Download 050-886 Free PDF with valid real questions.

Numerous websites are supplying 050-886 questions and answers, nevertheless, nearly all of them usually are re-sellers and promote outdated 050-886 questions. A person should not spend their time in addition to money on studying outdated 050-886 questions. Merely go to, download completely free Latest Topics, evaluate, and indication up for complete version. You will notice the particular difference.

Exam Code: 050-886 Practice test 2022 by team
Foundation of Novell Networking: NetWare 6.5
Novell Networking: approach
Killexams : Novell Networking: approach - BingNews Search results Killexams : Novell Networking: approach - BingNews Killexams : Why Women Need A Professional Network

By Kimber Maderazzo,former executive vice president and general manager of Proactiv, executive chairperson of C200 and member since 2010, board member at Pepperdine Graziadio Business School, and founder of the beauty line Milli Rose.

Rising through the ranks in corporate America, I never understood the importance of building a professional network. For most of us, networking can feel like work: filled with clumsy handshakes, awkward small talk, and constant one-upmanship.

Working in large companies, I found mostly opportunities for operational networking that were confined to the boundaries of the company. This never felt comfortable, as if others were pushing for connection because they wanted something from me. Making the shift to grow my personal network through professional associations and common interest groups helped me to widen my perspective and opened the door to personal growth and opportunity.

I’ve been lucky to cultivate a supportive network over the years, which I refer to as my Personal Advisory Board. These are women I’ve met through C200 and other organizations—I’ve leaned on them during tough times, and they have shared my highs and lows. This close tribe of connections provides a fresh perspective on the decisions and challenges of running a company, and ultimately, they’ve helped me to become a better leader.

A ‘We’ vs ‘Me’ Approach

Successful networking goes beyond just connecting with lots of people: it’s about building a community to share ideas, help solve problems, and to create opportunities for one another.

In his book Give and Take: A Revolutionary Approach to Success, organizational psychologist Adam Grant writes, “If we create networks with the sole intention of getting something, we won’t succeed. We can’t pursue the benefits of networks; the benefits ensue from investments in meaningful activities and relationships.”

It’s this mindset of reciprocity that strengthens relationships: promoting others’ goals through referrals and connections—knowing that other members are doing the same for you—can provide the confidence and push women need to achieve professional success.

It’s Harder for Women to Succeed Alone

We all have challenges, failures, and the need for encouragement, but often we are hesitant to reach out to others for help. It can be especially hard for women to engage others to help advance their career.

This sentiment is underscored in the Society for Human Resource Management’s (SHRM) Women in Leadership Executive Summary: Unequal Access on the Journey to the Top, which found that female managers—especially female managers of color—are less likely to feel included in key networks at their organization than male managers.

To achieve positive change, we as leaders must be willing to take a closer look at the gender gaps that exist in our organizations—from entry-level to the C-suite—and focus on helping other women to achieve their leadership potential, to push boundaries, and to make a name for themselves in a business world still dominated by men.

Edie Fraser, CEO of Women Business Collaborative and C200 Founding Member adds, “Networking and relationships are the essence of success as contacts are the building blocks of business. In every aspect of business. It is the mutual support that women can deliver to elevate and advance one another, to provide wise counsel, to mentor and sponsor and yes, promote one another.”

Quality Over Quantity

It is possible to build a successful network community, though, with just a few key connections. In fact, studies show that for women, although networking overall can be difficult, it’s their smaller inner circle that provides the most benefits.

Research by Brian Uzzi, Professor of Leadership and Organizational Change at the American Kellogg School of Management confirms that women do face a greater challenge in networking for professional opportunities. His study suggests that men benefit not so much from the size of their network, but from being connected to multiple ‘hubs.’

While women also benefit from participating in many network groups, the women in this study additionally required an inner circle of close female contacts to help them achieve high-level executive positions—despite having similar work and educational qualifications to their male counterparts.

The insight this close network of women advisors provides helps with the nuances women experience in the workplace and how to navigate them successfully. Cultivating a network of knowledgeable professionals with similar experiences and career paths was incredibly valuable for me; having a trusted group who understand my struggles has made all the difference.

In the end, quality is more important than quantity when it comes to growing your network. Be intentional about surrounding yourself with people who, simply by being around them, elevate your thinking and energy. As you build your network community, include diverse perspectives across a wide range of industries as well as those who understand your specific business challenges. These meaningful connections with those you know have your best interests in mind will allow you to benefit from your network—as you trust in their advice to help you achieve personal and organizational goals.

Wed, 30 Nov 2022 02:00:00 -0600 Committee of 200 en text/html
Killexams : The 10 Hottest Networking Startups Of 2022

Networking News

Gina Narcisi

From those specializing in hybrid cloud-based offerings and Networking as a Service to Secure Access Service Edge and private 5G, here are 10 of the hottest networking startups of 2022.

Bring In The New  

What a time to be a networking newcomer. Networking startups are making a name for themselves by starting at the edge, harnessing new kinds of connectivity and leading with a hybrid cloud approach. Not to mention they are all about embracing the new ways that businesses are looking to buy IT, including subscription-based services.

Networking startups are bursting onto the scene and giving some of the largest vendors a run for their money. Still, there’s room for even the market incumbents to partner with these startups. Networking and SD-WAN companies such as Aruba, a Hewlett Packard Enterprise company, and Versa Networks are choosing to team with startups because of their fresh takes on private 5G, managed networking offerings and next-generation connectivity options. Meanwhile, some startups are filling holes in the market around consumption-based or managed network offerings, as well as edge networking, next-generation data center networking and Secure Access Service Edge, or SASE. One thing that the incumbents and market newcomers have in common? They recognize the power of the channel and are tapping MSPs and resellers for help getting the word out on the new ways to handle networking requirements.

