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Faced with an onslaught of malware-less attacks that are increasingly hard to identify and stop, CISOs are contending with a threatscape where bad actors innovate faster than security and IT teams can keep up. However, artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) are proving effective in strengthening cybersecurity by scaling data analysis volume while increasing response speeds and securing digital transformation projects under construction. 

“AI is incredibly, incredibly effective in processing large amounts of data and classifying this data to determine what is good and what’s bad. At Microsoft, we process 24 trillion signals every single day, and that’s across identities and endpoints and devices and collaboration tools, and much more. And without AI, we simply could not tackle this,” Vasu Jakkal, corporate vice president for Microsoft security, compliance, identity, and privacy, told her keynotes’ audience at the RSA Conference earlier this year.

AI helps close skills gaps, growing the market  

2022 is a breakout year for AI and ML in cybersecurity. Both technologies enable cybersecurity and IT teams to Excellerate the insights, productivity and economies of scale they can achieve with smaller teams. 93% of IT executives are already using or considering implementing AI and ML to strengthen their cybersecurity tech stacks. Of those, 64% of IT executives have implemented AI for security in at least one of their security life cycle processes, and 29% are evaluating vendors. 

CISOs tell VentureBeat that one of the primary factors driving adoption is the need to get more revenue-related projects done with fewer people. In addition, AI and ML-based apps and platforms are helping solve the cybersecurity skills shortages that put organizations at a higher risk of breaches. According to the (ISC)² Cybersecurity Workforce Study, “3.4 million more cybersecurity workers are needed to secure assets effectively.”


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CISOs also need the real-time data insights that AI- and ML-based systems provide to fine-tune predictive models, gain a holistic view of their networks and continue implementing their zero-trust security framework and strategy. As a result, enterprise spending on AI- and ML-based cybersecurity solutions are projected to attain a 24% compound annual growth rate (CAGR) through 2027 and reach a market value of $46 billion.

AI’s leading use cases in cybersecurity 

It’s common to find enterprises not tracking up to 40% of their endpoints, making it more challenging because many IT teams aren’t sure how many endpoints their internal processes are creating in a given year. Over a third, or 35%, of enterprises using AI today to strengthen their tech stacks say that endpoint discovery and asset management is their leading use case. Enterprises plan to increase their use of endpoint discovery and asset management by 15% in three years, eventually installed in nearly half of all enterprises. 

It’s understandable why endpoint recovery and asset management are highly prioritized due to how loosely managed their digital certificates are. For example, Keyfactor found that 40% of enterprises use spreadsheets to track digital certificates manually, and 57% do not have an accurate inventory of SSH keys. 

Additional use cases revolve around cybersecurity investments related to zero-trust initiatives, including vulnerability and patch management, access management and identity access management (IAM). For example, 34% of enterprises are using AI-based vulnerability and patch management systems today, which is expected to jump to over 40% in three years. 

Improving endpoint discovery and asset management along with patch management continue to lead CISOs’ priorities this year. Source: AI and automation for cybersecurity report, IBM Institute for Business Value | Benchmark Insights, 2022.

Who CISOs trust to get it right 

Over 11,700 companies in Crunchbase are affiliated with cybersecurity, with over 1,200 mentioning AI and ML as core tech stacks and products and service strategies. As a result, there’s an abundance of cybersecurity vendors to consider, and over a thousand can use AL, ML or both to solve security problems.

CISOs look to AI and ML cybersecurity vendors who can most help consolidate their tech stacks first. They’re also looking for AI and ML applications, systems and platforms that deliver measurable business value while being feasible to implement, given their organizations’ limited resources. CISOs are getting quick wins using this approach. 

The most common use cases are AI- and ML-based cybersecurity implementations of transaction-fraud detection, file-based malware detection, process behavior analysis, and web domain and reputation assessment. CISOs want AI and Ml systems that can identify false positives and differentiate between attackers and admins. That’s because they meet the requirement of securing threat vectors while delivering operational efficiency and being technically feasible. 

VentureBeat’s conversations with CISOs at industry events, including RSA, BlackHat 2022, CrowdStrike’s Fal.Con and others, found several core areas where AI and ML adoption continue to get funded despite budget pressures being felt across IT and security teams. These areas include behavioral analytics (now a core part of many cybersecurity platforms), bot-based patch management, compliance, identity access management (IAM), identifying and securing machine identities, and privileged access management (PAM), where AI is used for scoring risk and validating identities. 

