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Dr Pravesh Kumar Gupta

India shares a close historical and cultural relationship with Central Asia, which it maintained until its partition and the foundation of Pakistan in 1947. Conflicts between New Delhi and Islamabad have seriously hampered connectivity between India and Central Asia. As a result, one of India’s key motives for joining the SCO was reconnecting with Eurasian nations through this multi-alignment regional organisation. Cooperation in Afghanistan is another important component of India’s SCO agenda. Because of Afghanistan’s volatile status, the region has been plagued by a myriad of problems, including terrorism, extremism, drug trafficking, and transnational crime. SCO provides a forum for combating these challenges jointly and offering some solutions.

Prime Minister Modi described extremism as the root cause of regional problems in his speech at the 20th SCO summit in 2021. According to him, the Central Asian region has been an epicentre of progressive ideology. Sufism, for example, has flourished here for centuries and spread throughout the region and the world. Therefore, the SCO should develop a common blueprint to combat radicalism and extremism based on Central Asia’s historical heritage. Prime Minister Modi also suggested that the moderate, tolerant, and inclusive Islamic institutions and traditions that exist in India and almost all SCO countries should assist the SCO in developing a strong network among them in order to deal with radicalization smoothly. India will hold the SCO presidency for 2022–2023. This is a crucial opportunity for New Delhi to pursue its main goals of joining the SCO and giving its membership a new dimension.

Read More: ‘Today’s era must not be of war’: G-20 communiqué adopted, echoes PM Modi’s message to Russian President Putin

Prime Minister Modi used the term SECURE in his statement at the 21st SCO Summit, which stands for citizen security, economic growth, regional connectivity, unity, respect for sovereignty and integrity, and environmental protection. In the rapidly changing geopolitical landscape of the Eurasian region, initiatives suggested by PM Modi should be at the forefront of New Delhi’s priorities under its SCO presidency.

India has advanced many important ideas in SCO Summits since becoming a permanent member of this regional organisation in 2017. India’s suggestion to establish an SCO Startup Forum was one of those initiatives that were implemented. The First SCO Startup Forum featured one plenary session and six simultaneous activity zones, with 11 different activities taking place in three languages: English, Mandarin, and Russian. The Forum also drew global interest, with over 2,600 observers from 60 countries and six continents registering for the SCO Startup Forum. The Second SCO Startup Forum, held via video conference on October 27-28, 2021, was hosted by the Government of India’s Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade in collaboration with the SCO Secretariat.

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), among other interaction mechanisms, provides an important platform for India to maintain dialogue and discussion with Central Asian leaders. New Delhi should optimise its Central Asia strategy during India’s SCO presidency. To counter China’s influence in the SCO and the Central Asian region, India must be proactive. India can also make significant contributions to the hard power capacity development of Central Asian nations. Joint defence manufacturing should be prioritised in addition to combined military exercises and training.

India-Russia cooperation in Central Asia has much potential in the context of Moscow’s waning influence in the region. To Strengthen commerce and trade with the Eurasian region, the Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with the Eurasian Economic Union could be considered as soon as possible.As part of India’s Central Asian policy, FTAs with specific countries in the region should also be prioritised. Digital cooperation offers a lot of promise for India-Central Asia relations.This is an area where New Delhi can outperform other countries. SCO can also play an important role in promoting India’s cultural heritage (Yoga), traditional medicine (Ayurveda), and educational potential.

Read More: It’s official! Aero-India 2023 to take off in mid-February

INSTC and Chabahar should be promoted to increase trade with the region. In this context, a few issues, such as Indian banks’ unwillingness to work in Chabahar port, must be addressed soon.Since Pakistan and India joined the SCO, it has been expanding.Iran has joined SCO as a full member, which will significantly impact this organization.Iran’s role as a link between India and Central Asia cannot be overstated. As a result, increasing multifaceted cooperation between India and Iran should be an important component of India’s Central Asian strategy.The larger SCO now has greater visibility and political and economic development potential. Cultural trends will be reenergized as a result of this extension. Because Central Asia is a landlocked region, the entry of states like India and Iran to the SCO has not only improved communication between South, Central, and West Asia. Still, it will also strengthen Central Asian strategic autonomy. The expansion of the SCO may provide a potential balancing agent to dominant powers such as Russia and China for Central Asian countries.

