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Killexams : RSA Authentication techniques - BingNews Search results Killexams : RSA Authentication techniques - BingNews Killexams : The five cyber attack techniques of the apocalypse

Webinar This year's RSA Conference saw SANS security experts gather to identify and discuss five of the most dangerous cyber attack techniques identified in the first half of the year. If you missed the original debate, don't worry, you have another chance to learn what you should be looking out for.

The Cloud: Wherever sensitive data and mission critical workloads head to, hackers inevitably follow and the cloud is increasingly in their cross hairs. Katie Nickels, SANS Certified Instructor and Director of Intelligence for Red Canary, shares her tips on now best to detect and respond to attacks that hide behind legitimate cloud services to bypass firewalls and proxies.

The MFA Bypass: Think your old user account has been deleted? Think again. It might be helping a hacker connect an illegitimate device back into the network so they can bypass multi factor authentication (MFA) defenses. Monitoring unusual user behaviors and login sources and ensuring all inactive accounts are disabled on AD can help, says Katie.

The "Ghost Backup" Attack: Dr. Johannes Ullrich, Dean of Research at SANS Technology Institute identifies a type of attack that uses to a malicious backup job to replicate sensitive information on a hacker-controlled storage device. Regularly patching and updating your inventories and data retention policies, using encryption and maintaining tight control of access to the central management console are all effective counters.

Stalkerware: We're all "stalkable" to some extent, but some of us more so than others due to poor security hygiene points out Heather Mahalik, SANS DFIR Curriculum Lead and Cellebrite Sr. Director of Digital Intelligence. Hear how simple steps like password management, device reboot and avoiding any temptation to click on a random url can reduce our own personal attack surface.

Cyber Warfare: Wars, pandemics, economic crises – it's a dangerous world out there, and heightened geopolitical tensions are blurring the military and civilian Internet divide. Rob Lee, Chief Curriculum Director and Faculty Lead at SANS Institute analyses the risk of hackers adding their skills to a government's cyber warfare arsenal.

These are just the five most dangerous types of attacks identified in 2022 – 2023 might look very different. So it makes sense for cyber security professionals to acquire as many news skills and certifications as possible in preparation for what's ahead.

You can browse upcoming SANS training courses and events by clicking here, and test drive as many demos as you like (there's around an hour of free content available for each).

Sponsored by SANS.

Mon, 28 Nov 2022 23:00:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Understanding Retirement Savings Account Transfer (RSA) Process No result found, try new keyword!It will be one year next week Wednesday since the National Pension Commission (PenCom) commenced the Retirement Savings Account (RSA) Transfer Window that has provided contributors and retirees of ... Tue, 08 Nov 2022 20:00:00 -0600 en-US text/html Killexams : Where CISOs rely on AI and machine learning to strengthen cybersecurity

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Faced with an onslaught of malware-less attacks that are increasingly hard to identify and stop, CISOs are contending with a threatscape where bad actors innovate faster than security and IT teams can keep up. However, artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) are proving effective in strengthening cybersecurity by scaling data analysis volume while increasing response speeds and securing digital transformation projects under construction. 

“AI is incredibly, incredibly effective in processing large amounts of data and classifying this data to determine what is good and what’s bad. At Microsoft, we process 24 trillion signals every single day, and that’s across identities and endpoints and devices and collaboration tools, and much more. And without AI, we simply could not tackle this,” Vasu Jakkal, corporate vice president for Microsoft security, compliance, identity, and privacy, told her keynotes’ audience at the RSA Conference earlier this year.

AI helps close skills gaps, growing the market  

2022 is a breakout year for AI and ML in cybersecurity. Both technologies enable cybersecurity and IT teams to Excellerate the insights, productivity and economies of scale they can achieve with smaller teams. 93% of IT executives are already using or considering implementing AI and ML to strengthen their cybersecurity tech stacks. Of those, 64% of IT executives have implemented AI for security in at least one of their security life cycle processes, and 29% are evaluating vendors. 

CISOs tell VentureBeat that one of the primary factors driving adoption is the need to get more revenue-related projects done with fewer people. In addition, AI and ML-based apps and platforms are helping solve the cybersecurity skills shortages that put organizations at a higher risk of breaches. According to the (ISC)² Cybersecurity Workforce Study, “3.4 million more cybersecurity workers are needed to secure assets effectively.”


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CISOs also need the real-time data insights that AI- and ML-based systems provide to fine-tune predictive models, gain a holistic view of their networks and continue implementing their zero-trust security framework and strategy. As a result, enterprise spending on AI- and ML-based cybersecurity solutions are projected to attain a 24% compound annual growth rate (CAGR) through 2027 and reach a market value of $46 billion.

AI’s leading use cases in cybersecurity 

It’s common to find enterprises not tracking up to 40% of their endpoints, making it more challenging because many IT teams aren’t sure how many endpoints their internal processes are creating in a given year. Over a third, or 35%, of enterprises using AI today to strengthen their tech stacks say that endpoint discovery and asset management is their leading use case. Enterprises plan to increase their use of endpoint discovery and asset management by 15% in three years, eventually installed in nearly half of all enterprises. 