From those specializing in hybrid cloud-based offerings and Networking as a Service to cellular connectivity and 5G, here 10 of the hottest networking startups of 2022.

  • Alkira
  • Aviatrix
  • Celona
  • Graphiant
  • ngena
  • Nile
  • Perimeter 81
  • Prosimo
  • Rockport Networks
  • Trustgrid
Gina Narcisi

Gina Narcisi is a senior editor covering the networking and telecom markets for Prior to joining CRN, she covered the networking, unified communications and cloud space for TechTarget. She can be reached at

Mon, 21 Nov 2022 19:00:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Networking for remote work puts the emphasis on people, not sites

Many companies had to support work-from-home (WFH) during COVID, and most looked forward to having their staff back in the office. Most now tell me that some or all of the staff isn’t coming back, and that remote work is a given for at least some positions, likely for a very long time. That’s opened major questions about how these now-forever-roaming workers are connected to information resources and to each other.

Didn’t we solve this already, with Zoom and Teams? Sort of. Collaborative video applications provide a reasonable substitute for meetings, but you still have the challenge of application access and information delivery. A bit over 80% of enterprises I’ve talked with say they need to make a remote worker look like they’re at their desk, and they need to be able to work as though they were as well.

During lockdown, most companies said they relied on sending files and documents to workers. A few used SD-WAN technology to connect workers’ homes to the company VPN. The former strategy is very limiting and inefficient; you can’t replace checking account status online by sending around documents. The latter is a reasonable approach for some workers, but it’s expensive to deliver everybody an SD-WAN appliance to take home, and it’s also difficult to support. But you can run many SD-WAN clients as cloud software. Why not use the cloud?

One big enterprise I talked to thought about that, and then had another idea. When they explored that question, they realized they were already using the cloud as a front-end to facilitate customer marketing, sales, and support. A cloud application provided a front-end to their legacy product, order, and account management, making those systems look like they were designed for customer use. Why not use the cloud to provide workers with broader access? Customer applications were restricted depending on which parts of the core business applications they could access; worker applications would have fewer restrictions.

Hey, great idea. They divided up their application APIs. Those on “the right” are the web portals designed for customers, and these can generate only a limited number of transaction types, with limited data access/update capability. Those on “the left” are designed for workers, and they offer broader capabilities. Both sets of APIs use the Internet and the cloud, and you can access them anywhere.

Even in the office, it turns out. When this company started working through their cloud-API support plan for their remote workers, they realized that most workers weren’t remote all the time, they came back to the office. Once there, they used the “local” GUI for their applications, and they didn’t like that. It was different and required different instructions, and workers liked the web/cloud interface better. So they gave the workers access to that same set of “left-hand” APIs while in-office.

Copyright © 2022 IDG Communications, Inc.

Thu, 17 Nov 2022 09:55:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Are you ready for networking in 2025 and beyond?

Time stands still for no one – and for no network either. If there’s one lesson that emerged from the COVID-19 pandemic, it’s that large-scale change can happen without warning. If your network can’t adapt quickly and efficiently, you’ll be left by the wayside.

For example, while your organisation may already have tapped the power of the Internet of Things and edge computing (perhaps even enhanced by the speed and stability of private 5G in the quest for digital transformation, this does not automatically make you future-proof.

Watching the trends

A new NTT ebook, The Future of Networking in 2025 and Beyond, looks at the trends that are likely to have the biggest impact on CIOs and information technology in the next few years. These trends include:

1. The hyper-distributed workforce

Post-pandemic, people in many industries will continue to work in a flexible way as they move between their homes and their workplace, or sign on from hotels, trains and other locations. This workforce distribution will become more global in nature as organisations in need of specific skills look beyond traditional geographic boundaries.

Organisations that embrace this trend will be able to access a much broader talent pool and be more attractive to prospective employees. If executed well – through networks that make hyper-distributed working seamless and secure, and which support collaboration tools that make remote workers feel like part of the team – it will drive higher levels of employee satisfaction and productivity. Networks that enable immersive, high-definition collaboration will underpin the employee value proposition for organisations fighting over top talent.

2. Multicloud adoption

Migration to a multicloud architecture is becoming a critical strategy for many organisations. Deciding what to host where, while managing costs and supporting network agility, is now part and parcel of the deployment of applications and services, both on- and off-premises.

More than 90% of organisations around the world now place the migration of network functions to the cloud and cloud-first network solutions among their top three expected changes to network characteristics, according to our 2022–23 Global Network Report.

3. Evolving security

New network architectures also create new and more complex security needs, including the shift from perimeter-based security to identity-based security.

A distributed workforce presents a bigger target for cybercriminals. Organisations are moving to more centralised, cloud-based security solutions, such as secure access service edge (SASE), and a managed endpoint security model.

4. The move from software-defined to intent-based networks

Networking functions are shifting away from software-defined networking towards an intent-based approach. Through centralised orchestration and high levels of extensibility, intent-based networking allows for a more business-outcome-based network, where smart network infrastructure uses business-aligned policies and rules to control the network’s behaviour and performance – for example, increasing video capacity and priority during a CEO’s video address to all employees.

You need the right skills – whether in-house or sourced from a managed service provider – to support new, programmable and orchestrated networks that use intent-based networking platforms.

5. AI Ops-driven operations

There is increasing complexity in managing modern, highly distributed and increasingly more intelligent networks. Using AI in network operations (AIOps) gives you the essential and fast-developing tools to process and make sense of the increasingly vast amounts of data generated by modern networks.

These tools allow you to maintain and optimize your systems in line with business changes. As these tools evolve and become more mainstream, they can even help you mitigate skill shortages.