In addition, the following are areas where AI and ML are delivering value to enterprises today:

Using AL and ML to Excellerate behavioral analytics, improving authentication accuracy. Endpoint protection platform (EPP), endpoint detection and response (EDR) unified endpoint management (UEM), and a few public cloud providers, including Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure, and others, are combining AI techniques and ML models to Excellerate security personalization while enforcing least-privileged access. Leading cybersecurity providers are integrating predictive AI and ML to adapt security policies and roles to each user in real time based on the patterns of where and when they attempt to log in, their device type, device configuration and several other classes of variables. 

Leading providers include Blackberry Persona, Broadcom, CrowdStrike, CyberArk, Cybereason, Ivanti, SentinelOne, Microsoft, McAfee, Sophos, VMware Carbon Black and others. Enterprises say this approach to using AI-based endpoint management decreases the risk of lost or stolen devices, protecting against device and app cloning and user impersonation.

Microsoft Defender’s unique approach of combining AI and ML techniques to Excellerate behavioral blocking and containment has proven effective in identifying and stopping breach attempts based on an analysis of previous behaviors combined with learned insights from pre- and post-execution sensors. Source: Microsoft 365 Defender Portal pages, 2022, Microsoft 365 Docs.

Discovering and securing endpoints by combining ML and natural language processing (NLP). Attack surface management (ASM) is comprised of external attack surface management (EASM), cyberasset attack surface management (CAASM), and digital risk protection services (DRPS), according to Gartner’s 2022 Innovation Insight for Attack Surface Management report (preprint courtesy of Palo Alto Networks). Gartner predicts that by 2026, 20% of companies will have more than 95% visibility of all their assets, which will be prioritized by risk and control coverage by implementing CAASM functionality, up from less than 1% in 2022. 

Leading vendors in this area are combining ML algorithms and NLP techniques to discover, map and define endpoint security plans to protect every endpoint in an organization. Leading vendors include Axonius, Brinqa, Cyberpion, CyCognito, FireCompass, JupiterOne, LookingGlass Cyber, Noetic Cyber, Palo Alto Networks (via its acquisition of Expanse), Randori and others. 

Using AI and ML to automate indicators of attack (IOAs), thwarting intrusion and breach attempts. AI-based IOAs fortify existing defenses using cloud-based ML and real-time threat intelligence to analyze events at runtime and dynamically issue IOAs to the sensor. The sensor then correlates the AI-generated IOAs (behavioral event data) with local events and file data to assess maliciousness. CrowdStrike says AI-powered IOAs operate asynchronously alongside existing layers of sensor defense, including sensor-based ML and existing IOAs. Its AI-based IOAs combine cloud-native ML and human expertise on a common platform invented by the company more than a decade ago. Since their introduction, AI-based IOAs have proven effective in identifying and thwarting intrusion and breach attempts while defeating them in real time based on real adversary behavior. 

AI-powered IOAs rely on cloud-native ML models trained using telemetry data from CrowdStrike Security Cloud combined with expertise from the company’s threat-hunting teams. IOAs are analyzed at machine speed using AI and ML, providing the accuracy, speed and scale enterprises need to thwart breaches.

“CrowdStrike leads the way in stopping the most sophisticated attacks with our industry-leading indicators of attack capability, which revolutionized how security teams prevent threats based on adversary behavior, not easily changed indicators,” said Amol Kulkarni, chief product and engineering officer at CrowdStrike. 

“Now, we are changing the game again with the addition of AI-powered indicators of ttack, which enable organizations to harness the power of the CrowdStrike Security Cloud to examine adversary behavior at machine speed and scale to stop breaches in the most effective way possible.” AI-powered IOAs have identified over 20 never-before-seen adversary patterns, which experts have validated and enforced on the Falcon platform for automated detection and prevention. 

What makes CrowdStrike’s approach to using AI as the basis of their IOAs is how effective it’s proving to be at collecting, analyzing and reporting a network’s telemetry data in real time, having a continuously recorded view of all network activity. Source: CrowdStrike.

AI and ML techniques enrich bot-based patch management with contextual intelligence. One of the most innovative areas of cybersecurity today is how the leading cybersecurity providers rely on a combination of AI and ML techniques to locate, inventory and patch endpoints that need updates. Vendors aim to Excellerate bots’ predictive accuracy and ability to identify which endpoints, machines and systems need patching when evaluating the need to take an inventory-based approach to patch management. 

Ivanti’s recent survey on patch management found that 71% of IT and security professionals found patching overly complex and time-consuming, and 53% said that organizing and prioritizing critical vulnerabilities takes up most of their time.