It’s understandable why endpoint recovery and asset management are highly prioritized due to how loosely managed their digital certificates are. For example, Keyfactor found that 40% of enterprises use spreadsheets to track digital certificates manually, and 57% do not have an accurate inventory of SSH keys. 

Additional use cases revolve around cybersecurity investments related to zero-trust initiatives, including vulnerability and patch management, access management and identity access management (IAM). For example, 34% of enterprises are using AI-based vulnerability and patch management systems today, which is expected to jump to over 40% in three years. 

Improving endpoint discovery and asset management along with patch management continue to lead CISOs’ priorities this year. Source: AI and automation for cybersecurity report, IBM Institute for Business Value | Benchmark Insights, 2022.

Who CISOs trust to get it right 

Over 11,700 companies in Crunchbase are affiliated with cybersecurity, with over 1,200 mentioning AI and ML as core tech stacks and products and service strategies. As a result, there’s an abundance of cybersecurity vendors to consider, and over a thousand can use AL, ML or both to solve security problems.

CISOs look to AI and ML cybersecurity vendors who can most help consolidate their tech stacks first. They’re also looking for AI and ML applications, systems and platforms that deliver measurable business value while being feasible to implement, given their organizations’ limited resources. CISOs are getting quick wins using this approach. 

The most common use cases are AI- and ML-based cybersecurity implementations of transaction-fraud detection, file-based malware detection, process behavior analysis, and web domain and reputation assessment. CISOs want AI and Ml systems that can identify false positives and differentiate between attackers and admins. That’s because they meet the requirement of securing threat vectors while delivering operational efficiency and being technically feasible. 

VentureBeat’s conversations with CISOs at industry events, including RSA, BlackHat 2022, CrowdStrike’s Fal.Con and others, found several core areas where AI and ML adoption continue to get funded despite budget pressures being felt across IT and security teams. These areas include behavioral analytics (now a core part of many cybersecurity platforms), bot-based patch management, compliance, identity access management (IAM), identifying and securing machine identities, and privileged access management (PAM), where AI is used for scoring risk and validating identities. 

In addition, the following are areas where AI and ML are delivering value to enterprises today:

Using AL and ML to Excellerate behavioral analytics, improving authentication accuracy. Endpoint protection platform (EPP), endpoint detection and response (EDR) unified endpoint management (UEM), and a few public cloud providers, including Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure, and others, are combining AI techniques and ML models to Excellerate security personalization while enforcing least-privileged access. Leading cybersecurity providers are integrating predictive AI and ML to adapt security policies and roles to each user in real time based on the patterns of where and when they attempt to log in, their device type, device configuration and several other classes of variables. 

Leading providers include Blackberry Persona, Broadcom, CrowdStrike, CyberArk, Cybereason, Ivanti, SentinelOne, Microsoft, McAfee, Sophos, VMware Carbon Black and others. Enterprises say this approach to using AI-based endpoint management decreases the risk of lost or stolen devices, protecting against device and app cloning and user impersonation.

Microsoft Defender’s unique approach of combining AI and ML techniques to Excellerate behavioral blocking and containment has proven effective in identifying and stopping breach attempts based on an analysis of previous behaviors combined with learned insights from pre- and post-execution sensors. Source: Microsoft 365 Defender Portal pages, 2022, Microsoft 365 Docs.

Discovering and securing endpoints by combining ML and natural language processing (NLP). Attack surface management (ASM) is comprised of external attack surface management (EASM), cyberasset attack surface management (CAASM), and digital risk protection services (DRPS), according to Gartner’s 2022 Innovation Insight for Attack Surface Management report (preprint courtesy of Palo Alto Networks). Gartner predicts that by 2026, 20% of companies will have more than 95% visibility of all their assets, which will be prioritized by risk and control coverage by implementing CAASM functionality, up from less than 1% in 2022. 

Leading vendors in this area are combining ML algorithms and NLP techniques to discover, map and define endpoint security plans to protect every endpoint in an organization. Leading vendors include Axonius, Brinqa, Cyberpion, CyCognito, FireCompass, JupiterOne, LookingGlass Cyber, Noetic Cyber, Palo Alto Networks (via its acquisition of Expanse), Randori and others. 

Using AI and ML to automate indicators of attack (IOAs), thwarting intrusion and breach attempts. AI-based IOAs fortify existing defenses using cloud-based ML and real-time threat intelligence to analyze events at runtime and dynamically issue IOAs to the sensor. The sensor then correlates the AI-generated IOAs (behavioral event data) with local events and file data to assess maliciousness. CrowdStrike says AI-powered IOAs operate asynchronously alongside existing layers of sensor defense, including sensor-based ML and existing IOAs. Its AI-based IOAs combine cloud-native ML and human expertise on a common platform invented by the company more than a decade ago. Since their introduction, AI-based IOAs have proven effective in identifying and thwarting intrusion and breach attempts while defeating them in real time based on actual adversary behavior. 