6. Sustainability

As your organisation adopts sustainability goals and you monitor your carbon footprint, it becomes crucial to integrate environmentally friendly initiatives with your information technology strategy. This extends to building management (including smart buildings) and educating your employees on the benefits of your sustainability efforts.

Data will drive organisational sustainability objectives. Access to the data needed to make decisions – and then tracking the effectiveness of those decisions in real-time – will be key to organisations’ success in pursuing their sustainability objectives.

What comes next?

Other innovative technologies such as augmented and virtual reality within the metaverse, photonic computing, quantum networking and 6G may not be mainstream – yet. But shifting to a modern, cloud-based, software-defined and data-driven network infrastructure has never been more important, according to Amit Dhingra, Executive Vice President of Enterprise Network Services at NTT.

“Networks form the backbone of our digital world,” he says. “The explosion in demand for connectivity that arose during the pandemic gave organisations a greater appreciation of this unsung superhero of modern business – and cemented the network’s role as a vital contributor to enabling computing applications and achieving business goals.”

Make sure you’re prepared by assessing the readiness of your organisation’s network for the disruptions that lie ahead.

Download our ebook, The Future of Networking in 2025 and Beyond.

Matthew Allen is VP, Service Offer Management – Networking at NTT

Fri, 18 Nov 2022 20:41:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : Will community networks change our approach to connectivity?

By APC News

Over the past weeks, diverse community network builders and supporters have joined together to exchange knowledge, discuss challenges and alternatives, and form closer bonds. While Brazil and Colombia hosted national encounters, events like the Internet Governance Forum happening in Ethiopia are gathering people from Africa, Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean. Among a wide diversity of community-led initiatives, there is one thing they all have in common: a human-centred focus that looks at connectivity as a way of improving people's lives and building a sustainable future for all.

With a bottom-up approach, communities from around the world have been demonstrating that they are not only capable of building solutions for the digital divide, they can also do it while bridging inequalities and seeding important social changes.

Welcome to the 53rd monthly round-up of developments impacting your local access networks and community-based initiatives.

Community networks news and stories
  • A village in South Africa leaps across the digital divide: read this article about Zenzeleni Community Networks and its experience in using low-cost access to the internet to benefit the community. Read more.

  • TunapandaNET, a community network located in the informal settlement of Kibera, Nairobi, has been at the forefront of the community networks movement in Kenya, advocating for affordable connectivity through community deployment of infrastructure. Read more

  • From Argentina, two beautiful new videos from AlterMundi offer a combination of grassroots voices, stunning landscapes and powerful reflections about community-led rural connectivity. Watch them here and here. [Available in Spanish]

  • Under the theme "promoting digital inclusion from local management", the Forum of Community Networks in Colombia gathered different experiences on 21 November, showing that the community networks movement is part of an evolving and vibrant field weaving bottom-up technologies and solutions to the digital divide. The recordings are available on Colnodo's channel here. [Available in Spanish]

  • Representatives connected with diverse social movements and from different parts of Brazil assembled on 10 and 11 November 2022 at the Internet Community Networks Encounter in São Paulo to discuss their experiences and exchange learning, challenges and dreams. This wide diversity of community-led initiatives issued a joint letter valuing the role of community networks to bridge the digital divide and calling for supportive policy and regulation for community networks in the country. Read more.

  • Instituto Nupef celebrates the deployment of a new community network in an Indigenous village in the state of Espirito Santo in Brazil. The organisation has already supported the installation of 17 community networks in the country. Read more. [Available in Portuguese]

  • Meanwhile in India, the Digital Empowerment Foundation is implementing a project called "Community Networks: Connecting the Indigenous Communities of Ziro Valley" in partnership with the Internet Society. Read more.

Gendered experiences
  • has partnered with Servelots near Bangalore, India, to support a project aiming to connect young girls to the internet through “ASPi”-devices (aspiration networking devices). This blog post gives an insight into the project and the work that is being done. Read more.

Enabling policy and regulation   
  • A Push Towards Universal Connectivity: This article from the Internet Society explores how governments can help connect the unconnected. Read more

  • What is the role of African parliamentarians in shaping an inclusive and human-centric digital future? Read more.

  • AlterMundi’s Semillero de Redes Comunitarias para Postulantes al Programa Roberto Arias (Seedbed of Community Networks for Applicants to the Roberto Arias Programme) won first place in the category of Community Enablement Proof of Concept at the awards presented by IEEE during the Connecting the Unconnected Summit 2022. Learn more about this groundbreaking initiative here [in Spanish] and about the Roberto Arias Programme here [in English]. 

  • And the Sarantaporo community network in Elassona, Greece was also recognised at the IEEE Connecting the Unconnected Challenge 2022: they won second place in the Business Models Proof of Concept category. Read more.

  • From the 2022 Internet Governance Forum, in this episode of Local Sound Bites produced by APC, Adugna Necho, president of the Internet Society Ethiopia chapter, speaks about digital inclusion policies and community-based initiatives. Listen here

  • This article explores the reflections of a workshop focused on policy and regulatory support for digital inclusion in Nigeria. Read more.

Publications, research and toolkits
  • The new edition of Global Information Society Watch (GISWatch) is out, focusing on “Digital futures for a post-pandemic world”. Among the various thematic reports included, this one looks at advocacy for community-led connectivity access in the global South. Read more.

  • Community Networks as Enablers of Human Rights: The official outcome of the Internet Governance Forum Dynamic Coalition on Community Connectivity was just launched during the 2022 IGF. The publication compiles diverse articles about the community networks' achievements around the world. Read more.

  • The Brazilian Internet Steering Committee – recently launched a comprehensive research report on community networks in the country. The publication “Community networks and the Internet in Brazil: Experiences and challenges for digital inclusion” is now available in English. Read more.

  • The G20 Compendium of Case Studies gathered 10 experiences organised by segments of digital infrastructure, including one focused on the last mile, featuring community networks and rural shops as Wi-Fi access points. Read more.

