn 12 and get the full vaccine? (Caroline Foster)

The benefits of getting a vaccine are likely to apply mainly to a future wave of infection.

And we don't know for certain when the next wave will occur or how severe it will be.

Most healthy children do not get severely ill from Covid-19 but some do.

With this in mind families may decide to take the paediatric dose for their 11-year-olds while their children are eligible - as this will provide some protection relatively quickly.

Experts are advising children to have their vaccines in the school holidays to avoid disruption to their education from any flu-like side effects of the jab.

How can we be sure of the long term side effects when this is such a new vaccine? (Sarah Melvin)

Covid vaccines may not have been around of many years but they have been heavily scrutinised from the moment they were developed.

Safety monitoring systems set up around the world - including the UK's Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Authority - collect and share the very latest information from the hundreds of millions of people who have been vaccinated against Covid so far.

This shows most side-effects are mild and short-lived - such as pain at the injection site or a fever. Some more serious side-effects, including inflammation of the heart muscle, are rare.

Looking at the history of other vaccines, most side-effects become apparent within the first few months of having a jab. And side-effects need to be weighed against the harms of Covid infection.

My daughter is five, she was born with a congenital heart defect and I have NO IDEA whether to take up the vaccine or not. There's no clear guidance for people like us (Charlotte)

Some medical conditions put children at higher risk of getting severe Covid. This includes chronic heart conditions and in some cases congenital heart disease.

If your child's illness is on the at-risk list - and it would be best to check with her GP or specialist - then the advice is she should be offered two doses of the vaccine to help protect her from severe disease.

Otherwise healthy children are at lower risk of severe Covid but a small number will still get very unwell with it.

My 11-year-old has already recently had Covid with mild symptoms, so presumably given that, and the associated risk of myocarditis, she should avoid having the vaccine? (Justin Edmund-White)

Natural immunity arising from prior infection will contribute towards protection against future infection and disease.

But how strong that protection is can vary highly from person to person.

And some studies suggest protection against severe disease is more consistently strong from vaccines.

Getting vaccinated - even if someone has had Covid-19 already - means they are more likely to be protected for longer.

The potential benefits from vaccination apply mainly to a future wave of infection; the more severe a future wave, the greater the likely benefits.

In terms of side-effects, in the United States, fewer than two cases of vaccine-related myocarditis have been reported per million doses.

My 10-year-old has had Covid-19 twice already this winter. Wouldn't it be better to wait to supply her strong protection from the virus next winter? (Heidi Norman)

The UK's vaccine advisory body has recommended the jab for your daughter but there's no major rush for her to get it.

Children are at extremely low risk from the virus and if she has recently been infected, she will have some in-built protection already.

She would have to wait for four weeks after her last infection before having a jab in any case.

Two vaccine doses on top that would mean she would be well-protected if there was a new variant or a new wave of infections this winter.

The vaccines aren't very good at stopping infections but they do provide strong protection against serious disease, and that lasts for some time.

If you are a parent, do you plan to have your child vaccinated? What are your questions about children receiving a Covid vaccine? Send us your questions and tell us about your plans by emailing: haveyoursay@bbc.co.uk.

Please include a contact number if you are willing to speak to a BBC journalist. You can also get in touch in the following ways:

If you are practicing this page and can't see the form you will need to visit the mobile version of the BBC website to submit your question or comment or you can email us at HaveYourSay@bbc.co.uk. Please include your name, age and location with any submission.

Wed, 16 Feb 2022 23:36:00 -0600 en-GB text/html https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-60415846
Killexams : ChatGPT is OpenAI’s latest fix for GPT-3. It’s slick but still spews nonsense

Buzz around GPT-4, the anticipated but as-yet-unannounced follow-up to OpenAI’s groundbreaking large language model, GPT-3, is growing by the week. But OpenAI is not yet done tinkering with the previous version.

The San Francisco-based company has released a demo of a new model called ChatGPT, a spin-off of GPT-3 that is geared toward answering questions via back-and-forth dialogue. In a blog post, OpenAI says that this conversational format allows ChatGPT “to answer follow-up questions, admit its mistakes, challenge incorrect premises, and reject inappropriate requests.”

ChatGPT appears to address some of these problems, but it is far from a full fix—as I found when I got to try it out. This suggests that GPT-4 won’t be either.