AI-powered IOAs rely on cloud-native ML models trained using telemetry data from CrowdStrike Security Cloud combined with expertise from the company’s threat-hunting teams. IOAs are analyzed at machine speed using AI and ML, providing the accuracy, speed and scale enterprises need to thwart breaches.

“CrowdStrike leads the way in stopping the most sophisticated attacks with our industry-leading indicators of attack capability, which revolutionized how security teams prevent threats based on adversary behavior, not easily changed indicators,” said Amol Kulkarni, chief product and engineering officer at CrowdStrike. 

“Now, we are changing the game again with the addition of AI-powered indicators of ttack, which enable organizations to harness the power of the CrowdStrike Security Cloud to examine adversary behavior at machine speed and scale to stop breaches in the most effective way possible.” AI-powered IOAs have identified over 20 never-before-seen adversary patterns, which experts have validated and enforced on the Falcon platform for automated detection and prevention. 

What makes CrowdStrike’s approach to using AI as the basis of their IOAs is how effective it’s proving to be at collecting, analyzing and reporting a network’s telemetry data in real time, having a continuously recorded view of all network activity. Source: CrowdStrike.

AI and ML techniques enrich bot-based patch management with contextual intelligence. One of the most innovative areas of cybersecurity today is how the leading cybersecurity providers rely on a combination of AI and ML techniques to locate, inventory and patch endpoints that need updates. Vendors aim to Excellerate bots’ predictive accuracy and ability to identify which endpoints, machines and systems need patching when evaluating the need to take an inventory-based approach to patch management. 

Ivanti’s latest survey on patch management found that 71% of IT and security professionals found patching overly complex and time-consuming, and 53% said that organizing and prioritizing critical vulnerabilities takes up most of their time.

Patch management needs to be more automated if it’s going to be an effective deterrent against ransomware. Taking a data-driven approach to ransomware helps. Nayaki Nayyar, president and chief product officer at Ivanti, is a leading thought leader in this area and has often presented how the most common software errors can lead to ransomware attacks. During RSA, her presentation on how Ivanti Neurons for Risk-Based Patch Management provides contextual intelligence that includes visibility into all endpoints, including those that are cloud- and on-premises based, all from a unified interface, reflects how advanced bot-based match management is coming using AI as a technology foundation.

Ivanti continues to enhance its bot-based approach to patch management with AI- and ML-based improvements, enabling greater contextual intelligence for enterprises managing large-scale device inventories that make manual patching impractical. Source: Ivanti.

Using AI and ML to Excellerate UEM for every device and machine identity. UEM platforms vary in how advanced they are in capitalizing on AI and Ml technologies when protecting them with least-privileged access. The most advanced UEM platforms can integrate with and help enable enterprise-wide microsegmentation, IAM and PAM. AI and ML adoption across enterprises happens fastest with these technologies embedded in platforms and, in the case of Absolute Software, in the firmware of the endpoint devices.

The same holds true for UEM for machine identities. By taking a direct, firmware-based approach to managing machine-based endpoints to enable real-time OS, patch and application updates that are needed to keep each endpoint secure, CISOs gain the visibility and control of endpoints they need. Absolute Software’s Resilience, the industry’s first self-healing zero-trust platform, is noteworthy for its asset management, device and application control, endpoint intelligence, incident reporting and compliance, according to G2 Crowds’ crowdsourced ratings

Ivanti Neurons for UEM relies on AI-enabled bots to seek out machine identities and endpoints and automatically update them unprompted. Ivanti’s approach to self-healing endpoints is also worth noting for how well its UEM platform approach combines AI, ML and bot technologies to deliver unified endpoint and patch management at scale across a global enterprise customer base. 

Additional vendors rated highly by G2 Crowd include CrowdStrike FalconVMware Workspace ONE and others. 

AI and ML are core to zero trust 

Every enterprise’s zero-trust security roadmap will be as unique as its business model and approach. A zero-trust network access (ZTNA) framework needs to be able to flex and change quickly as the business it’s supporting changes direction. Longstanding tech stacks that sought security using interdomain controllers and implicit trust proved too slow to react and be responsive to changing business requirements. 

Relying on implicit trust to connect domains was also an open invitation to a breach. 

What’s needed are cloud-based security platforms that can interpret and act on network telemetry data in real time. CrowdStrike’s Falcon platform, Ivanti’s approach to integrating AI and ML across their product lines, and Microsoft’s approach on Defender365 and their build-out of the functionality on Azure, are examples of what the future of cybersecurity looks like in a zero-trust world. Gaining AI and ML-based insights at machine speed, as CrowdStrike’s new AI-powered IOA does, is what enterprises need to stay secure while pivoting to new business opportunities in the future.

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Mon, 28 Nov 2022 15:40:00 -0600 Louis Columbus en-US text/html
Killexams : What is social engineering? Definition, types, attack techniques

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Social engineering is the very common practice of exploiting a human element to initiate and/or execute a cyberattack. 

Human weakness and ignorance present such easy targets that fully 82% of the attacks in Verizon’s 2022 Data Breach Investigations Report were perpetrated, at least in part, via some form of social engineering.