Patch management needs to be more automated if it’s going to be an effective deterrent against ransomware. Taking a data-driven approach to ransomware helps. Nayaki Nayyar, president and chief product officer at Ivanti, is a leading thought leader in this area and has often presented how the most common software errors can lead to ransomware attacks. During RSA, her presentation on how Ivanti Neurons for Risk-Based Patch Management provides contextual intelligence that includes visibility into all endpoints, including those that are cloud- and on-premises based, all from a unified interface, reflects how advanced bot-based match management is coming using AI as a technology foundation.

Ivanti continues to enhance its bot-based approach to patch management with AI- and ML-based improvements, enabling greater contextual intelligence for enterprises managing large-scale device inventories that make manual patching impractical. Source: Ivanti.

Using AI and ML to Excellerate UEM for every device and machine identity. UEM platforms vary in how advanced they are in capitalizing on AI and Ml technologies when protecting them with least-privileged access. The most advanced UEM platforms can integrate with and help enable enterprise-wide microsegmentation, IAM and PAM. AI and ML adoption across enterprises happens fastest with these technologies embedded in platforms and, in the case of Absolute Software, in the firmware of the endpoint devices.

The same holds true for UEM for machine identities. By taking a direct, firmware-based approach to managing machine-based endpoints to enable real-time OS, patch and application updates that are needed to keep each endpoint secure, CISOs gain the visibility and control of endpoints they need. Absolute Software’s Resilience, the industry’s first self-healing zero-trust platform, is noteworthy for its asset management, device and application control, endpoint intelligence, incident reporting and compliance, according to G2 Crowds’ crowdsourced ratings

Ivanti Neurons for UEM relies on AI-enabled bots to seek out machine identities and endpoints and automatically update them unprompted. Ivanti’s approach to self-healing endpoints is also worth noting for how well its UEM platform approach combines AI, ML and bot technologies to deliver unified endpoint and patch management at scale across a global enterprise customer base. 

Additional vendors rated highly by G2 Crowd include CrowdStrike FalconVMware Workspace ONE and others. 

AI and ML are core to zero trust 

Every enterprise’s zero-trust security roadmap will be as unique as its business model and approach. A zero-trust network access (ZTNA) framework needs to be able to flex and change quickly as the business it’s supporting changes direction. Longstanding tech stacks that sought security using interdomain controllers and implicit trust proved too slow to react and be responsive to changing business requirements. 

Relying on implicit trust to connect domains was also an open invitation to a breach. 

What’s needed are cloud-based security platforms that can interpret and act on network telemetry data in real time. CrowdStrike’s Falcon platform, Ivanti’s approach to integrating AI and ML across their product lines, and Microsoft’s approach on Defender365 and their build-out of the functionality on Azure, are examples of what the future of cybersecurity looks like in a zero-trust world. Gaining AI and ML-based insights at machine speed, as CrowdStrike’s new AI-powered IOA does, is what enterprises need to stay secure while pivoting to new business opportunities in the future.

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Mon, 28 Nov 2022 15:40:00 -0600 Louis Columbus en-US text/html https://venturebeat.com/security/where-cisos-rely-on-ai-and-machine-learning-to-strengthen-cybersecurity/
Killexams : Understanding Retirement Savings Account Transfer (RSA) Process No result found, try new keyword!It will be one year next week Wednesday since the National Pension Commission (PenCom) commenced the Retirement Savings Account (RSA) Transfer Window that has provided contributors and retirees of ... Tue, 08 Nov 2022 20:00:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://thenationonlineng.net/understanding-retirement-savings-account-transfer-rsa-process/ Killexams : Statins lower risk of deadliest kind of stroke, study finds

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Doctors know that drugs called statins lower a person’s risk of a stroke due to a blood clot. But a new study shows that the inexpensive medications can also decrease the risk of a first stroke as a result of an intracerebral hemorrhage, the deadliest kind.

An intracerebral hemorrhage is when blood from an artery suddenly begins to bleed into the brain. It’s the second most common cause of a stroke after a blood clot, which is called an ischemic stroke.

Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability in the US, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says. Many can be prevented through lifestyle changes such as eating healthy, getting exercise and quitting smoking.

Statins are another powerful tool for stroke prevention. They work by reducing fatty deposits in the arteries and keeping them from building up to cut off blood to the brain. Globally, hundreds of millions of people take them to prevent heart problems or stroke.

There has been conflicting research on whether a statin can reduce a person’s risk of a first intracerebral hemorrhage. The new study, published Wednesday in the journal Neurology, seems to put a cap on some of that debate.