The Indian presidency of the SCO has a lot of potential. New Delhi needs to emphasise shared cultural heritage as a unifying factor because it is a civilizational state and has close ties to all of the member nations. Second, challenges related to connectivity and trade development should be seriously discussed. India’s presidency must navigate a complex agenda while producing tangible results.

Author is Senior Research Associate (Central Asia), Vivekananda International Foundation, New Delhi.

Disclaimer: Views expressed are of the author and not of MP-IDSA or the Government of India. And do not reflect the official position or policy of Financial Express Online. Reproducing this content without permission is prohibited.

Tue, 29 Nov 2022 20:10:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.financialexpress.com/defence/prospects-for-indias-presidency-of-shanghai-cooperation-organisation-sco/2896765/
Killexams : Vice President Harris’ Meeting At NASA With President Macron
Vice President Harris’ Meeting At NASA With President Macron

Vice President Harris’s Meeting with President Macron on Space Cooperation

White House

Readout of Vice President Harris’s Meeting with President Macron on Space Cooperation

Vice President Kamala Harris and President Emmanuel Macron of France met today at the headquarters of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in Washington, D.C. as part of the State Visit, to highlight the strong U.S.-France partnership in outer space.

This meeting builds on their November 2021 meeting in Paris where they agreed to strengthen space cooperation across all sectors. Since that meeting, France has signed the Artemis Accords to guide civil use of space, the United States has joined the Space for Climate Observatory (SCO) to develop accessible tools for climate monitoring and adaptation, and the United States and France held the first Comprehensive Dialogue on Space to discuss cooperation on civil, commercial, and national security space initiatives. France announced yesterday the same commitment that the Vice President announced in April 2022 not to conduct destructive, direct-ascent anti-satellite missile testing.

The Vice President and President Macron agreed to strengthen U.S.-France space cooperation across civil, commercial, and national security sectors. They received a briefing from French and U.S. experts on climate science, and discussed how to better utilize space data to address the climate crisis. They also discussed expanded participation of the United States in SCO, and the upcoming launch of the U.S.-France Surface Water and Ocean Topography mission that will make the first-ever global survey of Earth’s surface water and comprehensively track changes over time.

The Vice President and President Macron also discussed space exploration with U.S. and French astronauts, including the continued importance of a crewed presence in low Earth orbit, including International Space Station operations, and the continued strengthening of joint investments in the exploration of the Moon and Mars.

Remarks by Vice President Harris and President Emmanuel Macron of France in Meeting on Space Cooperation

NASA Headquarters
Washington, D.C.

10:44 A.M. EST

VICE PRESIDENT HARRIS: Good morning to everyone. President Macron, it is my pleasure — my great pleasure to welcome you to Washington, D.C., and to NASA headquarters.

France is a vital ally to the United States. And this visit demonstrates the strength of our partnership, of our friendship, and our cooperation, and truly all as — as the background to an enduring relationship between the United States and France, and one that is based on shared democratic principles and values.

I want to thank NASA Administrator Bill Nelson for hosting us today and for your very impressive year of leadership of NASA.

During your leadership, we redirected the trajectory of an asteroid. We successfully launched Artemis I, the mission, which is orbiting the Moon as we speak, in partnership with our French and European allies. In fact, the Administrator was able to show the President a mock-up of Artemis I, and it truly is quite impressive.

And, of course, we showed the world incredible images from the Webb Telescope, which was launched from French Guyana with a French launch vehicle.

So, Mr. President, today we have the occasion to celebrate the cooperation of our two nations in space. You and I have discussed this Topic many times, including my visit in November in France, in Paris. And as a result of that meeting, a number of things happened.

One, the United States agreed to join the Space for Climate Observatory as a result of that meeting that you and I had. You and I created the Comprehensive Dialogue on Space. And we agreed to advance specific rules and norms in space — international rules and norms.

And the United States, of course, welcomes and is elated that France and the European Space Agency will continue operations at the International Space Station through 2030.