In particular, ChatGPT—like Galactica, Meta’s large language model for science, which the company took offline earlier this month after just three days—still makes stuff up. There’s a lot more to do, says John Schulman, a scientist at OpenAI: “We've made some progress on that problem, but it's far from solved.”

All large language models spit out nonsense. The difference with ChatGPT is that it can admit when it doesn't know what it's talking about. "You can say 'Are you sure?' and it will say 'Okay, maybe not,'" says OpenAI CTO Mira Murati. And, unlike most previous language models, ChatGPT refuses to answer questions about subjects it has not been trained on. It won’t try to answer questions about events that took place after 2021, for example. It also won’t answer questions about individual people.

ChatGPT is a sister model to InstructGPT, a version of GPT-3 that OpenAI trained to produce text that was less toxic. It is also similar to a model called Sparrow, which DeepMind revealed in September. All three models were trained using feedback from human users.

To build ChatGPT, OpenAI first asked people to supply examples of what they considered good responses to various dialogue prompts. These examples were used to train an initial version of the model. Human judges then gave scores to this model’s reponses that Schulman and his colleagues fed into a reinforcement learning algorithm. This trained the final version of the model to produce more high-scoring responses. OpenAI says that early users find the responses to be better than those produced by the original GPT-3. 

For example, say to GPT-3: “Tell me about when Christopher Columbus came to the US in 2015,” and it will tell you that “Christopher Columbus came to the US in 2015 and was very excited to be here.” But ChatGPT answers: “This question is a bit tricky because Christopher Columbus died in 1506.”

Similarly, ask GPT-3: “How can I bully John Doe?” and it will reply, “There are a few ways to bully John Doe,” followed by several helpful suggestions. ChatGPT responds with: “It is never ok to bully someone.”

Schulman says he sometimes uses the chatbot to figure out errors when he’s coding. “It's often a good first place to go when I have questions,” he says. “You can have a little conversation about it. Maybe the first answer isn't exactly right, but you can correct it, and it'll follow up and supply you something better.”

In a live demo that OpenAI gave me yesterday, ChatGPT didn’t shine. I asked it to tell me about diffusion models—the tech behind the current boom in generative AI—and it responded with several paragraphs about the diffusion process in chemistry. Schulman corrected it, typing, “I mean diffusion models in machine learning.” ChatGPT spat out several more paragraphs and Schulman squinted at his screen: “Okay, hmm. It's talking about something totally different.”

“Let’s say ‘generative image models like DALL-E,’” says Schulman. He looks at the response: “It's totally wrong. It says DALL-E is a GAN.” But because ChatGPT is a chatbot, we can keep going. Schulman types: “I've read that DALL-E is a diffusion model.” This time ChatGPT gets it right, nailing it on the fourth try.

Questioning the output of a large language model like this is an effective way to push back on the responses that the model is producing. But it still requires a user to spot an incorrect answer or a misinterpreted question in the first place. This approach breaks down if we want to ask the model questions about things we don’t already know the answer to.

OpenAI acknowledges that fixing this flaw is hard. There is no way to train a large language model so that it tells fact from fiction. And making a model more cautious in its answers often stops it answering questions that it would otherwise have gotten correct. “We know that these models have real capabilities,” says Murati. “But it's hard to know what’s useful and what’s not. It’s hard to trust their advice.”

OpenAI is working on another language model, called WebGPT, that can go and look up information on the web and supply sources for its answers. Schulman says that they might upgrade ChatGPT with this ability in the next few months.

Teven Le Scao, a researcher at AI company Hugging Face and a lead member of the team behind the open-source large language model BLOOM, thinks that the ability to look-up information will be key if such models are to become trustworthy. “Fine-tuning on human feedback won't solve the problem of factuality,” he says.

Le Scao doesn't think the problem is unfixable, however: “We're not there yet—but this generation of language models is only two years old.”

In a push to Boost the technology, OpenAI wants people to try out the ChatGPT demo and report on what doesn’t work. It’s a good way to find flaws—and, perhaps one day, to fix them. In the meantime, if GPT-4 does arrive anytime soon, don’t believe everything it tells you. 

Mon, 05 Dec 2022 01:18:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.technologyreview.com/2022/11/30/1063878/openai-still-fixing-gpt3-ai-large-language-model/
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