In this article, we look at the forms of social engineering that are frequently used and best practices for limiting its effectiveness within the enterprise.

What is social engineering?

A dictionary definition of social engineering (in the context of cybersecurity) is “the use of deception to manipulate individuals into divulging confidential or personal information that may be used for fraudulent purposes.” 


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At the most basic, this includes the mass-market spamming of individual email accounts with a phishing attempt such as an offer for a free gift certificate from a well-known retailer. Consumers who click a link to a malicious website or open an infected file attachment and enter personal information may open themselves up to criminal exploitation.

For higher-value, enterprise targets, the technique can become quite a bit more elaborate — or remain stunningly simple.

Roger Grimes, data-driven defense evangelist at security awareness training vendor KnowBe4, calls it for what it is: a con, a scam. “It’s someone pretending to be a brand, company or person you would … trust more than if you know the message was being sent by a complete stranger trying to trick you into doing something that will impact you or your organization’s own interests,” he explained. “The desired actions are often to launch a malicious program, provide logon passwords, or to provide confidential content (e.g., social security number, banking information, etc.).” 

The criminal uses psychological manipulation to trick the user into performing actions or divulging confidential information. Seven means of persuasive appeal, as outlined by Robert Cialini in Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion, are commonly cited in explaining why people are vulnerable to their application in social engineering:

  • Reciprocity
  • Scarcity
  • Authority
  • Liking
  • Commitment
  • Consensus
  • Unity

Many social engineering attempts come via email, but that is not the only channel. Social engineering is also accomplished via SMS messages, websites, social media, phone calls or even in person. 

As Manos Gavriil, head of content at hacking training firm Hack The Box, points out, “Social engineering is considered the number one threat in cybersecurity, as it exploits individual human error, which makes it very hard to stop, and even the simplest forms of attack can have a devastating impact.”

Types of social engineering techniques and methods

Social engineering is accomplished in a variety of ways:  

  • Pretexting: This involves the false presentation of identity or context to make a target believe they should share sensitive data or take a compromising action, and it is an element in most social engineering.
  • Baiting: The adversary usually offers a fake promise of something to deceive the victim, steal sensitive information or infect the organization with malware.
  • Phishing: The attacker sends out large volumes of emails, without a specific target in mind, in the hope that a malicious link or attachment will be clicked to deliver the attacker access to sensitive information. 
  • Spear phishing: Masquerading as a known or trusted sender to a specific victim, the attacker sends a targeted, and usually personally crafted, phishing message. 
  • Whale phishing: This is spear phishing for a high-value target, such as a senior executive or key financial staffer. It is likely predicated on detailed information that the attacker has first gathered about the target and organization in order to present a credible pretext involving access to sensitive information or the initiation of a financial action.
  • Vishing or smishing: This is a phishing attempt made via a voice call or SMS text, as opposed to an email message.
  • Business email compromise (BEC): The cybercriminal compromises a business email account and impersonates the owner to deceive someone in the business circle into sending money or sensitive data to the attacker’s account.
  • Pharming: Code is placed on a computer or server to divert or trick the user into visiting a harmful website.  
  • Tailgating or piggybacking: A malicious actor gains physical access to an organization’s secured facility by closely following an employee or other authorized entrant who has used a credential to pass through security.
  • Dumpster diving: As it sounds, this is another attack at a physical location, whereby the criminal sifts through an organization’s trash to find information that they can use to initiate an attack.

These types of attack are often combined or tweaked to incorporate new wrinkles:

  • Cybercriminals often pretend they are from a trusted organization, such as the target’s energy supplier, bank or IT department. They use logos from these institutions and email addresses that are similar to official ones. Once they gain trust, they request sensitive information such as logins or account details to penetrate networks or steal funds. 
  • A common approach is a false scenario with a warning that if an action isn’t taken very soon there will be some unwanted negative consequence, such as having an account permanently locked, a fine or a visit from law enforcement. The usual goal is to get the person to click on a rogue URL link that takes the victim to a fake login page where they enter their login credentials for a legitimate service.
  • Another variant is the BazarCall campaign. It begins with a phishing email. But instead of duping the user into clicking on a malicious link or attachment, the email prompts the user to call a phone number to cancel a subscription. Urgency is injected with the threat that they are about to be automatically charged. Fake call centers then direct users to a website to get a cancellation form that installs BazarCall malware.
  • For spear-phishing, the attacker may glean valuable data from LinkedIn, Facebook and other platforms in order to appear more genuine. If the target is out of the country, for example, and is known to use an Amex card, a call or email may claim to be from American Express, seeking to verify identity to approve transactions in the country in which the user is traveling. The person hands over account information, credit card numbers, pins and security codes — and the attacker goes on an online buying spree.
  • Because whaling focuses on high-value targets, sophisticated techniques are increasingly used. If a merger is ongoing or a big government grant is about to go through, attackers may pose as someone involved in the deal and inject enough urgency to get money diverted to the account of a criminal group. Deepfake technology may be used to make a financial employee believe that their boss or another authority figure is requesting the action. 
  • LinkedIn requests from bad actors are growing in prevalence. Con artists charm unsuspecting jobseekers into opening malicious PDFs, videos, QR codes and voicemail messages. 
  • Push notification spamming is when a threat actor continuously bombards a user for approval via a multi-factor authentication (MFA) app. A user can panic or get annoyed by the number of notifications coming their way and deliver approval to the threat actor to enter the network.  
  • Cashing in on a current crisis, a social engineering attack plays on current headlines or people’s fears around personal finances. Whether it is text messages offering fake energy bills and tax rebates or an increase in online banking scams, people become more vulnerable to exploitation from opportunistic bad actors as budgets tighten.  