Today, we build on the progress that we have made. And today we will also identify additional areas of collaboration and cooperation.

Regarding the climate crisis, something you and I have discussed at length and which we agree is an existential threat, satellite technology and the data that it provides are critical to our efforts to combat and address the climate crisis.

In Paris, I made a commitment that the United States would join the French-led Space for Climate Observatory, which we formally did in June. Through this work, we will develop tools for decision-makers to better prepare for and respond to climate disasters such as wildfires, floods, and changing agricultural patterns.

And in two weeks, the United States and France will launch a satellite from Vandenberg, in my home state of California, which will conduct the first-ever global survey of the Earth’s water surface — the surface on the Earth of water.

It’s very exciting because this innovation will actually help us to Strengthen water management and inform — and better inform agricultural decisions. And it will also help coastal communities around the world prepare for rising seas.

During my visit to Paris, we also agreed to create a Comprehensive Dialogue on Space. And this brings leading experts together from France and the United States to strengthen our commercial, our civil, and our national security cooperation. And they had a very productive meeting, actually, already this month.

Regarding rules and norms, we are working together to develop norms for the responsible and peaceful uses of outer space. And this is critically important work. To that end, Mr. President, I thank you for joining the Artemis Accords in response to my invitation during my visit with you. These accords are a set of principles that guide civil use in space. They contribute to a safe and transparent environment for space exploration, science, and commercial activities.

More specifically, regarding rules and norms and international rules and norms: In April, I made a commitment on behalf of the United States not to conduct destructive, direct-ascent anti-satellite missile testing. And I called on other nations to join us. I thank you, Mr. President, for your commitment, which was announced yesterday, to adopt this norm.

And finally, I believe space remains a place of undiscovered and unrealized opportunity. And for that reason, there is so much potential in terms of the work that nations can do there — and, in particular, when we work together based on shared principles and values.

To seize these opportunities, as the head of the National Space Council in the United States, I have focused on three priorities in particular, which is to expand our STEM workforce, to address the climate crisis in every way that is about building on the innovation and also creating a workforce to do that, and establish rules and norms to govern space activities in close partnership with the private sector.

In this mission, we are so very proud to work with France. The United States and France have partnered on space exploration for more than 60 years. In this time, we have made great strides. And yet, in so many ways, we are beginning a new journey together.

And so, with that, again, I welcome you, Mr. President, and I look forward to our ongoing work in this matter, including the work that we will do today. Welcome.

PRESIDENT MACRON: Thank you. Thank you very much, Ms. Vice President, dear Kamala. Thank you for hosting us and having this meeting all together.

And dear ministers, ambassadors, and administrators, I want to — to thank as well. And, NASA Administrator, to welcome us in this NASA headquarters. Thank you so much. And thank you for the great commitment in our cooperation.

I mean, you said everything, and — and I don’t want to repeat, because I want us to be engaged in a common discussion. But speaking about space is obviously speaking about both science and having this journey you mentioned. But this is, as well, the story of a great cooperation between our two countries. And we did a lot during the past decades together, and I think we can do a lot. And we have a lot of projects together.

And I want to thank you personally because, indeed, when you came one year ago in Paris, and we had this very long discussion, we — we decided together to strengthen this cooperation and to launch a strategic dialogue on space. And we did it, and we already delivered concrete results, based on the past experience between our research leaders, our academics, our astronauts, as well. And some of them are around this table, and I want to thank them for — for this commitment and their achievement.

Having said that, we want to work now very closely together indeed on climate and environment as one of the key verticals where we — we do believe, together, we have a common objective. Argos, launched more than 40 years ago, is a — 45 years ago now already — was the best evidence of this strong cooperation between our — our research agencies.

We have, and you mentioned them, on top of that, the Surface Water and Ocean Topography, with this launching the 12th of December, which will be the symbol of a new type of cooperation.

We will have the Space for Climate Observatory. And thank you for joining it. And I think this initiative was launched three years ago, but now our cooperation will accelerate at this point.

And we have, as well, the Atmosphere Observatory Sys- — System.

And all this — this initiative, we can launch together.