  • The recordings from the BattleMesh event provide interesting highlights from this year’s edition, such as the geopolitics of chip production and a talk given by AlterMundi about the LibreRouter, showing how to assemble this open hardware.

  • This year, the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) is happening from 28 November to 2 December in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Among many crucial discussions about the future of internet governance and human rights, various sessions are focusing on how to strengthen bottom-up and community-led initiatives that challenge inequalities. Check out some here and here.

  • The 2022 Bootcamp organised to close the "Telecommunications and Broadcasting Promotion in Indigenous Communities" programme took place from 12 to 18 November in Colombia. The programme's aim is to enable Indigenous people to create media reflecting their own values. To mark the occasion, a radio celebration was produced by the participants. Check it out. [Available in Spanish].

  • This journal of the 2022 Bootcamp published by Coolab, from Brazil, offers an interesting reflection about the gathering: isn't contributing to others being able to speak for themselves instead of positioning ourselves as an intermediary the greatest achievement of all? Read more. [Available in Portuguese]

  • The third edition of the Tanzania School of Community Networks convened by the Kasulu Community Networks Cooperative took place on 1 and 2 November 2022 in Kasulu district, Kigoma Province, Tanzania. The theme for this year's edition was “Digital Literacy Towards Addressing the Usage Gap in Tanzania”. Read more and discover some lessons learned.


Discover community networks stories

"Routing for Communities" is an online collection of creative and inspiring short videos about community networks and people decentralising the internet for change. They were produced by communities and organisations in Africa, Asia and Latin America.

The films capture the different contexts and initiatives of community networks around the world, exploring both the challenges and joys of their work. 

Find out more!

This newsletter is part of the Local Networks (LocNet) initiative, an initiative led by APC in partnership with Rhizomatica that aims to directly support the work of community networks and to contribute to an enabling ecosystem for the emergence and growth of community networks and other community-based connectivity activities in developing countries. You can read more about the initiative herehere, and here

Previous editions of this newsletter are available here.

Invite others to subscribe to this monthly newsletter here!

One more thing! If you have comments about the newsletter or information relevant to the course that you would like us to include in the next edition, please share it with us here.

Thu, 01 Dec 2022 04:28:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : For new workers in Minnesota, networking is all part of the game

Networking has never been easier, thanks to websites and apps, but, first, people have to get over the word.

Cathy Paper, a Twin Cities networking coach, surveyed 500 people and found that three-fourths of her respondents don't like the word networking. Some told her it feels "slimy" or "opportunistic."

"Your network is really one of the most powerful business tools you can have, next to a great attitude," Paper said. "I almost wish we could just call it building positive connections or building relationships."

Young professionals who take advantage of their proficiency on social media and video conferencing can quickly build relationships to help plan careers, find new opportunities or simply identify resources to help complete a project.

Marcia Ballinger, co-author of "The 20-Minute Networking Meeting," encourages young professionals to begin early in their careers to develop what can become a lifelong network.

"People at the end of their career never say 'I wish I had a smaller network. I wish I knew fewer people. I wish I had access to less wisdom. I wish that there were fewer advocates to assist me when needed,'" said Ballinger, co-founder of the Ballinger Leafblad executive search firm.

Young professionals often can open doors just by asking questions of potential contacts, Ballinger said.

"People who are steeped in a function or an industry find great joy in sharing their wisdom," Ballinger said. "The superpower that a young professional has, is curiosity. Almost every professional who's a certain number of years into their career will say, 'Please come in, I'd love to talk to you.'"

Those early in their careers can offer their expertise in technology to help previous generations, said Jill Johnson, president and founder of Johnson Consulting Services. A college student connection who worked in an Apple store helped her buy her first iPad and, through his other job in the dean's office, land a university speaking engagement.

"I love connecting with younger professionals because I'm always learning from them," Johnson said. "That multigenerational perspective is really valuable. … As they get increasing levels of responsibility, they're also decisionmakers or decision influences on services and resources that I can provide."

While other social media platforms may be more popular with young people, a LinkedIn profile is a must for those who have networking aspirations, Johnson said.

When attorney Christopher Pham of Fredrikson & Byron wasn't meeting many other diverse professionals at traditional networking events, he launched his own. Pham's "Elevate Our Network" gatherings occur weekly in Minneapolis at the Exchange & Alibi Lounge, which Pham co-owns. Networking should be fun, and bringing one or more friends along to a networking event can help, he said.

"When it's fun, that crosses all barriers," Pham said. "When it's low stress and when it's high energy, that allows people to come as their authentic selves. That's the most important part about developing and building authentic relationships."

The goal in networking should not be finding the next client or the next deal.

"It's really about, how can I help others?" Pham said. "How can I be a resource to others without that expectation of a benefit coming back to me? When you become the resource, networking isn't about meeting people, it's about becoming the person that people want to meet."

Younger people have an advantage in networking online because they know how to communicate on social media, said Paper, the networking coach. But they need to be strategic about who they want to meet and why.

Paper recommends that people starting out in networking look for these relationships first: peer, connector, mentor and volunteer. She expects to publish a book, "A Scaredy Cat's Guide to Networking," next year.

"A network is the people that can help you get more done," Paper said. "For somebody that is younger, think about what kind of relationships do I want to have? Am I in it for the long haul? Or am I an opportunist?"

Young professionals trying to network often get concerned about external issues like what they're wearing or how they're speaking, said Nathan Perez, a speaker, executive career and job search coach and also co-author of "The 20-Minute Networking Meeting."

Because networking is the practice of meeting with other people with a specific purpose in mind, Perez said, they instead should focus on what information they want to get as a result of their networking efforts. Researching contacts, their work experience and organization can help in developing specific questions.