However, social engineering doesn’t have to be sophisticated to be successful. Physical social engineering usually involves attackers posing as trusted employees, delivery and support personnel, or government officials such as firefighters or police. Another effective ploy is to leave a USB stick somewhere labeled “bitcoin wallet” or even, in a company parking lot or building toward the end of the year, “annual raises.”

As Igor Volovich, vice president of compliance for Qmulos, shares, “Recently, a pair of social media figures set out to prove that they could get into concerts by simply carrying a ladder and ‘acting official.’ They succeeded multiple times.”

10 top best practices to detect and prevent social engineering attacks in 2022

Follow these best practices to thwart social engineering attempts within an organization:

1. Security awareness training may be the most fundamental practice for preventing damage from social engineering. 

  • Training should be multifaceted. Engaging but short videos, user alerts about potentially dangerous online activity, and random phishing simulation emails all play their part. 
  • Training must be done at regular intervals and must educate users on what to look for and how to spot social engineering.
  • One-size-fits-all training should be avoided. According to Gartner, one-size-fits-all training misses the mark. Content needs to be highly varied to reach all types of people. It should be of different lengths — from 20 minutes to one- to two-minute microlearning lessons. It should be interactive and perhaps even consist of episode-based shows. Various styles should be deployed, ranging from formal and corporate to edgy and humorous. Customization of content should address distinct types of users, such as those in IT, finance or other roles and for those with differing levels of knowledge.
  • Gamification can be used in a variety of ways. Training can include games where the user spots different threat indicators or solves social engineering mysteries. Games can also be introduced to play one department’s security scores against another’s with rewards offered at the end of a training period.

2. Employees should be tested regularly for their response to threats — both online and in person.

  • Before beginning security awareness training, baseline testing can determine the percentage of users who fall victim to simulated attacks. Testing again after training gauges how successful the educational campaign has been. As Forrester Research notes, metrics such as completion rates and quiz performance don’t represent real-world behavior.
  • To get a fair measure of user awareness, simulations or campaigns should not be announced in advance. Vary timing and style. If fake phishing emails go out every Monday morning at 10 and always look similar, the employee grapevine will go into action. Workers will warn each other. Some will stand up in the cubicle and announce a phishing campaign email to the whole room. Be unpredictable on timing. Styles, too, should be changed up. One week try using a corporate logo from a bank; the next week make it an alert from IT about a security threat. Akin to using “secret shoppers,” deploying realistic simulations of tailgaters and unauthorized lurkers or positioning tempting USBs at a facility can test in-person awareness. In working with a security awareness provider, Forrester analyst Jinan Budge recommends that organizations “choose vendors that can help measure your employees’ human risk score.” Budge notes, “Once you know the risk profile of an individual or department, you can adjust your training and gain valuable insights about where to Excellerate your security program.” 

3. Foster a pervasive culture of awareness.

According to Grimes, “If you create the right culture, you end up with a human firewall that guards the organization against attack.” Well-executed training and testing can help to create a culture of healthy skepticism, where everyone is taught to recognize a social engineering attack.

4. It should be easy to report attempts and breaches.

Systems should make it easy for personnel to report potential phishing emails and other scams to the help desk, IT or security. Such systems should also make life easy for IT by categorizing and summarizing reports. A phishing alert button can be placed directly into the company email program.

5. Multifactor authentication (MFA) is important.

Social engineering is often intended to trick users into compromising their enterprise email and system access credentials. Requiring multiple identity verification credentials is one means of keeping such first-stage attacks from going further. With MFA, users might receive a text message on their phone, enter a code in an authenticator app, or otherwise verify their identity via multiple means.

6. Keep a tight handle on administrative and privileged access accounts.

Once a malicious actor gains access to a network, the next step is often to seek an administrative or privileged access account to compromise, because that provides entry to other accounts and significantly more sensitive information. Therefore it is especially important that such accounts are given only on an “as needs” basis and are watched more carefully for abuse.

7. Deploy user and entity behavior analytics (UEBA) for authentication.

Along with MFA, additional authentication technology should be used to stop initial credential breaches from escalating to larger network intrusions. UEBA can recognize anomalous locations, login times and the like. If a new device is used to access an account, alerts should be triggered, and additional verification steps initiated.  

8. Secure email gateways are another important tool.

Although not nearly perfect, secure email gateways cut down on the number of phishing attempts and malicious attachments that reach users.