On all these issues, I want to thank our — our institutions and researchers, and I think our commitment is great.

Second, we have, indeed, exploration. James Webb Space Telescope is obviously one of the best examples of this cooperation and how we can team up and how science made in — on our side can — can help in working in common missions with — with you.

And you mentioned Artemis I, II, III. And we are very keen in participating, and we have here the — the French team. And Thomas is — is very keen on — and very excited — (laughter) — to be — to be part of — to be part of it.

And it’s very important for — for us, as long as you can — you can propose the French leader to fly to the Moon. Quite happily — (laughter) — we are — we are quite happy with — we are quite happy with that.

And Sophie is also now selected for participating to this international mission and follow up this common effort.

But I saw myself — with your presence, with our discussion with NASA teams, and so on — what — how strong is the partnership and how we can do more for — for the years to come.

And I think, from a scientific point of view and a human point of view, all these — all these upcoming changes regarding exploration — the Moon, Mars, and so on — are extremely important for us.

And I want to thank you for your leadership and to tell you our commitment to work closely together.

My last point is about norms, as you mentioned. Thank you for having launched these — these very important items. And I do believe, indeed, space is a new place for conflictuality.


PRESIDENT MACRON: And — and we have crazy players in the space as well, and we have rogue states there, and we have new hybrid attacks.

And I think it’s very important, together — because we do share this history. We do have the same commitment and attachment to science and progress. But we do share, as well, the same democratic values.

And I think building these new rules and setting them together is, for us, extremely important. It is why we decided to join, indeed, this first set of rules. And we will follow up.

My last point is to se- — to say that the more we can develop common research programs but, as well, common training programs is extremely important to us. And this is why our institutions are here.

We are very committed. I think our people knows each other very well.


PRESIDENT MACRON: And then, this is, indeed, about very complicated science and physics. I tried to be briefed during the past few days by our minister and our experts, and I did my best to understand, in the details, what’s — what was at stake.

But at the very end, it’s how to — to educate, train talent, and how to be sure they work closely together. This is why —


PRESIDENT MACRON: — I do thank the presence, on both sides of the table, of our teams.

So, thank you.

VICE PRESIDENT HARRIS: Thank you very much.

PRESIDENT MACRON: And thank you for your personal leadership and commitment on this issue.

VICE PRESIDENT HARRIS: Thank you. It is wonderful to work with you, Mr. President. Thank you.

Okay, I look forward to our discussion. Thank you, press.

Q President Macron, are you concerned about — concerned about Ukraine funding under a House Republican leadership?

PRESIDENT MACRON: We will revert on all these issues during the State Visit. I think, here, we want to — to focus on — on space.

END 10:56 A.M. EST

Wed, 30 Nov 2022 12:51:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://spaceref.com/science-and-exploration/vice-president-harris-meeting-at-nasa-with-president-macron/
Killexams : Iran opposes US by joining Shanghai Cooperation Organization - analysis

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Sat, 26 Nov 2022 22:19:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.jpost.com/middle-east/iran-news/article-723458
Killexams : Iran parliament passes SCO membership bill

TEHRAN – Iranian lawmakers passed on Sunday a bill allowing Iran to become a full member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO).

A majority of lawmakers -203 - voted yes to the bill while only three lawmakers voted no. Four lawmakers abstained from voting. 

The passed bill allows the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran to sign and accept dozens of SCO agreements and documents. 

Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir Abdollahian hailed the passing of the bill. “Parliament’s decisive vote in favor of the bill of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s membership in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization is indicative of our country’s seriousness and determination to develop regional, international and economic cooperation and enhance the pivot to Asia,” the foreign minister said on Twitter. 

He added, “Multilateral approach is the reality of this century.”

Iran became the 9th member of the SCO in mid-September during the 21st Summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), held in the Tajik capital Dushanbe.

At that summit, the leaders of the eight main members of the organization agreed to change the membership of the Islamic Republic of Iran from an observer member to a full member and signed the relevant documents. Accordingly, the technical process of Iran becoming one of the main members of the organization began and Iran started cooperating and interacting with member countries as the main member of the important regional organization.