The researchers used prescription data and the health records of more than 88,000 people in Denmark who did not have a history of stroke. During the study period, 989 people (with an average age of 76) had a first bleeding stroke in the lobe area of the brain, and 1,175 (with an average age of 75) had one in the other parts of the brain.

The researchers distinguished between lobar vs. nonlobar strokes so they could look for differences in strokes in different parts of the brain; nonlobar strokes are often caused by high blood pressure.

The research was partially funded by the Novo Nordisk Foundation. The pharmaceutical company Novo Nordisk makes drugs for the treatment of stroke, but the foundation was not involved in the study design or interpretation of the data, the researchers say.

People in the study who used statins for any period of time had a 17% lower risk of a stroke in the lobe areas of the brain and a 16% lower risk of a stroke in the non-lobe areas of the brain. When they used a statin for more than five years, they had a 33% lower risk of a bleeding stroke in the lobe areas and a 38% lower risk in the non-lobe areas.

“It’s reassuring news for people taking statins that these medications seem to reduce the risk of bleeding stroke as well as the risk of stroke from blood clots,” said study co-author Dr. David Gaist, a professor of the University of Southern Denmark in Odense.

The study has some limitations, however. It lacked data on potentially important underlying conditions that could lead to a stroke and other information about behaviors that could raise a person’s risk, such as smoking or alcohol use. There would also need to be additional research to determine whether the results would be the same in non-European populations.

A large ongoing trial funded by the US National Institutes of Health is trying to determine whether people who have been on statins and are admitted to a hospital with a hemorrhagic stroke should keep using the drug or stop taking it.

Some research has suggested that people who have a history of stroke due to a blood clot, called an ischemic stroke, may have a higher risk of a hemorrhagic stroke if they take a statin.

“There were these small exploratory studies off of randomized trials that suggested the possibility there was an increased risk of hemorrhagic stroke if there had been a history of ischemic stroke. So that’s thrown us off a bit,” said Dr. Pooja Khatri, a professor and division chief of neurology and rehabilitation medicine at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. She works regularly with people who have had strokes and was not involved in the new research.

She said this study shows what biologically makes sense: Taking statins and keeping fatty deposits from building up in the arteries makes hemorrhagic strokes less likely.

“Studies like this latest one sort of put the nail in the coffin because they’re larger and they’re so comprehensive and population-based. This study tells me that if a patient has never had a stroke and they have indications, a statin is definitely a good idea,” Khatri said. “It makes us think that we are right to be certain that overall, patients are better off on statins.”

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Wed, 07 Dec 2022 09:39:14 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.msn.com/en-us/health/medical/statins-lower-risk-of-deadliest-kind-of-stroke-study-finds/ar-AA151DCK
Killexams : Taupō RSA offers help through clinics

Taupō RSA loses its Bofors anti-aircraft artillery gun before being demolished in 2019.

Many former military service people are not aware of what they are entitled to, says a Taupō support manager for RSA.

Taupō RSA district support manager Tricia Hague wants former service personnel to know that support is available to them.

An upcoming support clinic aims to inform ex-service members about resources that may be able to assist them in their day-to-day lives.

Hague said veterans with any service are likely to be eligible for some kind of assistance, even if they have never connected with the RSA before.

“Whether involved in compulsory military training or active service, all veterans are important to the RSA’s Support Services team, even if they are not an RSA member.”

On Saturday, December 3, veterans and their families have been invited to drop in at any time between 10am and 4pm at the clinic at Rotary House, 12 Story Place. Appointments are not needed.

“Many ex-serving personnel do not know their rights and where to get help.”

She said these events, held by RSAs around the country, aimed to ensure people were getting the support that they deserve.

With the help of an assigned case manager, support can often be personalised to the individual or family’s requirements, said Taupō RSA committee member Phil Constable.

He said the event was informal and low pressure and is “just a chat”.

“Everything is partitioned off so it’s all in privacy. Nothing is repeated outside the RSA or to anyone else”.

Help could take many forms, from podiatry services to window washing.

“It might be big support, it might be small support, it might be anything in between.”

Taupō RSA has had a lower profile in the town in recent years. The association’s building in Horomātangi St was demolished in 2019, after issues with low membership and income. The organisation had no plans for a new base.

Events like the support clinic helped to remind everyone the RSA is still active in the town, says Phil, and continues to advocate for former service members.

He said there was a lack of awareness about what help is available, and who might be entitled to it. He gave the example of personnel who undertook compulsory military training, which was a requirement for New Zealand men until 1972, who might feel they do not have enough service.