Even more important, is what the networker does with that information, Perez said.

"My goal here is to simplify networking even further," Perez said. "It's just about information, the exchange of information. Every discussion that you ever have, there's an exchange of information. That information, I can apply to future discussions. If you apply those learnings to what it is that you are after, then you are actually actively networking."

Todd Nelson is a freelance writer in Lake Elmo. His e-mail is

Sun, 13 Nov 2022 06:09:00 -0600 text/html
Killexams : Why we build networks that hurt our performance, and what we can do about it

The network of informal ties we build in the workplace is key to our success and performance. Yet, as researchers at ESMT Berlin found, we often build networks that hamper our performance.

Professors Gianluca Carnabuci and Eric Quintane, both from ESMT Berlin, investigated how and when people build networks that allow them to perform at their best. To this end, they conducted a longitudinal field experiment within a business unit of a large semiconductor company, tracing the and performance of each employee over two and a half years.

They found that most employees formed relationships that align naturally with their , defined as an employee's preferred way of processing information and solving problems. For example, employees who value variety and creativity build "bridging relationships" cutting across different groups and silos of the organization.

Why? Because these relationships bring a breadth of opinions, perspectives, and ideas with which creative employees feel naturally at ease. On the other hand, employees who value precision and meticulous execution over creativity avoid such bridging relationships and focus instead on reinforcing their pre-existing ties within a single group.

Building networks that align with our cognitive style is natural, because it makes people feel good. At the same time, however, it is also a recipe for subpar performance. When focusing on the top performers, Carnabuci and Quintane found that these people did just the opposite of what most other employees did: they built networks that complemented their cognitive style, rather than aligned with it.

For example, the top-performing creative individuals resisted their to create bridging relationships with new contacts from other groups and, rather, immersed themselves within a dense network of strong pre-existing relationships. Such cohesive networks were powerful performance boosters for creatives because they helped them execute plans and convert their ingenious ideas into concrete, implementable solutions.

On the other hand, the top performers among the execution-oriented employees worked hard to develop new ties across the organization's silos and groups. By doing so, they combined their superior execution skills with an influx of perspectives and ideas from their network.

"We know how important building the right type of network is for individual performance, creativity, and ," says Carnabuci. "However, many people inadvertently build networks that hold them back professionally. Based on our research, we now have an explanation for why this happens and what we can do about it."

An important takeaway from this study is understanding how networks can Excellerate performance. "If we aim to perform at our best, we must strive to build workplace networks that complement—rather than reinforce—our innate skills," says Quintane. While doing so often means stepping outside of comfort zones, the returns are tangible.

Investing in a network requires considerable self-discipline and commitment. Yet, organizations can do more to support their employees in this effort.

For example, Carnabuci and Quintane showed that even a single day of executive education, designed to help employees build more productive networks, was enough to produce substantial performance benefits among many of the company's employees. This finding suggests that rather than expecting employees to know what networks are right for them, organizations should support by imparting evidence-based knowledge on how networks really work.

This article is published in the Academy of Management Journal.

More information: Gianluca Carnabuci et al, When People Build Networks That Hurt Their Performance: Structural Holes, Cognitive Style, and the Unintended Consequences of Person-Network Fit, Academy of Management Journal (2022). DOI: 10.5465/amj.2021.1227

Provided by European School of Management and Technology (ESMT)

Citation: Why we build networks that hurt our performance, and what we can do about it (2022, November 10) retrieved 9 December 2022 from

This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Thu, 10 Nov 2022 04:52:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Inside The Multicloud Networking Market: Stakeholders And Innovators (Pt. 2)

(Note: This is Part 2 of a two-part series on multicloud networking (MCN). In Part 1 we looked at the market opportunity. Part 1 is here.)

A week ago we outlined some of the big opportunities for networking software players to take advantage of key trends in cloud, especially in the hybrid cloud and multicloud markets.

The continued growth of digital transformation and cloud operating models means that organizations want to expand and connect to multiple clouds, but traditional networking technology is not equipped to do that easily or economically. With the number of cloud connections multiplying rapidly, MCN innovation is needed to introduce automated, software-defined ways to connect and control connectivity among clouds.

Key Stakeholders in the MCN Movement

There are many types of different organizations looking to build MCNs. We already see a new ecosystem of providers taking place to help move MCN and hybrid cloud networking (HCN) along. The opportunity to increase the agility, velocity, and security to extend networks across clouds has attracted many stakeholders. The list of the stakeholders who are all incentivized to have clouds become better connected, reaches far and wide across the industry.

For example, here are all the players involved in the MCN and HCN movement:

Datacenter and colocation facilities. Datacenters have become the key places for Web and hyperscale cloud services to interconnect with each other and with any organizations looking to use the services. Increasingly, organizations are interested in leveraging datacenter and colocation providers for networking as well. After all, if cloud apps and data are in the same datacenter, it’s easier to connect them inside the datacenter than it is to build discrete circuits to them. Examples include Equinix Cloud Fabric, Digital Realty ServiceFabric, and CoreSite Open Cloud Exchange.

Public cloud infrastructure. Public cloud infrastructure in the form of platform-as-a-service (PaaS), infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS), and software as a service (SaaS) is expanding to provide trillions of dollars of resources and services to enterprise end users, and organizations have become more confident in moving large portions of their IT infrastructure to the cloud. But now public cloud players have been looking to extend their networking capabilities to extend to resources that aren’t as cloud friendly, such as the enterprise edge and IoT environments. Examples in the public cloud include Google Anthos, Amazon Outposts, and Azure Stack Edge.