Iranian President Ayatollah Seyed Ebrahim Raisi delivered a speech at the Dushanbe summit and praised Iran’s membership in the SCO. 

“Signing the memorandum of commitments of the Islamic Republic of Iran in this meeting and becoming a member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization is an important step in the field of regional and international politics of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Certainly, with the active and effective presence of the Islamic Republic of Iran in the activities of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, this membership will be recorded as one of the most important developments in the history of this Organization,” Raisi said in the speech. 

Iranian officials have framed Iran’s membership as a rebuttal to the West and its pressures against Tehran. 

Iranian lawmaker Jalil Rahimi Jahan Abadi said in remarks to IRNA that Iran’s membership in the SCO amounted to the failure of the West’s policy of pressure and isolation against Iran.

“Iran's membership in Shanghai means breaking the policy of isolation and Western pressure. This issue can create better conditions for Iran in negotiations and in the international arena,” he said in late September.

Rahimi Jahan Abadi, who is sitting on the Parliament’s National Security and Foreign Policy Committee, described the SCO as one of the biggest economic, political and security treaties in Central and Eastern Asia. “The presence of China and Russia, two countries with veto power in the UN Security Council, and countries such as India, Pakistan, and Uzbekistan have set the conditions in such a way that Iran's presence in this organization is important due to the type of international interactions and the pressure that the Westerners exert against our country,” he stated.

Sun, 27 Nov 2022 03:33:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.tehrantimes.com/news/479125/Iran-parliament-passes-SCO-membership-bill
Killexams : Analysts on Kingdom’s SCO observer status bid
Content image - Phnom Penh Post

Prime Minister Hun Sen meets with Zhang Ming, secretary-general of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), to discuss Cambodia’s candidacy. SPM

During the ASEAN Summit and related meetings in Phnom Penh on November 11, Prime Minister Hun Sen met with Zhang Ming, secretary-general of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) to discuss Cambodia’s candidacy and readiness to attain SCO observer status, a step-up from its role as a dialogue partner which the Kingdom has held since 2015.

International observers said expansion into the SCO – a Eurasian intergovernmental organisation currently consisting of eight member states including China, Russia, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan – will strengthen Cambodia’s role in the world order, including in regional and global affairs.

It will also strengthen the multilateralism mechanisms that Cambodia adheres to, as the SCO – founded in 2001 with a focus on regional security issues, fight against regional terrorism, ethnic separatism and religious extremism – serves as a balance to the world’s challenging geopolitical environment.

Kin Phea, director of the Royal Academy of Cambodia’s International Relations Institute, said that attaining SCO observer status is important for Cambodia to further cement its multilateral principles and security strategies.

“What Cambodia has always practiced in its foreign policy is the principle of multilateralism and adherence to international laws. SCO cooperation is an important multilateral mechanism, with political, security and economic benefits for the Kingdom,” he added.

He highlighted that the SCO has a wide range of member countries, all of which have economic, energy, political and strategic potential that could benefit Cambodia through economic and diplomatic channels, among others.

“As an SCO observer, Cambodia could strengthen its role in regional and global affairs, as the SCO discusses major international issues at the global level. This would lead to the emergence of Cambodia’s voice in regional cooperation,” he added.

Obtaining membership would not be an issue for Cambodia, as the organisation included China, a close friend, as well as other members which already have good relationships with the Kingdom, said Phea.

The SCO was established in Shanghai in 2001 with six original members: China and five former Soviet republics, namely Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.

The SCO’s main purpose is to cooperate on matters of security and the economy. Members regularly hold joint anti-terrorism exercises and cooperate in sharing security information.

The organisation added India, Pakistan in 2017. In 2021, it approved Iran’s application for accession, with the date for its full membership yet to be confirmed. Its dialogue partners include Turkey, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Qatar and Cambodia.

According a press release by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Hun Sen stated that since becoming a dialogue partner, Cambodia has contributed to promoting ASEAN-SCO cooperation, underlining the Kingdom’s active engagement in different regional and international organisations with the aim of strengthening friendships and maintaining peace, stability and security.