9. Keep antimalware releases, software patches and upgrades current.

Keeping current on releases, patches and upgrades cuts down on both the malicious social engineering attempts that reach users and the damage that occurs when users fall for a deception or otherwise make an erroneous click.

10. Finally, the only way to 100% ensure freedom from cyberattack is to remove all users from the web, stop using email, and never communicate with the outside world.

Short of that extreme, security personnel can become so paranoid that they institute a burdensome tangle of safeguards that slow down every process in the organization. A good example is the inefficient TSA checkpoints at every airport. The process has negatively impacted public perception about air travel. Similarly, in cybersecurity a balance between security and productivity must be maintained.

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Mon, 07 Nov 2022 01:22:00 -0600 Drew Robb en-US text/html
Killexams : Developer juggles modern conversion with RSA history


An impression of the revamped RSA building now owned by Amherst Properties. The company says a local street artist will paint a better poppy mural than its computerised impression.

A property developer who bought the central Christchurch clubrooms of the Returned and Services Association (RSA) has retained some memorial features while converting it to an office building.

Developer and investor Lindsay O’Donnell’s company Amherst Properties paid $3.4 million for the building last year after the troubled RSA sold it in the face of financial losses and mounting debts.

Amherst is now nearing the end of the $1m-plus conversion. The work has included stripping out and refurbishing the interior, and cutting new windows in the eastern facade.

O’Donnell said they will add a poppy mural to the eastern facade and are hiring a local street artist to paint it.

* How a grand new building and swanky restaurant became a financial disaster for the Christchurch RSA
* Contest for RSA president brings back bad memories
* Commemorative wall of plaques taken down by Christchurch RSA

John Kirk-Anderson/Stuff

The Christchurch RSA was the site of the failed Trenches restaurant, bar and events business.

“I didn’t want it to be just another office building. We wanted it recognised for what it stood for,” he​ said.

“It’s always a balance, but we’ve tried to keep bits that are significant. We didn’t want to step on the toes of the RSA – it’s their history”.

The association’s connection with the site dates back a century to when it first built clubrooms there after World War I.

After the 1920s rooms were demolished following the earthquakes, the RSA purpose built a replacement designed by Christchurch architects Warren and Mahoney, costing $6.5m.

John Kirk-Anderson/Stuff

The RSA building pictured before it was sold.

The new building opened in 2015 featuring the Trenches restaurant, bar and function area, which was intended to bring in revenue. However, the business failed and Trenches was closed in late 2019.

Amherst has removed five of the 11 distinctive metal-clad pillars out front, which are inscribed with the names of overseas battles in which Kiwi service personnel lost their lives. The five are still owned by the RSA and have been removed and stored.

Three of the other pillars are still in place and the other three will be re-installed on the eastern side of the building.

John Kirk-Anderson/Stuff

Some memorial items have been retained, while others have been kept by the RSA or lost in the conversion process.

Also retained are exterior engravings in the marble walls, including one memorizing “We Will Remember Them”.

Attempts by the RSA to have stonemasons salvage memorials which honoured individual soldiers failed, and they were lost, O’Donnell said.

The RSA took digital copies of the memorials, which had been paid for by families and built into an interior concrete wall, in the hope it might later recreate them.

Dean Kozanic/Stuff

A detail of one of eight mural panels of a mural depicting New Zealanders at war by William Sutton that previously hung in the RSA building.

Other memorial items, including murals depicting war scenes by Christchurch painter William Sutton, were removed by the RSA and auctioned off to raise money.

O’Donnell said deconstructing the building’s interior had required considerable effort because it was designed with an emphasis on hospitality.

Amherst has also bought a site alongside the building for car parking. It previously bought and redeveloped land behind the clubrooms which the RSA sold to fund the building’s construction.


RSA poppies are made at a factory in Christchurch which is staffed by volunteers and can produce 2000 to 2500 poppies each day.

Thu, 17 Nov 2022 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : News analysis: RSA's big challenge - turning around broker service

RSA is investing in its broker service as it aims to reverse years of decline. Having published its strategic roadmap for 2025, Saxon East discovers that although there is plenty of goodwill, it faces a battle to convince brokers it can achieve its goals

On a narrow road, a stone’s throw from Ilford train station in Essex, lie the offices of Trident Insurance.

Aged 67, chairman Robert Marshall is still working hard, proud of the business he built up over the years.

For too long, Marshall feels the big insurers have let him down. With only a few million in premium each year, the large insurers have given him poor service and made life difficult in obtaining agencies.

The wait on referrals is agonising.

“You have to wait for sometimes a week

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Mon, 07 Nov 2022 03:00:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Twitter’s SMS Two-Factor Authentication Is Melting Down

Following two weeks of extreme chaos at Twitter, users are joining and fleeing the site in droves. More quietly, many are likely scrutinizing their accounts, checking their security settings, and downloading their data. But some users are reporting problems when they attempt to generate two-factor authentication codes over SMS: Either the texts don't come or they're delayed by hours.