Enterprise campus and private datacenters. Initially, it was enough for webscale datacenter technology to be extended to the enterprise edge using technology such as software-defined wide-area networking (SD-WAN). But that’s just the starting point for networking virtualization. Enterprises would like to easily extend their logical and virtual networks to include multiple clouds, private datacenters, or any webscale services. They must adapt and integrate. MCN and HCN technologies will be key to integrating the islands of networking into one logical unit. This is an area to watch as the SD-WAN and SASE movement preview the upcoming use of MCN and HCN to build larger, virtualized networks.

Middle-mile and last-mile NaaS services. As cloud services – including IaaS, PaaS, and SaaS – proliferate, enterprises need faster ways to connect to them. Waiting months to provision private-line circuits from service providers is no longer an option. An emerging group of network-as-a-service (NaaS) providers makes it easier to connect to cloud points of presence (PoPs) and onramps with clicks of a mouse, via software-defined networking (SDN) automation platforms. NaaS is part of the MCN ecosystem used to dynamically provision, manage, and control connectivity among enterprise networks, private datacenters, and public clouds. Examples include Megaport and Packet Fabric. I would also include managed services providers with SD-WAN and SASE capabilities, such as Aryaka Networks.

Public and private wireless services. Billions of dollars are currently being invested in next-generation 5G networks, both on the public and the private side. Futuriom research (see below) indicates that use cases such as smart retail, smart manufacturing, computer vision, and edge analytics will drive demand for these high-bandwidth and low-latency edge services. But in many cases, the data gathered at the edge will be connected to other cloud services and applications hosted in datacenters. This will drive demand for MCN and HCN solutions that can more rapidly and securely connect edge networking and wireless networks into cloud networks. Examples include AT&T Edge Compute, AWS Edge Compute, Cradlepoint Wireless Edge, Microsoft Azure Private Multi-access Edge Compute (MEC), and Verizon Mobile Edge Compute (MEC).

MCN startups. We’ll dive into this in more detail in the next section.

Key Companies to Watch: Private Companies

On the vendor side, there is plenty of opportunity to provide the many stakeholders with innovative technology to build out MCN. Because many public cloud networks are proprietary and prone to “lock in,” this leaves opportunities for MCN and HCN solutions to become the bridge among multiple cloud infrastructures.

Our recent detailed MCN report dives deep into the companies to watch in the MCN space, which are likely to be key suppliers to the stakeholders outlined above. These companies include traditional networking companies pivoting to MCN as well as a group of talented startups.

As with many markets before it, innovation in MCN will likely be concentrated in the startup space, with incumbent networking and software vendors looking to make acquisitions.

Here are some of the key startups to watch:

In addition to some of the companies above in the datacenter and NaaS space, the leading startups we are tracking in MCN include Alkira, Arrcus, Aviatrix, Graphiant, Prosimo, and Versa Networks. Here is a summary of their recent activities:

Alkira was founded n 2018 by brothers Amir and Atif Khan, who are well known in the networking community for building many products at Cisco, Juniper, and SD-WAN pioneer Viptela, which was sold to Cisco in 2017 for $610 million. The Khans were early innovators in the SD-WAN market, where they came up with the idea of scaling virtual private networks (VPNs) by separating the network control plane from the data plane, which drove adoption of SD-WAN for enterprises to connect branches. Alkira has raised $70 million to date.

Arrcus has raised a total of $73 million and has a top-flight list of strategic investors, including Liberty Global, SamsungNext, and SoftBank. Arrcus has a partnership with VMware and recently introduced an MCN solution called FlexMCN, which consists of ArcEdge as a secure data plane software, ArcOS for robust routing, combined with ArcOrchestrator (which is now available on premises and off premises) to help simplify and expedite the setup of cloud operations.

Aviatrix has raised a total of $340 million and led by networking market veteran Steve Mullaney (VMware, Nicira, Palo Alto, Cisco, etc.), Aviatrix has an expansive vision for MCN that includes network connectivity, management, visibility, and security. At a recent analyst event in New York City, Aviatrix disclosed that it had more than 62 Global 2000-caliber customers and at the end of Q2 was producing $62 million in annual recurring revenue. These numbers make Avaitrix one of the market leaders in terms of funds raised and customers disclosed.

Graphiant is one of the newer startups in the MCN space. It was founded in 2020 and has raised $33.5 million from Sequoia Capital, Two Bear Capital, and Atlantic Bridge. Graphiant founder and CEO Khalid Raza was a cofounder, CTO, and product architect at Viptela. Graphiant is pursuing a unique networking approach known as “stateless core,” in which it splits out the IP routing control plane as a function in the cloud, while providing tags for applications at the edge, enabling organizations to set up high-performance networking overlays over IP Transit and cloud networks.

Itential provides low-code and no-code integration and automation tools that can enable multicloud and hybrid cloud networking. The Itential Automation Platform can be used by developers and network engineers without any specific engineering knowledge or code-writing capabilities. It can also connect disparate IT systems with orchestration tools and custom-built scripts for end-to-end network automation. The Atlanta-based company has raised a total of $25.5 million from Elsewhere Partners.

Prosimo is led by former Vipela VP of Product Ramesh Prabagaran, who is CEO and cofounder. It has raised a total of $55 million investors including General Catalyst, WRVI Capital, and Nepenthe Capital. The Prosimo Full Stack Cloud Transit provides orchestration of cloud networking services, zero-trust security, and network monitoring and visibility features that can span multicloud and hybrid cloud environments.

Versa Networks is thought of as a SASE player, but Versa CEO Kelly Ahuja and Cofounder Kumar Mehta pointed out recently that their technology has MCN use cases, with a full routing and security stack that can be used to build networks across any cloud. Versa is a promising pre-IPO company that just announced it has raised $120 million in new funding from funds managed by Blackrock and Silicon Valley Bank.

What About the Incumbent Networking Vendors?