Yang Peou, secretary-general of the Royal Academy of Cambodia, said the SCO’s first charter was aimed at security and political cooperation, but in the current geopolitical scope, the organisation plays a large role in the economic matters.

He said the organisation – whose member states account for about 30 per cent of the world’s gross domestic product (GDP), cover approximately 60 per cent of the world’s territory and account for about 3.4 billion people, or 43 per cent of the world’s population – has enormous military power, with key members China and Russia being nuclear powers. Other member states including India, Iran and Pakistan are developing nuclear technology, although not in line with UN principles.

“As a sovereign state, Cambodia’s desire to join with this organisation does not denote military ambitions that should disturb the West. It will raise the Kingdom’s profile as a dialogue partner in the region and promote better economic, political, diplomatic and military exchanges,” Peou added, explaining Cambodia’s motivation.

Sat, 12 Nov 2022 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.phnompenhpost.com/national-politics/analysts-kingdoms-sco-observer-status-bid
Killexams : SCO backing Cambodian bid for observer status

Zhang Ming, secretary-general of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) expressed his hopes that Cambodia will become an SCO observer. Cambodia has been a dialogue partner of the organisation for seven years.

Prime Minister Hun Sen met with Zhang on November 12, on the sidelines of the ASEAN Summits in Phnom Penh.

Hun Sen thanked Zhang for his support for of Cambodia’s bid to gain SCO observer status. He underlined the Kingdom’s readiness to comply with the organisation’s recommendations as it endeavoured to reach this goal.

In a press release, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation said that both sides had discussed Cambodia’s application for SCO Observer status at length.

Hun Sen said that since becoming an SCO dialogue partner in 2015, Cambodia has contributed to promoting cooperation between ASEAN-SCO. He underlined that Cambodia’s active engagement in different regional and international organisations has the aim of strengthening friendships and maintaining peace, stability and security.

“The secretary-general praised Cambodia for its active engagement in promoting ASEAN-SCO relations. He highlighted the SCO’s internal process for a country to be elevated from dialogue partner status to observer and expressed his hope that Cambodia will become an SCO Observer,” the press release read.

It said that the two sides had also shared their commitment to further strengthening cooperation between ASEAN and SCO.

Fri, 11 Nov 2022 15:15:00 -0600 en text/html https://phnompenhpost.com/national/sco-backing-cambodian-bid-observer-status
Killexams : CIIE brings Chinese opportunities to SCO countries

SHANGHAI, Nov. 12, (China Economic Net) - Pakistani handicrafts, Indian spices, Iranian saffron, Azerbaijani pomegranate juice... More than 100 kinds of special commodities from Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) countries have caught the attention of numerous visitors at the Fifth China International Import Expo (CIIE).

Under the theme of “Sharing a New Era and a New Future for Win-win Cooperation”, 8 display cases, namely exhibition booths, were set up by the SCO Demonstration Area (SCODA) in the special areas of the food and agricultural products exhibition area of CIIE. The display of international style elements is in line with the theme of CIIE, providing a high-quality platform and carrier for the exhibition and marketing of special food products from the SCO countries.

During CIIE, SCODA has established contacts with various businessmen from Russia, Pakistan and other SCO countries. A businessman from Iran mentioned that SCODA provides more convenience for enterprises to rent space, design exhibition booths and coordinate logistics. During the Expo, an unexpected transaction amount was reached.

After years of development, CIIE has transformed exhibits into commodities, exhibitors into investors, exchanges concepts and ideas, connects China and the world, and has become the four major platforms for international procurement, investment promotion, people-to-people exchanges, openness and cooperation, and an international public product shared by the whole world.

The SCO special area set up by SCODA at 5th CIIE

After the first exhibition of the 4th CIIE, SCODA set up the SCO special area for the first time at this expo. “SCODA is a frontier for China to further strengthen economic and trade exchanges with SCO countries, and can provide broader market opportunities for various trading entities,” Sun Jing, director of Division 1 of the Industrial Development Department of the SCODA Administrative Committee, told China Economic Net. The participation of SCODA in CIIE is a strong combination of two international economic and trade cooperation platforms.