The glitchy SMS two-factor codes mean that users could get locked out of their accounts and lose control of them. They could also find themselves unable to make changes to their security settings or get their data using Twitter's access feature. The situation also provides an early hint that troubles within Twitter's infrastructure are bubbling to the surface.


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Not all users are having problems receiving SMS authentication codes, and those who rely on an authenticator app or physical authentication token to secure their Twitter account may not have reason to test the mechanism. But users have been self-reporting issues on Twitter since the weekend, and WIRED confirmed that on at least some accounts, authentication texts are hours delayed or not coming at all. The meltdown comes less than two weeks after Twiter laid off about half of its workers, roughly 3,700 people. Since then, engineers, operations specialists, IT staff, and security teams have been stretched thin attempting to adapt Twitter's offerings and build new features per new owner Elon Musk's agenda.

Reports indicate that the company may have laid off too many employees too quickly and that it has been attempting to hire back some workers. Meanwhile, Musk has said publicly that he is directing staff to disable some portions of the platform. “Part of today will be turning off the ‘microservices’ bloatware,” he tweeted this morning. “Less than 20 percent are actually needed for Twitter to work!”

Twitter’s communications department, which reportedly no longer exists, did not return WIRED's request for comment about problems with SMS two-factor authentication codes. Musk did not reply to a tweet requesting comment.

“Temporary outage of multifactor authentication could have the effect of locking people out of their accounts. But the even more concerning worry is that it will encourage users to just disable multifactor authentication altogether, which makes them less safe,” says Kenneth White, codirector of the Open Crypto Audit Project and a longtime security engineer. “It's hard to say exactly what caused the issue that so many people are reporting, but it certainly could result from large-scale changes to the web services that have been announced."


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SMS texts are not the most secure way to receive authentication codes, but many people rely on the mechanism, and security researchers agree that it's better than nothing. As a result, even intermittent or sporadic outages are problematic for users and could put them at risk.

Twitter’s SMS authentication code delivery system has repeatedly had stability issues over the years. In August 2020, for example, Twitter Support tweeted, “We’re looking into account verification codes not being delivered via SMS text or phone call. Sorry for the inconvenience, and we’ll keep you updated as we continue our work to fix this.” Three days later, the company added, “We have more work to do with fixing verification code delivery, but we're making progress. We're sorry for the frustration this has caused and appreciate your patience while we keep working on this. We hope to have it sorted soon for those of you who aren't receiving a code.”

Mon, 14 Nov 2022 11:08:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : RSA announces nine 2022 Royal Designers for Industry

Among the nine designers who have been recognised are Superflux founders Anab Jain and Jon Ardern and furniture designer Sebastian Cox.

The Royal Society for Arts (RSA) has unveiled the nine recipients of the 2022 Royal Designers for Industry (RDI) title as it overhauls its structure to recognise speculative design, regenerative design and design research.

Every year, the RSA award the RDI title to individuals who exhibit “sustained design excellence” and produce “work of aesthetic value and significant benefit to society”, according to the RSA.

Superflux founders Anab Jain and Jon Ardern and Munich-based industrial designer Stephan Diez are among the new inductees, who were announced by Master of the RDI Faculty Tom Lloyd during a ceremony at RSA House.

Only 200 designers can be part of the group at any one time, and it has a legacy stretching back to its foundation in 1936. Non-UK designers can win the title as honorary Royal Designers. Current RDI include illustrator Quentin Blake, who has held the title since 1981, and graphic designer Michael Wolff, who was awarded the title in 2011.

Sebastian Cox

Sebastian Cox was awarded an RDI for his work in regenerative design. He is a designer, maker and environmental campaigner who adopts a nature-first approach in his work at his zero-waste workshop in London.

Cox uses only UK harvested woods, including from his own woodland in Kent. He practices coppicing, which is a woodland management technique involving repeatedly felling trees at the base (or stool) and allowing them to regrow to provide a sustainable supply of timber. This means that the raw materials Cox uses are net positive.

As well as modern digital fabrication methods, Cox designs and makes furniture pieces using traditional crafts and greenwood working techniques, such as weaving steaming and cleaving. His design style brings “the softness of nature into modern spaces”, said Lloyd, adding that the furniture pieces clearly communicate the origins of the materials and act as “vectors of education on subjects of bio-diversity and climate breakdown”.

Anab Jain and Jon Ardern

Anab Jain. Credit: Mark Cocksedge

Superflux founders Anab Jain and Jon Ardern were recognised for innovation in speculative design and handed RDI titles. Founded in 2009, Superflux is both a design and experiential futures company and a research and art practice.

Addressing subjects such as climate change and algorithmic autonomy, Jain and Ardern seek to present the complex and interconnected nature of present-day challenges to diverse audiences. Their approach is a unique strategy for business that works by inviting people into hypothetical worlds to expand their imagination.

Jon Ardern. Credit: Mark Cocksedge

Lloyd described Superflux as “one of the first studios to pioneer a practice with speculative design, critical foresight, design fiction and experiential futures in business”. Jain and Ardern’s work takes the form of client projects, cautionary tales, super-fictions and immersive simulations which test new ideas and themes, ultimately helping to identify blind spots and enable strategic, informed and long-term decision making.