A lot of the larger incumbent vendors are also trying to solve pieces of the MCN puzzle, but for most of them it will require a larger strategy of integrating the pieces in their portofolios. It’s also likely that many of them will have to acquire more parts via M&A, including potential acquisitions of the companies we listed above.

One such event has already happened. In 2021, F5 Networks bought Volterra. F5 now says its Edge 2.0 platform “represents the first open edge architecture, enabling DevOps and developer teams to seamlessly shift workloads across clouds and even to data centers, without reimplementation or retooling, enabling the largest scale and best performance possible.”

Among the incumbents, expect a large number of public companies to further develop MCN capabilities – including Arista Networks, Cisco, Juniper Networks, HPE, IBM, and VMware.

VMware may be the best positioned incumbent for MCN because it has many of the pieces of the puzzle in its portfolio and it is a pure software company. If it can effectively stitch together VeloCloud, Tanzu (Kubernetes), and cloud networking with NSX, this would be a compelling multicloud platform. The combination of NSX with VeloCloud SD-WAN can be used to connect multicloud and hybrid environments. NSX and VMware Tanzu can be used to create application-layer MCNs and service meshes.

VMware has partnerships with both Arrcus and Aviatrix, so it will be interesting to watch how these partnerships evolve. VMware’s forthcoming acquisition by Broadcom (expected in the next few months) is also a curveball that could go either way. Broadcom is one of the largest purveyors of networking silicon but also has a growing portfolio of network management and NetOps software, so that could make the combination more interesting.

Cisco is still digesting many of its enterprise and SD-WAN acquisitions, including Viptela and Meraki, and has yet to prove it can integrate the software management platforms of these acquisitions. Cisco competitor Arista Networks has positioned its CloudEOS as a MCN solution that can be used to build both multicloud underlay networks using routing as well as application-layer overlays. Its management system, CloudVision

HPE is in a similar position and is in the process of integrating its Aruba edge products with security functions such as SASE in the Silver Peak SD-WAN product line. Juniper, likewise, has SD-WAN and SASE portfolios as well as firewalls and cooud networking capabilities, so it’s a natural fit for MCN.

IBM has a full portfolio of cloud management products, including Red Hat, and has been developing a strategy for multicloud – though networking is not yet a core element. IBM Cloud Satellite, for example, uses an API to create a distributed cloud location, then add host machines from any cloud, on-premises datacenter, or from the edge. Red Hat could become a pillar to MCN by adding more networking functionality.

As you can see, this presents a large and complicated group of companies pursuing the MCN space. In the future, we would expect more cooperation and integration all of the stakeholders and MCN players in this vast ecosystem. It’s going to be an active space with lots of combinations and deals.

Mon, 31 Oct 2022 12:00:00 -0500 R. Scott Raynovich en text/html
Killexams : How Mesh Networking Works, and How To Find the Right System for You

Eero is one of many mesh options now available.
Photo: Amazon

Mesh networking has been around for several years now, but can it solve your home wifi woes, and is it the right networking upgrade for you? And if it is, how can you possibly pick the right system? Here, we’ll take you through everything you need to know about mesh networking, from the key hardware specs to how everything works in practice.

You don’t necessarily need to set up a mesh network: If you’ve got a powerful enough router and a small enough home, just one wifi-spreading device will do the job. However, adding multiple boxes can remove dead zones and areas where connectivity is patchy, as well as Excellerate transfer speeds in every corner of every room.

How mesh networks work

Essentially, a mesh network system adds some extra devices aside from your main router and modem. These additional devices, usually called satellites, act almost like routers themselves, broadcasting wireless connectivity into every corner of wherever you call home. Each point in the system is connected wirelessly to the rest, presenting a single wifi network to your devices.

The main advantage to a mesh network is that it lets you cover a bigger space with faster wifi—problems with distance and walls and furniture can be minimized. It also means you can hook up many more of your gadgets without any issue or interference, which is an important consideration in the era of the smart home and families with three personal computing devices each.

You’ll find that mesh networks are smart enough to route traffic in the most efficient way, and they can usually deal with one of the satellite units failing as well. The majority of systems also include wired Ethernet ports on each unit, so if there is a games console or a laptop that you want to hook up directly for a faster, more stable connection, then you can do that too.

If you need a broader spread of wifi, then you can also look into powerline networking (which transmits internet through your home’s power lines) and wifi extenders, which deliver the signal coming from your router an extra boost. For most people, mesh networking is the more powerful and flexible option, albeit the more expensive one—but depending on your situation, the alternatives might be worth considering.

Specs appeal

The first spec you’re likely to see on a mesh networking system is whether it supports the latest Wi-Fi 6E spec (or the slightly slower Wi-Fi 6)—you might also see an overall speed rating for the system, typically measured in megabits or gigabits per second (how much traffic the units can support, essentially). The faster the speeds, the better the network, and the more you’re likely to have to pay for the hardware.

It’s important to remember that these are ideal, top-end speeds, and you probably won’t see them on your network, what with all those walls and floors to deal with. What’s more, they obviously don’t affect the speed of your incoming broadband—that’s between you and your internet service provider. A mesh network won’t increase the speed of the internet coming into your home, but it should ensure that speed is maximized across every corner of your home.

The Orbi 760 series supports Wi-Fi 6.
Photo: Netgear

Then there’s pertinent information, such as the area that the mesh system covers: This should be quoted in most listings, although it’s an ideal figure (a bit like the battery life estimates that phone makers put on their handsets). It’s best to check genuine reviews to make sure you know what you’re actually getting. If you need to cover a wider area, you can often add on extra satellite units, though the cost will of course go up, too.

Most mesh networking packs will tell you how many devices can be hooked up without losing speed, too: It’s usually in the hundreds if you’re working with one or two satellite units. If you have a lot of devices in your home online at the same time, then this is one of the most important specs to look out for, and it might well be one of the areas where you see the biggest improvement over using a single router/modem device.