“Anyone who’s done a day in the military may be entitled to something.”

Mon, 28 Nov 2022 06:46:00 -0600 Milly Fullick en text/html https://www.nzherald.co.nz/rotorua-daily-post/news/taupo-rsa-offers-help-through-clinics/G5UYGR5CKFHH3I7AS3VI7S2MGU/
Killexams : Developer juggles modern conversion with RSA history


An impression of the revamped RSA building now owned by Amherst Properties. The company says a local street artist will paint a better poppy mural than its computerised impression.

A property developer who bought the central Christchurch clubrooms of the Returned and Services Association (RSA) has retained some memorial features while converting it to an office building.

Developer and investor Lindsay O’Donnell’s company Amherst Properties paid $3.4 million for the building last year after the troubled RSA sold it in the face of financial losses and mounting debts.

Amherst is now nearing the end of the $1m-plus conversion. The work has included stripping out and refurbishing the interior, and cutting new windows in the eastern facade.

O’Donnell said they will add a poppy mural to the eastern facade and are hiring a local street artist to paint it.

* How a grand new building and swanky restaurant became a financial disaster for the Christchurch RSA
* Contest for RSA president brings back bad memories
* Commemorative wall of plaques taken down by Christchurch RSA

John Kirk-Anderson/Stuff

The Christchurch RSA was the site of the failed Trenches restaurant, bar and events business.

“I didn’t want it to be just another office building. We wanted it recognised for what it stood for,” he​ said.

“It’s always a balance, but we’ve tried to keep bits that are significant. We didn’t want to step on the toes of the RSA – it’s their history”.

The association’s connection with the site dates back a century to when it first built clubrooms there after World War I.

After the 1920s rooms were demolished following the earthquakes, the RSA purpose built a replacement designed by Christchurch architects Warren and Mahoney, costing $6.5m.

John Kirk-Anderson/Stuff

The RSA building pictured before it was sold.

The new building opened in 2015 featuring the Trenches restaurant, bar and function area, which was intended to bring in revenue. However, the business failed and Trenches was closed in late 2019.

Amherst has removed five of the 11 distinctive metal-clad pillars out front, which are inscribed with the names of overseas battles in which Kiwi service personnel lost their lives. The five are still owned by the RSA and have been removed and stored.

Three of the other pillars are still in place and the other three will be re-installed on the eastern side of the building.

John Kirk-Anderson/Stuff

Some memorial items have been retained, while others have been kept by the RSA or lost in the conversion process.

Also retained are exterior engravings in the marble walls, including one memorizing “We Will Remember Them”.

Attempts by the RSA to have stonemasons salvage memorials which honoured individual soldiers failed, and they were lost, O’Donnell said.

The RSA took digital copies of the memorials, which had been paid for by families and built into an interior concrete wall, in the hope it might later recreate them.

Dean Kozanic/Stuff

A detail of one of eight mural panels of a mural depicting New Zealanders at war by William Sutton that previously hung in the RSA building.

Other memorial items, including murals depicting war scenes by Christchurch painter William Sutton, were removed by the RSA and auctioned off to raise money.

O’Donnell said deconstructing the building’s interior had required considerable effort because it was designed with an emphasis on hospitality.

Amherst has also bought a site alongside the building for car parking. It previously bought and redeveloped land behind the clubrooms which the RSA sold to fund the building’s construction.


RSA poppies are made at a factory in Christchurch which is staffed by volunteers and can produce 2000 to 2500 poppies each day.

Thu, 17 Nov 2022 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/130481030/developer-juggles-modern-conversion-with-rsa-history
Killexams : Do crosswords help your brain? New study highlights how they may help

Deseret News 11/10/2022 Lois M. Collins

A puzzle fan works on the New York Times crossword puzzle in pen at the “Wordplay” brunch in Park City, Utah, Sunday, Jan. 22, 2006. © Carolyn Kaster, Associated Press A puzzle fan works on the New York Times crossword puzzle in pen at the “Wordplay” brunch in Park City, Utah, Sunday, Jan. 22, 2006.

Working crossword puzzles may Excellerate memory, helping people who have mild cognitive impairment.

That’s according to a study just published in NEJM Evidence that compared crossword puzzles with computer video games that target cognition.

Mild cognitive impairment can be a precursor to dementia. In the study, people who have mild cognitive impairment were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of “intensive, home-based computerized training with Web-based cognitive games or Web-based crossword puzzles, followed by six booster sessions,” the study said.