Product design – Stefan Diez

Credit: Christian Geisselmann

Stefan Diez attained an Honorary RDI title for his work in the product design space, where he focusses on designing furniture lighting and accessories for the circular economy. He founded Diez office in 2002 forefront of transforming the ways that products are developed and manufactured.

Growing up in a household of fourth generation carpenters inspired Diez’s “hands-on experimental approach” to his designs, said Lloyd. This concept is at the heart of his studio space formed in 2008, which is joinery-turned-atelier workshop in the centre of Munich.

The space aims to encourage crosspollination, creative experimentation and working analytically. According to Lloyd, Diez believes a good product “offers a tangible advantage to the user and is something they become attached to and want to preserve”.

Diez has also been head of the industrial design program at the University of Applied Arts Vienna since 2018.

Andrea Trimarchi and Simone Farresin

Andrea Trimarchi. Credit: Reneede Groot

Andrea Trimarchi and Simone Farresin received an Honorary RDI for innovation in design research. The pair founded research-based design studio Formafantasma in 2009 to drive projects that investigate the ecological, historical, political and social powers that influence contemporary design. They carry out similar research as co-leaders of the geo-design department at the Design Academy Einthoven.

Working from their studios in Milan and Rotterdam across multiple disciplines, – such as product design, spatial design, strategic planning design and consultancy – Trimarchi and Farresin take on both client briefs and self-initiated projects. Lloyd explained how their portfolio exemplifies “coherent visual language and meticulously research outcomes”.

Simone Farresin. Credit: Reneede Groot

He adds that Trimarchi and Farresin have advocated the need for “value-laden advocacy merged with holistic design thinking” in a bid to facilitate better knowledge of our natural and built environments and how it can be transformed through design.

Other winners

Professor in Graphic Design at The University of Melbourne and a visiting Professor at Tokyo Zokei University John Warwicker achieved the RDI honour for his work in new media design. Lloyd said that Warwicker “never stood still”, adding that his work across media, performance, commerce and art practices is “progressive exploratory and innovative”. Warwicker co-founded the multi-disciplinary design collective Tomato and received TTDC special prize for the curatorship and design of the O tomato Parco exhibition in Tokyo, which celebrated Tomato’s 25th anniversary in 2016.

Renowned west-African Burkinabè architect Diébédo Francis Kéré was accorded an Honorary RDI award. Lloyd described Kéré’s vision as both “utopian and pragmatic” as he focusses largely on utilising local materials, community engagement and sustainable modes of design to construction. Jenny Bevan (OBE) received the honour of becoming a RDI for her innovation in costume design. She has designed clothes for 49 films, 16 TV productions and 30 theatre productions and won three Oscars, three Baftas and two Primetime Emmys.

Lloyd also announced that Charlie Paton, who has been a RDI since 2012 for his work in engineering design, will replace him as Master of the faculty. Paton is best known for inventing the Seawater Greenhouse, which combines seawater and sunlight to generate ideal growing conditions for crops in hot, dry environments.

Sun, 20 Nov 2022 19:24:00 -0600 Abbey Bamford en-UK text/html
Killexams : Covea, Hiscox and RSA commit to Build Back Better

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Sun, 13 Nov 2022 23:34:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Significant trees removed from site of former South Canterbury RSA


Significant trees on the former South Canterbury RSA site were cut down on Monday.

A dozen significant trees on the former site of the South Canterbury RSA have been felled to make way for a housing development.

The trees, with plantings dating back at least 65 years, were on the council's significant trees register, and removed on Monday to make way for an 11-section subdivision by landowner Yedo Investments, which is owned by former Timaru District mayor Damon Odey and his father Robert Odey.

Damon Odey has been approached for comment.

An application for the trees' removal was granted on March 5, 2021.

* Arborist who felled Timaru's 'Champagne Tree' advised parties to save it
* Disbelief as one of Timaru's most prominent trees gets the chop
* Christmas star's future in Timaru still up in air

Dignitaries to have planted the trees include former New Zealand Governor Generals Viscount Cobham, in 1958, Sir Bernard Fergusson, in 1964, Sir Denis Blundell, in 1977, and Sir David Beattie, in 1981.

In March this year, Timaru's ‘Champagne Tree’, on land bordering the subdivision, was controversially felled.


Timaru's "Champagne Tree" is felled on March 31, 2022.

In April 2021, The Timaru Herald reported the South Canterbury RSA had accepted a $5000 offer from the Odeys to replace the trees and plaques, hopefully near the Timaru Town and Country Club where the RSA is now based.


Timaru's 'Champagne Tree' stood to the left of the site to be developed into a subdivision before it was felled in March. The significant trees, felled on Monday, can be seen at the front of the section. (File photo)

The Odeys bought the site in 2019 via a tender process and rented the building back to the SCRSA at the peppercorn rate of 10 cents a month until the doors were closed for the last time in January 2020. The former SCRSA building was demolished in late November 2020.

Sun, 27 Nov 2022 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html
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