Pakistan Cultural Elements exhibition area at the Qingdao·SCODA Pearl International Expo Center

The items on display at the Qingdao·SCODA Pearl International Expo Center basically bring together feature goods from various countries. Among them, products in the Pakistan Cultural Elements exhibition area mostly cover the mainstream categories of Chinese consumer goods, including 50 products in four major categories such as food, handicrafts, clothing and furniture, presenting the rich cultural customs of Pakistan.

Referring to the exact achievements of SCODA in actively promoting all-round cooperation between China and Pakistan, Mr. George J. F. Chau, Vice Director of Division 2, Industrial Department of the SCODA Administrative Committee, highlighted that in June this year, at the Qingdao Multinationals Summit, a contract was signed for the oil refining and chemical project in the port of Gwadar in Pakistan. A new refinery and chemical plant with an 8 million ton refining and chemical capacity will be built in Pakistan, which is expected to provide 3,000 direct employment.

“In the next step, we will sign MOUs with relevant Pakistani institutions to further promote extensive cooperation between China and Pakistan in the fields of international logistics, modern trade, two-way investment, barter trade, business, travel and cultural exchanges, ”added Mr. George J. F. Chau.

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Sat, 12 Nov 2022 06:15:00 -0600 text/html http://en.ce.cn/Insight/202211/12/t20221112_38225475.shtml
Killexams : Import expo cements China-SCO trade, economic cooperation

Just two days into the fifth China International Import Expo (CIIE) currently taking place in Shanghai, Alexander Presnyakov, who represents a Russian beer producer at the event, expressed the hope to "come here every year in the future."

Baltika Breweries, a newcomer to the CIIE, is no stranger to the Chinese market as it set up a representative office in Beijing as early as 2005, according to Presnyakov, head of the office.

"China is one of our key markets. We look forward to bringing our products to more Chinese consumers through the CIIE, which proves to be a prestigious platform and effective channel," he said, adding that he has already connected with potential business partners at the 2022 edition of the expo.

From Indian spices to Kazakh dairy products, companies from the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) countries brought hundreds of national specialties to display at the event.

Many of them are displayed in the pavilion of the China-SCO Local Economic and Trade Cooperation Demonstration Area (SCODA), a second-time CIIE participant.

"The CIIE has become an important platform that demonstrates China's opening-up drive, and many enterprises from SCO countries hope to set up booths at the expo through SCODA to gain a broader market," said Xiang Zhiqiang, deputy director of SCODA's management committee.

In the exhibition area of Kazahkstan, a woman dressed in a traditional national costume was seen tweaking electrical equipment for a live-streaming show on social media.

"I hope live-streaming will make more Chinese consumers aware of Kazakhstan's specialties, and allow more people to feel the vibrant atmosphere of CIIE," said Botakoz Yelshibek.

E-commerce live broadcasts have dramatically boosted the promotion of goods from SCO countries in China. In early 2022, the Ministry of Commerce held a live-streaming shopping event featuring over 1,500 categories of special commodities from SCO countries, generating total sales amounting to about 100 million yuan (about 13.86 million U.S. dollars).

This success boosted the confidence of such companies in their ability to expand their market in China. Many of them then contacted the management committee of SCODA, saying they wished to be part of the fifth CIIE, according to Xiang.

Closer business cooperation has yielded substantial results. In the first eight months of this year, China's trade with other SCO members reached 1.73 trillion yuan, up 26 percent year on year, data showed.

Meanwhile, the exports of goods and services from SCO member states to China have shown a trend of diversification in terms of varieties, and also quality and trade structure improvements, said Jiang Jing, a researcher with the Institute of Russian, Eastern European and Central Asian Studies at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

Li Ruisi, a researcher from the same institute, said the CIIE demonstrates China's determination to firmly support trade liberalization and adhere to opening-up, which is highly consistent with the development consensus reached by SCO members in economic and trade cooperation.

At the 21st Meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the SCO held in September 2021, China said it aimed to achieve a cumulative trade volume of 2.3 trillion U.S. dollars with other SCO member states in the next five years.

The active participation of the SCO countries in the CIIE will contribute to a smooth realization of this goal and further promote practical cooperation within the SCO framework, said Li.