Per Prevention, “Scientists noted that both crossword puzzles and brain games positively impacted the early stages of cognitive decline.”

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says 1 in 9 adults in the U.S. have worsening self-reported symptoms of confusion or memory loss associated with cognitive decline. Among those 65 and older, the share climbs to 11.7%. Self-reported cognitive decline is more common among men than women, 11.3% vs. 10.6%. It is somewhat more common for Black people, then Hispanics, then whites, Asians and Pacific Islanders.

The Washington Post noted numbers from The American Academy of Neurology showing that “mild cognitive impairment affects about 8 percent of people ages 65 to 69; 10 percent of people ages 70 to 74; 15 percent of people ages 75 to 79; 25 percent of those ages 80 to 84; and about 37 percent of people 85 and older.”

The study design

The researchers, running the trial of puzzle vs. game at Columbia University/New York State Psychiatric Institute and Duke University Medical Center, found that among 51 patients assigned to the games and 56 assigned to the crossword puzzles, scores worsened slightly for games and improved for crosswords by Week 78. The noted improvements were also slight.

The study reported that 6 of the 56 individuals assigned to the crosswords group and 8 of 51 in the games group progressed to dementia during the study. But 17 in the crossword group and 12 in the games group reverted from mild cognitive impairment to normal cognition, it said.

They measured cognitive changes using the Alzheimer’s Disease Assessment Scale-Cognitive score, which is a 70-point scale. Higher scores mean increased impairment. they also used the University of California San Diego Performance-Based Skills Assessment Score and the Functional Activities Questionnaire, administered at 78 weeks.


The loss of hippocampal volume and cortical thickness — both indicators of decline for cognition that were measured by MRI — was greater in the game group than in the crossword group, as well.

The study concludes that “if these effects are replicated and expanded in future trials with the inclusion of a control group that does not receive cognitive training, crossword puzzle training could become a home-based, scalable, cognitive enhancement tool for individuals” who have mild cognitive impairment.

All of the study participants were English speakers. The researchers said larger studies are needed to confirm the results.

Studies with different findings

In other studies over the years, crosswords haven’t fared as well as certain cognition-targeting video games.

Stella Panos, neuropsychologist and director of neuropsychology for the Pacific Neuroscience Institute at Providence Saint John’s Health Center in California, told Healthline, “While this was a surprising finding when I read it, there may be other reasons for this.”

She said crossword puzzles could be a more familiar tool to the study participants. And “computer games may also have stimulated a broader range of cognitive functions which may possibly not have been captured as well with their primary outcome measures.”

The CEO of Re:Cognition Health, Dr. Emer MacSweeney, told Healthline that over weeks of doing the same video game processes, the processes could become familiar, so crosswords might have better presented new information. “It is the process of learning new information that is most important to the brain,” he said.

Other studies have suggested that crossword puzzles do not impact cognitive decline. For example, as The Washington Post reported, one by the University of Michigan in 1999 didn’t find crossword puzzles impact cognitive decline.

That study author, Zach Hambrick, told the Post that doing a crossword puzzle, “which requires the ability to remember words and esoteric knowledge gathered through experience, tests a person’s ‘crystallized cognitive abilities.’”

He explained that those with mild cognitive impairment struggle most with fluid, not crystalized, cognitive abilities like remembering a list of words or working a logic problem. Crossword puzzles don’t address those or build those skills.

Experts emphasize the new information aspect of reducing cognitive decline. Different tasks, near information and getting away from what’s simply comfortable and familiar are important, they say.

Thu, 10 Nov 2022 09:04:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.msn.com/en-us/health/other/do-crosswords-help-your-brain-new-study-highlights-how-they-may-help/ar-AA13YBlO
Killexams : Study Finds Dietary Supplements Ineffective at Lowering Cholesterol or Improving Heart Health
  • A new study shows that claimed “heart-healthy” supplements are not effective at improving cardiovascular health.
  • The study compared the impact of statins and various dietary supplements on “bad” cholesterol levels, or LDL levels.
  • Experts share insights into lowering cholesterol and improving heart health without supplements.

For years dietary supplements like fish oil, plant sterols, and even garlic and cinnamon have been touted (and marketed) as a method for helping lower “bad” cholesterol levels and boosting heart health. Now, a new study has found that these alleged “heart-healthy” supplements are ineffective at improving cardiovascular health.

The study was presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2022 and published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. It compared the effect of these particular dietary supplements to the impact of a low dose of a statin—a cholesterol-lowering medication like Lipitor or Crestor.