Battle of the bands

Today’s mesh networking kits come with dual-band functionality, like any standard router: 2.4GHz (slower, but able to travel further) and 5GHz (faster, but can’t travel as far). While the majority of systems now make a smart decision for you about which devices are hooked up to which band, there are still some that broadcast two wifi networks (one for 2.4GHz and one for 5GHz), so you can decide for yourself.

Some more expensive kits offer tri-band or even quad-band functionality, with additional 5GHz or 6GHz bands commonly used for the mesh nodes to talk to each other. This means the communication between the units and your genuine gadgets isn’t interrupted or interfered with, as the mesh network communicates with itself and works out how to optimize traffic—it should lead to a faster and more stable experience, especially on networks where there are a lot of different devices hooked up.

Nest Wifi Pro is the latest mesh system from Google.
Photo: Google

We’re also now starting to see mesh networking systems with integrated SIM card slots—that means your network can fall back on a 4G or a 5G cellular signal if and when your broadband internet goes down. If you’re working from home and you absolutely can’t afford to go offline, it might be worth investing in a package that comes with a SIM slot and signing up for another data plan from your mobile provider.

There are a bunch of other, less important features to look out for too, including the option to set up a separate guest network, voice control support for Amazon Alexa and Google Assistant, built-in parental controls for limiting web access, and so on. One final point to note is that, to get the very best Wi-Fi 6 and Wi-Fi 6E performance, your connecting phones, laptops, tablets and other gadgets also need to support Wi-Fi 6 and Wi-Fi 6E.

Using a mesh network

These days, most mesh networks are setup via an app that you run on your phone. It’ll guide you through the process of creating your new mesh network and assigning a name and a password to it, and it may even deliver you some advice about where to place your satellites. Even if you’ve never attempted to do any kind of network upgrade or maintenance before, you should find the whole process very straightforward.

The router unit from your mesh kit typically plugs into your existing router/modem rather than replacing it, so you can in fact keep your old wifi network running alongside your new one, if you want to. Your existing box still handles communication with the outside world, but the mesh devices take over the job of spreading wireless connectivity around your home and making sure that everything stays online.

The Orbi app gives you a rundown of the current system status.
Screenshot: Netgear

As you work through the setup process, you’ll be able to test that everything is working properly, including the links between the router and however many satellites you’ve got. If there are any optional extras, including the ability to create a separate guest network, then you’ll see prompts for these as well.

Most mesh network kits come with an app where you’ll mange your new setup, though it shouldn’t really need much in the way of management. You’ll typically be able to monitor obtain and upload speeds, check that your satellite units are connected, and see the devices that are currently connected via wireless and wired links. Depending on the mesh network system you’ve gone for, you might also be able to set up restrictions for the kids and access advanced security features.

Backhaul vs front haul

We’ve already touched on the tri-band systems that have an additional 5GHz or 6GHz band specifically dedicated to communication between the nodes of the kit: Technically, this is known as a backhaul link. Less expensive dual-band systems have what’s known as a shared backhaul, where the components of the mesh network chat to each other on the same channels as they’re chatting to your individual devices.

Meanwhile, the regular info your devices send over your mesh network is treated as fronthaul data. This info then gets transferred to the backhaul so that everything gets back to the main router, with a fair bit of smart optimization and organization along the way. Mesh networks that put both fronthaul and backhaul data on the same bands will still work fine for the most part, but having separate spaces means more room for each of them, and less chance of congestion and interference.

A dedicated backhaul can also be created over Ethernet, if you’re in a position to get all of your mesh networking nodes wired up to each other. This is the ideal option, because it means all of your wireless bands and channels are freed up for the data that matters most: the data that’s traveling to and from your phones, tablets, laptops, desktop computers and gaming consoles. Some mesh systems offer this functionality and some don’t, so it’s worth checking.

Some systems—the Amazon Eero Pro 6 for example—use tri-band but don’t dedicate one specific band to backhaul traffic. Instead, algorithms are used to optimize data use and keep fronthaul and backhaul information as separate as possible and moving as smoothly as possible. This is something else to look out for on spec sheets.

The best kits you can buy right now

We don’t have the space here for a full buying guide, but there are a few mesh networking kits that you can check out as a starting point. Beginning with the tech brands you’re likely to have already heard of, there are the Amazon Eero kits, starting from $200. That cheapest option is a dual-band Wi-Fi 6 setup, with coverage up to 4,500 square feet and speeds up to 900 Mbps.

There are three Google Nest Wifi systems available at the moment, which isn’t at all confusing: Google Wifi, Nest Wifi, and Nest Wifi Pro. The Pro model is the most advanced and the most expensive at $200 and up: It offers tri-band Wi-Fi 6E connectivity, speeds of up to 5.4 Gbps, and coverage up to 6,600 square feet.

When it comes to more advanced and substantial mesh networking kits—which are also more expensive, too—then the Netgear Orbi series is a good example of the form. There are plenty of kits to choose from, but if you’ve got a spare $1,500, then the Orbi 960 series will deliver you quad-band Wi-Fi 6E, maximum speeds of 10.8 Gbps, and coverage of up to 9,000 square feet. It’s a serious collection of devices.

Linksys is another manufacturer making mesh networking kits that are powerful and available at a range of prices. For $300, you can get hold of a 3-pack Atlas 6 system, which gives you dual-band Wi-Fi 6 connectivity, speeds of up to 3 Gbps, and coverage up to 6,000 square feet. There’s a wealth of models available, so you should be able to find something that fits your needs and your budget.

Mon, 28 Nov 2022 05:58:00 -0600 en text/html
050-886 exam dump and training guide direct download
Training Exams List