Tue, 08 Nov 2022 10:00:00 -0600 text/html http://www.china.org.cn/business/2022-11/09/content_78509005.htm
Killexams : Russian FM sees rosy SCO future © Provided by XINHUA

This photo taken on Nov. 6, 2022 shows the exhibition zone of the China-Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Local Economic and Trade Cooperation Demonstration Area at the fifth China International Import Expo (CIIE) in east China's Shanghai. (Xinhua/Zheng Dongrui)

Lavrov also noted that cultural and humanitarian cooperation is developing within the SCO framework.

MOSCOW, Nov. 8 (Xinhua) -- Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov on Tuesday praised the role of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and voiced confidence in its future development.

The SCO has completed its original task of ensuring order on the borders between the Central Asian countries, China and Russia, Lavrov said here during a press conference after talks with Indian External Affairs Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar.

"As the SCO evolves, it has started to pay more attention to countering new challenges and threats, such as terrorism, separatism and extremism, and to using its comparative advantages, being located on a large part of the Eurasian continent," Lavrov said.

"The SCO member countries are interested in using these advantages to further develop their economic ties, expand trade flows and create additional transport infrastructure that will minimize costs and, accordingly, increase profits and benefit each one of our countries," he added.

He said the use of the Northern Sea Route, a shipping line in the Arctic connecting Russia's European part with the Far East, will open up impressive prospects for the SCO.

He also noted that cultural and humanitarian cooperation is developing within the SCO framework. 

Tue, 08 Nov 2022 08:18:00 -0600 en-SG text/html https://www.msn.com/en-sg/news/other/russian-fm-sees-rosy-sco-future/ar-AA13T8cG
Killexams : SCO names Yeh Tsung as conductor emeritus, Quek Ling Kiong as principal conductor

SINGAPORE – Maestro Yeh Tsung, who has helmed the Singapore Chinese Orchestra (SCO) for 20 years, will step down as music director and be appointed conductor emeritus starting 2023.

SCO’s resident conductor Quek Ling Kiong will be promoted to principal conductor at the same time.

Announcing this on Wednesday, SCO said the slate of new appointments are part of its leadership renewal and succession planning.

When Yeh, 72, was first appointed by SCO two decades ago, the Shanghai-born, Western-trained conductor was the world’s first music director to lead a symphony orchestra – the South Bend Symphony Orchestra in the United States – and a Chinese orchestra across two continents concurrently.

Quek, 55, was appointed SCO’s resident conductor in 2013, and Singapore National Youth Chinese Orchestra’s music director in 2016. He will plan the new SCO concert season from July 2023. 

SCO chairman Ng Siew Quan expressed his gratitude to Yeh for his leadership of the SCO, and for building the SCO into the world-class Chinese orchestra that it is today.

“We are very pleased that maestro Tsung Yeh has agreed to continue contributing to SCO as conductor emeritus. I also congratulate Ling Kiong on his new appointment and wish him success in his new capacity,” said Mr Ng.

Three musicians will also be appointed as section leaders overseeing the respective sections of the orchestra to ensure the highest artistic standards.

They are concertmaster Li Baoshun (strings section), dizi principal Yin Zhiyang (winds and percussion section) and sanxian associate principal Huang Guifang (plucked strings section). Eight SCO veteran musicians, including the three section leaders, will be concurrently appointed members of the SCO’s music advisory panel to provide artistic advice on programme curation, and selection of guest artists and conductors.

Mr Ng said that going forward, SCO’s artistic leadership will be driven collectively by the conductors, section leaders and music advisory panel.

In an earlier interview with The Straits Times, Yeh, a 2013 Cultural Medallion recipient, said that while he will continue conducting for another 10 years or so, he hopes to catch up on his research and writing on conducting to impart his knowledge to the younger generation.  He will also be spending more time with his family, including his 98-year-old mother, wife Wong Sau Lan, three children and his grandson Moonji. 

Wed, 30 Nov 2022 01:09:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.straitstimes.com/life/sco-names-tsung-yeh-as-conductor-emeritus-quek-ling-kiong-as-principal-conductor
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