The study involved 190 participants, aged 40-75, with no prior history of cardiovascular disease. Different groups received a low-dose statin called rosuvastatin, a placebo, fish oil, cinnamon, garlic, turmeric, plant sterols, or red yeast rice for 28 days. The study compared statins with supplements and a placebo.

The participants who took a kind of dietary supplement saw no significant decrease in LDL cholesterol, total cholesterol, or blood triglycerides (fat that circulates in your blood), and their results were similar to those of people who took a placebo.

Researchers found that those who took statins had the greatest impact and significantly lowered their low-density lipoproteins (LDL), or “bad cholesterol.” The average LDL fell nearly 40% after 28 days of statin use. The group taking statins also saw improved total cholesterol, which dropped on average 24% and saw the number of blood triglycerides drop by 19%.

Millions of Americans take statins such as Lipitor, Crestor, or generic formulations to lower their cholesterol. Too much “bad” cholesterol can lead to fatty deposits that can block the flow of oxygen and blood that the heart needs to work—which can cause a blockage that can lead to a heart attack or stroke. Statins are typically prescribed for people who have known heart disease, genetically high cholesterol, or are at high risk for heart attack and stroke, according to Eugene Yang, M.D., chair of the American College of Cardiology Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases Council.

It’s important to note that while this study does provide evidence against the alleged benefits of dietary supplements, there are some important limitations to consider. With only 190 participants whose levels were recorded after 28 days, this study was very short and very small, says Dr. Yang. It is also important to have diversity in the trial size which allows for the results to be general to all, says Melissa Prest, D.C.N, R.D.N., spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. “This study was from one center and with 190 participants so the results may not be generalizable to different groups of people.”

Another key limitation is that the researchers don’t address all outcomes. Aside from lowering cholesterol and triglyceride levels, Dr. Yang explains that what we really want to know is “does the statin have a benefit in lowering the risk of heart attack and stroke that you would not see with these over-the-counter supplements?” For future studies, Dr. Yang says that researchers would ideally have a larger pool of participants, a longer study duration, and have the outcomes of heart attack and stroke risk addressed in order to determine if statins vs. supplements Excellerate clinical outcomes.

As a cardiologist, Dr. Yang notes that he often tries to explain that just because a supplement claims to be “heart healthy,” doesn’t mean that it is—or that there is research to back it up. “Even if I try my best to explain to them that we don’t really have a lot of scientific evidence that these things actually help,” he says, “now we’re armed with at least one study that randomized people to all these different over-the-counter, commonly used supplements and now we can say that at least based on this small study, that there is no evidence that these have any beneficial effect on lowering your cholesterol.”

Should I try a statin?

Statins are generally prescribed for people who have consistently high LDL cholesterol levels, says Prest. “Diet, exercise, and lifestyle factors can help to reduce LDL cholesterol before a statin is needed. If the LDL cholesterol levels remain elevated, statins are then prescribed,” Prest explains.

Folks who should be taking statins for prevention are people who have already had a heart attack or stroke, and people who are at higher risk of these, which is determined by LDL numbers as well as age, hypertension, as well as “good” cholesterol numbers, says Jennifer Wong, M.D., cardiologist and medical director of non-invasive cardiology at MemorialCare Heart and Vascular Institute at Orange Coast Medical Center.

What are some natural ways to Excellerate heart health?

The best way to Excellerate your heart health, according to Dr. Yang, is to “focus on the optimization of lifestyle behaviors: don’t smoke, exercise regularly, eat healthier. You don’t need to take a pill or a supplement, because they clearly have no benefit.”

The easiest way for people to Excellerate their heart health is to make dietary changes like incorporating fish two to three times per week, reducing the amount of saturated fat in the diet, and increasing fiber-rich grains and fruits and vegetables, says Prest. Eating these foods will help lower cholesterol levels.

Exercise is also important to strengthen the heart muscle and keep blood pressure in check. If you are more sedentary now, find ways to add more movement into your day like taking a movement break every 60 minutes, Prest suggests.

You should also look at ways to limit stress and get a consistent seven to nine hours of sleep each night, Prest adds. “If you need more help with diet and lifestyle goals, reach out to a registered dietitian nutritionist to help you create a plan for success.”

The bottom line

Don’t rely on supplements alone to reduce LDL cholesterol, says Prest. They are supplementary to an overall heart-healthy diet, exercise, and lifestyle plan, she says. “Many people see positive improvements in LDL cholesterol when they make changes to their overall diet and lifestyle, which is the first line of treatment for reducing LDL cholesterol before a statin is added.”

So before you go looking for a magic pill, consult a healthcare professional and start with a few lifestyle tweaks to get the ball rolling.

Dietary supplements are products intended to supplement the diet. They are not medicines and are not intended to treat, diagnose, mitigate, prevent, or cure diseases. Be cautious about taking dietary supplements if you are pregnant or nursing. Also, be careful about giving supplements to a child, unless recommended by their healthcare provider.

Wed, 09 Nov 2022 00:54:00 -0600 en-us text/html https://www.prevention.com/health/a41902960/dietary-supplements-not-effective-lowering-cholesterol-improving-heart-health-study/
Killexams : News analysis: RSA's big challenge - turning around broker service

RSA is investing in its broker service as it aims to reverse years of decline. Having published its strategic roadmap for 2025, Saxon East discovers that although there is plenty of goodwill, it faces a battle to convince brokers it can achieve its goals

On a narrow road, a stone’s throw from Ilford train station in Essex, lie the offices of Trident Insurance.

Aged 67, chairman Robert Marshall is still working hard, proud of the business he built up over the years.

For too long, Marshall feels the big insurers have let him down. With only a few million in premium each year, the large insurers have given him poor service and made life difficult in obtaining agencies.

The wait on referrals is agonising.

“You have to wait for sometimes a week

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Mon, 07 Nov 2022 03:00:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.insuranceage.co.uk/insurer/7951721/news-analysis-rsas-big-challenge-turning-around-broker-service
Killexams : Covea, Hiscox and RSA commit to Build Back Better

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Sun, 13 Nov 2022 23:34:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.insuranceage.co.uk/insurer/7951890/covea-hiscox-and-rsa-commit-to-build-back-better
Killexams : St. Louis City, County and RSA reach agreement on splitting Rams settlement funds

ST. LOUIS, Mo. (KMOV) - St. Louis City, St. Louis County and the Regional Sports Authority (RSA) have agreed how to split the money that was gained from a lawsuit settlement pertaining to the Rams relocation.

In 2017 the city, county and RSA sued over the Rams’ relocation. Stan Kroenke and the NFL opted to avoid going to trial and settled in November 2021 for $790 million. After lawyer fees, the St. Louis region was left with around $513 million.

For months News 4 Investigates has been trying to get answers from St. Louis Mayor Tishaura Jones, St. Louis County Executive Dr. Sam Page, and RSA leaders regarding the money’s status. Earlier this year, the St. Louis Board of Aldermen called for an investigation into the rams settlement money to ensure the funds would serve the citizens of St. Louis best.

Tuesday night, Jones’ office announced that as of January 2023, St. Louis City would receive $250 million plus an additional $30 million on contingency, St. Louis County would receive $169 million and the RSA would receive $70 million.

The St. Louis Board of Aldermen will have until June 30 to decide whether to appropriate the $30 million contingency funds to the convention center expansion project. If the Board of Aldermen does not appropriate those funds to the expansion project in time, the city would then agree that the RSA is entitled to receive the money no later than July 31.

The full board of the RSA still must approve the deal.

Following the announcement from Mayor Jones’ office, Greater St. Louis, Inc. CEO Jason Hall issued the following statement:

“On behalf of businesses, organizations, and institutions that employ more than 200,000 people in the St. Louis metro area, we urge the City, County, and RSA to steward and invest these once-in-a-lifetime funds to grow the St. Louis economy for generations to come with a boldness that transcends jurisdictional boundaries and drives inclusive growth across the metro.

“We continue to believe that the three national models outlined in our recent white paper offer the best potential pathways to maximize the transformative potential of these one-time settlement proceeds. These funds should be deployed in an intentional and strategic manner to drive inclusive and catalytic growth in the metro. Based on national best practices, the use of one-time settlement funds should be based on a transparent process, clear and specific goals, sound fiduciary governance, accountability, and oversight.”

Earl E. Nance Jr., the chairman for the RSA, told News 4 they are thrilled to reach a decision after months of negotiations with the city and county.

“Of course we asked for more, we would’ve liked more, but it turned out 70 million dollars and we will make the best use of it that we can. The dome that we’re responsible for, needs some repairs, need some maintenance, may need a new roof, so we’ll be ready for that. We have to get everything ready for the Battlehawks football team coming in, so this money is a big help in helping to get that done.”

correction: A previous version of this story stated the settlement had just been reached between the parties and the NFL.

Tue, 22 Nov 2022 14:48:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.kmov.com/2022/11/23/nfl-settles-with-st-louis-city-county-millions/
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